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KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM NEGERI 2018

(MODUL ULANGKAJI BERTOPIK)


KERTAS 2
TINGKATAN 4 & 5

DISUSUN OLEH:
CIKGU SITI RUSILAWATI BINTI TOMIN
SMK TRIANG 3, BERA

NAMA:
SEKOLAH :
KELAS :
KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
2 (MODUL ULANGKAJI BERTOPIK )

KANDUNGAN MODUL ULANGKAJI KIMIA


BERTOPIK

FORM 4 :
o Chapter 2: The Structure of The Atom ---3 - 12
o Chapter 3 : Chemical Formulae And Equations ---13 - 16
o Chapter 4 : Periodic Table Of Elements ---17 - 26
o Chapter 5 : Chemical Bonds ---27 - 32
o Chapter 6 : Electrochemistry ---32 - 41
o Chapter 7 : Acids And Bases ---42 - 48
o Chapter 8 : Salts ---48 - 52
o Chapter 9 : Manufactured Substances In Industry ---53 - 59

FORM 5 :
o Chapter 1 : Rate of reaction ---60 - 72
o Chapter 3 : Oxidation and Reduction ---73 - 75
o Chapter 4 : Thermochemistry ---75 - 83
o Chapter 5 : Chemicals For Consumers ---83 - 93
KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
3 (MODUL ULANGKAJI BERTOPIK )

Chapter 2 : The Structure of The Atom


[Perlis 2018, No 3]

3 Diagram 3.1 shows the inter-conversion of the two states of matter of substance Q.
Rajah 3.1 menunjukkan perubahan dua keadaan jirim bagi bahan Q.

Process X
Proses X
Solid Q Gas Q
Pepejal Q Process Y Gas Q
Proses Y

Diagram 3.1
Rajah 3.1

(a) Name process X.


Namakan proses X.

...................................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

(b) When substance Q changes from gas to solid, state the change in term of : Apabila bahan Q
berubah daripada keadaan gas kepada pepejal, nyatakan perubahan dari segi :
(i) the energy of the particles.
tenaga kinetik zarah-zarah.

.......................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

(ii) the forces of attraction between the particles.


daya tarikan antara zarah-zarah.

.......................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

(c) Draw the arrangement of particles of substance Q in solid state.


Lukiskan susunan zarah-zarah bahan Q dalam keadaan pepejal.

[1 mark]
KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
4 (MODUL ULANGKAJI BERTOPIK )

(d) Diagram 3.2 and Diagram 3.3 shows the apparatus set-up of two experiments.
Rajah 3.2 dan Rajah 3.3 menunjukkan susunan radas bagi dua eksperimen.

water blue colour of copper(II)


after 1 hour
air sulphate crystal spreads
selepas 1 jam throughout the water
copper(II) sulphate warna biru hablur
crystal kuprum(II) sulfat merebak
Diagram 3.2 ke seluruh air

Rajah 3.2

gel blue colour of copper(II)

agar-agar sulphate crystal spreads


after 3 days throughout the gel
copper(II) sulphate selepas 3 hari warna biru hablur
crystal
kuprum(II) sulfat merebak

Diagram 3.3
Rajah 3.3

(i) State the name of the process involved in both experiments.


Nyatakan nama proses yang terlibat dalam kedua-dua eksperimen.

.......................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

(ii) State the type of particles in copper(II) sulphate crystal.


Nyatakan jenis zarah yang terdapat dalam hablur kuprum(II) sulfat.

.......................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

©Siti Rusilawati Binti Tomin, Smk Triang 3, Bera Kimia 4541 A+


KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
5 (MODUL ULANGKAJI BERTOPIK )

(iii) Based on Diagram 3.2 and Diagram 3.3, explain the differences in the
observation by using kinetic theory of matter.
Berdasarkan Rajah 3.2 dan Rajah 3.3, terangkan perbezaan dalam
pemerhatian dengan menggunakan teori kinetik jirim.

.......................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................
[4 marks]

Chapter 2 : The Structure of The Atom


[Johor 2018, No 1]

1 Diagram shows a set up apparatus for experiment to investigate the movement of


particles in water.
Rajah menunjukkan penyediaan radas bagi eksperimen untuk mengkaji pergerakkan
zarah-zarah dalam air.

Hot Water at room Cold water


water temperature
Air sejuk
Air Air pada suhu bilik
panas

Diagram 1 / Rajah 1

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KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
6 (MODUL ULANGKAJI BERTOPIK )

(a) (i) Name the process involved in the experiment.


Namakan proses yang terlibat dalam eksperimen ini.

…………………………………………………………………………………………….
[1 mark/ 1 markah]

(ii) State the type of particles contained in the green colouring.


Nyatakan jenis zarah yang terdapat dalam pewarna hijau itu.

……………………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark/ 1 markah]

(iii) Explain your observation for each of this experiment.


Terangkan pemerhatian anda bagi setiap eksperimen ini.

…………………………………………………………………………………………….

…………………………………………………………………………………………….

…………………………………………………………………………………………….
[3 marks/ 3 markah]

(b) The following information is about an organic compound, X.


Maklumat yang berikut adalah mengenai suatu sebatian organik, X.

Has an empirical formula of CH2


Mempunyai formula empirik CH2

Has a relative molecular mass of 28


Mempunyai jisim molekul relative 28

Based on the given information,


Berdasarkan maklumat yang diberikan,

i. Determine the molecular formula of X.


Tentukan formula molekul bagi X.

[Relative atomic mass: C = 12; H = 1; O = 16] [Jisim


atom relatif: C = 12; H = 1; O = 16]

[2 marks/ 2 markah]

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KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
7 (MODUL ULANGKAJI BERTOPIK )

ii. Write a balanced chemical equation for the reaction of compound X with
bromine.
Tuliskan persamaan kimia yag seimbang bagi tindak balas sebatian X dengan
bromin.

…………………………………………………………………………………………….
[2 marks/ 2 markah]

Chapter 2 : The Structure of The Atom


[Kedah 2018, No 6]

1 (a) We can smell perfume while we walk past cosmetic counters. Diagram 6.1 shows the perfume
particles have left the open bottle and spread through the air.
Kita dapat menghidu bau minyak wangi apabila melepasi kaunter kosmetik. Zarah-zarah
minyak wangi telah keluar dari botol yang terbuka dan tersebar ke udara.

Perfume particles
Zarah minyak wangi

Diagram 6.1
Rajah 6.1

(i) Based on kinetic theory of matter, state the process involved. Explain your answer.
Berdasarkan teori kinetik jirim, nyatakan proses yang terlibat. Terangkan jawapan
anda.

[2 marks]

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KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
8 (MODUL ULANGKAJI BERTOPIK )

(ii) Predict the change of the movement of perfume particles if the bottle is placed under
sunlight.
Ramalkan perubahan pergerakan zarah-zarah minyak wangi jika botol tersebut
diletakkan di bawah cahaya matahari.

[1 mark]
(b) Water is the most important thing in our daily life, therefore water can exist in different
physical states. Diagram 6.2 shows three states of water in different forms, X, Y and Z.
Air merupakan unsur yang paling penting dalam kehidupan harian kita, oleh itu air dapat
wujud dalam keadaan fizik yang berbeza. Rajah 6.2 menunjukkan tiga keadaan air dalam
bentuk berbeza, X, Y dan Z.

X Y Z
Diagram 6.2
Rajah 6.2

Based on Diagram 6.2:


Berdasarkan Rajah 6.2:

(i) What type of particle is found in X?


Apakah jenis zarah yang terdapat dalam X?

[1 mark] / [1 markah]

(ii) Describe the changes in the arrangement of particles and the movement of particles
of water from state Y to state Z?
Nyatakan perubahan susunan zarah dan pergerakan zarah air daripada keadaan Y
kepada Z?

Arrangement of particles:
Susunan zarah:
Movement of particles :
Pergerakan zarah:
[2 marks]

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KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
9 (MODUL ULANGKAJI BERTOPIK )

(iii) Substance Z contains 12 dm3 of steam. Calculate the mass of steam if it is at


room conditions.
[Relative atomic mass: H = 1, O = 16; 1 mol of gas occupies 24 dm3 at rooms conditions]
Bahan Z mengandungi 12 dm3 stim. Hitung jisim stim itu sekiranya ia berada pada
keadaan bilik.
[Jisim atom relatif: H=1, O=16; 1 gas menempati 24 dm3 pada keadaan bilik]

[2 marks]
[2 markah

(b) Table 6 shows a list of apparatus and materials.


Jadual 6 menunjukkan senarai radas dan bahan.

Apparatus Materials
Radas Bahan
 Retort stand Boiling tube  Acetamide
Kaki retort Tabung didih Asetamida
 Beaker Wire gauze  Water
Bikar Kasa dawai Air
 Bunsen Burner Tripod stand
Penunu Bunsen Tungku kaki tiga
 Thermometer
Termometer
Table 6 / Jadual 6

Draw a labelled diagram to show the apparatus set-up to determine the melting point of
acetamide. The diagram must include the apparatus and materials given in Table 6.
Lukis satu rajah berlabel untuk menunjukkan susunan radas bagi menentukan takat
lebur bagi asetamida. Rajah itu hendaklah menggunakan radas dan bahan yang diberi
dalam Jadual 6.

[3 marks]
[3 markah]

©Siti Rusilawati Binti Tomin, Smk Triang 3, Bera Kimia 4541 A+


KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
10 (MODUL ULANGKAJI BERTOPIK )

Chapter 2 : The Structure of The Atom


[Pulau Pinang 2018, No 1]

1 Table 1 shows the number of protons and neutrons for atoms R and S.
Jadual 1 menunjukkan bilangan proton dan neutron bagi atom R dan atom S.

Atom Number of protons Number of neutrons


Atom Bilangan proton Bilangan neutron

R 12 12
S 11 12
Table 1
Jadual 1

(a) (i) What is meant by proton number?


Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan nombor proton?

……………………………………………………………………………………...........
(1 mark/ 1 markah)

(ii) State two subatomic particles of an atom.


Nyatakan dua zarah sub atom bagi suatu atom.

1.………………………………………………………………………………………..
2.………………………………………………………………………………………..
(2 marks/ 2 markah)

(iii) Write the symbol of atom R in the form of


Tulis simbol bagi atom R dalam bentuk

…………………………………………………………………………………………..
(1 mark/ 1 markah)

(b) (i) Write the electron arrangement of atom S. Tulis


susunan elektron bagi atom S.

……………………………………………………………………………………………
(1 mark/ 1 markah)

(ii) State the position of atoms of element S in the Periodic Table of Elements.
Nyatakan kedudukan atom unsur S dalam Jadual Berkala Unsur.

…………………………………………………………………………………………..

…………………………………………………………………………………………..
(2 marks/ 2 markah)

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KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
11 (MODUL ULANGKAJI BERTOPIK )

(ii) Give the reason for the answer in 1(b)(ii).


Berikan sebab bagi jawapan di 1(b)(ii).

……………………………………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………………………
(2 marks/ 2 markah)

Chapter 2 : The Structure of The Atom


[Sarawak 2018, No 2]

2 (a) Table 2.1 shows four substances and their chemical formulae.
Jadual 1 menunjukkan empat bahan dan formula kimianya.

Substance Chemical formula


Bahan Formula kimia
Argon
Ar
Argon
Bromine
Br2
Bromin
Naphthalene
C10H8
Naftalena
Sodium chloride
NaCl
Natrium klorida
Table 2.1/ Jadual 2.1

Based on Table 2.1:


Berdasarkan Jadual 2.1:
(i) State one substance which exists as atom.
Nyatakan satu bahan yang wujud sebagai atom.

………….……………………………………………………………….
[1 mark/markah]

(ii) Which substance has the highest melting point?


Bahan manakah mempunyai takat lebur yang paling tinggi?

…………………………………………………………………………..
[1 mark/markah]

(iii) What is the physical state of bromine at room conditions?


Apakah keadaan fizikal bromin pada keadaan bilik?

…………………………………………………………………………..
[1 mark/markah]

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KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
12 (MODUL ULANGKAJI BERTOPIK )

(iv) Sodium chloride cannot conduct electricity in solid state but can conduct electricity in
aqueous solution. Explain why.
Natrium klorida tidak boleh mengkonduksi elektrik dalam keadaan pepejal tetapi boleh
mengkonduksi elektrik dalam larutan akues. Terangkan mengapa.

…………………………………………………………………………..

…………………………………………………………………………..
[2 marks/markah]

(v) Why argon is an unreactive element?


Mengapa argon adalah unsur yang tidak reaktif?

…………………………………………………………………………..
[1 mark / markah]

(b) Diagram 2.1 shows the graph of temperature against time when liquid naphthalene is cooled.
Rajah 2.1 menunjukkan graf suhu melawan masa apabila cecair naftalena disejukkan.

Diagram 2.1/ Rajah 2.1

Based on Diagram 2.1:


Berdasarkan Rajah 2.1:
(i) State the freezing point of naphthalene.
Nyatakan takat beku bagi naftalena.

…………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark / markah]

(ii) Why there is no change in temperature from R to Q?


Mengapakah tidak dapat perubahan suhu dari R ke Q?

…………………………………………………………………………

………………………………………………………………………….
[1 mark / markah]
(iii) What are the states of matter from R to Q?
Apakah keadaan jirim dari R ke Q?

…………………………………………………………………………..
[1 mark / markah]

©Siti Rusilawati Binti Tomin, Smk Triang 3, Bera Kimia 4541 A+


KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
13 (MODUL ULANGKAJI BERTOPIK )

Chapter 3 : Chemical Formulae And Equations


[MRSM 2018, No 3]

3 (a) Diagram 3.1 shows the structural formula of substance M and N.


Rajah 3.1 menunjukkan formula struktur bahan M dan N.

M N
Diagram 3.1
Rajah 3.1

(i) What is meant by empirical formula?


Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan formula empirik?

……………………………………………………………………..........
[1 mark] / [1 markah]

(ii) State the empirical formula of substance M.


Nyatakan formula empirik bahan M.

…………………………………………………………..........................
[1 mark] / [1 markah]

(iii) State the molecular formula of substance N.


Nyatakan formula molekul bahan N.

…………………………………………………………..........................
[1 mark] / [1 markah]

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KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
14 (MODUL ULANGKAJI BERTOPIK )

(b) Diagram 3.2 shows the apparatus set-up to determine the empirical formula for an
oxide of copper.
Rajah 3.2 menunjukkan susunan radas untuk menentukan formula empirik bagi satu
oksida kuprum.
Oxide of copper
Oksida kuprum

Hydrogen gas Porcelain boat


Gas hidrogen Perahu porselain

Heat
Panaskan

Anhydrous calcium chloride


Kalsium klorida kontang

Diagram 3.2
Rajah 3.2

Table 3 shows the data obtained from the experiment.


Jadual 3 menunjukkan data yang diperolehi daripada eksperimen itu.

Description Mass (g)


Penerangan Jisim (g)
Combustion tube + porcelain boat 24.60
Tiub pembakaran + perahu porselin
Combustion tube + porcelain boat + oxide of copper 27.00
Tiub pembakaran + perahu porselin + oksida kuprum
Combustion tube + porcelain boat + copper 26.52
Tiub pembakaran + perahu porselin + kuprum
Table 3
Jadual 3

(i) Based on Table 3, calculate the empirical formula for the oxide
of copper.
Berdasarkan Jadual 3, hitung formula empirik bagi oksida kuprum
[Relative atomic mass: Cu=64, O=16]
[Jisim atom relative: Cu=64, O=16]

[4 marks]
[4 markah]

©Siti Rusilawati Binti Tomin, Smk Triang 3, Bera Kimia 4541 A+


KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
15 (MODUL ULANGKAJI BERTOPIK )

(ii) How do you ensure all oxide of copper is reduced to copper?


Bagaimanakah anda memastikan semua oksida kuprum diturunkan kepada kuprum?

……………………………………………………………………..........

…………………………………………………………………………..
[1 mark] / [1 markah]

(iii) Can the empirical formula for magnesium oxide be determined by using
this method? Explain your answer.
Bolehkah formula empirik bagi magnesium oksida ditentukan
dengan menggunakan kaedah ini? Terangkan jawapan anda.

……………………………………………………………………..........

…………………………………………………………………………..
[2 marks] / [2 markah]

Chapter 3 : Chemical Formulae And Equations


[Terengganu 2018, No 3]

3 (a) Diagram 3.1 shows the molecular formula of butane.


Rajah 3.1 menunjukkan formula molekul bagi butana.

C4H10
Diagram 3.1
Rajah 3.1

(i) What is the meaning of molecular formula?


Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan formula molekul?

…………………………………………………………………….………………….....

………………………………………………………………………………………......
[1 mark]

(ii) Calculate the molar mass of butane.


Hitungkan jisim molar bagi butana.
[Relative atomic mass; H = 1 , C = 12 ]
[Jisim atom relatif; H = 1 , C = 12 ]

[1 mark]

(iii) Write the empirical formula of butane.


Tuliskan formula empirik bagi butana.

………………………………………………………………………………………......
[1 mark]

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KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
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(iv) Compare and contrast between molecular formula and empirical formula of butane.
Banding dan bezakan antara formula molekul dan formula empirik bagi butana.

…………………………………………………………………….…………………….

…………………………………………………………………….…………………….
[2 marks]

(b) Diagram 3.2 shows a chemical equation.


Rajah 3.2 menunjukkan satu persamaan kimia.

2KI(aq) + Pb(NO3)2(aq) → 2KNO3(aq) + PbI2(s)

2KI(ak) + Pb(NO3)2(ak) → 2KNO3(ak) + PbI2(p)

Diagram 3.2
Rajah 3.2

Based on the equation, answer the following questions;


Berdasarkan persamaan itu, jawab soalan-soalan berikut;

(i) State the colour of PbI2


Nyatakan warna bagi PbI2

…………………………………………………………………….…………………….
[1 mark]

(ii) State the name of one reactant and one product.


Nyatakan nama bagi satu bahan tindak balas dan satu hasil tindak balas.

Reactant / Bahan tindak balas : ..........................................................................

Product / Hasil tindak balas : ..............................................................................


[1 mark]

(iii) State the physical state of PbI2


Nyatakan keadaan fizik bagi PbI2

…………………………………………………………………….…………………….
[1 mark]

(iv) In a reaction; 20 cm3 of 0.5 mol dm-3 Pb(NO3)2 has reacted. Calculate the mass of PbI2
formed.
[Relative atomic mass : I = 127 ; Pb = 207]

Dalam suatu tindak balas; 20 cm3 Pb(NO3)2 0.5 mol dm-3 telah bertindak balas.
Hitungkan jisim PbI2 yang terbentuk.
[Jisim atom relatif : I = 127 ; Pb = 207]

[2 marks]

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KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
17 (MODUL ULANGKAJI BERTOPIK )

Chapter 4 : Periodic Table Of Elements


[Perlis 2018, No 2]

2 Diagram 2 shows a part of a Periodic Table of Elements. P, Q, R, S, T and U are not


the actual symbols of the elements.
Rajah 2 menunjukkan sebahagian daripada Jadual Berkala Unsur. P, Q, R, S, T dan U
bukan simbol sebenar unsur tersebut.

P Q R T

U S

Diagram 2 / Rajah 2

(a) Write the electron arrangement for R atom.


Tulis susunan elektron bagi atom R.

...................................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

(b) (i) Elements R and S are placed in the same group in the Periodic Table of
Elements.
What is the name of the group?
Unsur R dan S terletak dalam kumpulan yang sama dalam Jadual Berkala
Unsur.
Apakah nama bagi kumpulan itu?

.......................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

(ii) Compare the electronegativity of element R and S.


Bandingkan keelektronegatifan bagi unsur R dan S.

.......................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

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KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
18 (MODUL ULANGKAJI BERTOPIK )

(iii) Explain your answer in 2(b)(ii).


Terangkan jawapan anda di 2(b)(ii).

.......................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................

[3 marks]

(c) Which element is chemically inert?


Unsur yang manakah lengai secara kimia?

...................................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

(d) State one special characteristic of element U.


Nyatakan satu ciri istimewa bagi unsur U.

……….......................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

(e) Arrange the atomic size of the elements P, Q, R, S, T and U in an ascending


order.
Susun saiz atom bagi unsur-unsur P, Q, R, S, T dan U mengikut tertib menaik.

...................................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

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KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
19 (MODUL ULANGKAJI BERTOPIK )

Chapter 4 : Periodic Table Of Elements


[Johor 2018, No 2]

2 Table 2 show some of information from periodic table that represented by alphabetic M, N, Q, R,
X and Y
Jadual 2 menunjukkan sebahagian daripada Jadual Berkala Unsur yang diwakili oleh huruf M,
N, Q, R, X dan Y.

X N

Y M Q
R
Table 2
Jadual 2

Based on Table 2 and alphabetical as symbol, answer the following question Berdasarkan Jadual 2
dan dengan menggunakan huruf itu sebagai simbol, jawab soalan- soalan berikut.

(a) What is element represent by symbol M?


Apakah unsur yang diwakili oleh simbol M ?

………………………………………………………………………………………….
[1 mark/ 1 markah ]

(b) (i) State one transition element.


Nyatakan satu unsur peralihan.

…………………………………………………………………………………………….
[1 mark / 1 markah ]

(ii) Give one special characteristics for element at b)(i).


Berikan satu ciri istimewa bagi unsur di (b)(i).

…………………………………………………………………………………………….
[1 mark /1 markah ]

(c) Write the electron arrangement for atom element Y.


Tuliskan susunan elektron bagi atom unsur Y.

………………………………………………………………………………………….
[1 mark/ 1 markah ]

(d) Write the formula of ion that formed from Q atom.


Tuliskan formula ion yang terbentuk daripada atom Q.

………………………………………………………………………………………………….
[1 mark / 1 markah ]

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(e) When a small piece of element Y is burnt in Q gas, a reaction occurred to produce a certain
compound.
Apabila seketul kecil unsur Y dibakar dalam gas Q, suatu tindak balas berlaku
menghasilkan satu sebatian.

(i) Write one chemical equation for the reaction.


Tuliskan satu persamaan kimia bagi tindak balas itu.

…………………………………………………………………………………………….
[2 mark / 2 markah ]

(ii) Draw the diagram of electron arrangement for compound that formed.
Lukiskan gambarajah susunan elektron bagi sebatian yang terbentuk.

[2 marks / 2 markah ]

Chapter 4 : Periodic Table Of Elements


[Kedah 2018, No 5]

2 Diagram 5.1 shows part of the Periodic Table of Elements. M, Q, R, V and W are not the actual
symbols of the elements.
Rajah 5.1 menunjukkan sebahagian daripada Jadual Berkala Unsur. M, Q, R, V dan W bukan
merupakan simbol sebenar unsur.

M Q V R

Diagram 5.1 / Rajah 5.1

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Based on Diagram 5.1:


Berdasarkan Rajah 5.1:

(a) (i) Which element is a transition element?


Unsur yang manakah merupakan unsur peralihan?

[1 mark]

(ii) Elements X is placed above M. Write the electron arrangement for the atoms of
element X.
Unsur X terletak di atas M. Tulis susunan elektron bagi atom unsur X.

[1 mark]

(iii) Q has smaller atomic size than M. State one reason.


Q mempunyai saiz atom yang lebih kecil berbanding M. Nyatakan satu sebab.

[1 mark]

(b) Diagram 5.2 shows when R reacts with iron wools.


Rajah 5.2 menunjukkan apabila R bertindak balas dengan wul besi.

Brown solid formed


Pepejal perang terbentuk

R gas
Gas R

Heat
Panaskan

Diagram 5.2
Rajah 5.2

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KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
22 (MODUL ULANGKAJI BERTOPIK )

(i) Write a balanced chemical equation when R reacts with iron wools.
Tulis persamaan kimia yang seimbang apabila R bertindak balas dengan wul besi.

[2 marks]
(ii) Calculate the mass of brown solid if 0.2 mole of iron is used in this
reaction. Kirakan jisim pepejal perang jika 0.2 mol besi digunakan dalam
tindak balas ini. [Relative atomic mass: Fe = 56, R = 35.5]
[Jisim atom relatif: Fe = 56, R = 35.5]

[2 marks]

(c) Table 4 shows when oxide of M and oxide of V are placed into two different test
tubes containing nitric acid and sodium hydroxide solution.
Jadual 4 menunjukkan apabila oksida bagi M dan oksida bagi V dimasukkan ke dalam dua
tabung uji berbeza yang mengandungi asid nitrik dan larutan natrium hidroksida.

Experiment 1 Experiment 2
Eksperimen 1 Eksperimen 2

Oxide of M Oxide of V
Oksida bagi M Oksida bagi V

Nitric acid Sodium hydroxide


Asid nitrik Natrium hidroksida

Oxide of M dissolves in nitric acid to form Oxide of V dissolves in sodium hydroxide to


colourless solution. form colourless solution.
Oksida bagi M larut dalam asid nitrik untuk Oksida bagi V larut dalam natrium hidroksida
membentuk larutan tidak berwarna untuk membentuk larutan tidak bewarna.

Table 5 / Jadual 5

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KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
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Based on the experiment 1 and 2, state the properties of both oxide: Berdasarkan
eksperimen 1 dan 2, nyatakan sifat bagi kedua-dua oksida:

Oxide of M
Oksida bagi M :
Oxide of V
Oksida bagi V :

[2 marks]

(iii) What happen if oxide of Q is added into the nitric acid and sodium hydroxide. State the
observations.
Apakah yang akan berlaku sekiranya oksida bagi Q dimasukkan ke dalam asid nitrik dan
natrium hidroksida. Nyatakan pemerhatian.

[2 marks]

Chapter 4 : Periodic Table Of Elements


[MRSM 2018, No 2]

2 Diagram 2.1 shows a part of the Periodic Table of Elements. W, X, Y and Z are not the actual
symbols of the elements.
Rajah 2.1 menunjukkan sebahagian daripada Jadual Berkala Unsur. W, X, Y dan Z bukan simbol sebenar
unsur tersebut.

W
X Y
Z

Diagram 2.1 / Rajah 2.1

Based on Diagram 2.1,


Berdasarkan Rajah 2.1,

(a) (i) Write an electron arrangement of atom W.


Tuliskan susunan elektron bagi atom W.

...........................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

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KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
24 (MODUL ULANGKAJI BERTOPIK )

(ii) Explain why atom W is chemically inert.


Terangkan mengapa atom W lengai secara kimia.

...........................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
(b) Which of the element is a halogen?
Unsur manakah adalah halogen?

..............................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

(c) Diagram 2.2 shows the special characteristics of an element.


Rajah 2.2 menunjukkan ciri-ciri istimewa bagi suatu unsur.

 Can form complex ion.


Boleh membentuk ion kompleks.

 Have more than one oxidation number.


Mempunyai lebih daripada satu nombor pengoksidaan.
Diagram 2.2 / Rajah 2.2

Which element shows the above characteristics?


Unsur manakah menunjukkan ciri-ciri di atas?

..............................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

(d) When a small piece of element X is put in water, alkaline solution is formed and hydrogen
gas is released.
Apabila satu ketulan kecil unsur X dimasukkan ke dalam air, larutan beralkali terhasil dan
gas hidrogen terbebas.
(i) Write a chemical equation for this reaction.
Tuliskan persamaan kimia bagi tindak balas ini.

..................................................................................................................
[2 marks]

(ii) If 2.0 mol of X react with water, calculate the volume of gas released at
room condition.
[The molar volume of gas is 24 dm3 mol-1 at room condition]
Jika 2.0 mol X bertindak balas dengan air, hitungkan isipadu gas yang
terbebas pada keadaan bilik.
[Isipadu molar bagi gas ialah 24 dm3 mol-1 pada keadaan bilik]

[2 marks]

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(e) Element R is located below element X in Diagram 2.1.


Unsur R berada di bawah unsur X dalam Rajah 2.1.
Compare the reactivity of element R and element X when react with water.
Bandingkan kereaktifan unsur R dan unsur X apabila bertindak balas dengan air.

..............................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

Chapter 4 : Periodic Table Of Elements


[Sarawak 2018, No 1]

1 Diagram 1.1 shows part of The Periodic Table of Elements M, Q, R, T, U, V and W are not the
actual symbols of the elements.
Rajah 1.1 menunjukkan sebahagian daripada Jadual Berkala Unsur M, Q, R, T, U, V dan W
bukan merupakan simbol sebenar unsur.

Diagram 1.1/ Rajah 1.1

Based on Diagram 1.1,


Berdasarkan Rajah 1.1,
(a) (i) Which element is a noble gas?
Unsur yang manakah gas adi?

…………………………………………………………………………...
[1 mark/ markah]

(ii) Which element exists as a diatomic molecule?


Unsur manakah yang wujud sebagai molekul dwiatom?

…………………………………………………………………………...
[1 mark/ markah]
(iii) Which elemennt forms an amphoteric oxide?
Unsur manakah yang membentuk oksida amfoterik?

…………………………………………………………………………...
[1 mark/ markah]

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(b) Elements Q, R and W are placed in the same group.


Unsur Q, R, dan W ditetapkan dalam kumpulan yang sama.

(i) Why are these elements placed in the same group?


Mengapakah unsur-unsur berkenaan diletak dalam kumpulan yang sama?

...………………………………………………………………………………………….. [1 mark/ markah]

(ii) Arrange the elements in ascending order based on the reactivity toward oxygen.
Susun unsur-unsur itu dalam tertib menaik berdasarkan kereaktifan terhadap oksigen
.
…………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark/ markah]

(iii) Write a balance chemical equation when Q reacts with oxygen.


Tulis persamaan kimia yang seimbang apabila Q bertindak balas dengan oksigen

...………………………………………………………………………………………….
[1 mark/ markah]

(c) Write the electron arrangement for atom T.


Tulis susunan elektron bagi atom T.

……………………………….………………………………….…………………..
[1 mark/ markah]

(d) Diagram 1.2 shows a ballon containing 0.01 mol helium gas.
Rajah 1.2 menunjukkan sebiji belon yang mengandungi 0.01 mol gas helium.

Diagram 1.2/ Rajah 1.2

Based on the given information, calculate the volume of helium gas in the balloon at room
condition. [1 mol of gas occupies 24 dm3 at room condition]
Berdasarkan malumat yang diberi, hitung isi padu gas helium dalam belon itu pada keadaan
bilik. [ 1mol gas menempati 24 dm3 pada keadaan bilik]

[1 mark/ markah]

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KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
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Chapter 5 : Chemical Bonds


[Perlis 2018, No 1]

1 Table 1 shows the apparatus set-up and observation for two sets of experiments to
determine the solubility of compound M and compound N in water and
methylbenzene.
Jadual 1 menunjukkan susunan radas dan pemerhatian bagi dua set eksperimen untuk
menentukan keterlarutan sebatian M and sebatian N dalam air dan metilbenzena.

Set Apparatus set-up and observation


Set Susunan radas dan pemerhatian
Compound M Compound M
Sebatian M Sebatian M

Water Methylbenzene
I Air Metilbenzena
Blue solution formed Blue solid remained
Larutan biru terbentuk Pepejal biru kekal

Compound N Compound N
Sebatian N Sebatian N

II
Water Methylbenzene
Metilbenzena
Air

White solid remained Colourless solution formed


Pepejal putih kekal Larutan tidak berwarna terbentuk
Table 1
Jadual 1

(c) (i) State the type of bond in compounds M and N.


Nyatakan jenis ikatan dalam sebatian M dan sebatian N.

......................................................................................................................
[2 marks]

(ii) State the type of particles in compound N.


Nyatakan jenis zarah dalam sebatian N.

.......................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

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(iii) Suggest the name of compounds M and N.


Cadangkan nama bagi sebatian M dan sebatian N.

.......................................................................................................................
[2 marks]

(a) Diagram 1 shows the electron arrangement of atom P, Q and R.


Rajah 1 menunjukkan susunan elektron bagi atom P, Q dan R.

By using atom P, Q and R in Diagram 1,


Dengan menggunakan atom P, Q dan R dalam Rajah 1,

(i) Draw the electron arrangement for the compound formed between Q
and P.
Lukis susunan elektron bagi sebatian yang terbentuk antara Q dan P.

[2 marks]

(ii) Draw the electron arrangement for the compound formed between R
and Q.
Lukis susunan elektron bagi sebatian yang terbentuk antara R dan Q.

[2 marks]

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Chapter 5 : Chemical Bonds


[Kedah 2018, No 4]

4 Diagram 4 shows the electron arrangement of W, Y and Z atoms.


Rajah 4 menunjukkan susunan elektron bagi atom W, Y dan Z.

Diagram 4 / Rajah 4

(a) Based on Diagram 4:


Berdasarkan Rajah 4:

(i) Write the electron arrangement for W atom.


Tulis susunan elektron bagi atom W.

[1 mark]
(ii) Which of the elements is a metal?
Unsur manakah yang merupakan satu logam?

[1 mark]

(b) W combines with Y to form a compound.


W bergabung dengan Y untuk membentuk suatu sebatian.

(i) What is the type of the compound formed?


Apakah jenis sebatian yang terbentuk?

[1 mark]
[1 markah]

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30 (MODUL ULANGKAJI BERTOPIK )

(ii) Draw the electron arrangement of this compound.


Lukis susunan elektron bagi sebatian tersebut.

[2 marks]
[2 markah]

(c) 2.4 g of Z reacts completely with Y to form ZY.


2.4 g Z bertindakbalas dengan lengkap dengan Y untuk membentuk ZY.

(i) Write a balanced chemical equation for the reaction.


Tulis persamaan kimia yang seimbang bagi tindakbalas itu.

[2 marks]
[2 markah]

(ii) Calculate the mass of Y used in the reaction. [Relative atomic mass: Y = 16; Z = 24]
Hitung jisim Y yang digunakan dalam tindakbalas itu. [Jisim atom relatif: Y = 16; Z = 24]

[3 marks]

Chapter 5 : Chemical Bonds


[Terengganu 2018, No 2]

2. Diagram 2 shows elements in a group.


Rajah 2 menunjukkan unsur-unsur dalam satu kumpulan.

7 23 39

Li Na K

Table 2 / Jadual 2

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KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
31 (MODUL ULANGKAJI BERTOPIK )

(a) In which group of the periodic table are these elements located?
Dalam kumpulan manakah unsur-unsur ini berada dalam Jadual Berkala?
…………………………………………………………………………………………….......
[1 mark]
(b) Write the electron arrangement for lithium atom.
Tulis susunan elektron bagi atom litium.

………………………………………………………………………………………………...
[1 mark]

(c) Lithium, sodium and potassium elements react with water to produce metal hydroxide solution and
hydrogen gas.
Unsur litium, natrium dan kalium bertindak balas dengan air menghasilkan larutan logam hidroksida
dan gas hidrogen.

(i) Which atom of element has the highest tendency to release electron in order to achieve octet
electron arrangement?
Atom unsur yang manakah mempunyai kecenderungan yang paling tinggi untuk melepaskan
elektron bagi mencapai susunan elektron oktet?

……………………………………………………………………………………….....
[1 mark]

(ii) Arrange the elements in ascending order based on the reactivity toward water.
Susun unsur-unsur itu dalam tertib menaik berdasarkan kereaktifan terhadap air.

………………………………………………………………………………………....
[1 mark]

(iii) Based on answer in (c) (i), write the chemical equation for the reaction.
Berdasarkan jawapan di (c) (i), tuliskan persamaan kimia bagi tindak balas.

………. + …… H2O ………… + ………..


[1 mark]
(d) A piece of burning sodium is placed quickly into a gas jar containing oxygen gas.
Seketul natrium yang terbakar dimasukkan dengan cepat ke dalam balang gas yang berisi gas
oksigen.

(i) State the observation of the reaction.


Nyatakan pemerhatian bagi tindak balas ini.

……………………………………………………………………………………….....
[1 mark]
(ii) State the type of the compound formed.
Nyatakan jenis sebatian yang terbentuk.

……………………………………………………………………………………….....
[1 mark]

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(iii) Draw the electron arrangement of the compound in (d) (ii).


Lukiskan gambar rajah susunan elektron bagi sebatian di (d) (ii).

[2 marks]
Chapter 6 : Electrochemistry
[Kedah 2018, No 3]

1 Diagram 3.1 shows the reaction occurred in a chemical cell using magnesium ribbon and copper
plate as electrodes.
Rajah 3.1 menunjukkan tindak balas yang berlaku dalam suatu sel kimia menggunakan pita magnesium
dan kepingan kuprum sebagai elektrod.

Hydrogen molecule
Magnesium atom Molekul hidrogen
Atom magnesium
Magnesium Copper
Magnesium Kuprum

Sodium chloride solution


Larutan natrium klorida

Diagram 3.1
Rajah 3.1

(a) State all the ions present in the sodium chloride solution.
Nyatakan semua ion yang hadir dalam larutan natrium klorida.

[1 mark]
(b) Magnesium electrode acts as negative terminal.
Elektrod magnesium bertindak sebagai terminal negatif?

(i) What is the meaning of negative terminal?


Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan terminal negatif?

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[1 mark]
(ii) State the observation at negative terminal.
Nyatakan pemerhatian pada terminal negatif.

[1 mark]

(iii) Write the half equation at negative terminal.


Tulis setengah persamaan pada terminal negatif.

[2 marks]
(c) In Diagram 3.1, magnesium rod is replaced with lead rod and the voltmeter reading is
recorded. State the changes in voltage produced. Give a reason.
Dalam Rajah 3.1, rod magnesium digantikan dengan rod plumbum dan bacaan voltmeter
direkodkan. Nyatakan perubahan beza upaya yang dihasilkan. Berikan alasan.

[2 marks]
[2 markah]

(b) Diagram 3.2 shows a representation of an industrial process to extract aluminium metal from its ore.
Rajah 3.2 menunjukkan perwakilan bagi suatu proses industri yang digunakan untuk mengekstrak
logam aluminium daripada bijihnya.

(i) Write the chemical formula for aluminium oxide.


Tulis formula kimia bagi aluminium oksida.

[1 mark]

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KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
34 (MODUL ULANGKAJI BERTOPIK )

(ii) Name the product formed at the cathode.


Namakan hasil yang terbentuk di katod.

[1 mark]

(iii) What is the function of the cryolite?


Apakah fungsi kriolit?

[1 mark]

Chapter 6 : Electrochemistry
[MRSM 2018, No 4]

2 (a) Diagram 4.1 shows the apparatus set-up to investigate the electrolysis of 1.0 mol dm-3
potassium chloride solution.
Rajah 4.1 menunjukkan susunan radas untuk mengkaji elektrolisis larutan kalium
klorida 1.0 mol dm-3.

Greenish yellow gas


Gas kuning kehijauan

Potassium chloride
solution

Carbon electrode P Carbon electrode Q


Elektrod karbon P Elektrod karbon Q

Diagram 4.1
Rajah 4.1

(i) What is meant by electrolyte?


Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan elektrolit?

..................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

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KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
35 (MODUL ULANGKAJI BERTOPIK )

(ii) State all anions that are present in potassium chloride solution.
Nyatakan semua anion yang hadir dalam larutan kalium klorida.

..................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(iii) The gas collected at electrode P decolourises a moist blue litmus paper. Name the
gas. Explain why the gas is released.
Gas yang terkumpul pada elektrod P melunturkan kertas litmus biru lembap.
Namakan gas tersebut. Terangkan mengapa gas tersebut terhasil.

..................................................................................................................

…………………………………………………………………………..
[2 marks]
(iii) Write the half equation to show the formation of gas in (a)(iii).
Tuliskan persamaan setengah untuk menunjukkan penghasilan gas di (a)(iii).

...........................................................................................................
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(iv) What is the product formed at electrode Q?


Apakah produk yang akan terhasil di elektrod Q?

..................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

(v) Describe briefly a chemical test to verify the product formed in


(a)(v). Huraikan secara ringkas ujian kimia untuk mengesahkan hasil
yang terbentuk di (a)(v)
..................................................................................................................

…………………………………………………………………………..

…………………………………………………………………………..
[2 marks]

(b) A group of students were given apparatus and chemicals listed in Table 4 to produce
electrical energy from chemical energy.
Sekumpulan pelajar telah diberikan alat radas dan bahan kimia seperti yang tersenarai di
dalam Jadual 4 untuk menghasilkan tenaga electrik daripada tenaga kimia.

Apparatus Beaker, connecting wires, voltmeter.


Alat radas Bikar, wayar penyambung, voltmeter.

Sodium nitrate solution, a zinc strip, a copper strip, a


Material magnesium strip
Bahan kimia Larutan natrium nitrat, satu kepingan zink, satu kepingan
kuprum, satu kepingan magnesium.
Table 4 / Jadual 4
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KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
36 (MODUL ULANGKAJI BERTOPIK )

Based on Table 4,
Berdasarkan Jadual 4,

Draw a labeled diagram to show the formation of electrical energy from chemical
energy that will produce highest potential difference.
Lukis gambar rajah berlabel untuk menunjukkan penghasilan tenaga elektrik daripada tenaga
kimia yang akan menghasilkan beza keupayaan tertinggi.

[2 marks]
[2 markah]

Chapter 6 : Electrochemistry
[Pulau Pinang 2018, No 3]

3 Diagram 3 shows the apparatus set-up for two types of cells, cell A and cell B.
Rajah 3 menunjukkan susunan radas bagi dua jenis sel, sel A dan sel B.

Zinc Copper
electrode electrodes
Elektrod Elektrod
zink kuprum
Porous pot
Zinc sulphate Pasu
solution berliang
Larutan zink Copper (II) sulphate
sulfat Cell A solution Cell B
Larutan kuprum(II)sulfat
Sel A Sel B

Diagram 3 / Rajah 3

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(a) (i) Name the cell B.


Namakan sel B.

……………………………………………………………………………………...........
[1 mark/1 markah]

(ii) State the energy conversion in cell B.


Nyatakan perubahan tenaga dalam sel B.

…………………………………………………………………………………………….
[1 mark/1 markah]

(b) What is the function of porous pot in cell A?


Apakah fungsi pasu berliang dalam sel A?

…………………………………………………………………………………………….
[1 mark/1 markah]

(c) Write the half equation for the reaction that occurred at zinc electrode in cell A. Tulis persamaan
setengah bagi tindak balas yang berlaku pada elektrod zink dalam sel A.

…………………………………………………………………………………………….
[1 mark/1 markah]

(d) (i) Compare the observations on the copper (II) sulphate solution in cell A and cell B
after 30 minutes.
Bandingkan pemerhatian pada larutan kuprum (II) sulfat dalam sel A dan sel B
selepas 30 minit.

…………………………………………………………………………………………….

…………………………………………………………………………………………….
[2 marks/2 markah]

(ii) Explain your answer in d (i).


Terangkan jawapan anda di d (i).

…………………………………………………………………………………………….

…………………………………………………………………………………………….
[2 marks/2 markah]

(e) (i) Suggest a suitable method to increase the voltage of cell A.


Cadangkan satu cara yang sesuai untuk meningkatkan voltan sel A.

…………………………………………………………………………………………….
[1 mark/1 markah]

(ii) Explain your answer.


Terangkan jawapan anda.

…………………………………………………………………………………………….
[1 mark/1 markah]

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Chapter 6 : Electrochemistry
[Sarawak 2018, No 5]

5 Diagram 5.1 shows the apparatus set-up for the combination of cell 1 and cell II. Cell I supplies
electrical energy for cell II.
Rajah 5.1 menunjukkan susunan radas bagi gabungan sel I dan sel II. Sel I membekal tenaga elektrik
kepada sel II.

Diagram 5.1/ Rajah 5.1

(a) State all the ions present in the copper(II) sulphate solution.
Nyatakan semua ion yang hadir dalam larutan kuprum(II) sulfat.

………………………………………………………………………………….
[1 mark / markah]

(b) State the negative terminal in cell I.


Nyatakan terminal negatif bagi sel I.

……………………………………………………………………………….....
[1 mark / markah]

(c) After twenty minutes,


Selepas dua puluh minit,
(i) state the observation at magnesium electrode in cell I.
nyatakan pemerhatian pada elektrod magnesium di sel I.

…………………………………………………………………………...
[1 mark / markah]

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KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
39 (MODUL ULANGKAJI BERTOPIK )

(ii) write half equations for the reaction occurred at the magnesium and copper electrodes in cell I.
Tulis setengah persamaan bagi tindak balas yang berlaku di elektrod magnesium dan elektrod
kuprum dalam sel I.

Magnesium electrode/Elektrod magnesium:

…………………………………………………………………………...
[1 mark / markah]

Copper electrode/ Elektrod kuprum:

…………………………………………………………………………...
[1 mark / markah]

(d) State the change in colour of copper(II) sulphate solution in cell I and cell II.
Nyatakan perubahan warna bagi larutan kuprum(II) sulfat dalam sel I dan sel II.

Cell I/Sel I : …………………………………………………………………...

Cell II/Sel II: …………………………………………………………………..

[2 marks / markah]

(e) A metal Z is found containing some impurities. Z is located below copper in the electrochemical
series.
Suatu logam Z didapati mengandungi sedikit bendasing. Z terletak di bawah kuprum dalam siri
elektrokimia.
(i) State the method used to purify metal Z.
Nyatakan kaedah yang digunakan untuk menulenkan logam Z itu.

…………………………………………………………………………..

[1 mark / markah]

(ii) Draw a labelled diagram for the apparatus set-up for 6 (e)(i)
Lukis rajah berlabel untuk susunan radas bagi 6 (e)(i).

[3 marks/markah]

©Siti Rusilawati Binti Tomin, Smk Triang 3, Bera Kimia 4541 A+


KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
40 (MODUL ULANGKAJI BERTOPIK )

Chapter 6 : Electrochemistry
[Terengganu 2018, No 4]

4 Diagram 4 shows the apparatus set-up to study the factor that affecting the products of electrolysis of
copper(II)sulphate solution.
Rajah 4 menunjukkan susunan radas bagi mengkaji faktor yang mempengaruhi hasil elektrolisis
larutan kuprum(II) sulfat.

Electrode carbon
Electrode X
Elektrod karbon
Elektrod X

Copper(II) sulphate solution


Larutan kuprum(II) sulfat

Diagram 4 / Rajah 4

Experiment is repeated using electrode Y to replace electrode X.


Eksperimen diulangi menggunakan elektrod Y bagi menggantikan elektrod X.

Table 4 shows the observation at electrode X and electrode Y. .


Jadual 4 menunjukkan pemerhatian pada elektrod X dan elektrod Y.

Electrode Observation
Elektrod Pemerhatian
Gas bubbles released
X
Gelembung gas terbebas
The electrode becomes thinner
Y
Elektrod menipis

Table 4 / Jadual 4

(a) What is meant by electrolysis?


Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan elektrolisis?

………………………………………………………………………………………………...

………………………………………………………………………………………………...
[1 mark]

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KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
41 (MODUL ULANGKAJI BERTOPIK )

(b) Suggest the electrode


Cadangkan elektrod

X …………………………………………………………………………………………......
Y : ………………………………………………………………………………………........
[2 marks]

(c) State the name of the gas released at electrode X.


Nyatakan nama gas yang terbebas di elektrod X .

……………………………………………………………………………………….........
[1 mark]

(d) State the factor that affecting the product at the electrode Y.
Nyatakan faktor yang mempengaruhi hasil pada dan elektrod Y.

……………………………………………………………………………………….........
[1 mark]

(e) Write the half equation for the reaction occurred at


Tuliskan setengah persamaan bagi tindak balas yang berlaku pada

electrode X :
elektrod X : ......……………………………………………………………………….....
electrodeY :
elektrod Y : ......……………………………………………………………………….....
[2 marks]
(f) Compare the intensity of colour of the copper(II) sulphate solution when electrode X and
electrode Y used. Explain your answer.
Bandingkan keamatan warna larutan kuprum(II) sulfat apabila elektrod X dan elektrod Y
digunakan. Terangkan jawapan anda.

………………………………………………………………………………………….........

……………………………………………………………………………………….........

……………………………………………………………………………………….........

……………………………………………………………………………………….........
[2 marks]

(g) The product at cathode is copper. Give a reason for your answer.
Hasil elektrolisis pada katod ialah kuprum. Berikan satu sebab bagi jawapan anda.

…………………………………………………………………………………………..........
[1 mark]

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KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
42 (MODUL ULANGKAJI BERTOPIK )

Chapter 7 : Acids And Bases


[Johor 2018, No 4]

4 Diagram 4 shows an apparatus set-up to determine the end titration through electrical conductivity
method 25 cm3 1.0 moldm-3 of strong alkali YOH is neutralises by acid H2SO4.
Rajah 4 menunjukkan susunan alat radas untuk menetukan takat akhir menggunakan kaedah
kekonduksian elektrik bagi 25 cm3 berkepekatan 1moldm-3 alkali kuat YOH yang dineutralkan oleh
asid H2SO4.

Acid X2SO4

Asid X SO
Carbon

karbon
YOH alkali

Alkali YOH

A graph of electrical conductivity, ammeter reading against the volume of acid H2SO4 (cm3)
is then plotted. The end point of titration during neutralisation can be determine when the
electrical conductivity is at the lowest.
Graf kekonduksian elektrik, bacaan ammeter(A) melawan isi padu asid H2SO4 (cm3) kemudian
diplotkan. Takat akhir pentitratan boleh ditentukan apabila kekonduksian elektrik berada pada
takat paling rendah.

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KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
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(a) H2SO4is a strong acid. What is meant by a strong acid?


H2SO4 adalah asid kuat. Apakah maksud asid kuat?

………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark / 1 markah]

(b) H2SO4 is also diprotic acid. What is meant by a diprotic


acid?
H2SO4adalah asid diprotik. Apakah maksud asid diprotik?

………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
[1 mark/ 1 markah ]

(c) At the end point of titration, ammeter still gives the reading. Explain why?
Pada takat akhir penitratan, ammeter masih memberikan bacaan. Terangkan mengapa?

………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………
[2 marks / 2 markah ]

(d) (i) Write the chemical equation for the reaction


Tuliskan persamaan kimia bagi tindak balas tersebut

………………………………………………………………………………………………….
[2 marks/ 2 markah ]

(ii) Calculate number of mole YOH alkali.


Kirakan bilangan mol alkali YOH

[1 mark/ 1 markah ]
(iii) Molarity of acid H2SO4 used in this titration reaction.
Kemolaran asid H2SO4 yang telah digunakan dalam tindak balas penitratan ini.

[3 marks/ 3 markah ]

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KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
44 (MODUL ULANGKAJI BERTOPIK )

Chapter 7 : Acids And Bases


[Pulau Pinang 2018, No 5]

5 Diagram 5 shows the preparation of the standard solution of sodium hydroxide, NaOH, 0.1 mol
dm-3.
Rajah 5 menunjukkan penyediaan larutan piawai natrium hidroksida, NaOH, 0.1 mol dm-3.

Distilled water Pour the distilled water


Air suling Tuangkan air suling

Solid sodium hydroxide


Natrium klorida pepejal

Glass rod
Rod kaca
Stir the solution
Kacaukan larutan

Filter funnel
Corong turas
Pour the solution
Graduation mark
Tanda senggatan
Tuangkan larutan

Volumetic flask
Kelalang volumetrik

Distilled water
Air suling Add distilled water drop by drop
Tambahkan air suling setitik demi
Graduation mark setitik
Tanda senggatan
Meniscus of the solution
Paras meniscus larutan

Stopper
Penutup
Shake the solution
Goncangkan larutan

Diagram 5
Rajah 5

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KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
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(c) (i) State two parameters that should be measured accurately to prepare the standard
solution of sodium hydroxide, NaOH, 0.1 mol dm-3.
Nyatakan dua parameter yang perlu diukur dengan tepat untuk menyediakan larutan
piawai natrium hidroksida, NaOH, 0.1 mol dm-3.

1. ……………………………………………………………………………...........

2. ……………………………………………………………………………...........
[2 marks/ 2 markah]

(ii) What must be done to ensure that the meniscus level of the standard solution is exactly
brought into line with the graduation mark on the volumetric flask? Apakah yang mesti
dilakukan untuk memastikan paras meniskus larutan piawai adalah tepat berada pada
garis tanda senggatan pada kelalang volumetrik?

……………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………….
[1 mark/ 1 markah]

(iii) Calculate the mass of sodium hydroxide needed to prepare the standard solution
of 0.1 mol dm-3 in 1 dm3 volumetric flask.
[Relative atomic mass Na = 23, O = 16, H = 1]
Hitung jisim natrium hidroksida yang diperlukan untuk menyediakan larutan piawai
0.1 mol dm-3 dalam kelalang volumetrik 1 dm3.

[Jisim atom relatif Na = 23, O = 16, H = 1]

[2 marks/ 2 markah]

(d) P and Q are 0.1 mol dm-3 ammonia solution in different solvents. Ammonia is a weak alkali.
Table 5 shows the observation obtained when the properties of these two solutions are
compared.
P dan Q adalah larutan ammonia 0.1 mol dm-3 di dalam pelarut yang berbeza. Ammonia
adalah alkali lemah. Jadual 5 menunjukkan pemerhatian yang diperolehi apabila sifat bagi
kedua-dua larutan ini dibandingkan.

Test Solution P Solution Q


Ujian Larutan P Larutan Q
Using a red litmus The red litmus paper No change
paper Menggunakan turns blue Tiada perubahan
kertas litmus merah Kertas litmus merah
bertukar menjadi biru
Ability to conduct Can conduct electricity Cannot conduct
electricity Boleh mengkonduksi electricity Tidak
Kebolehan arus elektrik boleh
mengkonduksikan arus mengkonduksi arus
elektrik elektrik

Table 5 / Jadual 5
©Siti Rusilawati Binti Tomin, Smk Triang 3, Bera Kimia 4541 A+
KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
46 (MODUL ULANGKAJI BERTOPIK )

(i) Explain why ammonia is a weak alkali.


Terangkan mengapa ammonia adalah alkali lemah.

………………………………………………………………………………………

………………………………………………………………………………………

………………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark/ 1 markah]

(ii) Name a suitable solvent for solution Q.


Namakan satu pelarut yang sesuai bagi larutan Q.

……………………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark/ 1 markah]

(iii) Explain why solution Q cannot conduct electricity.


Terangkan mengapa larutan Q tidak boleh mengkonduksi arus elektrik.

………………………………………………………………………………………

………………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark/ 1 markah]

(i) 15.0 cm3 of solution P requires 25.0 cm3 of sulphuric acid


for a complete reaction. Calculate the molarity of sulphuric acid.
15.0 cm3 larutan P memerlukan 25.0 cm3 asid sulfurik untuk bertindak
balas dengan lengkap. Hitung kemolaran asid sulfurik tersebut.

[2 marks/ 2 markah]

(ii) Reaction of solution P with sulphuric acid produce a salt. State the use
of the salt.
Tindak balas larutan P dengan asid sulfurik menghasilkan suatu
garam. Nyatakan kegunaan garam tersebut.

…………………………………………………………………………………………..
[1 mark/ 1 markah]

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KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
47 (MODUL ULANGKAJI BERTOPIK )

Chapter 7 : Acids And Bases


[Sarawak 2018, No 4]

4 Hydrochloric acid is a strong acid. Table 4 shows two solutions of hydrochloric acid, P and Q of different
concentrations.
Asid hidroklorik ialah asid kuat Jadual 4 menunjukkan dua larutan asid hidroklorik P dan Q kepektan
yang berlainan.

Hydrochloric acid Concentration (mol dm-3)


Larutan asid hidroklorik Kepekatan (mol dm-3)
P 0.100
Q 0.001

Table 4/ Jadual 4

(a) State the meaning of an acid.


Nyatakan maksud asid.

…………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark / markah]

(b) Why hydrochloric acid is a strong acid?


Mengapakah asid hidroklorik ialah asid kuat?

…………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark / markah]
(c) Solutions P and Q have different pH values.
Larutan P dan Q mempunyai nilai pH yang berbeza.
(i) Which solution gives a lower pH value?
Larutan manakah memberi nilai pH yang lebih rendah?

……………………………………………………………………..........
[1 mark / markah]
(ii) Give one reason for the answer in 4 (c)(i).
Beri satu sebab bagi jawapan di 4 (c)(i).

…………………………………………………………………………..
[1 mark / markah]

(d) 25 cm3 of 0.1 mol dm-3 sodium hydroxide solution is put in a conical flask. Then a few drops of
phenolphthalein are added. This solution is titrated with solution P.
25 cm3 larutan natrium hidroksida 0.1 mol dm-3 dimasukkan ke dalam kelalang kon. Kemudian
beberapa titis fenolftalein ditambah. Larutan ini dititratkan dengan larutan P.

(i) State the type of reaction between sodium hydroxide solution and solution P.
Nyatakan jenis tindak balas antara larutan natrium hidroksida dengan larutan P.

…………………………………………………………………………..
[1 mark / markah]

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KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
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(ii) What is the colour change of the mixture at the end point?
Apakah perubahan warna campuran itu pada takat akhir?

…………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark / markah]

(iii) Write the chemical equation for the reaction.


Tuliskan persamaan kimia bagi tindak balas itu.

…………………………………………………………………………..
[2 marks / markah]

(iv) Calculate the volume of hydrochloric acid used.


Hitung isi padu asid hidroklorik yang digunakan.

[2 marks / markah]

Chapter 8 : Salts
[Johor 2018, No 5]

5 Diagram 5.1 shows a series of reaction of salt X.


Rajah 5.1 menunjukkan satu siri tindak balas bagi garam X.

Diagram 5.1
Rajah 5.1

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KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
49 (MODUL ULANGKAJI BERTOPIK )

a. Based on Diagram 5.1


Berdasarkan Rajah 5.1
(i) Name the colourless gas released.
Namakan gas tidak berwarna yang terbebas.

……………………………………………………………………………………………..
[1 mark /1 markah ]
(ii) State process I
Nyatakan proses I

…………………………………………………………………………………………….
[1 mark/ 1 markah ]
(iii) Suggest salt X.
Cadangkan garam X.

…………………………………………………………………………………………….
[1 mark/ 1 markah]

(iv) State the chemical formula of salt X in (a) (iii).


Nyatakan formula kimia garam X di (a)(iii).

……………………………………………………………………………………………..
[1 mark/ 1 markah]

(v) Suggest another solution can replace sodium hydroxide, NaOH solution to
detect the cation presence.
Cadangkan satu larutan lain yang boleh menggantikan larutan natrium
hidroksida untuk mengesan kehadiran kation.

……………………………………………………………………………………………..
[1 mark / 1 markah ]

b. Diagram 5.2 shows the apparatus set-up of an experiment for the heating of zinc
nitrate salt.
Rajah 5.2 menunjukkan susunan radas bagi satu eksperimen untuk pemanasan
garam zink nitrat.

Kayu uji berbara


Kertas
litmus
biru
Zinc nitrate salt lembap Zinc nitrate salt
Garam zink Garam zink nitrat

Diagram 5.2 / Rajah 5.2

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KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
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Based on Diagram 5.2,


Berdasarkan Rajah 5.2,

(i) State the colour of zinc nitrate during heating.


Nyatakan warna zink nitrat semasa pemanasan.

……………………………………………………………………………………………..
[1 mark / 1 markah ]

(ii) Name the gas that change the colour of moist blue litmus paper.
Namakan gas yang menukarkan warna kertas litmus biru lembap.

……………………………………………………………………………………………..
[1 mark / 1 markah ]

(iii) Write chemical equation for the heating process.


Tuliskan persamaan kimia bagi proses pemanasan tersebut.

……………………………………………………………………………………………

[ 2 marks/ 2 markah ]

(c ) Lead (II) chloride is an insoluble salt. Lead (II) nitrate is one of the substance used to
prepare the salt.
Plumbum(II) bromide ialah garam tak terlarutkan. Plumbum (II) nitrat ialah salah satu
bahan yang digunakan untuk menyediakan garam ini.

(i) Name other substance to prepare lead (II) chloride


Namakan bahan lain yang digunakan untuk menyediakan plumbum (II) bromide.

………………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark/ 1 markah]

(ii) Write ionic equation for the reaction.


Tuliskan persamaan ion untuk tindak balas ini.

………………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark/ 1 markah]

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KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
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Chapter 8 : Salts
[Terengganu 2018, No 5]

5 Table 5 shows the information of two carbonate salts.


Jadual 5 menunjukkan maklumat tentang dua garam karbonat.

Solubility in
Carbonate salt water Action of heat
Garam karbonat Keterlarutan Tindakan oleh haba
dalam air
Soluble in water Not decomposed by heat
X carbonate
Karbonat X
Larut dalam air Tidak dapat diurai oleh haba

Produce residue A that is yellow when hot and white


Insoluble in water when cold and gas B that can cloud the lime water
Y carbonate
Karbonat Y Tidak larut dalam Menghasilkan baki A yang berwarna kuning ketika
air panas dan putih apabila sejuk dan gas B yang boleh
mengeruhkan air kapur

Table 5
Jadual 5

(a) What is meant by salt?


Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan garam?

.................................................................................................................................

.................................................................................................................................

.................................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

(b) (i) Suggest the name of salt X carbonate.


Cadangkan nama bagi garam karbonat X.

.......................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

(ii) State two chemicals that can be used to prepare salt X.


Nyatakan dua bahan kimia yang boleh diguna untuk menyediakan garam X.

.......................................................................................................................

.......................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

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KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
52 (MODUL ULANGKAJI BERTOPIK )

(c) (i) State the name of residue A and gas B.


Nyatakan nama bagi baki A dan gas B.

Residue A / Baki A : ...........................................................................................

Gas B / Gas B : ..................................................................................................


[2 marks]

(ii) Write the chemical equation when the salt Y carbonate is heated.
Tuliskan persamaan kimia apabila garam karbonat Y dipanaskan.

.......................................................................................................................
[2 marks]

(iii) Draw the apparatus set up to carry out the experiment in (c) (ii).
Lukis susunan radas untuk menjalankan eksperimen di (c) (ii).

[2 marks]

(iv) Predict the observation when salt Y nitrate is heated.


Ramalkan pemerhatian apabila garam Y nitrat dipanaskan.

.......................................................................................................................

.......................................................................................................................

.......................................................................................................................
[2 marks]

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KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
53 (MODUL ULANGKAJI BERTOPIK )

Chapter 9 : Manufactured Substances In Industry


[Perlis 2018, No 6]

6 Diagram 6.1 shows two different types of manufactured substances in industry.


Rajah 6.1 menunjukkan dua jenis bahan buatan dalam industri.

Type of
manufactured
Example Component
substance
Contoh Komponen
Jenis bahan
buatan

Polythene
……………… Politena

Plastic containers
Bekas plastik

Alloy
Aloi …………

National Monument
Tugu Negara
Diagram 6.1
Rajah 6.1

(d) (i) State type of manufactured substances in Diagram 6.1.


Nyatakan jenis bahan buatan dalam Rajah 6.1.

.......................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

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KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
54 (MODUL ULANGKAJI BERTOPIK )

(ii) Diagram 6.2 shows the structural formula of polythene


Rajah 6.2 menunjukkan formula struktur bagi politena.

H H H H

| | | |
C–C– C–C

| | | |

H H H H n

Diagram 6.2
Rajah 6.2

Draw the structural formula and state the name for the monomer of
polythene.
Lukis formula struktur dan nyatakan nama bagi monomer bagi politena.

[2 marks]

(iii) State one reason why polythene should not be disposed by open burning?
Nyatakan satu sebab mengapa politena tidak sepatutnya dilupuskan
secara pembakaran terbuka?

.......................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

(e) (i) Name the type of alloy to make National Monument.


Namakan jenis aloi dalam pembuatan Tugu Negara.

.......................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

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KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
55 (MODUL ULANGKAJI BERTOPIK )

(ii) State two elements used to make alloy in 6(b)(i).


Nyatakan dua unsur yang digunakan dalam pembuatan aloi dalam 6(b)(i).

.......................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

(iii) Alloy in 6(b)(i) is harder than its pure metal. Explain.


Aloi dalam 6(b)(i) lebih keras daripada logam tulennya. Terangkan.

......................................................................................................................

......................................................................................................................

......................................................................................................................
[3 marks]

(iv) Draw a labeled diagram that shows the arrangement of particles in alloy
6(b)(i).
Lukis gambar rajah berlabel yang menunjukkan susunan zarah-zarah
dalam aloi 6(a)(i).

[2 marks]

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KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
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Chapter 9 : Manufactured Substances In Industry


[Johor 2018, No 3]

3 Diagram 3 shows the formation of ammonium sulphate.


Rajah 3 menunjukkan pembentukan bagi ammonium sulfat.

(a) State the names of Process X and Substance Y.


Nyatakan nama bagi Proses X dan Bahan Y.
Process X
Proses X :…………………………………………………………………………
SubstanceY:
Bahan Y : …………………………………………………………………………...
[2 marks / 2 markah ]

(b) Write a balanced chemical equation for the reaction between ammonia and
sulphuric acid.
Tuliskan satu persamaan kimia yang seimbang bagi tindak balas antara ammonia dan
asid sulfurik.

……………………………………………………………………………………………………
[ 2 marks / 2 markah ]

(c) Calculate the percentage of nitrogen by mass in ammonium sulphate (NH4)2SO4.


Hitung peratus nitrogen mengikut jisim bagi ammonium sulfat (NH4)2SO4. [Relative
atomic mass/Jisim atom relatif: N,14;O,16;S,32;H;1]

[ 2 marks / 2 markah ]

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57 (MODUL ULANGKAJI BERTOPIK )

(d) State one use of ammonium sulphate.


State one use of ammonium sulphate.

……………………………………………………………………………………………………
[ 1 mark /1 markah ]

(e) Describe how sulphur dioxide gas can cause environmental pollution and
state two effects of pollution cause by sulphur dioxide gas.
Huraikan bagaimana gas sulfur dioksida boleh menyebabkan pencemaran alam
sekitar dan nyatakan dua kesan pencemaran yang disebabkan oleh gas sulfur
dioksida.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
[ 3 marks /3 markah ]

Chapter 9 : Manufactured Substances In Industry


[MRSM 2018, No 1]

1 Diagram 1.1 shows the arrangement of atoms in substance J and K.


Rajah 1.1 menunjukkan susunan atom-atom untuk bahan J dan K

Substance J Substance K
Bahan J Bahan K

Diagram 1.1
Rajah 1.1

(i) Identify which of the substance in Diagram 1.1 is a pure metal or alloy. Tentukan
bahan yang manakah dalam Rajah 1.1 adalah logam tulen atau aloi.

Pure metal / Logam Tulen: ........................................................................

Alloy / Aloi: .............................................................................................


[1 mark]
[1 markah]

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(ii) Diagram 1.2 shows a Kacip Pinang which is used as areca nut scissor to be taken
with betel leaves in a traditional Malay culture. The Kacip Pinang is made
from brass which is harder than pure copper.
Rajah 1.2 menunjukkan Kacip Pinang yang digunakan untuk memotong buah
pinang untuk dimakan bersama daun sirih dalam adat tradisi Melayu. Kacip
Pinang ini diperbuat daripada loyang yang lebih keras daripada kuprum tulen.

Diagram 1.2
Rajah 1.2

Explain why brass is used instead of pure copper.


Terangkan mengapa loyang digunakan berbanding kuprum tulen.

............................................................................................................................

............................................................................................................................
[2 marks]
[2 markah]

(b) Diagram 1.3 shows some examples of modern medicine.


Rajah 1.3 menunjukkan beberapa contoh ubat moden.

Diagram 1.3
Rajah 1.3

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KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
(MODUL ULANGKAJI BERTOPIK )
59

(i) Which substance is produced by fungi?


Bahan yang manakah dihasilkan daripada kulat?

..................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
[1 markah]
(ii) What is the type of medicine for barbiturate?
Apakah jenis ubat untuk barbiturat?

..................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(iii) Aspirin is not prescribed to a patient who has gastric problems.


Suggest a medicine that can be used to replace aspirin.
Aspirin tidak diberikan kepada pesakit yang mempunyai masalah gastrik. Cadangkan satu
ubat yang boleh digunakan untuk menggantikan aspirin.

..................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(iv) The following article shows the information about barbiturate.


Artikel berikut menunjukkan maklumat berkaitan barbiturat.

Barbiturates are synthetic drugs used in medicine to depress the


central nervous system. The effects range from mild sedation to
coma and they may be used as sedatives, hypnotics or as part of
anaesthesia. Some barbiturates are used to relieve tension or anxiety
prior to surgery.

Barbiturat adalah ubat sintetik yang digunakan dalam perubatan untuk


menekan sistem saraf pusat. Kesannya berkisar dari penenang ringan
hingga koma dan mereka boleh digunakan sebagai sedatif, hipnotis atau
sebagai sebahagian daripada anestesia. Sesetengah barbiturat digunakan
untuk melegakan ketegangan atau kebimbangan sebelum pembedahan.

As a chemistry student, justify the usage of barbiturate for human health.


Sebagai pelajar kimia, pertimbangkan penggunaan barbiturat untuk kesihatan manusia.

..................................................................................................................

..................................................................................................................

..................................................................................................................
[3 marks]
[3 markah]

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KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
60 (MODUL ULANGKAJI BERTOPIK )

FORM 5

Chapter 1 : Rate of reaction


[Perlis 2018, No 4]

4 The graph in Diagram 4 shows the curve of experiment I and II that was carried out to
study the rate of reaction between magnesium and hydrochloric acid.
Graf di Rajah 4 menunjukkan lengkung bagi eksperimen I dan II yang dijalankan bagi
mengkaji kadar tindak balas antara magnesium dan asid hidroklorik

Volume of gas (cm3)


Isi padu gas (cm3)
Isipadu gas (cm3)
1200
1200 cm3
I

II

Time (s)
Masa (s)

Diagram 4
Rajah 4

(f) (i) Name the gas released in the experiment.


Namakan gas yang terbebas dalam eksperimen ini.

…………………………………………………………………………………….

[1 mark]

(ii) Write a chemical equation for the reaction between magnesium and
hydrochloric acid.
Tulis persamaan kimia bagi tindak balas antara magnesium dengan asid
hidroklorik.

……………………………………………………………………………………..

[2 marks]

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61 (MODUL ULANGKAJI BERTOPIK )

(iii) Calculate the mass of magnesium that reacted with excess hydrochloric
acid.
Hitung jisim bagi magnesium yang bertindak balas dengan asid
hidroklorik berlebihan.

[Relative atomic mass: Mg = 24; volume of 1 mol of gas at room


temperature = 24 dm3]
[Jisim atom relatif: Mg = 24; isi padu 1 mol gas pada suhu bilik = 24
dm3]

[3 marks]

(g) Compare the rate of reaction between experiment I and experiment II. Explain.
Bandingkan kadar tindak balas antara eksperimen I dan eksperimen II.
Terangkan.

……………………………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………………
[2 marks]

(h) State two other factors that can affect the rate of reaction in this experiment.
Nyatakan dua faktor lain yang boleh mempengaruhi kadar tindak balas dalam
eksperimen ini.

………………………………………………………………………………………………

………………………………………………………………………………………………

[2 marks]

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Chapter 1 : Rate of reaction


[MRSM 2018, No 5]

5 Diagram 5 shows two sets of experiment that are carried out to study the effect of
catalyst on the rate of reaction between zinc and sulphuric acid.
Rajah 5 menunjukkan dua set eksperimen yang dijalankan untuk mengkaji kesan mangkin
ke atas kadar tindakbalas antara logam zink dan asid sulfurik.

Set I

Burette
Buret

Sulphuric acid solution


Larutan asid sulfurik

Excess zinc granule Air

Set II

Buret

Sulphuric acid
+ catalyst
Asid sulfurik +

mangkin
Air

Diagram 5
Rajah 5

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Table 5 shows the result obtained from the experiment.


Jadual 5 menunjukkan keputusan eksperimen tersebut.

Total volume of gas collected in 3


Set Temperature/ oC
minutes / cm3
Set Suhu/ oC
Isipadu gas terkumpul dalam 3 minit/ cm3
I 40.00 30.0

II 50.00 30.0

Table 5
Jadual 5

Based on Diagram 5 and Table 5, answer the following questions.


Berdasarkan Rajah 5 dan Jadual 5, jawab soalan berikut.

(a) What is the meaning of catalyst?


Apakah maksud mangkin?

..............................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(b) Sketch a graph of volume of gas collected against time for both sets on the same axis .
Lakarkan graf isipadu gas melawan masa bagi kedua-dua set pada paksi yang sama.

[2 marks]
[2 markah]

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64 (MODUL ULANGKAJI BERTOPIK )

(c) Calculate the average rate of reaction for the first 3 minutes for Set I and Set II.
Hitung kadar tindak balas purata bagi 3 minit pertama bagi Set I and Set II.

(i) Set I/Set I:

(ii) Set II/Set II

[2 marks]
[2 markah]

(iii) Compare the average rate of reaction for the first 3 minutes for Set I and Set II.
Bandingkan kadar tindak balas purata bagi 3 minit pertama bagi
Set I and Set II.

............................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
[1 markah]
(iv) Explain how catalyst affects the rate of reaction by using the
collision theory.
Terangkan bagaimana mangkin mempengaruhi kadar tindak balas dengan
menggunakan teori perlanggaran.

.................................................................................................................................................

.................................................................................................................................................

.................................................................................................................................................

.................................................................................................................................................

.................................................................................................................................................
[3 marks]
[3 markah]

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KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
65 (MODUL ULANGKAJI BERTOPIK )

(d) During the Master Chef Competition, an apprentice found that a piece of meat is still not tender
after cooking for one hour.
Di dalam satu Pertandingan Master Chef, seorang pelatih mendapati ketulan daging yang di
masak masih tidak lembut selepas satu jam.

State one method that should be taken to make the meat become tender in a shorter time.
Explain your answer.
Nyatakan satu kaedah yang boleh diambil supaya daging itu menjadi lembut dalam masa
yang singkat.
Terangkan jawapan anda.

................................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................................

...............................................................................................................................................

[2 marks]
Chapter 1 : Rate of reaction
[Pulau Pinang 2018, No 4]

4 Two experiments are carried out to investigate the rate of reaction when zinc reacts with
nitric acid.
Table 4 shows the results of Experiment I and II.
Dua eksperimen telah dijalankan untuk mengkaji kadar tindak balas apabila zink
bertindak balas dengan asid nitrik.
Jadual 4 menunjukkan keputusan Eksperimen I dan II.

Total volume of gas


collected in
Temperature/
Experiment Reactant oC 2 minutes /cm3
Eksperimen Bahan tindak balas Jumlah isi padu gas
Suhu /0C yang dikumpulkan
dalam 2 minit /cm3

Excess zinc powder


+ 20 cm3 of 0.1 mol dm-3 nitric
acid
I 30 22.0
Serbuk zink berlebihan + 20 cm3
0.1 mol dm-3 asid
nitrik

Excess zinc powder


+ 20 cm3 of 0.1 mol dm-3 nitric
II T acid 40 37.0
Serbuka zink berlebihan + 20 cm3
0.1 molb dm-3 asid nitrik
l
e
Diagram 4 / Jadual 4

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(a) Based on the experiment, state the meaning of the rate of reaction.
Berdasarkan eksperimen, nyatakan maksud kadar tindak balas.

……………………………………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………………………
( 1 mark/ 1 markah)

(b) Write a balanced chemical equation for the reaction between zinc and nitric acid.
Tulis persamaan kimia seimbang bagi tindak balas antara zink dan asid nitrik.

…………………………………………………………………………………………..
( 2 marks/ 2 markah)

(c) Calculate the average rate of reaction for Experiment I for the first two minutes in cm3 s-1.
Hitungkan kadar tindak balas purata Eksperimen I bagi dua minit pertama dalam cm3 s-1.

( 1 mark/ 1 markah)

(d) Calculate the maximum volume of gas produced in Experiment II. [1 mol of gas occupies
24 dm3 at room condition]

Hitungkan isipadu maksimum gas yang dihasilkan dalam Eksperimen II. [1 mol gas
menempati 24 dm3pada keadaan bilik]

( 3 marks/ 3 markah)

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KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
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(e) “ Interrupting of a patient’s blood flow at normal blood temperature during a surgery creates the risk
of damaging the brain and other organs. This is due to the decrease in oxygen supply to the brain and
other organs. Nowadays, doctor implement the method of low temperature surgery. Lower
temperature will reduce the rate of reaction in patient’s body, or another word, the metabolism.
Hence lowering the demands of oxygen.”

“Gangguan terhadap aliran darah pesakit pada suhu darah yang normal semasa
pembedahan akan menyebabkan risiko kerosakan otak dan organ-organ lain. Perkara ini
disebabkan pengurangan bekalan oksigen ke otak dan organ-organ lain. Pada masa kini,
doktor melaksanakan kaedah pembedahan suhu rendah. Suhu rendah akan menurunkan
kadar tindak balas dalam badan pesakit, dengan kata lain, metabolisme. Oleh itu akan
merendahkan permintaan terhadap oksigen.”

(i) Based on the information above, state the factor that affect the rate of
reaction in a human body.
Berdasarkan maklumat di atas, nyatakan faktor yang mempengaruhi kadar
tindak balas dalam badan manusia.

…………………………………………………………………………………………….
( 1 mark/ 1 markah)

(ii) Explain how method of low temperature surgery is able to overcome


the problem faced by surgery under normal body temperature.
Terangkan bagaimana kaedah pembedahan suhu rendah dapat mengatasi
masalah yang dihadapi dalam pembedahan di bawah suhu badan normal.

……………………………………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………………………
( 2 marks/ 2 markah)

Chapter 1 : Rate of reaction


[Sarawak 2018, No 6]

3 Table 6 shows the information for two sets of experiment to investigate one factor affecting the rate of
reaction between zinc and sulphuric acid.
Jadual 6 menunjukkan maklumat bagi dua set eksperimen untuk menyiasat satu faktor yang
mempengaruhi kadar tindak balas antara zink dengan asid sulfurik.

Volume of gas collected


in 2 minutes (cm3)
Set Material / Bahan Isi padu gas terkumpul
dalam 2 minit (cm3)
I 50 cm3 of 1.0 mol dm-3 sulphuric acid + excess zinc
50cm3 asid sulfurik 1.0 mol dm-3 + zink berlebihan 30.00
II 50 cm3 of 1.0 mol dm-3 sulphuric acid + excess zinc + catalyst X
50.00
50cm3 asid sulfurik 1.0 mol dm-3 + zink berlebihan+mangkin X

Table 6/Jadual 6

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Based on Table 6,
Berdasarkan Jadual 6,

(a) what is the meaning of catalyst?


Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan mangkin?

…………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark / markah]

(b) state the name of catalyst X that can be used in set II.
Nyatakan nama bagi mangkin X yang boleh digunakan dalam set II.

…………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark / markah]

(c) (i) calculate the average rate of reaction in


hitung kadar tindak balas purata dalam

Set I/set I:

Set II/set II:

[2 marks / markah]

(ii) compare the rate of reaction between Set I and Set II.
bandingkan kadar tindak balas antara Set I dengan Set II.

…………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark / markah]

(iii) explain your answer in 4 (c)(ii) based on collision theory.


Terangkan jawapan anda di 4 (c)(ii) berdasarkan teori pelanggaran.

…………………………………………………………………………..

…………………………………………………………………………..

…………………………………………………………………………..
[2 marks / markah]

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69 (MODUL ULANGKAJI BERTOPIK )

(d) The energy profile diagram for the reaction between zinc and sulphuric acid for both sets of the
experiment are shown in Diagram 6.
Rajah profil tenaga bagi tindak balas antara zink dan asid sulfurik bagi kedua-dua set eksperimen
itu ditunjukkan dalam Rajah 6.

Diagram 6 / Rajah 6

(i) Label the curves for Set I and Set II in Diagram 6.


Labelkan lengkungan bagi Set I dan Set II dalam Rajah 6.
[1 mark / markah]

(ii) Show and label the activation energy for Set 1 as E1 and Set II as EII in Diagram 6.
Tunjuk dan labelkan tenaga pengaktifan bagi sel 1 sebagai EI dan EII dalam Rajah 6.

[2 marks / markah]

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KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
70 (MODUL ULANGKAJI BERTOPIK )

Chapter 1 : Rate of reaction


[Kedah 2018, No 2]

2 Three experiments I, II and III are carried out to investigate the factors affecting the rate of
reaction. Table 2 shows the reactants and the conditions of the reaction involved.
Tiga eksperimen I, II dan III dijalankan untuk mengkaji faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi kadar
tindak balas. Jadual 2 menunjukkan bahan dan keadaan tindak balas yang terlibat.

Volume of gas Time taken to


collected at the end collect the gas
of reaction (cm3) (s)
Experiment Reactant
Isipadu gas Masa di ambil
Eksperimen Bahan tindak balas
terkumpul di akhir untuk
tindak balas (cm3) mengumpul gas
(s)

Excess 50 cm3 0.5 mol dm-3


magnesium nitric acid
I
Magnesium 50 cm3 asid nitrik 300 30
berlebihan 0.5 mol dm-3

Excess 50 cm3 1.0 mol dm-3


magnesium nitric acid
II
Magnesium 50 cm3 asid nitrik 600 40
berlebihan 1.0 mol dm-3

50 cm3 1.0 mol dm-3


nitric acid +
Excess
2 g copper(II)
Magnesium
III sulphate 600 30
Magnesium
50 cm3 asid nitrik
berlebihan
1.0 mol dm-3 +
2 g kuprum(II) sulfat

Table 2
Jadual 2

(a) What is the colour of copper(II) sulphate?


Apakah warna kuprum(II) sulfat?

[ 1 mark]
[1 markah]

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KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
71 (MODUL ULANGKAJI BERTOPIK )

(b) Refering to experiments I II and III, state:


Merujuk kepada eksperimen I, II dan III, nyatakan:

(i) The meaning of rate of reaction.


Maksud kadar tindak balas.

(ii) Two factors that affect the rate of reaction.


Dua faktor yang mempengaruhi kadar tindak balas.

[3 marks]
[3 markah]

(c) Diagram 2 shows the results of Experiment II.


Rajah 2 menunjukkan keputusan bagi Eksperimen II.

(i) Sketch the curve obtained for experiment I and III on the same axis in Diagram 2
Lakarkan lengkung yang diperoleh dalam Ekperimen I dan III pada paksi yang sama
dalam Rajah 2.

Experiment II
600 -
Eksperimen II

300 -

Time (s)

Masa (s)

Diagram 2
Rajah 2

[2 marks]

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KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
72 (MODUL ULANGKAJI BERTOPIK )

(ii) Calculate the rate of reaction for Experiment II and III.


Hitung kadar tindak balas bagi Experimen II dan III.

[2 marks]
[2 markah]

(a) In our daily life, human cannot live without clean water supply. Every country spends
millions in water treatment to cater the needs of the people. At the treatment plant,
there is a stage where small suspended particles need to coagulate to form large lumps,
thus the lumps will deposit at the bottom of the coagulation tank. You, as a new
chemical engineer reporting to the water treatment plant, suggest a way to accelerate
the process of coagulation using the concept of rate of reactions that you have learned.

Dalam kehidupan harian kita, manusia tidak dapat hidup tanpa bekalan air bersih. Setiap
negara membelanjakan jutaan ringgit dalam rawatan pembersihan air untuk menampung
keperluan rakyat. Di loji rawatan air, terdapat satu peringkat di mana zarah-zarah kecil yang
terampai perlu digumpal untuk membentuk butiran besar, maka butiran tersebut akan terenap
ke bawah tangki penggumpalan. Anda sebagai jurutera kimia yang baru melaporkan diri di
loji rawatan air tersebut, cadangkan satu cara untuk mempercepatkan proses penggumpalan
dengan menggunakan konsep kadar tindak balas yang pernah anda pelajari.

[1 mark]
[1 markah]

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KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
73 (MODUL ULANGKAJI BERTOPIK )

Chapter 3 : Oxidation and Reduction


[MRSM 2018, No 6]

6 Diagram 6.1 shows the apparatus set-up and materials to study the reactivity series of metals.
Rajah 6.1 menunjukkan susunan radas dan bahan untuk mengkaji siri kereaktifan logam.

Crucible
Mangkuk Mixture of carbon
Pipe-clay triangle and metal oxide
Campuran karbon
Heat
Panaskan

Diagram 6.1
Rajah 6.1

Table 6 shows the reactants and observations for three sets of experiment to construct the reactivity
series of metals towards oxygen.
Jadual 6 menunjukkan bahan tindak balas dan pemerhatian bagi tiga set eksperimen untuk membina
siri kereaktifan logam terhadap oksigen.

Set Reactants Observation


Set Bahan tindak balas Pemerhatian
I Carbon + Iron(III) oxide Grey solid is formed
Karbon + Ferum(III) oksida Pepejal kelabu terbentuk
II Carbon + Magnesium oxide No change
Karbon + Magnesium oksida Tiada perubahan
III Carbon + Oxide of metal X Brown solid is formed
Karbon + Oksida logam X Pepejal perang terbentuk

Table 6
Table 6

(a) Based on Set I ,


(i) Write the chemical equation for the reaction.
Tuliskan persamaan kimia bagi tindak balas.

..................................................................................................................
[2 marks]
[2 markah]

(ii) State the change in the oxidation number of iron.


Nyatakan perubahan nombor pengoksidaan bagi ferum.
..................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

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KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
74 (MODUL ULANGKAJI BERTOPIK )

(iii) State the substance that undergoes reduction.


Nyatakan bahan yang mengalami penurunan.

............................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(b) Based on set II and set III, explain the difference in the observations.
Berdasarkan set II dan set III, terangkan perbezaan dalam pemerhatian itu.

..............................................................................................................................

..............................................................................................................................
[2 marks]
[2 markah]

(c) Arrange metal X, carbon, magnesium and iron in ascending order


of reactivity towards oxygen.
Susun logam X, karbon, magnesium dan ferum dalam susunan menaik
kereaktifan terhadap oksigen.

..............................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(d) Diagram 6.2 shows flaky brown solid layer which is porous formed on
the surface of iron knife.
Rajah 6.2 menunjukkan lapisan kepingan perang yang telap air di atas
permukaan pisau.

Flaky brown solid layer


Lapisan kepingan perang

Diagram 6.2
Rajah 6.2

(i) Name the process for the formation of the brown solid.
Namakan proses pembentukan pepejal perang tersebut.

…………………………………………………………………………..
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

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KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
75 (MODUL ULANGKAJI BERTOPIK )

(ii) Draw a labeled diagram to show the mechanism of the process in d(i),
the flow of electron and the half equation at the anode.
Lukiskan gambar rajah berlabel untuk menunjukkan mekanisma proses di d(i),
pengaliran elektron dan persamaan setengah di anod.

[3 marks]
[3 markah]

Chapter 4 : Thermochemistry
[Johor 2018, No 6]

6 Diagram 6 shows the apparatus set-up to determine the heat of neutralisation between nitric acid
and sodium hydroxide solution.
Rajah 6 menunjukkan susunan radas untuk menentukan haba peneutralan di antara larutan asid
nitrik dan natrium hidroksida.

Diagram 6
Rajah 6

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KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
76 (MODUL ULANGKAJI BERTOPIK )

Table 6 shows the result of this experiment.


Jadual 6 menunjukkan keputusan eksperimen.

Description Temperature ( C)
Deskripsi Suhu
Initial temperature of nitric acid 30.0
Suhu awal asid nitrik
Initial temperature of sodium hydroxide 30.0
Suhu awal natrium hidroksida
Highest temperature of the mixture 36.8
Suhu tertinggi campuran

Table 6 / Jadual 6

(a) What is the meaning of heat of neutralisation?


Apakah maksud haba peneutralan?

……………………………………………………………………………………………………..

……………………………………………………………………………………………………..
[1 mark/ 1 markah]

(b) Calculate
Hitungkan
(i) The heat released during the reaction.
[Specific heat capacity of solution, c = 4.2 J g-1 C, Density of solution=1 gcm-3]
Haba terbebas semasa tindak balas.
[Muatan haba tentu larutan, c = 4.2 J g-1 C; Ketumpatan larutan= 1 gcm-3]

[1 mark/ 1 markah]

(i) The number of moles of nitric acid reacting


Bilangan mol asid nitrik yang bertindak balas

[1 mark/ 1 markah]

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77 KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
(MODUL ULANGKAJI BERTOPIK )

(ii) The heat of neutralisation


Haba peneutralan

[1 mark / 1 markah]

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78 KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
(MODUL ULANGKAJI BERTOPIK )

(c) Draw an energy level diagram for this reaction.


Lukiskan rajah aras tenaga bagi tindak balas ini.

[2 mark / 2 markah]

(d) The experiment is repeated using 25 cm3 of 1.0 mol dm-3 ethanoic acid to replace the
nitric acid. The heat of neutralisation using ethanoic acid is 55.0 kJ mol-1.
Explain the difference of the heat of neutralisation.
Eksperimen ini diulangi dengan menggunakan 25 cm3 asid etanoik 1.0 mol dm-3 untuk
menggantikan asid nitrik. Haba peneutralan menggunakan asid asid etanoik adalah
55.0 kJ mol-1. Huraikan perbezaan haba peneutralan ini.

……………………………………………………………………………………………………..

……………………………………………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………………………………
[3 marks/ 3 markah]

(e) (i) The heat of neutralization obtained from the experiment is less than the standard
value. Explain.
Haba peneutralan yang diperoleh daripada eksperimen ini lebih rendah daripada
nilai piawai. Terangkan.

……………………………………………………………………………………………..

………………………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark/ 1 markah]
(ii) Suggest a way to improve the results obtained in this experiment.
Cadangkan satu cara untuk memperbaiki keputusan eksperimen ini.

……………………………………………………………………………………………..

………………………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark/ 1 markah]

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KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
79 (MODUL ULANGKAJI BERTOPIK )

Chapter 4 : Thermochemistry
[Pulau Pinang 2018, No 6]

6 Diagram 6 shows the apparatus set-up used in the experiment to determine the heat of
displacement of copper by zinc.
Rajah 6 menunjukkan susunan radas yang digunakan dalam eksperimen untuk menentukan
haba penyesaran kuprum oleh zink.

Excess zink

powder
Serbuk zink

Cawan polistirena 50 cm3 of 0.2 mol dm-3

copper(II) sulphate solution


50 cm3 larutan kuprum(II)
sulfat 0.2 mol dm-3

Diagram 6
Rajah 6

Table 6 shows the result of the experiment.


Jadual 6 menunjukkan keputusan eksperimen ini.

Initial temperature of copper(II) sulphate solution 28˚C


Suhu awal larutan kuprum(II) sulfat
Highest temperature of the mixture of products 36˚C
Suhu tertinggi hasil campuran

Table 6
Jadual 6

a. State the type of reaction that occurred based on the temperature change in the
experiment.
Nyatakan jenis tindak balas yang berlaku berdasarkan perubahan suhu dalam eksperimen
ini.

……………………………………………………………………………………....................
[1 mark/1 markah]
b. Why is a polystyrene cup used in this experiment?
Mengapakah cawan polistirena digunakan dalam eksperimen ini?

…………………………………………………………………………………………………..
[1 mark/1 markah]

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KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
80 (MODUL ULANGKAJI BERTOPIK )

c. Write a balanced chemical equation of the reaction.


Tulis persamaan kimia yang seimbang bagi tindak balas ini. .

………………………………………………………………………………………………
[2 marks/2 markah]

d. Based on the information given in Diagram 6 and Table 6, calculate:


Berdasarkan maklumat yang diberi pada Rajah 6 dan Jadual 6, hitung:

(i) The heat energy released in this experiment.


C-1 ; Density of soluton = 1 g cm-3]
[Specific heat capacity of solution = 4.2 J g-1
Tenaga haba yang dibebaskan dalam eksperimen ini.
[Muatan haba tentu larutan = 4.2 J g-1 C-1 ; Ketumpatan larutan = 1 g cm-3]

[1 mark/1 markah]

(ii) The number of mole of copper(II) sulphate solution


Bilangan mol larutan kuprum(II) sulfat.

[1 mark/1 markah]

(iii) The heat of displacement of copper by zinc in this experiment.


Haba penyesaran kuprum oleh zink dalam eksperimen ini.

[1 marks/1 markah]

e. Draw the energy level diagram for the reaction


Lukis gambarajah aras tenaga bagi tindak balas ini.

[2 marks/2 markah]

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KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
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f. Predict the value of heat of displacement if magnesium powder is used in this


experiment to replace zink powder. Explain why.
Ramalkan nilai haba penyesaran jika serbuk magnesium digunakan dalam
eksperimen ini bagi mengantikan serbuk zink. Terangkan mengapa.

………………………………………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………………………….

………………………………………………………………………………………………….
[2 marks/2 markah]

Chapter 4 : Thermochemistry
[Terengganu 2018, No 6]

6 Diagram 6 shows the apparatus set-up to determine the heat of precipitation for silver chloride.
Rajah 6 menunjukkan susunan alat radas untuk menentukan haba pemendakan bagi argentum klorida.

50 cm3 of 0.5 mol dm-3


sodium chloride solution
50 cm3 larutan natrium 50 cm3 of 0.5 mol dm-3
klorida 0.5 mol dm-3 silver nitrate solution
50 cm3 larutan argentum
nitrat 0.5 mol dm-3
Plastic cup
Cawan plastik

Diagram 6
Rajah 6

Table 6 shows the results obtained.


Jadual 6 menunjukkan keputusan yang diperoleh

Description Temperature (0C)


Penerangan Suhu (0C)
Initial temperature of silver nitrate solution
28.0
Suhu awal larutan argentum nitrat
Initial temperature of sodium chloride solution
28.0
Suhu awal larutan natrium klorida
The highest temperature of the mixture
31.5
Suhu tertinggi campuran

Table 6
Jadual 6
.

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KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
82 (MODUL ULANGKAJI BERTOPIK )

(a) Why plastic cup is used in this experiment?


Mengapa cawan plastik digunakan dalam eksperimen ini?

......................................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

(b) The chemical equation for the precipitation of silver chloride is as follows :
Persamaan kimia bagi pemendakan argentum nitrat adalah seperti berikut :

AgNO3 + NaCl → AgCl + NaNO3

Calculate,
Hitungkan,

(i) the heat change in the reaction


[Specific heat capacity, c = 4.2 J g-1 0C-1 ; Density of solution = 1 g cm-3]

perubahan haba dalam tindak balas itu


[Muatan haba tentu, c = 4.2 J g-1 0C-1 ; Ketumpatan larutan = 1 g cm-3]

[1 mark]

(ii) the heat of precipitation of silver chloride


haba pemendakan bagi argentum klorida

[3 marks]

(c) Draw the energy level diagram for the reaction.


Lukiskan gambar rajah aras tenaga bagi tindak balas itu.

[3 marks]

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KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
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(d) The experiment is repeated by using 50 cm3 of 0.5 mol dm-3 potassium chloride solution to
replace the sodium chloride solution.
Eksperimen itu diulangi dengan menggunakan 50 cm3 larutan kalium klorida 0.5 mol dm-3
menggantikan larutan natrium klorida.

(i) Predict the value of heat of precipitation for this experiment.


Ramalkan nilai haba pemendakan bagi eksperimen ini.

.............................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
(ii) Explain your answer in (d) (i).
Terangkan jawapan anda di (d) (i).

.............................................................................................................................

.............................................................................................................................
[2 marks]

Chapter 5 : Chemicals For Consumers


[Perlis 2018, No 5]

5 Diagram 5.1 shows the structure of anion parts of cleaning agents A and B. These
anions consist of parts X and Y.
Rajah 5.1 menunjukkan struktur bagi bahagian anion bagi agen pencuci A dan agen
pencuci B. Anion-anion ini terdiri daripada bahagian X dan bahagian Y.

Anion of cleaning
agent A
Anion bagi agen
pencuci A

Anion of cleaning
agent B
Anion bagi agen
pencuci B
Part X Part Y
Bahagian X Bahagian Y

Diagram 5.1
Rajah 5.1

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(a) State the type of cleaning agent:


Nyatakan jenis agen pencuci:

A: ……......................................................................................................................

B: ……......................................................................................................................
[2 marks]

(b) State the property of parts X and Y.


Nyatakan sifat bagi bahagian X dan bahagian Y.

.............................................................................................................................................

………………………………………………………………………………………………………...……………………………..

[2 marks]
(c) The cleansing action of cleaning agent B is more effective than cleaning agent
A in hard water. Explain why.
Tindakan pencucian agen pencuci B adalah lebih berkesan daripada agen
pencuci A dalam air liat. Terangkan mengapa.

….……......................................................................................................................

….……......................................................................................................................
[2 marks]

(d) Table 2 the function of three types of modern medicine.


Jadual 2 menunjukkan fungsi tiga jenis ubat moden.

Function Type of medicine


Fungsi Jenis ubat
Relief pain
P: ………………………....
Mengurangkan kesakitan
Kills or prevents the reproduction of bacteria
Q: …………………..……..
Membunuh atau menghalang pembiakan bakteria
Changes the emotions and behaviour of the patient
R: ……………………..…..
Mengubah perasaan dan kelakuan pesakit

Table 2
Jadual 2

(i) Complete Table 2.


Lengkapkan Jadual 2. [3 marks]

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KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
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(ii) Diagram 5.2 shows the conversation between a doctor and a patient.
Rajah 5.2 menunjukkan perbualan antara seorang doktor dan
seorang pesakit.

You must finish all the supply of this


medicine of type Q.
Kamu mesti habiskan semua bekalan
ubat jenis Q ini. Alright, doctor.
Baiklah, doktor.

Diagram 5.2
Rajah 5.2

What will happen if the patient did not do as what the doctor’s said?
Apakah yang akan berlaku jika pesakit itu tidak mengikut apa yang
dipesan oleh doktor?

.......................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

(iii) Tranquilizer is an example of medicine of type R.


Give one change that might be happen to a patient’s emotions when
treated using this medicine.
Trankuilizer adalah satu contoh ubat jenis R.

Berikan satu perubahan yang mungkin berlaku kepada perasaan pesakit


yang dirawat menggunakan ubat ini.

.......................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

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KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
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Chapter 5 : Chemicals For Consumers


[Kedah 2018, No 1]

1 (a) Diagram 1 shows two type of food that use natural preservatives.
Rajah 1 menunjukkan dua jenis makanan yang menggunakan pengawet semula jadi.

D
i
a
g
r
a
m

1 A
Food Food B
R Makanan A Makanan B
a
Diagram 1 / Rajah 1

a. State the natural preservative used in:


Nyatakan pengawet semula jadi yang digunakan dalam:

Food A:
Makanan A :
Food B :
Makanan B :
[2 marks]
[2 markah]

(i) How the natural preservative can make food A last longer?
Bagaimana pengawet semulajadi boleh menjadikan makanan A tahan lama?

[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(ii) Over eating food B for a long period of time can cause a disease. Name the disease and
suggest a food additive that can replace the natural preservative with low calory.
Pengambilan makanan B untuk jangka masa yang panjang boleh menyebabkan satu
penyakit. Namakan penyakit tersebut dan cadangkan satu bahan tambah makanan
berkalori rendah yang boleh menggantikan pengawet semula jadi tersebut.

[2 marks]
[2 markah]

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KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
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(b) Table 1 shows information about two types of medicines, D and E.


Jadual 1 menunjukkan maklumat tentang dua jenis ubat, D dan E.

Medicine Description
Ubat Deskripsi

 Used to relieve pain


Digunakan untuk melegakan kesakitan
D
 Not suitable to children
Tidak sesuai untuk kanak-kanak

 Used to treat pneumonia and tuberculosis


E Digunakan untuk merawat radang peparu dan
batuk kering

Table 1
Jadual 1

(i) Ah Chong is two years old and having high fever. Give a reason why medicine
D is not suitable for him. Suggest a medicine that can replace medicine D.
Ah Chong berusia dua tahun dan mengalami demam panas. Berikan satu alasan mengapa
ubat D tidak sesuai untuknya. Cadangkan ubat yang boleh menggantikan ubat D.

[2 marks]
[2 markah]

(i) What action must be taken to make sure that taking the medicine E is effective?
Give your reason.
Apakah tindakan yang perlu diambil untuk memastikan bahawa pengambilan ubat E

adalah berkesan? Berikan alasan anda.

[2 marks]
[2 markah]

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KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
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Chapter 5 : Chemicals For Consumers


[Sarawak2018, No 3]

3 Table 3.1 shows information of three different food additives, P, Q and R.


Jadual 3.1 menunjukkan maklumat bagi tiga bahan tambahan makanan yang berbeza P, Q dan R.

Food additives Information


Bahan tambah makanan Maklumat
Added to a low-calorie soft drinks to sweeten it and for
the comsumption of diabetic patients.
P Ditambah kepada miniman ringan berkalori rendah
supaya ia menjadi manis dan untuk kegunaan pesait
diabetes.
Added to fresh meat to preserve it and to make it looks
fresh.
Q
Ditambah kepada daging segar supaya ia tahun lama
dan kelihatan segar.
Added to pickled chilli to provide an acidic condition, to
slow or inhibit the growth of microorganisms.
R Ditambah kepada jeruk cili untuk menyediakan keadaan
yang berasid, untuk melambatkan atau merencatkan
pertumbuhan mikroorganisma.

Table 3.1/ Jadual 3.1

(a) (i) Suggest the name for food additives, P, Q and R.


Cadangkan nama bagi bahan tambah makanan P,Q dan R.

P: …………………………………………………………….

Q: …………………………………………………………….

R: …………………………………………………………….

[3 marks/markah]

(ii) State the advantages, disadvantages and your conclusion about the uses of food additives in
daily life.

Nyatakan kebaikan, keburukan dan kesimpulan anda tentang penggunaan bahan tambah
makanan dalam kehidupan.

…………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………..

…………………………………………………………………………..

[3 marks/markah]

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KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
89 (MODUL ULANGKAJI BERTOPIK )

(b) Diagram 3.1 shows the manufacturer of sulphuric acid.


Rajah 3.1 menunjukkan pembuatan asid sulfurik.

Diagram 3.1/Rajah 3.1

(i) What is the name of this process?


Apakah nama proses ini?

………………………………………………………………………......
[1 mark/markah]

(ii) State the name of catalyst X.


Nyatakan nama mangkin X.

…………………………………………………………………………

[1 mark/markah]

(iii) State the name of substance Y.


Nyatakan nama bahan Y.

…………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark/markah]

(iv) The sulphuric acid produced can be used to manufacture fertilisers.


State another use of sulphuric acid.
Asid sulfurik yang terhasil boleh digunakan untuk membuat baja.
Nyatakan kegunaan lain asid sulfurik.

…...........………………………………………………………………………..
[1 mark/markah]

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KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
90 (MODUL ULANGKAJI BERTOPIK )

Chapter 5 : Chemicals For Consumers


[Terengganu 2018, No 1]

1 Diagram 1.1 shows the name of three medicines.


Rajah 1.1 menunjukkan nama bagi tiga ubat-ubatan.

Paracetamol Barbiturate Penicillin


Parasetamol Barbiturat Penisilin
Diagram 1.1
Rajah 1.1

(a) (i) What is the type of medicine for paracetamol?


Apakah jenis ubat bagi parasetamol?

…………………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark]

(ii) What is the function of the medicine that is stated in (a) (i)?
Apakah fungsi jenis ubat yang dinyatakan di (a) (i)?

…………………………………………………………………………………………..
[1 mark]

(b) Based on Diagram 1.1, which medicine is suitable for the sickness below?
Berdasarkan Rajah 1.1, ubat manakah yang sesuai untuk sakit di bawah?

Depression :
Kemurungan : …………………………………………………………………………........

Infection of bacteria :
Jangkitan bakteria : ………………………………………………………………………
[2 marks]

(c) Diagram 1.2 shows two different formula of cleaning agents.


Rajah 1.2 menunjukkan dua formula bagi agen pencuci yang berlainan.

Cleaning agent B
Cleaning Agent A
Agen Pencuci B
Agen Pencuci A
Diagram 1.2
Rajah 1.2

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KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
91 (MODUL ULANGKAJI BERTOPIK )

(i) State the name of cleaning agent A and B.


Nyatakan nama bagi agen pencuci A dan B.

Cleaning agent A :
Agen pencuci A : ………………………………………………………………….

Cleaning agent B :
Agen pencuci B : …………………………………………………………………...
[2 marks]

(ii) Which cleaning agent that suitable use in sea water?


Agen pencuci yang manakah sesuai digunakan di dalam air laut?

…………………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark]

(iii) Explain your answer in (c) (ii).


Terangkan jawapan anda di (c) (ii).

…………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………
[2 marks]

Chapter 5 : Chemicals For Consumers


[Pulau Pinang 2018, No 2]

2 Table 2 shows the information of cleaning agent Y and cleaning agent Z.


Jadual 2 menunjukkan maklumat tentang agen pencuci Y dan agen pencuci Z.

Table 2
Jadual 2

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KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
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(a) (i) Which cleaning agent is soap?


Agen pencuci manakah merupakan sabun?

……………………………………………………………………………………............
[1 mark/1 markah]
(ii) State the name of the process to prepare soap.
Nyatakan nama bagi proses untuk menyediakan sabun.

……………………………………………………………………………………............
[1 mark/1 markah]
(b) Write a chemical equation for the ionisation of cleaning agent Z in water.
Tulis persamaan kimia bagi pengionan agen pencuci Z dalam air.

……………………………………………………………………………………............
[1 mark/1 markah]
(c) Why is cleaning agent Z able to remove oily stain in hard water?
Mengapakah agen pencuci Z dapat menanggalkan kesan rminyak dalam air liat.

…………………………………………………………………………………………….
[1 mark/1 markah]

(d) Food additives have been used by mankind for centuries. Diagram 2
shows part of the labels on two food containers.
Bahan tambah makanan telah digunakan oleh manusia sejak berabad lalu. Rajah 2
menunjukkan sebahagian label pada dua bekas makanan.

Tomato Sauce Strawberry Ice Cream


Sos Tomato Ais Krim Strawberi
Tasty and last long Tasty and smooth
Sedap dan tahan lama Sedap dan lembut

Ingredients: Ingredients:
Kandungan: Kandungan:
Tomato Milk
Tomato Susu

Sugar Strawberry
Gula Strawberi
Salt
Garam Sugar
Corn flour Gula
Tepung jagung
Artificial colour Artificial colour
Pewarna tiruan Pewarna tiruan
Food additive P
Bahan tambah makanan P Food additive Q
Bahan tambah makanan Q

Diagram 2
Rajah 2

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KOLEKSI SOALAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2018
93 (MODUL ULANGKAJI BERTOPIK )

Based on Diagram 2,
Berdasarkan Rajah 2,
State the type of food additive for
Nyatakan jenis bahan tambah makanan bagi

(i) food additive P


bahan tambah makanan P

……………………………………………………………………………………...
(ii) food additive Q
bahan tambah makanan Q

……………………………………………………………………………………...
[2 marks/2 markah]

(iii) What is the function of food additive P?


Apakah fungsi bahan tambah makanan P?

……………………………………………………………………………………...
[1 mark/1 markah]

(iv) Should food additive be used in daily life? Give a reason.


Wajarkah bahan tambah makanan digunakan dalam kehidupan
seharian? Berikan satu sebab.

……………………………………………………………………………………...

……………………………………………………………………………………...
[2 marks/2 markah

Disusun oleh,
Cikgu Siti Rusilawati Binti Tomin
SMK Triang 3, Bera
‘terima kasih kepada semua guru-guru yang sudi menyumbang soalan negeri / sekolah masing-masing. Semoga Allah membalas jasa kalian
semua ’

©Siti Rusilawati Binti Tomin, Smk Triang 3, Bera Kimia 4541 A+