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Christopher Shackle is his is a glossary of the words found
An Introduction to the in the hymns ofGurii Nanak (1469-
Professor of the Modern 1539) contained in the Adi Granth,
Languages of South Asia at Sacred Language of the Sikhs
the Sikh scriptures compiled in the
SOAS in the University of Gurmukhi script by the fifth Gurii Arjan in
London. This book has been designed as a self- 1604. It also includes all additional words
contained introductory course for found in the couplets by Gurii Nanak's
anyone who wishes to gain a successor Angad, in those by the
knowledge of the original language succeeding Guriis incorporated into some
of the Sikh scriptures. Those to whom of Gurii Nanak's longer hymns, and in the
compositions attributed to Shaikh Farid.
it is addressed are naturally expected There are about 6000 entries altogether,
to have an interest in and a concern though not all are indepen~ent words,
for the teachings of Sikhism, but it covering one-fifth of the Adi Granth.
has not been assumed that they will Words are given in both Gurmukhi script
necessarily possess any specialized and romanized transcription, with English
linguistic knowledge. It is also definitions, frequency-counts, and
hoped, however, that users who do possess some
knowledge of the modem language will benefit from The hymns of Gurii Nanak have a very
working through the book. special importance as the sole authentic
record of the teachings of the founder of the
The course is divided into three parts. Part I comprises a Sikh religion. So his compositions continue
brief introduction to the Gurmukhi script, with the aid of a to have a living spiritual significance, while
much of the religious literature of medieval
simple system of Roman transliteration. The aim has bean India is now of historical interest only. This
to teach the antique conventions of 17th century Gurmukhi significance is in itself the principal
spelling, which differs in some respects from modem
Punjabi orthography. The script should be thoroughly
mastered before proceeding further, since the use of the
Roman script is later kept to a minimum.
.n - -
justification for the production of this

Academically the principle purpose of the

glossary is to further the integration of the
study of the Sikhs with the mainstream of
Indo-Aryan philology and linguistics. In

GLOSSARY practical terms the glossary will be useful to

those who want to read Gurii Nanak in the

A Guru Nanak
(Second Edition)

Compiled by
Professor ofModern Languages of South Asia
in the University ofLondon




19-A, Ansari Road, Darya Ganj,
New Delhi - 110 002
Published by the School of Oriental and African Studies
(University of London), Thornhaugh Street,
Russell Square, London WClH OXG

Published is South Asia by Heritage Publishers,

19-A, Ansari Road, Daryaganj,
New Delhi - 110 002

© C. Shackle, 1981 and 1995

Reissued 2011

British Library Cataloguing in Publishing Data

A catalogue record for this book is available from
the British Library.

ISBN : 8 l 7026197X

Printed in India

this is a glossary ofthe words found in the hymns of Guru Nanak (1469-1539)
contained in the Adi Granth, the Sikh scriptures compiled in the Gurmukhi
script by the fifth Guru Arjan in 1604. It also includes all additional words found
in the couplets by Guru Nanak's successor Ailgad, in those by the succeeding
Gurus incorporated into some of Guru Nanak's longer hymns, and in the
compositions attributed to Shaikh Farid. There are about 6000 entries
altogether, though not all are independent words, covering one-fifth of the Adi
Granth. Words are given in both Gurmukhi script and romanized transcription,
with English definitions, frequency-counts, and etymologies.
Quite apart from their great literary and linguistic interest, the hymns of
Guru Nanak have a very special importance as the sole authentic record of the
teachings of the founder of the Sikh religion. So his compositions continue tr
have a living spiritual significance, while much of the religious literature 01
medieval India is now of historical interest only. This significance is in itself the
principal justification for the production of this glossary.
It also has a practical purpose. Movements of emigration in this century have
brought about the spread of the Sikh community far beyond its homeland in the
Panjab. There is therefore an increasing number of those who -whether within
or outside the community -desire to read Guru Nanak's hymns in the original,
but are more at home in English than in Panjabi. Of course Guru Nanak, like
any major religious teacher, does really need to be studied in the original
language. But this is no easy matter for those who do not have a sufficiently
fluent reading knowledge of modern Panjabi to allow them easily to make use of
the existing dictionaries of the Adi Granth. It is hoped that some of their
difficulties will be eased by this work.
While the glossary naturally relies heavily on the labours of Sikh scholars, it is
not simply an English adaptation of existing Panjabi materials. This applies
particularly to the etymologies, of such importance in determining the overall
character of an old literary language, and sometimes of vital help in deciding the
probable meaning of obscure words no longer in use. Here many fresh insights
into points of detail have been made possible by Sir Ralph Turner's
indispensable work, A Comparative Dictionary of the lndo-Aryan Languages
[CD/AL: bibliography, no. 41). It is hoped that these will be found helpful by
scholars concerned with the interpretation of Guru Nanak's language.
The other recently published work without which the glossary could not have
been compiled is Gurcharan Singh's index verborum of the Adi Granth [no. 2].
Although this gives numerical references only, without definitions or
distinctions between homonyms, it made it possible to compile an initial
comprehensive selection of words. These were tfien checked for context against
the most reliable edition ofthe standard text of the Adi Granth [no. 8], as well as
the other principal commentaries [nos. 10, 17, 18], and the main dictionaries
[nos. 3, 16]. After reference to the CD I AL and to dictionaries of other languages
[bibliography, part B]. the existing entries were eventually obtained.
A full entry begins with the head-word in Gurmukhi and romanized
transcription, with noteworthy inflexions and variant forms following in round
brackets, and grammatical labelling. This is followed by the English definition.
Derivative phrases and idiomatic uses are then listed and defined, and
problematic contexts discussed. Next the frequency-count is given. Finally the
etymology is explained in square brackets, together with cross-references in
small capitals to immediately related words or close synonyms. This full pattern
is only sometimes encountered, since entries have been kept as brief as possible
[see also the list of signs and abbreviations below].
The Gurmukhi head-words are arranged in the order explained in the
following section on transcription. They are written with the maximal pointing
which actually occurs. This wili not necessarily be the form most commonly
.encountered in the text of the Adi Granth, which makes sparing use of the
subscript letters and marks of nasalization. Nouns are given in the commonest
form of the singular direct case, and adjectives in the masculine singular direct.
Verbs are given in the absolutive (normally ending in -i). This has the advantage
over the infinitive, the normal citation-form in the modem languages, of being
more frequent in occurrence and standard in form. It is also alphabetically
closer to the stem-form, which cannot itself be used as the citation-form without
violating one of the most characteristic features of the Gurmukhi script, the lack
of distinction between simple consonants and consonants + -a. Other words
appear in their commonest form. The inflected forms of pronouns are so varied
that they are listed as separate words. Otherwise only those inflected forms
which are widely separated in alphabetical order from the head-word have been
accorded separate entries.
The romanized transcription in bold type includes the maximum number of
features which etymology, together with the metre, allows to be read into the
Gurmukhi, including doubled consonants, aspiration of sonants, and
nasalization of vowels. The dagger used before transcriptions indicates an
additional word not found in Gurii Nanak. There are about 350 of such entries.
Alternant vowel-endings of the singular direct of nouns and adjectives are given
in brackets, together with extended forms and unusual inflexions. Similarly,
only irregular or unusual conjugated forms of verbs are given in the brackets.
Any attempt at a more comprehensiv~ listing could only be done in a separate
systematic account of the grammar of Gurii Nanak's language.

The English definitions have been kept as brief as possible. They are omitted
altogether from the less common of alphabetically close pairs of synonyms, like
the many pairs differing only by a single consonant. Here it has been thought
sufficient to give a cross-reference to the commoner form. Terms relating to
classical Hinduism, including names of gods and others, are given in their
standard form, as if transliterated from Sanskrit. This makes it unnecessary to
give a separate etymology for most names.
Nominal compounds are written inconsistently as one or· two words in
printed editions of the Adi Granth. Compounds of fresh meaning or special
importance are entered here as separate single words, other compounds ·
appearing as two words under the head-word with separate definitions. Words
appearing only as the second member of compounds are listed separately, and
marked with an initial hyphen. The emphasis of the glossing is on linguistic
rather than theological definition. Idiomatic phrases are fully glossed, but
predictable or untranslatable phrases, like nominal conjunct verbs or intensive
compounds, are often simply listed. Problematic verses and contexts are quoted
in full with references [see table below], with an English translation of the
disputed phrase, though not necessarily of the entire quotation. Fresh
interpretations are sometimes suggested, usually on etymological grounds.
These re-interpretations are for the most part tentative only, so the most
important or the least unlikely suggestions of the commentators are also given
in English. No attempt is made to distinguish between commentators, but most
references are to the standard commentary of the Sabadiirath [no. 8).
Since an index verborum of the Adi Granth now exists, there was little point in
adding enormously to the bulk of this glossary by providing full textual
references for each word. Instead, frequency~counts have been given for each
entry. These will be found to provide many interesting insights into Gurii
Nanak's choice of vocabulary, and into the overall character of his language.
Large numbers have been rounded out to avoid giving a false impression or'
precision. It is not always possible to be precise in assigning forms to
homonyms, and here approximate figures have been given. Frequency-counts
for irregular past participles usually appear in brackets, indicating that they
have also been included in the total given for the verb under its absolutive. Some
compositions of Guru Nanak are given in more than one place in the Adi
Granth, and such repetitions have been disregarded in establishing frequency-
counts. No counts are given for the additional words not found in Gurii Nanak,
where a siglum instead indicates the author. Nearly all such words are used once
or twice only.
The superscript letters written after the frequency-counts, sometimes earlier
in the entry after unusual forms or phrases, indicate the use of the head-word in
pariicular contexts only. These include the rare instance of acrostic verses and

the very frequent context of rhyme, which accounts for many unusual words an<
distorted forms. Quite a number of words are restricted to the three specia
literary styles which we have discussed elsewhere [nos. 13-15].· Metrica
alterations of vowel-quantity are not normally indicated as such, since the
patterns of adjustment to the metrical scheme, of which the most obvious is the
lengthening of pre-tonic short syllables, are mostly evident from the etymology
as well as often from the parallel use of unadjusted pairs. Except for the specia
case of proper names, full entries conclude with an etymology, a cross-reference
or both, written in square brackets. These may seem a little confusing at firs1
sight, but the system adopted has been designed to serve two functions. Ir
practical terms it should help the user sort out some of the superificia:
complexities of Guru Nanak's language, chiefly caused by the use of so man)
synonymous or closely related variant forms. It is also designed as a simple
analysis into its chief constituent elements of Guru Nanak's poetic idiom, which
is of great importance linguistically. Not only did it set the pattern of the
classical sacred language of the Sikhs, employed in much of the rest of the Adi
Granth and in later works of the 17th century, like the Vars of Bhii Gurdis and
the prose janamsiikhis, but it also - if by a somewhat roundabout route -
helped to determine not a few of the distinctive features of the modern standard
Panjabi of India.
Like most literary languages, especially those of medieval India, the idiom ot
Guru Nanak's hymns is a complex creation, made up of elements from many
different local areas and historical periods. Its core consists of words from the
two closely related languages of his time perhaps best described as Old Panjabi
and Old Western Hindi (Khari Boli). Words from neighbouring contemporary
languages also appear, one of the most important sources being Old Siraiki
(Multani). All these early New lndo-Aryan languages had a fair number o~loan­
words from the Muslim languages, principally Persian or Arabic through
Persian. Then there are words preserved in forms belonging to the earlier stage
of Middle Indo-Aryan, including Apabhra1Ma -itself often indistinct from the
contemporary languages - and Prakrit. There is also a very large number of
words that appear in Sanskritic form, including many technical terms of
religion, as well as literary loans. Finally, it has Jo be remembered that all these
types of word are subject to minor literary alterations, especially to fit the metre
or the rhyme, and that fresh forms are liable to be created by fusions between
different local or historical variants.
Since there is such a wealth of possibilities to choose from, difficulties often
arise in the assignment of forms to particular areas or levels. It would clearly be
impractical to enter into all these possibilities, and only the most likely has
usually been given here. In order to keep the description of etymologies within
reasonable bounds, words have been treated as belonging to one offourclasses:

Perso-Arabic loans; contemporary New Indo-Aryan words (whatever their
probable local origin); Middle lndo-Aryan forms; and Sanskritic words.
Three types of etymology are given for words from Muslim languages:
a) loan-words from Persian:
gora [Pers. gor]
b) loan-words from Arabic, unchanged in Persian:
kharibu [Ar. khariib]
c) loan-words from Arabic, borrowed in Persian form:
gairati [Ar.> Pers. ghairat]
Contemporary New lndo-Aryan words are related where possible to the
numbered head-words in the CDIAL, reference to whose entries will usually
suggest the local origin of the particular word, or variant form of a set. The
CD I AL head-words are Sanskrit, unless they are askerisked, in which case they
are hypothetical Sanskrit forms reconstructed from later stages of Indo-Aryan.
A similar system has been adopted where possible for New Indo-Aryan words
not covered by the CDIAL. Etymologies for these words may therefore appear
in the following forms:
a) see the Sanskrit word in the CDIAL:
kapiiru (2880 karpiira-]
b) see the hypothetical Sanskrit form in the CDIAL:
bilattas:au [9218 *balatvana-]
c) derived from an attested Sanskrit word (not in CD/ AL):
manuru [ma1J4ura-]
d) hypothetical Sanskrit form (not in CD/ AL):
haivaru [*hayavara-]
e) words of doubtful origin, attested only in modern languages:
~habbu [r?; cf. H.P. qhab]
Words from different historical levels of Indo-Aryan are treated separately,
since they are frequently specialized in different senses, but cross-references are
given in each case. So the different forms related to the Sanskrit word /oka-
appear as:
a) contemporary New Indo-Aryan word (see CD/AL):
loa [11119 loka- 1: cf. l.OKU, LOGU]

b} preserved Middle Indo-Aryan form:
logo [Sk. /oka- >Pk. loga-: cf. LOA, LOKU]
c) Sanskritic form:
loku [Sk. /oka-: cf. LOA, LOGU]
Etymologies are usually given once only for each historical level, with the
usual cross-references. So the following pattern is adopted in the very common
case of triplets of an Old Panjabi form, the synonymous Old Hindi form, and a
Sanskritic form:
a) Old Panjabi form:
hatthu (14024 hasta-: = HATHU; cf. HASATU]
b) Old Hindi form:
hithu (=HATTHU]

c) Sanskritic form:
hasatu [Sk. hasta-: cf. HATTHU]
Most etymologies will be found to fall into one or other of these patterns.
Only three other relatively frequent types need to be illustrated:
a} New Indo-Aryan word, perhaps a Sanskrit loan:
tarangu [5699 (or Sk.) taratiga-]
b) unchanged loan-word:
nidhi [Sk.]
c) peculiarly distorted Sanskritic form:
baisantaru [for Sk. vaiAvanara-]
These conventions are sufficient to provide a com,prehensive initial
characterization of Gurii Nanak's language, although a more systematic
account must be reserved for another occasion. Contaminations, derivative
forms and extensions (other than -ka- extensions, which are indicated only
where a difference of meaning is involved) are indicated by the customary
shorthand notation [see table of signs below].
As the relative abundance of question-marks in the etymologies will show,
there are many words for which it is difficult to provide certain historical
explanation, and some for which it is impossible. I should like to record my
gratitude to Professor J. C. Wright for his expert assistance in reducing their
I also wish to express my gratitude to the Publications Committee of the
School of Oriental and African Studies for meeting the full cost of publication of
this book. Finally, my thanks are again due to Martin Daly, without whose
professional expertise and advice it would hardly have been possible to produce
this work in its present form.

Christopher Shackle
London, October 1978

Preface to the Second Edition

I have taken the opportunity of the second edition to add as an appendix my

paper 'The non-Sanskritic vocabulary of the later Sikh Guriis', which was
first published in the Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies,
XLVII, 1, 1984, and is reprinted with pennission. To this paper's various
minor corrections should be added the solution of one long-standing puzzle
(Glossary, p.7), which I owe to my colleague Simon Weightman, viz.
aiihathi (-a), num '31,,i': aiiha!hi lmsata 'three and half cubits, i.e. the
body' (not as conim. f. 'the heart']. 3. (649 ardhacat11rtha-J

Christopher Shackle
London, December 1994

Preface v
Preface to the Second Edition xiii

Bibliography xvii
Transcription xxi
Signs and Abbreviations xx vii
Table of References xxxi

The following lists include only works which have actually been used in the
preparation of the glossary. Abbreviated references in the text are indicated in
square brackets.

A. Works specifically to do with the text, language, and content of the Adi [AG].

1. Gopal Singh, Sri Guru-Granth Sahib, English translation of the AG, 4 vols.,
Delhi, 1962.
2. Gurcharan Singh, Adi Granth Sabad-anukrama1Jikii, index verborum of the
AG, 2 vols., Patiala, 197L
3. Kanh Singh Nabha, Gurwabad Ratanakar Mahan Ko§, Encyclopaedia of
Sikh literature, 2nd ed., Patiala, 1960.
4. Macaulilfe, M.A., The Sikh Religion, 6 vols., Oxford, 1909 (repr. Delhi,
5. Mcleod, W. H., Guru Niinak and the Sikh Religion, Oxford, 1968.
6. Mahitab Singh, Sri Guru Granth Sahib ji vie ditte N avam te Thavam da Ko§,
3rd ed., Amritsar, 1959.
7. Pi~ra Singh Padam, Guru Granth Viciir-ko~, thematic index to the AG;
Patiala, 1969.
8. Sabadiirath Sri Guru Granth Sahib ji, text of the AG with partial
commentary, 4 vols., 4th ed., Amritsar, 1959-69 [S].
9. Sahib Singh, Gurabii1Ji Viakara1J, grammar of the language of the AG,
Amritsar, n.d.
10. Sahib Singh, Sri Guru Granth Sahib Darapa1J, text of the AG with full
commentary, 10 vols., Jullundur, 1962-4.
11. Selections from the Sacred Ktitings of the Sikhs, tr. Trilochan Singh, et a1.,
London, 1960.
12. Seva Singh Sevak, Guraba1Ji Sankhia-ko~, Amritsar, 1971.
12. Shackle, C., "'South-western" Elements in the language of the AdiGranth',
BSOAS, XL, I, 1977, 3&-50.
14. Shackle, C., 'Approaches to the Persian loans in the Adi Granth', BSOAS,
XLI. J, 1978. 73-96.
15. Shackle, C., 'The Sahaskriti poetic idiom in the Adi Granth', BSOAS,.XLI,
i, 1978, 297-313.
· 16. Sri Guru Granth Ko~. dictionary of the difficult words in the AG, 3 vols., 4th
ed., Amritsar, 1954-67.
17. Taran Singh, Gurii Nanak Ba'Ji Prakili, text of the compositions of Guru
Nanak in the AG with full commentary, 2 vols., Patiala, 1969.
18. Vir Singh, Santhya Sri Guru Granth Sahib, text offirst part of AG with full
commentary, 7 vols., Amritsar, 1958-62.

B. Other works

19. Briggs, G. W., Gorakhnath and the Kiinphata Yogis, Calcutta, 1938 (repr.
Delhi, 1973).
20. Burrow, T., and Emmeneau, M. B., A Dravidian Etymological Dictionary,
Oxford, 1961.
21. Dowson, J., A Classical Dictionary of Hindu Mythology, 10th ed., London,
22. Hava, J. G., Al-Faraid Arabic-English Dictionary, Beirut, 1964.
23. Hindi Sabdasagar, ed. Shyam Sundar Das, et al., 4 vols., Varanasi, 1916-28.
24. Jukes, A., Dictionary of the Jatki or Western Punjdbi Language, London,
1900 (repr. Patiala, 1961).
25. McGregor, R. S., The Language of lndrajit of Orchii, a study of early Braj
Bha~a prose, Cambridge, 1968.
26. Maya Singh, The Pa.njdbf Dictionary, Lahore, 1895 (repr. Patiala, 1961).
27. Monier-Williams, M., A Sanskrit-English Dictionary, Oxford, 1899.
28. Paiijiibi Ko~. vols. 1-4, Patiala, 1955-.
29. Pischel, R., Comparative Grammar of the Priikr;it. Languages, tr. Subhadra
Jha, 2nd ed., Delhi, 1965.
30. Platts, J. T., A Dictionary of Urdu, Classical Hindi, and English, London,
31. Po{hohari Sabad-ko~. Patiala, 1960.
32. Rjjjasthani Sabad Kos, ed. Sitaram Lalas, et al., vols. 1-4, Jodhpur, 1962-.
33. Rattan Singh Jaggi, Wiram Bhal Guradiis, Sabad-anukrama1Jikll ate Ko~,
Patiala, 1966.
34. Shackle, C., The Siraiki Language ofCentral Pakistan, a reference grammar,
London, 1976.
35. Sheth, H. T., Piiia-sadda-mahatJtJavo, Prakrit-Hindi dictionary, Calcutta, S.
36. Sindhi-Urdu Dictionary, ed. N. A. Baloch, Hyderabad Sind, 1959.

37. Smith, J. D., The Visa{adevarasa, a restoration of the text, Cambridge, 1976
(SV], rev. Burrow, T., BSOAS, XU, 1, 1978, 178-9.
38. Steingass, F., Persian-English Dictionary, London, 1892.
39. Tagare, G. V., Historical Grammar of Apabhramsa, Poona, 1948 [HGA].
40. Turner, R. L., A Comparative and Etymological Dictionary of the Nepali
Language, London, 1931 [ND].
41. Turner, R. L., A Comparative Dictionary of the Jndo-Aryan Languages,
London, 1966, 1969, 1971 [CDIAL].
42. Vaudeville, Ch., Kabir, vol. I, Oxford, 1974.

Head-words are arranged in the order of their Gurmukhi spellings. The order
and transcription of independent vowels and unmarked consonants is:
g u a k '3 t
@ ii ll kh a' th
fi 0 or g ~ d
~ aii ti( gh lI dh
~ ai a n 0 n
llf a ~ c lJ p
llf' a at ch ~ ph
lil ai j b
[ 'ilr au] "
~ jh
s bh
re ~ ii H m
El i c ! Til y
~ e 0 !h 0 r
a 9 ('5

'R s ~ ~h ~ v
~ h ~ I) ';{ r

But the order of vowels written with a consonant is:

H9 saii fR si 'R se
[ Rfe sai] m si ~ sai
R sa B SU Ft so
'R' sa ll
sii [ Jt sau]

A metrical shortening of -o to -u (rarely the reverse) is sometimes indicated by a

double pointing, as:
!} su
Such spellings are grouped alphabetically with -11.
The inherent vowel -a is here transcribed after all unmarked consonants. In
this and in various other features, such as the writing of all final short vowels.
nasalization wherever possible, and so forth, our transcription is at variance
with the usual modem reading pronunciation, which is a compromise between
minimal interpretation of the Gurmukhi spellings of the Adi Granth and tt.
norms of modern Panjabi.
Even after the writing of inherent -a wherever possible, several kinds c
consonant-group occur in the transcription. These are marked in different way
sometimes irregularly only or not at all, in the original script. The alphabetici
placing of words with such groups or with nasalized vowels is far from bein
standardized in Gurmukhi dictionaries. Attempts are sometimes made to folio•
the standard Nagari system, but the differences of organization between tb
scripts generally lead to awkward results. The following system is adopted her•

a) consonant + -n -y -r -v
The second element is written as a subscript in the Gurmukhi:
[ Jf. sna] JI sra
[ JI sya] [ 11 sva]

Such groups are placed after simple consonants with vowels, in the usu;
fashion of Nagari dictionaries, thus:
~ sovai
~ sravai:-u
Jf~ svidu
Only groups with -rare at all common. Spellings with and without-rare give
separate entries.

b) consonant + -h
The second element may be written with subscripts in the Gurmukhi:
~ ~ Iha
But the subscript is very frequently omitted in the script where the transcriptio
has an etymologically justified -h. So the groups [~h] nh mh rh lh r
(aspirate phonemes rather than true clusters) are placed alphabetically with th
corresponding unaspirated letters, thus:


~fu vari
~~ varhi
~ varu

c) doubled consonants
All consonant~, other than h l'J r ~" may be doubled in the transcription,
where justified on etymological or metrical grounds. The Gurmukhi never
marks doubling, except in the special case of nasals, explained in d) below. So
doubling affects the alphabetical order only in the case of pairs written alike in
the Gurmukhi, thus:
ma ti
l-1;1 ma tu
Doubled aspirates are similarly grouped with the single consonants:


d) nasal groups
Groups with a nasal as first member occur in accented syllables with a short
vowel. These are regularly written in the Gurmukhi, non:nally with the nasal
sign {ippi, since they mark a metrically long syllable. .The transcription of the
nasal sign depends on the following consonant:
~ sanka similarly it before kb g gh n
~ saiica ii ch jh ii j
'R'c sai:ii.a i:i ~h 4 c;lh
~ santa n th d dh n s
'R'u sampa m ph b bh m
The nasal groups tiri m1 n11 mm are the only doubled consonants written as
such in the original Gurmukhi. The nasal very seldom seriously affects the order
<>f words, which is determined by the written second consonant. not by the nasal
sign. Words with a nasal group immediately follow those with a single or

xx iii
doubled consonant, thus:
H3 sata
H3 satta
~ santa

e) nasalization
Nasalization may be marked in the transcription, as -m, after all long vowels,
after short vowels in unaccented syllables, or after accented short vowels before
h :· [1] v. lt may be written in the Gurmukhi by either of the two nasal signs,
typically as:

~ sarh [with !ippi] Ht sarh [with bindi]

Nasalization generally does not affect the metrical length of the syllable, and is
marked only sometimes in the script, the signs themselves often being
irregularly placed. In the transcription an historically justified -m is written
where appropriate; it has been thought best to avoid graphically awkward
placings of -m- between short vowels, so ium, bhaiim, rather than imu, bhamii.
Nasalization, whether or not written in the·script, does not affect alphabetical
order, thus:
star bhiril~
~T bhi~
S'f3 bhirilti
S'3lw bhitiji

Transcription of words in etymologies.

The usual system of transcribing Sanskrit words is followed. The only signs
which do not appear in the durmukhi table above are:

Persian and Perso-Arabic words are transcribed according to the

norms of Indo-Persian. The following additional signs are employed:

xx iv
..p i:
.!J Jo l
t kh ~
.i ~ t
) z t gh
V" sh ~ f
t.P s ~ q
Two further conventions may be noted:

when 'silent':
.Yf elsewhere: v
elsewhere omitted

Signs and abbreviations

• hypothetical form
t not in Gurii Nanak
> (has) become
< (is) derived from
x contaminated or affected by
+ extended by, used with
is etymological doublet of
'! doubtful
?'! very doubtful
J (Sanskrit) root

Numerals (in grammatical definitions)

1 first person
2 second person
3 .third person

Superscript letters (after references and frequency-counts)

a only as alliterative form
d only in the Qakhal)i (South-Western) style [based on Sir.]
r only· in rhyme
s only in the Sahaskriti style [based on Sk. forms]
t only in the Torki style [based on Pers.]

a. ablative
abs. absolutive
adj. adjective, adjectival
adv. adverb, adverbial
ag. agent, agentive
AG. Adi Granth
anal. formed by analogy
Ap. Apabhra~
app. apparently
Ar. Arabic
Brj. Braj
BSOAS Bulletin of the School of Oriental and Ajrican Studies
c. circa, about
cf. confer, compare
cj. conjunction
comm. commentaries
d. direct case
denom. denominative
der. derivative, derived form
dim. diminutive
dist. distinct, distinguished
e.g. exempli gratia, for example
emph. emphatic
encl. enclitic
ep. epithet
equ. equivalent to
esp. especially
ext. extension, extended as
r. feminine, feminine noun
F. Farid
fp. feminine plural
freq. frequent, frequently
fs. feminine singular
fut. future
gen. genitive
ger. gerundive
H. Hindi (Khari Boli)
i.e. id est, that is
imp. imperative
impers. impersonal
incl. including
ind. indeclinable
inf. infinitive
inn. innected, innexion
instr. instrumental
int. intensive, intensive compound
intj. interjection
inv. invariable
xx viii
K. Kashmiri
I. locative(-instrumental)
lit. literally
m. masculine, masculine noun
M2 Guru Ailgad
met. metathesis
MIA. Middle Indo-Aryan
mp. masculine plural
ms. masculine singular
neg. negative
nom. nominative
num. numeral
o. oblique case
on om. onomatopoeic .
opp. opposite, opposed to
p. plural
P. Panjabi (Majhi standard)
P. poth. Panjabi (Pothohari dialect)
part. particle
pass. passive
pd. plural direct
perh. perhaps
Pers. Persian
Pk. Prakrit
pl. plural locative
po. plural oblique
poss. possessive
pp. past participle
ppn. postposition
pr. pronoun
pref. prefix
prepn. preposition
pres. present
prob. probably
ptc. participle
pv. plural vocative
q.v. quod vide, which see
Rj. Rajasthani

xx ix
s. singular
s. Sindhi
sa. singular ablative
sd. singular direct
sim. similarly
Sir. Siraiki (Multani)
Sk. Sanskrit
sl. singular locative
so. singular oblique
suf. suffix
sv. singular vocative
syn. synonym
trad. traditionally
Turk. Turkish
u. Urdu
ult. ultimately
usu. usually
v. vocative
v.c. causative verb
v.i. intransitive verb
v.p. passive verb
VS. versus
v.s. substantive verb
v.t. transitive verb

Table of references

This explains the abbreviations used in references, and gives the corresponding
page numbers of the Adi Granth. Numerical references are to complete hymns,
stanzas (pau(i) or couplets (saloka), so AslO=Asa Ml 10; AsVlO=Asa ki vara
MI, paiiri 10: AsVlO.l =Asa kivara Ml, paiiri 10,saloku Ml, l. Verse-numbers
follow after a comma, but are cited only where necessary to avoid confusion.
In the list of titles, as. =asa!apadiam, and ch. =chanta. Authorship is shown
by the conventional sigla, i.e. Ml =Guru Nanak; M2=Guru Angad; M3
= Gurii Amar Das; M4 =Guru Ram Das; M5 =Guru Arjan. Compositions not
by Gurii Nanak are marked with a dagger.

As Asa Ml l-39 348-60

As A Asa Ml as. l-22 411-22
AsC Asa Ml ch. l-5 435-9
Asf tAsa Sekha Pharida jiu ki ba~ l-2 488
AsP Asa Ml paHi 432-4
AsSd Asa Ml so daru 1-3 8~10
AsSh Asa Ml sohila 2 12-13
AsSp Asa M 1 so purakhu 3 12
AsV Asa ki vara M 1 [tsaloka M2] 462-75
Ba Basantu M 1 1-3, 5- 7, 9-12 1168-72
BaA Basantu M 1 as. 1-8 1187-91
BgV Bihagare ki vara M4 [saloka Maradana, Ml] 553, 556
Bh Bhairaii M 1 1-8 1125-7
BhA Bhairaii M 1 as. 1 1153
Bl Billivalu M 1 1-4 795-6
BIA Billivalu M 1 as. 1-2 831-2
BlC Bilavalu Ml ch. 1-2 843-4
BIT Bilavalu M 1 thitirh 838-40
BIV Bilavala ki vara M4 [salo.ka Ml] 854
Oh Dhanasari Ml 1-9 66(}-3
DhA Dhaniisari Ml as. 1-2 685-6
DhC Dhaniisari M 1 ch. 1-3 687-9
DhSh Dhanasari Ml sohila 3 13
DO Ramakali Ml dakha~ oarhkiiru 929-38
Ga Gauri Ml 1-20 151-7
xx xi
GaA Gaiiri Ml as. 1-18 220-9
Gae Gaiiri Ml ch. 1-2 242-3
GaSh Gaiiri M 1 sohilii 1 12
Gj Giijari Ml 1-2 489
GjA Giijari Ml as. 1-5 435-9
JP Japu 1-8
MjA Miijha MI as. I 109
MjV Miijha ki viira Ml [tsaloka M2, M3, M4] 137-50
Ml Malara Ml 1-9 1254-7
MIA Malara Ml as. 1-5 1273-5
MIV Malara ki vara Ml [tsaloka M2, M3, M5] 1278-91
Mr Marii Ml 1-12 989-93
MrA Miirii Ml as. 1-11 1008-16
MrS Miirii Ml solahe 1-22 1020-43
MrV Marii ki vara M3 [saloka Ml, tM2] 1086-93
Pr Prabhiiti M I 1-9 1327-32
Pr A Prabhati M 1 as. 1-7 1342-5
Ra Ramakali Ml 1-11 876-9
RaA Ramakali M 1 as. 1-9 902-8
RaV Riimakali ki viira M3 [saloka Ml, tM2] 951-6
Sa Siirarhga M 1 1-3 1197-8
SaA Siirarhga Ml as. 1-2 1232-3
SaV Siirarhga ki vara M4 [saloka Ml, tM2] 1236-46
SG Ramakali M 1 siddha gosati 938-46
SI Saloka vararh te vadhika Ml 1-33 1410-12
SIF tSaloka Sekha Phaiida ke 1-130 ·13i7-84
SIS Saloka sahasakriti M 1 1-4 1353
So Sora!hi Ml 1-12 595-9
SoA Sora!hi M 1 as. 1-4 634-7
SoV Soralhi ki viira M4 [saloka Ml, tM2] 642, 648, 653
Sr Sririigu Ml 1-33 14-26
SrA Sririigu Ml as. 1-17, 28 53-64, 71-3
SrP Sririigu Ml pahare 1-2 74-6
SrV Sririiga ki vara M4 [saloka Ml, tM2] 83-5, 89, 91
Su Siihi Ml 1-9 728-31
SuA Siihi Ml as. 1-5 750-2
Sue Siihi Ml ch. 1-5 763-7

SuF tSiihi bliift Sekha Pharida Ji ki 1-2 794
SuK Siihi Ml kucajji 1-2 762-3
SuV Siihi ki vlira M3 [saloka Ml, tM2] 786--92
Ti Tilanga Ml 1-S 721-3
TiA Tilanga M 1 as. 1 724-5
TuB Tukhari M 1 ch. l birahamihli 1107-10
Tue Tukhliri M 1 ch. 2-6 1110-13
Va VaQahansu Ml 1-3 557-8
VaA Va4ahansu Ml allihal}ilim 1-5 578-82
VaC Va4ahansu Ml ch. 1-2 565-1
VaV Va4ahansa ki vlira M4 [saloka Ml] 590, 594

9H usa (emph. usahi), pr. 'that, him'. 2. [usu. form of usu before ppn.]
~fc usatti, v.t. 'throw, cast away'. 1. [ < 1890 utsma-]
~fa usatati, f. 'praise' ( + kari). 4. [for Sk. stuti-]
~rs usatidu, m. 'teacher, guru'. 1. [Pers. ustad]
~:9· usanu, adj., m. 'hot; heat, hot season'. 1. [for Sk. u~tJa-]

9fJfu ussari, v.i. 'be built'. 1. (1874 utsarati: = OSARI]

~tfu miri, v.t. 'build, construct'. 9. [1881 utsiirayati]
~ usu, pr. 'that, him, for him'. 2. [972 asau: so. of *uhu, which does not
occur (but see OHU): related forms are so. USA; sl. UTA 2, UTU, UNI;
uggavi, v.i. 'shoot, spring up, grow; rise (of the sun)'. 7. (1947
*udgamati: =OGAVI]
ugihi, f. 'evidence, witness' (+de). l. [Pers. gaviih"i: cf. tooAHU]
tugghap, v.i. 'open (of door)'. M2. (1968 *udgha{ati]
uccari, v.t. 'utter, pronounce, recite'. 4. [1641 uccarati: = OCARI]
ucci (ext. fsl.-ariai SuC3), adj. 'high; loud (of voice)'. 3. (1634 ucca-:
ucii, v.t. 'raise, lift'. 1. [ < 1634 ucca- (Pk. ucciivei)]
ucipati, f. 'goods taken on credit'. 1. [ < 1643 •ucciipyate?]
uchihi~i, adj. 'merry', in kiiru miire kiilu uchiihiirii MrS6' 'death
merrily strikes down the false'. 1'. [ext. of 1882 utsiiha-]
ujjali (-u), adj. 'bright, clean, beautiful; white· (of hair)': mukhu
ujjalu hoi 'face to be bright, i.e. be honoured, unsmirched'. 9. (1670
ujjvala-: = OJALU]
~rn ajja~, v.i. 'be uprooted, laid waste, ruined'. I. [1661 *ujjafati]

~Tf'a ujiri, v.t. 'make (lamp) shine'. 1'. [1669 *ujjviirayati]

~l(')T ujili, m. 'light, shining, dawn'. 2'. [1673 *ujjviilaka-: = UJIA.LA.]
~tfu uji~, v.t. 'uproot, lay waste, ruin'. 1'. [1661 *ujjiifayati]
~fi:n>r>or ujiiri, m. 2'. [ = UJIALA]
~fnl>lw ujiiilii, m. 'light, shining, dawn'. 2'. [1673 *ujjviilaka- ( x 386
andhakiira-): = UJALA, UJIARA]
_.,. tujii, m. 'Muslim ritual ablution' ( + siiji). F. [Ar. vuiu]
ujjhari, v.i. 'be scattered, ruined, destroyed'. 1. [1675 •ujjharati]
ujjha~. m. 'trackless country, wilderness' : sl. ujjhari as adv.
'astray', sim. ujjhara piii 2 MIV16 'having caused to go astray'. 7.
[1660b •ujja!a- (with -jh- < 1674 ujjhati'?); =S. ojharu: = OJHA~u]
U!hii, v.t. 'lift, take up (burden)'. 2. (1903 •ut-sthiipayati:=VTHAL(
u!hili, v.t. 'lift, raise: rouse (sleepers)'. 3. [ v.c. < UTfHt: = U'fHAI]
U!Jhi (abs. also l!Hhi), v.i. 'rise, get up': uHhijiii, uHhi ca Iii 'get up and
go, die, depart'. 31. [1900 •ut-sthiiti]
u_,4ari, v.i. 'fly'. 3. [1_697 u<!<!ayate x 2001 •uddriiti: = UJ?r;>l]
u4ii, v.t. 'cause to fly; waste, squander'. 4. [1697 uf/f/iipayati]
u~~i. v.i. 'fly, ny up, ny away' (int. + jiii). 10. [1697 u44ayate:
=Ut;>J?ARI, ODI)
t~~i, adj. 'sad, fearful', in viifa hamiiri khari ut!iTJi SuFl. F'.
[ < 2001 •uddriiti 'flees']
uta 1, adv. 'there', only as ita uta 'everywhere'. 8. [see JATA]
uta 2 (as emph. utahi), pr. 'that, in that, it,' by it'. 3. [=urn]
uttaiagi, adj. 'tall, long-limbed', in uttangi paiohari Sil. 1. [1794
uttunga- 'lofty']
utapati, f. 'creation, birth, production'. 3. [Sk. utpatti-: cf. OPATI]
utabhuju, m. 'creative power': in p. 'plants (which sprout from the
earth): the vegetable kingdom, one of the four types of living
creature'. 7. [for Sk. udbhijja-]
uttamu, adj. 'high, exalted: excellent, best'. 6. [ 1765 (or ~k.) uttama-:

~fu uttari (imp. 3s. -asu JP20), v.i. 'cross, pass over; alight, descend: be
removed, come off. 13. [1770 uttarati]
~ uttaru, m. 'answer', as uttaru de 'answer, account for, dismiss'. 3.
[1767 uttara-]
~rfu utiimhi, adv. 'upwards, up'. [uttamasmin: cf. tuTTAI]
93TQ' utiri, m. 'passage across, deliverance'; 5. [1791 uttiira-]
~rfu utiri, v.t. 'take across, deliver: remove, get rid of. 10. (1770
utivali, adj. 'quick, swift'. l'. [1788 •uttiipala-]
utu, pr. 'that, iii that'. 1. [ = UTA2: see usu]
tuttai, ppn. 'on'. F. [uttamasmin: cf. UTAMHI]
uthipi, v.t. 'remove', only as thiipi uthapi 'establish and remove,
create and destroy (of God)'. 11. (1904 •ut-sthapyate]
udaku, m. 'water'. 2. [Sk. udaka-]
udaru, m. 'belly; womb'. 5. [Sk. udara-]
udisi (-ii, -u 1), adj. 'indifferent, turned away from the world,
detached': m. 'yogi who is detached from the world'. 19. [Sk.
udisu 2 , m. 'detachment'. 1 (RaV12.4'). [Sk. udiisa-]
udiini, m. 'forest, jungle'. 4•. [Sk. udyiina- 'park']
udai, m. 'rising (of the sun)'. 1. [Sk. udaya-]
udosihi, m., in udo,siihai Ida nisiiniSl29, comm. 'what is the mark of
breathlessness?'. [2433 urdhvaAviisa- (cf. UBBHX) with ud- perh.
<Sk. udita- 'risen']
udosia, f. in udosia ghare hi vu!fhi Sl29, comm. 'confusion has
rained, i.e. fills the whole house'. I. [app. by-form connected with

9ufa uddhari, v.i. 'be saved'. "1. (2009 uddharati]

~Tfu udhiri, v.t. 'save, deliver'. 9. (2009 uddhiirayati]
~() unha, pr. 'those, them'. I. [ = UNHAM]
~() tunna, f. 'wool'. F. [2424 ur'}ii-]
~O"H§ unamanu, m. 'state of ecstasy'. I. [Sk. unmanas-]
~lifu' unavi, v.i. 'bow down; lower (of gathering clouds)'. J. [788
avanamati: =ONAVI]
~qt unhiril, pr. 'those, them'. I. [ = UNHA; see usu]
~f(i uni, pr. 'that, by that'. 1. [see usu]
~ upaka~•hu, m. 'neighbourhood', as nadi upaka'J!hi MIA2 'beside a
river'. 1. [Sk. upakaPJ!ha-]
tupakiru, m. 'help, service, benefit'. M2•. [Sk. upakiira-]
upajampi, v.i. '11ilently recite', in riimi niimi cittu riipai jii kii, upajampi
darasanu kijai tii kii GaAl6, i.e. 'silently reciting the Name to
oneselr [hardly as most comm. 'at dawn, always']. 1. [Sk.
upajapati 'whisper' x JAMPI]
upaj~ (pp. -iii, upannii), v.i. 'be produced, created, born'. 42. [1814
utpadyate: = OPAJI]
YuoT upa"hii, adj. 'upside down', in nadari upaUhije kare AsVlfi 'if He
looks askance'. 1. (1831 •utpr;~!ha-: cf. POTHO]
fupadesi, v.t. 'teach, instruct'. M2. [ <UPADESU]
upadesu, m. 'instruction, direction, teaching' ( + kari). 8. [Sk.
upannii, pp. ofUPAJI 'produced, created, born'. (3). [1814 utpanna-]
upami, f. 'praise' ( + iikhi, kari). 3. [Sk. upamii- 'comparison']
uppari, adv. 'up, above'; also ppn. 'above, on, upon': a. upparamhu
AsAll, adv. 'from above'. 25. (2333 •uppari: = OPARI]
upii (pp. upiiiii, fs. + 3s. sut: upiiianu VaCl, fs. upiiti MjVI'), v.t.
'produce, bring forth, create'. 92. [1814 utpiidayati]
9ul'QMO" upirajanii, f. 'creation'. 1. [Sk. upiirjanii.. 'acquisition' ( .x UP.A.I)]
~~ upetii~, adj. 'bare', as pagga upetiir:ui AsV9.2 'barefoot'. 1. [ext.
< 1811 •utpatta-?]
~fu ubbari, v.i. 'be saved, be delivered'. 17. [ < 2356 •urvara-: =OBA Rt]
~Tfu ubia:i, v.t. 'save, deliver'. 11'. [v.t. <UBBARI]
~ST ubbhii, adj. 'standing': ubbhe siiha MjVl.2 'panting, short of breath'.
2. [2426 iirdhva-, and cf. 2433 iirdhvaAviisa-( > UDOSAH.4.): = OBHA]
fwnmarn, f. 'life'. F. [Ar. 'umr]
umare, mp. 'nobles, grandees'. 1. [Ar. umarii, p. of amir]
urasi, m. 'slab of stone on which sandal-wood is ground'. 1. [??;
= P., cf. S. uraso, H. hursa]
~Y§ urabiru, m. 'garland (for the breast, heart)'. ir. [URU + HARU 1 ]
taf5 arnjhi, v.i. 'be caught, be entangled'. 3. [2221 uparudhyate]
~u uradha {-1), adv. 'up, upwards; upside down (in the womb)'. 9. [for
Sk. iirdhvam]
~uTfu uradhilri, v.t. 'fix in the heart, fix the heart upon' (int. + rakkhi). 11.
~ 111nviiru, m. 'near bank, this side (of river, etc.)'. 2. (810 •avarapiira-]
~ eru, m. 'heart', as uri dhiiri, uridhiiri [ =URADHARI] 'fix in the heart'.
11. [2350 uras-: cf. URAHARU, URADHARI]
~ ula!i, v.i. 'be upset, reversed; turn away (from the world)': abs. ula{i
also as adv. 'back, again'. 7.. [2368 •ulla!yate]
~ ulafu (-o~ adj. 'upset, reversed; turned away (from the world)'. 5.
ulatdli (ext. mpd. -are SrP2), pp. of •ulahi •descended, alighted'. 1.
[•avalasta-: cf. LATIHA]
~T ulisi, adj. •happy'. ir. [2375 ullasa-]
~T ulimbi, m. ·reproach, complaint'. 1. [2314 upalambha-:
Dlattii, adj. ·1ost, astray, gone for nothing'. 1r. [ < 2073 udvartman-]

iisari, v.i.•be built'. 1. [ = USSARI]

iigaYi, v.i. •shoot up; become manifest'. 2. [ = UGGAVI]
iirilgba, f. •steep'. 2. [901 •avonghil-]
iicari, v.t. •utter, pronounce'. 1. [ = UCCARI]
urilci, or icii (-aii), adj. •high, lofty, tall': int. umco iimca ·very high'.
23. ( ::= uccA]
iichnti, v.i. •overflow'. 1. [1843 ucchalati]
iijalu (-o), adj. 'bright, clear, clean'. 12. ( = UJJALA]
iijll8~ m. •trackless country, wilderness'. 1. [ =UJJHA~u]
iiril"8, adj. 'deep, down', in t/iibi makuri ... ii'"4f sira kai bhilri SoA2
[if not •jn its web' (1699 u1,14uka- 'net')?], and prob. in akhali ii'"4f
MlA4. 2. [2402 •u'JtJa- •deep']
~i, v.i. 'fly, fly up'. 4. [ =U~~1]
ii~, adj. •empty, empty-handed': ur,ae jhuJJe SuC5 •empty and
exhausted'. 3. [2405 iina- 1]
iitamu (-ii), adj. •high, exalted; excellent, best'. 22. [ = UTIAMU]
iirildaru, m. 'rat'. 1. [2095 undura-]
iimdbaii (-o), adj. •upside down'. 6. [804 avamiirdha-]
iinaYi, v.i. 'bow down; lower (of gathering clouds)'. 2. [ = UNAVI]
iipaji, v.i. •be produced, created, born'. 15. [ =UPAn]
iipari, adv. •up, above'; also ppn. •above, on, upon'. 17. [ =UPPARI]
iibari, v.i.•be saved'. 1. [ =UBBARI]
iibhi (-au), adj. •standing'. S. [ =UBBHA]
iibbi, adv. •up, upwards; in-ihe sky, in heaven., 3. [2426 iirdhva-: d.
iiradhi, adv. 'up'. 1. [Sk. iirdhvam ( x OBHI)]
iirama, f. •wave, i.e. sea.' 1. [Sk. iirmi-]
iiri, adj. 'incomplete', in tum purii hama ure So5. 1. [O~A x POR

iiri, m. 'the letter U'. l.

oarilkiru, m. 'God (as the primal being)'. 6. [Sk. omkiira- 'the sacn
syllable om, etc.']
oi (emph. oi AsV16.2), pr. 'those, they'. 13. [see OHU]
osu (osa before ppn.), pr. 'that, him'. 2. [see OHU]
ohiru, m., in jhai:a jhakhai:a ohiii:a laharim vahanhi lakhesari SI·
comm. 'floods' [as equ. of P. hai:h ( <?)], but perh. better 'fier<
rain-storms'. I. [ <850 ava~iyate 1 ??; cf. S. ohiro for sense (not R
ohii{ 'flotsam'??)]
ohi 1 (ohi 1 Sl6), intj. 'alas!': ohi kari 'lament, moan, groan'. •
ohu (emph. ohi2 , oho MIV19.2; fsd. oha, emph. ohii MIV19.2, ohc
MrA 1r; pd. ohi 2 ), pr. 'that, he, she, it'; p. 'those, they'. 47. (972 asa1
related forms are so. osu (and cf. VA); sl. OTU; pd. OI; po. ONHAM; p
ONHTM (and see USU)]
togihu, m. 'witness'. F'. [Pers. gaviih: cf. UGAHI]
ojiru (-ii), m. 'waste, wasteland; ruin, destruction'. 3. (16601
o,a, f. 'shelter, protection' ( + gahi). 1. [2544 *oua-]
o~hi, v.t. 'put on, wear'. 1. [2547 •ot14h-]
otiku, m. 'sitting place, abode'. 1. [Turk. >Pers. o@q; cf. S. o@q1
'men's sitting-room': =AUTAKU]
otu, pr. 'that, with that'. 1. [see OHU]
othai, adv. 'there'. 16. [see AITHAI]
onamu, m. 'the letter O', as onama akkharu DO 1, i.e. as standing fo1
oamkiiru 'God'. 2. [comm. also as Sk. om nama~ 'glory be to God!':
onhiril, pr. 'those, them'. 8. [see OHU]
onhiril, pr. 'by those, by them'. 4. [see OHU]
opati, f. 'creation, birth': opati khapati 'creation and destruction
birth and death'. 6. (1812 utpatti-: cf. UTAPATI]
omihi (-ao'), m. 'great joy, rapture'. 6. (2120 unmiitha-]
omi, adj .. m. 'illiterate, unlearned'. 2. [Ar. ummi],
oru 1 , f.? 'side', in ciihaurit tujha oru BaAI' 'I want to be beside You,
go towards You'. l'. [812 avarii- 1 ]
oru 2, m. 'end, limit', in kathani kathaiim na iivai oru GaA4. I'.
orai, ppn. 'below'. 1. (805 avarena]
olhagi, m. 'servant, retainer'. 2. (Pk. olaggi- (ult <Dravidian,
rather than 822 avalagna- -SVrev.)]
olhimi, m. 'reproach, complaint'. 2. [ = ULHAMA]
oraku, m. 'end, limit': sl. oraki, as adv. 'in the end, at last'. 2. ( 01.W +
-k(k)-: =P. orak]
oru. m. 'end, limit'. 1. [??: =ORU , o~AKU]

,,_ A
aiiha!hi (-a), f., comm. as 'the heart', in aiihafhi hasata marhi gharu
chiiiii RaA9, auha!hi hasata marithi bhikhiii jiici Pr16, auha!ha
pa!falJa marithi bhikhiii karai RaV12.3. 3. [??]
aiikhadhu, m. 'medicinal herb, medicine': aukhadha kari 'apply
remedies'. 3. [Sk. au~adha-]
aiikhi, adj. 'difficult, hard: in difficulties, hard-pressed'. 7. [414
ll@"a!R"nf TQ 1 . aiig&':Jiiri, adj. 'sinful'. 1. [ =AVAGA~IARU]
~s aiigai:-u, m. 'defect, blemish; fault, sin'. 14. [ = AUGu~u. AVAGAl"."U]
~~ aiigui:-avanti, f. 'woman full of faults or sin'. 1. [=A VAGANA VANTT]
~ aiigu':Ju, m. 3. t = AUGAf'."U]
~ aiigha,u, adj. 'difficult, hard (of road)'. 1. [ =AVAGHATU]
~ aiitiku, m. 'sitting-room, reception room'. 1. [ =OTAKU]
~19 aiitiru, m. 'birth, appearance'. l'. [=AVATARU]
~ aiitu, adj. 'childless'. 1. (490 aputra-]
~ aiidhii, m. 'yogi', usu. as term of address. 17. [ = AUDHOTU]
~~ aiidhiitu (-ii', -i), m. 'one who has shaken off the world, yogi:
-=- mendicant ascetic, beggar'. 7. [Sk. avadhuta-: = AUDHO]
aiiru (emph. pd. -i RaV14.1J, pr., adj. 'other, another, else': also cj.
'and'. 5. [ =AVARU]
aiili, adv. 'first', in avali auli dinu kari mif!hii MjV8.1 [but comm.
'the religion of the saints' <Ar. auliyii (?)]. 1. [ =AVALI]

ansa: see ANSU

asankha (-ii), adj. 'countless, innumerable'. 33. [Sk. asamkhya"]
asagihu, adj. 'very deep (of water)'; m. 'very deep water, bottomless
ocean'. 6. [Sk. *asagiiha-: cf. AGAHU]
BSa!&, num. 'eight': asa!a sidhi (-im), f. 'the eight magical powers':
asa!a dasii 'the eighteen (Purar:ias)': asa!a dhiitu 'the eight metals'. 6.
[Sk. a~!ii: cf. ATfHA]
lJIHC>it asatami, f. '8th day of lunar fortnight'. 1. [Sk. a~!ami-]
bf'Rf3 ascti, v.s. 'is'. 31• [Pers. ast]
asathumbhu, m. 'support, prop'. 2. [for Sk. stambha-: cf. THAMMHU]
bfR"S"£i asathiinu, m. 'place'. 3. [for Sk. sthiina-: cf. THANU]
lJfHfay asatbiru, adj. 'fixed, firm, permanent'. 15. [for Sk. sthira-: cf. THIRU]
~l asanii, f. 'knowledge, acquaintance'. 1•. [Pers. iishniii]
bfR~ asanehu, m. 'love'. 2. [for Sk. sneha-: =SANEHO; cf. NEHU]
asaminar,m. 'sky, heaven'. 6. [Pers. iismiin]
llfITTJ1£5 asariilu, adj. 'terrifying, fearful (of ocean, etc.)'. 4. [foriiru- 'noxious
(creature)', with same generalization of sense as AJAGARu?; cf. Rj.
as(s)ariil 'fearful', but P. asriil 'large snake, alligator']
asariipu, m. 'essential form, nature, identity'. 4. [for Sk. svarupa-:
=SAR0PU 1)
asali, adv. 'really'. 1. [Ar. asl: =ASULOM]
asaviru, adj. 'mounted': also m. 'rider, horseman'. 2. (926 a~vaviira­
(or directly <Pers. asviir?)]
essaril (ext. asiimha Srl<Y), pr. 'us, our'. 2. [see ASSIM]
asihu, adj. 'without breath', injetejiajivamhi lai siihilmjiviile tam ki
asiiha MjV 14.1 •,comm. 'why ~hould He not give them life without
breath?'. 1'. [a- + SAHU 3 )
asiitJji, poss. pr. 'our'. 1. [<ASSAM: equ. HAMARA 1]
asii~hu, m. 'the month June-July'. 1. (1473 ii~ii<!ha-: =AHA~Hu]
assi, (as ext. o. asihiim MjVl.3), num. '80'. 1. [911 a§iti-]
llfHt assiril, pr. 'we'. 5. [986 asmad- (>MIA. •asmehim): cf. o. ASSAM,
poss. ASAJ?A; = HAMA 1 ]
b!HlH asisa (ext. pd. ·ariam), f. 'blessing' ( + de). 1. ( =ASISA)
ansu (-a'), m. 'share, part'. 3. [2 amfo-]
assunu, m. 'the month September-October'. 2. (1472 asvina-]
asura, mp. 'demons', as asura samghiiri 'destroy demons'. 3. [Sk.]
asuJum, adv. 'really, basically'. 1. [Ar. a.SI; =Sir. aslUm: =ASALI]
~ abaril, m.? 'ego, pride'. 2. [Sk. aham 'I': cf. HAUM]
l!K1aQ5 ahamkarai;au, m. 'ego, pride'. 2. (Sk ahamkaraJJa-]
~ abnrilkiri, adj. 'proud': also m. 'egotist'. 4. [Sk. ahamkiirin-]
aharilkiru (-ar, -o'), m. 'ego, .egotism, pride, self-centredness'. 27.
[Sk. ahamkara-]
llKref'c ahara~, f. 'anvil'. 1. [252 adhikara~i-]
'lllQ~ abalii, f. 'Ahalya, wife of the r~i Gotama, seduced by Indra'. 1.
~ ahavila, m. 'state, condition'. ttr. [Ar. ab_viil, p. of b_iil: equ. HALU]
'llra"!J ahiju, adj. 'not to be eaten, i.e. forbidden, unclean', in khiiIJii khiiju
ahaju SaV14.2r. 1r. [akhadya-]
ahiraril (-o), m. 'food'. 2. [ =AHARU]
ahi~, f. 'the Rabi' crop, spring harvest'. 1. (1474 ii~ii<Jhiya-]
ahi~u, m. 'the month June-July; the spring harvest'. I.
ahi 1, adv. 'then, thus' (?), in riimacandi miirio ahi riivanu SG40
[comm. 'in his pride' ( <AHAM)??] I. [230 atha (Pk. aha)]
tahi 2, pr. 'this', in ahi tanu 4heri thisiSuF2. F. [ = IHU, EHU; cf. AITU]
arilhi, v.s. 'are', in te nara viralejii~a amhi Prl3 [notjiiIJaamhi as S].
1. [see HAI]
ahinisi, adv. 'day and night; all the time, always'. 65. [aharni.fom]
ahili, adj. 'entire', as ahiliijanamu gamviii 'waste one's entire life'. 3.
[akhila-: cf. AKHALA]
ahai, v.s. 'is'. I. [see HAI]
akka: see AKKU
ailkasu, m. 'elephant goad'. 2. [Sk. ariku~a-]
akathu (-au, -o,-au), adj. 'not to be spoken of, indescribable': akatha
kathii, f. 'description of the indescribable': akathu kahi, kath(
'describe the indescribable'. 33. [Sk. akath ya-]
akalapatu, adj. 'uncontrived, uninvented'. 1. [Sk. akalpita-]
akali (-a 1), f. 'reason, sense, understanding'. 11. [Ar. 'aql]
akalu, adj. 'uncontrived, not fabricated': akala kala, f. 'uncontrivec
art'. 4. [a- + KALA]
akisu, m. 'sky, heaven'. 4. [ =AKASU]
akiru, m. 'form'. I'. [=AKA.RU]
akilu, adj. 'not subject to time or death:, as akala purakhu, m
'Being beyond time', and akala murati 'Whose form is timeless
immortal'. 2. [a- + KALU 1]
akku, m. 'the swallow-wort Calotropis gigantea, a desert plam
with a poiscmous .milky juice': akka ti4r/ii, m. 'large greer
grasshopper living on the akk'. 5. (625 arka- 2 : =AKU]
anku, m. 'body': anki samiii 1 'be embraced': anki car:hai 'rub on th(
body'. 21. .(Sk. anka-: cf. ANGU]
akuli~u. adj. 'without family (of God)'. 1. [but Sk. akulina- 'low·
akulu, adj. 'without family, i.e. unrelated to anything, absolute (ol
God)'. 7. [but Sk. akula- 'low-born']
akiiani, m. 'silence, lack of communication'. ld. (a- + 3389b Jki.
. 'cry out']
akkharu, m. 'word, syllable, letter': prob. adj. 'indestructible', in
akkhara niinaka akkhio api MjV27.2. 21. (38 ak~ara-]
akhali, adj. 'entire', in akhali uriufl jalu bharaniili MlA4 'the entire
(earth) is deeply sunk in the water of the ocean'? fbut hardly as
some comm. 'the stork has flown away, but the water is still in the
ocean']. 1. [Sk. akhila-: cf. AHILA]
akkhi (p. akkhim), f. 'eye'. 10. (43 ak~i-: =AMKHI]
akkhio, adj. 'undecaying', in akkhara niinaka akkhio iipi MjV2'/.2
[but comm. also 'uttered' (Pk. akkhiya-)]. J. [36 ak~aya-]
akhu~i, in hindu mule bhuler· khufi jiimhi BgV20.2, comm. 'astray',
etc. 1. [*aksu~yate? ( cf. 1 33 *ak~ofayati: 1036 *iikhufati 'trips'
seems very improbable); c . P. poth. akhuf'}ii 'be exhausted']
akhu~fu (-au), adj. 'inexhaustible (of wealth)'. 2. [Pk. akhu!{ia- (cf.
3895 *khu!fa-): =AKHOTU, AKHOTU]
akhii~u. adj. 1'. [ = AKHUTTu]
akhofu, adj. l '. [ =AKHUTTU)
aggamhu, adv. 'from before', in aggarhhu dekhai piccharhhu dekhai
Gal 7 ·he looks (stealthily) all around'. 1. [a. of AGGAI]
agacchami, adj. 'not going, permanent'. l. [der. of a- + 3955
gacchati (cf. Sk. agaccha-)]
aga~tu, adj. 'unreckonable, incalculable'. 2. [a- + GA~ATA]
agadu, m. 'marriage', as agadu par:hi 'perform Muslim marriage
ceremony'. l. [Ar. 'aqd 'knot, marriage-tie']
agani, f. 'fire; burning desire'. 54. [Sk. agni-: cf. AGGI, AG!]
agamu, also agammu, adj. 'unapproachable, inaccessible (of God)':
agama pure 'into the inaccessible city (where God dwells)'. 33. [Sk.
agamya-: =AGAMAM]
agaru, m. 'fragrant aloe-wood'. 3. (49 agaru-]
aggali (-o), adj. 'much, great, abundant; more, increased'. 11. (68
agra- + -la-: =AGALA]
agibu, adj. 'very deep, unfathomable, bottomless'. 2. [a- + GAHU:
agiji, adj.? 'manifested, revealed', in dekhi guf!iim anahada sabada
agiijii SuC3r.. 1r. [comm. <GAJI(??)]
agidhi, adj. 'unfathomable, bottomless'. 2. [Sk. •agiidhya- (or for
agiidha-): cf. AGAHU]
agimaril, adj. 'inaccessible'. 1r. [ = AGAMU]
tamgiru, m. 'burning charcoal'. P. [125 angiira-: =AMGI.\RU]
aggi, f. 'fire, burning desire'. 8. [55 agni- 1: =AGI; cf. AGANI]
agiini (-ii'), adj. 'ignorant'. 3. [Sk. ajnanin-]
agiinu, m. 'ignorance'. 7. [Sk. ajnana-]
amgiiru, m. 'burning matter, coal, spark'. 1'· [ =t AMGARU (with -i-
< AG01?)]
ailgu, m. 'body': ongi car:hai 'rub on the body'. 5. (114 anga- 1 (or 100
anka-): cf. ANKU)
ailplu, m. 'finger's breadth', in trai sata angula vaim SG58, 60 'the
breaths which, when exhaled, are said to proceed a distance of ten
finger's breadths from the nostrils'. 2. (134 arigula-]
arilgiiru, m., (-i), r. 'sprout, shoot; fresh vegetation'. 2. [ 112 ankiira-]
aggai, adv. 'before, beforehand; in front; rurthei:, ahead': also ppn.
'before': aggai gaiam 'having gone ahead, i.e. proceeded to the next

world': aggai piichai 'before and behind, in all directiom
everywhere'. 32. [68 agre{1Ja): =AGAI; cf. AGGAMHU]
aggom, adv. 'before, beforehand', ext. aggom de AsAll: aggom piccl
MjV26.1 'one after another'. 2. [73 agratas]
agocaru, adj. 'beyond reach (of the senses), imperceptibh
inscrutable (of God)'. 20. [Sk. agocara-]
agha!Q, adj. 'unfashioned, disordered', as agharu gha1Jivai SG2
'sets the disordered (mind) in order'. 1. [a- + GHA~I]
aghii, v.i. 'be full, be sated'. 2r. (1062 iighriipayati: = AGHAI]
aghulli, v.i. 'escape (from the world), be saved'. 2. [a- + GHUL(
ailiaanu (ext. sl. -are VaA3), m. 'courtyard', 1. (118 angana·
taiica, f. 'injury, pain', in tinnhiim anca na liiga SIF82. MS.
acaraju, m. 'wonder, marvel'. 1. [for Sk. a~carya-]
acaru, 'unconsumable', as acaru carai AsA3 'consumes th
unconsumable (i.e. the passions, etc.)'. 1. [a- + CARI]
aiicalu, m. 'hem of garment'. 1. (168 ancala-]
nciiru, m. 'good conduct, right living: rule of conduct'. 7. [ = ACA
lllffl3r acintii (-u), adv. 'unexpectedly, suddenly'. 3. [Sk. acintita-]
acetu (-ii), adj. 'heedless, senseless, foolish'. 9. [Sk. acetas-]
nchalu (-io), adj. 'who may not be deceived'. 3. [a- + CHALi]
llft@ ajarilhu, adv. 'still, yet'. 2. [a. <AJAI]
lJrtra@ ajagaru, adj. 'frightful, terribly big'.. 2. [Sk. ajagara- 'bo
llti19 niijanu (-o), m. 'collyrium, kohl': anjanu anji, siiri 2 'apply collyriur
to the eyes'. 16. (170 anjana-]
ajapii, adj. 'unrecited', as ajapcijcipu, m. 'silent, ~nner recitation'.:
[a- + JAPU)
njabu, m. 'wonder, marvel'. 1. [Ar. 'ajab]
ajariiilu, m. 'Azrael, the angel of death'. 2. [Ar. 'azriill]
njnriivaru, adj. 'unageing, immortal'. 2. [for Sk. ajariimara-]
njaru 1, adj. 'undecaying, i.e. strong, powerful (of the world, desire)
in aiara gahu jiiri lai Mr9. 1. [Sk. ajara-]

ajaru , adj. 'unendurable', as ajarujarai '.endures the unendurable,
i.e. achieves the highest mystical state'. 2. [a- + JAR1 2]
ajiiril, adv. 'in vain'. 1r. [a- + 1.J.1 3?; = P.: syn. AV.I.I]
ajirilci, adj. 'not to be tested, not t~ be guessed at'. 2. [a- + JAMCI]
aji1_1u (-ii', -antii SaV13.1'), adj. 'ignorant'. 4. [a- + JA~U 3 (and cf.
Sk. ajanant-)]
ajiti, adj. 'casteless, having no caste (of God); outcaste'. 2. [a- +
aiiji, v.t. 'apply collyrium'. 1. [169 aiijati: =AMJI]
ajju, adv. 'today': aju kali karadiam VaA4 'saying he'll do it today
or tomorrow'. 2. [242 adya: =Aiu]
ajiini, adj. 1. [a- + JONI: = AJONl]
ajai, adv. 'still, yet, even now'. 2. [245 adyaiva: cf. AJAMHU]
ajoni, adj. 'not born, not entering existence (of God)'. 10. [Sk.
ayoni-: =AJONJ]
a!alu, adj. 'immoveable, permanent, fixed (of God)'. 2. [a- + TALI]
a!tha, num. 'eight': arfhim MjV17.1 'all eight watches, all day_ and
night'. 2. [941 Qffa: cf. ASATA]
a!hasa.hi (afhisafhi MjV20.2), num. '68; the 68 (sacred bathing
places to which pilgrimage is made)'. 19. [953 a~fa~a~fi-]
atthattara, num. '78', as st a!{hattarai Ti5 'in the year S. 1578
(=A.O. 1521)'. 1. [954 a~fasaptati-]
a!fhavim, adj. 'eighth'. 1. [937 a~fama-]
a!hiraha (afhiira Sr26, SaVl.3), num. '18; the 18 (Purai:ias)'. 6. (946

ll!CXJT ta!hiihim, m. 'scorpion'. M2. (12081 vrscika-( >MIA. *v~cchuma-)
x A"fTHA, i.e. 'having eight legs']
a1_14aja, mp. 'birds, fish, snakes (which are all born from eggs), one
of the four types of living creature; the world'. 4. [Sk.]
a~ambaru, m. 'pomp, display, ostentation'. 1. [Sk. af!ambara-]
aflfhu, adj. 'unseen, ·invisible'. 1'. [238 adma-: cf. ADISATLJ,
a~olu, adj. 'unwavering, fixed'. 4. [a- + f?OLI]
a~hii, num. '2t'. 1. [651 ardhatrtiya-]
a~c;lhu, m. 'a half damri ( =i pice), mite, farthing'. 1. (644 ardha- 2:
cf. ADDHU)
a~-. neg. pref. used with pres. ptc. and pp., forming noun in
arJahomdii AsV9, m. 'non-existence': elsewhere forming adv. with
sense of 'without', thus OIJajiinata 'without knowing', anarji(hii
'without looking', arJanhatiiim 'without bathing', arJamangiiim
'without being asked', O'Javiciiri 'without reOecting', 9. fSk. ana-
> Pk. O'JO-]
ai:-ai, v.t. 'get, buy'. 2. [1174 iiniiyoyati]
antaragati (antarigati Prl2), f. 'inner state, the heart'; also adv. (sl.)
'in the heart'. 5. [Sk. antargati-]
antarajimi, m. 'inner guide'. 4. [Sk. antaryiimin-]
antari (-e'), adv. 'inside, within, in the heart': also ppn. 'inside, in'.
140. [Sk. antare: cf. ANDARI]
antaru, m. 'the inside, the heart'. 10. [Sk. antaro-]
ati, adv. 'very, much, extremely', written as separate word before
adj., like ati siiiJJii 'very clever': also f. 'excess', in tarri hum MjV22. I
(M2) 'excessively, violently'. 31. [Sk.]
atitu (-a'), adj. 'passed beyond (the world); wholly detached (from
the world)': also m. 'yogi, sannyasi'. 15. [Sk. atita-]
fatimu, m. 'orphan, helpless person'. F. [Ar. yotim]
antu, m. 'end, limit': sl. anti (-e), as adv. 'in the end. at last', sim. anti
t•i:ira MIV6': anti (-a) kiili, adv. 'at (the time of) the end, at death'. 90.
[Sk. a11ta-]
atulu, adj. 'not to be weighed or reckoned (of Godf. 3. [a- + TULi
(vs. Sk. atul.i·a- 'unequalled'): equ. ATOLU]
atai. cj. 'and'. 3. (5647 tathiipt?: =TAI]
atola-vim. adj .. 2. [ext. of ATOLU]
atolu, adj. ·not to be weighed or reckoned (of God)'. 3. [a- + TOLi:
athakku, adj. 'unceasing, unbroken (of lamp burning)'. l. [a- +
atharabar,tu, m. 'the Atharvaveda'. 3. [Sk. athan•a11-]
athihu (-ii'), adj. 'very deep, profound': also m. 'deep ocean'. 6. [980
ast hiigha-]
andaramhu. adv. 'from inside, on the inside: from the heart'. 4. [a. of

andari, adv. 'inside, within, in the heart': also ppn. 'inside, in'. 56.
[357 antare: cf. ANTARI]
adall, m. 'dispenser of justice, judge'. 1. [ < ADALU]
adalu, m. 'justice', as adalu kari 'dispense justice, judge'. 3. [Ar. 'ad/]
adisa~u. adj. 'invisible'. 2. [Sk. adma-: =ADRJSA"fU; cf. AJ)T"fHU]
amdesi, m. 'worry, anxiety'. 7. [Pers. andesha]
adrisafu, adj; l. [ =ADISATU]
adha, adv. 'below', as adha iiradhiGaAl 7 'below and above, in hell
or heaven'. 1. [Sk. adha~: = ARADHA]
addha: see ADDHU
adhaki, adj. 'additional'. 1. [ = ADHIKU]
andhali, adj; 'blind'. 2. [ = ANDHULA]
andhi (-au, -iitii Ga15'), adj. 'blind, unaware; dark': int. andho
andhii 'quite blind'. 34. [385 andha(ka)-: = ANDHU, ANNHA]
amdhiri (-u, -o'), m. 'darkness': also adj. 'dark'. 4. [386 andhakiira-:
adhiru (-ar, ~o~, m. 'su~port, prop. mainstay'. 24. [ = ADHARU]
adhiitamu, m. 'the soul (as agent of action)', in adhiiitama karama
'spiritual actions'. 2. [Sk. adhyiitma-]
amdhiiri (-u), adj. 'blindness; darkness': also adj. 'blind; dark'. 10.
adhikiru, m. 'authority, power'. 1r. [Sk. adhikiira-]
adhiku (-au; ext. -iiiSaA2r, Ml3), adj. 'additional, increased; much,
great'. 13. [Sk. adhika-: =ADHAKA]
addhu (-a), adj., m. 'half: adha pandhai VaA4, adv. 'half way': tudhu
bhiivai addhi paravii1Ju Dh6 'if he pleases you for half (a moment)'
[rather than as some comm. 'thoughtless person' ( <Sk. dhi-)]. 4.
[644 ardha- 2 : = ADHOA; cf. AJ;>I;>HU, ARADHU]

andhu, adj. 'blind, unaware; dark': andha_ghoru 'quite blind'. 38.

andhuli (-au), adj. 'blind, unaware'. 28. (385 andha- + -la-:
adhiii, num. 'half, in na adhiiii riii GjA4. 1. [*ardhuka-: = ADDHU]
amdhiili, ·adj. 1. [ = ANDHULA]

~T amdhera, m. 'darkness'; also adj. 'dark'. 8. [386 *andhikiira·
arildhyiri, m. 'darkness'. 1r. [ = AMDHIARA]
ana: see ANU 1
anahatu (-ii), adj. 8. [ =ANAHADU]
anahadu (-o), 'unstruck': freq. as m. for anahadu sabadu 'th•
unstruck melody or music; the mysterious sound experiencec
internally at the climax of the process of yoga or mystica
devotion'. 21. [Sk. aniihata-: =ANAHATU, ANAHADU: cf. ANAHAT(
anagibu, m. 'flail'. 1'. [ANU 2 + 4382 griiha- 'seizing' (i.e
• annagriiha-)]
anatn, adv. 'elsewhere'_. l(MrS21). [401 anyatra]
nnantu (-ii; also anamtu, -ii), adj. 'endless, boundless, infinite'. 7. [Sk
anadinu (-fl, -o'), adv. 'everyday; always, ever'. 36. [Sk. anudinam:
anandu (anamdu AslO). m. 1oy, delight, pleasure'. 10. [ = ANANou:
anabhni, m. 'mystical experience, mystical knowledge' [incl. TiAl
, for comm. 'the fearless Lord']. 3. [Sk. anubhava-: vs. ana bhau
under ANU 1 ]
annrigi (-a'), m. 'lover (of God)' [incl. SolO, for comm. 'free fron
love (of the world)']. 3.[Sk. anuriigin-]
annhli, adj. 'blind'. 2. [ =ANDHA]
anihati, adj. 'unstruck, i.e. indestructible (of God)'. 4. [Sk. aniihata-
anibadi, adj. l(MrSl). [ =ANAHATI]
anihada, adj. 'unstruck'. 6. [ = ANAH.ADU]
nnitbu (po. -aha GaA7). adj. 'having no master, omnipotent (o:
God); having no protector, helpless'. S. [Sk. aniitha-]
onndi, adj. 'without begiQ_Ding'. 4. [Sk.]
anikn, adj. 'many, numerous'. 3. [Sk. aneka-( x IKKU): =ANEKA]
aniti (-e'), f. 'bad conduct, sin'. 2r. [Sk.]
snlla, adj. 'not blue, i.e. without colour, lacking describabl~
attributes (of God)', in iidi anilu aniidi aniihati JP28, etc. 7. [a- +
NILU (q.v.))

anu 1 (so., pd. ana), adj., pr. 'other, another': ana pujii, f. 'worship of
what is other than God': ana bhau SaA2 (pd. ana bhai Gal 1), m.
'fear of what is other than God' [vs. ANABHAU]. 9. (39 anya-:
annu (anu 2 AsA6), m. 'food, grain'. 15. (395 anna-]
aniipu, adj. 'peerless; incomparable; very beautiful, exceedingly
lovely'. 13. [for Sk. anupama- ( x ROPU?)]
aneka (-am•, -ci), adj. 'many, numerous'. 12. [Sk.: =ANIKA]
anheri, m. 'darkness': also adj. 'dark'. 2. [ ::cAMDHERA]
apasara, ~nly as sara apasara, in sara apasara ki siira na jii1Jamhi
phiri phiri kica but!iimhi So9, sim. MrS7, and sara apasara bidhi
jci'!Qi SG31 -all taken (like tsaru apasaru pachii1Jiii Be1.1i Sri) by
comm. as 'awareness of good and evil' (<'?):in all instances 'the
pool of the Apsarases' (as met3phor for the mystical state reached
through sahaj) seems possible. 3. [Sk. apsaras-? - cf. tapasaram
Ml25 (M5)] '
~ apa.,S (-o), poss. pr; 'own'. 18. [ =APA~A]
llRl3lB apatiju, adj. 'lacking belief, without faith'. 1. [a- + .PATIJI]
l'iR@ apatu, adj. 'without hopou;, base'. 1. [a- + PATI 2 ]
bllJn' apani, poss. pr. 'own'. 23. [=.i.PA~A]

'llMl£5 apabatu•. m. 'weakness'. 1•. [Sk. •apabala-]

l1Mf1:c? apaniinu, m. 'disgrace'. 1. [Sk. apamiina-]
bflRJ apara, adj. 'other (than the world, of God)', only as apara apiirii
'separate and boundless', and apara paramparu [one word?]
'separate and disassociated'. 12. [Sk. apara-: cf. AVARU]
aparamparu (-a, -o), adj. 'disassociated, separate (from creation, of
God)'. 21. [Sk. apaiampara-]
aparidhi, m. 'sinner'. 4. [Sk. apariidhin-]
aparidhu, m. 'sin' ( + kari). 1. [Sk. apariidha-]
apavittru, adj. 'unclean, impure'. 1. [a- + PAVITTRU]
appati, v.i. 'reach'. 3. (1193 iipatati (with MIA. -ppa4-)]
apiru (-a, -o'), adj. 'boundless, limitless, infinite': also m. 'the near
bank, this side'. 100. [Sk. ~para·: =APARu]
apiu (-o), m. ~that which may not be drunk', as apiu pi 'drink the
undrinkable, i.e. consume the mystical nectar'. 5. [Sk. apeya- (or a-
+ Pl))
apiiu, m. 'food', in pavafJu piarJU apiiiu Sr2 'air is ~y drink ar
food'. 1r. [iipyiiya(na-) 'filling': cf. APAU]
apu, m.? 'water'. 1. [Sk. ap-]
apuni (-o), poss. pr. 'own'. 18. [ =APA~A]
apbajiirh, adj. 'rem~ning', in aphajum khfldiii MjV13.1 'God alo1
remains'. 11• [Pers. afzun 'more', afzun mandan 'remain oyer ar
apbario, adj. 'all-pervading, overwhelming; puffed up, proud'. S.
[ < 1527 *aspharati 'swells' (rather than a- +
PHA~ 'ungraspabJe'
syn. APHARU]
aphir_u (-ar, -i'), adj. 'all-pervading, unbounded, overwhelmin
puffed up, proud'. 5. [1529 *iisphiira- 'swelling': =APHARA; sy
aba, adv. 'now': abahi kabahi + neg. Ral 'not now or ever': aba le.
Mr12 'this time' [or 'in the future, after death', cf. H. ab-ke]: al
taba 'always, ever'. 8. [2521 evam (>Pk. evvam)? -- ND: = IB
model for KABA, JADA, TADA]
ambaru, m. 'sky'. 3. [Sk. ambara-]
amba~, v.i. 'reach, get to'. S. [572 ambati + -4- ( x APPAf.ll'
=AMMA~I) .
arhbire, mp. 'clothes'. l r. [Sk. ambara-]
abinisi, adj. 'imperishable, undecaying (of God)'. 8. [Sk. avi1Wi1
ambu, m. 'the mango tree Mangifera indica'. 3. [1268 iimra-]
abe tabe, intj. 'hey, you there!' (used to servants): abe tabe ku~e hai
pQjii GaAl 0 'this shouting of orders is idle ostentation': abe tabe
cakari AsAl 7 'ordinary 5eFVice (in which one is shouted at)'.
[ onom.; cf. H.P. abe 'hey!1
ambritu, m. 'nectar'. 1. [ = AMMRJTU]
abba: see ABHU
nbbakkbu, m. 'forbidden food', as abhakkhu bhakkhi 'eat forbiddc
food'. 1. [a- + BHAKKHI, for Sk. ab~ya-]
allhagga, adj. 'unbroken, imperishable'. 11• [a- + 0 bhaggu, for S
ahbaratu, adj. 'unfilled, empty'. 1. [Sk. "'abharita-]

abhikhii, f. 'language not to be uttered', i.e. 'the Muslim formula
bismilliih, pronounced when ritually slaughtering an animal', in
abhiikhiii kii kuffhii bakarii kha~ AsV16.1. 1. [a- + BHAKHIA]
abhigu, adj. 'unlucky': also m. 'misfortune'. 2. [Sk. abhiigya-]
abhiisu (-ii'), m. 'practice, exercise; repetition, study (of the Vedas)'
(+ kari). J•. [Sk. abhyiisa-]
abbimini, adj. 'proud'. 2. [Sk. abhimiinin-]
abhiminu (-ii'), m. 'pride, conceit'. 17. [~k. abhimiina-]
abhu, m. 'the heart': abha antari 'in the heart, inside oneself: abha
bhagati (-i), f. 'heart-felt devotion'. 13. [for Sk. abhi, abhyantara-]
ambhu (as so. ambha As1S, abha2 SrAS~ m. 'water'. 2. [577 ambhas-]
abhullu, adj. 'unerring (of God)'. [a- + BHULLI: =ABHOLI]
abhiilu, adj. t•. [a· + BHOLI: =ABHULLU)
abbeu (-evii'), adj. 'impenetrable, not to be understood (of God)':
abhimiina abhevii RaA6• 'whose pride is indistinguishable, i.e. non-
existent'. 11. [a- + BREU 'secret; distinction']
amaru 1 (-ii), adj. 'immortal': amara (-ii) padu, m. 'rank of
immortality, the ultimate mystical state'; sim. amara puru, lit. 'city
of immortality'. 22. [Sk. amara-]
amaru 2, m. 'command, order'. 3. [Ar. amr]
amali, m. 'opium addict', in amali amalu na ambarai Val '(as when)
an add~ct does not get his opium'. 1. [ <AMALU]
amalu, m. 'deed, action; rule; opium': amalu kari 'rule, exercise
authority'. S. [Ar. 'amal]
ammap(as pp. fs. + Is. suf. -iiisu Va2i v.i. 'arrive'. ld. [ =AMBAl.u]
ammili, r. 'mother'. ld. [574 ambiili-]
amivasa (-iii BIT19), f. 'night of the new moon'. 2. [565 amiivasyii-
(with -iii <Sk.)] .
ammivas:au, adj. 'countless, overwhelmingly numerous'. 1. [a- +
ger. of MAl 3 'be contained']
amiu, m. 'nectar'. 1. (571 amrta- (Pk. amiya-): cf. AMMRITU]
amullu, amulu, adj. 'priceless': int. amulo amulu. 22. [a- + MULLU:
equ. AMOLU]
amolaku, adj. 3. [ext. of AMOLU]
tamolaviril, adj. F. [ext. of AMOLU]

amolu (-o; amfllo MrVl.1), adj. 'priceless'. 8. [a- + MO!
ammritu, (rarely) adj. 'immortal': usu. m. 'the liquor
immortality, nectar', used metaphorically to convey the ideas
both immortality and sweetness, esp. in connexion with lovi
meditation on the divine Name; so also in several compounds, t
ammrita saru, m. 'pool of nectar', ammrita jalu, m. 'nectar watt
ammrita dhara, f. 'stream of nectar': ammrita vela JP4, m. 'the til
of nectar, the hour before dawn esp. recommended for devotio
140. [for Sk. amrta-: =A"MBRITU; cf. AMIU]
aracii, f. 'adoration, worship'. 1. [Sk. area-]
araju (-a~, m. 'petition, entreaty'. 2. [Ar. 'ari]
aratbii, v.t. 'explain, expound; understand'. 3. [v.c. <~
arathu, m. 'purpose, aim;. 1. [Sk. artha-]
aradisi (-e'), f. 'petition, entreaty, supplication, prayer' ( + ka
kari). 25. "[Ar. >Pers. 'ari-dasht]
aradba, adv. 'below', as aradha uradha 'below and above, earth a1
heaven, everywhere'. 3. [246 adha~ (with -r- < URADHA): = ADH
aradhu, num. 'half', in aradha sariru ka!iiiai SrA14 'let the body
cut in half'. 1. [Sk. ardha-: cf. ADDHU]
bRJfu arapi, v.t. 'devote, sacrifice'. 3. [Sk. arpayati]
~ arabada, num. 'ten crores'. 1. [Sk. arbuda-]
'llRTfs arambbi, v.t. 'begin; found, create'. 1. [1307 *iirambhati1 ]
'r,f(f:g arambhu, m. 'beginning (oflife); foundation'. 1. (1307 iirambha-
))fQ1ftr aridhi, v.t. 'worship, adore'. 3. ( =ARADHI]
'111:9 aru, cj. 'and'. 10. [434 aparam: cf. AVARU]
~ aUabu, m. 'God'. 3. [Ar. alliih: =ALAHU]
~ alakkhu (~am), adj. 'unseen, invisible (of God)'. 62. [698 alak~ya
~ alagu (-au), adj. 'separate, distinct, disass9(:iated (from the world,·
God)'. 2. [700 alagna-]
alapa, adj. 'a little', as alapa aharam SG4. 1. [Sk. alpa-]
alii, v.t. 'speak, say, utter, tell'. 2. [=ALAI]
alihu, m. 'God'. 1. [ =ALLAHU]
alipatu, adj. 'untouched, untainted'. S. [Sk. *alipta-]

aliala, mp.? 'bee, bees'. 1. (712 alikula- 'swarm of bees']
alu malu, f. 'dirt'. 1. [formed from MALU, like P. al-pal 'dirt']
aliil;li, adj. 'tasteless, feeble'. 1. [a- + L~U 'salt']
alekbu, adj. 'not to be reckoned, incalculable'. 6. [Sk. alekhya-]
aloa, adj. 'extraordinary, wonderful'. 1r. [aloka-]
avasatbi, f. 'state, condition', in tini avasatha Ga12 'state of being
subject to the three gu~as·. 1. [Sk. avasthii-]
ava,a.-vanli, f. 'woman full offaults or sins'. 1. [Sk. *avagurµivati-:
avagai;Qiru· (-ii), adj. 'full of faults, sinful'. 4. [•avagu'}akara-:
avaga1;1u, m. 'defect, blemish; fault, sin'. 38. [Sk. avaguna-:
av~gatu,adj. 'imperceptible', as gati avagati Pr4. 1. [see AVIGATU)
avaganu, m. 1. [=AVAGA~u]
ava~iri, adj. 1. [ =AVAGA~ARA]
ava~u, m. 15. [ =AVAGA~U]
avagba!u, m. 'difficult route, hard path'. 2. [ava- + 4414 ghat{a- 1 :
avatiru (-a'), m. 'birth, appearance; one of the 10 incarnations of
Vi~~u'. 7. [Sk. avatiira-: = AlrrARU]
avariti, adj.?, in haiim balihiiri siijaniim avaritii SuC4r,
comm. 'those dear friends not covered (by the evil of ignorance,
etc.)' [for Sk. a- vrta-]: but perh. 'ceaselessly, continually'. P. [ < Sk.
iivrtti- 'repetition'? (or poss. a- + 11861 virikta-, cf. RIT.J.)]
avara (-o; emph. -i; ext. po. -iimhii Va3') adj. 'other, another, else,
more', and pr. 'someone else, something else'; avaru na dujii 'no one
else at all': also cj. 'and'. 130. ( 434 apara-, aparam: = AURU, HORU;
avali, adv. 'first'. 1. [Ar. avval: =AULi]
avii, adj. 'useless, vain, perverse'. 2r. [ <481 apiiya- (Pk. aviiya-)]
avibanu, adj. 'unmoving, fixed'. ir. [a- + 11610 viihana-]
avigatu (-o), adj. 'imperceptible, invisible (of God)': teri gati avigati
nahi jii1Jiai Ba2 'Your imperceptible workings, invisible condition';
sim.? gati avigati ki siira najii1Jlli MrSS [but comm. 'awareness of

good and evil', also gati at>agati ki cinta niihi Pr4]. 11. [for Sk.
avyakta-: =AVAGATU]
avinisi, adj. 'imperishable, undecaying' (of God). 2. [ =ABINASI]
ta!i, v.i. 'confront, oppose'. M2. (187 •a4-]

irit: see AM KASE

ii (inf. iiva')u, iivanu; pres. ptc. iivatu; pp. iiiii, -o, fsd. iii1, ext. mpd.
iiiare; pres. ls. iivaum, iiviim, 3s. iii, iivai, 3p. avamhi, iivanhi; imp. 2s.
iiu), v.i. 'come, approach, arrive' (int. + jiii); also freq. used withjiii
as 'come and go, arrive and depart, i.e. be born and die,
transmigrate', hence iiva')a jiil'}u (iivau jiiur, iivahu jiihu, iivana jiinu,
etc.), m. 'transmigration': pp. used to form modal compounds +
pres. ptc. with sense of'to have kept on doing', e.g. bhiihi balanti iii
Ral 'the fire has kept on burning': freq. used with nouns to form
impersonal nominal conjuncts, and occasionally + abs. to form
compound verbs. 470. (1200 iipayati, pp. 1045 iigata-: syn. ACHI]
iqa, m. 'the letter A'. 1. [modem airii]
ii2, f. 'Mother, ep. of Sakti or miyi': iii panthi sagala jamiiti JP28
'the followers of the Mother are all fellow-beings'(?), cf. iii putii ihu
jagu siirii BITll 'all this world is the Mother's son', also iii na
me!al'}a ko samarathu DO 14 'none is capable of destroying the
Mother'. 3. [997 •ai-]
isa (-ii), f. 'hope; expectation; reliance': iisa (-am) kari, bandhi
'entertain hopc(s), form expcctation(s)' (but darakhata iiba iisa
kara MjV 13.5 'relying upon the trees and water'): iisa amdesii 'hope
and fear': iisa niriisu, freq. 'hopeless of hope', i.e. 'free from worldly
hopes or expectations' (but pUrai iisa niriisa Sr9 'He fills the
despairing with hope'): iisa manasii 'hope and desire'. 59. [1456
fisaki, f. 'state of being a lover; love'. M2. [Ar. >Pers. 'iishiqi]
tasaku, m. 'lover'. M2. [Ar. 'iishiq]
isa~u. m. 'sitting, seat; place, position; yogic posture': iisal'}i baisi,
iisa1Ju kari 'take up yogic ·posture'. 16. [1484 asana- 1 : =ASANU]
isata, m. 'sunset'. ir. [for Sk. asta-]
isati, f. 'being, existence', in iisati niisati eko niimu RaV12.7 'in being
and not-being, whether or not the world exists'. 1. [Sk. asti ( x
bflR9 isanu, m. 1. ( = ASA~u]
isisa, f. 'blessing' ( + de). 3. [1457 iW~-: =ASISA]
tasii~i, f. 'hope' ( + bannhi). F. [ < iHiipiirr:za-]
isrami (ext. pres. 3s. -iii Sr26'), v.t. 'exude, drip'. F. [for Sk.
iisravayati] .
aharu (-of), m. 'food': iihiiru kari 'earn one's d'aily bread'. 5. [1544
iihiira-: =AHA.RAM]
tahi, conditional suf., in niihi' ta hambhi' dajjhiim iihi SIF3 'otherwise
I too should have been burnt'. F. [1031 iik~eti?; equ. Sir. -hii]
ihi, V.S. (f.) 'is'. 1. (1031 ak~eti: equ. HAI]
tamhorit, v.s. 'you were', in tum iimhom kerhe kammi SIF38. F. (1031
iik~eti: cf. A.HI]
irit kase, pr. 'anyone else', in na rijaku dasata iim kase MjV13.5. 11'.
(Pers. an kas 'that person': cf. KASA 1)
akisu (-a'), m. 'sky, heaven; the Tenth Door' [see DUA.Ru]. 16. (Sk.
akiifo-: =AKA.SU; cf. A.GA.SU; syn. GAGANU]
ikiru, m;· 'form, shape, figure; creation'. 18. [Sk. akara-: =AKA.RU)
iki, adj., m. 'rebellious, disobedient; rebel'. 2. [Ar. 'aqi]
iku, m. 'the akk plant, swallow-wort'. 1. [ = AKKU]
ikhi, v.t. 'say, tell, talk (ol); call, describe; order': inf. iikha1Ju as m.
'mouth' MjV19.2 (M2): akhi vakhli1Ji 'tell of and descri~': akhiim
iikhiim sadii sadii SaV 10.2 'ever do I tell and tell of Him' [i.e. both
pres. ls., vs. comm. iikhiim, sa. 'with my mouth'). 200. [ 1041 akh yati:
syn. KAHi]
iritkhi (p. -im), f. 'eye': iirhkhirh sujhi, dissi 'be apparent to the eyes'. 5.
ikhira, adv. 'finally, at last'. l '. [Ar. akhir]
iritganu, m. 'courtyard'. 1. [ = ANNANU]
igama, mp. 'Agamas, class of sacred Hindu writings'. 1. [Sk.]
igamanu, m. 'arrival', in basantai iigamani' SuV19.l 'with the
arrival of spring'. 1. [Sk. iigamana-]
igali, adj. 'more, increased'. 1. [ = AGGAU]
igisu, m. 'sky, heaven'. 4. [Sk. akiUa- >Pk. iigasa-: cf. A.KA.SU]
igi, f. 'fire'. 3. [=AGGI]
igii, f. 'order': agia le 'obey order'. 1. [Sk. ajiia-]
igii, m. 'leader'. 4. [94 •agragii-?; =P.]
igai, adv. 'before, beforehand; in front; further, ahead'; also ppn.
'before'. 54. [ =AGGAI]
ighii, v.i. 'be full, be sated'. 1r. [ =AGHAI]
iciri, m. 'one who practises what he preaches', injagi giiiniviralii
iiciiri AsA3. 1r. ( < ACARU]
iciiru (-ii), m. 'good conduct, right living, upright behaviour; rule of
conduct'. 14. [Sk. iiciira-: =ACARU]
irilcu, f. 'heat, flame'. 1. (635 arcis-: ·= tAF~CA]
ichi, v.i. 'come', as pres. 3s. iichai, in saca mamhi iichai siici rahai
AsV13.2, and nija ghari iichai SG65 [both sometimes taken as
'exists' (1031 iik~eti)]. 2. [1044 iigacchati; =P. poth. acch'}ii; syn.
irilji, v.t. 'apply collyrium', with sense of'be involved in the world'?,
in)oiimjai sodisai kiili BlAl [vs.comm. 'whatever is born'( <?)].1.
( =A~JI).
iju, adv. 'today': iiju kiili (-u) 'today or tomorrow'. 2. [ =AJJU]
iril!a, f. 'space between fingers', in iimfa seti niiku pakkaramhi Dh8
'they hold their nose between thumb and fingers'. 1. (1443 avrtti-]
ta'8, m. 'flour'. F. (1338 •arta- 2 ]
i"8'8, pp. of •04ai 'spread out, stretched out (of the heavens)'. 3.
[v.c. <641 ardati (anal. pp.)]
i~ (pp. ii'}iii, iimdii; fut. 3s. ii'}agu 8114), v.t. 'bring, bring into, bring
back', 14. [1174 iinayati: =ANI]
itasa, f. 'fire'. 1r. [Pers. iiti~
itama, in nindii kari kari naraka niviisi antari iitamajiipai MrA7,
comm. 'utter darkness'. 1. [Sk. •a-tama- (?? - the emendation to
iitasa 'fire' is tempting, but expressly rejected by comm.)]
itamu (-am), 'self, identity; the soul': iitama sukhu dhiirii (-i), sukhu
iitama dhiirii GaAl 'uninterrupted spiritual bliss': iitama tattu
viciiri 'ponder one's real nature, true identity': iitama riimu (rii:1
As32), m. 'God immanent in the soul; spiritual self: iitamu cinhi
'recognize one's true identity'. 36. [Sk. iitman-: cf. APU]
ithi 1 , f. 'wealth, material goods; miyi'. 8. (638 artha-]
ithi 2, v.s. 'is', in hariniimu rasiii'}u sahaji iithi Ba7r. 1r. [977 asti: equ.
iidami, m. 'man, human being; servant'. 7. [Ar.]

idaru, m. 'honour, .respect'. 1r. [Sk. &lara-]
irildi, pp. of XNI 'brought', injini sito omdi Ra V14.1 'who brought
back Siti'. (l~ [anal. -t-]
idi, m. 'beginning'; freq. as adv. 'in the beginning': adi purakhu, m.
'the Primal Being,~God'. 40. [Sk.]
idesu (-of), intj. 'hail! all honour to!'. 10. [Sk. adefa- 'command']
idbiru (-a", -of), m. 'support, prop, mainstay'. [Sk. adhara-:
iritdheri, m. 'darkness'. 1. [ =AMDHERX]
inanda(so. also anamda), m. 'joy, delight, pleasure'. 9. [Sk. iinanda-:
iai, v.t. 'bring, bring into'. 1!. [ =A~I]
inu, pr. 'other, what is other than God'. 1. [ =ANU 1)
ipa.,S (-u), poss. pr. 'own, one's own' [also, depending on the
subj~t, 'my, your, his, their, etc.']. 83.
[1135 •atmanaka-: = APA~A,
ipani (only as ext. -~ii), poss. pr. 'own'. 6. [ = APA~A]
ipiu, m. 'irrigation', in karo salila iipiiu siirirhgapii1Ji Sr26. 1.
[iipyiiya(na-): cf. APIAU]
ipiru (-af), adj. 'boundless; outstanding•; 2r. [ =APARU]
ipil}bai, adv. 1. ( = APINHAI]
ipinbai, adv. 'oneself, by oneself, of one's own accord'. 5. (1134
•atmadhanika-: =APl~HAI]
ipu (-a, -o; o. iipa), m. 'self, the self; identity, true identity; false self,
ego'; opu saliihtu]a Sr4, m. 'praising oneself, conceit': I. opi (-e, -ai;
emph. iipi iipe, iipe opi, iipehi), adv. or reflexive pr. 'oneself, by
oneself, of one's own accord' [or, according to the suhject, 'myself,
yourself, himself, themselves, etc.']: a. llpamhu (-amhur, -aum), adv.
'from oneself, sim. tapasa te AsV23.1 (M2): iipo iipa1Jii, adj. 'each
according to his own'. 400. [1135 iitman-: cf. ATAMU, also A.PAr:iA.l
llf'ifTijT iphiri, adj. 'overwhelming'. 1r. [ = APHA.RU]
llfTS iba, f. 'water'. 3. [Pers. iib]
llr'ORl irasi, f. 'mirror, mirror worn in thumb-ring'. 1. [1143 adarsa-]
bf1oifT iraji, r. 'age'. 6. [T?; =s. iirija]
bfTijs ira1_1u (or iirhm}u~ m. 'fum~ce for smelting iron'. 2. [252
irati, 'ceremony of waving lamp in front of an image'. 3. [1315
iriu, m. 'garden, park'. ir. [1317 iiriima-]
iridbi (pp. -iii, -itam GjA5'), v.t. 'worship, adore'. 4. (Sk.
iiradhayati: = ARADHI]
ilasu, m. 'sloth, laziness'. 1. [1371 iilasya-]
ilamu, m. 'the world', as siiha iilamu AsP6 'Lord of the world'. 1.
[Ar. 'alam, cf. Pers. shiih-i 'iilam]
iliu, m. 'speech, what is said, word'. 2r. [1373 iiliipa-]
ilii, v.i:'cry out'. 1. [1376 •aliipayati 1: =ALAI]
ilu, m. 'house, home': iila jamjiilii 'household cares': bolamhi iila
patiila AsV4.2 'they speak of home and hell, i.e. utter all sorts of
nonsense?'. 3. (1366 alaya-]
imva, f. 'life, age'. 1. (1292 iiyu~-], m. 'boiling over'. 1. (1420 iivartana-]
iviga~ m. 'coming and going, i.e. transmigration'. 7. [Al + 4027
gamana- (>GAUNU): =~VAGAVAr:«J; cf. AI]
ivigava~u, m. 1. [ = AVAGAiJr:ru]
ivi, f. 'potter's kiln'. 1: (1202 iipiika-]
ivai, etc.: see AI
i!i, f. 'a water bird, Turdus ginginianus'. 1. (1127 afi-, ii4i-]

ai, intj. 'oh!', only as ai ji(u). 13. [orrom.: cf. E1)

aisi (-o), adj. 'such, of such a kind, like this': aise, as adv. 'like this, in
this way, so'. 90. (1611 idrsa-: modelled on KAISA, JAISA, TAISA; syn.
aitu, pr. 'this, in this'. 1. [ =ETU; see EHU (and cf. tAH1 2 )]
aitbai (-e MrS3), adv. 'here': a. aithiium AsV6.1 'from here, hence'.
11. [1564 ittham (>Pk. itthayam 'here'), with ai- <AITU; or perh.
AITU + -thai < 13760 sthiiman-(cf. KISATHAI): =ETHAI; model for
aibu, m. 'fault, sin'. 1. [Ar. 'aib]

~ I
iwh, adv. 'thus, in this way, so'. 18. (2528 evameva: =IMVA, EMVA,
EMVAJ;·model for KIUM, JIUM, TIUM]
fubf~ iiii;ai, adj. 'ignorant, simple, silly'. 5. (157 ajiinant-: = IANA] ·
fubf'W iiinii (ext. fsv. -arie Ti~), adj. 2. [ = IA~A]
fim isa, pr. 'this, him'. 2. [ = 1su]
fuJ@ isaku, m. 'Jove'. 1. [Ar. 'i~]
fEl:mll isatari, f. 2. [ = ISATRI]
~ isatri, f. 'woman, wife'. 4. (for Sk. stri-: =ISATARI; cf. TRIA]
fuHC'i'Ot isaniini, m. 'bather, one who bathes'. 2. [for Sk. sniinin-]
fim019 isaninu, m. 'bathing, ritual immersion'. 9. [for Sk. sniina-]
fuH isu, pr. 'this, him, her, it'. 16. [=ISA; see IHU]
fE1T ibu (fsd. iha, emph. ihai BaA5), pr. 'this, this one, he, she, it'. 117.
[2530 e-1a 1: = EHU; related forms are so. ISA, ISU; sl. ITU, INI; po.
ikadami, adj. 'lasting for one breath, short-lived'. 1. [ < IKKU +
ikamanu, m. 'intentness, concentration, single-mindedness'. 5. [Sk.
ekamanas-( x IKKU)]
fikaUu, adj. 'alone'. P. [=!KELA]
ikiriltu, m. 'seclusion'. 1. [Sk. eki"mta- ( x IKKU)]
ikisa, num. 'il ',of problematic interpretation in both occurrences,
etu riihi pati pavarfiim carhiai hoi ikisa JP32r, and guramati miliai
bisa ikisa 0025r: app. with sense of 'what lies beyond creation, i.e.
God' [cf. vihiiriJandari varatamiina hoi ikiha agocaru khelii, Gurdiis
7.20-. comm. suggest play on IKKU + TSU, i.e. 'the One Lord']. 2r.
[2476 ekavim.§ati-]
ikku, iku (-o; fsd. ikka, -ii; so. ikka, -asa, -asu; sl. ikkanai, -atu; sa.
ikkadum; pd. ikki; po. ikkanhiim; pl. ikkanhim), num. 'one; just one,
only, unique; a, an'; freq. as m. 'the One God'; p. usu. as pr. 'some':
tika adha AsV22.5 (M2) 'one or two, a few'. 245. (2462 *ekka-:
ikeli, adj. 'alone; lonely, unattended'. 3. [2506 *ekkalla-:
iccha, f. 'desire, longing'. 3. [1557 icchii-]
icchi (ext. pp. msd. -iarii SrA28), v.t. 'desire, crave, want'. 4. [1556
iOa, f. 'brick'. 1. (1600 i~!akii-]

ita, adv. 'here', only as ita uta 'everywhere'. 8. [see JATA]
fitti, adj. 'so many'. F. [1589 iyattaka-: =ETA; model for KITTI,
itu, pr. 'in, on, with this': itu bidhi, adv. 'in this way, thus'. 11. [see
indisa~ (JP27 = indriisalJU AsSdl), m. 'Indra's throne'. 1.
[ indriisana-)
indu, m. 'Indra, the god of the sky; sky, cloud'. 7. (1572 indra-: cf.
indridika, mp. 'Indra and the other gods~. 2. [Sk.]
indri, f. 'organ of sense, sex organ'. 3. [1581 indriya-]
indru, m. 'Indra'. 4. [Sk. indra-: cf. INDU]
inhn 1, pr. 1. [=INHAM]
inbiiril, pr. 'these, them'. 1. [ =INHA 1 ; see IHU]
ini (-a, -u)7pr. 'in, by this, by him', usu. as ina bidhi (inha 2 bidhi Sul,
ini bidhi GaA15, inu bidhf Su9), adv. 'in this way, thus'. 17. [see IHU)
inbiril, pr. 'with these, by them'. 3. [see IHU)
inehi, adj. 'such, of such a kind, like this'. 1. [INI + -ehii < 1611
idrsa-: model for KINEHA, TINEHA]
iha, adv. 'now'; iba taba 'always'. 3. [ =ABA]
fillati, m. 'evildoer'. M2. [der. of Ar. >Pers. 'illat]
irilva (emph. imvahi SaV19.1), adv. 'thus, in this way, so'. 14.
[ =IUM; model for KIMVA, nMVA, TittfYA]
~T ivebn, adj. 'such, ofsuch a kind, like this'. 2. [IMVA? + -ehii < 1611
idrfa-: model for JEVEHA, TEVEHA]
ito, f. 'channel on the left side of the body (in yoga)'. 1. [Sk. it/ii-]

isaru, m. 'Lord~ ep. of Siva; God'. 7. [1619 isvara-: =Isu]

isu, m. 'Lord'. 1. [ua-: =ISARU]
ihba, f.? 'sugarcane'. 1r. [1550 ik~u-] .
irilciniril, adj. 'such'. 11• [Pers. in-cunin]
ifi, f. 'wooden block gripped by ha~ds on rope attached to
churning-stick'. 1. [1600 i~-]
irildhnnu, m. 'firewood, fuel'. 1. [1584 indhana-]

iminu, m. 'faith'. 1. [Ar. iman]
iva~, f. 'the letter I'. 1. [modem iri]

e 1, intj. 'oh!'. 12. [onom.: cf. AI]

e 2 (Sr4; emph. ei RaA1 '), pr. 'these'. 2. [see EHU]
esu, pr. 'this'. 1. [see EHU]

ehu (-o, -i Mrsr; fsd. eha,-a; pd. ehi), pr; 'this; he, she, it'; p. 'these,
they;. 80. [2530 e~a 1 (not 1611 idrfa-): = tAHI 2 , mu: related forins
are so. ESU; .sl. ETU, ENAI, AITU; sa. EDOM; pd. E2 ; po. ENHAM; pl.
ekarhkaru, m. 'God the One, the One God'. 12. [Sk. eka- + -kara-
ekapai, adj. 'collected, gathered together'. 1. [2480 *ekkastha-]
ekama, f. 'first day of lunar fortnight'. 1. [Sk.]
ekali (ext. fsd. ·tJ!lj, adj. 'lonely'. 2. [ =IKELA]
ekidasi, f. '11th day of lunar fortnight'. 1. [Sk. ekiidtdi-]
eku (-am", -a, -i; fsd. elca, -ii; so. elca, -e, -asa, -asu, -asai; st. eki, -ai,
-atu; pd. elca,-i), num. 'one; just one; a, an'; very freq. as m. 'the One,
God'; p. rare as pr. 'some'. 315. [2462 *ekka-(and Sk. elca-): = IKKU;
d. MEKu?]
~T eti (ext. mpd. -are), adj. 'so much, so many'. 14. [1589 iyattaka-
( >Pk. ettaa-): = t1rn; model for KETA, JETA, TETA. 1]
etu, pr. 'with, in, by this, by him'. 6. ( =AITU; see EHU]
etbai, pr. 'here'. 3. [ =AITHAI]
ediirh, pr. 'than this'. 1. [see EHU]
enhirh, pr. 'these, therh'. 7. [see EHU]
enhirh, pr. 'with these, by them'. 4. [see EHU]
enai, pr. 'by him'. 1. [see EHU]
erhva, adv. 'thus, in this way, so'. 6. [ = IUM; model for KEMVA,
ev114u, adj. 'so big, so great'. 4. [E 2 + 11225 va4ra-: model for
erhvai, adv. 'thus, in this way, so'. 6. [ = IUM; model (with IMVA) for

'A s
saii (so., pd. sai), num. '100'. 12. [12278 sata-]
saiirh, ppn. 'with'. 2. (13173 sama- 1 ]
saiirilhe, adv. 'facing, directly'. 1. (12982 sammukha-]
sa~ (-u), m. 'sleeping, sleep'. 2. [13903 svapana-]
saiidi, m. 'trade, business; goods, wares': saUdii kari 'do business'.
15. [Pers. saudii]
R,9e•a1JI saiidigari, f. 'trading, business'. 1. [Pers. saudiigarT]
~fu saiirilpi, v.t. 'hand over, give up'. 3. [13192 samarpayati: cf.
H9fu saiirhri, v.i. 'be set right, suit', in jii ki viisu baniisapati saumrai Pr6
[vs. comm. 'perfumes'?]. 1. [v.i. <SAMVARI: =SAMVARI]
saiqi, f., in urilghai sauri palangha MlV23.1, perh. 'quilt' [vs. comm.
'in a constrict~ space' (13068 *saku~a-)]. 1. [13382 *siihiu/a-?; cf.
Sir. savir 'quilt']
saiidu, m. 'hunter, cruel person'. 1r. [Ar. sayyiid]
sassi, m. 'the letter s·. 2.
sansi, f. 'doubt, fear, anxiety'. 2. [13030 samsaya-: =SAHAS.l\]
sarilsiri, adj. 'worldly'; also m. 'householder, married man; creator
of the world, Brahma (JP30)'. 4. [Sk. samsiirin-: = SAIMS.l\RI]
sarhsiru (-ii, -o, -ova VaA4r; s. genitive -asya SlS25), m. 'the world;
worldly existence; worldly illusion; transmigration'. 70. (13036
samsiira-: = SAIMS.l\RU]
sasi, m. 'the moon (considered in yoga to contra} the left-hand
channel of the bpdy)'. 12. [12363 sasin- (>Pk. sasi-)]
sasiaru, m. 'the moon'. 2. [12359 sa$adhara-]
sassu (s~\ -u; ext. -uri; ext. pd. sasuriamha MrAlo<''), f. 'mother-in-
law'. 3. [12759 svasrii-: =SASU 2]
sasuru, m. 'father-in-law'. 1. [12753 svasura-]
sasurai, a<bc. 'in a girl's in-laws' house, in the next world'. 3.
saha: see SAHU 1
sahasa, or saharilsa (sahansa SuV16.2r, Ra7'), num. '1000': sahasa
gil'}ii AsV6.1, adj. 'a thousand-fold': sahasa bahu GaA9, m. 'a
demon with 1000 arms'. 12. [13307 sahasra-; cf. Sir. saihins for -riz-:
sahansara, num. '1000'. l. [ =SAHASA (with Sk. -r-)]
sahasi, or saharitsi, m. 'doubt, anxiety, hesitation, fear'. 19. [ 13030
sarmaya-(-h-<?): =SANsA]
Hm{1fa"ij3T sahasikirati, or saharitsikirati, m. 'Sanskrit', in koi parhata
sahasakirata koi parhai purana Rat. l. [for Sk. samskrta- ( x ?: cf.
SAHASA for -h-)]
sahagho, adj. 'cheap'. 1. [13187 samargha- x MAHAGHO]
sahaju, m. 'natural state; inborn nature; naturalness, ease,
effortlessness, spontaneity, freedom; sahaj, the practice of a
mysticism which does not rely on unnatural efforts; the supreme
mystical beatitude attained through sahaj': sahaja samiidhi, f.
'effortless e<>ntemplation': sl. sahaji (-e) freq. as adv. 'naturally,
effortlessly, spontaneously, through sahaj', sim. sahaji subhiii:
·sahaji samai 1 'enter into stat~ of sahaj'. 160. [Sk. sahaja-]
sahanii, f. 'pipe, shawm'. 1r. [Pers. shah-niii]
sahammu, m. 'suffering', as in siri siri sukkha sahammii TuBl. 3.
[app. <SAHi (+?),rather than Pers. sahm 'fear': =SAHAMAM]
saharu, m. 'city'. 1. [Pers. shahr]
sahii, m. 'helper'. 1r. [13309 sahaya-]
sahimam, m. 'suffering', as in siri siri lekhu sahiimariz SoA 1'. 2r.
[ < SAHi (+?,in rhyme with DRl~HAMAM, VASAMAM): = SAHAMMU]
Rfu sahi (pres. 3p. -amhi, ext. -M1h'i .MrAJ•; imp. 2s. sahu 2 ), v.t. 'bear,
endure, suffer'. 19. (13304 sahate]
sahili, adj. 'successful', in sabadi marai sahilii jivai soi PrA5. 1.
(13166 saphala- (not Ar. sahl 'easy'): cf. SAPHALU]
sahi1 (ext. pd. -iiimha Va3d), f. 'girl friend'. 3. [13074 sakhi-:
=SA HELT; cf. SAKHl)
sahi2, adj., adv..'right; rightly, properly', in SU1Jiai sikkha sahi
RaV13.2r, and dhanu sohiiga1Ji saccu sahi M12•: 'straight out,
plainly?', in fufai nehu ki bolarizhi sahi 002s• [or as SAHI 1? - or
emph. 'indeed', as H. sahi?]. 3'. [Ar. saf!i!D ·
sahidu, m. 'martyr'. 1•. [Ar. shahid: cf. SUHADE]
sahu 1, m. 'lord, master; bridegroom, husband (esp. of God)'. 50.
[Pers. shah: cf. SAHU 1 ]

saheli(ext. pv. -ariamha', -ariho), f. 'girlfriend'. 16. [13074 sakhi- +
-11-: cf. SAKHl)
saheri, v.t. 'acquire, experience', in dukkhim duni saheriai
MIV21.2. 1. [sa- + 9490 *bhe!-?? (not ext. of SAHi); = P. saherna
'make one's own, etc.')
sailka, f. 'doubt, misgiving'. 3. [Sk. .farika-]
sakataviru,_ adj. 'mighty'. 1. [for Sk; *.faktipala-]
sakati 1 , adj. 'mighty,_ powerful'. 5. [Sk . .fakta-]
sakati, f. 'Sakti, the wife of Siva: the active force of creation; the
material world'. 7. [Sk . .fakti-]
sakkara, f. 'sugar'. 2. [12338 .farkarii-2 (or directly <Pers.
sailkaru, m. •Sankara, ep. of Siva'. 2.
sakirathi, adj. 'profitable, useful', asjanamu sakaratha SrV1.2. 1.
[Sk. sartha- ( x KRITARATHu?, or KARA 1?)]
said, sakki (pres. ptc. sakata 2 ), v.i. 'be able to', only as modal verb
+ abs. 27. (12252 .faknoti: =SAKI]
sakeli, v.t. 'gather, collect (firewood)'. 1. [*samke4ayati ( < 3461
*ke4a- 'stick')]
sakkha"'8 (ext. fpd. -iamha Su3'), adj. 'empty'. 1'. [ <samk~aya­
'destruction'?; =P.: =SAKKHANA; cf. tNISAKKHA~U]
sakkhani, adj. 'empty'. 1. [ =SAKKHA~A]
sakbi (-ata MrSll '), m. 'friend, companion'. 7. [Sk. (s. nom. of
sakhii (-ai'), m. 'companion, helper'. 20. [SAKHA x SAHAI]
sakhi (pd. -iam, -im), f. 'girl friend, woman's female friend,
confidante'. 25. [Sk.: cf. SAH1 1, SAHELI, SAKHAINI]
sakhaini, f. 'girl friend', as sakhi sakhaini AsAUY [cf. sakha sainu
Asll]. 1'. (SAKHl x SAINu?)
saga, m. 'dog'. 11• [Pers. sag]
sailga_ti, f. 'company, association, fellowship'. 40. [Sk. samgati-]
sailgamu, m. 'union.meeting; confluence (of rivers)'. 7. [Sk.
sarhgarahi, v.t. 'collect, accumulate'. 1. [ =SAMGRAHI]
sarhgarimu, m. 'battle'. 1. [ = SAMGRAMU]

-sagalu (-a), adj. 'whole, all'. 56. [for Sk. sakala- (.>Pk. •saga/a-)]
sailgalu, m. 'chain'. 7. (12580 srnkhala-]
fsagavirh, adj. 'more, actually more', in chappa~i nhiitai sagavirit
malu lae MjV5.2. M4. ['n (adj. -viim); cf. P. sagom 'but rather'] .
sailgi 1 (as ext. pres. 3p. sarhgiimhi MjV26.1 '), v.i. 'be ashamed'. l •.
(12257 .fankate]
sailgi, m. 'companion'. 4. (13084 sangin-]
sailgu (-ii'), m. 'company, association': usu. as sl. sangi 2 (-e), ppn.,
adv. 'in company with, together with, with'. 57. (13082 sanga-]
~T sarhgiiti, adj. 1oined, united'. 2r. (12986 samyukta- x SAJilou?]
m= sag~u. adj. 'deep', in liila sagurhau Pr1s• 'deep red.'. l'.
[saritgiU!ha-: cf. GO~HA]
sagoni, adj. 'possessing attributes or qualities'. 1r. [for Sk. sagurJin-]
sailgrabi (pres. 3s. -ai, ext. -ei Ball'), v.t. 'collect, accumulate'. 6.
(12850 •samgrahati with Sk. · -r-, or <Sk. samgraha-:
sarilgrima, m. 'battle'. [Sk. saritgriima-: =SAMGARllMU]
sarilghiri, v.t. 'destroy (esp. demons)'. 14. (13064 samhiirayati]
-sarilghiru (-ii'), m. 'destroyer', in asura saritghiiru SrAlO', dukha
sukha saritghiirii MrAI'. zr. (13063 sarithiira-]
saiicari, v.i. 'approach, come near'. 1. (12868 samcarati]
sacci 1 (-0 1,-iivii MrS3'; ext. -arii, -ariiu 0018'), adj. 'true, real'. 300.
(13112 satya-: =SllcX; cf. SATI] ·
sacci2, m. 'mould', in andhii saccii andhi sa!fa Gal. 1. (13906
fsaciviril, adj. 'true'. MS. [ext. of SACCA l]
saiici, v.t. 'ga~her, collect, accumulate, amass, store up'. 18. (12867
•samcayayati: = SA~JJ]
saciiru (-ii, -o', -ovii VaA5'), adj. 'truthful, true'.' 20. (13113
saccu (-<?2 ), m. 'truth, reality, God': saca kharJ4u JP37, m. 'the realm
of truth'. 485. (13112 satya-: =SACU; cf. SATI]
saiijaii (so., sl. -ai), m. 'accumulation', in sanjai karamhi piiiru
AsVll.2 'they love amassing wealth'. I. [12865 samcaya-: cf. SAl'ln]
sajja~u. m. 'friend, beloved'. 10. [ == SAJJANU, SllJANU]

sajjanu, m. 'friend, beloved'. 3. [ = SAJJA~]

saiijami (-i), adj., m. 'self-controlled, one who has subjected the

senses'. 2. [Sk. samyiimin-]
saiijamu t-o), m. 'subjection of the senses, self-control; way,
manner, method'; saccu saiijamu SrV20.l 'having truth as the
method (of keeping cooking area clean)'; turakiim saiijamu AsV 16.l
'the Muslims' way of life': also used form adv., as tkitu saiijami
AsV7.2 (M2) 'in what way?'. 35. [Sk. samyama-]
sajii, f. 'punishment': sajiii de 'punish'; sajiii lahi 1 'be punished'. 12.
[Pers. sazii]
saiiji (ext. pres. 2s. samjiiimhi Sr27'), v.t. 'accumulate, amass'. 3.
[12867 •samcayayati: =SA~c1]
sajju, m. 'dress, adornment;. 1. [13005 sajya-: =SAJU]
sariajogi, 1 m. 'uniter (of God)'. 1 (MrSl ~- [ < SAMJOGU]
sariajogu, m. 'un~on, meeting; coincidence, chance, luck': sl.
sariijogi2 (-i), adv. 'as chance would have it, fortunately'. 32. [Sk.
sa!fa, f. 'blow, stamping out (of coin in mould)'. 1•. [13579 s~-1fi-]
satp, v.t. 'throw out, get rid of. 3. ( < 13578 sma-: =SUTII)
sa!!hi, num. '60'. 2. (12804 ~a-1!i-]
tsa44u (-o), m. 'call, cry'. F. [ = SADDU]
sas:i4hi, v.t. 'settle (account)', in iipe hi lekhii sa1J4hiai AsV19. 1•.
[ < 12907 samdhr:ta-?; AG also sii"1t!hi]
sas:iu (-ai), prepn. 'with, together with' .. 5. (13173 samena?; =P.
sata: see SATU
satta, num. 'seven', incl.? sattim rannim ghare siiipii Sl29 [vs. comm.
'hundreds of women' (Sk. fota-)?]. 5. (13139 sapta: =SA.TA; cf.
santa: see SANTU
satasailgati, f. 'the company of saints, fellowship of the holy'. 11.
[Sk. satsariagati-: equ. SATASANGU]
satasailgu, m. l. [Sk. satsanga-: equ. SATASANGATI]
sataguru, m. 'the Satiguru'. 8. [ = SATIGURU]
satajugu, m. 'the Satyayuga, the golden age'. 2. [Sk. satyayuga-:
santati, f. 'issue, offspring, children'. 1. [Sk. samtati-]
sataranijabiji, f. 'chess, game of chess'. l. [Pers. shaQ"anj-biiziJ
sattari, num. '70'. l. [13143 saptati-]
sattavirh, adj. 'seventh'. l. [13151 saptama-]
sarhtii, v.t. 'affiict'. 5r. (12886 samtiipayati: cf. SAMTAPI)
satis:ti, adj. 'strong, powerful'. 2. [sa- + TA~U 2 ]
satinavai, num. '97', as sl. Ti5 'in the year S.1597 ( =A.D. 1540)'. l.
[13148 saptanavati-]
sarhtipi, v.t. 'affiict, torment, grieve'. 8. [Sk. samtiipayati: cf.
sarhtipu, m. 'affiiction, grier. 4. [Sk. samtiipa-]
sati, m. 'truth, reality': also adj. 'true, real', int. sati sati (sata sate
DhCl ')'very true'; satiniimu, adj. 'whose Name is true (of God)':
[nii sati dukhiii,etc. RaV12.7, prob. better as one word, see NASA Tl].
10. [Sk. sat ya-: cf.. sACC.J.(-u)]
satiguru (-ii), m. 'the True Guru, the Satiguru'. 300. [Sk.
*satyaguru- _(i.e. for Sk. sadguru-): =SATAGURU]
satijugu, m. 'the golden age'. l. [ =SATAJUGU]
sati, adj. 'virtuous, self-controlled; charitable, hospitable'. 10.
( <SATU)
satu (and sattu?), m. 'truth, reality; the quality of purity or
goodness, one of the three gur;ias'; also 'goodness, virtue, self-
control: charity, hospitality' ( + kamai, kari): sata saru, m. 'the. lake
of truth': sata bhiiu, m. 'love of truth'. 50. (13111 sattva-(not always
dist. from SATI)]
santu, m. 'saint': santa sabhii, santiim (ki) sangati, f. 'the company of
saints' [ = SATASANGATI]: santa jana, mp; 'the saints'. 35. [Sk. sat-
(strong stem)]
sarhtosu, m. 'contentment'. 1r. [Sk. samto~a- >Pk. samtosa-: cf.
sarhtokhi (-ia), adj. 'satisfied, contented, patient', also mp. 'those
who ·are content'. 13. [Sk. samto~in- (-ita-)]
sarhtokhu (-am'), m. 'satisfaction, contentment, patience'. 41. [Sk.
samto~a-: cf. SAMTOSU]
sattha, f. 'meeting place, paiiciiyat'. l'. (13049 samsthii-]


'R':?T sadii (-a), adv. 'always, ever, all the time' (int. sada sadii): sada ranga
Su4, adj. 'permanently dyed': sadaviiu AsV4.1', adv. 'always'; sim.?
diuhari sada vara AsVl.l, 'daily, all the time' (vs. comm. '100 times.
a day' (Pers. sad)]. 170. [Sk. sada]
sandii (ext. mpd. -are SuKld), ppn. indicating possession or
connexion 'belonging to, 's, or. 5. (13127 santaka-: =DA]
sadiii, v.i. 'be called, call oneself. 10. (12300 sabdiipayati]
saddi, v.t. 'call, summon'. 8. [12300 sabdayati]
fsadiva, adj. 'everlasting, eternal', in api sadiva hai SaV4.2. M2.
[SADA + adj. -v- (rather than Sk. sadaiva); = P. sadivi]
saddu (usu. as ext. -ara), m. 'call, cry, summons; invitation to
wedding' ( + de). 6. (12298 fobda-: = fsA~i;>u; cf. SABADU]
sandhi 1, f. 'union, meeting'. 4. (12913 sarizdhi-: cf. SANNH1 1)
fsandhi 2, v.t. 'take sight with, aim', in saru sandhe agiisa kau
MjV22.2. M2. [12898 samdadhiiti]
sandhiii, f. 'evening ·prayers (of orthodox Hinduism)'. 2. [Sk.
saritdhiiri, v.t. 'adorn with red lead'. l'. [ <SAMDHORU]
saritdhiiru, m. 'red lead, vermilion'. 3. (13411 sindura- 1 ]
sanaka, m. 'Sanaka, a son of Brahma': sanaka saniidi SaA I 'Sanaka
and the other sons of Brahma (Sanandana, Sanatana, and
Sanatkumiira)'. 2.
sanandana, m. 'Sanandana, a son of Brahma'. I.
sanadiiril, adj. 'with rivers'. l, [sa- + NADI]
sanabandhi, m. 'relative'. 1. [for Sk. sambandhin-]
sanabandhu, m. 'relationship, connexion, mixture'. 3. (for Sk.
sanamukhu, adj. 'facing (humbly)'. 1. [for Sk. sammukha-: cf.
sanii, f. 'praise'. 1'. [Ar.. !anii]
sanihi, m. 'armour, coat of mail'. 1'. [ 12928 samnaha-]
saniti, f. 'low caste': also adj. 'of low caste'. 4. [??]
saniidi: see SANAKA
sannhi 1, f. 'hole made in wall by burglars'. l'. (12913 samdhi-: cf.

tsannhi 2 , v.s. •were'. F. [see sA. 3 ]
saritniisi (-ii'), m. •one who has renounced the world, sannyasi'. 6.
[Sk. samnyiisin-]
sannbi, f. •brazier's tongs, pincers'. 1'. (12897 sariulamsikii-]
sanehi, m. 'message'. 1. [12904 samdda-: =SA.NEHA.]
sanehi, m. •beloved, lover'. 4. [Sk. snehin-]
saneho, m. 'love'. l'. [Sk. sneha-: =ASANEHU; cf. NEHU]
sampaii, f. 'wealth'. 1. [ =SAMPAI]
sampallJ, m. •small brass casket used to keep ammonites' [see
SALAGRAMU]. 1. [Sk. sampu~a-]
sapata, num. •seven' (of the 7 seas, underworlds, or zones of the
earth). 8. [Sk. sapta-: cf. SATTA]
sapatami, f. •1th day of lunar fortnight'. 1. [Sk. saptami-]
sapatibaro, m. 'seven days?', in bisa sapatiiharo biisaro sangrahai
Sr26 [but also taken by some comm. simply as 'seven']. 1. [Sk.
sampati, f. •wealth'. 1. [Sk. sarhpatti-: cf. SAMPA!]
saparaviri, adj. 'living with one's family'. 1. [Sk. sapariviira-]
sappu, m. •snake'. 1. (13271 sarpa-: cf. SARAPANI]
sampai, f. 'wealth'. 7. (12932 sarhpad-: =SAMPAU; cf. SAMPATI]
saphalu (-io), adj. 'flourishing, fruitful, successful'. 7. [Sk. saphala-:
tsambahi, v.i. 'adorn oneselr. F. [13107 saritvahati]
sambatu, m. 'year of the Vikrami era': saHhi sambata Ba2 'cycle of
sixty years (twenty each being under the influence of Brahma,
Vi~l)U, and Siva)'. 2. [Sk. samvata-]
sabadu (-am 5 , -o; ext. po. -iimha SrA17), m. 'word; sound;
communication', esp. as 'the Word, communicated by the
Satiguru'. 600. [Sk. fobda-: cf. SADDU]
sabaru, m. 'patience, endurance'. 1. [Ar. sabrJ
sabaroja, m. 'night and day'. 11• [Pers. shab-roz]
sabiii (mso., pd. -iie; fs. -iii), adj. 'whole, all': sl. sabiii (-i, ext. -ilje
BlCl), adv. 'everywhere'. 39. [ext. < 13276 sarva-]
sabiha, f. 'dawn, early morning'. 1. [Ar. 5abiih_]

saritbiihi, v.t. 'provide', as rijaku sambiihi de 'provide sustenance'. 2'.
[13017 sarhviihayati: = SAMAHI]
sabiiri, f. 'patience, endurance'. 1. [Ar. >Pers. sabiiri]
sambhaii, adj. 'self, existent (of God)'. 2. [svayambhava-: =SAMBHO;
sabhariii, adj. 'with brothers, i.e. happy, fortunate', in sii sohiiga'}i
niinaka sii sabhariii Ti4. 1r. [sabhriitr(ka)-]
sabhii, f. 'assembly, company (esp. that of the saints)'. 27. [Sk.]
sabhiigii, adj. 'happy, fortunate'. 3. [Sk. sabhlzgya-]
sabbhu, sabhu (emph. -o; fsd. sabbha, emph. -ii; infl. as adj. with
sabbha throughout, or as pr. with so. sabbhasu, -asai, -asairit RaA4;
sl. sabhatai; pd. sabbhi, emph. -e; po. sabbhanlzm, ext. -aniimha; pl.
sabbhanlm), adj. 'all, every•; also pr. 'everyone, everything', sim.
sabhu ko, sabhu kichu, etc.: sl. sabhatai AsV18.l as adv.
'everywhere'. 380. [13276 sarva-: = HABBHU; cf. SABAi.~, SARABA]
sambhii, adj. 'self-existent (of God)' [if not 'benevolent' (Sk.
fambhii-)]. 1. [svayambhii-: =SAMBHAU)
sabhogi, adj. 'with sensual delights'. ir. [sa- + BHOGU]
sama, adj. 'equal', as sama kari 'make equal', sama karijii'}i 'think of
as equal, consider as the same'. 12. [Sk.]
samasari (-e1, adj. ppn. 'equal to'. 5. [SAMA + SARI 2 : cf. SAMAISARI]
samajha, f. 'understanding, perception'. 4. [ <SAMAJHI]
samajhii, v.t. 'cause to understand, make perceive; cause to be
understood, explain'. 28. [v.c. <SAMAJHI]
samajhi, v.t., v.i. 'understand, perceive, realize'. 18. [12959
samadarasi, adj. 'regarding impartially'. 1. [Sk. samadar~in-]
samadhirit, fp. 'fuel, firewood (for sacrifice)'. 2. [Sk. samidh-]
samappi, v.t. 'hand over, give up'. 1. (13192 samarpayati (>Pk.
samappei): cf. SAUMPI]
samarathu, adj. 'able, capable; powerful, mighty (of God)'. 8. [Sk.
sammhali1, v.t. 'remember'. 3. [13057 samsmarati (>Pk.
sammhali 2 , v.t. 'look after; take over'. 1(0045). (12962
• sambhalat i]
samii1 (pp. samiiiii, samii'Jii, -iii, samiinii, -iii, also samiigii So 10',
samiitii MrS 11 •, 19': pres. 3s. samiii, -e, samiivai, 3p. samiimhi', -i",
samiivamhi), v.i. 'be contained, fit into: enter into, be absorbed in: be
mingled with, pervade: be destroyed': samiii jiii 'be destroyed':
samiii rahi 'remain absorbed in'. c.220. [12975 sammiiti]
samii 2 (infl. as SAMAI 1; imp. 2s. sameu Sr16'), v.t. 'absorb: cause to
be mingled with: obliterate, destroy' (int. + lai). c.30. [12977 .
tsamii 3, v.t. 'provide', in tdemdii sabhaniim jiiim rijaku samiii
MIV15.l. M3'. [rhyme-form of SAMAHI]
samii4, f. 'profound meditation' ( + kari), in tau darasana ki
karaum samiii Ti2', niimu lainhi aru karanhi samiii Sl6'. 2'. [rhyme-
form of SAMADHI (perh. x SAMA1 1)]
samiii:-u, m. 'sour milk, rennet (used to coagulate fresh milk)'. 1.
[ 1293 7 • sampiitana-]
samihi, v.t. 'provide', in diinu samiihe MrSS. 1 •. [=SAM BAH I: cf.
SAMA1 3 )

samidhi (-am 5), f. 'meditation, intense and silent contemplation:

yogic trance state' ( + kari, lagiii, liii). 17. [Sk.: cf. SAMA1 4 ]
samini (-ai'), adj. ppn. 'equal to'. 5. (13211 samiina-]
samhiri, v.t. 'look after: take over'. 4. [=SAM HALI 1 ]
samhili 1 (also sammhiili), v.t. 'look after, uphold, support; set in
order, prepare; take over' (int. + lai). 29. [12961 sambhiirayati:.
samhili 2 (also sammhiili, ext. pres. Ip. -ehiim VaA2'), v.t. 'remember,
recollect'. 20. [13059 sarilsmiirayati: cf. SAMMHALI 1]
tsammi (or sammhi), v.i. 'i:leep'. F'. (13905 svapniiyate: syn. SAVI]
sammii, f. 'crutch (used to support body in meditaiion)'. 1. [Sk.

samundaru, m. 1. [ =SAMUNDU]
samundu (so. samurilda BITl 7), m. 'sea, ocean'. 12. [for Sk. samudra-:
samundru, m. 1. [ = SAMUNDU]
sameu: see SAMAl 2
sameti, ppn. 'together with'. l'. [Sk. sameta-]
samaisari, adj. 'equal, impartial', as drisa!i samaisari RaAS. l. [cf.
samoi, v.t. 'be mixed with, mingle': also v.t. 'mix, mingle'. 5. [13012
sammrathu, adj. 'able; mighty, powerful (of God)'. 5.
sammrithu, adj. 1. [ =SAMMRATHU]
sara 1 , 'lake': see SARU 1
sara 2, prepn. 'like', in thala tapamhi sara bhara TuB7. L ( = SAR1 2]
sara 3 , f.? 'awareness?', in ikanham ... na akali sara SaV22.2. 1.
(13861 smara-?: cf. SARA 1]
sarasu (-a), adj. 'happy, delighted'. 7. (13255 sarasa- 1]
sarakiri, f. 'rule, government'. ir. [Pers. sarkar: =SIRAKARA]
saragu~u, adj. 'possessing all qualities (ofGod)'.1. [Sk. sarvagul}a-]
sarajitu, adj. 'all-conquering (of God)'. 1. [Sk. sarva11ta-]
sara~i (sl. -i, -iii, -iii'), f. 'shelter, protection'. 48. [12326 ~araTJa- 2 :
sarai;ligati, adj. 'having come for protection, seeking refuge': m.
'refugee'. 6. [Sk. ~aral}agata-]
saradhi, f. 'faith, trust'. 1. [Sk. ~raddhii-]
sarani (-am 5, sl. -i), f. 'shelter'. 3. [ =SARA~A]
sarapani, f. 'female snake; the wicked world'. 5. [Sk. sarpini-: cf.
sarapara, adv. 'certainly, surely'. ~· [formed from PARU 3 ?: =P.
saraphi, m. 'spending', as sl. saraphai saraphai 8131 'by continual
spending'. 2. [Ar. sarfa]
saraba, pr., adj. 'all': freq. forming compounds, e.g. saraba samiiTJii
'all-pervading', saraba kalii 'all-skilled', saraba drisa!i 'all-seeing':
sl. sarabe, adv. 'in all things, everywhere', sim. saraba nirantari,
sarabam Dhl, sarabim thaim, etc. 90. [Sk. sarva-: cf. SABBHU (and
sarabiii:ia, m. 'archer', in ape dhanakhu ape sarabiil}ii MrS 1r. 1r. [Sk.
sarama, f. 'shame, modesty', in sarama sunnati MjV7.l. 1. [Pers.
tsaramindii, adj. 'put to shame'. F. [Pers. sharminda]

saramu, m. 'effort, toil': sarama kha1J4u JP36 'the realm of effort'
[rather than 'bliss' (Sk . .forman-)]. 12. [Sk. srama-]
saramiii, m. 'hair of one's head'. 11• [Pers. sar + mu y]
saravaru (ext. sl. -arai As29, but saravarai AsSp3), m. 'lake, pool;
sea, ocean'. 19. [for Sk. sarovara-: =SAROVARV]
sari 1, m. 'liquor', in saccu sarii gura biiharii Sr5 (and BgV12.1). 2.
[saraka- (rather than Ar. shariib)]
sari 2, m. 'the shari'at, Islamic law'..2. [Ar. shar': syn. SARIATI]
sarii, f. 'palace'. l'. [Pers. sariiy]
sariici, m. 'tent, pavilion'. 2. [Pers. sariiyca]
sariiri, adj. 'straight as an arrow?', in simmalu rukkhu sariiira
AsV14.l. 1. (12336 saru- (or 12349 ~aliikii-?) + ?]
saripi, adj. 'accursed'. I. [ < SARAPU]
saripu, m. 'curse'. I. [ < 12293 fopyati (with intrusive -r-); = P.
sariip] _
sariphi, f. 'money-changing, banking' ( + kari). 1. [Ar. >Pers.
sariphu, ~· 'money-changer, banker'. 4. [Ar. sarriif]
sari 1 'lake': see SARU 1
sari 2, ppn. 'like', usu. as tumha sari 'like you'. 6. (13118 sadrk:
=SARA 2 ; er. SAMASARI] e
sari , v.i. 'happen' in bhali sari Srll 'it has turned out well'. I.
[13250 sarati]
sari4 , v.t. 'make, create', in pindu saria MrS7' 'the body was made'.
11• ( =SIRI 1 ) ••

sariati, f. 'the shari'at, Islamic law'. 2. [Ar. >Pers. shari'at: syn.

san1ci, f. 'partnership', as sariki kari 'establish equality'. 1. [Ar.
> Pers. shariki]
sariku, m. 'partner, associate'. 3. [Ar. sharik]
sariru (-a), m. 'body'. 34. [12335 (or Sk.) sarira-]
saru 1 (so., pd. sara 1; sl. sari 1 , -e: po. sariim), m. 'lake, pool, tank;
river, ocean; bodily aperture, sense; yogic channel, centre, na<;li'
[for sara apasara see APASARA]. 32. (13524 saras-]
tsarb 2, ~·'arrow'. M2 (MjV22.2). (12336 foru-]

sarudra, adj. 'with Rudra, i.e. Siva'. 1. [Sk. *sar11dra-]
sarupu, m. 'essential form, nature, identity', usu. as compound-
final, esp. saci sarupu (-a)'(God) whose form is truth',joti sarupu (-a)
'whose form is light'. 13. [Sk. svarupa-: =ASAROPU]
sarupu 2 (-a), adj. 'beautiful, lovely'. 5. [Sk. sarupa-]
saresa~u. adj. 'excellent, best'. 1. [for Sk. sre~fha-]
sarevi, v.t. 'serve, attend on, worship'. 9. [13593 sevate (cf. SARAPU
for -r-?): = SEVI]
sarota (-i'), f. 'what is heard, sound, voice'. 3. [Sk. srotii-]
sarovaru, m. 'lake'. 2. [ =SARAVARU]
salalu, m. 'water'. 4. [for Sk. salila-: = SALILU]
salai, f. 'small metal instrument for applying collyrium to the eyes'.
1. [ 12349 sataka-]
salaha, f. 'praise'. 2. [ =SALAHA]
salahi, v.t. 'praise, magnify': sabadi saliihi 'praise through the
Word'. 26. [ =SALAHI)
salamati, adj. 'safe, secure'. 2. [Ar. >Pers. saliimat]
salamu, m. 'greeting, salutation, salaam' ( + kari). 8. [Ar. saliim]
salaru, m. 'chief, commander, captain': 'salar' (as generic title of
Muslim saints, derived from Sayyid Satar Mas'iid Ghazi Miyan of
Bahraich), in sekha pira saliira Sr A 11r. 2r. [Pers. siiliir]
salilu, m. 'water'. l. [ = SALALU]
saloku, m. 'verse, Sanskrit verse'. 1r. [Sk. sloka·]
salona (ext. fsv. -arie), adj. 'charming, delightful': naina saloni, f.
'woman with lovely eyes'. 4. [13286 salava~a- 'salty': =SAL0!'.'1.i.]
savada, v.i. 'happens'. 11• [Pers. shavad, pres. 3s. of shudan]
tsavannavaril, adj. 'beautiful, lovely'. F. [ext. of fsuvANNA]
samvari, v.i. 'be set right, be accomplished properly'. 1. [v.i.
sava, num. 'lf. l. [13134 sapiida-]
savaia, adj., adv. 'more', as nita carhai saviiiii, etc. 'ever increases'. 8.
[ext. of SAVA?, or of 13276 sarva-(cf. SABAJ>.)?; =:= P. saviiiii, H. savii]
saviri, v.t. 'cause to sleep'. l(Gall). [v.c. <SAVI]
samviri (pp. fs. + ls. suf. -iiisu MjV22), v.t. 'set in order, arrange,
set right; regulate, control, correct; adorn, adjust' (int. + lai): ag.
samviira1Jahiirii (-o), m. 'God the arranger, the controller'. 44.
[ 13021 saritviirayati]
savi (pp. suttii, sutii; pres. 3p. savanhi As V24. I, savandhi Mr A9d), v.i.
'sleep'. 27. (13902 svapati: =SOl 3 : syn. tsAMMt]
tsaveri, adj., adv. 'early, in good time'. F'. [13291 *save/a-]
sa~i (pp. ms. + 2s. suf. -iohi Sl30), v.i. 'rot, be consumed'. I. [12268
sa~ati 1 ]
sii 1, pr. 'that, she'. 19. [see so]
sii 2 (mpd. se 2 : fsd. si1 ), adj. 'like', usu. as ppn., e.g. tumha sii mitu
AsA22; after adj. 'rather, quite, -ish', as in niinhi si bumda MIA2. 4.
(13173 sama- 1? (SV): syn. JEHA, JAISA)
si 3 (siii SaV12.2, si2 ,sio MIV20.2: 3p. tsannhi SIF99, f. sfiim AsAl 1),
v.s. 'was: were'. (977 iisit??: = P. sii," si: syn. tTHA, cf. tAMHOM]
siiril, ppn. 'with, from', in khasamai siirit purasiii As39: app. as prepn.
in guru siim makkhi khiiiii VaA5. 2. (13173 sama- 1 (or 13319
siikom?): cf. SA.I 1 )
siiu, m. 'taste, delight'. 3, (13923 sviida-: =su.A.u 1 ; cf. s.A.ou]
sii 1 , adv. 'together?', in merii piru risiilU sangi siii Ba6'. 1'. [rhyme-
form of SAM·?)
siiru 1, m. 'ocean, sea, Jake': siiira ki puttri AsC3, f. 'Lak~mi,
daughter of the ocean, i.e. the world, miiyii'. 9. [ 13325 siigara-: cf.
siiru 2 , m. 'poet'. 3. (Ar. shii'ir]
sii (siii 2 Ti4), pr. 'that very, the same, she (alone)'. 20. [see sol]
tsamirh, m. 'Lord, Master (of God)'. F. [13930 sviimin-: cf. SUAMJ]
sisatu(usu. as pd.-a), m. 'Siistra, treatise of Hindu philosophy, law,
etc.'. 8. [Sk. siistra-: =SASATRU, SASU 1 ]
siisatru, m. 5. [ =SASATU]
sisu 1, m. 'Siistra'. l(Mr4). [ = SASATU]
siisu 2, f. 'mother-in-law'. 2. [ = SASSU]
sisu 3 , or sirilsu, m. 'breath, life': siisi siisi, adv. 'with each breath':
siisu giriisu, m. 'breath and mouthful, act of breathing and eating'.
20. (12769 sviisa-: =SAHU 3]
sihabu, m. 'lord'. l(Sr3). [ = s.A.HJBU]

sihi, m. 'wedding-day (as fixed by astrological calculations)'. 6.
[ < 13335 siidhayati 'prepares'?; =H.P.]
sihibu (-o AsC3), m. 'master, lord (usu. of God)'. 135. [Ar. siihib:
= SAHABU] -,!
sihu 1, m. 'king, lord'. 17. [Pers. shah: cf. SAHU 1]
sihu 2, m. 'banker, merchant'. 10. [13337 sadhu-]
sihu3, m. 'breath, life': siiha le, lai 'breathe, live': siihi siihi, adv. 'with
each breath'. 14. [ = SASU 3 )
sihu4 (as so. -u SuV14.l), f. 'ashes, dust'. 1. [??: =SUAHU]
sihurai (ext. -arai, -ariBalO), adv. 'in a girl's in-law's house; in the
next world, with God'. 10. (12767 sviHura-: cf. SASURAI]
siikatu (-ii), m. 'worshipper of Sakti; one devoted to the world,
worldly person'. 29. [Sk. siikta-]
siki, v.i. 'be able to', only as modal verb + abs. 10. [=SAKI]
siku; _m. 'relationship'. 3. (13919 •svakya-]
siikha, f. 'branch'. 6. [12376 ~iikhii-]
siikhati, f. 'girth, surcingle'. l. [Pers. siikht]
siikhati, f. 'making, fashioning, equipping; harnessing,
accoutrement (of horses)'. 4. [<Pers. siikht]
siikhi 1 , m. 'witness'. 2. (13321 sak~in-]
siikhi 2 , f. 'evidence, teaching, instruction'. usu. as gura (ki) siikhi. 9.
(13322 siik~iya-]
s&khu, m. 'reputation', as pati siikhu 'honour and.seputation'. 3.
[ 13322 siik~ya-]
siiritga, f. 'spear'. 1. (12260 sanku- 1?]
sigaru (-o), m. 'ocean, sea, lake'. 41. [Sk. sagara-: cf. SAIRU 1]
siritgi, m. 'mimic'. l. [13204 •samangika-]
sigu, m. 'vegetables'. 1. [Sk. saka- >Pk. saga-]
siiritgu, m. 'mimicry', in na!iiai samgu ba'}aia AsA22. 1. [13203
• samailga-]
siica, or samca (-au, -o 1; ext. -arii VaAl), adj. 'true, real'. 340.
[ =SACCA. 1)
siicu, or siiritcu (-0 2 ), m. 'truth, reality, God'. 200. [ =SACCU]
siijai:iu, m. 1. [ = SAJAl'..JU]


sijanu, m. (-im As22, fp.) 'friend, beloved'. 32. [13090 sajjana- 2 :

siji (pp. mp. + 3s. suf. -ianu AsV24.1), v.t. 'make, fashion, create;
adorn'. 39. (13091 sajjayati]
siju, m. 'adornment', in asafa saja saji pura1Ja sodhamhi Dh8
'having fashioned the 8 adornments (i.e. rules of recitation,
interpretation, or grammar)': also 'preparation', in tcalla1Ja ka kari
saju SlF79'. 1r. [ =SAJJO]
siriljha 1 , r. 'evening'. 3. [ 12918 saritdh ya-]
siriljha 2, f. 'sharing' ( + kari). 2 (SuC4). ( <SAMJHA]
siriljhi, adj. 'shared, held in common'. 1. [13318 siimsa-]
si4u (as ext. pd. -are MrA9), m. 'taste, delight, delightful dish'. 1d.

"R~ tsa4he, num. 'plus a hair. F. [13369 sardha-]

R'C! sii;ut, r. 'whetstone'. 1. [12388 ~iinii-]
l:P3 sita, num. 'seven': siita samunda 'the seven seas'. 4. [ =SATIA]
"Rtf3 sirilti, f. 'peace, tranquillity'. 6. (Sk. ~iinti-]
"R'111 sithi, ppn., adv. 'with, together with, together;. 19. (13364 siirthena]
"Rttit sithi, m. 'companion'. 3. [13366 siirthika-]
"R'!f sithu, m. 'company; caravan'. 8. [13364 siirtha-]
'R~ sidaku, m. 1. [ = SADIKU]
'R1fugt sidiku, m. 'sincere person, faithful Muslim'. 2. [Ar. siidiq:
sidu, m. 'tasting, taste; relish, delight, delightful dish; enjoyment'.
35. [Sk. suiida-: = SAf?U, SUADU, sv.J.ou; cf. SAU. su.J.u 1]
sidhana (·ii'), f. 'woman, chaste woman'. 25. [SADHU X DHANA?
(not sii dhana 'that woman')]
sidhiri, v.t. 'support'. 2r. ( <SADHARU)
sidhiru, adj. 'supported', in mannai paraviirai siidhiiru JP15r. 1'.
[Sk. siidhara-]
sidhi, v.t. 'prepare, control'. 5. (13339 siidhnoti]
sidhiku, m. 'holy man, miracle worker'. 12. [Sk. siidhaka-]
sadhu (-ii), m. 'holy m~, saint': siidha sarigati,' siidha sabhii, f. 'the
company of saints': siidha jana, 1'P· 'the saints'. 14. [Sk. siidhu-]
sinehi (ext. pd. -are TuC4), m. 'message': siinehii de'send message'.
1. ( = SANEHA) 45
sibatu, adj. 'enduring, settled; untouched (of capital)'. 4. [Ar. ~iibit]
tsabari, m. 'one who is patient'. F. [<Ar. siibir]
sibisi, intj. 'well done!': also as f. 'congratulation, praise, honour'
(+ kari). 12. [Pers. shiibamJ
sibiil_lu, m. 'soap'. 2. [Ar. siibun]
simu, m. 'the Samaveda'. 2. [Sk. siima-]
sira 1 (-ii 2 '), f. 'care, looking after: awareness; value': (ki) siira kari
'be aware of, take care of: (ki) siira najii1Ji 'not to know the value of,
not to appreciate'. 28. [ <SAR1 1: cf. SARA3 ]
siira 2 , f. 'decision', as siira hoi Ba3, MlV22.2 'fate to be decided'. 2.
[ <SAR1 2 ]
siramgapil_li, m. 'God'. 1. [ = SARIMGAPA~l]
sararilgu, m. 'spotted deer, peacock', in siiramgajium paggu dharai
VaC2 [vs. comm. 'elephant']. 1. [ =SARIMGU]
siirathi, m. 'fulfiller of desires', in milai prabhu siirathi RaA4'. 1'.
[Sk. siirtha-]
sirada, f. 'Sarada, the goddess Sarasvatr. 1.
siri 1 , adj. 'whole, all'. 4. (13355 siira- 2 'best part': cf. SARU]
siiri1 (ext. pres. ptc. fsd. -emdi; ext. pres. 3s. -evii VaA41, v.t.
'remember; look after, care for': gu1Ja sari 'remember, recollect, or
meditate on the qualities of God'. 22. (1386'5 smarayati]
sari 2, v.t. 'fulfil, accomplish, complete; apply collyrium': karaju sari
'accomplish one's task (in life)'. 10. (13358 sarayati]
~rimgapil_li (-;'), m. 'God'. 3'. [Sk. siirngapii1Ji- 'having the bow
Sarilga in his hand, ep. of Vi~1.1u-Kr~1.1a': = SARAMGAPAl'.'ll]
siiririlgu, m. 'spotted deer; peacock, crane, Indian cuckoo'. 2.
(12401 saranga-: =SARAMGU}
siiri,f. 'chessman, piece at backgammonorcaupaf'. 7. [12406siiri- 2
(or 13360 sari-)]
siiru (-am 5, -ii 3 ), m. 'best part, essence', and adj. 'best': also m. 'iron;
weapon': kathanii karar:ii siiru 'to describe Him is as hard as iron'.
56. ( 13355 siira- 2 'best part; hardness': cf. SARA 1 ]
silaku, m. 'devotee, Sufi'. 2. [Ar. siilik: =SALIKU]
silagramu, m. 'ammonite found in the river GaJ].4aki, supposed t.o
represent Vi~1.1u'.' 1. [Sk. siilagriima-]
H~ siliha, f. 'praise'. 13. (12736 s/iighii-: =SALA.HA)
silihi, V.t. 'praise, magnify'. 48. (12734 sliighate: =SALA.HI)
siliihi, m. 'God who is to be praised', in siiliihi siiliihi JP23, and
hindii siiliihl siiliihanhi AsV6.I [if not -Im (pl. of siiliiha) 'praise Him
with praises']. 2. [<SA.LA.HA]
siliku, m. 'devotee, Sufi'. 1. [ = SALAKU)
saloi;ii, adj. 'salty'. 1. [ =SALONA.]
siivai;ii, f. 'the Kharif crop, autumn harvest'. 1. [12700 sriivatJika-]
siivai;iu, m. 'the month July-August, month of the rains: the Kharif
crop'. 5. [12699 sriivatJa- 2 ]

si, pr. 'those, they'. 28. [ =SE 1 ]

siuril, ppn. 'with, from'. 110. (13173 sama- (Ap. sium), perh. 13310
fw>lt siii, 'was': see sA. 3
fi:T))ftjt siiihi, f. 'blackness; black clothes'. 1. [Pers. siyiihi]
fi:T))fr~ siir.aapa, f. 'cleverness'. 12. [*sajiinatva-: =SIA.NAPA]
ffi))f~l siii;iii, adj. 'clever'. 14. (13088 •sajiina-: =SIA.NA., suA.~u]
fH))fik, v.t. 'recognize, realize'. M2 (MjV2.2'). [i3184 samabhijiiniiti:
cf. SINAI':"!]
fi:J))f10U siiinapa, f. 1. [ =SIA~APA]
fH))f'()T siini, adj. 1. [ = SIAt:"A]
fH))fTtJT siiipa, m. 'ceremony of lamentation for dead person'. 1. [??: =P.]
ffiB si~ll. m. 'head'. 1. [ =sisu]
fironTHit sihajisai:'i, m. 'one who is bedridden'. 1. [der. of sayy6sana-
tsikka, f. 'desire, longing'. P. [cf. 13387 *sikka- (and *utsikna-
under 1842, 1886); =Sir. sik, f.]
sikadiri, f. 'rule, authority'. 2. [Pers. shiq-diiri]
sikadiru, m. 'governor, official, collector'. 6. [Ar. >Pers. shiq-diir
'chief finance officer of province']
sikkha (-ii, -iii, -i). f. 'teaching, instruction'. 15. (12432 siksii-:
=SlKHA] .
sikhari, f. 'point, peak; the Tenth Door' [see DUA.RU]. l. [Sk.
sikhavantii, adj. 'having instruction, guided by teaching'. 1. [Sk.
Sik~iwat- ( X SIKKHA}]
sikhi (-a MI'A7, S), f. 'tuft of hair, lock on top of head (as worn by
Brahmans)'. 3. [Sk. Jjkha-]
sikkhu, m. 'disciple': si~kha sangati, sikkha sabhii, f. 'company ol
disciples (of the Satiguru), the company of saints'. 8. (12433 Jik~ya-]
sigita, in dasavaim daddhii hoii suiiha, gae sigita pukiiri dhiihti
MjVl.2, prob. better as two words, either as si gita, i.e. 'those song!
(of joy) have departed', or as sigi ta 'when the companiom
(kinsmen?) went (with the funeral party, they cried out' [comm. a!
one word 'kinsmen' (Sk. samgita-) seems unlikely]. 1. (both
'companions' ( =SANGl?) and 'kinsmen' ( < 13869b •svagya-?) are
ffluf tRs siritghisa1_1u, m. 'throne; the heart'. 1. [simhiisana-: SIMGHASANU]
ffluf tR,9 sbhghisanu, m. 1. [ = SIMGHASA~U]

fiM sinm, f. 'horn (carried and played by yogis)'. 7. [12583 ~piga-]

M~ siiici (pp. -ita Asl9), v.t. 'water, irrigate'. 4. [13394 sincati]
fitt:reT sija4i, m. 'prostration (in Muslim prayer)'. l. [Ar. sijda]
fRM1$ siJii1.1u, adj. 'clever', in jugi jugi jl'}a sijii'}ii VaAS. 1. [ =SIA.J:'IA. (with
-j- < JA~U)]
fi:rfM tsijji (imp. 3s. -au S1F25), v.i. 'get wet'. F. [13933 svidyate]
fi:rf$ sijjhi,- v.i. 'be successful, succeed'. 4. [ =STJHI]
~· sliii1_1i, v.t. 'recognize, perceive'. 6. [ < 13184 samabhijnata-: cf
siiiipi, v.i. 'be recognized, be perceived'. S. [v.p. <SI~.J.~1: cf. J.J.PI 1
for anal. -p-J
sidaka, m. 'sincerity'. 4. [Ar. sidq]
sidhii, v.i. 'go oft', depart (for)'. 4. [ < 13407 siddha- 1 ]
sidhiri, v.i. 'go off, depart'. 1. [ < i 3407 siddha- 1 ( + kr 1)] J
siddhi, f. 'power of working miracles, magical power, supernatura
faculty': ·asa!a siddhirit, p. 'the eight supernatural powers': siddhi Iii
'display magical power'. 13. [13405 siddhi-]
siddhu (usu. as pd. -a), m. 'siddha, one of 84 semi-divine being:
possessing the 8 · siddhis; great saint, holy man'. 31. [13401
siddha- 2 ]
sinikhatu, adj. 'to be known', in saca diitiiru siniikhatu kudarat
MjV8.8. 1. [Pers. shiniikhta 'known1

siphati, f. 'praise, praising• ( + kari): siphati salaha 'praising and.
glorifying': siphati samiU1 'be immersed in praising'. 35. [Ar..
> Pers. sifat].
sipbati, m. 'one who praises', in siphati siphati samiii Srl2. 1.
sibilu, m. 'scum, slime'. 2 [12493 .feviila-]
simari, v.t. 'remember, bold in remembrance, meditate on'. 14.
[13863 smmati (>Pk. samarai, sumarai): =SIMVARI]
simmalu, m. 'the silk cotton tree Bombax heptaphyllum'. 2. (12351
simriti (also simmriti), f. 'Smfti, books of Hindu law'. 9. [Sk. smcti-]
sira: see SIRU
sirakara (-ii'), f. 'rule:, government'. 3. [Pers. sarkiir x s1au:
siraji (pp. mp. + 3s. suf. -ianu VaA3), v.t. 'create': ag. siraja'}ahiirii
(-u, -o), m. 'the Creator'. 28. (Sk. soati: cf. SARl4 , SIRl 1)
sira~bi, f. 'creation, the world, the universe'. 3. [for Sk. sr~fi-:
fi:«ra"TIT siratiji, m. 'lord, master'. 1. [Pers. sartiij x SIRU]
mw sirancli, m. 'the Creator'. 6. [pres. ptc. of SIRl 1]
·fAd<e'g siradiru, m. 'headman, chier. 1. [Pers. sardiir x s1au]
fi«J~ siraohiva~. r. 'woman's monthly period (when hair should be
washed)'. 1. [sum + ger. of NH.\l]
siri, m. 'limit, extremity': dovaim sire Mr 11 'both worlds': jiim sirai
hovai hori Pr2'at theothere'1d (of scales)'. 2. [12452 .fir~s- ( + -ka-)]
tsirhi~, m. 'pillow'. F. (12449 *.firaiidhana-]
siri , v.t. 'create':jud siri saji As21 'He who created and fashioned
(the world)' [rather than comm. siri, f. 'the world, creation'?]. 3.
[soati ( > Pk. sirai): =SARI"; cf. SIRAJI]
sirimori (-u'), m. 'chier. 2. [*.firomuku!a- (if not for Sk . .firomauli-)]
siru (so., pd. sira; sl. siri2 ; sa. sirarhhu, ext. -iilhhu SrA4), m. 'head':
sira khutthe 'having heads plucked of hair (of ascetics)': sira khura
piifi 'be torn from top to toe': siru de 'give one's head, sacrifice one's
life': sl. siri as adv. 'on the head, hanging over one (of death, etc.)',
also as ppn. 'over, above, surpassing', as in niithu siri niithiim GjA4
'Lord· of lords', daniuh kai siri danu MjV20 'gift to surpass all

others': siri (-e) siri, adv. 'for, on each and every one': siri bhiiri, adv.
'upside down'. 140. (12452 Airas-]
sila (-a}, f. 'stone: stone idol: stone mortar'. 3. [12459 Ailii-]
silaka, f. 'rope (round neck}'. 1. (Ar. silk]
siva (so., pd. of *siu), m. 'Siva; God; the spirit, soul': siva gharu, m.
siva puri, siva nogari, f. 'heaven': siva sokati ghari vasa 'Siva to dwe1i
in the house of Sakti, i.e. the soul to be incarnated in the physical
world'. 10. [12472 Aiva-]
f'>Rfu simvari, v.t. 'remember, meditate on'. 3. [=SIMAR!]
m si1, 'like': see SA2•. ·•
m si2, etc. 'was': see sA 3
m'llf'§ fsiilu, m. 'winter'. F. [12486 Aitakala-]
mrr sisu, m. 'head'. 4. (12497 Air~a-: ~s1ssu]
simhu, m. 'lion, tiger'. 4. (13384 silhha-]
mll sikha, f. 'teaching, instruction'. l'. ( =SIKKHA)
~tfu simgiri~ v.t. 'adorn'. 9. [12593 ·~rngiirayati]

Hra"§ simgiru (-a', -o'). m. 'adornment, toilette' ( + kari}. 26. (12592

~rngiira-: but metre often demands short -i-, d'. BTCARU]

-Rrew siJhcini, m. 'hawk, 'falcon'. 1. (13097 sanciina-]

RlfS' sijhi, v.i. 'be successful, succeed'. 7. (13408 sidhyate 2: =SIJJHI]
m§ sitalu, adj. 'cold, cool'. 7. [Sk. Aitala-]
'Rb' siti 1 , 'Sita, the wife of Rima': sito sitii JP37, prob. int. 'Sitiis upon
Sitis'. 1~
siti2, pp. of sTvr 'sewn'. (2). [anal. -tt-]
situ, m. 'cold', in usana sita bidhi soi Ra9. 1. [Sk. Jita-]
sidhii (-o}, adj. 'perfectCd: straight'. 3. [13401 ~idaha- 2 : cf. smoHu]
sini, adj. 'cold, cool', in jjsu agani bujh~ ~ru sinii he MrSS' [vs.
comm. 'breast' (Pers. sina)?]. 1'. [Sk. Mna- 'frozen']
sipi, v.i. 'be sewn'. 1. [v.p. <SlVI]
silu, m. 'modesty, good disposition, good conduct'. 9. [12501 Aila-;
P. also m.]
sivi (pp. sitii2), v.t. 'sew'. 3. (13444 sivyati]
su (su), pr. 'that, he, it': sobha su mani:ii GaA2 [not one word
sumanai]. 130. [.;,so]

suasati, intj. 'hail to!'. 2. [Sk. svasti-]
suiu 1, m. 'taste, delight'. 4'. [=SAU]
suio, m. 'aim, purpose', in kaunu miiragu kaUnu suiio SG2': cf.
tsabaru ehu suiiu 2 Slfl 17'. 1'. [suca(ka)- 'pointing out'?? (hardly as
comm. from sviirtha-); status as dist. from SUAU 1 confirmed
elsewhere in AG]
ffllf IQ suiha (-u'), f. 'ashes, dust'. 7. [??; =P. suiih, K. s(v)iis: =SAHU 4 ]
suidu, m. 'taste, delight'. 4. [ = SADU]
ffllf 15
EJl>fTfo suiini, f. 'bitch'. 1. [Sk . .fviini-]
suinu, m. 'dog'. 2. [Sk. .fviina-]
tp>f1Ht suimi (-i), m. 'Lord, Master (of God)'. 16. [Sk. sviimin-: cf. t SAMIM]
suirhlhiu (suiimlihu JP16), adj. 'lovely, beautiful', as in tum saccii
EP>f'IBY siihibu siphati suiimlhiu AsV12.2. 4. (13448 sukumiila-]
Bft!CT suini, m. 'gold'. 17. (13519 sauvar')a-, suvar')a-: =SOINU,
sui, pr. 'he alone'. 2'. [=sol]
suhade, mp. 'martyrs'. I. [Ar. shuhadii, p. of shahid: cf. SAHIDU]
suhii (pp. suhiiiii; fsd. suhiini Ml.2; pres. 3s. suhiivai), v.i. 'be pleasing,
agreeable; look well, become'. 13. (12537 .fubhiiyate: syn. SUKHAI,
suhiiga1;1i (suh- MrV6.2), f. 'happily married woman'. 5.
suhiigii, m. 'a harrow', in nqmu biju samtokhu suhiigii So2. 1.
[ < 12630 .fodhayati ( +?); =H.P.]
suhiigu, m. 'married bliss, husband's love'. 1. [ =SOHAGU]
suhii1;1u, adj. 'beautiful', in sati suhii'}U sadii mani ciiu JP21. 1. (12536
.fubhiina-: = SUHANA (and SUBHANU?)]
suhiini, pp. of SUHAI 'beautiful'. (1). [ = SUHA~U]
suhiva1;1i (-o'), adj. 'pleasant, charming, delightful'. 14. [ger. of
suhiiviirh (ext. mpd. -are), adj. 'pleasant, delightful, agreeable'. 12.
[ext. < 12532 .fubha-: cf. SUBHAVAM]
suhiii, f.? 'salutation, bowing in respectful greeting', in sassuri suhia
kimva karim Sil. I. [ < 12532 .fubha-; = P. poth. suhi, f. 'prostration
of daughter-in-Jaw before mother-in-law']

B°d51' suheli, adj. 'easy, at ease~ happy'. 14. {13451 sukha- + -ilia-]
!fcre!! subramu, m. 'good action', as karama sukarama. 3. [Sk. sukarman-]
-Bfa fsukki (pp. sukka SJF90), v.i. 'dry up'. F. (12552 *Au~kati: =SOK1 1 ]
Hg: sukku, adj. 'dry'. 1'. [12548 m~ka-: cf. tsukKI, fsUKKHA)
Btqg sukritu, m. 'good action, right conduct'. 3. [Sk. sukrta-)
!MfO sukhamana (-ii), f. 'the yogicchannel which runs through the centre
of the body'. 2 [Sk. ~nuµJ-]
fsukkhi, adj. 'dry (of bread)'. F. (12548 m~ka-: cf. SUKKU)
sukhil (pp. sukhiiiii, sukhiiniii Ml2'), v.i. 'be pleasing, look well,
become'. 5.. (13452 sukhiiyate (with -kh- <SUKHU): syn. SUHAI]
sukhili, adj. 'luxurious, in luxury', usu. as seja sukhiili 'luxurious
bed'. S. [13541 sukha- + -la-]
sukhii (sukhi), adj. 'happy, glad'. 8. [Sk. sukhin-J.
sukhu, sukkbu, m. 'happiness, joy, delight; ease, comfort, well-
being': sukha diitii, m. 'giver of joy, bestower of happiness': sukha
dukhu 'weal and woe': sukhaviisi 'dwelling in happiness, happy',
sim. sukhi vasi2 'dwell in joy, be happy'. 190. (13451 sukha- ( x
sugiinu, m. 'int~Uigence, widsom'. 1. [Sk. sujiiiina-]
sughafU, adj. 'clever, intelligent'. 3. (13460 sugha!a- (with MIA.
sucajii, adj. 'capable, skilful (ofwoman)'.1. [su- + CAJJl! (sim. Sir.
suca~ not < 13462 •succhadya-)]
succii, adj. 'pure, undefiled'. 6. [ =sOcA]
suci (-a), f. 'purity, purification'. 10. [Sk. Auci-: cf. SOCA]
sucitu, adj. 'pure-minded, pure in heart'. 3'. [Sk. sucitta-]
sucetu, adj. 'clever, intelligent'. 1'. [Sk. suceias-]
sujikhi, adj. 'seeing well, clear-sighted; discerning, clever'. 2'.
[ sucak~as-]
sajigi, adj. 'wide awake, alert'. 1'. [su- + JAGI} .
sajia,Qi, pp. 'known well', in.jinhrm jiit]u sujii']iii Pr9. 1. [su- +
JA~IA] .
suji~u (-i'), adj. 'clever, intelligent; wise, omniscient'. 20. [su- +
sujinu (-ii'), adj. 2'. [ =SUJA~U]
~TfE' sujhii, v.t. 'make apparent, expJain'. 1. [v.c. <SUJJHI]
B~ sujjhi, v.i. 'be apparent, be seen, be understood'. 4. [ =SOJHI]
"11~ suiiiii, adj. 'empty, desolate, deserted, ruined'. 5. (12567 siinya-:
=SON.I.; cf. SUNNU]

BR SU!fi, v.t. 'throw out, get rid of. 3. [ < 13578 S!~fa-: =SATfl]
Bclfu su.,&i (pres. 3s. sur.iiivai, sur.iei MIV24.l '), v.t. 'make hear, cause to be
heard; tell, announce;. 27. [v.c. <SU~I: =SUN.I.I]
Bk su~i (ext. pres. 2s. su'}emhi Sr24d), v.t. 'hear, listen to, heed'. 135.
(12598 S!QOti: =SUNI]
tsui.iraru, m. 'ear'.·F. [su~1 + kara- 1?]
sutti, pp. of SAVI 'asleep; heedless, dead'. (12). [13479 supta-:
sutu (-o). m. 'son'-. 15. [Sk. suta-]
suthirilu, m. 'a good place', as sl. suthiimi, adv. 'in a good place (in
the heart)'. 2r. [su- + THAMU: cf. SUTHANU]
BlP9 suthinu, m. •a good place'. ir. [su~ + THANU: cf. SUTHAMU]
"11~ sundaru, adj. 'beautiful': sundari, f. 'beautiful woman'. 8. [Sk.
Bfa su~dhi, f. 'awareness'. 7. (12523 suddhi-J

BY suddhu (-a), adj. 'pure; mere'. 3. (12520 su4dha-]

!Jofa sunnati, f. 'right mode of life (as enjoined by the example of
Muhammad)'. 1. [Ar. >Pers. sunnat]
sunii, v.t. 'tell'. 1. (v.c. <SUNI: =su~>.1]
suni, v.i. 'hear, listen to, heed'. 17. [=SU~I]
suniiru, m. 'goldsmitlt'. 2r. (13520 suvar~a-]
sunnu (-am). m. 'void, emptiness, non-existence; God, conceil'ed as
being without qualities or attributes' (int. sunnama sunnam SGSl '):
sunna samadhi, f. 'contemplation of the void, absolute state of
meditation'. 38. (Sk. siinya- (>Pk. SUIJIJa-): cf. suAA>.]
supanantaru, m. 'state of dreaming; dream'. 2. [Sk. svapnantar{l-]
supani, m. 'dream'. 8. [Sk. svapna-]
supedi, f. 'whiteness, white clothes'. 1. [Pers. supaidi]
supedu, adj. 'white'. 1. [Pers. supaid]
tsubaha, f. 'dawn, early morning': subaha niviija 'the morning
prayer'. F. [Ar. .iubt!]
subahinu, adj. 'glorious, blessed', oi' m. 'glorification', in tudhu sace
subahiinu sadii kalii~iii MjV26. 2. [Ar. sub~iin: =SUBH.l.NU]
subhacintarh, f. 'well-wisher·'. 1'. [Sk. *$ubhacinta-]
subharu, adj. "well filled, full', 7. [Sk. subhara-]
subbiu 1, m. 'na~ure': usu. as sl. subhiii 1, adv. 'naturally, easily', sim.
sahaji subhai. 32. [Sk. svabhiiva-]
subhiu 2, m. 'good disposition, loving nature'; also adj. 'of a good or
lovirig nature': sl. subhiii2 , adv. 'through love, lovingly', sim. bhiii
subhiii. 5. [Sk. *subhiiva-]
subhii 3 , v.i. 'be pfeasing, look well, become'. 3. [ < 12538 •subhyate:
syn. SUH.I.I]
subhikhi, v.t. 'speak well; praise, magnify'. 2..[su- + BH.l.KHI]
subhigi, adj. 'fortunate'. 1. [Sk. subhiigya-]
subhinu, adj. 'blessed', in guramukhi sukkhu subhiinu Srl9'. l'.
[ =SUBAH.l.NU (or SUH.I.~)]
subh~virh, adj. 'pleasing'. 1. [ <SUBHAJ 3: cf. SUHAVAM]
sumiri, v.t. 'count', in iki paU!]a sumiiri paU~a sumiiri MjV14.2
'some are breath-counters, who count their breaths'. l '.
-sumiri, m. 'counter'. 1. [see suMARI]
smniru, m. 'counting, reckoning': kevtu!u diitii iikhiai de kai rahiii
sumiiri SrAl' 'His giving cannot be reckoned'. 5'. [Pers. shumiir]
summu, m. 'spring (of river)', in summa hovamhi duddhu ghiu
MjV9.1. 1. [cf. 13419 *simm- 'ooze': =P. sumb]
sura, mp. 'gods': suri (-a) nara 'gods and men': suri (-a) niitha 'lords
of the gods, chief gods; great yogis of divine rank'. 15. [Sk.]
surahirh, fp. 'cows'. 1. [surabhi- (Pk. surahi-)]
suragu, m. 'heaven'. 13. (Sk. svarga- ( x SURA?)]
surati, m. 'the Hearer (of God)': also adj. 'clever, percipient,
inteJligent'. 7. [ <SURATI]
surati, f. 'mindfulness, awareness; mystical awareness of God;
mind, attention': surati samiii 1 'mystical awareness to be totally
engaged'. 65. [Sk. sruti- 'hearing' (though sense suggests that of Sk.
surati, m. 'mystic, whose attention is fixed on God; God, as focus of
mystical awareness'. 4. [ <SURATI]
surami, m. 'collyrium'. 1. [Pers. surma]
surinara: see SURA
sulatinu, m. 'sultan, emperor, king'. 17. [Ar. sultan]
fsuvanni (ext. fsd. -a~i SIF83), adj. 'beautiful, lovely'. MS. (13519
suvarlJaka-: = tsAVANNAVAM]
tsuvaidu, m. 'good doctor'. M2. [su- + VAIDU]
siiaru, m. 'pig'. 1. [13544 siikara-: cf. SOKARU]
siii, m. 'stake, spike, spit'. 1. (12560 siika-]
fsiii, v.t. 'hatch (young, of birds)'. F. [13560 siite]
siii, f. 'needle'. 2. (13551 siici-]
siihafu, m. 'parrot'. 1. (12503 suka- + ?)
siihi, adj. 'red, scarlet'. 3. [12532 subha-]
siikaru, m. 'pig'. 2. [Sk. siikara-: cf. SOARU]
siiki 1 (pp. sukii AsA15r), v.i. 'dry, dry up, wither'. 3. (12552 •su~kati:
Rfa siiki 2 , v.i. 'be puffed up', in tini carar;ia ika dubidhii suki MrS4r,
= comm. as 'only 3 feet (of Dharma remained in the Treta yuga),
dualism alone swelled (i.e. prevailed)'. 1r. [cf. P. suklJii (onom.?)
'whistle (of the wind), huff and puff, swell with pride']
siikhamu, adj. 'fine, subtle': siikhama miirati 'whose form is subtle,
"' -
imperceptible to the senses (of God)'. 1. [Sk. siik~ma-]
siikhu, m. 'happiness, ease'. 7. [=SUKHU]
siici, adj. 'pure, clean, undefiled, clear'. 24. (12511 •sucya-:
siiciciri, m. 'person of pure conduct, virtuous person'. 2r. [Sk.
'R'¥ . siijha, f. 'awareness', as siijha biijha 'awareness and understanding'.
"' 2. ( <SOJHI)
siijhi, v.i. 'be apparent, be seen, be understood, be clear (to the
mind)'. 33. (12527 Sudhyate: =SUJJHI)
siitaku, m. 'impurity'. 16. [Sk. siitaka-]
"' - siiti (ext. fsv. -a~ie BIC2), pp. of SAVI 'asleep; heedless, dead'. (13).
siitu, m. 'thread, cotton thread, Brahman's sacred thread;
arrangement': sura dhiiriAs35r, f. 'thread (for necklace)': samtokhu

thapi rakhia jini siiti JP16 'which established contentment in the
arrangement of the world'. 9. [13561 sutra-]
siidu, m. 'Sildra, man of the 4th caste'. 1. [12564 sudra-: cf. sODRA]
siidra, m. 'Sildra'. 1•. [Sk.: cf. soou]
siini (-o), adj. 'empty, deserted, desolate'. 2. [ =SUJilJit~]
tsuphu, m. 'wool, Sufi's woollen robe'. F. [Ar. sUJ]
siiraju, m. 'the sun (considered in yoga to control the right-hand
channel of the body)'. 21. [Sk. siirya-: syn. s0Ru 2 ]
siiratta~u, m. 'bravery, heroic deed'. 1. [.§iiratvana-]
siirati, f. 'form, beauty'. 3. [Ar. >Pers. .Surat]
siiru 1 , m. 'hero, brave warrior'. 16. [12569 .§ura- 1 ]
siiru2, m. 'the sun (considered in yoga to control the right-hand
channel of the body)': sasi ghari SUMA samiii 'the sun to enter the
house of the moon (i.e. effect the union of opposed forces which is
the goal of yoga)': siira sanA sosi lai soma saru pokhi lai Mr9 'dry up
the lake of the sun and fill that of the moon (i.e. the right- and left-
hand channels)'. 13. [13574 siira-: syn. sORAJU]
siiliku, m. 'sharp metal spike (used to test coins)'. 1. [12575 .§ula-
( x 12349 ~alakii-?) + ?; cf. H. salii~
siili, f. 'impaling stake'. 1. [12575 .§Ulikii-]
tsiilu, m. 'pain'. F. [12575 .§Ula-]
se 1 , pr. 'those, they'. 105. [see so: =SI, TE 1 ]
se 2, 'like': see SA 2
sei (-i), pr. 'those, those very, the same, they'. 20. [see sol]
sekhu, m. 'Shaikh, Muslim religious leader'. 10. [Ar. shai'5Jij
seja (-ii: ext. -ari). f. 'bed'. 22. [12609 •seyyii-]
setaja (ext. po. -iimha, mp. 'creatures created from sweat,
vermin, one of the four types ofliving creature'. 3. [for Sk. svedaja-]
.setambaru. adj. 'robed in white (of God)'. 1. [Sk . .foetambara-]
seti, ppn. 'with, from'; 33. [13173 sama- 1? ( +??); =Sir.]
setu 1, adj. 'white', in seta baNina sabhi dutii GjAl 'all his enemies'
colour turns white (i.e. in discomfiture)'. 1. [Sk. $veta-]
setu 2, m. 'bridge': setu biimdhi 'build a bridge'. 1. [Sk. setu-]
seva 1 (pd. of *seu), m. 'devotees'. ir. (JP26). [13592 sevaka-: cf.
sevaku, m. 'servant, attendant; devotee'. 32. [Sk. sevaka-: cf. SEVA 1]
sevi (seva1 ), f. 'servi~. attendance, worship' ( + kamiii, kan). 68.
[13595 seva- (with -a <Sk.)]
seri, v.t. 'serve, attend on, worship'. 100. (13593 sevate: =SAREVI]
sai 1 '100': see SAV
sai1 , v.s. 'is', in nanakujala kau minu sai Pr13. 1. (?:see HAI]
sairilsiri, adj. 'wordly': m. 'householder, married man'. 2.

ltff19 =
sairilsiru (-a'), m. 'the world'. 3. [ SAMSARU]
sa~u, m. 'relative'. 1. [ =SAINU]
lt.3'-rol saitini, m. 'follower of Satan'. 1. [Ar. >Pers. shai!.iini]
saitiou, m. 'Satan, the devil; evil'. 4. [Ar. shai!.iin]
°AOT saini, f. 'army'. 1. [for Sk. senii-]
'A9 sainu, m. 'relative'. 2. [13897 svajana-: =SAIJ:'IU]
'Aj sairilbharil, adj. 'self-existent (ofGod)'. 1. [for Sk. svayambhava-: cf.
sailu, m. 'rock; hill': pujariahi sailiim (fp.?) RaA4' 'they worship ·
rocks, stone idols'. 6. [Sk. .§aila-]
so, pr. 'that, he, if. 300. (12815 sa 1: =siJ, fsd. sA 1, pd. SE 1, other
forms listed under TIS\J; emph. sol'.)
soi 1: see sol
soi 1, f. 'news; reputation', as in ki na SUJJemhi ... kannim soi Sr24',
jivandiam patti nahi muiiim mandi soi SaV 14.1 '. 2'. [absence of -h-
suggests •sroti- rather than 12631 •sodhi-]
soi3, (pres. 3s. sova1), v.i. 'sleep'. 8. [13902 svapati: =SAVI]
soinu, m. 'gold'. 2. [ = SUINA]
soi (soi 1), pr. 'that, that very, the same; he, it (alone)'. 220. [13607
so'pi: =suT, fsd. SAi, pd. SET, other forms listed under nsu; emph. of
sesi, v.t. 'dry, make dry' (int. + /ai). 1. (12645 so~ayati: cf. SOKHI]
soharil, m. ''He is I', the formula of identity between God and the
self: soharh hansii MtV19.l, m. 'the formula ~He is I and I am He''.
3. [Sk. so 'ham (aharh sa~)]
~.-. adj. 'beautiful, lovely'. 10. (12637 sobhana- (or ger. of

sohii, v.i. 'be pleasing, become'. l. [ < 12636 sobhate: syn. SUHAI]
sohiga~i, f. 'happily married woman'. 31. [ <sOHAGU:
sohigani, f. 1. [ = SOHAGA~I]
sohigi, m. 'borax'. 1. [13618 saubhiigya- 2 ]
sohigu (-o'), m. 'married bli~ husband's love'. 4. (13617
saubhiigya- 1: =SUHAGU]
sohiva~i, adj. 'pleasant, delightful'. 1. [ger. of SOHAI: cf.
sohi, v.i. 'shine; look beautiful'. 24. [12636 .fobhate]
sohili (-a~a), m. 'hymn of joy, nuptial song'. 7. [12640 ~obhin- +
soheli, m. 1•. [=SO HILA]
soku, m. 'grier. 1. [Sk. soka-: cf. soou]
sokhi, v.t. (and v.i.?) 'dry, dry up'. 5. [Sk . .fo~ayati: cf. sos1]
sogi, adj., m. 'grief-stricken, afflicted; sufferer'. 2. [ <soou]
sogu (-a'), m. 'grief, sorrow, suffering'. 22. [Sk. soka- >Pk. soga-: cf.
soca (-i 2 ), f. 'purity'; also 'thought, thinking', in socai soci na hovai
JPl, and surati soca kari bham<!asiila So2. 6. [for Sk. fouca- (cf.
SUCI), and <SOCI 1]
It~ soci 1 (pres. ls. -im JPl), v.t. 'think, ponder'. 1. [12621 ~ocyate 'is
mt sojhi, r. 'awareness, understanding'. 30. [ < 12633 .fodhyate]

~ sotru, m. 'ear'. 1. lSk. srotra-]

Rfu sodhi, v.t. 'purify; scrutinize, correct (texts)'. 3. [12626 .foddhum]
ffift sophi; m. 'Sufi, Muslim mystic'. 1. [Ar. siiji]
~S' sobhi (-a), f. 'beauty, splendour': sobha kari 'make splendid;
honour, magnify'. 10. [Sk. fobhD-]
~ somu, m. 'moon'. 1. [Sk. soma-]
l«Jfcs sonthi, f. 'the musical mode·Sorathi'. 1. [13621 saurii~fra~]
~ soru, m. 'turmoil, uproar, confusion'. 2•. [Pers. shor]
~ sovannu, m. 'gold'. 1. [ = SUINA]
Jtt sovai, etc.: see SOI 3

sravai:iu, m. 'ear'. 2. [Sk. sravarJa-]
srisafj, m. 'the Creator'. 2. [ <SRISATI]
srisa!i, f. 'creation, the world, the universe'. 11. [Sk. swi-:
sri, m. 'Lord', as ep. with names of Vi~.i:iu. 2. [Sk. sri-]
sridharu, m. 'Vi~1.1u; God'. 3. [Sk. sridhara-]
sriraritgu, m. 'Vi~1.1u'. 2. [Sk. ~riranga-]
svidu, m. 'delight, relish'. 1. ( =SADU]

u H
haiirit, pr. 'I': also (as f.?) 'ego, pride, the false I' [ =HAOMAIM]; haum
haum kari 'be filled with false sense of identity'. 150. (992 aham: cf.
HAMBHT (and MAIM 1 for infl. forms), also AHAM]
haiimairit, m.? 'ego, pride, the false I, self-centredness': hallmaim
kari 'be filled with false sense of identity, be proud, be self-centred'.
150. (HAUM + MAiM 1)
haiiri, adj. 1'. [ =HAULA.]
haiili, adj. 'light, lightly laden; feeble, worthless'. 4. (10894 /aghu-:
hai, v.s. 'is'. 1. [see HAI]
hasani (-u), m. 'laughter, rejoicing'. 3. (14022 hasana-]
hassai:iu. m., in iki bhi phiri hassarJi piimhi SoV16.1, comm. 'some
too they (i.e. the Parsis) then lay out on a tower of silence'. 1. (1467
a.§raYOrJa- ?]
hasati (-i), m., f. 'elephant'. 4. [Sk. hastin-: cf. HA.THI]
hasatu, m. 'hand'. 2. [Sk. hasta-: cf. HATTHU]
hassi, v.i. 'laugh'. 5. (14048 *hasyate]
hansu 1 (-ii), m. 'wild goose (but often loosely rendered as 'swan'):
the soul'. 36. (13937 (or Sk.) hamsa-: =HANSULA,t HA~JHU]
hansu1, m. 'violence', in hansu hetu MjV20.2 (and Ga2). 2. [for Sk.
himsa-: = HINSA]
hansuli, m. 'wild goose'. 1. (13937 hamsa- + -1-: =HANsu]
harithi, v.s. 'are'. 5. [see HAI]
hakku, m. 'right; justice; truth; God.'. 5. [Ar. f!aqq]
haccbi, adj. 'clean, pure'. 8. [142 accha- 1]
bajin, num. '1000'. 1'. [Pers. haziir]
hajiiri (-e'), adv. 'in one's presence, in God's pre~ence'. 9.
fhaiijhu, m. 'wild goose'. F. [13937 hamsa-: =HANsu 1]
ha'8nili, m. 'row of shops, bazaar'. 2'. [HA'frU + 7047 niilfi- 1]
ha'8fi, f. 'little shop, stall'. 1. [dim. of HAITU]
haffU, m. 'shop': p. haua 'shops, bazaar'. 8. f13944 haffa-: = HATU]
hafhi, m. 'practitioner of hafhayoga'. 1. [ <HATHU]
bafhu, m. 'force, forcefulness, using force (to subdue the self, as in:
hafhayoga': hafhu nigrahu 'force and ci>ntrol, strenuous control ol
the self. 14. [Sk. htr!ha-: = HATHU]
ha44u, m. 'bone'. 1. [13952 ha44a-]
hari14hii, v.t. •wear (clothes)'. 3'. [v.c. <HA~1;>1 2 ]
ha'4hi 1, v.i. 'wander, err, stray'. 4. [l394l *haJJ{h- 1]
ha'4hi 2 , v.i. 'be worn, last (of clothes)'. l(RaV19.1). [1395'
*harJfh- 2 ]
hai;aavantaru, m. 'Hanuman, the monkey chief. 1. [1396~
hanumant- ( x BANTARu?)]
hanti, m. 'killer, slayer'. 2. [Sk. hantr-1
hatii, f. '~illing, murder' ( + kamai). 1. [Sk. hatya-]
hatluliru, m. 'hammer'. 1. [14027 *ha$takara-]
hatthu (-o), m. 'hand': sl. hatthi freq. as ppn. 'in the hand(s) of, in th•
possession or control or: hattho hatthi nacaiai SrPl 'the child'
hand is dandled by those of his family': t so ummara hattha pavannli
SlF89 'lay hands on life'. 34. [14024 hasta-: = HATHU; cf. HASATU
hadiiri, adv. 'in one's presence, in God's presence'. l:i
[Ar. f!uiur: = HAJORI]
honnhi, v.s. 'are'. 1. [see HAI]
bambbi, pr. 'I (emph.)'. 2d. [HAUM + BHI]
habbhu, pr. 'all'. ld. [ =SABBHU]
hama 1, pr. 'we, us'; also used ass. 'I, me'. 54. [986 asmad-: cf. ASSTM
hama 2, pr. 'all', in hamajerajimi duniii MjV13.1. l '.[Pers. hama: c
hamacu, cj. 'as well as'. 11• [Pers. hamcun]
hamari, poss. pr. 'our'. 4. [ =HAMARA 1 ]
hami tumhi, pr., m. 'one and all, high and low', in hama tumha melu .
AsV20.2. 1. [HAMA + TUMHA ( x Pers. hama-o-shuma~)]
bamiri 1 (-o), poss. pr. 'our, ours; my'. 26. [988 asmaka- + -kara-:
hamiri 2 , pr. 'to all, for all', in hamara eku asa vase MjV13.5. 11•
.[Pers. hama-rii: cf. HAMA 2 ]
baraba~u. m. 'Persian wheel'. 1. [596 araghaffa-]
barakhi (ext. pres. 3s. -iii MlAl'), v.i. 'rejoice'. 1. [ <HARAKHU]
harakbu, m. 'rejoicing, gladness'. 10. [Sk. har~a-]
hara~, m. 'a perfume', in kesari kusama miragamai harar,iil Ti2,
prob. 'musk', or 'jasmine oil' [comm. 'gold' (14110 hiral]ya-) very
doubtful]. 1. [13982 haril]a-, or 13983 haril]i- 2 ]
hara~khasu, m. 'Hirai;iyik~ Golden-eye, name of a demon'. 2.
bara~khi. r. 'doe-eyed girl'. 1. [hari1Jiik~i-]
hara~, f. 'doe'. 1. [13982 hari1Ji- 1 ]
barar.iu, m. 'deer'. 3. [13982 hari1Ja-]
harama, f. 'harem; woman in harem'. 2. [Ar. f!aram]
hararailgi, adj. 'many-coloured, multicoloured'. 1. [Pers. har +
rang (vs. HARi RANGU 'love of God', elsewhere): cf. HARICIJU]
harimakhoru, m. 'one who lives by dishonest or corrupt means'. 2r.
[Ar. >Pers. !!_ariim-khor]
-harimi, adj., in IU1Ja harami 'untrue to one's salt, faithless,
disloyal'. l. [Ar. !!ariim; cf. Pers. namak-!!_aram: =-HARAMU]
barimu, m. 'what is forbidden in Islam, forbidden food'. 2. [Ar.
hari 1 (harilr, hare 1'), m. 'God': hari gulJa, mp. 'God's qualities, the
divine attributes': hari jana, mp. 'men of God, saints': hari namu, m.
'God's name, the divine Name': hari rasu, m. 'the liquor of God, the
delight found in loving adoration of God': hari rangu, m. 'the love
of God' [hari- is also used as the first element of many other
compounds, variously written as one or two words, but generally
of obvious meaning]. 630. [Sk. hari- 'ep. of Vi,r;iu-Knr;ia1
~fu . bari 2 (as pres. 3s. hare2 AsAt9•, -ai Pr6'), v.t. 'snatch, take away by
force'. 2'. (13980 harati: =illRI]
harii (-io; fs. hari2 ; mpd. hare 3 ), adj. 'green: flourishing, luxuriant'.
10. [ 13985 harita-]
hariciju, m. 'everything', asp. 'all things', in haricijimjini ranga kia
AsP22. 1. [Pers. har-ciz: cf. HARARANGJ, CIJU]
hariivali (-u), adj. 'green: flourishing'. 5. [ext. of 13985 harita-, or
13987 haritala-: for adj. ext. -iivalii cf. tNJMDRAVALA, BHIHAVALA,
haricandu, m. 'Harigcandra, a king proverbial for his generosity'. 2.
halad, adv. 'in this world'. 2. [ihatya x PALATI]
halii, v.t. 'move, shake (the feet, of dancers)'. 1. [v.c. < 14018
halilu, m. 'what is permitted in Islam; meat slaughtered in Muslim
fashion; righteousness'. 4. [Ar. !!alal]
halo, m. 'plough'. 2. (14000 ha/a- 1]
halerni, f. 'meekness, mildness'. 1. [Ar. >Pers. !!alimij
havi, f. 'desire, lust'. 11• [Ar.]
harhavini, f. 'handcuff?', in nindaka laitabara mile harhavaniai
Miv21r.' 1r. [luu/i- 'wooden fetter' + -pa1Ji- 'hand'??] · ·
hirh, v.s. 'am, are'. 2. [see HAI]
hisalu, adj. 'proceeded, issued', in hukamu hoa flasalu SoV28.l:
sim.? in hukamu hiisalu karim bai!hii Sri [vs. comm. 'I may issue
commands and collect taxes' (i.e. for Ar. mab_siil)]. 2. [Ar. !!ii.Sil]
hihi, m. 'the letter H'. 1.
hika, r. 'call, shout, cry', in dharati hiika caliiim MjVl 9.1 'I drive on
the earth (with a cry)'. 1. (13938 hakka-]
hikiri (ex~. -arii), m. 'call, summons'. 2. (13940 hakkiira-]
hijam (-a), adj. 'present': hajiiri hiijaru, hiijarii hajiiri 'present before
one, immediately present'. 3. [Ar. !!azir: =liADARA]
hiiji, m. 'one who has performed the pilgrimage to Mecca'. 1. [Ar.
hiitu, m. 'shop'; pd. hafa 'shops, bazaar': pl. hafim bafim SG7,8 'in
markets and on highways, in town and country'. 12. [=HATTU]
hi!ha, f. 'side, direction', in paravirati niravirtiti hii{ham dovaim
MIVS. 1. [??:sense confirmed elsewhere in AG]

hi,hu, m. 'force, forcible control', in mana hiifhi MrS22. 1r.
hi~ 1 (-u), f. 'loss': int. hiirJe hiiPJi 'utfer loss, ruin': hiirJu haHu kari
iirajii saccu niimu kari vatthu So2 'make age, ever wasting away,
your shop' (?). 4. [14055 hiini- (and 14053 hiina- 2?)]
-hi1_1i 2 , adj. 'of the same age', as nava hiit;tiBIC2, f. 'young woman'. l.
(14057 hiiyana-]
hitha, r. 'depth, bottom (of deep water)': hiitha na labbhi 'depth not
to be plumbed'. 6. [13748 sthiigha-: = HATHALA]
hithili, m.? 'bottom', in kini hiithiilii dekhiai MrV14.3. l. [HATHA
+ -iila-]
hithi, m. 'elephant'. 1. [14039 hastin-: cf. HASATT]
hithu, m. 'hand': sl. hiithi freq. as ppn. 'in the hand(s) of, in the
possession or control or: hiithi kari 'grasp'. 13. ( = HATTHU]
hidari, adj. 'present', as hiidarii haduri JP3 'present before one,
immediately present'. 1. [ = HAJARU]
himi, f. 'support', as (ki) hiimii bhari 'support, stand up for,
recommend'. 2. [1235 iim >H.P. hiim 'yes' ( x Ar. hiimi
'supporter')] -
-hirimu, adj., in lU1Ja hiiriimu 'faithless, disloyal'. 1. [=-HAR.I.Ml]
hiri 1 , 'defeat, loss', as hiiri na iii 'not to be defeated, suffer loss'. 4.
(14062 hiiri-]
hiri 2, v.t. 'lose, be defeated (in)' (int. + jiii):janamu hiiri 'lose, waste
one's life'. 25. [14061 hiirayati]
hiru 1 (-o1, m. 'necklace, garland': hiiru paroi 'thread necklace,
string garland'. 12. (14059 hiira- 2 ]
-hiru 2 (-ii, -o) suf. added too. inf. to form verbal agent [treated as
one word], like devat;tahiiru 'giver'. 125. (3051 kiira- 1: cf. -VALA]
hili, m. 'ploughman'. 3. (14067 hiilika-]
hilu, m. 'state, condition'. 2'. [Ar. f!iil: syn. AHAVALA]
hirhvi, m. 'sighing', only as sl. hiimvai 'in sighing, in longing (for the
beloved)'. "3. (14049 hii 1 + ?]
hiiu (sl. hiiii), m. 'the heart'. 3. (14152 hrdaya- ( + ?): = tHIALA,
thiili (ext. sl. -iai SIF19), m. 'the heart'. F. [ext. of HIAU]
hinsi, f. 'violence'. 3. (Sk. himsii-: = HANSU 2 ]
hikamati, f. 'skill, art, contrivance; cleverness, artfulness, trick'. 5.
[Ar. >Pers. !!ikmat]
hikku (-o; pl. -anhim), num. 'one;just one, only'; p. as pr. 'some'. Sd.
[2462 *ekka- (Sir. h-): = IKKU, HEKU]
thiliitu, f. 'asafoetida'. F. (14079 hingu-]
hitakiri (-i', -u'), m. •;over; one who is infatuated (with the world)'.
5. [Sk. hitakiirin-]
hitu (-am•), m. 'love; infatuation (with the world)'. 9. [Sk. hita-:
hirildavii:ai, f. 'Hindu woman'. 3. [f. < HINDO]
hirildusatinu, m. 'Hindustan, north India'. 2. [Pers. hindustiin]
hindii, m. 'Hindu'. 6. [Pers.]
hiradi (usu. as sl. -ai), m. 'the heart'. 32. [Sk. hrdaya-: = amu; cf.
hiri, v.t. 'snatch, take away by force'. 2. [13980 *hryate: = HARI 2 1
hirilva (-ai, so. of *hium), m. 'snow': himvai (kii) gharu, m. 'house of
snow, abode of peace' ( + chili, biimdhi). 5. (14096 hima-: syn.
-hi, emph. 'only, indeed', or simply emphasizing preceding word.
c.lOO(but often best regarded as forming ext. of pr. or adv.). [Sk. hi,
with reemphasis?]
hiari, m. 'the heart'. 1. [P.Xt. .of HlA; cf. TALAHTALU]
hii, m. 'the heart'. l'. (14152 hrdaya-: =HIXU]
hiri14u, m. 'movement, going'. 1'. [14088 *hi'}t/a-]
hiri14oli, f. 'palanquin'. 1. [14094 *hi'}t/ola-]
hii:au (-am, -aii, -ii,, adj. 'vile, mean; weak': usu. as adj. suf.
'without, -less', as in giiina hi'}am 'without real knowledge', bhagati
hi'}u 'without devotion'. 13. [14124 hina-: =HTNU]
hinu (-ii), adj. (and suf.). 4. [ = Hll~1u]
hiri (-u'), m. 'diamond'. 24. (14130 hira-]
hili (as ext. -ara), m. 'device, pretence'. 1. [Ar. !!ila]
hukami1, m. 'God, whose will controls the universe'. 2 (JP3,
AsA12). [ <HUKAMU]
hukamu (-o), m. 'command, order, royal authority'; esp. 'the divine
order, will, or authority, which controls the universe': sl. hukami

(-i2}, adv. 'in accordance with the divine will': hukamu kari, ca/iii, de
'issue command, exercise authority': hukamu maniii 'cause order to
be obeyed'. 190. [Ar. !J.ukm]
hujjati, f. 'vain argument, pettifogging objection'. 2. [Ar. >Pers.
bur.Ii, adv. 'now'. 5. [268 adhunii]
h6te: see HOI
huramati, f. 'honour'. 1. [Ar. >Pers. !J.urmat]
hiim, ppn. 'from', as in kiili hum dhaule MrA8 'from black to white':
ko!im hum pira AsA 12 'crores of pirs': and freq. in int. phrases, as in
nici hum ati nicu Sr3 'quite the lowest of the low'. 7. [ext. of the sa.
termination -amhu (rather than simple emph. < 3846 khalu)?]
~' hiii, pp. of HOI 'been, become', (11). [9552 bhuta-]
"" fhiilu, m. 'uproar, riot', in hUla pavai kiihiihii SlF98. F. [14141
*hulla- 1]
he 1, intJ.. 'oh!' (usu. as line-final}. 200. [14157 he]
he 2 , v.s. 'is', as in iigai jiiti na he As3.l ', kahu niinaka siicii he Gj 1'.
[but seldom dist. from HE 1]. [see HAI]
fhei, v.s. 'is'. M2 (RaV18.1'). [see HAI]
heku (-o; sl. -ai}, num. 'one; just one'. 3. [ = HJKKU]
heci, pr. 'anything'. 11• [Pers. hec]
he!hi, ppn. 'beneath'. 1. [248 *adhi~!iit]
hetu 1, m. 'love; infatuation (with the world)': hetu piiiru 'love and
affection'_: (sium} hetu liii 'fall in love with, love'. 32. ('= HITU]
fhetu 2 , m. 'reason', in lammi lammi nadi vahai kandhi kerai heti
SIF86', comm. as 'for the sake of (eroding) its bank' (?). F'. [Sk.
heri, v.t. 'look at, look for'. 6. [14165 *herati]
herii, m. 'spy, scout'. 1. [ 14165 heraka-]
herilva (so. of*hemu?), 'snow', in manu tanu hemva bhae MIA2 'cool
as snow': ext.? in iki palii kakkaru bhanni sitalu jalu hemvahi
MlV15', i.e. 'some break the ice and (mortify themselves in) water
as cold as snow' [comm. also 'suffer, endure', as pres. 3p. of *hemvi,
unsupported elsewhere]. 2. [14169 haima-: syn. HIMYA]
fhe~i, 'flesh, the body', as in her:e mutti dhiiha SlF77. F. [??; = H.
her:ii 'flesh' (cf. Pk. hetfii-, f. 'mass'?)]
hai, v.s. 'is': hai bhi hosi'He is, and will be'. 220. [1031 iik~eti ( x HOJ):
other forms of the pres. v.s. are ls. HAM, 2s. HAMHI, HAIM, 3s. also
2 2 2
AHAi, A.HT, ATHI , SAl , HAT, HE , tHEI, Ip. HAM, 3p. AMHI, HAMHI,
HANN HI, HAIM, HAINHI; for the past v.s. see SA 3]
haim, v.s. 'are'. 15. [see HAI]
hai hai, intj. 'alas!': hai hai iikhi, kari 'lament, groan'. 2. [14058
hainhi, v.s. 'are'. 2. [see HAI]
haimaiicalu, m. 'Himalaya'. 1. [for Sk. haimiicala-]
thaiyati, m. 'one who is alive'. F. [Ar. >Pers. f!ayiiti]
hairanu (-ii'), adj. 'astonished, astounded, confounded, confused'. 4.
[Ar. !!airan]
haivaru, m. '(fine) horse', only as haivara gaivara 'fine horses and
elephants'. 3. [*hayavara- 'best of horses']
hoi (Qres. ptc. hotau, -o, mpd. hute MIJ, homdii; pp. hoii, hoia, also
hi'4ii, bhaia; pres. 3s. hoi, -i, hovai, -ai, -asi, -i, 3p. homhi, -i, ho~hi,
hovamhi, -1, hovanhi, -i; fut. 3s. hosi, hogu, also hoisi, hoiga, hoiba [as
pres. Pr8], f. hoga, hovagi), v.i. 'become, happen, occur': int. + jai
'become': freq. as v.s. 'be', and equ. ot HAI in pres.: pres. ptc. homda
also m. 'substance, existence, being'. 900. (9416 bhavati: syn. THI]
hocha, adj. 'mean, trifling; stupid'. 7. [14084 *hoccha-]
homi, v.t. 'sacrifice'. 1. [Sk. homayati]
homu, m. 'sacrificial offering of ghee': homa jaga 'burnt offerings
and sacrifices' ( + kari). 6. [Sk. homa-]
horu (emph. -o RaV:il.I; po. -ani AslO), adj. 'other, another, else,
more'; also pr. 'someone else, something else'. 90. [434 apara-:

Cl K
kaii 1 , or kaiim, ppn. used to mark the direct object; 'to', or marker
of the indirect object; 'for, in order to; up to, towards'. 180. (14342
kak~a- 1 : =K0 2 , KAU 1 ; equ. KOM, NO]

kaii 2 , poss. ppn. 'of, 's'. 3. [=KA 1 ]

kaii~i, f. 'cowry, used as the smallest unit of money'. 1. (2740
kaii1_1u, pr. 'who?, which?'. 30. [2575 kal} punar: = KAUNU,
KAVA~, KAVANU, KAU~; infl. forms (2574 ka- 2 ) are so. KA 2 ,
KASU, KISA, KAll\1, st. KINI, po. KINAMHA, pl. KINHTM; cf. K0 1 for ext.
of these forms, used as indefinite, and KIA 1 for neuter forms]
~9 kaiinu, pr. 6. [ =KAU~u)
~T kaiiri, adj. 'bitter'. 1'. [ = KAU~A]

~ kaiirillu, m. 'lotus'. 1. [ =KAMVALU]

a9a:so;;: ksiiratta1_1u, m. 'bitterness'. 2. [*ka{u(ka)tvana-]
<$rT k•ii!i, adj. 'bitter'. 7. [2641 ka{uka-: =KAURA, KAVARA, KA~OA]
... kaiii, m. 'crow'. 3. (2993 kiika- + -uka-: = KAMU]
kasa 1 , pr. 'anyone'. 21• [Pers. kas: cf. Al\1 KASE]
kasa 2 : see KASU
kasa!tJ, m. 'trouble, pain'. 1. [Sk. ka~fa-]
kasatiiri, f. 'musk'. 1. [Sk. kasturi-: cf. tKATHORl]
kasavatfi, f. 'touchstone (used to test gold)': kasavaHi liii 'apply to
touchstone'. 4. [2973a *ka~avartikii-]
kasiil_li, f. 'butcher's wife'. 1. (f. <KASAI)
kasii, m. 'butcher'. 1•. [Ar. qassiib: =KA.SA.I]
kasi 1, v.t. 'rub (on ~ouchstone), test by rubbing'. 4. [2972 ka~ati]
kasi 2, v.t. 'tighten', in qolu badhii kasi jevari GaA 17 'the bucket is
tied fast to the rope'. 1. (2908 kar~ati]
kasi..i, m. 'embroidery', as kµsidii ka<!<fhi 'embroider'. 1. [.,ers.
kasu, m. 'astringent juice', usu. as rasa kasa, mp. 'sweet and sour
(sides oflife), joys and sorrows'. 10. [2974 ka~iiya-]
kansu, m. 'Karhsa, the wicked king of Mathura, slain by Kf~Qa'. 2.
kasuddhu, adj. :unclean'. 1'. [ = KUSUDDHA.]
kasumbhu, m. 'the saffiower Carthamus tinctorius'. 1. [3378
kaha (-am?) adv. 'where?, how?; anywhere'. 13. ( =KAHA.M 1 ;
modelled as JAHA 1, TAHA]
kahaiirh 1, pr. 'from anyone', in kahaum na dekhiii jiii PrlO. 1. [see
K0 1] •

k~hari, v.i. 'groan'. 1• (AsV9.2). (3388 *kuharayati]

kaharu, m. 'violence, oppression'. 1 (Sl27). [Ar. qahr]
kahiiril 1, adv. 'where?, how?': kahiim te 'where from?, whence?'. 25.
[ult. connected with 1605 iha: = KAHA; syn. KATA, KITTHAI:
modelled as JAHAM, TAHAM]
kahiii, v.t. 'cause to be said or called'; also v.i. 'be called'. 39. [v.c.
kahiiha, m. 'outcry, loud lamentation', in kandhi dissi na iivai
dhiihim pavai kahiiha MIV21.4'; sim.? kandhi piii kahiiha SoA3'
'there is loud lamentation on the bank' [vs. comm. kahiimha 'how
can one reach the bank?']. 2'. [ext. of 2704 kathii-; = P. kahiih, m.:
kahas:ii, f. 'account, description, story' ( + kari). 6. [2705 kathiinaka-:
kahani, f. 1'. [ = KAHA~T]
kahi (pres. ls. kahaiim 2 , kahiim 2 , kahim 3 ), v.t. 'say, utter, speak; tell,
order; call, mention, describe, speak of, praise': inf., ger. kahar]u (-ii)
also as m. 'utterance, description': pp. kahiii also as m. 'what is said,
instruction, order, command'. 310. [2703 kathayati: cf. KATHI; syn.
kahiri1 1, adv. 'anywhere'. 1 (BICl). [emph. ofKAHAM 1 ; syn. KATAHI,
tkahiri1 2 , pr. 'anyone'. F (SlF130). [ = tKAIMHJ; see K0 1 ].
kailkanu, m. 'bracelet'. 1. [ = KANGANU]
kakkaru 1 , m. 'frost, ice'. 1. [2819 karkara- 1 ]
tkakkaru 2, m. 'gravel, small pebble'. F (SIFlOl). [2820 karkara- 2 ]
kalikaru, m. 'servant, attendant', as jama kankaru. 2. [for Sk.
kimkara- (rather than kankara- 'vile, bad'?)]
kakka, m. 'the letter K'. 1.
kakhiii, adj., as dhoti kakhiii AsV16.2' 'dhoti with end brought up
behind and tucked into the waistband (as worn by Brahmans)'. 1'.
[der. of 2592 kak~yii- (>Pk. kakkhii-)]
kailganu, m. 'bracelet'. 1. [2597 kanka'}a-: =KANKANU]
kacca, f. 'imperfection'. 1 (JP34). [ < KACCA]
kaiicanu, m. 'gold': kancana vannu 'the colour of gold, golden'. 12.
[3013 kiincana- (>Pk. kariica'}a-)]

kacci (-u), adj. 'raw; unbaked; built of mud or unbaked bricks; not
fast (of colour); imperfect, defective; unskilled, unknowing,
unreliable': int. kaccu nikaccu 'utterly imperfect, unreliable, etc.':
kacct siiri, f. 'a piece still moving round the caupar board, which
has yet to reach home': kaccu piccu SaVll.2, m.?- 'rubbish,
nonsense'. 17. (2613 *kacca- 1: =KXCX]
kacchi, v..t. 'measure (cloth)'. 1. (2617 *kacch-]
kacchu 1, kachu, pr. 'something, anything': kacchu na 'nothing',
emph. kacchu niihi 'nothing at all'. 9. [ =KICCHU]
kacchu 2, m. 'turtle'. 1 (MrSl). [2619 kacchapa-]
kachoti, adj. 'untouchable, impure'. 1r. [ ku- + CHOTI)
kajjalu, m. 'lamp-black, soot'. 1. (2622 kajjala-: = KAJALU]
ka1.1'8ku, m. 'thorn', as adj. in kiilu ka'Jraku AsA8 'death, grievous
as a thorn'. 1. (Sk. katJfaka-: cf. KA~I?X]
ka'8i, v.t. 'cause to be cut off; cut otr. 3. [v.c. <KAITI]
katiri, m. 'dagger'. 3. (2860 •karttiira-]
ka!ti, v.t. 'cut, cut off, destroy' (int. + jiii); kafi kuti 'slicing and
crushing'. 14. [2854 kartati 1 : =KATI]
ka,ori, r. 'cup'. 3. [2648 *kanora-]
ka1_1thi 1, f. 'necklace'. 1 (GjA3). [2681 ka'Jfhikii-]
kathinu, adj. 'hard, cruel'. 1. [Sk. kafhina-]
ka1.1thu, m. 'throat, neck': ka'Jfhi 2 laggi, liii 'embrace': sl. ka'Jfhe (-i)
'on, in the throat', also 'on the edge, on the bank or. 10. [2680
katJf ha- 'throat; border']
kathoru, adj. 'hard, harsh, cruel'. 3. [Sk. kafhora-]
ka1_1\li, m. 'thorn; golitsmith's scales'. 3. [266.8 kaTJfaka-: cf.
ka~ii, v.t. 'cause to be brought out (of souls into existence), cause
to be removed'. 3. [v.c. < KAI?f?HI]
af.g ka~~hi, v.t. 'fake out, remove; push out, drive out, expel; bring out,
produce' (int. + lai). 22. [2660 *ka#hati]
"tkaa,4hi;-f-.'ri.ver bank'. F. (2680 ka1J{ha-]
ka1_1aka, f. 'wheat'~ 1. [2665 ka']ika- (Pk. ka1Jikkii-)]
ka1_1i, f. 'single grain, particle'. ir. (2661 ka']ikii-]
ka"1u, m. 'grain of com'. 1. [2661 karJa-]

kata, adv. 'where?, how?; somewhere, somehow'. 5. [see JATA]
fkatahi, adv. 'where?, how?'. F. [ext. of KATA]
katahi, adv. 'anywhere', only + na 'nowhere; in no way, not at all'.
2. [ext. of KATA: =KATAMHU]
katamhu, adv.· I. [a. <KATA: =KATAHI]
kattaku, m. 'the month October-November'. 1. [3070 kiirttika-
(with -k- < Sk.f = tKATIJKU]
katii, v.t. 'cause to be spun'. F. [v.c. <KATTI]
katti, v.t. 'spin'. 3. [2855 *kartati2 ]
tkattiku, m. F. [ =KATTAKU]
kanti, f. 'wife'. 1. [3029 kiintii- f>Pk. kamtii-)]
kattu, m. 'cut, rent, split;Jtostility'. 2. [2852 kar~a- 2 '(not Ar. qa[)]
'kantu, m. 'llusband, lover'. 40. (3029 kiinta- (>Pk. kamta-)]
kateba, f. 'scripture, Islamic scripture'. 11. [Ar. kitiib 'book']
katra, adv. 'where?', asjatra katra 'everywhere'. 1. [KATA (or Sk.
kutra) x JATRA)
kathi, f. 'description, account'. 13. [Sk.]
kathii, v.t. 'cause to be described, explain'. 1. [v.c. <kathi]
kathi, v.t. 'say, describe, tell of, speak or: inf. kathanu (·ii) freq. as m.
'description, telling'. 65. [Sk. kathayati: =KATHI; cf. KAHi]
tkathiiri, f. 'musk'. F. (2895 kasturi-: d. KASATORJ)
~T kadi, 'settling, finishing', in nili siiihi kada karat}i Sr7.1. [Ar. qaiii
(rather than qaf, etc.)]
kandu, m. 'bulbous root', only as kanda mulu (-a) 'edible roots'. 5.
(2723 kanda-)
kade (emph. kadahi AsPil), adv. 'ever', usu. as kade na 'never'. 18.
[see TADI]
kandha, f. 'wall'. 3. [2720 kantha- 1 ]
kandhi, f. 'river-bank'. 4. [2720 kantha- 1, or 13627 skandha-:
kandhu, m. 'the body'. 8. [13627 skandha-: cf. KANNHu 1)
kana: see KANNU
kaQDarilhu, ppn. 'from the side of, from'. 1. (2830 karlJe (sa.):

tkannhi, m. 'river bank'. F. [ = KANDHI]
kaniri, m. 'edge, shore'. 1'. [Pers. kinara]
kannia, f. 'daughter'. 2. [Sk. kanya-]
kaniku, m. 'gold'. 1. [Sk. kanaka-]
kanni, m. 'God, whose ears are all-hearing', in kanni surati samai
MrV15.2. 1. [2850 karnin-]
kannu (pd. -a, kana Dh5), m. 'ear': sikha kannim car:haia AsV15.1
'whispered instruction into the ears'. 12. [2830 kar:na-: = KA.Nu 1, cf.
kannhu 1, m. 'shoulder, back of neck': kannhi car:hi 'climb on the
back, overtake'. 2. [13627 skandha-: cf. KANDHU]
kannhu 2, m. 'Km1a'. 2. [ = ~A.NHU]
tkannoril, ppn. 'from'. F. [ = KANNAMHU]
kapa~, adj., m. 'deceitful; hypocrite, fraud'. 2. [Sk. kapafin-]
kapa~u , 1
m. 'deceit, hypocrisy, falseness, fraud' ( + kamiii). 8. [Sk.
kapa~ 2 , m. 'leaf of a door; door'. 2. [=KAPA.TU]
kapparu, m. 'shoal (in river)'. Jd. (??; =S. Sir.]
kappa~i (-u), m. 'cloth; robe, garment': p. kappat:e 'clothes'. 19.
(2871 karpa!a-: = KAPA~U]
kapisa, f. I'. [=KAPA.HA]
kapiha, f. 'the cotton plant Gosypium herbaceum; cotton'. 4. [2877
karpasa-: =KAPA.SA]
kapi~ril, m. 'skull, head'. J5•. [for Sk~ kapala- ( x LILA.TAM)]
kapi~. m. 'leaf of a door; door', only as bajara kapiifa 'stiff doors'.
4. [Sk. kapa!a-: =KAPATU 2]
afu tkappi, v.t. 'cut, cut off'. F. [2944 kalpayati]
~fu · kampi (inf. -a~~). v.i. 'tremble'. 4. [2767 kamp~te (>Pk. kampai)]
kapiiru, m. 'camphor'. 2'. [2880 karpiira-]
kaphu, m. 'phlegm'. I. [Sk. kap_ha-]
kaba, adv. 'sometimes'. 5. [see ABA]
kabahi (-i), adv. 'sometimes': kabahi na 'never'. 8. [ext. of KABA:

kabamhu (kabahiiriz), adv. 'sometimes': kabarizhu na, na kabahiiriz
'never'. 33. [a. <KABA: = KABAHI]
tkambali, (ext. -ari SIF103), f. 'blanket'. F. [2771 kambalikii-] ·
kabaru, m. 'rubbish', only as kuru kabiiru 'rubbish, falseness'. 2r. ['n;
=H. kabar:]
kabira, adj. 'great (of God)'. 11• [Ar. kabir]
kabiilu, adj. 'accepted, approved'. ir. [Ar. qabiil]
kamajiiti, adj. 'of low caste, base'. 1r. [Pers. kam-~iit ( x J.i.TI)]
kama~~alu, m. 'coconut-shell or gourd, used by yogis as water
vessel'. 2. [Sk. kama1Jt!alu-]
kamatarina, adj. 'least, of least account, most abject'. 11• [Pers.
kam-tarin] ·
kamara, f. 'waist', in kamari kafiirii bankw:a RaV19.3 'with a curved
dagger at his waist'. 1. [~ers. kamar]
kamarabandu, m. 'waistband, belt'. 1. [Pers. kamar-band]
kamalii (fsv. kammalie Ti4), adj. 'crazy'. 2. (2765 kampa-
'trembling'? + -I-; = P. kamlii]
kamalu (ext. so -ehi SrAU'), m. 'lotus; the lotus growing from
Vi~Qu's navel, from which Brahma sprang; the heart'. 32. [Sk.
kamala-: cf. KAUMLU, KAMVALU)
al·fTf2' kamiii (ger. kamiiva1Jii; pres. ptc. kamiimidii, -iitii MrSl 1', -iimvadii
MIV13', mpd. -iimde SoV28.1'; pp. kamaia, -ii'!ii; pres. 3s. kamai,
-iivai), v.t. 'work, labour; earn; achieve; practise, perform; produce,
make; do': freq. used with nouns to form nominal conjuncts. 140.
p897 *karmiipayati]
kamiii (-iii 2 '), f. 'work, labour: earning; practice'. 10. [ <KAM.l.I 1 ]
kamii~a. f. 'bow'. 1. [Pers. kamiin]
kamii~ii, pp. of KAMAI 1 'worked, performed, etc.'. (9). [anal.-i:a-]
kamiidu, m. 'sugar-cane'. 2. ['n; = P. kamiid]
kamina, adj. 'mean, humble'. 11• [Pers. kamin]
kammu, m. 'action, deed, work' ( + kari): kammi na iii 'be of no use'.
12. (2892 ~arman- 1 : =KAMU 2 ; cf. KARAMU 1 ]
kara 1 , n:ip. 'hands': see KARU 1
kara 2, v.t. 'making', in darakhata iiba iisa kara MjV13.6' 'relying
upon the trees and water'. l''. [for KARI 1]

karaii, m. 'a measure of land ( =c. 4 square yards)', in karau a4hiii
dharati PrA4. 1. [3577 krama-]
karaka, f. 'shooting pain'. 1. [2632 *ka~akka-?; =H.P. karak (with
karaiagu, m. 'skeleton, bone, rib'. 1. [2784 karanka-]
' action, act: good deed, good action': kara1Jikaru
karai:-i, f. 'deed,
MrSl, m. 'the cause of all action, God'. 50. [2791 kara7Jiya-: (also
ger. fs. of KARI 1)]
karam:au' (-a), m. 'deed, action, act; creation': kara7Jaharu,
kara7Jaihliru{-o), m. 'the Creator': kara7Ja kiira7Ja, m. 'the cause of all
action, God': kara7Ja (-ai)jogu, adj. 'omnipotent'. 67. (2790 kara')a-:
(also inf. and ger. of KARI 1)]
kara1_1u 2, adj. 'mournful', only as kara7Ja paliiva (palahu Ti4}, mp.
'mournful cries, piteous laments' ( + kari}. [2809 karuJJa- 1]
karati, m. 'the Creator', sim. karatii purakhu: also pres. ptc. of
KARI 1 'doing, making'. 90. [Sk. kartf-: =KARAT.I.Ru]
karanti, m., in ganga ka udaku karante ki ligi Ba3 trad. 'the water of
the Ganges and the fire of the sacrifice (kindled by turning-stick)'.
1. [??(hardly as comm. for Sk. kratu-?)]
karatiru (-a), m. 'the Creator'. 33. [Sk. kartr- (strong stem):
karatiiti, f. 'action, good action'. 2. [for Sk. kartavyata-: =H.P.
karadama, v.t. 'I did, I have done'. 11• [Pers. kardam, past ls. of
karadema, v.t. 'I did, I have done'. 11• [Pers. kardem, past lp. of
karanu, m. 'ear'. 2. [Sk. karJJa-: cf. KANNU]
tkaramavanti, adj. 'fortunate'. M2. [ < KARAMU 1 ]
tkaramiti, m. 'bounty, boon, wonderful gift'. M2. [Ar. karamat,
used ass.]
karamu 1 (-am1r, -a; po. -am, karammiim}, m. 'deed, action, act;
prescribed act, duty, obligation; fate (as resulting from previous
actions}, karma': karamahi1Ju, adj. 'wretched, unfortunate': karama
kha7J4u JP37, m. 'the realm of action': karama dharama, mp.
'religious duties and obligations': karamakarr, adj. 'performing

religious obligations': karamu kamai, kari 'perform action'. 160.
[Sk. karman-: cf. KAMMU]
karamu 2 (karammii TuC3'), m. 'favour, grace(ofGod)', as in bahutii
karamu likhiii najiii JP25. c. 10 (but freq. not dist. from KARAMU 1).
[Ar. karam]
fkarala, m. 'road, way?', in uf!hi karalai piimhi SaV5.1. M2. [??]
karavattu, m. 'large saw'. 1. [2795 karapattra-: =fKALAVATTU]
kara~a, adj. 'hard, difficult, harsh'. 3. [met. of 2655 kcu/iira-? (or cf.
2657 ka44- 'be rough'?); = P. karra]
karii, v.t. 'cause to be done, created, etc.'. 40. (v.c. <KAR1 1]
karira, adj. 'hard, difficult, terrible; fierce, sharp, bitter'. 4r. (2655
ka4iira-, karala-]
kariru, m. 'high and steep bank, precipice', in f!hahi t!hahi pavanhi
kariiri 0031 '. 1•. (2655 ka4iira-, karala-]
kari 1 (inf. karal}u, ger. -ar.ia; pres. ptc. karatii, -u, karadii, ext.
karemda; pp. kiii, kita, kina; pres. ls. karaurh, -im, ext. -eumr, 2s.
karamhi, -i, ext. -emhir, -r, 3s. kare, -ai, ext. -eir, er, 1p. kararhha, ext.
-ehiim', 2p. karahu, ext. -ehur, 3p. karamhi, -anti, -anhi, ext. -emhi',
-enhi'; imp. 2s. kari, 2p. karahu, karo, ext. karevahu, -o; fut. 3s. karasi,
karegu; pres. pass. 3s. kariai, -ijai),. v.t. 'do; act, perform,
accomplish, engage in; make, fashion, create' (int. + jai}: very freq.
used with nouns (and adj.) to form nominal conjunct. verbs. 1000.
[2814 karoti: for pass. cf. fKTI, KlCI, KlJI]
-kari 2 , suf. added to abs. to form the conjunctive ptc. [as rare
alternative to ·KAls], as in mili kari piivahu telu GaShl: also used as
meaningless ext. of adv., as in kiumkari, kimvakari 'how?', etc.
( <KAR1 1)

oratir karimu (-a 1), adj. 'beneficent, merciful (of God)'. 3. [Ar. karim]
Cl9 karu 1 (so., pd. kara), m. 'hand'. 14. [Sk. kara-]
as karu 2 , m. 'tax', as karu liii, liigi 'levy tax'. 3. [2780 kara- 2 ]
aQU kariipu, adj. 'ugly'. 1•. [ = KUROPU]
cre9 karodhu, m. 'anger'. 3. [ = KRODHU]
<:rem karo!l, f. 'crore, ten million'. 3. (3948 kofi• 2 (with hyper-Sk. kr-):
equ. KO-fl]
kala 1 : see KALA
kala 2 : see KALI

kalahi, f. 'quarrelling, discord'. 1. [2922 kalaha-]
kalanku, m. 'stain, blemish'. 1'. [Sk. kalanka-]
kalajugu, m. 'the Kaliyuga'. 1. [Sk. kaliyuga-: syn.KALI]
kalattu, f. 'wife'. 4. [2915 kalatra-: cf. KALATRA]
kalatra, f. 'wife'. 3. [Sk.: =KALATRA; cf. KALATTU]
kalandaru, m. 'dervish, fakir', in tanu vesa kalandaru Bl2. 1. [Pers.
kalapi, v.i. 'grieve, lament', in rovai putu na kalapai miii As23. 1.
[2918 kalayati 1 + -pp-?; = H. kalapnii: cf. tKALAMALI]
kalapu, m. 'effort, scheme, contrivance', as kalapa tiiigi biidi (-am):
also 'day of Brahma ( =4,320,000,000 years)', in kofi kalapa ke
dukha SaA2. 3. [Sk. kalpa-]
kalama, f. 'pen': kalama vahi 'pen to flow or write'. 7. [Ar. qalam:
tkalamali, adj. 'distressed'. M3 (MlV7.2) [echo-ext. <2918
kalayati 1?; = H. kalmal: cf. KALAPI]
kalami, m. 'the Islamic profession of faith'. 2. [Ar. kalima]
kallaru, m. 'salt barren soil': kallara (ki) kandha, bhlti, f. 'wall built of
salt soil (which dissolves in the rains)': kallara khetl, f. 'cultivation
in salt soil, i.e. fruitless effort'. 8. [2954 •kallara-: = KALARU]
tkalavattu, m. 'large saw'. F. [=KARAVATTU]
kalavili, f. 'seller of spirits', as kali kalaviili. 3. [2951 kalyapiila-]
kali (-a 1 ), f. 'art, contrivance, skill': kalii dhiiri, riikhi 'infuse the
world with energy (of God)'. 25. [2927 kalii- 2 (with -a <Sk.)]
kalii;ta, f. 'song of praise, eulogy (as sung by bards)'. 1'. [2952
kalyiirJa-: cf. KALIA~U]
kali~, v.t. 'sing the praises of, hymn'. 2. [ < KALANA]
kalima, f. 'pell". 2'. [=KALAMA]
kali (-a 2 Dh8), f. 'the Kaliyuga, the fourth or iron age; the present
age: the world': kali mala MrS6, f. 'the dirt of the Kaliyuga, i.e. sin':
kali kiilu, m. 'the Kaliyuga'. 22. [2933 kali- 1 ]
kalli, or kallhi (-u So2'), adv. 'tomorrow'. 3. (3104 kalya- 3': =KALI]
kaliii:tu, m. 'joy, happiness'. 1. (2952 kalyiirJa- 'lucky': cf. KALA~A]
kaleji, m. '.liver, heart'. 1. (3103 kiileyaka-]
kava1,111, pr. 'who?, which?'. 19. [ = KAU~u]

kavanu, pr. 'who?, which?'. 35. [ =KAVA~u]
kavari, adj. 'bitter'. I'. [ = KAUl_lA]
kavalu, m. 'mouthful'. 1 (MrS19). [Sk. kavala-]
karilvalu (-ii), m. 'lotus; the lotus from which Brahma sprang; the
heart'. 7. [2764 kamala- 2 : = KAUMLU; cf. KAMALU]
kaviu 1 , m. 'call', in kitii pasau eko kaviiu JP16', comm. 'He created
the world's expanse with a single command'. 1'. [2962 *kavii-
kavii (kaviiu 2 ), f. 'robe, cloak', in kahiim su liila kaviiim AsA12':
prob. in de laisamhi jindu kaviiu AsV 1r 'You gave and will take back
the soul and its raiment, the body' [but comm. also interpret as
KAVAU 1 'giving the command, You will takethesoul(orlife)away'.
with somewhat forced syntax]. 2'. [Ar. qabii 'cloak']
kavittu, m. 'poem'. 1. [Sk. kavitii-, f.]
kaviiril, f. 'water lily, night lotus'. 1. [3305 kumudika-: syn.
kave, mp. 'poets', in kavitta kave SU'}i TuBlJ'hearing the poems of
poets'. 1. [Sk. kavi-]
tkarakii, v.t. 'cause to crack or rattle'. F'. [ <2632 *ka!akka-]
karasa.,u, m. 'sitting on a mat (made ofku~a grass)'. 1. [2629 kafa- 1
(or 2630 ka!a- 2 ) + ASA~U]
kari, v.t. 'tighten, pull tight', in kar;i bandhani biirizdhio BaA2. 1.
[2657 ka4g-; =P. kar;nii]
karhi, v.i. 'be inflamed, be distressed', in likhi likhi par;hiii tetii kar;hiii
AsV9.2. [comm. also kar;iii 'the more one is bound']. 1. [3635
kvathati 'boils']
~T ka~i, adj. 'bitter'. 1. [ =KAU~A]
= ki 1, ppn. used to denote possession or connexion, 'of, -'s'. 290.
[ <2814 krta- 1? (SV): msd. also KAU 2 , K03 , KAU 2 ; mso., mpd. KE 1;
msl. KA1 1 ; fs. Kl 1 ; fp. KIAM; pl. Kl1 ' KlM: cf. KERA; equ. SANDA, DA]
ki 2 , pr. 'whom', as kii kau 'to whom?'. 2. [see KAU~u]
kirilu (kiimo'; pd. kiimva), m. 'crow'. 4r. [2993 kiika- + -u-: =KAOA,
kiii, pr. 'any'. 1r. [see K0 1]
kii: see KAT
kirili, adv. 'what for?, why?, how?'. 4. [3164 kim?]
kirhii, f. 'the body'. 60. [Sk. kiiya-, m. (why -rit-?): = KA.MYA.M]
kirilice, adv. 'why?'. 1. [<KA.MI ( + ?)]
kirilitu, adv. 'what for?, why?'. 3. [sl. <KA.MI]
kii (kiii'), pr. 'some, any'. 23. [see Ko 1]
tkii 2 , f. 'which?', in aggai kiii kiira SaV2.1. M2. [KA.T 1 , used as
interrogative (rather than variant of KA.MI?)]
a'Rs kisa~ m. 'wood, block of wood'. 1. [for Sk. kii~fha-: cf. KA.THU]
oC"FJ~ kisi, m. 'cup (as carried by mendicant ascetics)'. 2. [Pers. kiisa]
a~'El kisii, m. 'butcher'. 2. [=KASA.I]
a1Jll kisi, or kiritsi, f. 'the sacred city of Benares'. 1. [Sk. kii~i-]
a'H kisu, pr. 'to whom?, from whom?'. 1r. [see KAtn~u]
a'QT kihi, m. 'worry, concern?', in avaru na dujii kiihii he. Mrs12r. F.
(3134 kiisa- 'moving'?? (unless for tKA.HA.HA.?)]
a'Q'Q' fkihibi, m. 'outcry, loud lamentation'. P. [ = KAHA.HA]
arm kihi, adv. 'what for?, why?'. 1r. [see KIA. 1 )
OC'if kihu, m. 'a kind of reed'. 1. (3112 kiifo-]
kihii, pr. 'to some (few)'. 1r. [see Ko 1]
kihe, pr. 'what?'; also adv. 'what for?, why?'. 25. [see KIA. 1 ]
a'O@' kigadu, m. 'paper'. 11. [Pers. kiig_~ =:::KA.GALU]
alQI§ kigalu, m. 1. [ = KAGADU]
a1gl kigu (or kiiritgu), m. 'crow'. 3. [2993 kiika- + -k-, -g-: =KA.Mu]
or'~P kici (-ai.i), adj. 'raw; unbaked; imperfect; unknowing, unreliable'.
17. ( = KACCA.]
kirilcu, m. 'glass', in iiritcu kiiritcu <!hari piimhi MIA2 'as heat melts
glass'. 1. (3007 *kacca-]
kijalu, m. 'lamp-black, soot'. 1. [ = KAJJALU]
kiji, m. 'qazi, Muslim judge, scholar,. etc.'. 12. [Ar. qiiii: =KA.DJ)
kiju (-ii'), m. 'work, task, activity; wedding': kiiju samviiri 'fulfil
one's task in life': kiiju raciii 'celebrate wedding'. 7. [3078 kiirya-: cf.
kifi, v.t. 'cut, cut off, cut through; destroy'. 20. [=KATTI]
kithu, m. 'wood; wooden bed'. 1. [3120 k~!ha-: cf. KA.SATU]
kiriJ4i. f. 'horoscope', in ga1Ji ga1Ji jotaku kiiri14i kini RaA4. 1.
[ < 3024 kii1J4a- 'section' (i.e. the 12 houses of a horoscope)]
kim~i (only as pass. pres. ls. -iiilh, 3s. -iai), v.t. 'call, describe'. 4. [??
(unless specialized by-form of KAf?f?HI, i.e. 'pick out for notice,
etc.'?}] ·
ki"8 (-e'), f. 'awe, fear': ka'Ji kari 'be afraid, shrink': jama (ki) ka'Ji
'fear of death'. 7. [??; cf. H. kan, f. 'shame, respect': cf. tNIK.A~.A]
kiti1 , f. 'scissors'. 1 (AsAll). (2863 karttri-]
kiti2 , f. 'large knife'. 2. (3069 *kiirti-]
kimti, .f. 'Kantipur', in kasi kamti puri duara MrS2 [rather than
comm. 'Mathura', or 'Conjeeveram']. 1. [Sk. kiinti-]
kithi, v.t. 'describe'. 1r. [=KATHI]
kidaru, adj. 'almighty, omnipotent (of God)'. 2. [Ar. qadir:
kidiru, adj. 1. [ = KADARU]
kidi, m. 'qazi'. 2. [ = KA1T]
kinu 1 , m. 'ear'. 4. [ = KANNU]
kinu 2, m. 'reed; arrow'. 2. [3023 kiirJ4a-]
kinhu, m. 'K~r;ia'. 5. (3451 kr~JJO-: = KANNHU 2; cf. KRISANU,
kiparu, m. 1. [ = KAPA~U]
kipap (-ia). m. 'ascetic, beggar clad in rags'. 3. (3071 karpafika-]
kipa~. m. 'cloth; robe, garment'; p. kapa~a 'clothes'. 10.
( = KAPPA~A,
kibalu (a. -amhu). m. 'Kabul'. 1.
kibi, m. 'the Ka'ba, the black stone at Mecca to which the Muslim
pilgrimage is made'. l. [Ar. ka'ba]
kima"8 (-i), f. 'wife, bride'. 28. [Sk. kiimi'}i-: =KAMAN!]
kima"8iri (-i), f. 'witch, enchantress'. 2 [*karmarJakarin-]
kima-:au, m. 'spell, enchantment': kamarJa pai2 lay spells (on)'. 3.
[3075 karmarJa·]
kimani (-i), f. 4. [ =KAMA~l]
kimu 1, m. 'passion, lust, sexual love': kamaharu, m. 'lustful person':
kiimu krodhu 'lust and anger'. 45. [3042 kiima-]
kimu 2 (sl. kiimmi Dh7). m. 'action, deed, work': kiimi na iii 'be of no
use': kisa(-u) kiimi, adv. 'what for?'. 9. ( = KAMMU]

kirhyirh, f. 'the body'. I. ( = KAMIA]
kira 1 (-o VaA3'), f. 'action, work; deed, duty' ( + kamai, kari): kiiri
iii 'be of use': k0ri lai 'set to work': karai laggi 'become involved in
work or activity'. 85. (3064 kari-, f.]
kira 2 (-i1 SrV20.J), f. 'line of cooking square': kara (-i) ka#hi 'mark
out lines of cooking square'. 4. [Pk. kiirii- ( <?)]
kiraju, m. 'work, task, duty': kiiraju samuiiri, sari2 'fulfil one's task in
life'. 14. [Sk. kiirya-: cf. KAJu)
kirai.iu, m. 'reason, cause; creation': kiiraJ]U kari 'fashion creation
(of God)': sl. kiiraJ]i freq. as ppn. 'by reason of, because of, for'. 45.
[3057 kiiraJ]a-: = KARANU]
kiranu, m. ir. [ =KARANU]
kiri2, f. 'remedy', in uaidu ki jii']Qi kari RaA9. 1r. [3064 kiiri-, f.]
kiri3 , m. 'manager, agent', in satu samtokhu nagara mamhi kiiri
MrS16. 1r (other instances are prob. compounds with Sk. -kiirin-).
[3064 kiiri-, m.]
kila: see KALU 1
kilakba, f. 'blackness'. 2. [3083 kiila- 1 + ?; =P. kiilakh]
kilajamuna, m. 'Kilayavana, a foreign king slain by Km1a'. 1.
kilatra, f. 'wife'. 1. [ == KALATRA]
kilaru, m. 'salt barren soil'. 2. [ =KALLARU]
kili 1 (ext.. fsd. -ai:i Su3), adj. 'black': kiilii muhu, kii/ii mukhu, adj.
'black-faced, disgraced'. 19. [3083 kiila- 1]
kili, or kilhi (-u 2), adv. 'tomorrow', as iiju kali (-u) 'today or
tomorrow'. 2. [=KALLI]
kili, m. 'Kiliya, the serpent-king slain by Kni;ia'. l(As7). [3101
kilu 1 (-amr, -ii 2 '"' -o'), m. 'death', also (rarely) 'time; age, life; famine':
kiilu bikiilu 'death and life, the cycle of transmigration'. 110. (3084
kala- 2 ]
kilunemu, m. 'Kilanemi, a demon slain by Vifqu'. 1.
kiliibi, adj. 'unsteady, restless'. 11• [Ar. qaliib]
kirhva: see KAMU
ki 1, pr. 'what?': also adv. 'what for?, why?'. 17. [=KIA 1]

ki2, cj. 'or', sometimes enclitic, as in ghar;i muhatti ki calla,µ, SrA17.
10. (3164 kim: cf. KAI 3]
kimh, adv. 'howr. 155. [=KIMVA, KEMVA: see IUM]
kimhkari, adv. 'howr. 22. [KIUM + KARl 2 : =KIMVAKARI]
ldi 1 , pr. 'what?': also adv. 'what for?, why?'. 220. (3164 kim: =Kl 1 ,
Kl ; inO. forms, usu. adv. in sense, are KAHi, -E, KITA, -u, KIDOM,
KINA (cf. also KAMI); neuter corresponding to KA~u]
kii 2: see KIA
ldirii, m. 'bed formed in field or garden for irrigation'. 1. (3463
kisa (-ahi RaA 7), pr. 'whom?, which?'. 26. [usu. form of KISU before
ppn.: see KA~U]
fdsafli (ktsr Rat), pr. 'someone, anyone;. 5. (see Ko 11
ldsodmi, adv. 'w_here?'. 1. [KISA + -that < 13760 sthiiman-: cf.
kisu, pr. 'whom?, what?, which?': kisu kiimi, adv. 'what for?'. 56. [see
ki:sai, pr. 'someone, anyone'. 32. [see Ko 1 ]
ldha, pr. 'something, anything': kihu niihi'nothing'. 8. (3144 kimcid:
tr.dkbri, f. 'the tree Acacia arabica'. F. (3151 *kikkara-]
kiligmi, f. 'a musical instrument, one-stringed fiddle'. 3. (3145
fkicaraku, adv. F. [ext. of tKICCARU]
'tldccaru, adv. 'how long?': kiccaru tiiim 'for how long?'. F. [KITA +

kiccba, kichV<JPr. 'something, anything': kichu nahi'nothing': emph.
kichu na 'nothing at all; not at all'. 95. (3144 kimcid ( x 2967 kaAcid):
tJdjjba, pr. 'something', as kijjhu na 'nothing'. F. [cf. P. kujh:
ldta, pr. 'what?', as kita kau, kita kulh, adv. 'what for?, why?' (sim.
fktta guna SuFl: but fkita alone as adv. 'how?' SlF15). 2. [ =KITU:
see KIA 1]
tt3T kinti, adj. 'how much?, how many?'. 1.(3169 kiyant-: =tKINNI;
syn. KITTI]
kitti (ext. fpd. kitwmha MrA9'), adj. 'how many?; however many'. 5.
[3167 *kiyatta-: =KETA; cf. t1rrt]
kitu, pr. 'what?; in, with what?'; also adv. 'what for?, why?': kitu
bidhi, adv. 'in what way?, how?'. 22. [=KITA: see KIX ]
kitai, pr. 'any': also adv. 'anywhere'. 4. [see K0 1]
kitthai, adv. 'where?': a. kitthamhu 'where from?, whence?': ext.
kithaum MjV26.1 'where?' [but 'anywhere' SIF102]. 8. [cf.
kidiiril, pr. 'from what?, from whichr, as kidum thiimvamhu Gal 7. 1.
(see KIA. 1]
kina, pr. 'what', as kina bidhi, adv. 'in what way?, how?'. 2. [see
KIA. 1] .

taom kinahi, pr. 'anyone, by anyone'. 3. [see K0 ] 1

faO'ij" - . ha , pr. ' whom.,

kinam ? to w hom.?'. 1'. [ see KA~U
.. ]
fafo kini, pr. 'whom?, by whom?'. 14. [see KAU~u]
fcffC5 fkinni, pr.-.~how many?'. F. (3169 kiyant- (cf. P. kinnii): =KINTA]
M kinhiril, pr. 'by which?'. 1. [see KAu~u]
famr kinebi, adj. 'of what sort?'. 2'. [ = KEHA.; see INEHA]
fa! kinai, pr. 'anyone, by anyone'. 26. [see K0 1]
fcreH kirasa, f. 'farming, cultivation' ( + kamii1). 1. [ = KIRAKHA.]
faQHtit kirasilfi, f. 'farming'. 1. [ <KIRASA~u]
faQR"S kirasi~u, m. 'farmer, cultivator'. 3. [Sk. kr;~iit}a-: = KIRASA.Nu]
fcreH1:§ kirasinu! m. I•. [ = KIRASA~U]
fcrel:fT kirakhi (-i), f. 'cultivation; hoeing, digging up' ( + kari). 2. [Sk. kr~i-:
kira~i, f. 'sunbeam, ray of s:unlight'.
4. [3171 kirat}a-]
kiratirathu, adj. 'having attained one's object, successful'. 3. [Sk.
kr;tiirtha-: = KRITARATHU]
kiratu, m. 'work, action, deed, task': kiratu kamiii 'perform one's
task, do what is required of one': kiratu pai 'task to be
accomplished'. 33. [Sk. krta-: cf. KIA.]
kirapanu, m. 'miser'. 1. [Sk. krpana-]
kirapi, f. 'pity, compassion, mercy' ( + kari, dhiiri). 50. [Sk. krpa-:

kiiapilo (-ii'), adj. 'compassionate, merciful'. 3. [Sk. krpiilu-:
kiri~ m. 'merchant, Hindu shopkeeper'. 1. (3173 kiriifa-]
kiri, v.i. 'be scattered, break up'. 1. [3172 kirati]
kirii, f. 'action; ritual action, performance of death-rites'. 3. [Sk.
kriyii-] ·
kilavikhu, m. 'sin, transgression'. 6. [Sk. kilbi~a-]
ldrilva, adv. 'how?'. 7. (=KIUM: see IMVA]
ldrilvakari, adv. 'how?'. 1. [KIMVA + KARl 2: =KIUMKARI]
ldmvai, adv. 'anyhow', as kimvai na 'in no way, not at all'. 2. [ext. of
fki!l, f. 'call, cry', as kirim pavandiim_SIFl 'when the summons
comes'. F. [3200 kirti-?]
ki1 (and kim), poss. ppn. 'or. 330. [see K.A 1]
ki2, pr. 'what?'; also adv. 'what for?, why?'. 5. [=Kl.~ 1]
kii (kfo, kiii 2 MjVl1; mpd. kie), pp. ofKARl 1 'done, did, made': also
m. 'action, deed; what has been done, past action'. (102). [2814
krta- 1: =KITA, KIN.A; cf. KIRATU]
kiiril (ext. kiiimha SrlO'), poss. ppn. ·or. 15. [see K.A 1]
fhii (as pres. 3p. kiadihi SaV5.2), v.i. 'be done'. M2. (2814 kriyate (or
<Kl.A): = KIJI)
kirhsiiru, m. 'beard of wheat'. 1. (3418 kirmiiru- (>Pk. kimsiiru-)]
kicaru, m. 'mud'. 2. (3153 •kicca-: syn. CIKKA~u]
kid (as pres. 3s. -ai, -ai, 3p. -amhi), v.i. 'be done, to be done'. 16.
(2814 kriyate ( x 3428 krtya-?): = KIJI]
hiji (as pres. 3s. -ai, -ai, 3p. -amhi), v.i. 'be done, to be done'. 31.
(2814 kriyate: = tKn, KICI; v.p. of KAR1 1]
kitu, m. 'insect, worm, maggot'. 4. [Sk. kifa-: cf. Kl~.A]
hiti (·ur, -o), pp. of KARl 1 'done, did, made'; also m. 'action: what
has been done, past action; creature, creation'. (58). (2814 krta- 1
x 6140 •ditta- > *kitta-~ =Kl.A]
kini, kinhi (-u, -o). pp. ofKARl 1 'done, did, made'; also m. 'action,
past action' [kinasi BaAI, 4 better as two words, cf. kino su MIA4].
26. [2814 krta- 1 ( x 6140 •dinna-);-nh- written 3 times only: =Kl.A]
ruma, f. ·~orth'. 2. [Ar. qima: =KIMATI)

kimati, f. 'worth, value, price': (ki) kimati na pavi, pai 'value to be
inestimable': (ki) kimati na piii 1 (kari) 'be unable to estimate the
value of. 67. (Ar. >Pers. qimat: =KTMA]
kiratanu, m. 'praise' ( + kari). 1. [Sk. kirtana-]
kirati, f. 'praise; fame; report': kirati iikhi, kari 'praise'.16. [Sk. kirti-]
ki~i. m., (-i JP23), f. 'insect, worm'.
4. (3193 ki{aka-: cf. KlTU]
fkuiu, adv. 'how?', in tinnham miltu]u kuiiu SlF80'. F'. [ext. < 3271
kuriliri, adj. 'virgin, pure', in khintha kalu kumari kiimia JP28. 1.
(3303 kumiira-]
kuiru, m. 'pot', in suine ka caiika kancana kuiira Ba3r. 1r. [2744
kwiliru, m. 'prince'. 2. [3303 kumiira- (>Pk. kumara-)]
kui, pr. 'anyone'. 4t. [see Ko 1]
kusapiti, f. 'ring of the sacred ku~a grass, worn on the little finger'.
i.r. (3363 ku~a- + 7733 pattrikii- 'leaf]
kusamu, m. 'flower', in kesari kusama miragamai Ti2 [if not
kusamha 'safTiower' (3378 kusumbha-)]. 1. [3377 kusuma-]
ku.ui (pres. ls. -iim Sr2), v.i. 'be slaughtered'. (3375 ku~yate]
kusuddhi, adj. 'unclean, impure'. 2. [ku- + SUDDHA: = KASUDDHU]
kuhaki, v.i. 'coo (of the koil)'. 1. [ < kuhu 'coo' + -kk-]
kuhatthi, adj. 'foul, bad', in kuhatthi jai sa{{iii AsV19.1 'thrown
away in a foul place'. 1. [*kuhasta- 'bad for the hand'?]
~';i"r fkuhi~, m. 'axe'. F. (3244 ku{hiira- (>Pk. kuhaqa-)]
gfu kuhi (pp. ku!{hii), v.t. 'slaughter (animal, in Muslim fashion)'. 3.
(3369 ku~aii]
~l kuhi, f. 'a small hawk, Falco cristatellus'. 1. (3356 kuvaya-]
£id§ kukkahu, m. 'a riverside tree, Tamarix dioica'. 1. [??; =P. kukkhiJ
~ kungii, m. 'saffron, Crocus sativus; a red paste for the forehead'. 6.
(3214 ku_n~uma-]
kucajji, adj. 'slovenly, dirty (of woman)'. 3. [ku- + CAJJU (sim. Sir.
kucaijl1, not <3220 *kucchadya-)]
kuiicaru, m. 'elephant'. 2. [for Sk. kunjara-]
kucalu, adj. l. [ =KUCILU]
kucilu, adj. 'ill-kempt; dirty'. 2. [ = KUCTLU]
kucDu, adj. 'ill-clad, ill-kempt; dirty, foul'. 4. [for Sk. kucaila- 'ill·
kuchitu, adj. 'contemptible, blameworthy'. 1. (3281 kutsita- (with
-t- <Sk.)]
~l fkuiiji, f. 'key'. M2. (3225 kuncikii- 1 ]
~ kD!fal;d, f. 'bawd, procuress'. 1. (3240 kuffa~i-]
~ kufambu, m. 'family, family ties'. 7. [Sk. ku!umba-]
~~l k6faviri, f. 'policing' ( + kari). 1'. [ < 3501 ko!fapiila-]
~ kilf!i, v.t. 'beat, crush, pound', as kafi kufi 'slicing and crushing'. 2.
(3241 kU!fayati]
-g:g ku1_1!1J, m. 'quarter', as ciiri ku~{a 'the four quarters'. 2. ( = KU~r;>u]
-g.Q' ku!fhi, pp. of KUHi 'slaughtered:. (2). (3369 •ku~{a-]
~T kul_l4a6i, f. 'fish-hook'. 1. (3268 ku~t!ala- 1 : syn. KU"."f?l]
~ii§ ku1_1~alu, m. 'earring; circle'. 2. [3268 ku~t!ala- 1 ]

~ ·kul_llJi, f. 'fish-hook'. 2. (3289 kunta-(with -~- < ku~t!ala-?); =H.P.:

syn. KU"."f?ALIA]
~ ku'.140, m. 'corner, quarter, side', as care ku~f!iim, adv. 'in all four
quarters, on all sides, all around'. 6. (3898 ·~ku~!a- 2 : = KU"."'fU]
kutti, m. 'dog': kutte muhi SaV14.l, adj. 'dog-faced, greedy'. 10.
(3275 •kutta- 1]
kudaii, f. 'mercilessness'. 1. [ku- + DAiX]
kudarati, f. 'power, ability; G~'s power, omnipotence; the
universe, creation'. 45. [Ar. >Pers. qudrat]
kuddi, v.i. 'leap, jump'. 1. [3412 kiirdati]
kuna, v.t. 'do', as dara gosa kuna Ti 1 'listen'. 11• [Pers. kun, imp. 2s.
of kardan]

~ tkunni, m. 'earthen pof. F. (3264 ku~- 1 ]

~ kuniri, f. 'bad woman'. 1. [Sk. kuniiri-]
~ kupalikhi, f.? 'evil bird'. 1. [ku- + PANKHI]
kuparavi1_1u, adj. 'unaccepted, rejected'. l'. [ku- + PARAVANU 1 ]
~o kupina, f. 'loincloth'. 1. [Sk. kaupina-]
~~ kupharagoa, m. 'blasphemer'. 1. [Ar. >Pers. kufr-go]
~~ kupharil_li, m. 'the place for blasphemers, hell', in kupharagoa
kupharii~ai paiii dajjhasi MjV9. 1. [Ar. kufriin 'unbelier]

gs"k kubi~, f. 'evil talk'(+ lavi). 1r. [ku- + B.\t:u 1]
~fu kubuclclhi, f. 'wrong thinking'. 3. [Sk.]
gif§. kumbbaku, m. 'the yogic exercise of closing nostrils with hand so as
to suspend breathing'. 1. [Sk. kumbhaka-] ·.
I§ kumbhu, m. 'water jar; a yogic exercise [ ~ KUMBHAKU]'. 3. [3308
kumbha- 1]
~ kumalii (as pp. -ii'}ii, -iina), v.i. 'wither; pine, waste away'. 3r. [3524
~ kumbiiru, m. 'potter'. lr. [3310 kumbhakiira-]
~ kumudani, f. 'waterlily, night lotus'. 1. [Sk. kumudini-: syn. KAVIAM]
~TS kurabil}u (-r, -o'), m. 'sacrifice, offering', usu. as tinhiim viHamhu
kurabii'}U '(I am) sacrificed, devoted to them', or kurabii'}ai jiii ( + o.
or poss.) 'be sacrificed, devoted to'. 13. [Ar. qurbiin: = KURABANU]
kurabinu, m. 5. [ = KURABA~U]
kuralii (pp. -ii'}ii), v.i. 'lament, cry out'. 2. [3347 *kululi-, if not Pk.
kurula- 'caw' (SV): = KURALI]
kurali, v.i. 'cry (of crane)', in ambari kiimjiim kuraliiim SuKl [or as
comm., fp. 'cries (of the cranes)']. 1. [ = KURALAI]
~'S ·}u(-ii'), m; 'the Qur'in'. 4. [Ar. qur'iin]
~y kuriipu, adj. 'ugly'. 1. [Sk. kuriipa-: = KAROPU]
~ kulaha, f. 'conical hat, mitre'. 2. [Pers. kuliih]
~ kulakkhani, f. 'ill-tempered woman'. l. (3332 kulak~a'}a-]
~s k:ulinu, adj. 'of good family' .. l. [Sk. kulina-]
'£1§ kulu, m. 'family, tribe, good family': iipe tarai sagale kula tiirai, etc.
'.he is saved himself, and saves whole groups besides'. 16. [3330
kuvifa~, f. 'bad road, evil way'. l. [3357 kuvartman- + -4-]
ku~ 1 (as pl. -iim 8129), f. 'girl, daughter'. 1. (3245 *ku4i-]
k~ 2 , v.i. 'dry up, wither', in kharu pakki kuri bhajjai SrP2.1 [3226b
Jkuf 2 'break'?; P. kurna]
kiim, Pl>D. used to mark the direct object; also 'to', or marker of the
indirect object; 'for'. 4. [Sir..: equ. (and ='!) KA(Jl]
kiika, r. 'loud cry' ( + iikhi, kari). 3. [3390 *kiikkii-]
kiikaru, m. 'dog'. 3. (3329 kurkura-]
kiiki, v.i. 'cry out loudly, shriek, scream'. 4. [3390 *kiikkati]
~T tkiici, m. 'bunch of dry grass, used as torch', in kuca ape lai
= MjV22.1. M2. (3408 kurca-]
kiicu, m. 'marching off, decamping, departing' ( + kari): dari kiica
kucii kari gae SrAl 7 'they have marched off to the court, each in
their turn'. 4. [Pers. kuc]
kurhja, f. 'demoiselle crane'. 1. (3597 kraunca-]
CXMT kiiji, m. 'pitcher (as used by Muslims for ritual ablution)'. 3. [Pers.
kiitu, m. 'valuation, value'. 1'. [3276 *kutta- 2 ]
kiipu, m. 'pit (of hell); hole; the Tenth Door' [see DUARu]: andhe
kupa SaV22.2 [ =andhe ghupa SllS], adj. 'utterly blind'. 4. [Sk.
kupa- 'well']
kiimalu, m. 'tender shoot, bud'. 1. (3523 komala-]
kiiri, adj. 2'. [ =KO~A]
kiiru, m. 3'. [ =KORU]
kii!i, adj. 'false, untrue, lying, deceitful, wicked'. 30. [3395 kii!aka-:
=KORA; syn. JHO'fHA]
kiipiru (-ii), m. 'liar; deceitful, wicked person'. 21. [•ku!akiira-]
kii~ (-o), m. 'lie, falseness, untruth, wickedness, evil': int. ku~o ku~:
ku~u kamai 'do evil, act falsely': ku~ boli 'tell lie, speak falsely'. 1OS.
(3395 kil!a- 6 : = KORU; syn. JHOTHU]
ke 1, poss. ppn. 'or. 100. [see KA 1]
ke 2 , ppn. 'to, near', in? sa!fhim ke brufhepii iivai MjVl.3. 1. [2830
karr,ra-; = n; ke (if not = KE 1?t. = KA1 2)
ke 3 (kei, kei}, pr. 'how many?; 8everal, many': int. kei kei: ass.? in
vii!a na pucchai ke JP1. 1. [2694 kati, 2696 katipaya-: = KA14 ]
kesa, mp. 'the hair'. 3. [3471 ke.fa-]
kesaii, m. 'God'. I. [Sk. ke.fava- 'long-haired, ep. of Vi~i;iu']
kesaru, m. 'saffron, Crocus sativus'. 1. (3474 kesara-]
kesu, m. 'KeS., a demon slain by Kr~i;ia'. 1.
kehi, adj. 'of what sort?': kehaSrAll', adv. ( + neg.)'in any way, to
any purpose': kehi SrAS', adlt.....'how?'. 13. (3197 kidrfa-: = KINEHA,
keti (-i. ext. -ara), adj: 'how much?, how many?; however much,
however many': kete ke diniim Dh2 'about how many days?'. 94.
[=KITTI; see ETA]
kediri, m. 'Kedara, place of Saivite pilgrimage in the Himalayas'.
~T keri, ppn. used to denote possession or connexion 'belonging to,
of, 's'. 15. [3078 *kiiriya-: equ. KJ. 1]
tkerhi, adj. 'which?, what?'. F. [3197 kidrfo-; =Sir.]
kela, f. 'sport, play' ( + kari): in gangii jamunii ke/a kedarii MrS2
'Vrndavana, the place where Km1a played'. 2. (3918 *kel-:
kerhva, adv. 'how?'. 2. [=KIUM: see EMVA]
ke,·a~u, adj. 'how great?'. 13. [see EVAl;>U]
kevalu, adj. 'complete', only as kevala bairagi. 2. [Sk. kevala-]
kai1, poss. ppn. 'of. 125. [see KA 1]
kai 2 , ppn. 'to, near, at, with', as in miiia kai maganu bhaiii RaA 7. c.3.
( =KE 2)
kai 3 , cj. 'or'. 12. [3196 *kiidrk: cf. K1 2 ]
kai4, adj. 'how many?, many', in kai loa khapi marfjai MlVl 7 [cf. ke
loa JP37]. 1. [ = KE 3 )
-kai 5 , suf. added to abs. to form the conjunctive ptc. (but written as
separate word), e.g. upai kai 'having created'. 75. [equ. (and =?)
kairh, or kai 6 , pr. 'whom?'. 7. [see KAU~u]
kaisi, adj. 'of what sort?': kaise, as adv. 'how?'. 35. [3197 kidr~a-:
kairhhi, m. 'bell-metal, white copper'. 2. [2987 *kiimsiya-]
tkairhhi, pr. 'anyone'. F. ( = tKAHIM 2 : see Ko 1]
kai~hai, adv. 'where?'. 1. [KAl 6 + -{hai <THAMU: cf. KISATHAI]
ko (koi, koi, koii DhAJ), pr., adj. 'someone, anyone; some any':+
neg., 'no one; no, none'. 480. [2574 ka- 2 , 2967 ka~cid: =KUY; related
forms are fsd. KAO, KAI, KAI; so. tKAHIM 2 , KAHO, KISAHI, KISAI,
ko 2 , ppn. 'to'. l (So3). [ = KAU 1]
ko 3 , poss. ppn. •or. c.10 (usu. as ja ko, ta ko, but independently
MrA8). [=KA 1]
koili, m. 'burning coal, charcoal'. 1. [3484 kokila- 2 ]
kohu, m. 'kos, distance of about 2 miles'. 1. [3611 krofo-]
kokila, f. 'koil, the Indian cuckoo Cuculus indicus'. 6. [Sk. kokila-J
ko!antaru, m. 'another crore', as ko!a ko!antara AsC4 'crores upon
crores'. 1. [Sk. *ko!yantara-]
kofi, f. 'crore, ten million': ico!ilh hum ko!i 'crores upon crores'. 20.
[Sk. ko!i-: equ. KARORI]
ko!D, m. 'fort, castle; the body'. 13. (3500 ko!fa-]
ko~, m. 'large brick-built house': also 'roof of house, upper
storey' (SIF56). 2. (3546 ko~fhaka-]
ko~bi, f. 'house': ext. kofhari, f. 'house, room'. 4. [ < KOTHX]
ko4u, m. 'festivity', in nada binoda ko4a anandu JP36. 1. [3562
kautuka-7?] '
tkodhari (and kodhrii), m. 'a kind of millet, Paspalum
scrobiculatum'. F. [3515 kodrava-]
~ kopu, m. 'anger'. 2. [Sk. kopa-]
~ fkora, f. 'fault', in taiim tani kiii kora SIF114r. F'. [3497 kofi- 1]
~T kori, f. 'unbleached (cloth)'. 1. [3526 *kora-]
~ kolhii, m. 'oilpress'. 1. (3563 *kolhu-]
~ kau 1, ppn. denoting object, 'to'. 5. [ =KAU 1]

~ kau 2, poss. ppn. 'of, injala kau minu Pr13. 1. [=KX 1]

~ kau~u. pr. 'who?'. 1. [ = KAU~u]

fqR;g krisanu (-a), m. 'Km1a; God'. 5. [Sk. kr~1Ja-: cf. KANHu]

fqJt krisnariJ, m. 15. [ = KRISANU)
fq_3TQ!J kritirathu, adj. 'successful'. 1r. [=KIRATARATHU]
fqlJT £rlp8, f. 'pity, mercy, compassion'. 7. [ =KIRAPA]
~ tkripilu, adj. 'compassionate'. F. [ = KIRAPALU]
~ krodhu, m. 'anger'. 40. [Sk. krodha-: = KARODHU]

lt 'KH
khaili, v.t. 'boil', in· gaddahu candani khaiifiai SuV14.l [but comm.
'rubbed with sandal']. 1. (3760 *kha-ul-]
khasatf, f. '6th day of lunar .fortnight'. 1. [Sk. ~a~fhi-]
khasamini, m. 'hostility, attack' ( + kari). 1. [Ar. >Pers.
khasamu, m. 'husband, lord, master (esp. of God}'. 78. [Ar. >Pers.
kbakkhi, m. 'the Jetter KH'. 1.
-khaiijanu, sµ. 'destroyer', in bharama bhai khanjanu MIA2r. Ir.
(-KHAJ'.'f?ANU X .·BHAfilJANU)
kbajiai, m. 'treasury'. 6. [Ar. khizana]
tkhajiiri, f. 'd~te, date-palm'. F. (3828 kharjuri-]
kbaffi, v.t. 'earn, accumulate'. 9. (3779 kha{!ayati]
khafo 1 (-a BhA 1), num. 'six', usu. as khafu darasana 'the six classical
philosophical systems of Hinduism': kha!u maru dehi RaA3 'the
body, with its six cakras'. 10. [Sk. ~af: equ. CHIA]
khafo 2, adj. 'sour', in khafa turasi Sr7 'sour bitterness, sour and
bitter flavours'. 1. [3777 kh~Ha- 1 ]
tkbafoli, m. 'bedstead'. F. [3781 khafvii- (>Pk. kha!fuliya-)]
kba~l}a. f. 'hole (of a rat)'. 1. [3790 *kha44a-]
-~nu, m. 'breaker', in bhava kha')4anii DhSh3 'o breaker of
the cyCle of existence'. 1. [Sk. khal'}t/ana-]
kha• • m. 'sword', as khaPJ4e dhiira MrS8 '(sharp as) the edge of a
sword'. 1. [319l *kha1J4aka-: = tKHANNA]
khal_MJitu, adj. 'broken (of sleep)'. 1. [Sk. kha1J4ita-]
kba1;14u 1, m. 'realm, clime,_zone (of which there are 9 in the world);
one of 4 mystical realms (described in JP35-37)'. 27. [Sk. khal'}4a-]
kbam;a4u 2 , f. 'coarse sugar'. 2. [3800 kha'Jt!u- 1 ]
kbati, m. 'error' ( + kari): int. khato khatii 'totally wrong'. 5. [Ar.
kbattri, m. 'K~atriya, member ofthe'2nd caste, warrior'. 5. [3649
k~atriya-: =KH'VAITRI]
fkbanni, m. 'sword'. F. [ = KHA~QA]
kbanni, f. 'piece', only as khanniai kiti, khanniai vanniim 'I am
sacrificed; devoted'. 3d. [3792 kha1J4ika-]
khaparil, m, or adj. 'destruction, destroyed'. 1sr. [ <KHAPI]
kbapari, f. 'destruction', only as opati khapati 'creation and
destruction'. 4. [KHAPJ x OPATI]
kbapparu, m. (-i As33), f. 'yosi's begging-bowl'. 3. (3831 kharpara-:
kbapii, v.t. 'cause to perish, destroy, consume'. 8. (v.c. <KHAPI]
khapi, v.i. 'be wasted, be destroyed, be consumed, perish: dry up (of
boiled milk)' (int. + khapiii, jiii). 20. [3655 k~apyate]
khabari, f. 'news, awareness': khabari piii 1 'reali7.e'. 2. [Ar. khabar]
khambhu, m. 'wing, limb'. 2r. (13640 *skambha- 2 ]
kharacu, m. 'cost; travelling expenses; sustenance, provision (for
life)': kharacu bannhi, biiriulhi 'get together travelling expenses'. 5.
[Pers. kharc]
khari, adj. 'good; real, true, genuine; pure': also as adv. 'really, very,
completely' before another adj., as in kharii siiiPJii 'really clever'. 42.
[3819 khara- 2 ]
kharibu, adj. 'ruined, broken'. l. [Ar. khariib: =KHARABU]
khari, v.t. 'take aw~y. destroy;. 3r (MrA8). [ =KHA~I]
kharidi, f. 'buying', as kharidi kari 'buy, purchase (slave)'. 1. [Pers.
-kharicli, adj. 'bought', in mulla kharidiliilii Mr6 'bought slave'. 1.
kharu, m. 'donkey'. 3. [3818 khara- 1 ]
tkhalaka, f. 'creation'. MS. [Ar. khalq]
khalavifi, m. 'threshing floor'. 1. [3843 *khalavii!a-]
khallap, f. 'skin; skin or leather garment (as worn by yogis); skin
bag (for bhang)'. 2. [3848 khalla- 1 + -4-]
khali, adj. 'standing'. 1r. [=KHA~.\]
khalliril, fp. 'bellows'. 1. [3848 khalla- 1 ]
khalisi, f. 'deliverance, release'. 1. [Ar. >Pers. khalasi]
tkhalii, v.i. 'stand', in khalii kicai aradiisi MrV20.1. M2.
khalihinu, m. 'threshing floor'. tr. (3839 khaledhiini-: cf.
khaloi (pp. khaloii). v.i. 'stand': as modal verb + abs. in dui chappi
khaloe Ti5 'both have quite vanished'. 3. [ext. of 3784 *khatfati;
::::P. khaloPJii: =tKHALll, KHA~OI]
khaviisa (-i), mp. 'royal attendants'. 3. [Ar. -khauass]
khavili, v.t. 'cause to be eaten; feed, give to eat'. 3. [v.c. <KHAI]
kharilvi, v.t. 'suffer, .endure' in iivaffa'!u iipe khamvai dudha kai.i
khapaPJi na dei SrAl 1 '(the water) itself endures boiling over, but
does not allow the milk to boil away': inf. tkhamva1Ju SIF127 as m.
'forbearance'. 1. (3657 k~amate]
kha~agu, m. 'sword'. 2. [Sk. kha4ga-]
khafi (-o; ext. fpd. -iamha'), adj. 'standing'. 10. (3784 kha4aka-:
kha!i, v.t. 'take, take away, destroy'. 3. [??; =P. poth. khai;nii, ·
khararJii: = KHARI]
kha\'11, m. 'a tall grass used for fodder'. 2. (3679 kha{a-]
kha~oi, v.i. 'stand'. 1. [ = KHALOI]
khii (pres. ptc. khamda, mpd. khata P019; pp. khaia, khau', khiidha;
pres. 3s. khai, khavai, 3p. khiimhi, -i, khiinhi, khilvamhi), v.t. 'eat;
consume, devour; plague, harrass; get, receive, suffer, endure' (and
freq. used to form nominal conjuncts in the latter senses): pp. also
as m. 'what is eaten, food'. 160. (3865 khadati: cf. KHA~A]
kbiiku, m. 'loudmouth, braggart'. 2. [der. of khyiiti (>Pk. khiii-) +
-kk-? (father than 3871 khiiduka-)]
khii, f. 'moat, ditch'. l(Ra3). (3862 khiitikii-]
khiku, f. 'earth, dust': khaku khaku rali 'dust to be mingled with the
dust'. 8. [Pers. khiik]
khiji, v.i. 'be eaten•: 8. [3865 khiidyate]
khiju, m. 'what may be eaten, food'. 2. [3872 khiidya-]
khi~ (-u), m. 'food, eating': as inf., ger. of KHAI (also khiivar]ii) 'to
eat, deserving to be eaten': as compound-final 'eating, eater' jiiim
khlivalJe Su3 'eating creatures', miilJasa khiir]e MIV25.2 'man-
eaters'. 30. [3867 khiidana-: = KHANU 2 ]
khi~ril, fp. 'the four sources of life, kingdoms of nature', listed in
a'}qajajeraja utabhujiim khiil'}iril setajiimha AsV8.l. 11. [3873 khiini-
l:JTJ khitu, m. 'hole, pit'. 2. [3863 khlitra-]
l:f'lJl khidhi (-iitii Gal4'), pp. of KHAI 'eaten'. (12). [anal. formation]
l:f1:§ khinu 1, m. 'nobleman, khan'. 6. [Pers. khan]
l:f1:§ khinu 2 , m. 'food'. l(SaV9.2'). [ =KHA~A]
l:i'l@ khiparu, m. 'yogi's begging-bowl'. 1. [ =KHAPPARU]
l:f1H khima, adj. 'unbaked (of pot)'. 11• [Pers. khiim]
l:f'QT khiri (-~ 1 ), adj. 'salty, saline (of sea-water)'. 2. [3674 k~iira- 1 ]

khiribu, adj. 'bad'. 1. [ = KHARABU]
khiru 2 , f. 'ashes', ink~ miiim kuru bibi khapi hoe khiiru
[rather than 'disgraced' ( =KHUARu)?]. ir. [3674 ksiira- 1 :
khilaku, m. 'the Creator'. 1. [Ar. khiiliq]
khili, adj. 'empty'. 1. [Ar. khiili]
khivai, etc.: see KHAI
khifi, m. 'wrestling ground, arena'. 1. [39 ak~aviifa-]
khiilu (-at), m. 'thought': khialirii pavi 'fall into thoughts (of)'. 2r.
[Ar. khayiil]
khisari, v.i. 'slip'. 1. [ext. of KHISI ( + -r-)]
khisi, v.i. 'slip, slip away; be unsteady'. 2. [3888 *khis-: = KHISARI]
khiiici, v.t. 'pull, draw, tug'. 2. [3881 *khiiic-]
khiikoti~i, f. 'tension, Strife, quarrelling' ( + kari). 2. [ < KHllilCJ +.
khijamatl; f; 'service' ( + kari). 1. [Ar. >Pers. khi!mat]
khi~c.H. v.i. 'be scattered'. 1. [3882 *khil'}t/:]
khinthi (-iitii GalSr; f-ari SIF47), f. 'patchwork quilt (worn by
yogis)'. 8. [2721 kanthii- 2 ( x ?)]
Ng khinu, m. 'moment, instant': fot. khinu khino Gac2r 'every
moment'. 28. [3642 k~al'}a-]
fuw khimi, f. 'endurance, patience, fortitude'. 11. [for Sk. k~a~ii-]
~ khi~u. adj. 'wasted, feeble, worn out'. ir. [3690 k~il'}a~:. =KHTNu]
~ khiou, adj. 1. [ = KHI~u]
~ khiru, m. 'milk': khiru matthio As1 '(when the gods) churned (the
ocean 1 ot) milk'. 4. [3696 k~ira-]
l:llfa ldu1i, v.i. 'bloom,. expand, rejoice'. 1. [3882 *khill-]
mr khivi, adj. 'drunk, intoxicated'. 2. [3694 k~f!Ja-, k~iva-]
~ khuii (pp. mpd. + 3s. suf. khuiiianu MjV16), v.t. 'cause to be lost;
lead astray, lead into destruction'. 14. [v.c. <KHOI]
khuiri, f. 'disgrace, humiliation'. 6. [Pers. kh'¥iiri]
khuiiru (·ii1 'disgraced, humiliated; wretched, vile'. 24. [Pers.
kh'¥iir: cf. KH.\RU 2 ?)
khui: see KHOI

khmari, m. 'eunuch'. 1. [for Pers. khfiija-sarli? ( x Knuss1?)]
khussi (pp. khuttha, khiitha), v.t. 'pluck out; remove, snatch away'
(int. + lai). 5. (13661 *sku~yate (but with change to v.t.): syn. KHOHI]
khusi, f. 'joy, happiness': khusi kari 'rejoice, be happy'. 18. [Pers.
khushfj -
khundhu, m. 'roller of sugarcane press'. 1. (3899 *khu1Jfha-
'defective'? (though meaning suggests connexion with 3717
*k~undati 'crushes')]
khutthi, pp. of KHUSSI 'plucked', as siru khutthii 'having head
plucked of hair (of yogis, Jain ascetics)'. (3). (13661 *sku~fa- (with
anal. -tth-): =KHOTHA]
~ khundakiru, m. 'Creator, Lord'. 1•. [Pers. khudiivand-giir]
~ khudii, m. 'God'. 14. [Pers. khudii(y)]
~ kbudii, adj. 'of God, divine', as niirhu (niimu) khudiii, m. 'the name of
God'. 2. [Pers. khudiiiJ
yftrnr7 tkhudii, f. M3. ( = KHUDHIA]
Sl'1l:P>fr khudhii, f. 'hunger'. 3. [for Sk. k~udha-:· = tKHUDIA]
Sl'Cia khunaka, adj. 'cool'. 11• [Pers. khunuk]
~ khumba, f. 'copper over which clothes are steamed', as kh1i1mbi
carhai 'steam, i.e. clean out; sort out'. 2. (3308 *khumbha-]
khurisinu, m. 'the Persian province of Khurasan'. 1. (Pers..
khuru, m. 'boor, as sira khura piifi 'be torn from top to toe'. 2. (3906
khulahinu, m. 'threshing floor', as khulahiinu kari 'beat mercilessly'.
l '. (3839 khaladhana-: cf. KHALIHANU]
khullhi, v.i. 'open, come undone'. 3. [3945 *khu/1-: = KHOLHI]
khiihas;ti, in khapi gae khiihalJi lakkha asankha 0049, comm.
'hosts'. l. [ak~auhil',li-?]
tkhiihi, f. 'well'. F. (3912 *khiiha-]
tkhiim~i. v.t. 'rip, tear'. F. (3892 khurJ4are 1 ]
l;fl:JT khiithi, pp. of KHUSSI (or *khusi) 'plucked'. (1). [ =KHUTTHA]
khiinu, m. 'blood, murder'. J. [Pers. khiin]

khiilhi, v.i. 'open, come undone': abs. khiilhi also as adv. 'openly'. 5.
kheha, f. 'dust, dirt': khehii kheha rali 'dust to be mingled with the
dust'. 10. [3751 k~obha- x 13659 *skerayati? (-or cf. 3646
k~a. f. 'gaine, sport'. 1'. [ < KHEl;>I: = KHELU]
khe~i, v.i.; v.t. 'play'. 2. (3918 *khe44-: =KHELI]
kheti, f. 'crop'. 7. [3737 k~etriya-]
khetu (ext. po. -amha AsV8.l'), m. 'field'. 7. (3735 k~etra-]
khemi, m. 'tent, pavilion'. 1. [Ar. khaima]
khelii, v.t. 'cause to be played; cause to play, make play'. 5. [v.c.
kheli, v.i., v.t. 'play, play at, perform'. 17. (3918 *khel-: =KHEl;>I]
khelu, m. (-a), f. 'game, sport; play, spectacle' ( + kari): khelu kheliii
'caute the game of life to be played out'. 22. [ < KHELI: =KELA,
khevatu (-u F), m. 'boatman, steersman'. 1. (3739 k~epaka- x 3469
kevarta- ( + -uka-)]
khai, m. 'destruction', as khai kalu (-ii) 'death the destroyer'. 3.
[3661 k~aya-]
khaira, f. 'almsgiving'. 1. [Ar. khair(6t)]
khoi (pp. khoia, fsd. khui TuBll'; pres. 3s. khovai, -asi, khoi), v.t.
'lose, throw away, get rid of, destroy, waste. 41. (3651 k~apayati]
khohiii, v.t. 'have (head) plucked'. 3. [v.c. <KHOHI]
khohi (ext. pres. 3p. khohenhi Sl6'), v.t. 'pluck (hair from head)'. 1.
[13661 *sko~ati: syn. KHUSSI]
khoji, v.t. 'seek, search for': khoji lahi 1 'seek arid find'. 24. [3929
khoji, m. 'seeker, genuine inquirer'. l(Ml3). [ <KHOJI]
khoti (-o, -au), adj. 'false, counterfeit, base, impure'. 27. (3931
khotu, m. 'falseness, deceit' ( + kamai). 4. [ < KHOTA]
kholhiii, v.t. 'cause to be opened'. !'. [v.c. <KHOLHI]
kholhi, v.t. 'open, undo, untie'. 7. (3945 *kholl-]
khovai, .etc.: see KHO!
B;{ khora', num. '16', in kho~a simgiira GaAIO 'the 16 kinds of
adornment'. 1. [12812 ~oqasa]
~;:{ kho~a 2 , f. 'cavity, hole', in tini kho~iim nita kiilu siirai Sr26, comm. as
'during the three stages of life' (?). 1. (3943 *khoqa-]
tp.1 khyattri, m. 'K~atriya'. I'. [ = KHATTRT (with khy- for Sk. k~-)]

Cfl G
tgaiim, m. 'going, flowing (of river)' ( + kari). F. (4025 gama-
gaiinu, m. 'wandering, wandering through the cycle of existence',
hence 'the world', in gaunu gaganu jaba tabahi na hotau SG61. 1.
gaiir~. adj. 'heavy'. 2. (4209 guru- ( x HAURA?)]
gaii, f. 'cow'. 7. [ 4093 *gavu-]
gaii (msd. + Is. Suf. gaiamu MrA9d; msl. gaiai; mp. gae; fs. gai; fp.
gaiiim), pp. of JAI 1 [anclofVANNI] 'gone, went, departed'. 93. [4008
gata-: cf. GATU]
gasatama, v.i. 'I wandered, I have wandered'. 11• [Pers. gashtam]
gaha~. m. 'ornament'. 4. [ 4364 graha~-]
gahabari, adj. 'deep (of colour)'. 1. [Sk. gahvara-]
gahari, adj. 'deep'. 1. [ =GAHIRU]
gahi, v.t. 'sieze, grasp, clasp; adopt, take up'. 22. [ 4236 *grahati]
gahiru (-ii), adj. 'deep', only as gahira gambhlru, etc. 'deep and
profound, hard to fathom (of ocean, or ofGod)'.11. [4024gabhira-:
gahili, adj. 'possessed', in gu'!a gahilf TuB7' 'she who is possessed
by the divine qualities': 'thoughtless, careless' (F). 1'. [ = GAHELA]
gahiru (-ii'), adj. 'deep', as gui:raf-im) gahiru 'deep in good qualities,
of unfathomable excellence (of God)'. 4'. [ =GAHIRU]
gaheli, adj. 'possessed, proud', in garabi gahelii Mr5' 'possessed by
pride, made headstrong by pride'. l '. [ 4366 grahila-: ;:::: GAHILA]
ganga, f. 'Ganges'. 2. [=GANGA]
gaganu (-a), m. 'sky, heaven': freq. as term of yoga 'the Tenth Door'
[see DUARU], sim. gaganapuru, lit. 'the heavenly city': gaganantari
(gaganandari'), adv. 'in the sky, in heaven': gaganamai thalu DhSh3
'salver in the form of the sky'. 30. [Sk. gagana- (gaganantare): cf.
GAl~ARU, GAl~U; syn. AKASU]
oraJT gaggi, m. 'the letter G'. 1.
~T galigi (-ata Gal5'), f. 'the river Ganges': gangavatJi, m. 'Ganges
water'. 6. [Sk. ganga-: =GANGA]
gaccu, m. 'plaster' ( + kari, lai). 3. [Pers. gac x 3954 (14439)
ga1,1fhi (ext. -ari, sl. -ariai), f. 'knot; knot tied in corner of garment
and used as purse or pocket'. 5. [ 4354 grant hi- (>Pk. gamfhi-):
=GA~l?H1 2 , GAMTHI]
ga.,.i, v.t. 'cause to be mingled'. ir. [v.c. <GAl?I?I 2]
ga44i1, v.1:. 'bury; plunge into, stab'. 2. (3979 •gaqq- 1: =GAl?1 1]
ga44i 1 , v.i:. 'mix, mingle'. l(AsV19.l). (3980 •ga<!<f- 1 : =GAl;>l 2 ]
ga441, f. 'cart, waggon'. 2. (4116 •ga<f4a-: cf. GAl?A]
tga44u, adj. 'joined, united, together' ( + thij. F. [ < GAl?l;>I 2 ]
ga1,14hi 1 , v.t. 'knot; tie, join': ga1J<!ha1Ju ga1Jdhiai Srl 7 'one-gets into
knots'. 3. [ 4353 granthayati]
ga1,14hi 2 , f. 'knot': (ki) ga~<!hi pai 1 'knot together, join'. 3.
( =GA~THI)
ga1,14hu, m. 'tie, join; relationship': ga1J<!hu pavi 'tie to be formed, be
joined': gatJ<f hu pai 1 'form tie, join'. 11. [ 4350 grantha-]
ga1,1a, _mp. 'troops of demigods attending .Siva'. 2. [Sk.]
ga1,1ata, f. 'counting, reckoning; worry, anxiety': gaTJata ga1Jai, galJi
'count up, reckon': gatJata na ai 'not to be reckoned': gatJatai na
pai 1 'not to find by reckoning'. 24. [ < GA~1: for der. f. nouns in -ata,
gal,lii (pres. 3s. gatJavai, gatJei Sa V10.1 '), v.t. 'cause to be counted,
reckoned, esteemed; count, reckon'. ll. [v~c. <GA~l]
gaa:ii, v.t. 'count, reckon; consider, esteem'. 11. (3993 ga1Jayati]
gati (-er), f. 'manner, working; state, condition; salvation,
deliverance': (ki) gati miti ja1Ji, pai 1 'get a true idea of, form correct
estimate or. 47. [Sk.]
d@ gatu (-am), adj. 'gone, departed, vanished'. 4. [Sk. gata-: cf. GAJA]
gatthu, m. 'stock, capital', in vitJu niimvai gatthu gaiii gamviie MrS7.
1. (4350 grantha-? (hardly 4361 grasta- 'swallowed'); =H.P. gath]
gaddabu, m. 'donkey'. 1. [ 4054 gardabha-: cf. GARADHABHU]
fgandala, f. 'sprout, shoot', in e visu gandaliim dhariiiril khatJcJu liviiri
SlF37. F. [cf. ~998 gatJcJa- 2 ?; = P. gandal]
gandha1_1u, m. 'injuring', as gandha1Ja vaitJi So3 'with hurtful talk'. l.
[4016 gandhana-]
gandbaraba, mp: 'Gandharvas, divine minstrels'. 2. [Sk.
gandhi, f. 'stench'. 1. [ =GANDHU]
gandhu, m. 'scent, fragr~nce; stench'. 3. [ 4014 gandha-: =GANDHI]
gannii, adj. 'reckoned (to have been produced)', in toiamhu annu
kamiidu kapiihiim toiamhu tribhavatJU gannii MIV25.2. l'. (4120
*giirJya- (Pk. ganna- 'counting') - perh. punning on gannii
'sugarcane' <3998 gatJcJa- 2 ]
gambhiru(-ii), adj. 'deep', usu. as gahira gambhiru. 13. (4013
gambhira-: cf. GAHIRU]
gama, f. 'knowledge, secret knowledge, secret', in gura gama giiinii
MrSl 'gnosis is the Guru's secret' [vs. comm. 'is obtained by going
to the Gun1']. 1. [ 4032 gamya-]
garaha, mp. 'the nodes Rahu and Ketu which cause eclipses'. 1.
[Sk. graha-]
garaji, v.i. 'thunder'. 2. [Sk. garjati: cf. GMI]
garanthu, m. 'book, scripture'. 1. [Sk. grantha-]
garadani f. 'neck', as garadani miiri 'behead, execute'. 1. [Pers.
garadhabhu, m. 'donkey'. 1. [for Sk. gardabha-: cf. GADDAHU]
garabi (as pres. 2s. garabasi Sr16), v.i. 'be proud, take pride in'. 1.
[Sk. garvati]
garabu, m. 'pride, conceit, arrogance': garaba prahiiri GaA9', m.
'smiter of pride'. 40. [Sk. garv_a-: =GARABU]
garabhu (-am; ext. sl.? garabhiisi SrPl '), m. 'womb: birth, existence'.
6. [Sk. garbha-: =GRABHU; syn. JONI]
gari (pd. -iriz AsAll), f. 'coconut-kernel'. 1. [ 4040 *garu- 2 ]
garibi, f. 'poverty, humility'. 1. [Ar. >Pers. gharibiJ

garu~ii. adj. 'soft, melting (of food)'. 2. ( 4040 •garu- 2 + -<!-]
galla (-a 1 JP32; pd. -am; pl. -im), f. 'word, talk, thing': gallam kari
'talk'. 26. (4068 •galha-: =GALHI; syn. BATA]
gallha, f. 'cheek'. l(SJ6). [ 4089 gal/a-]
galatu, adj. 'plunged, wallowing', in moha papa mamhi galatu gaia
RaA 7. L [Pers.!_an (rather than pres. ptc. of GAU?)]
galava~hu, m. 'cut-throat, murderer'. 1. [GALU + VADl;>HI]
gallii 2 , m. 'herd, flock, crowd'. l(MjV26.1'). [Pers. gal/a]
gali, v.i. 'melt; be destroyed'. 3. (4074 galati 1 ]
gali, f. 'lane, narrow street'. 4. ( 4085 •gall-]
galu, m. 'neck, throat': gali piii 2 'put on (clothes, garlands, etc.)': gali
mili 'come and embra~e·. 23. [4070 gala- 2 ]
galolii, m. 'pellet (of opium)'. 1. [Pers. £1!!.aliila]
gavanu, m. 'wandering, roaming, wandering through the cycle of
existence'. 2. (4027 gamana-: =GAUNU]
garitviii (pres. 3s. garitvai, gamvavai), v.t. 'lose, destroy, get rid of;
waste, squander'. 78. (4028 gamayati: =GAMVAI]
garitviiru (-a', -i'), m. 'peasant, blockhead, fool, idiot'. 16. [4371
•gramadara-: =GAMVA.RU]
ga~u. m. 'pit'. l(MIA4). [-3967 ga<!a- 1 ]
ga~hu, m. 'fort; the body'. 11. (3986 *ga<fha-]
giii1 (pres. ptc. gamida, mso. gavata MrS8; pres. ls. gaum, gaim,
gaviim, 3s. giii, giivai, 3p. gavamhi, giivanhi, giimhi Ga13'; pass. pres.
3s. giiiai, giiviai), v.t., v.i. 'sing; hymn, laud, sing praises or. 116.
(4135 gapayati]
orrfu giii 2 , or giriti (pd. -im). f. 'cow'. 4. {4147 gavi-]
Qlrfu~ giiitri, f. 'the sacred Gayatri verse'. 1.
QIT\}~ gihaku, m. 'purchaser, customer'.~- (4382 griiha- + -kk-]
QI~ gihu, m. 'depth'. 2. (4151 giiha- 1 ]
QI~ gibe, adv. 'ever, at any time'. 11• [Pers.]
QITl::f~ gikha~o. adj. 'difficult, hard'. ld. [??:cf. i;>A.KHA~O]
OJT<lfIB gigari, f. 'earthern jar, waterpot'. 1. [ 4043 gargari-]
aiTf~ gichi, v.i. 'go'. 1. (3955 gacchati: cf. A.CHI]
arrft:I giji, v.i ..'thunder, roar'. 1. [ 4046 garjati: cf. GARAJI]

GJ'fu giril~hi, f. 'knot'. 1. [ =GA~THI]
ar~r ga4a (-o), m. 'large cart; carriage, chariot': su tegabanda gaqe rai:i
AsA 12 'those warriors, chariots, and clash of arms', or perh. 'those
warriors immersed in the fray' ( <GAI?l 2 ) [but hardly tegabanda
ga4erai:i, comm. 'woollen swordbelts', or 'warriors and small
chariots']. 3. [ 4116 • ga<J<!a-: cf. GAl_)l_)T]
dltfu gi4i 1, v.t. 'bury, plunge (into well)'. l(Ra2). [ =GAI?I?1 1]
ai 1 fa gi4i 2, v.t. 'mix, mingle'. 2. [ =GAI?I?1 2 ]
tgai:iaviril, adj. 'counted, reckoned'. F. [ < 4120 *ga1Jya-]
giphalu, adj. 'heedless, unmindful, indolent'. 2. [Ar. g.!Jafil:
giphila, adj. 11• [ =GAPHALU]
girabu, m. 'pride' ( + kari). 3. [ = GARABU]
gira~u. m. 'charm against snake-poison'. 2. (4138 garu4a-:

~.9~ giru~u. m. 1. [ =GARA~U]

tjJ'3"fi: tgilhii, v.t. 'utter, say'. F. [ <GALHI]
al~ gili 1, v.t. 'melt; destroy; mortify (the body)'. 5. (4144 giilayati]
dllfcs gili 2, f. 'insult, abuse'. l(AsV15.2'). [4145 gali-]
<nTfcs gilhi (pd. -im VaV20'.2), f. 'word'. 1. [4068 •galha- ( x o>.u 2 ?):
givi, m. 'singing'. 2(So12). [ <G>.1 1]
gimvii, v.t. 'destroy, waste;. J. [ =GAMVAI]
gimviiru, m. 'peasant, blockhead, fool'. 5. [ =GAMVARU]
givai, etc.: see GAl 1
giini, m. 'knower: one who possesses higher, spiritual knowledge;
gnostic'. 26. [Sk. jiianin-] ·
giiinu (-am5, -a•, -o'), m. 'knowledge; higher, spiritual knowledge;
gnosis': giana kha1J4u JP35, in. 'the realm of knowledge'. 130. [Sk.
jiiana-: ==NIANU, JillANO; cf. JAf'."U 4 , JANU 2 ]
giraha, f. 'mountain?', in samunda saha sulatiina giraham seti malu
dhanu JP23, most comm. as 'lords of the ocean and kings with
mountains of· wealth' [but perhaps 'wealth securely fastened'
(=GIRA HA), or 'wealth besides houses, i.e. palaces' ( = GRIHU)?].
1. [ 4161 giri-?]

girahi, m. 'householder'. 11. [Sk. grhin-]
giraphatah(a), pp. 'seized'. 11• [Pers. girifta]
giriritu (sl. -i), m. 'village'. 1. [ 4368 grama-]
girisu, m. 'mouthful, morsel': sasi girasi, adv. 'with each breath and
mouthful'. 5. [Sk. griisa-: =GRASA; cf. GIRAHU]
giriha, f. 'knot, pocket', in parandae na giraha jara MjV 13.6 'the
birds have no gold in their pockets'. 11• [Pers. girih: syn. GANTHI; cf.
girihu, m. 'mouthful, morsel': giraha de 'provide sustenance (of
God)'. 3. [ 4379 grasa-: cf. GIRASU]
giri (pres. 3p. -anti 0032'), v..i. 'fall'. 2. (4159 *girati]
tgiriviinu, m. 'collar; opening or breast of garment'. F. [Pers.
gitavati, adj., in gaccu ji laggii gii:avai:i sakhie dhaulahariril Sl1,
comm. 'palaces as high as mountains'. 1. [distorted formation
<4161 giri- + ??]
giti, v.i. 'fall'. l(AsV4.2). [ 4157 *gi4-]
giu (so. gia), m. 'song'. 1. [4167 gita-: cf. GITU]
gitu (pd. -a, -e'), m. 'singing, song, hymn' ( + gai 1 ). 11. [Sk. gita-: cf.
GIU] .
tguiu, m. 'talk?', in erilvai kare guau MlV22.1. M2'. [?? (perh.
connected with G01 3 )]
gliili, m. 'cowherd, ep. of Kfg1a'. 1'. [ 4293 gopiila-: = GOALIA; cf.
tgussii, m. 'anger'. F. [Ar. !l!!ussa]
gusiriti, m. 'Lord, God'. 2. [4342 gosvamin-: =GOSAMI]
guilgi, adj. 'dumb'. 1. [4171 *gunga-]
gujiri, v.t. 'perform (the Muslim prayer)'. 1. [Pers. gu~ar-: cf.
tgujjhii, adj. 'hidden, secret'. F. [ 4222 guhy~]
gu~akiri, adj. 'producing -good qualities, beneficent': also m.
'benefactor (of God)'. 6. [Sk. gu~akara-]
gu"1atiisu, m., comm. as 'treasury of good qualities' (of God)', as in
piru paiii gu~atiisu MrA9' [cf. Sr8', SrA7', SuK2', but kiuril gha!fai
gu~a tiisa Sr9' 'her virtues']. 4'. [GUNU + ? (second element is

explained as Pers. !fts 'goblet', tiis 'master' - but doubtfully) -
perh. Sk. gu~atas 'according to merit"n] ·
gui:-avanti, adj. 'possessing good qualities, virtuous'. 9. [Sk.
gu~avat- (strong stem)]

gui;ii (pres. 3p. -amhi AsV13.2), v.t. 'ponder'. 1. (4191 gu~ayati]

gui;ii, adj. 'possessing good qualities, virtuous'. 6. [4192 gu~in-]
gui:iu (so., pd. -a; sl. -i, -ahi; po. -iim, -aha; pl. -im), m. 'quality; good
quality, virtue, merit'; (in p.) 'the three gui:ias, the qualities or
modes of being which govern worldly existence': gu~a giii 'sing the
praises of, hymn the qualities or: used as the first element of several
compounds of transparent meaning, e.g. gu'Ja hirJii, adj. 'devoid of
merit': gu~a diitii, m. 'bestower of good qualities': gu~a (-im)
nidhiinu, m. 'treasury of virtues, good qualities'. 260. [ 4190 (or Sk.)
gu~a-: =GUNU]
tgutthali, f. 'bag (of jewels)'. M2. [4205 •guptha- ( + -/-)]
gudarii:iu. m. 'daily bread, sustenance'. 1r, [Pers. gu!_riin]
gudari, v.i. 'pass, elapse'. 1. [Pers. gu!ar-]
gudda~u. m. 'patchwork quilt made of rags, worn by yogis'. 1. [TI;
cf. H. giidar, P. godrii]
gurildii (pres. ls. gumdhiiim Va3), v.t. 'cause to be braided, plait
(hair)'. 1. [v.c. <4205 guphati ( x 3433 MlA. kantati)]
§1eTfa gudiri, v.t. 'pass; spend'. 1r. [Pers. gu!_iir-: cf. GUJARI]
SJov~ gunahagiru, m . 'sinner'. 1. [Pers. gunah-giir]
gr~ gunahu, m. 'sin'. 2. [Pers. guniih]
gJ9 gunu, m. 'good quality, virtue'. 4. [ =GU~u]
~ gupatu (-ii, -u), adj. 'hidden, concealed, secret'. 16. [Sk. gupta-]
gruw gupili, m. 'cowherd, ep. of Km1a; God'. lr. [=GOP.I.LA] .

~rfu guppi (as pres. 3s. guppasi SuV18.1), v.t. 'thread, string (garland)'.
1. [ 4205 guphati x ?]
guphatama, v.t. 'I said, I have said'; 11• [Pers. guftam]
guphi (sl. -ai Sr2), f. 'cave'. 6. [ 4204 •gupphii-]
gubiru (-ovii VaA4'), m. 'darkness (as in dust-storm)': andhu gubiiru
'pitch darkness', also adj. 'utterly blind'. 11. [Ar. !l!!ubar 'dust']
guminu, m. 'fancy; presumption, pride' ( + kari). 4'. [Pers. gumiin]
guramati (·i), f. 'the Guru's ~eaching, instruction'; also adv. (sl.)
'through the Guru's teaching'. 132. [Sk. •gurumati-]
guramukhi (pd. -a Mil), m. 'one who is guided by the Guru' [opp.
of MANAMUKHI]; also adv. (sl.) 'through the Guru, through the
Guru's teaching'. 400. [Sk. *gurumukh(y)a-] ·
guru (-u), m. 'guru, teacher; the Guru, the Satiguru': int. gura
gurahiii AsSd2' 'gurus of gurus': used as the first element of many
compounds of transparent meaning, esp. gura sabadu, m. gura
siikhi, gura sikkha, f., gura bacanu, m., gura biitJi, f., gura viiki, m. 'the
Word. teaching of the Guru': gura parasiidi, adv. 'by the favour of
the Guru'. 850. (Sk. guru-]
gulhi, m. 'seed, pellet'. 1. [4181 gu4a- 1]
gulilu (-ii'), m. 'poppy'; also adj. 'scarlet'. 2. [Pers. gul-liila]
guru. m. 'coarse sugar; molasses (used for distilling spirit)'. 7. [ 4182
-gii~, adj. suf. '-fold', in sahasii gulJii AsV6.1 'a thousand-fold, a
thousand times more'. 1. [Sk. -gutJa-]
giirhi, adj. 'deep, intense, serious'. 2. [ 4223 gii<!ha-~]
gerii, m. 'dark red ochre'. l. [ 4254 gairika-]
gera. f. 'time, turn', as lakha lakha geriim JP32 'hundreds of
thousands of times'. 1. [4157 *gi4-(Pk. ge<!a1Ja- 'throwing')?; = P.
~ gairil4i, m. 'rhinoceros'. I. [4000 *gaya1J<!a-]
gai~ru (-am', -ii'), m. 'sky, heaven'. 6'. [3950 gagana- +-ii/a-, -iira-]
~5 gai9:1u, m. 'sky'. I. [3950 gagana-: cf. GAGANU]
~w gaibini, adv. 'stealthily, in secret'. 1. [Ar. >Pers. a!!iiibiina]
~f3 gairati, f. 'indignation'. 1. [Ar. >Pers. a!!airat]
~ gaivaru, m. 'elephanf. 3. (3957 gajavara-: cf. HAIVARU]
~~T goilii, m. 'cowherd, i.e. Km1a'. 1'. [ =GUALA]
aire goi1, f. 'the earth'. 2. [ 4255 go- (Pk. sense)]
arre goi 2 (as pp. fs. goi), v.t. 'hide', hence 'remove, destroy'. 5'. [ 4291
goi 3 (pp. fp. goiiim MIV20.2), v.t. 'say': perh. also in the obscure goi
gai jini cho4i, comm. 'he who has abandoned the utterance and
singing (of God's praises)'. 2?. [Pers. go-, pres. stem of guftan
( > GUPHATAMA) - rather than Sk. go- 'speech': cf. BUGOI (and
goili, m. 'herdsman'. 2. [ <GOILU]
goilu (ext. -wa), m. 'temporary grazing ground', hence 'the world'.
5. [ 4259 gokula-]
~ gosa, (m.) 'ear', as gosa kuna 'give ear, heed'. 11• [Pers. gosh]
~fc gosa!i, f. 'disputation'. 1. [for Sk. go~fhi-]
~TE1 gosiiriti, m. 'Lord, God'. 2. [ =GUSAMIJ,
~T gohii, m. 'dried cowdung'. I. (4333 gofokrt-]
~fa go~i, v.t. 'hoe'. 2. (3934 *go44-J

~ gotamu, m. 'the f~i Gotama, husband of Ahalya'. 1.

~T goti, m. 'diving', as gote khiii 'dive, plunge'. 2. [Ar. >Pers. !J!!.o!!J]
~lff('5T gopiilii (-u), m. 'cowherd, ep. of Kr~~a; God'. 8. [Sk. gopala-:

~ gopi, f. 'cow-maiden (attendant on Kr~Qa)'. 6. [Sk.]

~g gopicandu, m. 'Gopicand, name of a yogi'. I. gobaru, m. 'cowdung'. 1. [4316 gorvara-]
~fflg gobindu (-a'), m. 'Km1a; God'. 5. [ =Gov1Nou]
are gora, f. 'grave'. 2. [Pers. gor]
~y gorakhu, m. 'the great yogi Gorakhnath; Km1a; God'. 6. [Sk.

~1 gori, f. 'a lovely woman (of fair skin)'. 2. _[4345 gaura-]

~(15T golii, m. 'slave'. 8. [ 4325 *golla-]
mu9 govaradhanu, m. 'Govardhana, the sacred hill in Vrndavana'. 1.
~~ govindu, m. 'Kr~Qa: God'. 5. [Sk. govinda-: = GOBINDU]
aim grasi, v.i. 'be swallowed, devoured', in kirati baritdhii. grasi dinii
MrS8 'bound by its actions, the soul is helplessly caught (in the
cycle of existence)'. 1. [v.i. <GRAS!]
grabhu, m. 'womb; existe:ice'. I. [ = GARABHU]
grisii, m. 'mouthful', as kie ika griisa MrS18 'made c;me mouthful
of, i.e. finished off, destroyed'. 1'. [ =GIRASU]
griisi, V.t. 'swallow, devour'. 2'. (4380 griisayati]
grihu, m. 'house, home': griha dharamu 'duties of being a house-
holder'. 8. [Sk. grha-: cf. GIRAHA?]

UffH ghasi, v.t. 'rub'. 1. [ 4450 ghar~ati]

ghagghii, m. 'the letter GH'. 1.

gha~~i1, v.t. 'grow less, lessen, diminish'. 5. (4415 *ghaHati:

=GHA'fI 1 ]
gha~p 2 , v.t.? 'belittle, speak ill or, as gha(fi iikhi. 3. (4415
gha~p 3 , f. 'loss', int.
gha(fe ghaUi Sr30r 'complete loss': also adv.
'less': gha{i vadhi Sl33 'less or more, deficiency or excess'. 3.
( <GHAT)1 1: =GHATJ 2)
gha!u (sl. -i, ext. -iii Pr 11 f), m. 'the body: heart, mind': gha!i gha{i 'in
each and every heart'. 120. [Sk. gha!a- 'pot, vessel' (cf. BHAMI;>A for
change of meaning))
ghai;ii (-o), adj. 'thick, dense; plentiful, abundant; much, many'. 28.
[4424 ghana- 2 : =GHANA 1 ]
gha~u, m. 'cloud'. 1. [ =GHANU 1]
gha.,eri, adj. 'plentiful, abundant; much, many'. 8. [ 4426
*ghaRatara-: = GHANERA]
ghatti, v.t. 'throw, cast, put on (sacred thread)'. 7. [ 4457 *ghalyati
x 3685 k~ipta-]
ghanaharu, m. 'cloud'. 2. [GHANU 1 x tJALAHARU?]
ghani 1 , adj. 'dense; much'. 2. [GHA~A]
ghanu 1 (sv. ghanii 2 ), m. 'cloud': ghana ghora M12 'thunder'. 4.
[4424 ghana- 2 : =GHA~U].
ghanu 2 , m. 'cymbal, bell', in gita riiga ghana tala BIA2. 1. [4423
ghana- 1 ]
ghaneri (-o), adj. 'much'. 10. [ =GHA~ERA]
ghabbu, m. 'household goods', in ghabbu muhiiiai SuA4. I.
[*ght1rva- ??]
ghari, f. 'moment'. 2. [ = GHA~l]
gharu (ext. sa. ghariimhu), m. 'house, home: inner self, the heart':
ghara biiru (-a', -o'), gharu baru, m. 'door of house; household,
family'. 335. [ 4428 ghara-]
ghalli, v.t. 'send'. 2. [ 4457 *ghalyati]
tghara, m. 'water-pot'. F. [ 4406 gha!aka-]
gha~ii; v.t. 'cause to be fashioned'. 3. [v.c. <GHAl~.I]
gha!'i, v. t. 'construct, model, fashion, refashion'. 13. [ 4407
gha!ayati: cf. GHA~ATA]
ghap, f. 'period of 24 minutes (about i pahar); moment; instant':
also 'water-pot' (SIF68, 69). 24. [4406 gha!i-: =GHARI]
tgha~ilu, m. 'gong, on which the hours (i.e. gharis) are struck'. F:
[4413 *gha!itii4a-]
ghiu, m. 'wound': ghiiu kari, piii 2 'inflict wound'. 2. [ 4460 ghata-]
ghii, v.t. 'wound, kill'. 2. [ 4463 ghiitayati]
ghisu, m. 1•. [ = GHAHU]
ghihu, m. 'grass': sulatiinam ghahu karamidii AsV16 'He makes
kings as grass, i.e. of no account'. 5. (4471 ghiisa-: =GHAsu]
ghip 1, v.i. 'grow less, diminish' (int. + jiii). 3. [ =GHATP 1]
ghip (-a'), f. 'loss': int. ghii!e ghiifi (-a) 'complete loss'. 5.
( =GHAIT1 ]
ghi.u, m. 'way, path', in gha~a ke ghiifa As4"the ways of the heart'.
P. [4414 ghaf{a- 1]
tghi"1i, f. 'one filling of an oil-mill', in jitu vannai rogiim ghiil}i
MIV3.2', i.e. 'whole load of sicknesses'. M2•. (4467 *ghiil}a- 2 ]
ghilfi, f. 'oil-mill'. 1•. (4466 *gha~a- 1 ]
ghima, f. 'heat, hot season'. 1. [4445 gharma-l
ghila, f. 'labour, work, toil' ( + ghiili 1). 3. [ <GHALI 1]
ghila"'8, f. 'labour' ( + ghiili 1 ). 1. ( <OHALI 1]
ghili 1, v.t. 'labour, perform (toil); practise, earn'. 6. [4407
ghili 2 , v.t. 'destroy'. l(DhC3). (4469 *ghiilayati]
ghi~ata, f. 'construction, fashioning, form'. 5. [ < 4407 ghafayati: cf.
ghiu (sl. ghii MjV26.1), m. 'clarified butter, ghee'. 6. [4501 ghrta-:
ghini, v.t. 'take'. ld. (4236 grhnati: syn. LAI]
ghirattu, m. 'ghee'. 1r. [ =GHRITU]
ghiu, m. 'ghee'. 2. [ =GHIU]
ghiji, v.i. 'be taken, be grasped', in hari bhagati asanehi (Juramukhi
ghijai MlV17. l'. (4246 grhyate]
ghuilgharii, m. 'small ankle-bell'. 1. [ 4477 *ghunghura-]
ghu.p, v.t. 'gulp, swallow'. 2. (4481 *ghug-]

ghutthii, pp. of *ghussi 'gone astray'. 1. [ 4493 *ghuss- 2 ]
ghummai;iavai;ii, m. 'whirlpool, eddy'. 1. [inf. of toHUMMI + -V.J.~11 1 :·
ghumiii, v.t. 'pass around someone in token of sacrifice, i.e.
sacrifice, devote'. 2. [v.c. < toHUMMI: syn. VARI]
fghummi (ghumi Asf2), v.i. 'go round': abs. as adv. 'again, back, in
return'. F. [4485 *ghummati, ghumati: cf. PHIRI]
ghuri, m. 'den, lair'. 1. [??; =P.]
ghuli, v.i. 'be mingled, become identical (with)', as int. ghuli mili. 1.
(v.i. <GHOLl]
ghiiriigha,u, m. ·woman's head-cloth'. 2. [4484 *ghumbapa!fa-]
ghiipu, adj., only as andhe ghupa-SI 15 ( = andhe kupa Sa V22.2)
'utterly blind'. 1. [see KOPU; for gh-, perh. cf. GHORA 2 ]
ghiimanagheru, m. 'whirlpool, eddy'. 2•. [<4485 *ghummati +
4474 *gher~; syn. GHUMMA~AVA~l]
gho~ (pp. fs.? +ls. suf. ghofima Su3), v.t. 'rub'. 1. (4417 *ghof!-]
ghora 1 (-ii'), f. 'thunder, loud sound (of musical instruments)'. 4.
[4523 *ghora- 2 'cryi[lg'l
ghora 2 (-u), adj. 'terrible', only as ghora ariulhiirii (-o) 'pitch
darkness', andha ghoru 'utterly blind', etc. 4. [ 4522 ghora- 1 'awful']
gholi, v.t. 'mix, dissolve': gholi ghuiniii 'sacrifice, devote'. 2. [ 4526
gho~a. m. 'horse'. 7. [ 4516 gho!aka-]
ghritu, m. 'ghee'. L [Sk. ghrta-: =GHIRATTU; cf. GHIU]

nainiii; m. 'the letter N'. l.
iliiinu, m. 'knowledge, gnosis'. 2•. [ = GIANU]

~ c
caiika~u. m. 'four cowries'. 1. [ 4629 catu~ka- + -4-]
caiikii, m. 'cooking square, cooking place': caiikii de, piii 2 'smear
cooking place with cowdung'. 7. [4629 catu~ka-]
caii~a, m. 'cattle, herd of cattle', in caur;ie sui~a paiai MjV12.l 'if
gold is laid bt!fore cattle'. 1. [??; :::;: P. caur;ia]

cauthii, adj. 'fourth'; also as m., for cauthii padu 'the fourth state (i.e.
beyond the three gui:ias), mystical state of liberation', and for
caiithii paharu 'the fourth watch of the night, the end of the night'.
15. [4600 caturtha-: cf. TURIAVASATHA]
caiithi, f. '4th day of lunar fortnight'. I. [ 4600 caturthi-]
caudasi1' f. '14th day of lunar fortnight (when moon is full)'. l.
[ 4606 caturdasi-]
caiidasi2, num. '14'. 1. [ =CAUDAHA]
caudaha, num. '14: the 14 worlds'. 2. [ 4605 caturdafo 1 : = CAUDASI 2 ;
caiidhari, m. 'headman, chieftain'. 2. [4612 caturdhara-]
f. 'caupar, a game like ludo·played with dice on a cloth
marked in the form of a cross'. 3. [4639 *catu~paga-]
caiibiirii, m. 'upper room on roof of house, with four windows'. l.
[ 4611 caturdviira-]
caiirasTha (cauriisi PrA5), num. '84; the 84 (lakhs of kinds of
existence)'. 8. (4597 caturasiti-]
caiimru, m. ·ny-whisk'. l. [4677 camara-: =CAMVARO]
casii, m. 'a minute (more exactly, 48 seconds= 1 pal)': casiamhu
cukkha binda Sa V 10.2 'the slightest little bit'. 6. [ca~aka- 'a second']
camhu, num. 'four'. 7. [ 4655 cacura~: o. of CARI]
cahudisi (and cahadisi), adv. 'on all sides, all around'. 2. [ 4609
cakat>i, f. 'the ruddy goose Anas casarca'. 2. [4551 cakrauiiki-]
cakki, f. 'hand-mill'. 2. [ 4538 cakri-]
cakku, m. 'potter's wheel'. 3. [ 4538 cakra-]
cakru, m. 'revolution, turning'. 1. [Sk. cakra-]
cakkhi, v.t. 'taste'. 3. [ = CAKHI]
canga, adj., m. 'good': cangii mandii 'good and bad'. 20. [ 4564
camgiiii, f. 'goodness, virtue: good action, good' ( + kari). 15.
camgeri, adj. ·~ood'. 2'. [*cangatara-]
caiicalu, adj. 'unsteady, restless, volatile, inconstant'. 11. [Sk.


~r caeca 1, in aliala mera cacii guna Mr4, perh. 'the bees steeped in the
virtues of the lotus' [vs. comm. 'sucking'?]. 1. [carcita- 'smeared
with, covered with', etc.?]
~r caccii 2 , m. 'the letter C'. 1.
~ cajju, m. 'good conduct', only as cajju aciiru. 3. [4710 caryii-: cf.
~er ca,,ii, rr:. 'handful', in satta caHe siri chiii MjV26.l. 1. (??; =Sir.
caua 'armful']
~fc ca,,i, v.t. 'lick': int. caHi jiii 'lick up'. 1. [ 4573 *caH-]
~c't tca"i, f. 'fine': caHi bhari 'pay fine'. M2. (?? (connected with
CATfA?); = P.]
carit~iiru, m. 1'. [ =CAMJ?ALU]
caril~ilu (-ii'), m., H SrV20.l), f. 'member of the lowest caste,
outcaste', usu. as krodhu ca.m4iilu 'anger the accursed'. 6. (4740
Cii1J4iila-: =CAMl;>ARU]
catuiire, num. 'all four'. l '. [Sk. catviiri: cf. CARE]
caturadasa, num. '14; the 14 (worlds)'. 1. [Sk. caturdasa: cf.
caturiii, f. 'cleverness, craftiness, cunning' ( + kari). 17. [ < CATURU]
caturu, adj. 'clever, smart, crafty, cunning'. 8. [Sk. catura-:
candanu, m. 'sandalwood, the perfume sandal prepared from the
wood'. 14. [Sk. candana-: cf. CANNA~U]
"ilg candu (:o), m. 'the moon (considered in yoga to control the left-
hand channel of the body)'. 25. [4661 candra-]
°tj~T carildoii, m. 'awning, canopy'. 1. [4670 candrodaya-]
"il~w candramii, m. 'the moon'. l. (Sk. candramas-]
tj~? caritdraii:iu, m. 'moonlight; light, radiance'. l. [for Sk. ciindriiyarJa-]
tj~~f(>j carildriivali, f. 'Candriivali, wife of Govardhanamala, who eloped
with Km1a'. 1.
~~l canai:iii,hi, f. 'piece of sandalwood'. l. (4659 *candanakii~!ha-]
'10$" cannai:iu, m. 'sandalwood'. 1. [4658 candana-: cf. CANDANU]
m@ capalu, adj. 'restless, unsteady'. 4. [Sk. capala-]
m:I? tcabbai:iu, m. 'chewer, i.e. tooth'. F. [carva1Ja- 'molar']
"1Hfa camaki, v.i. 'flash (of lightning)'. 3. [ 4676 *cammakka-]
cama~, f., (-u), m. 'skin, hide (worn as covering by yogis)'. 1. [ 4701
carman- + -4a-]
cammu, m. 'skin'. 2. [4701 carman-]
carakhii, m. 'spinning wheel': 1. [Pers. carkha]
caragu, m. 'kind of falcon, hawk'. 1. [Pers. carfl!!]
carai;iu, m. 'foot': (ki) caranim laggi, liigi 'cling to the feet or. 28. [Sk.
carai:za-: =CARANU]
caranu, m. 'foot': caranaha dhuri, f. 'dust of the feet': carana kamala,
mp. 'lotus-feet'. 13. [ =CARA~U]
carapa.u, m. 'Carpal, a great Gorakhniithi yogi'. 2.
cari, v.t. 'graze, eat (grass), consume'. 3. [4686 carati1 ]
carhi, v.i. 'rise (of the sun)'. 1. [ =CA~HI]
calacitu, adj. 'fickle'. 1. [Sk. calacitta-]
caliii, v.t. 'cause to move, make move, set going, set in motion;
operate; issue (command)'. 48. [v.c. <CALI]
cali, and calli, v.i. 'go, move, walk; blow (of wind); proceed, depart,
die; be current, oper~te; work, avail': inf. calalJu freq. as m.
'departure, death' (but 'mover, i.e. foot' SIF77): anti sakhiii callalJa
viirii MrS22 'it is one's helper at the end, at the time of death'. 160.
[CALI <4715 calati is hardly dist. from CALLI <4721 *calyati:
caliilu (-ii), adj. 'deep red, scarlet'. 3.. [??; = Rj. ca{u/ (and ca/ua{
'blood'): cf. CULAMBHU]
cavagai;iu, adj. 'fourfold', as carhai cavagalJa (-i) vannu So2, Sl30
'colour increases fourfold (with joy)' [cf. tcarhai cavagali vannu
MlV9.l (M3), with an unexplained by-form]. 2. [ 4599 caturgu1Ja-]
caritvaro, m. 'fly-whisk', as camvaro kari 'fan with whisk'. 1.
cavii 1, v.t. 'get rid or, in kubudhi caviivai SG55. l. [4941 cyiivayati
'causes to move']
cavii 2 , v.t. 'cause to be told', in saccu caviimiai MjV15 [with
written -m- (?)]. 1. [ v.c. < CAVI]
cavi, v.t. 'say, tell'. 4. [4724 *cavati]
carhau 1 , m. 'offering' [also 'rise, increase' MjV18.l' (M2)). l
(AsVs.21: [ <CA~HAI]
carhaii, m. 'passenger (in boat)'. 1r. ( < CA~HAI]
ca~hii, v.t. 'make rise, cause to mount, embark; cause to invade;
apply, rub on (the body): put on (fire, etc.); offer, make an offering
of. 18. (v.c. <CAl;tHI: syn. CA~Hl]
ca~hi (ext. imp. 3s.? -iiu 2 Sr12'; pass. imp. 3s.? -iasu SuV12.2), v.i.
'rise, climb, go up, fly up: mount, get into, embark (on boat): be
applied (to body); be put on (fire): increase: surpass'. 40. [ 4578
*ca4hati: =CARHI]
~~ ciu (sl. ciii), m. 'delight, joy, happiness'. 24. [??(unless 5985 tyaga-
'abandonment'?): =H.P.]
~rfu cihi, v.t. 'want, desire'. 8. [ 4775 *cah-]
~'Crel cakari, f. 'service' ( + kari): 11. [Pers.]
~'a§ cikaru, m. 'servant'. 13. [Pers. ciikar]
~Tfu cikhi, v.t. 'taste, enjoy'. 29 . .(4557 *cak~ati: =CAKKHI]
~tfu! tcamgi (ext. pres. ptc. mpo. -emdiiim SIF15), v.i. 1cry out, shout'. F.
[onom.?: cf. P. ciimgar 'cry', S. ciimgiira 'squawk of parrot']
ci~i (ext. po. -a~iam 0054), m. 'disciple'. l. [Pk. caga- ( <?): = P.]
cim~iiru, m. 'Cai:iura', a wrestler in the service of Karhsa, killed by
Krgia'. 1.
cituru, adj. 'clever, expert'. 1. [Sk. ciitura-: = CATURU]
citriku,.m. 'the pied cuckoo Cuculus melanoleucus (supposed to
live only on raindrops)'. ~· [for Sk. ciitaka-: syn. BABTHA]
cinai:-u (-a), m. 'light'. 15. [ 4745 *candra~a-]
cimpi, v.t. 'squeeze, press (of death)'. 2. [4674 *camp-]
ciri (-o'), m. ·remedy, redress, recourse'. 2'. [Pers. cara]
ciri. (emph.
care), num. 'four', freq. for 'the four yugas, the four
Vedas': cari ku.Pjla So4 'four quarters': cari kari mahal/ati cari
bahiili•.~ii.,j dfve camhu hatthi die BaA8 'having made the 4 (yugas).
You established the mansion of the world with the 4 (kinds of
livi~g creature) and gave the 4 lamps (Vedas) into the hands of the
4 (yugas)'. 50. [4655 catvari: o. CAMHU: equ. CATUARE (emph.)]
ciru, m. 'custom, p~actice, way of living; good conduct' [rather
than comm. also as adj. 'good, pleasing, agreeable' (4766 ciiru-)]. 5.
[ 4755 ciira- 2 ]
cila, f. 'going, gait, movement; behaviour'. 5. (4769 ciila- 2 ]
cili, v.i. 'go, move, proceed; depart, die; be current'. 18. [4721
•calyati: =CALI, CALLI]
cilisa, num. '40'. 1. [ 4656 catviirimsat-]
cavala, mp. 'rice'. 1. [4749 *camala-]
ci~hi, v.t. 'make rise, cause to climb; put (pots in kiln)': also v.i.
'embark', in satigura bohithi cii':hi MrAlO'. 4. [4578 *ciiqhayati:
syn. CARHAI]
ci~i, f. 'slander (behind one's back)', in fari cii':i liiitabaru DO 13:
cii':i khiimhi RaVl 1.1 'they slander people (before their rulers)'. 2.
[ 4737 ca~u- 'flattery'??; =H.]
cihanu, m. 'mark, sign, token'. 5. [Sk. cihna-]
cikka~u (-o), m. 'mud'. 2. (4780 cikka- 2 : syn. KICARU]
ciiiju, f. 'beak'. 1. [ 4569 cunca- 2 ]
ci"aviril (as ext. fpd. cifaviamha Sr:V7.2'), adj. 'white'. 1'. [ext. of
ciHa, adj. 'white'. 1. (12772 svitra-]
cintata, adj. 'worried, anxious'. 1. [Sk. cintita-]
cittaviril (as ext. fpd. citaviamha Su3'), adj. 'painted, decorated'. l '.
[ <4803 citra-: for ext. cf. CI'fTAVAM]
cinti (-a), f. 'worry, care, anxiety': cintii kari 'worry, be anxious': ki
cintii kari 'worry about, care for'. 13. [Sk. cintii-: cf. CINDA]
citti1, v.t. 'paint, decorate (building)', in citte dissamhi dhaulahara
SrA15. 1. [4810 citrayati]
citti 2 , v.t. 'think of, care about, be anxious for'. 2. [ <CITIU]
cittu, m. 'mind, understanding; tl}ou,ght, attention': citti 3 ai 'come
to mind': citti kari 'call to mind, remember': cittu pheri 'turn
attention (towards)'. 80. [4799 citta- 1: =CITU]
cittu gupatu, m. 'Citragupta, the scribe of Yama, who records men's
good and evil deeds', used asp. in giivamhi cittu gupatu JP27 'Citra
and Gupta sing'. 1.
citthi, v.t. 'crush, pound (grain)'. 1. [ 4802 *citth-]
cindi, f. 'worry'. 1. [4816 cintii- (with -ii <Sk.): cf. CINTA]
cindi, v.t. 'think of, as manamhu cindiii AsV 15, m. 'heart's desite'. l.
[4815 cintayati]
cirai:ia, adj. 'ancient'. 1'. [ 4825 *ciriitana-]
ciru, m. 'a long time': cirim vichunniii AsC5 'long separated': ciru
jivanu 0023, adj. 'long-lived'. 2. [ 4824 cira-]

cilakai:i&, adj. 'bright'. 1. [ 4827 *cilla- 2 ]
cilimili, f. 'shining, flashing (as of lightning)'. 11• [echo-ext. of 4827
*cilla- 2 : cf. JHILIMILI]
ci~ii, v.t. 'provoke, goad'. 1r. (4794 *ci4-J
ci~i. f. 'sparrow'. 1. [4571 *cifaka-]
ciju, m. 'thing', in eku ciju mujhai dehi avara jahara cija na bhiiiii
MlV27.21: also in cija karanhi mani bhiimvade AsV17 [but comm.
'pleasure, delight' =COJU (?)]. 3. [Pers. ciz; f. in H.P.: cf. HARICIJU]
citu (-ii'), m. 'mind; thought, attention'. 24. [ =CITTU]
cinhi, v.t. 'recognize, know'. 54. [4836 cihnayati]
tciri, v.t. 'rend, split, tear'. F. [ 4844 *cirayati]
clri, f. 'letter, announcementr; 'authority' SaVS.l (M2). 2. [4843
cirikii-: cf. CIRU]
ciru (-ii'), m. 'letter, announcement' (MrA6'); hence 'command,
authority, power', as in koi na jii1Jai terii cirii MrS13': also p.
'clothes', in phii!e cira simgiira 0030. 4. [4834 cira- (rather than
Pers. cira 'extremity, end'): cf. CIRI)
cuii, v.t. 'extract (nectar)'. l'. [v.c. <4948 cyotati]
cukii, v.t. 'finish, stop, bring to an end; get rid of, remove; settle
(dispute)'. 38. [v.c. <CUKKI]
cukki, v.i. 'be finished, stop; be missed, fail' (int. + jiii). 3. [ == cOKI]
cukkha, f.? 'bit, piece; a little bit', in binda binda cukkha cukkha hoi
DhShl, and casiamhu cukkha bindu Sa Vl0.2. 3. [??; = Rj. cukh, m.]
cugii, v.t. 'feed (birds)'. 1r. [ v.c. < CUGGI]
cuggi, v.t. 'peck up with the beak, ~at (of birds)'. 12. (4852 •cugyati:
cui:ii, v.t. 'pick, pluck, pick out' (int. + lai): culJi khiii 'pick and eat
(fruit, etc.)'. 9. [4814 ci1Joti ( x 5863 tunna-, etc.)]
cuppa, f. 'silence': cuppa kari 'be silent'. 8. (4864 *cuppa- 1 ]
tcummi, v.t. 'kiss'. F. [ 4870 cumbati]
culambhu, adj. 'deep red, scarlet', in manu tanu hoi culambhu SuA3.
l '. [rhyme-form ult. connected with Rj. cu[ava[ 'blood' ( < ?): cf.
cullhi, m. 'fireplace, hearth'. 1. [ 4879 culli-]
culi, f. 'handful (of water)': culi bhari 'fill cupped hand with water'. 5.
[ 4875 culu-] .
ciim, cj. 'when'. 11• [Pers. din]
ciisi, v.t. 'suck'. t<. [4898 •cu~yati]
ciiha~a. m. (-i), f. 'sweeper, scavenger'. 2. (4900 •cuhaqa-]
ciihi, m. 'rat'. 1. [ 4899 *cuha-]
ciika, f. 'error, mistake'. 1. [ <COKI]
ciiki (pp. cukii), v.i. 'finish, stop, end; be finished, got rid of,
removed; be taken off (of piece from board); be missed, fail'. 39.
[4848 •cukk-: =CUKKI]
ciigi, v.t. 'peck up, eat (of birds)'. 2. [ = CUGGI]
tciiril~i, v.t. 'tear, gnaw, rend to pieces'. F. [4857 •cur;itati]
ciina~, f. 'sari of spotted red cloth', injibha rasiii1Ji cuna~i ratti liila
laviii MrV15.2 'the tongue dyed like a red sari in the elixir of the
Name?' [hardly 'sucking', as comm.]. 1. [4889 ciirr;ia· + ·4- (SV)]
ciiri, v.t. 'pulverize, break into small pieces'. l. (4888 •curayati]
cii~a. pt. 'large bangle'. 1. ( 4884 cuqa- 2 ]
ciiri, f. 'small bangle, bracelet'. l. [dim. <COJ.tA]
cetanu, adj. 'aware'. l. [Sk. cetana-]
cetavi, v.t. 'think of, remember'. 1. [ <CETU 1 (denom.)]
ceti, v.t. 'think of, remember; be aware of; contemplate'. 35. [ 4908
cettum: cf. CETAVI]
cetu 1 (-ii), m. 'remembrance; awareness; will, intention'. 2. [Sk.
cetu 2 , m. 'the month March-April'. 2. [4915 •caitra-]
ceri (-jf), f. 'maidservant, female slave'. 4. (4902 cefikii-]
celi, m. 'disciple'. 14. [4911 •cella-]
coi, m. 'a perfume', as coii candanu. 4. [ 4947 cyota- (but cf. 4887
cokhi, adj. 'clean, dear (of ground)'. I. [4918 cok~a-]
coga (ext. -a~i). f. 'bird food; grain (used to feed or snare birds)': coga
cuggi 'peck up grain, eat (of birds)'. 9. (4920 •cogya-]
coju, m. 'wonder, marvellous display; sport; grace'. 7. [ 4930 cod ya-:
cf. ClJU?)
co~a.f. 'blow, wound, hurt': cofa (-am) khiii 'be struck, be wounded,
be hurt'. 19. [4857 •co!{-]

tcopa~. f. 'greasy bread, buttered bread', hence copari pariti SIF 118
'superficial love, cup~oard love'. F. [4865 *coppa- + -d-]
/ .
cori, f. 'theft, stealing': also as adv. 'stealthily, secretly': cori kari
'carry out theft; steal'. 6. [ 4937 caurikii-]
coru, m. 'thief. 31. (4931 cora- 1 ]
cola (ext. -arii), m. 'long bodice, cloak; the body'. 8. [ 4923 coqa- 1,
cola- 1 ]
coli, f. 'bodice; the body'. 2. [dim. <COLA]

s CH
tchahabara, f. 'heavy cloud: downpour' (+/iii). M3. [ 4977 chada-
+ ?; = P. chahibar]
chaccha, m. 'the letter CH'. 1.
chajja, m. 'projecting part of roof, eaves'. 1. [5023 chiidya-]
chajju, m. 'winnowing basket'. 1'. [ 4964 *chajja-]
cha~iii, v.t. 'cause to be left; set free, deliver, rescue'. 8. [ v.c.
< CHAl;>I;>l] . .
cha~~i, v.t. 'leave, forsake, abandon'. 9. [4998 chardati: =CHAl;>I:
syn. CHOl;tl]
tchatti, f. 'roof. M2'. [ 4971 *chatti-]
chatiba, num. '36': chatiha'ammrita 'all 36 flavours, types of food';
juga chatiha 'all 36 aeons'. 5. (12786 ~aftrim~at-]
tchattu, m. F. [ =CHATTRU]
chattru, m. 'large parasol, umbrella (as emblem of sovereignty)'. 2.
(4972 chattra- 1: =tCHATTU]
~T chandii, m. 'deceit', in niijama kii1Ji na chandii bandii MrS4 'neither
does he fear death, nor practise deceit' (or 'nor is he involved in the
deceit of the world') [comm. also 'nor does he need men'). 1. [prob.
4987 chandas- 1 'deceit', cf. P. chand-band, m. 'deceit, fraud' (rather
than 4983a chanda- 'pleasure, will')]
tchapparu, m. 'thatched roof, straw hut (used as shelter in the
rains)'. F. [4976 chattvara-]
chappa~i. f. 'pond'. 2. [??; = P.]
c~apiii, v.t. 'hide, conceal'. 2. [ v.c. < CHt.\.PPI]
chappi, v.i. 'hide, be hidden, vanish' (int. + khaloi).3. (4994 *chapp-]

chabi, f. 'splendour', in piiharuariim chabi coru na liigai As20. l. [Sk.

chamichari, adj. 'for deceased ancestors, pitris', in ika loki horu
chamichari briihamm:iu va!{i pirJ<!u khiii As32 'there are those for
people (the gods?), also those for the pitris'. 1. [ < 13011
samavatsara-: cf. S. chamcharu 'annual ceremony performed by
heir of deceased']
chaliii, v.t. 'cause to be deceived, deceive'. 1. [v.c. <CHAU]
chali, v.t. 'deceive'. 4. [5003 chalayati]
chalu, m. 'craft', as balu chalu Pr A7 'strength and craft, power'. I.
[5001 chala- 1 ]
chirim, f. 'shade, shadow: refuge'. 2'. [ =CHAMVA]
chiii (pp. chiiiii 2 ; pres. ls. chiiviirh 812), v.t. 'roof, thatch (building);
spread over (the sky, of clouds)'. 5. [5018 chiidayati 1 ]
chiiii 1 , f. 'shade, shadow: reflection': chiiiii hoi 'vanish like a
shadow'. 13. [Sk. chiiyii-: cf. CH.U 1' CHAMVA]
chii 1 (or chiiirh), f. 'shadow', in hoiiirh chiii miii AsA12' 'have
vanished like shadows' (cf. sabhujagu dekhiii miiiii chiiiii Ast 7). I'.
(5027 *chiiyikii-: =CHAMVA]
chii 2, f. 'ashes': chiii siri piii 2 'put ashes on the head'. 5. (5020 chiidi-]
chaji, v.i. 'spread over, be diffused, pervade'. 2'. [5024 *chiidrate]
chi~i, v.t. 'leave, abandon'. 1. [ =CHAf?J?I]
chii1_1i, v.t. 'sift'. 1. (3643 *k~iirJayati]
chidanu, m. 'clothing': chiidanu bhojanu 'clothes and food'. 3. [Sk.
chiipa, f. 'stamp, seal', in sabhujagu dabbiii chiipai MIA4' 'under the
seal (of ignorance)' [vs. comm. 'in a nightmare', citing P. chiipii
'raid'(?)]. 1'. [4994 *chapp-]
chibi, m. 'pan on scales'. 1. [5124 *jabbu-??, or rather cf. Pk.
chabbaya- 'wicker basket (of bamboo)' ( <?)]
chiru (-a, -ii', o'), f. 'ashes, rubbish'. 17. [3674 k~iira- 1 : = KHARu 2 ]
chila, f. 'jump', as chiiliirh miiri 'jump about, prance about, exert
oneself. 1. [5002 *challa-]
chirilva (ext. sl. -ariehi SuKI'), f. 'shade, shadow'. 6. (5027 chiiyii-
+ -v-: =CHAr;rn, CHAT 1: cf. CHAIA 1]
tchivi1_1i, m. 'awning, canopy'. M5'. [5017 chiidana- (with further
rhyme-ext.)] 115
chia, num. 'six', u,su. of the 6 classical philosophical systems of
Hinduism, or the Siistras in which these are recorded, so chia ghara
AsSh2: chia ciiri SG34 'the ten orders of sannyasis or yogis'. 7:
[12803 *k~a{: equ. KHA'fU 1 ]
chijji, v.i. 'perish'. 2. [ =CHJJJ]
chiiijha, f. 'wrestling, wrestling arena', in ape chiiijha pa viii MIV 4. 1.
[??; = P. chinjh, f.]
chivim, adj. 'sixth'. 1. [<CHIA]
chlji, v.i. 'waste away, perish (esp. of the body)'. 14. [5042 chidyate:
chini, v.t. 'snatch'. 1. [ <5047 chinna-]
~rrj'T chuhiirii, m. 'dried date'. 1. (5074 *chohiira-]
&fu tchuhi, v.t. 'touch'. F. [5055 t:hupati x 3721 *k~ubhati]
§Cfa: chu,,aki, v.i. 'be left, abandoned' (int. + jiii). 1. [3707 *k~u!yate +
¢ chuHari, f. 'woman abandoned by husband'. 1. [ <CHUTfl]
~fc chu,p, v.i. 'be released, freed, delivered; escape; be left, abandoned'.
30. (3707 *k~ufyate: =CHOTI)
churii, m. 'large knife'. l. [3727 k~11ra-]

churi, f. 'small knife'. 2. [di!D. <CHURA]

chiichii, adj. 'empty, vain, idle, false'. 2. [5850 tucchya-]
chiiti (pp. chiifa Rall'}, v.i. 'be released; escape; be left'. 50.
cheii, m. 'destruction, death'. 1. (5064 cheda-]
chedi, v.t. 'cut, destroy'. 2. [ v.t. < 5043 chidra-]
cheru, m. 'hole, chink (in cage)'. 1. [5064 cheda- + -r-]
tchailu, m. 'handsome yot!•h, lover'. F. [5006 chavi- + -la-]
chohari, f. 'girl'. 1. [5070 *chokhara-]
chohu (sl. -ai MrA7'}, m. 'anger'. tr. (3751 k~obha-]

+ abs.
cho~i, v.t. 'leave, forsake, abandon': also used as modal verb
to form int. compounds: ext. pp. fsd. cho<!iari'abandoned, forsaken
(woman)'. 75. [3747 k~ofayati: syn. CHAJ?J?I]
choti, f. 'uncleanness, impurity'. P. [5057 *chupti-]
chorii, m. 'orphan, helpless creature'. 1. [5072 *chora-]

tt J
jau, cj. 'when, if: jau lagu 'so long as'. 2. [10401 yaca~: cf. TA1J1]
jala, pp. of1A1 2 'born'. (l'). [5182jata-: =JAJA 2]
jasu (-o'), m. 'fame, renown, glory':jasujaci 'desire to.glorify (God)':
jasu le, lai 'win fame'. 24. (10443 yafos-]
jasudii, f. 'Yasodii, the wife of Nanda and foster-mother of Km1a'.
jaha 1 (-am?), adv. 'where, wherever': int.jahajaha 'wherever'. 37.
[ = JAHAM: see KAHA]
t=KJ fjaha 2 , pr. 'whom, which'. M2(SaVS.2). [see JO]
mJ9 jaharu, m. 'poison'. 2. [Pers. zahr]
t«Jt jahim, cj. 'where'. 1. [ =JAHA 1: see KAHAM ]

t=KJ:§ jahiinu (-o'), m. 'the world'. 4r. [Pers. jahan]

rm@ jahiru, adj. 'grieved, affiicted'. 1'. [Ar. zaf!ir, ;+ahir]
no@ jagatu, m. 'the world'. 39. [Sk. jagat-: =JAGU 1 ]
t=kllJ!Rs jagadisaru, m. 1. [Sk. jagadi~vara-: =JAGADISU]

~ jagacftsu, m. 'Lord of the world, God'. 12. [Sk. jagadifo-:

jaganniithu, m. 'Lord of the world, God'. 1. [Sk jagannatha-]
jaganu, m. 'sacrifice' ( + k~ri). 2. [Sk yajana- ( x JAGU 2 )]
jaitgamu, m. 'wandering ascetic, class of Saivite yogi'. 6. [Sk.
jaitgalu, m. 'jungle, wilderness'. 1. (5177 jaligala-]
jagiii, ;v.t. 'wake up, arouse; raise (wick of lamp), make bright'. 7.
[v.c. <JP.GI: =JAGAI]
jagu 1, m. 'the world': jagajivanu, m. 'the life of the world, God'. 150.
[Sk. jagat-: =JAGATU]
jagu 2 , m. 'sacrifice' ( + kari). 10. [Sk. yajiia-]
jarilgo!ii, m. 'loin-cloth'. 1. [*jalighapaHa-: = J.4.MGO"fl]
tjaitgha, f. 'leg'. F. [5082 jaligha-]
jajamiinu, m. 'patron'. 1'. [Sk. yajamana-]
jajamiilii, m. 'sinner', in CWJi vakkhi kaqhai jajama/iiim As V2'. 1'.
[trad. <Ar. ju~am 'leprosy'(?? - but better than such alternatives
as yak~ma- 'consumption')]
ffi1T jajji, m. 'the letter J'. 1.
~19 jaritjalu, m. 'entanglement, trouble, bother'. 16. (5085 janjiila-]
~rol jaritjiri, f. 'small chain'. 2. [dim. <JAt>UlRU]
1tn@ jariljiru, m. 'chain, fetter'. 2. [Pers. zafl)Tr; vs. H.P., f.]
M!3 jaju, m. 'sacrifice'. 1. [Sk. yajus-]
~~ jaiiiia, f. 'bridegroom's procession'. 1. [5116 janya-]
MCT ja'a (or pd. -iim), f. 'matted hair (as worn by yogis)'. 5. [Sk.ja!ii-]
ris: tja,,u, m. 'JaH, peasant'. F. (5089 *jaf!a- 2 ]
H~T tjai:ia, m. 'man'. F. [ =JANU]
rife jar:ii, v.t. 'give birth to': only as ext. pres. ptc., m.ja1Jeriulii 'father', f.
ja1Jeriuli 'mother'. 3. [5102janayati]
jata, adv. 'where':jata katd,jatajata 'wherever':jata 'ko tata hi iiiii
M13 'has returned (to the cycle of rebirths) whence he came'(?). 4.
[10405 yatra 1 : =JATRA; model for KATA, and cf. TATA]
janta (ext. po. -iimha AsV8.l), mp. 'creatures'. 32. [Sk. jancu-]
jatanu, m. 'effort, striving' ( + kari). 5. [Sk. yatna-]
jati, m. 'ascetic, one who practises control of the senses'. 13. [Sk.
jatu, m. 'restraint, control (of the self or senses)'. 16. [for Sk. yati-, f.
(yata-), or 10406 *yatra- 2 ]
jatra, adv. 'where', as jatra katra, adv. 'everywhere'. 1. [Sk. yatra:
jadarithu, adv. 'when'. 1. [see TADI]
jaritdiru, m. 'wretch', usu. as jamu jamdaru 'wretched death'. 6.
[Pers. jandiil] ·
jana 1 : see JANU
jana 2 , f. 'wife'. 11• [Pers. zan]
janaka, cj. 'as if, like', in tarikii marµ!alajanaka motiDhSh3. 1. [ult.
< 5193 janiiti; cf. Pk. ja1Ji (-u), H. januk]
janani, f. 'mother'. 1. [Sk.]
janami, v.i. 'be born, come into existence'. 20. [ < JANAMU: cf.
janamu (-a; s. gen. ~asya SIS2"), m. 'birth, existence, life': janamu
hari, gamviii ~waste one's life, use life to no purpose': janamu

marm.iu, etc. 'birth and death, the cycle of transmigration'. 100. [Sk.
janman-: cf. JAMMA~U]
janameja, m. 'the king Janamejaya, great-grandson of Arjuna, who
was guilty of killing a Brahman'. 3.
janu (-ii, -o), m. 'person, man; slave, servant; servant of God,
devotee': p. ,iana 1 freq. used as suf. to form collective plurals, e.g.
santaja11a 'saint-folk, the saints'. 93. [5098 (or Sk.) jana-: = tJANA]
janeii, m. 'sacred thread'. 5. [!0399 yajnopavita-]
japamiili, f. 'rosary'. 6. [Sk. japamiilii-]
japiii, v.t. 'cause to be recited'. 2'. [v.c. <JAPI]
japi (ext. pres. 3p. -emh/SrV20. I'; imp. 3s.? -eu Ba6'), v.t. 'murmur,
recite murmured prayer, invoke (the Name) inwardly'. 75. [Sk.
japati: syn. JAPI 2]
jampi, v.i. 'murmur, pray', in niinaku janu jampai Sul. 1. [5163
ja/pati: = JAPI 2 ]
japu, m. 'muttering, murmuring (prayers, the Name of God);
inward recitation, murmured prayer' ( + japi): japu tapu 'inward
prayer and austerity'. 45. [Sk. japa-: syn. JAPU]
jaba (-ai AsV20.2), adv. 'when1:jaba /agu (-a, -i) 'so long as':jaba ki
Sal 'since'. 28. [see ABA]
tjabiibu, m. 'answer'. M2. [Ar. javiib]
jamma1:m, m. 'birth, being born; existence, life': jammalJu maratJii
'birth and death, the cycle of transmigration'. 14. [inf. of JAMMI:
jamai, v.t. 'curdle (milk)'. J(Sul'). [v.c. < 10428 yamyate]
jarilmii (pp. jamiiiii SaV15.2), v.t. 'cause to come into existence;
grow' (int. + /ai). 3. [v.c. <JAMMI]
jamati, m. 'equal, fellow-being', in iii panthi saga/a jamiiti JP28r. 1r.
[der. of Ar. >Pers. jamii'at 'group, company']
jammi, v.i. 'be born, come into existence'. 17. [ < 5l13janman-: cf.
JANAMI; syn JAI 2 ]
jamu, m. 'Yama, the god of the dead: death':jama kiilu, m. 'death':
jama dari baddhii (biimdhii) 'bound to the door of death, i.e. utterly
under death's authority':jama diita, mp. 'the messengers of death':
jama dhiirii MrS12r, f. 'death's sharp sword': jama puri jai 'go to the
city of death': jama riija, m. 'Yama the king'. .125. [Sk. yama-]

jamuni (-a), f. 'the river Jumna'. 2. [Sk. yamunii-]
jara,·i~i, m. 'old age', app. used as echo-word in jaru jaravii'}ii
SrP2, MIV26 [comm. also 'mighty' <Pers. zor (??)]:used alone in
je jaraviitJii paraharaijaru vesa karemdi iiiai As VS [comm. also 'the
colour of old age, i.e. white hair' (Sk. *jariivar'}a-)-?]. 3. [5151jara-
+ ?]
jari (-u 1, -i 3 Bh3), f. 'old age'. 10. [5151jarii-: =JARAVA~A, JAROA]
jarisandhi, m. 'Jarasandha, father-in-law of Karhsa, who attacked
Km1a'. 1.
jari 1 , v.i. 'be worn out; rot, decay, fall apart'. 4. [5150 jarati]
jari 2 , v.t. 'endure', as ajaru jarai 'endures the unendurable, i.e.
achieves the highest mystical state'. 2. (10430 •yal-]
jaru 2 (-a1), m. 'gold, wealth'. 3. [Pers. zar]
jariii, m.? 'old age'. 2. [ext. of JARA]
tjariirati, f. 'need, necessity'. M2•. [Ar. >Pers. iarurat]
fjalaharu, m. 'cloud'. M2. (5157 jaladhara-]
jalii, v.t. 'burn, destroy; light; inflame'. 24. [v.c. <JALJ: =JALAI]
jali, v.i. 'burn, be destroyed; burn brightly (oflamp)': int.jalijiii,jali
bali jiii 'be burnt, be sacrificed'. 40. [5306 jvalati]
jalu, m. 'water; sea, ocean':j~la (-u) thalu 'ocean and desert, sea and
land': jala nidhi 'ocean'. 125. [5155 jala-]
~~l javii, m. 'son-in-law'. 1•. [5198 jamatr-]
~Tij'Q javihara, mp. 2. [ =JAVEHARA]
~ javehara, mp. 'jewels'. S. [Ar:. javahir, p. of jauhar: = JAVAHARA]
n~ ja~. r. 'root'.....1. [5086 jafa-]
"M;t3'T ja~ati, adj. 'set, studded (with jewels)'. 1. [ <JA~I]
ja~iu, m. 'setting (with jewels)'. 3r, [ <JA~l]
Bra jafi, v.t. 'shut fast, close tightly' (used of doors). 3. [5091 *ja4ati
'joins, sets']
ji, pr. 'whom':ja kau 'to whom':jii ko 'whose'. 20. [see 10]
jim, cj. 'when, ir: fjam lagu (M2) 'so long as'. 160. [10409 yadii: cf.
jii 1 (inf. jiitJu, jiinu, jiiva'}u; pres. ptc. jiitii 1, -au, -o, -au, jiimdii, -o,
jiivatu; pp. gaia, rarely jiiiii 1 •; pres. 1s. jiium,jiiim,javiirh, 3s. jiii,jiivai,
3p.jamhi,jiinhi,jiivamhi; fut. 3s.jiiisi,jaiga,jasi), v.i. 'go; depart, die;
disappear, be lost; go on, continue': very freq. as i~t. modal verb +
abs.: as modal verb + pp. used to form passives, esp. in neg. (with
pp., inf., or ger.) to give sense of impossibility, e.g. na kahiii jiii,
kahalJu (·ii) na jiii 'cannot be spoken of: but with o. inf. as 'go to do',
e.g. nhiiva1Ja jiii 'go to bathe'. 650. (10452 yiiti: syn. VANNI]
jii2 (pp.jiiiii 2 ,jaiii RaA 7'), v.i. 'be born'. c.10. [5204jiiyate, pp. 5182
jiita-: syn. JAMMI]
jiii 3 , f. 'place', as in tudhu binu dufi niihi jiii Dh3r. c.5. [Pers. jiiy]
jiisu, pr. 'whom'. 2r. [see JO]
jihi, pr. 'whom'. 1 (Gall). [see Jo]
jirithi: see JAI 1
jigii, v.t. 'wake up, arouse; raise (wick), make bright'. 2. [v.c.
<JA.GI: =JAGA.1) . .
jigiti,f. 'Muslim alms-tax', injamujiigiiti na lagaiSl9;comm. as m.
'alms-tax collector', in jamu jiigiiti niihi karu liigai MrS8 [=AG
jamu jiigiiti]. 2. [Ar. zak~iit]
jigi, v.i. 'be awake, wake, wake up; be alert, watchful'. 50. (5175
jiritgo!), f. 'loin-cloth (as worn by yogis)'. 1<. [ =JAMGOTA]
jicaku, m. 1. [ =JACII~U]
jici, or jimci, v.t. 'beg, ask for;desire; try, test, examine'. 22. (10449
jiciku, m. 'beggar'. 5. [Sk. yiicaka-: =JA.CAKU]
jiiii, m. 'member of bridegroom's procession, bridegroom'. 1.
(5197 jiinya-] ·
ji4ii, m. 'cold, cold season'. 1. [5180 jiit}ya-]
jii~ii, v.t. 'cause to be known'. 5. [v.c. <JA.~1]
ji~i (pp.jiitii 2,jiii;iiii; imp. 2s.jiii:iu 1, -i, 2p. -ovii VaA4'), v.t. 'know;
understand, realize; consider, believe, deem, think': abs.jiii;ai also as
adv. 'knowingly, on purpose': kiii jii1Jiim kiii ... 'how do I know
what ... ?, who knows what ...?': as modal verb+ abs. with sense of
'know how to', e.g. likhijiilJi 'know how to write', 375. (5193 jiiniiti:
jii1;1u 2 'going': see JA.1 1
jii~u 3 (-o'; ext. -oi AsVl), adj. 'knowing, wise; all-knowing,
omniscient (of God)': int.jiilJU -sujiii;iu (sijiii;iii VaA5): te nara virale

jaf!a amhi [not one word] Prl3 'few are those wise men'. 12. [5191
jiinant-: =JANU 1 ]
jai:iu 4 , m. 'knowledge, higher knowledge, gnosis'. 3. (5281 jiiana-
(j- < 5193 jiiniiti): = JANU 2 ; syn. GIANU]
jati 1 'going': see JAi 1
jati 2 , pp. of JAt:iI 'known, knew'. (25). [anal. -tt-]
jati (-a), f. 'caste, high caste; sort, kind; product; creation':jati ajiiti,
jiiti saniiti 'high and low caste': p.jiitimjinasim 'sorts and kinds':jiiti
mamhi joti joti mamhijiitiim AsV12.2 'Your light is in creation,
creatures in Your light'. 46. [Sk. jati-]
fl~ jadamu, m. 'Yadava, the clan into which Km1a was born'. l.
rite 1 jaritdii: see J.J.1 1
t=JTfo jani (pp. janii, -ia), v.t. 'know, etc.'. 56. [ =JAt:"I, q.v.]
nrol jani (ext. -ia~ii VaAl), m. 'beloved; the soul; living being'. 6. [Pers.]
n19 janu 1, adj. 'wise; omniscient'. 2. (=JAt:"U 3 ]
t=119 janu 2 , m. 'knowledge'. 1 (AsPl !'). [ =JAt:iU 4 )
t=ilfu japi 1 , v.i. 'be known, become known, appear'. 30. (5283 jniipyate
(j- < 5193 janiiti)]
jipi2, v.t. 'murmur, recite murmured prayer'. 10. [5163 jalpati:
= JAMPI; syn. JAPI]
jipu, m. 'murmured prayer' ( + japi). 4. [5162 jalpa-: syn. JAPU]
jiritmai:iu, m. 'birth'. 1. [ =JAMMAt:iU]
jiimii, m. 'garment'. 1. [Pers. jiima]
jami, adv. 'so long as'. 7. [10474 yiivat: syn. JAVADA; cf. TAMI 1]
jari, v.t. 'burn, destroy' (int. + /ai). 6. (5314 jvii/ayati (perh. also
5209 jiirayati): =J.J.LI 1]
jari, f. 'adultery, fornication'. l. [5212jariya-]
jiru, m. 'adulterer, fornication'. 3. (5206 jiira-]
jal& 1 , f. 'dirt, scum', in lahai mana kijiila VaC2'. F. [5213jiila-; vs. P.
jiilii 'scum', m.: =JAVALA]
jilii, v.t. 'burn'. F. [ =JALAI]
jali1, v.t. 'burn, destroy; light (lamp)'. 7. (5314 jviilayati: =J.J.R1]
tjali 2 , 'endure, suffer patie.ntly', in jiila~a goriim niili AsF2. F.
[10430 *yal-]

jili, f. 'small net'. 3. [5213 jiilikii-]
jilu (-ii 2 ', -o'), m. 'net, snare (for catching birds; fish, etc.)': perh.
'involvement' in amara ajoni jiici na jiilii BITl '. 30. [5213 jiila-]
jivada, cj. 'so long as'. JS. [for Sk. yiivat: syn. JAMI]
jivala, f. 'scum (on water)', in padamanijiivalajala Mr4. 2. [by-form
of JAL.4. 1?]
jivai, etc.: see JAI 1
... ,
JI I . 25 . ( =JE]
c·J. '"f
ji , pr. 'who, which'. 25. [=JO]
jiurit, adv. 'as, just as, however' (int. jium jium): also as ppn. 'like'.
145. [ =JIMVA, JEMVA: see IUM]
jisu (jisa, usu. before ppn.; emph.jisahi,jisai), pr. 'whom, which, to
whom, etc.'. 130. [see JO]
jiha, pr. 'which', in jiha dhiri dekhiiril SrV4.l 'in whichever
direction I look'. 1. [cf. t110DHARI: see JO]
jihabi, f. 2. ( =JIHAVA)
jihava, f. 'tongue'. 22. [Sk. jihvii-: = JIHABi\: cf. JlBHA]
jiccaru, cj. 'so long as'. 3. [JITU 1
jii:ii, v.t. 'win; conquer, overcome, beat' (int. + jiii). 9. [5226 jiniiti:
syn. JJTI]
jitti, adj. 'however many'. 1. [ =JETA: see t1nI]
jitu 1 (-ai MrS20), pr. 'which, by which, in which, etc.'. 10. [see JO]
jitu 2 , adj. 'conquered, overcome by', injagu criajitu AsA2. 1. [5224
jita- (Pk. jitra-): cf. JITI]
frr~ jitthai, adv. 'where, wherever'; jicthai kicthai 'everywhere': a.
tjitthamhu F 'where from, whence'. 17. (see AITHAI]
ft@ jindu (-o'), f, 'life, soul'. 3. [<Pers. zinda 'alive'?; = P. jind]
fr:lufu fjiddhari, cj. 'where, whithersoever'. F. [mu + DHIRA?: cf. JIHA]
fr:lq jinha, pr. 'whom'. 70. [ =JINHA~: see JO] ';
fi:lof'H jinasi, f. 'sort, kind, variety'. 4. [Ar. jins]
fi:lqT jinhirit (jinnham .Sr22), pr. 'whom'. 40. [ = JINHA: see JO]

fnf?> j!ni (jinni. VaCl, TuC6), pr. 'whom, by whom'. 160. [see JO]
fn"Ql jinhim, pr. 'whom, by whom'. 40. [see JO]
ffl§ jinnu (po. -iiril BgV20.l), m. 'jinn, evil spirit'. 2. [Ar. jinn]

jiniirii, m. 'son of a jinn, little jinn'. 1. [JINNU + dim.? -urii]
jiniiri, f. 'daughter of a jinn, little jinn'. 1. [f. < JINORA]
tjipi, v.i. 'b; won, be overcome'. M2. [v.p. <m~1)
jimi, or jimirit, f. 'ground, earth'. 2 1• [Pers. zamin]
jiriwa (-ai AsCS), adv. 'as, just as' (int. jimva jimva). 8. [ =JIUM: see
ji, intj. 17. [ =nu 1]
jiu 1, intj. 'Lord!, sir!', freq. as honorific suf., esp. as hari jiu, riima jiu
(usu. as line-final, following rhyme). 210. [5240 jiva 2 : =JI]
jiu 2 (so., pd. jia: sl. jii,jiai; sa. jiamhu; po. jiiim). m. (ass.) 'life; soul,
mind, heart': jiu pi1J4u 'soul and body': (as p.) 'living beings,
creatures'. 160. [5239 jiva- 1]
jiarii, m. 4. [ =JIA~A]
jia~ii, m. 'soul, mind, heart'. 18. (5239 jiva- 1 + -4-: =JTARA]
jiti (pp.jitii, -iii), v.t. 'win: conquer, overcome, beat; be successful in'.
8. [ <5224 jica- (Pk. jitta-): syn. m~r: cf. mu 2 ]
jibha (sa. -aum JP32), f. 'tongue'. 8. [5228 jihvii: cf. JIHAVA.]
jirii1.m, m. 'graveyard', in sajjarJa ... jiii sutejiriiJJi Sr24' [cf. tjai sute
jiriilJa mamhi SIF45). Id'. [cf. 5235 *jirati 'grows old' (perh.
·r:irnifu tjirimdi, f. 'endurance'. F'. .(5266aJjr 1; = P. jararild, f.]
RR$ jivai:iu, m. 'life'. 27. [5243 (or Sk., Pk.) ]Ivana-: =JlVANU]
RR§ jivanu (-ii), m. 'life'. 32. [ = JlVAf'.'U]
;:ik'TfE jivii, v.t. 'restore to life'. l'. (5250 jiviipayati: =JIVALI]
ri'Rrfcs jivili, v.t. 're:.core to life, make live'. 5. [ v.c. <JIVI (of type DEKHALI,
etc., rather than 5247 *1Tvala-): =JlvA.1)
jivi (pres. ptc.jivatu,jimvadii), v.i. 'live, be alive': pp.]Tviii also as m.
'life' (SIF21). 67. [5241 jivati (and JTVIA < 5252 jivita-)]
ju (ju TuC2), pr. 'who'. 2. [=JO]
juii, v.t. 'cause to be yoked, cause to be joined'. ir. [v.c. <JOt 3 ]
juii;ti, f. 'youth, time oLyouth'. l'. [Pers. javilni, or < 10510
jugantaru, m. 'another age', as jugaha jugantari, etc. 'in each and
every age'. 6. [Sk. yugiintara-]

BOBT jugati (-u'), adj. 'joined; engaged, involved; seamless': also 'worthy,
deserving' in piijar:ia jugatu Sll 6'. 4. [for Sk. yukta-]
jugati, f. 'way, method; scheme, manner; way ofliving; the mystical
way, union'. 47. [for Sk. yukti-]
jugidi (-i), adv. 'in the beginning of time', as adi )ugiidi (-i) 'in the
beginning, and in the beginn~ng of time'. 17. [Sk. yugiidi-]
jugu, m. 'age, aeon, one of the four yugas into which time is
divided': jugaha jugaha, jugaha jugantari, jugi jugi, etc., adv. 'in
every age, throughout time'. 95. [Sk. yuga-]
jujaru, m. 'the Yajurveda'. 1. [for Sk. yajur-: .,.JUJU]
juju, m. 1. [ =JUJARU]
jujjhu, m. 'readiness for war, martial spirit'. 1. [10501 •yudhya-]
jummi, v.i. 'go, depart, vanish', as ag. jumma1Jahiira 'about to
vanish, evanescent', in pabba1Ji kere patta jium 4hali 4huli
jumma1Jahiira Sr24. ld. [??]
BIB julli, v.i. 'go, move'. Id. [??; =Sir. i!lla1J (and Rj. juf1Jau): cf. t1ou]
"fjfu ju~, v.i. 'be joined, united, fixed together'. 4. [10496 yufati]


jiii, m. 'gambling'. 5. (6608 dyuta-]
jiiiri (-u), m. 'gambler'. 3. [6609 •dyutakiirin-, dylltakiira-]
Rfu jiijhi, v.i. 'fight', as mana siumjujhi As16. 1. [10502 yudhyate]
jii,hi, adj. 'defiled, impure, dirty': also m. 'leftovers, defiled food'. 9.
[5255 ju~{a-]
jii~hini, m. 'rubbish heap, where leftovers are thrown'. 1'. (5257
jii~hi, f.
'leftovers of a meal (considered to be polluting); defilement,
pollution, impurity'. 13. [5256 ju~!i-]
jiini, f. 'birth, existence': junim pavi, pai 'become involved in the
cycle of transmigration'. 4. [=JONI]
je, cj. 'if; even if, though':je ko 'if anyone'. 250. [10410 yadi: =JI 1 ,
~T jehi (ext.-ara), adj. 'of which kind, of the kind which, like which'; as
adj. ppn. 'like'. 24. (10458 yiidrfa-: =JEVEHA, JAISA; model for
KEHA, and cf. TEHX]
jekari, cj. 'if. 4. [JE + -KAR1 2]
je~hini (ext. pd. -ariiimha MrAlO'), f. 'husband's elder brother's
wife'. 1'. [5287 •jye~fhajiini-]
Rg je~hu 1 , m. 'brother-in-law, husband's elder brother'. 1. (5286

~ je~hu 2 , m. 'the month May-June'. 2. [5293 jyai~{ha-]

~j fje4u, adj. 'as great as'. F. [=JEVAJ?U]
jeta (ext. -a~ii), adj. 'as much as, however much, however many':jeti
hai teti tudhu jiicai MIA2 'as much as exists, i.e. all creation'. 41.
[ = JITTI: see ETA]
jetu, pr. 'through which'. 1'. [see JO]
jera, prepn. 'below', as jera jimi 'below the earth:underworld'. 21•
[Pers. zer]
jeraja, mp. 'animals (which are born from the womb), one of the
four types of living creature'. 3. [for Sk. jariiyuja-]
jerina, adv. 'as, just as'. 1. [ = JIUM: see EMVA]
jeva~a. f. 'rope', in tere ... ka{iire jevaf!iirh Va3, i.e. 'your dagger-
keen eyes bind like ropes'. Id. []
R?]' jeva~u, adj. 'as big as'. 6. [ = tJEI?U: see EVAl;>U]

iWdl jevarl, f. 2. [ = JEVA~l]

~;it jeva~i. f. 'rope'. 1. (5227 jivii- + -4a-: =JEVAl;>A, JEVARI]
'Afu jevi, v.t. 'eat (used of Brahman)'. 1. (5267 jemati]
jevehi, adj. 'of the kind which'. 1. [ =JEHA: see IVEHA]

~ jai, intj. 'hail!':jaijagadisa 'all hail to Thee, Lord of the world!':jai
jaikaru kari 'hail'. 5. (5141 jaya-]
jairit, pr. 'whom, which': jairh bhiivai tairh dei 'He gives to whom He
pleases'. 17. [see JO]
jaisa, adj. 'of which kind, of the kind which, like which': as adj. ppn.
'like':jaise as adv. 'as.just as, however'. 40. [10458 yiidda-: =JEHA;
model for AISA, KAISA, and cf. TAISA]
jaikaru (-0 1), m. 'hail, cheer, salutation' ( + kari): as intj. 'hail! all
hail to!'. 9. [Sk. *jayakiira-]
jainl, m. 'Jain'. 1. [Sk. jaina~]
jo Uoi 1 VaC2, MrV14.2'), pr. 'who, which, whoever': jo kichu
'whatever'. 175. (10391 ya-: JO is used for m. and f. sd. and pd.,
=Jl 2 , JU: related forms are so. tJAHA 2 , JA, JISA, ·AHi, -U, ·Al, JAIM:sl.
JIHA, JJTU 1' -Al, JINI, JETU: sa. JASU; po. JAHI, JINHA, -AM; pl. JINHiM]
• • 2 , v..
JOI 1 •see, Ioo k at' . 3. [-JoHt]

joi 3 (imp. 2p,jovahu Ba9), v.t. 'yoke'. 1r. (10531 yojayate]
joisi, m. 'astrologer'. l. [5302 jyauti~ika-: cf. JOtAKl]
johari, intj. 'hail, salutation to!', in tisujohiiri suasati AsV8.l. 1.
[ < *jyok-kiira- (SV rev)]
johi, v.t. 'see, look at, watch: spy, steal a look at'; also 'injure, harm',
usu. as jamu johi na sakkai.'death :.:annot harm you'. 24. [6612
dyocate: =J01 2]
jogavi, v.i. 'practise yoga'. 1. [ <JOGU 1 (denom.)]
jogidhari, adj. 'relying on yoga, practising yoga·. 1. [Sk.
jogindru, m. 'prince among yogis'. I. [Sk. }'Ogendra-]
jogi, m. 'yogi'. 48. [Sk. yogin-]
jogu 1 (-am'), m. 'union: yoga; yogi':jogu kamiii 'practise ygga':joga
jugati, f. 'the right way to practise yoga'. 55. [Sk. yoga-]
jogu 2 , adj. ppn. 'able, lit', usu. + inf. so., as in karurJa (-ai)jogu 'able
to do; omnipotent (of God)': also ppn. 'for', injhurai riimacundu situ
lachamarJa jogu Sl26r. 5. [ 10528 yogya-]
jotaki(-u), m. 'astrologer'. 2. [for Sk. jyuuti~ika-: cf. JOISl]
joti (-i), f. 'light, divine light, the light of mystical vision':joti sarupu,
adj., m. '(God) whose form is light': jotl joti samiii 1 'light to enter
light (i.e., in the soul's mystical .union with God)'. 130. [Sk.jyotis-]
jodhu, m. 'warrior'. 8. [10532 yoddhr-]
joni, f. 'womb; birth, existence':joni iii,jonim pai 'enter existence, the
cycle of transmigration'. 11. [10535 ym1i-: =JONI; syn. GARABHU]
jobanu. m. 'youth, time of youth, prime of youth'. 32. (10537
joru, m. 'power, strength, valour; force, violence': sl. jorl, adv. 'by
force'. 17. [Pers. zor]
jorii. f. 'wife'. 3. [10506 *yuvatirupu-]
tjoli, v.t. 'make go': also v.i. 'go' (SIF I). F. ['?'?: =Sir. jola!~ P. poth.
job.iii: cf. JULLI]
jovahu: see J01 3
jo~i. v.t. 'unite; put together (hands, in supplication)'. 14. [10496
jo~u. m. 'connexion, link'. I. (10496 *yo{ a-]

. 1J ~JH
' ..
jhakoli, v.t. 'shake, churl?, plunge'. 1. [5316 *jhakkol-]
jhakkha~u. m. 'squall, dust-storm'. 1. [5316 *jhakk-1]
jhakkhi, v.i. 'babble, chatter on, talk nonsense'. 13. [ 5320 *jhakkh-]
jhagari, v.i. 'quarrel'. 1. [.=JHAGARI]
jhagaru (-a), m. 4. [ = JHAGAl:tA]
jhaga~ii (-u), m. 'quarrel, dispute':jhagai:a pai 2 'start quarrel':
jhagaru cukiii 'settle dispute, end quarrel'. 7. [5321 *jhagga4-:
jhaga~i, v.i. 'quarrel, argue'. 1. [ <JHAGARA: =JHAGARI]
jhajjhii, m. 'the letter JH'. l.
fjhatti, f. 'time?', in kiccaru jhattf lamghaiai SlF18. F. [??]
jhari, v.i. 'fall; disappear: be emitted (of semen)'. 4. [5346 *jharati 1 :
syn. JHAl:tl]
jhallii, m. 'fan'. 1. [5351 *jhall- 1 ]
jha~a, mp.? 'dense clouds~ heavy rain'.-1. [5329 *jha4i-: cf. trnA1:tl]
jha~i. v.i. 'fall: disappear' (int. + jai, pai). 5. [5328 *jha!ati: syn.
fjha~i, f. 'steady downpour, incessant rain ( + /iii). M3'. [5329
*jha4i-: cf. JHAl:tA] .
tjhiika, f. 'peep, glance, look'. F. [53~5 *jhankh- 1 ]
jhiikha, f. 'babbling, talking nonsense'. 2'. [5320 *jhakkh-: cf.
-slfar jhiigi, v.t. 'cross, ford'. 1. [ 4129 *gadhya-]
'S'CT jhii~ii,m. 'long matted hair (as worn by yogis)'. 1. [5334 *jhiiHha-]
'STB jhiila (pd. -iim? MrS9'), f. 'flame'. 1r. [5352 *jhall-2; = JHELA]
'S1?_5 jhiilu, m. 'dawn, daylight'. Id. [5352 *jhall- 2 : =JHELA]
-slfu jhii~i. v.t. 'thresh' '(int. + lai). 1'. [5328 *jhii~ayati]
~ fjhiiuia, f. 'shrimp'. M2. [538Pjhinga-]
fsHfa jhimaki, v.i. ·nash (of fans)'. l. [5341 *jhamm- 3 + -kk-]
fsfila jhilaki, v.i. 'shine, glitter'. 1. [5391 *jhil- + -kk-]
fsfc5fi.m5 jhilimili, f. 'shining, twinkling' ( + jhi/aki). 1. [echo-ext. of 5391
*jhi/-: cf. CILIMILI] .

jhii:ia. adj. 'feeble, soft'. 1. [5395 *jhina-]
jhivaru, m. 'fisherman'. 1. [6819 dhivara-]
jhui:i~.f. 'troop', as jhurJtfi piii 2 'form company (of yogis)'. 1. [5402
jhui:iakaru, m. 'tinkling, jingling'. 1. [cf. 5330 jharJajharJiiyate: syn.
jhuri, v.i. 'pine, repine, waste away'. 4. [5405 *jhurati: =JHORI]
jhulari, v.i. 'blow (of breeze)'. I'. [ext. < 5406 *jhulyati]
jhii~hi (-0 1), adj. 'false, vain, lying':
also m. 'liar'. 35. [5407 *jhuHha-:
syn. KO~A.]
jhiithu (-0 2), m. 'falsehood, lie; falseness, vanity': jhu{hu bo/i 'lie,
utter falsehood': jhu{ho jhu{hu vakhiirJi MjV 18 'utter nothing but
falsehood'. 27. (5407 jhU{ha-: syn. KO~u]
jhiii:ia, adj. 'weak, exhausted', in niima vihul'Je Ul'Je jhul'Je SuC5. 1.
[5395 *jhina- (or 5408 *jhura-) x or:i.i.J
jhiiri (ext. pres. ptc. fsd. -erildi MrA9d; ext. pres. 3s. -eid'), v.i. 'pine,
repine, grieve, waste away'. 12. [5409 *jhurati: =JHURI]
jheru, m. 'quarrel'. l'. [5321 *jhaga<!-: cf. JHAGA~A]
jhela (pd. -iim? MrS6'), f. 'flame'. 1'. [ = JHALA]
jhola, f. 'squall', as mimha jhola MjV12.2 'heavy downpour'. I'.
[5405aJjhul] ·
jholi, v.t. 'churn, stir'. 4. (5417 *jholayati]
jholi, f. 'large wallet made of cloth, used by yogis'. 4. [5415 *jho/a- 1 ]

iiaiiiii, m. 'the letter N'. 1.

iiiiino, m. 'knowledge, gnosis'. la. [early MIA. ii-?: =GI.I.Nu]

c T
~akasila (-ii'), f. 'mint'. 2. (5434 {ankasiilii-]
~akka, m. 'silver coin, rupee'. 2. [5426 *{akka- 1 ]
~aliku, m. 'weight of 4 masas'. I. [Sk. {anka-]
~iicu, m. 'harshness, cruelty' ( + kari). 1•. [ < 5628 *tancati?; cf. H.
!aiic, adj. 'hard']
'anaru, m. 'large iron cauldron (for boiling sugar cane)'. 1. [cf.
5631 *taga- 1?; =Sir. !a!ar (cf. H. !a!!ari 'kettledrum')]
C(!T 'aoa, m. 'the letter r.
1. [vs. modern !aimka]
'abbara, mp. 'relatives, family'. 1. [??; =H.P. !abbar]
~ri,v.i. 2•. [=TALI]
'alapali, v.i. 'be restless, writhe about', in isu lobhi kajiu !alapalai
Sr33. 1•. [cf. 5634 ta4appha4-? (or Pk. falavala-)]
!ali, v.i. 'move; give way, retire; pass by'. 5. [5450 falati: =TARI]
ttaki (pp. + ls. suf. -ima AsF2), v.t. 'check, restrain'. F. [5420
*!akk- 'remain, stop']
!ikka, f. 'trust' ( + !ikki). 1. [ <TIKKJ: syn. TEKA]
~kki, m. 'mark made on forehead (in marriage ceremony, as caste-
mark, or as symbol of holiness)'. 7. [5458 *!ikka- 1 ]
!ikii, v.t. 'bring to rest, fix, settle'. 3'. [v.c. <TJKKI: syn. TEKIJ
!ikki, v.i. 'rest, be settled, be fixed; abide, sit firmly; reach safely'. 8.
[5420 *!ikk-]
~ !i1.14a. f. 'earthem pot on Persian wheel'. 2. [??; = P. !ir.ief.1
fear !ibbi, m. 'sand-dune'. 1. [5446 *!ibba-]
cl.1 !J4u, m. 'grasshopper'. 1. [6024 •ti44a-: =TIQQA]
S§. 'uku, m. 'piece', as f uku !uku hoi 'be torn to shreds'. 2. ( 5466 • fukka-]

stc ftu!p, v.i. 'break'. F. ( =TUITI]

pr t'u1,14a, adj. 'handless, maimed'. M2. [5468 •rur.ira- 2 ]
ss1 ftubbi, f. 'plunging', as fubbi de 'plunge, immerse'. F. [5469 •rubb-]
eta !iiki (pres. 3s. -asi Gal6), v.t. 'gnaw through'. 1. [5466 *fukk-]
!iip, v.i. 'break, be broken' (int. + jiii). 4. [ =TUITI]
Zcx teka (-ii'}, f. 'support, reliance, trust': feka !ikiii 'give support,
encourage trust': feka {ikki 'trust, rely, have confidence'. 12. [5420
*!ekk-: syn. TIKKA]
teki, v.t. 'bring to rest, fix, settle'. 1•. [ < TEKA: syn. TIKAI]
'eri, v.i. 'call, call out (of bird)'. 1. [5473 •w-J
toa (as st. fovai Sl32), m. 'pit, hole'. 1. [6082 •tropa-]
tohai:U. f. 'blind man's stick'. 2. [ <5486 •!oh- 'grope']
~ !opi, f. 'cap, hat'. 1. [5481 *foppa- 1 ]
~ !oli, y.t. 'seek, search for'. l'. [5484 *foll-]
~ !olu, m. 'luxury, possession, desirable thing', as in haum enhim {olim
bhuliasu SuK 1. 3. [prob. < 'fOLI, i.e. 'what is sought' (rather than
5483 *!ola- 'party, flock'?)]
!ovai: see TOA

0 TH
!haiira (-ii', -u MjAl), f. 'fixed place, above': fhaura na !hiimu 'no
abode or place': fhaura na piii 1 'find no fixed abode': sabha !haure',
adv. 'everywhere': manu nahi fhaurii AsA8' 'the mind finds no
fixity'. 13. [13767 sthiivara-: = THAVARA]
!hahaki, v.i. 'collide, jostle'. 1. [5487 *fhakk-1?; = P. {hahik1Jii]
!haharii, v.i. 'be fixed, settle'. l'. [ < 13680 *stabhira-]
!hakuri.,i, f. 'Rajput woman'. 1. [f. < 5488 fhakkura-]
!hagaiiri, f. 1. [ =THAGAULI]
!hagaiili, f., comm. as 'poisonous herb administered by Thags to
render their victims unconscious'. 2. [5489 *fhagg- + ?; cf. H.
fhagauri 'cheating, trick': = 'fHAGAiiRT]
!hagavifi, m., (-i'), f. 'robbers; den, Thags' lair'. 2. [5489 *fhagg- +
11480 Vii!a- 1 )
OOJ-rfu !hagii, v.t. 'cause to be cheated, robbed'. 1. [v.c. <'fHAGGI]
ofu! !haggi, v.t. 'cheat, deceive; rob'. 13. [5489 *fhagg-: ='fHAGI]
oarr !haggi, f. 'deceit; robbery'. 1(AsV15.2). [ <'fHAGGU]
ogr !haggu, m. 'cheat, deceiver; robber, Thag'. 5. [5489 *fhagg-]

thatthi, .
. .. m. 'the letter TH'.
. 1.
!hai:i4hi, adj. 'cold'. 1. [ 13676 stabdha-]
0:9 !haru, adj. 'cold'. 1. [13741 *sthara-]
083 !havara, f. 'fixed place, abode'. 2. [ = THAUIM]
o~ !hirim (-o'), m. 'place, position': !hiimi rakkhi, riikhi 'put, keep in
place': sl. fhiimi (-i) freq. used to form adv. with infl pr. 20. [13760
sthiiman-: =THAl'>tu]
!hihara, f. 'place of rest, abode'. 1. [13680 *stabhira-: cf. THAHARAI]

t!hahi, v.t. 'grieve, distress', as in hiiiu na kaimhi fhiihi SIFI 29. F. [cf.
5499 *fhass- 'press down'?]
!hiika, f. 'check, stopping': fhiika na pai 'not to be checked'. 7.
!hiiki, v.t. 'check, stop' (int. + rahiii, ~akkhi, riikhi). · 22. [prob.
related to 5420 *!akk- 1 , or 5509 *fhekk-: cf. tTAKI]
!hiikuru, m. 'lord, master (of God)'. 42. [5488 fhakkura-]
!hiigi, v..t. 'cheat, deceive'. 1. [ = THAGGI]
!hi4ha, adj. 'standing'. 2. (13676 stabdha-]
!hiri14hi, f. 'coolness, calm, tranquillity'. 1.,(13677 stabdhi-]
!himi, v.i. 'mince (in walking)'. 2. [5496 *fhamm-: = P. fhimak~ii,
fhumak~ii] ·
!hisa, f. 'boasting, bragging': 1'. [cf. 5498 *!has- 'display': =P.
fhisak, fhis]
!hikaru, m. 'potsherd'.J. [5504 *fhikkara-]
!himga, m. 'club, cudgel'. 1. [5500 *fhenga-]
!heha, m.? 'place, abode', asjamu marai fheha M18 'death destroys
one utterly' [cf. P. thiim miirnii]. 1'. [13695 stibhi-: =THEHU]
~oki, v.t. 'knock', as <!irthi (hoki vajiii 'saw by knocking and
making ring, i.e. took a very hard look at'. 2. [5513 *fhokk-]

il9 4aii (sl. <Javi), m. 'forest fire'. 2. [6223 dava-]

mro 4aiirii, m. 'small drum, tabor'. 1. (5531 4amaru-]
am 4asi, v.t. 'bite (of snakes)'. 4. [6230 da.foti]
m ~akki, v.i. 'belch loudly (of elephant)'. l. [5516 *4akk- 1 , 5521
iraQT 4agari, adj. 'bad, crooked', as 4agari ciila Bh5 'crooked gait'. 1. [cf.
5524 <!angara- 2 , etc.]
~ 4angu, m. 'sting (of mosquito)'. 1. [5517 *<Jank-]
18 4aiijha, f. 'burning desire'. I'. T<6248 dahyate; cf. s.1ajhi]
aar 4&44&. m. 'the letter Q'. 1.
danda (-u, -iitii Ga15'), m. 'stick, club, yogi's. staff; beating,
pu~ishment'. 8.1[6i-~8 da1}4a-~ =QANNU]
"tit 4ai,cft, f. 'cross-beam on scales'. 1. [6128 da1}4ika-]

~ 4annu, m. 'punishmeni, fine'. l. [ = J?Al':ll?A]

4amphu, m. 'deceit, :arrogance, ostentation' ( + kari). 1a. (6181
aafu 4arapi, v.i. 'fe_ar, be afraid'. 3. [6190 darati + -pp-]
"ii019 ~arimu, adj. 'terrifying'. 1r. ( < f?ARAl]
aatfu 4arai, v.t. 'frighten, terrify\ 2. [v.c. < QARI]
lfQ~(!T 4arivai:ii (-o), adj. 'terrible;' terrifying, fearful'. 6. [ger. of QARAI]
are 4ari (pp. fs. + ls. suf. <fariasu SrA16'), v.i. 'fear, be afraid'. 16. (6190
darati] ~ 'o ' _
4aru, m. 'fear;iterror'.,25. (6186 dara- 1]
4avi: see J?AU · ·' ._y :;.,
4ihappai.iu, m. 'burning d,eslre, fierce envy'. t•d. [6321 diiha- +
-tvana-] •• v· - \.) "

4'akha~o. adf 'difficult;_ har_d;· painful'. Id. [??:cf. GAKHA~O]

~ira, f. 'flock'. 1r. [??; =H.P. 4ar]
4ari, v.t. 'throw, throw away' (int. + dhari). I. [5545 *4iir-]
~iilu, m. 'branch'. 6. (5546 <!ala- 1

4iHhi (-o, -u, + ls. suf. 4i!fhumaim MjVl.3, MrAlO), pp. ofr;>EKHI
and o~KHI 'seen, looked at'. 10. [6518 dma-: =I?l'fHA.]
t~irilhu (ext. -a~a SIF89), 'm. 'day'. F. [Sir. t(lmh; = r;>EMHU]
4imga, f. 'crooked'n~ss. falseness, conceit', as tflmgi <!oli 'wander on
a crooked path, etc'. [comm. also as <!igi 'falling' = P. <!igg'}ii, but
this is very doubtful]. 2. (5524 *<!inga- 2 ]
aror cflthi (-ar, -u), pp'.'of f?EKHf and DEKHI 'seen'. 9. [ =QITfHA.]
~T 4ukhii (fsd. 4ukhi), adj. 'unhappy'. ld. [ =DUKHIA]
~ ·fdukkhu, m. 'grier.1 f'~;[ =DUKKHU]
:gfa 4~bbi (pp. 4iJbb~j; v:i. "'sink, drown, perish'. 12. [ = QOBI]
1H~, adj.«sad, dejected' [not as some comm. 'in two minds,
torn']. 3d. [6443 durmantis-]
~l 4wii: see QOLAI
1ora 4iiri1garu, m~ 'hill,' mountain'. 11. (5423 •4unga- +
"' - -r-]

4ubi (pp. 4iibii), v.i. 'sink, drown; perish, be lost, be destroyed'. 14.
[5561 *4ubb-: = I?UBBI; syn. BOI;>I]
fJiima~. f. 'woman of the low Qom caste of sweepers'. 1. [5570
4erithu, m. 'day'. ld'. [6333 divasa-: fr;>JMHU, DIMHU]
Mu fJekhi, v.t. 'see' ..2d. [ =DEKHI]
~T 4eri, m. 'tent, encampment, resting-place'. 2. [5564 *4era- 1 ]
~ 4osu (as ext. pd. -are), m. 'fault; sin'. ld. [ =oosu]
~1<31k 4ohiga.,i, f. 'woman who has lost husband's love, woman
abandoned by husband'. 4d. [ = DOHAGA~I] ·
~ 4obi, v.t. 'sink, drown, make perish'. 2. (5561 *4obb-]
~ 4ori, f. 'kite-string'. 1. [cf. J?ORU]
~ 4oru, m., as hara 4ora, comm. as 'hair-ribbons; armlets; lines of
kohl'. 2. [6225 davara-: cf. f?ORT]
~ 4olii (pres. 3s. 4ulaiSG8), v.i. 'waver, wander': manu 4olai 'the mind
to wander'. 7'. [6585 doliiyate: = DOLi]
~ra 4oli, v.i. 'waver, wander, ramble' (int. + jai, 4oliii). 16. (6585
doliiyate, *dolyate:= f?OLAI]
4olu, m. 'bucket (of well)'. 1. (6583 *dola- 2 ]

'e J?H
4hahi (pp. 4haHhii; fut. 3s. 4hahasio MjV8'), v.i. 'fall, fall down;
collapse (esp. of building, wall)' (int. + pai). 15. [6896 dhvasati]
4hailgu, m. 'manner, way; manners, behaviour'. 2. ['!?; =H.P.
4ha"hii, pp. of f?HAHI 'fallen, collapsed'. (I). (6896 dhvasta-]
4ha44hi, m. 'the letter QH'. 1.
4harit4holi (pp. msd. + ls. suf. 4hariJ4holimu MjVl.3), v.t. 'search,
wander in search of; examine by feeling'. 5. [ext. of 6839 *4hil1J4h-:
cf. 1;mOM1?H1]
~habbu, m. 'way, manner'. 1. [??;cf. H.P. 4hab]
~hari, v.i. 'melt, flow' (int. + pai). 2. [ = l?HALI]
dhali, v.i. 'dissolve, be destroyed, wither' (int. + pai). 2. [5581
*4halati: = l?HARI]
'i5'<.JT t~hiihii, m. 'steep river-bank, eroded by floods', in mautai da bannhii
emvai dissai jium dariiivai qhahii SIF98r. P. [6896 *dhviisa-]
~hiihiii, v.t. 'make collapse, destroy'. 1r. [ v.c. < DHAHI: equ. f?HAHI]
~hiihi, v.t. 'make collapse., destroy, demolish': <!hiihi usiiri 'destroy
and construct (of God)'. 16. (6896 *dhviisayati: equ. l?HAHAI]
~i~i (dim. ~xt.? -ikii AsV9), m. 'bard, minstrel, singer'. 8. [ < 5576
*<!ha#ha- 3 'drum']
~T ~hiilii, f. 'cast, form'. 2. [ < I?HALI]
4hiili, v.t. 'pour, melt': piisii <!hiili 'throw dice (in the game of
caupa~)'. 7. (5581 *<!hiilayati]

4hilla, f. 'delay' ( + kari). 6. [5590 *<!hilla- 2 ]

4huli, v.i. 'wave, flutter, flow'. 2. [5593 *<!hulati]
~iirit~i (pp. msd. + ls. suf. 4Jium4Jiimu MjV 1.3; ext. pres. 2s.
qhumtfhemhi TW), v.t. 'search, seek'. 14. [6839 *4hll1J4h-]
4heri, f. 'heap, pile (of ashes, rubble)': qheri qhahi 'collapse, die'. 9.
[5599 *qhera- 1 ]
dhoi (dhoa AsV9), f. 'admittance, access': dhoi na lahi 1 'find no
access: gain no admittance'. 7. ( < 5610 <!h~ukayati]
~horu, m. 'beast, brute (esp. cattle)'. 2r. [??(not 6884 dhaureya-?);
=H.P. qhor]
~holu (-o), m. 'beloved, bridegroom'. 4. [Pk. qholla- >H.P. qholii]

~ 1_1ii, adv. 'not'. 23 • [Pk. IJ-?: =NA]
~ 1_1iii:ia, m. 'the letter ~·. 1.
~ 1_1iimu, m. 'name'. 1 ~ [Pk.'}-?: =NAMU]

ta, adv. 'then, so': also used as enclitic, imparting emphasis
(sometimes also an adversative sense) to preceding word. 66. [5753
tat (or 5649 tadii): =TAM]
~ taii 1 , adv. 'then, so': tau para 'even then'. 35. [5639 tatas: cf. JAU]
taii 2, or taiirh, pr. 'you, your'. 23. [=TA VA; see TOM]
taii 3 , pr. 'him, his'. l(Ti4). [see TISU]
tairh, adj. 'appointed': tairit kari 'appoint, designate, prepare'. 2.
[Ar. ta'ayyun ( > H. ca'in) 'appointment']
tasakaru, m. 'thief, robber': tasakara panca 'the five thieves, i.e. the
evil passions kiimu, krodhu, lobhu, mohu, ahamkiiru'. 9. [Sk. taskara-]
tasabi, f. 'Muslim rosary'. 2. [Ar. tasbif!]
tasii, m: 'inch', as tasu na 'not in the least'. 1. [??; = H. tasu ' 214 of a
3Hc tasya, pr. 'his'. !5. [Sk.: see TISU]
taha (-am?; tahi), adv. 'there': int. taha taha 'right there, just there'.
46. [ =TAHAM; see KAHA]
tahakika, adv. 'for a fact, assuredly'. 11• (Ar. taf!qiq]
tahirh, adv. 'there'. 2. [=TAHA: see KAHAM]
tahirh, adv. 'right there, just there; just then'. 6. [emph. of TAHAM:
see KAHJM 1 ]
takabira, f. 'uttering the formula 'God is great' (at Muslim funeral)'.
11'. [Ar. takb~r]
· takka~. f. 'pair of scafos.· L [5714 tarka· + -4-]
takki,·v.t. 'look at, look at expectantly, look for, look around at'. 5
[5716 tarkayati: =TAKI] :·..
takii, m. 'bolster, support'. 2. [Pers. takya]
takhatu, m. 'throne, God's throne'. 30. [Pers. takht]
tailgi, f. 'straits, difficulty', in kiiriaru aukha tangiai MIV23' [if not
pass. pres. 3s. of tangi 'make difficult for, constrain']. l '. [Pers.]
taggu, m. 'thread, sacred thread'. 11. [ = TAGA]
tachii', v.t. 'cause (body) to be cut'. 1. [ v.c. < 5620 tak~ati]
taji, v.t. 'leave, abandon, give up' (int. + jiii). 22. [Sk. tyajati]
ta~u, m. 'river bank, bathing place'. 3. [Sk. tafa-]
ta1_1i, v.t. 'stretch, prepare warp'. 1. [5659 tanoti]
tata, adv. 'there', as int. tata hi, tata tata 'right there, just there'. 3.
[5643 tatra:, cf. JATA]
tatta 1 , pp. of TAPPI 'heated; hot': lagai na tatti viiu SrA28 'no hot
wind touches me, i.e. I am free from all distress'. (2). [5679 tapta-:
=TATA] .
33' tattii 2 , m. 'the letter T'. 1.
tattu, m., f. 'reality, tmth; essence; essential or absolute reality;
substance, element: int. tatto tattu 'the highest reality, God': tattu
vicaru, etc. 'knowledge of ~he truth, real k"nowledge', sim. tatti
jaliiia TuB12 'lit with real knowledge': also 'essence, i.e. butter', as
in jalu matthai tattu lorai MrAl [cf. TATIHU]. 60. [Sk. tattva-
( > Pk. tatta·)]' ,
tantu 1 , ~. 'spell, incantation', as iantu mantu 'spells and charms':
also 'essence;i.e. the soul', as in tanta kau paramatantu miliii Pr4
'God, the supreme.soul, has met the so~J'. 10. [Sk. tantra- (>Pk.
tantu 2 J 'string of musical instrument', 1(0032). [5667 tantri-]
tathi, adv. 'so, thus'. 1. [Sk.]
tatthu, m. 'essence; i.e.. butter'· in ·dahi viloiai ... viccamhu nikalai
tatthu SoA2. 1'. [Sk. tathya- (or rhyme-form of TATIU?)]
3fu tadi, adv. 'then, at that time': emph. tadahi, tade 'right then, just
then'. 9. [perh. 5650 •taddivasam (but hardly Sk. tada?): = P. tad,
tadom: model for KADE, JADAMHU]
tanu (-o), m. 'the body': tanu manu 'body and soul, one's entire self.
180. [5656 tanu-]
300' taniiru, m. 'oven'. 1. [Pers. tanur]
311 tapa: see. TAPU .
3l./Rl tapasi, m. 'an ascetic'. 2. [Sk. tapasvin-]
'3l1f3 tapati, f. 'fever, burning desire'. 1. [Sk. tapti-: cf. TAT!]
3119 tapanu, m. 'austerity'. 1. [Sk. tapana-]
311' tapi, m. 'an ascetic'. 1. [ <TAPU; =H.P.]
311rfu tapii, v.t. 'heat, cause to blaze'. 2. [v.c. <TAPPI: equ. TAPI 2 ]

3U~ tapivasu, m. 'examination, scrutiny, inquiry'. 3. [Ar. tafahhus]

3fu tappi (pp. tatta 1 ), v.i. 'be hot, burn, blaze; be distressed'. 13. (5684
tapyate: =TAPI 1]
tapii, m. 'an ascetic'. 1. [ <TAPU}
tapu (-am 5, -o), m. 'austerity, self-mortification': tapu kari, tiipi
'practise austerity': tapa tau, m. 'severe austerities': cukki gaia tapa
talu MIV20.l' 'the rhythm of austerity has been broken'. 39. [Sk.
taba, adv. 'then': taba lagu (-a) 'till then'. 20. [see ABA]
tabalabiju, m. 'drummer'. 1. [Ar. >Pers. f_abl-biiz]
tambii, m. 'tent, pavilion, canopy'. 1. [Pers.]
tabeli, m. 'tether; stable'. 1. [Ar. >Pers. tavila]
tamii 1 (-i'), f. 'greed, desire, covetousness', usu. as tilu nci tamiii 'not
a grain of greed'. 6'. [Ar. !_ama' (or poss. <5689 tamas-?)]
tamii 2 , f. 'favour, kindn_ess', inje bhiivai kare tamiii Sr2'. l'. (?? (app.
dist. from TAMAI 1): =P. poth. tammii, m.]
tamiSi, m. 'show, sJ)ectacle, sport'. 3. [Pers. tamiishii]
tamu, m. 'the quality of darkness, one of the three gu~s'. 1. [Sk.
tamas-: syn. TAMASU]
ttarasii, v.t. 'make desirous, fill with longing'. F,M3. [v.c. <5942
tr~yati 'is thirsty']
tarakasu, m. 'quiver'. 1. [Pers. tarka~
taraligu (-i.i'), m. 'wave; fancy, whim; rapture, ecstasy'. 4. (5699 (or
Sk.) taranga-]
tarani, m. 'boat'. 1. [5700 tara1Ja-]
tarapha, f. 'side'. 2. [Ar. !_araj]
taralu, adj. 'amorous, sportive', in tarala (-ii) juii1Ji VaC2 (or m.
'amorous delights'). 2. [5703 tarala- (cf. K. tarala)]
taravaru, m. 'tree'. 10. [Sk .. taru11ara- 'best of trees': =TAROVARU]
tarii (pres. 3s. tariivai, tariisi Sr21', 3p. tariimhi MrV19.1'), v.t.
'cause to cross, help across, deliver safely across'. 6r. [v.c. <TARI:
srn. TARI]
tariji, f. 'pair of scales'. 3. [Pers. tariizu: = TARAJJ]
tari (ger. tara1Jii; pp. fs. + ls. suf. tariiisu SrA16'; pres. ls. tariim, ext.
tariium MrAll', 3s. tarai; imp. 2s. taru), v.i. 'cross, cross over
(ocean, river); swim; be delivered, be saved':. taru tiiri 'cross, make
the crossing!' [not f. 'boat']: tarai tiire 'crosses himself and helps
others cross'..76. [5702 tarati]
tarovaru, m. 'tree'. 1. [ =TARAVARU ( x SAROVARU?)]
talahialu, m. 'the bottom of the heart'. 1. [5731 ta/a- + 14152
hrdaya- (cf. HTARA)]
~ talaba, f. 'demand, summons; desire': talabiim pausanhi RaV 13.2
'demands will be served'. 4. [Ar. ta/ab]
3<'5fu talabi, v.t. 'demand, summon, send for'. 1. [ <TALABA]

taliiu, m. 'pool'. I'. (5635 ta<!iiga-]
tali, f. 'palm of hand, sole of foot': siru dhari taliS120, i.e. 'be ready to
sacrifice oneself. 2. (5731 tala-]
tallu, m. 'low-lying ground', in pankhalJum jo cugade sara talli
SrAll 'birds who fed in the (rich lake) and marshy ground'. I'.
[5697 *tara- 3 (*tar/ii?): = TALU 3 ]
talai (ext. -iihiirit GjA l; tra/i M3), adv., ppn. 'below, under'. 3. (5731
tava, pr. 'you, your'. 2. [ =TAi.i 2 :·see TOM]
ti, pr. 'him': tii ko 'his'. 40. [see TISU]
tam, adv. 'then, so' (and, rarely, as enclitic emphas."zing preceding
word]: tiim hi, tiim paru 'then, just then·. 240. (5753 tiit (or 5649
tadii): =TA; cf. JAM]
tau (sl. tiii MrS6), m. 'heat; torment; hell': tapa tiiu 'severe
austerities'. 6'. (5767 tiipa-]
tiiiril.. ppn. 'for, for the sake of; up to, even'. 7. (??: =H.P.]
tiisu 1 (-a Sr9'), pr. 'him, his, its'. 7. (see TISU; cf. KASU]
-tisu 2 : see GU~ATASU
taha (-a', -i'), pr. 'him, that, to him, his'. 5'. [see T1su)
tahiiril, pr. 'them'. 2. (see nsu]
taki, v.t. 'look at expectantly, look for'. 2. ( == TAKKI]
taku, adj. 'unrivalled, unique' (int. tiiko tiiku As VJ.2): also m. 'door,
leaf of door, window', in tmana kii tiik1111a uggharai SaVl.l (M2). 3.
[Ar. f_iiq]
tiikhati, f. 'galloping, making (horse) gallop', in ikanhlrit badtfhe
bhiira ikanhiirit tiikhati MjV 10'. I'. [<Pers. tii~~tan 'put to the
·~:flair taga (-u', -o>: m. 'thread, sacred threaf 6. (6010 *tragga-:
3rrIT tiiji, f. ·Arab horse'. 2. [Pers. tiizi]
'31!1 tiiju, m, 'crown'. I. [Pers. tiij]
31k ti1_1i, v.t. 'stretch, prepare warp; aim (gun)'. 2. (5762 tiinayati]
3rit ta1_1i, f. I'. [ =TA~u 1 )
3-rg ta1_1u 1 , m. 'warp (of cloth)': tii1Ju taryi 'prepare warp (in weaving
cloth)'. l'(SuV14.1). (5761 tiina-: =TANT]

3TS ta1:m 2 (-a'), m. 'strength, power; shelter, refuge'. 18. [ 6011 tra~a-)
~qr tiitii (-ao'), pp. ofTAPI 'heated, hot; distressed'. 4. [=TATTA 1 ]
313 tiiti (-e'), f. 'burning envy, fierce jealousy'. 3. [ 5683 tapti-: cf. TAPA TI]
3TJ titu, injinijihava ditti bole tatu Dh5', comm. as 'He who gave the
tongue which talks rapidly'. 1'. [onom.'.'; cf. Rj. tiiti, f. 'repetition,
repeated request']
tirilparu: see TAM
tipi1, v.i. 'be heated, be hot, blaze; be distressed'. 3. [ =TAPPI]
tiipi 2 , v.t. 'heat, cause to blaze', in biihari pumara tiipai MrA7. 1'.
(v.t. <TAPPI: equ. TAPAI]
timasi, adj., m. 'angry, irascible'. 1. [ <TAMASU]
timasu, m. 'the quality of darkness, one of the three gui:ias; anger'.
2. [Sk. tamasa-: syn. TAMU]
timi 1 , adv. 'then, so long, till then'. 5. [5804 tavat: cf. JAMI]
timi 2 , f., in guru piisamhu phiri celii khiii, tiimi pariti vasai ghari iii
As4, comm. 'food', but perh. rather 'dish for kneading bread'?. 1.
[5792 tiimrika- (rather than Ar. t_a'iim, m. in H.P.)?]
tira 1 (-ii 2 '), f. 'fixity', usu. as liva tiira 'unbroken adoration' ( + /iii):
cf. locana tiira MIA3 'the eyes (maintain their) fixed look'. 8 (usu.').
[der. < 5735 tiilayati 1 (or 5633 tii4ayati 2 ), rather than Pers. tiir
'line, thread': cf. TAl.U]
tira 2 , in manu bhulau bharamasi bhamvara tiira BaA2', comm. 'like
a bee' [for Ar. >Pers. £_ara[!]. 1'· [??]
tira 3 : see TARU
tirii 1 , m. 'star': tiirii car:hia lammii TuC3 'a comet has arisen'. 4.
[5798 tiiraka- 1 : cf. TARIKA]
tiriji (-u AsV14.1), f. 'pair of scales'. 3. [ =TARAJI]
tiri, v.t. 'help across, deliver safely across, save' (int. + le). 58. [5196
tiirayati: syn. TARAI]
tirika, f. 'star'. 2. (for Sk. tiirakii-: cf. TARA]
tiri, f. 'a crossing, passage', as raru tiiri 'make the crossing!'. 12.
(<TARI) -
tiru, adj. 'shrill, high, loud', in tiira ghora biijintra MIV27.l. 1. [Sk.
tirii 1, m. 'deep water, water out of one's depth'. 2. [ext. < 5793
tirii 2 , m. 'swimmer'. l(Sl3). [5794 taraka- 2 ]
tilu 1 , m. 'a musical beat, beating time': tiila puri 'beat time'. 5.
[5748 tiiqa- 1 ]
tilu 2 , m. 'cymbal, small cymbal worn on anklet': muhati J<i tali Dh3'
'in a moment .- or a cymbal-stroke'.
' . 4. [5801 tiil(l- ]
tilu 3, m. 'low-lying, marshy ground', in titu nivandhai tali SuVl 1.1
[rather than 'tank, pool']. 1'. [ =TALLU]
tiva~i. f. 'heating', as in tiiva')i tattiii MIV24 [comm. also 'frying-
pan']. 2. (5770 tiipana-]
tiri, f. 'contemplation', as tiiri lai 'practise contemplation,
meditation'. 18. [ < 5633 tiiqayati 2 'multiplies': cf. TARA 1 ]
~ tiuril, adv. 'thus, so, in such a way': fot. tium tium 'in just such a way'.
37. [ = TIMVA, lllVfVAI: see ruM]
@1111 tiisa, f. 'thirst'. 2. (5936 tr~a- X PIASA)
@f'far tiigi, v.t. 'leave, abandon, forsake, desert'. 20. (der. of Sk. tyiiga-]
tm tisa, pr. 'that, him, her, it'. 56. [usu. form of TISU before ppn.]
f.mfu tisahi, pr. 'that, him, it'. 14. (=TISA!]
f3Hp tisani, f. 'thirst'. 2. [=TRISANA]
tmtfu1lrT tisiiii, adj. 'thirsty'. 2. ( = TIHAIA]
f3H tisu, pr. 'that, him, her, it'. 180. [5612 ta-: so. of so; =TA0 3 , TA,
TASU', TAHA, TISA, TISAHI, TISA!, TAIM 2 ; related forms ares. gen.
TASYA; sl. TINI 1 ' TINAHI, TINA! (ag.), TITU (instr.); sa. tnooOM; pd.
1 2
tisai, pr. 'that, him, it'. 28. [ =TISAHI: see TISU]
tiha 1, pr. 'that', as tiha dhiri SrV4.1 'in that direction'. 1. [see nsu]
tiha 2 : see TIHU
tihiii, adj. 'thirsty'. 3. [ <5936 tr~a- (Pk. tisiiia-): =TISAIA]
tihila, adv. 'three times (a day, i.e. morning, noon, and evening)'. 15•
[trikiila-: cf. TIKALA]
tihu (-a 2 MjVl.l), num. 'three', usu. as tihu loi (-i) 'in the three
worlds'. 17. (5994 traya~: =TRIHU; equ. TRAI]
tikkala, f. 'the back, waist'. 1. [6019 *trikka- + -la-]
tikala, adv. 'three times (a day)'. 1. [Sk. trikiila-: cf. TIHA.LA]
tikhi (-a), f. 'thirst'. 6. [Sk. tr~a-: =TRIKHA]
1'3t1T trikkha, adj. 'sharp'. F(SuFl). (5389 tik~~a-]
~ ticcaru, adv. 'so long, for so long'. 2. [TITU + .CJRU; cf. tKJCCARU]
f3-a• ti~~a, m. 'grasshopper'. 1. [6024 *ti<f4a-: =Tll;m]
fzj titu, pr. 'that, with 'that, it, by it, etc.'. 33. [see TISU]
f3~ titthai (ext. tithiii MrS4'), adv. 'there'. 25. [see AITHAI]
ftidiiirit, adv. 'there, thither'. F. [ext. of tnooOM?; cf. KITTHAI for
ttiddiirit, pr. 'from that'. F. [see TJSU]
tinha, pr. 'those, them'. 113. [ = TINHA.M: see Tisu]
tinahi, pr. 4. [=TINA!]
tinhirit (tinnhiirit AsA20: ext. tiniiritha', tiniirithi Ball), pr. 'those,
them, to them, etc.'. 32. ( = TINHA, TINEMHI'. see TISU]
fa(')";{T tinhirit~i. poss. pr. 'of them. their': 2. [ext. of TINHAM]

f3fo tini 1 (tinhi PrA4), pr. 'that, by him, etc.'. 32. [see TISU]
f3fo tini2, num. 'three'. l(Dh8). [=TIN!]
f3q't tinhirit, pr. 'them, by them'. 8. [see TISU]
f3c5<:Jr tineha, adj. 'of such a kind'. 1. [ = TEH.4.: see INEHA]
1'3~ tinerithi, pr. 'to thein, their'. I(SrAIF). [=TINHAM, etc.]
fa! tinai (tinnai AsV24), pr. 'by him'. 5. [ =TINAHI: see nsu]
f3uf3 tipati1, f. 'satisfaction, cont~ntment'. 2. [ =TRIPATJ 1]
.f3uf3 tipati 2 , v.i. 'be sated, satisfied'. 1. [ =TRIPATJ 2 ]
tilaku (-a5), m. 'caste-mark, sectarian mark on forehead'. 7. [Sk.
1'3§ tilu, m. 'sesamum-seed, oil-seed; a lit:le': tilu na 'not a grain of. 18.
[5827 tila- 1]
tiril'Ya, adv. 'thus, so'. 6. [ =TIUM: see IMVA]
tiritvai, adv. 'thus, even so'. 12. [ =TIUM: see EMVAI]
ti~a. f. 'crossing', in tiihurit pucchu tirannha kala Sl3, comm. 'ask
them the art of crossing, swimming'. 1. [5911 *trti-?]
tia, adj. 'third'. 2'. [ =TIJ.4.]
tisa, num. '30'. 1. [ = TTHA]
tiha, num. '30; the 30 (days' fast of Rama:ian)'. 1. (6015 trimfot-:

tijii, adj. 'third'. 9. [5912 trtiya- 1 : =TIA]
tini (-a AsA6; emph. tine), num. 'three', freq. for ~the three worlds,
the three gur:ias, the three stages oflife'. 21. (5994 tri1_1i: = TINI 2 ; equ.
tirathu, m. 'sacred bathing place, place of pilgrimage': tiratha viisi,
m. 'one who lives at sacred bathing place'. 64. [Sk. tirtha-]
i@ tiru 1 , m. 'arrow'. 3. [Pers. tir]
i@ tim 2 , m. 'river bank'. l(Ml9'). [5842 tira-]
~w tuiini, adj. 'powerful, strong'. 11• [Pers. taviinii]
~l tui, pr. 'just you, you alone'. 11 1• [emph. of TOM (or To): = TUHI]
JfR tussi (pp. tu!fhii), v.i. 'be pleased, be satisfied'. 8. [5897 tu~yati]

JHt tussim, pr. 'you (p-.)'. 3. [ =TUMHA]

~'(; tuhano, pr. 'to you'. I. [see TOM]
~'QT tuhiri, poss. pr, 'your'. I. [see TUMHARA]
~ tuhi, pr. 'just you, you alone'. 6. [emph. ofTOM: =TOMHAI]
JlfT§ tukhiiru 1, m. 'frost, hoarfrost'. I. [Sk. tu~iira-]
?l:I19 tukhiiru 2 , m. '(Tocharian) horse', in tiifi rat ha tukhiira hiithi piikhare
Mj V8 [comm. alsq 'camel, dromedary (from T ocharistan )']. I. [Sk.
tukhiira-, etc.]
tuligu, m. 'notable, noble'. I. [Sk. turiga-]
tucci, f. 'skin'. I. [Sk .. tvacii-]
tujiru, m. 'merchandise, store' as ikanhiim bhare tujiirii(m) MjV7. I'.
[<Ar. tujjiir 'merchants']
tujha, or tujjha (-u: ext. tujhahi, -i, tujhcii), pr. 'you, to. you, your, etc.':
ext. forms usu. emph., but not confined to dative sense. 52. Lsee
tuffi (pp. tu{!ii), v.i. 'be broken, break'. 18. [6065 trufyati: = t·ru-rr1,
tuffhi, pp. of TUSSI 'pleased, satisfied'. (6). [5895 tu~fa-]
tuddhu, or tudhu (-a, usu. before ppn., as tudhano: ext. tuddhai, usu.
emph.), pr. 'you, to you, your, etc.'. 120. [see TOM]
tupaka, f. 'gun' ( + caliii). I. [Turk. >Pers. tupak]
tumha (-e SG2), pr. 'you' (properly p., but very freq. used for the s.
also, as equ. of TOM). 31. (10511 yu~mad (with t· <5889 tuvam):
= TUSSTM; ult. related to THEM, THAIM (SY the); for poss. see
tumhara (-o), poss. pr. 'your, yours'. 2. [ =TUMHARA]
tuma, m. 'a bitter gourd'. 1. [5868 tumbaka-:tf. TUMT]
tumhati, p<>SS. pr. 'your'. 1•. [ = TUMHARA]
tumhiirii, poss. pr. 'your, yours'. 34. [ <TUMHA: =TUHARA,

~ tumi, f. 'a bitter gourd'. 1. [5868 tumbikii-: cf. TUMA, TOMARl]

JQffi turasi, f. 'bitterness'. 1. [Pers. turshi]
~"it turaka~i, f. 'Muslim woman'. 1. [f. <TURAKU]

~cit turaki, f. 'horse of Turkish breed'. 1. [Turk. >Pers. turki]

~g. turaku, m. 'Turk, i.e. Muslim'. 3. [Turk. >Pers. turk]
?Q' tura 1 , m. 'horse, steed'. 2. [5877 turaga-]
?QT tura 2 , pr. 'your'. l 1. [Pers. turii, o. of TO]
~fu tauri 1 , v.i. 'go, move', in turade kaii turadii SuV8.1, i.e. 'water to
water'. M2. [5878 turati]
turi 2 , adv. 'quickly'. 1. [5874 tura- 1 (or abs. of TURl 1)]
turiavasathii, f. 1. [ =TURIAVASATHA]
turiivasathi, f. 'the fourth state (i.e. beyond the three gm:ias),
mystical state of liberation'. 1. [Sk. turiyiivasthii-:
tulasi, f. 'the sacred basil pJant', as tulasi miilii, f. 'necklace made of
basil'. 2. [5885 tulasi-]
~T tulahii (ext. -ara), m. 'raft'. 7. [??; = P., cf. S. turaho]
~ tuli, m. 'scales'. 2. [5886 tu/ii-: =TULU]
~wre tulii, v.t. 'cause to be weighed'. 5. [v.c. <TULi]
~5'El tulii, f. 'quilt, quilted mattress'. 1. [5905 *tuliivati-]
~fc; . tuli, v.t. 'weigh'. 4. [5884 tu/ayati: syn. mu]
~fc; tulli, ppn. 'equal to, comparable with'. 4. [5884 tu/ya-]
"J?J tulu, m. 'scales'. 1. [=TULA]
~~T ttu~andiiiril: see TOl_U

"j ,3 tiim, or tii, pr. 'you'. 365. [5889 tuvam: wr)tten tii may also represent
= :::
iiim but prob. not in all contexts: tiim, tu are used both as d. and as
o., like TOI, TOHI: for emph. forms of the d. see TOM HAI: other forms
of the o. are TAi.i2, TUHANO, TUJHA, TUDDHU, TAIM 1 : for poss. see

tiirilhi, pr. l. ( =TOMHAI]
tiirilhai, pr. 'just you, you alone'. 11. [emph. of TOM: =TUT, TUHI,
tii~, v.i. 'be broken, break'. 12. [=TUTTI]
tiima~. f. 'a hollow gourd'. l. [5868 tumba- 1 + -4-: cf. TUMT]
tiiru (-ii), m. 'trumpet'. 3'. [5901 (or Sk.) tura-]
te 1 , pr. 'those, they'. 30. [ = SE 1 ; see TISl:I]
te 2 , or tern, ppn. 'from, out of; through, by means of; (rarely) on'.
135. [tatena?]
tehi (-o), adj. 'of such a kind, such, like that'. 13. [5760 tadrfo-:
tehi 1 , adv. 'then, therefore?', in satiguru sevamhi tehi 0040. l'.
[emph. <5612 ta-]
tehi 2 , pr. 'they'. 1 (SoA4'). [emph. of TE 1]
tega; f. 'sword': tega vagiii 'wield, brandish sword'. 2. [Pers. tefll!]
tegabandu, m. 'swordsman, warrior': also 'sword-belt' (Sr7). 2.
[Pers. tefll!-band]
teju, m. 'fire; passion, anger'. 2. [Sk. tejas-]
teta 1 (-o), adj. 'so much, so many (p.)'. 20. [see ETA]
teta 2 , m. 'the Treta yuga, second of the four ages of the world'. 1.
[Sk. tretii- f.: =TRETA]
tetisa, num. '33', as ko~i tetisa '33 crores, a huge number of. 2. [6000
terasi, f. '13th day of lunar fortnight'. l. [6002 trayodasi-]
terii (-au, -o), poss. pr. 'your, yours'. 285. [the usu. poss. ofTOJi.t; syn.
telu (-o), m. 'sesamum oil'. 9. [5958 taila-]
teva~u, adj. 'so great'. 3. [see EVAI?U]
tevehi (-o), adj. 'of such a kind, like that'. 3. [ext. of TE HA: see IVEHA]
te~, m. 'loins, hips, lower part of body'. 1. [6019 trika- + -4-?; = P.
tai, cj. 'and'. 9. [=ATAI]
tairil 1 , pr. 'you, to you'. 14. [see TOM]
tairi1 2 , pr. 'him, to him', usu. as jaim bhiivai taim dei 'He gives to
whom He pleases'. 10. [see r1su]
taisii (-o, ext. -ara), adj. 'of such a kind, like that': raise, as adv. 'so'.
23. [5760 tadrfo-: =TEHA; cf. JAISA]
tai~, or taim~i. poss. pr. 'yours'. 1d. [see TERA.]
to, pr. 'you'. 11, [Pers.: cf. TURA 2 (and ml?)]
toa, m. 'water'. 4. {5974 toya-]
toi, pr. 'you'. l'. [see TOM]
tosii, m. 'provision, stock'. 2. [Pers. tosha 'provisions for journey']
tohi, _or torithi? (-a', -i', tuhi DhSh3'), pr. 'you, your'. 7'. [see TOM]
to~a. m. 7. [ =TOTJ]
to~ (-a'), f. 'deficiency, lack, want; damage, loss': tofi na iii (hoi) 'not
to run out, there to be no end to or lack of. 14. [•trofya-? (cf. 6064
tru!i- 1 ): =TOTA]
tori, v.t. 'bn:ak'. 1. [=TOI.ti]
toru, poss. pr. 'your, yours'. 3'. [see TERA]
tolii, m. 'tola, a weight of gold ( = 12 miisas)'. 2. [ 5978 to/aka-]
toli, v.t. 'weigh'. 17. [5979 tolayati: syn. TULi]
tolu (-o'), rn. 'a weight; weighing': tali tt1liii 'have weighed (on
scales?)'. 15. [ 5980 tol ya-]
to~i (pres. ptc. mpo. trurandiiim AsF2), v.t. 'break'. 10. [6079
trofayati: =TORI]
triisii, f. 'fear'. l '· [Sk. triisa-]
tria, f. 'woman, wife'. 2. [13734 stri-: cf. ISATRI]
trisa~i (as 3s. -asi Mr3), v.i. 'stop, stand, be at rest'. 1. [for Sk.
trisana, f. 'thirst, craving'. 29. [Sk. tm1.ii-: =TISANA.]
trihu (-a), num. 'three': triha dasa GjAl 'the three gu~as and ten
objects of the senses'. 4. [ =TIHU]
triku!), f. 'conditions created by the three gm:ias' ( + chuHi, chiifi). 2.
[Sk. • triku!i-]
trikha, f. 'thirst'. 1. [ = TIKHA]
trii:au, m. 'grass, blade of grass'. 5. [Sk. t~tJa-]
tritiii, f. '3rd day of lunar fortnight'. 1. [Sk. tr,tiya-]
tripati (-u, -iigii Soto'), adj. 'sated'. 3. [Sk. tfpta-]
tripatiii, v.t. 'satisfy'. l. [v.c. <TRIPATl 2 ]

tripatisi, v.i. 'be sated, satisfied'. 9. [ <Sk. trpta- + ?: =TRIPATl 2 ]
tripati1, f. 'satiety, satisfaction, contentment'. 12. [Sk. trpti-:
tripati 2 , v.i. 'be sated, satisfied'. 6. [ < Sk. t[pta-: = T1PAT1 2 ,
tribidhi, adj. 'triple, of three kinds, connected with the three gur.ias',
hence f. 'the world, subject to the three gur.ias'. 6. [Sk. trividha-]
tribhavai:iu (-o), m. 'the three worlds, the triple creation (of heaven,
earth, and the lower regions)'. 49. [Sk. tribhuvana-]
treti, m. 'the Tretii yuga'. 1. [ =TETA 2 ]
trai, num. 'three', usu. as trai gutJa 'the three gur.ias': trai sata SG58
'ten': trai loi 'in the three worlds': trai loka 'the three worlds'. 16.
[Sk. traya~: equ. TIHU, TTNI]
traipila, f. 'the three-lined verse, i.e. the Gayatrf. is. [TRAI + 8041
pali- 1 ]

'El TH

thakki (pp. thakka) v.i. 'become tired, exhausted: come to an end,

stop' (int. + pai). 13. [13737 *sthakk-: =TH.I.Kl]
tha!uii, m. 'show, ostentation' ( + kari). l '. [6090 *thaHha- 2 : cf.
thai:iu. m. 'woman's breast'. 4. (13666 stana-]
thattha, m. 'the letter TH'. 1.
thanantari (-i), adv. 'in another place', as thana thanantari 'in each
and e:very place'. 3. (13754 sthanantara-: =THANANTARI]
thammhi, v.t. 'stop, restrain'. 1. [13683 stambhate]
thammhu, m. 'pillar, prop'.· 4. [13682 stambha-: cf. ASATHAMBHU]
tharathara, f. 'trembling', as thararhara kambi 'tremble violently'. 1.
[6092 *thar-]
thalu, m. 'desert': thali ca~hi 'venture into the desert'. 24. (13744
tthii (mp. the SIF69), v.s. 'was'. F. [13768 sthita-; = H.: syn. s.\ 3 ]
thiirim (-o'; so., pd. thiimva; sl. thiimi, -1, thiimvahi BITl8; sa.
chiimvamhu; po. thiimviim; pl. thiimlm), m. 'place, position': chiimi
pavi, pai 'fall into position, be granted place before God'; tpure
thiiritu MlV22.l (M2) 'occupies the best place'?: sl. thiimi also as
ppn. 'in place of, instead of, and used to form adverbs, like kitu
thiimi 'in what place?, where?'; sa. fthiimvarithu MjV2.2 (M2), as
ppn. 'than'. 56. [13760 sthiiman-: ='fHAMU]
thaki (pp. thiikii), v.i. 'become tired'. 15. [ =THAKKI]
thii~u, m. 'frame for thatched shelter', in goili thiifu Ga6•: comm. as
'compositions' in beda puriirJa pai:hai SWJi thiifii(m) Ga 11 r [or perh.
'bombast, showy rhetoric'? (6090 *thagha- 2 )]. 2'. [6089 *thagha- 1
thiinasa~u. m. 'place of worship of devotion?', in chiinasa!a jaga
bharisafa hoe Dh8. 1 [comm. understand as *'sthiine~fa- (?)]
thiinantari, adv. 1. [ ==THANANTARI: see THANU]
thiini', adj. 'permanent, abiding'. 1 (0034). [sthiinin-]
thanu, m. 'place': thiina thanantari, thiini 2 thiinancari, adv. 'in each
and every place'. 25. [13753 sthiina-, *sthiinya-: cf. ASATHANU]
thiipi, v.t. 'fix, place; establish, confirm' (int. + de, rakkhi): thiipi
uthiipi 'esta;,lish and remove, create and destroy (of God~. 34.
[13759 sthiipyate]
thiirii, poss. pr. 'your, yours'. 3. [cf. SY thiirau: see TERA]
thiilu, m. 'dish (for lamp( 1. [13766 sthiila-]
thiirilva, etc.: see THAMU
thiii: see THI
thiti, f. 'day of lunar month'. 6. [for Sk. tithi-]
thiru, adj. 'fixed, firm, permanent'. 22. [13771 sthira-: cf. ASATHIRU]
thl (abs. thi, thii SuVl0.2; pp. msd. thiii, thia AsV15.l, fsd. thii
GaCl; pres. 3s. thlai, thijai RaA5', thfvai Va2), v.i. 'become' (int. +
rahi). 45. [13773 sthlyate (or < 13768 sthita-): syn. HOI]
thukka, f. 'spit': thukkiim pavi, pai 'be spat on'. 4. [6097 *thukk-]
fthe: see trHA
them, pr. 'you', as them bhavai Prl3 'if it pleases You'. 1. [ =THAirYI:
see TUMHA]
thehu, m. 'place, abode'. 1. [13695 stibhi-: ='fHEHA]

'Sa theka, f. 'sheath', in gw.ra ki thekai vicci samiii RaV19.2. l. [13746
st ha vi- + -kk-]
~ fthai, ppn. 'on', as maim thai SIF93 'on, to me'. F. [ < 13760
-S thairit, pr. 'you'. l. [=THEM]
~ tho~i(ext. mpd.-areSr24),adj. 'a little; few'. 5. [l3720stoka- + -4-J


dautu, m. 'light; daylight, dawn', in caiithii paharu bhaiii dautu

TuC2, and riima niimu hari !eka hai nisi dauta samviirai AsA22 'a
support which provides light in the darkness of night?'. 2.
dala, f. 'compassion, sympathy, pity' ( + kari): daiii pati, m. 'lord of
compassion, God the compassionate'. 33. [Sk. dayii-: =DAL!.]
dalalu (-ii), adj. 'compassionate'. 49. [Sk. da}·iilu-]
dasa, num. 'ten': dasa afha likhe 'the 10 + 8 writings ( = 18
Pura~as)': dasa afhiira 'the 10 (4 Vedas+6 Sastras) + 18
(Pura1;1as)': dasa avatiirii(m) 'the 10 incarnations of Vi~nu': dasa
duiira 'the body with its 10 apertures; the Tenth Door' [see
DU.J.Ru]: dasa puraba 'the 10 auspicious days of the lunar cycle':
dasau disi, adv. 'all around, in all 10 directions'. 11. [6227 da5a]
dasata, m. 'hand', as na rijaku dasata iim kase MjV 13.5 'sustenance
is not in the hands of anyone (but God)'. 11• [Pers. dast]
dasatarigira, m. 'protector'. 1tr. [Pers. dast-gir]
dasami, f. '10th day of lunar fortnight'. l. [Sk. da5ami-]
dasavarit, adj. 'tenth': also as m. 'the Tenth Door', for dasaviim
DUARU. 9. [6233 daSama-] .
dasa, f. 'condition of life, state'. 1r. [Sk. dasii-]
dasai, v.t. 'ask (to be told the way)'. 4. [v.c. <DASS!: syn. BAT.J.I]
dasahara, m. 'the festival of Dasahra, held in celebration of the
birth of Ganga (when bathing in the Ganges is supposed to purify
from 10 sorts of sins)'. F. [Sk. da5aharii-]
dassi, v.t. 'show, tell, point out (road, way)'. 6. [6210 dar5ayati]
dasii~a. adj. 'tenfold'. 2. [ 6229 da5agu~a-]

dasau: see DASA

dahasiru (-o), m. 'the ten-headed demon'. 3. [da.fosiras-]

dahadisa (-i), adv. 'all around, in all 10 directions'. 5. [dafodis-]
dahi, or dahim, m. 'curds, coagulated milk, yoghourt' ( + viloi). 2.
(6146 dadJii-: cf. DADHI)
dakhii:a&, f. 'gift'. 1. [Sk. dak~i~a-]
dajjhi (pp. daddha), v.i. 'burn, be burnt'. 7. [6248 dahyate: = DAJHI]
dattu, m. 'gift, offering' ( + kari). 2. [Sk. datta-]
dantu, m. 'tooth': as 'tooth-stick'? in damodaru dantu lei As35. 5.
[Sk. danta-: cf. DANDU]
dandakhai:i~u, m. 'ivory, ivory bracelet'. 1. (6152 danta- + 3792
~ daddi, m. 'the letter D'. 1.
dandu, m. 'tooth'. 1. (6152 danta-: cf. DANTU]
el]T daddhi, pp. of DAJJHI 'burnt'. (2). (6121 dagdha-: = DADHA]
mu dadhi, m. 'curds' ( + mathi). I. [Sk.: cf. DAHi]
~ dabbi, v.i. 'be pressed down; be buried'. 3. (6173 *dabb-]
ey fdabbhu, m. 'grass (Poa cynosuroides?)'. F'. (6203 darbha-]
~l}fT damimi, m. 'large kettledrum'. I. [Pers. damama]
damu, m. 'breath'. 2. [Pers. dam: cf. IKADAMI]
dammu (so. dama GaA12), m. 'money, wealth'. 2. [6622 dramma-:
dayyu, m. 'God, divine power', in dayyi vigoe phirarithi MjV26.1. 1.
[6574 daiviya-]
dara 1 'door': see DARU
dara 2 , prepn. 'in'. 21. [Pers. dar 1 ]
darasanu, m. 'vision, sight, seeing, glimpse: appearance: audience,
attendance upon': p. darasana 'the six classical philosophical
systems of Hinduism': darasani rupi aparu 'unbounded in form and
appearance': darasanu kari, dekhi 'attain vision (of God)'. 46. (Sk.
darasu, m. 'vision, sight, glimpse': darasu dikhai 'grant vision':
darasu parasi 'attain vision'. 7. [Sk. darfo-]
darakhata, m. 'tree'. 1'. [Pers. darakht]

daragaha (sl. also -a, rarely -i), f. 'court, God's court'. 83. [Pers.
~ daraji, m. 'tailor'. 1. [Pers. darzi]

t!a~ daradavandu, adj., m. 'grieved, distressed'. 2. [Pers. dardinand]

t!as daradu, m. 'pain, grief, distress'. 10. [Pers. dard]
tros~ darabiru, m. 'court, God's court'. 17. [P.ers. darbiir: = DARAVARU]
B"'dll darabu, m. 'wealth, property'. 3. (6625 dravya-]
~?'HT daravaja, m. 'door, gate; aperture of the body'. 5. [Pers. darviiza]
~·il daravi"1i, m. 'doorkeeper'. 1. [ =DARAVANU]
~'01 daravini, f. 'acting as watchman', as daraviini kari 'keep watch
over'. 1. [ <DARAVANU]
daravanu, m. 'doorkeeper, watchman'. 1. [Pers. darbiin:
daravaru, m. 'court', in riikhalJa kai.i daraviiru SrS 'in order that they
may assiduously attend His court'. tr. [ = DARABARU)
~~T. tdaravesaviril, adj. 'of dervishes'. F. [ < pARAVESU]
~1<1°?F1 daravesi, f. 'being a dervish' ( + kari). 1. [Pers. darveshi]
~~ daravesu, m. 'dervish, beggar'. 2. [Pers. darveill
~~TC dariva~a. f. 'threshold'. 1. [DARU + 7699 paHa- 1 ]
t!QJ))f~ dariiiu, m. 'river'. 9. [Pers. t(aryii]
~ daru (so., pd. dara 1, sl. dari, sa. -iimhu Su V 10.1 ', po. -iim), m. 'door,
gate: court; gate of God's court, God's court': dari dibiini 'at the
gate and in the cou,rt (of God)': daru gharu 'gate and ho"s~. palace'.
112. [Pers. dar 2 ]
dariida, f. 'prayer, invocation' ( + par:hi). 1'. [Pers. durud]
darogu, rn. 'lie, falsehood'. 2. [Pers. darog}1]
-dalas:-u, m. 'crusher, destroyer', as dukha dalalJa 0035. 1. (6271
daliilu 1 , m. 'go-between, middleman'. 1 (AsV17.1). [Ar. dalliil]
daliilu 2 , rn. 'strict judge', .in dharamu daliilu piie nisiilJu Su V 13.1. 1.
[<Ar. daliiil, p. of dalil 'evidence, proof]
dalu, m. 'army': dalu melavi 'assemble army'. 2. (6215 dala- 4 ]
da~. m. 'silence'?, injhu1Jtfa piii bahanhi niti mara1Jai dar;i dibii1Ji na
jiimhi MjV26.1 [if not for expected dari < DARU?: or for DARA 2 'in'].
1. [??: = P. dar:, m. 'silence')
dii (msl. dai, mpd. de 2 ; fs. di', fp. diam), ppn. indicating possession or
connexion 'belonging to, 's, or. 30. [prob. < 13127 santaka-; = P.
da: =SANDA; equ. KA]
diiu, m. 'trick used to throw in wrestling', as jamdaru mare diilai
MjV20. l'. (6258 datu-]
diiii, m. 'male nurse, child-minder'. 2. [Pers. daya]
diii, f. 'nurse, wet-nurse, nanny'. 2. [Pers.]
diisi (-i'), f. 'female slave, slave-girl': int. diisani diisi. 4. [6316 dasl-]
diisu (-a, -o'), m. 'slave': int. diisani dasu (-ii) 'slave of slaves, most
abject servant', p. diisana ke diisa MrS14. 41. [6316 (or Sk.) diisa-]
tdakha, f. 'grape, vine'. F. [6628 driik~a-]
diigu, m. 'stain, blemish': int. diigiim diiga Dh5' 'completely stained'.
3. [Pers. diigJ1.J
diijhi (pp. diidha), v.i. 'burn; be consumed'. 4. [ = DAiJHI]
dii1,1ii 1 (-u'), m. 'seed, grain; food': dii')u de 'sow seed'. 4. [Pers. diina]
dii1,1a 2 , adj. 'wise', only as va<!a datJii 'very wise'. 3. [=DANA]
data (-au), m. 'giver, bestower (esp. of God)': freq. as final member
of compounds, e.g. sukha diicii 'bestower of joy'. 85. [Sk. diitr-:
diitiiru (-a'), m. 'giver, provider (of God)'. 13. [Sk. diitr- (strong
stem): =DAT ii]
dati, f. 'gift, bounty; bounteousness, liberality': dati kari 'be
bounteous': diiti de 'bestow gift, bounty'. 33. [6140 datta-?]
dadaru, m. 'frog'. 3. [6198 dardura- 1 ]
diidi (-e), f. 'justice; appreciation, value': aggai /ahamhi na diidi
SaV20. I' 'they find no appreciation, i.e. are of no account': dade
dihanda MjV 13.3 1 'dispensing justice, just'. 21r. [Pers. dad]
diidha, pp. of DAJHI, 'burnt, i.e. wretched'. (1). [ = DADDHA]
diinasabandu, m. 'wise man'. i. [Pers. diini~!!_mand]
diinava (-a), mp. 'diinavas, a class of demons'. 5. [Sk.]
danii, adj. 'wise, omniscient', usu. as diinii binii 'all-wise (and all-
seeing, of God)'. 11. [Pers.: = DAt:iA 2 ]
dini, v.t. 'know', as imp. 2s. and pres. 2s. in tahakika di/a diini, di/a
heci na dani Til. 21r. [Pers. diin(i) <;diinistan]
~19 diinu (-o'), m. 'gift, giving; charity, alms; liberality' ( + kari, de):
diiniim kai siri diinu 'the greatest of gifts'. 54. [6265 diina-•]
dimani, f. 'lightning'. 1. [for Sk. saudamani-]
dimu, m. 'money'. 1. [ = DAMMU]
dimodaru, m. 'God'. 1. [Sk. diimodara- 'having rope round the
belly, ep. of Km1a']
diracla, v.t. 'has', in kasa nadiirada Til 'has no one (to support)'. 11•
[Pers. diirad, pres. 3s. of diishtan]
diri, f. 'wife'. 3. [6293 diira- 2 ]
dirii, m. 'medicine, drug, remedy'. 12. [Pers.]
diladu, m. 'poverty, want': diilada bhanjanu 'destroyer of want'. 2.
[ 6297 diiridrya- ( > Pk. diilidda-)]
dil( f. 'split pea, split seed'. l r. (6309 diila- 2 ]
divi, m. 'claim, false claim ( + kari). ir~ [Ar. da'vii]
di~hi, f. 'beard'. lr. (6250 diif#hikii-]
cliuhip, adv. 'daily'. 1. ( = DIHA~I)
disa, f. 'side, direction', as dasau disi, adv. 'all around'. l. (6339 di~ii-:
mi 1, v.i. 'l?e seen, appear, seem'. 18. [6516 drsyate: = DISI]
mi2, f. 'sight', as dissi na iii 'not to appear'. 2. [6515 drsya-?]
clisafi, f. 'look': disafi bikiirim bandhi 'fix gaze on wrong actions,
sins'. 3. [ = DRISATI]
~ disantaru, m. 'foreign country, strange parts, abroad': disantara
desu 'abroad and at home, i.e. everywhere'. 7. [for Sk. ddiintara-]
RH~ tdisipuri, adv. 'abroad'. M2. [6553 •desiipara- x PURI?]
~~ dihancla, m. 'giver, granter'. 21• [Pers. dihand(a)]
feur;{T dihi~i. m. 'day'. 1. [ = DJMHU]
~r;it dihip, adv. 'daily'. P. [ <DIHA~A: =DIUHA~I]
fuiJ clirhhu, m. 'day': dimhu divim SuA4, adv. 'by day, in broad daylight'.
9. (6333 divasa-: = tf?JMHU, J?EMHU, DIHA~A; cf. DIVASU; syn. DINU]
~ clikhalii, v.t. 'show, show off. 2r. [v.c.. < DIKHALI: = DIKHA.I]
ful:lr tdikhi (or dikhiilh?), cmph. used with imp., in koi kichu karihu dikhii
MjY2.2. M2. [ <DIKHA.i; cf. P. khiim]
dikhii, v.t. 'cause to be seen; show, display' (int. + de). 47. [v.c.
dikhili, V.t. 3. ( = DIKHAI, DEKHALI]

digambaru, m. 'naked Jain ascetic'. 1. [Sk. digambara-]
digari, adj. 'other, another'. 11• [Pers. digar]
dicci (as pres. 3s. diccai), v.i. 'be given'. 2. [6365 diyate 1 (with anal.
-cc-): = DTJI]
ditti (ext. fsd. -ariSuCl; ms. + 3s. suf. ditonu AsV18.3; fs. +ls. suf.
dittamu MrAlOci), pp. of DE 1 'given, gave'; as m. 'what is given, gift'.
(15). [6140 *ditta-: =DITA; syn. DJA 1, DlNA 1]
dinasu, m. 'day'. 7. [DINU x DIVASU)
dinantu, m., as riiti dinantu (-i) 'night and day'. 3. [but Sk. diniinta-
diniaru, m. 'sun'. 2. [6329 dmakara-]
dinu, m. 'day': dina ciiri Sr5 'a few days': dinu (-a)'riiti (-i''), adv. 'day
and night'. 50. (6328 dina-: syn. DIMHU]
dilu (-a1), m., (-i), f. 'heart': dilahi pasinde Sr27 'pleasing to the heart'.
9. [Pers. dil, and cf. Pers. dil-pasand]
divasu, m. 'day'. 2. [Sk. divasa-: cf. DJMHU]
divii, v.t. 'cause to be given'. I'. [~.c. <DE 1]
diviji, m. 'show, ostentation', in avari diviije duni ke jhii!he MjV6.1,
sim. binujagadisajhii!he diviije GaAIOr."2. [app. for Pers. dibiica,
dibaja 'preface to a book, typically written in ornamental style,
with gilding and decorations']
divini, adj. 'mad'. 4. [ = DEVANA]
divila, f. 'wall'. 2. [Pers. diviir]
divai: see DE 1
di~ham, adj. 'firm, strong'. 15• [ = DRU~.Hu]
di~i, v.t. 'strengthen, make firm'. 1. [ =DR11.rn1]
tdi~hu, adj. F. [ = DJ~HAM]
di: see DA
dii 1 (-ur, mpd. -e), pp. of DE 1 'given, gave'; 'rowed out (of boat)'
MrA2: also as m. 'what is given, gift'.(40). (6140 *dita-: syn. DITO.]
dii 2 , m. 'lamp'. 1 (Ra4~. [=DIVA]
diiim: see DA
disi, v.i. 'be seen, appear'. 4f [=D1ss1 1 ]
dikhii, f. 'initiation, instruction, teaching' ( + le). 9. [Sk. dik~-]

diji (as pres. 3s. dijai), v.i. 'be given'. 31. (6365 diyate 1 : = DICCI; used
as pass. of DE 1 ]
diti, pp. of DE 1 'given'. (2'). [ = DIITA]
didiiru, m. 'sight, vision (of God)' ( + piii 1 , vekhi). 3. [Pers. didiir]
dinii 1 , pp. of DE 1 'given'. (2). [6140 *dinna-: syn. DITTA]
dinu 1 (-ii 2 '), adj., m. 'poor, wretched', usu. as dlna daiiilu (-ii), m.
'cherisher of the poor (of God)'; dlnii niithu, m. 'lord, protector of
the poor (of God)'. 11. [Sk. dlna-]
dinu 2 , m. 'faith, religion (i.e. Islam)': duniii kiiratJi dinu gamviiiii Sl5
'has lost faith (the next world) for the sake of this world'. 3. [Ar. din]
dipaku, m. 'lamp, light'. 20. [Sk. dipaka-: cf. DTVA]
dipii, v.t. 'cause to blaze, make shine'. 4'. [v.c. <6362 dipyate]
dipu 1, m. 'one of the seven continents or climes of the earth'. 4. [for
Sk. dvipa-]
dipu 2 , m. 'lamp, light'. l (SrA7). [Sk. dipa-: cf. DTVA]
dibii~u (ext. sl. -iai MjVlO), m. 'court, royal court, tribunal (esp.
that of God); minister, chief officer'. 14. [Pers. diviin: = DTBANU,
dibinu, m. 3. [ = DIBA~U]
diraghu, adj. 'long, tall'. 2. [Sk. dfrgha-]
diva, m. 'lamp, light': dui dive 'the two lamps, i.e. sun and moon'. 17.
[6348 dipaka-: = DTA 2; cf. oiPAKU, OIPu 2)
divinu, m. 2. [ =DIBA~u]
-divim, adv., as dimhu divim SuA4 'by day, in broad daylight'. 1.
[ <6348 dipa-?]
duiu, m., as viiu duiiu 'windy talk, gas, nonsense'. 2'. [durviita- 'fart',
or durviida- 'bad speech, abuse' (both >Pk. duvviiya-)]
duii, f. 'blessing', as duiiim de 'give blessings'. 1. [Ar. du'ii]
duidasi (-i), f. '12th day of lunar fortnight'. 2. [Sk. dviidasi-]
duiiparu, m. 'the Dvapara yuga, third of the four ages of the world'.
2. [Sk. dviipara-]
duiiri 1 , m. 'the city of Dwarka, sacred to Km1a'. I (MrS2). [Sk.
duiru (-a 2 ), m. 'door, gate: one of the ten apertures of the body, i.e.
the nine natural ones and the Tenth Door, the supposed aperture

in the skull, whose opening is the principal object of yoga, and
which is freq. used as a symbol for the mystical process'. 43. (6459
*duviira-: = OUVARU- (also Sk. dviira: cf. BARU 1)]
dlialai, adv. 'all around'. 1. [??; = P. (iile) duii/e]
dui, num. 'two'. 48. [6648 dva-: cf. DOI1 BE]
dusa~u (-ii), adj. 'wicked, evil, bad'; also m. 'evil; sin; evil person,
wretch, enemy'. 7. [Sk. du~ra-]
dusamanu, m. 'enemy'. 4. [Pers. dushman]
duhaga1_1i, f. 'woman abandoned by husband'. l. [ = DOHAGA~l]
duhu, or dumhu (-u 0028; fduhiim MjV22.l-M2), num. 'both': also
(as f.?) 'duality'. 4. [=DOI]
duhela (ext. fsd. -a~iii GaCl), adj. 'grieved, distressed; painful'. 8.
(6375 du~kha- + -ilia-; cf. SUHELA]
dukhala, adj. 'grieved'. 2'. (6375 du~kha- + -la-; cf. SUKHALA]
fdukkhi, v.i. 'be pained, suffer'. F. [6376 du~khati]
dukhla (fsd. dukhi), adj. 'grieved, pained, unhappy'. 10. (6380
du~khita-: = DUKHIA)
dukkhu, dukhu, m. 'pain, grief, sorrow, suffering': dukha sukha, etc.
'sorrows and joys': dukkha badukkha MrV14.3' 'unrelieved
sufferings': dukha bhanjanu, m. 'destroyer of pain'. 184. [6375
du~kha-: = fi;>uKKHU, DO~rnu]
duga1_1ii, m. 'damri (small coin worth 8 cowries or! pice)'. l '. [6374a
*du- 2 + 4001 ga1J<Jaka- 'coin worth four cowries']
duggha~u. adj. 'hard to traverse (of road)'. 1. [6433 durgit'ara- (with
Sk. -HJ .
duttaru, adj. 'hard to cross': also as m. 'the sea of the world'. 6.
[6475 dustara-]
dutia, adj. 'second; another'. 1. [Sk. dvitiya-: cf. DOJA]
dundaru, m. 'clamour, uproar', as adj.? 'making a din' in dundara
duta bhuta bhihiile MrSl 1. 1. [ <6649 *duvariidva- ( + -r-):
duddhu (-ii), m. 'milk'. 8. [6391 dugdha-: = DODHU]
dunl, f. 4. [ = DUNl..i.]
dunia, f. 'the world, worldly goods'. 28. [Ar. dunyii: =DUNT]
dunidaru, m. 'worldly person; rich man'. 1. [Ar. >Pers. dunyii-diir]

dubbalu (ext. fsd. -iyii GaCI), adj. 'weak, emaciated'. 2. [6438
dubidhi, f. 'being in two minds, wavering, doubt; hesitating
between God and the world, dualism': dubidhii pa~i 'fall into
dualism'. 33. [ < Sk. dvividha- 'twofold'?]
~T duyyi, adj. 'second; other (than God)'. l. [ = DOJ.!.]
durajanu, m. 'villain; wicl~ed person'. 2. [Sk. durjana-]
so';ia9 durajodhaou, m. 'Duryodhana, leader of the Kauravas in the
Mahabharata'. 1.
duramati, f. 'foolishness, folly; wrong understanding, false
thinking'. 33. [Sk. durmati-]
50lfu durii, v.t. 'hide'. 1. [ <6495 diira-]
?QYtj'TOJ duriciri, adj. 'following evil practices, wicked'. l '. [Sk. duriiciirin-]
gfu duri, v.i. 'be hidden'. 1. [v.i. <DURAi]
~ dulambhu, adj. 'hard to obtain'. l. (6447 *durlambha-]
~tjT dulici, m. 'carpet, rug'. 1. [Pers. g_b_iillca._qiilica]
duviru, m. 'door'. l '. [=DU.A.RU]
~T diii, adj., m. 4. [ = DOJA]
diikhu, m. 'pain, grief, sorrow'. 65. [ = DUKKHU]
diiji, adj. 'second; another; other, other than God': and freq. as m.
'the other, miiya, the world': 123. [6402 *dutiya-: = DUYYA, DOA;
syn. BlJAU; cf. DUTTA]
diil_)i, adj. 'double, twice as much'. 2. (6390 *dugw;ia-]
diitu, m. 'messenger, envoy (esp. of the angels of death); servant;
soldier (esp. of sins as enemies)'. 15. [Sk. diita-]
diimdaru, m. 'uproar, clamour'. 1. [ = DUNDARU]
diidhu, m. 'milk'. 5. [ = DUDDHU]
diiri (-r, -e'), adv. 'far, far off, far away, at a distance': diiri de 'send
far away': a. diiramhu Mr4, adv. 'from afar'. 41. (6495 diira-]
de 1 (inf. de1Ju, deva1Ju; pres. ptc. demdii; pp. dittii, diii 1 , ditii, dinii 1 ;
pres. ts. deum, deiim, devaum, deviim, 3s. dei, -i, devai, divai SuC4,
Ip. dehiim, 3p. demhi, denhi; fut. 3s. desij, v.t. 'give; grant; pay' (int.
+ de): freq. used to form nominal conjuncts, also as modal verb +
abs., implying action directed outward from the subject: as modal
verb + inf. so. (or sl.) 'allow to, let', e.g. jii1Ja de 'allow to go, let go'.
270. (6141 dadiiti ( x 6966 nayati): cf. DICCI, DlJI]
de 2 : see DA
deu (pd. deva, po. -iim), m. 'God', usu. in p. 'gods, the gods'. 20.
[6523 deva-]
~ desu, m. 'land, country: homeland': desi disantari, adv. 'at home
and abroad, all over the place, everywhere'. 15. (6547 dda-]
~ deha (-iir, -i), f. 'the body'. 40. (6557 deha-]
~§d' dehurii, m. 'temple'. 2. [6528 *devaghara-]
~1 dehuri, f. 'the body'. 6. [f. < DEHURA ( x DEHJ?)]
~' dekhii, m. 'appearance'. 1 (MrS21 r). ( < DEKHI)
~1fE dekhiii, v.t. 'cause to be seen: show' (int. + de). 3. [ = DIKHAI]
~rfcij dekhali, v.t. 'show'. 4. [ = DIKHALI, DEKHAI]
~fu dekhi (pp. dekhiii, also 4iUhii, 4ifha), v.t. 'see, behold, observe, look

at'. 220. [6507 *dek~ate: = l?EKHI: syn. PEKHI, VEKHI]

dega, f. 'large cooking pot, cauldron'. 1. [Pers. deg]
denhi, etc.: see DE 1
dera, f. 'husband's younger brother('s wife)', as deraje{hiina~iiiritha
MrAIO. 1. [6546 devara-: cf. DEVARU)
deva: see DEU
devasathiinu, m. 'temple'. Ir. [Sk. devasthiina-]
devatii, m. 'deit·y, god, goddess: anything held sacred or holy'. 8.
[Sk. devatii-: cf. DEVA]
devaru, m. 'husband's younger brother'. 1. (6546 devara-: cf. DERA]
devalu, m. 'temple'. 1. [6524 devakula-]
de,·a, m. 'God, god'. 5. [6530 devatii-: cf. DEVA TA (or ext. of oeu?)]
deviita, f.? 'divinity', in deva deviita iitamah SIS4, comm. 'the spirit
of divinity of the gods'. 1'. [for Sk. deviitman-?].
deviinii, adj. 'mad, insane, crazy'. 12. [Pers. diviina, deviina:
devi, f. 'goddess'. 6. [Sk.]
devai: see DE 1
dai: see DA
daiii, f. 'compassion'. I. [ = DAIA]
daitu, m. 'demon: the demon, i.e. Rava1,1a'. 6. [Sk. daitya-]
doiirit, num. 'both'. 2. [=DOI]

doi (-i'), num. 'both': also f. 'duality'. 10'. [6648 dva-: =DUHU,
dosati, f. 'friendship, affection, love' ( + kari). 6. [Pers. dosti]
dosi, adj., m. 'guilty; sinner'. 1. [do~in-]
dosu, m. 'fault, guilt; sin': (kaii) dosu de, dhari 'attribute fault, guilt
to; blame'. 14. [6587 do~a-: =I;>OSU; cf. DOKHU]
dohigas;ii, f. 'woman who has lost husband's love, woman
abandoned by husband'. 9. [ < 6600 daurbhiigya- ( x 13617
saubhiigya- 1 ): = f?OHAGA~I, DUHAGA~l]
dohi, f. 'cry for help; call, proclamation' ( + de, pheri). 4. [r?; = P.
dokhu (-amr; ext. -arii), m. 'fault; guilt, sin'. 6. [Sk. do~a-: cf. oosu]
dojaku, m. 'hell'. 4. [Pers. dozaM!]
doti, adv. 'quickly?', in doti uciipati lekhu na likhiai TuC5 'the
account for goods taken on credit is not written quickly' [vs.
comm. 'daily' ( < DOTU 'daylight')]. 1. [prob. Pk. daiitti 'quickly'
( <?)]
dotu, m. 'daylight, dawn', in niimu bhatJahu sacu dotu samviiri BaA 1
'utter the true Name, carefully observing the daylight (i.e. at
dawn)'. 1. [for Sk. dyota-: = DAUTU]
dolaka, f. 'drum', in dolaka duniii viijamhi viija As4. 1. [5608 4hola-
+ -kk- (with d- < duniii)] .
dovairh, num. 'both'. 6. [ = 001]
dravi, v.i. 'melt, be softened (of the soul)'. 1. [Sk. dravati]
drisa!i, f. 'sight, power of seeing: look, look of favour' ( + kari):
drisafi diragha TuB3, adj. 'far-sighted'. 8. [Sk. dr~fi-: = DISA"!l]
drirhiii, v.t. 'cause to bestrengthened,fortified'.13. [v.c. < DRI~H1 1 ]
drirhimarh, m. 'causing to be strengthened'. 2r. [ < DR11.rnA.1, + ?]
drirhi 1, v.t. 'strengthen,fortify'. 2. [ <6508 dr4ha-: =DI~HI]
dri~hi 2 , f. 'firmness (of mind)', in jekari drir:hi citu kijai Gal6. 1.
[6509 *dr4hi-J
dri~hu, adj. 'firm, strong'. 1. [6508 drtJha-: =Dll~HAM]
dhaiilaharu, m. 'palace, large house painted white'. 2. [6768
*dhavalaghara-: =DHAVALAHARU]
dhaiili, adj. 'white (of hair)'. 3. [6767 dhavala- 2 ]
dhaiilu, m. 'the white bull which supports the earth'. 2. [6767
dhavala- 2 : =DHAVALU, DHAULU]
dhakki, m. 'pushing, being pushed about'. 2. [6701 *dhakk-]
fdhaja, f. 'strip of cloth', as dhaja kari 'tear to shreds'. F. [??(cf. 6895
dhvamsa-?); =P. dhaj]
dha"'akhu, m. 'bow', as dha'}akhu car;hiii 'draw bow'. 2. [6726
dhanus-: = DHANAKHU]
dhasfi, m. 'Lord, Master (of God)'. 12. [6722 dhanin-: = DHANT]
lJ3'QT dhatiiri, m. 'the poisonous white thorn-apple Datura alba'. 1.
... [6714 dhattura-]
dhanclhala, f. 'worldly business', in andhu budau dhandhallm SuC5.
1•. [6727 dhandha- + -1-: = DHANDHA] .
dhadclhi, m. 'the letter DH'. 3.
dhandhi (-u, ext. -arii), m. 'business, worldly business, affairs; work,
employment' ( + kamai, kari): dhandhii (-ai) dhiii 'rush, run about,
exert oneself in useless activity'; dhandhii pi!fi 'pursue useless
activity'; dhandhai liii 'set to work'. 43. [6727 dhandha-:
dhana, f. 'woman, wife'. 50. (6721 dhanikii-: cf. SADHANA]
dhanakhu, m. 'bow'. 1. [ = DHAJ'.'IAKHU]
dhanavantu (-ii), adj. 'wealthy, rich'. 2. [Sk. dhanavat-(strong stem)]
dhani, m. 'Lord'. 1. [ = DHA~]
dhanu, m. 'wealth, property, subst.ance'. 90. [Sk. dhana-]
dhannu (-i), intj. 'blessed, happy is!, blessings upon!'. 16. [dhanya-]
dhammi, f. 'noise, uproar, confusion'. ir. [6735 *dhamm-]
dhara 1 (-ii•, -1), f. 'earth; support, prop'. 9. [6748 dharii- 1 ]
dhara 2 , f. 'axletree', in dhara til!i giitjo sira bhiiri Ra 11. I. [ 6826
dhur- (perh. wrong pointing?): cf. DHURU]
dharaka!i, adj. 'accursed'. 1. [6808 dhikkrta-: cf. DHRIGU for -r-]
dharat;1i (-ii'), f. 'earth, ground'. 7. [6744 dhara'}i- 1 : = DHARANI]
dharat;1iilharu, m. 'supporter of the earth; the world-bull, God'. 4.
[Sk. dhara'}idhara-]
dharati (-i), f. 'earth, the earth'. 41. [6750 dharitri-]

dharani, f. 'earth'. 1. [ = DHARANI]
dharami (-ii'), adj. 'righteous'. 2. [Sk. dharmin-]
dharamu, m. 'dharma, righteousness, morality, virtue; duty, law:
custom, practice, religious observance' ( + kari): 'the earth-bull, as
symbol of righteousness; Yama the king of justice and god of
death; death': dharama siila' {-ii'), f. 'place for performing
righteousness or doing one's duty'; dharama khal}qu, m. 'the realm
of dharma'; dharama riii, m. 'Yama'; dharamii puri, f. 'place for
doing one's duty, the earth'. 67. (Sk. dharma-]
dharii, v.t. 'cause to be placed, assumed, acquired'. 3. [v.c.
dhari (pp. + ls. suf. dhariiisu SuK 1';ext. pres. ls. dhareum. SuK 1',
3s. dharei As35', lp. dharemha TiAl ') v.t. 'put, place; fix, position;
lay, lay down; keep, hold; have' (int. + jai). 37. [6747 dharati]
dhavalaharu, m. 'palace painted white'. 1'. [ = DHAULAHARU]
dhavalu, m. 'the white bull which supports the earth'. 2.
dha~i, f. 'parting of hair, hair braided on each side of parting', as
dhari barildhiii, miimqi 'part and braid hair'. 2. (6708 *dhara. 3 ]
dha~2 , f. 'bias, partiality, onesidedness?', in ghalJO dhar:iai joi
MrV14.2 'he who is very biassed?'. 1. [6712 *dhaqa-(or = DHAI:U 1?)]
dhii (pres. 2s. dhiivasitii Ga15', 3s. dhiivai), v.i. 'run, run about, rush;
rush about to no purpose, rush eagerly (after worldly pleasures);
rush at, attack, invade' (int. + jiii). 37. (6802 dhiivati 1 : cf. DHATU]
dhiihi (-a'), f. 'loud lament, cry of pai.:i', usu. as dhiihim roi 'weep
bitterly, weep and wail'. 6. [*dhiidhii- (Pk. dhiiha-) - SV]
dhigi, m. 'thread'. 4. [6770 *dhiigga-: syn. TAG.A.]
dhi~aku, m. 'member of low caste of hunters, using bows and
a:rrows'. 1. [dhiinu~ka-: = H. dhiinuk]
dhitu, f. 'primary substance, element; mineral, metal, iron; root,
basis: essence, essential nature': also (with meaning apparently
influenced by DHAI) 'interest, appetite, desire', as in gu'}a dhiitu Sr?',
khii'}a pia'}a ki dhiitu MjVl.T:cf.jival}u mara'}ii dhiitu MjV15.2' =
'transitory, fleeting'?. 17. [Sk.]
dhinu, m. 'grain, rice; food'. 3. [6778 dhiinya-]
dhira 1 (pd. -iim, -im'), f. 'continuous flow, unbroken stream (of
descending liquid)'. 8. (6788 dhiirii- 1 ]

dhira 2, f. 'edge of weapon; ridge of hill'. 3. (6793 dhiirii- 2 ]
dhira1_1u, m. 'support, prop' ( + dhiiri). 3. [6789 dhiirarJa-]
dhiiri, v.t. 'support, prop: hold, keep: place, put, fix' (int. + chot!i,
rakkhi). 41. (6791 dhiirayati]
dhival_li, f. 'running, rushing about (in idle endeavour)'. 3. (6804
dhiivana- 1 ]
dhiivai, etc.: see DHAI
dhiii, v.t. 'meditate on, contemplate, think on, ponder'. 69. [6812
dh(i)yiiyati: = DHYIAI]
dhiini, m. 'contemplative, one given to meditation'. 3. [Sk.
dhiinu (-am•, -ii'), m. 'meditation, contemplatio~; attention, regard,
thinking on': dhiiinu de, /iii '.direct attention (to), fix one's thoughts
(on)'. 63. [Sk. dhyiina-]
dhikiru, m. 'abuse' ( + kahi). 1. (6805 dhikkiira-]
dhigu, intj. 'curses upon!'. 1. [ = DHRIGU]
dhilii"18, m. 'violence, oppression, injustice' ( + kari). 2. [r?: =H.P.
dhingiirJii, cf. H. dhimgii-dhiimgi]
dhimi"18, adj. 'thoughtful, preoccupied', in mukhi dhimiirJai dhana
khari MrA3. 1. [ext. <6814 *dhimma- 'slow'?]
dhira, f. 'side, direction'. 2. [??; = Sir. dhir]
dhia, f. 'daughter'. 3. (6481 duhitr-]
dhiji, v.i. 'be steadfa8t'. J•. [6891 dhriyate]
dhiraka, f. 'encouragement •. support'. 2. [6817 dhira- + -kk-]
dhiraju, m. 'steadfastness, perseverance'. 6. [Sk. dhirya-]
dhiri (-a), f. 'steadfastness, resoluteness, perseverance, courage;
encouragement, support': dhirii bandhi, bamdhi 'be steadfast,
persevere': rarely as adj. 'steadfast'. 14'. [6817 dhira-]
dhiri (ext. pres. ls. dhireum MrA9d'), v.i. 'be steadfast; persevere,
endure'. 5. [ < DHIRA]
tdhukki, v.i'. 'run'. F. [.= DHRUKKI]
fdhukkhi, v.i. 'smoulder, smoke; be weary, ache'. F. [6821
dhu1_1i, v.t. 'card, scutch (cotton)', as siru dhurJai TiAl 'beats, shakes
the head (in distress)'. 1. [6846 dhunoti]

dhundhali, adj. 'misty, dim, dull (of colour)'. 1. [ < DHUNDHI + -la-]
dhundhi, f. 'dimness of sight, cataract'. 1. [6858 *dhumiindha-]
dhundhiikir~ (-ii), m. 'pitch darkness, dense gloom'. 4. [6858
*dhiimandha- ( + Sk. -kiira-)]
dhuni, f. 'sound, musical sound, tune, melody': esp. 'the music of the
Word', sim. panca sabada dhunikiira MIV27.l. 22. [Sk. dhvani-]
!nr1fu dhumii, v.t. 'stir up, make fly', in titu tani dhiiti dhumiii So3. l '.
[ <6824 *dhummii-?]
dhuru, m. 'beginning', usu. as sl. dhuri (-e), adv. 'in the beginning',
sa. dhuramhu (-iimhii Sol I), adv. 'from the beginning'. 30. [6826
dhur-: cf. OHARA 2]
dhii, m. 'Dhruva, a famous sage (later raised to heaven as the pole-
star)'. 1. (6892 dhruva-]
dhiiriui (-a), m. 'smoke'. 2. [6849 dhiima-]
dhiipa, f. 'sunshine, sunlight': as dhiipa chiimva 'sunlight and shade'.
2. (6825 *dhuppii-]
dhiipi, v.t. 'burn (as incense), fumigate'. 1. [Sk. dhiipayati]
dhiipu, m. 'incense': dhiipu de 'offer incense, fumigate'. 4. [Sk. dhiipa-]
dhiirama, f. 'dust', in urama dhurama DOS 'wave and dust, i.e. sea
and land'. 1. [DHORI x ORAMA]
dhiiri (-jT), f. 5. ( = DHO~I] .
dhiili, f. 1. ( = DHO~I]
dhii~, f.
'dust': dhiiti tinhiim ki, etc. 'their dust, i.e. dust of the feet of
the saints'. 6. (6835 *dhuqi- (dhuli-): =DHORI, DHOLI]
dhei:iavi, m. 'milk' [not trad. 'cows']. 1. [6879 dhainava-]
dhei:iu, f. 'cow lately calved, milch-cow: the fabulous CO\Y of plenty
Kamadhenu, which gives all one asks for'. 1. (6877 dhenu~:
dhenu, f. 1. [ = DHE~U]
dhairu, m. 'constancy', as adj. 'constant?' in janami mararyi nahi
dhandha dhairu D015' 'He is not involved in birth and death, or
worldly affairs, the ever-constant?' [prob. be.tter than trad. 'nor
does He rush about' (Sk. dhurya-)]. l'. [Sk. dhairya-]
dhoi (pp. dhotii; pres. 3s. dhovai), v.t. 'wash, wash away'. 37. (6886

dhohu, m. 'deceit'. lr. (6640 drogha-]
dhokha, f. 'worry, distress, grief. 2. [ <6821 dhuk~ate: cf.
dhoti, pp. of DHOI 'washed'. (6). [anal. -tt-]
dhoti, f. 'loin-cloth, dhoti'. 9. (6881 *dhotta-]
dhopi, v.i. 'be washed'. 2. [v.p. <DHOI (MIA. -pp-)]
dhovai, etc.: see DHOI
dhaulu, m. 'the white bull which supports the earth'. 1. [ = DHAULU]
dhyiii, v.t. 'contemplate'. 1sr. [hyper-Sk. for DHIAI]
dhriipi, v.i. 'become satisfied, be sated'. 3. (6890 *dhriipyate]
dhrigu, intj. 'curses upon!, accursed is!', usu. as dhrigu 1Tva1Ju
'accused is the life!'. 10. [6807b dhik: cf. DHARAKA'fA for -r-].
dhrukki, v.i. 'run'. ld. (6624 dravati + -kk- ( x ·oHAI): = toHUKKI]

na, neg. adv. 'not, oo': na ... na 'neither ... nor'. 1700. (6906 na:
naii, num. 'nine': nau kula, ghara, dara, daraviije, mp. 'the nine
apertures of the body, the body': nau khalJl!a, mp. 'the nine climes
of the earth, the whole earth'; sim. nau sata caiidaha tini ciiri kari
BaA8 'having fashioned the 9 (climes), 7 (continents), 14 (worlds), 3
(gui;ias or worlds), and 4 (aeons)': nau nidhi, mp. 'the fabulous
treasure of Kuvera, containing nine great gems, i.e. all the heart
could desire'. 15. [6894 nava 2 : =NAVA]
naiihuli, adj. 'freshly blooming (of youth)'. Ir. [7~5 *navaphulla-]
naiitanu (-ii, -o), adj. 'fresh, new'. 4. [Sk. nutana- ( x 6893 nava- 1?):
fnaiibati, f. 'drum (used to sound times of day)'. F. [Ar. >Pers.
naiimi, f. '9th day of lunar fortnight'. 1. [Sk. navami-]
naiirangi, adj. 'fresh, new'. ir. [ <6983 nava- 1 + RANG1 1 ]
tnairia: see NAI
na~i. v.i. 'run away, flee'. 2r. [7027 mdyatl]

naha (-i MIAl), neg. adv. 'not'. 35. [ =NAHi]
nahi, or nahiril, neg. adv. 'not': also freq. as neg. v.s. 'is not, there is
not, etc.'. 183. (7035 nahi: = NAHA, NAHI]
nakku, m. 'nose': nakku pakkm) 'hold the nose'; nakkim va#him
MlV22.2 'with noses cut off, disgraced'. 4. (6909 *nakka-: =NA.KU]
nakhu, m. 'claw, talon'. 1. (Sk. nakha-]
naganu, adj. 'naked'. 2. [Sk. nagna-: cf. NANGA]
nagari, f. 'city; the body'. 10. [Sk. nagari-: =NAGARU]
nagaru, m. 5. [Sk. nagara-: =NAG ARI]
naligi (-u'), adj. 'naked; shameless'. 3. [6926 nagna-: = NAMGA; cf.
nacii, v.t. 'cause to dance, make play'. 1."[v.c. <NACCI]
nacci, v.i. 'dance'. 12. (7583 nrtyatt =NA.Cl]
tnacindu, adj. 'heedless'. P. [ =NICINDA]
najari, f. 'favour'. 1. [ =NADARI]
najiki, adv. 'near'. 1. [Pers. nazdik]
na,iii, m. 'dancer, acrobat, mimic, performer'. 3. [6977 nartaka-]
tna"1~hi (ext. -ai:ii SIF4), adj. 'young'. F. [6935 •na~4ha-]
nattha, [ 'nose-ring, nose-string'. 2. [7031 nastii-]
natthi, v.t. 'pierce nose for string'; i.e. 'control, dominate'. 5.
nadari, f. 'look, view: look of favour; favour, grace (esp. of God)':
nadari iii 'come into view, appear, be seen'; nadari kari, dhari, nihiili
'look; look with favour, be gracious (esp. of God)'. 115. [Ar. na~ar:
nandari, f. 'look'. 1'. [ = NADARI]
nadari, m. 'He who looks with favour, God the gracious'. c.20 (but
not always dist. from inf1. forms of NADARI). [<NADA RI]
nadi, f. 'river'. 12. [Sk. nadi-: cf. NAI]
nana (-ii), neg. adv. 'not; there is, are none at all'. 4. [Sk. nanu]
nanni, m. 'the letter N'. 1.
nannikiru, m. 'refusal, denial' ( + kari). 1. (NANNA (i.e. NA 'no') +
narahari (-a, -r, -e'), m. 'God'. 5. [Sk., 'man-lion', ep. of Vi~~u]
naraku, m. 'hell'. 19. [Sk. naraka-]

narabada, num. 'an enormous number, trillion', in arabada
narabada dhundhiikiirii MrS 15 'millions and trillions (ofaeons ago)
all was utter darkness'. 1. [NA + ARABADA]
naravirati, f. 'emancipation from worldly existence'. 2. [for Sk.
nirvrti- ( x PARAVIRATI): =NIRA".IRATI]
nariil;1u, m. 'Niriya~a. ep. of Rima'. 1. [ = NARAl~U]
narindu, m. 'king'. 1r. [6974 narendra-]
naru, m. 'man, human being; person; hero; the primal man, primal
spirit of the universe,. God': nara niiriiirJu, m. 'God'; naraha naru
0046 'God, the Lord of men'; naraha nihakevalu SuCl 'God, who
is independent of men'. 31. [6970 nara-]
nava (-e), num. 'nine'; i.e. 'the nine systems of Sk. grammar' SaV 1.3:
nava kharµ!a, mp. 'the nine climes of the earth, the whole earth';
nava ghara, mp. 'the nine apertures of the body, the body'; nava
nidhi, mp. 'the fabulous treasure of Kuvera, containing nine great
gems, i.e. all the heart could desire; nave niitha BITl 1, mp. 'the nine
great masters of yoga'. 13. [6984 (or Sk.) nava 2 : =NAU]
navahi1_1i, f. 'young woman'. 1. [6983 nava- 1 + 14057 hiiyana-]
navatanu (~o), adj. 'fresh, new'. 2. [ =NAUTANU]
navadhana, f. 'newly married bride'. 1. [6983 nai>a- 1 + DHANA]
navirit (mpd. -em), adj. 'new'. 2. [6983 navaka- 1]
naveli (-ail, -u, ext. -arii), adj. 'new, fresh, young'. 4. [*navilla- (cf.
7012 *navalla-)]
navvai, num. '90'. 1. [6995 navati-]
ni, neg. adv. 'not, no': nii .•• nii 'neither ... nor'. 200. [=~A. NA]
niritu (so. niimva, -ai, -ae'; sl. niimi, -i"; sa. niimvamhu; pd. niimva; po.
niimviim), m. 'name; the divine Name; good name, fame, honour,
repute': niimu dhariii, rakhiii 'win fame, have famous name': niimu
manni 'honour': niimu lai 'mention, recite the Name': virJu (binu)
niimvai 'without the Name'. 290: [7067 niiman-: cf. NAMU]
nhii (pp. nhiitii, nhiiiiir; pres. ls. nhiiviJm, 3s. nhiii, nhiivai; imp. 2s.
nhiiu, 2p. nhiivahu), v.i. 'bathe (esp. of ritu~ll bathing in sacred
waters)'. 60. [13791 sniipayati]
niiiku (-o), m. 'chief, master, lord'. 3.'[Sk. niiyaka-]
niriti, f. 'fame, greatness, glory', as in vat:ft:fii siihibu vat:ftfi niimi JP21.
5. ( <NAMU]

nisati, v.s. 'is not, there is not': niisati dukhiii niisati sukhiii, etc.
RaV12.1 'there is nothing (to be gained by) being distressed or at.
ease' [for Snii sati, cf.] iisati niisati eko niimu Ra Vl2.7 'in being and
not-being the Name alone exists'. 11. [Sk. niisti]
nisibiiru, adj. 'impatient'. 1. [Ar. >Pers. nii-sabifr]
nisu (-ii'), m. 'destruction': niisu hoi 'be destroyed'. 4'. [7084 nii~a-]
oibi, neg. adv. 25. [=NAHl]
nibi, or nibiril, neg. adv. 'not': also freq. as v.s. 'is not, there is not,
etc.': niihi ta 'otherwise'. 190. [ =NAHi, also NAHI, etc.]
nibu, m. 'master, lord; the Lord'. 13. (7051 niitha-: cf. NA.THU]
O'g£ niku, m. 'nose': niiku pakkari 'hold the nose'. 3. [ =NAKKU]
()1Qff(I) nigani, f. 'female snake'. 1. [f. <NA.GU]
OTO@ fnagaru, adj. 'excellent, best'. F. [Sk. niigara-]
0tal'T nimgi (-o, ext. -a~ii), adj. 'naked, shameless'. 7. [ =NANGA.)
01gT nigu, m. 'serpent, snake, cobra'. 2. [Sk. niiga-]
m Dici, v.i. 'dance'. 7. [=NACCI]
~w ni'8Sili, f. 'dance-hall, Jheatre'. 1r. [Sk. nii{yasiilii-]
ors ni!u, m. 'antic, trick'. 1r. (7046 m:i!ya-?]
ni'bi (ext. -iarii}, m. [trad. 'guest', better] 'transient, fleeting
(visitor)', in dhanu jobanu ... nii{hiare dina ciiri Sr24, and siitha la4e
tinha niifhiiim MrAlO. 2d. [ <:7029 na~{i-]
nhiti, pp. of NHA.I 'bathed'. (8). [anal. -tt-]
nithi, v.t. 'control, dominate'. 2. [ =NATIHI]
Ditbu, m. 'master, lord; the Lord (of God); master, as title of the
nine great leaders of the Gorakhnathi sect of yogis': niithaha niithu
'Master of the masters, Lord of lords'. 29. [Sk. niitha-: cf. NAHU]
nidu (-am), m. 'sound, resonance; the mystic sound om; cry; singing,
song, music; musical instrument, horn: niidu puri, vajiii 'play, sound
the horn (or conch?)'. 21. [Sk. niida-]
ninaku (usu. as sv. niinaka, -ii), m. 'Nanak'. 840. [ < 7059 *niinna-]
nini, adj. 'of several kinds, various'. 3. [Sk.]
ninhi (fsd. niinhi MlA2), adj. 'little, small'. l. [12732 slak~1Ja-]
nini, f. 'maternal grandmother, mother's mother'. 1. (7059 •nanna-]
nibhi, f. 'navel'. 4. [Sk.]

~fQtr's nimarajidu, adj. 'naked, bare', in niimarajadu iiiii kali bhitari SrPl,
VaA5. 2. [neg. nii- + Sk. maryadii 'propriety']
nimu (-arizr, -ii, -u, -o), m. 'name; good name, fame, honour, repute;
(esp.) the divine Name, the total of God's attributes': niima rate
(niime riite), mp. 'those steeped in the Name: niimi samiii 1 'be
absorbed in the Name': niimu simari 'remember the Name': niimu
japi, le 'repeat the Name': niimu dhiiii 'meditate on the Name': niimu
biciiri, viciiri 'ponder the Name'. 715. [Sk. niiman-: cf. NAMu]
niradu, m. 'Narada, a r~i who acted as messenger and reporter to
the gods, but also aroused quarrels among them and men by tale-
bearing': 'trouble-maker' BaA8. 5.
nirii~u. m. 'God'. 8. [Sk. niiriiyarJa- 'ep. ofVi~r.iu, etc.': = NARAn~u)
niri (-i, -e~. f. 'woman, wife'. 44. (7078 niiri-]
tnali 1, m. 'umbilical cord, navel string'. F. [7047 niila-]
nili (-e, -ii 2 r, -i'), adv. 'along with, together with, beside(s)'; niili cali
'go with one, keep company': also ppn. 'in the company of,
together with, with'. 86. [103 ankapiili-, •ankapQ4i-r!; =P. nii{, cf.
K. niil]
niva, f. 'boat', in ulafi niiva tariivai Prl 7, and dui akkhara dui niiviim
BalO 'the two syllables (of Rama) are two boats (to save one from
the world-ocean)'. 2 (elsewhere doubtfully dist. from niimva
'name'). [7081 nava-]
nirilva: see NAMU
niiviril, adj. 'ninth'. 1 (MjVl.2). [7006 navama-]
nirilviril: see NAMU
nhiviril: see NHAI
nhivili, v.t. 'cause to bathe'. 2. [v.c. <NHAI]
nirilvai: see NAMU
nhivai: see NHAI
niuli, f. 'a yogic exercise, performed in a sitting position with
hunched shoulders, in which the abdominal muscles are rotated in
order to cleanse the intestines'. 2. [Sk. niiuli-, nauli- x 6908 nakuli-
'mongoose':. =NIVALI]
niiu (so. niiiva), m. 'justice': niiiu kari 'dispense justice'. 8. [7614
tnisakkha~u. adj. 'quite empty'. F. [int. nis- + SAKKHA~A]
nisangu, adj. 'fearle~s, free from doubt'. 3. (7106 ni~folika-]
nisacaii (-ai, -au), adv. 'certainly'. 35• [::::: NIHACAO]
nisatari, v.i. 'be delivered, saved'. 2. [Sk. nistarati]
nisatiri, m. 'deliverance, salvation' ( + kari). 9. [Sk. nistiira-]
nisatiri, v.t. 'deliver, save'. 13. [Sk. nistiirayati]
nisi, r. 'night': nisi bhari, adv. 'all night long'. 14. (7428 ni~ii-(or 7436
t'oua1f nihakimu, adj. 'free from desire'. 3. [Sk. ni~kiima-]
fO\IJ'i!!§ nihakevalu, adj. 'free, independent'. 14. [Sk. ni~kevalya- 'exclusive']
nihacaii, adv. 'certainly, without doubt'. 6. [for Sk. ni~caya-:

~ nihacalu, adj. 'immoveable, lirf!1, steady, fixed'. 16. [for Sk. ni~cala-]

Rrui© nihaphalu (-am'), adj. 'fruitless, useless'. 3. [Sk. ni~phala-:

nihiri, v.t. 'look at'. 3r. (7228 *nibhiirayati: =NIHALI]
nihili, v.t. 'look at, watch, see'. 21. [7228 nibhalayati: = NIHARI]
nihili, f. 'mattress, bedding'. 3. [Pers.]
nihilu, adj. 'happy, flourishing'. sr. [??: =H.P. nihiil]
nikasi (pp. nikasio, nikatthii), v.i. 'come out, emerge, issue forth' (int.
+ jezi). 6. (7479 *ni~kasati: syn. NIKALI]
nikaccu, adj. 'utterly imperfect', as kaccu nikaccu. 3r. [int. nis- (cf.
7310 *nirguru-' 'very heavy': also tNISAKKHA~U, NIKORU) + 2613
*kacca- 1 ]
nika,i, adv. 'near'. 1. [Sk. nikafe: cf. NEI,tAI]
nikattbi, pp. of NIKAS! 'come out, issued forth'. (1). (7480 *ni~kasta-]
nikali, v.i. ·come out, issue forth, emerge'. 5. [7478 *ni~kalati: syn.
fnikki, adj. 'small, little, tiny'. F. (7150 nikta-]
fniki._.a, adj. 'fearless'. M5 1• [nis- + KA~I]
nikili, m. 'exile, banishment'. 1. [7483 *ni~kala-]
nikoru,adj. 'quite pure, unadulterated'. lr. [int. nis- + 3526 *kora-]
nikhu"i, v.i. 'be destroyed, finished, exhausted, brought to an end'.
3. [*ni~khufyate (cf. 3892 *khufyate, 7497 *ni~khofayati):

oikhii~. v.i. 'be destroyed'. I. [ = NIKHUTfl]
oigurii, m. 'one who lacks a guru, one who is· without a teacher'. 5.
[7311 *nirguru- 2 ]
nigrahu, m. 'restraint; forceful or violent restraint of the self; self-
coercion'. 6. [Sk. nigraha-]
tmgghari, adj, 'homeless'. F. ( =NlGHARA]
niciadi (-u'), adj. 'free from care'. 2r. (7447 ni~cinta-: = tNACINDU]
nija-, pref. 'own', usu. as nijagharu, m. 'one's own home', esp. as sl.
nijaghari 'in one's own home, i.e. in the heart, in oneself; cf.
nijathiimu, nijathiinu, m. 'one's own place'; nijapadu, m. 'one's own
rank': also nijasandii, ppn. adj. 'one's own' Prl4r; nijatiir:i, f.
'meditating (on God) within oneself MrA4'. 41. [Sk.]
nijjharu, m. 'spring, waterfall'. 1. [ =NIJHARU]
ni~ri ( =ni44aru BlTl 7), adj. 'fearless'. 4. [7339 nirdara-]
aitta, nita (-i), adv. 'always, ever, continually, perpetually,
constantly, daily' (int. nita nita). 70. [Sk. nitya-: =NITA]
nitil_li, adj. 'powerless, helpless'. 3. [*nistriir:ia- (rather than 7529
*nistiina-): cf. SATA~A, TA~u 2 ]
aindaku, m. 'scoffer; mocker; slanderer, blamer'. 7. [Sk. nindaka-]
nindi (-a, -u), r. 'reviling, scoffing; slander; blame': ninda pariii
'speaking ill of others'. 2~. [Sk.]
nidini, adv. 'in the end, finally'. 3r. [Sk. nidiina-]
nincli, v.t. 'revile, ridicule; blame'. 2. (7211 nindati]
foidosi, adj. 'guiltless, faultless'. F. [7349 nirdo~a-]
niclri, f. 'sleep'. 3. [Sk.: cf. NIMDA]
niddhani, adj. 'poor'. 1. [7351 nirdhana-: =NIDHANU; cf.
nidhari, adj. 'helpless, lacking support'. 1. [7352 *nirdhara-: syn.
nidhinu (-am 1, -ii'), m. 'store, treasure'. 16. [Sk. nidhiina-:
nidhiiru, adj. 'helpless, lacking support'. 2. [*nirdhiira-: syn.
nidhi, m. 'treasure, hoard; ocean': nau (nava) nidhi 'the fabulous
treasure of Kuvera, containing nine great gems, i.e. all the heart
could desire'. 19. [Sk.]
tnipailgu, adj. 'free from mud, clean'. M3. [ni~panka-]
nipajji (as pp. nipajjia, nipanna), v.i. 'be produced, be created'. 2.
(7511 ni~padyate, ni~panna-]
nibahi, v.i. 'endure, last; keep company; be accomplished
successfully, come out of well, succeed'. 7. [7397 nirvahati: cf.
nibbari, v.i. 'be settled, decided'. 6. [ <7392 nirvrta- 1 ]
niberi (-ao'), m. 5r. (=NIBE~U)
niberi, v.t. 2r. [ = NIBE~l]

nibe~i. v.t. 'settle, adjust; decide, bring to an end'. 4. [ v.t. < NIBBAIU:
niberu (-a), rn. 'settling, adjusting; deciding, decision; bringing to an
end' ( + kari, hoi). 6. _[ < NIBE~I: =NI BERA]
tnibbhau (ext. mpo. nibhaviamha SuV8.F), adj. 'fearless'. M2. [7359
nirbhaya-: cf. NIRABHAU]
nibharimti (-i), adj. 'at rest, at peace, still' ( + kari). 4. [*nirbhranti-

nimii1.11i (mpo. nimmiitJiiith MrlO), adj. 'humble, poor, helpless'. 4.

(7371 nirmana-: =NIMANA]
nimini (as ext. fsd. nimanaria GaCI; fpd. nimiinalJiiimha SrV7.2'),
adj. 2. ( = NIMAJ:'lA)
nimmi, v.i. 'form, create: form embryo by impregnation'. 5. (7369
. nirmati: cf. NIRAMI]
nimu, f. 'the nim-tree Melia azadirachta, which bears bitter berries'.
1. [7245 nimba-]
nirahiiru, adj. 'taking no food (of God)'. 1. [ =NIRAHARU]
niramkiri, m. 'follower, worshipper of the Formless (God)'. 9.
niramkaru (-ii), adj., m. 'formless (of God): the Formless One, God'.
13. [for Sk. niriikara- ( x OAMKARU?)].
nirag~iiru, adj. 'bad'. 1. [*nirgulJakiira-]
niragu1.1u (-ii), adj. 'lacking good qualities, bad, worthless': 'lacking
qualities, without attributes (of God)' [GaA3, SG24]. 7. [Sk.
nirai;janu (-a, -o). adj. 'untinged; quite free, utterly pure, untouched
by rnaya (of God)'. 60. [Sk. niranjana-]
nirajisi, in antari guramukhi tum vasamhi jium bh~vai tium nirajiisi
Srl8r, comm. as v.t. 'determine, decide': cf. tvekhahu ko nirajasi
As V22.3r (M2) [which other AG instances of the word follow]. ir.
[ < Sk. niryiiSa- 'exudation of plants, resin, extract' ?? - doubtful
in view of change of sense] ·
nirantari (-ar, -i, -e), adj. 'completely filling, omnipresent': also adv.
'without interval or gap': and ppn. 'completely in'. 25. [Sk.
nirantii, adj. 'endless, boundless, infinite'. 1•. [Sk. niranta-]
nirati, f. 'state of true bliss', in nirati na piiiii gar.iim sahansa Ra7. 1.
(Sk. nirati-]
niradaiii, adj. 'unmerciful, cruel'. l. [Sk. nirdaya-]
niradhanu, adj. 'poor, lacking resources'. 4. [Sk. nirdhana-: cf.
nirabahi, v.i. 'succeed'. 1r. [Sk. nirvahati: cf. NIBAHI]
nirabiii:ii (;u 1 Pr8f), adj, 'emancipated (from the world and i~s
suffering, etc.)': nirabar.ii padu, m. 'state of final emancipation, the
ultimate bliss'. 7. [ < NIRABA~U 2: = NIRABA~l]
nirabiii:iu 2 , m. 'state of final emancipation'. 1 (SuA3). [Sk. nirviir.ia-]
nirabiini, adj. 1•. [ = NIRABA~I]
nirabhaii (so. nirabhai), . adj. 'fearless, without fear'. 40. [Sk.
nirbhaya-: cf. tNIBBHAU]
niramalu (-aii, -ii, -o, -au), adj. 'free from dirt, spotless, unsullied,
clean; clear, transparent, bright; pure, holy'. 100. (Sk. 'nirmala-]
niramiiilu, adj. 'clean, clear, pure'. 7. [nis- + MAILU?]
nirami, y.t. 'create'. 1r. [Sk. nirmiiti: cf. NIMMI]
niramolaku, adj. 'priceless'. 2. [ext. of NIRAMOLU]
niramolu, adj. 'priceless'. 3. [nis- +. MOLU: = NIRAMOLAKU]
niravirati, f. 'emancipation from worldly existence'. 1.
niravairu, adj. 'free from hostility (of God)'. 4. [Sk. nirvaira-]
niriisa, f. 'hoplessness'. 1 (Pr4). [ <NIRASU]
nirisu (-ii, -i, -o'), adj. 'hopeless, despairing; free from hope,
anticipation'; freq. as asa nirasu 'hopeless of hope, i.e. free from
(worldly) hopes, anticipations'. 22. [7278 nirafa-]

nirihiru (-i), adj. 'taking no food (of God)'. 2. [Sk. niriihiira-:
nir~phalu, adj. 'fruitless, useless'. 2. [ = NIHAPHALU]
niriri (-i'). adj. 'separate, free'. 10 (usu.1. [ = NIRALA]
nirilambu, adj. 'free'. 1. [Sk. niriilamba-: =NIRALAMU]
nirilamu (-o), adj. 'free, unconnected (with the world)'. 16.
[niriilamba-: = NIRALAMBU]
nirili, adj. 'separate, aloof, free (from the world)'. 17. [7277
*niriilaya-: = NIRARA]
nirodharu, adj. 'unfettered, unrestricted, unchecked'. 1. [nis- +
10842 *roddhra-]
nirodhu, m. 'control, restraint'. 1'. (Sk. nirodha-]
nilajiu, adj. 'sham~less'. 1r. (7385 nirlajja-]
nivasi, v.i. 'dwell?', in canda kumudani durarhhu nivasasi anabhau
kiirani Mr4 [but comm. 'bow down (in joyful bloom)', as if = NIVI].
1. [Sk. nivasati'?]
niva1,1u: see NIVI
nivandhi, adj. 'low, low-lying', in titu nivandhai tiili SuVll.l. 1.
[ < NIVI (a pres. ptc.? - cf. savandhi under SAVI?)]
nivari, v.i. 'be restrained; be got rid of; be quenched, extinguished'.
5. [v.i. <NIVAR!, rather than 7392 *nirvarati]
nivali, f. 'a yogic exercise'. 1. [ = NIULl]
tnivalu, m. 'chain (with lock) used to fetter forefeet of animals'. M2.
[7157 nigaqa-; =P. niul]
nivii, v.t. 'bow (the head)'. 1. [v.c. <NIVI]
nivisi, m. 'inhabitant, dweller'. 9. [Sk. niviisin-]
nivisu (-ii, -o1, m. 'abode, dwelling, home'. 24. [Sk. niviisa-]
nivija, f. 'Muslim prayer (required to be said five times a day)':
niviija kari, gujiiri 'perform the prayer'. 6. [Pers. namiiz]
nivaji, v.t. 'cherish, foster; favour'. 3. [<Pers. naviiz]
tnivita, f. 'loaf sugar, white sugar'. F. [Ar. >Pers. nabiit]
nivira, f. 'broad tape (used to lace the finer sort of bedsteads)'. 1
(MjV8). [Pers. naviir]
niviri, v.t. 'check, restrain; get rid of, expel; quench, extinguish'. 40.
[7419 niviirayati]

nivi (inf. nivatJu), v.i. 'bow, bow down; be lowered (of arm of scales)':
also v.t. ( + so.) 'bow down to'. 15. (7214 nipatati (or perh. 6956
namati?): cf. NIVANDHA (and NIVASI??)]
niati, f. 'intention (esp. that made by a Muslim before; prayer)', as
niati riisi 'right intention'. 2. [Ar. >Pers. niyat]
nisii1_1i, f. 'sign, mark, token'. 3'. [Pers. tJishiini: = NISANI]
nisi1_1u 1 (-iii'), m. 'sign, mark, token; seal, stamp, stamp of approval;
royal letter, warrant, deed': nisii1JU pavi 'seal to be fixed'. 27. [Pers.
nishiin: = NISANU]
nisii1_1u 2 , m. 'kettledrum'. 3r. [7537 nisviina-]
nisini, f. 1. [ = NlSANl)
nisiinu (-ii'), m. 9. [=NISAf'."U 1 ]
tnibano, in sabara manjhi ka~1Ja e sabaru kii nihatJo SIF115,
comm. as m. 'bowstring' [but grammar is awkward, and perh. e
sabaru kiini ha1.10 'oh, fire the arrow (oO patience!' is a little easier].
F. [ < 7538 nihanti?]
tnirithi, f. 'foundation'. F. [7592 nemi-( -t ?);· = P. nimh: syn. NIMVA]
niki, adj. 'good'. 4. [7150 nikta-]
nigharii, adj. 'homeless'. 1. [7315 *nirghara-: = tNIGGHARA]
nicu, adj. 'low, mean, vile': nica karama 'vile actions; those who
perform vile actions'; nica jiiti 'low caste; of low caste'. 32. [7540
nica- (with -cc- < ucca-)]
nijharu, m. 'spring, waterfall'. 2. [7327 nirjhara- 1: = Nl~J,HARU]
nita (-iir, -i'), adv. 'always, ever, perpetually' (int. nita nita, nitii niti',
etc.). 18. [=NITTA]
niritda (ext. sv. nimdariei Va3), f. 'sleep' ( + iii). 19. [7200 nidrii-: cf.
tniritdrivalii, adj. 'sleepy, filled with sleep'. F. [ < 7200 nidrii-]
nidhanu, adj. 'poor'. 1. [ = NIDDHAN.J.]
nimhi (-i), v.s. 'there is not for me, i.e. I have not'. 2d. [neg. <977
asmm; =Sir. nimhi]
niru, m. 'water; tears'. 14. [7552 nira-]
nilu (-ii), adj. 'blue, dark blue': nila vasatra, mp. 'dark blue clothes
(typical of Muslims)' [and sim. ni/i Sr7?]: nilu anilu MIV9, perh.
'blue and not blue (of God), i.e. not to be reduced to human

- ....
categories, infinite, unbounded', sim. nila anila agani GaA2 [but
both understood by comm. as having sense of (Sk.?) nila- 'ten
billion', hence anilu 'innumerable']. 6. [7563 ntla-]
niritva, f. 'foundation', as nimva de 'lay foundation (of wall)'. 1.
[7592 nemi-: syn. tNJMHI]
nivirit, adj. 'low (of branch loaded with fruit)'. 1. [7548 nipa- 1]
nesa, v.s. 'there is not'. 11• [Pers. nest]
nehu, m. 'love, fondness, attachment': (sium) nehu kari 'fall in love
with': nehu laggi 'attachment to be formed'. 15. [J.3802 sneha-: cf.
neki, f. 'goodness, good, virtue'. 4. [Pers.]
nekhisu, m. 'slave-market'. 1. [Ar. nakhkhas (>Pers. *nikhas?)]
neji, m. 'spear, lance', as neje viije (viije neje), p. 'lances (with
pennants?) and instruments, i.e. cavalry and military bands'. 5.
[Pers. neza]
netru (-aii), m. 'eye'. 7. [Sk. netra-]
tnedhinu, m. 'store, treasure'. M3'. [ = NIDHANU]
nebu, m. 'deputy, assistant, officer', usu. as neba khaviisa (-i), p.
'officers and attendants'. 4. [Ar. niiib]
nemu, m. 'self-restraint' ( + kari). 4. [Sk. niyama-]
nerai (-ii, -i), adv. 'near'. 17. [7136 nikafe: cf. NIKATI]
nai (pd. tnaim SlF89), f. 'ri~er' (i.e. 'the river Jumna' SrA28]. l.
[6943 nadi-: cf. NADT]
naisia:au, m. 'river', in muragiii naisii'}e SGS 'a duck in the river'. 1r.
[ 6943 nadi- +?(but not, as comm., nai 'river', sa'}e 'like' = SAM.\NI):
naisinu, m. 'river, torrent', in tisu vici bhiikha bah'utu naisanu Ga2
[not two words, as some texts] 'in it there is hunger, a fiercely
raging torrent'. 1'. [ = NAISA"."U]
nah:1u, m. 'eye': nai'}a bhari, v.t. 'fill eyes (with tears)'. 12. [6968
nayana- 2 : = NAINU]
nainu, m. 8. [ =NAl~U]
no, ppn. used to mark the direct object; 'to', or marker of the
indirect object; 'for; up to, towards'. 64. [??; = P. num, cf. Rj. num:
equ. KAU 1' KOM)

\I p
paiiril, paiisanhi: see PAVI
pafu:lu, m. 'wind; air; breatlf: iki paiirJa sumiiri paiirJa sumiiri
MjV14.2 'some are breath-counters, who count their breaths (of
yogis)': paiirJa ki biirJi Sr27. f. 'words of wind, i.e. nonsense': paiirJa
(-u) piirJi'air and water': paiirJa vega AsVl 7, adj. 'swift as the wind',
cf. lekharJi paiirJa caliium Sr2. 38. [7978 pavana- 2 : = PAVA~U,
paiilhdi: see PAVI
pa~,(. 'step, rung, ladder': p. 'staircase'. 10. [8075 piidu- + -<!-;
=P. "pauri: =PAVA~T]
poiampi, v,i. 'speak, proclaim'. 1. [8508 prajalpati]
pain (msl paiai; fsd. pai,+ ls. suf, paiiisi SuK2r; mpd. pae), pp. of
PAI [and of PAVI] 'fallen, sunk, lain, happened'. 47. [7722 patita-:
,Uii;m, m. 'departure, death'. 3. [8732 prayiirJa-]
paiiru, m. tr. ( =PAIALU)
paiila, m. 'nether world, one of the seven regions below the earth':
p. 'infernal regions, hell'. 14. [8054 patala-: = PAiARU; cf. PATALU,
paiarilhi: see PAI
pasari, v.i. 'be spread, be diffused'. 4. (8825 prasarati]
pasiu 1 , m. 'favour, grace, bounty' ( + kari). 3. [8831 prasiida-: cf.
pasiu 2 , m. 'extension, diffusion, expansion' ( + kari), in kitii pasiiu
eko kaviiu JP16 (of God creating the world), kare rangi pasiiu Srlr
(of woman in love), 4hii<!hi kare pasiiu sabadu vajiiiii MjV27 (of the
poet celebrating the Word). 3. [ext. <8850 prasrta-'!! (but hardly
8835 prasiira-)]
pi:isiri (-u, -ova VaA5'), m. 'spread, extent, expanse (of the world)'.
6. [8835 prasiira-: = PASARA, PAHARX]
pasiri, v.t. 'spread, stret<:h out'. 4. [8838 prasiirayati]
pasindi, adj. 'pleasing'. 1. [Pers. pasand]
pasii, m. 'animal, beast (goat, sheep, etc.); fool'. 13. [7984 pa5u-]
paharu (-ii), m. 'division of time, a watch ( = 3 hours), a fourth part
of the day or night'. 21. [8900 prahara-: = tPAHIRA]
pahi, ppn. 'with, in the possession of; to; before; from; through'
(used only with proper nouns and personal pronouns). 17. [8118
padve: =PASI, PAHl]
pahinimi, adj. 'hidden, secret'. 1. [Pers. pinhiin]
pahiram:-u, m. 'garment, shirt, robe'. 1. [7838 paridhiina-: cf. PERA~U]
tpahiri, m. 'watch'. F. [ = PAHARU]
pahiri, v.t. 'put on (clothes), wear'. 19. (7835 paridadhiiti]
pahili, adj. 'first': pahila SuV19.l, ppn. 'before': pahiliim (-ai, -om),
adv. 'first, at first'. 14. (8652 *prathilla-]
pahi (as ext. po. pahiamha MrAlO'), m. 'traveller'. 1dr. [7745
pahucci, v.i. 'reach, arrive; be successful'. 3. [ < 8716 prabhiita-(with
Pk. anal. -cc-): = PAHOCI: cf. PAHUCA]
pahiici, v.i. 1r. [ = PAHUCCI]
pailka, f. 'mud', in tinha ki panka hovai Ga16, i.e. 'dust under their
feet'. 1. [Sk. panka-, m.n.]
paiakaju, m. 'the day-lotus'; also 'mud', in pankaju moha pagu nahi
calai AsSp3. 3. [Sk. pankaja-]
pakka~i. v.t. 'seize, grasp'. 13. [7619 *pakka4-: = PAKA~I]
pakii, f. 'ripeness'. 1. [ < PAKKI]
pakki (pp. pakkii), v.i. 'ripen; be completed, be settled': pp. pakka
freq. as adj. 'ripe; complete; well-formed, lovely': pakkii rogi Dh5,
m. 'leper': pakki sari, f. 'piece which is home (in game of caupar)'. 10.
[7621 pakva-]
tpankha, f. 'bird'. F. ( = PANKHI]
palikham:-iim, m. 'bird'. 2. [7627 pak~a- + ?]
pakkhi, m. 'fan', as pakkha pheri 'wave fan'. 1. [7627 pak~a-]
pakhili, v.t. 'wash'. 6. [8456 prak~alayati]
pakhivaju, m. 'drum'. 1. (7635 *pak~atodya-]
paiakhi (-i), r. 'bird'. 12. (7636 pak~in-; vs. P., m.: = tPANKHA]
pakkhu, m. 'lunar fortnight71. [7627 pak~a-]
palikhu, m. 'wing': pankha kari MjV16.l 'flap wings'. 5. [7627
parilkherii, m. 'bird'. 2. [7637 *pak~ikariipa-]
tpagga, f. 'turban'. F. [7644 *paggii-]
pagu, m. 'foot': paga liigi, pagi laggi 'fall at the feet of: pagu dhari
dhiiri 'set foot, plant foot, walk'. 9. (7766 padga-]
paiica (o. -iim; emph. -e), num. 'five': freq. as mp. with variou
implicit meanings - 'the five members ofa paiicayat, i.e. leaders
the saints (so JP16)', also 'the five senses'; 'the five elements' (earth
air, fire, water, ether); 'the five passions or sins' (kiimu, krodhi.
lobhu, mohu, ahamkiiru); 'the five virtues' (satu, samtokhu, daiil
dharamu, dhiraju): panca sabada 'the heavenly five-part harmon:
heard at the climax of the mystical process': paiica tattu 'the five
elements': panca bhu (bhuti) 'the body (composed offive elements)'
paiica miiri 'destroy the five (passions)': paiiciim kiiri Mrs2• 'the one
who acts as (through) the paiiciiyat'. 65. [Sk.: equ. PANJJ]
paiicami, f. '5th day of lunar fortnight'. 1. (Sk.]
pacai: see PACI
pamcaii:iu, m. (-i SuC3, f. or msl.?) 'collection offive; the five virtues
paiicayat'. 2. (7655 paiica- + ?]
pacasa (pamciisii Pr3}, num. '50'. 3. (7682 paiiciisat-]
pacari, v.t. 'proclaim, speak of. 1•. [for Sk. praciirayaci; = S
paci, v.i. 'rot, fester; dissolve, be consumed, be destroyed': int. pac
paciii (pp.? paciinu Sr19'} 'be utterly destroyed, etc.'. 26. (765•
pachat;U (pp. -iii, pachatii), v.t. 'recognize; acknowledge: realize
perceive; understand, know' (int. + le). 120. (8637 pratyabhijanat1
pachini (pp. -iii, -ii), v.t. 21. [ = PACHA~l]
tpaccharati, f. 'the end of the night'. f•. [7990 *pasca- + RATJ
pacha~i, v.t. 'dash, knock down, throw (in wrestling)'. 3. (849:
pachutii {pp. pachutiil)ii, fsd. -itii Gal 5•, pachutanii), v.i. 'repent'. 32
tpacchotau, m. P. [ = PACCHOTAVA]
pacchotai (pp. fsd. pacchotiitft TuC4r, ext. paccho re tiil)i TiA l '}, v.i
'repent, regret, be sorry, rue'. 13. [ < PACCHOTAVA: =PACHUTA!]
pacchotivi, 'repentance'. 1. [8010 pascottiipa-: = tPACCHOTAU]

pacho~i. v.t. 'beat', as hiitha pachori 'fling arms about (in agony)'. 1.
[8460 •prak~orayatl]
paiijavirit, adj. 'fifth'. 3. [7669 paiicama-]
paiiji (-a; po. -am; emph. -e), num. 'five'. 8. [7655 paiica: cqu. PAfKA]
pajiiti, adj. 'seized'. 2. (8734 prayukta- ? (cf. SAMGOTA.}]
pana1.1u, m. 'bazaar, market'. 7. [7705 pagana-]
tpa,antari, m. 'mystery', in ehu parantarii titu dibii'.li gaiiimha
SuVS.1. M2. [•pauantara- 'contents of official document'?; =Rj.
pafantar (vs. H. antarpaf 'screen')]
pa,ambara, mp. 'silk clothes'. 3. [•paHiimbara-]
pa,ambu, m. 'fraud', in kari pafambu gallim manu lii11asi Gal 5. J.
[ <PATAMBARA x Sk. pafu-??]
pa,p, f. 'writing board, wooden slate'. 2. (7699 paf!ikii-]
pattJim, fp. 'sidelocks of hair arranged over the temples'. 2. [7699
pa!fikii-? (or 7700 paHa- 2?); = P.]
pa"u', m. 'silk, silk cloth'. 6. (7700 pa!{a- 2: =PA"fU]
paMu 2 , m. 'leaf of a door'. 1 (Ra3). [7699 paf{a- 1 ]
l.kc:5T tpa,oli, m. 'silk garment'. F. [7704 •paf!adukiila-]
ltO'fu pa,hii, v.t. 'send, despatch'. 6. (8607 prasthapayati]
lt0"9 pa,hinu, m. 'Pathitn, Afghaq'. 2. (8014 •pa~fii1.1a-]
lla ' P8i:t4a, f. 'bundle'. 4. [cf. 8168 pi1.14a-?; =P. pa1.14J
pai:i~atu, m. 1. [ = PAt:.U?ITU]
~ pai:a4itu, m. 'pandit, learned Brahman'. 30. [Sk. pa1J4ita-:
=PA~l;>ATU: cf. PAMt;>A]

u? pai:ahi, f. 'shoe'. 1. (2302 upanah-: = PA~A]

l.J3' patta: see PATTU 1
ldgJ patailgu, m. 'winged insect, butterfly, grasshopper; moth, which
eats woollen cloth (SoVl.1)'. 2. [7721 •pattanga-]
pattai:au, m. 'ferry, landing-place'. ld. (7705 pattana-]
patari, v.i. 'be deceived, misled', in miHhai patariai vekhahu loka ai
MjVl 1.2. 1. [for Sk. pratarati (cf. Sk. pratiirayati 'misleads'}]
tpattali, adj. 'thin, weak'. F. (7736 pattrala-]
pattali, f. 'leaf-platter (on which offerings are placed)'. 3. [7736

patilu (-am'), m. 'nether world, underworld'. 7. [for Sk. piitiila-:
pati 1 (-i), m. 'lord, master, husband; God'. 30. [Sk.]
pati 2 , patti (-e'), f. 'honour, good name, reputation' (freq. + khoi,
gamviii): pati pii~i 'good name to be destroyed'. 110. [der. of 8640
pratyiiyayati (>Pk. pattia-)]
patitu, m. 'one who has fallen; sinner'. 2. [Sk. patita-: cf. PAiA]
patiii, v.i. (and v.t.?) 'believe, trust; be trusting, be confident, al
ease'. 11. [8640 pratyiiyayati: = PATIJI]
patiirii, m. 'trust'. 1r. ( < PATIAI]
pahji (pp. pati'J(i 1 , patina'), v.i. 'believe, trust; be trusting, be
confident, at ease': pp. freq. as adj. 'filled with confidence, trusting'
19. (=PATIAI]
fpatii:i& 2 , adj. 'weak', in akkhim dekhi patil}iiim SIFl 1. F. [774C
pattu 1, m .. 'leaf. 5. [7733 pattra-: =PATTRU]
pattu 2 , m. 'begging-bowl'. 3. [8055 piitraJ]
pattru, m. 'leaf. 2. [=PATTU 1]
pattharu, m. 'stone'. 7. [8857 prastara-: =PATHARU]
panthi, m. 'traveller': iii panthi 'followers of the Mother'. 2. [Pk
panthu (-ii'), m. 'path, road, way'. 13. [Sk. panthii-: cf. PANDHU]
padamani, f. 'lotus'. 2. [Sk. padmini-: cf. PABBA~I]
padamu, m. 'lotus posture (in yoga)'. 1. [Sk. padma-]
padara, m. 'father'. 11• [Pers. pidar, padar]
padavi, f. 'rank, dignity'. 1. [Sk.]
padirathu. m. 'substance, wealth, treasure; luxury; blessing'. 39
[Sk. padiirtha-]
pandi, f. 'counsel, instruction' ( + de). 2. [Pers. pand]
pandi, m. 'one who takes or gives counsel', in dui pandi dui rah<.
caliie MrS12, i.e. 'the good and the bad' [or pandim, pd. of PANDI?]
1. ( <PANDI)
padu, m. 'foot; station, rank, dignity, degree' (freq. as final membe1
of compounds). 22. [Sic. pada-]
paritdbiii, m. 'traveller'. 1r. [ <PANDHU (ext. as VAT.\O)]
pandhu, m. 'way': adha pandhai, adv. 'half way'; pandha siri Ra V 12.1
'at the very beginning (of the way)'. 2. (7785 pantha-: cf. PANTHU]
tpanaba, f. 'refuge'. F. [Pers. panah]
tpanoi, m. 'lCar, page', inji laianu pannai pai MlV8.1 'whom He has
entered in His record, i.e. made His own'. M3. [7918 parl}a-:
panihiri, f. 'drawer of water'. 1. (8088 •paniyahara-]
pappi, m. 'the letter P'. 1.
pabbal;li, f. 'lotus'. 1. (7775 padmini-: cf. PADAMANI]
pabbaru, m_., in pabbara tiim hariavala kamvala kancana vanni Sl30,
comm. as 'lotus', or (better?) 'lotus-pond'. 1. [7769 padma- + -r-]
para, 'another': see PARU 1 [compounds of para- are separately
listed below]
paraum: see PARJ 1
paraiipakiri, m. 'one who benefits others'. ir. [for Sk. paropakarin-
parasanu, m. 'touch'. t•. [for Sk. spar.§ana-]
parasarimu, m. 'Para~urama, the Brahman opponent of Rama'. 1.
parasidu, m. 'favour, grace', usu. as sl. parasiidi (·i) 'by the favour,
grace (of)'. 59. [Sk. prasiida: =PRASADU; cf. PASAU 1 ]
parasi, v.t. 'touch'. 5. (13811 (Sk.) spar.§ayate]
parabarii, v.t. 'caused to be shunm!d, abandoned'. l'. [v.c.
parabari, v.t. 'shun, put aside, leave, forsake, abandon'. 22. [7899
parabiri, v.t. 'shun, put aside, abandon'. l'. [ <7910 parihiira-]
pararilhi, parahu: see PARI 1
parakiru (-ova VilA.4'), m. 'sort, kind'. 2r. [Sk. prakara-]
parakhi 1, v.t. 'examine, test, assay (coins, jewels, etc.); separate,
discriminate between' (int. + lai). 25. (7904 parik~ate: = PARAKHI]
parakhi 2 , m. 'tester, assayer', in ape ratanu parakhi tiim SrA3. 1.
[7904 parik~in-: syn. PARAKHU]
paraga!i, v.i. 'become manifest'. 2. [ <PARAGATU: =PRAGATI]
paraga!tJ, adj. 'manifest, revealed; famous, honoured'. 18. (for Sk.
praka!a- (Pk. paga4a-): = PRAGATU]
paragisi (pp. -ii', -iii), 'shine out, appear; blossom, bloom'. 12. [for
Sk. prakiliate: = PRAGA.SI]
paragisu (-am'), m. 'appearance; splendour, light, lustre'. 3. [for Sk.
prakiifa- (Pk. pagasa-): == PRAGASU]
paragharu, m. 'another's house'. 11. [PARA- + GHARU]
paraca1_1~u, adj. 'very powerful, supreme'. l'. [Sk. praca~t!a-]
paracii 1 , m. 'slip of paper', in kinai na paracii liiiii AsA12 'no one
performed miracles (by writing spells on slips of paper)'. 1. [Pers.
paraci 2, m. 'mystiCal experience (of the supreme reality)': gura
paracai, etc. 'through the mystical awareness imparted by the
Satiguru'. 6. [Sk. paricaya-]
paracii~u, m. 'mystical awareness'. 1'. [Sk. *pariciiyana-]
parachaooi, adj. 'hidden'. 1. [Sk. prachanna-]
paraji, f. 'subjects, common people'. 1. [Sk. prajii-]
parajiri, v.t. 2'. [ = PARAJALI]
parajili, v.t. 'kindle, set on fire, bum, destroy'. 3. [14675
*parijviilayati (or 8521 prajviilayati): =PARAJARI]
para~: see PARI 1
tpara~i, v.t. 'marry'. F'. [7821 pari~iipayati]
para1_1ai, ppn. 'on', in akkhirit para~ai je phiriirit SaV 11.2. 1. [ < PARI 1
(or PARI 2)??; = P. parne 'towards, on (~he head, etc.)']
paratipi 1 , v.i. 'suffer, burn with longing or fierce desire'. 2. [Sk.
pratapyate x TA.P1 1]
paratipi 2, v.t. 'grieve, affiict'. 1 (AsC5'). [Sk. pratiipayati]
paratipu, m. 'burning grief. 2. [Sk. pratiipa(na-)]
paratiti, f. 'trust, faith'. 1'. [Sk. pratiti-]
paratria, f. 'another's wife'. 1. [parastri-]
parathirhu, m. 'another place', as sl. parathiiriti (-e) 'for the next
world'. 2'. [PARA- + THAMU]
parathii, f. 'fame, glory', in riije dharamu karamhi parathiie MrS4',
i.e. 'for the sake of fame', also siice parathiii AsA18' 'through the
glory of the True One?'. 2'. [Sk. prathii-]
parandi (pd.? -ae MjV13.6), m. 'bird'. 11• [Pers. paranda]
paradiri, f. 'another's wife'. 1. [Sk. -paradiira-]
paradesi, adv. 'abroad'. 1. [Sk. paradda-]
paradesi, adj. 'travelling abroad; foreign, ·strange'. 4. [Sk.
paradhanu, m. 'another's property'. 3. [Sk. paradhana-]
paradhinu (-a•, -o'), m. 'chief; the best, outstanding, most excellent
(person or thing)'. 14. (Sk.]
paraniri, f. 'another's wife'. 2•. (PARA- + NARI]
paranindi, f. 'slandering; speaking ill of others'. 3. [Sk.]
parapaiicu, m. 'the phenomenal world; the world and its delights'.
6. [Sk. prapanca-]
paramparu: see APARA
parapiru, m. 'another's hu~band or lover'. 1. [PARA- + PIRU]
paraphari, v.i. 1. [ = PARAPHU~I]
paraphuri, v.i. 'sprout, bloom, expand'. 2. [8880 prasphutati:
parabatu, m. 'mountain'. 4. [Sk. parvata-]
parabodhi, v.t. 'admonish, preach at'. 2. [Sk. prabodhayati: cf.
parabhita, f. 'dawn, daybreak'. 1'. (Sk. prabhiita-: = PRABHATA]
parama-, pref. 'highest, supreme, extreme', used to form the
following compounds with words beginning with a consonant
[variously written as one or two words]: parama sarhjogr, m. 'the
supreme Uniter'; parama sukhu, ni. 'the highest joy'; parama hansu,
m. 'supreme saint'; parama hitam5•, m. 'extreme love'; parama hiru•,
m. 'supreme jewel'; parama gati, r. 'supreme state'; parama joti, r.
'the supreme light'; parama tattu, parama tantu, m. 'the supreme
reality, i.e. God'; parama nidhiinu, m. 'the highest treasure'; parama
padu, m. ,supreme rank, highest rank, final beatitude'; parama
piikha1J<!i, m. 'utter hypocrite';parama rasu, m. 'the highest joy'. 37.
paramanu, m. 'another's heart'. 1. [PARA- + MANU]
paramalu 1, m. 'fragrance, perfume': paramalu kari 'make fragrant':
paramalu liii 'apply perfume'. 5. [Sk. parimala-]
paramalu 2 , f. 'another's dirt, i.e. speaking ill of others'. 1 (Sr4).

paramitamu, m. 'the supreme or universal soul, God'. 1. [Sk.
paramidi, adj. 'intoxicated, heedless'. 1r. [Sk. pramadin-]
pararnidu, m. 'intoxication, madness'. 1•. [Sk. paramada-]
paraminandu, m. 'the highest bliss, supreme felicity: God'. 2. [Sk.
paramiratbu, m. 'the highest truth, supreme goal; God'. 2. [Sk.
paramiranthu, m. 'seeker, devotee of God', in hari gur;ia gavamhi
mili paramarantha AsA4. P. [for Sk. paramiirthika-?]
paramesaru (-a'), m. 'supreme Lord, God'. 10. [Sk. paramdvara-:
paramesuru, m. 2. [ = PARAMESARU]
paralaii, m. 'destruction, annihilation (of the world)'. 2. [for Sk.
paralobhi, m. 'greed for another's goods, covetousness'. l. [PARA-
paravasi, adv. 'in the power of another'. 1. [Sk. parava$ya-]
paravadagiru (-a', -o'), m. 'God (the Provider, the Cherisher)'. 3•.
[Pers. parvarda-giir: =PARAVADIGARU]
lJ<I ~ foa1 •,g paravadigiru, m. 1r. [ = PARAVADAGARU]
~ paraviba, f. 'care, concern' ( + kari). 2. [Pers. parva]
~~ paravii;a& 1 , m. 'written warrant, order, authority, pass'. 4. [Pers.
parvana: =PARAVANA]
paravii;a& 2 (-u 2 '), m. 'a weight (for scales)'. 2. [7855 parimii'}a- (or
poss. 8723 pramiirJa-)]
paravil}u 1 (-a 3 , -o'), m. 'authority, acceptance': but usu. adj.
'authoritative; approved of, accepted'. 40. [8723 pramiitµJ-:
paravini, m. 'warrant'. 3. L=PARAVA~A 1 ]
paravinu (-o'), adj. 'accepted'. 3•. [ =PARAVA~U 1 ]
paraviru, m. 'family'. 4. [7876 parivara-]
paravili, m. 'coral'. 1. [Sk. pravala-]
paravirati, f. 'the active life, life of worldly activity'. 3. [Sk. pravrtti-]

parii (pp. pariitii 1;imp. 2p. pariivahu AsA13~, v.t. 'reach, attain,
get, seize' [not as comm. 'know, recognize' <pratyiiyayati]. 5.
(8943 priipayati (>Ap. pariivai): cf. PAt 1]
parii 2 (pres. 3s. pariillai AsA6), v.t. 'cause to lie, make steady, fix'. 1r.
[v.c. <PAR1 1 ]
pariii, adj. 'belonging to another, not one's own; foreign'; also m.
'stranger'. 17. [7796 paragata-]
parii.,u, m. 'refuge, resort; means, determining agent'. 4. [Sk.
tparib~, f. 'guest, transient'. F. (8973 priihur;iikii-: =PAHUl~T]
parikaiiria, m. 'power, energy'. 1. [7799m pariikrama-]
paribitala(a), m. 'working for others (i.e. Sildras)'. !51• [for Sk.

wtfu parikbi, v.t. 'test, examine;. 1r. [ =PARAKHt]

parichatu, m. 'sin'. 2. [8950 prayaJcitta- 'atonement']
w,-a pari~ m. 'living being, creature'. 2r. [ = PRA~]

W1$ paril}u, m. 'breath; life (esp. in p.)'. 7. [ = PRA~U]

paritamu, m. 'the supreme soul; God'. 2. [Sk. paratman-]
WW pariti 1 , pp. of PARAl 1 'reached, attained, seized'. (4). (8945 priipta-]
WW pariti 2: see PARl 1
wtfo parini, m. lr. (=PARA~]
parinu, m. 1r. [=PARA~U]
W°'9 :

w'llfa paripad, f. 'obtaining': pariipati hoi 'be obtained': parapati kari

'obtain'. 13: [Sk. priipti-: =PRAPATI]
wtf5 parili, f. 'straw'. 3. (7958 paliiff-: = PALLARl, cf. PARALU]
WT§ parilu, m. 'straw'. 1'. [7958 paliila-: cf. PARALI]
w~ parivahu: see PARAJ 1
uo~ parivai: see PARA1 2
lffiJ pari 1 (ger. para~ii; ext. pres. ptc.? pariitii 2 MrSl 1,101; pp. pariii, fsd.
pari1, mpd. pare; pres. ls. paraum, 3s. parai 1, 3p. paramhi; imp. 2p.
parahu), v.i. 'fall, lie, sink'. 18. [ = PA~t]
pari 2 , ppn. 'on', in gagana pari gorakhu Mrll. l. [2333 •uppari]
pari2, f. 'fairy, lovely woman', only as raga pari(am) 'ragas and
rigi9is'. 3. [Pers.]

parisi, v.t. 'serve (as a meal), offer'. l'. [7888 parive~ati]
parikha, f. 'inspection, test, examination'. 2r. (7904 parik~a-]
pariti (-a'), f. 'love'. 11. ( = PRTTI]
paru 1 , adj. 'other', as m. 'another' in para kaum GaA6, AsV14.l 'to
another', para ki kaum apuni kahai GaA18 'calls what is another's
his own'. 3. [7793 para- (and cf. compounds of PARA- separntely
listed above)]
paru 2 , cj. 'but'. 2. [7793 param]
paru 3 , adv. 'certainly, surely', in soi paru jiiPJai and soi paru hoiba
Pr8: elsewhere as.tam paru 'then indeed', e.g. sacu tam parujiiPJiai
jam ... AsVl0.2. 9. [8435 prakiira- 1 'r!: cf. SARAPARA]
paretu, m. 'ghost, departed spirit'. 1. [ = PRETU]
parai1: see PARI 1
parai 2 , adv. 'beyond'. 2. [7793 pare(PJQ)]
paroi (pp. parotiir; pres. 3s. parovai), v.t. 'thread, string (as garland,
necklace, etc.)': (int. + le). 1. (7869 parivayati, 8627 pratudati, or
8785 pravayati]
pala: see PALU
palanghu (sl. palamghi.Srl), m. 'bed (of the best sort, with painted
legs, etc.)'. 4. [7964 palyalika-]
pala~i. v.i. 'change, be altered'. 1. [7968 •pallaH-]
palati, adv. 'hereafter, in the next world'. 2. [7799 paratra-]
pallari, f. 'straw'. 1. [ = PARALI]
fpallavi, v.i. 'become green again, blossom afresh'. F. [7971
palli, m. 'edge of garment tied in knot and used as purse', only as sl.
pal/ai 'in the possession of; hence pallai hoi 'have in one's
possession'; pal/ai pai 'fall into one's possession, be acquired'. 23.
[7970 pallava- 2 ]
paliu, m. 'lamentation', only as karaPJa palava (palahu Ti4, -a
MIV6.2, M3), mp. 'piteous laments, mournful cries' ( + kari). 6.
[8757 pralapa-]
palii:ti (as pp. mpd. -e AsV17), v.t. 'saddle (horse)'. 1. [7966
tpalii, adj. 'grey (of hair)'. F. [7962 palita-]

paliti (-u'), adj. 'polluted, unclean (of clothes soiled. with blood or
urine)'. 2. [Pers. palitfJ
palu (so., pd. pala), m. 'a measure of time ( = 24 seconds, or lo ghari);
moment, instant'. 8. [7952 pala- 1 ]
pale!i, v.t. 'wrap'. 1. [10942 *lappeH-]
pallai: see PALLA
paloi, v.i. 'flee'. ir. [7955 paliiyate]
pavai:iu, m. 'wind, air, breath'. 19. [ =PAUI:IU]
pavanu(-ii), m. 16. [7978 (or Sk.?) pavana- 2 : =PAVA~U]
pava~, f. 'step, stafr'. 1. [ = PAU~I]
pavai, v.t. 'cause to happen'. 1. [v.c. <PAVI]
tpavahi, adj. 'on a path', in thiu paviihi dabbhu SlF16. F. [ < 7757
• padavithi-?]
parilviru, m. 'trance'. 1. [872~ pramiira-]
pavi (ger. pava'}ii; pres. ptc. paiirildii; fpl. -iim AsV3, also ext. mpd.
pavandare MrAlOd; pres. ls. paiiriz, paviiriz, 3s. pavai, -ai, 3p.
pavamhi, pavanhi; fut. 3p. paiisanhi RaV13.2), v.i. 'fall; fall down,
sink; fall on, attack (of blows, shoe-beatings); halt, encamp; lie, lie
down, be idle; become, happen; befall, occur; be obtained; cost, be
valued at': freq. used to form nominal conjuncts, also as modal
verb + abs. serving to emphasize the action. 70. [7722 patati or
8675 prapatati: =PAI (which shares pp. PAiA]
pavittu, adj. 'holy, pure, sacred'. 2. [pavitra-: =PAVITIRU]
pavittru, adj. 4. [ = PAVITIU (with -r- prob, < Sk.)]
parada, m. 'screen, covering (i.e. clothes)'. 1. [Pers. parda]
parai, v.t. 'cause to be split (of ears, by yogis)'. 3. [v.c. < PA~I]
parhai, v.t. 'cause to be recited, teach'. 2. [v.c. <PA~HI]

pari, v.i. 'fall, lie, sink'. 15. [7722 patati (Pk. pa4ai): = PARI 1; syn.
parhi, v.t. 'read, study, recite': pp. parhiii freq. as adj. 'learned', ~nd
m. 'scholar'. 120. (7712 pafhati]
pirilu (sl. pami 1, pamvai AsC4r; pd. pamva Ba2; pl. piimim Su A 1'), m.
'foot': piium rakkhi, riikhi 'plant foot, set foot firmly': piimi pari,
laggi, liigi 'fall at the feet (of)': piirizi lai 'cause to fall at feet, take
under protection'. c.25. (8056 piida- (8075 piidu-)]

U1'fu pii 1 (inf. piiva1Ju; pres. ptc. piimidii; pp. msd. piiiii, -o, ext. -arii, fsd.
piii2 , piiiii, mpd. piie; pres. ls. piivaum, -iim, 2s. piivamhi, piivasitii
Gal 5', 3s. piivai, -asi, also piie, -i3 , 3p. piiinhi, piivamhi; fut. 3s. piiisi,
piivasi; pass. pres. 3s. piiiai), v.t. 'find, get, obtain, acquire'. c.500.
(but freq. hardly dist. from P.\1 2 or PAI 3). (8943 priipayati: cf.
pii 2 (inO. as P.\1 1:pp. mpd. + 3s. suf. piiianu 0049), v.t. 'put, place;
cast, throw; inflict; put on; put in' (int. + cho4i). c.150. (8053
piitayati, 8065 piidayati]
pni3 (-i4), v.i. 'fal!s, etc.': see PAI
piriti~: see PAMU
piriti 2 , f. 'foundation'. 4. [ <8056 piida- (rather than Pers. piiin)]
piiku, m. 'footsoldier, armed attendant'. l'. (8097 *piiyakka- (not
directly <Pers. paik)]
pii1, f. 'a measure of capacity (used for grain)', as bharfai piiiai
MjV20, etc. 'when the measure is full, i.e. when one's allotted life is
done~ [piii bhari VaAl, taken by comm. as 'when cup in water-
clock is full', but hardly dist. from other contexts]. 5. (8074 piidikii-]
pisaritha, adv. 'from outside, on the outside'; also ppn. 'from'. 3. [a.
of PASI]
pisi, m. 'die, dice': piisii 4hii/i 'throw dice (in the game of caupar)'. 5.
[8132 pasaka-]
pisiiri, m. 'extent, expansion' ( + kari). 4r, [ = PASARA]
pisi (-e~, adv. 'near': usu. ppn. 'beside; with; in the possession of;
towards, to'. 25. [8118 piidve: = PAHi; cf. PASAJ\iHu]
piisi: see PAI
fpiisu, m. 'side'. P. [8118 piir.foa-]
piham;au, m. 'stone; stone idol'. 3. [8138 pii~ii1Ja-: = PAHANU]
pihnnu, m. 1. [ = PAHAl':IU]
pihariillru, m. 'sentry, watchman', in piiharuariimchabi As20, perh.
'the splendid sight of the sentries'. 1. [priihiirika- + -r-]
pihiiri, m. 'extent, expansion (of the world); goldsmith's
workshop'. 2. [ = PASAR.A]
pibi (as pp. piihiii Ti3), v.t. 'steep clothes in preparatory solution
before dyeing'. 1. [ < P.\HU]
pirilhi: see PAI
pibi, ppn. 'with, in the possession of, in so ammritu gura piihi So9.
F. ( =PAHi)
piri>hi: see PAI
pihu, m. 'solution of alum, etc., in which clothes are steeped before
dyeing'. 2. [8140 pii~i-; = P. piih, m.f., cf. H. piih, f.; = tPAHo?]
pihuca, m. 'wedding invitation' [comm. also 'thread used to wrap
wedding invitation, barber who carries messages at time of
weddings'], in ghari ghari eho piihucii GaShl. l. [8948 priibhtta- x
pihul;li, m. 'guest'. 1. [8973 priihurJaka-]
pihui:t}, f. 'guest'. 1. [8973 priihU'f}ikii-: =tpARAHUJ:-11]
tpahu, m. 'dye (of the world)?', in guru kunji piihii nivalu SaVl.l
(comm. also 'with, near' =PA.HJ ('??)]. M2. [ = PAHu?]
pikari, v.t. 'sieze'. 1. [ =PAKKA~l]
piku (-i}, adj. 'holy, pure': piiki niimi'holy is His glory'. 5. [Pers. piik]
pikhas;a4J (-iii), m. 'hypocrite, pretender, dissimulator, deceiver'. 6.
[Sk. pii~a1J4hin-]
pikhas;a~u. m. 'hypocrisy, pretence, deceit' ( + kari). 12. [Sk.
pikharu (-ii), m. 'war-harness (for horse or elephant)'. 3. [8452
pikhika, f. 'dust under the feet (of)'. t •r. [Pers. pii + khiik, as calque
on caranaha dhuri, etc.: cf. PA.CHARU]
picbiru, f. 'dust under the feet (of)'. 1r. [*piidak~iira-: cf. PAKHAKA]
pichai, adv. 'afterwards, behind, ba:ck; in this world': also ppn.
'behind, after' (M2). 11. [ = PICCHAI]
piju (-ii, -iii'), m. 'display, ostentation, false show'. 4. ['??; = P. piij,
m. 'gilding, etc.']
pi!i, v.i. 'be split, be tom'. 7. (8032 pii!yate]
pi!U, m. 'silk'. 2. [=PATfU 1 ]
pi!hu (-ii'), m. 'reading, studL._recitation (especially from sacred
Hindu texts)' ( + parhi). 16. [Sk. pii!ha-]
pim~ava, mp. 'the Pai:i<;tavas, heroes of the Mahabharata'. 1.
piril~, m. 'par:i<;lit', only as sv. piiri14e, used to address Brahman. 9.
[7718 pa'J4ita-: cf. PA~I?ITU]

pa1_1a, f. 'shoe', as pii1Jiim khiii, lahi 1 'get a shoe-beating·. 2. [2302
upiinah-: = PANHI]
pani (-i Sl3), m. 'water'. 60. [8082 piiniya-: =PA.NI, -VA.NI 1]
panu: see PAI
pata: see PA.Tu
pata1_1i (t-u F), m. 'ferryman'. ld. [ <7705 pattana-: cf. PATTANU]
patalu, m. 'nether world, underworld'. 17. [=PATA.Lu]
patisahibu, m. 'king, sovereign'. 1. [PA.TISA.HU x SA.HIBU]
patisahi, f. 'kingdom, empire, sovereignty, royal dignity'. 3. [Pers.
patisahu, m. 'king, emperor, sovereign'. 24. [Pers. piidshiih: cf.
~m~Haj -
pafi 1 , f. 'leaf-platter (on which offerings are placed)'. 3. [7733
pattrikii-: syn. PATTALI]
pati 2 , f: 'caste', in ta kai jati na piiti BaA2. 1. [echo-word; cf. P. zat-
piit] -
patu, m. 'king', in kete piita narinda JP35. 1. [<PA.TISA.Hu]
patharu, m. 'stone'. 2. [ = PATTHARU]
padharu, m. 'way, route, road'. 5. [7767 *paddhara-]
padha, m. 'learned Brahman, teacher'. 4. [for Sk. upiidhyiiya-]
pani, m. 'water'. 1'. [=PA.NI]
pa1_1u, m. 'leaf; betel-leaf. 4. [7918 par1Ja-: = tPANNA.]
papi, m. 'sinner'. 11. [Sk. piipin-]
pipu, m. 'sin': piipu kamiii, kari 'commit sin': piipu punnu, m. 'sin and
virtue, evil and good actions'. 41. [Sk. papa-]
para: see PA.Ru
pirasu, m. 'the philosopher's stone (which turns all it touches to
gold)'. 9. [13809 spada-? (Pk. parasa-)]
pirakhu (-u), m. 'tester, assayer, examiner; one who discriminates,
clever person'. 4. [ < 8116 *piirik~ya-: syn. PARAKHI]
pirangati, adj. 'passed beyond the world, saved'. 1. [for Sk.
piragarimi, m. 'yogi who has passed beyond the world'. 1. [for Sk.

piirajiitu, m. 'the coral tree Erythrina indica; a mythical tree taken
from Indra's heaven to Dwarka by Kr~~a·. 2. [Sk. piirijiita-]
piirabati, f. 'the goddess Parvati, wife of Siva'. l.
piirabrahamu, m. 'the supreme spirit, God'. 4. [for Sk.
paramabrahman- ( x PARU)]
piiriiviiru, m. 'limit, boundary'. 8. [Sk. piiriiviira- 'further and nearer
piiru (-a', -ii', -o'), m. 'far side, further bank': piiru apiiru 'the further
and nearer bank': piiru piii 1 'reach the far side, get across': sl. piiri
(-e'), adv. 'on the far side, over, across': piiri uttari, pai, /anghi
'get safely across to the far side, i.e. be saved'. 57. [8100 piira- 1 ]
piilii, m. 'frost; snow; cold'. 3. [8959 priiteya-]
pili 1 , f. 'boundary, barrier; dam, dyke; wall round tank; bridge'. 3'.
[8041 piili- 1J
pili 2 , v.t. 'tend, nourish; maintain, practise continually'. 3. [8129
-pilu, m. 'protector', in saraba piila Ba5' 'o Keeper of all!'. l'. [Sk.
u~ piiriiva: see PAMU
pivaku (-o), m. 'fire'. 4. [Sk. piivaka-]
U~,9 piivanu, adj. 'pure, holy'. l. [Sk. piivana-]
~ pivai, etc.: see P.i.1 12
~ pi~i. v.t. 'tear, split'. l. [8032 pii!ayati]
M piu, m. 'father'. 1. [8179 pitr-;. = Plu 2; cf. PITA.]
M'R' piiisa (-ii ), f. 'thirst, desire'. 16. [8199 pipiisii-]
ftml'R'T piisi 1 (-u, -o), adj. 'thirsty, desirous'. 9. [8200 *pipiisaka-]
MTQT piiri, adj. 'beloved, dear; .sweet, agreeable'. 115. [8975
pri yakiiraka-]
piiiru (-o'), m. 'love': (siuril) piiiru dhari, liii 'fall in love with, feel love
for': piiiru laggi, liigi 'love to be felt'. 63. [8975 priyakiira-]
piili, m. 'cup'. 1. [Pers. piyiila]
tpii"1ii, adj. 'very sharp, narrow, fine'. F'. [8622 pratik~~ia-]
pisanu, m. 'back biter; cruel, treacherous person', in pisana priti jiuril
Mr4 [where trad. 'leech' is unsupported and seems forced]. 1. [Sk.

pisara, m. 'son'. 1•. [Pers. pisar]
pingula, f. 'the right-hand channel of the body (in yoga)'. 1. [Sk.
piccu, m.? 'rubbish, nonsense', as hora kacci mattlm kaccu piccu
Sa V 11.2. 1. [echo-word (or cf. 8150 • piccikii- 'mucus in the eyes'?)]
tpicchalarati, f. 'the end of the night'. F. [ = tPACCHARATI]
tpiccha, m. 'the past'. F (SIF9). [7990 *pasca- ( x 8371 pf.Hha-)]
picchai, adv. 'afterwards, behind'; also ppn. 'after, behind': a.
picchamhu 'behind; picchamhu riitl'at the end of the night'. 16. [sl.
of tp1cCHA.: = PACHAI]
piiijaru, m. 'cage; skeleton, body'. 4. [7685 pinjara- 2 ]
pimiiai, v.t. 'cause (cotton) to be carded'. 1. [v.c. <8159 *pinjati]
pi!ai, v.t. 'cause to be beaten', as dhandhu pifiii 'cause useless
activity to be pursued'. 1. [ v.c. < PI!fI]
pi!!i. v.t. 'beat': dhandhu pi Hi 'pursue useless activity'; phakkaru pigi
'talk rubbish'. 4. [8165 pif!ayati]
pii:i4u (-ii), m. 'the body; ball of rice, etc. (offered as oblation to
deceased ancestors)'. 23. [Sic. pirJ4a-]
fu3'm pitari (-am), mp. 'deceased ancestors, pitris'. 5. [Sk. pitara~]
fl.13r pita (-a), m. 'father'. 19. [Sk.: cf. PIU, PIU 2 ]
pittu, f. 'innards, entrails' ..1. [8181 pitta- 'bile']
fua-~r;it tpirahafi, f. 'love' ( + kari). F. [8982 prlti- ( + ?): cf. PIRU]
piramu, m. 'love'. 2. [ = PREMU ( x PIRU)]
MIT\1£> pirahanu, m. 'robe, cloak'. l '. [Pers. pairiihan: cf. PERA~U]
fuQrR pirai:ii, v.t. 'recognize' (int. + lai). 2. [7816 parijiinati]
M;15 pirai:iu, m. 'going, journey', in rakatu bindu kii ihu tano agani piisi
pirii'Ju SrAlS, i.e. 'this body will eventually proceed to the fire (of
cremation)'. l '. [7940 paryii'}a- 1 (rather than 8732 prayii~a-?)]
piru (-i Sll 8; so. -ahi AsC 1), m. 'beloved, husband'. 125. [8974 pri ya-:
= PTU 3; cf. PRIU, PREU)
pi~a. f. 'wrestling arena; wrestling match': pira bannhi, biiriidhi
'organize, lay out wrestling arena; assemble for wrestling match'. 5.
( = PIRU]
pi~ai, f. 'small covered basket (for snake)'. I. [8164 pifaka- 1 ]

pi~, m. 'wrestling arena', as piru malli 'take over arena, i.e. win
wrestling match'. 2. [??; = P. pir:, m.: = PI~A]
pi (inf., ger. piO'JU, pirJii, pivarJu; pres. ptc. piatu, pivatu; pp. piii, -o,
also pita, piviar; pres. 3s. piai, pivai; imp. 2s. piu 1 , 3s.? piaii GaA 15),
v.t. 'drink': inf. pirJii, etc. freq. as m. 'drink'; piPJii khiiPJii 'drink and
food'. 62. [8209" pibati]
piu 2 (as so. piU MjV26.l), m. 'father'. 1. [ = PIU]
tit~ piu 3 , m. 'beloved'. 1 (Prl4). [ = PIRU]
titb/?5T piala, adj. 'yellow'. 1. [8233 pitala- 1 ]
titti1lfu piii, v.t. 'cause to be drunk, give to drink'. 5. [ v.c. <Pl: = PTL.J.I]
urns pisa-:iu, m. 'pestle, grindstone, mill'. 2. [ < PTSI 1]
titfi:r pisi 1, v.t. 'grind'. 2. [8142 pi~ati]
titfR pisi 2, v.i. 'be ground'. 2. [8221 *pi~yate]
titm piji, v.i. 'be drunk'. 9. [8238 piyate]
titiP tpi"8, adj. 'firm, fast (of knot)'. F. [8224a Jpi4 (*piqya-?)]
WT piti, pp. of Pl 'drunk'. (3). [anal. -tt-]
tITTJ pira (-ii 1'), f. 'pain'. 11. [8227 pi4ii-: = PTRA]
ti@ piru (-ii 2 ), m. 'pir, Muslim spiritual guide, Muslim saint'. 18. [Pers.
titc;lfu pilii, v.t. 'cause to be drunk'. 1. [v.c. <Pl: =PJ.J.1]
tit~ pilivi, m. 'server of drink, cupbearer'. 1. [ < PTL.A.I]
~ pivai, etc.: see PT
tit~ pi~a. f. 'pain': pir:a khai 'suffer pain'. 2. [ = PTRA]
titfu pi~i,
v.t. 'press (esp. of oil-seeds, in oil-press), squeeze; affiict,
torment; harness (chariot)'. 7. [8226 piqayati]
pusataku, m. 'book, Hindu religious book'. 4. [Sk. pustaka-:
pmtaka, m. 15. [ = PUSATAKU]
puhapu, m. 'flower'. 1. [Sk. pu~pa-]
pukira (-ii'), f. 'shout, cry, call, loud recitation' ( + kari). 11.
pakiri, v.i. 'shout, cry out, call loudly'. 7. [8246 *pukkiir-:
puccba, f. 'questioning, interrogation; asking after' (int. pucchii
puccha MjV23.P). 4. [8354 prcchii-: = POCHA]
pucchi, v.t. 'ask, question, interrogate; ask after'. 32. (8354 prcchati:

pujai, v.t. 'cause to reach, cause to be fulfilled' (int. + de). 2. [ v.c.

pujji (pp. punnii), v.i. 'reach; rival; be completed, be fulfilled'. 9.
(8342 puryate]
pu~~aru, adj. 'white (as the white lotus, of hair)'. 1. (8259 purJ<!ra- 1 ]
puttu, m. 'son'. 7. [8265 putra- 1 : = PUTIRU, POTU]
puttri, f. 'daughter'. 2. [f. < PUTIRU]
puttru, m. 3. [ = PUTIU (with -r- perh. < Sk.)]
%fu punahi, adv. 'again'. 1. [ext. of PUNI (or Sk.
y<'>Qfu punarapi, adv. 'again'. 5. [Sk.]
gor punna (fsd. pun'i), pp. of PUJJI 'completed, fulfilled'. (6). (8339 purrJa-_
yf6 puni, adv. 'again, then'. 1. (8273 punar: cf. PHUNI]

got punni, adj. 'virtuous'. 1. [ < PUNNU]

~ punitu, adj. 'pure, cleansed, holy'. 1. [ < PUNNU + ?)
g9 punnu (-am), m. 'virtue, merit, good act (as opp. of piipu); good deed,
almsgiving, charity'. 25. (8261 purJya~]
tpurasalita, f. 'the Siri!_.bridge, by which faithful Muslims may
pass over hell into paradise'. F. [Ar. >Pers. pul-sirii!]
purasii, f. 'questioning, interrogation'. 1 (As39'). [<Pers. purs-,
pres. stem of pursidan]
purasu, m. 'man'. 2. (8289 puru~a-: cf. PURAKHU]
purakhu, m. 'man, husband; yogi; the supreme Being, God': in p.
'men, people': 77. [Sk. puru~a-: cf. PURASU]
purabi~, m. 'associated• with festivals'. ir. [ < PURABU 1]
purabu 1 , m. 'auspicious day (of lunar cycle); festival': 'marvel,
wonder?', in eku purabu maim terii dekhiii So4. 4. [Sk. parvan-]
purabu 2 , adj. 'former': usu. as sl. purabi, adv. 'formerly, before,
according to previous karma'; purabi likhia, m. 'foreordained
destiny'. 12. (8343 *puruva- (Pk. purava-): =PORABU]
puraini, f. 'caupatti, a four-leaved water-plant' [or 'lotus-leaf]. 1.
(8254 puf akini- 'lotus']
pura~i, adj. 'old, worn-out (of clothes, etc.)'. 4. (8283 puriirJa-]

puri1_1u, m. 'Pura~a, one of 18 Hindu religious texts'. 21. [Sk.
puriirJa-: =PURA.NU]
purinu, m. 2•. I= PURA~u]
puriba, adj. 'filled with water'. 11• [Pers. pur-iib]
puri, f. 'city'; puri duiirii MrS2 'the cities of Puri and Dwarka, sacred
to Kni:ia': p. puriam 'all the (sacred) cities, the entire world'; je
bannhiim puriiim bhiira JPl 'though I load up the goods of the
entire world'. 8. [Sk.]
puru 1 (st. -i), m., (-i), f. 'city', usu. as second member of compounds,
likejamapuru 'city of Varna'. 16. [Sk. pura-]
puru 2 , adj. 'full, complete'. 4. [Pers. pur]
pu~. m. 'millstone'. 4. [8253 pufa-]
piirhara, f. 'fire, bonfire'. 1. [8329 *piir- (or connected with 8537 ,
pratapa-, etc.?); -m- written in PrA2 (MS)]
piikiri, f. 'shout, loud cry'. 1•. [ = PUKA.RA]
piikiri, v.i. 'shout, cry out'. 1. [ = PUKARI]
piicha, f. 'questioning, interrogation': piicha le 'conduct
interrogation'. 4. [ =PUCCHA]
piichi1, v.t. 'ask, question, interrogate; ask after'. 23. [ = PUCCHI]
piichi 2 , f. 'tail'. 1 (Mr4). [8249 puccha-]
l.JMT piiji (-a), f. 'worship, offering; honour': piijii kari, carhai, {iii 'make
"' offering, do piijli'. 40. [Sk. puja-]
piiji, v.t. 'worship; honour'. 12. [Sk. piijayati]
piirilji, r. 'capital, stock'. 9. (8251 puiija-]
pii!ho, adj. 'upside down'. 1. [14306 *utpwha-: cf. UPATfHA]
piitu, m. 'son'. 9. [ = Ptrrru]
piiraku, m. 'slow exhalation of breath through nose (as yogic
exercise)'. 2. [Sk. piiraka-]
piira1.1u, m. 'a· filling', as piirarJu de 'fill'. 1. (8332 piiratJa-:
=P0RANU 2 )

.. -
UO<'i piiranu 1, adj. 'filling, completely filling, omnipresent (of God)'. 5.
[for Sk. piirrJa·]
... - piiranu 2, m. 1 (MrA3). [ = PORA~U]

piirabu, adj. 'former': usu. as sl. purabi, adv. 'formerly, before,
according to previous karma'; purabi likhiii, m. 'foreordained
destiny'. 11. (8343 •puruva-: =PURABU 2]
piiri (-u 1 , -o), adj. 'full; fulfilled; complete, perfect; completely
filling, omnipresent (of God)' ( + kari): (int. puro purii). 140. [8330
pura- 1 ]
piiri, v.t. 'fill; fulfil; complete; keep time (etc., in music)': puri rahiii 'is
ever omnipresent (of God)'. 15. [8335 piirayati]
piiru 2 , m. 'boatload'. 4. [8330 pura- 1]

peu, adj. 'drunk, to be drunk', or m. 'drink', in guramukhi ammritu

peu Sr16. l'. [8380 peya-]
peiii, m. 'father's house; woman's paternal home': usu. as sl. peiai
(ext. peiarai) 'in her father's house, in this world'.16. [8390 paitrka-:
pesi, prepn. 'before'. 11• [Pers. pe~
pekiimbaru, m. 'prophet'. 1. [Pers. paiQ!!iim-bar: = PAIKAMARU]
pekhi, v.t. 'see, look at'. 2. [8994 prek~ate: syn. DEKHI]
pe!tJ, m. 'belly'. lr. [8376 *pe!fa- 2 ]
pe~u, m. 'tree; the body'. 2. [??; = H. per]
pera1,1u, m. 'full-length robe, burqa'. 1. [7838 paridhiina- (rather
than Pers. pairahan?}· cf.. PAHIRA~, PIRAHANU]
peli 1 , v.t. 'press, squeeze, aftlict', in kiilu na siikai peli Asl 5. 1'. [8686
peli 2 , v.t. 'push, activate', in sacu pelai AsA8. tr. [9002 •prelayati]
pevakarai, adv. 'in woman's paternal home, in this world'. 2.
( < 817 5 *pitu~kula-?: cf. PEIA]
perii, m. 'basket', as perai pai 'come into the possession of, fall into
the power of. 2. [8164 pefaka-]
pai (inf. pi'lf!u; pp. paia, paiya; pres. 1s. paum, 3s. piii 3 , pai4, 3p. piimhi,
-i; fut. 3s. piisi; pass. pres. 3s. paiamhi MjV12), v.i. 'fall; fall down,
sink; fall on, attack; halt, encamp; lie, lie down, be idle; become,
happen; befall, occur; be obtained; cost, be valued at'; niihi ta piimhi
piimhi MjV24.1 'otherwise (shoes) keep falling on one's head' [no
need for comm. piimhim 'shoes' < upiinah-]: pai is freq. used to form
nominal conjuncts, also as modal verb + abs. serving to
emphasize the action: used +inf. sl. with sense of'begin to, try to',

e.g. iikhaf!i piii JP25 'begins, tries to say'. c.250. (but not always dist.
from PAI 1 ). (7722 patati: = PAVI (which shares pp. PAi.A.); syn. PARI 1 ,
paiohari, f. 'girl with full young breasts'. 1. [ < 7792 payodhara-]
paisi, v.i. 'enter'. 1. (8803 pravi.foti]
paikimaru, m. 'prophet'. 1. [ = PEKAMBARU]
paikimu, m. 'arrow-point'. 1. [Pers. paikiitij
paikiru, m. 'dealer who purchases dust from goldsmiths to extract
the gold'. 1'. [Pers. piie-kar]
paikharu (or paimkhat:u) m. 'fetter, hobble'. 1. [7747 pada- 1 ( + ??)·
= P. paimkha~]
paija, f. 'promise', as (ki) paija rakkhi, rizkhi 'keep faith with' [rather
than comm. 'guard the honour of?]: sim. andaramhu jhiifhe paija
bizhari AsV20.2 'outward promises' [rather than comm. 'outward
fame, greatness'?]. 3. [8563 pratijna- 'promise']
paijhi, v.i. 'be worn'. 5. [v.p. < PAINHI]
paidhi, pp. of PAINHI 'dressed, clothed': daragaha paidhii jizi 'go to
God's court wearing robe of honour'. (13). [anal. -dh-]
painha~u, m. 'clothing, dress'. 8. [inf. of PAINHI]
painhii, v.t. 'clothe, robe'. 1. [v.c. <PAINHI]
painhi (pp. paidhiz). v.t. 'wear (clothes)'. 16. [8198 *pinahati (with
paiyi, pp. of PAI 'fallen, occurred'. (1). [ = PAiA]
pairu, m. 'foot': (ki) pairTm pai 'fall at the feet of: pairu dhari, rakkhi
'set foot'. 17. [7756 *padara-]
pohi, v.t. 'act on, influence, affect'. 2. [8701 prabodhayati (rather
than 8792 pravahati?): cf. PARABODHI]
pokharu, m. 'pool, pond'.. 1. [8425 pau~kara-]
pokhi, v.t. 'look ·after, replenish (pool, tank)': (int. + lai). 2. [Sk.

pokhu, m. 'the month December-Janu~uy'. 1. [for Sk. pau~a-]

poci, m. 'smearing, coating', i.e. 'the outside application of cold
water to cool down a still when making spirit', in bhiifhi bhavanu
prema kii pocii As38. 1. [8400 *pocca- 2 ]
po,a, f. 'packet, small bag'. 1r. [8396 *poHa- 1 ]

~ tpo~ali, f. 'small bundle'. F. (8396 pouali-]
mr poti, m. 'treasure-bag, treasury'. 2. [Pers. p~ta ( x 8400 *potta- 2
t potediiru, m. 'treasurer'. M2•. [Pers. • puta-diir]
pothi, f. 'book, Hindu religious book'. 5. (8413 *postaka-: cf.
prasiidu, m. 'favour, grace', as gura prasadi 'through the favour of
the Guru'. 3. [ = PARASADUJ
prahalidu, m. 'Prahlada, son of the demon Hira~yak~ipu who
became a devotee of Vi~~u·. 1.
-prahiri, adj. 'smiting', in garaba prahiiriGaA9r. tr. [Sk prahiirin-]
praga~i. v.i. 'become manifest'. 4. [ <PRAGATU: =PARAGA'fl]
praga~u, adj. 'manifest, revealed'. 4. [ = PARAGATU]
pragiisi, v.i. 'appear, blossom'. 2. [=PARAGAS!]
pragisu, m. 'appearance; splendour, light, lustre'. 3. [ = PARAGAsu]
prai:iavi, v.t. 'humbly entreat, make supplication', as closing
formula pratJavati (pratJavai) niinaku. 32. [for Sk. pratJamati (Pk.
pratapini, adj. 'grieved, affiicted?', in sarabajia kie pratapiiniMIA5.
1•. [ < Sk. pratapati 'roasts'?: cf. PARATAPU]
pratiipu, m. 'splendour'. 1. [Sk. pratiipa-]
prati(>ilii, m. 'protecting, guarding, rearing; protector' ( + kari). 2'.
[Sk. _pratipiilana-]
pratipili, v.t. 'rear, nurture; guard, protect'. 2. [Sk. pratipiilayau]
prathame, adv. 'first'. l. [Sk.]
prabhita (-ii'), f. 'dawn, daybreak'. 2. [ = PARABHATA]
prabhu (-u), m. 'the Lord, God'. 180. [Sk.]
priii:ii, m. 'living being, creature'. 30. [Sk. prii1.1in-: = PARAJ::"l,

prii;iu, m. 'breath; life (esp. in p.)': prii1.1a adhiiru (-ii) 'support of one's
life, God'. 5. [Sk. prii1.1a-: = PARAJ::"U, PARANU, PRANU]
prini, m. 1. [ = PRA.~l]
priinu, m. 'breath; life': prana pati H'). m. 'Lord of one's life, God'. 9.
( =PRAJ::"U]

pripati, f. 'obtaining': priipati hoi 'be obtained': priipati kari
'obtain'. 3. [ = PARAPATI]
priu, m. 'beloved; husband': priu (priu) kari, cavi, boli 'call on the
beloved, utter beloved's name' (also the cry of the babiha, thought
to resemble the word priu). 24. [Sk. priya-: = PREU; cf. PIRU, Piu 3]
prithami, f. 'the earth': prithami pati, m. ~lord of the earth'. 2. (for Sk.
pritamu, m. 'dearest, darling, beloved'. 48. [for Sk. priyatama-]
priti, f. 'love': (siuril) priti kari 'be, fall in love with; love'. 39. [Sk.
priti-: PARITI]
preu,'m. 'beloved'. 1r. ( = PRIU]
pretu, m. 'ghost, departed spirit', as preta pinjaru 'body of a ghost,
body inhabited by spirit'. 2. [Sk. preta-: = PARETU]
premu, m. 'love': prema rasu 'joy of love': (seti) premu raciii 'be, fall
in love with'. 50. [Sk. preman-: = PIRAMU]

'i PH
phasali, f. 'crop, harvest'. l. [Ar. fa.Sf]
phahii, v.t. 'catch, trap, snare'. 2. [v.c. < 13814 spiHayati]
phakaru, m. 'being a fakir', as phakaru kari 'become a fakir'. 1. [Ar.
phakkap, f. 'dispute, argument, abuse', in lokii mata ko phakkat:i piii
As32 [also taken as sl. of PHAKKA~U 'do not fall into idle fancies'].
1. (cf. PHAKKA""U]
phakkaru, JI\. 'rubbish, nonsense': phakkaru piHi, boli 'talk
nonsense'; also adj. 'vain, worthless'. 5. [9ll35 *phakk- 2 : cf.
PHAKKA"'-1] •
phakiru, m. 'poor man, humble person; Muslim mendicant ascetic,
fa}cir'. sr. [Ar. faqir]
pha!&ka, m. 'crystal'. 1. [for Sk. sphafika·]
pbadihati, f. 'dirt; excrement'. 1. [Ar. >Pers. fazihat 'shameful
thing'] -
a'lJT phandhi, m. 'noose'. 2, (13813 spiifo- x 9136 bandha-:

66' phappbi, m. 'the letter PH'. 1.
~ tpbaridu, m. 'Farid'. F.
~T pharesati, m. 'the angel (of death)'. 1. [Pers.firishta]
~ phalaganu, m. 'the month February-March'. 1. [Sk. phalguna-]
Gf5 pbali, v.i. 'bear fruit, to fruit'. 2. [9057 phalati 1 ]
~ pbalu, m. 'fruit; result, reward'. 52. (9051 phala- 1 ]
~ pbalobiru, m. 'diet of fruit, abstaining from food other than fruit'
(+ kari). 1. (9060 phalahara-]
m pha~ (as pass. fut. 3sm. phariagu MIV24.2), v.t. 'seize'. 1. ['n; = P.
pbaru, m. 'deceit, fraud' ( + kari). 1. [9039 •phaf-2 ]
pbisi, m. 1'. [ =PHAHA]
~i (pp. phatha), v.i. 'be caught, trapped, snared'. 20. [13814
pbisi (-a), f. 8. ( = PHAHJ]
pbiibi, m. 'large noose, bond, fetter'. 5. (13813 spasa-: = PH.\s.\]
pbiibi, f. 'small noose, trap, snare (for birds)'. 11. [dim. <PHAHA:
tpbiibivilu, m. 'fowler'. F. [PHAHI + 8125 -pala-]
pbiti, v.i. 'be split, tom'. 2. (13825 •sphii{yate]
pbitbi, pp. of PHASI 'caught, trapped'. (12). [anal. formation, i.e.
< • phiista-]
tpbidalu, m. M2. [ = PHADILU]
pbidilu, m. 'nonsense' ( + boli). 2. [Ar. fazil 'superfluous':
phirildbi, f. 'noose, snare'. 1. [ PHANDH.\]
pbioi, adj. 'transitory, fleeting'. 21• [Ar.fijni]
pbiri, v.t. 'rip, tear'. 1. [13825 sphiifayati]
phikki, adj. 'tasteless, insipid; disagreeable': int..phikko phikkii (f.
phikke phikki): phikkii boli 'talk disagreeabJy; insult, revile'. 12.
(9037 •phikka-: = PHIK.\]
phiW (pp. phiHii), v.i. 'go bad; be spoiled, ruined'. 4. (13838
• sphi!yati: = PHITI]
phi~'11. intj. 'a curse on, accursed be!'. 3. [ < PHITII]

pbiri, v.i. 'go round, circle; rove, ramble; wander (as in
transmigration); return; turn, turn back; turn away, turn aside;
change' (int. + jiii): abs. phiri very freq. as adv. 'again, then' (rarely
'rather, on the other hand', as As4), int. phiri phiri 'again and again'.
115. [9078 •phirati: for abs. as adv. 'again, then', cf. taHUMMI,
pht1ci, adj. 'tasteless'. 5. [ = PHIKKA]
phi~, v.i. 'go bad'. 1. [ = PHITfl]
pbuni, adv. 'again, then'. 24. (8273 .punar x PHIRI]
pbupphi, f. 'aunt, father's sister'. 1. (9089 *phupphl-]
phumma1_1u (or phummharJu), m. 'soft brush, whisk (used by Jains to
avoid killing minute creatures)'. 1. [r?; = P. phummharJ]
phuramii (pp. phuramiiiii, fsd. phuramiini MjVlO), v.t. 'order,
command, ordain'. 13. [Pers. farma-, pres. stem of farmudan]
phuramiisi, f. 'command': kari phuramiiisi AsVl 7 'by exercising
authority'. 4. [Pers.farmiiish]
phurami1_1u, m. 'order, command'. 4'. [Pers. farmii.n:
phuraminu, m. 2. [ = PHURAMA~U]
phulli, v.i. 'to blossom, bloom'. 4. [9093 phullati: =PHOU]
phullu, m. 'flower, blossom, .bloom': ext. phulla~ii Sr24 '.bloom of
youth'. 10. (9092 phulla-: = PHOLU]
phiika, f. 'breath, life; being puffed up, pride'. 3. [9102 •phutka-]
phiiki, v.i. 'puff, blow (of elephant)'. 1. [ < PHOKA]
phii!i, v.i. 'break, burst'. 5. [13845 *sphuryati]
phiili, v.i. 'to blossom'. 4. [ = PHULLI]
phiilu, m. 'flower'. 7. [ = PHULLU]
phe!a, f. 'waistband', in jamu jaritdiiru na miirai phe~ai MrS16'
[comm. also 'with a blow' - cf. 9038 *phaH- 1?]. l'. (9017
*phega- 1 ]
pheri (-u), m. 'circling, returning (in transmigration)'. 3. [9078
pheri, v.t. 'turn (head, beads); return (letter); turn back, alter (fate);
circulate (announcement)': abs. pheri also as adv. 'again, then'. 12.
[9078 •pherayati: cf. PHIRI]

pheri, f. 'circling, returning (in transmigration); twirling (in dance);
waving (of fan, breeze)'. 4. (9078 *phera-]
phera, f. 'evil', in tani phi!fai pher:a karenhi AsV16.2. 1. [ <PHE~I]
pheri, v.t. 'ruin, spoil'. 1. [13838 sphefayati]
phailu, m. 'expanse; ostentation, showing Qff. 3. [8651 prathita- +
phoka!u, adj. 'vain, worthless'. 4. [8391 *phokka- + -H-]
phogu, m. 'left-over cane (after juice has been squeezed out)'. 1. [cf.
8391 *poliga- 1 , *pholika-]
pholi, v.t. 'turn over in search, hunt through'. 1. (9082 *phokayati
x 3945 *kholl-]
phori. v.t. 'break'. 2. (13857 sphofayati]

bauri, adj~ 'mad, crazy'. 4. [ = BAVARA]
banrii (as pp. baiiraia', baiirana, -am'), v.t. 'drive mad': pp. as adj.
'driven mad, mad, crazy, insane'. 6. [<BAUR.\]
bai'ila, f. 'evening', in bhalake bhaiiriakamhi sadii baiiili Sr29 (vs.
some comm. 'morning']. l'. (11625 vikiila- 'evening': = BIALA,
baiari, f. 'woman, wife'. 2. [??; =ff. baiyar]
basatu 1·, f. 'thing, substance'. 1. [Sk. vastu-: =VASATU~]
basatu 2: see BASI 1
basantu, m. 'the spring'. 4. [Sk. vasanta-]
basatra, mp. 'clothes'. 5. [Sk. vastra-: =VASATRA]
basani, f. 'nose', in tum ape rasana ape basanii As5 [comm. also
'perfume, scent, flavour']. 1. [app. BASU 2 'perfume' x RASAN.\]
basii, v.i. 'work, operate, have power'. 1'. [ < 11431 vaSayati:
=VASAI 2 ]
basi1 (pres. ptc. basatu 2 ), v.i. 'live, dwell'. 13. [11435 vasati:
== VASI 2]
tbasi 2 , v.i. 'sit', in basai ta u<!t!ari jiihi SIF92. F. [for BAHi]
basi,hu (-ii'}, m. 'messenger, go-between'. 2'. [11444 vasi~fha-: cf.

basoli, m. 'mattock'. 1. (11588 vii~i- + -1-]
bahakiru, m. '(diffusion of) perfume, fragrance'. l '. (9703 magha-
+ Sk. kiira-]
bahari, adj. 'deaf. 2. (9130 badhira-]
bahini, m. 'pretext'. l'. [Pers. bahiina]
bahili, v.t. 'cause to sit, seat, place, station'. 5. [v.c. < BAHI]
bahi (pp. bahiHhii, -u'), v.i. 'sit down, sit, settle, alight': int. b-ahi jiii
(with sense of 'collapse' SIF77). 37. [ = taASI 2 , BAISI]
bahir;aa, f. 'sister'. 1. (9349 bhagini-: = BHAI~A]
bahu, adj. (uninfl.) 'much, many, great': freq. as first member of
semi-compound adj., like bahu sankha 'of a great number'; bahu
bidhi'ofmany kinds'; bahu rarigi'many-coloured'. 33. (9187 bahu-]
bahutu (-ii), adj. 'much, many, numerous': also as, adv. 'much, a
great deal, a lot, very'. 50. [9190 bahutva-]
bahuteri, adj. 'very much, very many': also as adv. 'a very great
deal'. 10. (9190 bahutva- + -a-tara-]
bahuri, adv. 3. [ = BAHU~I]
bahu~, adv. 'again, back again, then'. 10. [=BAHUI:tI]
bakabaki, adj. 'unwholesome, disagreeable', in phala phikke phula
bakabake AsV 14.1. 1. [??]
bakabii, f. 'talk, chatter'. 1". (9118 •bakkaviida-]
bakari, m. 'goat'. 2. (9153 barkara-]
bakki, v.i. 'talk, chatter, prate'. 9. [9117 *bakk-]
baiiku (-ii), adj. 'crooked, curved; lovely, handsome': banka duiira
'fine, perh. arched doors (curved at top)'. 11. [11191 vanka- 1 (>Pk.
baiiko~, adj. 'curved, handsome (of dagger)'. 1. [11194 vanku- +
-4- (>Pk. vathku4a-)]
bakhasa, f. 'bounty': 2. [Pers. bakhsh]
tbakbasandagi, f. 'liberality; forgiveness'. F'. [Pers. bakhshandagiJ
bakhasi, v.t. 'give, grant, bestow; pardon, forgive' (int. + le): ag.
bakhasa1Jahiiru 'God the bestower, the one who pardons'. 52.
[Pers. bakhsh-, pres. stem of bakhshidan]
bakhasindo, m. 'God the bestower'. I'. [Pers. bakhshanda]
hSkhasisa, f. 'bounty, favour, mercy'. 6. [Pers. bakhshigu
bakhasisi, m. 'God the bestower'. 1. [ < BAKHASISA]
bakhila, adj. 'envious, greedy, speaking ill of others'. 11• [Ar. bakhil
'miserly'] -
baggii, adj. 'white; pure, holy': bagga ratta piala kala MjV4.1 'the
white, red, yellow, and black Vedas (i.e. Sima-, Yajur-, Rg-,
Atharvavedas)'. 6. [ <BAGGU?; =P.: =BA.GA]
baggu, m. 'the white heron' (trad.· used as image of hypocrisy
because of the contrast between its fair appearance and its ruthless
treatment of the fish it catches). 8. (9115 baka-]
bagguJi, m. 'heron': bagula samiidham SISl (AsV14.2)s 'standing in
(pretended) meditation like a heron'. 4. [9115 baka- + -l-]
bacanu, m. 'word, speech'. 20. [Sk. vacana-: cf. BAl~u]
baiici, v.t. 'escape, avoid'. 1. [11208 vancati: =BAMCI (v.i.)]
bacbarii (-a), m. 'young calf. 2. (11243 vatsariipa-]
bajaru, adj. 'hard, stiff, usu. as bajara kapa{a 'stiff doors'. 5. [Sk..
vajra-: cf. BIJU]
bajiri, m. 'performer, actor'. 1. [ = BAJ.llRT]
ba~4ii (-u), adj. 'great', as baf#4e (-ai) bhaga '(by) great good fortune';
baqa bhagi adj. 'very fortunate'. 3. (11225 vatJra-: =VAJ;>l;>A]
ba48i, f. 'greatness~ fame'. ir. [ < BAJ?J?X: =VAJ?IAl]
banata, f. 'form, arrangement, scheme', as banata banai 'create

for m, prepare arrangement, make (successfui) scheme'. 10.

( <BAt:-iI]
bat;1iii, v.t. 'make, arrange; put on, adorn oneself with, wear' (int. +
rakkhi). 10. [ v .c. < BA?:n: = BANAi]
ba1;1i, v.i. 'become, happen, succeed': ba1Ji ai '(love, etc.) succeeded,
turned out well'. 3. (11260 vanati: =BANI]
bantaru, m. 'monkey'. 1. [11515 viinara-]
batiii, v.t. 'ask (to be told the way)', as int. + le. 2•. [<BA.TA: syn.
badaiiril: see BADI
bandagi", f. 'service; devotion, worship' tcomm. also 'farewell'(?) in
takhim sekhii bandagi SIF97]. 1. [Pers.]
badaniivi, f. 'dishonour, disrepute. [or adj. 'dishonoured, ill-
famed']. 1. [Pers. bad-nam(i) x NAMU]

badanu, m. 'mouth, face; word, speech': badana kumaliini Ml4
'wasted, forlorn in appearance'. 4. [Sk. vadana-]
badaphaili, f. 'evildoing': also m. 'evildoer'; 2. [Ar. >Pers. bad-
badabakhata, adj. 'ill-starred, unfortunate'. 11• [Pers. bad-bakht]
badarii, m. 'money bag, purse'. 1. [Ar. badra]
badale (-ai), ppn. 'in exchange for'. 2. [<Ar. badaf]
bands, m. 'slave; creature, man'. 4. [Pers. banda]
badi (as pres. ls. badaiim RaA4), v.t. 'speak, utter, tell'. 1. [Sk.
badi, f. 'evil, wickedness, sin, vice' ( + kari). 4. [Pers.]
bandi (-i), f. 'captivity, prison; servitude, submission': bandi kJralasi,
f. 'release from captivity'; bandi rabiirJiai 'in the prison of the Lord'.
6. [J;>ers.]
bandikhiini, m. 'prison'. 1. [Pers. bandi-khiina]
bandhakiiri. m. 'one who binds, imprisons'. ,l '. [Sk. bandhakiirin-]
bandhanu, m., (-i SoA2) f. 'bond, fetter; tie, knot' ( + bandhi). 35.
[9140 bandhana-: =BAMDHANU]
bandhapu, m. 'relative, relation'. 2. [bandhutva-]
baddhii, pp. of BANNHI 'bound, tied, etc.'. (11). [9126 baddha-]
badhiii, v.t. 'cause to grow'. l'. [v.c. < 11376 vardhate: = VADHA.1)
bamdhii, v.t. 'cause to be tied'. 1. [ v.c. < BANDHI]
bandhi,.v.t. 'bind, tie, fix, fasten, join; imprison, enchain; ~onfi~;
check, restrain'. 31. [9139 bandhati: = BANNHJ, BAMDHI]
baddhiku 1, m. 'killer, hunter, fowler, fi~herman'. 4. [Sk. vadhaka-]
baddhiku 2, m. 'captive, prisoner'. 1 (VaA3). [Sk. baddhaka-]
bandhu, m. 'bond, tie, fastening, connexion; structure, basis;
obstacle, impediment, check, hindrance; limit, boundary'. 11.
[9136 bandha-]
bana: see BANU
banajarani, f. 'female trader'. I. [f. < 11234 •varJijyiikara-: cf.
banariii, f. 'vegetation'. I. [ 11265 vanaraji-]
banaviri, m. 'God'. 5. [Sk. vanamiilin- 'wearing garland of wild
flowers, ep. of Kr~i:ia': == BANAVALT]
banaviili, m. 'God'. l'. [ = BANAVARl]
tbannhi, m. 'boundary (as of field, marked by ridge of earth)'. F.
[9136 bandha-]
banii, v.t. 'adorn oneself with'. 3. [v.c. <BANI: =BA~AI]
banisapati, f. 'vegetation, plants'. 2. [for Sk. vanaspati-]
baniirasi, f. 'the city of Benares'. l. [11555 vara1Jasi-]
bani, v.i. 'be done, become, suit, succeed': bani ai '(love, etc.)
succeeded, turned out well'. 7. [ = BA~I]
bannhi (pp. baddhii), v.t. 'bind, tie (as bundle); fix, fasten; imprison;
stop; check, restrain'. 22. [ = BANDHI]
banu (-o), m. 'forest, jungle': bana kha1Jt!i AsA8 'in the jungle, i.e. in
the world': banaviisii', m. 'dwelling in the forest, ascetic seclusion':
banavasi, m. 'forest-dweller, hermit'. 18. (11258 (or Sk.) vana- 1; for
compounds cf. Sk. vanakha1J4a-, vanavasa-, -in-: VA~U] =
bappur~ (-o), adj. 4. [ = BAPPUl~.i.]
bappu~ii (-o), adj. 'wretched, unfortunate'. 7. [9147 *bappu4a-;
baphai, v.i. 'boast, bluster'. F. (9225 ba~phayate 'emits vapour']
babbii, m. 'the letter B'. 1.
babihi (or bambiha); m. 'the pied cuckoo Cuculus melanoleucus
(supposed to live only on taindrops)'. 3. [onom.; cf. H.P. papiha, P.
bambiha: = BABIHA; syn. CATRIKU]
babhikha1.1u, m. 'Vibhi~ai:ia, the virtuous younger brother of
Riiva1.1a'. l.
barasi, v.i. 'rain'. 5. (11394 var~ati: =VARASI; cf. BARAKHI]
barasu, m. 'rain; year': barasa rute 'in the season of the rains'. 6.
(11392 var~a-: = BARASU, VARHA]
barakati, f. 'blessing'. 1. [Ar. >Pers. barakat]
barakhi, v.i. 'ra;n·. 1. [Sk. var~ati: cf. BARAS!]
baraji, v.t. 'stop, check'. 1. [Sk. varjayati: =VARAJJ]
baratu, m. 'regular practice of religious observances; austerity,
fast'. 3. [Sk. vrata-: =BRATU, VARATU]
baranu, m. 'colour; one of the four social classes or castes'. 2. [Sk.
var1Ja-: = VARANU]

barami (-au JP21': or barhama""?), m. 'Brahma the god of creation'.
6. [for Sk. brahman-: cf. BRAHAMU]
baribui. ppn. 'equal to, like'. 1. [Pers. barabar]
baribari, f. 'equality, rivalry', as barabari kari 'vie with, try to
equal'. 1. [Pers.]
balaval}CJi, adj. 'strong, mighty', in nathu mahii balava']qii BlT 11.1 '.
[*balavrlJ'Ja- (>Ap. balivatµJa- HGA340)]
balii, f. 'affliction'. 1'. [Ar. bala]
bali 1, v.i. 'bum, bla7.e; be consumed; be lit, bum (of lamp)'. 14.
[6645 *dvalati]
bali 2, m. 'Bali, a demon king 'humiliated by Vi,r;iu in his dwarf
incarnation'. 2 (GaA9, PrA4).
bali 3, f. 'offering, sacrifice', as balijai (int. bali balijiil) 'be sacrificed':
bali ramujiu SuCl' 'I am sacrificed to the Lord'. 20. [9171 bali-]
balibiri, v.t. 'sacrifice, devote': baliharai jiii 'be sacrificed, devoted'.
30. [ <*balikiira-]
balu, m. 'power, strength': balu chalu PrA7 'strength and craft,
power'. 2. [9161 bala-] ·
baledu, m. 'ox'. 1'. [9176 balivarda-]
bavari, adj. 'mad, crazy'. 1. [ = BAVARA]
bisaro, m., in bisa sapataharo basaro sangrahai Sr26, comm.
'dwelling-place' or 'day' [the meaning of the line remains very
obscure]. l. [either ext. of sisu 1, or =BASURu?]
bisu 1,.m. 'dwelling place, nest'. 1'. (11591 vasa- 2 : =VXsu 1; cf.
bisu , m. 'perfume, scent'. 1. [11592 vasa- 3 : =vXsu 2 ]

bisudeu, m. 'God (the omnipresent), ep. of Vi,9u'. [Sk. vasudeva-:

bisuru, m. 'day'. 1. [for Sk. viisara-: cf. BASARO?]
bisvadev11 (s. gen. -asya SlS4), m. 'God'. 1•: [hyper-Sk.: = BASUDEU]
bimha (ext. pd. -ai:iamha Va3d'), f. 'arm'. 6. (9229 bahu-]
bihara, adj. ppn. 'without, lacking', as in gura biiharii 'without
molasses'. 17. ( < BAHARU]
bihari, adv., ppn. 'outside'. 43. [sl. of BAHARU]

biharo, m. 'the outside, the outside world': sa. biihararilhu, adv.
'from, on the outside'; biiharaviirir, adv. 'outside'. 6. {9226 *biihira-]
birilhi, f. 'side piece of bed'. 1. [9229 biihu-]
bih~, v.i. 'return' (also 'come to help' SIF90): usu. as adv. 'again,
back again, then'. 9. (12192 •vyaghutati: = BAHURI~ BAHURI; cf.
PHIRI) . .

biki, f. 'arrears, amount outstanding': biiki le 'collect arrears'. 4.

[Ar. bii.qi]
birilga, f. 'the Muslim call to prayer'. 2. [Pers. bang]
bigi (-u'), adj. 'white': int. biige biiga SaV15.2r 'completely white'. 4.
biigu, m. 'garden'. 3. [Pers. biig!j]
bighu, m. 'tiger'. 2. [12193 vyiighra-]
biriici, v.i. 'escape'. 2. [ =BA1ilCI]
bija, f. (but mpd. SIF99) 'hawk, falcon'. 2. [Pers. biiz]
bijiri, m. 'shopkeeper, trader; one who hangs around the bazaar,
wastrel, good-for-nothing; public performer, actor'. 4. [Pers.
biiziiri: = BAJXR.I]
bijiru. m. 4bazaar, market; public performance, display, show':
ka#hamhi biijiira AsV4.2 'put on performances'. 5. [Pers. biizar]
biji, v.i. 'be played, solind (of musical instruments)'. 5. (11513
viidyate: =VXJI]
bijintru, m. 'musical instrument'. 1. [for Sk. viiditra- ( x BA.JI)]
biji, f. 'game, play, performance, tum (esp. of the transient world)':
biiji hiiri 'lose game'. 13. [Pers. biizi]
bijigara, m. 'player, performer'. 3. [Pers. biizi-gar]
bijharilhu, ppn. 13. [ =BAJHU, VAJHAMHU]
bijhu. ppn. (freq. prepn.) 'without, except, besides'. 22. (9235
biihya-: =BAJHAMHU]
bita, f. 'road, way'. 3. [11366 vartman-: =VATA]
bini (-i 1, -iii 1), f. 'word; saying, utterance; the Word, teaching,
instruction'. 62. [11490 viirfi: =VX~J2 ]
bilfi2 (-i2 r, -e'), r. 'appearance; form, formation; quality; nature;
custom': rovam jhi~i bii'}i Sr24r 'I weep softly'; devatiam ki bii'}e
MlV25.2r 'to suit the will of the gods'. 8. [11338 varl}a- (>MIA.
bi~i 2 , m. 'trader'. 1 (Val). [11484 va1.1ijaka-]
bi1_1u, m. 'arrow'. 1. [9203 ba~-]
bita (ext. pd. -ariamha SuVfS.21, f. 'word, talk, matter, thing': (ki)
biita na pucchi 'not to ask "after, not to care about'. 14. (11564
viirtta-: =VATA; syn. GALLA]
bidi, adj. 'useless, fruitless, pointless': also adv. 'in vain, to no
purpose'. 19. [ <BADU]
bidisibu, m. 'king'. 2. [for Pers. piidshiih: cf. PATISAHU]
bicli, m. 'mere talker, quarrelsome person'. 1. [Sk. viidin-: =V.ADI]
bidu (-am), m. 'talk, utterance; dispute, quarrel': biidu bibiidu
'dispute and dissension'. 12. [Sk. viida-: =V.Aou]
biriulhaou, m. 'bond, fetter'. 1. [ = BANDHANU]
biritdhi (pp. barhdha, -o, harhdhiii, -io), v.t. 'bind; tie, fix, fasten, join;
imprison, enchain, confine': pp. biirhdha, etc., also m. 'prisoner,
captive'. 52. [ = BANDHI]
bipu, m. 'father'. 13. (9209 •bappa-]
bibaru,-m. 'the Mughal emperor Bibur', in biibara val}i phiri gai
AsAl 1 'word (i.e., dirge, lament?) of Bibur has gone round'. 1.
bibi, m. used as terr~ of address 'sir, father, master'. 38. [9209
•babba- (not Turk. baba)]
bibihi (or biimbihii), m. 'the pied cuckoo'. 1. [ = BABTHA]
bibulu, m. 'father, daddy'. 2. [9209 •babba- + -/-]
bimha1_1u, m. 'Brahman'. 2. [9237 briihma1.1a-: cf. BRAHAMA~U]
bira (-a 1 '), f. 'time, turn; delay': int. baro hara, adv. 'time and again':
biira na lagi 'delay not to occur'. 8. [11547 viira- 2 : =VARA 1 J
biraha, num. 'twelve (i.e. the twelve sects of yogis)'. 3.
[6658 dviidaSa-]
biriku, m. 'child'. 1. [ = BALAKU]
biru 1 (-a 2 C), m. 'door': baru barhdhi 'shut door': usu. as ghara (-u)
biiru 'house and home, family'. 13. [6663 dviira-: cf. DUARU]
biru 2, m. 'wilderness; the Bir, open country between the rivers of
the Panjab'. 2 (TuB). [??; =P. bar]
bilaku, m. 'child, boy'. 7. [Sk. biilaka-: = BARIKU]
bila1_1u, m. 'fuel, firewood'. 1. [6670 •dviilana-]
bilatta1_1u, m. 'childhood'. 2. [9218 •balatvana-]
b.ili (-u), m. 'boy, young man, beloved'. 10. [9216 biila(ka)-]
bill, v.t. 'bum; light (lamp)'. 4. [6671 •dviilayati]
bili (ext. -arie SuC3), f. 'girl, young woman'. 7. [9216 biilii-]
bilU, f. 'sand'. 1. [11580 viilukii-]
bivaou, m. 'dwarf; the 5th incarnation of Visnu, as a dwarf. 1.
(11538 viimana-] ··
bivari, adj. 'mad, crazy'. 3. [11546 viiyura- (or 11504 viitula-):
'S~ bivali, adj. 1. [ =BAVAR.\]
~'QT biuhiri, m. 'business'. 1r. (12174 vyavahiira-: =VIUH.ARU]
~ biogi, m. 'one who is separated'. 1r (Bh2). [Sk. viyogin-: = VUOGI]
fWgr biogu, m. 'separation'. 1r (Rall). [ =BIJoou]
ful>ra3H biaphatama, v.i. 'I fell'. 11• [Pers. biyuftam]
ful>IT bii, adj. 'other'. 1. [ = BJJAU]
fallf!J biisu, m. 'Vyasa, the legendary compiler of the Vedas'. 3.
fallfiaos biikarai;iu, m. 'grammar'. 1. [Sk. vyiikara~a-]
fubrrfo biidhi, f. 'disease, sickness'. 3. [Sk. vyadhi-]
fubf Tfu biipi, v.i. 'attach to; extend, be diffused; pervade, fill'. 8. [vyapnoti,
vyapyate: = VIAPI]
biipitarit, adj. 'entangled. caught, enmeshed'. 15• [for Sk. vyiipta-]
biila, f. 'evening', but 'morning'? (as comm.) injiihi saviirai siimjha
biiila Ga 11. 1r. (=BAI ALA]
bisalikha, adj. 'countless: unreckonable, incalculable (of God)'. 2.
[Sk. *visamkhya-: cf. ASANKHA]
bisa!i, f. 'excrement, dung'. 1. [for Sk. vi~fhii-: =VISA"fA]
bisathari, v.t. 'spread out'. 1. [for Sk. vistiirayati]
bisatharu, m. 'spread, ostentation, show'. 1•. [for Sk. vistiira- ( x

ftrR:§ bisanu, m. 'the god Vi~i:iu'. 11.

ramr1-el bisamiidi (-i'), adj. 'wonderstruck, astonished'. 3. [ < BJSAMADU]

fumf ~ bisamidu, m. 'awe, wonder, astonishment'. 2. [Sk. vismaya- ( + ?):


ful:Qr bisamu, adj. 'wonderstruck, amazed; wonderful'. 4. [Sk. vismaya-]

fuITTJftg bisarajitu, adj. 'forsaken, abandoned'. 1. [Sk. visarjita-: cf. VJSARAJJ]
bissari, v.i. 'be forgotten' (int. + Jai). 14. [12021 vimUuati: -aISAJU,
bisiri (ext. imp. 3s. bisarau BIT10'), v.t. 'forget; cause to be
forgotten'. 14. [12023 vismiirayati: =VJsARI]
bisiaru, m. 'snake'. 1. [11432 v~ikara-]
bisaan, adj. 'much, many'. 211• [Pers. bisyar]
bibaligu, m. 'bird'. 1. [Sk. viharhga-]
bibii (as ext. pp. fs. biha'}itii GalS'), v.i. 'pass'. l r. (12032 vihapayati:
bibiga, f.? 'daWQ; daybreak', in samjha bihaga Ga6, and caithii
paharu bhaia dautu bihiigai Tuc2r. 2. [vibhagya-, i.e. 'separation
between night and day'? (though sense suggests connexion with
11813 •vibhiina-)-or perh. connected with bihiigara 'riga played
after midnight'; =P. kangra bihiig]
bihm,a (-u), adj. ppn. 'without, bereft or, as nama bihiJP}Q 'without
the Name'. 2. (14805 •vidhuna-: =BJHONA, VJH~X]
bihiini, adj. ppn. 3. ( =BIH~A]
bikafo, adj. 'frightful, hideous', as jatram bikafa bikarala [also
understood as 'uncut' <KATIJ]. 2. [Sk. vikafa-]
bikarilu, adj. 'frightful, dreadful'. 4. [Sk. vikaral11-: =tv1KARALU]
bikalu, adj. 'w~, helpless'. ~· [Sk. vikala-]
bikii (pp. bikana), v.i. 'be sold'. 2. (11639 •vikrapayati: =VIKXI]
bikiru (-ar, -o'), m. 'change, transformation; distortion, disorder,
disease; wrong action, sin': also adj. 'usel~ fnntless'. 20. [Sk.
vikara-, prob. x · Pers. be-kar: =BEKARU, VJKARU]
bikilu, m. 'life', only JS kalu vikalu 'death and ·life, the cycle of
births'. 7. [vi- + KALU]
bikri (as pres. ptc. bikradii 0053), v.t. 'sell'. 1. [ < 11638 vikraya-]
bikbamu, adj. 'difficult, bard, painful, disagreeable, contrary'. 7.
[Sk. vi~ama-: = VIKHAMU]
bikhii, f. 10. ( = BIKHU]
bikhu, f. 'poison, venom; anything spiteful or disagreeable; the
world and its fruits'. 61. [Sk. vi~a-: = BIKHJX; d. v1su]
bikhai (po. bikhiam1 mp. 'sensual enjoyJDents, worldly concerns,
miyi'. 4. [Sk. vi~aya-]

bigasi (ext. pres. ptc. bigasiimtaii As12'), v.i. 'blossom; expand·(with
joy); be happy, rejoice'. 8. [for Sk. vikasati: =VIGASI]
bigap, v.i. 'be spoilt, be ruined'. 1. [11673 vighafate: cf. VIGA~I]
bigisi 1• v.i. 'blossom; expand (with joy)'. 2. [ < BIGASU: = VIGASI 1]
bigisi (-12'), adj. 'blossoming, rejoicing'. 3. [for Sk. vikiisita-:
bigisa, m. 'expansion (with joy)'. 1. [for Sk. vikiisa-: = VIGASU]
biglina, m. 'discernment, learning', in mukati nahi bidiii bigiiini
RaA2 [also taken as 'for him who is ignorant of knowledge']. 1r.
[prob. Sk. vijnana-, rather than (11708) •vijnanin-]

firF bigiiti, pp. of •bigiici 'ruined'. 1. (11671 •vtgrukta-: cf. vmoc1]

feq bigbana, m. 'difficulty, obstacle'. 3. [Sk. vighna-]
~ bicalddu11.1u, adj. 'wise, sensible'. 1. (11680 vicako1a~-]
ftNfQ bicari, v.i. 'move, operate'. 1. (11~81 vicarati]
fiM1(\' biciradl, m. 'mcditatiol)'. 1•. [ =BICARU]
fagTft! bichii, v.t. 'spread, strew'. 1. (11692 •vicchiidayati]
ftJ;f;t biccb!J!I, v.i. 'be separated'. 1. [11651 •vik-1Ufati: = v1ccuui~I]
AIH,9a1 1hijairi, f. 'citron', in lor:ai dakha bijaurram SIF23 'he wants grapes
and citrons' [not, as comm. 'grapes from Bijaur']. F. [<Pk.
bijjaiira- (SV)]
bQa, adj. 'solid, massive, ~ell-built', as bija mandara, mp. 'solid
houses, massive buildings'. 3. (11204 vajra-'!: cf. BAJARU]
bijpda (•i, -iF), f. 'lightning'. 2. [11745 vidyullatii-]
bijoga, m. 'separation'. 1. (Sk. viyoga-: =BIOGU, VIIOGU]
bii;aattfai, pp. of •bi1JtlSSi 'wrecked, ruined'. 1. (11771 vina-1fa-: cf.
~ m. 'destruction'. 1r. ( = BINASU)
bithii'll, m. 'development, detailed description' ( + kari). 1. [12006
vistara-: =VITHARU; cf. BISATHARU]
bidiri, v.t. 'tear to pieces, destroy'. 1r. [11735 vidarayati (with MIA.
bindi (as pres. 3s. bindate', bindai), v.t. 'know'. 2. [11783 vindati]
bidii, f. 'knowledge'. 4. [Sk. vidyii-: =VIDIA]

bindu (-a; bimdu MtS3), f. 'drop; semen; a little time', also as adv.
'for a little': bindu jhar:i 'semen to be emitted': bindu riikhi 'retain
semen (as yogic exercise)': nindu bindu nahi jiu na jindo MrS15,
perh. 'there was no reviling or rejection' [comm. cite P. biml~ii 'to
dot, as mark of cancellation']. 18. (9240 bindu-]
bindribanu, m. 'Vrndivana, the country near Mathara where
Km1a lived'. L -
bidhavi, f. 'w_idow'. 1. [Sk. vidhavii-]
bidhirhsi (as pp. bidhiimsii GaA9'), v.t. 'destroy'. 1. [ = BIDHUNSI]
bidhiti (-i'), m. 'God the creator, arranger of creation'. 12. [Sk.
fufo bidhi, f. 'way, manner, fashion', freq. used to form adverbs of the
type kitu bidhi 'in what way, how?'. 47. [Sk. vidhi-]
bidhunsi, v.t. 'destroy'. 1. (11762 vidhvalhsayati: = BIDHAMSI,
binaii, m. 'humble request, entreaty, supplication', as binau kari
'make entreaty, implore'. 3. [*vinama-: cf. BINAVI]
binassi, v.i. 'be destroyed, perish, die, be lost' (int. + jiii). 28. (11770
vinaSyati: cf. Bll~ATfHA; =Vl~ASSI]
binati, f. 1. ( = BINANTI]
bioanti, f. 'petition, humble submission' ( + kari). 1. (11706 vijnapti-:
binavi, v.i. 'make entreaty, implore, humbly submit'. 5. (11766
vinamati: cf. BINAU]
bini, ppn. (freq. prepn.) 'without'. 31. [ =BINU]
-binisanu, m. 'destroyer', as diikha biniisana SaA2. 1. [Sk. viniUana-
binisi, v.t. 'destroy'. 4. (11779 vinii.fayati]
bioisu (-ii'), m. 'destruction, death;: biniisu hoi 'be destroyed'. 4'.
[ 11777 vinasa-: = BII~ASU, Vll~ASU]
binu (bina MIA3), ppn. (freq. prepn.) 'without, except': freq. used
before pp. in mso. to form adv. phrases of the type binu satigura
seve SG10 'without serving, unless one serves the Satiguru'. 410.
[11772 vinii: =BINA, BINU, VI~]
binodi, m. 'one who takes delight in entertainment'. 1. [Sk. vinodin-
binodu, m. 'sport, spectacle, entertainment, pleasure'. 3. (Sk.
ftruf3 bipad, f. 'trouble, misfortune'. 1. [Sk. vipatti·]
ftl1r blpa, m. 'Brahman'. 1. [11800 vipra-]
ftra!> bibbala, m. 'bubbling, foaming water?', in bibbalu jhagi sahaji
parag&ta Pr13. 1. [9278 *budlnu/a-'!]
f&ws bibida, m. 'dispute, quarrel'. 2 [Sk. vivada-]
1\1§ bbnba, m. 'bubble, water'. 4. [9242 bimba-]
~ bibeka, m. 'discrimination, insight'. 2 [Sk. viue/ca-: cf. VEKu?]
hihhiikha~ m. 'omament•.1•. [Sk. vib~-: =BIBHOKHANU]
bibhiikhana, m. t •. [ = BIBHOKHA~U]
fa~ bilJhita (-am', -i). f. 'dried ashes': bibhiita cai;hiii, lagoi 'smear ashes
over body (of yogis)'. 7. [Sk. vibhiti·]
blmala, adj. 'spotless, pure, holy'. 4. [Sic. vimala-]
birabi (-u, ext. -ara), m. 'separation, the pain or pangs of
separation'. S. [11851 viraha-]
birabta, adj. 'free, independent, untouched'. 1. [Sk. virakta-]
birakha, m. 'tree'. 14. [Sk. vrlqa-]
birandlll, adj. 1'. { =BIRATHA 1)
birachi 1,.adv. 'in vain, for nothing': alS() adj. 'vain, useless'. 11. [Sk.
birathi 2 , f. 'pain, distress': in guru mele birathii kahaiim BaA2 'I will
express my distress'. 1. [Sk. vyathii· x ??; sense confirmed
elsewhere in AG]
taos birada, m. 'glory, honour'. 2. [Sk. viruda-]
mfu biradbl, adj., m. 'old; old man'. 6. [Sk. vrddha-]
fW5' blrali (-aii, -o), adj. 'scarce, few, rare'. S. [11847 virala-: =VJRALA]
m-rmrs birihama~ m. 'Brahman'. 1. [ =BRXHAMA~]
blridariril, mp. 'brothers'. 11• [Pers. biriidariin]
~· biriidbaii (-o), adj. 'obstructed, hindered'. 2. (11864 viruddha-]
Nay blrodbu (so. -ahi MrSS), m. 'hostility, conflict, quarrel'. 2. [Sk.
virodha-: = VJRODHU]
ftfafts biroU~ v.t. 'stir, stir up, chum'. 1. (11911 vilotJayati: = VIROLI]
fs5 bila: see BiLU
msy bllakkhu, adj. 'ashamed'. 1. [11877 vilak~a-]
fa5Y bilapu, m. 'weeping, wailing' ( + kari). 1. [for Sk. vilapana-]
bilamu, m. 'delay' ( + kari). 4. (11890 vilamba-: =VILAMMU]
bilalii, v.i. 'wail, weep bitterly, cry in supplication'. 10. (11898
viliipayati 1 : = VILALAI]
bilalipu, m. 'weeping, wailing', in bilaliipa bilala binantiiim GjA5. 1.
[for Sk. viliipa-]
bilalu, m. 'wailing, lamentation'. 1. [ < BILAU1?]
bilisu (-ii'), m. 'sexual sport, wantonness'. 2'. [Sk. viliisa-]
bilivalu, m. 'joy, delight', in vuHhai hoiiim hoi biliivalu MjV26.l. 1.
[prob. = the morning raga biliivalu, hence 'a song of joy' elsewhere
in AG]
bilu, m. 'hole; i.e. aperture of the body, sense', in bila birathe cahai
bahu bikiira BaA2. 1. [9245 bila- 1]
biloi, v.t. 'churn'. 2. [11913a vilobhayati 2: =VILOI]
bivaraji, v.t. 'abandon, shun'. l. [Sk. vivarjayati]
biu, m. )eed': biu de, biji 'sow seed'. 4. (9250 bija-: syn. BJJU]
bii, adj. 'other, second'. 2. [ = BIJAti]
bisa, num. '20': bisa ikisa 0025 - see IKTSA: bisa sapatiiharo Sr26
- see SAPATAHARO. 3. (11616 vimsati-: =VISA]
bisari, v.i. 'be forgotten'. l. [ = BISSARI]
biciri, v.t. 'ponder, reflect on, consider deeply, contemplate' (int. +
le). 65. [Sk. viciirayati: =VICARI]
biciri, m. 'one who reflects, considers deeply; thinker'. 5'. [Sk.
viciirin-: =VICARI]
biciru (-ii, -o'), m. 'thought, deep thought; consideration, reflection,
contemplation' ( + kari). 85. [Sk. viciira-: = BICARAM, VICARU (the
normal AG spelling biciir-, viciir- is freq. contradicted by the metre,
which demands short -i-)]
~ bijaii, adj. 'second, other'. 7. (6680 dvitiya-: =BIA, BIA, BlBHA: syn.
'aTrPfu bijii, v.t. 'cause to be sown'. 1. [v.c < BJJI]
mm biji, v.t. 'sow'. 10. [ < eJJu]
'EfB biju, m. 'seed'. 6. (9261 bijya-: syn. BTU]
'Sl<!'T bit:Ji, f. 'lute'. 2. (12048 (or Sk,) vi1Jll·]
-mra biti, v.i. 'pass, be finished, be over; happen'. 3. [ < 12069 vrtta-]
'Stfu bidhi, v.i. 'be pierced'. J. [ < J J 739 viddha-: cf. BEDHI]

bina, adj. 'seeing, clever, wise; all-seeing, all-wise (of God)', usu. as
diina binii: ext. as dari binliiai' 'at the gate of the all-wise God'. 16.
bini, v.t. 'glean, gather', in tattu nahi binii GaAl 1', tattu nahi binai
BIT13' [or, as comm., 'see'? <BINA]. 2'. (11686 vicinoti]
m9 binu, ppn. 'without'. 2'. [ = BINU]
'8llll bibi, f. 'wife'. 1. [Pers.]
mST bibhi, adj. 'other'. ld. [=BJJAO(-bh- <7)]

ms biru (usu. as sv. bira, -ii), m. 'brother'. 10. [12056 vira-: =VJRU]
bukki, v.i. 'roar (of lion)'. 1. [9265 bukkati]
tbukku, m. 'double handful' ( + bhari). F. (9262 •bukka- 3 ]
~re bugoi (pres. 3s. bugoyada Til 1; imp. 2s. bugoi SrA17'), v.t. 'say,
utter'. 2. [Pers. bugo 'say!', imp. 2s. of guftan: cf. 001 3)
tbujji, m. 'plug', as kannirit bujje de SlF88 'stop the ears'. F. [9267
bujhii1, v.t. 'cause to be understood, impart awareness of, explain'
(int. + de). 36. [v.c. < BUJJHI 1]
bujhii 2 (pp. fs. bujhiini As26'), v.t. 'extinguish, quench'. 7. [11703
bujjhi1, v.t. 'understand, realize, recognize, become aware or. 40.
[9279 budhyate: = B0JHI 1J.
bujjhi 2, v.i. 'be extinguished, quenched'. 5. (11703 *vijjhayati:
bu4ii, v.i. (not v.t.) 'sb1k, drown'. 2'. [ = BOJ?I]
bu44hi, adj. 'old'. 2. (9271 •bu44ha- 2 : cf. BOf?HEPA]
budabudu, m. 'bubble'. 1. [Sk. budbuda-]
buddhi, f. 'intelligence, understanding; mind, intellect'. 25. (9277
buddhu, m. 'sage, Buddha'. 3. [Sk. buddha-]
buragu, m. 'trumpet, clarion'. 1. [Pers. burQ!!o]
buri (-u, -au; ext. fpd. -iiimha SrV7.2), adj. 'bad, evil, wicked'. 27.
(9289 •bura-] ·
§RPlf'E't buriii, f. 'badness, evil, wickedness'. 6. [ < BURA]
lJfu}lflQJ buriiri, f. 'evildoing'. ir. [ < BURIARU]
§RPlf'S buriiru (-ii'), m. 'evildoer'. 2'. (9290 *burakiira-]
bulii (ext. pp. fsv. bulair:ie BlC2, TuC4), v.t. 'call, sumnion, bid' (int.
+ lai). 19. [v.c. <BOLi; =BOUI]
biii~, m. 'sesamum plant that bears no.seed', in chuHe tila buara
jium sunne andari kheta AsVl.3. 1. [??]
biijha, f. 'understanding, awareness'. 24. [ <BOJHI 1]
biijhi 1, v.t. 'understand, realize, recognize, become aware of (int. +
le): ger. bujharJail 0040 as adj. 'capable of understanding', bujharJa
MrV19.1 as m. 'mystery, riddle', bujhalJu Sr33, as m.
'understanding, awareness'. 115. [ =BUJJH1 1]
biijhi 2, v.i. 'be extinguished, quenched'. 9. [ =BUJJHI 2]
biicJi (pp. bu4a, -o, -au, ext. msl.? -arai VaA3~ v.i. 'sink, drown; be
lost, destroyed, ruined'. 19. [9272 *bu4yati: = BUJ;>A.1; syn. J?OBI]
'1:1~ biirilda, f. 'drop'. 7. (9240 *bundu-]
-a= be, num. 'two', as be dasa '12'. 1. (6648 dve:·cr. DUI]
beantu, adj. 'endless, without limit, infinite'. 5. [be- + ANTU]
~ beaiba, adj. 'faultless (of God)'. 11• [Ar. >Pers. be-'aib]
~T besui, f. 'courtesan, prostitute'. 1. [12128 vdya-]
~'9 bekiru, m. 'sin, evil deed'. 2r. [ =BIKA.RU]
lt!rw begini, adj. 'strange, odd, alien'. 1. [Pers. begana]
~T beguli (-u), adj. 'quick, hasty'. 2. [Sk. vega- + -1-: cf. VEGU]
~'!QT beciri, adj. 'helpless'. tr. [P.ers. be-cara: =VECARA]
'SCT befi, m. 'son'. 2. (9238 *beua-]
~cl hep (ext. -ari), f. 'daughter'. 1. [f. <BETA.]
-aa belfi, f. 'the confluence of the Ganges and Jumna at Allahabad'. 3.
[12094 verJi- 2 ]
bei;iu, m. 'bamboo flute, pipe'. 3. (12096 ve1Ju-]
betili (-u'), m. 'ghost, evil spirit (which takes possession of dead
bodies)'..9. (Sk: vetafa-]
bedana, f. 'pain'. 4. (Sk. vedana-: = VEDANA)
bedu, m. 'Veda'; p. beda 'the Vedas': bedabiasu, m. 'Vedavyasa,
Vyasa, the legendary compiler of the Vedas'. 53. [Sk. veda-:
bedhi, v.t. 'pierce'. 11. [ < 11739 viddha-: =VEDHI; cf. BIDHI]
benajara, adj. 'unseeing, blind'. 11• [Ar. >Pers. *be-naiar]

benati, f. 5. (=BENANTI)
beaanti, f. 'petition, humble request'. 11. (=BIN ANTI)
fbeniviju, adj., m. 'one who does not pray'. F. [Pers. *be-namiiz]
beparaviba, aClj. 'indifferent, unconcerned (of God)'. 1•. [Pers. be-
parvii: =VEPARAVAHU]
l>eba, f. 'sister, mother'. tr. [nursery word?; cf. P. hebe 'mother']
bebika, adj. 'shameless'. 11• [Pers. be-biik]
bebii;m, m. 'wilderness'. 5. [Pers. biyiibiin]
l>ernuhatiju, adj. 'free from want, needing nothing (of God)'. J. (Ar.
>Pers. *be-mu!!tiij: =tvEMUHATAJU]
beri, f. 'bond, tie', in niiri beri ghara dara desa Prl. 1. [12130 ve~fa-]
beli, f. 'time'. 11• [l21l5·velii-: =VELA)
beli, f. 'creeper'. 3. [12123 velli-: =VELI2 ]
beli (-iii'), m. 'friend, companion; supporter, protector, guardian'.
10. (??; =H.P.]
beri (-u), m. '(large) boat, raft': bera biirildhi 'build boat'. 4. (9308
tberfU, v.t. 'wrap, cover'. F. (12132 ve~!ayati: =VE~HI]
IJe!i, f. '(small) boat, raft'. 9. [dim. <BE~A]
be~i, m. 'boat'. 1. (9308 bet/ii- + -1-: =BE~A]
bai, f. 'sale', as bai kar.i 'sell'. 1. [Ar. bai']
baiilarh, f. 'evening', as 'evening rtteal, i.e. daily bread' in karami
milai baiiilarit MlA4 [rather than 'God the imperishable (for Sk.
•avyayiilaya-)]. 11• (11625 vikiila-: = BAiALA]
baisa~o (-a), m. 'place, position, seat': also inf. of DAISI 'to sit, sitting'.
13. [2249 upavdana-: = BAIHA~A]
baisantaru, m. 'fire'. 8. [for Sk. vai~viinara-: =VAISANTARU]
baisi (pp. bai!hii), v.i. 'sit': also used as modal verb + abs., e.g. cho4i
baisi 'leave (entirely)'. 46. (2245 upavifoci: = tuASl 2 , BAHi]
baiha~. m. 1. [ = BAISA~U]
baik~thu, m. 'heaven'. 1. [Sk. vaiku!Jf ha-]
baithi, pp. of DAISI 'seated, sitting'. (23). [2245 upavi~!a-:
= BAHITIHA, pp. of BAHi)
~it;au, m. 'word, speech'. 5r. (11199 vacana-: =VAl~U; cf. BACANU)
bairii (-ai'), m. 'enemy'. 3r. [ext. of Sk. vairin-: = VAIRI (-Al)]
bairigani, f. 'woman who has abandoned the world for love (of
God)'. 3. (f. < BAIRAGI)
bairigi, m. 'one who has abandoned the world and is filled with
love for God; ascetic, devotee, yogi'. 29. [Sk. vairagin-]
bairigu (-a; ext. sl.?-iai So4), m. 'renunciation of, or indifference to
the world; pure devotion, love (of God)'. 10. (Sk. vairaga-]
bailu, m. 'ox'. 1. (9175 *balilla-]
bobalu, m. 'heap of grain on threshing-floor'. 1. [??; = P. bohal,
~fuy bohitbu (-a), m. 'boat'. 13. (11461 vahitra- (Pk. bohittha-)]
~~T bo4hepi, m. 'old age'. 1. [9271 *bu44ha- 2 + -tva-]
~fO bodhi, f. 'perfect knowledge'. 1. [Sk. bodhi-]
~tit bodhi, f. 'teacher, instructor'. 1. [f. < Sk. bodhaka-]
lIBs bola1_1u (-a), m. 'speaking, talk, language, utterance' ( + boli). 16.
( <BOJ.I]

msr boli (-au), adj. 'deaf. 2. (9268 *bo4a-; = P.]

~rfE bolii, v.t. 'cause to speak, utter'. 2. [v.c. <BOLi; =BULAI]
tfc5 boli, v.i. 'speak, utter, say, pronounce, tell'. 95. (9321 *boll-]
~ bolu (-a'), m. 'speech, language, utterance, talk; claim, boast; taunt':
bola (-u) vigai;u, m. 'loudmouth, boaster, rude talker', cf. bola vigii~i
'talk rudely'. 13. [ < BOLi]
tbori. v.t. 'dip'. F. [9272 *bo4ayati]
brahama1.14u, m. 'universe, world'. 7. [Sk. brahma1J4a- 'Brahma's
egg': =VARABHAJ':'i?U)
brahamai;1u, m. 'Brahman'. 8. ( = BRAHAMA~U]
brahamu (-a, -am•, -am), m. 'Brahma the god of creation; God;
Brahman': brahama giani, m. 'one who has kaowledge of God ;
brahama gianu, m. 'knowledge of God'; brahama bicii:-u 'meditatini;
on God, thought of God': bra!1amiidi 'Brahma and the other gods'.
63. [Sk. brahman-: cf. e.:.RAMA) ·
bratu, m. 'religious duty, observance, rule': bratakiiri', f.
'performance of religious duties'. 5. [ = BARATU]
brihama1_1u (p. -aha 5'}, m. 'Brahman'. 6. [Sk. brahma'}a-:
brithi, adj. 'vain, useless'. 1. [ =BIRATHA 1]
9 BH

bbaii 1 (so., sl., pd. bhai), m. 'fear, fear of God': bhau khiii 'be afraid';
bhau bhiiu 'fear and love': bhai bhau 'existence offear, living in fear':
bhai bhaiijanu [ =bhaii bhanjanu, (-o')?] 'destroyer of fear'. c.120
(but cf. BHAU2). (9390 bhaya-]
bhaii2 (so. bhava), m. 'existence, life; the cycle of worldly existence,
the world': bhaii jalu, bhava jalu [ = bhai jalu?], = bhava siigaru, m.
'the ocean of the world, existence': bhava kha1J4a1JU, bhava bhanjanu
[ = bhaii bhanjanu (-o')?] 'destroyer of the cycle of worldly existence
and transmigration'. c.45 (but cf. BHAU 1). [Sk. bhava-]
bhaiim, m. 'wandering, roaming, delusion', in bhaumki maramhi
bhaiim bhaum bhaumhiirii MrS9 [where comm. naturally differ as
to exact meaning]. 3. [9646 bhrama-: cf. BHARAMU]
~'QT bhaiirithiri: see BHAUM
~ bhiiimki, v.i. 'bark, bark greedily (like a hungry dog)'. 8. (9265
~ bhaiimdi: see BHAMVI
~ bhaiinu, m. 'world'. 1'. [=BHAVANU]
~ bhaiiritru, m. 'black bee; the soul'. 2. [ = BHAMVARU]
sW>fr bhaii (-o•; fsd. bhai; mpd. bhae; impers. bhaile), used as pp. of HOI
'been, become; happened, occurred'. (150). [9420 bhavita-]
bhaiititu, 'became a yogi'. 1 (Ti2). [BHAiA + ATITU]
bhai'kiru, m. 'action, existence filled with fear'. 1•. [for Sk.
• bha yakiira-]
bhaS?ma (ext. -a~i). f. 'ashes': bhasama lagiii 'put ashes (on body)'.
16. [Sk. bhasman-: cf. BHASSU]
bhassu (-a), f. 'ashes': int. bhassii hum bhassu, bhasso bhassu 'nothing
but ashes'. 9. [9425 bhasman-: cf. BHASAMA]
bhakhalii, v.i. 'growl; mutter, mumble'. 2. [ext. ofBHAKHI? (cf. 9423
bha~ati for sense)]
bhakhi, v.i. 'burn, blaze (of fire)'. 5. [??(dist. from BHAKKHI); = P.
bhakkhi, v.t. 'eat, devour, consume' (int. + khiii). 3. [9342

bhakkhu, m. 'what may be eaten, food': asaiikha siira muha bhakkha
siira JPl 7 'countless are the heroes for whom steel is the food of
their faces, i.e. who bravely face their enemies' weapons'. 2. (9344
bhagati (-i), f. 'adoration, devotion; loving faith, worship,
attachment' ( + kari): bhagati hi'}u, adj. 'lac)cing in devotion'. 130.
[for Sk. bhakti-]
bhagatu, m. 'devotee, loving worshipper'. 30. [for Sk. bhakta-]
bhagavim, m., adj. 'red ochre; cloth dyed with red ochre (worn by
yogis)'. 5. (??: =H.P.]
bhagavinu, m. 'God'. 1r. (Sk. bhagaviin]
bhagu, m. 'vulva', in sahasa sarira cihana bhaga hUe Pr A4 [ oflndra,
so cursed by Gotama after his seduction of the latter's wife
Ahalya]. 1. [Sk. bhaga-]
bhangu, m. 'a break'. 3'. (9353 bhaliga- 1 ]
-bhaijaou (-ii, -o), m. 'breaking, breaker'. 10. [Sk. bhaiijana-]
bhaji, v.t 'revere, worship', as hari bhaju 'worhip God!'. 3. [Sk.
bhajji (pp. bhanna), v.i. 'be broken; run, run away, Dee': (int. + pavi).
8. (9361 bhajyati: =BHAJI]
bha~a~i. f. 'woman of the Bhani caste of Rajputs'. 1. (f. < 9402
bhaua- 1 ]
bham~ra~i. f. 'female storekeeper'. 1. [f. < BHAMf?ARI]
bham~iri, m. 'treasurer, storekeeper' [i.e. 'Vi~i:iu the.preserver'
JP30). 2. [9443 bhllrJtfllgiirika-]
bham~ru (-a'), m. 'treasury, store'. 23. (9442 bhii'}t/iigiira-]
bhas:a4u, m. 'vessel, pot', used in sense of 'woman' AsV19.2. 12.
[9440 bhafJ4a- 1 : cf. BHAMl;>A]
bhas:ai, v.t. 'say; recite, repeat', usu. as bha'}ati nanaku 'Nanak says'.
6. [9383 bhanati: =BHAN!]
bhatiru (-ar, -o'), m. 'husband, master'. 13. [940i bhartr-]
fbhatti, f. 'way, manner'. P. [ = BHAMTI]
bhaddu, m. 'shaving the head' ( + karai). 1. (9377 bhadra- 1]
bhanni, pp. of BHAJJI 'fled'. (I). [9361 bhagna- 1]
bhani, v.t. 'say'. 2. [ = BHA?~ll]

bhanni (abs. bhani bhani 0041), v.t. 'break, break up, break into'. 7.
[9361 bhagna- 1]
SST bhabbhi, m. 'the letter BH'. 3.
SlifT bhayyi, m. 'brother'. 1. [ = BH.U)
so bhara: see BHARU
son'El bharajii, f. 'sister-in-law, brother's wife'. 1. [9660 bhriiturjiiyii-]
Sijlifu bharathari, m. 'Bhartrhari, a yogi addressed by Guru Nanak'. 4.
SQ~ bharanilu, m. 'sea, ocean'. 3. [for Sk: varu1.1iiiaya-]
soyfu bharapuri, adj. 2. [ = BHARAPORI]
Sijtlfa' bharapiiri (-a, -iir, -e'), adj. 'filled, full, quite full; filling all space,
"' omnipresent (of God)'. 18. [BHARI + PORA (PURU): = BHARAPURI,
bharamii, v.t. 'cause to wander, cause to err': also v.i. 'wander, err'?,
in vi1Ju bhii1.1e bharamiimidii MrS14r. 8. [v.c. < BHARAMI]
bharamirhti, f. 'wandering (i.e. on pilgrimages)', in bharamamti
bharamu na cukai GjAS. 1. [prob. BHARAMU x BHARAMTI]
bharami (pp. bharammiii AsV4.2), v.i. 'wander, err, stray, go to and
fro; wander in transmigration'. 18. [Sk. bhramati: = BHRAMI; cf.
bharamu (-iir, -o), m. 'wandering, roaming, going to and fro (as in
transmigration): error, delusion: doubt': bharami bhulli 'wander, be
lost in delusion'; bharamu.kari 'doubt, be deluded'; bharamu cukiii
'bring wandering, error to an end'. 86. [Sk. bhrama-: = BH.RAMU; cf.
bharaviisii, m. 'trust, confidence'. 1'. [9398 bhara- + viifo-:
bl1~riu,m. 'brother'. 1. [cf. P. bhrii: =BHAT]
bharirhti, f. 'wandering. error'. 2. [Sk. bhriinti-: = teHARAMDI,
tbharrmdi, f. P. [ = et-tARAMTI]
bhari 1 (ext. pres. ptc. fs. bhareritd[ TuC4r; pres. 3p. bharenhi
AsV16.2r; pass. r-res. ptc. fs. bhariata Pr8; pass. pres. ls. bhariiirit
As26, bhariiimsi S;.;K2', 3~. bhariai, bharijai, 3p. bhariamhi,
bharianhi), v.t. 'fill, load': pass. 'be filled, loaded (esp. with dirt, sin,
etc.): be loaded (so as to sink in sea)': pp. bhariii freq. as adj. 'filled,
full', esp. after I. (or o.) to form compounds of the type dukkhi bhare
'full of grief, malu bhariii 'filled with dirt'. 68. [9397 bharati]
bhari adj. 'full': bharijobani, adv. 'in fullness of youth'; also adv.

suf. in nisi bhari 'all night long'. 7. [9393 bhara- (or <BHARI 1 ):
bharisa~u, adj. 'ruined, defiled'. 1. [Sk. bhra.y!a-: = BHRASATU]
bharipuri, adj. 'omnipresent'. 10. [ = BHARAPORI]
bhari~u (or bhariri14u?), in ati 4iihappa1Ji dukhu ghalJO tine thiimva
bharidu MrV14.l ',comm. as m. 'distraction' or adj. 'defiled' [or
perh; ]ust rhyme-form 'filled'?]. 1'. [??]
bharu, adj. 'full', as int. bhara subhara, mpd. 'brimful'. 1. [9393
bhara-: = BHARI 2]
bharosi, m. 'trust, confidence, reliance'. 1. [9398 *bharava~ya-:
bhalake, adv. 'in the morning, next day; daily, constantly'. 2. [??;cf.
P. bhafke 'tomorrow']
bhali (-o), adj. 'good, excellent', as adv. 'well': bhali sari Srl 1 'it
has turned out well'. 46. [9408 bhalla- 1 ]
bhava, bhavajalu, etc.: see BHAU 2
bhava~u. m. 7. [=BHAVANU]
bharilvani, f. 'wandering (i.e. on pilgrimages)'. 1. [9647 bhrama1Ja-:
bhavanu, m. 'world; the body': tini bhavana 'the three worlds; the
three regions, of heaven, earth, and the space between'. 7. [Sk.
bhuvana-: =BHAVA~U]
bharilvaru (-ii), m. 'large black bee; the soul'. 10. [9651 bhramara- 2 :
bharilvii, v.t. 'cause to wander (as in transmigration); cause to turn,
revolve'. 11. [ v.c. < BHAMVI]
bharilvi (pres. ptc. bhaumda, bhamvanta; pp. bhamvia), v.i. 'wander,
roam, go to and fro (as in transmigration); fly hither and thither (of
bees); turn'. 28. [9648 bhramati: cf. BHARAMI]
bhavikkhu, m."the future'. 1. [Sk. bhavi.yya-]
bha~a. f. (or m.?) 'crackling (of fire)' (int. bhar:a bhar:a): agani pii1Ji
bolai bhara viiu Ga7 'like fire mixed with water the breath crackles
into speech(?)'. 2. [9365 *bha!-]
bha~ahi~u. m. 'crackling fire, flame'. 1. [9365 *bha!- + ??]
bha~akari, v.i. 'crackle (of fire)'. 1. [9365 *bha!- + Sk. -kara-]

bha~thii, m. 'noise, clamour, uproar', as bharathu piii 2 'make a
din'. 1. [9365 *bhaf- + ??; = P.]
bha~iisa, f. 'steam, exhalation', in muhi lainhi bhar:iisiiril MjV26.l
'they swallow the exhalations (of their excrement)'. 1. [??: = P.
bhiiu 1 (so. bhiiva, -e; sl. bhiii 2 ), m. 'existence, state; nature, temper;
love, affection, attachment, infatuation; faith; desire, intention,
will; sense, meaning; miming, acting' ( + kari, rakkhi, riikhi): bhiii
subhiii', adv. 'naturally'. 125. [9475 bhiiva-]
bhiu 2 (pd. bhii), m. 'part'. 2. (SuV12.2). [9430 bhiiga- 2 ]
bhii 1 (pp. bhiiiii', bhiifJii, bhiinii'; pres. 3s. bhiie, bhiivai), v.t. 'please,
be pleasing to, be acceptable to', freq. used impersonally, as jiurit
bhiivc,i 'as it pleases (You)', etc. 260. [9445 bhiiti, bhapayate]
bhiii 2 : see BHAU 1
bhiii (pd. bhiiira MrAlOd; po. bhiimi AsA12'; pv. bhiiiho), m.
'brother', freq. as sv. bhiii, bhiiire 'o my brother!'. 105. [9660 bhratr-:
bhihi, f. 'fire, flame': bhiihi bhare As Vt 1.2 'is blindly obedient'. 9.
(9480 bhiisa-]
bhikhi, v.t. 'speak, utter': pp. bhiikhita MjV20.2, as mp. 'words
uttered'. 7. [Sk. bhii~ate]
bhikhiii, f. 'speech, language; verbal instruction, teaching'. 6. [Sk.
bhiiritga, f. 'hemp, bhang'. 1. [9354 bhanga- 2 ]
bhiiga!hu, adj. 'fortunate, happy', as in se ghara bhiigafha dekhu
So2. 2. [ <9431 bhiigya-, + -i~fha- (or -artha-?, cf. 14728
• bhiigikiirthaka-)]
bhigi (pp. bhiigii', -iii', -u', -o'), v.i. 'run: run away, flee' (int. + jiii).
22. [ <9361 bhagna- 1 ]
bhagi, adj. 'fortunate', only as baqa (vaqa) bhiigi'very fortunate'. 3.
bhigu (-o'), m. 'fate, fortune; (esp. in p.) good fortune, luck': purai,
va#ai bhiigi, adv. 'by good luck': binu bhiigiiril 'without good luck'.
25. (9431 bhiigya-]
bhiji, v.i. 'run, run away, flee' (int. + pari). 2. [ = BHAJJI]
bhii!hi, f. 'a still; the Tenth Door' [see DUARU]. 3. [9656 bhrawa-]

bhiril~sila, f. 'storehouse'. 1. [9441. bhiitJ<!asiilii-]
bhiri1~ , m. 'pot, vessel; the body, heart'. 19. [9440 bhiitJ<!a- 1 : cf.
bhim~ 2 , m. 'reproach, abuse', in ghia pafa bhiimqii kahai na koi
Ti2. 1. (9371 bhii1J4a- 2 ]
bhi"'8, pp. ofBHAI 1 'pleased': as m. 'pleasure, will, favour': sl. bhiiJJai
as adv. 'by God's will'. 65. [anal. pp. of BHAI 1 , rather than 9451
bhiina- 1?: = BHANA]
bhiritti (-r), f. 'kind, sort': bahu bhiimtim 'of many kinds., 4. [9338
bhakti- 1 : = tBHATTI)
bbihji, m. 'nephew, brother's son'. 1. [9672 bhriitrfya-]
bhidaum, m. 'the month' August-September'. l: [9447 bhiidrapada-]
bhini, pp. of BHAI 1 , 'pleased'. 2r. [= BHA~A)
bbibbi, f. 'sister-in-law, brother's wife'. 1. [nursery word?: =H.P.]
bhiri (-i), adj. 'heavy, weighty; weighted down (by sin); great'. 13.
(9465 bhiirika- 2 ]
bhiri, v.t. 'seek'. F (GaA15). [ = BHALI]
bhiru 1 (-am, -iit, -o'), m. 'load, burden, weight; load of goods;
burden of sins; a weight ( = 5 kaccii maunds)': siri bhiiri (-ii'), adv.
'upside-down': bhiira afhiiraha '18 bhars, believed to be the weight
of all the leaves on a tree', h~nce 'the whole vegetable kingdom':
bhiiru bannhi 'tie up load, load up'. 47. (9459 bhiira-]
bhiru 2 , m. 'furnace', in thala taparilhi sara bhiira TuB7. 1. (9482
• bhiisiigiira-]
bhili, v.t. 'seek, search, look for'. 23. [9474 bhiilayate: = BHARI]
bhiva: see BH.4.u 1
bhivanu, m. 'faith, meditation'. 1 (Sul). [Sk. bhiivana-]
bhivai, etc.: see BHAI 1
bhi~i. f. 'fee (paid to Brahman, at wedding)'. 1. (9468 *bhiirti-]
bhi, emph. 'also, too'. 12. [ = BHl]
bhisatu, m. 'paradise, heaven': bhisatu dojaku '(the Muslim) heaven
and hell'. 4. [Pers. bihisht]
fthikkha, f. 'alms': bhikkha bharilvi 'go round begging'. 3. [9485
bhik~ii-: = BHlKHA; cf. BHIKKHIA)
bhikkhii, f. 'alms' ( + matigi, miiritgi). 9. [Sk. bhik~ii-: = BHIKHIA; cf.
tbhijji (pp. bhinna; imp. 3s. bhijjau SlF25), v.i. 'become wet, get
soaked'. F. [ = BHIJI]
bhiHi, v.i. 'be defiled'. 3. [ < 11712 *viHa-]
bhinna (ext. fsd. -a(i, -ia). pp. of temm, adj. 'wet, soaked, steeped':
bhinni rai'}i, f. 'a night steeped in delight, night of joy': 5. [ = BHINA]
bhi~i, v.i. 'wrestle, fight'. 2. (9490 *bhif-]
bhi, emph. encl. 'also, too, even', or simply emphasizing the
preceding word: (as first word in clause), cj. 'even if, even though'.
59. ( 485 api: = BHI)
bhihali, adj. l'. [ =BHIHAVALA]
bhihavali (-u), adj. 'frightening, terrifying; stricken with fear'. 3.
[ <9518 bhi~a- (ext. as HARIAVALA): =BHIHALA]
:m~ bhikha, f. 'alms'. 3. [ = BHIKKHA]
:ml:@ bhikhaku, m. 'beggar'. 1. [Sk. bhik~uka- ( x BHIKHA)]
:filftpirT bhikhia, f. 'alms'. 14. ( =BHIKKHIA ( X BHIKHA)]
:mtn bhiji (pp. bhija', bhinii), v.i. 'become wet, get soaked, steeped'. 33
(9502 *bhiyajyate: = teHun]
~fu bhitari, adv., ppn. 'inside'. 31. (9504 *bhiyantara-]
:mra bhiti 1 , f. 'wall'. 1' (Sr AS). (9494 bhitti-]
:mf3 bhiti 2 , f. 'grain sprinkled on ground to snare birds'. l'(BaAl).
[prob. also 9494 bhitti- (i.e. 'bit, fragment'); = P. bhitti, S. bhiti]
bhina, pp. of BHIJI, adj. 'wet, soaked, steeped'. (6). (9500 *bhiyagna-:
bhi~a. f. 'crowd, throng, press; trouble, difficulty'. 3. (9490 *bhif-]
bhi~a. adj. 'narrow, strait'. 3. (9490 *bhif-]

bhuangamu, m. 1. [ = BHUIANGAMU]
bhuirit, f. 'earth, ground, land'. 2. [9557 bhumi-: cf. BHOMI]
bhuiangamu, m. 'snake, serpent'; bhuiangama bhiifhi'the snake and
the still, i.e. making the ku~<;talini ascend to the Tenth Door (in
yoga)'. 4. (9526 bhujamga-: = BHUANGAMU]
bhukkha, f. 'hunger': bhukkha na utari, lahi 2 'hunger not to be
appeased'; bhukkha liigi 'hunger to be felt'. 17. (9286 bubhuk~ii-:
bhukkha, adj. 'hungry'. 4. [9284 *bubhuk~aka-: = BHOKHA]

¥<Jf3T bhugati, m. 'eater, consumer (of God, as immanent in created
beings)', e.g. tum diitii bhugatii GaAl 7 'You are provider and
consumer'. 3. [for Sk. bhukta-]
bhugati, f. 'food, esp. that made as an offering to yogis'. 3. [for Sk.
bhulii (pp. bhuliiiii, bhulii~ii, bhuliinii, mpd. + 3s. suf. bhuliiianu
AsPlO), v.t. 'mislead, lead astray, lead into error, deceive, delude'.
40. [v.c. <BHULLI]
bhulli (pp. bhullii,-iti, fs. -iasu SuKl; ext. pres. 3p. -iimhi 0047'), v.i.
'be misled, go astray, err, go wrong; be deceived, deluded, lost; be
forgotten'. 22. (9538 *bhull-: = BHOLI]
bhii, m. 'element'. 2. [9552 bhuta-: cf. BHOTU]
bhiikha, f, 'hunger': bhukha liigi 'hunger to be felt'; bhiikha piiisa (-i'),
f. 'hunger and thirst',. but bhukha piiisii (-o), adj. 'hungry and
thirsty'. 22. [ = BHUKKHA]
bhiikhi, adj. 'hungry'. 3. [ = BHUKKHA]
bhiirilji (as pp. bhuriljii PrA5'), v.t. 'fry, parch, burn'. 1'. [9586
• bhrnjati]
bhiiril~ (ext.-arii), adj. 'ugly, foul'. 3. [9530 *bhu1J4a- 1 : = BHOMI;>A]
bhiitani, m. 'evil spirit'. 1. [ext. of BHOTU]
S3 bhiitu, m. 'evil spirit: element': paiica bhiita 'the five elements (earth,
water, fire, air, ether), i.e. the whole body'. 3. [9552 bhiita-: cf. BHO,
bhiimi, f. 'earth, ground, land'. 3. [Sk.: cf. BHUIM]
bhiira, m. 'the past', in bhura bhavikha niihi tumha jaise Sa 1. [perh.
for bhuha bhavikha (Gurdas)]. 1. [9552 bhUt.a-?]
fbhiiru, adj. 'grey (of beard)'. P. [9690 *bhrura-]
bhiili 1 (-u, ext.-arii), m. 'error, mistake, delusion'. 10. [9538 *bhutl-;
cf. BHOLA 2 )
bhiili (pp. bhUlii 2 , -au, -o, -au), v.i. 'go astray, err; be forgotten'. 55.

bheu (bheva", bhevii'), m. 'secret; distinction, separation'. 8. [9610

bheda-: cf. BHEDU]
bhekhadhiri, m. 'yogi'. 1. [BHEKHU + Sk. -dhiirin-]
bhekhiri, m. 'beggar, ascetic'. 3'. [9486 *bhik~aciirin- ( x BHEKHU)]
bhekhi, m. 'false yogi, false ascetk'. 3. [ < BHEKHU]
bhekhu, m. 'guise, appearance; garb, dress, clothes (esp. of yogis);
sect of yogis, a yogi; false appearance, pretence': bhekha kari 'put
on false appearance(s), act out pretence'. 27. [12129 ve~a- 2 :
bheji, v.t. 'send'. 3. [9603 *bhejj-]
bhe!a, f. 'offering, present'. 1. [9490 *bhef!-]
bhe!i, v.t. (and v.i.?) 'meet, come to, get'. 31. [9490 *bhe!f-]
bhe~. f. 'sheep'. l. [9606 bhe4ra-]
bhetu, m. 'secret'. 3•. [ = RHEDU]
bhedi, v.t. 'pierce', and v.i. 'be pierced'. 6. [ < 11739 viddha- ( x
bhedu (-ii'), m. 'secret: division, separation, distinction; kind, sort':
canda suraja ki bhedim SaV7.1 'through the distinctions (of holy
days) made by moon and sun'. 21. [Sk. bheda-: = BHETU; cf. BHEU]
bheri, f. 'kettledrum'. 2. [9615 bheri-]
bheva: see BHEU
tbhe~i. v.t. 'bring into contact', in na bherim angu SIF123. M3.
[9490 *bhef-]
bhe~. m. 'clash, combat, battle'. 1. [9490 *bhe{-]
bhai 'fear': see BHAU 1
bhai~ (sv. bhai'}e), f. 'sister'. 7. [9349 bhagini-: = BAHl"."A]
bhogavi, v.t. 'enjoy'. l. [ < BHOGU (denom.): cf. BHOGI]
bhogai, v.t. 'cause to be experienced'. 2. [v.c. < BHOGI]
bhogi, v.t. 'enjoy (a woman); use, consume (food); experience'. 13.
( < BHOGU: cf. BHOGA VI)
bhogi (-la), m. 'person of substance; householder (as opp. to jogi);
sensualist, materialist'. 10. [Sk. bhogin-]
bhogu (-am'), m. 'enjoyment, sensual pleasure, experience' ( +
bhogi): bhoga bilasa 'sensual pleasures and wanton delights'. 23.
[Sk. bhoga-]
bhojanu, m. 'food'. 20. [Sk. bhojana-]
bhoril~a, adj. 'foul, bad'. 1. [9530 *bho'}qa-: = BHOMJ?A]
bhori, f. 'bit, crumb', as hika bhori 'jusi for a little'. 1d. [??: =Sir
bhora, m. 'crumb']
~ bhoru, m. 'dawn'. 2. [9634 *bhorii-]
bholatta~u, m. 'simplicity, artlessness'. 1. [*bholatvana-]
bholi 1, adj. 'simple, artless; foolish, inexpert'. 4. [9539 *bhola-]
bholi 2, m. 'error, delusion'. 1r (TuC3). [9538 *bhol-: =BHOLA VA; cf.
BH0LA 1 ]
bholivi (as ext. sl. -a~ai TuC4), m. 'error, delusion'. 1. [ext. of
bhrasa,u, adj. 'fallen, ruined, wretched'. 1. [ = BHARISATU]
bhramalft, f. 1r. ( = BHRAMANI]
bhramani, f. 'wandering, straying'. 1. [Sk. bhrama~a-: = BHRAMA~l,
bhramanu (-if), m. 2. [ = BHRAMANI]
bhrami, v.i. 'wander', usu. as bhrami bhrami 'continually wandering
(in transmigration)'. 9. [ = BHARAMI]
bhramu, m. 'wandering; error, delusion; doubt': int. bhrama
bhramam GjA5 5 'coming and going': bhrami bhulli 'wander, be lost
in delusion'. 13. [ = BHARAMU]
bhriti, m. 'brother'. t•. [Sk.: cf. BHAT]
bhriritti (-ar, -eC), f. 'wandering, error'. 4. [ = BHARAMTI]
bhriligu, m. 'large black bee'. 1. [Sk. bhrnga-]


~ maiijiida, adj. 'present, existing'. F. [Ar. maujud]

$ tmaiita, f. 'death'. F. [Ar. maut]
~ maiili, m. 'the Lord, God'. l. [Ar. maula]
~fu maiili, v.i. 'blossom, flourish'. 5. [10147 mukulayati]
HfullfT maii 1 , f. 'compassion, pity, kindness'. 2. [Sk. maya-]
Hful>lr -maii 2 , adj. 'consisting of, made of, as eka maia SG25. 1•. [Sk.
-maya-: =-MAI]
masakkati, f. 'labour, toil'. 2. [Ar. >Pers. mashaqqat]
masakalu, m. 'burnisher, polishing instrument'. 1. [Ar. misqa/]
masa,i, f. 'silence', as masa!i kari 'be silent'. 1. [hyper-Sk. for 9723
•manha- 1?; = H. masf]

masaraku, m. 'head, forehead': masataki likhiii, m. 'what is written
on the forehead, fate'. 17. [Sk. mastaka-: cf. ·MATIHA, MATHA]
masatanii, adj. 'drunk, intoxicated'. 11• [Pers. mastiina]
masatu, adj. 'drunk, intoxicated'. 1. [Pers. mast]
masavai:ii, f. 'inkpot, inkwell'. '3. [9921 masidhiini-]
masiiiku, m. 'Shaikh, Muslim holy man'. 4. [Ar. mashiiikh, p. of
masai:iu, m. 'place where dead are burnt, burning ground,
cemetery'. 6. [12658 AmaAiina-: = tMASANU]
tmasiinu, m. P. [ = MASA~U]
masiti, f. 'mosque'. 2. [Ar. masjid]
massu, f. !soot, lampblack; ink'. 4. (9920 ma~i-]
masolii, m. 'question; reasoned judgment' ( + iikhi, kari). 2'. [Ar.
mahakhiisii, m. 'Mahi~asura, name of a demon'. 1'.
mahagho, adj. 'high-priced, dear'. 1. (9954 mahiirgha-]
mahattii, m. 'minister, agent, headman'. 1. (9942 mahatman-]
mahattu, m. 'greatness': as adj. 'great', in miitii dharati mahattu
JP38.1 '. 4. (9933 mahattva-]
mahadiidu, m. 'official document setting a limit to revenue
assessment'. 1. [Ar. ma~dud]
maharu, m. 'chief, headman'. 2. (9951 mahiiriija- (or perh. 9966
mahi~acara-)?; = H.P. mahar: cf. M~HARO]
mahala (-11 SrA6), f. 'woman, wife'. 3. (9962 mahilii-, etc.]
mahallati, f. 'place, resting place, abode; mansion, palace'. 2. [Ar.
>Pers. ma~allat]
mahali2 , m. 'God (the Lord of the court)', in mahali mahalu pachiinu
AsA6, mahali prabhu siicii MrS 18. 2. [ < MAHALU]
mahalu (-o'), m. 'place, abode; mansion, palace; ladies' apartments;
the body; court, chamber (esp. that of God); the presence of God':
nijaghari mahalu pacha!Ji 'recognize the presence ofGod in oneself:
mahali buliii 'summon tothe court, presence (of God)'. 70. [Ar.
lf(Jl mahii-, pref. 'great, very', used only as the first member of the
following compounds: mahiisukhu, m. 'great joy, supreme bliss';

mahagariibhiru, adj. 'very deep'; mahagarabu, m. 'great pride';
mahajalu, m. 'great net'; mahadukhu, m. 'great grief;
mahiiparamiirathu, m. 'the greatest and highest good, God';
mahiipurakhu, m. 'great being, God'; mahiibalavarJ4ii', = mahiibalu,
adj. 'very powerful, mighty'; mahiibikhu, f. 'great, deadly poison':
mahiirasu, m. 'supreme elixir, highest delight', adj. 'very sweet,
lovely, delightful'. 35. [Sk.]
marithi (or mahi), ppn. 'in, among'. 190. (9802 madhye: = MAf;/JHl,
MA.MHI, tMEM, MAIM 2; cf. MADHE;·syn. VICCI]
mahit:t~ii, pr. adj. 'my'. 1. [ = MAIMJ?A.: see MERA.]
mahimi, f. 'greatness, glOry'. 1. [Sk.]
mahialu, m. 'surface of the earth', as jali thali mahiali, adv. 'on
water, dry land, and all the surface of the earth'. 6. [994 7 mahit ala-]
mahipati, m. 'lord of the earth'. l. [Sk.]
1-@Q' mahuri, m. 'poison (arsenic?)'. 2. (9793 madhura-]
mahesu (-ii), m. 'Great Lord, Siva; God'. 11. [Sk. mahefa-]
mahesuru, m. 'Siva'. 1. [Sk. mahdvara-]
).«)~ maheli (ext. -a~i). f. 'woman, wife'. 5. [9962 mahelii-]
makasiidu, m. 1'. [ = MAKHASODU]

.. - makarandu, m. 'juice of flowers'. I. [Sk. makaranda-]
lfl:f1R makhasiidu, m. 'aim, purpose, object'. 2. [Ar. maqsud:
makha!!ii, adj. 'not earning, idle'. 1. [9981 mii + KHATII]
makkhi (-i), .f. 'fly'. 2. [9696 mak~ikii-]
mailgaa:iu, m. 'betrothal': as inf. of MANG! 'asking for, begging'. 7.
[10073 miirgar:ia- 2 ]
maganu, adj. 'immersed, sunk in'. S. [Sk. magna-]
maggaru, m. 'back', as maggara piichai kacchu na si"ijhai Dh8. l.
(9701 *maggara-]
mailgalu, m. 'song of happiness'. ( + giii). 5. [9706 mangala-]
mangi (ext. pres. 3p. mamgiimhi MrS4'; fut. 3s. + 2s. suf. mamgesiii
RaV13.2) v.t. 'ask for, request, beg': pres. ptc. mangatii also as m.
'beggar'. 46. (10074 margati: = MAMGI]
maggu, m. 'way, road'. 8. (10071 miirga-: cf. MARAGU]
mangharu, m. 'the month November-December'. 1. [10076
tmaciirhgaviirh, adj. 'not good, bad'. F. [ext. <9981 mii + CANG.3.]
macci (ext. pres. ptc. fp.? tmacindariiim AsF2), v.i. 'be kindled, lit
up'; hence 'be happy', in latthe bharathu piii guramukhi macciii
MIV4. l'. (9710 *macyate]
maccharu, m. 'mosquito'. l. [9757 matsara- 2 ]
macchi, f. 'fish'. 5. [9758 matsya-: =MACCHU 2 ]
macchu 1 , m. 'the mortal world, the earth', as suraga macchu paiiilii,
etc. 'heaven, earth, and the netherworld'. 7. [9888 martya-?: cf.
maratu 2 ]
macchu 2 , m. 'fish'. 1 (MrSl). [=MACCHI]
macchuli, f. 'fish'. 11. (9758 matsya- + -/-]
majjanu (-a, -o), m. 'bathing, ritual immersion (in sacred waters)'
( + kari). 15. [Sk. majjana-]
majalasa, f. 'convivial gathering, party'. 2. [Ar. majlis]
marhjaru, m. 'cat'. i•. (10082 miirjiira- 1]
marhji~ha, f. 'the Indian madder Rubia cordifolia, and its crimson
dye'. 3. (9718 maiiji~fhii-]
marhji!hii (as ext. -arii), adj. 'crimson'. l. [9717 manji~fha-]

majiiri, f. 'wage (for labour)', as majuriiim lahi 'get paid'. 1. [Ar.

> Pers. mazduri]
majiiru, m. 'labourer, day labourer'. 2. [Ar. mazdur]
marhjhari, majhari (-l<r, -r, -e'), ppn. 'in'. 10. [9817 *madhyiira-]
• maiijhi (majjhi BaA6), ppn. 'in': also adv. 'in the middle', sim. manjhi
miiinu Sr3lr. 7. [9804 madhye: = MAMHI] ·'
maiijhu, majjhu, m. 'middle, inside', as majjha bhari dukkha
badukkha MrV14.3 'the inside (of the world) is filled with grief;
manjha bhiiri Rall 'with its load inside'; manjha biiri TuB5, as
prepn. 'in the Bar' (but manjhi bare TuB8]. 3. [9804 madhya-]
maiiiiu, pr. 'I, me'. 2d. [see MAIM 1 ]
ma!u, m. 'ascetic's hut or cell?', in kha{u ma{u dehi manu bairiigi
RaA3, comm. as 'the body, with its six centres of energy, is a cell,
and the mind the ascetic dwelling in it'. 1. [for Sk. ma{ha- (cf.
MARHI?), rather than ma{u 'pot' < 10085 *miirtta-?]
ma!uki, f. 'large earthern pot, jar', used in sense of'worldly concern,
concern for reputation' in ma{uki qiiri dhari BICl, mafuki phori
TuC4. 2. (10085 *martta- + -kk-]
mal_ltJapu, m. 'hall, pavilion'. 4. [Sk. ma1_14apa-]
mai:-4alu (-o'), m. 'circle, orbit; heaven, sky; district, province;
group, company'. 15. [9742 matJ<!ala-]
mai:i4i, Ill· 'bread, loaf, cake'. 2. [9735 mar:i<jaka-]
mai:ia: see MA~U
mai:iaki (ext. -a~a Sr25), m. 'metal weight attached to fishing-net'.
1. (9731 ma~li- 1 + -kk-]
mai:tI 1, f. 'gem, jewel, ornament'. 4. [9731 ma1_1i- 1 : = MA~lh]
mai:tI2 , f. 'greatness, glory, fame', in sacci tuddhu ma1Ji MIV 11. 1'.
[rhyme-form of MA~u?]
mai:tii, m. 'jewel': as adj. 'precious', in tma'}iii mantu SlF126.
l(MrA6). [ = MA~ 1 ]
ma'!u, m. 'maund, a measure of grain, etc. ( = about 80 lb.)': in ha/u
biciiru vikara ma1_1a RaVl 7.1 perh. 'maunds of sins' [comm. 'heap of
sins, like grain on threshing floor', taking ma'}a as fs.]. 4. (9730
mata, adv. 'not'. 6. [ = MATU]
mataviro, adj. 1. [=MATAVALA]
matavili, adj. 'drunk, intoxicated'. 2. [9751 *mattapiila-:
matti 1 (-u), adj. 'drunk, intoxicated; mad, rutting, mast (of
elephant)'. JO. [9150matta-: = MATA. 2]
matti 2 , m. 'advice, counsel' ( + kari). 1 (MrSS). [9834 mantra-: cf.
matigalu, m. 'rutting elephant'. I. [MAIGA LU x MA TIA 1]
mari 1, r. 'mind, understanding; thought, idea; notion; view;
counsel, advice; teaching (esp. that of the Guru)': mati hi1_1u, adj.
'lacking understanding or awareness': matim de 'give advice,
instruct'. 105. [Sk.]
tmati2, adv. 'not, lest'. F, M2. [ =MATU]
matti, v.t. 'counsel, advise', injisu niihi dujii mattai koi Su5. 1. [9837
mantrayate: cf. MATTA. 2 ]
matu, adv. 'not (introducing prohibitions): lest, may it not be that'.
5. (9981 mii (>Pk. mamta): =MATA, tMATJ 2)
mantu, m. 'formula; spell, incantation, charm; counsel, instruction'.
4. [Sk. mantra-(>Pk. ma~ta-): cf. MATTA 2 , MANTRU]
mantri (-i M2), m. 'reciter of spells, wizard'. 1. (Sk. mantrin-]
mantru, m. 'formula, spell'. 3. [Sk. mantra-: Cf. MANTU]
mattha, m. 'forehead'. 2. [9926 mastaka-: =MATHA; cf. MASATAKU]
matthi, v.t. 'chum'. 9. (9971 mathnati]
mandaru, m. 'house, palace, temple; upper storey, roof. 25. [9852
mandira-: = MANDIRU]
manda, adj. 'bad, wicked, evil': also as m. 'evil, wickedness': mandii
iikhi 'call (someone) bad'. 18. [9754 manda-]
mandiru, m. 1. [ = MANDARU]
marildiri, m. 'anklet with small cymbals attached'. 1. [9719
manjira- (with -d-· <9892 mardala-?)]
madu, m. 'intoxicating liquor, spirit'. 9. (Sk. mada,-]
madhimu, adj. 'middle, of middle-ranking caste'. 1. [Sk.
madhu, m. 'honey, sweet liquor'. 3. [Sk. madhu-]
mandhu, m. 'churning', in isatri purakhai jam nisi mela othai mandhu
kamiimhi MlV25.2, i.e. 'perform sexual intercourse'. l. (9841
madhusiidanu, m. 'Madhusudana, destroyer of the demon Madhu,
ep. of Km1a; God'. 3.
madhuki!a, mp. 'Madhu ·and Kai!abha, two demons slain by
Km1a'. 1.
madhura (ad ext. fsd. -ar:i), adj. 'sweet'. 2. [Sk. madhura-]
madhiika~aii, m. 'bee' [S. as madhakar:au, misprint?] 1. [for Sk.
madhe, ppn. 'in, among'. 2. [Sk. madhye: cf. MAMHI]
mana 1 , manna: se~ MANU
mana 2 , pr. 'I, my'. 31(MIV27.2). [Pers. man]
manasa, f. 'desire, false desire; longing, yearning' ( + kari): manasii
manahi samai 2 'destroy false desire in the heart'. 29. [ext. of Sk.
manas- (rather than Ar. manshii): cf. MANU]
manahi 1: see MANU
manahi 2 , m. 'preventing, checking', in ape duramaii manahi karei
As3. l. [Ar. man' ( > P. manhiiriz)]

manamukhi (-u), m. 'self-willed person, one who is guided by his
own desires' [opp. of GURAMUKHI]. 105. (Sk. *manamukh(y)a-]
manamukhi, f. 'self-willed woman'. 3. [f. < MANAMUKHI]
maniii, v.t. 'cause to be obeyed; propitiate'. 5. [ v.c. < MANNI 2 ]
mani, manni 1: see MANU
manni (ext. pp. fsd. -iari BIC2; pres. ls. manaum Ga8, 3s. manne,
mane), v.t. 'believe (esp. in the Name); revere, respect'; 'approve'
(esp. in pass.). 40. [=MANI]
maniiru, m. 'maker or seller of glass bangles'. 1. [9733 ma1Jikara-]
manu (-am, -o; so. mana 1, manna; sl. mani, manni 1, manahi 1, manai;
sa. manamhu; sv. mana, mana), m. 'mind; intelligence,
understanding; heart, soul, psyche; the heart as centre of false
passions, the false self, ego': manahi samiii 1 'be contained in the
heart': manamhu visiiri 'forget, put out of mind': mana haf hu, m.
'persisting with false passions': mana mati, f. 'the promptings of the
false self: mana mohanu, adj. 'captivating the heart': manni vasiii
'cause to dwell in the heart': mani mukhi, adv. 'in the heart and on
the lips': manu qoliii 'the mind to wander': manu tanu 'mind and
body, i.e. heart and soul, one's entire being': manu miini 'the heart to
believe', sim. mana (hi) te manu miini 'the heart to be filled with faith
through the heart itself, i.e. spontaneously': manu mari 'destroy the
false self, subdue the passions': manu mohi 'captivate the heart':
rnanu liii 'apply, fix one's mjnd; steal the heart (of others)'. 700.
[9822 manas-: cf. MANASA, MANAMUKHI, MANOA; = MANU 3 ]
manukkhu, m. 'man'. 1r. [Sk. manu~ya-: = MANUKKHU; cf.
maniii, m. 'mind, heart; the false self, ego'. 22. [9822 manas- ( +
-uka-): cf. MANU]
maniiru (-ii'), m. 'scrap iron, iron dross, slag'. 3. [ma1.1qura- 'rust']
manoharu, adj. 'captivating, lovely (of God)'. 1. [Sk. manohara-]
mama, pr. 'me: mine'. 3. [Sk.: see MAIM 1]
mamati, f. 'egoism, false sense of self; attachment to worldly goods
(through thinking theni one's own), false sense of ownership'. 25.
mammi 1, m. 'the letter M'. 2.
mammii 2, m. 'teat, nipple'. 1. [9861 *mamma- 1 ]
tmaraga, f. 'death'. F. [Pers. marg]

mara"1u (-amsr, -ii), m. 'death': also inf., ger. of MARI 'to die, etc.' 70.
[9869 mara'Ja-: := MARANU]
maratu 1 , m. 'breath', in maratu su sanabandhu kijai Mr9. l. [Sk ..
maratu 2 , 'the mortal world, the earth', in marata paiiila akiisu So8.
l. [Sk. martu-: cf. MACCHU 1, MIRATU)
maradu, m. 'brave man, hero'. 1. [Pers. ma".d]
maranu, m. 'death'. 4. [ = MARA~U]
maramu, m. 'secret'. 1. [Sk. marman~]
mari (pres. ptc. maraca, -u 3 , marantii, maradii; pp. muii, muiii, muii,
moiii; ext. pres. ls. mariium MrA9r, 3s. mariii SrA15r; imp. 2s. maru),
v.i. 'die' (int. + jiH): mari janamai 'dies and is reborn': (iimvadiiim)
maru miiri 'die (in life) by slaying (desire)'. 245. [9871 marate]
tmarori, v.t. 'twist, wring (the hands)'. F'. [10186 *murufati]
malla: see MALLU
malaiinalo, m. 'wind carrying the scent of sandal from the Western
Ghats'. 1. [Sk. malayanila-]
tmalakalamaiita, m. 'the angel of death, Azrael'. F. [Ar. malaku'l-
tmalaku 1, m. 'the angel (of death), Azrael'. F. [Ar. malak]
t malaku 2 , m. 'prince, chie~. in mira malaka saliira SaV 5.1. M2. [Ar.
malaviisfi, m. 'dirty water'. 1. [*malapaniya-: cf. -VA~ 1 )
maliiika, m. 'saints'. 1<. [Ar. malaik 'angels')
t maliira (-u 1), f. 'the musical mode Malir, associated with the rainy
season'. M3. [9912 malliiri-]
maliiru 2 , m. 'boatman'. ir. [Ar. mallii~ ( x -kiira-)]
mali, v.t. 'rub, rub hard, scrub' ( + dhoi, nhiii). 6. [9870 *malati:
cf. MALO!)
malli, v.t. 'occupy', as pir:u malli'occupy wrestling arena, win bout'.
2r. [9910 mallate]
mali1.m, adj. 'dirty'. 1. [9905 malina-: = MALTNU]
malinu, adj. 1. [ = MALI~u]
malu, f. 'dirt': malu dhiiri, adj. 'living in a dirty way'. 21. [9899 mala-:
syn. MAILU]

maUu, m. 'wrestler', with sense of 'farmers (crushing cane !ike
wrestlers)' in denhi su malla sajiii MjVl 1.2: malliirit khara MIV4, m.
'wrestlers' arena'. 2. [9907 malla- 1 ]
maliiki, adj. 'lovely, elegant'. 1. [ < MALOKu?; =H.P. ma/Uk]
maliiku, m. 'king, prince, lord'. 4. [Ar. '!luliik 'kings']
malechu, m. 'non-Aryan; outcaste; Muslim'. 5. [Sk. mleccha-]
maloi, v.t. 'rub, massage, shampoo'. 1. [ext. of MALI]
maravarr, adj. 'conceited?', in mahala kucajjl mar:avarJ MrV5.1
[other suggestions of comm. are most doubtful]. l. [cf. Pk.
ma4appa(ra)-_ 'pride' (and 9723 •ma<!a-)?; -var:i suggests possible
connexion with the equally obscure Gll~AVAIH]
mathi 1 , m. 'small tomb raised over ashes of the dead': mar:him
masiiJJim 'in tombs and burning grounds'. 4. [9727 "JOfha- 1 ]
mathil, m. 'heap, pile (of wood)', in lakkha mar:hiiim kari ekafhe
As32. 1. [cf. 9725 •mauha-l 'lump']
mathi, f. '.ascetic's hut, i.e. the body'. 3. (9727 mafhikii-: = MA~HOU;
cf. MATU?]
marholi, f. 2. [dim. <9727 mafha- 1 : = MA~Hl]
}fT mi 1 , or mirh, pr. 'me'. 1 (Sl7). [see MAIM 1]
}fT mil. f. 'mother'. 2. [=MAI 1 ]
H'Y miu (so. miiii MjV26.l), f. ·~other'. 2. [ = MAl 1 ]
wfu mii 1 (miie'), f. 'mother'. 9. ( = MAI 1]
HrIB mail' f. 'm_iiyii'. 2 (Su Cl, BaA2). [=MAIA]
HrIB mii3 (pres. 3s. miivai), v.i. 'be contained, fit'. 4. [10059 miiyate]
}{~1' miii, f. 'miiyii, the world and its snares, worldly delights
(apparently real, but actually corrupting)': miiiii dhiiri, m. 'one who
follows worldly goals': miiiii maganu, adj. 'intoxicated with worldly
delights': miiiii mohu, m. 'being captivated by the world,
entrancement with worldly delights'. 135. [Sk. miiyii-: = MAil,
mii 1, f. 'mother': as ep. of Lak~mi, wife of Vigm, in piirabati mal
JPS'. 15. [10016 miitr-: = MA 2 , MAU, MAI 1 ; cf. MATA]
mii2 , f. 'miiya'. 6. [=MAIA]
mii3 , m. 'magician (of God)', in avaru na diijii kahaiim miii As5. 1r.
[Sk. miiyin-]
misahiri, m. 'flesh-eater'. 1. [*miimsiihiirin-]
miisa 1 , m. 'masa, a weight of gold ( =8 rattis or -h tola)'. 2. [10098
ma~a- 2 ]
miisi, f. 'aunt, mother's sister'. 1. [10001 miitu~~vasr-]
miisu 1 (-ii1r), m. 'flesh, meat; body': miisa puri Ti5, f. 'city full of
corpses'. 40. [9982 mamsa-]
H1EJ miisu 2 , m. 'month'. 2r. [ = MAHU]
HW miharo, m. 'chief, headman'. 1. [cf. MAHARU]
Hifu mamhi. (4, -i', -e'), ppn. 'in, among'. 70. ( = MAMHl)
H~ mihu, m. 'month'. 11. [10104 miisa-: = MASU 2 ]
H1?QT miikuri, f. 'spider'. 1. [9883 markafa- 2 ]
H'l:f9 miikhanu, m. 'butter'. 1. [10378 mrak~a~a-]
H~ miikhiu, m. 'honey'. 1. (~989 mak~ika-: = MAKHI]
Hllit mikhi, f. l '. ( = MAKHlU]
}fiQJ miimga, f. 'line of parting in woman's hair'. 2. [10071 marga-]
H~ migaramacchu, m. 'crocodile'. 1. (9692 makara- 1 + 9758 matsya-]
Htfdr.._ mimgi, v.t. 'ask for, request, beg': pres. ptc. mamgatu also as m.
'beggar'. 21. [=MANG!]
miighu, m. 'the month January-February'. 2. [Sk. magha-]
machindo, m. 1'. [ = MACHINDRU]
miichindru, m. 'MaccheQdranath, guru of the famous yogi
Gorakhnath'. 2. [Sk. matsyendra-: =MACHINDO]
HT&ft michi, m. 'fisherman'. 1. (10026 miitsyika-]
Htfn mimji, v.t. 'rub, clean, scour'. 5. (10080 miirjati]
}{~T tmamjhi, adj. 'coming froJD buffaloes (of milk)'. F. (10116 *miihya-]
Hrit mi~, f. 'earth, clay, dust'. 6. [ = MlTII]
H'S mi~u. m. 'large earthern jar'. 1r. (10085 *miirtta-]
wfo mi~hi, v.t. 'smoothe (hair)'. 1. [10299 mr~fa- 1 ]
Htfa miril~i. v.t. 'adorn, arrange (hair)'. 1. (9741 ma~4ayati]
HTCH mi~asu, m. 'man': ma~asa kha~a, adj. 'man-eating, cruel'. 17.
[10049 manu~a-: = MA~HO]
ma~aku, m. 'jewel, ruby'. 14. [9997 mii~ikya-: = MA.~IKU]
mai:ii (ext. pres. 2s. mii~emhi Ti4'), v.t. 'enjoy, take delight in' (int. +
/ai). 15. [10047 manayati: = MANI 2 ]

mii;siku, m. 'jewel, ruby'. 2. [ = MA~AKU]
miii;su (-a•, -d), m. 'pride; honour': miirJu kari 'be proud': miiP}u pai 1
'find honour'. 20. [10040 miina- 1 : = MA.Nu 1; cf. MA~2 ?]
mi1,1hii, m. 'man'. 2. [ = MA~ASU]
miita (-a 1), f. 'mother': mata pita 'mother and father, parents'. 16.
[Sk. miita: cf. MA.1 1]
miti 2 , adj. 'drunk, intoxicated, steeped in'. 14. [ =MATIA.]
mitra, f. adj. 'only', as matra burilda BaAl 'only a drop'. 1. [Sk.
miithii, m. 'forehead, head': mathai pavai charu PrA3 'ashes fall on
the head, i.e. one is disgraced'. 4. [ = MATIHA.]
miriutalu, m. 'drum'. 1. [9892 mardala-]
midhilft, f. 'churning-stick'. 2. [9842 manthana-]
midhau, m. 'Miidhava, descendant of Miidhu, ep. of Km1a'. 1.
miili, ppn. 'like, as if, in masakala mana miilu musavai MjV8.1. 1.
[ < MANI 1; cf. P. miinom]
mini 1, v.t. 'believe, have faith in; revere, respect, obey'. 85. [9857
manyate: = MANNI 2]
mini 2 , v.t. 'enjoy', as in sobha su manai GaA2r. 3'. [ = MA~I]
mini 3 , adj. 'to be revered',, in thani mani saccu eku hai 0034. 1.
minu 1 (-or, ext. -ara Ti4), m. 'pride; honour': miinu kari 'be proud':
manu pai1 'find honour': miinu rakhi 'hold in honour'. 22.
minu 2 (-am'), m. 'faith, belief. 3r. [ <MANI 1]
minu 3 , m. 'the heart', in manu liara dita, lia ta dia miinu SuC4. 1.
minukkhu, m. 'man'. F. [ = MANUKKHU]
tmape, mp. 'parents', in kitt~ai tai4e mapiam SIF73. F. [MA 2 + PIU]
tmamali, m. 'quarrel; trouble; idle business, pointless affair':
mama/a kari 'quarrel'. F, M2. [Ar. mu'amala]
mimi, m. 'uncle, mother's brother'. 1. [10055 miimaka-]
mima1,1i, f. 'aunt, mother's brother's wife'. 1. [f. <MAMA]
mira (-a'), f. 'beating; blow; attack': mara pai 'blow to fall'~ 12.
(10063 mara-]

miragu, m. 'track, way, path, road': miiragi pai 2 'set on the right
road'. 25. [Sk. miirga-: cf. MAGGU]
mirat;au, m. 'hammering?', in loha miirat]i paiai MjV 12.2: miirat]a, p.
'seasoning, spices (used to soften food in cooking?)', also 'antidote',
in dukha mahura miira'}a harinamu MIS. 4. (10065 mara'}a-]
miri, v.t. 'kill, destroy; beat, strike; afflict, torment, attack': pp.
miiria, -o freq. as adj. 'afflicted, distressed'. 120. (10066 marayati 1 ]
mirii, m. 'the Maril Thal, desert'. 1. [Sk. maru(sthala-) x MARI]
milba, f. 'rope over Persian wheel'. l(Ba9). [10095 miilya-]
miiln~, f. 'gardener's wife'. 1. [ 10094 malini-]
miilii (-a'), f. 'garland; rosary'. 11. (10092 (or Sk.) miila-]
mili, m. 'gardener'. 2. (10094 ma/in-]
tmaritliha, f. 'dried cowduf!g (used as fuel)'. F. [*mahi~aledha-?? (cf.
11057 •teddha-); =P. malih, f.]
milu (-am), m. 'wealth, riches, possessions, goods'. 20. [Ar. mat]
mivai, etc.: see MAl 3
mi~ (ext. sl. mar:ar:iai SuC3), f. 'large house, mansion with upper
storey; upper storey'. 5. [9996 *miit!a- 2 ]
miiin6, adv. 'in the middle', as ape manjhi miiinu Sr31. ir. [Pers.
misaru, m. 'honorific title given to learned Brahman'. 1. [Sk. mi~ra-]
tmisala, f. 'likeness, being like'. MS. [Ar. mi~_l]
mihamiit;au (-ii), m. 'guest, passing guest'. 2•. [Pers. mihman:
mihsminu. m. .1 •. [ = MIHAMA".JU]
mibara, f. 'loving, loving kindness'. 1. [Pers. mihr]
miharsmmati, f. 'mercy, kindness'. 1. [Ar. >Pers. mar~amat ( x
mlharavinu, adj. 'benevolent, compassionate (of God)'. 2. [Pers.
miccali, v.i.?, in labbai miilai ghuli mili miccali iimghai saur:i
palanghu MIV23.l, perh. 'with closed eyes', or 'exhausted' [vs.
comm. 'inextricably involved'(?)]. 1. (10118 *mice- 'close the eyes'?
(or < 10288 mrtyu-?) + -l-]
mi!iii, v.t. 'efface, wipe out, destroy'. J•. [v.c. <MITII]
mitli, v.i. •be effaced, annihilated, wiped out, destroyed'. 21.
[ <·io299 mr~f'J- 1 ]
miUi, f. 'earth, clay, dust'. 6. (10286 mrttika-: = MATI]
mif!bata, f. •sweetness'. 1. [ < MIITHA ( + -ta?)]
minhi (-11), adj. •sweet; dear': also as m. 'sweet thing, sugarcane':
mifha rasu, m. ·sweet flavour, delicacy'. 17. (10299 mma- 1 :
mi!hiii, f. •sweetness'. 1r. [ <MIITffA]
miti, f. •measure, correct knowledge, true idea' ( + jaJJi, piii 1 ). 15.
mittu (ext. -ara), m. 'friend, lover'. 3. (10124 mitra-: = MITTRU,
mittru, m. •friend, lover'. 25. ( =MITTU (with -r-.perh. <Sk.)]
mithii, adv. ·in vain': adj. •vain, false': f. 'falseness, vanity'. 6. [Sk.
miragamaii (sl. -al Ti2), m. 'musk'. 1. [for Sk. mrgamada-]
miragu (ext. po. -amhi AsV14.1'), m. 'deer'. 5. [Sk. mrga-]
mirata, m. 'death'. 15. [Sk. mrta-]
mirataku (as ext. -ara VaA3), m. 'corpse'. 1. [Sk. mrtaka-]
miratu, m. 'the mortal world, the earth', in suragi mirati paiiili
MrV15.1. 1. (Sk. mrta-?: cf. MARATU 2 ]
mirorh? (as op. miriam, or mirhiam, MIV19.2), m. 'wild animal,
ravine deer'. l. (10270 mrgal"Upa-?; cf. Sir. mirhom]
milakba, f. 'estate, landed property'. 1. [Ar. milk]
milii (pres. 3s. milei 0040'), v.t. 'cause to meet, bring about
meeting, bring together; unite, assimilate; blend, mix, combine'
(int. + le, lai, also +de). 70. [v.c. <MILi: cf. MEL.~I]
milipu, m. 'union, meeting'. 2. [ = MELAPU]
milivi (ext. -ara), m. 'uriion, meeting'. 3. ( = MELAVA]
mili (ext' pres. ls. milaumr, lp. milamha SrV7.2'), v.i. 'meet, come
together, embrace; be met with, come to, be acquired, be obtained;
mix, be mixed, unite; correspond, resemble, suit' (int. + jiii): abs.
mili, mili kai freq. as adv. 'together': as modal verb + inf. sl.
'manage to, be allowed to', e.g. bahatJi mili 'be allowed to sit'. 360.
(10133 milati]

HT'llf' miirit, m. 'headman; husband; master, sir!'. 3. [??; =H.P.]
Htsr mirithu, m. 'rain'. 3. [ = MEHU]
}ftfc mi~, v.t. 'close (the eyes)'. 3. [10119 •miU-]
l-ftor mi!hi, adj. 'sweet; dear'. 28. [ = MIITffA]
HT§51 mi~huli, adj. 'sweet'. 1. [10299 mma- 1 + -/-)
Hl~ mirh"8ko, m. 'frog'. 1. [9746 •maPJl!ukka-]
~ mitu (-a), m. 'friend; lover'. 22. [=MIITU]
Hl9 minu (-a), m. 'fish'. 14. [10140a (or Sk.) mina- 1 ]

Hl:9 miru (-a), m. 'l?rd, master, king'. 5. [Ar. amir >Pers. mir]
!f'llfT mui (muia; fs. mui, ·+ ts. suf. mulasi SuK2'; mpd. mue), pp. of MARI
'died, dead'. (59). [10278 mrta-: = MOA, MOIA)
musakalu, adj. 'difficult'. 1. [Ar. mushkil]
musaku, m. 'musk'. 2. [Pers. mushk]
muritsaphi, f. ~ustice' ( + kar1J. 1. [Ar. >Pers. muns!fi]
musalamii:-u, m. 'Muslim'. 7. [Ar. > Pers. musalman:
!,ffiffifW musalamini, r. 'Muslim woman'. 1. [f. < MUSALAMANU]
musalaminu, m. 3. [ =MUSALAMA~U]
!:f'JIBT musalli, m. 'Muslim prayer-mat'. 2. [Ar. musalla]
!.ffifc;}J musalimu, m. 'Muslim'. t: [Ar. muslim]
'!fRTh! musii, v.t. 'cause to be robbed'. l'. [v.c. <MUSSI]

HfR mami (pp. mu!{hii, fs. mussiSrA15), v.i. 'be robbed, be ruined'. 34.
[10222 mu~yate3 =MOSI]
~Tffi muhatiji (-i), f. 'need, want'. 2. [Ar. >Pers. mut!_taji]
!fl31B muhatiju, m. 'needing, wanting, desirous'. 1. [Ar. mu!!_tiiJ]
~ muhattu, m. 'a division of time ( = 2 gh~s. or 48 minutes); moment,
instant'. 6. [10229 muhiirta-: cf. MORATU]
muhabbati, f. 'love'. 1. [Ar. >Pers. mut!abbat]
muhalati, f. 'time, period (allotted for life)'. 3. [Ar; >Pers. muhlat]
muhii, v.t. 'cause to be robbed, deceived'. 4. [v.c. < MUHi]
muhii:ii, m. 'chief, authority', as hoi musalimu dina muhii'}ai MjV8.1
'following the authority of the faith'. 1. [10173 •mukhiiyana-? (but
with change of sense)]

muhi, v.t. 'rob, plunder'. 3. (10217 mu~ati]
mubu, m. 'face, mouth': muhi khiii 'suffer (blow.s, etc.) on the face'
(sim. muhi pai): muhi calli 'go headlong, in headstrong fashion':
muhu lcalii adj. 'black-faced, i.e. disgraced': mtlhu de, /ai 'dare to
show one's face': muhu pheri 'turn face aside'. 33. [ 10158 mukha-: cf.
muka~. m. 'top-knot'. 1. [Sk. mukufa-]
mukati (-e), f. 'release, deliverance, salvation' ( + piii 1): mukati gati,
f 'state of salvation'. 60. [Sk. mukti-]
mukatisaru, m. 'the Lord of salvation'. 1. [Sk. mukti~vara-]
mukatu (-a, -o), adj. 'freed, released, delivered; open, unblocked;
unconfined, unbound, free (of God)'. 20. [Sk. mukta-]
mukaddamu, m. 'village headman, subordinate revenue official'. 2.
[Ar. muqaddam]
mukarii, f. 'denial, refusaJ'. 1•. [ < MUKKARI]
mukkari, v.i. 'deny', as int. mukkari pavi, pai [but mukkaru piimhi
JP25]. 3. [trad. <Ar. munkir 'denying'(?'?); =H.P.]
mukimu (-e), m. 'place, abode; mansion; residence of Muslim fakir,
etc.; lasting abode, permanent dwelling-place': also adj.
'permanent, lasting'. 9. [Ar. muqiim]
tmukki, f. 'blow with fist, punch'.(+ mari). F. [10150 •mukka- 1]
mukbigara, adv. 'by heart'; in care beda mukhiigara pafhi Ba3. 1.
[Sk. mukhagra- (with change of sense)?]
mukbi 1, m. 'chief, leader'. 1 (Ra4): [10174 mukhya-]
mukhu, m. 'face, mouth'; mukhu ujjalu hoi •race to be bright, i.e. be
honoured, be without reproach': sl. mukhi 2 (-e') 'on the face; in,
with the mouth; by heart (of recitation, etc.)'; mukhi le •utter,
pronounce'; kavana mukhi, adv. 'how?'. 63. [Sk. mukha-: cf. MUHU]
mugadhu (-au), adj. 'stupid, foolish', and m. 'fool, idiot'. 13. [Sk.
mugalu, m. 'Mughal; the Mughal, i.e. Bibur'. 3. [Turk. >Pers.
muccu, adj. 'abundant, plenty of; big, broad': also adv. •very'. 3.
[10178 •mucca-]
tmucchiria, fp. 'moustaches'. F. (10180 •muccha-]
mucchi, v.t. 'lop, cut up'. 2. (10179 •muccha-]

fmujhu (and mujjha kiim SIF81), pr. 'me'. F. [ = MUHJAI)
mujhai, pr. 'me, to me' [but as ag. 'I' AsC5]. 4. [see MAIM 1 ]
mu!!fli (ext. fs. -ari), pp. of MUSSI 'robbed, ruined; desolated,
forlorn'. (29). (10220 ~fa-: = MO"fHA] •
mum~i, v.t. 'cause to be shaved, have shaved'. 4. [10194
mu1J4iipayati: cf. MUNN!]
mu1_1cJj, f. 'neck, nape of neck': siru mulJ<fi talai dei SaV 10.1 'standing
on the head'. 2. [10191 mu'J4a- 1 or 10247 miirdhan-: cf. MO,;u;m]
fmu"'411u, m. 'source, beginning': ~· mu1}4hamhu AsV21.2, adv.
'from the beginning'. M2. [10247 miirdhan-]
mui;utsu, m. 'man'. 2. (9828 manu~ya-: cf. MANUKKHU]
i•1uua (fs. + ls. suf. mutiiisu SuKl'), pp. of *munji, and adj.
'abandoned, deserted, separated': also 'sent; emitted' (SIF77). 5.
[10151 niukta-]
mudagaru, m. 'mallet'. 1. [Sk. mudgara-]
mundari, r. 'ring (for finger)'. 1. (10203 mudrii-]
mundi (ext. pd. -are), m., f. 'large earring'. 3. [10123 mudrii-: cf.
mudr:i, f. 'large glass earring (as worn by yogis); yogic exercise
(involving special flexions of the muscles)'. 5. [Sk. mudrii-: cf.

~t mundri, f. 'large glass earring'. 8. [MUDRA x MUNDA]

!1tJ mundha (-i; sv. -e), f. 'woman'. 20. [cf. 10196 *mutta-, etc.?; =S.]
Hfo muni (-i), m. 'muni; saint, sage; ascetic (who has taken vow of
silence)': muni jana, p. 'the saints'. 22. [Sk.]
}Jfo munni, v.t. 'shave'. 1. (10194 muf'J4ayati: cf. MUMJ?AI]
!fHJQ\it muminkhi, adj. 'blessed'. 1. [Ar. mubiirak]
~~ muragii, f. 'water-fowl, wild duck'. 1. [ mur!ll!iibi]
!.«J~'g' muradiru, m. 'corpse, dead body; camoo': muradiiru khiii 'eat
carrion, consume what is uniawful'. 6. [Pers. murdiir]
muriri (-i, -iir, -u'), m. 'God'. 25. [Sk. 'enemy of Mur~ ep. of Km1a']
fmuridi, m. 'disciple'. F. [Ar. murid]
mullim (mumlliim MjV26.1), m. 'mullah, orthodox Muslim
religious specialist in charge of a mosque'. 10. [Ar. >Pers. mullii]

mullu, m. 'price': mulla kharidi liilii Mr6 'bought slave': mulli atJiii
'buy, purchase'. S. (10257 miilya-: syn. MOLU]
mu~. v.i. 'twist, bend, turn'. 1. (10186 mufat11
miirit, pr. 'me'. ld. [see MAIM 1]
Hl>fT miii (-oJ, pp. of MARI 'died, dead'. 25. [ = MUA]
}fRT miisi, m. 'rat'. 1. (10258 mii~aka-]
mmi (pp. miifha), v.i. 'be robbed, be ruined'. 8. [ = MUSSI]
miiki, v.i. 'come to an end, be finished'. 1'. [ < 10157 •mukna-]
miici (as pp. miicii Ga9'), v.t. 'get rid of, abandon'. 1'. (10181
mucyate (or perh. miimci? < 10182 muncati)]
}{QT mii!hi (-o; ext. fsv. -arie DhC3), pp. of MOSI 'robbed, ruined;
desolated, forlorn'. (4) [ = MUTIJiA]
miirit~u, m. 'head': miiri14u muri14iii 'have head shaved (of yogis)'. 5.
(10191 mutJ4a- 1 or 10i47 murdhan-: cf. MU~J?l]
miitu, m. 'urine'. 1. (10234 mutra-]
miirakhu, m. 'blockhead, fool, idiot'. 52. [Sk. murkha-]
miirati, f. 'form, shape, image': murati siirati 'form and appearance'.
12. [Sk. miirti-]
miiratu, m. 'period Qf time; moment'. 3. [for Sk. muhurta-: cf.
miili, m. 'fool', as sv. miiliii Sl21 [vs. trad. 'o MUia', supposed to be
the name of a shopkeeper of Sialkot]. 1. [der. of 10254 mula-]
miilu (-o), m. 'root; radish, root vegetable; medicinal root, herb;
capital sum; basis, foundation': miila mantru 'root formula, the
basis of all religious formulas (used of the Name)': sl. muli (-e) freq.
as adv. 'basically, fundamentally', + neg. as miili na, etc. 'not at all,
completely not, utterly not'. 52. (10250 mula-]
miirhu (-ii), adj. 'stupid, foolish', and m. 'fool, idiot'. 19. [10232
tmerit, ppn. 'in'. F. [ =MAMHI]
meu, m. 'fisherman'. 1. (10320 meda-]
mehu, m. 'rain'. l'. [10302 megha-: =MlMHU; cf. MEGHU)
meku, num. 'one', as meka ghari, mekii ghari 'one moment'. 2. [??]
tmekha, f. 'tack'. F. [Pers. metm]
mekhuli, f. 'rope, girdle'. 1. [for Sk. mekhala-]
meghu, m. 'rain-cloud'. 1. [Sk. megha-: cf. MEHU]
me~i, v.t. 'wipe out, efface; destroy, annihilate'. 44. [v.t. < Ml"ITI]
medani, f. 'the earth; world; creation, the universe'. 6. [Sk. medini-]
meravadi, v.i. 'goes, go'. 11• [Pers. me-ravad, pres. 3s. of raftanj
meri (-o), poss. pr. 'my, mine': merii terii (mera tora Ba7') 'mine and
yours, meum et tuum, false sense of individual ownership or
identity'. 200. [the usu. poss. of. MAIM 1: syn. MAHINDA, MAIDA,
MORA] . . .

meru, m. 'the fabulous Mount Meru in the Himalayas; a mountain;

the central bead in a rosary': meru sarira ka AsV13.1 'the best of
bodies, the human body': 'lotus-cup' in mera cacii guna Mr4 [see
CACCA 1]. 6. [Sk.)
melavi, v.t. 'gather, assemble'. 1. [10332 meliipayati (Pk. melavai):
melii, v.t. 'bring about meeting'. 3. [v.c. <MELI: cf. MILA!]
melipu, m. 'union, meeting'. 2. [ < MELU ( + -atva-): =MILA.Pu]
melivi (ext. -ara), m. 'union, meeting'. 2. [ < MELU ( + -apaka-):
meli (pp. fsd. + ls. melimu MrAlOd, mpd. + 3s. melianu MjV16),
v.t. 'bring together, bring about union; cause to meet, unite; gather,
assemble' (int. + le, lai). 62. [10332 melayati: =MELAVI]
melu (-ii, -o), m. 'meeting, u.nion; coming together, reconciliation,
intimacy, close connexion; friendship, amity, concord': meli miliii
'bring together in union'. 60. [10331 mela-]
mevi, m. 'fruit'. 3. [Pers. meva]
-mai, adj. 'in the form or, in gaganamai thiilu DhSh3. 1. [ = -MAiA 2]
maim 1, pr. 'me, to me, my, etc.': also (as f.?) 'ego, pride, self-
centredness'. 150. [9691 ma- (perh. also 9773 mada- in sense of
'pride', cf. MAIGALU, MAIMATTU): o. of HAUM; equ. MAf:°lf:'IU, MAMA,
MA 1 , tMUJHU, MUJHAI, MOM, MO, MOHl 2 ; cf. MERA for poss. forms]
maim 2, ppn. 'in, among'. 1 (Sr26). [ = MAMHI]
maigalu, m. 'rutting elephant, elephant on· heat'. 3. [madakala-
(> Pk. mayagala-): cf. MAfAGALU]
mai~, or maim~. poss. pr. 'my, mine'. 3d. [ = MAHI)'."i;>A.· see MERA]
mai1,19, f. 'beeswax, wax'. 1. [9778 madana-4 ]
maidi, m. 'fine flour'. 1. [Pers. maida]
tmaidinu, m. 'plain, open space, level ground'. F.. [Ar. maidiin]
maimattu, adj. 'intoxicated, on heat, drunk with pride'. 4.
maili (-au), adj. 'dirty' (int. mai/o maila). 19. [9904 *ma/in- + -/(1)-)
mailu (-a), f. 'dirt, filth': mailu bhariii, adj. 'full of dirt, foul'. 44. [9904
*malin- + -1(1)-: syn. MALU]
mo, pr. 'me'. 2. [see MAIM 1]
moii, pp. of MARI 'dead'. l. [ = MUA]
mohai;ii, f. 'enchantress; lovely woman; the world and its wiles'. 12.
[Sk. mohani·]
mohanu, m. 'enchanter (of God the beloved)': as second member of
compounds 'enchanting, fascinating'. 5. [Sk. mohana-]
mohiki, m. 'thief. L [ < 10358 mo~a- ( + ?)]
mohi 1 (pp. mohia, ext. fsd. -iari; mpd. mohita SrlO), v.t. 'fascinate,
allure, captivate, charm, enchant, bewitch; delude' (int. + jai, le).
25. (10362 mohayati] ·
mohi 2 (-r), pr. 'me, mine'. 4. [see MAIM 1]
mohu, m. 'fascination, allurement; infatuation (with the world),
delusion'. 65. [Sk. moha-]
mokhantaru, m. 'salvation', as tau mokhantaru pamhi AsV13.2. 2.
mokbu, m. 'salvation, release, deliverance': makha duiiru (mokhu
duaru JP4) 'the gate of salvation'. 17. (10345 mok~a-]
mofi (-au}, adj. 'great, mighty'. 3. [10187 *moHa- 1]
motasari, f. 'string of pearls'. 1•. [mauktikasara-]
moti (po. -iana), m. 'pearl; pearl-like teeth'. 14. (10365 mauktika-]
mono, m. 'silence', as sl. moni 'in silent meditation'. 3. (10371
*monna- (or Sk. mauna-)]
mori (-a'), poss. pr. 'my, mine'. 6. [see MERA]
moru, m. 'peacock'. 3. (9865 •mora-]
molu (-o'), m. 'price, value': moli al}iii 'buy, purchase': moli amolu
(muli amu/u MrVl.1) 'priceless'. 9. (10373 maulya-: syn. MULLU]
tmo~ (ext. pres. 2s. -emhi SIF19'), v.t. 'tum back, turn aside'. F.
(10186 mofat1]

1il y

lilOl yaka, nur;n. 'one'. 11• [Pers. yak]

liJtfT yayyi, m. 'the letter Y'. 1.
1il1'fe yidi, f. 'meinory', as yadi iii 'be remembered'. 1. [Pers. yiid]

raii, f. 'pleasure, delight', in enhim phullim rau kare SuV18.1. 1.
[10599 rati-]
raiad, f. 'subjects, common people'. 1. (=RAYYATI)
rasa: see RASU
rasana (-ii), f. 'tongue'. 23. [Sk. rasanii-]
rasii, v.t. 'relish, taste, delight in': also 'cause to relish', as in ape
rasana rasamidii MrS14'. 9. [ < 10653 rasati2 , or 10655 rasayati]
rasii~u, m. 'the elixir of everlasting life (i.e. the Guru's teaching)'.
10. [for Sk. rasiiyana-]
rasitalu, m. 'hell'. 1. [Sk. rasiitala-]
rasidarh, m. 'sucker of j~ice'. 1. [10650 rasa- +
2316 ada-]
rasilu (-amr, -ii), adj. 'sweet, lovely' [perh. also m. 'seat of
enjoyments', though hardly dist. from first sense]. 6. [ 10660 rasiila-
(also Sk. "rasiilaya-?): syn. RIS~LO)
rasi 1, v.i. 'be drenched, be filled with love': also v.t. 'drench', etc.,
yielding pres. pass. 2s. rasiamhi TuC6. c.15 (not always dist. from
RASU). [10653 rasati 2]
rasi 2: see RASU
rasi (-iii), m. 'one who is filled with delight; one who takes delight;
voluptuary, worldly pleasure-seeker'. 6. [10663 rasin-]
rasi~, adj. 'drenched, filled with sweetness'. 1'. [ <RASI 1 ]
rasida, f. 'arrival, reach, access'. 1'. [Pers. rasid]
rasu (-or; so., pd. rasa; sl. rasi 2), m. 'juice, fluid, sap; syrup, sweet
juice (as of lotus); liquor, nectar (as syn. of AMMRITU); sweetness,
sweet flavour; the best part of anything; taste, savour; enjoyment;
delight, delicacy; love, desire, feeling': rasa kasa, mp. 'sweet and


sour (things in life), joy and sorrow, etc.': rasa bhoga, mp. 'sensual
delights': rasi rasiii, rasi riitii 'drenched in sweetness or delight,
steeped in nectar'. 155. (10650 rasa-]
raseri, adj. 'filled with love'. ir. [ <RASU]
rasoi, f. 'kitchen'. ir. [10656 rasavati-]
rabasi (ext. pp. fs. -iai:i VaA3), v.i. 'be delighted, rejoice'. 13.
rahansi, v.i. 2. [ = RAHASI]
rabasi: see RAHi
rahasu, m. 'delight, rejoicing, joy'. 3. [10699 rahasya- 'secret' (cf. S.
rahasu, m., -a1Ju, v.i., for change of sense)]
raba~, f. 'way of life'. 1. [10665 •raha1Ja-]
rabata, f. 'life, way of living'. 4. [ < RAHi]
rahami~u. adj., m. 'the Merciful (ep. of Allah)'. ir. [Ar. ra!!_man]
rabarisi, f. 'custom, behaviour, habit; prayer, invocation'. 2. [Pers.
rah 'way' + riist 'right']
rabii, v.t. 'cause to remain; fix, support, place, put; cause to stop;
check, restrain; retain (semen)'. 29. (v.c. <RAHi)
rahii, adj. 'durable, lasting', in kichu thiru na rahiiiSo8. 1. ( < RAHi]
rahi (inf. raha1Ju, rahanu; pp. rahiii,-o; fut. ext. 2s. rahiemhi Gal 3r, 3s.
rahasi, ext. -io MjV8'), v.i. 'remain; last, endure, continue; be left;
live; stop, finish, come to an end' (int. + jiii 'stop'): inf. also as m.
'living': rahi is freq. used as a modal verb + pres. ptc. or pp. to
imply continuance, as in ramatu rahai AsP8 'keeps enjoying',
rahanhi carhe AsV24 'remain put over (the fire)'; sim. + abs., usu. as
pp. rahiii, but with pres. sense, as in kari rahiii AsV12.2 'keeps
doing, continues to do'. 400. [10666 •rahati]
rahimu, adj., m. 'the Merciful (ep. of Allah)'. ir. (Ar. ra!!im]
rakatabiju, m. 'llaktavija, a demon slain by the goddess Durgii'. 1.
rakatu (-r), f. 'blood (thought of as the female generative fluid)':
rakatu bindu 'blood (of the mother) and semen (of the father)'. 7.
[Sk. rokta-: cf. RATru 2]
ranku, m. 'poor man, beggar'. 1. [Sk. ranka-: cf. RMmu 2]
rakhaviri, m. 2. [ = RAKHAVALA]
rakhavili, m. 'watchman; guardian, protector (of God)'. 8. [10548
rak~apiila-: =RAKHAVARA]
rakhai, v.t. 'cause to be put: win (reputation)'. 2. [ v.c. < RAKKHI]
rakkhi (pp. msd. + 3s. suf. rakhionu), v.t. 'put, place; keep, have;
protect, guard, look after': also used + abs. as a modal verb with
intensive force. 67. [10547 rak~ati: =RAKHI]
rakhisaru, m. 'Lord of r~is, great· saint'. 1. [Sk. *r~i5vara-:
rakhisuru, m. 2. [ = RAKHISARU]
ranga: see RANGU 1
raiagani, f. 'dye, colour, paint'. 1. [cf. RANNANI]
raritgii, v.t. :caused to be dyed'. 4. [v.c. <RANGI]
raritgivali (-o), adj. 'dyed': also 'fair, lovely, merry' (SIF-M5). 2.
( <RANGU 1]
raiagi1, v.t. 'dye, colour'. 7. (10570 *rangayati: =RANNI, RAMGI]
railgi 2: see RANGU
raritgi1_1i, adj. 'dyed, steeped'. 1•. [ RANGI 1]
raritglli (ext. -ara), adj. 'dyed, bright-coloured, gay, lovely'. 4.
[10571 *rangita- + -II-: syn. RANGULA]
railgu 1 (-a•, -o), m. 'dye, colour; love; rapture, delight, pleasure':
ranga paranga MjV 1, adj. 'of different colours': ranga mahali MrS7
'in the apartment of delights, i.e. the body': rangi ratta (rata), adj.
'steeped in dye, filled with love': rangim rangim 'of different
colours': rangu lai 'apply dye, colour'. 130. (10560 ranga- 1 (and
Pers. rang): = RAMGU]
rangu 2 , m. 'poor man, beggar'. l(D044). [10538 rankd-: cf. RANKU]
raitguli (-u), adj. 'dyed; gay, lovely, delightful'. 5. [ < RANGU 1 + -1-:
°8ibT raritgeti (ext. -ara), adj. 'dyed, steeped'. 2•. [for Sk. *rangita-?J
~f~ raianai:-i, f. 'dyeing vat'. 1. [ < 10570 *rangayati: cf. RANOANI]
-8~ raiaiai, v.t. 'dye'. 2. [ = RAJilGI 1]
~ raiica, f. 'a little bit'. 1r. (cf. 10538 *rakka-, etc.?: =RA~CAKA]
~ raiicaka, f. 1. [ = RA~CA; cf. RAITAKA for -aka]
~()T racani, f. 'creation' ( + raci 1 , etc.). 10. [Sk.]
~Tfu racii 1 , v.t. 'cause to be created, create'. 12. [v.c. <RACI 1 ]
~Tfu racii 2 , v.t. 'mingle, form attachment'. 3. [v.c. <RACCI]

raci 1 (pp. msd. + 3s. suf. racionu MjVl 7.1), v.t. 'create, fashion,
make'. 13. (10574 *racyate: =RAC1 1]
raci 2 (-u RaA8), m. 'creation'; asjini raci raciii 'He who fashioned
creation'. 4. [Sk. *racya-?]
racci, v.i. 'be absorbed, be mingled, be strongly attracted' ( + I.). 6.
[ < 10584 rakta- 2 (with MIA. anal. -cc-): =RAC1 2 ]
rajiii 1 (-11 ', -e'), f. 'will, pleasure (of God)': freq. as sl. 'according to
His will', so rajai calli, rahi. c.30. (Ar. riiii]
rajai 2 (-i 2 '), m. 'God (whose will directs the universe)'. c.9 (not
always dist. from RAJAJ 1 ). ( <RAJAJ 1 ]
rajji (pp. rajja), v.i. 'be satisfied, be sated': abs. rajji as adv. '(eat, live)
one's fill'. 7. (10584 rajyate 2 ]
raju, m. 'the quality of passion, one of the three gm:ias'. 1. [Sk. rajas-:
syn. RAJASU]
"a'~ raritiiiii;ia, adj. 'grieved'. 1'. [pp. of *rariznai ~Pers. ranj]
"a'a rai;i4a, f. 'widow'. 1. (10593 ra1J4li-: =RAMJ:?A]
~"it rai;i~i, f. 'harlot'. L (10593 ra1J4ii-]
oJ tra44u, m. 'bard, minstrel'. F. (10593 *ra#a-]
Q"_? rai;iu, m. 'battle, battlefield'. 3. (10595 ra1.1a- 1 ]
~ rattaka, f. 'seed, grain (used as weight)'. 1. [=RATTI]
"0301<J@ ratanagaru, m. 'jewel-mine; sea, ocean'. 2. [for Sk. ratniikara-]
03o't tratani, m. 'jeweller'. M2. [ < RATANU]
<89 ratanu (ratannu MIV25, -ii SuC2'), m. 'jewel'; 'eye' (SIF77). 58. [Sk. ·
rattii(-amsr, -au, -u 1, -o; ext. mpd. -are, fsv. -arie, fpo. -ariiimha
MrA9'), adj. 'red, crimson; dyed, steeped; absorbed, attracted,
obsessed'. 115. (10539 rakta- 1 'coloured, red', freq. not dist. from
10584 rakta- 2 'impassioned, fond 9r: = RATA]
ratti, f. 'seed, gr~in (used as weight); a little bit': bhiigam ratti ciiri
As V 19.2 'four grains of luck (i.e. good fortune)?'. 4. [ 10544 raktika-:
rattu 2 , f. 'blood': rattu pif]ii, adj. 'bloodthirsty'. 5. [10539 rakta- 1: cf.
rathavahu, m. 'charioteer'. 5. [Sk. rathaviiha-]
rathu, m. 'chariot, car, cart; chariot of the sun', hence rathu phiri
'the sun to revolve'. 9. [Sk. ratha-]
ranna, f. 'woman, wife'. 4. [10593 ra~lfa-]

rappi, v.i. 'be dyed'. 5. [anal. v.p. (<RANG! or RAITA.): =RA.Pl]

rabit:U, adj. 'of God the Lord', as bandi rabiirJiai' 'in the prison of
the Lord'. 2r. [Ar. rabbani]
rabibu, m. 'bowed string instrument, rebec, viol'. 1. [Ar. rabiib]
rabbu, m. 'the Lord, God'. 3. [Ar. rabb]
ramaii, adj. 'dwelling, omnipresent (of God)'. 1. [ < RAMI]
rami, v.i.
'range, wander; dwell; enjoy oneself: also v.t. 'enjoy, take
delight in; devote oneself to; contemplate, adore': rama niima GjA5 5
'adore, recite the Name'. 7. (10637 •ramyati (or Sk. ramate): cf.
RAV1 1)
rayyati, f. 'subjects, common people'. 4. [Ar. >Pers. ra'iyat:
ralii, v.t. 'cause to meet, unite, mix, mingle'. 7. [ v.c. < RALi]
rali, v.i. 'meet with, join, be mingled' (int. + jiii, mili). 11. [10640
rali (freq. as p. raliiim, ext. -iiimha SrV7.2'), f. 'sport, merriment;
delight, rapture' ( + kari, mii~i). 11. [??; cf. H.P. rang-raliam]
raliili, adj. 'sportive, gay, charming' [comm. also as m. 'source of
delight'?, cf. RASALU]. 2. [ < RALi + -iila-]
rava1;tu, m. 'youth (i.e. time of enjoyment)'. 1. [10626 rama~a-]
ravata, f. 'recitation, adoration' ( + ravi 1). 2. [ < RAVI 1]
ravani, f. 'recitation' [comm. also 'the tongue'], in ravani ravai
bandhana nahitii!arilhi As16, i.e. 'by mere recitation". 1. [ <RAVI 1 ]
ravii (pres. ptc. raviimtau As12), v.t. 'cause to dwell, enjoy'. 2. [v.c.
<ravi 1]
ravila, f. 'dust'. P. [10642 rava- 2 + -iilii-; = P. raval]
ravi1 (pres. ptc. ravatu, -au, ravantii, -u', mpd.? ravanne TuB3), v.i.
'range, wander; dwell; enjoy oneself: also v.t. 'enjoy, take delight in;
devote oneself to; contemplate, adore; recite, utter (the Name)': ravi
rahiii 'God remains dwelling in the heart'. 80. [ 10628 ramate (sense
of 'utter' suggesting x 10644 ravati?) =cf. RAMI]
ravi 2 , m. 'sun'. 12. [Sk.]
ravindi, m. 'sun and moon', in amari ravatau riija ravindii Pr14. l'.

rari, f. 'clamour, clash of arms', in kaham su tegabanda giif/e rap
AsA12. l. [10592 •ra!i-]
riu, m. 6. [ = RXI]
rii (-e'), m. 'king, chieftain, prince; Lord'. 16. [10679 rajan-: =RAU;
cf. RAJA]
riisi, m. 'story, praise?', in raisii piare kii riiisii TiAl. 2. [for Sk.
rii, f. 'mustard seed', as nahi riii, etc. 'not a grain of, not the slightest
bit or. 6. [10688 riijikii-]
risi1, f. 'stock, principal'. 21. (10720 rlUi-]
risi 2 , adj. 'right, proper, correct': riisi iii 'come right. be set in order':
riisi iitJi 'set to rights, set in order': riisi kari 'adorn' [prob. not
<Pers. iiriista]. 11. [Pers. riist]
risi, m. 'one who keeps in order'. Ir (As25). [ < RAs1 2]
rihaku, m. 'cultivator'. 1. [ <RAHi ( + -kk-); =Sir. riihak]
rihi, v.t. 'sow'. 1 (VaA4). (10707 radhati: cf. RADHI]
rihu 1 (-iir, -o'), m. 'way, road, journey; right way; manner, method,
custom, habit': dui (dovaim) riiha 'the two ways (of good and evil)':
riihi pai 'get on the right road, find the way': riihu calai 'cause way
to operate': rahu dasai 'ask the way': riihu dassi 'tell the way'. 34.
[Pers. riih]
rihu 2, m. 'Rahu, the ascending node in astronomy, supposed to
cause eclipses', as dui rahu MjV9.3 'the two Rabus, i.e. Ribu and
the descending node, Ketu'. 1r. [10726 rahu-]
rikhi, m. 'protector'. 2. [10671 •rak~aka-]
rikhi (ext. pp. riikhiW:ii TuC2), v.t. 'keep, preserve, protect; put;
engage, employ' (int. + le, lai): also used as modal verb + abs. 125.
ririlgi, v.t. 'dyo'. 1. [ =RANGI 1]
rigu, m. 'raga, musical mode; music'. 13. [Sk. riiga-]
ririlgu, m. 'colour, dye'. 2. [ =RANGU 1]
raci1, v.t. 'create', as racanii riici 'create creation'. 4. [ =RAC1 1]
rici 2 (pp. riicii), v.i. 'be absorbed, be su~, be mingled, be strongly
attracted' (usu. + 1.). 16. [ = RACCI]
rija, adj. 'brilliant'. 1 (Prl4). [Sk. raj-]

rijasu, m. 'the quality of passion, one of the three gm:1as'. 1. [Sk
riijasa-: syn. RAJU]
rijanu, m. 'king, lord'. 6. [Sk. riijana-: cf. RA~A]
riji (pd. -e;·pd., po. riijiina•, -u'), m. 'king, raja'. 49. [Sk. riijan- (s
nom. riijii, p. nom. riijiina~): cf. RAI, RAJU 2 ]
riji, v.t. 'rule'; ·as riiju riiji Ba7 'ruling, establishing His kingdom'. 1•
( <RAJU 1]
riju 1 (-am, -o), m. 'kingship, kingdom, rule'. 8. (10694 riijya-]
riju 2 , m. 'king; mason, builder (Sr32)': riija kumiiri, f. 'princess'. 5.
(=RAJA, or RAJU 1 (SV)]
rim~, f. 'widow'. 1. [ =RA~l;>A]
riri14epi, m. 'widowhoo'd'. 1. [RAMl;>A + -tva~]
ri"18, m. 'prince'. 1. (10680 riijana-: cf. RAJANU]
ri~, f. 'queen'. 1. (10692 riijiii-]
riti (-aii, -ao•, -o: ext. mso. -ariiim AsCl), adj. 'dyed, steeped
infatuated, very fond' (usu. + I.): also m. 'devotee'. 108. [=RArr{
riti, f. 'night'. 38. (10702 riitri-]
ridhi, v.t. 'sow'. 1. [ < 10705 raddha-: cf. RAHi]
ripi, v.i. 'be dyed'. 1. [ = RAPPi]
rimu (-ii') m. 'Rama; God': sv. riima freq. as invocation 'o Lord!' a
the end of a verse, cf. bali riima jiu SuCl' 'I am sacrificed to the
Lord': riimacandu, m. 'Riima(candra), the incarnation of Vi~i:iu
who slew Riivana': riima namu 'the Name of God': riimariii' 'Rama
God'. 285. [Sk.)
rira, f. 'quarrel', in riirai rilpi As8 'in the world of quarrelsom1
form, in the world of discord'. 1. [ = RA~I]
(JTQT riri, m. 'the letter R'. l.
a'R5 rili, v.t. 'mix, put in'. 1. (10640 *rail-]
(J~,? rivai:-u 1, m. 'Ravar:ia, the demon-king of Ceylon, slain by Rama'. 2
(J~,£5 rivalu, m. 'yogi'. 2. (10676 riijakula-]
(J~T rivi, m. 'dust'. l (AsVS.2). [cf. 10642 *rava- 2 , 10821 *reva-]
<JiN rivi (inf. riiva~u 2 ; ext. pp. fs. riiviariSuC3; ext. pres. 3s. riivei Ti3', 1
riivehiim GaCl ';ext. fut. 3s. riiviisi DhC3', -esi SuAl '), v.t. 'enjo}
take delight in'. 38. (10711 riimayati]
riri, f. 'quarrel' ( + kari). I. (10697 rii{i-: = RARA]
rikhi, m. 'r~i, one of a class of seven legendary saints or sages'. 1.
[Sk. r~i-]
rigu, m. 'the ~gveda'. 1. (Sk. rg-: = RUGU]
rijaku, m. 'sustenance, daily bread' ( + de). 6. [Ar. rizq]
ridu (-ii; usu. as sl. ridai), m. 'the heart'. 48. [for Sk. hrdaya-:
riddhi, f. 'wealth; psychic power', freq. as ridhi sidhi 'psychic
powers'. 8. [Sk. rddhi-]
rinnhi, v.t. 'cook, b9il'. 1. [2457 *rndhati]
ri, intj. 'oh!'. (1). [see RE]
risa, f. 'envy, jealousy': risa iii 'be filled with envy': (kliiriz) risiim kari
'be jealous of. ~- [1615 ir~yii-]
risiilii (-u'), adj. 'lovely, fair, beautiful'. 6. [1616 ir~yiilu- 'envious'
(perh. cf. P. poth. hiras 'love, affection' for change of sense): syn.
risi, v.i. 'be exuded (of butter, from churning)'. l '. [10745 *risyate]
rijhi, v.i. 'be pleased, be delighted'. 3. [2457 rdhyati]
tn~, adj. 'melted', i.e. 'exhausted, worn out', in SU'}i SU'}i ri'}e kanna
SIFll. F. [10753 ri'}a-]
of.:p ritii, adj. 'emptied, empty'. 1. (10729 riktaka-]
-alf3 riti, f. 'way, manner, custom, behaviour'. 2. '[Sk.]
SQ(5T truhalii, adj. 'crippled, maimed'. M2. [10789 •rulla-]
trukkhii, adj. 'dry, without ghee (of bread)'. F. [10799 ruk~a-]
rukkhu (ext. -ara) m. 'tree'. 7. [10757 *ruk~a-: = ROKHU]
rugu, m. 'the ~gveda'. 1. [ = RIGU]
rui:aajhus;ta, m. 'sound, cry', in morim rurJajhutJa liiiii Va3:
ru'}ajhu'}akaru (-e') 'making gentle sound, tinkling'. 4. [10596 ra'}a-
+ 5332 jha'}(atkiira-): cf. JHU~AKARU]
rutti, f. 'season'. 18. (Sk. rtu-]
rudanu, m. 'weeping' ( + kari). 2. [Sk. rudana-]
ruddhii, pp. of *rujjhi 'blocked, obstructed'. 2. [10775 ruddha- 2 ]
runnii (runa; ext. mps. runnare Va3), pp. of ROI 'wept'. (13). (10771
ruppi, m. 'silver'. 12. (10805 rupya-]
rulii, v.t. 'turn to dust, trample in the dust'. 2. [ v.c. < RULi]
ruli, v.i. 'be turned to dust, be mingled with dust, be pulverized'. 3
[10786 *rul-?]
·~plflfu riiii, v.i. 'make a noise, cry out; lament, complain'. 5. [ext. < 1084(
"' rudati (or < 10772 ruta- 'cry, roar'?): dist. from ROAi]
triihu, m. 'soul'. F. [Ar. riihl
riikhu, m. 'tree'. 3. [ = RUKKHU]
riipu, m. 'form, appearance; beauty, loveliness'. 70. [Sk. rupa-]
rurha (-au, -o, -au: or riJrhii?, cf. fs. riirhi MIA4), adj. 'Jovel}
beautiful; excellent, good'. 13. (10803 riipa- + -4-]
re, intj. 'oh!, hey!', used with m. noun in v.: f. ri, as ri miii As26. 6t
[10808 re]
rekha (-am•, -ia), f. 'line, outline, mark', usu. as riipu na rekha 'n·
form or material sign (of God)'. 13. [Sk. rekhii-]
recaku, m. 'the yogic exercise of exhaling retained breath'. 2. [Sl
rei:m (-a), f. 'dust (of the feet of the saints)'. 4. (10814 re~u-]
redu, m. 'heart'. l '. [ =RIDU)
rah.ti {-i'). f. 'night'. 35. (10579 rajani- (>Pk. raya~i-): = RAINI]
~fo raini, f. 3. [ = RAll~i]
~rfu1>1r raibiriii, m. 'guide'. 1'. [Pers. rah-bar]
~))frfu roii, v.t. 'cause to weep'. l'. [v.c. <ROI]

~re roi (pres. ptc. rota, rorirda; pp. runnii; pres. 3s. roi, rouai, 3p. roml
rouamhi, rouanhi; fut. 3s. rosi; pres. pass. 3s. rouijai). v.i. 'weep, er:
also v.t. ( + o.) 'bewail, weep for'. 96. [10840 rodati]
rosu, m. 'anger': rosu kari 'be angry'. 6. [10856 ro~a-: = ROHU]
rohu,' m. 'anger': rohi ai Sr30 'get angry'. 3. [=Rosu]
rogi, adj. 'sick, diseased', and m. 'sufferer from disease'. 14. [S
rogu, m. 'sickness, disease'. 38. [Sk. roga-]
roji, m. 'the Muslim fast of Ramaian'. 1. [Pers. roza]
roju, m. 'day', as sl. roji' 'every day, always', sim. saba roja1 'niE
and day, always'. 2. [Pers. roz]
ro'1, f. 'bread, loaf, chapati'. 2. (10837 *roua-]
ropi, v.t. 'plant, fix'. 1. [ v.t. < 10783 *rupyati 2 ]

romu, m. 'hair on body', as sl. romi romi 'with every pore, with all
one's heart'. 2. [10851 roman-]
rolu, m. 'disturbance, trouble'. l'. (10641 rava- 1 + -/-]
rovai, etc.: see ROI


laiikii, m. 'type oflute, having gourd as sound-box'. 1. [711 liibu- +

laii (fsd. lai), pp. of LAI, 'taken'. (20). [see LAI, also for other infl.
forms laiai, lae, laeham]
lasakari, m. 'soldier'. 1. [Pers. lashkari]
lasakaru, m. 'army'. 9. [Pers. lashkar]
lahari, f. 'wave, surge; sudden desire, whim; passion, frenzy':
laharim de 'billow, surge (of the sea)'. 9. [10999 lahari-]
lahi1 (pp. lahia, laddhii, liidha), v.t. 'find, obtain, get, acquire' (int. +
pai 1 ). 60. [10948 labhate]
lahi 2 (pp. lattha), v.i. 'descend, come down; come off, be removed'.
18. [10994 *lasati 2 ]
lakkari, f. 1. [ = LAKKAl_ll]
lakka~, f. 'wood, firewood'. 2. [10875 *lakkura-: = LAKKARI: cf.
Janka (-a), f. 'Lanka, capital city ofRiivar,ia's kingdom of Ceylon'. 4.
lakku, m. 'waist'. 1. (10879 *lakka- 3 ]
laku~-, f. 'stick'. 1. [Sk. lakura-: cf. LAKKA~I]
lakkhai:-u, m. 'sign, token'. 3. [ 10882 lak~a1.ia-)
lakhamai:-u. m. 'Lak~mar.ia'. 1. [ = LACHAMANU]
lakhiii, v.t. 'cause to be seen, perceived'. 16. [ v.c. < LAKKHI]
lakkhi, v.t. 'perceive, recognize, see; realize, grasp, understand'. 11.
[10883 lak~ati]
lakkhu, m., num. '100,000, lakh; a lakh of rupees'. 62. [10881 /aksa-:

lakhesari, num. 'lakhs of, in laharim vahanhi lakhesari Sl4. 1. [??

(hardly < 10886 *lak~dvara-?)]

'aganu, m. 'auspicious moment', as laganu ga'}iii 'have auspicious
moment calculated, appoint wedding-day'. 1. [Sk. lagna-]
lagii, v.t. 'apply (ashes, to body); fix (attention, in meditation)'. 6.
[ v.c. < LAGGI: syn. LAI]
lagi (-a, -u), ppn. 'until, up to', used after jau,jaba 'when', tau, taba
'then'. 6. [10893 lagna-] ·
laggi (pp. laggii. -o), v.i. 'be attached to; be applied, be fixed; follow,
cleave, cling to; be incurred, come to, befall, happen to; be felt': a~
modal verb + inf. sl. (rarely so.) 'begin to', e.g. parhaJJi laggi 'begin
to recite, start reciting'. 68. (10895 lagydti; pp. < 10893 lagna-
lamghiii, v.t. 'cause to cross, deliver across'. 12. [v.c. <LANGHI]
lailghi, v.t., v.i. 'cross, pass over'. 10. [10905 langhayati: = LAMGH(
lachamai:iu, m. 'Lak~mar;ia, the half-brother of Rama'. 2.
lajja, f. 'shame, honour', as lajja rakkhi 'protect the honour (oO'. 1'
[ = LAJA]
lajju, f. 'rope, well-rope', for 'life' in the lajjll !ilkasi musii Gal6. 1
[ 10582 rajju-]
laddi, v.t. 'load'. 1d. [ = LADi>I]
ttatii~ (pass. pres. 2s. -iamhi SIF16), v.t. 'trample'. F'. [ext. < 1093
•tatta- 'kick' ( + -4·)]
tlatiphu, adj. 'fine', as akali latiphu SIF6 'intelligent
discriminating'. F. [Ar. la@]
latthii, pp. of LAHJ 2 'descended'. (5). (10995 •/asta~]
ladiii, v.t. 'cause to be loaded'. 1. [v.c. < LADDI]
laddi, v.t. 'load, burden; load up with, pack up': laddi calli,jai 'pacl
up and depart'. 9. (10966 lardayati: = LAl;>QI, LADI]
laddhii, pp. of LAHI 1 'found'. (1). (10946 labdha-: = LADHA]
lapa~i, v.i. 2'. [ = LAPATI]
larilpa~i, f. 'covetousness, worldly greed'. l'. [ < LAMPATU]
lapa~, v.i. 'stick, cling; be stuck, be caught'. 2. [11061 lipyate + -g.
lampa!u, adj. 'covetous, greedy, filled with desire'. 1. [Sk. lampafa"
labbu, m. 'greed, lust, desire'. 25. (10943 •tabba-? (hardly 1094
labdhi-, or11147 lobha-)]
labbhi, v.i. 'be found, obtained'. 3. (10950 labhyate: = LABHI]
lammii (ext. mpd. -ai:e), adj. 'long'. 4. (10951 lamba- 1 ]
lalatii, f. 'to~gue'. 2. [cf. 11028 la/ati 'lolls, wags (of tongue)' (and Sk.
lalanii 'tongue'): =LAUT.A.]
lallii, m. 'the letter L'. 1.
lalitii, f. 1. (=LALATA]
laviii 1 , v.t. 'cause to be taken'. 2. [ v.c. <LAI]
laviii2, v.t. 'cause to be uttered; repeat?', in fibha ... rattl Iii/a laviii
MrV15.2. 1•. [v.c. <LAVI?]
lavi, v.i. 'chatter, prate; call, twitter, sing (of birds, etc.)'. 4. [10935
laveri, adj. f. 'newly calved, in milk', as gau laverf'milch cow'. 1. [??;
la~iii, f. 'battle'. 1•. [<LARI]
la~, v.i. 'fight, do battle'. 1. [10920 *laq- 2 ]
tla~u,ln. 'skirt, hem, edge (of garment)': lai:i /iii 'attach to one's skirt,
take under one's protection'. F. [cf. 10918 *la!ra- 2 ? (prob. dist.
from 10921 *laqa- 'string, garland'); = P. lai:, m.]
Iii (pr. 2s. liivasitii Gals•; 3s. liii, liivai), v.t. 'apply, fix (esp. of mind);
attach, fix, plant (esp. of love, devotion); set, employ, engage;
assemble; levy (tax)': (int: + cho<!i). 175. [11004 liigayati: syn.
liiiku, adj. 'worthy'. 1•. [Ar. liiiq]
liiitabiiri, f. 'slander' ( + kari, khiii). 2. [ <LA IT ABAR u]
liiitabiiru, m. 'destroyer of trust, slanderer'. 3. [Ar. Iii 'not' + i'tibiir
liihai:ii, f. 'raw materials for making spirit' [comm. 'still'], in kiimiii
liihal)i iipu madu BgV12.2, etc. 3. [cf. 11040 liisac 2 'broth'??, also H.
liihan 'yeast', P. liihal) 'refuse of a still']
~T liihii (-ao'), m. 'profit, gain, advantage' ( + lai). 41. [ 11018 liibha-: cf.
ttahi, v.t. 'remove, get rid of. F. [11042 *liisayati 2 ]
liihoru, m. 'Lahore'. 1.
liikhu, m., num. '100,000, lakh'. 2. [ = LAKKHU]
liigi (pp. liigii, -iii'), v.i. 'be attached to; cleave, cling to; begin to,
etc.'. 125. [ = LAGGI]
lagii, adj. 'pursuing'. I. [10893 /agna-]
liirhghi, v.t. 'cross'. I. [ = LANGHI]
liija, f. 'shame, modesty, honour': liija rakkhi 'protect, preserve the
honour (of)'; liija liigi 'shame to be felt'; liija lukii'Ji 'good name
among people'. 7. (10910 lajjii-: = LAJJA]
~ lii~ii, m. 'spinning top'. I. [prob. < 10916 •/a{yate 'is shaken'; = P.]
5rfu liidi, v.t. 'load, load up with'. 7. [ =LADDI]
(?TUT liidhii, pp. of LAHI 1 'found'. 2'. [ = LADDHA]
51fg liibhi, v.i. 'be found'. I. [ = LABBHI]
~ liibhu, m. 'profit, gain'. 4. [Sk. liibha-: cf. LA.HA.]
liilacu, m. 'cupidity, greed, lust'. 11. (11029 lii/itya-]
5'<'531 lalati, adj. 'lovely, precious' [no reason for trad. 'of .silk, satin'], in
sariiice /alati MjV8. 1'. (Sk. /iilita-]
liilanu, m. 'beloved'. 1. (11025 liilana-]
lalii, m. 'slave', freq. liilii golii. 23. [Pers.]
lali, f. 'female slave, slave-girl'. 4. [f. <LALA]
liilu 1 , m. 'ruby', incl. ape andari liilu Sr25 'He is the ruby inside (the
fish)' [not, as comm. 'bait']. 17. [Ar. la'/]
liilu 2 , adj. 'red': int. liilo lalu. 9. [Pers. Iii/]
liilu 3 (-o'), m. 'beloved, darling, dear': ve liilo Ti5 'o beloved' [rather
than trad. 'o Lalo', supposed to be the name of a carpenter of
Saidpur]. 21. (11030 liilya-]
ttavai:iu, m. 'salt, seasoning'. F. (11034 liiva~ya-].
lava, m. 'reaper', in liivim lufJiii khetu SrPl. 2. (11032 liivaka-]
liivai, etc.: see LAI
m. 'bridegroom'. 1. (11012 *lii4a-]
Ii~, f., as lari cari 0013 'stirring up trouble, tale-bearing'. I. [cf.
10916 lafayati 'shakes'? (or 10917 /afaka- 'bad man'??)]
liiii, v.t. 'bring, bring back'. 1. [LE or LAI, + A.1]
Jikhiii, v.t. 'cause to be written. have recorded': mararJu /ikhiii iie
'they have come (into the world) having death recorded as their
fate'. 12. (v.c. <LIKHI]
likhi (pp. likhiii, ext. -im:a, -iiisu'), v.t. 'write,· record': pp. /ikhiii
'written', freq. as m. 'writing, what is written, fate'. 95. [*/ikhyati,
likhyate (rather than 11048 likhati -SV): = LIKHI]
tliin'm, m. 'limb', in hovarithi linna jhinna naha hovarithi Sa V20.2,
comm. as 'let them have limbs (i.e. virtues) and not be (limbless,
like) a shrimp'. M2. [11051 linga- 1 ]
lili~u (-aritsr), m. 'forehead'. 2. [for Sk. laliifa-: cf. LILARU]

liliru, m. 'forehead'. 1. [10970 laliifa-, nifiila-: cf. LILATU]

liva, f. 'absorption, deep meditation; devotion, adoration; love,
desire; constant repetition (of God's Name)' ( + liii, liigi): liva tiira, f.
'unbroken adoration, etc.'. 107. (10962 laya-; = H. lau]
~tft{ tlivi~, v.t. 'smear' (int. + dhari). F'. [ext. < I1057d.jlip]
c5tl>fT fiii (ext. -a~ii), pp. of LE 'taken'. (20). [ x DI.4 1]
ffia tr.ka, f. 'line'. M2. (11070 *likkii- 2 ]
ffifu likhi, v.t. 'write'. 3. [ = LIKHI]
ffi:ft liji, f. 'profit, gain', in kichu liji lijai As9. 1. [<LE; cf. L1JA1]
~ lijai, pres. pass. 3s. of LE 'is taken, is to be taken'. (15).
ffi~T lii:-a, adj. 'absorbed in'. 8. [lina-: =LTN.4. 2 ]
c51"3T litii (ext. ~.a~ii), pp. of LE 'taken'. (1). [cf. C?IITA, OTTA]
ffi"O' 6nii 1 , pp. of LE 'taken'. (5). [ x DINA 1 ]
ffioT linii 2 , adj. 3. [ = LT~A]
c5tfu lipi, v.t. 'smear (with perfumes)'. 1. [11061 lipyate]
ffi~ lila (-ii'), f. 'play (of a child}'. 2. [Sk. ma-]
~TOl luhiri, r. 'fetter, shackle'. l'. (11158 loha- + -ala-?]
£5fu 'tluhi, v.i. 'bum'. F. [11097 *IU~ati (*lu~ati"?)]
~Tfu lukiii (pp. lukaiii, lukiiPJii 1 '), v.t. 'hide, conceal'. 4. [ l 1083'•/ukka- 2]
?;a~T lt\kit:iii 2 ; adj. 'of people'. 1'. [ = LOKA~A]
§f's lujjhi, v.i. 'quarrel, fight'. 1'. [ = LOJH1]
£5fc lu~p (ext. pres. 3p; lufenhi Ga14), v.t. 'plunder, rob'. 2. [==LOT!]
~ lu~i, v.t. 'swing', as biiritha lut/iii 'swing arms about (in joy)'. 1'. [ v.c.
< 11080 *lu4yati, lo4yate]
~ lui:ii, v.t. 'reap'. 5. [11082 luniiti]
§89 lubadhu, adj. 'covetous, greedy'. 1. [Sk. lubdha-]
~ lubhiii (as pp. lubhaiii', lubhiiPJii, lubhiinau, IUbhiinii', -u'), v.t. 'fill with
desire'. 6. [v.c. <LUBBHI: syn. LOBHAI]
lubbhi, v.i. 'be covetous, desirous'. 1. [11086 lubhyati]

lu~enhi: see LO~I
liijhi, v.i. 'quarrel, fight; be agitated, distressed'. 5. [ < 11084a
lubdha- 2 : == LUJJHI]
lii~i (pp. IU!iii, IU!ii'), v.t. 'plunder, rob; ravage, ruin'. 6. [11078
*lu!{ati: = LUTII]
liil)u, m. 'salt': liirya hariimi (hiiriimu), adj. 'untrue to one's salt,
faithless, disloyal'. 4. [10978 lava'f}a-: := tLO~u]
le (pp. /iii, fitii, linii 1 ; pres. 3s. lei, levai; pres. pass. 3s. /ijai), v.t. 'take,
take away; get': le iii 'bring'; le jiii 'take away; le de 'take and give,
have dealings with': freq. used to form nominal conjuncts, also as
modal verb + abs., implying action directed towards the subject.
110. [10948 labhate x MIA deti, neti: =LAI]
lekhai:ii, f. 'pen'. 2. [for Sk. lekhani-]
lekha (-u), m. 'writing, what is written; document; account, record;
fate': sl. lekhai as adv. 'a~cording to what is written, in accordance
with fate', as ppn. 'in the opinion of; lekhai na pai 'fail to win
approval, acceptance'. 93. (11108 lekhya-]
lekhiiri, m. 'writer; scholar'. 4. [* lekhakiirin-]
lekhi, v.t. 'write, record': 'be of use' (i.e. 'be recorded to one's
advantage?'), in kitai na lekhaiGaCl,janamu ki lekhamhi AsA9. 3.
( < LEKHA]
lekhediiru, m. 'one who keeps an account'. 1. [LEKHA + Pers. -diir]
le~, v.i. 'lie down', in lefalJi lefi jiiJJai tanu suiihu As6, comm. 'the
true art of dancing lying if one thinks of the body as ashes'.
2. [11109 le!yati]
lepu, m. 'defilement' ( + /iii, liigi). 2. (11114 lepya-]
lephu, m. 'quilt, thick coverlet'. 2. [Ar. li!!iif]
levai, etc.: see LE
lai (pp. laiii; pres. 3s. lae, lai, ext. Ip. laehiim VaA2'; pres. pass. 3s.
/aiai, laijai'), v.t. 'take, take away; get': lai iii ~bring'; lai jiii 'take
away': abs. lai freq. equ. to 'with': freq. used to form nominal
conjuncts, also as modal verb + abs., implying action directed
towards the subject. 130. [10948 labhate: =LE]
loa (sd. *lou not used; sl. loi 1 ; pd. loa, etc), m. 'world, people'. 26.
[1119 loka- 1 : cf. LOKU, LOGU]
loi 2 , f. 'light'. 3'. (.11129 *locis-]

loi3, v.t. 'see', in supanii ihujagu loi SrA15. l'. [11122 lokate]
lobfi, m. 'God, whose eyes are all-seeing?', in loi!Ja ratte loi'}i
MrV15.2. 1. [ <LOll':IU]
loii:m, m. 'eye'. 2. [11128 locana-: cf. LOCANU]
lohi, m. 'iron'; 'scissors' in lohii vaqqhe dara]T pii~e RaV19.1. 4.
[11158 loha-]
lohiripi, m. 'Loharipa, name of a Gorakhnathi yogi'. 1.
lohiru, m. 'blacksmith'. 1. [ 11159 lohakiira-]
lohii, m. 'blood'. 1. [11165 lohita-]
loki1_1i, adj. 'of the world, of people': fhiikura mita hamiire hama
niihi lokiine AsCl 'we are not concerned with the world'. 3'.

( <LOKU: =LC!KAt:-1.4. 2]
loki, adj. 'for people (the gods?). 1 (As32). [ < LOKU: see
loku, m. 'world': as s. and p. 'the world, people'. 28. [Sk. loka-: cf.
logu (usu. as pd. -a), m. 'people'. 8. [Sk. loka- >Pk. loga-: cf. LOA,
·locanu, m. 'eye'. 4. [Sk. ~ocana-: cf. LOll'.'IU]
loci, v.t. 'desire, long for, seek'. 5. [11132 locyate]
ttoi;iu, m. 'salt'. F'. [ = LOl':lu]
lobhii (pp. /obhiiiii', lobhiinii), v.t. 'fill with desire', but v.i. 'be
desirous'? in miii miimgata trai lobhiivamhi RaA2. 4. [ v.c. < 11152
lobhyate: syn. LUBHAI]
lobhitu, adj. 'greedy'. 1. [Sk. lobhita-]
lobhi (-ia), adj. 'greedy, filled with desire, desirous'. 9. [Sk. lobhin-]
lobhu (-ii), m. 'greed, desire, covetousness'. 39. [Sk. lobha-]
ttori, v.t. P. [ = LO~I]
lo~ (ext.pres. 3p. lw:enhi Ga14), v.t. 'desire, want; need; search for':
as modal verb + pp. msd. 'want to', e.g. muii na lo~ai koi Sr A 15 'no
one wants to die'. 10. (10922 laqati (or 11080 lot!ayati, 11156
lo!atn): =tLORI)

vasagati, adv., adj. 'under control (of God)'. 1. [Sk. vafogata-]
vasatu 1 , f. 'thing, substance; property, goods'. 20. .[Sk. vastu-:
= BASATU 1 ; cf. VATIHU]
vasatra, mp. 'clothes'. 3. [Sk. vastra-: = BASATRA]
vasai 1 , v.t. 'cause to dwell; settle, fix (esp. in the heart or mind)'. 28.
[v.c. <VASI 2]
vasai 2 , v.i. 'work, operate, have power', in dutiim kii kichu na vasiii
MIV8. 1'. [ < 11431 vafoyati: = BASAi]
vasamaril, m. 'causing to dwell', as iku niimu vasiimam BlAl. 1r.
[ < VASAi· + ?]
vasi 1 , adv. 'under the power, authority, control (of)', as (kai) vasi hoi
'be in the power of; vasi (-a Ga15) kari 'bring under control, exert
authority over'. 16. [11433 va~ya-]
vasi 2 (pres: ptc. vasatu 2 ; pp. vasiii, ext. -iar:ii TuC4; pres. 3s. vasai 1 ),
v.i. 'dwell (esp. in the heart, mind), live; bt settled, be fixed'. 116.
[11435 vasati" =BASI 1]
vassi (pp. vuHhii; pres. 3s. vasai 2 MIV2.1,2), v.i. 'rain'. 7. ( = VARASI]
vansu, m. 'bamboo flute'. 1. [ 11175 vawa-]
vase, adv. 'enough', in hamiirii ek.u iisa vase MjV13.5. 11r. [Pers.
tvahar.iu, m. 'current'. F. [11456 vahana-]
vahiii, v.t. 'cause to flow'. 1r. [v.c. <VAHI]
vahi (pp. vur:ha), v.i. 'flow (of water, pen); blow (of wind)'. 7. [11453
vahi, f. 'account-book, ledger'. 1'. [l ~460 vahikii-]
tvahu!l, f. 'bride'. F. [11251 vadhufi (with -H-?); = P.]
vahelii, adv. 'quickly'. l'. [ <VAHI??; cf. P. poth. vahila, S. vahlo]
vakhatu, m. 'time': panja (-i) vakhata 'the five times of prayer
prescribed in Islam': vakhatai uppari 'right on time'. 11. [Ar. vaqt]
vakkharu, ll). 'stock, goods, substance'. 27. [ 11189 vak~askiira-]
vakhiir.ii, v.t. 'describe; expound, explain; praise; say, utter, tell'. 44.

vakhai:iu (-o1, m. 'description, explanation, praise' ( + kahi, kari). 4.
[12188 vyiikhyiina-: =VAKH(l)ANU, VAKHIAJ':lU]
~ vakhini, v.t. l'. [ = VAKHA~I]
~ vakhiinu (-am'), m. 2'. [ = VAKH.!.~u]
~fu vakkhi (-e'), adv. 'on one side, separate'. 3. [11188 vak~as-]
~fulil15 vakhiai:iu, m. 3. [ = VAKHA'r~u]
~ft:n>r19 vakhianu, m. 1'. [ = VAKHAJ':lU]
~Tfu vagii, v.t. 'wield, use (sword, knife)'. 3. [v.c. <VAGGI]
~fur vaggi, v.i. 'move, be used (of knife)': [also 'blow (of wind)' - F]. 1.
(12225 MIA. *vagga-]
vaggu, m. 'herd (of cattle)'. 1 (As39). (11331 varga-]
valigu~ (as ext. pd. -iiimha Va3'), f. 'glass bangle'. 1'. [11194 vanku-?
+ -4-]
vacchalu, adj. 'loving, fond'. 3. (11244 vatsala-]
vajahu, m. 'wages, pay'. 6. [Ar. vajh]
vaiiji, adj. 'deprived, lacking, empty'. 1. [11275 vandhya-?; = P.
vajiii, v.t. 'cause to sound, play, blow (musical instrument)'. 11. [ v.c.
<VAJJI: syn. V.ll1 2]
vajji, v.i. 'be played, sound (of musical instrument)': fut. 3sf. vajjagi
AsVl 1.3 'will resound, ie. will .be apparent': vajjarithi kharaga
kariire Mr12 'the fierce swords sound' [if not vaggamhi 'are
wielded'?]. 6. [ = VAJI]
vajiru, m. 'minister, vizier'. 2'. [Ar. vazir]
vaiijhu, m., (-i) f.? 'long bamboo used as boating pole'. 2. [11175
vaiiii, v.t. 'get rid of, destroy'. 3'. [v.c. <VANNI]
vaiiiii, v.i. 'go'. 10. (12225 •vranjati: syn. JA1 1]
va~iii, m. 'traveller, wayfarer'. 2. [ = VA°fAO]
va,ii, v.t. 'change'. 3. [v.c. <VATfl]
va,p, v.t. 'twist (sacred thread); knead (balls of rice)'. 3. [11356
vaHi, f. 'wick'. 1. [11359 vartikii-]
va••u 1 , m. 'twist'. 1. [11346 v~rta- 1 ]

va!~ 2 , m. 'a weight'. 1 (MjV17). [11348 •varta- 3 ]
va~~i (-u, -o; ext. fsd. -ar:i), adj. 'great, large, big'; int. va44amhu
va44ii 'greatest': forms several compounds as va4a-, e.g. t va4ahansu
(M3), m. 'flamingo'; va4a dii1Jii, adj. 'very wise, clever'; va4a purakhu
va4iiti MjV 1' 'great and mighty Being'; va4a bhiigi ( = va44ai
bhiigi), adv. 'by great good fortune'; va4a bhiigi, adj. 'very
fortunate'. 76. [ 11225 va4ra-: = BAJ?J?A]
tvarit~ai, v.t. 'cause to be shared'. F. [v.c. < VA~J?I]
va4ii, f.-'greatness; glory; praise'. 33. [ = VAJ?IAI]
fva"8ru, m. 'great man'. M2. [11226 •vadratara- (Ap. va<J4iira-)]
va1,1\li, v.t. 'share, divide' (as int. + de). 2. [11238 va1J!ati]
va4iii (-e'), f. 'greatness; fame, glory; magnifying, praise' ( + de). 80.
[ < VAJ?J?A: =BAJ?AI, VAJ?Ai)
va4eri, adj. 'great, very great': int. va4amhu vtlf/erii 'greatest of all'.
4. (11226 •vaqratara-]
va44hi, v.t. 'cut, cut off. 4. [11381 vardhayati 1 ]
va~4hi, f. 'bribe' ( + lai). 2. [12076 vrddhi-l]
vai:-ajiri (-ar, -or; pv. -iho), m. 'trader, merchant, dealer'. 39. [11234
•va1:1ijyiikiira-: cf. BANAJARANI]
va1.1aji (pp. va1Janjiii, ext. mso. va1Jajar:iiim AsCl), v.t. 'buy, trade in,
deal in' (int. + lai). 8. [ <VAf:IAJU]
va'.'Sju, m. 'business, trade, dealings' ( + kari, va1Jaji). 1. [11233
va!JU, m. 'forest, jungle': va~ khalJl!i 'in the jungle': va1JU tri1JU 'forest
and grass, the whole countryside'. 6. [1'1258 vana- 1 : = BANU]
vats, ppn. 'like, equivalent to', in ihu samsiiru bikhu vata ati
bhaiijalu AslS. 1. [12069 vrtta- (rather than Sk. vi~avat­
vatii, v.t. 'cast (fishing net)'. 2. [v.c. <VAITI]
vatti, v.i. 'wander, go about': [abs. tvatti also as adv. 'again' (F)]. 2.
[11352 vartate: cf. VADI?]
vatra, f. 'moist state ofland, right for ploughing'. 1. [ l 1289 •vaptra-]
vatthu, f. 'thing, property, substance'. 4. [11449 vastu-: cf. VASATu 1]
vadi, v,i. 'happen, come to pass', in vadi su vajjagi As V11.3
'whatever has happened will be apparent'. 1. (11352 variate?; cf.
Sir. vadii 'happening': cf. VArn?]
vaddhavi (as ext. pres. 3p.? vadhaviemha TiA '), v.i. 'surpass'. l. [ext.
vadhii, v.t. 'µtake increase, cause to grow, strengthen; fill (the
belly)'. 6. [v.c. < VADDHI: = BADHA.1]
vaddhi, v.i. 'increase, grow': karama vadhamhi kai loa Mll 7 'many
people's worldly actions increase' [?, rather than comm. many
people are involved in worldly actions: (i.e. = baddhe 'bound')]. 4.
[11376 vardhate: =VADDHAVI]
vadherai, adv. 'more'. 1•. [12074 vrddhatara-]
vanoi, f. 2. (11338 var'Jikii-: = VANNU]
vannu, m. 'colour; kind, sort'. 6. [ 113 38 van.ia- 1 : =VANNI; cf.
vapiri, m. 'merchant'. 1. [ = VAPARI]
vara: see VARU
varasi, v.i.''rain'. 3. [11394 var~ati: =BARAS!, VASS!, VARHI; cf.
varasu, m. 'rain'. 1. (11392 var~a-: =BARASU, cf. VARHA.]
varakhi, v.i. 'rain'. 1. [Sk. var~ati: cf. VARASI]
varaji, v.t. 'stop, check' (as int. + rahiii). 5. [Sk. varjayati: = BARAJI]
varata: see VARA TU
tvarataii, adj. 'current, prevalent', in ape varatau jiirJi Ra V 16.2
'know that selfishness is current'. M2. [<VARA Tl]
varata~i. f., (-u), m. 'business, dealings, ordinary life'. 3. (Sk.
varataminu, adj. 'omnipresent, all-pervading (of God)'. l. [Sk.
varatii, v.t. 'make current, bring into use; cause. to pervade, difTuse'.
[v.c. <VARATI]
varatiri, m. 'usage, custom'. 2. [for Sk. *vartakara-]
varativi, m. 'conduct, behaviour, habit, custom'. 1. [<VARA Tl
(+ -apa-)]
varati, v.i. 'come into use, be current, be practised: be diffused,
pervade, be spread, fill'. 35. [Sk. vartate] ·
varatu, m. 'regular practice of religious observances; austerity, fast'
(+ kari). 6. [Sk. vrata-: =BARA TU]

varaditi, m. 'granter of boons, Vi~i;iu, God'. 2. [Sk. varadiitr-]
varani, v.t. 'describe, praise'. 1 (JP 21). (Sk. ~ar~ayati]
varanu, m. 'colour; one of the four social classe·s or castes'. 1S. [Sk.
van:ia-: =BARANU; cf. VANNU]
varabhai:a~u (ext. po -iimha AsV8.l '), m. 'universe, world'. 2. [for Sk.
brahmiirJ4a-; BRAHAMA~I?U]
varhi, m. 'year'. 3. [11392 var~a-: =BARASU]
varihu, m. 'rain, the rains?', as varasa variihu Su V 10.1 r [comm. also
'the rain-giving cloud']. 1r. [prob. ..l'.hyme-ext. < 11392 var~a­
(rather than 11396 var~ii-)]
tvari 1, v.t. 'marry (of woman)'. F. (11318 *varati]
varhi, v.i. 'rain'. 1. [=VARAS!]
varu (so. vara; sl. vari 2), m. 'bridegroom, husband (usu. of God)':
vara kiimarJi, f. '(beloved) wife of the Lord'. 26. (11309 vara- 2 ]
valii, v.t. 'cause to go round, i.e. pass time?', in iisiim mamhi niriisu
valiie Ra5 'remains without hopes in the midst of hopes'. ir. (v.c:
< 11405 valau'?]
vavvi, m. 'the letter V'. 1.
vi (emph. vahai), pr. 'him'. 3. (972 asau: cf. OHU]
viu, f. 'wind, air': sabha viiu Srl 'all is insubstantial as the wind'; viiu
duiiu, m; 'windy talk, nonsense'; viiu boli 'talk nonsense'. 9. (11544
viiyu- 1 (or 11491 viita-): =VAI 1]
vii 1, f. 'wind, air; vital air, breath'. 3. ( =VAU)
vii 2 (pres. ptc. viimida; pres. 3s. vavai, 3p. vainhi, vavamhi; fut. 3s.
vaisi, viivasi), v.t. 'play, blow (musical instrument)'. 16. (11510
viidayati: syn. VAIXI]
visi, v.i. 'dwell, lodge, reside'. 6. [11435 (or Sk.) viisayate]
visi, m. 'inhabitant' (usu. as second member of compounds). 6.
(11605 (or Sk.) viisin-] ·
visu (-ar, -o'), m. 'dwelling, abode, residence, resting place', freq. as
second member of compounds, like ghara viisu 'living at home, in
the house of. 50. [11591 (or Sk.) viisa- 2 : =BAsu 1]
visu 2 , f. 'perfume, scent'. 8. [11592 (or Sk,) viisa- 3 : =BAsu 2]
visudeu, m. 'God (the omnipresent)'. 1. [Sk. viisudeva-:

visuli, m. 'phial containing perfume'. 1. [ 11592 viisa- + -/-]

viserii, m. 'lodging, temporary abode'. 1'. (11594 *vasakara-]

vihi, v.t. 'plough'. 2. (11612 viihayati 1 ]
vihu 1 (ext. -a~a SlFll 7), m. 'canal, stream'. 2. (11607 viiha-]
viihu 2 (usu. as viihu viihu), intj. 'hurrah for!, excellent!, how
marvellous is!'. 8. [Ar. viih]
tvaheri'lda~, m. 'drawer (of bow)'. M2. [ext. pres. ptc. of VP.HI]
viihai: see vA.
viki (-u), m. 'word, speech'. 4. [11468 vakya-]
viimgi, ppn. 'lik~'. l. [??; = P. viimg]
viici, v.t: 'recite, read out'. 5. [Sk. vacayati]
viiji (-u'), m. 'musical instrument (esp. wind instrument)'. 18.
[11511 vadya-]
viiji, v.i. 'be played, sound (of musical instrument)'. 17. [11513
viidyate: =BA.II, VAIJI]
vijharilhu, ppn. 'without'. 1. (9235 biihya-: = B.l.JHA~Hu]

vii~ (ext. -ari, -ariasu SuKl'), f. 'way, path, road'. 17. [11366
vartman-: = BA'fA]
vii!Bii, m. 'wayfarer, traveller'. l'. [ <VA'fA: =VAT.A.OJ
viim~hi, adj. 'deserted, abandoned, forlorn'. 5. (11236 *varJ4ha-]
-vi1,1i 1, m. 'water', only as second member of compounds. 3. (8082
piiniya-; cf. K.-von: = PA~l] ·
vi1,1i , f. 'speech', as biibara vii1,1i AsAI 1. 1. [11490 viilJT- 1: =BANJ 1]

tva1,1u, m. 'cord used to string bed'. F. [11483 *va1,1a- 2 ]

vita, f. 'word, matter, thing': vata na pucchi 'not to ask after, care
about'. 2. (11564 vartta-: =DATA]
vitu (as sl. -i, -i), m. 'mouth'. 2. (12196 vyatta-]
vidi, m. 'quarrelsome, disputatious person'. 1'. [Sk. vodin-: =BA.DI]
vidu, m. 'talk, utterance; dispute, quarrel': vadu calai, raci 'start
quarrel; viidiim giivamhi AsVl 1.2 'sing of battles'. 18. [Sk. viida-:
vidhii (-e'), r. 'songs of congratulation on birth of a child' ( + vajji,
viiji). 2'. [ < 11383 vardhi:ipayati 2 ]
tvapari, v.i. 'pass, elapse', in keta~iiim juga vapare SIF67. F. [12203
*vyaparati (with MIA. -pp-)??]
vapari (-iii), m. 'businessman, merchant, trader'. 14. [Sk. vyiipiirin-:
vaparu (-ii', -o'), m. 'business, trade, dealing' ( + kari). 15. [Sk.
vira 1 (-ii 1r, -u 2 Ga7~, f. 'time, turn; delay': int. viiro (-a) viira, adv.
'time and again': viira iii 'time, turn to come (esp. to be born, or to
die)' [and so prob. phuni biihu~i na iiva'}a viira Pr9' (cf. callatJa viirii
MrS22'), not iivatJaviira ( = iiva'}aviile) 'going to come']: viira na liig1
'delay not to occur'. 20. [11547 viira- 2 ; =BARA, VARI]
vira 2 , f. 'song of praise, praise, eulogy'. 1 (MjV27). [ < v>.a1?; = P.
viira 2 , m. 'obstacle, limit'. 1 (As13). [11550 viiraka-]
viiri, v.t. 'hinder, obstruct; wave object round another's head tc
avert evil and to show devotion; sacrifice, devote' (int. + jiii): haun:
viiri ( = v~atJai kurabii'}U SrA28) 'I am sacrificed, devoted'. 17
[11554 viirayate: syn. GHUMAI]
viiri, f. 'time, tum'. 10. [=VARA]
varu 1 , m. 'day of the week'. 5. (11547 viira- 2 ]
viroli, m. 'whirlwind, sandstorm'. 1. [vA.u + ROLU??; =P. varoli(
-valii, adj. suf. added to nouns to indicate connexion, like galliiri
vale, mp. 'p°eople of words, i.e. mere talkers'; also - rarely - to o. o
inf. to form verbal agent (as uncommon alternative to usu. -HARU 2 )
like kahafJai viilii 'one who praises'. 12. (8125 -piilaka-]
vilu (pd. -ii VaC2~, m. 'hair'. 1'. [11572 viila-]
viileva, m. 'goods, chattels'. 1. [??; = P. valevii]
viivai, etc.: see VAl 2
tva~ 1 (pass. pres. 2s. -iamhi SlF161), v.t. 'cause to enter'. F. (218~
va~ (-i 2 '), f. 'field, garden, flowerbed': vii~i liii 'lay out garden'. S
(11480 Vii!ikii-)
viuharu, m. 'business', as viuhiiru na piivai MjVl.3 'is unable tc
conduct business'. 1. (12174 vyavahiira-: = BIUHA~A]
fviupai, f.?, in duhiirit siriiirit iipe khasamu vekhai kari viupii
MjV22. l ',comm. 'judgment'. M2'. [? (perh. cf. 12218 vyutpiidayat
'causes to arise'?)]
viiii, v.t. 'produce, create'. 1'. [vyiipayati]

viipi, v.i. 'be diffused, created; extend, pervade, fill'. 18. [vyiipnoti,
vyiipyate: = BIAPI]
visa~. f. 'excrement, faeces'. 1. [for Sk. vi~fhii-: =BISATA]
tvisafU, m. '.go-between, agent?', in so visafu paraviitJU MjV22.2.
M2. (cf. BASl!Hu?]
visamidu, m. 'awe, wonder, astonishment'. 26. [Sk. vismaya- ( + ?):
visaraji, v.t. 'forsake, abandon'. 2. [Sk. visarjayati: cf. BISARAJITU]
vissari, v.i. 'be forgotten' (int. + jiii). 21. (12021 vismarati:
visibi, v.t. 'buy'. 2. [11979 *visadhayati: =VESAHI]
visiiri (pp. visiiriii, -a•: ext. pres. ls. visiireum Sr16'), v.t. 'forget; cause
to be forgotten' (int. + chodi). 54. [12023 vismiirayati: = BISARI]
visu, f. 'poison'. 7. (11968 visa-: cf. BIKHU)
visui, m. 'a unit of time ( =15 blinks of the eye)'. 1. [?'?]
visiiri, v.i. 'grieve, pine'. 2d. (11941 *visurate]
tvisiili, adj. 'painful, grievous?', in manjhi visulii biigu SIF82
[comm. also 'thorny'; and 'poisonous' <VISU]. MS. [vi- + 12575
Sula-?: cf. VISORI]
visekhu, m. 'distinction, special quality': also adj. 'distinguished,
special, best'. 4•, [Sk. vi.§e~a-]
vihiii (pp. vihii1Jii), v.i. 'pass, be spent'. 10. (12032 vihiipayati, pp.
12031 *vihiina-: = BIHAI]
vihiil;li, adj. ppn. '.without, bereft or, + o.,e.g. niima vihunii 'without
the Name'. 18. [14805 *vidhuna-: =BIHO~X]
tvikarilu, adj. 'frightful, dreadful'. M3•. (Sk. vikariila-:
vikiii (pp. vilca'Jii'), v.i. 'be sold': also v.t. 'cause to be sold, buy' (int.
+ le). 3. (11639 *vikriipayati: =BIKAI]
vikiiri, adj. 'of sins; false, sinful'. 2•. [ < VIKARO: =VEKARI]
vikiru (-a•, -o'), m. 'distortion, disorder, disease; wrong action, sin';
also adj. 'useless, fruitless'. 23. (Sk. vikiira-, prob. x Pers. be-kiir:
vikunni; adj. 'agitated, distressed'. 1. [perh. pp. of *vikoi < 11643
viklavate? ( x RUNNA)]

vikhamu, adj. 'difficult'. 1. [Sk. vi~ama-: = BIKHAMU]
vikkba~. adj. 'difficult, hard (of path, road)'.. 2. [??; perh. cf. H.
bihar?] •
vigasi, v.i. 'blossom; expand (with joy); be happy, rejoice'. 10. [for
Sk. vikasati: = BIGASI]
vigimu, adj. 'happy'. 1r. ( = VIGASU]
vigisi 1, v.i. 'blossom; expand (with joy)'. 1 (SrA15). [ < VJGASU;
rigisi 2 , v.i. 'shine (of lamp)'. 1 (SrA2). [for Sk. vik'"ate]
vigisi H3 '), adj. 'rejoicing, happy'. 4. [for Sk. vikiisita-: =BIGAST]
vigisu, m. 'expansion (with joy), happiness': also adj. 'happy'. 4.
[for Sk. vikiisa-: = BIGASU, VIGASSU]
vigip, v.t. 'spoil, ruin, wreck, break': bola vigiiri 'talk nonsense'. 4.
(11673 *vighafayari: cf. BIGA~I]
rigucd (pp. viguttii), v.i. 'be in difficulties; be ruined,~ destroyed'.
12. [11671 *vigrucyate, pp. *vigrukta-: =VIGOCI]
vigiici (pp. vigiitii), v.i. 8. [ = VIGUCCI; cf. BIGOTA]
vigoi, v.t. 'ruin, destroy'. 5. (11671 *vigrocati]
vicairhhu, adv. 'from inside (oneself)': also ppn. 'from in, from':
viccamhu iipu gamviii 'destroy, get rid of the ego (from inside
oneself)'. 25. [a. of v1cc1J.
vicliri, adj. 'helpless, wretched, poor'. 3'. [ =VECARA]
vicci (-e), ppn. 'in': also adv. 'in the middle, inside; within (oneself)'.
73. [12042 *vicya-: cf. VICCANIHU; syn. MANIHI]
tvichiva~ m. 'bedding'. F. [11691 *vicchadana- (with MIA.
vichmmi (ext. -ara), adj. 'separated'. 12. [11659 vik~nna-]
viccbup, v.i. 'be separated'. 18. (11651 *vik~!ati:, = BICCHU~I
vi~, m. 'separation'. 3. (11657 *vi~ofa-: =VECHO~A]
vidiop (pp. mp. + 3s. suf. vichorjanu VaA3), v.t. ·~parate'. 8
[11658 *vik~fayati]
vijogi, m. 'one who is separated'. 3. [Sk. viyogin-: =BIOG!]
vijogu, m. 'separation, being apart'. 14. [Sk. viyoga-: = suoou]

vijjbavi, v.i. 'be extinguished (of fire)'. 2. (11703 *vijjhayati:
=BUJJH1 2 ]
vi"amhu, ppn. 'from, to', only in expressions of the type satigura
vi!famhu varia AsV13 'sacrificed to the Satiguru'. 14. [ < 12069
vi48~ (-u), adj. 'strange; separate; amazing, wonderful': also m.
'strange spectacle, wonderful sight'. 8. [ < 11748 vidravayati (cf. Sk.
vidravatJa- 'perplexing')]
vi481;li, adj. 'wonderful': also m. 'God, who fashioned the
marvel_lous spectacle of creation'. 4. [ < Vll?A~A]
fvi48ri, v.t. 'drive away, put to flight'. F. (11735 vidarayati (with
MIA. anal. -dd-)]
vi~assi, v.i. 'perish, be lost'. 1. (11770 vinasyati: = BINASSI]
vi~su, m. 'destruction, death': vif!asu hoi 'be destroyed'. 5'. [11777
vinafo-: = BINASU]
v~u. ppn. (freq. prepn.) 'without, except'. 100. [11772 vina: = BINU]
vitu (-a•, -o), m. 'wealth'. 3. (11727 vitta-]
vittbari, v.t. 'develop, describe in detail'. 1. (12005 vistarati:
vitbiru, m. 'spread, ostentation, show' ( + kari). 1. (12006 vistara-:
viclii, f. 'knowledge': vidia viciiri 'ponder, reflect on (true)
knowledge'. 3. [Sk. vidyii-: =BIDIA]
videsi (ext. -fare TuC4), adv. 'abroad, in foreign parts'. 2. [Sk.
videsa-], v.t. 'destroy'. 1'. [11762 vidhvamsayati: = BIDHUNSI]
vidha~u, adj. 'poor, forlorn'; usu. as f. (~a. -iii) 'woman abandoned
by husband, widow': vidhaf!a kiire VaA3', adv. 'by acting as such a
woman'. 4. [Sk. vidhana-]
viratti, f. 'life, way of life, conduct'.? in sutti peiai jiiTJu viratti sannhi
Sr24, perh. 'realize that th~re is a hole in the way of life of the girl
who sleeps at home (i.e. her conduct is wrong)' [rather than trad.
'there is a burglar's hole made by day' (<vi- + RATl)].1. (Sk. vrtti-]
virali, adj. 'scarce, few, rare': ko virala 'hardly anyone'. 38. [11847
virala~: =BIRALA]

virodhu, m. 'hostility, conflict, tension, quarrel'. 3. [Sk. virodha-:

wara viroU, v.t. 'stir, stir up, chum'. 2. (11911 viloqayati: = BIROLI]
vilammu, m. 'delay'. 1. (11890 vilamba-: = BILAMU]
Fli!&5 1 fe vilalii, v.i. 'wail, weep bitterly'. 2r. [11898 viliipayati 1: = BILALAI]
1Wfuf3 viliiti, f. 'country, homeland (esp. that of the Muslims, ip Iran.
etc.)'. 1. [Ar. >Pers. viliiyat]
~ vilip, v.i. 'run, rush'. 14• [vi-·+ 10916 lii!ayiitl'?]
fu~ viloi, v.t. 'chum'. 3. [11913a vilobhayati2: =BILOI]
~llltfu viihi, v.t. 'marry, give in marriage'. 3. [11923 viviihayati]
~lll~ viihu, m. 'marriage, wedding': viiihu kari 'perform marriage'. 4
[11920 viviiha-: =VIVAHU]
visa, num. '20'. ir. (11616 vimAati-: =BTSA, fvtHA]
visari, v.i. 'be forgotten'. 33. [ =VISSAllI]
tviha, num. '20'. F'. [=VISA]
vilbgi, adj. 'crooked'. 1. [11914 *vivanka-]
viciri, v.t. 'ponder, reflect on, consider deeply, contemplate' (int. +
le). 95. [Sk. viciirayati: = BTCARI]
viciri, m., (-iii BlC l '), f. 'one who reflects, considers deeply; thinker'
l or. [Sk. viciirin-: = BTCART] .
viciru (-ii, 4, -ova VaA4'), m. 'thought, deep thought
consideration, reflection' ( + kar1). 65. [Sk. viciira-: = BTCARU (th1
normal AG spelling viciir-, biciir- is often contradicted by th•
metre, which demands short -i-)]
~Jf;f vicbup, v.i. 'be separated'. 5. [ = VICCHUI~I]
~llfu vithari, v.t. 'develop, expand'. 1. [ = VITIHARI]

~ viru, m. 'hero; brother'. 3~ [12056 vira-: = BTRU]

~~ vivibu, m. 'marriage'. 1. [ =VTAuu]
~T VU~, pp. of VASSI 'rained': also adj. 'flourishing'. (5). (12087 vma-
~~ VUl,lii, v.t. 'cause to be woven'. 1. [ v.c. < 11773 •vunc'iti]
JW vu!'hi, pp. of VAHI 'flowed (of pen)'. (2). [2400 W/ha-]
~ ve, intj. 'o!, oh!'. 10. [onom.]
"tRtfu vesiihi, v.t. 'buy'. 1. [ = VISAHI]
~'SJ vesihu, m. 'trust, confidence, reliance'. 4r. [11966 vi~vasa-]

vesu (-o'), m. 'guise, appearance, form; garb, dress (esp. of yogis);
false appearance, pretence'. 33. [12129 ve~a- 2 : =BHEKHU]
vekiri, adj. 'false, sinful'. 1r. [ = VIKARl]
vekiru, m. 'disorder, wrong action, sin': also adj. 'useless, fruitless•.
10. [ = VIKARU)
veku (-i), adj. 'separate, distinct, variegated': int. veko vekii, veki veki
'of different kinds, of separate sorts'. 5. [for Sk. viveka-(-in-)?]
vekhili, v.t. 'cause to be seen, show, display'. 3. [v.c. <VEKHI]
vekhi (ext. imp. 3s.? vekhiiu Sr3'), v.t. 'see, behold, observe, look at'.
70. (12041 •vek~ate: syn. DEKHI]
vegiri, f. 'forced labour', as vegiiri ka44hi 'perform forced labour,
appointed task'. 1r. [Pers. begiir(i)]
vegu, m. 'speed', as pau~a vega AsV17, adj. 'quick as the wind'. 1.
[Sk. vega-: cf. BEGULA]
veciri, adj. 'helpless, wretched, poor'. 5. [Pers. be-ciira: = BECARA,
veci, v.t. 'sell'. 6. [12100 •vetyayati]
vechori, m. 'separation'. 6. [ = VICHO~A]
vejiti, adj., m. 'without caste, outcaste, ofJow caste'. 2. [ve- + JATI]
vetagi, adj. 'without a sacred thread'. 2. [ve- + TAGGU]
tvedai:ua, f. F. [ = VEDANA]
vedana, f. 'pain'. 2. [Sk. vedanii-: =BEDANA, tvEDA~A]
vedinu, adj., m_ ~irreligious, impious (person)'. 2. [Ar. >Pers. be-
~ vedu (-am), m. 'Veda'; p. veda 'the Vedas'. 16. [Sk. veda-: =BEDU]
~ vedhi, v.t. 'pierce'. 1. [ < 11739 viddha-: = BEDHI]
veparavihu (-a~. adj. 'careless, unconcerned, indifferent,
independent (of God)'. 20. [Pers. be-parvii: = BEPARAVAHA]
~ vepiru, aqj., m. 'lacking a spiritual guide; vile wretch'. 1r. [Pers. be-
~rit vebis,i, adj. 'silent'. 1. [ve- + BA~l 1 ]
~TOfuJ vemiragi, adv. 'on the wrong path'. 1. [ve- + MARAGU]
~1B fvemuhatiju, adj. 'needing nothing'. Msr. [ = BE~UHATAJU]
?.a vera (-ii), f. 'time, turn': int. verii vera, adv. 'time and again'. 4.
tverisi, adj. 'spoilt, ruined'. M2•. [ve- + RA~I 2 ]
verodhu, m. 'conflict, tension'. 1. [ = VIRODHU]
veli (-a JP21), f., also m. 'time, season; right time, opportunity'. 8
[12115 vela-: =BELA, VERA]
veli 1, v.t. 'roll, clean (cotton)'. 1 (RaV19.l). (12121 vellayati]
veli 2, f. 'creeper': in sense of 'wife', in veli pariii johamhi Ga13. 2
[12123 velli-: = BELi]
ve~lli, v.t. 'surround, enclose, beset'. 1: [ 12132 ve~fayati: = tBE~HI
vaisantaru, m. 'fire'. 1. [for Sk. vai~viinara-: = BAISANTARU]
vaisikhu, m. 'the month April-May'. 2. [Sk. vaWikha-]
vaisu, m. 'member of the 3rd caste (of merchants, etc.)'. 1. [S~
vaii:-u, m. 'word, speech'. 4. [11199 vacana-: = BAlf:IU]
vaidagi, f. 'practice of medicine'. 1. [ <VAIDU ( + -gi <Pers.?)]
vaidu, m. 'doctor'. 7. [Sk. vaidya-]
vairi (-iii'), m. 'enemy'. 3. [Sk. vairin-: = BAIRAI]
vairu, m. 'enmity, hostility'. 3. [Sk. vaira-]

~r ~~. m. 'the letter~'. 2.


Although the Adi Granth (AG) is rightly renowned for the number and the
variety of its contributors, the great bulk of its contents is in fact formed by
the compositions of Guru Nanak (d. 1539), and those of his successors Gurii
Amar Dis (d. 1574), Guru Rim Das (d. 1581), and Guru Arjan (d. 1606).
A comprehe~sive listing of the vocabulary of Gurii Nanak's poetic idiom
was undertaken in my Glossary,• where it was shown that the greatest part of
his lexicon is made up of a mixture of contemporary local NIA. words, drawn
principally from Panjabi and Khari Boli, but extending also to the adjacent
areas of Si.rii.iki (Multini) and 'Braj. In addition to this mixed NIA. core, a quite
large number of Perso-Arabic loans is also to be found ; and very considerable
~ is made of Sanskritic words, particularly in the field of technical religious
The present contribution represents an attempt to extend the coverage of
the Glossary, on a more modest scale, to the hymns of the later Gurus. The
principal exclusion here is of the Sanskritic vocabulary. This category of
words is naturally of great importance for the theological study of the Sikh
scriptures. But it is of rather small linguistic interest, since the lexical meanings
of Sans)critic words are seldom in d.oubt, once the sometimes confusing or
eccentric Gurmukhi spellings have been reduced to rule. 2 Sanskritic words
used by the later Guriis are therefore included here only if used in senses not
attested in Sanskrit, or if particularly remarkable for their form. The Perso-
.A.rabic words first encountered in the later Gurus have, however, been included,
since their assumed status as loan-words in current contemporary usage makes
them of considerable cultural, as well as linguistic, interest. 3
As in the Glossary, most of the words listed here are drawn from con-
temporary NIA. languages. It is, after all, in this area that the AG provides
linguistic evidence of the first importance. For s~enth-century .fanjabi and

C. Shackle, .A Gunl Nanak gloa4ary, London, 1981. The morphology is described in the
companion teaching grammar, .An illlrodudioll to lhe aacred language o/ lhe 8ikha, London, 1983.
Aa set out in 'The SahBBkriti poetic idiom in the Adi Granlh ', BSOAS, xi.I, 2, 1978,
297-313. The 111 aalol: by Gurii Arjan in pure Sahaakriti listed there-as (3-5) on p. 298 have
been excluded in compiling the present vocabulary.
Aa described in my• Approaches to the Persian loans in the Adi Granlh ', BSOAS, xu, l,
1978, 73-96. But words occurring only in the pure Torkf hymn by Guru Arjan, Til (.AG, p. 723),
have been excluded here.

Siraiki c it is effectively a unique source, and-if of only secondary importance
for Braj, so well attested elsewhere-it is also of major significance for the study
of early Khari Boli.
The pattern of entries follows that employed in the Glossary, but with head-
words given only in transcription. Supplementary entries for words already
listed in the Glossary are introduced as 0 khasamlnl, for words from authors
other than Gurii Nanak as fviupli : cross-references to the Glossary appear
similarly, as 0 As~.A, tKA,:pBi. Frequency-counts are provided for each Gurii
separately, except in cases where only an expansion of a Glossary entry is in-
dicated, e.g. in the transfer of sense to mbdem usage of 0 batli or 0 baniU : here
the appropriate siglum only is given, without frequency-count.
Words first found in the very small corpus attributed in the AG to Gurii
Nanak's immediate successor Gurii Angad (d. 1552) are comprehensively listed,
along with those attributed to Farid, in the Glossary. The present list covers
.all the compofitions 5 assigned to Gurii Amar Das, Gurii Ram Das, and Gurii
Arjan, as well1 as the small subsequently incorporated collection of hymns by
the ninth Gurii Tegh Bahadur (d. 1675). With the exception of the last, in
which Panjabi_elements are hardly detectable, the poetic idiom established by
Gurii Nanak is followed with remarkable fidelity by his successors.
The summary presentation of the vocabulary of the later Guriis here, 8 as
contrasted with full listing attempted in the Glossary, makes any accurate
comparison impossible. An idea of the overall homogeneity of the sacred
language of the Sikhs may nevertheless be demonstrated in approximate form
in the following table, which sets out the distribution of words by lexical
categories first encountered in the works of the various Guriis and of Farid.
All figures are rounded out, and should be taken as approximate only :
bracketed figures for the later Guriis have been proportionately adjusted for
the overall size of their respective corpuses in comparison with that of Gurii

'An attempt waa made to aasess the l~guistic, evidence for the latter in my ' " ~outh­
Western "elements in the language of the Ada <kanlh , BSOAS, XL, l, 1977, 36-50. The lltera17
significance of these elements is outlined in ' The South· Western style in the Guru Granlh Sahib ,
Jov.malo/ Bikh Sltuliu, v, 1, 1978, 69-87.
• Other than tho5e compositfons by Gurii Arjan described in n. 2 and n. 3 above.
• Alternants of words cited in the Gloaaary have been included only where considered to be
of particular interest, e.g. South-Western t/.· for d .. In order to kee.p the presen~ lis~ within
manageable proportions, many variant form_s have. been excluded, typically those d1ffermg fr~m
Gloaaary citations only in vowel-length, or m havmg V·, ·tl-, -l·, ·r- for b·, ·n·, .,., .,. (or vice
versa). A similar ruthlessness has b~n .exercised '!'ith !llgard t;o ~he man! unique rhyme-forms,
a particularly noticeable character1st1c of Guru Rim Dis s mnovat1ve style, and to the
acrostically distorted forms naturally especially frequent_ in. Gurii Arjan's Biivana a.kkhari
(AG 250-62). For words cited here only for the later Gurus it has, however, been feasible to
indi~te the total range of by.forms, wiihout impossibly swelling the list of entries.

NIA. Perso-Arabic Sanskritic
(a) Full listings in Glossary:
Gurii Nanak (Ml) 3,600 700 1,500
Gurii Angad (M2) 40 10 5
Farid 180 30
(b) Summary listings here:
Gurii Amar Das (l\13) 180 (250) 20 (30)
Gurii Ram Das (M4) 215 (375) 30 (50)
Gurii Arjan (M5) 560 (280) 130 (65)
Gurii Tegh Bahadur (l\19) 10
While no great weight need be attached to these figures, given the different
bases upon which each half of the table has been compiled, it is remarkable
that they tend to confirm the suggestion of the decisive innovation introduced
into early Sikhism with the institution of the hereditary Sodhi Guriiship by
Gurii Rain Das, which was earlier formulated on the basis 'Of a study of the
core Persian loans in the language of the AG. 1
The abbreviations used for references to the text of the AG are as employed
in the Glossary, a with the following additions:

AN Ramakali M3 anandu Ke Kedara

BA Gaiiri M5 biivana akkhari Kl Kaliana
BM Majha M5 barahamaha Mg Mali gaiira
Br Bairari Nn Nata naraina
Ca Caiibole M5 Ph Phunahe M5
Dg Defag¢dhari RaR Ramakali M5 rutim
Go Gomcja SM Gaiip M5 sukhamani
Jj Jaijavanti Sv Savayye sri mukha vakya M5
Jt Jaitasari To 'focji'
Ka Kanara VaG Vacjahansu M4 ghopam

ui (wihi BA43), pr. 'that, him'. M3, M4, M5 27 • [ = uv.A, 0 v.A)

uihii, adj. 'like that'. M5 8 • [cf. Yiuu]
uhu, pr. 'that, he, it'. M5'. [d. of 0 usu]
ukkati, f. ' scheme, device ; skill, reasoning, argument '. M5 16• [1733 *utk/pti-]
ugaliri, v.t. 'spit out, vomit'. M4r. [ < 1960 *wlgalati2]
1 In my ' Approaches ', BSOAS, XLI, I, 9~; where the adjustment of figures for the later

Guriis is explain"ed, i.e. M3 X l ·4, M4. X l ·75, M5 X 0·5. The corpuses of M2, Farid, and M9
are too small to make such proportional adjustments realistic.
• op. cit., pp. xxix-xxxi.

ugibi, v.t. 'trample', in carat,iatalai ugahi baisio MrA3. M3. [cf. .AVAGABI, GA.m
ugbalini, pp. 'slept'. M4r. [ext. < 901 *avongluUi]
ugghi, adj. 'bare' ( kari). M4. (1969 *wlghata-]
ucakki (o-), m. 'pilferer, thief'. M3, M4. [1634 ucca- + -akka-]
uciri, v.t. 'utter, pronounce, recite'. M5 14 • [1641 ucciirayati: cf. 0 uccARI]
ucchali, v.i. 'overflow'. M4, M5. [ = 0 ucHALl]
ujjafu, m. 'wilderness'. M5 2. ( = uJJHA~u]

ujbiri, v.t. 'ruin'. M5. [ = 0 UJA~I] ·

utavatiii, adj. 'gone astray, lost'. M3r. [der. < 2073 tulvartman-: = 0 uvAn1A.:
uthlri, m. 'nightmare'. M3. [2270 upastara-]
udamiti (-adar), adj. 'intoxicated'. M5r. [for Sk. unmatta-, unmada-]
uplu (o-), m. 'scheme, device, means; effort': o. also as ppn. 'through,
because of', e.g. ro#ana ke· o'po1va M5 (MrI5r). M310, M410, M5to, M9s.
[Sk. upaya-]
upldhi, f. 'violence, mischief, dispute, trouble'. M4, M5 10• [Sk. upadhi- 1, but
cf. H. for sense]
upifi, v.t. 'uproot'. M3 3,M52. (1809 utpiitayati]
abbali, v.i. 'boil'. M3. (2339 *ubbal-]
umaki (-air), v.i. ' be delighted'. M5 3 • [ < 2110 *unmagna-: cf. P. umak, f.]
amaga, f. 'delight'. M5. (2110 *unmagna-]
amarathala, m. ' stomach ulcer 1 ', in jinharh andari umarathala sei jattarhhi
smiarh GaVl9. M4. [H]
amariva (umarau), mp. 'no.hies'. M4 2, M53. [ = 0 uMARE]
amihio, adj. 'excited, delighted'. M5 2r. [2113 *unmathayati: cf. 0 oMA.llA]
arasi, m. ' stone for grinding '. Ml. (2233 *upalaSman-]
ulajbi, v.i. 'be caught'. M5 2 • [ = 0 URAJHI]
ulihanl (-o), m. 'reproach'. M5 2 • [2313 *upalJibhana-: syn. 0 uL.A.MHA.]
ullhi, v.t. 'remove'. M5 4d. [*avalasayati: cf. 0 ULATTHA]
uvi, pr. 'him, them'. M5. [ = uA.]

iihim, adv. 'there': uhim te Sa61 'from there'. M5 40. [cf. illAM]
itghai, adv. ' there'. M5. [11 : cf. iGBAI]
ii.ta (emph. Utahi), adv. 'there, in the next world', e.g. ita Uta ke mita BA15.l.
M518. [cf. iTA]
o~I, m. 'water diviner'. M4. [2549 o¢ra- 1]
o~lrl, f. ' flight ' ( lai). M5. 2 r [ < 0 u:i;>:i;>I]
oti poti, adv. 'everywhere'. M3, M4 2, M5 20 • [l. < Sk. otaprota-]
olhi, m. 'screen, shelter, protection'. M4, M5 10• [828 *avalaya- ?-or *o¢ha-:
cf. 0 0'!'A]

atlhil].I, adj. 'perishable?', in ohu aiihat.ii Ir.Me nahi GjV2.l. M3. [cf. e.A~ 1

'loss' ?]
atlkhlvani, m. 'destruction', in bahuri na kabahurh aiikhivana MrA6. -M5r.
[*apa~iyana- H-or simply rhyme-form of AUKBA ?]

afijiti, adj. 'low-caste'. M4. [for Sk. *avajati-]
attrata, f. ' woman ' : auriita, p. ' women '. M5 2t. [Ar. > Pers. 'aurat, p. 'aural]
atilie, mp. 'saints'. M5. [Ar. auliyii]
asathalu, m. 'place '. M5. [for Sk. sthala-]
asathivaru, m. 'mountain'. M5(Sv6). [for Sk. sthii.vara-: cf. THAVIRi]
asathfilu (-a) adj. 'thick coarse'. M3, M5 7 • [for Sk. sthiila-: cf. THUW]
asanihi, m. 'love'. M5 2 r. [cf. 0 ASANAi (or 0 ASANEBU)]
asariu, m. 'refuge, shelter'. M3 2r, M5 2r. [ = AsARA]
asiti, poss. pr.' our, ours'. M5•r. (= ASA~A]
assii, m. 'the month September-Octpber '. M5. [925 o.Svayuja-: cf. 0 ASSUNU]
ahammeu (-eva), m. 'pride'. M4, M5 7 • [Sk. ahameva H]
ahalli, adj.' firm, unmoving, as thammhu ahallai Ga.VS. M5r. [a-+ HALLI]
abi3, v.t. 'desire'. M52r. ( = A.a1 3]
ahl (ahe), v.s. 'is'. M52r. (= 0 ABAI, A.u1 2)
aberi, m. 'hunting, prey'. M5 2• (1037 akhela-: cf. AKBE~u]
akori, f. 'offering', in dijamki prana akori Jt9. M5r. {1735 *utkola-]
akhiti (-rci, iikhara, -ra), m. 'arena, wrestling ground, theatre'. M4 2 , M5 13•
[39 ak§avafa-: °KBA.~l better as sandhi-compound mallaWra M.1V4,
cf. 0 BHAI.iTiTu, or satavantasara M& (MrVIO)] .
akbitbu, m. 'the month June-July'. M5(RaR2). [for Sk. ~a4-ha-: cf. 0 ASA~HU,
agahu1 adj. ' very deep, unfathomable '. M5 10• [ = 0 AGABU ?]
agathu (-Ii), adj. 'indescribable'. M5 3• [ = 0 AKATHU]
agihilil (ii- MrV7.l), adv.' forward'. M3, M4, M5d. [ext. < AGGAI]
aogu, m.: also' support', e.g. !isa no tera angu Ra.VB. M5.
aggolilde, adv.' before, at first'. M4 3• (ext.< 0 AGGAI: cf. PAHILOMDE]
acambhatl, m. 'wonder'. M5 2• (1079 *acchambha-]
achedu, adj. 'indestructible'. M5'. [a-+ °CBEDI]
ataka, f. 'obstacle'. M5. (182 *tJUakk-]
a*"ali, v.t. 'guess, find out'. M5. [ < 183 *auakkala-]
atakii, v.t. 'stop, detain': Q/aki, v.i. 'stop'. M51 • [ < 182 *tJUakk-]
ai1r1, m. ' high building ', in hari sim.arata am.ara al(ire Mr2, i.e. ' attain lofty
state of immortality'. M5r. [185 <*ifa-]
•$$1, v.i. 'be filled with': giirabi al#ii 'filled with pride'. M31, M4, M51•
[178 *tZIPl
ai;aaclrl, m. ' sinner '. M3. [for Sk. anacarin-]
&91, f. 'point, spike': atiicilii, adj. 'pointed', as a~iiile a~iiim AsC15 'pointed
objects and spikes'. M4 2• (308 anika-]
atut$u, adj. 'unbreakable, inexhaustible'. M3 2 , M4 2 • [a- + 0
andarali, adj.' inner'. M4. (357 antara- 1 -l-] ·
alildiji, m. 'measure', as adv. 'fully', in kamcii amdcija MrSI2r. Mot. (Pers.
adbavfciunhu, adv. 'from in the middle, half way'. 1\15. ( <

anarlu, m. 'love, desire'. M5r. (331 anuroga-]
anllaki, adj., in jini kha7;t4,ia bharamu aniilaka MrS13, comm. 'not intrinsic
[i.e. a-+ 0 NALI: but perh. rhyme-extension of 0 ANU 1 'other']. M5.
aniff, m. 'fool'. M3. (162 ajiianin-]
aniga, adj.' many, numerous'. M5. [= 0 ANIKA (Pk. a~ega-)]
aJlllu, adj.: better as' pure, spotless'. Ml 6 • [346 anela-]
aparaparli, adj.' furthest, best'. M4, M5 2 • [cf. 0 APARA]
aplb;io, m. 'egoism', 1\15. [ < 0 .A.Pu + ?]
aplhi, pr. 'by Himself', in <J,inna dha~ii apiihi MrV12.2: cf. ape api apiihu
M4 (Sol), where comm. have 'untainted ' [a-
+PA.Hu]. 1\14, M5. [ < 0 .A.Pu)
apu*hi, adj. 'upside down, contrary'. M5. [ = Pii'fHO]
abadlili, mp. ' saints '. M5t. [Ar. abdal]
abbi (s.v. abbe SrA29), m. 'father, daddy'. M5. [nursery-word:= H.P.]
ambu 2, m. 'chafing, irritation ', in muhi ambu pai!i Ga Vl3.2. M4. [ < 1277
abhlcu, m. 'the 21st lunar asterism '. M4. [for Sk. abltijit-]
amma, f. 'mother'. M5. [574 amba-]
amiu, adj. 'immeasurable'. M5.r. [for Sk. ameya- ?]
amir;ia (-na), f. 'trust; charge': also adj.,.adv. 'in trust, untouched, safe'.
M3, M5•. [Ar. amiin]
araba, num. 'hundred million', as araba kharaba. M5. [for Sk. arbuda-]
aralu baralu, rn. 'raving, nonsense', in aralu baralu multamltu nikalai SoV27.2.
M4. ( < BARALU)
~afli, v.i. ' scream, shriek '. M5. (1302 aratati]
anifhi, adj. ' stable, settled ', in manu calataii Maio ariirlu'i Jt6. l\15r. [1328
arii<Jhi > Pk. iiril<Jkiya- ' mounted '] ·
alasli, v.i. ' be lazy'. l\15r. [ < A.LASU]

alakli, v.i. 'be lazy'. M5 2r. [ < ALAKU]

alapalill, adj. 'worthless, bad', in gcilhith alapaliili<im kammi na avamhi
GaVI2.l. M5. [< 7958paliila-]
alamasatu, adj. 'intoxicated'. M5. [Pers. almast]
alli, rn. 'God'. M5dr. {= 0 ALLARU]
alu, adj., adv. 'complete, completely', in koii ohi alu jaga mamhi MrV16,
cf. ala pivata binasata fiijJa AsCI4. M5 2 • (604 alam]
aloi, v.t. 'see'. M5 8 • (1401 iilocayate]
alogf {-anir), adj. 'wonderful'. 1\15 2• [Sk. alaukika- > Pk. alogia-]
avaglhi, v. t. ' search, track, trace ', e.g. bana bana avagilhe :M jl 2. :M5 «r. [cf. GA.HI
for sense, rather than Sk. avagahate]
avaradi (a- Dh42), f. 'life, lifetime'. M5 3• [ext. < 1292 ay~- 1: = H. avarda]

lsarl (-u), m. 'refuge, protection'. M5 19• (1455 *iUara-: = ASARAU]

lsi 2, m. 'stick, staff'. M5t(MrS12). [Ar. 'a8a]
lharu, m. 'occupation, effort, undertaking, arrangement'.· M3 2, M5 11 • (1162
ihiri, m. ' weighing, measuring ', in atolii hai nahi kwku iihiirii MrSIO. M5r.
[H: cf. P. harna 'weigh, measure'] .
ihi 2 (aha MrV15.3d, ahio, ahi, ahe, ahai), v.s. 'is, are, was '. M5 15 (usu.r).
(1031 iik§eti: = AHi, 0 A.Hi, ACHI 1]
ihi , v.t. 'desire ': also as f., e.g. J.i avai tudhu iihi Ra V9. M3 3, M4, M5 12

(usu.r). ( < 1546 asas-: = ACHI 2]

ikhii (pres. 3s. akhiie GaVll.2), v.i. 'be called'. M3, M4, M5. [v.c. < AKHI:

syn. °KAHAI]
ikhefu (-ru), m. 'hunting'. M5 2 • [Sk. iikheta-: cf. AHERA]
igaiijata, adj. ' indestructible ', M5. [Sk. *iiganja- H]
ighii (-e), adv. 'in front, ahead', in,tilm iighU iighe salavem MrV5.2. M5d.
ichi 1 : v.s. 'is, are', in sagalo bhU . .. prabha tumha hi achai Mr22. M5r. [1031
ii/c§eti: = AHI2) .
iichi 2, v.t. 'desire', e.g. darasana nama kau manu achai Dg28. M5 2r. [ = A.u1 3]
iim~ii (-o), m. 'egg'. M5 2• [1111 iiti!fa-]
i«Jhalu, m. ' support, shelter ', in jii kai iiefhali habhu ko GjVl 1.2. M5. [ < 188
*af#,- 11]
il;ti 2 , f. ' honour ', in jisa ki mirii rakhai iitJ,i As21. M5r. [1095 ajna- (or Pers.
iin ?)]
ithavi, v.i. 'set (of sun)'. M4. [976 astam etil
ipatu, m. 'egoism'. M3, M5 2• [ 0 A.Pu -tva-]
imari, f. 'agent, servant (of maya) '. M5 2 • [f. <Ar. 'amil]
ilasii, adj. 'slothful, lazy'. M4. [ < 0 .ALASU]
ilaku, m. 'sloth, laziness'. M5 4• [708 iilasa- + -kk-: = 0 .ALASU]
iii, adj. 'great, exalted '. M5t. [Ar. a'lii]
iliidi, adj. 'defiled, foul'. M5d. [Pers. iilUda]
ivaOi, v.t. 'boil, distress'. M5. [1420 avartayati1
ivalu, adj. ' confused ', in phiraiim divtini iivala bavala Dg3. M4. [1012 tikula-:
cf. P. iiulii biiulii]

aim*ha, f. 'pride, affection'. M5. [1447 civ~fa-]

aim4ino, m. 'pride'. M9r. [ < 1448 ii~(ate: cf. H. ai1iz4anii]

ii, pr. 'this'. M5 19• [ = YA]

iihii, adj. 'such, like this'. M5. ( = v.Auu]
iinapa, f. 'ignorance, silliness'. M5 2• [ < 0 1.AN.A:. cf. 0 s1.ANAPA]
ikaiiha, adj. 'collected, gathered together'. M3, M5 5• [ = 0 EKATHA.]
ikanti, adj. 'alone'. 1\15. [for Sk. ekiinta-: cf. 0 IKAMTU]
ikattra (-a), adj. 'together, assembled'. M5 12 • [2468 ekatra-J
ikathai, adv. 'in one place, on one side'. M3, M4 2 • ( 0 IKU + -thai < 0 AITHAI,
etc. : cf. HORATHAI]
ikiba, num. '21 ',as ikiha kula '21 sets of ancestors'. M3, M4. [ = 0 IKiSA]
ikkba, f; ' sugarcane '. M5. [ = 0 iKHA]
i**bu {ext. -ariid: ifha BaA2), m. 'beloved'. M5 4 • (1597 i~ta- 1 )
itani {-o), adj. 'so much, so many'. M3, M5 8 • [1589 iyattaka-: = 0 ETA]
illa, f. 'kite'. M5. [1593 *illi-]

-i, emph. ' only, indeed ', in karama dharama sagal.a i khovai Dh22, aiso giiinu
biralo i pae Bl6: but perh. 2s. suff. 'to you' in cem i mm ceti GaV2.l.
M5 3 • [ = -Hi]

ibidl, adv.' here'. M5 37• [ult. < 1605 iha: cf. URAM, °KAHAM: syn. 0 AITHAI)
lghai, adv. 'here', in ighai niraguna iighai saraguna Bl117. M5. [1?]
ita {emph. itahi Asl44), adv. 'here, in this world'. M5 17 • [modelled on °KATA,
JATA, etc. 1 : cf. UTA]
eii, pr.' this, these'. M5 3. [= 0 E2, 0 EHU]
eharu, adj., in ehara tehara cha.¢4,i tum SoVll.l, i.e. 'distractions'. M3. [prob.
< 1611 idrsa-]
ethadlhu, adv.' from here, hence'. M3. [a.< 0 ETHAI]

sati 2, imp. 2s. of 0 SAVI 'sleep '. M4.

sattkani, f. 'co-wife'. M5. [13130 sapatni-]
satt.,u 2, m. 'omen': saii~a siisatra, mp. 'books of omens'. M3, M5'. (12245
satlli, adj.' favourable, pleased'. M4r. [= 0 sAVALLA]
sahakii, v.t. 'fill with yearning'. M5r: [??; cf. P. sahi~a 'long for')
sahalailgi (sahalaiuiu), adj. 'combined, mingled'. M3r, M4r. (for Sk.
*sahaktgna- 1: cf. SANGALANA]
sahl 2 : also sahi saliimati, adv. 'safe and sound'. M5 8 • [Ar. > Pers. sa'f!,i!J.
saligalana, adj. 'mingled, united'. M5. [1?: cf. SAHALANG.A.]
sailghari, v.t. 'collect,. accumulate'. M3 2 , M4. [ = 0 SANGRAHI]
sailghu, m. 'throat'. M4. [12264 sankha- 2 ]
sailcavi, v.t. 'gather, accumulate'. M4, M5. [= 0 SANCI 1)
sadlclri, v.t. 'cause to arrive; deliver'. M5r. [12870 samcarayati]
sailci 2, v.t. 'irrigate', in nimmu birakhu bahu saiiciai ammrita rasu -paia
SaV16. M4. [= 0 s1&c1]
sajutti, adj. ' joined '. M4r. (12986 samyukta-]
sadljou, m. 'armour'. M4. (12989 samyoga-]
sadljoi, v.t. 'join, fix'. M5 2r. [12990 samycdayati]
sadljori, v.t. 'fix'. M5r. [*samyo(ayati]
sadaki, m. 'sacrifice': sadake (-ai)jiii' be sacrificed'. M5 3 • [Ar. sadqa]
sannhi3, v.t. 'aim {bow) '. M5{GjV13.2). ( = 0 SANDHI 2]
saphari1, m. 'traveller, gypsy'. M5 2 • [Ar. > Pers. safari]
sapbari 1 , f. 'rank, company', in thiru siidha sapharia Bgl. M5r. [ext. < .A:r.
saphi, f. 'mat'. M5(Bal9). [Ar. sajf]
samibari (-ara), m. 'joy, delight'. M5'. [HJ
saramjimu, m. 'preparation, provision'. M5 3• [Pers. sar-anjam]
sarada, adj. 'cold'. M5 2 • [Pers. sard]
sariku, m. : also ' enemy ', e.g. bannhi amde paiiji sarika SrA29. M5.
salavi, v.i. 'move, proceed'. M5d. [ext. < 13284 salati]
savalli, adj. 'good, profitable', as khepa savalli SrC2. M5r. [13173 sama- 1
+ -ll-: = SAULA]
siu 2, m. 'purpose, aim', in tumjatiu makija sau MrV4.2. M5. [ = 0 suXu 2]
sisanu, m. 'reprimand, punishment'. M3, M4, M5 3 • [12420 sasana-]
simci, v.t. 'accumulate, collect', in soecata samcata raini As81. M5.
[= 0 SANCI 1]
siimjhi, m. ' sharer, partner ', sim. samjhivala M5(Mj9), mp. M3, M4, M5 3 •
[ < 0 SAMJHA]
si~a, f. 'exchange'. M5r. (13101 *s<JUa- 1)
siim*hi, v.t. 'settle, arrange', e.g. karaja sagak safhlhe So63, cf. karaja guro
bahu sarh4he M4(Ga21). M4r, M52r, [ = 0SA'~~HI]
si1.1atha (sanatha), m., f. 'helper, companion', e.g. sarµJtha men api khara
AsCI. M53. [11]
simdi, f. 'peace', as sukhi samdi 8088, adv. 'happily'. M5. [12391 santi-:
cf. 0 s.AM'I'1]
simbiihii, m. 'assemblage, preparation'(+ kari). M5r. [13017 samvaha·J
simba, f. 'protection, refuge', e.g. haiim aia samhai tiha~m SrA29. M5 3•
[??-(hardly Sk. saman· 1)]
sirati, f. 'hint, indication'. M5. [Ar. > Pers. isharat]
sil&J)i, in bahu rasa sala~e samvaradi Sll2, comm. as adj. 'tasty' (or rn.
' curry' ?). M3. [13004a *samlapana-, rather than 13286 *salavatia-]
siimvalu, adj. 'dark-complexioned (of Km1a) '. M4, M5. [12665 8yamala-J
sivim, adj. 'equal'. M5. [13346 samaka-]
siu, m. 'Siva'. M5(RaAl). [d. of 0 s1vA]
siiha, adj. 'black'. M3 2, M5. [Pers. siyah]
sislaru, m. ' cold (season) ', in ruti sisiara sit.ala RaR6. M5. (12457 SiSira- ( x 1)]
sibaji (-air), f. 'couch, bed'. M5 2 • [12609 *seyya-: cf. 0 s1HAJASA:tJi]
siaighu, m. ' lion, tiger '. M4, M5 5 • ( = 0 siMHU]
siiiiti, pp. of snU~1 ' recognized '. M5. (13184 samabkijMb:J,-]

siiiinii, m. 'one who recognizes'. M5r. [ < s1i:rA.~1]


sindhu, m. 'river, ocean': also' salt' (Asl23). M4 1 , M5'. (13415 sindhu-]

sinni, m.' relative', in kichu saku na sinnd JtV7. M5r. [rhyme~fotm of 0 SAINU 1]
siplti, f. ' praise 1 " in tinha vati sipit'i RaVIO. M3r. [rhyme-form of 0 SIPHATI ?]
sirati, f. ' headache 1 ', in jara mara tapu sirati sapu Gal3. M4. [0 s1Ru + 11)
sirapiu, m. 'robe of honour'. M5 6 • [Pers. sar-o-]>ii x 0 SIRU]
sirii (pp. sirana), v.t. 'spend, pass (time)'. M9 6 • [v.c. < 13420 *sirati?)
suiu 2 , m. : sense of' aim, purpose; selfish end' confirmed by M3, e.g. S'Uiirath
suiiu na ko kare nii kichu lwvai kaju SrA26, oi apa1J4.i suiii ai bahi gaUar
karamhi RaV9.2, etc. M3, M4, M5. [ = sA.u 2]
suivaglru, m. 'selfish person'. M4. [ < 0 suA.u 2 +Pers. -gir]
suivafi, m. 'taste, delight'. M5(RaV6.2). [ext. < 0 suA.u 1]
subalivilil, adj. 'happy'. M5r. [13451 sukha- + -l-, with adj. ext.]
sukbiii, adj. 'giving joy'. M5d. [ < 0 suKHU]
supirl, f. 'areca-nut '. M4. [13482 *suppara-] .
sumphii, f. 1 ' beauty ', in ailga sailga urajhai msarate sumphw Phl5. M5r. [??
subbharu, adj. 'fine, beautiful', in subbhara kappare bhoga MrV22.3. M5d
[12539 subhra-]
surakbarii, adj. 'unabashed, triumphant'. M4. [Pers. surkh-rti:]
surailgi (ext. -ara), adj. 'lovely'. M5. [su- + 0 RANGU]
sulakkha1;1i, adj. 'fortunate, happy'. M3 2, M5 3• [13511 sula~a1J,a-]
sulitinu, m. 'sultan'. M5. [ = 0 suLATANU]
suvini, m. 'gold'. M4. [ = 0 su1N.A]
1U11, m. ' parrot '. M4, M53. [12503 suka- : cf. suHA'fU]

siii 2, m. ' large needle '. M5(Ral3). [13551 siici-: cf. 0 siii]
suhaJ>lf, f. ' broom' (+de). M5. [12629 sodhani-]
suhalta, f. ' woman dressed in red 1 ', e.g. suhaba ta sohaga?J,i SuV2. l. M3, M5.
( SUHA + 1]
suhavf, f. 'woman dressed in red, happy bride'. M3 3 , M5. (ext. < siiHA.]

suhl, f. 'the ragh1i Siihi '. M3 3. [ < s0H.A]


sebilu, m. ' scum, slime '. M4r. [ = 0 sIBA.LU]

1era1, m. 'lion, tiger', in buria'"i hoi seru GjV3.I, i.e. 'ready to commit evil'.
M5r. [Pers. §her]
seru2, m. 'ser, weight of 2lb.', in tini sera ka dihari mihamanu Asl4. M5.
[13106 *satera-1]
sevadira, m. 'servant'. M5 2r. (0 SEVA + Pers. -dar]
saiina, num. 'hundreds'. M5. [ < 0 sA11]
sobhidii, adj.' glorious'. M5. [ < 0 soBHA + 1]
somapiku (-a), m. 'food cooked by oneself'. M5 2 • [for Sic. *svayampaka-1]

hatlla, m. ' terror, dread ', in nita haii'le haiUe maramhi GaVl5.2. M4. [Ar. haul]
hakikati, f. 'truth, the highest mystical state'. M5r. [Ar. > Pers. fiaqiqat]
haklnl, adj. 'divine'. M5tr. ( < 0 HAKKU]
haiJghi, v.i. 'be able to'. M5d. [13080 saghnoti: syn. 0 SAKI]
bajja, m. 'the pilgrimage to Mecca'(+ jai). M5 2 • [Ar. fiajj]
ha$atAri, f. 'closing up shops (in protest or mourning) ' ( kari). :M5r. [0 HATIU
TALA : = H.P. hartal]
ha$avls;il (-iti), m. 'shopkeeper'. M4, :M5. (13946 *haftava~ija-]
ba*hall (-ila), adj.' violent, stubborn, refractory'. M5 3 . [ < HA'fHU 1]
hathu 2 , m.' heart': ha~hamarhjhahiim' in the heart'. l\'15 4 ". [??:cf.
hadisi, f. 'divine teaching'. M5t. [Ar. [!adi§]
bamii, adj. ' all '. M5t. [ = 0
harakiii, adj.' rabid (of dog)'. M5 3 • [ = HALAKAIA]
barhiiu (-iaio), adj. 'gone astray (of cattle)'. M5 2 • [ < 13980 harati: = P.
haricamdatlrl (-ri), f; ' mirage '. M5 6 • [hariscandrapura-]
halakiil, adj. 'rabid, madly thirsty'. M5r (= halakio 1\14). [= HALAKU:
balaka, m. 'rabies, mad thirst'. M3, M4. [705 alarka- 1]
halati: also halatu palatu, m. 'this world and the next'. M34, M4 5 , M5 10 •
halihalu, m. 'deadly poison'. M5. [halahala-]
halli, v.i. 'wander'. M5r. [14018 *hallati]
havila (-a), m. 'state, condition'. M5 2 • [Ar. a"f!,val: = 0 AHAVALA]
havilai, ppn. 'in the care of'. M5(Ra35). [ < Ar. [lavala]
batba, m. 'flood'. M5. [H: = P. harh]
hilh 2, intj. 'oh!, yes! ', usu. as line-final: ham ham 'oh! '. M5 passim. [1235
hil, v.s. '(you) are'. M5r(Sol2). [cf. 0 HAI]
hi hi (Mi Mi, Me Mi), intj. 'alas!' M4, M5 4 • [14049 !iii), 14058 hayi]
hika~iiJb, pr. 'than one'. M5d. [hyper-d a. of 0 a1KKU]
hitii, v.t. 'delight'. M53. [ < 0 HITU]
hiramcJa, f. 'the castor-oil plant Ricinus communis '. M4, M5. (2517 era?J.<!a ]
hill, v.i. 'become accustomed to'. M5 2• [14116 *hilati 2]
hlmu, m. ' heart '. M5. [ = 0 HiA, better HiMA]
hujari, m. 'chamber'. M5t. [Ar. [lujra]
bu~~i (ht2W), v.i. 'be exhausted, come to an end'. M5 7 • [n : = P. hu(tr,iii:
cf. HO~I)
hute, ppn. 'like? ', in ravana hute su ranka Cal. M5. [ < Ho1J0

hummasa, f., as hummasa dhummasa GjVlO.l 'sultriness, heat'. M5. [2441

~n- (and 6849 dhUmya-)]
hiilh : also marker of indirect object, as in bhagati bhagatana hiirii bani iii Ka5.
hiiha, f. 'uproar', in binasi haiimaim hilha Sall8. M5. [onom. n
hura, f. 'houri '. M5t. [Ar. fiur]
hai 2, sound of laughter, in re mana kia kararhhi hai ha ha Asl23. M5. [onom.]
hairati, f. 'wonder'. M5. [Ar. > Pers. [lairat]
ho~I, adj.' stubborn, obstinate'. M5r. [cf. 14087 *hu¢¢a-]
horathai, adv. 'elsewhere, somewhere else'. M35, M4 3. [ 0 HoRu + -thai:
holl, f. 'the spring festival' (+ kari). M5. [14182 hola-]
hofi (hori), v.t. 'stop, check'. M5 3• [??: = P. horna: cf. HU'fTI]
kattti, m. 'poet', in kapari kautejagma SrA7, cf. kaviUa kavate bhijasi MrV18.
M5 2 • [for Sk. kavita- 1]
katimliru, m. (lotus'. M5 2r. [°KAUMLU x 2986 kaldiira- (o.r rhyme-ext.)]
kasii, v.t. 'draw'. M3, M4 2 • [v.c. < °KASI 2]
kasibu, m. ' butcher '. M5. [ = °KASAi]
kailila1;1u, m. ' bracelet '. M5. [ = °KANGAI:rn]
kacarii1;1a, m. ' nonsense, unreliable talk ' ( + kari). M5r. [ < °KACCU + 1]
kajji, v.t. 'cover'. M4r. [2829 karjati]
kaiiiiaki, f. ' maiden '. M3. [2737 kanya- ( Sk. -ka)]
ka1;14u, m. 'back'. M5. [2670 *ka~ta- 3]
kac.Iiim, adv. 'when 1.'. M5d. [ = KADAMBU]
kac.lhii 2, v.t. 'cause to be uttered'. M4r(Ga8). [v.c. < KAM\)HI]
katipbii, m. 'velvet cloth, mantle'. M4. [Ar. q~ifa]
kadamu, m. 'foot'. M5. [Ar. qadam]
kandaru, m. 'cave,,glen '. M5d. [2724 (or Sk.) kandara-]
kadi (kadamhu), adv. ' when 1 '. M3, M5 13• [cf. 0 TADI: = KA\)UM]
kabaro, adj. 'crazy'. M5. [cf. °KAMALA]
kabfili, v.t. 'accept'. M5d. [ < °KABULU]
kaniiii, f. 'deficiency, lack'. M5r. [P~rs. kami: =KA.Mi]
karahali (-u), m. 'camel'. M4 23. [2797 karahha- + -l-]
karamiti, f. 'miracle-working'. M32. [Ar. karamat]
karimjhi, v.t. 'fret', M4r. [3600 krudhyati 1]
kariiri, f. 'river bank', in ~hahamdi jai kariiri MrV8.3. M5d. [to replace
°KARARU, m.] ·
kalati, f. 'pen'. M3. [ = °KALAMA 1)
kalailgu, m. ' stain '. M5r. (2911 kalanka- : cf. °KALANKU]
kalama 2, m. ' profession of faith '. M5t(MrS12). [ = 0 KALAHi]
kalamala, f. 'sin'. M3, M4, M5 16 • [cf. °KALI MALA]
kalolu, m. 'sport, spectacle. M5 2. [2955 kallola-]
karaki, v.i. 'rattle, roar'. M5. [2632 *kalakka-]
karachi, f. 'ladle'. M5. (2633 *kalacchu-]
karihi, m. 'frying-pan'. M5. [2638 *ka{fiha- 1]
karlilu, m. 'bridle-ring, bit'. M4 2. [ext. < 2629 hita- 1]
kiiiru, m. ' coward '. M3. [3027 katara-]
kil3, f. 'scum'. M9r(Tol). [3109 *kavika-]
kihii, m. : better ' dispute, quarrel ', as in nahi kisai nali kaha he MrSll.
M3 2 r. [3134 kasa-]
kiimkhI, adj. 'desirous'. M5 2 • (3004 kank§in-]
kigaru, m. 'paper'. M4, M5'. [= °KAGALU]
kichi 1 , f. 'clothing, i.e. creation'. M5r(Ra24). [2592 kak§yii-]
kichi 2 v.t. 'adopt (appearance)', in anika sva~a kache bhekhadari Ka5. M5.
(< KACHI 1)
kiim4haku, m. ' one who utters '. M5d. [ < °KAM\)BI]

kilildhil, m. ' bank, shore '. M5(PrA3). [ = tKAJ.'.l:PHi]
kMhl, v.t. 'take out, remove' (int. + le, lai). M3 9, M4 10, M5 20. [ = KA:p:pHI,

kilpurakhu, ~ .. comm. 'eunuch', in jium lriiyurakhu pucarai ndri Ga91. M5.
[Sk. lriipuru§a- ' contemptible man, coward ']
kimarl, f. ' blanket '. M5. [ = tKAMBALi]
kiml, f. 'deficiency'. M51 (As79). [ = KAMil]
kilraknnf, f. ' agency, managership '. 'M4. [Pers. lriir-kun'i]
kiliikhata (ka-), mp. 'sins'. M4, M5. [for Sk. kal~IUva-, kalii§ya-]
kiliikhl, adj. 'stained'. M5. [for Sk. Tcal~in-]
kilrhi (lriirha), m. 'fretting, worry' (+ kari). M4 4, M5 11 • [3639 kvatha-:
cf. °KA1;m1]
kihari (fs. kihari Ke5r), adj. 'which?'. M5 2• [3197 kidrsa- + -rJ,-: = °KEH.A,
kikkum, adv. 'how?'. M3. [H: = P. kikum, etc.]
kiiicata (-anar), adv. 'a bit, a little'. M4', M5r. [for Sk. kimcid]
kiradlra, m. '(good) deed'. M5t. [Pers. kirdar]
kivifu (-ii, -rii), m. 'leaf of a door'. Mo 5• [2963 kavata-J
kuiimlhio, adj. 'ugly'. M3. [*kukumala-: ~f. 0 su.AMLHIU]
kusailgl, m. 'one who keeps bad company'. M5. [ku- + 0 SANGi]
kusattu, m. ' falseness '. M3•, M4. [ku- + 0
kusalu, m. 'ease, prosperity'. M3, M52°. [3365 ku.~ala-]
kusobat;ti, adj. 'ugly'. M3. [ku- + 0 SOHAJ.'.lA]
kukkarl, f. ' hen '. M5. [3208 kukkuti-]
kut;t41, m. 'elephant-goad'. M3 2, M4. [cf. °Ku1:q>i: = P.]
kut;t4u, m. 'pool, tank'. M5. (3264 (or Sk.) ku~- 1 ]
ku4hailgu, m. 'evil deed, bad behaviour'. M5. [l-u- + 0 :pHANGU)
kuthimu, m. 'bad place'. M3 3 , M5. [ku- + 0 TllA:ilu: cf. SUTHAMU]
kudamu, m. 'frisking (ofanimals)' <+ kari). M5 2 • [ < 3411kurd,a-+1]
kundi, m. 'wvoden pommel?', in carhi kai glwrarai kunde pakaramhi Ga Vl9.2.
M5d. [3289 kunta-1 (or Pers. kund.a' ::;tock of gun' 1))
kuphakkari, m .• stupid activity'. :M5. [bL- + PHAKKA~U]

kubolu, m. 'evil speech'. M5. [ku- + 0 noLU]

kumahalu, m. ' bad place '. M3. [ku- + 0
kumiirhil, m. 'complete fool'. M5. [ku- + 0
kurailka, m. 'antelope'. M5'. [for 'Sk. kurailga-]
kuraki, v.t. 'nibble, gnaw (ofrat) '. M4. [3319 *kura- + -kk- ?] .
kmii, f. 'path', in chiirJ,u duhi.dha ki kuri<i Su44, kurie kurie vaimdw MrV5.Id.
M5 2 • [?? (unless 3352 *kw.a- ' canal ' 1)]
kulibu, adj. 'profitless'. M5. [ku- + 0 L.i11A]
kullja, f. 'evil reputation'. M5. [ku- + 0
kuramil, f. 'relationship by marriage'. M4. [ < KUJ.tAMU]
ku!'amu, m. 'child's in-law'. M4 3 • [3235 k14umbin-]
ktilii, adj.' tender, soft'. M5r. [3523 komala-]
kurivim, adj. ' false '. M5 6 • [ext. < °KUJ.tA: cf. tsACAVAM]
keum, adv. 'how?'. M3. [ = °KIUM]
kehari, m. 'lion'. M5. (3475 ke.sarin-]
keharo, adj.' which?'. M5. [= °KEHA, tKERHA]
ketaka (-u), adj. 'what?'. M5 10• [ext. < °KETA: = H. ketak, -ik]
ketu, pr. 'any', as in karaji niiki ketu BM7. M4, M5 3 • [sl. of °Ko 1)
kaimdhari, adv. 'in which direction?'. M5r. [cf. tJIDDHARI]
kaili, f. ' brown heifer '. M3. [2750 kapila-]
kosu 1, m. 'kos '. M5 3 • [ = °Koeu]
kosu 2 , m. 'treasury, store'. M5(Sv5). (3539 kosa-]
ko*aviiru, m. 'constable'. M5r. [3501 ko(tapala-: cf. °KU'fAVARi]
ko*hiiri, f. 'crucible'. M5. (3350 ko§(kiigiir<!:-?: = H. '/cl4kiiri, P. ku/kiili]
koma (-ar), f. 'people, community, group'. M5 2• [Ar. qaum]
koli (-ir), adv. 'near, with, beside'. M5 2• (3607 kola- 2]
korhii, m. 'leper'. M4r. [3373 *ko(hin-]
kori, f. 'crore '. M5 4 • [ = °KAR01,n]
korhu, .m. 'leprosy'. M3. [3371 ko(ka-]

khaii (khawr, kkair, khaer), m.' destruction'. M5 5• [cf. 3653 k§apita-: = °KHAI?]
khasamiinii, m.: also kkasamiinii kari 'act as lord, look after'. M5 4 •
[cf. °KHASAMU for sense]
khasalati, f. 'nature, habit'. M3. [Ar. > Pers. kha.Slat]
khaharii, m. 'obstinacy, stubbornness'. M5. [<KRAH.I: = P. kkahira]
khahi, v.i. ' be hostile, quarrel'. M4r. [H: = P. kkahi~]
khakhari, f. 'fruit of akk '. M5. (cf. 2817 karka/a-2]
khacci, v.i. 'be fastened, be mingled, be intoxicated'. M5 4 • [3766 *khacyate]
khaiinii, m. ' treasury'. M5 5• [Ar. khazina]
kha*iii (pp. kka(iinii), v.i. 'stop, stay; be mingled, fit, enter into'. M5 6 •
[3779 kka(tayati]
khaJ)4alu, rn. 'realm; group, company'. M4, M5. f'KHA1ll.PU 1 x 0 MA1l!.PALU
(not Sk. kkary/.ala- '"piece ')]
khaJ)4i (-alir), v.t. 'destroy'. M5 3 • [3795 kka~]
khannali, f. 'rag for cleaning oilpress '. M3. (3801 *kka1J41,- +
khama, m., in badhiku udkiirio khami prakiira BaAl, comm. 'arrow'. M5. [H]
kharaci, v.t. 'expand, spend': kkiii kharaci 'consume and spend'. M3 5, M4 4 ,
M5 13 • [ < °KHARACU]
kharaba, num. 'ten thousand million'. M5 2 • [Sk. kharva-]
khaliii, v.t. 'cause to eat'. M5 3 • [ = °KHAVALI]
khaliisu, adj. ' released, delivered'. M54 • [Ar. khaliiS]
khalu, m. 'idiot, fool, wretch'. M4 2, M5 3• [3835 khala- 2]
kharaku, m. ' rattle, clink, jingle '. M3 3, M5. [ < 3771 khatakha(iiyate]
khisi, adj. 'special, fine'. M5r. [Ar. >Pers. khasa]
kbanama, f. 'lady', in na mira khanama Sv5 (comm. also as m. 'khans').
M5. [Pers. khanam]
khirii: see AKHARA
khisaki, v.i. 'slip, ·slip away': khisakai, v.t. ' cause to slip '. M4 3 , M5. [3888
*khis- -kk-; = °KWSI)
khijamatadira, f. 'maidservant'. M5r. [for Ar. >Pers. khi~mat-gii.r]
khiiiji, v.t. 'pull', in garibiim uppari ji khinjai darhi Gal67, i.e. 'is angry
,with'. M5. [ = 0 KHINCI]
kbiiijotil}.a, f. 'tension, strife'. M5r. [ = °KHINCOT~]
khimdholati, m. 'patchwork quilt'. M4. [cf. °KmNTHA.: = P. khamdhola]
khilakhini, m. 'family'. M5t. [Ar.> Pers. khail-khiina]
khilii, v.t. 'cause to play'. M4, M5 5• [ = °KHELAI]
khili, v.i. ' blossom '. M4r. [3882 --:.ltilr : = °KBIJ,ti]
khitakI, f. 'door, window'. M51 • [3770 k/iatakkika-]
khiti, v.i. 'blossom'. M4, M5d. [3882 *khi4-: = °KIDLI]
khubi, v.i., only as raharhiJii, khuharhiJii,, adj. 'remaining, left '. M4 2 , M5. [perh.
v.i. < °KHOHI (13661 *sko~ali)]
khuiaharu, adj. ' false '. M5. [3895 *khfl#a-' ?] +
kbudi, pr. 'self'. M5'. [Pers. khud]
khucll, f. ' egoism '. M5 2• [Pers. khudi]
kbuniml, adj.' sinful', induhimsaraimkhunamikahaeSu29. M5. [cf. KHUNA ??)
kbubbbi (ext. pp. fs. -ari, pres. 3s. khumbhaid), v.i. 'be stuck'. M5 2• [13657
khumiro, m. 'intoxication'. M5r. [Ar. khumar]
kburaglru, m. 'saddle-cloth'. M4. [for Pet"S. ~ir]
kbdbu (ext. -aid VaC5), m. 'well'. M3 2, M4, M5. [ = fKHUHi]
kbdm41, f. 'bent stick', as khii:mffe, di khe4ifri GaVl9.2, i.e. 'hockey, polo, etc.'.
M5d. [3893 *khu~ta- 1]
khdni, adj. ' empty '. M5a. [3690 qi~- ( x u~A. ?)]
khdbu, adj. 'good, excellent'. M5. [Pers. khab]
khe, ppn. used to indicate the direct object, e.g. so tariie kinha khe MrV20, or
possession, e.g. tinni varatiira jaga khe GaV4.2. M4, M5s. (??: = S.: syn.
°KAii1, °KA., etc.]
khe4irl, f. 'game'. M5dr. [ext. < °KHE-9A]
khepa, f. 'load, consignment of goods'. M5 10• [3742 qepya-]
khevi, v.t. 'operate, pass time'. M5 2 • [3741 k~epayali]
kheti, m. 'village'. M5r. [3916 khe(aka-]
khoju, rn. 'footprint, track, trace, clue': 'foot' in kho:ju na khumbhai GjV9.l.
Ml, M4 3, M5 4• [3929 *kk<dja-]
khotu, m. ' donkey '. M5r(Kel3). [3932 *khotta-]
khodi, v.t. 'dig'. M5 2 • [3934 *klwdd-]
khori (-i), f. 'intoxication', e.g. prema rasa khori Sa94. M5 5 • [Pers. khori
'eating' n
gatlhara, adj. 'deep'. M4, M5 2 • (4024 gahhira-: = 0 GABIRU]
gatlfl, f. 'the ragiJ)i Gaiiri '. M3. [Sk. gau¢i-]
gabagahi, adj. ''deep (of colour) '. M3. [H (perh. cf. Pk. gahagaha- 'delighted ',
or H. gahgahiinii ' quiver, shake ' 1))
gaha4af&fii, m., in gaka.4arara tri7J.i chaiii MrV6.l, comm. 'elephant pit' or
'thatched shelter'. M5d. [cf. GAHAJ;>I, GAJ;>AHA]
gaha4i, v.t.' catch, bury', ingaha4iomurhanari Asl57. M5. (0 GAHI x 0 aA:p:p11 ?]
gaggarl, f. ' pot '. M5. [ = 0 GAGARI]
gacagiri, f. ' plastered building '. M4. [Pers. gac-giri ' plastering ']
gajji, v.i. 'roar', comm. as 'beco~e manifest' in gura sabadi govimdu gajjiii
KaV7, etc. M4. [ = 0 GAJI]
ga*aku, m. 'gurgling produced by eating or drinking': g<J!aka pi' drink with
enjoyment'. M4 3• [onom. 1 : = P. gat(ak)]
gaiiku (g<J!alcarar), m. 'mouthful'. M4 2, M5. [ < GA'fAKU]
ga4ahi, m. 'pit'(+ gtUji 1). M5 2• [ext. 3981. *gat/4.a- 1 : cf. GAHA:PA~A~A.]
ga44i3, adj. 'united, together', in so nivahu ga#-i MrV14.l. M5d. ( = tcA:p:pu]
gandii, adj. ' dirty, foul'. M5d. [Pers. ganda]
ganiva, adj. 'rich, prosperous, great', in sadiva ganiva suhavane BA18, ganiva
Jeri siphati BhlO. M5 2• [Ar. ghani 'rich' or Ar. >Pers. allanimat 'boon',
unless < 3993 ga7).ayatil
gamara, m., in ja kai kamii I.era vaiJ,a gamaru GaA6 comm. ' greatness, glory '.
M5r. [4065 garvara- ? (hardly Ar. g/J,amar 'brave')]
gammi, f. 'reaching', in sraba thana gammi SM7.5. M5r. [4032 (or for Sk.)
gamya-] .
gama, m. 'distress', as gamu kari' be distressed'. M3. [Ar. >Pers. g/J,am]
garaHhi, pp. of 0 GRASl 'swallowed, devoured'. M3. [anal. -Uh-: cf. 4361
garadbapu (-bu), m. 'donkey'. M5 2• [for Sk. gardabha-: = 0 GARADHABHU]
garibaniviju, m. 'cherisher of the poor'. M5 2• [Ar. > Pers. !ll!arib-navaz]
gariba adj. 'poor, needy, humble'. M4 1, M5 12• [Ar. !l....harib]
gara (sa. -iivaiim Asl2Ir), m. ' throat, neck '. M5 1• [ = 0 GALU]
garuru. m. 'charm against snake-poison'. M3. [= GARA~uJ 0

galaJ,li, in khubbhari k'ldhami miyhi galatti kumantriam Slll. M5. [HJ

galatanu, adj. 'wallowing; a~sorbed, lost in'. M3, M4, M5. [Pers. !ll!alftiin:
= 0
galiivam, m. 'neck-rope halter'. M4. [4076 *galadaman-]
gamviipi,.v.i. 'be lost, be removed'. M31 r. [v.p. < 0GAMVAI]
gavi, v.i. 'go, reach'. M4r, M5 2r. [*gamate 1: cf. 0 GAVANU]
garabara, f. ' noise, uproar ' (+ kari). M5. [3974 *ga4a-ba4a-]
gara, m. ' hail '. M5r. [3969 *grpja-a]
gimu, m. 'village'. M5 2 • [ = 0 GIRAMU]
gihal)a (·na), m. 'flail 1.', as in kar,tu niihi tuha giihar,ta liige Sal6. M52. [cf. 4152
gaha-2 'treading out', and 0 ANAGAHU]
gibi, v.i. 'tread, wander', as banu gahi. M5 2 r. [4152 giihate]
g14_ara, f. 'sheep, ewe'. M5 2• [3983 ga¢¢ara-]
gAthu, m. ' wealth, capital', in gathu oohu sium luhhario Tol9. M5. [H]
gini, m. 'sugarcane'. M4r. [3998 gati4a- 2 ]
gira, m. 'dirt? ', in mana mamhi dharate giira Dg31. M5r. [4137 *giira- ?]
girarii, m. 'snake-charmer'. M3. [ < 0 GARAJ,m]
girhi, adj. 'thick, dense, deep'. M5 2• (4118 gtUjha-]
gijhti, v.t. 'habituate, accustom to'. M5. [v.c. <