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ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT

ECE443 – WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

COURSE INFORMATION SHEET

ACADEMIC YEAR (2017 -2018) ODD SEMESTER

Bachelor of Technology (Electronics and Communication Engineering)

IV Year / VII Semester

Prepared by: Mr. S.Diwakaran (Course Coordinator)


UNIVERSITY VISION UNIVERSITY MISSION
To be a Centre of Excellence of To Produce Technically Competent, Socially Committed
International Repute in Education and Technocrats and Administrators through Quality
Research. Education and Research

ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT


VISION MISSION
 To provide quality education in the domain of
Electronics and Communication Engineering through
To become an internationally leading periodically updated curriculum, effective teaching
centre of higher learning and research in learning process, best of breed laboratory facilities
the domain of Electronics and and collaborative ventures with the industries
Communication Engineering  To inculcate innovative skills, research aptitude,
team-work, ethical practices among students so as to
meet expectations of the industry as well as society

B.TECH. E.C.E. PROGRAMME EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES


Within a few years of obtaining an undergraduate degree in Electronics and Communication
Engineering, the students will be able to:
PEO1: TECHNICAL PROFICIENCY:
 Succeed in obtaining employment appropriate to their interests, education and will become
productive and valued engineers within their companies
PEO2: PROFESSIONAL GROWTH:
 Continue to develop professionally through life-long learning, higher education, and other creative
pursuits in their areas of expertise or interest
PEO3: MANAGEMENT SKILLS:
 Exercise leadership (management) qualities in a responsive, ethical, and innovative manner

B.TECH. E.C.E. PROGRAMME SPECIFIC OUTCOMES


At the end of the programme, the students will be able to:
PSO1: Knowledge:Apply the knowledge of engineering and basic sciences to design, develop, test
components and systems for applications including Signal Processing, VLSI Design, Embedded,
Communication Engineering and Networking
PSO2: Skills: Solve the complex engineering problems, using latest techniques, tools, along with the
needed skills with an understanding of societal, environmental, safety, legal and cultural impacts of
the solution
PSO3: Attitude: Apply the contextual knowledge of engineering to function effectively as an
individual or a leader in multidisciplinary environments
B.TECH. E.C.E. PROGRAMME OUTCOMES (R2013)
At the end of the programme, the students will be able to:
PO1: Apply knowledge of Mathematics, Science, Engineering fundamentals and specialisation in
Electronics and Communication Engineering to the conceptualisation of Engineering models
PO2: Identify, formulate and solve complex problems in the domains of analog/digital electronics,
signal processing and communication engineering, reaching substantiated conclusions using
first principles of Mathematics and Engineering Sciences
PO3: Design/develop Microprocessor, Microcontroller based systems, Communication and
Networking systems, Algorithms for signal processing and VLSI circuit components to meet
desired specifications with realistic constraints such as manufacturability and sustainability
PO4: Design and conduct experiments in analog/digital systems, signal processing and
communication and networking systems, analyse and interpret data, and synthesise
information to provide valid conclusions using simulation techniques and/or numerical
methods, graphics
PO5: Select and apply necessary engineering instruments, equipment’s, like Digital Storage
Oscilloscope, Microprocessors and Microcontrollers, DSP and FPGA kits, and modern CAD
tools, for Digital Signal Processing, Communication Engineering, Networking and VLSI
Engineering practices with an understanding of their limitations
PO6: Apply reasoning informed by the contextual knowledge to assess societal, safety, legal and
cultural issues, and the consequent responsibilities relevant to the professional engineering
practice
PO7: Demonstrate the knowledge of contemporary issues in the field of Electronics and
Communication Engineering
PO8: Commit to professional ethics and responsibilities and norms of engineering practice
PO9: Work effectively as an individual, and also as a member or leader in multicultural and
multidisciplinary teams
PO10:Effectively communicate about their field of expertise on their activities, with their peer and
society at large, such as, being able to comprehend and write effective reports and design
documentation, make effective presentations
PO11: Manage projects by applying gained knowledge on Engineering and Management principles
PO12:Adapt themselves completely to the demands of the Electronics and Communication-related
Engineering by life-long learning
SYLLABUS
L T P C
ECE443 WIRLESS SENSOR NETWORKS
3 0 0 3
INTRODUCTION AND ARCHITECTURES
Challenges for WSNs - Why are sensor networks different - Types of applications - Single node
architecture -Hardware components - Energy consumption of sensor nodes - Operating systems
and execution environments - Design principles for WSNs - Service interfaces of WSNs -
Gateway concepts.

PHYSICAL LAYER AND LINK LAYER


Wireless channel and communication fundamentals - Physical layer & transceiver design
considerations in WSNs - Contention-based protocols - Schedule-based protocols - The IEEE
802.15.4 MAC protocol - Error control – Framing - Link management.

ADDRESSING AND TIME SYNCHRONIZATION


Fundamentals - Address and name management in wireless sensor networks - Assignment of
MAC addresses - Distributed assignment of locally unique addresses -Content-based and
geographic addressing - Introduction to the time synchronization problem - Protocols based on
sender/receiver synchronization - Protocols based on receiver/receiver synchronization.

ROUTING PROTOCOLS AND LOCALIZATION


Gossiping and agent-based unicast forwarding - Energy-efficient unicast - Broadcast and
multicast - Geographic routing - Data-centric routing - Data aggregation – Single- hop
localization, Multi –hop localization – Properties of positioning.

OPERATING SYSTEMS AND SECURITY FOR WSNS


Tiny OS – Security issues and challenges – Various attacks and Defences – Secure routing.
TEXT BOOK:
1. Protocols and Architectures for Wireless Sensor Networks, Holger Karl, Andreas Willing/
Wiley, 2005
REFERENCES:
1. Wireless Sensor Networks – An information processing approach, Feng Zhao, Leonidas
Guibas/ Elsevier, 2005
COURSE OUTCOMES:
At the end of the course, the students will be able to:
CO1 Demonstrate familiarity with common wireless sensor node architectures.
CO2 Illustrate knowledge of MAC and routing protocols developed for WSN.
CO3 Emphasize the importance of time synchronization and localization of WSN.
CO4 Interpret the operating system developed for WSN.

COURSE TYPE:THEORY

WEIGHTAGE:
Sessional Examinations Assessments End Semester Examination (Theory)
40% 10% 50%
COURSE INFORMATION SHEET
Course Name / Code Wireless Sensor Networks – ECE443
Degree / Branch B.Tech., E.C.E.
Semester/Section VII/Free Elective
Course Credit 3 (3-0-0)
Course Category Free Elective – Theory
Contact Details
Faculty Name Initials
Course Instructors Staff Room E-mail
Mr. S.Diwakaran 8002 sdnece@eceklu.in
Course Coordinator Mr. S.Diwakaran
Module Free elective
Module Coordinator Mr. K.Jeya Prakash
Programme Coordinator Mr. K.Jeya Prakash
Academic Year Even Semester / 2017-18

1. Pre-requisite: ECE210, ECE306, ECE307, ECE309


2. Course Description: This course covers architecture and communications protocols in detail with
practical implementation examples, provides an understanding of mutual relationships and
dependencies between different protocols and architectural decisions, offers an in-depth investigation
of relevant protocol mechanisms and shows which protocols are suitable for which tasks within a
wireless sensor network and in which circumstances they perform efficiently.
3. Career Opportunities: Communication and Information technology engineering positions
requiring the skills of understand the principles of WSN and be able to design and maintain WSNs. A
fundamental course for an engineer to get placed in Research Engineers, Communication and
Information technology industries.
4. Course Objectives:
To familiarise the students with
1. the general principles of wireless sensor networks
2. the state of the art in information processing in wireless sensor networks.
5. Course Outcomes:
At the end of the course, the students will be able to
1. Demonstrate familiarity with common wireless sensor node architectures.
2. Illustrate knowledge of MAC and routing protocols developed for WSN.
3. Emphasize the importance of time synchronization and localization of WSN.
4. Interpret the operating system developed for WSN.
6. CO, PO and PSO Mapping:
CO vs. PO PSO
PO, PSO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4

ECE443      

CO1 H H H M L L H H L

CO2 H H L H H L

CO3 H H H H

CO4 H L H L

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7. Books:
Sl. Book Name Author(s) Publisher Year, Edition
Protocols and Holger Karl, Andreas
Text(s)

Architectures for Willing/


1. Wiley 2005
Wireless Sensor
Networks
Reference(s)

Wireless Sensor
Networks – An
Feng Zhao, Leonidas
1. information / Elsevier 2005
Guibas
processing
approach

8. Lesson Plan:
ABBREVIATION TEACHING METHOD
L Class Room Lecture (Chalk Based Lecture)
Smart Class Room Lecture/ Web-Facilitated Course Delivery/ Flipped Class
EL
Lecture/ Multimedia Lecture/ Animation
SS Self-Study Topic – Student Seminar
T Tutorial/ Case-Study/ Scenario
P Practical/ Laboratory Demonstration/ Model Demonstration/ Simulation
GD Group Discussion/ Debate/ Role Play
GL Guest Lecture/ Workshop/Interview with Experts/ Webinars
IV Industrial Visit/ Field Trip
PJ Project Design/ Project Demonstration/Literature Survey

# OF CUM.
SL. TOPIC NAME REF. PAGE METHOD
HOURS HOURS
Introduction -- -- 1 1
--
Entry Survey -- -- 1 2
I INTRODUCTION AND ARCHITECTURES
Challenges for WSNs - Why
1. are sensor networks different T1 3-12 2 4 EL
- Types of applications
Single node architecture
-Hardware components -
Energy consumption of
2. T1 17-53 4 8 L, T
sensor nodes- Operating
systems and execution
environments
Design principles for WSNs
- Service interfaces of WSNs
3. T1 67-81 3 11 L
- Gateway concepts.

Assessment of CO1 1 12 --
II PHYSICAL LAYER AND LINK LAYER

Page 3
# OF CUM.
SL. TOPIC NAME REF. PAGE METHOD
HOURS HOURS
Wireless channel and
communication fundamentals
4. - Physical layer & transceiver T1 85-108 3 15 L, T
design considerations in
WSNs
Contention-based protocols -
Schedule-based protocols -
5. T1 129-145 3 18 EL
The IEEE 802.15.4 MAC
protocol
Error control – Framing -
6. T1 151-178 3 21 FC
Link management
Assessment of CO2 1 22
III ADDRESSING AND TIME SYNCHRONIZATION
Fundamentals - Address and
name management in
wireless sensor networks -
Assignment of MAC
7. T1 181-198 4 26 L, LS
addresses - Distributed
assignment of locally unique
addresses -Content-based and
geographic addressing
Introduction to the time
synchronization problem -
Protocols based on
8. sender/receiver T1 201-225 3 29 EL
synchronization - Protocols
based on receiver/receiver
synchronization.
Assessment of CO3 1 30 --
IV ROUTING PROTOCOLS AND LOCALIZATION
Single- hop localization,
232,240-
9. Multi –hop localization – T1 2 32 L
247
Properties of positioning
Gossiping and agent-based
unicast forwarding - Energy-
10. efficient unicast - Broadcast T1 751-759 4 36 EL,T
and multicast - Geographic
routing
Data-centric routing - Data
11. T1 759-762 2 38 SS
aggregation
Assessment of CO2, CO3 2 40 --
V OPERATING SYSTEMS AND SECURITY FOR WSNS
12. Tiny OS T1 882-885 1 41 L, T

Page 4
# OF CUM.
SL. TOPIC NAME REF. PAGE METHOD
HOURS HOURS
Security issues and
challenges – Various attacks T1 882-908
13. 2 43 L
and Defences – Secure T3 341-352
routing
Assessment of CO4 1 44
--
Course Survey and Discussion 1 45
9. COs, Teaching Methodologies and Assessment Tools:
Content Delivery Bloom’s Assessment Tools
CO
Methodology Level Direct Indirect
Class Lectures
SE–I – 25%
Tutorials
CO1 Understand END SEM – 50%
Flipped Classes /
Assignment – 25%
Multimedia Lectures
Class Lectures
SE–I – 20%
Tutorials
CO2 Apply END SEM – 35%
Flipped Classes/
Unit Test – 10%
Multimedia Lectures
Class Lectures SE-I – 10%
Course Survey
Tutorials SE–II – 20%
CO3 Flipped Classes/ Analyse END SEM – 25%
Multimedia Lectures Assignment – 10%
Guest Lecture Unit Test – 10%
Class Lectures
SE–II – 10%
Tutorials
SE-III – 20%
CO4 Flipped Classes/ Apply
END SEM – 30%
Multimedia Lectures
Quiz – 10%
10. Assessment Topics:
Beyond
Measurement Submission Date Measurement
CO Topic(s) Syllabus/
Tool (Tentative) Time
Self- Study
Energy
CO1 Assignment - 1 consumption of 17th July 2017
sensor nodes
CO2 Assignment - 2 MAC protocols 7th August 2017
3 Days after
Addressing, rd Submission
CO3 Quiz Y 3 October 2017
Routing
1 Week before date
Security issues
CO4 Assignment - 3 of attendance
and challenges
compilation

11. Exam Portions

Page 5
Topic Measurement
CO Measurement Tool Date (Tentative)
No(s). Time
CO1 Unit test – 1 3 3rd Week of July 2 Days after Test
CO1, CO2 Sessional Examination – I 1 to 6 10th to 19th August 3 Days after Exam
2nd Week of
CO2 Unit test - 2 7 2 Days after Test
September
CO2, CO3 Sessional Examination – II 7 to 10 5th – 12th October 3 Days after Exam
CO4 Unit test – 3 14 31st October 2 Days after Test
4th Week of
CO4 Sessional Examination – III 11 to 15 3 Days after Exam
October
th
CO1 to 20 November – As per Academic
End Semester Examination 1 to 15
CO4 7th December Calendar

12. Web Resources:


Sl. Units Website
I to V
1. (NPT http://nptel.ac.in/courses/114106035/37
EL)
2. I to V File Server (User name: ece443 Password: ece443)
I to
3. http://comp.ist.utl.pt/ece-wsn/doc/slides/
IV
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/283205038_Issues_and_Challenges_in_Wirel
4. I
ess_Sensor_Networks
5. I http://docplayer.net/7315687-Chapter-2-single-node-architecture.html
6. I http://comp.ist.utl.pt/ece-wsn/doc/slides/sensys-ch3-network-architecture.pdf
http://sensors-and-networks.blogspot.in/2011/08/physical-layer-for-wireless-
7. II
sensor.html
8. II http://dsn.sagepub.com/content/8/1/834784.full
9. II http://www3.nd.edu/~cpoellab/teaching/cse40815/Chapter6.pdf
10. III http://sensors-and-networks.blogspot.in/2010/05/addressing-in-wsn.html
11. III http://www.cs.wustl.edu/~jain/cse574-06/ftp/time_sync/index.html
12. IV http://www.cs.wustl.edu/~jain/cse574-06/ftp/time_sync/index.html
13. IV http://dsn.sagepub.com/content/9/6/304628.full
http://www.slideshare.net/piyushmittalin/security-in-wireless-sensor-networks-
14. V
16292703
15. V https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3231431/

13. Web links for similar courses offered at other Universities:


Course University
Website
Title Name
Wireless The https://www.uq.edu.au/study/course.html?course_code=CSSE7420
Sensor University of
Networks Queenland- http://www.eee.manchester.ac.uk/our-research/research-
Australia groups/mcs/researchareas/wirelesssensornetworks/

14. Online Courses / Certification Courses:


Course Link Duration
NPTEL – Wirless https://onlinecourses.nptel.ac.in/noc17_ee15/preview 24 July 2017 - 13
Adhoc and Sensor October 2017

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Course Link Duration
Networks

15. Topic(s) Beyond Syllabus:


Internet of Things

16. Flipped Class Topics:


Topic(s). Streaming URL
http://comp.ist.utl.pt/ece-wsn/doc/slides/sensys-ch6-
Link layer protocols
link.pdf

17. Guest Lecture/ Workshop:


Topic(s). Resource Person Date (Tentative)
Future Networks and its applications Yet to be Decided August (Mid week)

18. Participative Learning (if any): NIL


19. Course File History:
Details 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 (Target)
Internal NA 80%
CO1 % External 70%
Total 75%
Internal 80%
CO2% External 70%
Total 75%
Internal 80%
CO3% External 70%
Total 75%
Internal 80%
CO4% External 70%
Total 75%
SE-I 80%
SE-II 82%
Pass %
SE-III 84%
ES 80%

Course Coordinator / ECE443 Module Coordinator /Signals and Networks

Programme Coordinator / B.Tech. E.C.E. Head of the Department / E.C.E.

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