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POLICÍA NACIONAL DEL PERÚ

DIRECCIÓN EJECUTIVA DE EDUCACIÓN Y


DOCTRINA

ESCUELA TÉCNICO SUPERIOR PNP


MAZAMARI
DIVISIÓN ACADÉMICA

SÍLABO DE LA ASIGNATURA

IDIOMA INGLES

2018
ESCUELA TÉCNICO SUPERIOR PNP
------------------------

SILABO
IDIOMA INGLÉS
(PROCESO REGULAR)

I. DATOS GENERALES
EJE CURRICULAR : FORMACIÓN GENERAL
ÁREA EDUCATIVA : FORMACIÓN BÁSICA
AREA COGNITIVA : IDIOMA INGLES

II. SUMILLA

La Asignatura corresponde al Currículo de Estudios de la Escuela Técnico


Superior de la Policía Nacional del Perú y es de carácter teórico – práctico; sus
contenidos brindan aspectos que el alumno debe conocer sobre la gramática del
idioma ingles en la etapa de presente, presente continuo y aspectos básicos del
pasado, con el conocimiento del vocabulario necesario.

Síntesis de contenidos expresados en tres unidades didácticas:

UNIDAD I: PRESENT SIMPLE


UNIDAD II: PRESENT SIMPLE & PRESENT CONTINUOUS
UNIDAD III: PRESENT CONTINUOUS & PAST SIMPLE

III. COMPETENCIA

• Expresión y comprensión oral


• Comprensión de textos
• Producción de textos

3.1. CAPACIDADES
Las capacidades a desarrollar en la competencia de Expresión y comprensión oral son
las siguientes:

• Identificar información de los textos que escucha en ingles


• Inferir información del texto
• Expresar oralmente diversos tipos de textos en ingles
• Reflexionar sobre el uso oral de la lengua extranjera
• Interactúa con otras personas para intercambiar información en ingles

Las capacidades a desarrollar en la competencia Comprensión de textos son las


siguientes:

• Identifica información en diversos tipos de textos escritos en ingles


• Identifica información implícita y explicita en textos escritos en ingles
• Interpreta diversos tipos de textos escritos en ingles
• Evalúa textos escritos en ingles

Las capacidades a desarrollar en la competencia Producción de textos son las


siguientes:

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• Adecua información según la situación comunicativa para elaborar diversos
tipos de textos en ingles
• Escribe diversos tipos de textos en ingles con coherencia y cohesión
• Reflexiona sobre el uso adecuado de las funciones comunicativas, estructuras
gramaticales y vocabulario con la finalidad de mejorar su texto escrito.

3.2. ACTITUDES

• Integridad (Ética).
• Compromiso
• Trabajo en equipo

IV. PROGRAMACIÓN DE CONTENIDOS

UNIDAD I

SEMANAS SESIÓN CONCEPTUAL PROCEDIMENTAL

Nice to meet you ✓ Speaking & Pronunciation:


Introducing yourself,
 VERB TO BE ✓ Reading & Writing: About
PRIMERA SEMANA
 INDEFINITE ARTICLE people’s real name
GETTING TO  ADJECTIVE –NOUN ✓ Listening: names
KNOW  SUBJECT PRONOUN ✓ Communication:
(4 ABRIL –  VOCABULARY Completing forms with
4 MAYO) 2018 personal information
 BASIC
(3 HORAS) INTRODUCCION
 WHAT IS YOUR NAME
 WHAT’S YOUR NAME?
 MY NAME IS_______?
✓ Speaking & Pronunciation:
KNOWING THE WORLD’S contractions with be
COUNTRY ✓ Reading & Writing: Making
SEGUNDA  QUESTIONS WORDS sentences
SESIÓN WHERE AND WHO ✓ Communication: Asking and
 THE TIME answering questions with your
classmate What's your nationality?
 VOCBULARI
Which city are you from?
 COUNTRIES AN Are you a peruvian,german?
NATIONALITIES How old are you?
 NUMBERS AND DAYS What's season are we?
OF THE WEEK
 MONTH AND SEASONS

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✓ Speaking & Pronunciation:
SEGUNDA indicative ,placement
SEMANA PRIMERA  THESE far/near
SESIÓN /THOSE/THAT/THIS ✓ Reading & W riting:
Description of a place
POLICE ✓ Listening: identifying things
ITEMS ✓ Communication: Asking and
answering questions about
places of products

✓ Speaking & Pronunciation:


 PLURAL SUBJECT We,they,you
SEGUNDA PRONOUNS AND ✓ Reading & Writing:
SESIÓN POSSESSIVE using possessive
ADJECTIVES adjectives
✓ Listening: places and
 VOCABULARY
adjectives
:PERSONAL ITEMS
✓ Communication:roll play

✓ Speaking &
TERCERA  PREPOSITION OF TIME Pronunciation:space
SEMANA PRIMERA AND PLACE IN- ON- AT placement
SESIÓN  FREE TIME ACTIVITIES ✓ Reading & Writing:hobbies
INTERESTING ✓ Listening: audios about free
PRODUCTS time activities
✓ Communicatio: roll-play ,talking
about free time activities

SEGUNDA ✓ Speaking & Pronunciation:


SESION  QUESTION WORD :HOW Complete the conversations
DO YOU SPELL..? ✓ Reading & Writing: Match
 WHEN….? the words and pictures
 VOCABULARY THE ✓ Listening: Items and opinions
ALPHABET ,DRINKS ✓ Order the letters. What are the
drinks?

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 HABITS AND POLICE ✓ Speaking & pronunciation:
CUARTA SEMANA ROUTINE Asking how someone is
PRIMERA  SIMPLE PRESENT ✓ Reading & writing: Student
ACTIVITIES AND SESIÓN interview
:I,YOU ,WE,THEY
INTERESTS ✓ Listening: W hat people are
doing
✓ Communication: Comparing
actions in two differents
pictures
 USE THE SIMPLE ✓ Speaking & pronunciation:
SEGUNDA PRESENT TO TALK Question intonation
SESIÓN ABOUT THE ✓ Reading & writing:
PERIODS OF FACT Interviewing and writing about
HABBIT AND a partner
SCHEDULES. ✓ Listening: Class Schedules
✓ Communication: Talking
about on-going activities
 FOOD AND COMMON ✓ Speaking & pronunciation:
QUINTA VERBS Talking about likes and
SEMANA  VOCABULARY EVERY dislikes
FOOD PRIMERA DAY ACTIVITIES ✓ Reading & writing:
(9 MAYO – SESIÓN international food festivals
9JUNIO,2018) ✓ Listening: Foods, drinks and
desserts
✓ Communication: Creating and
seating chart for guests
according to personal
information

SEGUNDA  TO KNOW THE VERBS ✓ Speaking & pronunciation:


SESIÓN /REGULAR AND And
IRREGULAR ✓ Reading & writing: writing
about a favorite food
✓ Listening: Description of food
✓ Communication: Taking and
giving a health survey
 ORDINARY PEOPLE ✓ Speaking & pronunciation:
SEXTA SEMANA  THE SIMPLE PRESENT Asking and answers about
:HE SHE IT WITH family
PRIMERA REGULAR AN ✓ Reading & writing: Family
SESIÓN IRREGULAR descriptions
✓ Listening: Names and
relationships
✓ Communication:
Drawing a family tree
 QUESTIONS ✓ Speaking & pronunciation:
AND SHORT Linking with ‘s
SEGUNDA ANSWERS ✓ Reading & writing: writing a
SESIÓN  VOCBULAR letter about your family
Y EVERY ✓ Listening: Personal details
DAY ✓ Communication: Giving
ACTIVITIES. information about famous
people

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✓ Speaking & pronunciation:
SÉTIMA  I ALWAYS LEAVE Suggestions with Let’s
SEMANA PRIMERA POLICE STATION ✓ Reading & writing: Reading
SESIÓN VERY LATE about weekend activitites
✓ Listening: For time
 ADVERBS OF
✓ Communication:
FREQUENCY
Talking about TV
 QUESTION WORDS shows
 VOCABULARY ✓ Speaking & pronunciation:
;:BEFORE AFTER AND Pronouncing numbers
SEGUNDA MORE WITH VERBS ✓ Reading & writing: W riting
SESIÓN about weekend activities
✓ Listening: For weekend
plans
✓ Communication:
Interviewing classmates
about weekend activities

OCTAVA
SEMANA PRIMERA REVIEW WEEK 1 – 4
SESIÓN Speaking & Pronunciation / Reading and writing / Listening /
Communication

REVIEW WEEK 5 - 7
SEGUNDA Speaking & Pronunciation / Reading and writing / Listening /
SESIÓN Communication

EXAMEN PARCIAL I

ACTITUDINAL: Desarrollar la habilidad para expresarse y comunicarse oralmente.

UNIDAD II
SEMANAS SESIÓN CONCEPTUAL PROCEDIMENTAL
IS THIS YOUR FAMILY ✓ Speaking & pronunciation:
NOVENA MEMBER? Saying you don’t know
SEMANA PRIMERA  POSSESSSIVES ✓ Reading & writing:
SESIÓN  SHOWING Comparison of two similar
POSSESSIVES WITH´S holidays
EXPRESION AND ✓ Listening: For event dates
COMPRENSION and activities
ORAL OF BASIC Communication:
INFORMATIONS Talking about special
(14 DE JUNIO- expressions, occasions
14 DE JULIO) and activitites
(03 horas) ✓ Speaking & pronunciation: Th
 FAMILY MEMBERS and t
SEGUNDA AND RELATION SHIPS ✓ Reading & writing:
SESIÓN Description of an interesting
 VOCABULARY
holiday
EVERY DAY
✓ Listening: To descriptions of
ACTIVITIES holidays
Communication: Making
plans for special events
COMON PERSONS EVERY DAY ✓ Speaking & pronunciation:
DÉCIMA  ACTIVITIES Asking how someone is
SEMANA
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DÉCIMA SEMANA ✓ Reading & writing: Reading
PRIMERA IS THIS YOUR FAMILY student’s opinions about paying
PERSON TO SESIÓN MENBERS? on dates
PERSON  POSSESSIVE ✓ Listening: For schedule
information
✓ Communication: Role-
playing roommate interviews

 SHOWING ✓ Speaking & pronunciation:


POSSESSIVES Sentence stress
SEGUNDA ✓ Reading & writing: W riting
SESIÓN
WITH´S. about dating customs
 FAMILY ✓ Listening: Conversation
MEMBERS AND about dating
RELATIONSHIP Communication: Finding
similarities in classmates
prefrences

COMMON PERSONS EVERY n


✓ Speaking & pronunciation:
DAY ACTIVITIES. Showing surprise
 THE PRESENT ✓ Reading & writing: Readi
PRIMERA CONTINUOS. about an exchange stundet
SESIÓN  VERBS + ING host family
 QUESTIONS AND ✓ Listening: For apartments
ANSWERS details
Communication: Describing the
location of objects in a room

✓ Speaking & pronunciation:


 QUESTIONS AND Rising intonation to show
SEGUNDA ANSWERS. surprise
SESIÓN  VOCABULARY ✓ Reading & writing: W riting
COMMONACTIVITIES description of a home
SCHOOL SUBJECTS ✓ Listening: for housing
problems details
Communication: Finding an
apartment and roommate

✓ Speaking & pronunciation:


DÉCIMA PRIMERA HOW OFTEN DO YOU USE Asking for and giving prices
SEGUNDA SESIÓN YOUR GREEN UNIFORM? ✓ Reading & writing: Reading
SEMANA an advice column
 TELL HOW OFTEN ✓ Listening: for descriptions
CLOTHING SOMETHING and opinions
HAPPENS Communication:
 USE HOW OFTEN Buying, selling and
bargaining for things

 GENERAL ✓ Speaking & pronunciation:


VOCABULARY Vowel sounds
 EVERY WEEK ✓ Reading & writing: W riting
SEGUNDA ONCE ,TWICE A personal description
SESIÓN MONTH ✓ Listening: for prices and sale
details
Communication: Asking and
Answering questions for a
trivial game

DÉCIMO CONCEPTU REVIEW WEEK 9 - 12


TERCERA AL Speaking & Pronunciation / Reading and writing / Listening /
Communication
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(02horas) PROCEDIME
NTAL
EXAMEN PARCIAL II

ACTITUDINAL: Desarrolla la capacidad para interpretar textos

III UNIDAD
SEMANA SESIÓN CONCEPTUAL PROCEDIMENTAL
 WHAT DO YOU ✓ Speaking & pronunciation:
THINK ABOUT Asking about jobs
✓ Reading & writing: Reading
ROCK MUSIC?
resume and finding a job
PRIMERA  OBJECTS ✓ Listening: for job
SESIÓN PRONOUNS descriptions
✓ Communication: Exchaging
DÉCIMO business cards and
CUARTA personal information
SEMANA  VOCABULARY: ✓ Speaking & pronunciation:
MUSIC AND Reduced what do you and
MOVIES what does
 ADJECTIVES ✓ Reading & writing: W riting
OF OPINION about personal details
SEGUNDA
SESIÓN ✓ Listening: for job details
✓ Communication:
Interviewing a partner about
job skills to find and
appropriate job

DÉCI MO PRIMERA
QUINTA SESIÓN ENTREGA Y SUSTENTACIÓN DE TRABAJOS APLICATIVOS
SEMANA

SEGUNDA
SESIÓN ENTREGA Y SUSTENTACIÓN DE TRABAJOS APLICATIVOS
✓ Speaking & pronunciation:
 PART OF DAY Asking and answer about
DÉCIMO  DAYS OF THE past tense to be
WEEK ✓ Reading & writing: Reading
SEXTA SEMANA
PRIMERA  SEASONS articles and complete
sentences.
CELEBR SESIÓN 
✓ Listening: recognize
ATING difference between was-
POLICE’ were.
DAY ✓ Communication: take turns
asking and answering wh-
questions in pairs.

✓ Speaking & pronunciation:


Short dialogs using real
information.
 VOCABULARY ✓ Reading & writing: Reading
 MONTHS articles and complete
 DATES sentences. Then write a
paragraph following the
SEGUNDA  ORDINAL
example.
SESIÓN NUMBERS AND ✓ Listening: recognize
FSTIVALS difference between was-
were. W hat, W ho, W here-
Why- W hen.
✓ Communication: take turns
asking and answering wh-
questions in pairs.
Useful expressions

FUTURE POLICE ✓ Speaking & pronunciation


Asking and answer about
• GOING TO /WILL past tense to be
PRIMERA Vocabulary: List of verbs ✓ Reading & writing
SEMANA Reading articles and
• Affirmative and Negative complete sentences.
form. ✓ Listening: recognize
difference between was-
• Yes/No questions were.
DÉCIMO SÉTIMA ✓ Communication: take turns
SEMANA asking and answering
Yes/No questions

✓ Speaking & pronunciation:


Asking and answer about
simple past.
✓ Identify the difference in
writing-endig –ed
• W h-questions Reading & writing:
SEGUNDA • Reading comprenhension Complete a story with the
SEMANA simple past tense form.
• Vocabulary
✓ Listening: recognize
• Grammar difference in pronunciation
• Consolidation -ed
✓ Communication: read
about three different
stories of people. Choose
the best story for you an
explain why.

DÉCIMO
OCTAVA REVIEW WEEK 14-17
SEMANA

17 JUL AL 21
JUL 2018 EVALUACIÓN FINAL
UNIACA
(03 horas)

ACTITUDINAL: Desarrolla la capacidad para producir textos

6. PROCEDIMIENTOS DIDÁCTICOS

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A. Las técnicas de enseñanza se orientarán a la interacción permanente
docente – educando, enmarcadas en la cultura participativa, y el trabajo
en equipo.
B. Se promoverá la investigación permanente y la exposición de los
conocimientos adquiridos.
C. El desarrollo de los contenidos curriculares serán eminentemente
objetivos mediante el empleo de Mapas Conceptuales.

7. EQUIPOS Y MATERIALES

El docente para el desarrollo de la asignatura empleará los siguientes equipos y


materiales:

A. EQUIPOS
Retroproyector, video grabadora, computador, proyector multimedia.

B. MATERIALES
Proveerá separatas a los educandos, así como empleará transparencias
o videos para reforzar las técnicas de enseñanza.

8. EVALUACIÓN

La asistencia a las sesiones teóricas es obligatoria en el 70% y a los Talleres en


el 90%, en caso contrario de no existir justificación alguna por la Subdirección
Académica de la ESO PNP, el Alumno (a) desaprobará la asignatura.

El proceso de evaluación del aprendizaje será permanente, comprenderá:

A. Evaluación Formativa Interactiva, en relación a la participación activa del


Alumno (a) en el aula. El promedio de las intervenciones orales constituirá
Nota de Paso Oral.
B. Evaluación Formativa o de Proceso para comprobar el rendimiento
académico, pronosticar posibilidades de desarrollo y reorientar la
metodología, compromete la aplicación de:
1. Talleres.
2. Exposiciones.
3. Dos exámenes escritos parciales (8ª y 13ª semana), enmarcados en
los modelos de la Prueba Objetiva, pudiendo, además, contener
preguntas tipo desarrollo y situación problema, en las que prime el
empleo de la capacidad reflexiva, la correlación de criterios, el análisis
y el pensamiento lógico.
4. Un trabajo de investigación monográfica que se valorará en su forma
y contenido.

C. Evaluación Sumativa orientada a comprobar el nivel de desarrollo


cognoscitivo, reflexivo y del pensamiento lógico, para lo cual se aplicará un
examen final (17ª semana), de similar característica empleada en los
exámenes parciales.

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D. El Promedio General se calculará en concordancia con las disposiciones establecidas
en el Manual de Régimen de Educación de las Escuelas de Formación de la PNP,
conforme se detalla a continuación:

Promedio General:

PG = PEP (3) + PO (1) + TA (2) +EF (4)


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9. BIBLIOGRAFÍA BÁSICA:

1. World Link Developing English Fluency Intro, Susan Stempleski, Thomson 2012

2. Speakout Elementary, Antonia Clare, Pearson Education 2012

3. English Vocabulary in Use Elementary, Michael McCarthy, Cambridge University,


2000

4. The Practice of English Language Teaching, Jeremy Harmer, Longman 2001

5. About Language, Scott Thornbury, Cambridge University, Marion Williams 1997

6. Grammar for English language teachers, Martin Parrot, Cambridge University 2000

7. Dictionary of Contemporary Englsih, Longman, 2003

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PRIMERA SEMANA

GREETINGS AND INTRODUCTION

PRIMERA SESIÓN
GETTING TO KNOW YOU

CONCEPTUAL
 Subject pronouns and possessive adjectives with be
 Vocabulary: Basic Introductions
 What’s your name? My name is…
PROCEDIMENTAL
 Speaking & Pronunciation: Introducing yourself,
 Reading & Writing: About people’s real name
 Listening: names
 Communication: Completing forms with personal information

1. GREETINGS:

1. Listen and practice. (Mr., Mrs., Miss, and Ms. are formal.)

1. Saying hello
GOOD
Hi. HELLO, MRS.
Hello.
Good morning. MORNING,
RIVERA
Good afternoon.
Good evening. MR. SATO

2. Saying good-bye
Bye.
Bye-bye.
Good-bye.
Have a nice day.
See you tomorrow.
Good night.

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THE PERSONAL PRONOUNS
1.-Look at the pictures and write the correct personal pronoun:

____________ ____________

____________ ____________

__________ ____________

2.- Match the sentence with the pronoun that it corresponds to:

 Mario Vargas Llosa SHE


 “Motita”is beautiful WE
 Talía is my favourite singer IT
 Peter and I are brothers THEY
 Las Nazarenas is a church IT
 The pear is green SHE
 Tom,Tany,Raúl and José are doctors WE
 Lima is a big city HE
 My mother is very intelligent IT
 My dog and I are happy IT

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THE VERB “TO BE” (SER /ESTAR)

AM I
HE
SHE IT
IS

ARE
1. Complete the sentences with AM – IS – ARE:
a) This ………… an English class.
b) They ………… brother and sister.
c) We ………… in the second grade.
d) My family …………from Peru
e) “Pitagoras” schools ………… in Lima.
f) My father and I …………good friends.
g) The Earth …………a planet.
h) The Moon …………a satellite.
i) The pear and the banana ………… my favourite fruits.
j) I ………… a peruvian high school student.
k) This ………… an English class.
l) We ………… in the second grade.
m) My father and my mother ………… peruvian.
n) I …………an excellent painter.
o) The Earth …………not a satellite. It’s a planet.

2. Look and practice:

I am Susan You are Paul This is Tom

She is They are John We are


Amanda and Julian Katty and Jane.

CONVERSATION
Listen and practice.
Jennifer: Hello. My name is Jennifer Wan.
Michael: Hi. I'm Michael Lynch.
Jennifer: Nice to meet you, Michael.
Michael: Nice to meet you, too, Jennifer.
I'm sorry, what's your last name?
Is it Wong?
Jennifer: No, Wan. W-A-N. And how do you
spell Lynch?
Michael: L-Y-N-C-H.

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POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVE

What questions
What´s your Name ?
Phone number?

Possessive adjectives
My Rosa.
Your Tom.
His Name is David.
Her Maria.

2. Grammar focus

a. Study the questions and answers in the box.

am ´m
is ´s
are ´re
What's your name?
What's his name?
What's her name?
What are your names?
Affirmative answers
I'm Jenny
He's Tony.
She's Gina.
We're Ben and Mark.
my, your, his, her
What's your name? My name is Jennifer.
What's his name? His name is Michael. What´s = What is
What's her name? Her name is Nicole.

GROUP WORK:
Learn the names of your classmates.
A: My name is Juan.
B: His name is Juan. I'm Su Hee.
C: His name is Juan. Her name is Su Hee.I'm Keiko.

They're Bill and Naoki.


My name's Jenny
His name's Tony
Her name's Gina.
Our names are Ben and Mark.
Their names are Bill and Naoki.

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Complete the questions and answers.
a. What's your name? _____________ name’s Billy.
b. What's _________name? His name's Tom.
c. What are your names? __________ names are Anna and Kate.
d. What are their names? __________ names are Greg and Alicia.

b. Ask a few of your classmates their first names and last names. Make a list. Then ask about other
students in the class.

First name Last name

1. Grace 2. Wong

c. Listen again, and complete the conversations with the words from the box.
Conversation 1
Tony :Hello. What's _________ name?
Jenny: My ____________ Jenny.
Tony : ______________ Tony. is your I´m Our
Jenny :Nice to meet you, Tony. name´s his name´s
Conversation 2 name your
Bill :What´s __________ name?
Maria :His _________ Tony.
Bill :And what's her ___________ ?
Maria :Her name __________ Jenny.

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1. Write a possessive noun to complete each phrase:

 The glasses of my grandmother _______________________________________


 The helmet of the soldier
_______________________________________
 The streets of the city _______________________________________
 The principal of the school
_______________________________________
 The rays of the sun
_______________________________________
 The news of the year ______________________________________
 The toys of the child ______________________________________
 The troops of the commander _______________________________________
 The purse of her mother
_______________________________________
 The oceans of Earth _______________________________________
 The scarf of Manuel _______________________________________
 The desk of the teacher _______________________________________
 The backpack of Emiko _______________________________________
 The roof of the building _______________________________________
 The trip of our friend _______________________________________
 The cage of the birds _______________________________________
 The dolls of the girls ______________________________________
 The wheels of the car ______________________________________
 The school of the children ______________________________________
 The ball of the players ______________________________________

2. Complete the sentences:use his,her,its or their:


This is Mary.This is__________husband._________name is Jim.
They live close to_________daughter,Molly.Molly is an only child.
She’s married.__________husband is Bill.
Molly and Bill have two children.___________names are
David and Ann.The children have a cat.________name is Lady.

SEGUNDA SESIÓN
PEOPLE WE LIKE

CONCEPTUAL
 Yes/No questions and short answers with be
 Vocabulary: Classmate, friend, family, boy/girlfriend, various professions
PROCEDIMENTAL
 Reading & Writing: Making a web page
 Listening: nicknames
 Communication: Asking and answering questions about favorites

YES / NO QUESTION SHORT ANSWER

Am I a good student? Yes, you are.


Are you from Paris? No, I´m not.
Is he absent? No, he isn´t.
Is she happy ? Yes, she is.
Is it windy ? Yes, it is.
Are we late ? No, you aren´t.

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Are they from Mexico. Yes, they are.
LANGUAGE NOTES:
1. To ask a yes / no question with the verb be, put a form of be before the subject.
2. We don´t use a contraction for a short yes answer:
Yes, it is. | not: Yes, it ´s.|
3. We usually use a contraction for a short no answer.
No, it isn´t. or No, it´s not.
1. Change the following sentences to questions. Keep the subject:

Example: He is a student. Is he a student ? _______________________

a) She is a teacher. __________________________________________________


b) Dean is in Africa. ________________________________________________
c) We are sad today. ________________________________________________
d) They are in business. ______________________________________________
e) It is foggy right now. _______________________________________________
f) I am an artist.____________________________________________________
g) You are a good friend. ______________________________________________
h) He is honest and kind ______________________________________________
i) Mrs. Williams is pleased. ____________________________________________
j) Mr. Hart is at home. _______________________________________________
k) We are in an expensive restaurant. ____________________________________
l) It is almost dinnertime. ______________________________________________
m) You are excited to be here. __________________________________________
n) I am alone today. __________________________________________________
o) they are hungry. ___________________________________________________

2. Write questions with the words given. Then write a short answer:

Example: children / quiet Are children quiet? Not, they aren´t.

a) diamonds / cheap ___________________________________________


___________________________________________
b) ice cream / healthy ___________________________________________
___________________________________________
c) cats / good pets ___________________________________________
___________________________________________
d) English / interesting ___________________________________________
___________________________________________
e) cars / necessary ___________________________________________
___________________________________________
f) food / free ___________________________________________
___________________________________________
g) computers / useful ___________________________________________
___________________________________________
h) pencils / expensive ___________________________________________
___________________________________________

3. Answer the following questions. Give the correct answer if you write no.

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Example: Are you a teacher ? No,I´m not. I´m a student.

a) Are you a student? _______________________________________________


b) Are you from the United States ? ____________________________________
c) Are you married ? ________________________________________________
d) Is English hard for you? ___________________________________________
e) Are you tired ? __________________________________________________
f) Are you hungry ? ________________________________________________
g) Is your family big? _______________________________________________
h) Is it cold today ? _________________________________________________

SEGUNDA SEMANA

COUNTRIES AND NATIONALITIES

PRIMERA SESIÓN
COUNTRIES OF THE WORLD

CONCEPTUAL
 Communication: Asking and Questions words where and who
 Vocabulary: Countries and nationalities

PROCEDIMENTAL
 Speaking & Pronunciation: Asking where someone is from
 Reading & Writing: Description of a place
 Listening: countries, cities
 Communication: Asking and answering questions about places

COUNTRY AND NATIONALITIES

1. Country
Nationality

They're from Korea. They're Korean


She's from Mexico. She's Mexican

1. Listen and practice. Notice the stressed syllables:

America American Spain Spanish


Mexico Mexican Sweden Swedish
Korea Korean Ireland Irish
Canada Canadian China Chinese
Hungary Hungarian Portugal Portuguese

18
Brazil Brazilian Japan Japanese

2. Listen and underline the stressed syllables.


Then practice the words:

Colombia Colombian India Indian


Egypt Egyptian Cambodia Cambodian
England English Turkey Turkish
Italy Italian Venezuela Venezuelan
Poland Polish Vietnam Vietnamese
Lebanon Lebanese Peru Peruvian

3. Pair work Complete the dialogues with the correct country


or nationality. Then practice them:

A: I'm from ...........................


B: Oh, so you're Hungarian.

A: Is Mr. Lee from Korea?


B: No, he's ............................
He's from China.

A: Your newspaper is in Spanish.


B: Yes, it's a ..........................
newspaper. I'm from Mexico.

A: We're from Peru.


B: Oh, so you're ..........................
A: That's right.

4. Class activity:Guess the country for each nationality:

Country Nationality Country Nationality


...................... Nepalese ………………... Cuban
...................... Bolivian ......................... Sudanese
...................... Panamanian ………………… New Zealander
...................... Indonesian ………………… French …………………

GRAMMAR FOCUS

a. Study the questions and answers LOOK ¡


in the box.
Is the computer game under the bed?
Are the keys on the dresser?
1. No, they aren´t. They´re on the table.
W
h
Questions eAnswers
Where's the baseball? rIt´s in your backpack.
Where's the notebook? eIt´s under the chair
Where are your books? ’They're on the table.
Where are the pens? sThey're on the teacher's desk
=
W
h
e
r
e
i
s
19
b.Look at the pictures. Complete the conversations and then practice them.

1. A: Where _____________ the keys?


B: They're _________ the dresser.

2. A: Where _________ the game console?


B: lt's _________ the table.

3. A: Where _________ the pencils?


B: They're ________ the backpack.
Get it together

Student A, look at the picture on page 21. Student B,


look at the picture below. Talk about where things are
in your pictures.Find the differences.

A: Where's the backpack?


ls it in the bedroom?

B: No, it isn't. It's on the table.

Reading

a. Which of these things do you have? Where do you put them?


What? Yes / No Where?
computer yes on my desk
CD player
cell phone
school things
books and magazines

b. Read the magazine article, and (circle) the things that May has.

Where do you keep your things?


In many Asian citics, people live in small
apartments. Most kids share their bedroom
with brothers and sisters, and there is very
little space. May Wong lives in Hong Kong.
She shares her bedroom with her sister. She
keeps her school things - pens, pencils,
ruler, eraser - in her backpack, and she
keeps her backpack under her bed. She
keeps her books in a bookcase. The
bookcase is on her desk. She and her sister
have a CD player. They keep the CD player
on a small table next to May's bed. "I have a collection of fashion magazines and I keep

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these in a box under my sister's bed," says May. "There's not much space under my bed!

c. Read the article again and write where May keeps these things.
What? Where?

school things

backpack

books fashion magazines

CD player

DIALOGUES:
A
MARIANA: Excuse me.Where’s the post office?
OFFICER: Go straight ahead for two blocks.
Then turn right on third street.
MARIANA: Turn right on third street?
OFFICER : Yes,the post office is next to the bank.
MARIANA : Thanks.

B
MARIANA: Excuse me. Where’s the Library?
WOMAN : Go straight ahead for three blocks.
Then turn left on charles street.
The Library is across from the newsstand.
MARIANA: Thank you.

d. Look at the school floor plan. Answer the questions.

Registrar’s Office Director’s office Teacher’s Lounge Library Library


Room 120 Room 119 Room 118 Room 117 Room 117

Classroom 1 Classroom 2 Classroom 3 Classroom 4


Room 112 Room 113 Room 114 Room 116

1. Where is the Registrar’s office?--------------------------------------------------------------


2. Where is Classroom 1?-------------------------------------------------------------------------
3. Where is the Library?-------------------------------------------------------------------------
4. Where is Classroom 2?------------------------------------------------------------------------
5. Where is the Director’s Office?-------------------------------------------------------------

Now write the questions

6,------------------------------------------------------- It’s in room 115


7.------------------------------------------------------- It’s in Room 118
8.------------------------------------------------------- It’s in room 116
9.------------------------------------------------------- It’s in room 114

21
SEGUNDA SESIÓN
WHAT IS YOUR CITY LIKE?
CONCEPTUAL
 Be+Adjective
 Vocabulary: Describing cities
PROCEDIMENTAL
 Speaking & Pronunciation: stressed syllables
 Reading & Writing: Describing a place
 Listening: places and adjectives
 Communication: Choosing a vacation spot.
LET’S CHECK VOCABULARY

NOUNS:
Class today hand picture
English week key address
Friend apple desk country
Name bike book mouse world
student box bus sculture garden
teacher candy clock garage
birthday gift watch baby
day fun plane girl
month curtains floor photo
cat math baseball tent
closet music homework success
flower personal lesson neighbor
stairs people chess party
thousand coin noon bottle (of)
church pen pal star can (of)
drugstore drum weekend chemistry
hospital sky musician
hotel

2.
Hotel Right Comfortable
S
Mall 3. P Up favorite I
Movie theater L Very new T
Night club Downstairs nice I
Park
A Upstairs pretty
C O
Post office small
Restaurant E many N
School S beautifulS 2. A
Square across from far D
Airport Stadium between near J
Apartment Supermarket near
building
E
University far from EXPRESSI
Bank ONS
C
next to
Bookstore T
in
Bus station on 1. P hurry up ! I
Church in front of R It’s my turn. V
Department ADVERBS E I don’t know. E
store Ahead I’m lost. S
Drugstore
P
Down Thank you.
Hospital O
Left Big
You’re
welcome.
CONVERSATION
Julian :Excuse me. Where are the Telephones?
Man :I’M sorry .I don’t know.
Julian :Excuse me . Is there aTelephone in the mall ?
Woman :Yes, there is. Go up the escalator and turn Left. The telephones are next to the
bookstore.
Julian :Ok. Go up the escalator ,Turn right, and…..
Woman :No, go up the escalator, And turn left. The telephones are in front
Of you.
Julian :Thanks very much.
Woman :You’re welcome.

ABOUT THE CONVERSATION

1.Where is Julian ?
2.Where is the bookstore ?
3.Where are the telephones ?
4.Give Julian directions to the phones .
PROJECT
In a group, create a tourist brochure. Describe your city.
Use pictures and maps. Include the following information :
1. Is your city modern or old?
2. Is it big or small?
3. Is it beautiful?
4. What are the tourist attractions?
ADJECTIVES
1. Adjectives are words that describe nouns. Adjectives make nouns more interesting.
A bird -> A big red beautiful bird
My car -> My old, dirty car
This story -> This story is short and funny.

small clean young


short dirty nice
tall easy mean
fun hard fast
boring old slow

I am (I’m) big
He is (He’s)
She is (She’s)
It is (It’s)
They are (They’re)
You are (You’re)
We are

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(We’re)

2. Circle the adjectives in these sentences, and draw an arrow to the noun that they describe:
1. This car is new.
2. She is a funny girl.
3. John is tall, but Jane is short.
4. The new car is very clean.
5. The fast rabbit played with the slow turtle.
6. Playing baseball is very fun!
OPPOSITES

Are words that have very different meanings. Most adjectives have opposites. Match the words
with their opposites below:

good big

safe sad

happy different

real dangerous

easy hard

fun nice

fast bad

tall slow

young short
mean fake

same old

little boring

EXCERCISES 01: Write an adjective in the blanks below to complete each sentence. (Use a
different adjective for each sentence.)

1. My father is __________. 6. Playing with fireworks is __________.

2. The _________ boy can run fast. 7. The new car is too __________.

3. His pet cat is very __________. 8. I am __________.

4. I think English is __________. 9 My grandmother is __________.

5. Swimming in the swimming pool is 10. His girlfriend is very _______.


__________.

EXCERCISES 02 Circle the adjectives in each sentence, and draw an arrow to the nouns that
they describe.

1. Using a computer is difficult. 6. Airplanes are fast, but boats are slow.

2. Paper airplanes are fun. 7. Don’t draw disgusting pictures!

3. I want to buy that new red car. 8. That picture looks like a real tiger!

4. We can use the old paper in my English 9. I think math is easy.


notebook.
10. The expensive, new car is very fast.
5. The video game is expensive because it
is new.

37
Find the words and complete the word search.

TERCERA SEMANA

INTERESTING PRODUCTS 03 ABR AL 07 ABRIL 2017- 08 HORAS

PRIMERA SESIÓN
PERSONAL ITEMS
CONCEPTUAL
 This/That/These/Those
 Plural Subject pronouns and possessive adjectives
 Vocabulary: Personal Items
PROCEDIMENTAL
 Speaking & Pronunciation: Saying thank you
 Reading & Writing: Products review

37
 Listening: items and adjectives
 Communication: Giving and receiving gifts

THIS/THAT/THESE/THOSE

Expressions: That´s my ruler.


How do you spell backpack?
Demonstratives
This
3. That
This is my
That´s his 1.
= your backpack
That is
book
ruler.

4. Yes / No questions and short answers


My Pencil?
This Your Book? Yes, it is
is that His Watch? No, it is isn´t.
her Wallet?

1. Write the words in the correct box.

That these this those

singular (one)

37
plural (more than one)

2. Look at the pictures on page 8 and answer these questions.


 Is this Sam's backpack? __________________________
 Is this Sam's calculator? __________________________
 Are these Joe's pencils? __________________________
 Is this Tory's eraser? ___________________________
 Is this Sonia's ruler? _____________________________

3. Listen, and complete with a or an:

a. This is .....a .... book. b. This is ... ......... eraser c. This is ...........notebook.

d. This is .........English book. e.This is ..........dictionary. f. This is ......... umbrella.

4. Find these things in your classroom:

table chair wastebasket A: This is a table


board map cassette player B: How do you spell table?
envelope piece of paper pencil A: T-A-B-L-E.
desk English dictionary.

GRAMMAR FOCUS: this, these; singular and plural nouns

This is a key These are keys.


5. What are these things called in English? Write a sentence for each item:
Then listen to the sentences and practice them.

handbag tissues photos address book


glasses calculator newspaper briefcase umbrella

38
a) This is .................... b) These are ....................... c).........................

d) ............................... e) ...................................... f) .........................

g) ...................................... h) .............................................. i) ..............................

POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES

39
40
41
Possessive adjectives are used to  your pens
show ownership: Mi, tu and su do not have masculine
 mi libro and feminine forms. They stay the
my book same, regardless of the gender of the
 tu pluma nouns they modify.
your pen  mi amigo
There are five possessive adjectives. mi amiga
 mi  tus hermanos
tu tus hermanas
su  su libro
 nuestro sus plumas
vuestro Mi means “my” ; tu means “your.”
Three possessive adjectives (mi, tu,  Mi casa es tu casa.
su) have only two forms, singular and  My house is your house.
plural. Su, like tu, can mean “your.” The
 mi difference between your (tu) and
mis your (su) lies in the degree of
 tu formality the speaker wishes to
tus convey.
 su  Mi casa es tu casa.
sus (speaking to someone you would
Possessive adjectives agree with the address as “tú”)
nouns they modify. That is, they  Mi casa es su casa
agree with the thing possessed, not (speaking to someone you would
the possessor. address as “usted”)
 mi libro Note: The two words “tu” and “tú” are
 my book pronounced the same. Tú (with the
 mis libros written accent) is the subject pronoun
 my books meaning “you” (informal). Tu (without
 tu pluma the written accent) is the possessive
 your pen adjective meaning “your” (informal).
 tus plumas

42
Su has four meanings: his, her, their  Nuestra
and your (formal).  Nuestros
 María busca a su hermana.  nuestras
María is looking for her sister.  vuestro
 Juan busca a su hermana.  vuestra
Juan is looking for his sister.  vuestros
 Ellos buscan a su hermana.  vuestras
They are looking Nuestro means “our.”
for their sister.  nuestro hermano
 Su madre busca a su  our brother
hermana.  nuestra hermana
 Your mother is looking  our sister
for your sister.  nuestros hermanos
If the meaning of su is not clear from  our brothers
the context of the sentence, a  nuestras hermanas
prepositional phrase is used in place  our sisters
of su. Vuestro means “your” (familiar,
 María busca a la hermana de plural). Like vosotros, vuestro is
él. primarily used in Spain.
María looks for his sister.  vuestro libro
 El hombre busca las  your book
llaves de ella.  vuestra pluma
The man looks for her keys.  your pen
 María busca el cuaderno de  vuestros libros
Juan.  your books
María looks for Juan’s  vuestras plumas
notebook.  your pens
 El hombre busca las llaves de Here are all of the possessive
Samanta. adjectives:
 The man looks for Samanta’s  mi(s)
keys. my
Two possessive adjectives (nuestro  tu(s)
and vuestro) have four forms. your (fam. sing.)
 Nuestro

37
 su(s) of clothing or body parts. Rather, the
his, her, your (formal), their definite article is used.
 nuestro(-a, -os, -as)  Me gusta el vestido nuevo.
our I like my new dress
 vuestro(-a, -os, -as)  Me duele el brazo.
your (fam. pl.) My arm hurts.
Note that these possessive
adjectives are not used with articles

SEGUNDA SESIÓN
MODERN ELECTRONICS
CONCEPTUAL
 Adjectives and nouns
 Vocabulary: Electronic Items
PROCEDIMENTAL
 Speaking & Pronunciation: Linking with n
 Reading & Writing: Writing a product review
 Listening: Items and opinions
 Communication: Designing and describing a new product
ADJECTIVES

5. Common adjectives

 Good  great  right  large  few


 New  little  big  next  public
 First  own  high  early  bad
 Last  other  different  young  same
 Long  old  small  important  able

6. Appearance adjectives

 adorable  elegant  long  plain  unsightly


 beautiful  fancy  magnificent  quaint  wide-eyed
 clean  glamorous  old-  sparkling
 drab  handsome fashioned  ugliest

7. Color adjectives

 red  yellow  blue  gray  white


 orange  green  purple  black

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8. Condition adjectives

 alive  easy  inexpensiv  rich  vast


 better  famous e  shy  wrong
 careful  gifted  mushy  tender
 clever  helpful  odd  unintereste
 dead  important  powerful d

9. Personality adjectives – Positive

 agreeable  eager  jolly  obedient  thankful


 brave  faithful  kind  proud  victorious
 calm  gentle  lively  relieved  witty
 delightful  happy  nice  silly  zealous

10. Personality adjectives – Negative

 angry  embarrass  itchy  obnoxious  uptight


 bewildered ed  jealous  panicky  worried
 clumsy  fierce  lazy  repulsive
 defeated  grumpy  mysterious  scary
 helpless  nervous  thoughtless

11. Shape adjectives

 broad  deep  low  skinny  wide


 chubby  flat  narrow  square
 crooked  high  round  steep
 curved  hollow  shallow  straight

12. Size adjectives

 big  huge  massive  short  tiny


 colossal  immense  miniature  small
 fat  large  petite  tall
 gigantic  little  puny  teeny
 great  mammoth  scrawny  teeny-tiny

13. Sound adjectives

 cooing  hissing  noisy  raspy  voiceless


 deafening  loud  purring  screeching  whispering
 faint  melodic  quiet  thundering

14. Time adjectives


 ancient  late  old-  short
 brief  long fashioned  slow
 early  modern  quick  swift
 fast  old  rapid  young

15. Taste/touch adjectives

 bitter  hot  prickly  strong  weak


 delicious  icy  rainy  sweet  wet
 fresh  loose  rotten  tart  wooden
 greasy  melted  salty  tasteless  yummy
 juicy  nutritious  sticky  uneven

16. Touch adjectives

 boiling  cold  curly  dusty  hot


 breeze  cool  damaged  filthy  warm
 broken  creepy  damp  flaky  wet
 bumpy  crooked  dirty  fluffy
 chilly  cuddly  dry  freezing

17. Quantity adjectives

 abundant  few  heavy  many  sparse


 empty  full  light  numerous  substantia

1. Write the opposite of each adjective or adverb (EX. happy: sad ):


a. big: ___________________
b. expensive: ___________________
c. good: ___________________
d. well: ___________________
e. boring: ___________________
f. rich: ___________________
g. long: ___________________
h. asleep: ___________________
i. stupid: ___________________
j. clean: ___________________

2. Choose the correct response for each sentence:

1. My mother is not ________ in this kind of music.


a) interested b) interesting
2. What an ________ trip!
a) exhausting b) exhausted
3. I’m ________ with this bar. Let’s go somewhere else.

a) boring b) bored
4. That movie was really ________. I almost fell asleep.

a) boring b) bored
5. I’m don’t normally like modern art, but this painting is very ________.
a) interested b) interesting
6. You got a new job?! That’s so ________!

a) excited b) exciting
7. To tell you the truth, I’m not really ________ about it.

a) excited b) exciting
8. I was ________ after listening to that three-hour lecture.
a) exhausting b) exhausted
9. This band puts on a great show. They’re really ________.
a) entertained b) entertaining
10. I’m really ________ with my inability to learn Spanish.
a) frustrated b) frustrating

3. Choose the response that sounds more natural:


1. He's a ______________________ doctor.
a) young charming
b) charming young
2. I plan on wearing my ______________________ coat.
a) long black
b) black long
3. This is a ______________________ painting from the 18th century.
a) French well-known
b) well-known French
4. She was wearing a ______________________ dress.
a) green beautiful
b) beautiful green
5. The______________________ bird! I'm going to help it!
a) poor little
b) little poor
6. She prepared a ______________________ dinner for us.
a) Mexican wonderful
b) wonderful Mexican
7. Nagoya is an example of a ______________________ city.
a) modern Japanese
b) Japanese modern
8. He bought himself a ______________________ truck.
a) big new

37
b) new big
9. Pass me the ______________________ bowl.
a) plastic round
b) round plastic
10. The ______________________ years were fantastic.
a) two first
b) first two
ELECTRONIC ITEMS

Aire acondicionado Air conditioning


Antena parabólica Parabolic antenna
Aparato de radio Radio
Aparato eléctrico Electrical appliance
Aspiradora Vacuum cleaner
Batidora eléctrica Mixer ; Blender
Cadena estereofónica Stereo system ; Stereo equipment
Cafetera automática Coffee machine
Cafetera eléctrica Coffee maker
Cafetera expreso Espresso coffee maker
Calientaplatos eléctrico Electric hotplate
Campana extractora de humos Cooker hood
Cepillo de dientes eléctrico Electric toothbrush
Cocina eléctrica Electric cooker
Cordón eléctrico Electric lead
Cordón eléctrico ; Cable de la corriente Lead
Cortacéspedes eléctrico Electric lawn mower
Cuchillo eléctrico Electric kitchen knife
Despertador eléctrico Electric alarm clock
Electricidad Electricity
Enchufe (hembra, de pared) Socket
Enchufe (macho) Plug
Equipo alta fidelidad Hi-fi system
Equipo de música Stereo system
Escáner Scanner
Estufa eléctrica Electric fire
Exprimidor eléctrico Juice extractor ; Juicer
Freidora eléctrica Deep-fat fryer

38
Frigorífico Refrigerator
Fusible Fuse
Impresora Printer
Interruptor Switch
Lámpara Lamp
Lavadora automática Automatic washing machine
Lavavajillas Dishwasher ; Dishwashing machine
Mando a distancia Remote control
Máquina de afeitar eléctrica Electric razor ; Electric shaver
Maquina de coser Sewing machine
Microondas Microwave
Molinillo de café eléctrico Electric coffee grinder
Nevera; Refrigerador Fridge
Ordenador personal Personal computer
Picadora de carne Mincer ; mincing machine
Plancha eléctrica Electric iron
Proyector diapositivas Slide projector
Sandwichera Toasted sandwich maker
Secador de pelo Hairdryer
Secadora eléctrica Tumble drier ; Tumble dryer
Teléfono Telephone / Phone
Televisor Television / TV
Tocadiscos Record player
Toma de corriente Plug socket
Tostador de pan Toaster
Tubo fluorescente Fluorescent lamp
Vídeo Video
Videocámara Video camera
Videoconsola Games console
Videoteléfono Video telephone

 Microwave: devise used to heat, cook, prepare food, usually rectangular


and in different sizes and colors. The power may vary depending on its
size, brand and model.

39
 Iron: devise used to iron clothes, it works with electricity, and there are
different kinds of these apliances.
 Refrigerator: used to keep food in good condition, this apliance works with
electricity and the size and colors may vary depending on each user
needs.
 Vaccum.it's used to eliminate dust from surfaces exposed to it, it has
different accesories to reach difficult places, it can be used to keep your
car clean as well !!
 T.V. It is a basic devise necessary in most places as an entretainment or
as a way to keep informed, available in most stores.

CUARTA SEMANA

PRIMER SESIÓN

ACTIVITIES AND INTERESTS

10 ABR AL 14 ABR 2017 (10 horas) Everyday Activities

CONCEPTUAL
The presents continuous
Vocabulary: Common Activities

PROCEDIMENTAL
 Speaking & pronunciation: Asking how someone is
 Reading & writing: Student interview
 Listening: What people are doing
Communication: Comparing actions in two differents pictures

40
Introducción
El present progressive o present continuous (presente continuo) es la forma
continua del presente. En inglés se utiliza principalmente para acciones que están
teniendo lugar en el momento en que se habla o que solo están sucediendo
temporalmente.

James is travelling around Australia. He is staying at a youth hostel in a little Australian town. The
town is becoming more and more popular because of its beautiful beaches.

James is meeting his friend Brad in town tonight. Brad is working there as a tour guide over the
summer.

James is in the town centre now. Look! James is taking a picture of another tourist.

Uso
 sucesos que están teniendo lugar ahora mismo (now)

Ejemplo:
Look! James is taking a picture of another tourist.
 planes predeterminados o citas que ya se han concertado para un futuro
cercano

Ejemplo:
He is meeting his friend Brad tonight.
 acciones que suceden solo de forma temporal

Ejemplo:
James is travelling around Australia.
Brad is working there as a tour guide over the summer.

41
 sucesos que se están produciendo actualmente, aunque no en este mismo
momento

Ejemplo:
He is staying at a youth hostel.
 situaciones que están evolucionando, cambiando
Ejemplo:

The town is becoming more and more popular because of its beautiful
beaches.

Formación
Se utiliza el verbo auxiliar be y el verbo principal en gerundio, es decir, añadiendo
la terminación -ing al infinitivo.

afirmativa negativa interrogativa


I I am speaking I am not speaking Am I speaking?
he, she, it he is speaking he is not speaking Is he speaking?
you, we, they you are speaking you are not speaking Are you speaking?

Gerundios: excepciones
 Cuando el infinitivo acaba en e, esta se elimina (aunque en el caso de ee,
oe o ye no hay cambios).
Ejemplo:

come – coming
agree – agreeing
 En palabras con una vocal de pronunciación corta antes de la consonante
final, se dobla la consonante final (excepto si termina en w, y o x, que no se
duplicarán).

Ejemplo:
sit – sitting
(pero: mix – mixing)
 En inglés británico la l final tras una vocal se dobla siempre (no así en inglés
estadounidense).

Ejemplo:
travel – travelling (inglés británico), traveling (inglés estadounidense)
 Al final de la palabra se remplaza ie por y.

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Ejemplo:
lie – lying

Formas abreviadas
En el inglés, y principalmente en la lengua hablada, se unen los pronombres a
ciertos verbos, otorgándoles un matiz más natural.

Forma completa Forma abreviada Ejemplo


am (not) …’m (not) I’m (not) (nicht: I amn’t)
are …’re you’re
are not …’re not/… aren’t we’re not/we aren’t
is …’s he’s
is not …’s not/… isn’t she’s not/she isn’t

PRESENT CONTINUOUS

FORMACIÓN DEL "PRESENT CONTINUOUS"

El "present continuous" de cualquier verbo se compone de dos partes: el presente del


verbo to be + el "present participle" del verbo principal.

(Para formar el "present participle": raíz+ing, e.g. talking, playing, moving, smiling)

Afirmativa

Sujeto + to be + raíz + ing

She is talking.

Negativa

Sujeto + to be + not + raíz + ing

She is not (isn't) talking

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Interrogativa

to be + sujeto + raíz + ing

Is she talking?

EJEMPLOS: TO GO, "PRESENT CONTINUOUS"

Afirmativa Negativa Interrogativa

I am going I am not going Am I going?

You are going You aren't going. Are you going?

He, she, it is going He, she, it isn't going Is he, she, it going?

We are going We aren't going Are we going?

You are going You aren't going Are you going?

They are going They aren't going Are they going?

Nota: contracciones de las formas negativas: I'm not going, you're not going, he's not going etc.

FUNCIONES DEL "PRESENT CONTINUOUS "


Como ocurre con todos los tiempos verbales del inglés, la actitud del hablante es tan
importante como el momento en que ocurre la acción o el evento. Al emplear el
"present continuous", nos estamos refiriendo a algo que no ha terminado o está
incompleto

EL "PRESENT CONTINUOUS" SE UTILIZA:

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 para describir una acción que está teniendo lugar en este momento: You are
using the Internet. You are studying English grammar.
 para describir una tendencia o una acción que está sucediendo en la
actualidad: Are you still working for the same company? More and more
people are becoming vegetarian.
 para describir una acción o evento futuros que ya están programados: We're
going on holiday tomorrow. I'm meeting my boyfriend tonight. Are they
visiting you next winter?
 para describir una situación o evento temporales: He usually plays the drums,
but he's playing bass guitar tonight. The weather forecast was good, but it's
raining at the moment.
 con "always, forever, constantly", para describir y enfatizar una sucesión de
acciones repetidas: Harry and Sally are always arguing! You're constantly
complaining about your mother-in-law!

¡CUIDADO! Hay algunos verbos que no suelen emplear la forma progresiva

VERBOS QUE NO SUELEN EMPLEAR LA FORMA PROGRESIVA


Los verbos de la siguiente lista suelen utilizar la forma simple porque hacen referencia
a estados, más que acciones o procesos.

SENSACIÓN / PERCEPCIÓN

 to feel*
 to hear
 to see*
 to smell
 to taste

OPINIÓN

 to assume
 to believe
 to consider
 to doubt
 to feel (= pensar)
 to find (= considerar)
 to suppose
 to think*

ESTADOS MENTALES

 to forget
 to imagine
 to know
 to mean
 to notice
 to recognise
 to remember
 to understand

EMOCIONES / DESEOS

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 to envy
 to fear
 to dislike
 to hate
 to hope
 to like
 to love
 to mind
 to prefer
 to regret
 to want
 to wish

MEDIDAS

 to contain
 to cost
 to hold
 to measure
 to weigh

OTROS

 to look (=parecerse a)
 to seem
 to be (en la mayoría de los casos)
 to have(cuando significa "poseer")*

EXCEPCIONES
Los verbos de sensación y percepción (see, hear, feel, taste, smell) suelen utilizarse con can: : I
can see... Pueden tomar la forma progresiva pero, en este caso, su significado suele variar.

 This coat feels nice and warm. (percepción de las cualidades del abrigo)
 John's feeling much better now (está mejor de salud)
 She has three dogs and a cat. (posesión)
 She's having supper. (está tomando)
 I can see Anthony in the garden (percepción)
 I'm seeing Anthony later (tenemos intención de vernos)

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SPEAKING AND PRONUNTATIONS
ASKING SOMEONE IS ……

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Ejercicios: Present Continuous
(El presente continuo)
Completa las frases con la forma correcta del verbo que está entre paréntesis.
Sample
I ____ (work) now.
am working

Nell ____ (not/watch) television at the moment.

They ____ (go) to the cinema.


_____ you _____ (call) your mother?

John ____ (read) the newspaper.


_____ Valerie _____ (study) English?

We ____ (not/play) video games.

I ____ (not/drink) water.

We ____ (know) her.

PRESENTE CONTINUOUS - EXERCISE A


www.ejerciciosinglesonline.com

Grammar explanation: English, Spanish

Complete the sentences using the present continuous:

1. I (write) a poem now.

2. She (leave) tomorrow morning.

3. We (build) a house.

4. Paul and Jennifer (study) French at university.

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5. Peter (leave) outside.

6. Tom is (teach) English at that high school.

7. You (make) a great effort.

8. They (tell) Mary what happened yesterday.

9. I (watch) TV right now.

10. She (play) volleyball this afternoon.

Grammar explanation: English, Spanish

Complete the verb "run" using present continuous:

AFFIRMATIVE

I
You
He
She
It
We
You
They

NEGATIVE

I
You
He
She
She
It
We
You

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They

QUESTION

I ?
you ?
he ?
she ?
it ?

we ?
you ?
they ?

Grammar explanation: English, Spanish

Complete the following sentences using present continuous:

1. They (speak) Italian.

2. It (snow) right now!

3. She (cry) because she is angry.

4. The temperature (rise).

5. They (win) the match.

6. The taxi (stop) in that corner.

7. She (sleep) in her bedroom.

8. He (walk) the dog.

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9. Prices (go) up!

Listening :WHAT PEOPLE ARE DOING?

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SEGUNDA SESIÓN
At school

Present continuous
extended time

Vocabulary: School subjects

CONCEPTUAL

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PROCEDIMENTAL
 Speaking & pronunciation: Asking how someone is
 Reading & writing: Student interview
 Listening: What people are doing
Communication: Comparing actions in two differents pictures

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QUINTA SEMANA
PRIMERA SESION THE SIMPLE PRESENT

PRESENTE SIMPLE / SIMPLE PRESENT

Reglas gramaticales

Si el sujeto es 3ª persona del singular se le añade una "-s" al verbo.

Veamos como ejemplo la conjugación del verbo "to live" (vivir) en presente
simple:

Conjugación Significado

I live yo vivo

you live tú vives

he / she / it lives él / ella / ello vive

we live nosotros vivimos

you live vosotros vivís

they live ellos/ellas viven

Caso especial: "-es" para la 3ª persona

Para los verbos acabados en "-o","-sh", "-ch" , "-ss", "-x" , "-z", "-y" se añade "-
es" en lugar de "-s para la 3ª persona del singular".
Veamos a continuación algunos ejemplos:

Verbo Tercera persona Significado

to go he goes él va

to wish he wishes él desea

to reach he reaches él alcanza

to express he expresses él expresa

to fix he fixes él arregla

to kiss he kisses él besa

to buzz he buzzes él murmulla

Caso especial: "-ies" para la 3ª persona

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Adicionalmente, los verbos acabados en "-y" cuando la "y" no es precedida de
una vocal, forman la tercera persona en "-ies".

Verbo Tercera persona Significado

to occupy he occupies él ocupa

to study he studies él estudia

Pero cuidado si la "-y" es precedida por una vocal, la tercera persona se forma
con una "-s" (desinencia estándar)

Verbo Tercera persona Significado

to buy he buys él compra

Structure (Estructura)

1. Affirmative Sentences (Frases afirmativas)

Sujeto + verbo.

Ejemplos:
 I talk. (Yo hablo.)
 He eats. (Él come.)
 They learn. (Ellos aprenden.)

2. Negative Sentences (Frases negativas)

Sujeto + verbo auxiliar (do/does) + auxiliar negativo (“not”) + verbo.

Ejemplos:
 I do not [don’t] talk. (Yo no hablo.)
 He does not [doesn’t] eat. (Él no come.)
 They do not [don’t] learn. (Ellos no aprenden.)
Nota: En frases negativas, el verbo auxiliar (“to do”) cambia y el verbo principal
va en el infinitivo.

3. Interrogative Sentences (Frases interrogativas)

Verbo auxiliar (do/does) + sujeto + verbo principal?

Ejemplos:
 Do you talk? (¿Hablas tú?)
 Does he eat? (¿Come él?)
 Do they learn? (¿Aprenden ellos?)

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Uses (Usos)

1. El presente simple se utiliza para hablar de cosas que suceden habitualmente.


A diferencia con el español, no se usa el presente simple para hablar sobre algo
que está pasando en el momento en el que hablamos.
Se suele utilizar el presente simple con adverbios de tiempo: always, never, etc.
2. Se utiliza para hablar de generalidades o hechos científicos.
Ejemplos:
 He does not [doesn’t] eat vegetables. (Él no come verduras.)
 She works in a hospital. (Ella trabaja en una hospital.)
 Elephants live in Africa. (Los elefantes viven en África.)

3. Se usa para eventos programados en el futuro próximo.


Ejemplos:

 The train leaves at 10:00. (El tren sale a las 10h.)


 The party is tonight. (La fiesta es esta noche.)
 Does the festival start tomorrow? (¿Empieza el festival mañana?)
 The plane does not [doesn’t] arrive today. (El avión no llega hoy.)

4. Se usa para instrucciones (el imperativo).


Ejemplos:
 Open the window. (Abre la ventana.)
 Eat the vegetables. (Come las verduras.)
 Don’t cry. (No llores.)
 Do your homework. (Haz los deberes.)
 Call your mother. (Llama a tu madre.)

FOOD

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SEXTA SEMANA

PRIMERA SESION POSSESSIVE WITH ‘S

CASO POSESIVO / POSSESSIVE WITH ‘S


Conocido como el genitivo sajón es una forma que indica posesión y se emplea con
nombres de personas, colectivos, países y animales. Expresan una relación de
pertenencia entre dos elementos. Para formar el genitivo sajón, añada apóstrofo (') + s
al nombre. Si el nombre ya está en plural o termina en s, añada simplemente el apóstrofo
después de la s.
Ejemplo:

 The boy´s ball (un niño)


 The boys’ ball (dos o más chicos)

Observe que el número de bolas no importa. La estructura está influenciada por el


poseedor y no por el poseído.

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more than one
one ball ball

one boy the boy's ball the boy's balls

more than
one boy the boys' ball the boys' balls

Sustantivos propios (nombres)


Muy a menudo usamos posesivos con nombres:
 This is Mary's car.
 Where is Ram's telephone?
 Who took Anthony's pen?
 I like Tara's hair.

Cuando un nombre termina en s, usualmente lo tratamos como cualquier otro


sustantivo singular, y añadimos 's:
 This is Charles's chair.

Pero es posible (especialmente con nombres antiguos y clásicos) agregar


simplemente el apóstrofe ':
 Who was Jesus' father?

Plurales irregulares
Algunos sustantivos tienen formas plurales irregulares sin s (hombre → hombres). Para
demostrar la posesión, usualmente agregamos 's a la forma plural de estos sustantivos:

singular noun plural noun

my child's dog my children's


dog

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singular noun plural noun

the man's work the men's work

the mouse's the mice's cage


cage

a person's people's
clothes clothes

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MIEMBROS DE LA FAMILIA EN INGLÉS

Miembros de la familia básica o de sangre


 GREAT-GRANDMOTHER: Bisabuela
 GREAT-GRANDFATHER: Bisabuelo
 GRANDMOTHER: Abuela
 GRANDFATHER: Abuelo
 MOTHER: Madre
 FATHER: Padre
 WIFE: Esposa
 HUSBAND: Marido
 AUNT: Tía
 UNCLE: Tío
 NIECE: Sobrina
 NEPHEW: Sobrino
 SISTER: Hermana
 BROTHER: Hermano
 COUSIN: Primo/a
 DAUGHTER: Hija
 SON: Hijo
 GRANDDAUGHTER: Nieta
 GRANDSON: Nieto

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Miembros de la familia extendida
 MOTHER-IN-LAW: Suegra
 FATHER-IN-LAW: Suegro
 SISTER-IN-LAW: Cuñada
 BROTHER-IN-LAW: Cuñado
 DAUGHTER-IN-LAW: Nuera
 SON-IN-LAW: Yerno
 STEPMOTHER: Madrastra
 STEPFATHER: Padrastro
 STEPDAUGHTER: Hijastra
 STEPSON: Hijastro
 GODMOTHER: Madrina
 GODFATHER: Padrino
 GODDAUGHTER: Ahijada
 GODSON: Ahijado

Nombres coloquiales, cariñosos


 GRANDMA: Abuelita
 GRANDPA: Abuelito
 MOM /MUM: Mamá, má.
 MUMMY: Mami
 DAD: Papá
 DADDY: Papi

Nombres genéricos
 GREAT-GRANDPARENTS: Bisabuelos
 GRANDPARENTS: Abuelos
 PARENTS: Padres
 SIBLINGS: Hermanos
 CHILDREN: Hijos

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SÉTIMA SEMANA

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TIME 01 MAY AL 05 MAY 2017- 10 HORAS

PRIMERA SESIÓN
TIME AND SHEDULES
CONCEPTUAL
Time and shedules
 Prepositions of
time – in/on/at
 Question word:
When Vocabulary:
 telling time
PROCEDIMENTAL
 Speaking & Pronunciation: Suggestion and Let´s
 Reading & Writing: reading about weekends activities
 Listening: For time
 Communication: Talking about TV. Shows and Schedule

Prepositions of Time - at, in, on

We use:

 at for a PRECISE TIME

 in for MONTHS, YEARS, CENTURIES and LONG PERIODS

 on for DAYS and DATES

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at in

PRECISE MONTHS, YEARS, CENTURIES and LONG on

TIME PERIODS DAYS and DATES

at 3 o'clock in May on Sunday

at 10.30am in summer on Tuesdays

at noon in the summer on 6 March

at dinnertime in 1990 on 25 Dec. 2010

at bedtime in the 1990s on Christmas Day

at sunrise in the next century on Independence

Day

at sunset in the Ice Age on my birthday

at the moment in the past/future on New Year's Ev

Look at these examples:

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 I have a meeting at 9 am.

 The shop closes at mid night.

 Jane went home at lunch time.

 In England, it often snows in December.

 Do you think we will go to Jupiter in the future?

 There should be a lot of progress in the next century.

 Do you work on Mondays?

 Her birthday is on 20 November.

 Where will you be on New Year's Day?

Notice the use of the preposition of time at in the following standard expressions:

Expression Example

at night The stars shine at night.

at the weekend* I don't usually work at the weekend.

at Christmas*/Easter I stay with my family at Christmas.

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at the same time We finished the test at the same time.

at present He's not home at present. Try later.

*Note that in some varieties of English people say "on the weekend" and "on
Christmas".

Notice the use of the prepositions of time in and on in these common expressions:

in on

in the morning on Tuesday morning

in the mornings on Saturday mornings

in the afternoon(s) on Sunday afternoon(s)

in the evening(s) on Monday evening(s)

When we say last, next, every, this we do not also use at, in, on.

 I went to London last June. (not in last June)

 He's coming back next Tuesday. (not on next Tuesday)

 I go home every Easter. (not at every Easter)

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 We'll call you this evening. (not in this evening)

Prepositions of Time: In, at, on and no preposition with time words:

Prepositions of time - here's a list of the time words that need 'on', 'in', 'at' and some that don't need any
preposition. Be careful - many students of English use 'on' with months (it should be 'in'), or put a
preposition before 'next' when we don't need one.

 times: at 8pm, at midnight, at 6:30


 holiday periods: at Christmas, at Easter
 at night
at
 at the weekend
 at lunch time, at dinner time, at breakfast time

 days: on Monday, on my birthday, on Christmas Day


 days + morning / afternoon / evening / night: on Tuesday morning
on
 dates: on the 20th of June

 years: in 1992, in 2006


 months: in December, in June
 decades: in the sixties, in the 1790s
in  centuries: in the 19th century
 seasons: in winter, in summer
 in the morning, in the afternoon, in the evening

 next week, year, month etc


 last night, year etc
 this morning, month etc
np
 every day, night, years etc
 today, tomorrow, yester

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Prepositions of time
1. 1. IN AT ON in the morning at 8 o’clock on Monday, on in the afternoon at midday Tuesday … in the
evening at night on July 4th in August at midnight on Christmas Day in winter at Easter in 1965 at
Christmas1. Match the pictures with the seasons: summer, winter, spring, autumn. summer winter
spring autumn 2. Fill in: on, in or at: Come to my party …………….. Monday …………….. 4 o’clock
3. Complete with: in,…………….. the afternoon. on or at.
2. 2. a) in December. f) ………….. 1991. b) ………….. Friday. g) ………….. 6 o’clock. c) …………..
Christmas. h) ………….. September. d) ………….. winter. i) ………….. half past one. e) …………..
the morning. j) …………. Saturday. 4. Underline the correct preposition.a) I get up in/at 2 o’clock. e)
They play football on/at Friday.b) January is on/in winter. f) We have chocolate eggs in/on Easter.c)
It is hot in/at summer. g) I go to the cinema in/at Sunday.d) I go to school on the morning/in the h)
She sings carols at/on Christmas Day. morning. 5. Rewrite the words in the box adding on, in or at.
8 o’clock Monday Christmas spring Sunday winter the afternoon November 10th night February
midday Autumn At 8 o’clock, in
February…………………………………………………………………………………………

3.- Ejemplos de oraciones con preposiciones de tiempo en inglés


We arrive at 12:30 pm.

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Jim repaired his PC one week ago.

Sara and Richie are married since 1998.

I will work on this until Friday.

My dog will be in home in spring.

We see you on Saturday.

They must arrange the house before their parents arrive.

Mary, I bring you to the park after the dinner

Poor boy, he sleeps during class hours.

I begin to feel sick about one week.

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SEGUNDA SESION: It´s the weeckend
CONCEPTUAL

The simple present-wh-


questions
Vocabulary: Weekend
activities

PROCEDIMENTAL

Speaking & pronunciation: Pronouncing numbers


 Reading & writing: Writing about weekend activities
 Listening: For weekend plans
 Communication: Interviewing classmates about weekend activities

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HOJA DE INFORMACIÓN
DÉCIMA SEMANA
Tema : Frequency Adverbs
Wh- questions about the subject.
Referencial: Definicion de los adverbios de frecuencias , uso de losadverbios de
frecuencia en actividades diarias, usos delas palabras in tivas en
oraciones interrogativas .
Competencia : Los estudiantes identifican la estructura gramatical y
||||||||||||||||||||||||uso de los adverbios de frecuencia y las palabras
||||||||||||||||||||||||interrogativas en actividades diarias utilizando el |||||||||||||||||||||||
presente simple desarrollando actividades de reading, ||||||||||||||||||||||||writing ,
speaking y listeningDÉCIMA SEMANA
Daily Routines - Voc

Reading
Daily Activities at Home
What are some of the daily activities that you do at home?

I wake up at 7am every morning.


I press
the
snooze

button five times every morning before I turn off the alarm and getup.

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I have a cup of coffee and make breakfast. I usually read the newspaper while I have breakfast. My
children like to have a shower after they have breakfast but I like to have a shower before I get
dressed.
My wife brushes her long hair, and I have short hair so I comb my hair. How do you do your hair in
the morning?
It is important to brush your teeth, and some women like to put make-up on.
After I have finished work, I go home to cook dinner. In my house I usually make dinner. The family
eat dinner together at 7:30pm.
After dinner I make sure that my children do their homework, and then I chill out on the
sofa and watch television.
On television I usually watch the News. My wife usually comes to tell me to take the rubbish
out, or wash the dishes.
Our children feed the dog and the cat before they go to bed and I tell them to go to the
bathroom too.
If I am sick I have to take my medication, but then I get into my pyjamas and set the alarm so I wake
up in the morning.
The last things I do is lock the door, turn off the lights, and go to bed.It doesn't take me long to fall
asleep.

Daily Activities at Work


What are some daily activities that you do at work?

I go to work at 8.45am every morning.


I usually drive to work.
I always check my emails when I get to work, but I don't always reply to them immediately.
I take a taxi or a train if I have a lunch meeting. I never take the bus because it is too slow.
When I am at my desk I usually work on the computer, even during morning tea.
At 1pm most days I have lunch.
At 3pm we have afternoon tea, and that is when we usually talk and eat cake.
When you are in the office you probably have a lot of papers. It is important for you to file your
papers, and so that you can find them again you need to organise your files.
When I work I have to make telephone calls. If an important issue happens I ask my secretary
to organise a meeting.
Once a month I report to my boss, but maybe you have to report to your boss more often. I
usually write a document that my boss can read.

ADVERBS OF FREQUENCY
English Grammar Rules
We use some adverbs to describe how frequently we do an activity.

These are called adverbs of frequency and include:

Frequency Adverb of Frequency Example Sentence

100% always I always go to bed before 11pm.


90% usually I usually have cereal for breakfast.
80% normally / generally I normally go to the gym.
70% often* / frequently I often surf the internet.

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50% sometimes I sometimes forget my wife's birthday.
30% occasionally I occasionally eat junk food.
10% seldom I seldom read the newspaper.
5% hardly ever / rarely I hardly ever drink alcohol.
0% never I never swim in the sea.
* Some people pronounce the 'T' in often but many others do not.

The Position of the Adverb in a Sentence


An adverb of frequency goes before a main verb (except with To Be).

Subject + adverb + main verb

I always remember to do my homework.


He normally gets good marks in exams.

An adverb of frequency goes after the verb To Be.

Subject + to be + adverb

They are never pleased to see me.


She isn't usually bad tempered.

When we use an auxiliary verb (have, will, must, might, could, would, can, etc.), the adverb is placed
between the auxiliary and the main verb. This is also true for to be.

Subject + auxiliary + adverb + main verb

She can sometimes beat me in a race.


I would hardly ever be unkind to someone.
They might never see each other again.
They could occasionally be heard laughing.

We can also use the following adverbs at the start of a sentence:

Usually, normally, often, frequently, sometimes, occasionally

 Occasionally, I like to eat Thai food.

BUT we cannot use the following at the beginning of a sentence:

Always, seldom, rarely, hardly, ever, never.

We use hardly ever and never with positive, not negative verbs:

 She hardly ever comes to my parties.


 They never say 'thank you'.

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PRACTICE
ADVERBS OF FREQUENCY
1. Order the adverbs:

never, usually, often, hardly ever, always, sometimes

0% , , , , , 100%

2. Rewrite the sentences placing the adverb in its correct position:

a) Mary goes shopping to the mall (usually) .


b) Amalia helps her parents with the housework
(sometimes) .
c) We are late to school (never) .
d) Mark is sad (hardly ever) .
e) My sister goes swimming (often) .
f) Our teacher is very friendly (usually) .
g) David doesn't study the grammar reference before his tests
(often) .
h) I am happy (always) .
i) Elena reads the newspaper (hardly ever) .
j) Laura has breakfast with her family (usually) .
k) My friends are quite punctual (often) .
l) The girls buy new clothes at Christmas
(always) .
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m) Mike and his sister are fighting for the remote.
(always)

3. Correct the sentences:

a) My sister is punctual always. .


b) David sometimes is a bit sad. .
c) Our teacher gives often us a lot of
homework. .
d) We write usually our composition for the English
class. .
e) She is late to work never. .
f) Hardly ever I go to the cinema. .
g) We revise for our tests usually. .

4. Order the sentences:

a) Mary / punctual / always / is / to school. .


b) often / I / revise / don't / my homework. .
c) We / visit / hardly ever / at weekends /
museums. .
d) My parents / never / travel / in summer /
abroad. .
e) celebrate / my birthday / I / usually / with my
friends. .
f) grandmother / our / at home / always / is / in the
evenings. .
g) Mike / never / is / at home / at weekends. .

Question forms & subject


Yes/No questions

 Is he a teacher? Yes he is.


 Can you swim? No, I can’t.
 Have they got a car? Yes they have.

To form yes/no questions where there is an auxiliary verb or a modal verb, we invert
the word order of a positive sentence. (He is a teacher > Is he a teacher?)

 Do you eat fish? No I don’t.


 Does she know you. Yes she does.
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When there is no auxiliary verb we use ‘do’ to form the question.

With question words

The same rules apply when there is a question word (‘what’, ‘where’, ‘when’, ‘why’, ‘who’,
‘which’, ‘how’, ‘how much’, ‘how many’)

 Where is the hotel?


 What can you smell?
 Who clean the classroom?

Where there is an auxiliary or modal verb, that verb is used to form the question.

 How do you get here?


 When do your parents get back?
 How much does it cost?

Where there is no auxiliary verb, we use do.

1. Without an auxiliary verb

Warning:
When what, who, which or whose is the subject or part of the subject, we do not use
the auxiliary. We use the word order subject + verb:

What fell off the wall? Which horse won?

Who bought this? Whose phone rang?

2. Without an auxiliary verb

Warning:
When what, who, which or whose is the subject or part of the subject, we do not use
the auxiliary. We use the word order subject + verb:

What fell off the wall? Which horse won?

Who bought this? Whose phone rang?

Compare

Who owns this Who is the subject of the sentence and this bag is the
bag? object. We use no auxiliary verb.

Who do you Who is the object of the sentence and you is the
love most? subject. We use the auxiliary verb do.

PRACTICE
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WH-QUESTIONS PRACTICE

Fill in the gaps with an appropriate wh-question:

1. old are you?

2. do you live with?

3. is your birthday?

4. book is yours?

5. do you have English classes?

6. is your name?

7. are your parents now?

8. are you studying English?

9. is your best friend?

10. do you usually have lunch with

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HOJA DE INFORMACION
DÉCIMO PRIMERA SEMANA
Tema: Housing and student housing
Referencial: Uso de las expresiones there is / there are,
Palabra interrogativa How many?, vocabulario de
habitaciones en la casa, verbos + preposiciones de
lugar, descripción de las habitaciones estudiantiles.
Competencia : Los estudiantes describirán e intercambiaran
Información sobre sus casas y habitaciones estu-
diantiles , describirán la ubicación de objetos en
una habitación.

Parts of a house - Vocabury

HOUSE
room habitación
balcony balcón
bathroom baño
bedroom dormitorio
dining room comedor
living room salón
sitting room sala de estar
garage garaje
kitchen cocina
basement sótano
cellar bodega
attic ático
study estudio
toilet toilette
door puerta
doorbell timbre
doormat felpudo
letter box buzón
window ventana
roof techo
chimney chimenea
staircase/stairs escalera
flat (GB) departamento
apartment (US) departamento

DINING ROOM

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dining room comedor
living room salón
table mesa
chair silla
armchair sillón
sofa / settee (GB) sofá
floor piso
ceiling techo
rug alfombra
carpet alfombra fija
fireplace chimenea
radiator radiador
lamp lámpara
light luz
curtain cortina
wall pared
wallpaper papel de pared
television televisor

KITCHEN
kitchen cocina
BATHROOM
fridge heladera
oven horno
microwave oven horno de microondas
dishwasher lavavajillas
washing machine lavarropas
ironing board tabla de planchar
toaster tostadora
liquidizer (GB) licuadora
blender (US) licuadora
mixer batidora
broom escoba
sink pileta
tap canilla
waste bin tacho de basura
worktop mesada
tea towel paño, repasador
frying pan sartén
saucepan cacerola
pressure cooker olla a presión
kettle hervidor, pava
bowl bol
tin opener abrelatas
corkscrew sacacorchos
fork tenedor
knife cuchillo
spoon cuchara
teaspoon cucharita
cutlery drawer cajón de los cubiertos
cup
bathroom taza
glass
bath vaso
saucer
shower plato
jug
toilet jarra
coffeepot
bidet jarra para café
coffee maker
washbasin cafetera
teapot
tap tetera
tablecloth
mirror mantel
napkin
soap servilleta
soap dish
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towel
towel rail
bath mat
toilet paper
sponge
comb
hairbrush
hair drier
shampoo
conditioner
safety razor
electric razor
shaving foam
toothbrush
toothpaste
nailbrush
año
bañera
ducha
inodoro
bidet
lavabo, lavatorio
canilla
espejo
jabón
jabonera
toalla
toallero
alfombra de baño
papel higiénico
esponja
peine
cepillo
secador de pelo
champú
crema de enjuague
afeitadora
afeitadora eléctrica
crema de afeitar
cepillo de dientes
dentífrico
cepillo de uñas

BEDROOM
bedroom dormitorio
bed cama
bedside table mesita de luz
bedside lamp lámpara
wardrobe guardarropas
chest of drawers cajonera
drawers cajones
mattress colchón
pillow almohada
blanket manta
sheet sábana
duvet edredón
bedspread colcha
alarm clock reloj despertador

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3. There is - There are
1. English Grammar Rules

We use there is and there are to say that something exists.

1. Positive Sentences
We use there is for singular and there are for plural.

 There is one table in the classroom.


 There are three chairs in the classroom.
 There is a spider in the bath.
 There are many people at the bus stop.

We also use There is with uncountable nouns:

 There is milk in the fridge.


 There is some sugar on the table.
 There is ice cream on your shirt.

2. Contractions
The contraction of there is is there's.

 There's a good song on the radio.


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 There's only one chocolate left in the box.

You cannot contract there are.

 There are nine cats on the roof.


 There are only five weeks until my birthday.

3. Negative Form
The negative is formed by putting not after is or are:

 There is not a horse in the field.


 There are not eight children in the school.
 There is not a tree in the garden.
 There are not two elephants in the zoo.

We almost always use contractions when speaking.


The Negative contractions are:

 There's not = There isn't


 There are not = There aren't

4. There aren't with ANY


When we want to indicate that a zero quantity of something exists we use there
aren't any.

 There aren't any people at the party.


 There aren't any trees in my street.

We also use this structure with uncountable nouns:

 There isn't any water in the swimming pool.


 There isn't any sugar in my coffee.

5. Questions
To form a question we place is / are in front of there.
Again we use any with plural questions or those which use uncountable nouns.
We also use there is / are in short answers.

 Is there a dog in the supermarket? - No, there isn't.


 Are there any dogs in the park? - Yes, there are.
 Is there a security guard in the shop? - Yes, there is.
 Are there any polar bears in Antarctica? - No, there aren't.
 Is there any ice-cream in the freezer? - Yes, there is.

6. How Many with Are There


If we want to find out the number of objects that exist we use How many in the
following form:

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How many + plural noun + are there (+ complement).

 How many dogs are there in the park?


 How many students are there in your class?
 How many countries are there in South America?
 How many Star Wars films are there?

PRACTICE
THERE IS AND THERE ARE
(Affirmative and interrogative forms)

Complete the following sentences with there is and there are or is there and are there.

1. a beautiful girl over there.

2. a yellow car in the street.

3. a present for Irene?

4. a few oranges on the table.

5. four boys playing football.

6. I see four chairs around the table.

7. many owls in this forest?

8. Marian says a kitten under the sofa.

9. The children play outside when snow in the field.

10. no teachers working today.

11. When a crisis, people have no money.

12. anybody there?

13. tourists in this city?

14. a big park in the city centre.

15. Paul says many clouds in the sky today.

16. four little birds in the nest.

17. My mother says many books in my bedroom.

18. any rubber in your pencil case?

19. many pens on your desk?

20. four turtles at Sandy's house.

21. no class on Sunday.

22. any sailboats in the harbour?

23. No, but many cruise ships.

24. a banana in William's schoolbag.

25. four milk bottles on the floor.

26. any possibility to make a phone call?


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27. few possibilities to make a phone call.

28. many wars in the world.

29. also many good people.

30. anybody who knows the answer?

Choose the correct answer

PREPOSITIONS OF PLACE

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The chart demonstrates some of the most common prepositions of place in English.
Prepositions of Place are used to show the position or location of one thing with
another.
It answers the question "Where?"
Below we have some more examples of Prepositions of Place:

7. In front of

 A band plays their music in front of an audience.


 The teacher stands in front of the students.
 The man standing in the line in front of me smells bad.
 Teenagers normally squeeze their zits in front of a mirror.

8. Behind
Behind is the opposite of In front of. It means at the back (part) of something.
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 When the teacher writes on the whiteboard, the students are behind him (or her).
 Who is that person behind the mask?
 I slowly down because there was a police car behind me.

9. Between
Between normally refers to something in the middle of two objects or things (or places).

 There are mountains between Chile and Argentina.


 The number 5 is between the number 4 and 6.
 There is a sea (The English Channel) between England and France.

10. Across From / Opposite


Across from and Opposite mean the same thing. It usually refers to something being in
front of something else BUT there is normally something between them like a street or
table. It is similar to saying that someone (or a place) is on the other side of something.

 I live across from a supermarket (= it is on the other side of the road)


 The chess players sat opposite each other before they began their game.
(= They are in front of each other and there is a table between them)

11. Next to / Beside


Next toand Beside mean the same thing. It usually refers to a thing (or person) that is at
the side of another thing.

 At a wedding, the bride stands next to the groom.


 Guards stand next to the entrance of the bank.
 He walked beside me as we went down the street.
 In this part of town there isn't a footpath beside the road so you have to be careful.

12. Near / Close to


Near and Close to mean the same thing. It is similar to next to / beside but there is more of
a distance between the two things.

 The receptionist is near the front door.


 This building is near a subway station.
 We couldn't park the car close to the store.
 Our house is close to a supermarket.

13. On
On means that something is in a position that is physically touching, covering or
attached to something.

 The clock on the wall is slow.


 He put the food on the table.
 I can see a spider on the ceiling.
 We were told not to walk on the grass.

14. Above / Over


Above and Over have a similar meaning. The both mean "at a higher position than X"
but above normally refers to being directly (vertically) above you.

 Planes normally fly above the clouds.

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 There is a ceiling above you.
 There is a halo over my head. ;)
 We put a sun umbrella over the table so we wouldn't get so hot.
 Our neighbors in the apartment above us are rally noisy.

Over can also mean: physically covering the surface of something and is often used
with the word All as in All over.

 There water all over the floor.


 I accidentally spilled red wine all over the new carpet.

Over is often used as a Preposition of Movement too.

15. Under / Below


Underand Below have a similar meaning. They mean at a lower level. (Something is
above it).

 Your legs are under the table.


 Monsters live under your bed.
 A river flows under a bridge.
 How long can you stay under the water?
 Miners work below the surface of the Earth.

Sometimes we use the word underneath instead of under and beneath instead of below. There is no
difference in meaning those they are less common nowadays.

Under is often used as a Preposition of Movement too.

Student Housing - Vocabulary

student residence - a college or university building containing living quarters for students
dorm, dormitory, residence hall, hall
building, edifice - a structure that has a roof and walls and stands more or lesspermanently in one pl
ace; "there was a three-story building on the corner"; "it was animposing edifice"
hall of residence - a university dormitory
living
quarters, quarters - housing available for people to live in; "he found quarters for his family"; "I visited
his bachelor quarters"

READING
Describing student housing
Stouffer Place Apartments are unfurnished. If you live in a non-renovated
apartment, you may install window air conditioners with prior approval from the
Stouffer Place maintenance supervisor. All floors in the apartment are covered with
tile and bathrooms have a bathtub with shower.
Each apartment is provided with a full-sized refrigerator and a gas or electric range
and oven. Dishwashers, clothes washers or clothes dryers may not be installed.
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However, there are two 24-hour laundries available at Stouffer Place equipped with
coin- or smartcard-operated laundry machines. No pets are permitted at Stouffer
Place except for fish in aquariums.

DIALOGUE
2. Finding an Apartment
A:Hi, what can I do for you?
M:I'm interested in the apartment in Marine Drive. What can you tell me about it?
A:It's a conversion on the second floor of a beautiful, four-storey building. It has two bedrooms and a
large living room overlooking the sea. The kitchen and bathroom have recently been re-fitted.
M:Is it centrally heated?
A:Yes, it's centrally heated throughout, and double-glazed too.
M:Does it have a parking space?
A:No, but there's plenty of unrestricted parking in Marine Drive and nearby.
M:How much is it?
A:It's $139,995, but I believe the owner would be willing to accept an offer.
M:How long is the lease?
A:There's no lease, it's a condominium.

PREPOSITIONS OF PLACE - PRACTICE

Complete the sentences with the correct preposition:

in into over above beside on at front under inside between below

1. The bike is the wall the basement.

2. The sun is the house Main Street Ridgetown.

3. The people are the table the dining room.

4. The stairs are _the bathroom the second floor.

5. The bedroom is the attic the third floor.

6. The washing machine is the dryer.

7. The steps are in of the door.

8. The tools are the peg board.

9. The peg board is the basement.

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10. The basement is the house.

11. The shower curtain is the tub.

12. The cupboards are the counter.

13. The roof is the house.

14. The books are the book case.

15. The woman is putting something the oven.

16. The dresser is the mirror.

17. The shelf is the washing machine and table.

18. The box is the table the basement.

19. The dishes are the china cabinet the dining room.

20. The kitchen is the first floor the house.

21. The computer is the room the third floor the attic.

4. Describe the pictures:

1. The dog is the chair.

2. The cat is the wardrobe and the dog


is it.

3. The cat is the cupboard.

4. The dog is the bed and the cat is the


bed.

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5. The cat is the chest of drawers and the dog
is the chest of drawers.

6. The cat is the computer.

7. The dog is the hi-fi.

HOJA DE INFORMACION
DÉCIMO SEGUNDA SEMANA
Tema : Shopping for clothes
What do I wear.
Referencial: Vocabulario de prendas de vestir y accesorios
sustantivos contables y no contables.
Competencia: El estudiante identifica sustantivos contables y
no contables, identifica vocabulario de prendas de
vestir y accesorios, utiliza expresiones adecuadas
para comprar y vender un producto en oferta.
DÉCIMO SEGUNDA SEMANA

CLOTHING ITEMS AND CLOTHING ACCESORIES

1. Ropa
anorak anorak

apron delantal

baseball cap gorra de béisbol

belt cinturón

bikini bikini

blazer americana

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blouse blusa

boots botas

bow tie pajarita

boxer shorts boxers

bra sujetador

cardigan rebeca

coat abrigo

dinner jacket esmoquin

dress vestido

dressing gown bata, albornoz

gloves guantes

hat sombrero

high heels (abreviación de high- tacones altos


heeled shoes)

jacket chaqueta

jeans vaqueros

jumper jersey

knickers bragas

leather jacket chaqueta de cuero

miniskirt minifalda

nightie (abreviación de nightdress) camisõn

overalls mono

overcoat abrigo

pullover jersey

pyjamas pijama

raincoat chubasquero

sandals sandalias

scarf bufanda

shirt camisa

shoelace cordón de zapatos

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shoes zapatos (un par de zapatos)

pair of shoes par de zapatos

shorts pantalones cortos

skirt falda

slippers zapatillas

socks calcetines

stilettos zapato con tacón de aguja

stockings medias

suit traje

sweater suéter

swimming costume bañador

swimming trunks bañador (para el hombre)

thong tanga

tie corbata

tights mallas; medias

top top

tracksuit chándal

trainers zapatillas de deporte

trousers pantalones (un par de pantalones)

pair of trousers par de pantalones

t-shirt camiseta

underpants calzoncillos

vest chaleco

wellingtons botas de agua

2. Accesorios personales
bracelet brazalete, pulsera

cufflinks gemelos

comb cepillo para el pelo

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earrings pendientes

engagement ring anillo de compromiso

glasses gafas

handbag bolso de mano

handkerchief pañuelo

hair tie o hair band goma del pelo

hairbrush peine

keys llaves

keyring llavero

lighter mechero, encendedor

lipstick pintalabios

makeup maquillaje

mirror espejo

necklace collar

piercing piercing

purse monedero

ring anillo

sunglasses gafas de sol

umbrella paraguas

walking stick bastón

wallet cartera

watch reloj

wedding ring anillo de casado

3. Otras palabras relacionadas


size talla

loose ancho/a

tight ajustado/a

to wear vestir

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to put on ponerse

to take off quitarse

to get dressed vestirse

to get undressed desvestirse

button botón

pocket bolsillo

zip cremallera

to tie atar

to untie desatar

to do up abrochar

to undo desabrochar

5. Nouns: countable and uncountable


1. Countable nouns

Some nouns refer to things which, in English, are treated as separate items which
can be counted. These are called countable nouns. Here are some examples:

a car, three cars

my cousin, my two cousins

a book, a box full of books

a city, several big cities

1. Singular and plural

Countable nouns can be singular or plural. They can be used with a/an and with
numbers and many other determiners (e.g. these, a few):

She’s got two sisters and a younger brother.

Most people buy things like cameras and MP3-players online these days.

These shoes look old now.

I’ll take a few magazines with me for the flight.

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2. Uncountable nouns

In English grammar, some things are seen as a whole or mass. These are called
uncountable nouns, because they cannot be separated or counted.

Some examples of uncountable nouns are:

Ideas and experiences: advice, information, progress, news, luck, fun, work

Materials and substances: water, rice, cement, gold, milk

Weather words: weather, thunder, lightning, rain, snow

Names for groups or collections of things: furniture, equipment, rubbish, luggage

Other common uncountable nouns include: accommodation, baggage, homework,


knowledge, money, permission, research, traffic, travel.

These nouns are not used with a/an or numbers and are not used in the plural.

We’re going to get new furniture for the living room.

Not: We’re going to get a new furniture for the living room. or We’re going to get new
furnitures for the living room.

We had terrible weather last week.

Not: We had a terrible weather last week.

We need rice next time we go shopping.

Some nouns always have plural form but they are uncountable because we cannot
use numbers with them.

I bought two pairs of trousers.

Not: I bought two trousers.

Other nouns of this type are: shorts, pants, pyjamas, glasses (for the
eyes), binoculars, scissors.
Warning:
Some nouns which are uncountable in English are countable in other languages
(e.g. accommodation, advice, furniture, information):

They can give you some information about accommodation at the tourist office.

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Not: They can give you some informations about accommodations at the tourist
office.

Can you give me some advice about buying a second-hand car?

Not: Can you give me some advices about buying a second-hand car?

How much and How many

http://www.grammar.cl/english/how-much-how-many.htm

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When we want to know the quantity or amount of something, we ask questions starting
with How much and How many.

1. HOW MUCH ...? - (Quantity)


How much is used with uncountable nouns.
HOW MUCH + UNCOUNTABLE NOUN

 How much time do we have to finish the test?


 How much money did you spend?
 How much sugar would you like in your coffee?
 How much paper will I need?
 How much milk is in the fridge?
 How much traffic was there on the way to work?

If the verb To Be is used with an uncountable noun, it is in singular form (= IS or WAS


etc.)

2. HOW MUCH ...? - (Price)


How much can also be used when we want to know the PRICE of something.
In this case, we can use How much with countable nouns (both singular and plural
nouns).

 How much is that painting?


 How much are those shoes?
 How much did your jacket cost?
 How much is the dress on display in the window?
 How much will it cost me?
 How much does it cost ?

3. HOW MANY ...? - (Quantity)


How many is used when we want to know the QUANTITY of something.
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It is only used with plural countable nouns.
HOW MANY + PLURAL NOUN

 How many days are there in January?


 How many people work in your company?
 How many cousins do you have?
 How many books did you buy?
 How many countries are there in the world?
 How many students are in the class right now?
 How many chairs are there in this room?
 How many pieces of chocolate would you like?

4. Omitting the noun


Often the noun is omitted in the question when it is obvious what we are talking about.
A: I would like to buy some cheese. B: How much (cheese) would you like?
The noun cheese is not necessary after how much since we already know we are
talking about cheese. In fact, it is normally omitted to avoid sounding repetitive.
More examples:

 A: I need some coins. - B: How many do you need?


 A: I need some sugar. - B: How much do you need?

PRACTICE
1.Write c for countable and u for uncountable:

time - books - sugar - milk - pens - hair - chairs

meat - butter - pencils - bread - jam - friends - fingers

flour - apples - oil - cars - salt - houses

- cheese -

rice - tea - games - tomatoes - cream - honey - carrots

.
2. how much - we use with uncountable nouns
how many - we use with countable nouns.

Choose How much or How many

a) shirts do you buy?

b) books are there in your bag?

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c) films doesTom see every day?

d) money do you spend every week?

e) friends does Luis have?

f) does it cost?

g) shoes are there in the wardrobe?

h) meat are you going to buy?

i) milk did you drink yesterday?

j) apples do you see?

DIALOGUE

3. Buying clothes
A:May I help you?
C:Yes, I'm looking for a pair of trousers.
A:What colour would you like?
C:Black.
A:And what size are you?
C:I'm not sure. Can you measure me?
A:[measures customer] You're a 34 inch waist. How about these?C:
What material are they? And How much are they?
A:Wool. They are $ 30
C:Do you have anything in cotton?
A:Yes, these.
C:Can I try them on?
A:Of course. The fitting room's over there.
C:[tries trousers] They're a little long. Do you have anything shorter?
A:These are shorter. And they are in bargaining . They are $20
C:I'll take them.

4. VOWELS AND VOWEL COMBINATIONS


The vowels A, E, I, O, U, Y alone, in combination with one another or with R, W
represent different vowel sounds. The chart below lists the vowel sounds according to
the American variant of pronunciation.

Sounds Letters Examples Notes

been [i];
e, ee be, eve, see, meet, sleep,
bread, deaf [e];
[i:] ea meal, read, leave, sea, team,
great, break [ei];
ie, ei field, believe, receive
friend [e]
i it, kiss, tip, pick, dinner, machine, ski,
[i]
y system, busy, pity, sunny liter, pizza [i:]
e let, tell, press, send, end, meter [i:]
[e]
ea bread, dead, weather, leather sea, mean [i:]

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a late, make, race, able, stable,
ai, ay aim, wait, play, say, day,
[ei] said, says [e];
ei, ey eight, weight, they, hey,
height, eye [ai]
ea break, great, steak
cat, apple, land, travel, mad;
[æ] a
AmE: last, class, dance, castle, half
army, car, party, garden, park, war, warm [o:]
ar
[a:] father, calm, palm, drama;
a
BrE: last, class, dance, castle, half
i, ie ice, find, smile, tie, lie, die,
[ai]
y, uy my, style, apply, buy, guy
ou out, about, house, mouse, group, soup [u:]
[au]
ow now, brown, cow, owl, powder know, own [ou]
[o] o not, rock, model, bottle, copy

or more, order, cord, port,


work, word [ər]
o long, gone, cost, coffee,
[o:] aw, au law, saw, pause, because,
ought bought, thought, caught,
al, wa- hall, always, water, war, want
[oi] oi, oy oil, voice, noise, boy, toy

o go, note, open, old, most, do, move [u:]


[ou]
oa, ow road, boat, low, own, bowl how, owl [au]
u use, duty, music, cute, huge, tune,
ew few, dew, mew, new,
[yu:]
eu euphemism, feud, neutral,
ue, ui hue, cue, due, sue, suit
u rude, Lucy, June,
o, oo do, move, room, tool,
ew crew, chew, flew, jewel,
[u:]
ue, ui blue, true, fruit, juice, guide, quite [ai];
ou group, through, route; build [i]
AmE: duty, new, sue, student
oo look, book, foot, good,
[u] u put, push, pull, full, sugar,
ou would, could, should
u, o gun, cut, son, money, love,
Also:
ou tough, enough, rough,
neutral sound [ə] stressed, [ʌ];
a, e about, brutal, taken, violent,
unstressed, [ə].
o, i memory, reason, family
er, ur, ir serve, herb, burn, hurt, girl, sir,
[ər] or, ar work, word, doctor, dollar,
heart, hearth [a:]
ear heard, earn, earnest, earth

Note 1: The letter Y

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The letter Y can function as a vowel or as a consonant. As a vowel, Y has the vowel
sounds [i], [ai]. As a consonant, Y has the consonant sound [y] (i.e., a semivowel
sound), usually at the beginning of the word and only in the syllable before a vowel.
[i]: any, city, carry, funny, mystery, synonym;
[ai]: my, cry, rely, signify, nylon, type;
[y]: yard, year, yes, yet, yield, you.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=69DwHUg2f7s&t=175s

DECIMO TERCERA SEMANA


12 DE MAYO AL 16 DE MAYO DEL 2017 (10 HORAS)

CONCEPTUAL
Preposiciones de tiempo en inglés
Definición: Una preposición es una expresión invariable en las oraciones que une las palabras indicando
una relación determinada con el resto de la oración. En el caso de las preposiciones de tiempo en inglés,
esta nos indica cuándo ocurre una acción y cuánto tiempo dura.
A continuación en la siguiente tabla se presenta algunas preposiciones en ingles así como algunos
ejemplos:

Preposición Traducción Estructura: Ejemplo

al Inglés

Antes de Before Before + tiempo, John will buy the car

acción before the weekend

Después de After After + tiempo, Yesterday, I arrived

acción after dinner

Durante During During + tiempo There are flowers

during the spring

Por, Durante For For + tiempo He has worked there

for 5 years

En In In + tiempo I will be back in two

months

A (horas) At At + tiempo He wakes up at 6

o’clock

En (Días) On On + tiempo I will travel on Friday

Alrededor de About About + tiempo Patrick

Desde Since Since + tiempo He has lived her since

2010

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Hasta Until Until + tiempo Diane will work there

until next Tuesday

Para (Horas, To To + tiempo It is a quarter to ten

falta x para)

Después Past Past + tiempo It is ten past six

(horas)

Para, antes de By By + tiempo They will arrive by

Thursday

Hace… (x Ago Tiempo + Ago I graduated from

tiempo) highschool 5 years

ago

En la tabla anterior se vio las expresiones de tiempo que se utilizan con mayor frecuencia en el lenguaje
oral y escrito. Se usan para responder, principalmente, a las preguntas que empiezan con las palabras
when, what time y how long. Para usarlas en el contexto, es necesario que tengas en cuenta cuál es el
tiempo verbal que se usa, si te preguntan por tu pasado o acciones futuras.
En cuanto al uso de las preposiciones in, at y on a continuación se indicara en qué momento utilizar
correctamente cada una de ellas:
Usamos In cuando hablamos de:
• Tiempos del día: (In the morning, in the evening)
• Meses (In July)
• Estaciones (In spring)
• Años (In 1990)
• Siglos (In 21th Century)
Usamos On cuando hablamos de:
• Los días de la semana (On Friday)
• Días de la semana + parte del día (On Wednesday morning)
• Las fechas (On August 23rd)

Adverbios de frecuencia
Adverbios de frecuencia en inglés: always, sometimes, usually, often, never, etc son algunos adverbios
de frecuencia
Los adverbios de frecuencia en inglés se ubican la mayoría de las veces delante del verbo principal
 We have never been to London
Los adverbios de tiempo en inglés se pueden poner también al comienzo o final de la oración.
 Sometimes I go to the movies
Para las frases interrogativas, el orden es el siguiente: auxiliar + sujeto + adverbio + verbo.
 Do you often go to the beach?
Los adverbios de tiempo en inglés van siempre justo después del verbo to be, menos en el imperativo.
Los adverbios de tiempo en inglés van después de los verbos modales.
 You can always count on me.
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Los adverbios de frecuencia en inglés expresan con qué periodicidad se hace un acción. “How often?”
se usa para preguntar por el tiempo de tales acciones.

There is there are


Las expresiones there is y there are en inglés se usan para señalar la existencia de un objeto, persona u
animal que se encuentra en determinado lugar. Estas expresiones traducidas significan "hay". Y para
usarlas correctamente se debe tener en cuenta el verbo tobe.

There is se usa cuando hablamos en singular y afirma que sí hay. También puede usarse en forma corta:
There's
There are se usa cuando hablamos en plural para indicar que sí hay.
En inglés utilizamos there is y there are para describir sitios o decir dónde están las cosas.
Significa "hay" pero, a diferencia del español, no es invariable.
 Forma afirmativa
There is an Apple
 Forma negativa
La forma negativa de there is y there are se formará de dos maneras:
1. añadiendo not = there is not, there are not
2. utilizando la contracción isn't y aren't = there isn't, there aren't
 Forma interrogativa
Del mismo modo que hacíamos con el verbo to be en presente pondremos primero el verbo
to be, es decir, is o are, y después añadiremos there → Is there...? Are there...?
Is there an apple on the table?
Yes, there is
No, there isn't / there is not
Speaking and pronunciation
 Get a card from your teacher.
A: When´s Independence Day in Peru?
B: It´s on july 28th. When ´s independence day in Brazil?
A: When´s Valentine´s Day?
B: It´s on February 14th.

 When are the festivals and celebrations in your country? Are they public holidays? Answer with the
prepositions in or on.
 Provide them a copy of a biography. Read a biography and recognize the adverbs of frequency and
complete the questions and answer.

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Rick Bayless-a very busy man
Rick Bayless is an American chef. He is famous for
his Mexican food. He teaches Mexican cooking all
over the USA and organizes cooking tours of Mexico.
He has four restaurants-two in Chicago, one in New
York City, and one in San Francisco. He writes too
and has six different cookbooks now.
He always leaves home at 7:30 a.m. to go to work
and he doesn´t usually get home before 1:00 a.m. he
doesn´t have a lot of free time. He comes from
Oklahoma city, but he lives in Chicago with hiswife
Deann and his daughter. He usually spends
weekends with his famlily. They go to the movies
and the theater- hos daughter loves musical theater.
Rick is a famous TV chef , too. You can see him on
mexico : one plate at a time and also on iron chef
America. If you like food and cooking, don´t miss
them.

1. How many reataurants / have


How many restaurants does he have?
2. What time / leave home?
3. What time / get home?
4. Where / live?
5. How many children / have?
6. What / do /weekend?

Reading and writing


 Complete the e-mail with in or on.
Make an e-mail, with the preposition of time in and on.

From: let´s go agency

To: Zack and Tom


Subject: south American adventure vacation
Dear Zack and Tom
Here´s your south American adventure vacation itinerary:
You´re ___ flight AA738 ___ Monday morning from JFK Airport to Simon Bolivar airport ___ Caracas. ___ Tuesday
you´re ___ Venezuela and ___ Wednesday afternoon, you´re ___ peru to visit beautiful macho picchu. Then,
you´re skiing ___ chile ___ Friday and Saturday. Finally, your flight from Santiago to los angeles is AA4414 ____
Sunday morning.
Have a fantastic vacation!
Robert Crowe

 Practical work: Make booklets of furniture in every room, we need furniture for our apartment. Choose
things we need in each room and make a sentences with the there is or there are.

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PROCEDIMENTAL
Examen parcial
Se tomara la evaluación programada para esta fecha.

DECIMO CUARTA SEMANA


JOBS AND AMBITIONS
19 DE MAYO AL 23 DE MAYO DEL 2017
Primera session

CONCEPTUAL
Jobs
Personality Adjectives
Personalidad: la combinación de cualidades o características eso forma el carácter de una persona.
Los adjetivos personales son adjetivos que nosotros usamos para describir a una persona, sus
características o personalidad.
Todos somos únicos así que todos tenemos diferentes personalidades.
Los adjetivos personales responden la pregunta: "What is he like?"
Los adjetivos de personalidad se dividen en dos:
 Adjetivos de personalidad positiva
 Adjetivos de personalidad negativa

Vocabulary: Professions
Military and Special Forces
Captain corporal Capitan
sergeant Cabo
lieutenant Teniente
policeman Policia
soldier Soldado
General General
fireman Bombero
Government Professions
manager Gerente
Mayor Alcalde
Minister Ministro
Poitician Politico
President Presidente
Other professions
Baker Panadero
Hairdresser peluquero
Shoemaker zapatero
Tailor Sastre

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Waiter Camarero
Chef Cocinero

PROCEDIMENTAL
• Speaking & pronunciation: Asking about Jobs

En inglés existen varias formas de preguntarle a alguien a qué se dedica, veamos algunas de ellas:

What do you do for a living? = ¿Cuál es tu actividad económica?


What do you? = ¿Tú qué haces?
Profesiones en inglés.
What’s your work? = ¿Cuál es tu trabajo?
What field do you work in? = ¿En qué área o sector te desempeñas?
What kind of work do you do? = ¿Qué tipo de trabajo realizas?
Do you work? = ¿Trabajas?
Where do you work? = ¿Dónde trabajas?
De esta forma, vimos cuáles son las diferentes frases que podemos utilizar para preguntar alguien
a qué se dedica.

Estas preguntas pueden ayudarnos a preguntar o indagar sobre la actividad de nuestros amigos o
conocidos y empezar una conversación que nos lleve a relacionarnos fácilmente.
Por esto en esta sección se realizara una conversación y posteriormente se va a exponer.

• Reading & writing: Reading a resume and finding a job

Leer el modelo que se presente en la diapositiva y escribir un modelo parecido.


Elaborar un modelo de un Curriculum Vitae

Ann Morrison Smith


401 Albert Street
Tampa, FL 36598
(305) 458-1010
annmarrisonsmith@hotmail.com

OBJECTIVE
Administrative secretary in a large office.

CCOMPLISHMENTS
Self-taught how to use PS computer. Volunteer secretarial work for Co-op. Wrote and typed monthly
minutes of meetings. (1980)
Active member of Parents Association. Responsible for designing, writing and editing 12-page safety
booklet for elementary school children. Coordinated women's yearly golf tournament.
Wrote and sent memos, collected funds and managed 8 volunteers.

TECHNICAL SKILLS
Word processing: Word Perfect,Ventura.
Imping (60 wpm)
Clerical
Bilingual

EXPERIENCE
W. Accountants. (1975-78). Receptionist and clerical work. Like New Clothing. (1974-75). Parttime
general office work

EDUCATION
Manpower Center (1988). Professional secretarial course. Word processing, computer science,
administration, typing, steno.
John A. MacDonald High School (1975). Graduated "with distinction."

• Listening: for job descriptions

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https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aQyGHxto8JQ
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uM9uhFvfggI
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dTFidcz7Bck

• Communication: Exchaging business cards and personal information

Segunda sesion

CONCEPTUAL
Getting a jobs
Talking about abilities – can and can`t
Es uno de los verbos modales más conocidos.
Es importante saber que: El verbo modal “Can” corresponde al español a "Poder", este verbo es
ampliamente utilizado en inglés.
1.- Posibilidad de ciertos sucesos.
2.- La habilidad o capacidad de personas / cosas.
3.- Para pedir / dar permiso.
4.- Para pedir / ofrecer cosas.
En inglés podemos expresar habilidad de diferentes maneras. Debemos tener en cuenta que
normalmente utilizamos los modales, pero que también existen otras formas.
Nos referimos a las diferentes estructuras que se utilizan para hablar de habilidad, tanto en el presente,
como en el pasado.
Lo usamos:
 Present Ability: Para hablar de habilidad en presente podemos utilizar el modal 'can' (afirmativa
o negativa).
 Negativa: Por otro lado, para hablar de falta de habilidad utilizamos 'could not' (o su forma
contraída 'couldn't) tanto para habilidades generales como para situaciones particulares.

La estructura básica consiste es:


Pronoun / name + can + action verb + Complement
Oraciones Interrogativas con "Can"
Can + Pronoun / name + action verb + Complement?
Vocabulary: Help-wanted and job interview vocabulary
Applicant postulante
Apply for Postular para
Appointments page Pagina de empleos
Career Carrera
Employer Empleador
Experience Experiencia
Hire Contratar
interview Entrevista
interviewee Entrevistado
interviewer Entrevistador
Promotion Ascenso
Recruit Reclutar personal
References Referencias
shortlist Lista de seleccionados
shortlisted Preseleccionado
Successful candidate Postulante elegido
Team work Trabajo en equipo

Cuando una empresa selecciona nuevo personal, generalmente cita a los postulantes a una entrevista.
En esta sección aprenderemos algunas palabras. A continuación algunas preguntas que podrían ser.
Where did you get your degree?
When did you start your first job?
What is your present company?
What kind of company is it?
How long have you been with them?
What's your background?
When were you appointed Sales Manager?
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What are you responsible for?
Which are your salary expectations?
What do you consider to be your strengths and weaknesses?
PROCEDIMENTAL

• Speaking & pronunciation: Reduced what do you and what does

Hacer una conversación con su compañero haciendo la función de entrevistador y entrevistado para
un puesto de trabajo.

• Reading & writing: Writing about personal details


Hacer un dialogo hacienda una entrevista de trabajo el entrevistador requiere información personal.

• Listening: for job details

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1IOSgOLu4-Q
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OP1Z7BbEBCE

• Communication: Interviewing a partner about job skills to find and appropriate job

DECIMO QUINTA SEMANA


26 DE MAYO AL 30 DE MAYO 2017 (10 HORA)
Primera y segunda sesión

ENTREGA Y SUSTENTACIÓN DE TRABAJOS APLICATIVOS


Requisitos para la Sustentación:
Los alumnos podrán escoger un tema practicos de las clases ya aprendidas para sustentar ante un
público. Para esto los requisitos son:

• Puntualidad en las presentaciones


• Todos deben exponer
• Respetar los tiempos asignados para sustentación: 10 minutos de sustentación.
• Las preguntas pueden ser dirigidas a cualquiera de los integrantes del grupo.
• Buena presentación personal.
• Apagar celulares al momento de ingresar a las sustentaciones.
• Estar presente en las sustentaciones de los compañeros.
• La información de la presentación debe estar almacenada en tres medios: USB, CD y Audio Visuales
• No ingerir alimentos, ni bebidas dentro del salón.
• La nota será asignada por lo jurados.

Presentación de la Sustentación
• Utilizar la plantilla institucional recomendada
• Colores letras: Colores que hagan contraste con el fondo. Evitar colores extravagantes Ejemplo, ejemplo
• Evitar diapositivas cargadas de texto. Tratar de usar gráficos o mapas conceptuales que faciliten al
publico la comprensión de lo que se dice.
• Las diapositivas son para apoyar la sustentación no simplemente para leer
• Tipo de letra recomendado: Arial, titulo mínimo 32 ptos. Para cuerpo 22 puntos.

Presentación de la Sustentación
• Unificar los tipos de letras y colores para todas las diapositivas (títulos,cuerpo, fondos).
• Las imágenes que coloquen deben ir relacionadas con tema que se este abordando. Además no se
debe abusar de éstas.

DECIMO SEXTA SEMANA


93
03 DE JULIO AL 07 DE JULIO 2017 (10 HORA)
PRIMERA SESIÓN
CONCEPTUAL
Where were you last night?
• Past tense of be
• Yes/ No questions

Affirmative, negative and interrogative Form.


PROSIDIMENTAL

Speaking & pronunciation: Asking and answer about past tense to be


 Reading & writing: Reading articles and complete sentences.
 Listening: recognize difference between was-were.
 Communication: take turns asking and answering wh-questions in pairs.

 Speaking & pronunciation: Short dialogs using real information

HEROES

The verb "be" has two forms in the past tense:

was and were

Singular Plural

I was We were

You were You were

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He was

She was They were

It was

To make a question....

Singular Plural

Was I ... Were we ...

Were you ... Were you ...

Was he ...

Was she ... Were they ...

Was it ...

To make the negative add "not"

He was not in school yesterday.

He wasn't in school yesterday.

was not = wasn't / were not = weren't

The past tense of To Be in English has two forms: WAS and WERE

To Be - Affirmative

Subject To Be Examples

I was I was tired this morning.


You were You were very good.
He was He was the best in his class.
She was She was late for work.
It was It was a sunny day.
We were We were at home.
You were You were on holiday.
They were They were happy with their test results.

To Be - Negative Sentences
The negative of To Be can be made by adding not after the verb (was or were).

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Subject To Be Examples

I was not I was not tired this morning.


You were not You were not crazy.
He was not He was not married.
She was not She was not famous.
It was not It was not hot yesterday.
We were not We were not invited.
You were not You were not at the party.
They were not They were not friends.

To Be - Negative Contractions
The can make negative contractions of the verb To Be in the Past tense by joining the verb (was or
were) and n't(e.g. were not = weren't). We don't make a contraction of the subject and the verb (e.g. I
was).

I was not tired this morning. OR I wasn't tired this morning.

You were not crazy. OR You weren't crazy.


He was not married. OR He wasn't married.
She was not famous. OR She wasn't famous.
It was not hot yesterday. OR It wasn't hot yesterday.
We were not invited. OR We weren't invited.
You were not at the party. OR You weren't at the party.
They were not friends. OR They weren't friends.

To Be - Questions
To create questions with To Be, you put the Verb before the Subject.

Affirmative You were happy.

Subject Verb

Question Were you happy?


Verb Subject

Affirmative Question

I was late Was I late?


You were sick. Were you sick?
He was surprised. Was he surprised?
She was from Italy. Was she from Italy?
It was a big house. Was it a big house?
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We were ready. Were we ready?
You were early. Were you early?
They were busy. Were they busy?

Before the verb you can also have a WH- Question word (Why, Who, What, Where etc.)

Were you happy? Yes, I was.

Why were you happy? Because I was promoted at work.

To Be - Short Answers
In spoken English, we usually give short answers in response to questions.

Was he from Japan? - Yes, he was (from Japan). The last part (from Japan) is not necessary. We use
shorts answers to avoid repetition, when the meaning is clear.

Question Short Answers** Short Answers

Was I late? Yes, you were. No, you weren't.


Were you sick? Yes, I was. No, I wasn't.
Was he surprised? Yes, he was. No, he wasn't.
Was she from Italy? Yes, she was. No, she wasn't.
Was it a big house? Yes, it was. No, it wasn't.
Were we ready? Yes, we were. No, we weren't.
Were you early? Yes, we were. No, we weren't.
Were they busy? Yes, they were. No, they weren't.
** With To Be, We don't use contractions in affirmative short answers.

6. was or were – Simple Past – Exercise

Use was or were. Choose from the dropdown

1. I in Canberra last spring.

2. We at school last Saturday.

3. Tina at home yesterday.

4. He happy.

5. Robert and Stan Garry's friends.

6. You very busy on Friday.

7. They in front of the supermarket.

8. I in the museum.

9. She in South Africa last month.

10. Jessica and Kimberly late for school.


Check Show answ er

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Use the past form of the verb ‘to be’ to complete the following sentences.

1. She _____ (be not) at school yesterday afternoon.


2. Peter _____ (be) at work last week.
3. They _____ (be not) at the dance last Friday.
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4. We _____ (be) friends of Peter’s cousin in New York.
5. I _____ (be) at the meeting on Saturday.
6. You on _____ (be not) the football team in high school.
7. My friend and I _____ (be not) late for work this morning.
8. Jennifer _____ (be) at the party last weekend.
9. The students _____ (be not) happy after the test.
10. The dog _____ (be) in the living room.

ANSWERS

1. She wasn't (was not) at school yesterday afternoon.


2. Peter was at work last week.
3. They wasn't (was not) at the dance last Friday.
4. We were friends of Peter’s cousin in New York.
5. I was at the meeting on Saturday.
6. You on weren't (were not) the football team in high school.
7. My friend and I weren't (were not) late for work this morning.
8. Jennifer was at the party last weekend.

1. The students weren't (were not) happy after the test.


2. The dog was in the living room.

Use the past form of the verb ‘to be’ to complete the following sentences.

1. She _____ (be not) at school yesterday afternoon.


2. Peter _____ (be) at work last week.
3. They _____ (be not) at the dance last Friday.
4. We _____ (be) friends of Peter’s cousin in New York.
5. I _____ (be) at the meeting on Saturday.
6. You on _____ (be not) the football team in high school.
7. My friend and I _____ (be not) late for work this morning.
8. Jennifer _____ (be) at the party last weekend.
9. The students _____ (be not) happy after the test.
10. The dog _____ (be) in the living room.

SEGUNDA SESION:

CONCEPTUAL

Wh-questions with be
Past time expressions

Agreeing or disagreeing with
an opinion.

PROCEDIMENTAL

Reading & writing: Reading articles and complete sentences. Then write a paragraph following the
example.
 Listening: recognize difference between was-were. What, Who, Where- Why- When.
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3
 Communication: take turns asking and answering wh-questions in pairs.
Useful expressions .

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4
DÉCIMO SÉTIMA SEMANA
THE MIND
10 JUL AL 14 JUL 2017
(10 horas)
PRIMERA SEMANA
CONCEPTUAL
I tried to call you
• The Simple Past: regular verbs.
Vocabulary: List of verbs
• Affirmative and Negative form.
• Yes/No questions
PROCEDIMENTAL
✓ Speaking & pronunciation
Asking and answer about past tense to be
✓ Reading & writing
Reading articles and complete sentences.
✓ Listening: recognize difference between was-were.
✓ Communication: take turns asking and answering Yes/No questions

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Late for the Party (past perfect, passive voice)

Last week-end my sister had a birthday party. There was a snowstorm that day and the
traffic was horrible. I was so late I missed most of the party. By the time I arrived all the
cake had been eaten and most of the wine had been drunk. All the gifts had been
opened too. Songs had been sung and wishes had been said. A good time was had by
everyone! I stayed long enough to finish the last of the wine and help my sister clean up
after the party. The drive home was much easier because the roads had been plowed by
the time I left my sister’s apartment.

Vocabulary help:

 clean up (phrasal verb) - to make a place (or


person) clean and tidy
 horrible (adjective) – very bad or very unpleasant
 plowed (verb) past tense of to plow – If a road has
been plowed it usually means that a snow plow has
removed the snow from the road.
 sung (verb) past tense of to sing
 traffic (noun) – the cars & trucks using a road

More vocabulary? Click on the icon that looks like a book, to the left

Comprehension Check:

Did you understand the story? Are these sentences true?

1. There was cake and wine at the party. Yes or no?

2. The sister received some birthday gifts. Yes or no?

3. The apartment was cleaned up after the party. Yes or no?

4. The drive home was slow. Yes or no?

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5. The word had is used in forming the past perfect tense. Yes or no?

Fill in the Blanks:

6. By the time I arrived all the cake had ________ eaten.

7. The drive home was much easier because the roads had been _______________.

8. All the wine had been ________________.

9. I was late for my sister's _________________ party.

10. Songs had been ____________ and wishes ____________ been said.

>> Answers

Answers:

I Missed My Train

1. missed, wait 2. drank (or bought)

3. few, 4. hour, 5. book

6. annoyed, 7. left, might

8. 90, 9. to buy 10. to leave

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An Evening Out

1. correct

2. wrong. I was watching the crowd. OR I watched the crowd.

3. correct 4. correct

5. wrong. Some people were watching the band. OR Some people watched the band.

6. stood, watched

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Sick on Saturday

1. yes, 2. no, 3. no, 4. no,

5. pizza, 6. watched TV, 7. ache/sore, 8. juice, 9. try/take/feel/do

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Skating!

1. yes, 2. yes, 3. no, 4. yes, 5. no

6. learn 7. fell, 8. friend, 9. Saturday, 10. cold, 11. helped

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A Cake was Made

1. yes, 2. no, 3. yes, 4. yes,

5. flour, 6. oven, 7. Chocolate, 8. half, 9. mixture/cream

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Late for the Party

1. yes, 2. yes, 3. yes, 4. no, 5. yes,

6. been, 7. plowed, 8. drunk, 9. birthday, 10. sung/had

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Thanksgiving Dinner

1. yes, 2. yes, 3. no, 4. yes, 5. no,

6. hours, 7. peeled, 8. helped, 9. had, 10. turkey/dessert

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Skating! (simple past)
This winter I learned to skate! A friend of mine had an extra pair of skates.
He persuaded me to go skating with him one Saturday afternoon in February.
I borrowed the skates and we went skating!

It was cold outside! We wore hats, scarves and mitts to keep warm. He showed me how
to put on the skates. He helped me walk onto the ice. He showed me how to start
moving. He also showed me how to stop! I moved very slowly at first and lots of
people skated past me. When I fell nobody laughed at me. Instead, they helped me get
back up. I kept trying! Soon I felt much better. I liked skating!

Vocabulary help:

 awhile (adverb) - for a short time.


 afternoon (noun) - the time of day between noon and evening
 better (adjective) - comparative form of good. Good, better, best are the three
forms of the word good.
 borrow (verb) - to use something that belongs to someone else and give it back
later
 extra (adjective) - more than usual.
 instead (adverb) - in place of; rather
 kept (verb) past tense of to keep - to continue.
 mitt (noun) - a mitten. A type of glove with a single part for all the fingers except
the thumb which is in a separate part.
 moving (verb) present participle of to move
 onto (preposition) - to a position on or on top of.
 pair (noun) - two things that are the same and are used together. Examples, a pair
of gloves, a pair of socks
 persuade (verb) - to cause someone to do something by explaining why they
should.
 scarves (noun) plural of scarf - a long piece of cloth worn around the neck, head, or
shoulders.
 skate (noun) - a shoe with a blade attached to the bottom. Skates are used to
move on ice
 skate (verb) - to move along on ice skates or roller skates.
 skating (verb) - present participle of to skate
 trying (verb) present participle of to try
 warm (adjective) - having some heat; not cold

More vocabulary? Click on the icon that looks like a book, to the left

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Comprehension Check:

Did you understand the story? Are these sentences true?

1. In the past tense the word feel becomes the word felt. Yes or no?

2. In the past tense the word fall becomes the word fell. Yes or no?

3. When he fell, people laughed at him. Yes or no?

4. Wearing hats and scarves will help keep you warm on a cold day. Yes or no?

5. You can skate outside in the summer in Canada. Yes or no?

Fill in the Blanks:

6. If you want to _________ to do something, you have to keep trying!

7. When he _____________ nobody laughed at him.

8. He borrowed a pair of skates from a ___________ who had an extra pair of skates.

9. They went skating on a _______________ in February.

10. They wore hats and mitts because it was _______________ outside that day.

11. His friend ____________ him walk onto the ice.

A Cake was Made (past tense, passive voice)

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Seven tablespoons of cocoa powder were measured into a small bowl. Half a cup of
boiling water was added. The mixture was stirred until it was smooth. It was left to
cool down.

A half cup of softened butter was put in a large bowl. Two cups of white sugar were
added.

The mixture was stirred until it was smooth. Next, three eggs were added and the
mixture was stirred again.

The dry ingredients were added next - two cups of flour, 1 teaspoon of baking powder
and 1 teaspoon of baking soda. The last additions that were made to the batter was a
cup of sour cream and all of the cocoa mixture. The batter was mixed well.

The batter was poured into two cake tins. The cakes were baked in the oven for 45
minutes. After the cakes had cooled, chocolate icing was spread over them and the
cakes were decorated. The best part was saved for last.... the cakes were eaten!

Vocabulary help:

 add (verb) - to put something else in


 additions (noun) - something that is added
 batter (noun) - a mixture of flour, liquid &
sometimes eggs that is used to make cakes
 decorate (verb) - to make attractive by adding
things to it
 half = 1/2
 ingredients (noun) - the different things that go
into a food
 measure (verb) - to find the amount of something
 mixture (noun) - substances that have been added
together make a mixture
 smooth (adjective) - has no lumps in it
 sour cream (noun) - cream or milk that has been
soured using bacteria.
 spread (verb) - to cover an area of something
 stirred (verb) past tense of to stir - to mix with a
spoon
 tablespoon = 15 ml
 teaspoon = 5 ml

More vocabulary? Click on the icon that looks like a book, to the left

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Comprehension Check:

Did you understand the story? Are these sentences true?

1. It was a chocolate cake. Yes or no?

2. One cake was made. Yes or no?

3. The best part was eating the cake! Yes or no?

4. Two bowls were used to make the cake. Yes or no?

Fill in the Blanks:

5. The dry ingredients were _____________________, baking powder and baking soda.

6. The cakes were in the _________________ for 45 minutes.

7. __________________ icing was spread over the cake.

8. ______________ a cup of boiling water was used to make the cake.

9. The last things added to the batter were the cocoa _______________ and the sour
________________.

DECIMO OCTAVA SEMANA : REVIEW WEECK 14-17

17 Julio al 21 de Julio (10 horas)

Evaluación final

ACTITUDINAL:Desarrolla la capacidad para producir los textos.

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