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Castillo, Laurence F.

B.S.E.E- 5A

Reaction Paper: Electrical Engineering Seminar

The Seminar conducted last Jan. 18, 2014 (Engr. Delnar Sarmiento of Angeles Water District)

SCADA for Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition

Programmable Logic Controller, PLC

In industry we are a lots of programs to be used like on automations we are use programs to
control a system like Power Plants.

PLC and SCADA are the two variants in Automation.

A PLC SCADA or programmable Logic controller-supervisory control and data acquisition is typically

the aspect of the system that controls an entire industrial system. These are the control systems

that may operate the entire factory, or the waste water treatment plant.

Industry requires that we operate plants in ways that can continuously batch process given things.

The SCADA permits us to do that with greater ease and without the difficulties that we may have

experienced some of the processes that the supervisory control and data acquisition may

accomplish for us include just monitoring various parts of any given system.

A SCADA system might help us to monitor processes, buildings or facilities or the infrastructure of

something. Those processes that it might help to monitor or run would include generating power,

refinery processes such as an oil refinery, production of goods, fabrication of any given item, or even

the full manufacturing process and the facility in which it is made.

The PLC SCADA can operate and control how a given item is made or processed. It may do a

continuous processing, a repetitious processing, or it may even do just single items, discrete
processes. The facility that you would use a SCADA to help you to automate might be anything at all

from a public restroom, to a ships hold, to an airport security setup, down to even the space station.

Some other processes that may fall under the auspices of the supervisory control and data

acquisition are the processes of an infrastructure. These could include things such as processing that

takes place in a treatment plant such as waste water treatment or even freshwater, or reservoir

treatment of your drinking water. The kinds of places where you might use the SCADA include not

just public works or utilities, but also private industry infrastructures such as oil pipe systems and oil


Essentially, a SCADA doesn't control the system directly. What it does is to oversee and relay

information from one place to another, coordinating all of the various things that are taking place

with it.

The SCADA acts as a supervisory and very often as a controlling mechanism that tells the humans

what is incoming, what is necessary and then relays the information out for them. The PLC SCADA in

many cases doesn't even use the master or the main computer. It can offer solutions to the various

processes that may not require the main computer using what are called SMART PLC's or another

technical component, ladder logic.