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ALIATORY

EXEMPTS A CONTRACTS
PERSON FROM EXTRA-
LIABILITY EXPRESSLY
ORDINARY
IMPOSED BY
ORDINARY LAW
DELIVERY/ EXPRESS
TRADITION STIPULATION BY
FORTUITOUS EVENT EXEMPTIONS: THE PARTIES
(CASO FORTUITO)
CONSTRUCTIVE ACCION
ACTUAL DELIVER ACCION PAULIANA
DELIVERY
BREACH OF EXHAUSTION OF
SUBROGATORIA

OBLIGATIONS ALL PROPERTY


OF THE DEBTOR

SYMBOLIC FORMAL REMEDIES


DELIVERY DELIVERY
SPECIFIC
PERFORMANC
DEFAULT (MORA) E RESOLUTION/
RESCISSION
TRADITIO TRADITIO
LONGA BREVI DAMAGES
LEGAL ORDINARY FRAUD (DOLO)
MANU MANU
DELAY/ DELAY
DEFAULT
TRADITIO NEGLIGENCE
CONSTITUTUM DOLO (CULPA)
MORA
POSSESSORIUM CAUSANTE
SOLVENDI

MORA DOLO CONTRAVENTION


CULPA
ACCIPIENDI INCIDENTE OF THE TERMS
CONTRACTUAL
COMPENSATIO MALICIOUS
MORAE CULPA
PROSECUTION
AQUILIANA

CULPA
CRIMINAL
KINDS OF OBLIGATIONS

PURE OBLIGATIONS
JOINT OBLIGATIONS

CONDITIONAL SOLIDARY
OBLIGATIONS OBLIGATIONS

OBLIGATIONS WITH A DIVISIBLE


TERM/PERIOD OBLIGATIONS

INDIVISIBLE
ALTERNATIVE OBLIGATIONS
OBLIGATIONS

OBLIGATIONS WITH A
FACULTATIVE PENAL CLAUSE
OBLIGATIONS
EXTINGUISHMENT OF
OBLIGATIONS

TENDER
OF PYMENT PAYMENT/
APPLICATI BY DACION PERFORMANCE COMPENSATION
PAYMENT
ON OF CESSION EN PAGO
AND
PAYMENTS OR
CONSIGN
ATION ASSIGNM
ENT

LOSS OF THE
PRESTATION/
NOVATION
IMPOSSIBILITY OF
PERFORMANCE

CONDONATION/
REMISSION OF THE PRESCRIPTION
DEBT

CONFUSION OR
MERGER OF ESTOPPEL
RIGHTS
ELEMENTS/REQUISITES OF OBJECTIVE
CIVIL OBLIGATIONS ELEMENTS

PRESTATION/
OBJECTS EFFICIENT CAUSE/
ACTIVE SUBJECT LEGAL TIE
(OBLIGEE/CREDITOR) (VINCULUM JURIS)
PERSONAL REAL
OBLIGATIONS OBLIGATIONS LAW
(TO GIVE/DELIVER)
PASSIVE SUBJECT
(OBLIGOR/DEBTOR)
GENERIC REAL
NEGATIVE PERSONAL POSITIVE PERSONAL SPECIFIC REAL
OBLIGATION/
OBLIGATIONS OBLIGATIONS INDETERMINATE OBLIGATION/ CONTRACTS
(NOT TO DO) (TO DO) DETERMINATE
THING
THING

TO PRESERVE QUASI-
CONTRACTS

TO DELIVER THE
THING ITSELF
DELICTS
TO DELIVER THE
FRUITS

QUASI-
TO DELIVER DELICTS
ACCESSORIES AND
ACCESSIONS