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471 vizualizări5 paginicoverage exam

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471 vizualizări5 paginicoverage exam

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Algebra

polynomial factoring

ratio and proportion

word problems

simplifying algebraic expressions

matrices

linear equations

graphs and lines

rational expressions

exponents and roots

factoring

polynomials

squares

quadratic equations

inequalities

negative numbers

Geometry

dimension calculation (length, area, etc.)

Euclidean geometry

non-Euclidean geometry

angles

proof and logic questions

circumference, diameter, area, etc.

word problems

Trigonometry

trigonometric functions (sin, cosin, tan and inverse)

identities

laws

word problems

Arithmetic

MDAS = multiplication, division, addition, subtraction

Integers

fractions

percents

decimals

real numbers

values

algebraic principles

word problems

Others

statistics

sets

sequences/series (Fibonacci, et al)

probability = combinations and permutations

probability

logic

diagrams

lines, points, infinities

Vocabulary

word meanings

homonyms, synonyms and antonyms

words that people commonly confuse

Grammar and Composition

punctuation

capitalization

modifiers

sentence construction

sentence correction

spelling

parts and figures of speech

analogies: similes and metaphors

phrases and clauses

voices (active and passive)

essay writing (may not applicable for all college entrance exams)

Reading and Comprehension

poetry

essays

articles

short stories

mythology and fables

speeches

local and international literature

famous authors

literary/textual criticism: plot, themes, style, summaries, etc.

inference

Biology

Classification/Taxonomy

Plants and photosynthesis

Bacteria

Cell biology

Animal biology

Heredity and genetics

Human biology and anatomy

Chemistry

The Periodic Table

Mixtures and compounds

Chemical reactions and solutions

Diagrams

Minerals and nucleotides

States of matter

Measurement

Earth Science

Rocks and minerals

The Earth’s interior

Bodies of water

The ecosystem

Fossils

Plate tectonics

Weather, climate, atmosphere

Volcanoes and earthquakes

Physics

Laws of Motion

Force

Light, sound and waves

Matter and energy

Magnetism and electricity

Measurement

Astronomy

Planets of the solar system

Other heavenly bodies: stars, asteroids, comets, black holes, etc.

Moon cycles

Lunar and solar eclipses

Galaxies and the universe

Verbal Reasoning - Mental ability is one of the common topics found in most of the entrance

exams. Mental ability tests our level at which we learn things, understands instructions and solve

problems. Verbal Reasoning - Mental Ability Questions encloses wide range of topics: verbal

reasoning (vocabulary and missing letters), Arithmetic reasoning, Blood relations, Analogy,

classifications, coding and decoding, Data sufficiency, Missing characters, logical sequences,

series, numbers, spontaneous reaction tests, verification of truth statements, Venn diagrams,

mathematical operations, direction sense test, statements and arguments, assumption tests and

more.

Mental ability questions are found commonly in competitive exams and entrance tests of APPSC

Group 1 and Group2, UPSC ( Civil services, CPF(CA) ), TNPC(VAO, Group1, Group2), HPAS,

WBCS, AP SI Selection process, NDA, IBPS and other Bank Exams, CAT, MAT, GMAT and

other MBA entrance exams, GRE, GATE, TOEFL, IT and Non IT Placement papers.

- Mental Ability Questions should be solved by cracking logic behind them. One can gain that

logical thinking by thorough practice of number of questions in different patterns, good command

in vocabulary, good command in maths numbers and formulas and good understanding abilities.

- We have a large database for you to practice on verbal reasoning - mental ability questions and

answers. You can expect these questions in most of the competitive exams.

The UPCAT has four subtests: Mathematics, Science, Language Proficiency and Reading

Comprehension.

Language Proficiency

- Try having word of the day for vocabulary

- The language proficiency subtest covers topics on vocabulary, synonyms and antonyms, spelling,

correct usage and grammar. The grammar part would include parts of speech, subject-verb agreement,

parallelism.

- Here’s the thing: You have to have good grammar skills and a good command of the English language

(and Filipino, too) to get a good score on this subtest.

*Tips on Language Proficiency: Practice subject verb agreement. Read more professionally-written articles

(broadsheets, books, magazines, journals, etc.). Communicate verbally using straight English.

Math - basic and intermediate algebra, geometry, statistics, and in some cases, a bit of trigonometry

- algebra part contains topics such as the real number system, solving unknowns in an equation,

inequalities, set and set notation, exponents and roots, graphs of linear equations, factoring, basic

quadratic equations, functions, and word problems. You may also encounter progressions, sequences

and logarithms but these are rare topics that appear on the test. Focus on the basic topics.

- statistics would be about the fundamental counting principle, combination and permutation,

probabilities, measures of central tendencies and data analysis.

- geometry, topics would be basic geometric concepts (point, line, plane, etc.), parallel lines, triangle

congruence, perimeter, area and volume. Most of the theorems and postulates are applied to solve

problems and analyze figures and situations. Because the UPCAT is multiple choice, your favorite two-

column proof and indirect proving will not be around to greet you. Nonetheless, you will still encounter

questions that requires your deductive reasoning skills.

- trigonometry questions would include the trigonometric ratios and basic applications.

* Math subtest tips: Study and refine your basics. You should be able to do the four basic operations with ease. If

you are still having a hard time with your multiplication table, then this is a good time to brush up on your skills. 8

multiplied by 7 is not a problem, right?

Difficulty with long division? Practice dividing three-to-four-digit numbers by two digit numbers.

Dealing with fractions is another skill that students need to master. You should be able to do the four operations on

similar and dissimilar fractions. You should know how to express your answers in lowest terms.

Science - earth science and basic astronomy, biology, basic chemistry, and basic physics (take note of the

keyword: basic).

- Earth science includes topics such as layers of the earth, theories about the earth’s beginnings, rocks,

weather and the atmosphere. Basic astronomy would include the solar system, stars and other

heavenly bodies and other space-related concepts.

- Biology includes classification of living things, evolution, ecosystems, basic genetics and heredity, and

some anatomy of the human body. Questions about biochemistry and intermediate genetics might

appear but the focus of the test is still the basics.

- Chemistry would include matter and its classification, physical and chemical changes, measurements,

basic chemical reactions (acid-base, combustion, etc.), mole concept, atomic structure and subatomic

particles, periodic table trends, thermodynamics and a little organic chemistry.

- Physics questions will fall under topics like statics and dynamics, motion, work and energy, forces,

thermodynamics, and electricity. In a few instances, questions about waves and optics appear on the

test.

*Science subtest tips: Majority of the items in physics needs critical thinking skills. You need to analyze situations

and scenarios to obtain the best answer. Some items will also require you to compute, as for the case of some

chemistry and physics problems.

For biology and earth science, some will require analytical skills while some would be straight up identification. So it

is best to brush up on all the topics that you have discussed in school.

Reading Comprehension - context clues, getting the main idea, inferences, drawing conclusion, figures of

speech. On this subtest, you are tested on how you understand what you read.

You will be asked to read articles, stories, poems, lines in plays, essays, comic strips and other types of

passages. You are then asked questions about what you have read. Sometimes there are also graphs and

charts that you need to analyze. You need to make inferences and conclusions based on the visual data

presented.

*Reading Comprehension subtest tips: Read the questions first before reading the passage. Then take into

consideration the main points that you need to find in the passage.

* The Filipino part of the test is integrated in the Language Proficiency and Reading Comprehension subtest. About

40-50% of the questions in these two subtests are Filipino questions. Technically, Filipino is the subtest with the

most number of items.

The Filipino questions range from topics such as bahagi ng pananalita, wastong gamit, pagtukoy ng mali sa

pangungusap, salawikain, sawikain (idyoma), atbp. Basically, the topics are similar in Language Proficiency and

Reading Comprehension but in Filipino.

*Tips on the Filipino part: Brush up on your Filipino vocabulary. Read passages, articles and other literary materials

in Filipino. Practice speaking straight Filipino. Avoid combining English with Filipino in a sentence to sharpen your

fluency.

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