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Unit 1: Discover the world of ICT

Introduction to Information and Communication Technology
 The State of ICT Technology
 Online Systems, functions, and platforms


At the end of this module, you will be able to:

1. improve knowledge on how ICT affects their everyday lives and the state of our nation.
2. compare and contrast the differences between online platforms, sites and content.
3. understand features of Web 2.0.
4. understand the future of the World Wide Web through Web 3.0
5. learn the different trends in ICT and use them to their advantage.

Activity: How do you use ICT?

Form group of 5 members each, Take turns answering the questions below.
Answer the following honestly.

1. How many times have you checked your phone today this morning?
2. How many status updates you have posted in Facebook or Twitter today?
3. Did you use the internet for an hour after you woke up this morning?
4. Do you follow a celebrity via his/her social media account?

Information and Communication Technology

Information and Communication Technology (ICT) deals with use of different communication technologies such as:
mobile phones, internet, etc. to locate, save, send and edit information.

ICT in the Philippines

- “ICT Hub of Asia” according to some International Companies. It is no secret that there is a huge growth of
ICT –related jobs around the country. One of which is the Call Centers. It is one of the BPO (Business Process
- 106.8 cellphones per 100 Filipinos, according to 2013 edition of Measuring the Information Society by the
International Telecommunication Union.
- 19.13% shares of the total employment population in ICT Industry according to data gathered by the Annual
Survey of the Philippine Business and Industries and NSO in 2010.
- “The selfiest cities around the world” of the 2013 places two cities from the Philippines in the top 1 and top
10 spots., according to Time Magazine.
ICT, Me, and my Community
To fully understand the importance of ICT, Let us first look at our community. Look for a small business around
your community.
Conduct a short interview of the business owner using the given guide questions.

WEB 2.0 Dynamic Web Pages

When the World Wide Web was invented, most of the web pages were static.
Static also known as flat page or stationary page and cannot be manipulated by the user. The content is also for all
users. This referred to as Web 1.0

Reference: “ Introduction to Information and Communication Technologies ” Rex Bookstore, Inc, p 1-15 , 2016 Page 1
Web 2.0 is a term coined by Darcy DiNucci on January 1999 in her article titled “Fragmented Future”.
- The evolution of Web 1.0 by adding dynamic pages.
- The user is able to see website differently than others
- Include social networking site, blogs, wikis, video- sharing sites, hosted devices and web applications.
- Allows user to interact with the pages instead of just reading a page, the user may be able to comment or
create a user account.
- Allows users to use web browsers instead of just using the operating system.

Features of Web 2.0

1. Folksonomy – allows user to categories and classify/arrange information using freely chosen key words(tagging).
Popular social; networking sites such as Facebook, Twitter, Instagram etc. Use tags with the pound sign (#). This
is referred to hashtag.
2. Rich User Experience- content is dynamic and is responsive to user’s input. An example would be a website that
shows local content. In the case of social networking sites, when logged on, your account is used to modify
what you see in their website.
3. User participation – the owner of the website is not the only one who is able to put content like comments,
reviews and evaluation. (e.g.,, online stores like Lazada and the like.)
4. Long tail – services that are offered on demand on a one time purchase. This is synonymous to subscribing to a
data plan, post paid or prepaid.
5. Software as service – users will subscribe to a software only when needed rather than purchasing them. When
you need a soft ware like word processor you can purchase it for one time and install it. Like purchasing license
software and it’s yours forever or software for rent for a minimal fee.
6. Mass participation –diverse information sharing through universal web access. Since most users can use the
internet. Web 2.0 content is based on people from various cultures.

Web 3.0 and the Semantic Web

Semantic Web – is a movement led by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). Term coined by Tim Berners-Lee.
- Component of Web 3.0
- Provides common framework that allows data to be shared and reused across application, enterprise and
community boundaries.
Web 3.0 is yet to be fully realized because of the several problems:
1. Compatibility – HTML files and current web browsers could not support Web 3.0.
2. Security-the user’s security is also a question since the machine is saving his or her preferences.
3. Vastness-The WWW contains billions of web pages.
4. Vagueness-Certain words are imprecise, The words “old” and “small” would depend on the user
5. Logic- Since machine use logic, there are certain limitations for a computer to be able to predict what the use is
referring to a given time.

Trends in ICT.
1. Convergence – synergy of technological advancement to work on a similar goal or task. Like using smart phones
to create docs. It is also called technologies that can sync files from one device to another using LTE technology
which means you can access files anytime anywhere.
2. Social Media – website application or online channel that enables web users to create, co create, discuss and
exchange user-generated content.
6 types of social media
a. Social Networks – sites that allow you to connect with other people with the same interest or background
b. Bookmarking sites – sites that allow you to store and manage links to various websites and resources. It also
allow to create a tag that allows you and others to easily search and share them. Examples are stumble and
c. Social News – sites that allow user to post their own news items or links to other news sources. The users
can also comment on the post and may also be rank.
d. Media Sharing – sites that allow you to upload and share media content like images, music and video.
Examples are You tube, Flicker and Instragram.
e. Microblogging – sites that focus on shorts updates from the user. Those subscribed to the user will be able
to receive these updates. Example are Twitter and Plurk
f. Blogs and Forums. Sites that allow users to post their content. Users are able to comment on the said topic.
Examples are Blogger, Word press andTumblr.

3. Mobile Technologies- include smartphones and tablets. A device capability to do tasks that were originally
found in personal in personal computers. Several of these devices are capable of using high speed internet. The
latest devices use 4G Networking (LTE), which which is currently the fastest mobile network.

Reference: “ Introduction to Information and Communication Technologies ” Rex Bookstore, Inc, p 1-15 , 2016 Page 2
Operating systems for mobile devices
a. iOS – used in Apple devices such as iPhone and iPad
b. Android- an open source operating system developed by Google. Being an open source means several
mobile phone companies use this OS for free.
c. Blackberry OS – used in Blackberry devices
d. Windows Phone OS – a closed source and propriety operating system developed by Microsoft.
e. Symbian – the originally smartphones OS used by Nokia Devices.
f. WebOS- originally used for smartphones, now used for smart TVs
g. Windows mobile – developed by Microsoft for smartphones and pocket PCs

4. Assistive Media is a non-profit service designed to help people who have visual and reading impairments. A
database of audio recordings is used to read to the user.

Exploration: Identifying the correct Web Platform for Social Change

1. Identify a problem in your community (littering, garbage disposal, blocked drainage etc.)
2. Imagine that you are going to create website to persuade both community leaders and members to solve this
3. Fill out the form below. You may refer to the sample provided after the forum.


Community Problem:
Campaign Name:
Type of Social Media Used:
Website Used:

What will be the content of your social media site?

Why did you choose the type of social media?

Why did you choose the website?


Community Problem: Severe flooding during rainy days due to blocked drainages
Vicinity: 21st Lacson St., Bacolod City
Campaign Name: “Anti-flooding Movement”
Type of Social Media Used: Blogging
Website Used: Word Press

What will be the content of your social media site?

It will contain pictures of the flooded area during rainy days. It will also contain pictures of the drainages that are
blocked with garbage. I also plan to update it every once in a while. Anyone who views the site will be able to comment
on these updates.

Why did you choose that type of media?

People in my community are avid readers of blogs. Most of them follow several blogs that concern the community.

Why did you choose that website?

WordPress, unlike other blogging platforms, has more “serious feel” to it. It also contains professional-looking templates
that will fit the serious tone of my campaign.
Your Turn to Shine
1. Why do you think microblogging platforms have become popular when regular blogging platforms already exist?
2. What do you think of Web 3.0? do you think it will be realized someday in the future?

Reference: “ Introduction to Information and Communication Technologies ” Rex Bookstore, Inc, p 1-15 , 2016 Page 3
Pre test

Multiple Choices
Instruction: Choose the letter of the correct answer. Write answers on your paper.

1. This media is designed to help people who have visual and reading impairments.
a. assistive c. bookmark d. hashtagging

2. This refers to the feature where users are able to categorize and locate information.
a. hashtags c. taxonomy
b. folksonomy d. rich user experience

3. A feature of a dynamic website that allows users to put their own content
a. rich user experience c. Web 1.0
b. longtail d. Web 2.0

4. It provides a common framework to allow data to be shared and reused across platform, enterprise and community
a. W3C c. Web 1.0
b. Semantic Web d. Web 2.0

5. This type of social media website focuses on short updates posted by the user.
a. blogging c. social media
b. microblogging d. hashtagging

6. This is the operating system for iPhones or iPads.

a. Blackberry OS c. Windows Mobile
b. Symbian d. iOS

7. Pinterest is a social media website that can ba classified as

a. bookmarking site c. microblogging
b. media sharing d. blogs and forums

8. Currently, this is the fastest mobile network.

a. 2G c. 4G
b.3G d.5G

9. A web page that allows interaction from the user.

a. static c. social
b. dynamic d. comment

10. According to this magazine, two Philippine cities are part of the top 10 in their research about : “The Selfiest Cities
around the World.”
a. People c. Reader’s Digest
b. Time d. Candy

Reference: “ Introduction to Information and Communication Technologies ” Rex Bookstore, Inc, p 1-15 , 2016 Page 4