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Android Studio

Android Studio is the official[7] integrated


development environment (IDE) for
Google's Android operating system, built
on JetBrains' IntelliJ IDEA software and
designed specifically for Android
development.[8] It is available for download
on Windows, macOS and Linux based
operating systems.[9][10] It is a replacement
for the Eclipse Android Development Tools
(ADT) as the primary IDE for native
Android application development.
Android Studio

Android Studio 3.1 running on macOS

Developer(s) Google, JetBrains

Stable release 3.4.2 (July 9, 2019[1]) [±]

Preview release 3.5 Beta 5 (June 26,


2019[2]) [±]

Repository android.googlesource
.com/platform
/manifest/+/refs
/heads/studio-master-
dev
Written in Java, Kotlin and C++

Operating system Windows, macOS,


Linux, Chrome OS[3]

Size 971 to 1036 MB[3]

Type Integrated development


environment (IDE)

License Freeware[4] +Source


code[5][6]

Website developer.android.com
/studio/index.html

Android Studio was announced on May 16,


2013 at the Google I/O conference. It was
in early access preview stage starting
from version 0.1 in May 2013, then entered
beta stage starting from version 0.8 which
was released in June 2014.[11] The first
stable build was released in December
2014, starting from version 1.0.[12]

Since 7 May 2019, Kotlin is Google’s


preferred language for Android app
development.[13] Still, other languages are
supported, including by Android Studio.

Features
The following features are provided in the
current stable version:[14][15]

Gradle-based build support


Android-specific refactoring and quick
fixes
Lint tools to catch performance,
usability, version compatibility and other
problems
ProGuard integration and app-signing
capabilities
Template-based wizards to create
common Android designs and
components
A rich layout editor that allows users to
drag-and-drop UI components, option to
preview layouts on multiple screen
configurations[16]
Support for building Android Wear apps
Built-in support for Google Cloud
Platform, enabling integration with
Firebase Cloud Messaging (Earlier
'Google Cloud Messaging') and Google
App Engine[17]
Android Virtual Device (Emulator) to run
and debug apps in the Android studio.

Android Studio supports all the same


programming languages of IntelliJ (and
CLion) e.g. Java, C++, and more with
extensions, such as Go;[18] and Android
Studio 3.0 or later supports Kotlin[19] and
"all Java 7 language features and a subset
of Java 8 language features that vary by
platform version."[20] External projects
backport some Java 9 features.[21] While
IntelliJ that Android Studio is built on
supports all released Java versions, and
Java 12, it's not clear to what level Android
Studio supports Java versions up to Java
12 (the documentation mentions partial
Java 8 support). At least some new
language features up to Java 12 are
usable in Android.[22]

System requirements
Version 1.x
Criterion Description

Windows XP or later

OS version Mac OS X 10.8.5 or later

GNOME, KDE or Unity desktop on Ubuntu or Fedora or GNU/Linux Debian

RAM 3 GB RAM minimum, 4 GB RAM recommended

Disk space 500 MB disk space

Space for
At least 1 GB for Android SDK, emulator system images, and caches
Android SDK

JDK version Java Development Kit (JDK) 7 or higher

Screen resolution 1280×800 minimum screen resolution

Version 2.x
Criterion Description

Windows 8 or later

OS version Mac OS X 10.9.5 or later

GNOME or KDE desktop Linux

RAM 8 GB RAM recommended; plus 1 GB for the Android Emulator

500 MB disk space for Android Studio, at least 1.5 GB for Android SDK,
Disk space
emulator system images, and caches

Java Development Kit (JDK) 8, use of bundled OpenJDK (version 2.2 and
Java version
later) is recommended.[23]

Screen resolution 1280×800 minimum screen resolution.

Version 3.x
Criterion Description

Microsoft Windows 7/8/10 (32-bit or 64-bit), 64-bit required for native


debugging

Mac OS X 10.10 (Yosemite) or higher, up to 10.13 /10.14 (macOS High


OS version Sierra/macOS Mojave)

GNOME or KDE desktop Linux (64-bit capable of running 32-bit


applications) (GNU C Library (glibc) 2.19+)

Chrome OS (8 GB RAM minimum plus other hardware restrictions)

3 GB RAM minimum, 8 GB RAM recommended; plus 1 GB for the Android
RAM
Emulator

6 GB of available disk space minimum, 16 GB recommended (1700 MB for


Disk space
IDE + 4.4 GB for Android SDK and emulator system image)

Java Development Kit (JDK) 8, use of bundled OpenJDK is


Java version
recommended.[23]

Screen resolution 1280×800 minimum screen resolution

Version history
The following is a list of Android Studio's
release versions.[24]

Without official Kotlin support


Android Studio version history
Version Release date

0.1.x May 2013

0.2.x July 2013

0.3.2 Oct 2013

0.4.2 Jan 2014

0.4.6 March 2014

0.5.2 May 2014

0.8.0 June 2014

0.8.6 August 2014

0.8.14 October 2014

1.0 December 2014

1.0.1 December 2014

1.1.0 February 2015

1.2.0 April 2015

1.2.1 May 2015

1.2.2 June 2015

1.3.0 July 2015

1.3.1 August 2015

1.3.2 August 2015

1.4.0 September 2015

1.4.1 October 2015

1.5.0 November 2015

1.5.1 December 2015

2.0.0 April 2016

2.1.0 April 2016

2.1.1 May 2016

2.1.2 June 2016

2.1.3 August 2016


2.2.0 September 2016

2.2.1 October 2016

2.2.2 October 2016

2.2.3 December 2016

2.3.0 March 2017

2.3.1 April 2017

2.3.2 April 2017

2.3.3 June 2017

With official Kotlin support


Android Studio version history
Version Release date

3.0 October 2017

3.0.1 November 2017

3.1 March 2018

3.1.1 April 2018

3.1.2 April 2018

3.1.3 June 2018

3.1.4 August 2018

3.2 September 2018

3.2.1 October 2018

3.3 January 2019

3.3.1 February 2019

3.3.2 March 2019

3.4 April 2019

3.4.1 May 2019

3.4.2 July 2019


References
1. "Android Studio release notes" .
Android Developers. Retrieved July 12,
2019.
2. "Android Studio 3.5 Beta 5 available" .
Android Studio Release Updates. June
26, 2019. Retrieved June 26, 2019.
3. "Download Options" .
developer.android.com. Google.
Retrieved February 16, 2017.
4. "Terms and Conditions" .
developer.android.com. Google.
Retrieved April 24, 2017.
5. "Build Overview" . android.com.
Last edited 12 days ago by Yiosie23…

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