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Lets learn Urdu

Maqsood Hasni

Complied by:

Prof. Mohammad Abdullah Qazi (PhD Isl. Stds., PhD


linguistics)

Principal Govt College, Bahawal ’nagar (Pakistan)

A-
Alphabet sounds

Group 1

Group 1 is consists of one sound ‫ ا‬but it provides two sounds i.e. alif and alaf. It is first
alphabet sound of the Urdu tongue. This sound is a common sound of world languages
but in Japanese this sound is only used as a vawal.

For example

Kamisan (wife) Bivi

Ka: (prononciation kha ‫ کا‬/ ‫ کھا‬,‫ کہ‬and ka) a for al'af (not alif)
Uses as al'af: kaghaz (paper), kaka {little baby (M)}

Oka hill and hight (a for al'laf not alif)

‫ ا‬: al'laf but not al'lif

Farsi

‫ جام‬.‫ دام‬.‫ دار‬.‫ را‬.‫ از‬.‫او‬

Urdu

‫( ابا‬abba) father
‫( بابا‬baba) an old man, father's elder brother, father's father/mother's father/grand father

‫( اب‬ab) now, at this time, presently

‫( گرجا‬girja) church

‫( باجا‬baja) a musical instrument

‫( باجی‬baji) elder sister

‫( باپو‬bapu) father

‫( کرپا‬kirpa) mercsy

good deed, to do better for some one

A (as al’af not alif)

English

about, alhabet, Japan (pronounce al'laf not al'lif)

Group 2

There are five sounds in this group:

‫( ب‬b) bay/be

‫ بارش‬baresh, rain

‫ باغ‬bagh, garden
‫ بل‬bal, power

‫ باورچی‬bawarchi, cook

‫ بندر‬bundar, monkey

B book, box, butcher, broker, butter

‫( پ‬p) pay/pe

‫ پانی‬pani, water

‫ پنکھا‬punkha, fan/ hand fan

‫ پادری‬paadri, priest

‫ پروانہ‬parwana, moth

‫پل‬ pil’la pupy

P parrot, pony, pig, peacock, point

‫( ت‬t) tay

‫ تلوار‬talwaar, sword

‫ تتلی‬titli, butterfly

‫تیتر‬ titar, partridge

‫ تربوز‬tarbooz, watermelon
‫تالہ‬ tala, lock

Sound ‫ ت‬is not found in english but it is very common in the subcontinent
languages/toungs.

‫( ٹ‬t) tay/te

‫ ٹوپی‬topi, cap

‫ ٹماٹر‬tamatar, tomato

‫ چونٹی‬chonti, ant

‫ ٹخنا‬takhna, ankle

‫ کٹھمل‬khatmal, pug

T train, try, tree, out, net

‫( ث‬s, c) say/se

‫ ثمر‬samar, fruit

‫ ثانی‬sani, second

‫ اثر‬assar,affect

‫ موثر‬mowassar, persuasive

‫ ثقافت‬saqafat, culture

‫ ورثہ‬warsa, heritage
S school, social, swelling, small, salt

C city, citron, circle, cycle, cinema

Group 3

‫ج‬ jeem

‫ جوتا‬jouta, shoes

‫جوڑ‬ jour, joint

‫ ڑ‬Is not available/found in English, the relative sound more closed sound is r.

D is also in use for this sound. ie. Aadu/aaru ‫( آڑو‬peach)

‫ جواب‬jawab answer

‫ جنم‬janum, birth

‫ جوانی‬jawani, youth

‫ جنگ‬jang, war

J jug, jaundice, jeep, jacket, jar

‫ چ‬chay

‫چاند‬ chaand, moon

‫ چربی‬charbi, fats
‫چور‬ chour, theif

‫چوکا‬ chouka, sixer

‫چوہا‬ chuha, rat

This sound is not found in English alphabet but is pronounced by compound sound Ch

Ch Chit, check, church,chest

‫ ح‬hay

‫ حکم‬hukam, order

‫ حرکت‬harkat, moment

‫ حقیقت‬haqiqat, fact

‫ حاضری‬hazri, presence

‫حصہ‬ hissa, part, share

Hen, husband, human, hand, holy

‫ خ‬khay

‫ خال‬khaal, mole

‫ خالی‬khali, empty

‫ خرگوش‬khargosh,rabbit/here
‫ خراش‬kharash, bruise

‫ خسرہ‬khasrah, measles

‫ خاص‬khas, special

This sound is not found in English alphabet but is pronounced by compound sound Kh

Group 4

‫دال‬ ‫ د‬This sound is not found in english alphabet but often apperars in some
english words i.e. this, that etc. In fact th compound sound is pronounced ‫( تھ‬thay)
as an thought, think, through, though thing etc. Its subtitute and more closes sound
for writing in the roman Urdu is d. The same is also used for ‫ک ھ‬

‫درخت‬ darakht, tree

‫درجن‬ darjan, twelve

‫دروازہ‬ darwaza, door

‫دیگچہ‬ daigcha, cooker

(cooker is not proper enlish for daigcha. This pot is in common used in
the Punjab)

‫درانتی‬ daraanti, sickle

‫دودھ‬ doudh, milk

‫دریا‬ darya, river

‫داخل‬ dakhal, inter


‫ ڈ‬daal

‫ڈالی‬ dali, branch (tree)

‫ڈاکیا‬ dakiya, postman

‫ڈر‬ dar, fear

‫منیڈک‬ mandak, frog

‫منڈھا‬ mandha, ram

‫ہڈی‬ hadi, bone

Dreem, dog, different, door, dig, done

Under, children, code

Deed, dead, end, kid

zaal (z)

‫ذخیرہ‬ Zakhira, stock

‫ذاتی‬ Zati, private/personal

‫نفاذ‬ Nafaaz, enforcement

‫ذمہ دار‬ Zima’daar, responsible

‫ذہانت‬ Zahanat, intellect


‫ذریعہ‬ Zaria, mode/source

Zoo, zeal,

Recognize, size, dozen

Freez, creez

Group 5

‫ ر‬ray (r)

‫رہنا‬ rehna, to live

‫رنگ‬ rang, clour

‫ران‬ raan, thigh

‫رگ‬ rag,vein

‫ ریڑھ کی ہڈی‬ridh ki hadi, back bone

Reader, river, regard, road, reverse, round, reaction, ready

‫( ڑ‬r/d) this sound is not found in English alphabet

‫ڑ‬ aaru/aadu, peach

‫اکڑن‬ akran, cramp

‫جوڑ‬ jour, joint


‫کھلڑی‬ khalari, player/athlete

‫کیکڑا‬ kaikra, crab

‫ ز‬zay (z)

‫زیور‬ zaiwar, ornament

t‫زیرہ‬ zira, cumin

‫زیتون‬ zaitoon, olive

‫زعفران‬ zafran, saffron

‫زرگر‬ zargar, goldsmith

‫( ژ‬za’ay Farsi)

‫مژہ‬ mija/miya/miza

‫مژدہ‬ maida/majda/mazda

‫مژگان‬ mijgaan/mizgaan/maigaam
(This sound came from Persian into Urdu. It can not write easily)

Group 6

‫ س‬seen (s)

‫سوال‬ sawaal, question

‫سارا‬ sara, whole/comlete

‫سادہ‬ sada, simple

‫آسمان‬ aasman, sky


‫آس‬ ass, hope

‫آسان‬ aasan, easy

Subject, insert, school, style, paste

‫ ش‬Sheen (sh)

This sound is not available in English alphabet but it is pronunced with


compound sound sh
‫شراب‬ sharaab, wine

‫شادی‬ shadi, marriage happiness

‫شام‬ shaam, night

‫شوق‬ shooq, intrest

‫شمع‬ shama, candle

Shift, shirt, shrink, short, sharing

Group 7

‫( ص‬sawad) s

‫صندق‬ sandooq, box/chest

‫قصائ‬ qasae, butcher

‫منصف‬ monsaf, judge

‫صوفہ‬ soufa, couch

‫صندل‬ sandal, sandal’wood

‫ ض‬zawaad (z)

‫ضعیف‬ zaeef old, an oldman

‫نبض‬ nabaz pulse


‫ہیضہ‬ haiza, cholera

‫قبض‬ qabaz, constipation

‫رضائ‬ razae, couch

Group 8

‫( ط‬toein/to’ay) t

‫طالع‬ talay, fate

‫طاقت‬ taqat, power

‫سرطان‬ sartan, cancer

‫طاعون‬ taoon, plague

‫طرز ظ‬ taraz, type

‫ ظ‬Zoein/ zo’ay z

‫ظالم‬ zalim, cruel

‫عظیم‬ azeem, almighty

‫ظاہر‬ zahir, open, depict

‫انتظام‬ intazaam, arrangement

Group 9
‫( ع‬aein) aa/a

‫عروج‬ arooj, climax

‫عالم‬ aalim, scholar

‫علم‬ ilm,knoweldge

‫تعلق‬ ta’alaq, relation

‫معاہدہ‬ moahida, deal

‫( غ‬ghein) gh

‫غبارہ‬ ghobara, ballon

‫غار‬ ghaar, cave

‫بغل‬ baghal,armpit

‫غلم‬ ghulam, slave

‫مغرور‬ maghroor, proud

‫غربت‬ Ghurbat, poverty

Group 10

‫( ف‬fey) f

‫فرض‬ farz, duty


‫فالج‬ falij, paralysis

‫فوجی‬ fouji, soldier

‫فقیر‬ faqeer, begger

‫فوٹو‬ foto, picture/snape

Group 11

‫( ق‬qaaf) q

‫قے‬ qaey, vomit

‫قلم‬ qalam, pen

‫قلی‬ qulli, porter

‫قرض‬ qarz, loan

‫عقاب‬ oqaab,eagle

‫قلعہ‬ qala, xasle

‫( ک‬Kaaf) k

‫کتا‬ kotta, dog

‫کاغذ‬ kaghaz, paper

‫لڑکی‬ larki, girl


‫لڑکا‬ larka, boy

‫چکوترا‬ chakotra, citron

‫برکت‬ barkat, bless

‫ادرک‬ adrak, ginger

‫کتا ب‬ kitaab, book

Group 12

‫( گ‬gaaf) g

‫گرجا‬ girja, curch

‫گرج‬ garj, thander

‫گرم‬ garm, hot

‫گالی‬ gali, abuse

‫گم‬ gom, lost

‫گانا‬ gana, song/singing

Group 13

‫ ل‬Laam) l

‫لڑکی‬ Larki, girl


‫لزم‬ Lazam, importent

‫لغر‬ Lagar, weak

‫جلد‬ jild, skin

‫دلل‬ dalaal. Broker

Group 14

‫( م‬meem) m

‫مرغی‬ morghi, hen

‫موچی‬ mochi, cobbler/boot’maker

‫مرضی‬ marzi, will

‫ملح‬ malah, sailor

‫مرض‬ marz, diease

Mamage, merit, machine, movment, room, dreem

Group 15

‫( ن‬Noon) N

‫ننگا‬ Nanga, dressles

‫نار‬ Naar (h) women


‫نار‬ Nar (a) fire

‫آسان‬ Aasan, easy

‫آسمان‬ aasman, sky

‫نیچے‬ Nichay, below/under

‫نوکر‬ Nokar, servent

Never, news, change, presence, preference

‫ ں‬Noon Ghonna

‫پاؤں‬ pa’oon, foot

‫خانساماں‬ khansama (bawarchi), butler/cook

‫سرسوں‬ sarsoon, mustard

‫عشق پیچیاں‬ eshq paichaan, convolvulus

‫لیموں‬ limu, lemon

‫خزاں‬ khizaan, autumn

‫جاناں‬ janaan, lover


Group 16

‫( و‬Wao) W, v

‫ورق‬ warq, page

‫وزن‬ wazan, weight

‫وکیل‬ wakeel, lawyer

‫وجہ‬ waja, cause

‫آلو‬ aalu, potato

Was, walk, now, Word, world,

Group 17

‫( ء‬hamza)

No word gets start in Urdu with this sound. i.e.

‫اشیاء‬ ahsya, things

‫اعضاء‬ aza, parts/organ

‫آؤ‬ aao, come on

‫جاؤ‬ Jao, go, get lost

‫لؤ‬ Lao bring


‫جاءے پیدایش‬ Ja-e-padaesh, place of birth

Group 18

‫( ہ‬Hay, hi Maqsura/ gool hay, hi) h

‫ساہوکار‬ sahoo'kar, banker

‫ہونٹ‬ hont, lip

‫ہتھیلی‬ hathail,palm

‫ہتھتوڑا‬ hathora, hammer

‫ہاتھی‬ hathi, elephant

Group 19

‫( ی‬choti yay)

‫دہی‬ dahi, curt

‫بالئ‬ balae, cream

‫چٹنی‬ chatni, suce

‫چپاتی‬ chapati, loaf

‫پیٹی‬ paiti, belt

‫( ے‬bari yay)
‫مسوڑے‬ masoray, gums

‫کمینے‬ kaminay, means

‫لڑکے‬ larkay, boys

‫بچے‬ bachay, children

‫موزے‬ mozay, socks

B-

Group 20

Maha ‘paran (bhari aawazain)

‫ بھ‬bhay

‫بھوکا‬ bhuka, hungry

‫بھکاری‬ bhakari, begger

‫بھڑیا‬ bhairiya, wolf

‫بھنڈی‬ bhindi tori, lady’finger

‫بھنگی‬ bhangi, sweeper

‫ پھ‬phay

‫پھول‬ phool, flower


‫پھوڑا‬ phora, boil

‫پھنسی‬ phinsi, pimple

‫پھیری وال‬ phairi wala, hawker/peddler

‫پھونکنی‬ phounkni, blowing pipe

‫ تھ‬thay

‫تھالی‬ thali, plate

‫ہاتھی‬ hathi, elephant

‫میتھی‬ maithi, fenu-greek

‫ساتھی‬ sathi, partner/2nd behelf/friend

‫ہتھوڑا‬ hathora, hammer

‫ہاتھ‬ hath, hand

‫تھا‬ tha, was

‫تھکا ماندہ‬ thaka’manda, tired

‫ٹھ‬

‫ٹٹٹھوڑی‬ thori/thodi, chin

‫انگوٹھا‬ angutha, thumb


‫ٹھیکیدار‬ thaikaidar, contractor

‫ٹھیک‬ thek, right

‫پیٹھا‬ paitha, gourd

‫میٹھا‬ mitha, sweet

‫ جھ‬jhay

‫جھول‬ jhula, cradle

‫جھاڑو‬ jharu, broom

‫جھینگر‬ jhingar, cricket

‫جھول‬ jhola, bag

‫جھونپڑی‬ jhonpri, hut

‫جھگڑا‬ jhagra, dispute

‫جھکنا‬ jhukna, bow

‫ چھ‬chay

‫چھلنی‬ chalni, sieve

‫چھینی‬ cnaini, chisel

‫چھوکری‬ chokri, girl


‫چھتری‬ chatri, umbrella

‫چھوٹی‬ chouti, little

‫ دھ‬dhay

‫دھمک‬ dhamak, vibration

‫دھوبی‬ dhobi, washerman

‫دھوکا‬ dhoka, fraud

‫دھنیا‬ dhanya coriander

‫دھاگا‬ dhaga, thread

‫دھاگا‬ dhaka, push

‫کندھا‬ kandha, shoulder

‫ڈھ‬

‫ڈھکنا‬ dhakna, lid/cover

‫ڈھول‬ dhoul, dram

‫ڈھونڈنا‬ dhondna, to search

‫ڈھال‬ dhaal, shiel

‫ڈھیل‬ dhila, lose


‫ڑھ‬

‫مسوڑھے‬ masuray, gums

‫کوڑھ‬ korh, leprosy

‫ریڑھ کی ہڈی‬ reh ki hadi, back bone

‫بڑھتی‬ barhti, increase

‫کڑھائ‬ karhae, embreidery

‫بوڑھا‬ borha, grey/ an old’man

‫ کھ‬khay

‫برکھا‬ barkha, rain

‫کھٹمل‬ khatmul, bug

‫کھانا‬ Khana, food/eating

‫کھانسی‬ khansi, cough

‫رکھنا‬ rakhna, to keep

‫لکڑھارا‬ lakar’hara, wood’cutter

‫کھجور‬ khajour, date

‫کھرپا‬ khurpa, hoe


‫ گھ‬ghay

‫گھسنا‬ ghosna, to enter

‫گھاس‬ ghas, gress

‫گھٹنا‬ ghotna, knee

‫گھوڑ ا‬ ghora, horse

‫گھسیارا‬ ghasyara, grass cutter

‫گھوڑ ی‬ ghori, mare

C-

Alamti aawazain (symbolic sounds)

Group 21

Shad

This symbolic (shad) sound is used for geting two time same sound of a alphabet sound
and is placed over the laphabet sound. i.e.

‫اچھا‬, shad has placed over ch for this reason ‫ چھ‬has two time (same sound, chay) sound.

Aach-cha

yes, ok, good, well, fine, neat, clean, better

haan, tek hai, behtar, khoob, undha, saaf, barhya, sutra


‫ بچھ‬shad has placed over ch for this reason ‫ چھ‬has two time (same, chay) sound.

‫چہ‬+‫ بچ‬Bach-cha (m),

kid, child,

‫پچی‬ shad has placed over ch for this reason ‫ چھ‬has two time (same, chay)
sound.

‫بچ چی‬ bach-chi (fm)

babay girl

‫عزت عز زت‬ in this word ‫ ز‬has two time (same sound, zay ) sounds iz-zat, respect

‫مکہ مک کہ‬ in this word ‫ ک‬has two time (same kaaf ) sounds Makka , name of a
mulim holy place

situated at Saudi Arab

‫بلی بل لی‬ in this word ‫ ل‬has two time (same laam ) sounds

bil-li, cat

‫سق قہ‬ ‫سقہ‬ in this word ‫ ق‬has two time (same Qaaf ) sounds

saq-qa, waterman

Mad ‫آ‬

This sign is placed over the alphabet sound alif/alaf and it (mad) is used
for geting double
sound of alif/alaf (a).

‫آم‬ aam, mango

‫امی‬ ammi, mother

‫آگے‬ aagay, post/forward

‫آب‬ aab, water

‫آپ‬ aap, you

‫آج‬ aaj, today

Group 22

Zabar

‫اب‬ alif zabar bay= ab, presently, at this time, now

‫رب‬ ray zabar bay =rab

‫کب‬ kaaf zabar bay= kab, now

‫سب‬ seen zabar bay= sab, all

‫شب‬ sheen zabar bay= shab, night

‫کم‬ kaaf zabar meem=kam, less

Doo zabar
Tofatun, Artun, Lazmun, Hamaitun, Zimnun, Undazun, Majborun,
Taqribun,

Omomun, Forun, Ghalibun,

Khari zabar

Maeni, Ala, Adna , Dawa

Zair

‫بلی‬ bay+zair =bi +laam= bil, (shad over laam)+Laam+zair+yay li= Bil+li=
bil’li

cat

‫امتحان‬ alif+zair+meem =im,tay zair=ti,hay+zabar=ha+noon han=


im+ti+ha+n=imtihan
examination, test

‫سالی‬ seen+ zabar+alif (sakan) =sa Laam+zair+choti yay = li Sali,

sister in law, sister of wife

‫ابتد‬ alif+zair+bay= ib+tay+zabar= ta+daal+zabar+alif (sakin)= da Ib+ta+da

Ibtada, start, starting point, bignining, 1st

‫پیچھے‬ pay+zair+ choti yay (sakan) = ‫ پی‬pi+ chay ‫چھ‬+zair+ bari yay (sakan)= ‫چھے‬
chay= pichay

Pichay, back, back side, backward

‫آگے‬ alif+mada (‫ = )اا‬Aa,Gaaf+zair+bari yay (sakan) gay/ge Aa+gay=aaga


Aagay/aage,
fornt, post,fornt side, at the fornt, on the fornt
Kari zair

Baeinhi, Mashabba baihi

Jazam/Sakan

This symble keeps stationary to the alphabet sounds

‫اب‬ alif par zabar+bay (zabar over alif+ bay no symbolic sound over or under
bay)

alif zabar bay=ab

ab=means now, at this time

‫ابا‬ alif+zabar+bay= ab (here bay is none moving sound)

shad over Bay in this word, for this reason bay will provide double sound.

One combine with first alif while the secound will attach with the last sound
alif

Bay zabar alif= ba+ Bay alif = ba

Ab+ba = abba, father


‫درجہ‬

‫ د‬zabar ray {zabar over ‫د‬+ ray (no symbolic sound over or under ray)}=dar

Jeem zabar hay {(maqsora) (zabar over jeem + hay (no symbolic sound over or under
hay maqsora) =ja

dar+ja= darja, division, clacification

‫سادا‬

seen zabar alif {(zabar over seen+alif (no symbolic sound over or under alif)}=sa

‫ د‬zabar alif {(zabar over + ‫( د‬no symbolic sound over or under alif)}=da

sa+da= sada, simple

Group 23

Paish

‫پورا‬ pay+paish+wao= pu+Ray+zabar+alif (sakan) ra

pu+ra Pura, full, complete, remain no space

(not less but as per


demond/required/requirement/need/prescribed/mentioned/decided)

‫اٹھا‬ alif+paish= ou+thay+zabar+alif (sakan) ‫ ٹھا‬tha

ou+tha Outha = take up, got up


‫محبت‬ meem+paish= mo+hay+zabar+bay= ha+bay+zabar+tay=bat

mo+hab+bat=Mohab’bat, love, to like

‫برا‬ bay +paish = bo+ray +zabar +alif= ra

bo+ra Bo’ra, bad

Ulta paish

Kamahaqahoo

Group-24

Azafat

Es aawaz kay liay doo lafzoon kay majmoay kay pehlay lafz kay nichay zair daal
daitay hain jis kay

hawala say ay ki aawaz baramad hoti hai.

‫لخت جگر‬ Lakht-e-jigar, part of liver but this compound is used for son.

Lakh tay jigar

‫آب رواں‬ Aab-e-rawaan, folowing water


Aa bay rawaan

‫درد شدید‬ Dard-e-shadeed, sever pain


Dar day shadeed

ou es aawaz kay liay doo lafzoon kay darmiyan main wao aata hai.

‫آب و ہوا‬ aab-o-hawa water and air

Adghambilghona

In writing ‫ دنبہ‬donba but in speaking ‫ دمبہ‬Domba


In writing ‫ دنبالہ‬donbala but in speaking ‫ دمبالہ‬Dombala

Three sounds words

These words start with two alphabet sounds and one symbolic sound.

‫ اب‬Alif zabar bay : ‫ سب‬Seen sabar bay: ‫ کب‬Kaaf zabar bay:


ab now sab all kab when
‫ تب‬Tay zabar bay: ‫ رگ‬Ray zabar gaaf: ‫ طب‬Toein zair bay:
tab then rag vaine tib medical
‫وا‬ Wao zabar alif: ‫ اک‬Alif zair kaaf : ‫ دو‬Daal zabar wao :
wa open ek one doo give/ two
‫ کھا‬khay zabar alif : ‫ گھر‬Ghaaf zabar ray : ‫ سا‬seen zabar alif :
kha eat ghar home/house sa just like/as
‫ دے‬daal zair yay : ‫ سو‬seen zabar wao: ‫ جا‬jeem zabar alif :
day give soo sleep ja go/place
‫ لو‬laam zabar wao: ‫ جگ‬jeem zabar gaaf: ‫ دن‬daal zair noon :
lo get/ take jag world din day/dawn
‫ تو‬tay paish wao : ‫ سر‬seen zabar ray: ‫ دل‬Daal zair laam:
tu you sar head dil heart
‫ جن‬jeem zair noon : ‫ نا‬noon zabar alif: ‫ ڈر‬daal zabar ray :
jin jaint na no/not dar fear
‫ حل‬hay zabar laam: ‫ خط‬khay zabar toein/toay: ‫ رخ‬ray paish khay
hal solution khat letter, heand rokh side/face
writing
‫ نر‬noon zbar ray : ‫ کپ‬kaaf zabar bay ‫ رب‬ray zabar bay
Nar male Kap cup rab provider

Four sounds words

These words are founded by three alphabet sounds and one symbolic sound.

‫سال‬

Seen zabar alif =sa+laam (laam sakan, not moving):

saal year

‫جال‬

jeem zabar alif = ja+laam ( laam sakan, not moving):

jaal net

‫رات‬

ray zabar alif =ra+tay (( tay sakan, not moving)


raat night/evening

‫بات‬

bay zabar alif =ba+tay (tay sakan, not moving)

baat saying

‫ذات‬

zaal zabar alif =za+tay (tay sakan, not moving)

zaat caste

‫مار‬

meem zabar alif =ma+(ray sakan, not moving)

Maar/sanp beat/ snake

‫مرض‬

meem zabar =ray+ zawad/dawad (zawad/dawad sakan, not moving)

marz disease

‫قرض‬

qaaf zabar ray =qar+zawad/dawad ( zawad/dawad sakan, not moving)

qarz loan

‫جھوٹ‬

jhay zabar -wao+ tay (tay sakan, not moving)

jhout lie

‫باس‬

bay zabar alif =ba+seen (seen sakan, not moving)

baas smell

‫چور‬

chay zabar wao =cho+ray (ray sakan, not moving)

choor theif
‫فرق‬

fay zabar ray =far+qaaf (qaaf sakan, not moving)

farq difference

‫برس‬

bay zabar ray =bar+seen(seen sakan, not moving)

bars year

‫ساتہ‬

seen zabar alif -sa +thay (thay skan, not moving)

sath with, alongwith, along

‫فرض‬

fay zabar ray -far+zawad/dawad (zawad/dawad sakan, not moving)

farz duty

‫ساس‬

seen zabar alif -sa+seen (seen moqoof, sakan, not moving)

sa’as wife’s mother/mother inlaw

‫ثمر‬

say zabar sa+meem zabar+ray (seen moqoof, sakan, not moving)

samar fruit

‫کمر‬

kaaf zabar =ka+meem zabar ray (ray moqoof, sakan, not moving)

kamar back

‫راز‬

ray zabar alif =ra+zay (zay moqoof, sakan, not moving)

raaz secret

‫باز‬
bay zabar alif =ba+zay (zay moqoof, sakan, not moving)

baaz eagle

‫کار‬

kaaf zabar alif =ka+ray (ray moqoof, sakan, not moving)

kaar work

‫جرس‬

jeem zabar =ray +seen (seen moqoof, sakan not moving)

jars bell

‫فاش‬

fay zabar alif =fa+sheen (sheen moqoof, sakan not moving)

faash severe

Six sounds words

‫بابا‬

bay zabar alif ba+bay zabar alif ba:baba

An old man, father’s elder brother, grand father, mother's father

‫تایا‬

tay zabar alif ta+yay zabar alif ya :taya

father’s elder brother

‫کاکا‬

kaaf zabar alif ka +kaaf zabar alif ka: kaka

babay (m/ some times for fm)

‫سال‬

seen zabar alif sa+laam zabar alif la: sala

wife’s brother

‫سالی‬
seen zabar alif sa+laam zair yay li: sali

wife’s sister/sister inlaw

‫تھالی‬

thay zabar alif tha+ laam zair yay li: thali

plate

‫خالی‬

khay zabar alif kha+ laam zair yay li: khali

empty

‫کافی‬

kaaf zabar alif ka+fay zair yay fi: kafi

enough, sufficent, to much

‫ڈالی‬

daal zabar alif da+ laam zair yay li: dali

(tree) branch

‫چھوٹا‬

chay zabar wao cho+tay zabar alif: ta: chota

little

‫کال‬

kaaf zabar alif ka+laam zabar alif la: kala

black

‫نیل‬

noon zair yay ni+ laam zabar alif la: nila

blue

‫بوٹی‬

bay zabar wao bo+tay zair yay ti: boti


a piece of meat

‫روٹی‬

ray zabar wao ro+tay zair yay ti: roti

bread

‫امی‬

alif zabar meem am+meem zair yay mi: ammi

mother

‫کاپی‬

kaaf zabar alif ka+pay zair yay pi :kapi

note book

‫باجی‬

bay zabar alif ba+jeem zair yay ji: baji

elder sister

‫دھاگا‬

dhay zabar alif dha+gaaf zabar alif ga: dhaga

thread

‫موٹا‬

meem zabar wao mo+tay zabar alif ta: mota

fat (man, boy)

‫جھوٹا‬

jhay paish wao jho+tay zabar alif ta: jhota

lier

‫اکثر‬

alif zabar kaaf ak +say zabar ray sar: aksar

often
‫بہتر‬

bay zabar hay beh +tay zabar ray tar: behtar

in good condition/right/better/well/ok

‫کمتر‬

kaaf zabar meem kam+ tay zabar ray tar: kamtar

inferior, lowest

‫شاطر‬

sheen zabar alif sha +tay zabar ray tar: shatar

clever

‫جاری‬

jeem zabar alif ja+ray zair choti yay ri: jari

continue

‫ساری‬

Seen zabar alif sa+ray zair choti yay: ri sari

whole/complete

‫سچا‬

seen zabar chay sach+chay zabar alif cha = sach’cha

whose on right/truthfull

‫گڑیا‬

gaaf paish aray gur+yay zabar alif ya= gorya

doll

Seven sounds word

‫ڈاکیا‬

daal zabar alaf da, kaaf zair ki, yay zabar alif ya= dakiya

postman
‫بازار‬

bay zabar alif ba, zay zabar alif za, ray (moqoof/sakan/ Not moving)= bazar

market/place of different shops/ where things can be sold or buy

Eight sounds word

‫پرندہ‬

pay zabar pa, ray zair noon rin, daal zabar hay maqsura da= parinda

bird

‫سازندہ‬

seen zabar alif sa, zay zair noon zin, daal zabar hay maqsura da= sazinda

who knows the art of music, who has skill in musical instruments,

musician

Nine sounds word

‫دروازہ‬

daal zabar ray dar, wao zabar alif wa, zay zabar hay maqsura= darwaza

door

‫کاریگر‬

kaaf zabar alif ka, ray zair yay ri, gaaf zabar ray gar= karigar

skill holder/skilled-man who has some skill in any field/work/job

‫بازیگر‬

bay zabar alif ba

zay zair yay zi

gaaf zabar ray gar

bazigar

juggler
Urdu Zamair

‫میں‬

mein (I)

‫میں علی ہوں‬

Mein Ali hoon.

I am Ali.

‫میں بیمار ہوں‬

Mein bimaar hoon.

I am sick.

‫مجھے‬

Mujhy (I)

‫مجھے تمہاری عادات پسند نہیں ہےں۔‬

Mujhay tumhari adaat pasand nahain hain.

I dilike your habits.

‫میرا‬

maira (my)

‫میرا نام علی ہے۔‬

Maira naam Ali hai.

My name is Ali.

‫میری‬

Mairi (my)

Mairi maan

My mother

‫میرے‬
Mairay (I)

Mairay paas doo ghar hain.

I have two houses.

‫مجہ‬

mujh (me)

‫مجھے‬ mujhay (me)

‫مجھے اطلع کریں۔‬

Mujhy itla karain.

Let me know.

Inform me

‫آپ‬ aap/ ‫ تو‬tu/ ‫تم‬/ tum (you)

‫تجھ‬ tujh (you)

‫تجھے‬ tujhay (yours)

‫تیرا‬ taira (yours)

‫وہ‬ woh (he/she)

‫وہ میرا یائ ہے۔‬

Woh maira bhai hai.

He is my brother.

‫ سے‬, ‫اس‬ os say/ossay (his)

‫ دیں۔‬/‫ دیں۔ اسے بتا دینا‬/‫اس کو بتا دینا‬

os ko bata daina/ dain./ ossay bata daina/dain.

Inform him. /Let him know./ tell him.

‫ہم‬ Hum (we)

‫ہم سگے بھائ ہیں۔‬

Hum sagay bhai hain.


We are real brothers.

‫ہم پاکستانی ہیں۔‬

Hum Pakistani hai.

We are Pakistani hain.

‫ہمارا‬ Hamara/hamari (our)

‫یہ ہماراگھرہے‬

Yah hamara ghar hai.

This is our house./ it is our home.

‫تمہاا‬ tumhara (yours)

‫تمہاراکیانام ہے۔‬

Tumhara kiya naam hai.

What is your name./ whats your name.

‫ہماری‬ hamari (ours)

‫اس‬ os (he, his, him)

‫اس کی کتاب‬

His book

‫اس نےاس کودیکھا۔‬

He saw him.

‫سوالیہ‬
SAWALIYA
(Question)

‫کہاں‬ ‫کیا‬ ‫کیوں‬


kahaan kiya kayoon
where what why
‫کب‬ ‫ کس طرح‬/‫کیسے‬ ‫کون‬
kab kaisay/kis tara koun
when how who
‫کون سا‬ ‫کس طرف کس جانب‬ ‫کہاں سے‬
Koun’sa/se kis taraf/janib kahaan say
which which side/way Where to
‫کہاںپر‬ ‫کس کےساتھ‬ ‫کس کےطرح کا‬
kahaan par kis kay sath kis tara ka
Where at With whom What kind of
‫کتنا‬ ‫کب‬ ‫کس وقت‬
Kitna kab kis waqt
How many When (time in general) What time (specific hour)
‫کس دن‬
kis din
What day (of the week)

‫دنوں کے نام‬
DINOON KAY NAAM
(Days)

‫ہفتہ‬ ‫اتوار‬ ‫پیر‬


Haftah Saturday Aitwar Sunday Peer Monday
(Dirt) (Sun-day) (Moon-day)
‫منگل‬ ‫بدھ‬ ‫جمعرات‬
Mangal Tuseday Budh Jumiraat Thursday
(Fire) Wednesday (Water) (Free)
‫جمعہ‬
Jumah Friday
(Gold)

‫مہنوں کے نام‬
MAHINOON KAY NAAM
(Name of months)

‫جنوری‬ Juanuary ‫فروری‬ February ‫مارچ‬ March


‫اپریل‬ April ‫مئ‬ May ‫جون‬ June

‫جولئ‬ July ‫اگست‬ August ‫ستمبر‬ September


‫اکتوبر‬ October ‫نومبر‬ November ‫دسمبر‬ December

‫موسم‬
MOSAM
Seasons)

‫بہار‬ ‫گرما‬ ‫خزاں‬


Bahar Spring Garma Summer Khizaan Autumn
‫سرما‬ ‫برسات‬
Sarma Winter Barsaat Rainy

‫رشتے‬
RESHTAY
(Relations)
‫خاوند‬ ‫بیوی‬ ‫بڑا بھائ‬
khawand husband bivi wife bara bhai elder
brother
‫بڑا بھائ‬ ‫بھائ چھوٹا‬ ‫چھوٹی بہن‬
bari Behan elder chota bhai younger choti Behan Younger
sister brother sister
‫ماں‬/ ‫امی‬ ‫ابو‬/‫باپ‬ baapabbu ‫بہو‬/ ‫بیٹے کی بیوی‬
ammi/maan mother father baitay ki bivi/baho daughter in
law
‫سسر‬ ‫ساس‬ ‫سال‬
susar father sa’as sala
in law (bride's father) mother in law (bride's mother) brother in law (bride's brother)
‫سالی‬ ‫دادا‬ ‫نانا‬
sali dada nana
sister in law (bride's sister) father’s father grand father mother father grand father
‫تایا‬ ‫تائ‬ ‫ماموں‬
taya tae mamoon
father’s elder brother father’s elder brother wife mother’s brother
‫ممانی‬ ‫چچا‬ ‫چچی‬
mamani chacha chachi
mother’s brother wife father’s younger brother father’s younger brother wife
‫پھوپھا‬ ‫پھوپھی‬ ‫خالو‬
phupha phuphi khalu
father’s sister husband father’s sister mother’s sister husband
‫خالہ‬ ‫ماسیر‬ ‫مالیر‬
khala masair malair
mother’s sister mother’s sister son/daughter mother’s brother son/daughter
‫پھوپھیر‬ ‫چچیر‬
phuphair chachair
father’s sister’s son/daughter father’syounger brother
son/daughter

‫سمتیں‬
SIMATAIN
(Directions)

‫مشرق‬ ‫مغرب‬ ‫شمال‬


mashriq east maghrib west shamal north
‫جنوب‬ ‫سیدھا‬ ‫ے کی جانب‬/‫آگ‬
janoob south sidha straight aagay/ki janib towards
ahead
‫ پشت‬/‫پیچھے‬
pusht/pichay back

‫رنگ‬
RANG
(Colors)

‫سرخ‬ ‫سیاہ کال‬ ‫سفید‬


Surakh Kala/saiya Sofaid
red black white
‫نیل‬ ‫سرمئ‬ ‫پیل‬
Nila Sarmae Pila/zard
blue gray yellow
‫سبز‬ ‫سنگترا رنگ‬/‫مالٹا‬ ‫ارغوانی‬
Sabz Malta/sangtara rang Arghawani
green Orange color purple
‫بھورا‬ ‫آسما نی‬ ‫دودھیا‬
Bhura Aasmani Doudhya
brown sky color milky
‫موتیا‬/‫بادامی‬ ‫سمندری‬ ‫آسمانی‬
Badami/motiya Somondri Aasmani
oof white sea green azure

‫عنابی‬ ‫قرمزی‬ ‫گلبی‬


anabi qirmazi golabi
maroon crimson pink
‫گلناری‬ ‫بنفشی‬ ‫لکھیا‬
golnari banafshi akhiya
scarlet violet chocolate
‫سنہری‬ ‫نیل‬
sonehri nial
golden indigo

‫کپڑے‬/ ‫لباس‬
libas
dress and clothes

‫پیٹی‬ paiti belt ‫پوشاک‬ Poshaak


Garment ‫تسمے‬ Tasmay Laces ‫لنگوٹی‬
Loin cloth ‫گلوبند‬ Golu band Muffler ‫آستین‬
Aastein Sleeve ‫موزے‬ Mozay Socks
‫جرابیں‬ Stoking ‫دوشالہ‬ Doshala Shawl
‫ریشم‬ Raisham Silk ‫پاءےجامہ‬ Pajama
Trouser ‫تولیہ‬ Toliya Towel ‫وردی‬
Wardi Uniform ‫رضائ‬ Razae Quilt

‫جانورں کے نام‬
JANWAROON KAY NAAM
(Animals’ name)

‫جانور‬ ‫بلی‬ ‫کتا‬


janwar billi Kota
animal cat dog
‫منیڈک‬ ‫کوا‬ ‫گاے‬
maindak kav’wa ga’ay
frog crow cow
‫بکری‬ ‫مرغا‬ ‫سور‬
bakri/bakriaan murgha suar
cheep chicken pig
‫بطخ‬ ‫بندر‬ ‫پرندہ‬
batakh bandar prinda
duck monkey bird
‫گھوڑا‬ ‫چوہا‬ ‫شیر‬
ghora choha shair
horse mouse, rat lion
‫چیتا‬ ‫سانپ‬ ‫گلہری‬
chita sanp golehri
tiger snake squirrel
‫خرگوش‬ ‫چھپکیلی‬ ‫ہاتھی‬
khargosh chapkili hathi
rabbit lizard elephant
‫باز‬ ‫ہرن‬ ‫بھیڑ‬
baz harn bakra
eagle deer goat
‫اونٹ‬ ‫مگرمچھ‬
onth alligator
camel Mager’mash

‫جسم کے حصوں کے نام‬


JISAM KAY HISOON KAY NAAM
(Parts of body)

‫کمر‬ qamar ‫بازو‬ bazoo ‫انگلی‬ ongli


back/waist arm finger
‫پاؤں‬ pa'oon ‫ٹانگ‬ taang ‫بال‬ baal
foot leg hair
‫ہاتھ‬ hath ‫سر‬ sar ‫دل‬ dil
hand head heart
‫کولہے‬ kohlay ‫منہ‬ monh ‫ناک‬ naak
hips mouth nose
‫کندھا‬ kandha ‫جلد‬ jild ‫معدہ‬ mehdha
shoulder skin stomach
‫زبان‬ zoban ‫دانت‬ dant ‫آنکھیں‬ aankhain
tongue tooth eyes
‫ابرو‬ abru ‫کان‬ Ka’an ‫ہونٹ‬ hont
eyeball ear lips
‫گردن‬ garden ‫بال‬ baal ‫پیشانی‬ paishani
neck hair forehead
‫رخسار‬ rukhsaar ‫چہرہ‬ cehra ‫کہنی‬ kohni
cheek face elbow
‫انگوٹھا‬ anggotha ‫ انررونی اعضاء‬androni aza ‫اعصاب‬ asaab
thumb internal organs muscle
‫ہڈی‬ hadi ‫ٹٹٹھوڑی‬ thori ‫گھٹنا‬ ghotna
bone chin knee
‫ٹخنہ‬ takhna ‫بغل‬ baghal ‫سینہ‬ sina
ankle armpit chest
‫پستان‬ pistan ‫پنڈلی‬ pindli ‫ہتھلی‬ hathaili
breast calf palm
‫پپوٹے‬ papotay ‫مسوڑے‬ masuray ‫جگر‬ igar
eyelids gums liver
‫گردے‬ gurday ‫پھپیپھڑے‬ phaipray ‫ ریڑھ کی ہڈی‬rir ki hadi
kidney lungs backbone
‫ہنسلی‬ hansli ‫ناخن‬ nakhoun ‫ناف‬ naaf
collar bone nail navel
‫تالو‬ talu ‫ آنکھ کی پتلی‬aankh ki potli ‫نبض‬ nabaz
palate pupil pulse
‫کھوپڑی‬ khopri ‫ران‬ raan ‫رگ‬ rag
skull thigh vein

‫پیشے‬
paishay
professions

‫اداکار‬ ‫نماءندہ‬ ‫جوشتی‬


adakaar namaenda joshtashi
actor agent astrologer
‫کھلڑی‬ ‫نانبائ‬ ‫سوداگر‬
khalari naanbae sodagar
player/athlete baker trarder
‫فوجی‬ ‫کاغذ فروش‬ ‫بھنگی خاکروب‬
fouji kaghaz farosh bhangi/ khak’roob
solidier stationer sweeper
‫خرادیا‬ ‫دلل‬ ‫قصائ‬
kharadiya dalaal qasae
turner broker butcher
‫خانساماں‬ ‫بیرا‬ ‫ساہوکار‬
khan’sama baira saho’kar
cook/butler bearer banker
‫بھکاری‬ ‫کتب فروش‬ ‫تھانیدار‬
bhakari kotab farosh thanidar
beggar book seller inchrage police sttion
‫موچی‬ ‫ٹھکیےدار‬ ‫رفوگر‬
mochi thaikay’dar rafu’gar
cobbler/boot maker contractor darner
‫بزاز‬ ‫دوافروش‬ ‫رنگریز‬
bazaz dawa farosh rang’raiz
draper druggist dyer
‫کسان‬ ‫سنار‬ ‫ملح‬
kisan sonaar malah
farmer goldsmith sailor
‫درزن‬ ‫استاد‬ ‫درزی‬
darzan ustaad darzi
seamstress teacher tailer-master
‫اتالیق‬ ‫جولہا‬ ‫مالی‬
ataleeq jolaha mali
tutor weaver gardner
‫ساءس‬ ‫پھیری وال‬ ‫مداری‬
saes phairi wala madari
groom hawker juggler
‫منصف‬ ‫وکیل‬ ‫مزدور‬
monsaf wakeel mazdoor
judge lawyer/pleader labourer
‫معمار‬ ‫مستری‬ ‫دائ‬
mamar mistari dae
mason mechanic midwife
‫ گوجر‬/‫گوال‬ ‫جیب تراش‬ ‫ہواباز‬
gowala/gojar jaieb’tarash hawa’baz
milk-man pick-pocket pilot
‫قلعی گر‬ ‫کمہار‬ ‫ڈاکیا‬
qlae’gar kamhaar dakiya
porter potter postman
‫ مصور‬/‫رنگ ساز‬ ‫پادری‬ ‫گورکن‬
rang’saz /mosawar padri gorkan
painter priest sexton
‫منشی‬ ‫نیلم کرنے وال‬ ‫حساب کی پڑتال کرنے وال‬
monshi nilaam karnay wala hisab ki patal karnay wala
accountat auctioneer auditor
‫جلدساز‬ ‫دکان دار‬ ‫لکڑہارا‬
jild’saaz dokan’dar lakar’hara
book’binder shop keeer wood’cutter
‫حلوائ‬ ‫سبزی فروش‬ ‫گھسیارا‬
halwae sabzi’farosh ghasyayara
confectioner green grocer grass cutter

‫میڈیکل سے متعلق اصطلحات‬


MEDICAL SAY MOTALAQ ESTALAHAAT/AMRAAZ
Medical terms and name of some diseases

‫سردرد‬ ‫دردکش‬ ‫ٹھنڈی دوا‬


sar dard dard Kush (dawa) thaindi dawa cool medicine
headach pain killer (Hamaray haan yah term
Hukama kay haan mustamal hai.
khasusan hamlah ortoon ki dwa
kay liay boltay hain.)
‫بلند گردش خون‬ boland gardash-e-khoon high blood pressure
‫بخار‬ ‫ہسپتال‬ ‫زخمی‬
bukhar fever haspatal hospital zakhmi injury
‫دوا‬ ‫حمل‬ ‫بیمار‬
dawa medicine hamal pregnancy bimar patient
‫بیماری‬ ‫دمہ‬ ‫ملیریا‬
bimari sickness Dama asthma Malairya malairia
‫گنٹھیا‬ ‫خسرہ‬ ‫فالج‬
ganthiya gout khasra measles falij paralysis
‫طاعون‬ ‫کوڑھ‬ ‫یرقان‬
ta’aon plague korh leprosy yarqaan aundice
‫بدہضمی‬ ‫اکڑن‬ ‫کھانسی‬
baad’hazmi indegestion akrun cramp khansi caugh
‫زکام‬ ‫خراش‬ ‫پھوڑا‬
zakaam bad cold/cold kharash bruise phora boil
‫سرطان‬ ‫ہیضہ‬ ‫پھنسی‬
kansar cancer haiza cholera phinsi pimple
‫بواسیر‬ ‫چیچک‬ ‫پیچش‬
bawaseer piles chichak smallpox paichash dysentery
‫سوزش‬ ‫قے‬ ‫زخم‬
sozash swelling qay vomit zakhm wound
‫نمونیا‬ ‫قبض‬ ‫سرسام‬
namoniya pneumonia qabz consstipation saraam sunstroke

‫سبزیات‬
SABZIYAAT
(Vegetables)

‫آلو‬ ‫ادرک‬ ‫بند گوبھی‬


Aalu potato Adrak Ginger Band gobhi Cabbage
‫بینگن‬ ‫بھنڈی‬ ‫پالک‬
Baigun Brinjal Bhindi Lady Palak Spinach
finger
‫پودینا‬ ‫پیٹھا‬ ‫پیاز‬
Podina Mint Paitha Gourd Pi’aaz Onion
‫ٹماٹر‬ ‫پھول گوبھی‬ ‫چقندر‬
Tamatar Tomato Phool gobhi Cauliflower Chakandar Beet root
‫دال‬ ‫لوبیا‬ ‫کھیرا‬
Daal Pulse Lobiya Bean Khira Cucumber
‫کدو‬ ‫گاجر‬ ‫لہسن‬
Kadu Pumpkin Gajar Carrot Lehsun Garlic
‫مولی‬ ‫مٹر‬ ‫میتھی‬
Moli Radish Matar Peas Maithi Fenu-greek

‫خوراک‬
KHORAK (Diet)
‫باورچی خانہ‬ ‫خوراک‬ ‫گوشت‬
Bawarchi’khana kitchen Khana/khorak food Gosht beef
‫ناشتہ‬ ‫کھانا‬ ‫ہلکی غذا‬
Nashtah breakfast Khana meal Halki ghiza light meal
‫مکھن‬ ‫انڈے‬ ‫سلد‬
paneer cheese Anday eggs Salaad salad
‫روٹی‬ ‫پھلیاں‬ ‫چاول‬
Roti bread Phalyaan noodles Chawal rice
‫سبز چاءے‬ ‫سیاہ چاءے‬ ‫رس‬
Sabz cha’ay green tea Siya cha’ay (omomi) bleck tea Ras juice
‫پانی‬ ‫شراب‬ ‫نمک‬
Pani Water Sharaab wine Namak salt
‫کالی مرچ‬ ‫سوڈا‬ ‫مقررہ قیمت کی خوراک‬
Kali mirch Soda (pepsi, shizan wagherah) Moqarrah qimat ka khana
black pipper Mashroob/sharbat fixed price meal
‫پسندیدہ کھانا‬ ‫مرغا‬ ‫مرغا‬
pasandidah khana Murgha Chicken Mashli
favorite food Fish
‫چاءے‬ ‫دودھ‬
Cha’ay Tea Doudh Milk

‫پھل‬
Phal
Fruit

‫آم‬ ‫آلوچہ‬ ‫اخروٹ‬


Aam mango Aalucha plum Akhroot walnut
‫رس بھری‬ ‫لوکاٹ‬ ‫بیر‬
Ras-bhari raspberry Lokaat loquat Baiar berry
‫ناریل‬ ‫لیموں‬ ‫سیب‬
Narial coconut Limoon lemen Saieb apple
‫سنگترا‬ ‫کیل‬ ‫انگور‬
Sangtara orange Kaila banana Angoor grapes
‫آلوبخارا‬ ‫بادام‬ Badaam ‫خوبانی‬ Khobani
Aalu bakhara aloe almond apricot
‫چکوترہ‬ ‫کجھوریں‬ ‫انجیر‬
Chakotra citron Khajurain dates Anjeer fig
‫امرود‬ ‫جامن‬ ‫لیچی‬
Amrood guava Jaman jaman Lechi lechi
‫شاہ دانہ‬ ‫شہتوت‬ ‫ناشپاتی‬
Shadana cherry Shehtoot mulberry Nashpati pear
‫آڑو‬ ‫انناس‬ ‫شکر قندی‬
Aaru peach Annanas pine-apple Shakarkanji sweet-potato
‫خربوزہ‬ ‫تربوز‬
Kharboza melon Tarbooz water-melon

‫مصالحے‬
Mmasalay
spices

‫سرخ مرچ‬ ‫لونگ‬ ‫دھنیا‬


Surkh mirch chilli Long clove Dhanyan coriander
‫زیرہ‬ ‫کشمش‬ ‫لہسن‬
Zira cumin Kishmish currant Lehsan garlic
‫ادرک‬ ‫رائ سرسوں‬ ‫پودینا‬
Adrak ginger Rae-sarsoon mustard Podina mint
‫جرءفل‬ ‫پیاز‬ ‫زیتون‬
Jaefal nutmeg Piyaz onion Zaitoon olive
‫کالی مرچ‬ ‫پستہ‬ ‫زعفران‬
Kaili mirch pepper Pista pistachio Zafran saffron
‫املی‬ ‫ہلدی‬ ‫سرکا‬
Imli tamarind Haldi turmeric Sirka vingar
‫سونف‬ ‫الچی‬ ‫خشخاش‬
Soonaf anise-aniseed Ilachi cardamon Khaskhash poppyseed

‫دولفظی جملہ‬
Doo lafzi jumla
Two words sentence

‫ایک لڑکا‬ ‫کالی بلی‬ ‫میرابیٹا‬


eak larka one boy kaki billi black cat maira baita my son
‫میری بیٹی‬ ‫نیلآسمان‬ ‫سبز ٹوپی‬
mairi baiti my daughter nila aasman blue sky sabz topi green topi
‫لمبا آدمی‬ ‫سچاوعدہ‬ ‫گورا ہاؤس‬
lanba aadmi tall man sacha wada true promise gora house white house
‫سارازمانہ‬ ‫سفید کاغذ‬ ‫میٹھا پانی‬
sara zamana the whole world Sofaid kaghaz white paper Mitha pani sweat water
‫گھریلو عورت‬ ‫سرخ لباس‬ ‫بہترین دوست‬
gharailu orat house wife Surakh libas red dress Behtarein dost bet friend

‫تین لفظی جملی‬


Teen lafzi jumla
Three words sentence

‫رات کی تاریکی‬ ‫اس کی بکری‬ ‫شادی کا دن‬


raat ki tariki os ki bakri shadi ka din
darkness of night his sheep marriage day/ the day of
marriage
‫انگریزی کی کتب‬ ‫دودھ کا گلس‬ ‫شبنم کاقطرہ‬
angraizi ki kitab doudh ka glass shabnum ka qatra
An english book (a) glass of milk a dew drop
‫دودھ اورپانی‬ ‫زندگی اورموت‬ ‫پانی دے دو‬
doudh aur pani zindgi aur mout pani day doo
milk and water life and death serve water/fetch/ water/give
water
‫آدمی کابچہ‬ ‫کچرےکی ٹوکری‬ ‫دس کا نوٹ‬
aadmi ka bacha Kachray ki tokri Das ka note
man’s kid dustbin a note of ten rupes
‫اسلم کی امی‬ ‫ٹوٹاہوا جگ‬ ‫اللہ کا نبی‬
aslam ki ammi Tota howa jug Allah ka nabi
aslam’s mother broken jug profet of Allah
‫ارحا کی مانو‬ ‫سبزی کی دکان‬ ‫اقبال کی بیوی‬
irha ki billi/mano Sabzi ki dokan Iqbal ki bivi
irha’s cat vegetablt’s shop wife of Iqbal