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Odisha

BASKET - IV

2018..

Electronics and Communication Engineering

Course Structure

Basket-IV

No. Code

1 ECCC0102 Electromagnetic Field Theory Theory 4-0-0 4

2 ECCC0401 Analog Electronic Circuits Theory &Practice 3-1-0 4

3 ECCC0402 Digital Electronic Circuits Theory & Practice 3-1-0 4

4 ECCC0403 Networks and Systems Theory & Practice 3-1-0 4

5 ECCC0404 Digital Signal Processing Theory & Practice 3-1-0 4

6 ECCC0405 Analog Communication Theory & Practice 2-1-0 3

Systems

7 ECCC0406 Digital Communication Theory & Practice 2-1-0 3

Systems

8 ECCC0407 VLSI Design Theory & Practice 3-1-0 4

9 ECCC0408 ARM Processor Based System Theory & Practice 3-1-0 4

Design

10 ECCC0412 RTOS and its Application Theory & Practice 3-1-0 4

11 ECCC0410 Microwave and Radar Theory & Practice 3-1-0 4

Communications

12 ECCC0413 Antenna and Wave Propagation Theory & Practice 3-1-0 4

TOTAL 45

Page | 1

Syllabus

Electromagnetic Field Theory

Course Title Code Type of course T-P-P Prerequisite

Electromagnetic Field ECCC0102 Theory 4-0-0 Nil

Theory

Objective

To teach students Maxwell’s equation in static and time varying field, electromagnetic

boundary condition ,wave equation and its solution and concept of transmission line

Learning Outcome

Student able to solve boundary value problems using Maxwell’s equation, can able to

solve wave equation

Evaluation Systems

Component % of Marks Method of Assessment

Internal

Examination Report or Presentation +

Assignment 5

Learning Record

Attendance 5 Based on Class Attended

External

External Theory 60 Written Examination

Examination

Total 100

Course Outline

theorem , Capacitance and Capacitors, Laplace’s and Poisson’s Equations, Solution of

Boundary Value Problems in Different Coordinate Systems, Convection and Conduction

Currents, Polarization in dielectrics,Dielectric Constant and strength

Coulomb’s Law, Electric Field & Electric Flux Density, Gauss’s Law with Application,

Electrostatic Potential, Electric Dipole And Flux Lines, Energy Density in Electrostatic Field,

Equipotential Surfaces, Boundary Conditions For Static Electric Fields, Electrostatic Energy,

Uniqueness of Electrostatic Solutions, Method of Images

Page | 2

Module III: MAGNETOSTATICS (10 hours)

Biotsavart Law, Ampere’s Circuital Law & Applications, Magnetic Flux Density, Maxwell’s

Equations Magnetic Potential (Vector & Scalar), Magnetic Scalar and Vector Potentials,

Forces due to Magnetic Fields & Ampere’s Force Law, Inductance & Magnetic Energy

Faraday’s Law, Transformer EMF &Inconsistency of Ampere’s Law, Displacement Current

Density, Maxwell’s Equations In Final Form, Maxwell’s Equations in Word Form, Boundary

Conditions: Dielectric To Dielectric& Dielectric To Conductor

For Conducting & Perfect Dielectric Media, Uniform Plane Waves & Relations Between

E&H and Sinusoidal Variations, Wave Propagation: In Lossless And Conducting Media,

Polarization, Wave Propagation: in Good Conductors and Good Dielectrics

Plane Waves: Refraction & Reflection, Normal and Oblique Incidences: For Prefect

Conductors and Perfect Dielectrics, Brewster Angle, Critical Angle and Total Internal

Reflection, Surface Impedance, Poynting Vector &Poynting Theorem, Power Loss In Plane

Conductors, Problems

Transmission Line Parameters, Transmission Line Equations, Input Impedance, Standing

Wave Ratio, Power, The Smith Chart, Some Applications Of Transmission Lines

Text Books

1. Mathew N.O.Sadiku,“Elements of Electromagnetic”, Publisher Oxford University Press,

2. G.S.N.Raju, “Electromagnetic Field Theory and Transmission Lines”, Pearson Education

Reference Book

E, C, Jordan & K. G.Balmin, “Electromagnetic waves and Radiating Systems”, 2nd

Edition, PHIPvt. Ltd

Session Plan

Topic No. of Activity Assignment Suggested

Sessions Reading

(in hrs.)

Module I [8 hrs. Lecture]

Vector Algebra, Coordinate 1 Lecture Assignment 1 Text Book 1,

Systems QN-1 Chapter 1

Vector differential operator, 1 Lecture Assignment 1 Text Book 1,

Gradient, Divergence, Curl, QN-2 Chapter 2

Page | 3

Divergence theorem, Stokes

theorem

Capacitance and Capacitors, 1 Lecture Assignment 1 Text Book 1,

Electrostatic Energy QN-3 Chapter 3

Equations QN-4 Chapter 6

Static Electric Fields QN-5 Chapter 5

Currents QN-6 Chapter 5

Dielectric Constant and QN-7 Chapter 5

strength

Module II [10 hrs. Lecture ]

Coulombs law, Electric field 1 Lecture Assignment 2 Text Book 1,

intensity QN-1 Chapter 4

Electric Flux Density, 2 Lecture Assignment 2 Text Book 1,

Gauss’s Law with QN-2 Chapter 4

Application

Electrostatic Potential, An 2 Lecture Assignment 2 Text Book 1,

Electric dipole and Flux QN-3 Chapter 4

Lines

Energy density in 1 Lecture Assignment 2 Text Book 1,

Electrostatic field QN-4 Chapter 4

Equipotential Surfaces, 2 Lecture Assignment Text Book 1,

Boundary Conditions for QN-5 Chapter 4

Static Electric Fields

Uniqueness of Electrostatic 2 Lecture Assignment 2 Text Book 1,

Solutions, Method of Images QN-6 Chapter 6

Module III [10 hrs. Lecture]

Biotsavart law 1 Lecture Assignment 3 Text Book 1,

QN-1 Chapter 7

Ampere’s circuital law & 1 Lecture Assignment 3 Text Book 1,

applications QN-2 Chapter 7

Magnetic flux density, 2 Lecture Assignment 3 Text Book 1,

Maxwell’s equations QN-3 Chapter 7

Magnetic potential (vector &

scalar)

Magnetic Scalar and Vector 2 Lecture Assignment 3 Text Book 1,

Potentials QN-4 Chapter 7

Page | 4

Forces due to Magnetic fields 2 Lecture Assignment 3 Text Book 1,

& Ampere’s force law QN-5 Chapter 8

Inductance & Magnetic 2 Lecture Assignment 3 Text Book 1,

energy QN-6 Chapter 8

Module IV [8 hrs. Lecture]

Faraday’s law 1 Lecture Assignment 4 Text Book 1,

QN-1 Chapter 9

Transformer emf& 1 Lecture Assignment 4 Text Book 1,

inconsistency of ampere’s QN-2 Chapter 9

law

Displacement current density 2 Lecture Assignment 4 Text Book 1,

QN-3 Chapter 9

Maxwell’s equations in final 2 Lecture Assignment 4 Text Book 1,

form, Maxwell’s equations in QN-3 Chapter 9

word form

Boundary conditions: 2 Lecture Assignment 4 Text Book 1,

Dielectric to Dielectric& QN-4 Chapter 9

Dielectric to conductor

Module V [8 hrs. Lecture]

Wave equations for 2 Lecture Assignment 5 Text Book 1,

conducting & perfect QN-1 Chapter 10

dielectric media, Uniform

plane waves & relations

between E&H and sinusoidal

variations

Wave propagation: In 2 Lecture Assignment 5 Text Book 1,

lossless and conducting QN-2 Chapter 10

media

propagation: In good QN-3 Chapter 10

conductors

dielectrics QN-4 Chapter 10

Module VI [11 hrs. Lecture]

Plane waves: Refraction & 2 Lecture Assignment 6 Text Book 1,

reflection QN-1 Chapter 10

Normal and oblique 2 Lecture Assignment 6 Text Book 1,

incidences: for prefect QN-2 Chapter 102

conductors and perfect

dielectrics

Brewster angle 1 Lecture Assignment 6 Text Book 1,

Page | 5

QN-3 Chapter 10

Critical angle and total 2 Lecture Assignment 6 Text Book 1,

internal reflection QN-4 Chapter 10&2

Surface impedance 2 Lecture Assignment 6 Text Book 1,

QN-5 Chapter 10

Poynting vector &Poynting 1 Lecture Assignment 6 Text Book 1,

theorem QN-6 Chapter 10

Power loss in plane 1

conductors, problems

Module VII [8 hrs. Lecture]

Transmission Line 2 Lecture Assignment 7 Text Book 1,

parameter’s QN-1 Chapter 11

Transmission Line Equations 2 Lecture Assignment 7 Text Book 1,

QN-2 Chapter 11

Input impedance, Standing 1 Lecture Assignment 7 Text Book 1,

Wave Ratio and Power QN-3 Chapter 11

The Smith Chart 2 Lecture Assignment 7 Text Book 1,

QN-4 Chapter 11

Some applications of 1 Lecture Assignment 7 Text Book 1,

Transmission Lines QN-5 Chapter 11

Total (hrs.): 63 63 hrs. Lecture

Page | 6

Analog Electronic Circuits

Course Title Code Type of course T-P-P Prerequisite

Analog Electronic ECCC0401 Theory & Practice 3-1-0 Nil

Circuits

Objective

This course is preparatory for study in the field of Analog Electronics which focuses

on circuit design techniques and practical issues in Analog Circuit and System

Design

Learning Outcome

Students will able to Analyze and Design Analog Electronic Circuits using Discrete

Components

Analyze the frequency response of BJTs and FETs

Design current sources, single-stage amplifiers, and operational amplifiers

Evaluation Systems

Internal Component % of Marks Method of Assessment

Examination Internal Theory 20 Written Examination

Internal Practice 30(20+10) Lab Work + Learning Record

External External Theory 30 Written Examination

Examination External Practice 20 Lab Work

Total 100

Course Outline

Theory

Load lines, Operating Point, BJT Biasing: Fixed bias, Emitter bias and Voltage - divider bias,

DC bias with voltage feedback, Design of bias circuits. JFET Biasing: Fixed bias, self-bias

and voltage divider bias. MOSFET Biasing: Enhancement type MOSFET biasing and

Depletion type MOSFET Biasing

Practice

1. Design, Assemble and Test of BJT emitter bias circuits

2. Design, Assemble and Test of BJT Voltage Divider bias circuits

3. Design, Assemble and Test of JFET self-bias circuits

4. Design, Assemble and Test of JFET Fixed-bias circuits

Page | 7

Theory

The re transistor model, hybrid model, Low frequency small signal analysis of CE, CC and

CB configurations without feedback

Practice

5. Small signal analysis of BJTs for determination of Voltage gain, Current gain input

impedance and output impedance

Theory

Small Signal Model, Analysis of JFET C-S (fixed bias, self-bias and voltage divider bias) and

C-D configuration

Practice

6. Small signal Analysis of FETs for determination of Voltage gain, Current gain input

impedance and output impedance

Theory

General frequency considerations, Low-frequency analysis of R-C combination in single

stage BJT or FET amplifier - Bode Plot, Lower Cut Off frequency for the system, Low

frequency response of BJT and FET amplifiers, Miller Effect Capacitance. High - frequency

modeling of BJT and FET. High frequency analysis of BJT and FET amplifiers - Bode plot

Practice

7. Frequency response of BJT configurations

8. Frequency response of FET configurations

Theory

Cascade, Cascode, Darlington connection, Current Source Circuits, Current mirror circuit,

Differential amplifier circuit; Definition of class A, B and C types power Amplifiers,

Conversion efficiency, Distortion analysis, Push - pull configuration

Practice

9. Design, assemble and testing of Compound configurations using PSPICE

10. Design and testing of Class A & Class B power amplifier using PSPICE

Page | 8

Theory

Feedback concept, Type of feedback circuits, Practical feedback circuit, Analysis of only

voltage-series feedback type amplifier, Effects of negative feedback, Positive feedback,

Barkhausen Criterion of Oscillation, Oscillator Operation, R-C phase shift oscillator, Crystal

Oscillator

Practice

11. Design and Simulation of Wien Bridge Oscillator using PSPICE

Theory

Introduction,Differential and Common mode operation, Differential Amplifier Circuit, Op-

amp basics, Equivalent Circuit Analysis of Inverting and Non - inverting Op-amp circuits,

Input impedance. Practical OP-AMPS, OP-AMP Specifications, DC offset parameters,

frequency parameters, gain – bandwidth, Frequency response of operational amplifiers;

Constant gain multiplier, Voltage summing, Voltage buffer, Integrator, Differentiator and

Controlled sources, Instrumentation Amplifier, Active Filters - low, high and band pass

12. Application of Op-Amp as differentiator, integrator, square wave generator

13. Application of Op-Amp as gain multiplier, Voltage summing, Subtractor

14. Design and Simulation of Instrumentation Amplifier using PSPICE

15. Design and Simulation of Low Pass, High Pass and Band Pass Filter using PSPICE

Text Book

Boylestad, R.L. and Nashelsky, L., “Electronic devices and circuit theory”, Prentice Hall,

2012.

Reference Books

1. Bell,David A., 1998.Electronic Devices and Circuits. 4th Edition, PHI

2. Gupta, J.B., 2009. Electronic Devices and circuits. Seagull Books Pvt Ltd

Online Resource

http://nptel.ac.in/courses/108102095/[Viewed on : 14-06-2019]

Session Plan

Topic coverage and No. of Activity Assignment Suggested

Internal Test Sessions Reading

(in hrs.)

Module I [6 hrs. Lecture+6 hrs. Practice]

Introduction, Biasing of 1 Lecture Assignment- Text Book-

Transistor, Different 1.1 1(Ch.4) and

Page | 9

biasing condition, Load NPTEL video

line Analysis, Operating

point.

Fixed bias and emitter 2 Practice Assignment- Text Book-

bias circuit analysis 1.2 1(Ch.4) and

NPTEL video

Voltage divider biasing 3 1 hr. Lecture + Assignment- Text Book-

and biasing with voltage 2 hrs. Practice 1.3 1(Ch.4) and

feedback circuits analysis NPTEL video

Design of bias circuits 1 Lecture Assignment- Text Book-

1.4 1(Ch.4) and

NPTEL video

FET bias circuits: fixed, 5 1 hr. Lecture + Assignment- Text Book-

self and voltage divider 2 hrs. Practice 1.5 1(Ch.6) and

biasing circuits NPTEL video

Module II [4 hrs. Lecture+2 hrs. Practice]

BJT AC analysis: 3 1 hr. Lecture + Assignment- Text Book-

Introduction, 2 hrs. Practice 2.1 1(Ch.7,Ch8) and

amplification in AC NPTEL video

domain, Transistor ac

model

re model: CB, CE and CC 1 Lecture Assignment- Text Book-

configuration 2.2 1(Ch.7,Ch8) and

NPTEL video

CE fixed bias and emitter 1 Lecture Assignment- Text Book-

bias circuit AC analysis 2.3 1(Ch.7,Ch8) and

using re model NPTEL video

CE voltage divider bias 1 Lecture Assignment- Text Book-1 and

AC analysis using re 2.4 NPTEL video

model

Emitter follower circuit 1 Lecture Assignment- Text Book-1 and

analysis using re model 2.5 NPTEL video

h-model: Introduction, 1 Lecture Assignment- Text Book-

two port network system 2.6 1(Ch.7,Ch8) and

parameters analysis NPTEL video

h-model: CB, CE and CC 1 Lecture Assignment- Text Book-

configuration 2.7 1(Ch.7,Ch8) and

NPTEL video

CE fixed bias and emitter 1 Lecture Assignment- Text Book-

bias circuit AC analysis 2.8 1(Ch.7,Ch8) and

using h- model NPTEL video

Module III [4 hrs. Lecture+2 hrs. Practice]

FET AC signal analysis: 1 Lecture Assignment- Text Book-

Page | 10

Small signal model of 3.1 1(Ch.9) and

FET, transconductance NPTEL video

(gm) . graphical

determination of gm,

mathematical definition of

gm

Small signal (AC signal) 1 Lecture Assignment- Text Book-

analysis of JFET fixed 3.2 1(Ch.9) and

bias circuit NPTEL video

JFET self-bias and 3 1 hr. Lecture + Assignment- Text Book-

voltage divider bias 2 hr. Practice 3.3 1(Ch.9) and

circuit small signal NPTEL video

analysis

Common gate and 1 Lecture Assignment- Text Book-

common source 3.4 1(Ch.9) and

configurations of JFET NPTEL video

small signal analysis

Module IV [6 hrs. Lecture+4 hrs. Practice]

BJT frequency response: 1 Lecture Assignment- Text Book-

Introduction, general 4.1 1(Ch.11) and

frequency considerations, NPTEL video

Low frequency response 3 1 hr. Lecture + Assignment- Text Book-

of BJT/FET amplifier 2 hrs. Practice 4.2 1(Ch.11) and

NPTEL video

Miller effect capacitance 1 Lecture Assignment- Text Book-

4.3 1(Ch.11) and

NPTEL video

High frequency response 3 1 hr. Lecture + Assignment- Text Book-

of BJT/FET amplifier 2 hrs. Practice 4.3 1(Ch.11) and

NPTEL video

Bode plot 1 Lecture Assignment- Text Book-

4.4 1(Ch.11) and

NPTEL video

Module V [6hrs. Lecture+4 hrs. Practice]

Compound 3 1 hr. Lecture + Assignment- Text Book-

Configurations: cascade 2 hrs. Practice 5.1 1(Ch.12) and

and cascode system NPTEL video

Darlington connection 1 Lecture Assignment- Text Book-

and its small signal 5.2 1(Ch.12) and

analysis NPTEL video

Current Source, Current 1 Lecture Assignment- Text Book-

mirror circuit, Differential 5.3 1(Ch.12) and

amplifier circuit NPTEL video

Page | 11

The Power amplifiers: 4 2 hr. Lecture + Assignment- Text Book-

Class A, class B and class 2 hrs. Practice 5.4 1(Ch.16) and

C type NPTEL video

Conversion efficiency, 1 Lecture Assignment- Text Book-

Distortion analysis 5.5 1(Ch.16) and

NPTEL video

Push - pull configuration 1 Lecture Assignment- Text Book-

5.6 1(Ch.16) and

NPTEL video

Module VI [6 hrs. Lecture+2 hrs. Practice]

Feedback and Oscillator 1 Lecture Assignment- Text Book-

Circuit: feedback circuit 6.1 1(Ch.18) and

concept and feedback NPTEL video

topology

Effects of negative 2 Lecture Assignment- Text Book-

feedback 6.2 1(Ch.18) and

NPTEL video

Analysis of only voltage- 1 Lecture Assignment- Text Book-

series feedback type 6.3 1(Ch.18) and

amplifier NPTEL video

Positive feedback, 1 Lecture Assignment- Text Book-

Barkhausen Criterion of 6.4 1(Ch.18) and

Oscillation, Oscillator NPTEL video

Operation, Oscillator

circuits

R-C phase shift oscillator 3 1 hr. Lecture + Assignment- Text Book-

2 hrs. Practice 6.5 1(Ch.18) and

NPTEL video

Crystal oscillator 1 Lecture Assignment- Text Book-

6.6 1(Ch.18) and

NPTEL video

Module VII [10hrs. Lecture+8 hrs. Practice]

OPAMP: Introduction, 1 Lecture Assignment- Text Book-

differential mode and 7.1 1(Ch.14) and

common mode of NPTEL video

operation

Basics of OPAMP, 1 Lecture Assignment- Text Book-

equivalent circuit, 7.2 1(Ch.14) and

CMMR, virtual ground NPTEL video

concept, unity gain, slew

rate

Ideal Characteristics of 1 Lecture Assignment- Text Book-

OPAMP 7.3 1(Ch.14) and

Page | 12

NPTEL video

OPAMP specifications: 1 Lecture Assignment- Text Book-

DC offset parameters, 7.4 1(Ch.14) and

frequency parameters NPTEL video

Practical OPAMPS: gain - 2 Lecture Assignment- Text Book-

bandwidth. Frequency 7.5 1(Ch.15) and

response of operational NPTEL video

amplifiers

OP-AMP applications on 1 Lecture Assignment- Text Book-

constant gain multiplier 7.6 1(Ch.15) and

NPTEL video

Adder and subtractor 3 1 hr. Lecture + Assignment- Text Book-

circuit using OPAMP 2 hrs. Practice 7.7 1(Ch.15) and

NPTEL video

Integrator, Differentiator 3 1 hr. Lecture + Assignment- Text Book-

and Controlled sources 2 hrs. Practice 7.8 1(Ch.15) and

using OPAMP NPTEL video

Instrumentation Amplifier 3 1 hr. Lecture + Assignment- Text Book-

2 hrs. Practice 7.9 1(Ch.15) and

Active Filters-low, high 3 1 hr. Lecture + Assignment- Text

NPTELBook-

video

and band pass filter using 2 hrs. Practice 7.91 1(Ch.15) and

OPAMP NPTEL video

Total (hrs.): 70 42hrs. Lecture

+ 28 hrs.

Practice

Page | 13

Digital Electronic Circuits

Course Title Code Type of course T-P-P Prerequisite

Digital Electronic ECCC0402 Theory &Practice 3-1-0 Nil

Circuits

Objective:

The objective of this subject is to provide a good understanding on digital logic and

different combinational and sequential circuits

Learning Outcome:

Student will able to Develop, Analyze, Design and Implement combinational and

Sequential Logic Circuits

Student will able to acquire the skill on Simulating and implementing combinational

and Sequential Circuits using Verilog

Evaluation Systems:

Internal Component % of Marks Method of Assessment

Examination Internal Theory 20 Written Examination

Internal Practice 30(20+10) Lab Work + Learning Record

External External Theory 30 Written Examination

Examination External Practice 20 Lab Work

Total 100

Course Outline

Theory

Different number systems: Binary, Octal, Decimal and Hexadecimal, Interpretation of base r

system, Number-Base Conversion. Binary Arithmetic, 1’s and 2’s Complements, subtraction

using 2’s complement, Signed Binary Numbers. Codes: BCD, Gray, Excess-3, ASCII

Character Code, BCD Addition

Theory

Basic Theorems and Properties of Boolean Algebra, Boolean Functions, Complement of a

function, Canonical and Standard forms- Minterms, Maxterms, SOP, POS, Conversion

between canonical forms. Logic Minimization Techniques: 3, 4, 5 variable K-Map, POS

simplification, don’t care conditions

Practice

1. Study of different digital logic gates

Page | 14

2. Simplification of Boolean function, logic minimization and implementation with logic

gates

Theory

Prime implicants, Essential prime implicants, Quine-McCluskey technique for simplification,

Circuit Implementation, NAND and NOR implementation, AND-OR-INVERT, OR-AND-

INVERT, Ex-OR function, Parity generation and checking

Practice

3. VERILOG/VHDL Tutorial

4. NAND-NOR implementation of logic circuits

Theory

Combinational Circuit- Design and analysis, Code conversion, Binary Adder-Subtractor-

Half Adder/ Subtractor, Full Adder/Subtractor, Ripple carry adder, Carry look ahead

generator, Adder-Subtractor, BCD Adder, Binary Multiplier, Magnitude Comparator

Practice

5. Design, implement and test of Combinational Circuit- Parity Generator

6. Design, implement and test of Code Converters

7. Design, implement and test of Adders

8. Design, implement and test of Subtractor

Theory

Decoders, Function implementation using decoder, Encoders, Multiplexers, function

implementation using multiplexer, De-multiplexers

Practice

9. Design, implement and test of Decoder circuits

10. Design, implement and test of LSB/ MSB Priority Encoder

11. Design, implement and test of Multiplexers

12. Design, implement and test of Magnitude Comparator

Theory

Sequential Circuits, Latches-SR, JK, Flip-Flops-JK, D, T, Design and Analysis of Clocked

Sequential Circuit, Introduction to FSM, Mealy and Moore Models, Design of sequence

Page | 15

detector using both types of FSM;Registers- SISO, SIPO, PIPO and PISO Registers,

Universal Shift Register.

Practice

13. Design, implement and test of Flip Flop Circuits

14. Design, implement and test of Shift Register

Theory

Counter- Asynchronous/Synchronous- Up/Down Counter, Termination of Count (MOD

Counter), Ring Counter, Johnson Counter;Memory Characteristics, Memory hierarchy,

Different types of memory, Concept of CPLD and FPGA, Programmable Read Only

Memory, PLA, PAL, Error Detection and Correction- Hamming Code

Practice

15. Design, implementation and test of Counters

Xilinx.

Text Book

Mano, M.M., “Digital design”, EBSCO Publishing, 2002

Reference Books

1. Kumar, A.A., Fundamentals of digital circuits. PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd,2014.

2. Jain, R.P. and Floyd, T.L., Digital fundamentals, Dorling Kindersley Pvt Ltd,2009.

3. Donald, P.L., Albert, P.M., Goutam. Saha, Malvino, A.P. and Saha, G.K., Digital

Principles & Applications. Tata McGraw-Hill,2010.

Session Plan

No. of

Suggested

Topic coverage and Internal Sessio Assignment

Activity Reading

Test ns (in

hrs.)

Number System: - Binary, Octal, 1 Lecture Assignment- Text Book-1

Decimal, Hexadecimal, 1.1 Chapter-1

Interpretation of base r system

Number-Base Conversion, 1 Lecture Assignment- Text Book-1

Binary Arithmetic 1.2 Chapter-1

1’s and 2’s Complements, 1 Lecture Assignment- Text Book-1

Page | 16

subtraction using 2’s 1.3 Chapter-1

complement, Signed Binary

Numbers

Codes: - BCD, Gray, Excess-3, 1 Lecture Assignment- Text Book-1

ASCII Character Code 1.4 Chapter-1

BCD Addition 1 Lecture Assignment- Text Book-1

1.5 Chapter-1

Module II: Boolean Algebra and Logic Minimization (6hrs. lecture+3 hrs. practice)

Basic Theorems and Properties 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book-1

of Boolean Algebra No- 2.1 Chapter-2

Boolean Functions, Complement 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book-1

of a Function No- 2.2 Chapter-2

Canonical and Standard Forms- 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book-1

Minterms, Maxterms, SOP, POS, No- 2.3 Chapter-2

Conversion between two

canonical form

Logic Gates 1 Practice

The map method-3,4,5 variable 2 Lecture Assignment Text Book-1

K-Map No- 2.4 Chapter-3

function, logic minimization and

implementation with logic gates

POS simplification, Don’t care 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book-1

conditions No- 2.5 Chapter-3

Module III:Logic Minimization( 6hrs. lecture+3 hrs. practice)

Prime Implicants, Essential 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book-1

Prime Implicants No- 3.1 Chapter-3

Quine-McCluskey Technique for 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book-1

simplification. No- 3.1 Chapter-3

Circuit Implementation, 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book-1

No- 3.1 Chapter-3

NAND and NOR 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book-1

implementation, No- 3.1 Chapter-3

AND-OR-INVERT, OR-AND- 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book-1

INVERT, No- 3.1 Chapter-3

Ex-OR function, Parity 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book-1

generation and checking. No- 3.1 Chapter-3

VERILOG/VHDL Tutorial 1 Practice

NAND-NOR implementation of 2 Practice

logic circuits.

Page | 17

Combinational Circuit-Design 1 Lecture Text Book-1

and Analysis Chapter-4

Design, implement and test of 2 Practice

Combinational Circuit- Parity

Generator

Code Conversion Circuits 1 Lecture Assignment- Text Book-1

4.1 Chapter-4

Design, implement and test of 2 Practice

Code Converters

Binary Adder-Subtractor- Half 2 Lecture Assignment- Text Book-1

Adder/Subtractor, Full 4.2 Chapter-4

Adder/Subtractor

Design, implement and test of 2 Practice

Adders

Ripple Carry Adder, Carry 1 Lecture Assignment- Text Book-1

Lookahed Generator 4.3 Chapter-4

Design, implement and test of 2 Practice Lab Manual

Subtractor

Adder-Subtractor, BCD Adder 1 Lecture Assignment- Text Book-1

4.4 Chapter-4

Module V [6hrs. Lecture+8 hrs. Practice]

Binary Multiplier 1 Lecture Assignment- Text Book-1

5.1 Chapter-4

Magnitude Comparator 1 Lecture Assignment- Text Book-1

5.2 Chapter-4

Design, implement and test of 2 Practice Lab Manual

Magnitude Comparator

Decoders, Encoders 2 Lecture Assignment- Text Book-1

5.3 Chapter-4

Design, implement and test of 2 Practice Lab Manual

Decoder circuits

Design, implement and test of 2 Practice Lab Manual

LSB/ MSB Priority Encoder

Multiplexers, Demultiplexers 2 Lecture Assignment- Text Book-1

5.4 Chapter-4

Design, implement and test of 2 Practice Lab Manual

Multiplexers

Module VI [6hrs. Lecture+4 hrs. Practice]

Sequential Circuits, Latches- 1 Lecture Assignment- Text Book-1

SR,JK 6.1 Chapter-5

Flip-Flops-JK,D,T 1 Lecture Assignment- Text Book-1

6.2 Chapter-5

Design, implement and test of 2 Practice Lab Manual

Page | 18

Flip Flop circuits

Analysis and Design of Clocked 1 Lecture Assignment- Text Book-1

Sequential Circuit 6.3 Chapter-5

Introduction to FSM, Mealy and 1 Lecture Assignment- Text Book-1

Moore Models, Design of 6.4 Chapter-5

sequence detector using both

types of FSM.

Registers- SISO, SIPO, PIPO 1 Lecture Assignment- Text Book-1

and PISO Registers 6.5 Chapter-6

Universal Shift Register 1 Lecture Assignment- Text Book-1

6.6 Chapter-6

Design, implement and test of 2 Practice Lab Manual

Shift Register

Module VII[7hrs. Lecture+3 hrs. Practice]

Asynchronous/Synchronous- 2 Lecture Assignment- Text Book-1

Up/Down Counter 7.1 Chapter-6

Termination of Count (MOD 2 Lecture Assignment- Text Book-1

Counter), Ring Counter, Johnson 7.2 Chapter-6

Counter

Design, implementation and test 2 Practice Lab Manual

of Counters

Memory Characteristics, 2 1 hr. Lecture Assignment- Text Book-1

Memory hierarchy, Different + 1 hrs. 7.3 Chapter-7

types of memory, Concept of Practice

CPLD and FPGA,

Programmable Read Only 1 Lecture Assignment- Text Book-1

Memory, PLA, PAL, 7.4 Chapter-7

Error Detection and Correction 1 Lecture Assignment- Text Book-1

Code - Hamming Code. 7.5 Chapter-7

Total (hrs.) 70 42 hrs.

Lecture +

28 hrs.

Practice

Page | 19

Networks and Systems

Course Title Code Type of course T-P-P Prerequisite

Networks and Systems ECCC0403 Theory & Practice 3-1-0 Nil

Objective

Make Understand the Basic Concepts of Circuit Analysis like Networks Topology,

Circuit Theorems, Two-Port Network and Response of Different Networks

Make Understand about Representation of Signals and Their Manipulations using

Different Techniques for Both Continuous and Discrete Time.

Learning Outcome

Student will be able to Analyze and Find the Parameters of the Networks Using

Different Theorems and their Transient and Steady State Response.

Student will be able to Characterize, Develop Mathematical Form of Different

Signals, Systems and Find Response of Different LTI Systems.

Evaluation Systems

Internal Component % of Marks Method of Assessment

Examination Internal Theory 20 Written Examination

Internal Practice 30(20+10) Lab Work + Learning Record

External External Theory 30 Written Examination

Examination External Practice 20 Lab Work

Total 100

Course Outline

(16 Hours)

Theory

Graph of a Network, Concept of Tree, Incidence Matrix, Tie-Set Matrix, Cut-Set Matrix;

Network Theorems:-Nodal and Mesh Analysis, Theveninand Norton Theorem, Reciprocity

Theorem, Superposition Theorem, Maximum Power Transfer Theorem, Compensation

Theorem; Coupled Circuits: Dot Convention for Representing Coupled Circuits, Coefficient

of Coupling, Band Width and Q-Factor for Series and Parallel Resonant Circuits.

Practice

1. Verification of Reciprocity Theorem, Superposition Theorem and Compensation

Theorem.

2. Analysis of Maximum Power Transfer Theorem.

3. Plot Instantaneous Voltage, Current & Power for R, L, C and Mixed. Loads. Calculate

Real Power And Power Factor for Single Phase.

4. Calculation of Resonance Frequency for Series RLC Resonant Circuit and Plot the

Response Curves for Impedance, Reactance and Current.

Page | 20

Module II: TWO PORT NETWORK FUNCTIONS & RESPONSES (10 Hours)

Theory

Two-Port Network Parameters: Z, Y, ABCD and h-Parameters,Interrelationship between

Parameters, Driving Point and Transfer Functions, State Equations for Networks,

Significance of Poles and Zeros.

(12 Hours)

Theory

Elementary Continuous-Time and Discrete-Time Signals, Classification of Signals,

Manipulations of Continuous and Discrete Time Signals.

Continuous-Time System:Mathematical Equation Governing LTI Continuous-Time Systems,

Response of LTI Continuous-Time System, Classification of Continuous-Time Systems,

Convolution of Continuous-Time Systems.

Practice

5. Plotting of Elementary Continuous-Time and Discrete-Time Signals.

6. Computation of Energy and Power of a Given Signal.

Theory

Input-Output Description, Classification, Analysis of Discrete-Time LTI Systems:

Techniques, Response of LTI Systems, Convolution of Discrete Time System, Properties of

Convolution, Stability of LTI Systems, Discrete-Time Systems Described by Difference

Equations, Implementation of Discrete-Time Systems, Correlation of Discrete-Time Signals:

Cross Correlation and Autocorrelation of Sequences, Properties of Correlation.

Practice

7. Linear Convolution of Sequences to Obtain Response of the System.

8. Response of an LTI System to Step Input and Impulse Input Analytically and Using

MatLab.

9. Computation of Autocorrelation of a Sequence, Cross Correlation of Two Sequences

10. Stability Analysis of LTI Systems.

11. Obtaining Response of an LTI System Described by Difference and Differential

Equation to an Input using Simulink.

(15 Hours)

Theory

Basic Concepts and Development of the Fourier series, Calculation of the Fourier series,

Properties of the Fourier series, Basic Concepts and Development of the Fourier Transform,

Page | 21

Properties of the Continuous-Time Fourier Transform, Fourier transform of Signals and

Analysis of LTI Continuous Time System in Frequency Domain.

Theory

Developments of Discrete Time Fourier transform, Fourier Transform of Signal, Properties of

DTFT, Analysis of LTI Discrete Time System using DTFT.

Practice

12. Finding Fourier Series and Fourier Transform of Continuous Time Systems.

13. Computation of DTFT of the Discrete Time System and Obtain Magnitude and Phase

Spectrum for Spectral Analysis.

Theory

Region of Convergence, Properties of Laplace Transform, Poles and Zeros of Rational

Functions of s, Inverse Laplace Transform by Partial Fraction Method, Analysis of LTI

Continuous-Time System, Stability in S-Domain, Linear Constant Coefficient Differential

Equations, Steady State Sinusoidal Analysis Using Phasors, Time Domain Analysis of

Simple RLC Circuits, Solution of Network Equations Using Laplace Transform, Frequency

Domain Analysis of RLC Circuits.

Practice

14. Finding Poles and Zeros of an LTI System and Plotting of Pole-Zero Map in S-Domain

for Stability Analysis

15. Time Domain Analysis of RLC (R-L, R-C, R-L-C) Networks to Study the Transient and

Steady State Behavior of the System to Different Inputs Such as Step, Impulse,

Sinusoidal.

Text Books

1. A.Chakrabarti, “Circuit Theory”, DhanpatRai& Co. Pvt. Ltd. Sixth Edition

[Selected Portions from Chapter2 (2.5),Chapter3 (3.2,3.3,3.4,3.5,3.7,3.9), Chapter4(4.1

to 4.7), Chapter5(5.1,5.2,5.3,5.4,5.5), Chapter8(8.1 to 8.8), Chapter11(11.1 to 11.5,

11.7,11.8), Chapter12 (12.6 to 12.11), Chapter14(14.1 to 14.5), Chapter15(15.1 to

15.16)]

2. A NagoorKani , “Signals and Systems” , Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi

[Selected Portions from Chapter2 (2.2,2.3,2.4,2.6,2.7,2.8,2.9), Chapter3

(3.2,3.33.4,3.5.1,3.6.1,3.6.2,3.6.3,3.6.5),Chapter 4 (4.2.1, 4.2.2, 4.4, 4.5, 4.9, 4.10, 4.11,

4.13, 4.14), Chapter6(6.4,6.5,6.6,6.7,6.8,6.9,6.13), Chapter8(8.3,8.4,8.5,8.6)]

Page | 22

Reference Books

1. P K Satpathy, P Kabisatpathy, S P Ghosh and A K Chakraborty “Network Theory” ,

Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi

2. Alan V. Oppenheim and Alan S. Willsky, “Signals and Systems”, PHI

Session Plan

Sessions No- Reading

(in hrs.)

Module-I [8 hrs. Lecture + 8 hrs. Practice]

Fundamentals of Network 1 Lecture Text Book-1

Theory (Ch-15)

Graph of The Network, Concept 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book-1

of Tree No- No- 1.1, (Ch-15)

1.2

Concept of Tie-Set Matrix & Cut-Set 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book-1

Matrix No- No- 1.3, (Ch-15)

1.4

Formulation and Solution of 2 Lecture Assignment Text Book-1

Equilibrium Equations No-1.16, 1.17 (Ch-15)

Nodal and Mesh Analysis 2 Lecture+ Practice Text Book-1

(Ch-2)

Theveninand Norton's Theorem 2 Lecture+ Practice Text Book-1

(Ch-3)

Reciprocity Theorem, Superposition 2 Lecture+ Practice Assignment Text Book-1

Theorem No-1.28 (Ch-3)

Maximum Power Transfer Theorem, 2 Lecture+ Practice Assignment Text Book-1

Compensation Theorem No-1.18, 1.19 (Ch-3)

Concept of Coupled Circuit and Dot 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book-1

Convention for Representing No- 1.23 (Ch-11)

CoupledCircuits

Coefficient of Coupling, Bandwidth 2 Lecture + Practice Assignment Text Book-1

and Q- Factor of Series and Parallel No-1.26, 1.27 (Ch-11)

Resonant Circuit

Module-II [10 hrs. Lecture]

Introduction to Two Port Network 1 Lecture Text Book-1

Parameters (Ch-12)

Determination of Z- Parameter and Y- 2 Lecture Assignment Text Book-1

Parameter of Networks No- 2.8 (Ch-12)

Determination of h Parameter and 2 Lecture Assignment Text Book-1

ABCD Parameter of Networks No- 2.9 (Ch-12)

Two Port Network Functions & 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book-1

Responses: Condition for Reciprocity No- 2.7 (Ch-12)

and Symmetry

Driving Point and Transfer Functions, 2 Lecture Assignment Text Book-1

Page | 23

Significance of Poles and Zeros No-2.10 (Ch-14)

Determination of State Equations for 2 Lecture Assignment Text Book-1

the Networks No-2.15 (Ch-12)

Module-III [8 Hrs. Lecture + 4 Hrs. Practice]

Elementary Continuous-Time and 2 Practice Text Book-2

Discrete-Time Signals (Ch-2,6)

Classification of Continuous Time 2 Lecture Assignment Text Book-2

and Discrete Time Signals No-3.1 to 3.6 (Ch-2,6)

Manipulations of Continuous and 2 Practice Text Book-2

Discrete Time Signals (Ch-2,6)

Mathematical Equation Governing 2 Lecture + Practice Text Book-2

LTI Continuous-Time Systems, (Ch-2,6)

Block Diagram and Signal Flow

Graph Representation

Response of LTI Continuous-Time 3 2hrs. Lecture + 1 Assignment Text Book-2

System in Time Domain hrs. Practice No-3.19 (Ch-2)

Classification of Continuous-Time 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book-2

Systems No-3.20, 3.21 (Ch-2)

Module-IV [4 Hrs. Lecture + 10 Hrs. Practice]

Convolution of Discrete Time 3 1hrs. Lecture + 2 Assignment Text Book-2

System hrs. Practice No-3.22 (Ch-6)

Properties of Convolution And 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book-2

Stability Analysis of LTI System No-3.27 (Ch-6)

Discrete-Time Systems Described 3 1hrs. Lecture + 2 Assignment Text Book-2

by Difference Equations, hrs. Practice No-3.26 (Ch-6)

Implementation of Discrete-Time

Systems

Correlation of Discrete-Time 3 1hrs. Lecture + 2 Text Book-2

Signals: Cross Correlation and hrs. Practice (Ch-6)

Autocorrelation of Sequences

Properties of Correlation 2 Lecture Text Book-2

(Ch-6)

Obtaining Response of An LTI 2 Practice

System Described by Difference

and Differential Equation to an

Input Using Simulink

Module-V [5 Hrs. Lecture]

Basic Concepts and Development 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book-2

of the Fourier Series (Ch-4 Q No: (Ch-4)

Calculation of the Fourier Series 1 Lecture 4.1 to 4.5) Text Book-2

(Ch-4)

Properties of the Fourier Series 1 Lecture Text Book-2

(Ch-4)

Basic Concepts and Development 1 Lecture Text Book-2

Page | 24

of the Fourier Transform (Ch-4)

Properties of the Continuous-Time 1 Lecture Text Book-2

Fourier Transform

Module-VI [5 Hrs. Lecture + 4 Hrs. Practice]

The Discrete Time Fourier 2 Lecture Assignment Text Book-2

Transform of Signal (Ch-8 Q No: (Ch-8)

Properties of DTFT 1 Lecture 8.2 to 8.10) Text Book-2

(Ch-8)

Analysis of LTI Discrete Time 2 Lecture + Practice Text Book-2

System Using DTFT (Ch-8)

Computation of DTFT of The 2 Practice

Discrete Time System

Module-VII [5 Hrs. Lecture + 4 Hrs. Practice]

The Laplace Transform: Region of 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book-2

Convergence (Ch-3 Q No: (Ch-3)

Properties of Laplace Transform, 2 Lecture 3.1 to 3.25) Text Book-2

Poles and Zeros of Rational (Ch-3)

Functions of s

Inverse Laplace Transform by 1 Lecture Text Book-2

Partial Fraction Method (Ch-3)

Analysis of LTI Continuous-Time 2 Lecture + Practice Text Book-2

System, Stability in S-Domain (Ch-3)

Steady State Sinusoidal Analysis 2 Lecture + Practice Assignment Text Book-1

Using Phasors (Ch-8 Q No: (Ch-8)

Time Domain Analysis of Simple 2 Lecture + Practice 1 to 23) Text Book-1

RLC Circuits (Ch-8)

Solution of Network Equations 1 Lecture Text Book-1

Using Laplace Transform (Ch-8)

Frequency Domain Analysis of 2 Lecture Text Book-1

RLC Circuits (Ch-8)

Total (hrs.) 75 45 hrs. Lecture +

30 hrs. Practice

Page | 25

Digital Signal Processing

Course Title Code Type of course T-P-P Prerequisite

Digital Signal Processing ECCC0404 Theory & 3-1-0 Nil

Practice

Objective

To teach students the Time Domain to Frequency Domain Conversion for Discrete

Time Signal and Digital Filter Design Technique

Learning Outcome

Students will gain the knowledge in handling DSP processor for real time signal

processing

Student will acquire skill on Developing and implementing new algorithm in signal

processing

Evaluation Systems

Internal Component % of Marks Method of Assessment

Examination Internal Theory 20 Written Examination

Internal Practice 30(20+10) Lab Work + Learning Record

External External Theory 30 Written Examination

Examination External Practice 20 Lab Work

Total 100

Course Outline

Theory

The Z-Transform: The Direct Z-Transform, Theinverse Z-Transform, Properties of The Z-

Transform, Linearity, Time Shifting, Scaling, Time Reversal, Differentiation, Convolution,

Correlation, Accumulation, Rational Z-Transforms: Poles and Zeros, Pole Location And

Time-Domain Behavior for Causal Signals, The System Function of a Linear Time-Invariant

System

Practice

1. Hands on to MATLAB &Simulink

2. Signal generation using MATLAB &Simulink

3. Analysis of LTI system using MATLAB and Z-transform of signal using MATLAB

Theory

The Inversion of the Z-Transform by Power Series Expansion, The Inversion of The Z-

Transform by Partial-Fraction Expansion, The One-Sided Z-Transform: Definition and

Page | 26

Properties,Analysis and Characterization Of LTI System using Z-Transform, Solution of

Difference Equations.

Theory

Properties and applications, the discrete Fourier transform, Properties of the DFT: periodicity,

linearity, and symmetry properties, relationship of the DFT to other transforms, DFT as a

linear transformation, multiplication of two DFT and circular convolution

Practice

4. MATLAB simulation for DFT & IDFT.

Theory

Efficient Computation of the DFT, FFT Algorithms: Radix-2 FFT Algorithms: Decimation-

in-Time (DIT), Decimation-in-Frequency (DIF)

Practice

5. DIT FFT by MATLAB simulation

6. DIF FFT by MATLAB simulation

Theory

Design of FIR Filters: Symmetric and Anti-Symmetric FIR Filters, Design of Linear-Phase

FIR Filters by Using Windowing Techniques, Design of FIR Filter by Frequency Sampling

Realization of FIR Filter: Recursive and Non-Recursive Structure, Factors Influencing

Choice of Structure, Block Diagram Representation of Signal Flow Graph, FIR Filter

Structure: Direct Form-I, Direct Form-II, Linear Phase Structu1e, Frequency Sampling

Structure

Practice

7. MATLAB Simulation of FIR filters using windows technique (Rectangular, Hamming

andHanning)

8. MATLAB simulation of LPF and high pass filter by FIR filter

Module VI: DESIGN AND REALIZATION OF DIGITAL IIR FILTERS (14 Hours)

Page | 27

Theory

Design of IIR Filters from Analog Filters(Butterworth Approximation): IIR Filter Design by

Impulse Invariance, IIR Filter Design By The Bilinear Transformation, Realization of Digital

Filter by using Direct Form-I, Direct Form-II, Cascade Form and Parallel Form Structures.

Practice

9. MATLAB simulation for design of Butterworth filter

10. Design of IIR Butterworth filter from filter specification (both programming & and by

using FDA tool box)

11. Design of IIR low pass Butterworth filter using impulse invariant transformation from

filter specification

Theory

Introduction,Evolution of Digital Signal Processor,Digital Signal Processor

Architecture,Processor Hardware Unit,Fixed Point and Floating Format,Pipelining,Memory

Access Scheme,VLIW,TMS320c Family

Practice

12. Signal generation (sine wave, step signal) by using processor

13. Linear convolution by using DSP processor

14. Filter design and implementation by using DSP processor

Text Books

1. V. K. Ingle and J.G. Proaksis, J.G, “Digital Signal Processing-A MATLAB Based

Approach”, Cengage Learning Publisher

2. S. Salivahanan, A. Vallavaraj and C. Gnanapriya, “Digital Signal Processing”,

McGraw-Hill Publication

Reference Book

1. Tarun K.Rawat, “Digital Signal Processing”, Oxford University Press India

Online Resource

NPTEL Video:http://nptel.ac.in/courses/117102060 [Viewed on 13-06-2019]

Session Plan

No. of Suggested

Assignment

Topic coverage and Internal Test Sessions Activity Reading

(in hrs.)

Page | 28

Module-I [6 hrs. Lecture + 6 hrs. Practice]

The Z-Transform: The Direct Z- 3 1hr. Lecture Assignment1 Text Book-

Transform, + 2 hrs. QN-1 1, Chapter 3

Practice

The Inverse Z-Transform, 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book-

1 QN-2 1, Chapter 3

Properties of the Z-Transform 3 Lecture Assignment Text Book-

1 QN-3 1, Chapter 3

Introduction to MatLab and 2 Practice Assignment Text Book-

Simulink. 1 QN-4 2, Chapter

15

Standard Signal Generation by 2 Practice Assignment Text Book-

MatLab& Simulink 1 QN-4 2, Chapter

15

Rational Z-Transforms: Poles and 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book-

Zeros, Pole Locationand Time- 1 QN-5 1, Chapter 3

Domain Behavior for Causal

Signals

Module-II [5 hrs. Lecture]

Inversion of the Z-Transforms: The 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book-

Inversion of the Z-Transform by 2 QN-1 1, Chapter 3

Power Series Expansion,

The Inversion of the Z-Transform 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book-

by Partial-FractionExpansion 2 QN-2 1, Chapter 3

The One-sided Z-Transform: 3 Lecture Assignment Text Book-

Definition and Properties,Solution 2 QN-3 1, Chapter 3

of Difference Equations.

Module-III [6 hrs. Lecture+ 2 hrs. Practice]

Relationship of the DFT to other 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book-

Transforms 3 QN-1 1, Chapter 5

Properties of the DFT: Periodicity 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book-

problems on Properties of the 3 QN-2 1, Chapter 5

DFT: Periodicity

Properties of the DFT, Linearity, 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book-

and Symmetry Properties, 3 QN-3 1, Chapter 5

Multiplication of Two DFTs and 3 1hr. Lecture Assignment Text Book-

Circular Convolution + 2 hrs. 3 QN-4 1, Chapter 5

Practice

Twiddle factor, The DFT as a 2 Lecture Assignment Text Book-

Linear transformation Overlap 3 QN-5 1, Chapter 5

add method, Overlap Save method

Module-IV [6hrs. Lecture + 4 hrs. Practice]

Fast Fourier Transform 2 Lecture Assignment Text Book-

Page | 29

Algorithms, Efficient Computation 4 QN-1 1, Chapter 6

of the DFT, problems on FFT

Algorithms: Direct Computation

of the DFT

Radix-2 FFT Algorithms: 4 2 hrs. Assignment Text Book-

Decimation-In-Time (DIT), Lecture + 2 4 QN-2 1, Chapter 6

problems on Decimation-In-Time hrs. Practice

Radix-2 FFT Algorithms: 4 2 hrs. Assignment Text Book-

Decimation-In-Frequency (DIF), Lecture + 2 4 QN-3 1, Chapter 6

problems on Decimation-In hrs. Practice

Frequency

Module-V [10 hrs. Lecture + 4 hrs. Practice]

Design of FIR Filters: Symmetric 2 Lecture Assignment Text Book-

and Ant symmetric FIR Filters 5 QN-4 1, Chapter 8

Design of Linear-Phase FIR Filters 4 2 hrs. Assignment Text Book-

by using Windows Lecture + 2 5 QN-5 1, Chapter 8

hrs. Practice

Design of FIR filter By Frequency 4 2 hrs. Assignment Text Book-

Sampling Method Lecture + 2 5 QN-6 1, Chapter 8

hrs. Practice

Realization of FIR Filter: recursive 2 Lecture Assignment Text Book-

and non-recursive structure, factors 5 QN-7 1, Chapter 8

influencing choice of structure,

Block diagram representation of

Signal flow graph

FIR filter structure: Direct form-I, 2 Lecture Assignment Text Book-

Direct form-II, Linear phase 5 QN-8 1, Chapter 7

structure, frequency sampling

structure.

Module-VI [8 hrs. Lecture + 6 hrs. Practice]

Implementation of Discrete- 2 Lecture Assignment Text Book-

TimeSystems, Structure for the 6 QN-1 1, Chapter 7

Realizationof Discrete-Time

Systems

Structure for IIR Systems: Direct 2 Lecture Assignment Text Book-

Form Structures, Cascade- 6 QN-2 1, Chapter 7

FormStructures, Parallel-Form

Structures

Design of IIR Filters: Design 4 2 hrs. Assignment Text Book-

byImpulse Invariance method Lecture + 2 6 QN-3 1, Chapter 8

hrs. Practice

Design by the Bilinear 3 1 hrs. Assignment Text Book-

Transformation Lecture + 2 6 QN-4 1, Chapter 8

Page | 30

hrs. Practice

Design and realization of IIR 3 1 hrs. Assignment6 Text Book-

Butterworth filter from filter Lecture + 2 QN-7 1, Chapter 8

specification hrs. Practice

Module-VII [4 hrs. Lecture + 8 hrs. Practice]

Introduction, DSP processor 4 2 hrs. Assignment Text Book-

memory Lecture + 2 7 QN-1 2, Chapter

Architecture hrs. Practice 15

Examples of DSP 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book-

processor, pipelining 7 QN-2 2, Chapter

15

First generation TMS320c1x 3 1 hrs. Assignment Text Book-

processors, second generation Lecture + 2 7 QN-3 2, Chapter

TMS320c2x processors, third hrs. Practice 15

generation TMS320c3x processors,

fourth generation TMS320c4x

processors

Filter design and implementation by 4 Practice Assignment Text Book-

using DSP processor 6 QN-4 2, Chapter

15

Total (hrs.) 75 45 hrs.

Lecture + 30

hrs. Practice

Page | 31

Analog Communication Systems

Requisite

Analog Communication ECCC0405 Theory+ 3-1-0 Nil

Systems Practice

Objective

To impart the basic concepts of analog modulation schemes

To develop understanding about the performance of analog communication systems

Learning Outcome

Students will distinguish different types of noise and its effect on various analog

communication systems

Students will study the energy and power spectral density of the signal

Students will realizeabout performance of analog communication systems

Students will compute bandwidth and power requirements for analog systems

Students will analyze different characteristics of the receiver

Evaluation System

Evaluation Component Marks Method of Evaluation

Internal Internal Theory 20 Written Examination

Evaluation Internal Practice 30 (20+10) Lab Work + Learning Record

External External Theory 30 Written Examination

Evaluation External Practice 20 Lab Work

Total Marks 100

Course Outline

Theory

Introduction to AM: Time-Domain description, Frequency – Domain description, Generation

of AM wave: square law modulator, switching modulator. Detection of AM waves: square

law detector, envelop detector. Double side band suppressed carrier modulation (DSBSC):

Time-Domain description, Frequency-Domain representation, Generation of DSBSC waves:

balanced modulator, ring modulator. Coherent detection of DSBSC modulated waves. Costas

loop.

Practice

2. DSB+C Modulation

3. DSB+C Demodulation

Page | 32

Module II: SSB&VSB (11 Hours)

Theory

Quadrature carrier multiplexing, SSB modulation, Frequency-Domain description of SSB

wave, Time-Domain description. Phase discrimination method for generating an SSB

modulated wave, Demodulation of SSB waves. Frequency – Domain description, Generation

of VSB modulated wave, Time – Domain description, Comparison of amplitude modulation

techniques, Frequency translation, Frequency division multiplexing, Application: Radio

broadcasting, AM radio.

Practice

4. Quadrature Carrier Multiplexing

5. SSB-SC Modulation and Demodulation

6. Frequency Division Multiplexing

Basic definitions, FM, narrow band FM, wide band FM, transmission bandwidth of FM

waves, Generation of FM waves: indirect FM and direct FM.

Practice

7. FM Modulation using Trainer Kit/MATLAB/SCILAB/LABVIEW

Theory

Demodulation of FM waves, FM stereo multiplexing, Phase-locked loop, Non-linear model

of the phase – locked loop, Linear model of the phase-locked loop, Nonlinear effects in FM

systems.

Practice

8. FM Demodulation

9. FM Demodulation using PLL

Theory

Random variables,Statistical averages: Function of random variables, moments, mean,

Correlation and Covariance function: Principles of autocorrelation function, cross-correlation

functions, Central limit theorem, and Properties of Gaussian process.

Page | 33

Practice

10. Study of Autocorrelation&Cross-correlation using MATLAB

Theory

Introduction, shot noise, thermal noise, white noise, Noise equivalent bandwidth, Narrow

bandwidth, Noise Figure, Equivalent noise temperature, cascade connection of two-port

networks, Frequency Domain Representation of Noise, Power Spectral Density, Spectral

Components of Noise, Response of a Narrow band filter to noise, Effect of a Filter on the

Power spectral density of noise, Superposition of Noises, Noise Bandwidth, Narrow band

representation of noise and its PSD.

Practice

11. Generation of Gaussian Noise using MATLAB/SCILAB

Theory

Introduction, Receiver model, Noise in DSB-SC receivers, Noise in SSB receivers, Noise in

AM receivers, Threshold effect, Noise in FM receivers, FM threshold effect, Pre-emphasis

and De-emphasis in FM

Practice

12. SNR study of DSB-SC using MATLAB/SCILAB

13. SNR study of SSB-SC using MATLAB/SCILAB

14. SNR study of FM using MATLAB/SCILAB

Text Books

1. Simon Haykins, Communication Systems, 5th Edition, John Willey, India Pvt. Ltd,

2009.

2. H. Taub, D. L Schilling, G. Saha,Principles of Communication System, 3rd Edition,

2008. Tata McGraw Hill, India; ISBN: 0070648115.

Reference Books

1. B. P. Lathi, Modern digital and analog Communication systems, Oxford University

Press., 4th ed, 2010.

2. MasoudSalehi, John G. Proakis, Communication System Engineering, Second Edition by,

ISBN: 0130950076.

3. Louis E. Frenzel, Principles of Electronic communication Systems,3rd Edition, Tata

McGraw Hill.

4. Singh and Sapre, Communication Systems: Analog and digital, TMH, 2nd Ed, 2007.

Online Resources

1. https://nptel.ac.in/noc/individual_course.php?id=noc17-ec11 [Viewed on 13.06.2019]

Page | 34

Session Plan

Topics No. of Activity Assignment Suggested

Sessions Reading

(in hrs.)

Module I [6 Hrs. Theory + 6 Hrs. Practice]

Introduction to AM: Time- 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book-1

domain description, 1.1 Chapter 3

Frequency –Domain Text Book-2

description Chapter 3

Generation of AM wave: 3 1hr. Lecture Assignment Text Book-2

square law modulator, + 2 hrs. 1.2 Chapter 3.3

switching modulator. Practice

Detection of AM waves: 3 1hr. Lecture Assignment Text Book-2

square law detector, envelop + 2 hrs. 1.3 Chapter 3.3

detector. Practice

Double side band suppressed 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book-1

carrier modulation (DSBSC): 1.4 Chapter 3.3

Time-Domain description, Text Book-2

Frequency-Domain Chapter 3.2

representation

Generation of DSBSC waves: 4 2 hrs. Lecture Assignment Text Book-1

balanced modulator, ring + 2 hrs. 1.5 Chapter 3.3

modulator. Coherent detection Practice Text Book-2

of DSBSC modulated waves. Chapter 3.2

Costas loop

Module-II [5 Hrs. Theory + 6 Hrs. Practice]

Quadrature carrier 2 Practice Assignment Text Book-1

Multiplexing 2.1 Chapter 3.4

Single side-band modulation, 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book-1

Frequency-Domain 2.2 Chapter 3.5

description of SSB wave, Text Book-2

Time-Domain description. Chapter 3.4

Phase discrimination method 3 1hr. Lecture Assignment Text Book-1

for generating an SSB + 2 hrs. 2.3 Chapter 3.5

modulated wave & Practice Text Book-2

Demodulation of SSB waves Chapter 3.4

Frequency – Domain 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book-1

description, Generation of 2.4 Chapter 3.6

VSB modulated wave, Time – Text Book-2

Domain description Chapter 3.5

Comparison of amplitude 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book-2

modulation techniques 2.5 Chapter 3.5

Frequency translation, 2 Practice Assignment Text Book-2

Page | 35

Frequency division 2.6 Chapter 3.5

multiplexing

Application: Radio 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book-2

broadcasting, AM radio 2.7 Chapter 3.6

Module III [4 Hrs. Theory + 2 Hrs. Practice]

Basic definitions, FM 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book-1

3.1 Chapter 4.2

Text Book-2

Chapter 4.1-4.2

Narrow band FM, Wide band 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book-2

FM, Transmission bandwidth 3.2 Chapter 4.3

of FM waves

Generation of FM waves: 4 2 hrs. Lecture Assignment Text Book-2

Indirect FM and Direct FM + 2 hrs. 3.3 Chapter 4.4

Practice

Module IV [3 Hrs. Theory + 4 Hrs. Practice]

Demodulation of FM waves, 4 2hr. Lecture Assignment Text Book-2

FM stereo multiplexing + 2 hrs. 4.1 Chapter 4.4

Practice

model of the phase – locked + 2 hrs. 4.2 Chapter 4.4

loop, Linear model of the Practice

phase – locked loop,

Nonlinear effects in FM

systems.

Module V[4 Hrs. Theory + 2 Hrs. Practice]

Mathematical Definition of 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book-1

Random Process, Stationary 5.1 Chapter 5.1-5.5

Process Text Book-2

Chapter 2.1-2.5

Random variables: Several 2 Lecture Assignment Text Book-1

random variables 5.2 Chapter 5.1-5.5

Statistical averages: Function Text Book-2

of Random variables, Chapter 2.1-2.5

moments, Mean

function: Principles of + 2 hrs. 5.3 Chapter 5.1-5.5

autocorrelation function, cross Practice Text Book-2

– correlation functions. Chapter 2.1-2.5

Central limit theorem,

Properties of Gaussian

process

Page | 36

Module VI [6 Hrs. Theory + 2 Hrs. Practice]

Introduction, shot noise, 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book-1

thermal noise, white noise, 6.1 Chapter 5.10-

Noise equivalent bandwidth, 5.11

Narrow bandwidth Text Book-2

Chapter 7.1-7.5

Noise Figure, Equivalent 2 Lecture Assignment Text Book-1

noise temperature, cascade 6.2 Chapter 5.10-

connection of two-port 5.11

networks Text Book-2

Chapter 7.1-7.5

Frequency Domain 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book-1

Representation of Noise, 6.3 Chapter 5.10-

Power Spectral Density, 5.11

Spectral Components of Noise Text Book-2

Chapter 7.1-7.5

Response of a Narrow band 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book-1

filter to noise, Effect of a 6.4 Chapter 5.10-

Filter on the Power spectral 5.11

density of noise, Text Book-2

Chapter 7.1-7.5

Superposition of Noises, 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book-1

Noise Bandwidth, Narrow 6.5 Chapter 5.10-

band representation of noise 5.11

and its PSD Text Book-2

Chapter 7.1-7.5

Generation of Gaussian 2 Practice Assignment Text Book-1

Noise, Study on PSD 6.6 Chapter 5.10-

5.11

Text Book-2

Chapter 7.1-7.5

Module VII [6 Hrs. Theory + 6 Hrs. Practice]

Introduction, Receiver model 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book-1

7.1 Chapter 6.2

Noise in DSB-SC receivers 3 1hr. Lecture Assignment Text Book-1

+ 2 hrs. 7.2 Chapter 6.3

Practice Text Book-2

Chapter 8.3

Noise in SSB receivers 3 1hr. Lecture Assignment Text Book-2

+ 2 hrs. 7.3 Chapter 8.2

Practice

Noise in AM receivers, 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book-1

Threshold effect 7.4 Chapter 6.4

Page | 37

Text Book-2

Chapter 8.4

Noise in FM receivers, FM 3 1hr. Lecture Assignment Text Book-1

threshold effect + 2 hrs. 7.5 Chapter 6.5

Practice Text Book-2

Chapter 9.6

Pre-emphasis and De- 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book-1

emphasis in FM 7.6 Chapter 6.6

Text Book-2

Chapter 9.4

Total (hrs.) 62 34 hrs.

Lecture + 28

hrs. Practice

Page | 38

Digital Communication Systems

Requisite

Digital Communication ECCC0406 Theory+ 3-1-0 Nil

Systems Practice

Objective

To impart the fundamentals of modern digital communication system design and to

evaluate the performance of digital signaling schemes on realistic communication

channels

To develop understanding about the performance of digital communication systems

Learning Outcome

Students will analyze the performance of a baseband and pass band digital

communication system in terms of error rate and spectral efficiency

Students will accomplish the time and frequency domain analysis of the signals in a

digital communication system

Students will to express the basic concepts of digital modulation schemes

Students will calculate bandwidth and power requirements for digital systems

Evaluation System

Evaluation Component Marks Method of Evaluation

Internal Internal Theory 20 Written Examination

Evaluation Internal Practice 30 (20+10) Lab Work + Learning Record

External External Theory 30 Written Examination

Evaluation External Practice 20 Lab Work

Total Marks 100

Course Outline

Theory

Sampling Theorem, Signal Reconstruction from uniform samples,Quantization of signals,

Quantization error, PCM, Electrical representation of binary digits, PCM System,

Companding

Practice

2. PCM Modulation and Demodulation

Page | 39

Module II: ISSUES IN DIGITAL TRANSMISSION (10 Hours)

Theory

Line coding, Scrambling, T1Digital System, Multiplexing T1 lines – The T2, T3, T4, E1

lines, Differential PCM: Linear predicted design, Delta Modulation, Adaptive Delta

Modulation

Practice

4. Delta Modulation and Demodulation Adaptive Delta Modulation and Demodulation

Theory

Generation, Transmission, Reception, Spectrum and Geometrical Representation in the

Signal Space of BPSK, DPSK, QPSK, QASK, M-ary PSK, BFSK, M-ary FSK, and

Minimum Shifting Keying (MSK)

Practice

5. PSK Modulation and Demodulation

6. FSK Modulation and Demodulation

7. ASK Modulation and Demodulation

Theory

Calculation of Quantization Noise, Output Signal Power, and the Thermal Noise, Output

SNR in PCM, Quantization noise in Delta Modulation, output signal power, output SNR,

Comparison with PCM and DM

Practice

9. SNR study of Delta Modulation

10. SNR study of Adaptive Delta Modulation

Theory

Random variables,Statistical averages: Function of random variables, moments, mean,

Correlation and Covariance function: Principles of autocorrelation function, cross-correlation

functions, Central limit theorem, and Properties of Gaussian process.

Page | 40

Practice

11. Study of Scrambling

Theory

A base band signal Receiver, Peak signal to RMS noise output voltage ratio, probability of

error, optimum threshold, optimum receiver for both base band and pass band: calculation of

optimum filter transfer function, optimum filter realization using Matched filter, MAP&ML

decoding

Practice

12. Study of Optimum filters realization using MATLAB/SCILAB.

Theory

Information theory- entropy, mutual information and channel capacity theorem;

Fundamentals of error correction, hamming codes.

Practice

13. Study of Hamming codesusing MATLAB/SCILAB

14. Study of error correction using MATLAB/SCILAB

Text Books

1. H Taub, D. L. Schilling and G Saha, Principles of Communication Systems, 3rdEdition

2008, TMH Education Pvt. Ltd, New Delhi.

2. B.P. Lathi and Z Ding, Modern Digital and Analogue Communication Systems,

4th Edition 2010, Oxford University Press, New Delhi.

References

1. SimonHaykin, Communication Systems, 4thEdition, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

2. Proakis,Salehi, Digital Communications, 5th Edition, Pearson Edu.

Online Resources

https://nptel.ac.in/courses/117101051/ [Viewed on 13.06.2019]

Page | 41

Session Plan

Topics No. of Activity Assignment Suggested

Sessions Reading

(in hrs.)

Sampling Theorem 3 1hr. Lecture Assignment Text Book-2

+ 2 hrs. 1.1 Chapter 6.1

Practice

Signal reconstruction from 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book-2

uniform samples 1.2 Chapter 6.1.1

Quantization of signals, 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book-2

Quantization error 1.3 Chapter 6.2

PCM, Electrical representation 3 1hr. Lecture Assignment Text Book-2

of binary digits, PCM System + 2 hrs. 1.4 Chapter 6.2

Practice

Companding 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book-2

1.4 Chapter 6.2

Module II [4 Hrs. Theory + 6 Hrs. Practice]

Certain issues in Digital 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book-1

transmission: Line coding, 2.1 Chapter 5.1-

scrambling 5.5

T1Digital System, Multiplexing 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book-2

T1 lines – The T2, T3 and T4 2.2 Chapter 6.3

lines,E1 Lines

Differential PCM: Linear 3 1hr. Lecture Assignment Text Book-1

predicted design + 2 hrs. 2.3 Chapter 5.6

Practice Text Book-2

Chapter 6.5

Delta Modulation, Adaptive 5 1hr. Lecture Assignment Text Book-1

Delta Modulation + 4 hrs. 2.4 Chapter 5.6

Practice Text Book-2

Chapter 6.6

Module III[8 Hrs. Theory + 6 Hrs. Practice]

Generation, Transmission, 3 1hr. Lecture Assignment Text Book-1

Reception, Spectrum and + 2 hrs. 3.1 Chapter 6.1

Geometrical Representation in Practice

the Signal Space of BPSK

Generation, Transmission, 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book-1

Reception, Spectrum and 3.2 Chapter 6.1

Geometrical Representation in

the Signal Space of DPSK

Page | 42

Generation, Transmission, 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book-1

Reception, Spectrum and 3.3 Chapter 6.1

Geometrical Representation in

the Signal Space of QPSK

Generation, Transmission, 3 1hr. Lecture Assignment Text Book-1

Reception, Spectrum and + 2 hrs. 3.4 Chapter 6.2

Geometrical Representation in Practice

the Signal Space of, QASK

Generation, Transmission, 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book-1

Reception, Spectrum and 3.5

Geometrical Representation in

the Signal Space of M-ary PSK

Generation, Transmission, 3 1hr. Lecture Assignment Text Book-1

Reception, Spectrum and + 2 hrs. 3.6 Chapter 6.3

Geometrical Representation in Practice

the Signal Space of BFSK

Generation, Transmission, 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book-1

Reception, Spectrum and 3.7 Chapter 6.3

Geometrical Representation in Reference

the Signal Space of M-ary FSK Book-1

Chapter 6.10

Generation, Transmission, 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book-1

Reception, Spectrum and 3.8 Chapter 6.3

Geometrical Representation in Reference

the Signal Space of Minimum Book-1

Shifting Keying (MSK) Chapter 6.10

Module IV[4 Hrs. Theory + 6 Hrs. Practice]

Calculation of Quantization 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book-1

Noise, Output Signal Power, 4.1 Chapter 12.1

and the Thermal Noise

Output SNR in PCM 3 1hr. Lecture Assignment Text Book-1

+ 2 hrs. 4.2 Chapter 12.1

Practice

Quantization noise in Delta 3 1hr. Lecture Assignment Text Book-1

Modulation, output signal + 2 hrs. 4.3 Chapter 12.2

power, Output SNR Practice

Comparison with PCM and DM 3 1hr. Lecture Assignment Text Book-1

+ 2 hrs. 4.4 Chapter 12.3

Practice

Module V[6 Hrs. Theory + 2 Hrs. Practice]

Digital Communication Systems 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book-2

– Source, Line coder, 5.1 Chapter 7.1.1-

Multiplexer 7.1.3

Page | 43

Regenerative repeater; Line 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book-2

Coding: PSD of various line 5.2 Chapter 7.1.4-

codes 7.2.1

polar signaling, constructing a 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book-2

DC Null in PSD by pulse 5.3 Chapter 7.1.2-

shaping, Equalizers 7.2.3, 7.5.1

On Off signaling, Bipolar 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book-2

signaling; Pulse shaping – ISI 5.4 Chapter 7.1.4,

and effect, 7.3.1

Nyquist first criterion for zero 3 1hr. Lecture Assignment Text Book-2

ISI; Scrambling, Digital receiver + 2 hrs. 5.5 Chapter 7.3.2,

and regenerative repeaters Practice 7.5

Timing extraction, Detection 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book-2

error, Eye Diagram 5.6 Chapter 7.5.2,

7.5.3, 7.6

Module VI[3 Hrs. Theory + 4 Hrs. Practice]

A base band signal Receiver, 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book-1

Peak signal to RMS noise output 6.1 Chapter 11.1

voltage ratio

probability of error, optimum 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book-1

threshold, optimum receiver for 6.2 Chapter 11.2

both base band and pass band

Calculation of optimum filter 3 1hr. Lecture Assignment Text Book-1

transfer function, optimum filter + 2 hrs. 6.3 Chapter 11.3

realization using Matched filter, Practice

MAP&ML decoding

Module VII [3 Hrs. Theory + 4 Hrs. Practice]

The Concept of amount of 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book-1

Information, Average 7.1 Chapter 13.1

Information,

Entropy; Information rate 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book-1

7.2 Chapter 13.2

Shanon'sTheorem- Channel 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book-1

Capacity, 7.3 Chapter 13.3

Error Correction, Hamming 4 Practice Assignment Text Book-1

Code 7.4

Total (hrs.) 63 33 hrs. Text Book-2

Lecture + Chapter 14

30 hrs.

Practice

Page | 44

VLSI Design

Course Name Code Type of course T-P-P Prerequisite

VLSI Design ECCC0407 Theory + Practice 3-1-0 Nil

1. Objective

This course is preparatory for study in the field of Very Large Scale Integrated (VLSI)

digital/analog circuits and engineering practice. The course focuses upon the

systematic analysis and design of basic digital and integrated circuits in CMOS

technology.

2. Learning Outcome

After completion of this course the students will be familar with modern

Digital/Analog VLSI circuits and will be able to design most of them.

Ability to Design Complex Analog and Digital, ICS using Advanced and Industry

Level EDA Tools such as Cadence, Microwind and Tanner.

3. Evaluation Systems

Internal Component % of Marks Method of Assessment

Examination Internal Theory 20 Written Examination

Internal Practice 30(20+10) Lab Work + Learning Record

External External Theory 30 Written Examination

Examination External Practice 20 Lab Work

Total 100

Course Outline

Theory

Historical Perspective, Moore’s law, VLSI Design and Packaging Methodologies, VLSI

Design Flow Hierarchy, VLSI Design Styles: Full custom IC Design flow, Cell based IC

design flow, FPGA Design flow, Computer-Aided Design Technology.

Introduction to MOSFET Fabrication, Fabrication Processes Flow – Basic Concepts, The

CMOS n-Well Process, Fabrication of NMOS, PMOS . Twin well CMOS ,LOCOS isolation

technique. Layout Design Rules, Stick Diagrams, Full-Customs Mask Layout Design.

Theory

The Metal Oxide Semiconductor (MOS) Structure, The MOS System under External Bias,

Structure and Operation of MOS Transistor (MOSFET), MOSFET Current-Voltage

Characteristics, MOSFET Scaling and Small-Geometry Effects, MOSFET Capacitance

Page | 45

Practice

1. Introduction to EDA tool.

2. Study of NMOS and PMOS drain current characteristics and transfer characteristics.

3. Extraction of device model parameters.

4. Introduction to layout editor and Layout of NMOS and PMOS transistor.

Theory

Introduction, Resistive-Load Inverters, Inverters with n-Type Depletion and Enhancement

MOSFET Load, CMOS Inverter Voltage transfer characteristics, Noise margins.

Practice

5. Study of resistive load and enhancement load Inverter static characteristics

6. Study of CMOS inverter transfer characteristics.

7. Study of variation of VTC curve with different MOS transistor size.

EFFECTS (6 Hours)

Theory

Introduction, Delay-Time Definitions, Calculation of Delay-Times, Inverter Design with

Delay Constraints, Estimation of Interconnect Parasitic, Calculation of Interconnect Delay,

Switching Power Dissipation of CMOS Inverters.

Practice

8. Study of CMOS inverter transient characteristics with no load. Calculation of rise time and

fall time.

9. Study of CMOS inverter delay with different capacitive load.

Theory

Introduction, MOS Logic Circuits with Depletion n-MOS Loads, CMOS Logic Circuits,

Complex Logic Circuits, CMOS Transmission Gates (Pass Gates).

Practice

10. Design and simulation of NAND and NOR gate and study of static characteristics.

11. Design and Simulation of complex CMOS logic circuits: half adder, full adder, 2:1 MUX

and 4:1 MUX

12. Study of NMOS and PMOS pass transistor characteristics.

13. Study of transmission gate characteristics.

Page | 46

Page | 47

MODULE VI: SEQUENTIAL MOS LOGIC CIRCUITS(5 Hours)

Theory

Introduction, Bi-stable circuit elements, SR & JK Latch Circuits, Clocked Latch and Flip-

Flop Circuits, CMOS D-Latch and Edge-Triggered Flip-Flop.

Practice

14.Design and simulation of latch circuit

15.Master-slave edge triggered D flip-flop using multiplexer

Theory

Introduction, Basic Principles of TG and Pass Transistor Circuits, Voltage Bootstrapping,

Charge leakage, Charge sharing, Synchronous Dynamic Circuit Techniques, Dynamic CMOS

Circuit Techniques, Cascading dynamic gates, High Performance Dynamic CMOS Circuits,

Domino logic, np-CMOS domino logic; Analog circuits: Second order effects in MOSFETs.

Single stage Amplifiers: Common-source stage, Source follower, Common-gate, Cascode

stage, Differential Amplifiers, Passive and Active current mirrors, CMOS operational

amplifierTrends in CMOS technology: SOI, FINFET and multi-gate FET, 2D materials based

FETs, On-chip interconnects

Practice

16. Design and analysis of 6-T conventional SRAM cell

17. Design and analysis of DRAM cell

18. Layout design of NMOS and PMOS transistor

19. Layout design of CMOS inverter

20. Study of Full-custom IC Design flow: Schematic simulation, DRC, LVS, QRC, Post

Layout Simulation.

Text Book

1. Kang, S.M. and Leblebici, Y., “CMOS digital integrated circuits”, Tata McGraw-Hill

Education,2003.

2. Allen, P.E. and Holberg, D.R., “CMOS Analog Circuit Design”,2nd Edition, Oxford

University Press,2002.

Reference Books

1. Rabaey, J.M., Chandrakasan, A.P. and Nikolic, B., “Digital Integrated Circuits” (Vol.

2), Englewood Cliffs: Prentice hall,2002.

2. Wolf, W., “Modern VLSI Design: System-on-Chip Design”,Pearson Education, 2002.

3. Das, D., “VLSI design”, Oxford University Press,2015

4. Uyemura, J.P., “CMOS logic circuit design”, Springer Science & Business

Media,1999.

Page | 48

5. Martin, K., “Digital Integrated Circuit Design”, (The Oxford Series in Electrical and

Computer Engineering), Oxford University Press, Inc,1999. .

6. Eshraghian and N,H,E,Weste, “Principles of CMOS VLSI Design – A Systems

Perspective” , 2nd Edn,, Addison Wesley, 1993

Required Software

Microwind/ Cadence/Tanner Tool

Session Plan

Sessio Reading

ns (in

hrs.)

MODULE I(6 hrs. Lecture)

Introduction: 3 Lecture Assignment- Text Book-

Historical Perspective, Moore’s 1.1 1(Ch.1,14)

law, VLSI Design and Packaging

Methodologies, VLSI Design

Flow Hierarchy, VLSI Design

Styles: Full custom IC Design

flow, Cell based IC design flow,

FPGA Design flow. Computer-

Aided Design Technology

Fabrication of MOSFETs: 3 Lecture Assignments Text Book-

Fabrication Processes Flow – -1.2,1.3 1(Ch.2)

Basic Concepts, The CMOS n-

Well Process, Fabrication of

NMOS, PMOS . Twin well

CMOS,LOCOS isolation

technique. Layout Design Rules,

Stick Diagrams, Full-Customs

Mask Layout Design

MODULE II (5 hrs. Lecture+ 2 hrs. Practice)

MOS Transistor: 5 Lecture Assignments Text Book-

The Metal Oxide Semiconductor -2.1,2.2 1(Ch2,3)

(MOS) Structure, The MOS

System under External Bias,

Structure and Operation of MOS

Transistor (MOSFET), MOSFET

Current-Voltage Characteristics,

MOSFET Scaling and Small-

Geometry Effects, MOSFET

Capacitance

Practice using EDA tool 2 Practice

Page | 49

(Microwind/Tanner/Cadence)

1. Introduction to EDA tool.

2.Study of NMOS and PMOS

drain current characteristics and

transfer characteristics.

3.Extraction of device model

parameters.

4.Introduction to layout editor

and Layout of NMOS and

PMOS transistor

MODULE III (5 hrs. Lecture+4 hrs. Practice)

MOS Inverters- Static 5 Lecture Assignments Text Book-1(Ch

Characteristics: -3.1-3.2 5)

Introduction, Resistive-Load

Inverters, Inverters with n-Type

Depletion and Enhancement

MOSFET Load, CMOS Inverter

Voltage transfer characteristics,

Noise margins

LAB Practice using EDA tool: 4 Practice

Schematic design and circuit

simulation5.Study of resistive

load and enhancement load

Inverter static characteristics

6. Study of CMOS inverter

transfer characteristics.

7. Study of variation of VTC

curve with different MOS

transistor size..

MOS Inverters- Switching 5 Lecture Assignments Text Book-1(Ch

Characteristics and -4.1-4.2 6)

Interconnect Effects

Introduction, Delay-Time

Definitions, Calculation of

Delay-Times, Inverter Design

with Delay Constraints,

Estimation of Interconnect

Parasitic, Calculation of

Interconnect Delay, Switching

Power Dissipation of CMOS

Inverters

Page | 50

LAB Practice using EDA tool: 2 Practice

Schematic design and circuit

simulation

8. Study of CMOS inverter

transient characteristics with no

load. Calculation of rise time and

fall time.

9. Study of CMOS inverter delay

with different capacitiveMODULE

load. V(6 hrs. Lecture+8 hrs. Practice)

Combinational MOS Logic 6 Lecture Assignments Text Book-1(Ch

Circuits -5.1,5.2 7)

Introduction, MOS Logic Circuits

with Depletion n-MOS Loads,

CMOS Logic Circuits, Complex

Logic Circuits, CMOS

Transmission Gates (Pass Gates).

LAB Practice using EDA tool: 8 practice

Schematic design and circuit

simulation

10.Design and simulation of

NAND and NOR gate and study

of static characteristics.

11.Design and Simulation of

complex CMOS logic circuits:

half adder, full adder, 2:1 MUX

and 4:1 MUX

12.Study of NMOS and PMOS

pass transistor characteristics

13.Study of transmission gate

characteristics.

MODULE VI (5 hrs. Lecture+4 hrs. Practice)

Sequential MOS Logic Circuits 5 Lecture Assignments Text book-1(Ch.

Introduction, Bi-stable circuit -6.1,6.2 8)

elements, SR & JK Latch

Circuits, Clocked Latch and Flip-

Flop Circuits, CMOS D-Latch

and Edge-Triggered Flip-Flop.

LAB Practice using EDA tool: 4 Practice

Schematic design and circuit

simulatio14.Design and

simulation of latch circuit

15.Master-slave edge triggered D

flip-flop using multiplexer

Page | 51

Dynamic Logic Circuits 10 Lecture Assignments Text book-

Introduction, Basic Principles of -7.1,7.2,7.3 2(Ch.4,5,6)

TG and Pass Transistor Circuits,

Voltage Bootstrapping, Charge

leakage, Charge sharing,

Synchronous Dynamic Circuit

Techniques, Dynamic CMOS

Circuit Techniques, Cascading

dynamic gates, High Performance

Dynamic CMOS Circuits,

Domino logic, np-CMOS domino

logic. Analog circuits: Second

order effects in MOSFETs.

Single stage Amplifiers:

Common-source stage, Source

follower, Common-gate, Cascode

stage, Differential Amplifiers,

Passive and Active current

mirrors, CMOS operational

amplifier. Trends in CMOS

technology: SOI, FINFET and

multi-gate FET, 2D materials

based FETs, On-chip

interconnects,Static Random

Access Memory,Dynamic

Random Access Memory

LAB Practice using EDA tool: 8 Practice

Schematic design and circuit

simulation

16. Design and analysis of 6-T

conventional SRAM cell

17. Design and analysis of

DRAM cell

LAB Practice using EDA tool:

Layout design

18. Layout design of NMOS and

PMOS transistor

19. Layout design of CMOS

inverter

20. Study of Full-custom IC

Design flow: Schematic

simulation, DRC, LVS, QRC,

Post Layout Simulation.

Page | 52

Total (hrs.) 70 42 hrs.

Lecture +

28 hrs.

Practice

Page | 53

ARM Processor Based System

ARM Processor Based ECCC0408 Theory &Practice 3-1-0 Nil

System Design

Objective

To teach the Architecture, Design & Application of 32-bit ARM Processor and

LPC2148 Microcontroller

Learning Outcome

Students will gain knowledge of 32-bit ARM Processor and Controller

Students will develop skill of designing 32-bit Processor and Controller for a

particular application

Internal Component % of Marks Method of Assessment

Examination Internal Theory 20 Written Examination

Internal Practice 30(20+10) Lab Work + Learning Record

External External Theory 30 Written Examination

Examination External Practice 20 Lab Work

Total 100

Course Outline

Theory

ARM related Companies & its Opportunities; ARM Processor families; RISC Design

Philosophy, ARM Design Philosophy; Embedded System Hardware; ARM Bus Technology;

Embedded System Software;Current Program Status Register; Pipeline; Exception, Interrupt

and Vector Table; Core Extension & Architecture Revisions

Practice

1. Familiarization of Different Microcontroller & Microprocessor Boards

Theory

About the ARM7TDMI Core, Architecture, Programmer’s Model- Memory Formats, Data

Types Operating Modes, Registers, Exceptions, Interrupt Latencies & Memory Interface;

Tools used for LPC2148: Keil µVision & Flash Magic& Proteus Professional Simulator

Page | 54

Practice

2. Creating a Project file, C file, Hex file using Keil µVision for LPC2148 Microcontroller

3. Uploading the Hex file into LPC2148 using Flash Magic

4. Simulate the Virtual Circuit in Proteus Professional

Theory

LPC2148 Features, Block Diagram, Pin Configuration & Functional Description; GPIO

Register Description; Interfacing of LED, Switches, Relay & Buzzer

Practice

5. LED Interfacing using LPC2148 (Dancing Sequence of LED)

6. LED & Switch Interfacing using LPC2148 (Control Multiple LED Through Switches )

7. Relay actuation using LPC2148 (Control Home Appliance Like Light & Fan )

8. Buzzer Interfacing using LPC2148

Theory

PLL, Reset & Wakeup Timer, Brown Out Reset; LPC2148 Memory Mapping, LPC2148

Memory Accelerator Module & System Control; LPC2148 VICFeatures, Description,

Register Description, VIC Register & Interrupt Programming.

Practice

9. Software Interrupt generation (Timer Interrupt, Serial Interrupt)

10. Hardware Interrupt Generation using External Hardware Interrupt Pins

Theory

LPC2148 GPIO Programming - Seven Segment Display, Keypad, LCD & Motor; LPC2148

UART0 & UART1 Features, Pin Diagram, Register Description & Serial Programming;

LPC2148 SPI Features, Pin Diagram, Register Description &SPI interfaced Seven Segment

Display Interfacing Programming

Practice

11. Seven segment Interfacing using LPC2148 (Digital Counter)

12. Keypad Interfacing using LPC2148 (Control Peripheral through 4*4 Keypad )

13. LCD Interfacing with LPC2148 (Display of Strings)

14. Different types of Motor Interfacing using LPC2148 (DC Motor, Stepper Motor &Servo

Motor )

15. Serially Data Transmit and Receiving using UART (Bluetooth Controlled Devices)

16. SPI Protocol based Seven Segment Display using LPC2148

Page | 55

Module VI: I2C, Timer & PWM (15 Hours)

Theory

LPC2148 I2C Features, Pin Diagram, Register Description &I2C Interfaced EEPROM

Programming;LPC2148 Timer Features, Application, Pin Diagram, Register Description &

Delay generation Programming; LPC2148 PWM Features, Pin Diagram, Application

&Register Description

Practice

17. I2C Protocol based EEPROM Programming using LPC2148

18. Delay Generation Programming

19. Speed Control of a DC Motor using PWM

Theory

LPC2148 WDT Features, Pin Diagram, Applications & Register Description; LPC2148 RTC

Features, Pin Diagram, Application &Register Description;LPC2148 ADC Features, Pin

Diagram, Application & Register Description; Analog Sensor Interfacing; LPC2148

DACFeatures, Pin Diagram, Application& Register Description

Practice

20. Watch Dog Timer Creation

21. Real Time Clock Interfacing using LPC2148

22. Analog Sensor Interfacing (LM35 Temperature Sensor, Potentiometer, Soil Moisture

Sensor)

Text Book

Sloss, Andrew, Dominic Symes and Chris Wright, “ARM System Developer Guide:

Designing and Optimizing System Software”, Elsevier, 2004.

Reference Books

1. ARM7TDMI Technical Reference Manual

2. UM10139 LPC214x User Manual

Online Resource

http://freevideoLectures.com/Course/2341/Embedded-Systems/5 , IIT Delhi, Electrical

Engineering Video Lectures by Prof. SantanuChaudhary [Viewed on 11-06-2019]

Page | 56

Session Plan

Topics No. of Activity Assignment Suggested

Sessions Reading

(in hrs.)

Module I [4hrs.Lecture + 1hrs. Practice]

ARM Processor 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book (TB)

ARM related Companies & its No- 1.1 - 1.3 Chapter(CH)-1

opportunities; ARM Processor

Family.

RISC Design Philosophy, ARM 1 Lecture Assignment TB CH- 1

Design Philosophy, Embedded No- 1.4 &

System Hardware 1.5

ARM Bus Technology, 2 Lecture Assignment TB CH- 2

Embedded System Software, No-1.6 -

Registers, Current Program 1.15

Status Register, Pipeline,

Exception, Interrupt and Vector

Table, Core Extension,

Architecture Revisions

Familiarization of Different 1 Practice

Microcontroller

&Microprocessor Boards.

ARM7TDMI 2 Lecture Assignment TB CH- 3

ARM7TDMI Core, Architecture, No- 2.1 - 2.9

Programmer’s Model: Memory

Formats, Data Types Operating

Modes, Registers, Exceptions,

Interrupt Latencies, Memory

Interface

Tools used for LPC2148- 2 Lecture Assignment Online Resource

KeilµVision, Flash Magic & + No- 2.9 -

Simulator- Proteus Professional Practice 2.12

Creating a Project file, C file, 2 Practice

Hex file using Keil µVision for

LPC2148

Uploading the Hex file into

LPC2148 using Flash magic

Simulate the Virtual Circuit in 2 Practice

Proteus Professional

Module III[6hrs. Lecture + 4hrs. Practice]

LPC2148 Features & 3 Lecture Assignment Reference Book

Interfacing No- 3.1-3.5 (RB)- 2

Page | 57

Features, Block Diagram, Pin Chapter(CH)- 1

Configuration, Functional

Description

LPC2148 GPIOFeatures, 3 Lecture Assignment RB- 2 CH- 8

Application, Pin Diagram, No- 3.6-

Register Description, LED, 3.11

switches, Relay &Buzzer

LED Interfacing Programming. 1 Practice

Switches Interfacing and 1 Practice

Programming

Relay, Buzzer Interfacing and 2 Practice

Programming

System Control & VIC 2 Lecture Assignment RB- 2 CH- 4

Crystal Oscillator, PLL, Reset & No- 4.1- 4.6,

Wakeup Timer, Brownout Reset;

LPC2148 Memory Mapping, 2 Lecture RB- 2 CH- 4

LPC2148 Memory Accelerator

Module, LPC2148 system

control;

LPC2148 VIC Features, 2 Lecture Assignment RB- 2 CH- 5

Description, Register Description No- 4.7-4.14

& VIC Register

Interrupt Programming 2 Practice Assignments

External Hardware Interrupt 2 Practice Assignments

Generation

Module V[9 hrs.Lecture + 6hrs.Practice]

GPIO, UART & SPI 3 Lecture Assignment RB- 2 CH- 8

LPC2148 GPIO Programming: No- 5.1- 5.4

Seven Segment Display, keypad,

LCD & Motor

Seven Segment Display 1 Practice

Interfacing and Programming

Keypad Interfacing and 1 Practice

Programming

LCD Interfacing and 1 Practice

Programming

Motor Interfacing and 1 Practice

programming

PC2148 UART0 & UART1 3 Lecture Assignment RB- 2 CH- 9,10

Features, Pin Diagram&Register No- 5.5- 5.7

Description

Transmitting And Receiving Data 1 Practice

Page | 58

using Serial Programming

(Bluetooth Device)

LPC2148 SPI Features, Pin 3 Lecture Assignment RB- 2 CH- 12,13

Diagram&Register Description. No-5.7- 5.10

SPI interfaced Seven Segment 1 Practice

Display Interfacing Programming

Module VI[9hrs. Lecture + 6hrs. Practice]

I2C, Timer & PWM 3 Lecture Assignment RB- 2 CH- 11

LPC2148 I2C Features, Pin No- 6.1 - 6.3

Diagram&Register Description

I2C Interfaced EEPROM 2 Practice

Programming

LPC2148 Timer Features, 3 Lecture Assignment RB- 2 CH- 15

Application, Pin Diagram& No-6.4 - 6.6

Register Description

Delay Generation Programming. 2 Practice

LPC2148 PWM Features, Pin 3 Lecture Assignment RB- 2 CH- 16

Diagram, Application &Register No- 6.7- 6.9

Description

Speed Control Programming 2 Practice Assignments

Module VII [7hrs. Lecture + 5hrs. Practice]

WDT, ADC & DAC 1 Lecture Assignment RB- 2 CH- 20

LPC2148 WDT Features, Pin No-7.1 - 7.3

Diagram, Application &Register

Description

Watch Dog timer creation 1 Practice

LPC2148 RTC Features, Pin 2 Lecture Assignment RB- 2 CH-19

Diagram, Application &Register No-7.4 - 7.6

Description

Program for Real Time Clock 2 Practice

Interfacing with LPC2148.

LPC2148 ADC Features, Pin 2 Lecture Assignment RB- 2 CH-17

Diagram, Application &Register No- 7.7- 7.9

Description

Analog Sensor (Soil Moisture 2 Practice

Sensor, LM35 Sensor)

Interfacing Programs.

LPC2148 DAC Features, Pin 2 Lecture Assignment RB- 2 CH-18

Diagram, Application &Register + No- 7.10-

Description Practice 7.12

Total (hrs.) 75 45 hrs.

Lecture

+ 30 hrs.

Practice

Page | 59

RTOS and Its Application

RTOS and its ECCC0412 Theory & 3-1-0 Nil

Application Practice

Objective

To teach the basic fundamental concepts of Real Time Operating System and provide a

thorough understanding of principles behind the structure and operation of RTOS in

ARM7 Processors

Learning Outcome

Student will gain knowledge on Real Time System and its Applications

Students will develop the skill to implement the Real Time Operating System

FreeRTOS in LPC2148 Microcontroller

Internal Component % of Marks Method of Assessment

Examination Internal Theory 20 Written Examination

Internal Practice 30(20+10) Lab Work + Learning Record

External External Theory 30 Written Examination

Examination External Practice 20 Lab Work

Total 100

Course Outline

Theory

RTOS Basic: System, Operating System, Need of Operating System, Computer System

Components, Abstract View of System Components, Functions of Operating Systems, Four

main tasks of OS, Shell, Kernel, Types of OS, Batch Processing OS, Time-Sharing Systems–

Interactive Computing; Real Time Operating System: Types of RTOS, Embedded OS, Types

of System, Multi-Tasking, GPOS Vs RTOS, Types of RTS, Soft real-time, Hard real-time,

Real Time Spectrum, Need of RTOS; Polled Loop Systems: (sequence of all activities),

Advantages, Disadvantages.Interrupt Driven System: Disadvantage

Theory

Real Time Operating Systems: Advantage of using RTOS, RTOS Tracking Mechanisms,

Kernel, Functioning of RTOS. Possible states of Tasks, Elements of RTOS: Scheduler, Task

Control Block (TCB), Idle Task, Context Switch, Preemption Vs Context switch, Starvation,

Task Synchronization, Race Condition, FreeRTOS Porting for LPC2148 Using Keil: Create

Page | 60

the project, FreeRTOS LCD Interfacing with LPC2148: LED Blinking, LCD Scroll, Heap

Memory Management

Practice

1. FreeRTOS Porting with KeiluVision IDE

2. LED interfacing using FreeRTOS

3. LCD interfacing with LPC2148 using freeRTOS

Theory

Task Creation: Introduction, API Used: xTaskCreate(), vTaskDelay(), vTaskStartScheduler()

Task Creation with Parameters: Introduction, API Used, xTaskCreate(), vTaskDelay(),

vTaskStartScheduler()

Practice

4. Multiple Task Creation

5. Periodic Task &Idle Task Creation

6. Changing Task Priority Creation

7. Deleting a Task after Creating

Theory

FreeRTOS Scheduling Algorithms: Types of Scheduling Algorithms; Semaphore: Binary

Semaphore, Counting Semaphores, Mutex, Deadlock.

Practice

8. Cooperative Scheduling.

9. Priority Based Preemptive scheduling.

10. Round Robin with time slicing.

11. Round Robin without time slicing.

Theory

FreeRTOS Binary Semaphore in LPC2148: Introduction, Semaphore, Binary Semaphore,

Counting Semaphores, Mutexes, API Used: vSemaphoreCreateBinary(), xSemaphoreTake(),

xSemaphoreGive(); FreeRTOS Binary Semaphore from ISR in LPC2148: API Used:

vSemaphoreCreateBinary(), xSemaphoreTakeFromISR(), xSemaphoreGiveFromISR();

FreeRTOS Counting Semaphore in LPC2148: Applications of Counting Semaphore:

Counting events, Resource management, APIs Used:xSemaphoreCreateCounting(),

xSemaphoreGetCount().

Page | 61

Practice

12. Interrupt Processing using Binary Semaphore to synchronize a task

13. Interrupt Processing using Counting Semaphore to synchronize a task

14. Producer consumer problem using Semaphore in LPC2148

Theory

FreeRTOSMutex using LPC2148:Mutexvs Semaphore: Using Mutex, Using Semaphore,

APIs Used, xSemaphoreCreateMutex(), xSemaphoreGetMutexHolder(); Priority Inversion:

Priority inheritance protocol, Ceiling priority protocol, Mutexvs Semaphore

Practice

15. FreeRTOS Resources Management based Mutual Exclusion in LPC2148

16. Priority Inheritance Problem Solving

Theory

Communications: Pipe, Message Queue, Interrupt Handling; FreeRTOS Queue in LPC2148:

Introduction, APIs Used, xQueueCreate(), vQueueDelete(),

xQueuePeek(),xQueuePeekFromISR(),xQueueReceive(),xQueueReceiveFromISR(),xQueueS

end(),QueueSendToFront(),xQueueSendToBack(),xQueueSendFromISR(),xQueueSendToBa

ckFromISR(), xQueueSendToFrontFromISR().

Practice

17. Creating Queue for task to task communication

18. Sending data to a Queue

19. Receiving data from a Queue

20. Managing the store data

21. Blocking on a Queue

22. Effect of task priority when sending to & receiving from a Queue

Text Books

1. K.V.K Prasad, “Embedded / Real-Time Systems: Concepts, Design and Programming”,

Dreamtech Press; New edition , 2003.

2. Richard Barry, “Mastering the FreeRTOS Real Time Kernel-A Hands-On Tutorial

Guide”,Real Time Engineers Ltd, 2016.

Reference Book

FreeRTOS V10.0.0 Reference Manual

Online Resources

1. https://www.freertos.org/Documentation/RTOS_book.html [Viewed on 11-06-2019 ]

Page | 62

2. https://www.embetronicx.com/tutorials/rtos/freertos/rtos-basic-tutorial-for-

beginners/[Viewed on 11-06-2019 ]

3. https://www.freertos.org/Documentation/FreeRTOS_Reference_Manual_V10.0.0.pdf/[Vi

ewed on 11-06-2019 ]

4. https://www.freertos.org/Documentation/161204_Mastering_the_FreeRTOS_Real_Time

_Kernel-A_Hands-On_Tutorial_Guide.pdf/[Viewed on 11-06-2019 ]

Session Plan

No. of

Suggested

Topics Sessions Activity Assignment

Reading

(in hrs.)

Module I [5 hrs.Lecture]

RTOS Basic, System, Operating 1 Lecture Question Online

System, Need of Operating System, No-1.1-1.2 Resource-

Computer System Components, 2(P1) Topic

Abstract View of System 1-5

Components.

Functions of Operating Systems, 1 Lecture Question Online

Four main tasks of OS, Shell, No-1.3-1.5 Resource- 2

Kernel, Types of OS, Batch Topic 6-10.1

Processing OS.

Time-Sharing Systems–Interactive 1 Lecture Question Online

Computing, Real Time Operating No-1.6 Resource- 2

System: Types of RTOS, Embedded Topic 10.2-

OS. 10.4

What is a Real Time System? Multi- 1 Lecture Question Online

Tasking, OS VS RTOS, Types of No-1.7-1.10 Resource- 2

RTS, Soft real-time, Hard real-time, Topic 11-16

Real Time Spectrum, What is the

need of an RTOS?

Polled Loop Systems: (sequence of 1 Lecture Question Online

all activities), Advantages, No-1.11 Resource- 2

Disadvantages, Interrupt Driven Topic 16.1-

System: Disadvantage. 16.2

Module II [6 hrs. Lecture + 4 hrs. Practice]

Real Time Operating Systems: 2 Lecture Question Online

Where we opt for RTOS?Advantage No-2.1-2.5 Resource-

of using RTOS, RTOS Tracking 2(P2) Topic

Mechanisms, Kernel, Functioning of 1-5

RTOS. Possible states of Tasks.

Basic elements of RTOS: 1 Lecture Question Online

Scheduler, Task Control Block No-2.6 Resource-

(TCB). 2(P2) Topic

Page | 63

6.1-6.2

Idle Task, Context Switch, 1 Lecture Question Online

Preemption Vs Context switch, No-2.7-2.9 Resource-

Starvation, Task Synchronization, 2(P2) Topic

Race Condition. 6.3-9

FreeRTOS Porting for LPC2148 1 Lecture Question Online

Using Keil, Initial Steps(Installing No-2.10 Resource-

Time), Create the project(Each 2(P3) Topic

time), 1-4

FreeRTOS Porting with KeiluVision 2 Practice Practice 1 Online

IDE Resource-

2(P3) Topic

1-4

FreeRTOS LCD Interfacing with 2 Practice Practice 2 Online

LPC2148. LCD Scroll, LED Resource-

Blinking, 2(P3) Topic

11.1-11.4

Heap Memory Management 1 Lecture Question Online

No- 2.11 Resource- 4

Chapter 2

Module III [6 hrs. Lecture + 4 hrs. Practice]

Task Creation: Introduction, 3 Lecture Question Online

APIUsed: xTaskCreate, No- 3.1-3.2 Resource- 3

vTaskDelay, vTaskStartScheduler. Chapter

2.6,2.9, 2.31

Task Creation with Parameters: 3 Lecture Question Online

Introduction, API Used, No- 3.3-3.4 Resource- 3

xTaskCreate, vTaskDelay, Chapter

vTaskStartScheduler. 2.6,2.9, 2.31

Multiple Task Creation. 2 Practice Practice 3 Online

Periodic Task & Idle Task Creation. Resource- 3

Chapter 2

Changing Task Priority Creation. 2 Practice Practice 4 Online

Deleting a Task after Creating. Resource- 3

Chapter 2

Module IV [6 hrs. Lecture + 4 hrs. Practice]

FreeRTOS scheduling algorithms: 2 Lecture Question Online

types of scheduling algorithms No- 4.1-4.4 Resource-

2(P2) Topic 6

Scheduling Problem solving 2 Lecture Question Online

No- 4.5-4.6 Resource-

2(P2) Topic 6

Page | 64

Cooperative Scheduling. 2 Practice Practice 5 Online

Priority Based Preemptive resource

scheduling

Round Robin with time slicing. 2 Practice Practice 6 Online

Round Robin without time slicing. resource

Semaphore: Binary Semaphore, 2 Lecture Question Online

Counting Semaphores, Mutexes, No- 4.7-4.10 Resource-

Deadlock. 2(P2) Topic

10-12

Module V [8 hrs. Lecture + 7 hrs. Practice]

Semaphore in LPC2148: 1 Lecture Question Online

Introduction, Semaphore, Binary No-5.1 Resource-

Semaphore, Counting Semaphores, 2(P6) Topic

Mutexes. 2-3

FreeRTOS Binary API Used: 2 Lecture Question Online

vSemaphoreCreateBinary (), No- 5.2 Resource- 3

xSemaphoreTake (), Chapter 4.2,

xSemaphoreGive (). 4.13, 4.16

FreeRTOS Binary Semaphore 2 Lecture Question Online

from ISR in LPC2148: API Used: No-5.3 Resource- 3

vSemaphoreCreateBinary (), Chapter 4.2,

xSemaphoreTakeFromISR (), 4.13, 4.16

xSemaphoreGiveFromISR().

Interrupt Processing using Binary 2 Practice Practice 7 Online

Semaphore to synchronize a task. Resource- 3

Chapter 4.2,

4.13, 4.16

FreeRTOS Counting Semaphore 1 Lecture Question Online

in LPC2148: Applications of No-5.4 Resource- 3

Counting Semaphore: Counting Chapter 4.2,

events, Resource management. 4.13, 4.16

APIs 2 Lecture Question Online

Used:xSemaphoreCreateCounting() No-5.5-5.6 Resource- 3

, uxSemaphoreGetCount(). Chapter

4.4,4.11

Interrupt Processing using Counting 2 Practice Practice 8 Online

Semaphore to synchronize a task. Resource- 3

Chapter 4

Producer consumer problem using 3 Practice Practice 9 Online

Semaphore in LPC2148. Resource- 3

Chapter 4

Module VI [6hrs. Lecture + 4 hrs. Practice]

FreeRTOSMutex using LPC2148: 2 Lecture Question Online

Page | 65

Mutexvs Semaphore: Using Mutex, No-6.1 Resource-

Using Semaphore. 2(P2) Topic

10-11

APIs 2 Lecture Question Online

Used:xSemaphoreCreateMutex(), No-6.2 Resource- 3

xSemaphoreGetMutexHolder(). Chapter

4.6,4.12

Priority Inversion: Priority 2 Lecture Question Online

inheritance protocol, Ceiling priority No-6.3-6.6 Resource-

protocol, Mutexvs Semaphore. 2(P2) Topic

13

Priority Inversion Programming 2 Practice Practice 10 Online

Resource-

2(P2) Topic

13

FreeRTOS Resources Management 2 Practice Practice 11 Online

based Mutual Exclusion in Resource-

LPC2148 2(P2) Topic 6

Module VII [8 hrs. Lecture + 7 hrs. Practice]

Messaging: Pipe, Message Queue, 2 Lecture Question Online

Interrupt Handling No-7.1-7.5 Resource-

2(P2) Topic

15

FreeRTOS Queue in LPC2148: 2 Lecture Question Online

Introduction, 4 APIs Used, No-7.6-7.8 Resource- 3

xQueueCreate(), vQueueDelete(), Chapter 3.3,

xQueuePeek(). 3.6, 3.14

xQueuePeekFromISR(), 2 Lecture Question Online

xQueueReceive(), No-7.9 Resource- 3

xQueueReceiveFromISR() Chapter 3.14-

3.17

xQueueSend(), 2 Lecture Question Online

xQueueSendToFront(), No-7.10 Resource- 3

xQueueSendToBack(), Chapter

xQueueSendFromISR(), 3.22,3.33

xQueueSendToBackFromISR(),

xQueueSendToFrontFromISR().

Creating Queue for task to task 3 Practice Practice 11 Online

communication, Resource- 3

Sending data to a Queue, Chapter

Receiving data from a Queue, 3.22,3.33

Page | 66

Managing the store data, 4 Practice Practice 12 Online

Blocking on a Queue, Resource- 3

Effect of task priority when sending Chapter

to & receiving from a Queue 3.22,3.33

Total (hrs.) 75 45 hrs.

Lecture +

30 hrs.

Practice

Page | 67

Microwave and Radar Communication

Microwave and Radar ECCC0410 Theory& Practice 3-1-0 Nil

Communication

Objective

To teach the basics of Microwave and Radar and its application

Learning Outcome

Students will gain knowledge of Analyze performance of Microwave components

from field point of view and Maintain microwave components and Set up of

microwave bench for optimum operation

Students will develop skill ofDesign and Simulate Microwave Circuits and

Microwave Filters using HFSS software.

Internal Component % of Marks Method of Assessment

Examination Internal Theory 20 Written Examination

Internal Practice 30(20+10) Lab Work + Learning Record

External External Theory 30 Written Examination

Examination External Practice 20 Lab Work

Total 100

Course Outline

Theory

Microwave engineering, Revisit of Transmission lines: Solution of transmission line

equation, Reflection and Transmission coefficients, Input impedance of transmission line,

Standing waves, Attenuation and distortion in transmission line; Field theoretic analysis of

coaxial transmission line; Smith chart and Impedance matching

Practice

1. Design, simulation and analysis of Microstrip line (Using HFSS tool)

2. Calculation of unknown impedance by using test bench

Theory

Introduction, phase velocity and group velocity in a wave guide. Design & analysis to support

various modes, Field solution for TE and TM modes, Field patterns of power flow through

waveguide, Attenuation due to conductor and dielectric losses.

Page | 68

Practice

3. Design, Simulation and Analysis of Rectangular wave guide

4. Design, Simulation and Analysis of circular wave guide

Theory

Basic Properties, T -Junction Power Divider, Wilkinson Power divider, Waveguide

Directional Couplers, Ferrite Isolator. Rectangular Cavities Resonator, Resonant frequencies

of Cavity Supporting dominant mode only, Dielectric resonator. Strip line and micro strip.

Practice

5. Design, Simulation and Analysis of E plane Tee, H plane Tee

6. Design, Simulation and Analysis of Magic Tee

7. Design, Simulation and Analysis of Directional Couplers

8. Design, Simulation and Analysis of Isolator and circulator

Theory

Klystron: construction and operation only Reflex klystron- Principle of Operation, Velocity

Modulation, Output Power and Efficiency; Multicavity Magnetron: Principle of Operation,

Rotating Field, Π-Mode of Operation, Frequency of Oscillation, Output Power and

Efficiency; TWT - Principle of Operation as an amplifier.

Practice

9. Test bench verification and analysis of Reflex klystron characteristic

Theory

Physical structure, principles operation, applications of microwave bipolar transistor and

HBT; Operation and characteristic of Tunnel diode; Gunn Oscillator Principle and

performance and Microwave hazards

Practice

10. Test bench verification and analysis of Gunn diode characteristic

11. Design, Simulation and Analysis of microwave Transistors

Theory

Page | 69

Filter parameters. Filter design by image parameter method and insertion loss method.

Practice

12. Design, Simulation and Analysis of Low pass filter

13. Design, Simulation and Analysis of High pass filter

14. Design, Simulation and Analysis of Band pass filter

Theory

Basic principles, Simple RADAR systems, RADAR range equations. Power and frequencies

used in RADAR; Types of RADAR & its applications; RADAR indicators; Factors

influencing maximum range: Effects of noise, Detection of signal in noise, receiver noise and

SNR, probability of detection and false alarm, integration of radar pulses, radar cross section

of targets, PRF, system losses; MTI RADAR- Introduction, delay line cancellers, Doppler

filter banks, limitation of MTI, Staggered PRF, Pulse Doppler RADAR, Tacking with

RADAR

Practice

15. Design of antenna used for Radar range equation: (Using Test Bench)

Text Books

1. D. M. Pozor, “Microwave Engineering”, 2nd Edition, John Willy & Sons

2. Merrill I Skolnik, “Introduction to RADAR System”, 3rd edition, Tata McGraw Hill

Reference Books

1. Sammuel Y, Liao, “Microwave Device and Circuit”, 3rd Edition ,Pearson Edu

2. Roger F. Harrington Fields, “Time-Harmonic Electromagnetic”, 2nd edition, John Willy

& Sons

Online Resource

NPTEL video courses on Microwave Engineering

Session Plan

Topics No. of Activity Assignment Suggested Reading

Session

s (in

hrs.)

Module I [6 hrs. Lecture+4 hrs. Practice]

Transmission 1 Lecture Assignment Text Book 1 (TB1)

LineIntroduction, history and No- 1.1 Chapter(CH)-2

application of Microwave

engineering.

Distributed circuit model for 1 Lecture Assignment TB1 CH-2

Page | 70

a transmission line. No- 1.2

Solution of transmission line 1 Lecture Assignment TB1 CH-2

equation No- 1.3

Field theoretic analysis of 1 Lecture Assignment TB1 CH-2

coaxial transmission line No- 1.4

Smith chart 1 Lecture Assignment TB1 CH-2

No- 1.5

Impedance matching 1 Lecture Assignment TB1 CH-2

No- 1.6

Design, simulation and 2 Practice Assignment TB1 CH-2

analysis of Microstrip line No- 1.7

impedance by using test No- 1.8

bench

Wave Guide 1 Lecture Assignment TB1 CH-3

Wave propagation in a No- 2.1

transmission line and

Lossless transmission line.

Reflection and transmission

coefficient. Standing wave

ratio. Line impedance and

admittance. Characteristic

impedance.

Problems on transmission 1 Tutorials Assignment TB1 CH-3

line No- 2.2

Introduction to wave guide 1 Lecture Assignment TB1 CH-3

and comparison with No- 2.3

transmission line

Maxwell’s equation analysis 1 Lecture Assignment TB1 CH-3

in waveguide No- 2.4

Group velocity and phase 1 Lecture Assignment TB1 CH-3

velocity in wave guide No- 2.5

Field solution for TE modes 1 Lecture Assignment TB1 CH-3

in rectangular wave guide No- 2.6

Field solution for TM modes 1 Lecture Assignment TB1 CH-3

in rectangular wave guide No- 2.7

Design, Simulation and 2 Practice using Assignment TB1 CH-3

Analysis of Rectangular HFSS No- 2.8

wave guide software

Page | 71

waveguide to support No- 2.9

Dominant TE10

Field solution for TE modes 1 Lecture Assignment TB1 CH-3

in circular wave guide No- 2.10

Field solution for TE modes 1 Lecture Assignment TB1 CH-3

in circular wave guide. No- 2.11

Design of Cylindrical

waveguide to support

dominant TE11 mode

Design, Simulation and 2 Practice using Assignment TB1 CH-3

Analysis of circular wave HFSS No- 2.12

guide software

Field patterns of power flow 1 Lecture Assignment TB1 CH-3

through waveguide, No- 2.13

Attenuation due to conductor

and dielectric losses.

Module III[5 hrs. Lecture+ 8 hrs. Practice]

Basic properties of dividers 1 Lecture Assignment TB1 CH-7

and couplers No-3.1

T -Junction Power Divider, 1 Lecture Assignment TB1 CH-7

Wilkinson Power divider No- 3.2

Design, Simulation and 2 Practice using Assignment TB1 CH-7

Analysis of E plane Tee, H HFSS No- 3.3

plane Tee software

Design, Simulation and 2 Practice using Assignment TB1 CH-7

Analysis of Magic Tee HFSS No- 3.4

software

Waveguide Directional 1 Lecture Assignment TB1 CH-7

Couplers, Ferrite Isolator No- 3.5

Rectangular Cavities 1 Lecture Assignment TB1 CH-7

Resonator, Resonant No- 3.6

frequencies of Cavity

Supporting dominant mode

only

Dielectric resonator. Strip 1 Lecture Assignment TB1 CH-7

line and micro strip. No- 3.7

Design, Simulation and 2 Practice using Assignment TB1 CH-7

Analysis of Directional HFSS No- 3.8

Couplers software

Design, Simulation and 2 Practice using Assignment TB1 CH-7

Analysis of Isolator and HFSS No- 3.9

circulator software

Module IV [6 hrs. Lecture+2 hrs. Practice]

Introduction to Klystron, 1 Lecture Assignment TB1 CH-12

Page | 72

velocity modulation No-4.0

Reflex Klystron: principle of 2 Lecture Assignment TB1 CH-12

operation, output power and No- 4.2

efficiency

Test bench verification and 2 Practice using Assignment TB1 CH-12

analysis of Reflex klystron Microwave No- 4.3

characteristic test bench

Multicavity Magnetron: 2 Lecture Assignment TB1 CH-12

Principle of Operation, No- 4.4

Rotating Field

∏-mode of Operation, 1 Lecture Assignment TB1 CH-12

Frequency of Oscillation. No- 4.5

TWT - Principle of Operation 2 Lecture Assignment TB1 CH-12

as an amplifier No-4.6

Module V[5 hrs. Lecture+ 2 hrs. Practice]

Physical structure, principles 1 Lecture Assignment TB1 CH-12

operation of microwave No- 5

transistor

Applications of microwave 1 Lecture Assignment TB1 CH-12

bipolar transistor and HBT No- 5

Operation and characteristic 1 lecture Assignment TB1 CH-12

of Tunnel diode No- 5

Gunn Oscillator Principle 1 Lecture Assignment TB1 CH-12

and performance No- 5

Test bench verification and 2 Practice using Assignment TB1 CH-12

analysis of Gunn diode Microwave No- 5

characteristic test bench

Microwave hazards 1 Lecture Assignment TB1 CH-12

No- 5

Module VI[2 hrs. Lecture+ 8 hrs. Practice]

Microwave filter parameters. 1 Lecture Assignment TB1 CH-8

Filter design by image No-6

parameter method

Filter design by insertion loss 1 Lecture Assignment TB1 CH-8

method No-6

Design, Simulation and 2 Practice using Assignment TB1 CH-8

Analysis of Low pass filter HFSS No-6

Design, Simulation and 2 Practice using Assignment TB1 CH-8

Analysis of High pass filter HFSS No-6

Design, Simulation and 2 Practice using Assignment TB1 CH-8

Analysis of Band pass filter HFSS No-6

Design, Simulation and 2 Practice using Assignment TB1 CH-8

Analysis of microwave HFSS No-6

Transistors

Subtotal (Hours) 28 Assignment

No-6

Module VII [8 hrs. Lecture+ 2 hrs. Practice]

Basic principles of RADAR, 1 Lecture Assignment TB2 CH-1

Page | 73

Simple RADAR systems No-6

RADAR range equations. 1 Lecture Assignment TB2 CH-1

Power and frequencies used No-6

in RADAR.

Types of RADAR & its 1 Lecture Assignment TB2 CH-1

applications. RADAR No-6

indicators.

Effects of noise, Detection of 1 Lecture Assignment TB2 CH-1

signal in noise, receiver noise No-6

and SNR

probability of detection and 1 Lecture Assignment TB2 CH-1

false alarm, integration of No-6

radar pulses, radar cross

section of targets, PRF,

system losses

MTL RADAR block diagram 1 Lecture Assignment TB2 CH-1

No-6

Delay line cancellers, 1 Lecture Assignment TB2 CH-1

Doppler filter banks, No-6

limitation of MTI, Staggered

PRF

Pulse Doppler RADAR, 1 Lecture Assignment TB2 CH-1

Tacking with RADAR No-6

Design of antenna used for 2 Practice Assignment TB2 CH-1

Radar range equation No-6

Total (hrs.) 75 45 hrs.

Lecture + 30

hrs. Practice

Page | 74

Antennas and Wave Propagation

Course Title Code Type of course T-P-P Prerequisite

Antennas and Wave ECCC0413 Theory & Practice 3-1-0 Nil

Propagation

Objective

To teach the different types of antennas, antenna array and its need and applications

of the electromagnetic waves in free space.

Learning Outcome

Students will gain knowledge of applying the fundamentals to design different types

of antennas.

Students will develop skill of optimize the gain, other parameter and design skill of

array antenna systems from specifications.

Internal Component % of Marks Method of Assessment

Examination Internal Theory 20 Written Examination

Internal Practice 30(20+10) Lab Work + Learning Record

External External Theory 30 Written Examination

Examination External Practice 20 Lab Work

Total 100

Course Outline

Theory

Principle of Radiation-Field & power pattern, Radiation Pattern – Isotropic, Directional and

Omni directional patterns, Radiation Patterns lobes, Field regions, radian and Steradian;

Radiation Power Density, Radiation Intensity, Beam width– FNBW & HPBW, Directivity,

Antenna Efficiency, Gain, Beam efficiency, Polarization – Linear, Circular and Elliptical

Practice

1. Analysis, Visualizations and measurement of Isotropic patterns, Directional patterns and

Omni Directional of different antennas.

Theory

Wave equation in terms of potential functions: Vector potential A for an electric current

source J and Vector potential F for a magnetic current source M, Solution of vector potential

wave equation; Infinitesimal Dipole, half wavelength Dipole- Current distribution, Radiated

Fields, Power density and Radiation resistance, Field regions & Directivity

Page | 75

Practice

2. Design, Simulation and Analysis of Dipole antenna.

Theory

Current distribution, Radiated Fields, Power density and Radiation resistance, Field regions,

Directivity. Earth as perfect conductor –Image theory, vertical and horizontal electric dipole;

Ground effects –vertical and horizontal electric dipole.

Practice

3. Design, Simulation and Analysis of Small loop antenna.

Theory

Horn Antenna, Log periodic antenna and helical antenna, Reflector antenna: – Operation &

Design; Micro strip Antenna: – Characteristics, types, Feeding methods, Design procedure

Practice

4. Design, Simulation and Analysis of Helical antenna

5. Design, Simulation and Analysis of Horn antenna

6. Design, Simulation and Analysis of Reflector antenna

7. Design, Simulation and Analysis of Rectangular and Circular Microstrip patch antenna at

different frequencies

8. Design, Simulation and Analysis of Rectangular and Circular Microstrip patch antenna at

different frequencies

9. Design, Simulation and Analysis of Microstrip antenna for different feeding technique

Module: V ANTENNA ARRAYS ,HF, VHF AND UHF ANTENNAS (14 Hours)

Theory

Antenna Arrays: linear arrays of two element & N elements, Broadside & End fire array,

array factor; HF, VHF and UHF antennas- V-Antenna, Inverted V-Antenna, Rhombic

Antenna, Yagiuda Antenna, Whip Antenna, Turnstile Antenna, Discone Antenna, Notch

Antenna

Practice

10. Design, Simulation and Analysis of two element antenna array

11. Design, Simulation and Analysis of V and Inverted V Antenna

12. Design, Simulation and Analysis of Rhombic Antenna

13. Design, Simulation and Analysis of YagiudaAntenna

14. Design, Simulation and Analysis of Notch Antenna

Page | 76

15. Design, Simulation and Analysis of Discone Antenna

Theory

Wave Propagation – Ground Wave, Space Wave, Sky Wave; Ground Wave- Reflection of

waves by surface of earth,Tilt of wave front due to ground losses, Reflection due to

roughness of earth, earth’s behaviour at different frequencies; Space Wave Propagation-

Tropospheric Wave Propagation, Effect of imperfection of earth, curvature of earth,height

above the earth &polarization, Shadowing effect of hills & building, Atmospheric effects in

space wave & duct propagation,Fading& scattering in Troposphere, LOS

Theory

Sky WaveStructure & characteristic of ionosphere, Effective refractive index of ionosphere,

Plasma frequency,Ionospheric propagation (reflection & refraction), characteristic Parameters

of Ionospheric propagation – virtual height, critical frequency,MUF, LUF, skip

distance,criticalangle,Impact solar activity,Fading& diversity in sky Wave.

Text Books:

1. C Balanis, “Antenna Theory Analysis and Design”, 2ndEdition, John Willey & Sons

2. J.D. Kraus, “Antenna”, 2ndEdition, TATA McGraw Hill.

3. G.S.N. Raju, “Antennas and Wave Propagation”, Person Education.

Reference Books:

1. E.C. Jordan and K.G. Balmain,”Electromagnetic Wave and Radiating Systems” 2ndEd.

PHI

2. John Griffiths and R. E. Collins, “Radio Wave Propagation and Antennas, an

Introduction” PHI International 4Antenna & Wave Propagation

Session Plan

Topic coverage and Internal Test No. of Activity Assignment Suggested

Sessio Reading

ns (in

hrs.)

Fundamental parameters of Antenna 3 Lecture + Assignment Text Book

Introduction, Principle of Radiation- Practice No- 1.1 (TB1)(CH)-

Field & power pattern, Radiation 2

Pattern – Isotropic, Directional and

Omni directional patterns, Radiation

Page | 77

Patterns

Field regions, radian and Steradian 1 Lecture Assignment TB1 CH- 2

No- 1.2

Radiation Power Density, Radiation 1 Lecture Assignment TB1 CH- 2

Intensity No- 1.3

Beam width – FNBW & HPBW, 1 Lecture Assignment TB1 CH- 2

Directivity, Antenna Efficiency, Gain No- 1.4

Polarization – Linear, Circular and 1 Lecture Assignment TB1 CH- 2

Elliptical Polarization No- 1.5

Module II [06 hrs. Lecture + 02 hrs. Practice]

Wave equation & Dipole 2 Lecture Assignment TB1 CH- 3

Vector potential A for an electric No- 2.1

current source J & Vector potential F

for a magnetic current source

Solution of vector potential wave 1 Lecture Assignment TB1 CH- 3

equation No- 2.2

Infinitesimal Dipole, half wavelength 5 Lecture + Assignment TB1 CH- 4

Dipole – Current distribution, Radiated Practice No- 2.3

Fields, Power density and Radiation

resistance, Field regions, Directivity

Module III[05hrs.Lecture +02hrs. Practice]

Loop Antenna&Earth as perfect 4 Lecture + Assignment TB1 CH- 5

conductor Practice No- 3.1

Current distribution, Radiated Fields,

Power density and Radiation resistance,

Field regions, Directivity

Earth as perfect conductor –Image 2 Lecture Assignment TB1CH- 5

theory, vertical and horizontal electric No- 3.1

dipole; Ground effects –vertical and

horizontal electric dipole

Module IV [04 hrs. Lecture +12hrs. Practice]

Different types antennas 8 Lecture + Assignment TB1 CH-

Horn Antenna, Log periodic antenna Practice No- 4.1 11,12,13

and helical antenna, Reflector antenna:

–Operation & Design.

Micro strip Antenna: – Characteristics, 8 Lecture + Assignment TB1 CH- 14

types, Feeding methods, Design Practice No- 4.2

procedure

Module V [04 hrs. Lecture +12hrs. Practice]

Antenna Arrays , HF, VHF and UHF 4 Lecture + Assignment TB1 CH- 6

antennas Practice No- 5.1

linear arrays of two element & N

elements, Broadside & End fire array,

Page | 78

array factor

HF, VHF and UHF antennas: v- 10 Practice Assignment TB2 CH- 5

antenna, inverted v-antenna, rhombic No- 5.2

antenna, yagiuda antenna, whip

antenna, turnstile antenna, Discone

antenna, notch antenna.

Module-VI [04 hrs. Lecture]

Wave propagation 1 Lecture Assignment TB3 CH- 9

Ground Wave, Space Wave, Sky No- 6.1

Wave.

Ground Wave: – reflection of waves by 1 Lecture Assignment TB3 CH- 9

surface of earth, Tilt of wave front due No- 6.2

to ground losses, Reflection due to

roughness of earth, earth’s behavior at

different frequencies

Space Wave Propagation: – 2 Lecture Assignment TB3 CH- 9

Tropospheric Wave Propagation, Effect No- 6.3

of imperfection of earth, curvature of

earth, height above the earth

&polarization, Shadowing effect of

hills & building, Atmospheric effects in

space wave & duct propagation, Fading

& scattering in Tropospheric LOS.

Module-VII [04 hrs. Lecture]

Sky Wave 4 Lecture Assignment TB3 CH- 9

Structure & characteristic of No- 7.1

ionosphere, Effective refractive index

of ionosphere, Plasma frequency,

Ionospheric propagation (Reflection &

refraction), characteristic Parameters of

Ionospheric propagation – virtual

height, critical frequency, MUF, LUF,

skip distance, critical angle, Impact

solar activity, Fading & diversity in sky

Wave.

Total (hrs.) 60 30 hrs.

Lecture + 30

hrs. Practice

Page | 79

Page | 80

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