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# Ustet Coverage Exam

##  Math 60 items 45 minutes

Algebra
 polynomial factoring
 ratio and proportion
 word problems
 simplifying algebraic expressions
 matrices
 linear equations
 graphs and lines
 rational expressions
 exponents and roots
 factoring
 polynomials
 squares
 inequalities
 negative numbers
Geometry
 dimension calculation (length, area, etc.)
 Euclidean geometry
 non-Euclidean geometry
 angles
 proof and logic questions
 circumference, diameter, area, etc.
 word problems
Trigonometry
 trigonometric functions (sin, cosin, tan and inverse)
 identities
 laws
 word problems
Arithmetic
 MDAS = multiplication, division, addition, subtraction
 Integers
 fractions
 percents
 decimals
 real numbers
 values
 algebraic principles
 word problems
Others
 statistics
 sets
 sequences/series (Fibonacci, et al)
 probability = combinations and permutations
 probability
 logic
 diagrams
 lines, points, infinities

##  Language / English 45 items 45 minutes

Vocabulary
 word meanings
 homonyms, synonyms and antonyms
 words that people commonly confuse
Grammar and Composition
 punctuation
 capitalization
 modifiers
 sentence construction
 sentence correction
 spelling
 parts and figures of speech
 analogies: similes and metaphors
 phrases and clauses
 voices (active and passive)
 essay writing (may not applicable for all college entrance exams)
 poetry
 essays
 articles
 short stories
 mythology and fables
 speeches
 local and international literature
 famous authors
 literary/textual criticism: plot, themes, style, summaries, etc.
 inference

##  Science 80 items 45 minutes

Biology
 Classification/Taxonomy
 Plants and photosynthesis
 Bacteria
 Cell biology
 Animal biology
 Heredity and genetics
 Human biology and anatomy
Chemistry
 The Periodic Table
 Mixtures and compounds
 Chemical reactions and solutions
 Diagrams
 Minerals and nucleotides
 States of matter
 Measurement
Earth Science
 Rocks and minerals
 The Earth’s interior
 Bodies of water
 The ecosystem
 Fossils
 Plate tectonics
 Weather, climate, atmosphere
 Volcanoes and earthquakes
Physics
 Laws of Motion
 Force
 Light, sound and waves
 Matter and energy
 Magnetism and electricity
 Measurement
Astronomy
 Planets of the solar system
 Other heavenly bodies: stars, asteroids, comets, black holes, etc.
 Moon cycles
 Lunar and solar eclipses
 Galaxies and the universe

## What is Verbal Reasoning: Mental Ability ?

 Verbal Reasoning - Mental ability is one of the common topics found in most of the entrance
exams. Mental ability tests our level at which we learn things, understands instructions and solve
problems. Verbal Reasoning - Mental Ability Questions encloses wide range of topics: verbal
reasoning (vocabulary and missing letters), Arithmetic reasoning, Blood relations, Analogy,
classifications, coding and decoding, Data sufficiency, Missing characters, logical sequences,
series, numbers, spontaneous reaction tests, verification of truth statements, Venn diagrams,
mathematical operations, direction sense test, statements and arguments, assumption tests and
more.

## What Topics Are Included In Mental Ability Test ?

 Mental ability questions are found commonly in competitive exams and entrance tests of APPSC
Group 1 and Group2, UPSC ( Civil services, CPF(CA) ), TNPC(VAO, Group1, Group2), HPAS,
WBCS, AP SI Selection process, NDA, IBPS and other Bank Exams, CAT, MAT, GMAT and
other MBA entrance exams, GRE, GATE, TOEFL, IT and Non IT Placement papers.

- Mental Ability Questions should be solved by cracking logic behind them. One can gain that
logical thinking by thorough practice of number of questions in different patterns, good command
in vocabulary, good command in maths numbers and formulas and good understanding abilities.

- We have a large database for you to practice on verbal reasoning - mental ability questions and
answers. You can expect these questions in most of the competitive exams.

The UPCAT has four subtests: Mathematics, Science, Language Proficiency and Reading
Comprehension.

 Language Proficiency
- Try having word of the day for vocabulary
- The language proficiency subtest covers topics on vocabulary, synonyms and antonyms, spelling,
correct usage and grammar. The grammar part would include parts of speech, subject-verb agreement,
parallelism.
- Here’s the thing: You have to have good grammar skills and a good command of the English language
(and Filipino, too) to get a good score on this subtest.
*Tips on Language Proficiency: Practice subject verb agreement. Read more professionally-written articles
(broadsheets, books, magazines, journals, etc.). Communicate verbally using straight English.

 Math - basic and intermediate algebra, geometry, statistics, and in some cases, a bit of trigonometry
- algebra part contains topics such as the real number system, solving unknowns in an equation,
inequalities, set and set notation, exponents and roots, graphs of linear equations, factoring, basic
quadratic equations, functions, and word problems. You may also encounter progressions, sequences
and logarithms but these are rare topics that appear on the test. Focus on the basic topics.
- statistics would be about the fundamental counting principle, combination and permutation,
probabilities, measures of central tendencies and data analysis.
- geometry, topics would be basic geometric concepts (point, line, plane, etc.), parallel lines, triangle
congruence, perimeter, area and volume. Most of the theorems and postulates are applied to solve
problems and analyze figures and situations. Because the UPCAT is multiple choice, your favorite two-
column proof and indirect proving will not be around to greet you. Nonetheless, you will still encounter
questions that requires your deductive reasoning skills.
- trigonometry questions would include the trigonometric ratios and basic applications.
* Math subtest tips: Study and refine your basics. You should be able to do the four basic operations with ease. If
you are still having a hard time with your multiplication table, then this is a good time to brush up on your skills. 8
multiplied by 7 is not a problem, right?
Difficulty with long division? Practice dividing three-to-four-digit numbers by two digit numbers.
Dealing with fractions is another skill that students need to master. You should be able to do the four operations on
similar and dissimilar fractions. You should know how to express your answers in lowest terms.

 Science - earth science and basic astronomy, biology, basic chemistry, and basic physics (take note of the
keyword: basic).
- Earth science includes topics such as layers of the earth, theories about the earth’s beginnings, rocks,
weather and the atmosphere. Basic astronomy would include the solar system, stars and other
heavenly bodies and other space-related concepts.
- Biology includes classification of living things, evolution, ecosystems, basic genetics and heredity, and
some anatomy of the human body. Questions about biochemistry and intermediate genetics might
appear but the focus of the test is still the basics.
- Chemistry would include matter and its classification, physical and chemical changes, measurements,
basic chemical reactions (acid-base, combustion, etc.), mole concept, atomic structure and subatomic
particles, periodic table trends, thermodynamics and a little organic chemistry.
- Physics questions will fall under topics like statics and dynamics, motion, work and energy, forces,
thermodynamics, and electricity. In a few instances, questions about waves and optics appear on the
test.
*Science subtest tips: Majority of the items in physics needs critical thinking skills. You need to analyze situations
and scenarios to obtain the best answer. Some items will also require you to compute, as for the case of some
chemistry and physics problems.
For biology and earth science, some will require analytical skills while some would be straight up identification. So it
is best to brush up on all the topics that you have discussed in school.

 Reading Comprehension - context clues, getting the main idea, inferences, drawing conclusion, figures of
speech. On this subtest, you are tested on how you understand what you read.
You will be asked to read articles, stories, poems, lines in plays, essays, comic strips and other types of
passages. You are then asked questions about what you have read. Sometimes there are also graphs and
charts that you need to analyze. You need to make inferences and conclusions based on the visual data
presented.