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# ALGEBRA I

1.
For a particular experiment, you need 5 liters of 10% solution. You find 7% answer,
12% solution on the shelf. How much of the 7% solution you mix with the
appropriate amount of the 12% solution to get 5 liters of 10% solution?
A. 1.5
B. 2.5
C. 2
D.3

2.
The denominator of a certain fraction is three more than twice the numerator. If 7 is
added to both terms of the fraction, the resulting fraction is 3/5. Find the original
fraction.
A. 8/5
B. 13/5
C. 5/13
D. 3/5

3.
In the expansion of  x  4y 
12
the numerical coefficient of the 5th term is
A. 63360
B. 126720
C. 506880
D. 253440

4.
Find the ratio of an infinite geometric series if the sum is 2 and the first term is ½.
A. 1/3
B. ½
C. ¾
D. ¼

5.
Simplify the expression i1997 + i1999, where i is an imaginary number.
A. 0
B. 1+i
C. -1
D.1-i

6.
Find the mean proportion of 4 and 36.
A. 72
B. 24
C. 12
D. 20

7.
Determine x, so that x, 2x + 7, 10x – 7 will form a geometric progression.

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 1
I
ALGEBRA I

5
A. 7, 
6
14
B. 7, 
5
7
C. 7, 
12
7
D. 7,-
6

8.
If 16 is 4 more than 4x, find 5x-1.
A. 14
B. 3
C. 12
D. 5

9.
Mike, Louie and Joy can mow the lawn in 4, 6 and 7 hours respectively. What
fraction of the yard can they mow in 1 hour if they work together?
47
A.
84
45
B.
84
37
C.
84
27
D.
84

10.
The sum of the digits of a two-digit number is 11. If the digits are reversed, the
resulting number is seven more than twice the original
number. What is the original number?
A. 44
B. 83
C. 38
D. 53

11.
Find the sum of the roots of 5x2  10x  2  0 .
1
A. 
2
B. 2
C. -2
1
D.
2

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 2
I
ALGEBRA I

12.
The time required for two examinees to solve the same Problem differ by two
minutes. Together they can solve 32 Problems in one hour. How long will it take for
the slower Problem solver to solve the same Problem?
A. 5 minutes
B. 2 minutes
C. 3 minutes
D. 4 minutes

13.
Find the value of m that will make 4x2-4mx+4m+5 a perfect square trinomial.
A. 3
B.-2
C.4
D.5

14.
Ana is 5 years older than Beth. In 5 years the product of their ages will be 1.5 times
the product of their present ages. How old is Beth now?
A. 27
B. 20
C. 25
D. 18

15.
Find the coefficient of the term involving b4 in the expansion of
(a2 – 2b)10.
A. -3360
B.10!
C.-960
D.3360

16.
One pipe can fill a tank in 6 hours and another pipe can fill the same tank in 3
hours. A drain pipe can empty the tank in 24 hours. With all three pipes open, how
long will it take to fill the tank?
A. 5.16
B. 3.14
C. 2.18
D. 1.48

17.
The seating section in a Coliseum has 30 seats in the first row, 32 seats in the
second row, 34 seats in the third row, and so on, until the tenth row is reached, after
which there are ten rows, each containing 50 seats. Find the total number of seats
in the section.
A. 900
B. 910
C. 890
D. 1000

18.
A piece of paper is 0.05 inches thick. Each time the paper is folded into half, the
thickness is doubled. If the paper was folded 12 times, how thick in feet the folded
paper be?

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 3
I
ALGEBRA I

A. 10.24
B. 12.34
C.17.10
D.11.25

19.
If one third of the air in a tank is removed by each stroke of an air pump, What
fractional part of the total air is removed in 6 strokes?
A. 0.7122
B. 0.6122
C.0.8122
D. 0.9122

20.
It takes an airplane one hour and forty-five minutes to travel 500 miles against the
wind and covers the same distance in one hour and fifteen minutes with the wind.
What is the speed of the airplane?
A. 342.85 mph
B. 375.50 mph
C. 450.50 mph
D. 285.75 mph

21.
At exactly what time after 2 o’clock will the hour hand and the minute hand extend in
opposite directions for the first time?
A. 2:43 and 0.63 sec
B. 2:43 and 6.30 sec
C. 2:43 and 40.5 sec
D. 2:43 and 37.8 sec

22.
The sum of the ages of Peter and Paul is 21. Peter will be twice as old as Paul 3
years from now. What is the present age of Peter?
A. 8
B. 6
C. 18
D. 15

23.
A multimillionaire left his entire estate to his wife, daughter, son and bodyguard. His
daughter and son got half the total value of the estate sharing in the ratio of 3:2. His
wife got twice value as much as the share of the son. If the bodyguard received half
a million pesos, what is the total value of the estate?
A. 6.5 million
B. 5 million
C. 7 million
D. 6 million

24.
A speed boat can make a trip of 100 miles in one hour and 30 minutes if it travels
upstream. If it travels downstream, it will take one hour and 15 minutes to travel the
same distance. What is the speed of the boat in calm water?
A.193.45 mph
B. 73.33 mph
C. 146.67 mph
D. 293.33 mph

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 4
I
ALGEBRA I

25.
Simplify the expression: the square root of the cube root of 64 x60.
A. 4x4
B. 8x2
C. 2x6
D. 2x10

26.
A man can do a job three times as fast as a boy. Working together it would take
them 6 hours to do the same job. How long will it take the man to do the job alone?
A. 9 hours
B. 8 hours
C. 7 hours
D. 10 hours

27.
A company sells 80 units and makes P80 profit. It sells 110 units and makes P140
profit. If the profit is a linear function of the number of units sold; what is the average
profit per unit if the company sells 250 units?
A. P1.76
B. P1.68
C. P1.66
D. P1.86

28.
At approximately what time after 12 o’clock will the hour and the minute hands of a
clock form an angle of 120 degrees for the second time?
A. 50 min and 30 sec after 12 o’clock
B. 43 min and 38 sec after 12 o’clock
C. 38 min and 35 sec after 12 o’clock
D. 30 min and 45 sec after 12 o’clock

29.
What is the 11th term of the harmonic progression if the first and the third terms are
½ and 1/6 respectively?
A. 1/20
B. ¼
C. 1/12
D. 1/22

30.
What is the remainder when the polynomial x 4  5x3  5x2  7x  6 is divided by
x+2?
A. 16
B. 32
C. 48
D. 68

31.
Harry is one third as old as Ron and 8 years younger than Hermione. If Harry is 8
years old, what is the sum of their ages?
A. 40
B. 45
C. 48

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 5
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ALGEBRA I

D. 50

32.
The sum of the three consecutive even integers is 78. What is the largest integer?
A. 24
B. 28
C. 32
D. 30

33.
An iron bar four meters long has a 300 pound weight hung on one end and a 200
pound weight hung at the opposite end. How far from the 300
pound weight should the fulcrum be located to balance the bar?
A. 2.5 meters
B. 1.0 meters
C. 1.6 meters
D. 2.0 meters

34.
What is the first four terms of the sequence whose general term is
n2 + 1?
A. 1, 4, 9, 16
B. 2, 5, 10, 17
C. 5, 10, 17, 26
D. 2, 4, 6, 10

35.
x can do the job 50 percent faster than y and 20 percent faster than z. If they work
together, they can finish the job in 4 days. How many days will it take x to finish the
job if he is to work alone?
A. 18
B. 10
C. 12
D. 16

36.
Solve for x in the following equation:
x  4x  7x  10x  ...  64x  1430
A. 4
B. 3
C. 2
D. 1

37.
If kx3 – (k +3)x2 +13 is divided by
x – 4, and the remainder is 157. Then the value of k is _____.
A. 6
B. 4
C. 5
D. 3

38.
Given that w varies directly as the product of x and y and inversely as the square of
z and that w = when x =2; y=6 and z=3. What is the value of w, when x=1, y=4 and
z=2?
A. 6

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 6
I
ALGEBRA I

B. 5
C. 4
D. 3

39.
If 16 is four more than 3x, then x2 + 5?
A. 16
B. 21
C. 3
D. 4

40.
Four positive integers form an arithmetic progression. If the product of the 1 st and
the last term is 70 and the 2nd and the third term is 88, find the 1st term.
A. 5
B. 3
C. 14
D. 8

41.
A professional organization is composed of x ECEs and 2x EEs. If 6 ECEs are
replaced by 6 EEs, 1/6 of the members will be ECEs. Solve for x.
A. 12
B. 24
C. 36
D. 1

42.
The average rate of production of (PCB) is 1 unit for every 2 hours work by two
workers. How many PCBs can be produced in one month by 60 workers working
200 hours during the month?
A. 4000
B. 5000
C. 6000
D. 3000

43.
What is the sum of all even integers from 10 to 500?
A. 87,950
B. 124,950
C. 62,730
D. 65,955

44.
From the equation 7x2 + (2k -1)x-3k+2=0, determine the value of k so that the sum
and product of the roots
are equal.
A. 2
B. 4
C. 1
D. 3

45.
What is the equation form of the statement: The amount by which 100
Exceeds four times a given number.
A. 4x(100)

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 7
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ALGEBRA I

B. 100+4x
C. 100-4x
D. 4x-100

46.
Candle A and candle B of equal length are lighted at the same time and burning
until candle A is twice as long as candle B. Candle A is designed to fully burn in 8
hours while candle B for 4 hours. How long will they be lighted?
A. 3 hours and 30 minutes
B. 2 hours and 40 minutes
C. 3 hours
D. 2 hours

47.
Solve for x if 8x =2(y+2) and 16(3x-y)=4y.
A. 2
B. 4
C. 1
D. 3

48.
What is the sum of all odd integers between 10 and 500?
A. 87,950
B. 124,950
C. 62, 475
D. 65,955

49.
How many terms of the progression 3, 5, 7, should there be so that their sum will be
2600.
A. 60
B. 50
C. 52
D. 55

50.
If the 1st term of the geometric progression is 27 and the 4th term is
-1, the third term is:
A. 3
B. 2
C. -3
D. -2

51. Problem
Solve for x
8 x = 2y+2 and 163x-y = 4 y .
A. 1
B. 3
C. 2
D. 4

52. Problem
4x
Transform the fraction by rationalizing the denominator
x - x2 - 4

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 8
I
ALGEBRA I

A. x  x + x 2 - 4 
 
B. x x2  4
C. 4x  x2  4
D. x  x 2 4

53. Problem
If log of 2 to the base 2 plus log of x to the base 2 is equal to 2, find the value of x
A. 2
B. 4
C. 3
D. 5

54. Problem
The logarithm of 1 to any base is:
A. one
B. zero
C. infinity
D. indeterminate

55. Problem
The equation of whose roots are the reciprocal of the roots of 2x 2 - 3x - 5 = 0 .
A. 5x 2 + 3x - 2 = 0
B. 3x2  4x  4  0
C. 4x2  5x  4  0
D. 6x2  3x  4  0

56. Problem
20
What is the sum of the coefficients of the expansion of  2x -1 .
A. 0
B. 1
C. 2
D. 3

57. Problem
Solve for x in the following equation. x+3x+5x+7x+…+49x = 625
A. 4
B. 2
C. 3
D. 1

58. Problem
6
Expand the following  1+ k 2  .
k=3
A. 90
B. 100
C. 80

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 9
I
ALGEBRA I

D. 95

59. Problem
Given f  x    x  4  x  3   4 , when f(x) is divided by (x-K), the remainder is K.
Find the value of K.
A. -12
B. 8
C. 4
D. 2

60. Problem
 a - b 3 = ?
A. a3 - 3a2b + 3ab2 - b3
B. a3  3a2b  3ab2  b3
C. a3  3a2b  3a2b  b3
D. a3  3a2b  3ab  b2

61. Problem
Give the factors of a2 - x 2
A. 2a-2x
B. (a-x)(a+x)
C. x2 - a2
D. 2x - 2a

62. Problem
Find x if 7 is the fourth proportional to 36, and 28 and x.
A. 6
B. 8
C. 7
D. 9

63. Problem
The intensity of sound varies directly as the strength of the source and inversely as
the square as the distance from the source. Write the equation which describes this
relation.
KS
A. I =
d2
B. I  KSd2
Kd2
C. I 
S
d2S
D. I 
K

64. Problem
If x varies directly as y and inversely as z; and x=14, when y=7 and z=2, find x when
y=16 and z=4.
A. 14

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 10
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ALGEBRA I

B. 4
C. 16
D. 8

65. Problem
A tank is filled with an intake pipe that will fill it in 4 hours and an outlet pipe that will
empty it in 12 hours. If both pipes are left open, how long will it take to fill the empty
tank?
A. 6
B. 4
C. 8
D. 2

66. Problem
It takes Shian twice as long as it takes Rellenar to do a certain piece of work.
Working together they can do the work in 6 days. How long would it take Rellenar to
do it alone.
A. 9
B. 8
C. 6
D. 4

67. Problem
Twenty (20) men can finish the job in 30 days. Twenty five (25) men were, hired at
the start and 10 quit after 20 days. How many days will it take to finish the job?
A. 27
B. 32
C. 24
D. 35

68. Problem
The square of a number increased by 16 is the same as 10 times the number. Find
the numbers.
A. 2, 8
B. 3, 6
C. 3, 8
D. 4, 6

69. Problem
The sides of a right triangle are 8, 15 and 17 units. If each side is doubled, how
many square units will the area of the new triangle
A. 240
B. 420
C. 300
D. 200

70. Problem
The arithmetic mean of 80 numbers is 55. If two numbers namely 274 and 850 are
removed what is the arithmetic mean of the remaining numbers?
A. 42
B. 28
C. 30
D. 32

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 11
I
ALGEBRA I

71. Problem
Round off 0.003086 to two significant figures.
A. 0.0031
B. 0.003
C. 0.0030
D. 0.3 x 102

72. Problem
The velocity of an airplane in still air is 125 kph. The velocity of the wind due east is
25 kph. If the plane travels east and returns back to its base again after 4 hours. At
what distance does the plane travel due east?
A. 240 km
B. 320 km
C. 200 km
D. 180 km

73. Problem
A man is 41 yrs. Old and his son is 9. In how many years will the father be three
times as old as his son?
A. 7
B. 8
C. 6
D. 5

74. Problem
A high concentrated solution having a volume of 100 liters is mixed by 7.5% alcohol
and 25% gasoline. It was found out that a 50-50 percent mixture is also appropriate
in the solution. How much gasoline should be added to the high concentrated
solution in order to have a 50-50% mixture:
A. 50 liters
B. 75 liters
C. 25 liters
D. 40 liters

75. Problem
The second hand of a clock is 4 inches long. Find the speed of the tip of the second
hand.
A. 0.42 in/sec
B. 0.34 in/sec
C. 0.55 in/sec
D. 0.48 in/sec

76. Problem
A man sold a book by mistake at 120% of the marked price instead of discounting
the market price by 20%. If he sold the book for P14.40, what was the price for
which he have sold the book?
A. P10.20
B. P7.8
C. P9.6
D. P8.6

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 12
I
ALGEBRA I

77. Problem
Expressed 2763 in Roman Numerals:
A. MMDCCLXIII
B. MMDCLXIII
C. MMDLCXIII
D. MMLDCXIII

78. Problem
Find the 30th term of the A.P. 4, 7, 10…
A. 75
B. 90
C. 88
D. 91

79. Problem
Determine the sum S of the following series S = 2 + 5 + 8 + 11…with 100 terms
A. 15050
B. 14750
C. 15660
D. 15350

80. Problem
1 1 1
Find the value of x if the following forms a harmonic progression, - ,
2 x, 16
A. 7
B. 8
C. 9
D. 10

81. Problem
The number x, 2x + 7,10x - 7 form a G.P. Find the value of x:
A. 7
B. 5
C. 3
D. 4

82. Problem
Express 3.2181818 as a fraction
177
A.
55
142
B.
44
106
C.
33
70
D.
22

83. Problem
Find the sum of 5-4i and -2+8i
A. 3+4i

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 13
I
ALGEBRA I

B. 2+6i
C. 3+5i
D. 7+12i

84. Problem
Find the length of the vector (2,1,4)
A. 17
B. 21
C. 20
D. 19

85. Problem
A production supervisor submitted the following report on the average role of
production of printed circuit boards (PCB) in an assembly line. 1.5 workers produce
12 PCB’s in 2 hours. How many workers are employed in an assembly line working
40 hours each week with a weekly production of 8000 PCB’s?
A. 40
B. 55
C. 60
D. 50

86. Problem
The sum of two numbers is 21 and one number is twice the other, Find the
numbers.
A. 7, 14
B. 6, 15
C. 8, 13
D. 9, 12

87. Problem
Solve for x: log108 = 3 -3 log10x
A. 5
B. 6
C. 8
D. 4

88. Problem
Spheres of the same radius are pile in the form of a pyramid with a square base
until there is just one sphere at the top layer, if there are four spheres on each side
of the square, find the total number of spheres in the pile.
A. 25 spheres
B. 30 spheres
C. 32 spheres
D. 28 spheres

89.Problem
If x4-2x3-3x2-4x-8 is divided by (x-2), the remainder is:
A. -20
B. -28
C. 28

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 14
I
ALGEBRA I

D. 20

90. Problem
Factor the expression 3x3-3x2-18x
A. 3x(x-3)(x+2)
B. 3x(x+3)(x+2)
C. 3x(x+3)(x-2)
D. 3x(x-3)(x-2)

91. Problem
Ryan is 15 yrs. older than his brother Yuan. However “y” years ago, Ryan was twice
as old as Yuan. If Yuan is now “b” years old and b > y, find the value of (b-y).
A. 14
B. 15
C. 16
D. 13

92. Problem
-elne2
evaluate ln ee

e2 ln e3
A.
3
B. ln e2
1
C.
2e
e
D. e2e

93. Problem
It is a sequence of terms whose reciprocals form an arithmetic progression
A. algebraic progression
B. geometric progression
C. harmonic progression
D. infinite progression

94. Problem
It is the base of a number system.
C. characteristic
D. Matrix

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 15
I
ALGEBRA I

95. Problem
A fraction which contains one of more fraction in either the numerator or the
denominator.
A. complex number
B. complex fractions
C. partial fraction
D. refraction

96. Problem
A number which could not be expressed as a quotient of two integers.
A. natural
B. rational
C. irrational
D. Surd

97. Problem
If the roots of an equation are zero, then they are classified as ______.
A. extraneous solutions
B. trivial solutions
C. conditional solutions
D. none of these

98. Problem
What is the sum of the coefficients in the expansion of
(x+y-z)8.
A. 1
B. 2
C. 3
D. 4

99. Problem
Two natural numbers are such that the difference of their squares is 481 and the
sum of their squares is 769. Find the numbers.
A. 25, 12
B. 10, 25
C. 20, 16
D. 30, 25

100. Problem
For the expression (4x-3)9, what is the sum of the exponents.
A. 34
B. 38
C. 42
D. 45

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 16
I
ALGEBRA I

101. Problem
Find the value of x if 4 + 4x = 12 .
A. 2, -4
B. -2, 4
C. 3, -4
D. 1, -4

102. Problem
The numbers used in counting are called
A. rational numbers
B. integers
C. complex numbers
D. natural numbers

103. Problem
These include the natural numbers and their negatives and zero.
A. rational numbers
B. fraction
C. integers
D. complex numbers

104. Problem
A _______ is one which can be expressed as a quotient of two integers.
A. rational number
B. irrational number
C. complex number
D. natural number

105. Problem
Is one of the form a + bi, where a and b are real numbers and i  1 .
A. irrational numbers
B. integers
C. complex numbers
D. rational numbers

106. Problem
The ______ of a number depends upon the number of units contained in the
number, no reference being paid to the sign.
A. sign
B. absolute value
C. integer
D. fractional part

107. Problem
Is a combination of number symbols connected by any of the symbols of operation.
A. monomial
B. algebraic expression
C. polynomial
D. like terms

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 17
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ALGEBRA I

108. Problem
Is an expression containing a single term.
A. polynomial
B. monomial
D. multinomial

109. Problem
Is an expression containing several terms
A. polynomial
B. monomial
D. multinomial

110. Problem
The operations of multiplication and division are to be ________ before those of
A. performed last
B. performed first
C. not performed
D. either a or b

111. Problem
The _______ is a statement of general application which will aid us in factoring
polynomials when the factors are not immediately evident; stated as follows:
A. Cramer’s rule
B. Remainder theorem
C. Factor theorem
D. Binomial theorem

112. Problem
A _______ of two or more algebraic expressions is an exact divisor of each
expressions.
A. coefficient
B. binomial
C. common factor
D. LCD

113. Problem
A _______ of two or more integral functions A, B, C… is an integral function which
is exactly divisible by each of the functions A, B, C …
A. common factor
B. fractional part
C. common multiple

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 18
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ALGEBRA I

D. GCF

114. Problem
The ______ of two or more integral functions is that function which contains all the
prime factors of each of the given functions.
A. GCF
B. LCM
C. common multiple
D. common factor

115. Problem
The indicated quotient of two algebraic expressions A and B, written in the form
A/B, is called an _______.
A. algebraic function
B. algebraic fraction
C. algebraic equation
D. algebraic quotient

116. Problem
A/An _______ is one where the numerator is of higher or of equal degree than the
denominator.
A. improper fraction
B. proper fraction
C. real fraction
D. imaginary fraction

117. Problem
An algebraic fraction is said to be in the _______ when the terms of the fraction
contain no common factor.
A. highest terms
B. common terms
C. lowest terms
D. common multiple

118. Problem
A/An _______ is one that does not contain any literal quantity in the in the
denominator of any term.

A. fractional expression
B. integral expression
C. mixed expression
D. algebraic expression

119. Problem
A/An _______ is one which contains a literal quantity in the denominator of one or
more of its terms.
A. fractional expression
B. integral expression
C. mixed expression
D. algebraic expression

120. Problem
A/An _______ consists of an integral expression and a fraction.

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 19
I
ALGEBRA I

A. fractional expression
B. mixed expression
C. integral expression
D. algebraic expression

121. Problem
A _______ is a fraction with one or both of the numerator or denominator in the
form of a fractional expression.
A. improper fraction
B. proper fraction
C. complex fraction
D. continued fractions

122. Problem
The process of extracting a root of an algebraic expression is called _______.
A. evolution
C. roots
D. index of roots

123. Problem
A ______ in one unknown, say x, has the form ax + b = 0.
B. general equation
C. linear equation
D. polynomial equation

124. Problem
A ______ in one unknown has the
form: ax2 + bx + c = 0.
B. linear equation
C. trinomial equation
D. binomial equation

125. Problem
The quantity b2 – 4ac is called the _______ of the quadratic equation.

A. expression
B. incriminant
C. discriminant
D. roots

126. Problem
_______ is those in which the unknown appears in one or more radicals.
B. polynomial equation
C. irrational equation

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 20
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ALGEBRA I

D. rational equation

127. Problem
An equation is said to be _______ with respect to the unknowns involved when the
interchange of the unknowns does not change the form of the equation.
A. asymmetric
B. linear
C. symmetric
D. non-linear

128. Problem
An ______ is a statement that one of two expressions is not equal to, that is, is
greater or less than the other.
A. equality
B. inequality
C. asymmetric
D. unequality

129. Problem
Two inequalities ________ when they have the same sign of inequality.

## A. computes in the same sense

B. subsist in the same sense
C. transpose in the same sense
D. subsist in the opposite sense

130. Problem
A _______ is true only for some value or values of the quantities involved.
A. absolute inequality
B. absolute equality
C. conditional equality
D. conditional inequality

131. Problem
A _______ is true for all values of the quantities involved.
A. absolute inequality
B. conditional inequality
C. conditional equality
D. absolute equality

132. Problem
The _______ of one number to another number is the quotient obtained by dividing
the first by the second number.
A. proportion
B. inverse ratio
C. ratio
D. probability

133. Problem

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 21
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ALGEBRA I

If a/b is the ratio of two quantities of the same kind, the numerator a is called the
______
A. antecedent
B. consequent
C. numerator
D. denominator

134. Problem
If a/b is the ratio of two quantities of the same kind, the denominator b is the
_______
A. antecedent
B. consequent
C. numerator
D. denominator

135. Problem
The reciprocal of a given ratio is called a ________.
A. asymmetric ratio
B. inverse ratio
C. antecedent ratio
D. consequent ratio

136. Problem
A _______ is an equation whose members are ratios.
A. combination
B. proportion
C. inverse ratio
D. probability

137. Problem
The first and fourth terms of a proportion are called the _______.
A. extremes
B. means
C. outer terms
D. inner terms

138. Problem
The second and third terms are called the _______.
A. extremes
B. means
C. inner terms
D. outer terms

139. Problem
The fourth term is called the _______
A. mean proportional
B. last proportional
C. fourth proportional
D. extreme proportional

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 22
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ALGEBRA I

140. Problem
A _______ is a series if equal ratios in which the consequent of each ratio is the
antecedent of the next ratio.
A. asymmetric proportion
B. discontinued proportion
C. continued proportion
D. symmetric proportion

141. Problem
If four quantities a, b, c, and d are in proportion by ________.

A. inversion
B. alternation
C. composition
D. diversion

142. Problem
When y is a linear function of x of the form y = kx, k ≠ 0.
A. inversely proportional
B. directly proportional
C. varies jointly
D. varies directly

143. Problem
When y = k/x, k being constant, we say y varies _______ to x.
A. inversely proportional
B. directly proportional
C. jointly proportional
D. varies inversely

144. Problem
When z = kxy, k being constant, we say z ________.
A. varies jointly
B. varies inversely
C. varies directly
D. none of the above

145. Problem
A sequence of numbers, each of which is obtained from the preceding one by the
positive or negative number called the _______.
A. common sum
B. common denominator
C. common progression
D. common difference

146. Problem
In an arithmetic progression, containing any number of terms,
all the terms between the first and last terms are called _______.
A. arithmetic symbol
B. arithmetic extremes
C. arithmetic means

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 23
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ALGEBRA I

D. arithmetic difference

147. Problem
A _______ is a sequence of numbers, each of which is obtained from the preceding
term by multiplying it by a fixed positive or negative number.
A. arithmetic progression
B. geometric means
C. arithmetic extremes
D. geometric progression

148. Problem
The terms between the first and last terms of a geometric progression are called
_________.
A. geometric extremes
B. geometric means
C. geometric progression
D. geometric terms

149. Problem
Frequently we use the notation f(x) which is read “f of x”, to denote a function of a
variable x. The letter within the parenthesis is the _______.
A. dependent variable
B. independent variable
C. rational variable
D. polynomial variable

150. Problem
A process of simplifying the Problem of dividing a polynomial f(x) by (x-r),
where r is a constant, is known as _______
A. arithmetical division
B. factoring
C. synthetic division
D. rational division

151. Problem
If a rational integral equation, f(x) = 0, with ________ has a + b as a root, where
a and b are rational and b is irrational.
A. rational coefficient
B. real coefficient
C. irrational coefficient
D. imaginary coefficient

152. Problem
A ______ is a fraction expressed as the sum of two or more simpler fractions
A. rational fraction
B. proper fraction
C. partial fraction
D. improper fraction

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 24
I
ALGEBRA I

153. Problem
A ______ is a quotient of two polynomials with real coefficients
A. proper fractions
B. improper fractions
C. irrational fractions
D. rational fractions

154. Problem
27, 9, 3, 1, 1/3 is a _____ progression.
A. geometric
B. arithmetic
C. harmonic
D. hyperbolic

155. Problem
Two or more equations are equal if and only if they have the same:
A. order
B. variable set
C. solution set
D. degree

156. Problem
A number when divided by 6 leaves a remainder of 5, when divided by 5 leaves a
remainder of 4, by 4 leaves a remainder of 3, by 3 leaves a remainder of 2, and by 2
leaves a remainder of 1. Find the smallest possible value of the number.
A. 29
B. 49
C. 59
D. 69

157. Problem
If A is 10% greater than B and B is 20% less than C, express A in terms of
percentage of C.
A. 68%
B. 78%
C. 88%
D. 58%

158. Problem
The sum of the coefficients in the expansion of (x + y – z)8 is:
A. from 2 to 5
B. from 5 to 10
C. above 10
D. less than 2

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 25
I
ALGEBRA I

159. Problem
If y varies directly as x2 and y = 9 when x = 2, what is the value of x when y = 1?
A. 1
2
B. 
9
2
C. ±
3
2
D. 
3

160. Problem
If (x+3): 10 = (3x–2): 8, find (2x– 1).
A. 1
B. 4
C. 2
D. 3

161. Problem
What is the lowest common factor of 10 and 32?
A. 320
B. 2
C. 180
D. 90

162. Problem
The arithmetic mean of 80 numbers is 55, if two numbers namely 250 and 850 are
removed. What is the arithmetic mean of the remaining numbers?

A. 42.31
B. 49.51
C. 18.91
D. 15.91

163. Problem
In a club of 40 executives, 33 like to smoke Marlboro and 20 like to smoke Philip
Morris. How many like both?
A. 13
B. 10
C. 11
D. 12

164. Problem
What is the value of log 2 5 + log 3 5?
A. 7.39
B. 3.79
C. 3.97
D. 9.37

165. Problem
Determine x, so that: x, 2x + 4, 10x - 4 will be a geometric progression.
A. 4

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 26
I
ALGEBRA I

B. 6
C. 2
D. 5

166. Problem
1 1 1
Find the 7th term in the series: , , ,...
2 6 10
1
A.
26
1
B.
22
1
C.
20
1
D.
30

167. Problem
Find the sum of the roots of the equation: 5x2 – 10x + 2 = 0
A. -2
B. 2
C. ½
D. -1/2

168. Problem
Find the sum of the infinite progression: 1/2 , 1/8, 1/32,…
A. ½
B. 2/3
C. 4/3
D. infinity

169. Problem
Log of negative one to the base ten is written as log 10 -1. Its rectangular form is:
A. 0 – j1.36
B. zero
C. 0 + j1.36
D. infinity

170. Problem
The sum of three consecutive even integer is 78. What is the value of the largest
integer?
A. 24
B. 28
C. 42

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 27
I
ALGEBRA I

D. 82

171. Problem
5x4+x3+x2–7x–6 is divided by x+2 = 0 determine the remainder.
A. 36
B. 68
C. 48
D. 84

172. Problem
The sum of ages of Peter and Paul is 21. In 3 years, Peter is twice as old as Paul.
How old is Peter?
A. 18
B. 15
C. 12
D. 10

173. Problem
Round off: 6785768.342 to the nearest one tenth
A. 6785768.34
B. 6785768.3
C. 7000000.0
D. 6785770.00

174. Problem
If A was originally a range of numbers which four significant figures which, when
rounded off to three significant figures yielded a
value of 3.10, what was the original range of values of A?
A. 3.10 to 3.105
B. 3.101 to 3.105
C. 3.101 to 3.109
D. 3.101 to 3.104

175. Problem
Solve for the value of: 7a+2 -8(7a+1) + 5(7a) + 49(7a-2).
A. -7a
B. +7a
C. -7-a
D. +7-a

176. Problem
Find the value of (0.125)-4/3
A. 2
B. 4
C. 8
D. 16

177. Problem
If a > b and c > d, then (a+c) is ______ of (b+d)
A. less than

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 28
I
ALGEBRA I

B. greater than
C. equal to
D. less than or equal to

178. Problem
A percentage is a fraction whose denominator is ______
A. 1000
B. 100
C. 10
D. 10000

179. Problem
One is to fifty-two and one half as three and one-third is to_____
A. 185
B. 175
C. 165
D. 155

180. Problem
from 520 grams of silver.
A. 852.4
B. 825.4
C. 845.2
D. 842.5

181. Problem
In Algebra, the operation root extraction is called as:
A. involution
B. revolution
C. resolution
D. evolution

182. Problem
The roots of a quadratic equation are 1/3 and ¼. What is the true equation?
A. 12x2  7x  1  0
B. 12x2 - 7x +1= 0
C. 12x2  7x  1  0
D. 12x2  7x  1  0

183. Problem
If 16 is 4 more than 4x, find 5x-1
A. 14
B. 3
C. 12
D. 5

184. Problem
Q = 25 when t = 0. Q=75 when t = 2. What is the Q when t=6?
A. 185

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 29
I
ALGEBRA I

B. 145
C. 150
D. 175

185. Problem
What time after 2 o’clock will the hands of the clock extend in opposite direction for
the first time?
A. 2:43.63
B. 2:43.161
C. 2:43.363
D. 2:42.563

186. Problem
In the equation “n x m = q”, the multiplicand is ______.
A. n
B. m
C. q
D. none of the choices

187. Problem
x y z
If = = , Which of the following is correct?
b - c   a - c   a - b 
A. x  z  y
B. x  y  z
C. x + y = z
D. x  y  z

188. Problem
If the surd  2+ 5   x  = 1 , then x is equal to:
2 5
A.
5
5- 2
B.
3
C. 2 5
1
D.
2 5

189. Problem
Determine the sum of the positive valued solution to the simultaneous equations: xy
= 15, yz = 35, zx = 21.
A. 15
B. 13
C. 17
D. 19

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 30
I
ALGEBRA I

190. Problem

 x 2 y 3 z -2   x -3 yz3 
-3 -1 2

Simplify:
 xyz-3 
-5 2

1
A.
x2 y7 z5
1
B.
x 2 y 7 z3
1
C.
x2 y5 z7
1
D.
5 7 2
x y z

191. Problem
a+1 a a-2
Simplify: 7a+2 - 8  7  + 5  7  + 49  7 
A. -5a
B. -3a
C. -7a
D. -4a

192. Problem
The value of (3 to 2.5 power) square is equal to:
A. 729
B. 140
C. 243
D. 81

193. Problem
Solve for x: x + 2 2x + 3 - 3 = 0
A. 3
B. 23
C. 3 and 23
D. 20

194. Problem
Find the value of k so that 4x2 + 6x + k is a perfect square.
A. 36
B. 2.5
C. 9
D. 2.25

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 31
I
ALGEBRA I

195. Problem
The arithmetic mean of 6 numbers is 17. If two numbers are added to the
progression, the new set of numbers will have an arithmetic mean of 19. What are
the two numbers if their difference is 4?
A. 21, 25
B. 23, 27
C. 8, 12
D. 16, 20

196. Problem
Find the value of x which will satisfy the following expression: x -2 = x +2
A. 3/2
B. 9/4
C. 18/6
D. none of these

197. Problem
Find the remainder if we divide 4y3 + 18y2 +8y – 4 by ( 2y + 3).
A. 10
B. 11
C. 15
D. 13

198. Problem
The polynomial x3 + 4x2 -3x + 8 is divided by x-5, then the remainder is
A. 175
B. 140
C. 218
D. 200

199. Problem
The equation of whose roots are the reciprocal of the roots of 2x2 -3x – 5 = 0 is,
A. 5x 2 + 3x - 2 = 0
B. 2x2  3x  5  0
C. 3x2  3x  2  0
D. 2x2  5x  3  0

200. Problem
6
Solve for the value of x: log2x 3 + log = 6.278
x
A. 379.65
B. 365.97
C. 397.56
D. 356.79

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 32
I
ALGEBRA I

201. Problem
Evaluate the log6 845 = x
A. 3.76
B. 5.84
C. 4.48
D. 2.98

202. Problem
What is the sum of the coefficients in the expansion of (x + y - z)8?
A. 0
B. 1
C. 2
D. 3

203. Problem
Find the 6th term of (3x-4y)8.
A. -148,288 x3y5
B. -548 x2y5
C. -154,288 x3y5
D. -1,548,288 x3y5

204. Problem
What is the discriminant of the equation 4x2 = 8x – 5?
A. 8
B. -16
C. 16
D. -8

205. Problem
Robert is 15 years older than his brother Stan. However “y” years ago, Robert was
twice as old as Stan. If Stan is now “b” years old and b>y, find the value of (b - y).
A. 15
B. 16
C. 17
D. 18

206. Problem
A father tells his son, “I was your age now when you were born.” If the father is now
38 years old, how old was his son 2 years ago?
A. 15
B. 17
C. 19
D. 21

207. Problem
At present, the sum of the parents’ ages is twice the sum of the children’s ages.
Five years ago, the sum of the parents, ages was 4 times the sum of the children’s
ages. Fifteen years hence, the sum of the parents’ ages will be equal to the sum of
the children’s ages. How many children are there?
A. 3

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 33
I
ALGEBRA I

B. 4
C. 5
D. 6

208. Problem
A tank can be filled in 9 hours by one pipe, 12 hours by a second pipe and can be
drained when full by a third pipe in 15 hours. How long will it take to fill an empty
tank with all pipes in operation?
A. 7 hours and 12 minutes
B. 7 hours and 32 minutes
C. 7 hours and 42 minutes
D. 7 hours and 50 minutes

209. Problem
A and B can do a piece of work in 42 days, B and C in 31 days and C and A in 20
days. In how many days can all of them do the work together?
A. 19
B. 17
C. 21
D. 15

210. Problem
Crew No. 1 can finish installation of an antenna tower in 200 man-hour while Crew
No. 2 can finish the same job in 300 man-hour. How long will it take both crews
finish the same job, working together?
A. 100 man-hour
B. 120 man-hour
C. 140 man-hour
D. 160 man-hour

211. Problem
Ten liters of 25% salt solution and 15 liters of 35% salt solution are poured into a
drum originally containing 30 liters of 10 % salt solution. What is the percent
concentration of salt in the mixture?
A. 19.55%
B. 22.15%
C. 27.05%
D. 25.72%

212. Problem
How much water must be evaporated from 10 kg solution which has 4% salt to
make a solution of 10% salt?
A. 4 kg
B. 5 kg
C. 6 kg
D. 7 kg

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 34
I
ALGEBRA I

213. Problem
If a two-digit number has x for its unit’s digit and y for its ten’s digit, represent the
number.
A. 10x + y
B. 10y + x
C. yx
D. xy

214. Problem
Find the fraction such that if 2 is subtracted from its terms it becomes ¼, but if 4 is
added to its terms it becomes ½.
A. 3/5
B. 5/12
C. 5/14
D. 6/13

215. Problem
If 3 is subtracted from the numerator of a certain fraction, the value of the fraction
becomes 3/5. If 1 is subtracted from the denominator of the same fraction, it
becomes 2/3. Find the original fraction.
A. 35/55
B. 36/55
C. 3/7
D. 32/41

216. Problem
The ten’s digit of a number is 3 less than the unit’s digit. If the number is divided by
the sum of the digits, the quotient is 4 and the remainder is 3. What is the original
number?
A. 36
B. 47
C. 58
D. 69

217. Problem
The second of the four numbers is three less than the first, the third is four more
than the first and the fourth is two more than the third. Find the fourth number if their
sum is 35.
A. 10
B. 11
C. 12
D. 13

218. Problem
Two planes leave Manila for a Southern city, a distance of 900 km. Plane A travels
at a ground speed of 90 kph faster than the plane B. Plane A arrives in their
destination 2 hours and 15 minutes ahead of plane B. What is the ground speed of
plane A?
A. 205 kph
B. 315 kph
C. 240 kph
D. 287 kph

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 35
I
ALGEBRA I

219. Problem
On a certain trip, Edgar drives 231 km in exactly the same time as Erwin drive 308
km. If Erwin’s rate exceeded that of Edgar by 13 kph, determine the rate of Erwin.
A. 39 kph
B. 44 kph
C. 48 kph
D. 52 kph

220. Problem
A goldsmith has two alloys of gold, the first being 70% pure and the second being
60% pure. How many ounces of the 60% pure gold must be used to make 100
ounces of an alloy which will be 66% gold?
A. 40
B. 35
C. 45
D. 38

221. Problem
Pedro can paint a fence 50% faster than Juan and 20% faster than Pilar, and
together they can paint a given fence in 4 hours. How long will it take Pedro to paint
the same fence if he had to work alone?
A. 6
B. 8
C. 10
D. 12

222. Problem
Six years ago, Nilda was five times as old as Riza. In five years, Nilda will be three
times as old as Riza. What is the present age of Riza?
A. 17
B. 16
C. 15
D. 14

223. Problem
From the time 6:15 PM to the time 7:45 PM of the same day, the minute hand of a
standard clock describe an arc of
A. 60°
B. 90°
C. 180°
D. 540°

224. Problem
If 1/3 and -3/2 are the roots of a quadratic equation, then the equation is
A. 6x2 + 7x - 3 = 0
B. 6x2 - 7x + 3 = 0
C. 6x2 - 7x - 3 = 0
D. 6x2 - 7x + 1 = 0

225. Problem

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 36
I
ALGEBRA I

## Factor the expression x3 – 27.

A.  x - 3  x2 + 3x + 9 
B.  x  3   x2  6x  12

C.  x  3   x2  9x  6

D.  x  3   x2  6x  9

226. Problem
The mean proportion between 12 and x is equal to 6. Find the value of x.
A. 3
B. 5
C. 4
D. 6

227. Problem
Find x if 7 is the fourth proportional to 36, and 28, and x.
A. 6
B. 8
C. 7
D. 9

228. Problem
Find the third proportional of the square of 2 and the cube root of 8.
A. 1
B. 2
C. 3
D. 4

229. Problem
Sixteen (16) men has a contract to finish the job in 20 days. Twenty (20) men were
hired at the start and four (4) quit the job after 8 days. Determine the number of
days delayed or ahead of the scheduled time when they were able to finish the job.
B. 10 days delay
D. 4 days delay

230. Problem
The square of a number increased by 16 is the same as 10 times the number, Find
the numbers.
A. 2, 8
B. 3, 6
C. 3, 8
D. 4, 6

231. Problem

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 37
I
ALGEBRA I

The sum of two numbers is 30. If the larger number is divided by the smaller
number the quotient is
equal to the smaller number. Find the numbers.
A. 5 and 25
B. 4 and 26
C. 6 and 24
D. 7 and 23

232. Problem
It takes a boat 3 times to travel upstream against a river current than it takes the
same boat to travel downstream. If the speed of the boat is 40 kph, what is the
speed of the current?
A. 10 mph
B. 20 mph
C. 30 mph
D. 40 mph

233. Problem
A man travels in a motorized banca at the rate of 15 kph from his barrio to the
poblacion and comes back to his barrio at the rate of 12 kph. If his total time of
travel back and forth is 3

## hours, the distance from the barrio to the poblacion is:

A. 25 km
B. 35 km
C. 15 km
D. 20 km

234. Problem
How many pounds of cream containing 12% butterfat must be added to 1800 lb of
milk containing 2% butterfat to obtain a milk having 3% butterfat?
A. 200
B. 100
C. 150
D. 250

235. Problem
A chemical engineer mixed 40 milliliters of 35% hydrochloric acid solution with 20
milliliters of 50% hydrochloric acid solution. What is the percentage of the
hydrochloric acid of the new solution?
A. 40%
B. 38%
C. 39%
D. 41%

236. Problem
The second hand of a clock is 4 inches long. Find the speed of the tip of the second
hand.
A. 0.42 in/sec
B. 0.34 in/sec
C. 0.55 in/sec
D. 0.48 in/sec

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 38
I
ALGEBRA I

237. Problem
The hour hand of a clock is 2.5 in long. Find the speed of the tip of the hour hand.
A. 1.309 in/hr.
B. 1.402 in/hr.
C. 1.234in/hr.
D. 1.543 in/hr.

238. Problem
The sum of the ages of Maria and Anna is 35. When Maria was two thirds her
present age and Anna was ¾ of her present age, the sum of their ages was 25.
How old is Maria now?
A. 20
B. 25
C. 10
D. 15

239. Problem
Find the sum of the first 4 terms in the sequence of 2 n-1.
A. 15
B. 18
C. 20
D. 22

240. Problem
n  n +1
Find the value of x if 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + .. x = 36. Using 1 + 2 + 3 .. n =
2
A. 6
B. 8
C. 10
D. 12

241. Problem
Twenty eight (28) men can finish the job in 60 days. At the start of the 16 th day 5
men were laid off and after the 45th day 10 more men were hired. How many days
were they delayed in finishing the job?
A. 2.27 days
B. 2.45 days
C. 3.67 days
D. 1.25 days

242. Problem
If ln (log x) = 1 solve for x:
A. e10
B. 10e
C. e10
D. 10e

243. Problem
Perform 20  2 75  4 12

A. 2  5+ 3 
ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 39
I
ALGEBRA I

B. 2  5 3 
C. 2  5 3 
D. 2  5 3 
244. Problem
5 3
Perform 3 5  12  5 
3 5
A. 2 5  2 5  0
B. 2 15  2 15  0
C. 2 15 - 2 15 = 0
D. 2 5  2 5  0

245. Problem

Perform 4 3 x12 y3

A. 2x2 y

B. 2x 2 y
C. 2x y

D. x2 y

246. Problem
Perform 2 33 44
A. 2 331776
B. 8 331776
C 7 331776
D. 12 331776

247. Problem

## Find the term involving y4 in the expansion of  x  y  .

7

A. 35x3 y2
B. 35x3y 4
C. 35x3y 4
D. 5x3 y 4

248. Problem
9
 1
Find the term of free x in the expansion of  x 2   .
 x

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 40
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ALGEBRA I

A. 84
B. 48
C. 24
D. 42

249. Problem
1 1 1
Find the ninth term of the harmonic progression , , .
2 6 10
A. 34
B. 13
C. 14
D. 9

250. Problem
1 1
Find the sum of the infinite geometric series 1    ...
3 9
3
A.
2
2
B.
3
1
C.
2
3
D.
4

251. Problem
Find the last term an and the sum of each geometric progression 2, 6, 18, … to 6
terms.
A. 728
B. 287
C. 96
D. 44

252. Problem
Insert three geometric means between 2 and 162.
A. 6, 18, 36
B. 4, 18, 54
C. 6, 20, 54
D. 6, 18, 54

253. Problem
Find the sum of the infinite geometric series 0.3, 0.03, 0.003, 0.0003 ...
1
A.
6
1
B.
9
1
C.
3

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 41
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ALGEBRA I

1
D.
2

254. Problem
Find the last term an and the sum of each arithmetic progression 2, 5, 8, ... to 8
terms.
A. 13, 10
B. 23, 100
C. 3, 1
D. 33, 1000

255. Problem
Find the sum of the even integers between 21 and 81. 22, 24, 26, ..., 80.
A. 1230
B. 1900
C. 1530
D. 1790

256. Problem
Find the sum of the integers between 2 and 100 which are divisible by 3.
A. 1883
B. 1683
C. 1863
D. 1163

257. Problem
Find the sum of the first n positive integers that are divisible by 4.
A. n n  1
B. 2n  n  1
C. 2n  n +1
D. 2 n  1

258. Problem
Find a quadratic equation with integral coefficients whose r = e roots are given
2 4
, .
3 3
A. 9x2  6x  8  0
B. 9x 2 + 6x - 8 = 0
C. 9x2  6x  8  0
D. 9x2  6x  8  0

259. Problem
Find the value of x:
x 4 3  5x2 3  4  0
A. 1, 2

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ALGEBRA I

B. 4, 3
C. 8, 1
D. 2, 6

260. Problem
A can paint a certain house in 10 days and B can paint the same house in 12 days.
How long will it take to paint the house if both men work?
5
A. 5 days
9
6
B. 6 days
11
5
C. 5 days
11
5
D. 4 days
11

261. Problem
Kath, Heart and Anne can do a piece of work together in 3 days. Kath can do it
alone in 10 days and Heart can do it alone in 8 days. How long will it take Anne to
do the job alone?
11
A. 9 days
13
3
B. 9 days
10
3
C. 9 days
13
3
D. 9 days
8

262. Problem
A, B, C can plow 1/4, 1/6 and ½ of a field, respectively, in one day. How long will it
take them to plow the filed, if they work together?
1
A. 1 days
9
1
B. 1 days
11
1
C. 1 days
4
3
D. 1 days
11

263. Problem
One input pipe can fill a tank alone in 6 hours, another input pipe can fill in alone in
4 hours and a drain pipe can empty the full tank in 6 hours. If the tank is empty and
all the 3 pipes are open, how long will it take to fill the tank?
3
A. 3 hours
7

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3
B. 3 hours
5
2
C. 3 hours
7
3
D. 3 hours
10

264. Problem
How many pounds of salt must be added to a solution containing 5 lb. of salt and 35
lb of water so that the resulting mixture will be 40% salt?
1
A. 18 lbs
3
2
B. 18 lbs
3
1
C. 18 lbs
4
1
D. 18 lbs
5

265. Problem
A chemist has the same acid of two strengths. Twelve liters of the first mixed with 8
liters of the second give a mixture 84% acid. Three liters of the second mixed with 2
liters of the first give a mixture 85% acid. Find the strength of each.
A. 77% and 82%
B. 87% and 82%
C. 87% and 82%
D. 97% and 92%

266. Problem
It is desired to have a 20-liter mixture of 60% alcohol. Two mixtures, one of 90%
alcohol and another of 35% alcohol are to be used. How many liters of each will be
required?
11 120
A. x  liters; y  liters
100 11
100 120
B. x = liters; y = liters
11 11
1 120
C. x  liters : y  liters
100 11
11 120
D. x  liters; y  liters
10 11

267. Problem
A besieged garrison of 5700 men has provisions that will last for 66 days. Each day
20 men die. For how long will the provisions last?
A. 67 days

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B. 66 days
C. 76 days
D. 86 days

268. Problem
A person draws a quantity of pure wine from a vessel which was full, holding 81
gallons, and then filled the vessel up with water. He then drew from the mixture as
much as he drew before of pure wine when it was found that the vessel contained
64 gallons of pure wine. How much did he drew each time?
A. 9 gallons
B. 10.5 gallons
C. 4 gallons
D. 6 gallons

269. Problem
A realtor bought a group of lots for P7200. He sells them at a gain of P300 per lot
and has as his profit the amount received for the last four lots sold. How many lots
were in the group?
A. 12 lots
B. 10 lots
C. 4 lots
D. 9 lots

270. Problem
A clock has a second hand which turns on the same center as the hour hand and
minute hand. At 3 o’clock, the minute hand and the second hand point at 12 and the
hour hand at 3. How many seconds will it be before the hour hand is between the
minute hand and the second hand?
A. 20 20/73 sec
B. 29 43/73 sec
C. 20 43/73 sec
D. 29 44/66 sec

271. Problem
At what time between 9 and 10 o’clock are the hands of the clock at the same
distance from 12?
A. 8:13 11/13
B. 9:13 11/13
C. 10:13 11/13
D. 7:13 11/13

272. Problem
It is now between 9 and 10 o’clock. in 4 min. The hour hand of a clock will be
directly opposite the position occupied by the minute hand 3 minutes ago. What
time is it?
A. 8:20
B. 7:20
C. 9:20
D. 6:20

273. Problem

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 45
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It is between two and three o’clock. A person looking at his watch mistake the hour
hand for the minute hand and thinks that the time of the day is 55 minutes earlier
than it really is. What is the true time?
A. 2:5 5/11
B. 3:5 5/11
C. 2:10 5/11
D. 3:10 5/11

274. Problem
Find the sum and product of the roots of the equation:
x3  3x 2  x  5  0
A. 1, -1
B. -2, 1
C.-5, 5
D. 6, -4

275. Problem
From a cubic equation which has 2,
-3, and 5 as roots.
A. x3  2x2  11x  10  0
B. x3  2x2  11x  30  0
C. x3  4x2  11x  10  0
D. x3 - 4x 2 -11x + 30 = 0

276. Problem
Perform:
log10 x  log10 12  log10 13  log10 3
A. 21
B. 12
C. 25
D. 52

277. Problem
Perform: ln x  3  ln5
A. e3
B. 10e3
C. 15e3
D. 5e3

278. Problem
Perform: e3y ln y

A. ye3
B. e3y
C. ye y
D. ye3y

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 46
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279. Problem
 
Perform: ln 4e2x  ln 4  ln e2x

A. ln2  2x
B. 2ln2 + 2x
C. 2ln2  x
D. 2ln 2  2x 2

280. Problem
Mary is 2/3 as old as her sister, 20 years hence she will be 7/8 as old. How old is
each now?
A. 12 and 8
B. 10 and 6
C. 14 and 10
D. 8 and 4

281. Problem
Three years ago Henry was three times as old as John. Three years hence he will
be twice as old. Find the present age of each.
A. 18 and 14
B. 21 and 9
C. 19 and 15
D. 22 and 12

282. Problem
Half of Henry’s age added to 1/3 of Frank’s age is 11. Six years from now the sum
of their ages will be 40. How old is each now?
A. y = 8 and x = 1
B. y = 10 and x = 2
C. y = 28 and x = 20
D. y = 18 and x = 10

283. Problem
A father is 24 years older than his son. In 8 years he will be twice as old as his son.
What is the present age of the father?
A. 35
B. 40
C. 20
D. 25

284. Problem
A man is 41 years old and his son is 9. In how many years will the father be three
times as old as the son?
A. 3
B. 7
C. 6
D. 9

285. Problem
Find the age of a babysitter who is four times as old as well as 12 years older than
the baby.

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 47
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ALGEBRA I

A. 10
B. 13
C. 16
D. 19

286. Problem
Separate 132 into two parts such that if the larger is divided by the smaller the
quotient is 6 and the remainder is 13.
A. 17 and 115
B. 10 and 122
C. 27 and 105
D. 7 and 125

287. Problem
Find a fraction which becomes 1/8 on subtracting 1 from the numerator and adding
2 to the denominator, and reduces to ¼ on adding 2 to the numerator and 6 to the
denominator.

3
A.
14
3
B.
16
1
C.
14
3
D.
15

288. Problem
Find two numbers whose sum is 23 and the difference of whose squares is 207.
A. 17 and 6
B. 16 and 7
C. 15 and 8
D. 18 and 5

289. Problem
The denominator of a fraction exceeds its numerator by 2. if the numerator is
decreased by 1 and the denominator is increased by 3 the value of the resulting
fraction is 1/2 . Find the fraction.
A. 6/7
B. 9/7
C. 7/9
D. 7/6

290. Problem
How many grams of pure silver must be added to 560 grams, 60% pure, to make
alloy which is 76% pure silver?
1
A. 373 grams
6
1
B. 363 grams
6

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 48
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ALGEBRA I

1
C. 363 grams
3
1
D. 373 grams
3

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS B2 - 49
I