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COUSELING PSYCHOLOGY NOTES NO.

“THERE ARE SUFFERING PEOPLE ALL OVER THE - A service provided by the school to
WORLD… THEY HAVE BROKEN BODIES, BROKEN assist young people in making
MINDS, BROKEN SPIRITS… THEIR WORLD IS DARK intelligent choices and adjustments
AND THEY EXIST IN GLOOM AND DESPAIR. THEY so that they can develop their
GROPE IN THE DARK FOR HELP… THEY ARE IGNORED
AND UNWANTED’’
potentials as individuals as a
contributing members of society.
- Central or Foundation part of
COUNSELING PSYCHOLOGY guidance services is Counseling
 Applied science in psychology - Guidance is Education. Education is
 It is a Science and an art with four Guidance. As a process of change
fundamental charateristics: both is a way for realizing optimum
- Honesty: Uprightness of conduct in human growth and development of
general all learners.
- Parsimony: Wise, sparing and - FOCUS: Guidance and counseling is
prudent NOT SOLVING PROBLEMS FOR
- Duality: Counselor and client INDIVIDUALS but helping
together in intimate system individuals to solve his problems.
interactions.
- Insight: Intellectual discernment,  PSYCHOTHERAPY:
perceptive skills - “A problem that is shared is a
 Focuses on the basic theories of problem in half”
counseling, techniques and application - Applied when there are personality
in Educational, Clinical and Community maladjustments or mental disorder
settings. that is psychogenic in origin
 Emphasizes theories on Cognitive, - Procedure designed to alleviate
affective, and behavioral in counseling behavioral disorders through
that studies problems of adjustments to psychological means:
challenges that everyone face in life. -- COUSELING
 Skills in counseling within the ethical -- EVIDENCE BASED TREATMENT
framework are expected from the -- PSYCHOANALYSIS
counselor and psychotherapist
 The counseling process is characterized CENTRAL AXIOM OF
as: COUNSELING/PSYCHOTHERAPY IS
- Educative CHANGE
- Developmental
- Preventive

 COUNSELING:
- A professional relationship
WESTERN COUNSELING: Premises on personal
growth; Individual and Self exploration; Individualistic
established voluntarily by an
FILIPINO COUNSELING: Premises on family and social
individual who feels the need of
obligations, collectivist.
psychological help with a person
trained to provide that help
- Counseling is a personal ministry
and a service of reaching, caring
and concerned with the dev’l of
talents, potentials and healing
human hurts.
 GUIDANCE: