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Voltage in Dual Three-level Inverter Fed Open-end

Winding Induction Motors

Yi-Wen Geng, Chen-Xi Wei, Rui-Cheng Chen, Liang Wang, Jia-Bin Xu, and Shuang-Cheng Hao

School of Information and Electrical Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou, China

Abstract

Due to the excessive zero-sequence voltage in dual three-level inverter fed open-end winding induction motor systems, zero-

sequence circumfluence which is harmful to switching devices and insulation is then formed when operating in a single DC

voltage source supplying mode. Traditionally, it is the mean value instead of instantaneous value of the zero-sequence voltage

that is eliminated, through adjusting the durations of the operating vectors. A new strategy is proposed for zero-sequence voltage

elimination, which utilizes unified voltage modulation and a decoupled SVPWM strategy to achieve two same-sized equivalent

vectors for an angle of 120°, generated by two inverters independently. Both simulation and experimental results have verified its

efficiency in the instantaneous value elimination of zero-sequence voltage.

Key words: dual three-level inverter-fed open-end winding induction motor, unified pulse width modulation, zero-sequence

voltage, space-vector decoupling PWM

I. INTRODUCTION

However, with two extra isolated DC power supplies, the

Multilevel inverters have been popular in recent years due system cost will be excessively high and the implementation

to their advantages such as reduced output harmonics and of four-quadrant operation is difficult to achieve. Somasekhar

reduced voltage derivatives (dv/dt)[1,2], which are commonly V. T. et.al proposed two methods aiming at eliminating zero-

applied in medium and high voltage situations. In the case of sequence voltages. The first one used the unified voltage

an equal number of switching devices, compared with NPC modulation strategy [18] and the 180° decoupled PWM

(Neutral Point Clamped) [3,4], Flying Capacitor [5] as well strategy [19] to adjust the duration of the small vectors so that

as H-bridge cascaded [6] inverters, inverters cascaded at the mean zero-sequence voltage is zero during each switching

either end driving an open-end winding induction motors cycle. Then the zero-sequence voltage is dynamically

provide more voltage levels and less output harmonics [7]. eliminated [20]. The other way is the biasing inverter PWM

Therefore, this topology is gaining popularity in multilevel strategy [6] where the mean value of summation of three-

inverter application and electric driving fields. However, in phase voltage is zero. Nevertheless, these two methods are

the case of one single DC power supply operating, zero- without two isolated DC power supplies. However, it is only

sequence circumfluence resulting from zero-sequence voltage the average value of the zero-sequence voltage that is

generated by inverters cascaded at either end of open-winding eliminated while the instantaneous value is still high. The

induction motors still attracts the interest of many researchers, authors of [21] implemented the biasing inverter PWM

which mainly focus on dual two-level inverters and dual strategy and the 180° decoupled PWM strategy to eliminate

three-level inverters. To solve this problem, many zero- zero-sequence voltage as well as common-mode voltage.

sequence voltage elimination methods and modulation However, the instantaneous value is not completely

strategies have been proposed based on dual two-level and eliminated.

dual three-level inverters [8-16]. Thus, the unified voltage modulation strategy and the 120°

In [17] Srinivasan P et.al proposed an effective method decoupled PWM strategy are applied to resolve the reference

using two isolated DC power supplies to eliminate zero- voltage vector into two vectors generated by each inverter,

sequence circumfluence when these two two-level inverters with equal size but an angle of 120°, which can completely

eliminate instantaneous zero-sequence voltage. The zero-

Journal of Power Electronics, to be published

sequence circulating current, which increases the amplitude II. DUAL THREE-LEVEL INVERTER FED OPEN

of the current and brings a lot of damage to the insulation of WINDING INDUCTION MOTOR DRIVE

the winding, can also be eliminated by the method proposed The topology of a dual three-level inverter fed open-end

in this paper. Both simulation and experimental results have winding induction motor drive operated with a single power

verified the correctness and effectiveness of this method. supply is shown in Fig. 1. It should be noted from this figure

Fig. 1 Topology of dual three-level inverter-fed open-end winding induction-motor with a single DC power supply

120 020 120

020 220 220

S=3 K J I S=2 K J I

021 021

210 210

L C B H L C B H

Ubase1 110

022 011 121 110 Uref1 S=1 022

011 121

111 222 100 Uref2 111 222 100

M D O A G M D O A

211

G

211 200

S=4 122 001 000 101 200 122 001 000 101

N E F S N E F S

201

012 212 201 012 212

112 112

P Q R S=6 P Q R

002 S=5 102 202 002 102 202

Udc/3 Udc/3

2(a) Space vector diagram of inverter-1 2(b) Space vector diagram of inverter-2

45

1 44 2 43 3 42

2

41

1

E D C

2 6 10 10 6 2

46 25 24 23 22 40

3

47 26

10

11

20

10

24

9

20

21

10 39 3

F B

Uref1

2 10 24 36 36 2 10 2

48 27 12 3 8 24 20 38

Uref2

Uref

O 30° 1

1 G 6 20 45 36 20 A 37

49 28 13 4 36 0 α 1 7 19 6

Uref2

10 24 10 2

2

50 29 14 5 36 36 6 18

24 36 60

20 20 10

3 51 H 30 10 15 16 24 17 35 L

59

3

6

2 52 31 6 32 10 33 10 34 58

2

J

I K

53 1 2 3 56 2 57 1

54 55

2Udc/3

2(c) Space vector diagram of dual inverter

that inverter-1 and inverter-2 are in series at either end of the independent control of two inverters. Another advantage of

motor. Since both inverters are NPC three-level inverters, such a strategy is that when a fault happens to one of the two

each inverter has 27 switching states as shown in Figs. 2(a) inverters, the system can smoothly switch to single inverter

and 2(b), respectively. States ‘0’, ‘1’ and ‘2’ in Fig. 2 supply mode. Thus, the five-level inverter is converted to a

represent the output voltage level including ‘-Vdc/4’, ‘0’ and three-level inverter. As a result, the induction motor does not

‘Vdc/4’, from which 729 switching states are achieved in dual have to shut down and stability as well as reliability are

three-level inverters. The corresponding vector diagram is increased. It should be noted that the voltage is reduced by

shown in Fig. 2(c) where the uppercase figures are voltage 1/ 3 and the system is running under a full load at low speed,

vector number while the superscripts represent the number of when the system operates in a fault-tolerant situation.

redundant switching states. In the meantime, it is also noted U ref U ref1 U ref2

that Fig. 2 is same as a vector diagram of a traditional five-

U ref (2)

level NPC inverter. The only difference is that there are more U ref1 U ref2

3

redundant states in the former case.

Let uzs be the zero-sequence voltage of a dual three-level B. Zero-sequence Voltage Elimination

inverter system and their mathematical relation is [19]: Suppose that the voltage vector Uref is located in the

uzs ucm1 ucm2 (1) position shown in Fig. 2(c). Uref1 and Uref2 are achieved by

ucm1 and ucm2 are the common-mode voltages of inverter-1 resolving Uref with an angle of 120°, as shown in Figs. 2(a)

and inverter-2 respectively, where ucm1=(uao+ubo+uco)/3 and and 2(b). From the NTV (Nearest Triangle Vector)

ucm2 =(ua＇o+ub＇o+uc＇o)/3. theory[22], Uref1 is composed of three vectors including B H I,

When operating in a two isolated DC voltage source mode, while Uref2 is composed of D＇L＇M＇. To achieve the operating

even the zero-sequence voltage uzs is excessively large. The time of each vector, two equivalent vectors need to be

DC sources of two inverters are isolated, among which the converted to basic vectors and two-level sub-vectors. Then

zero-sequence current is zero due to no circuit. This is a unified voltage modulation is applied to determine the

harmless mode and no extra solution is needed for the zero- operating vectors and to calculate the operating time of each

sequence voltage suppression. However, a closed circuit in vector, which is the same as the two-level SVPWM. To

the system generates excessive zero-sequence current when simplify this case, take the example of Uref1, which is shown

operating in a single DC voltage source. Thus, a large in Fig. 2(a).

circumfluence is formed. As a result, the phase-current Let:

harmonics then increase causing insulation damage [17]. In U ref1 urefa1 urefb1 urefc1 (3)

the latter case, the zero-sequence voltage should be

Where urefa1, urefb1, and urefc1 are components of Uref1 under the

suppressed for good operation of the system.

abc coordinate system.

Ⅲ. THE 120° DECOUPLED PWM STRATEGY The three-level vector diagram can be seen as a

combination of six two-level vector diagrams, where the six

A. Principles of the 120° Decoupled PWM Strategy large sectors are named S, and among each large sector there

Based on the principles of the decoupled PWM strategy is a two-level vector diagram. However, the overlapping part

[16], the voltage vector is resolved into two vectors generated of the two-level vector diagram is split evenly into the

by inverter-1 and inverter-2, respectively. As a result, the two neighboring parts.

inverters are controlled individually. As shown in Fig. 2, the The specific sector judgment rules are shown in TABLE 1.

reference voltage vector is Uref (|Uref|∠α) and two equivalent

vectors of the same size but with an angle of 60°, Uref1(|Uref1| TABLE I

∠(α+30°)) and U '

ref2 (| U '

ref2 |∠(α-30°)), are achieved using DISCRIMINATION RULES OF SECTOR

parallelogram law. More specificly, Uref1 is generated by

Sector(S) Criteria

inverter-1 while U ref2

'

is generated by inverter-2. Among

1 urefa1>0&urefb1<0&urefc1<0

these the vector Uref2 that is actually needed is in the opposite

2 urefa1>0&urefb1>0&urefc1<0

direction of U ref2

'

since the directions at either end of the

3 urefa1<0&urefb1>0&urefc1<0

motor are opposite. Thus, Uref1 and Uref2 actually have a phase

difference of 120° and the relations between Uref 、 Uref1 、 4 urefa1<0&urefb1>0&urefc1>0

Uref2 are shown in (2). 5 urefa1<0&urefb1<0&urefc1>0

It can be noted from the above analysis that the 120° 6 urefa1>0&urefb1<0&urefc1>0

decoupled PWM strategy is an effective way for the

Journal of Power Electronics, to be published

A basic vector Ubase is introduced to map the space vector Let Tmax1 = max(Tas1, Tbs1, Tcs1) and Tmin1 = min(Tas1, Tbs1,

to the two-level space-vector plane. The new basic vector is Tcs1). Teff1 is the effective time of inverter-1. From Fig. 3, it

the central vector of each sector as shown in Fig. 2(a). can be achieved that:

Take Uref1 in Fig. 2(a) as an example. Fig. 2(a) shows Teff1 Tmax1 Tmin1 (7)

the position of the equivalent reference voltage vector Uref1, U dc 4

'

where Ubase1=U110 among inverter-1. The adjusted vector U＇ urefa1

urefb1

'

U ref1 =U ref1 U base1

(4) '

urefc1

U base1 ubasea1 ubaseb1 ubasec1

U dc 4 1

Thus： 1 0

1 0

' 0

urefa1 urefa1 ubasea1

Tcs1 Tmin1 Tbs1 Tas1 Tmax1

'

urefb1 urefb1 ubaseb1 Teff1

'

urefc1 urefc1 ubasec1 (5) Toffset1

' ' '

urefa1 urefb1 urefc1

Teff1

'

U ref1 = urefa1

' '

urefb1 '

urefc1 Tgc1 Tgb1 Tga1

A phase 1 1 1

1 1 0

Similarly, the corrected equivalent voltage vectors under B phase

1 0 0

C phase 0

the two-level space-vector plane among the other sectors can 0 0

be analysed, and the components of central vector of each T01 2 T21 T11 T01 2

sector in the abc coordinate system are presented in TABLE 2. Ts 2

TABLE Ⅱ

THE THREE-PHASE VAULE OF BASE VECTORS IN DIFFERENT SECTOR The actual switching time can be achieved by adding a

shifted time Toffset1 to the imaginary switching time. In the

Sector(S) ubasea1 ubaseb1 ubasec1

SVPWM effective time Teff1 is put at the centre of a half cycle.

1 Udc/6 -Udc/12 -Udc/12 Thus, the shifted time Toffset1 is:

2 Udc/12 Udc/12 -Udc/6 T01 Ts 2 Teff1

(8)

Toffset1 T01 2 Tmin1

3 -Udc/12 Udc/6 -Udc/12

Therefore, the actual switching times are:

4 -Udc/6 Udc/12 Udc/12

Tgx1 Txs1 Toffset1 (9)

5 -Udc/12 -Udc/12 Udc/6

6 Udc/12 -Udc/6 Udc/12 Where x ∈ (a, b, c), Tga1, Tgb1 and Tgc1 are the actual

switching instants of the bridge.

The corrected vectors are two-level vectors. Therefore, the Only two switching states (0,1) are achieved through the

operating time corresponding to the switching states can be above strategy. Thus, an inverse-process to map the two-level

calculated by the unified voltage modulation strategy. vectors to three-level vectors is implemented to drive the

Coupled with modified u ＇ refa1, u ＇ refb1, u ＇ refc1 and the DC NPC three-level inverter. That is to say, the real switching

states can be obtained by adding a two-level vector to the

voltage Udc/2, the relation between the modulated signal and

equivalent central vector of each sector. The switching states

the output voltage is:

of the central vector in each sector are shown in TABLE 3.

'

2urefx1 Fig. 3 represents the gating pulses of the two level inverter,

Txs1 Ts (6)

U dc which is achieved by decomposing the reference vector into

the small vector of a two level inverter. Fig. 4 represents the

Where x∈(a, b, c), Tas1, Tbs1 and Tcs1 are the imaginary

actual states and it can be obtained by the following method.

switching times for the bridge.

As shown in Fig. (2), it can be find that the reference vector

To get the actual switching time of each bridge, define the

Uref1 is located in sector 2. The central vector in sector 2 is

effective time Teff, which refers to the durations of the

110. Therefore, the actual switching states of Uref1 are

different voltage level outputs of the inverter, as is illustrated

achieved by adding the state 110, to the original two-level

in Fig. 3.

states as presented in Fig. 3. For example, the actual state

Journal of Power Electronics, to be published

ucm1 221 dc dc 0 dc

TABLE Ⅲ 3 2 2 3

1 U U U U

SWITCH STATUS OF THE INNER VECTOR OF DIFFERENT SECTOR ucm1 220 dc dc dc dc

3 2 2 2 6

(10)

Sector(S) Switching states of the central vector 1 U U

ucm1 210 dc 0 dc 0

1 100 3 2 2

2 110 1 U dc U dc

ucm1 110 0 0

3 010 3 2 6

012-011, which correspond to the common-mode voltage of

5 001

inverter-2:

6 101

1 U U U

ucm2 122 0 dc dc dc

3 2 2 3

Teff1 1 U U U U

ucm2 022 dc dc dc dc

3 2 2 2 6

(11)

1 U U

ucm2 012 dc 0 dc 0

3 2 2

1 U U

ucm2 011 dc 0 0 dc

3 2 6

Based on the mathematical relationship between Uref1 and

Uref2, shown in Figs. 2(a) and 2(b), it is known that:

Fig. 4 Instantaneous mapped three-phase reference signals for

T01 T02

Uref1, corresponding gating pulses and effective switching time

T11 T12 (12)

Similarly, Uref2 can be achieved through this method, T21 T22

where the relations between the switching states and the In the meantime, the operating vectors are achieved

effective time are shown in Fig. 5. through (1) and the zero-sequence voltage among the 4

Teff2 operating durations, T01/2(T02/2)、T21 (T22)、T11 (T12)、T01/2

Tga2 Tgc2 Tgb2 (T02/2), which are presented in (13).

T u u

uzs 01 cm1 cm2

2 3

U dc 3 U dc 3

0

3

T02 2 T02 2 u u

uzs T21 cm1 cm2

T22 T12

3

U dc 6 U dc 6

Fig. 5 Instantaneous mapped three-phase reference signals for 0

3

Uref2, corresponding gating pulses and effective switching time (13)

u u

uzs T11 cm1 cm2

3

The switching states corresponding to Uref1 are 221-220-

00

210-110, based on the relations between the common-mode 0

3

voltage and the phase voltage of the inverter. The common-

T u u

mode voltage of inverter-1 is achieved as (10). uzs 01 cm1 cm2

2 3

U dc 6 U dc 6

0

3

From the above discussion, the zero-sequence voltage of an

open-end winding induction motor during each duration of a

half cycle is zero. Additionally, due to the symmetry of

seven-segment modulation, it can be concluded that during

one cycle the instantaneous value of the zero-sequence

Journal of Power Electronics, to be published

voltage is zero. Similarly, when the reference voltage Uref A simulation model in MATLAB/Simulink is established

arrives at other positions, as shown in Fig. 2(c), the to verify the effectiveness of the proposed zero-sequence

instantaneous value of the zero-sequence voltage during each elimination method. The induction motor is controlled by the

operating period among each cycle is zero. V/F, and the DC voltage of the inverter is set to 200V while

It can be concluded that with the implementation of the the carrier frequency is 5kHz. TABLE 4 presents the specific

120° decoupled PWM strategy, the instantaneous value of the parameters of the simulation.

zero-sequence voltage in an open-end winding induction Define the modulation ratio as ma=2Uref/Udc. When ma is

motor can be completely eliminated. Compared with the 180° 0.9, the phase current ia and voltage uaa waveforms, supplied

decoupled PWM strategy proposed in [20], the method by a single DC source, are shown in Fig. 6. When ma is 0.4

presented in this paper is essentially different since it is the and the system is operating under a single DC source, the

instantaneous value that is eliminated while [20] aimed at phase current ia and voltage uaa＇ waveforms are shown in Fig.

eliminating the mean value. Thus, when operating in the 7.

single DC source mode, the harmonics content is not affected

and good performance of the system is achieved by the TABLE Ⅳ

strategy proposed in this paper.

SIMULATION PARAMETERS SETTING FOR OPEN-END WINDING

C. Modulation Range Analysis INDUCTION-MOTOR

Parameters Value

will have certain effects on the linear modulation range.

Rated power of motor 5.5 kW

Let |OA|=2Udc/3, as shown in Fig. 2(c), then |OG|=|O＇G＇

Rated voltage of motor 380 V

|=Udc/3, which is shown in Fig. 2(a) and Fig. 2(b). The

modulation range of the system without the 120° decoupled Rated current of motor 12.1 A

PWM strategy corresponds to the regular hexagon ACEGIK, Rated frequency of motor 50 Hz

among which the maximum amplitude of the phase voltage Rated speed of motor 1460 rpm

generated by the dual three-level inverters is Udc / 3 . Stator resistance of motor 1.844Ω

When the 120° decoupled PWM strategy is applied to the

Stator inductance of motor 11.31 mH

system, each basic vector of the vector diagrams of the dual

three-level inverter is composed of two three-level vectors, Rotor resistance of motor 1.826 Ω

with a maximum amplitude of |OG|=Udc/3, with an angle of Rotor inductance of motor 11.31 mH

120°. Thus, the maximum amplitude of the basic vector is Mutual inductance between stator

104.83 mH

|OB|=Udc/ 3 . As can be seen from Fig. 2(c), the modulation and rotor

area is reduced to an inscribed regular hexagon BDFHJL, Moment of Inertia 0.021 kg.m2

among which the maximum amplitude of the modulated Number of pole-pairs 2

phase-voltage is Udc/2. As a result, the linear modulation

range of the system implementing zero-voltage elimination is 250 3

200

reduced by: 150 2

100 1

3 U dc 2

uaa'/V

U dc 50

100% 13.4% (14)

ia/A

0 0

U dc 3 -50

-100 -1

As shown in (15), the DC voltage then needs to be -150 -2

-200

increased to obtain the same maximum output phase-voltage -250 -3

amplitude as the traditional five-level NPC inverter. 1.8 1.82 1.84 1.86 1.88 1.8 1.82 1.84 1.86 1.88

t/s t/s

2U dc 3 U dc Fig. 6 Simulation result of motor phase current and phase

100% 15.5% (15)

U dc voltage for modulation indices of ma = 0.9

Originally the DC bus voltage of dual three-level inverters

is only half that of a five-level NPC inverter. Thus, even the

same maximum output phase-voltage as a five-level inverter

is achieved, and the dual three-level inverters’ DC voltage is

only 57.75% of that for a five-level NPC inverter.

A. Simulation Research

Journal of Power Electronics, to be published

the high-frequency zero-sequence voltage still exists, with a

large amplitude. Therefore, it can concluded that there is an

uaa'/V

ia/A

essential difference between the strategies proposed in this

paper and in [20].

B. Experiment Research

A 5.5kW dual three-level inverter fed open-end winding

Fig. 7 Simulation result of motor phase current and phase induction motor experiment is implemented to verify the

voltage for modulation indices of ma = 0.4 effectiveness of the proposing strategy. Two NPC three-level

inverters are series connected at either end of the induction

To further demonstrate the effectiveness of the 120° PWM motor and an open-looped V/F is applied to the control motor.

strategy, simulation results of the zero-sequence voltage are The controller utilizes a TMS320F28335 to produce 12 PWM

shown when operating on a single DC source, with ma values pulses. Then a XC3S400 FPGA is used for the inversion of

of 0.9 and 0.4 respectively, the waveforms of which are the generated pulses. In total, 24 PWM pulses are generated

shown in Fig. 8. Then let the dual three-level inverters to drive the dual three-level inverters. The experiment

operate on high and low modulation depths and implement parameters are identical to those of the simulation.

the 180° decoupled space vector PWM strategy presented in Fig. 10 presents the experimental phase-current ia and

[20]. Thus, the simulation waveforms of the zero-sequence phase-voltage uaa＇ waveforms under a single DC source when

voltage are finally achieved in Fig. 9. ma is 0.9. Similarly, when ma is 0.4 the output phase-current

and phase-voltage waveforms are shown in Fig. 11. To

observe the zero-sequence voltage waveforms, experiments in

the single DC source mode are conducted with two different

ma values of 0.9 and 0.4, the waveforms of which are shown

uzs/V

uzs/V

in Figs. 12.

uaa'(100V/div) ia(2.5A/div)

level inverter-fed open-end winding motor for modulation

indices of ma = 0.9 and ma = 0.4 with a single DC power supply

voltage for modulation indices of ma = 0.9

Upper trace: motor phase current ia

uzs/V

uzs/V

level inverter-fed open-end winding motor for modulation

indices of ma = 0.9 and ma = 0.4 by using space voltage vector

t(10ms/div)

180° decoupling

Fig. 11 Experimental result of motor phase current and phase

voltage for modulation indices of ma = 0.4

From Figs. 6, 7 and 8, it can be seen that with the

Upper trace: motor phase current ia

implementation of the 120° decoupled PWM strategy,

Lower trace: motor phase voltage uaa＇

operating on different modulation ratios, the output phase-

voltage is five-level during the high modulation range, and it

turns into three-level during the low modulation range. The

good thing is that in both cases the output current waveforms

are quite favorable and the instantaneous value of the zero-

sequence is zero. However, the results from Fig. 9 show that

Journal of Power Electronics, to be published

21-27, January. 2011.

uaa'(50mV/div)

uaa'(50mV/div)

circuit topology improvement and PWM security and stability of

high-voltage,” Transactions of China Electrotechnical Society,

Vol. 27, No. 8, pp. 28-34, August. 2012.

[4] H. B. Hu, W. X. Yao, Z. Y. Lu. “Realization of three- level

SVPWM using FPGA,” Transactions of China Electrotechnical

Fig. 12 Experimental result of zero-sequence voltage in dual Society,Vol. 25, No. 5, pp. 116-122, May. 2010.

three-level inverter-fed open-end winding motor for modulation [5] T. A. Maynard, H. Foch. “Multi-level conversion: high

indices of ma = 0.9 and ma = 0.4 with a single DC power supply voltage choppers and voltage source inverters,” in Proceedings

of Power Electronics Specialists Conference, pp. 397-403, 1992.

The results from the experiments verify that, under either [6] L. M. Tolbert, F. Z. Peng, T. G. Habetler. “Multilevel

mode, when operating in the high modulation area the output converters for large electric drives,” IEEE Transactions on

phase-voltage is five level, otherwise a three-level phase- Industrial Applications, Vol. 35, No. 1, pp. 36-44,

voltage is achieved. This is similar to the results of the January/February. 1999.

simulation, which show that the instantaneous value of the [7] P. Srinivasan. “A new SVPWM for dual-inverter fed three-

zero-sequence voltage is zero in either the high or low level induction motor drive,” in Proceedings of International

modulation area. Therefore, the strategy proposed in this Conference on Green Computing, Communication and

paper is effective for completely eliminating zero-sequence Conservation of Energy, pp. 514-518, 2013.

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Ⅴ. CONCLUSIONS inverter switching strategy for a dual two-level inverter fed

open-end winding induction motor drive with a switched

A new and effective strategy was proposed for the zero-

neutral,” Electric Power Applications, Vol. 149, No. 2, pp. 152-

sequence elimination of dual three-level inverter fed open-

160, May. 2001.

end winding induction motors, which is achieved by

[9] V. T. Somasekhar, M. R. Baiju, K. Gopakumar. “Dual two

suppressing the instantaneous value. Simulation and

level inverter scheme for an open-end winding induction motor

experimental results confirm that:

drive with a single DC power supply and improved DC bus

(1) The 120° decoupled PWM strategy can achieve

utilization,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol.

independent control of two inverters and eliminate the

151, No. 2, pp. 230-238, March. 2004.

instantaneous value of the zero-sequence voltage, which

ensure the good performance of systems operating in the [10] V. T. Somasekhar, K. Gopakumar, E. G. Shivakumar, et al.

single DC source mode. “A space vector modulation scheme for a dual two level inverter

(2) Compared with the traditional modulation strategy, the fed an open-end winding induction motor drive for the

linear modulation range of a system implementing zero- elimination of zero sequence currents”. European Power

voltage elimination is obviously reduced by 13.4%. However, Electronics and Drives, Vol. 12, No. 2, pp. 26-36, December.

the DC bus voltage of dual three-level inverters is only half 2002.

that of a five-level NPC inverter. Thus, even if the same [11] M. R. Baiju, K. K. Mohapatra, K. Gopakumar. “A dual two-

maximum output phase-voltage as a five-level inverter is level inverter scheme with common mode voltage elimination

achieved, the dual three-level inverters’ DC voltage is only for an induction motor drive,” IEEE Transactions on Power

57.75% of that of a five-level NPC inverter. Electronics, Vol. 19, No. 3, pp. 794-805, May. 2004.

(3) To suppress the mean value of zero-sequence voltage, [12] V. Oleschuk, B. K. Bose, A. M. Stankovic. “Phase shift

the 180° decoupled space vector PWM strategy needs to based synchronous modulation of dual-inverters for an open-end

calculate and analyze the shifted time, which is more complex winding induction motor drive with elimination of zero sequence

than the strategy proposed in this paper. currents,” IEEE Power Electronics and Drive Systems, Vol. 6,

No. 3, pp. 325-330,May. 2005.

REFERENCES

[13] V. T. Somasekhar, S. Srinivas. “Switching algorithms for a

[1] A. Nabae, I. Takahash, H. Akagi. “A new neutral point

dual inverter fed open-end winding induction motor drive,” in

clamped PWM inverter,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial

Proceedings of IEEE India International Conference on Power

Applications, Vol. 17, No. 5, pp. 518-523, September. 1981.

Electronics, 2004.

[2] M. M. Renge, H. M. Suryawanshi, “Multilevel inverter to

[14] V. T. Somasekhar, S. Srinivas, K. Gopakumar. “A space

reduce common mode voltage in AC motor drives using SPWM

vector based PWM switching scheme for the reduction of

Journal of Power Electronics, to be published

common-mode voltages for a dual inverter fed open-end winding Chen-Xi Wei was born in Shandong

induction motor drive,” in Proceedings of Power Electronics Province, China, in 1993. She received her

B.S. degree in Electrical Engineering from

Specialists Conference, pp. 816-821, 2005.

the China University of Mining and

[15] S. Srinivas, V. T. Somasekhar. “A new alternate-inverter Technology, Xuzhou, China, in 2015. She is

PWM switching strategy for reducing the common-mode presently working towards her M.S. degree

voltages for a dual-inverter fed open-end winding induction in Electrical Engineering in School of

Information and Electrical Engineering,

motor drive,” in Proceedings of Power Electronics Specialists

China University of Mining and Technology. Her current

Conference, pp. 1460-1465, 2005. research interests include the advanced control of ac machines,

[16] V. T. Somasekhar, S. Srinivas, B. P. Reddy, et al. “PWM the modulation of multi-level inverters, and power electronics.

switching strategy for the dynamic balancing of zero-sequence

Rui-Cheng Chen was born in Jiangsu

current for a dual-inverter fed open-end winding induction motor

Province, China, in 1992. He received his

drive,” IEEE Electric on Power Applications, Vol. 1, No. 4, pp. B.S. degree in Electrical Engineering from

591-600, July. 2007. the China University of Mining and

[17] P. Srinivasan, B. L. Narasimharaju, N. V. Srikanth. “Two- Technology, Xuzhou, China, in 2015. He is

presently working towards his M.S. degree in

quadrant Clamping Inverter Scheme for Three-level Open-end

Electrical Engineering in School of

Winding Induction Motor Drive,” in Proceedings of IEEE Information and Electrical Engineering,

International Conference on Power Electronics, Drives and China University of Mining and Technology. His current

Energy Systems, pp. 1-4, 2014. research interests include the control of double three-

phase permanent magnet synchronous motors, the modulation of

[18] D. W. Chung, J. S. Kim, S. K. Sul, et al. “Unified voltage

multi-level inverters, and power electronics.

modulation technique for real-time three-phase power

conversion,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Applications, Vol. Liang Wang was born in Jiangsu Province,

34, No. 2, pp. 374-380, March/April. 1998. China, in 1992. He received his B.S. degree

in Electrical Engineering from the China

[19] S. Srinivas, V. T. Somasekhar, et al. “Switching Algorithms

University of Mining and Technology,

for the Dual Inverter fed Open-end Winding Induction Motor Xuzhou, China, in 2014. He is presently

Drive for 3-level Voltage Space Phasor Generation,” Asian working towards his M.S. degree in

Power Electronics Journal, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 96-110, Journal, Electrical Engineering in School of

Information and Electrical Engineering,

2007.

China University of Mining and Technology. His current

[20] V. T. Somasekhar, S. Srinivas, K. K. Kumar, et al. “Effect research interests include power electronics and electrical drives.

of Zero-Vector Placement in a Dual-Inverter Fed Open-End

Winding Induction-Motor Drive With a Decoupled Space-Vector Jia-Bin Xu was born in Jiangsu Province,

China, in 1991. He received his B.S. degree

PWM Strategy,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial

in Electrical Engineering from the China

Electronics,Vol. 55, No. 6, pp. 2497-2505, June. 2008. University of Mining and Technology,

[21] D. Wu, L, C Su, X. J. Wu, et al. “An optimized control Xuzhou, China, in 2014. He is presently

method based on dual three-level inverters for open-end winding working towards his M.S. degree in

Electrical Engineering in the Department of

induction motor drives,” Journal of Power Electronics, Vol. 14,

Information and Electrical Engineering,

No. 2, pp. 315-323, March. 2014 China University of Mining and Technology. His current

research interests include the advanced control of ac machines,

the modulation of multi-level inverters, and power electronics.

Yi-Wen Geng was born in Jiangsu Province,

China, in 1977. He received his B.S. and Shuang-Cheng Hao was born in Jiangsu

M.S. degrees in Electrical Engineering from Province, China, in 1991. He received his

the China University of Mining and B.S. degree in Electrical Engineering from

Technology, Xuzhou, China, in 2000 and the China University of Mining and

2004, respectively. He has been with the Technology, Xuzhou, China, in 2014. He is

Department of Information and Electrical presently working toward his M.S. degree in

Engineering, China University of Mining Electrical Engineering in the Department of

and Technology, where he is presently working as an Associate Information and Electrical Engineering,

Professor. His current research interests include PV inverters, China University of Mining and Technology. His current

harmonic control and power electronics. research interests include power electronics and electrical drives.

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