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Toyota F engine

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The Toyota F series engine was a series of OHV inline-6-cylinder engines produced
by Toyota between 1955 and 1992. They are known for their high amount of torque at
low RPM, massive cast-iron blocks and heads and also their high reliability. The F
Engine had one of the longest production runs of any Toyota engine. The F engines
all incorporate overhead valves actuated by pushrods from a gear driven camshaft in
the lower portion of the engine. The engine was first introduced in the Land
Cruiser, and in many countries, was the only engines offered in the Landcruiser
until 1993. Although it's commonly badged as the Land Cruiser engine, it was used
in a variety of other large truck applications as well, such as in fire trucks and
the Toyota FQ15 trucks. It was also used in the FH26 police patrol car (based on
the RH Super), FS20-FS50 police patrol cars (based on the RS20-MS50 Crown), the FHJ
and FH24 fire trucks (both based on the RH Super) and the FS35 (based on the RS30
Crown) and FS45V ambulance (based on the MS40 Crown).

Contents
1 Engine Revisions
1.1 F
1.2 F (1973 update)
1.3 2F
1.4 3F/3F-E
Engine Revisions

F
F
Overview
Manufacturer Toyota
Production 1955-1974
Layout
Configuration I6
Displacement 3.9 L (3878 cc)
Cylinder bore 90 mm (3.5 in)
Piston stroke 102 mm (4.0 in)
Compression ratio 6.8:1
Combustion
Fuel system Carbureted
Fuel type Gasoline
Output
Power output 75/93 kW (105/125 hp)
Torque output 261/289 N�m (189/209 ft�lb)
Chronology
Predecessor B
Successor F (1974) aka F.5
The F engine is a 3.9-liter, 75/93 kW (105/125 hp), carburated gasoline engine that
is capable of 261/289 N�m (189/209 lb�ft) of torque at 2000 RPM; the difference in
power and torque is different depending on the export destination. The original
design was started in the early 1950s when Toyota had begun to export their
vehicles internationally.
The F engine block, crankshaft and lower end assembly is loosely based on the 1939-
63 G.M.C. L6 OHV 235 engine but with a taller deck (rather than the similar but
smaller Chevrolet 1937-63 Gen-2 L6 OHV engine), and built under license. The
cylinder head and combustion chamber is derived from the Chevrolet L6 OHV
"stovebolt" engine, slightly scaled up. The general idea was consumers would feel
comfortable with the engine since it was a familiar design and had a proven track
record. None of the bottom end of the engine is interchangeable with these engines.

The F engine replaced the early 3.4-liter B gasoline engine introduced in 1937 (not
to be confused with the 2.9-liter B diesel engine introduced much later). The early
B engine was based on the original 1929-36 Chevrolet Gen-1 207 inline-6, not the
later 1937-63 Gen-2 216, 235 etc. engine.

F (1973 update)
F (1973 update)
Overview
Manufacturer Toyota
Also called F.5 or "F and a half"
Production September 1973 � December 1974
Layout
Configuration I6
Displacement 3.9 L (3878 cc)
Cylinder bore 90 mm (3.5 in)
Piston stroke 102 mm (4.0 in)
Compression ratio 6.8:1
Combustion
Fuel system Carbureted
Fuel type Gasoline
Oil system Same as 2F
Cooling system Water
Output
Power output 75/93 kW (105/125 hp)
Torque output 261/289 N�m (189/209 ft�lb)
Chronology
Predecessor Toyota Type F engine
Successor 2F
The updated F engine is a 3.9-liter, 75/93 kW (105/125 hp), carburated gasoline
engine that is capable of 261/289 N�m (189/209 lb�ft) of torque at 2000 RPM; the
major difference between the F and the F.5 is the oiling system. The F.5 uses the
same oiling set-up and configuration as its 2F successor.

2F
2F
Overview
Manufacturer Toyota
Production 1975-1988
Layout
Configuration I6
Displacement 4.2 L (4230 cc)
Cylinder bore 94 mm (3.7 in)
Piston stroke 102 mm (4.0 in)
Compression ratio 7.8:1
Combustion
Fuel system Carbureted
Fuel type Gasoline
Output
Power output 101 kW (135 hp)
Torque output 271 N�m (200 ft�lb)
Chronology
Predecessor F
Successor 3F/3F-E
The second version of the engine, called the 2F, was introduced in 1975. There are
a few differences between the F and 2F, i.e., a larger bore in the 2F, removing one
oil ring and forcing the oil to travel through the oil filter before the engine.

3F/3F-E
3F/3F-E
Overview
Manufacturer Toyota
Production 1985-1992
Layout
Displacement 4.0 L (3955 cc)
Cylinder bore 94 mm (3.7 in)
Piston stroke 95 mm (3.7 in)
Compression ratio 8.1:1
Combustion
Fuel system Fuel Injected
Fuel type Gasoline
Output
Power output 116 kW (155 hp)
Torque output 303 N�m (220 ft�lb)
Chronology
Predecessor 2F
Successor 1FZ-FE
The 3F was introduced in 1985, but did not become available in the United States
until 1988. Differences from the 2F engine include a modified cylinder head to
reduce warping and separation from inlet and exhaust manifolds, the introduction of
electronic fuel injection (EFI) in some markets, a vastly improved emissions
system, and a smaller displacement resulting from a shorter piston stroke. The
displacement decreased from 4.2 liters to 4 liters, but the engine power increased
by 15 kW (20 hp) and torque increased by 14 N�m (10 lb�ft). As a result of these
changes to the engine design the redline was increased, allowing a wider powerband
which made this engine far more suitable for on-road travel.

In 1992, the F series engines, after almost 45 years, finally ceased production. In
1993, the F series was replaced by the dual overhead cam (DOHC) 1FZ series.

Due to the low rpm design and cast iron construction of these engines, it is not
uncommon to see them reach over 480,000 km (300,000 miles) before needing a major
overhaul