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Index / 429

Essence of Commentaries, 108, 127, holy days: Buddhist, 45, 258. See also
162, 173 Great Prayer festival
House of the Protectors, 300, 302
Halbertal, Moshe, 99 –100, 116, 193, house teachers, 50, 59
397n23 humanism, scholarly literature on de-
Halbertal, Tova, 116, 193 bate, 197, 198, 200
hardships, monastic, 41, 56, 64 – 66, humility, 263
74, 161, 172, 234 –35
Haribhadra, 108, 179 – 80, 271–72 India, 1–2; Atisha from, 21; “golden
Hartman, Geoffrey, 191 age,” 100; government monastic
Heart Sutra, 46, 89, 248 – 49 support, 52; premodern Tibetan
hermeneutics, 79; Buddhist, 164, students in, 18, 103; Sanskrit lan-
189 –94, 273 –74; of commentar- guage, 18, 102 –3, 107, 138, 170,
ies, 149, 183 –94; defined, 190; 309; Tibetan schools and, 23 –24;
explanation/understanding and, Vārānasi (Banaras), 1–2, 328. See
99, 108, 160 – 63, 268 – 69, 369 – also Dharamsala; Indian Buddhism;
70n25; Madhyamaka, 190 –91, monasticism in exile/in Tibet
193, 238 – 46, 282 – 85, 332 –33; Indian Buddhism, 18, 23 –24, 25; cur-
reconstructive questioning, 269; riculum, 100 –110, 138 –39, 165;
of suspicion, 269 –70, 324, 391n7; debate, 203 –13, 216; definition in,
Yogācāra, 190 –93, 238. See 308 –9; differences within, 238;
also commentaries; debate; gods, 298; logic, 103, 199, 204 –11,
interpretation 236; and Madhyamaka, 282 – 83;
hermitages, 167, 181, 346n40, 374n34 monastic separation, 33; Muslim in-
hermits, 12 –13, 164, 181, 337n19; vasion and, 25, 103; scholastic cen-
hardships, 66; meditation, 12, 71– ters, 5– 6, 102 –3; transmission to
72, 113, 167, 168, 330, 346n40. See Tibet, 18, 22, 109 –10. See also In-
also yogis dian “translated treatises”
heuristic procedures, 13, 79, 108. See Indian “translated treatises,” 25–27,
also literacy; memorization 126, 138, 174, 363n41; commen-
Hevajra Tantra, 23, 132 taries, 106 – 8, 116 –17, 147, 192,
Higher Institute of Tibetan Studies, 229, 357n24; in curriculum, 100,
Sarnath, 2, 35, 328 106 –10, 129 –30, 229; debate terms,
high scholasticism, 27 –29, 142 – 46, 205; definitions and, 310, 311; “di-
167 visions,” 138; language of, 157 –58;
Hinayana, 25, 340n21; curriculum, memorization of, 91, 93; Nyi-ma’s
133; rituals, 45, 47; sutras, 18, 21, preference for, 128, 278; orthodoxy
25; tantras, 22, 25 in approaching, 323; translation pe-
Hinduism, 107, 206, 212, 247 riods, 138; word and meaning com-
Histories of Buddhism, traditional, mentaries, 184. See also Hinayana;
155 Mahayana; Vinaya
History of Buddhism (Bu-dön), individualism, 34, 42, 153
184 – 85 inference, 236 –37, 266
history, of Tibetan Buddhism, 17 –31 inquiry: debate as, 200, 229, 232 –33,
Holder of the Throne of Ga-den, 26, 267 –91, 306 –24, 325; limits of,
341n32 270 –73, 279 – 80, 295, 306 –26, 333;