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 Prose Fiction – is the form of any narrative or informative work that deals, in part or in

whole, with information or events that are not factual, but rather, imaginary.
1) Myth – a traditional story, especially one concerning the early history of a people
or explaining some natural or social phenomenon, and typically involving
supernatural beings or events.
2) Legend – a very old story or a set of stories from ancient times, or the stories, not
always true, that people tell about a famous event or person.
3) Parable – a usually short fictitious story that illustrates a moral attitude or a
religious principle.
4) Fable – a short story, typically with animals as characters, conveying a moral.
5) Fairy Tale – a children's story about magical and imaginary beings and lands.
6) Short Story – a fully developed story which is shorter than a novel and longer than
a fable.
7) Novel – a fictitious prose narrative of considerable length and complexity,
portraying characters and usually presenting a sequential organization of action and
scenes.
8) Novella – a fictional prose narrative that is longer and more complex than a short
story; a short novel.
 Poetry – a literary work in which special intensity is given to the expression of feelings
and ideas by the use of distinctive style and rhythm.
A. Lyric Poetry – refers to that kind of poetry meant to be sung to the accompaniment
of a lyre, but now, this applies to any type of poetry that expresses emotions and
feelings of the poet.
1) Song – a lyric poem intended to be sung, with melodious harmony and
rhythm.
2) Sonnet – has 14 lines, and is written in iambic pentameter. Each line has 10
syllables. It has a specific rhyme scheme, and a volta, or a specific turn.
3) Elegy – a lyric poem which expresses feelings of grief and melancholy for
the death of a particular person.
4) Ode - is a poem, usually praising people, natural scenes, and abstract ideas.
B. Narrative Poetry – a form of poetry that tells a story, often making the voices of a
narrator and characters as well; the entire story is usually written in metered verse.
1) Ballad – a narrative poem with harmony and rhythm.
2) Metrical Romance – a narrative poem dealing with the emotions or phase
of life and the story is told in a simple, straightforward and realistic manner.
3) Epic – a narrative poem about supernatural powers possessed by heroes and
heroines.
C. Dramatic Poetry – is a poetry that tells a story, or spoken, from the point of view
of a persona, a speaker who is a character rather than the author.
1) Dramatic Monologue – a poem in the form of a speech or narrative by an
imagined person, in which the speaker inadvertently reveals aspects of their
character while describing a particular situation or series of events.
2) Soliloquy – is a speech when a character speaks to him- or herself, relating
thoughts and feelings, thereby also sharing them with the audience, giving
off the illusion of being a series of unspoken reflections.
 Drama – a composition in verse or prose intended to portray life or character or to tell
a story usually involving conflicts and emotions through action and dialogue and
typically designed for theatrical performance; a play.
A. Tragedy – branch of drama that treats in a serious and dignified style the sorrowful
or terrible events encountered or caused by a heroic individual.
1) Tragicomedy – a literary device used in fictional works. It contains
both tragedy and comedy. Mostly, the characters in tragicomedy are
exaggerated, and sometimes there might be a happy ending after a series of
unfortunate events. It is incorporated with jokes throughout the story, just
to lighten the tone.
2) Melodrama – deal with sensational and romantic topics that appeal to the
emotions of the common audience. Typically, melodrama uses stock
characters including heroes, heroines, and villains.
B. Comedy – a literary genre and a type of dramatic work that is amusing and satirical
in its tone, mostly having a cheerful ending.
1) Satirical Comedy – is the form of satire in which the writer uses comic
elements to expose the realities of the society or any problem. The writer
uses fictional characters to represent the real people, to expose and condemn
their corruption. It intends to improve the problems of the society by
exposing them and by giving their solutions.
2) Comedy of Manners – also called anti sentimental comedy, is a form
of comedy that satirizes the manners and affectations of contemporary
society and questions societal standards.
3) Romantic Comedy – any comedy focusing on love, marriage, courtship,
and etc.
4) Black Comedy – a literary device used in novels and plays to discuss taboo
subjects while adding an element of comedy. It is often used to present
any serious, gruesome or painful incidents lightly.
5) Farce – a literary genre and type of comedy that makes use of highly
exaggerated and funny situations aimed at entertaining the audience. It uses
elements like physical humor, deliberate absurdity, bawdy jokes, and
drunkenness just to make people laugh.
 Nonfiction Prose – is the form of any narrative, account, or other communicative work
whose assertions and descriptions are understood to be factual. It can give either a true or
a false account of the subject in question. However, it is generally assumed that authors of
such accounts believe them to be truthful at the time of their composition or, at least, pose
them to their audience as historically or empirically true.
1) Autobiography – tells a life story of its author, meaning it is a written record of
the author's life.
2) Biography – is a literary genre that portrays the experiences of all these events
occurring in the life of a person, mostly in a chronological order. It provides a life
story of a subject, highlighting different aspects of his of her life. A person who
writes biographies, is called as a “biographer.”
3) Character Sketch – a short piece of writing that describes a particular person,
especially in terms of personality traits and behavior patterns.
4) Diary/Journal – form of autobiographical writing; a regularly kept record of the
diarist’s activities and reflections; written primarily for the writer’s use alone.
5) Editorial – a statement of opinion by a magazine or newspaper editor or a
television or radio station. An example is an article written by the editor of a
newspaper detailing his opinion on something.
6) Essay - a short form of literary composition based on a single subject matter, and
often gives the personal opinion of the author; a scholarly work in writing that
provides the author’s personal argument.
Christine Marie Jovita 12-HUMSS
Trina Desuyo

Literature
Classified into Four Genre

Nonfiction
Prose Fiction Poetry Drama
Prose

2. Narrative 3. Dramatic
1. Myth 1. Lyric Poetry 1. Tragedy 2. Comedy 1. Autobiography
Poetry Poetry

a. Dramatic a. Satirical
2. Legend a. Song a. Ballad a. Tragicomedy 2. Biography
Monologue Comedy

b. Metrical b. The Comedy 3. Character


3. Parable b. Sonnet b. Soliloquy b. Melodrama
Romance Of Manners Sketch

c. Romantic 4. Diary Of
4. Fable c. Elegy c. Epic
Comedy Journal

d. Black
5. Fairy Tale d. Ode 5. Editorial
Comedy

6. Short Story e. Farce 6. Essay

7. Novel

8. Novella