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Supplementary Worked Examples 159

Worked Examples, Chapter 2

Worked Example 1
Q A parallel circuit is shown below. Calculate (a) the current flowing through each branch,
(b) the current drawn from the supply, and (c) the circuit p.f. and power dissipated.

I1 R L

20 mH
75 Ω

I2 C
470 nF
I

15 V
1 kHz

A
R  75 ; L  0.02 H; C  470  109 F; V  15 V; f  1000 Hz

(a) Current I1 is opposed by the impedance Z1 of that branch, where:

Z1  R 2  X L2 ohm
and, X L  2fL ohm  2    1000  0.02
thus, X L  125.66 
and, Z1  752  125.662  146.34 
V 15
I1  amp 
Z1 146.34
so, I1  102.5 mA Ans
R 75
f11 cos1  cos1
Z1 146.34
so, f1 59.17

Current I2 is opposed only by the reactance of the capacitor, where


1 1
XC  ohm 
2fC 2    1000  470  109
X C  338.63 
V 15
I2  amp 
XC 338.63
and, I 2  44.3 mA Ans
f 290

(b) H.C.  I1 cos f 1  102.5  cos 29.17 mA


H.C.  52.53 mA
V.C.  I1 sin f 1  I 2
159
160 Supplementary Worked Examples

I2

I1 cos φ1 H.C.
V
φ
φ1

(I1 sin φ1  I2) V.C. I

I1 sin φ1
I1

where, I1 sin f1  102.5  sin 59.17°mA


and, I1 sin f1  88.02 mA
so, V.C.  88.02  44.3  43.72 mA
I  V.C.2  H.C.2  43.722  52.532
thus, I  68.34 mA Ans
Note: Since this is an a.c. parallel circuit, it is possible for the current drawn
from the supply to be less than one or more of the branch currents.
V.C. 43.72
(c) f  tan1  tan1
H.C. 52.53
f 39.77
p.f.  cos f  cos 39.77
so, p.f.  0.7686 lagging Ans
03  0.7686
P  V I cos f watt  15  68.34  10
and, P  788 mW Ans
Alternatively, P  I12R watt  (102.5  103 )2  75
so, P  788 mW Ans

Worked Example 2
Q The stator winding of an a.c. motor, which has a resistance of 20  and an inductance of 0.25 H, is
connected to a 240 V, 50 Hz supply.
(a) Calculate the current drawn from the supply, and the power factor.
(b) Two power factor correction capacitors, each of 16 µF, are then connected in parallel across the
stator winding. Calculate the current now drawn from the supply, and the power factor.

A
R  20 ; L  0.25 H; V  240 V; f  50 Hz; C1  C2  16  106 F

R L

0.25 H
20 Ω

I1

240 V
50 Hz
Supplementary Worked Examples 161

(a) X L  2fL ohm  2  50  0.25


X L  78.54 

Z  R 2  X L2 ohm  202  78.54 2


Z  81..05 
V 240
I1  amp 
Z 81.05
thus, I1  2.96 A Ans
R 20
p.f.  cos f 1  
Z 81.05
so, p.f.  0.247 lagging Ans

(b) total capacitance  C1  C2  32  106 F

I1 R L

0.25 H
2.96 A 20 Ω

I2 C

32 µF
I

240 V
50 Hz

1 1
XC  ohm 
2fC 2  50  32  106
X C  99.47 
V 240
I2  amp 
XC 99.47

so, I c  2.413 A
f1  cos1 0.247  75.71

I2

I1 cos φ1 H.C.
V
φ1 φ

(I1 sin φ1  I2)


V.C. I

I1 sin φ1 I1

H.C.  I1 cos f 1 2.96  0.247


H.C.  0.731 A
V.C.  I1 sin f 1 I 2  (2.96  0.969 )  2.413
V.C.  0.455 A
I  V.C.2  H.C.2 amp  0.4552  0.7312
th us, I  0.861 A Ans
162 Supplementary Worked Examples

V.C. 0.455
f  tan1  tan1
H.C. 0.7304
so, f 32
and, p.f.  cos f  cos 32
thus, p.f.  0.849 lagging Ans

Note: By using the power factor correction capacitors, the current drawn from
the supply has been reduced by almost 71%.