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# Supplementary Worked Examples 159

## Worked Examples, Chapter 2

Worked Example 1
Q A parallel circuit is shown below. Calculate (a) the current flowing through each branch,
(b) the current drawn from the supply, and (c) the circuit p.f. and power dissipated.

I1 R L

20 mH
75 Ω

I2 C
470 nF
I

15 V
1 kHz

A
R  75 ; L  0.02 H; C  470  109 F; V  15 V; f  1000 Hz

## (a) Current I1 is opposed by the impedance Z1 of that branch, where:

Z1  R 2  X L2 ohm
and, X L  2fL ohm  2    1000  0.02
thus, X L  125.66 
and, Z1  752  125.662  146.34 
V 15
I1  amp 
Z1 146.34
so, I1  102.5 mA Ans
R 75
f11 cos1  cos1
Z1 146.34
so, f1 59.17

## Current I2 is opposed only by the reactance of the capacitor, where

1 1
XC  ohm 
2fC 2    1000  470  109
X C  338.63 
V 15
I2  amp 
XC 338.63
and, I 2  44.3 mA Ans
f 290

## (b) H.C.  I1 cos f 1  102.5  cos 29.17 mA

H.C.  52.53 mA
V.C.  I1 sin f 1  I 2
159
160 Supplementary Worked Examples

I2

I1 cos φ1 H.C.
V
φ
φ1

I1 sin φ1
I1

## where, I1 sin f1  102.5  sin 59.17°mA

and, I1 sin f1  88.02 mA
so, V.C.  88.02  44.3  43.72 mA
I  V.C.2  H.C.2  43.722  52.532
thus, I  68.34 mA Ans
Note: Since this is an a.c. parallel circuit, it is possible for the current drawn
from the supply to be less than one or more of the branch currents.
V.C. 43.72
(c) f  tan1  tan1
H.C. 52.53
f 39.77
p.f.  cos f  cos 39.77
so, p.f.  0.7686 lagging Ans
03  0.7686
P  V I cos f watt  15  68.34  10
and, P  788 mW Ans
Alternatively, P  I12R watt  (102.5  103 )2  75
so, P  788 mW Ans

Worked Example 2
Q The stator winding of an a.c. motor, which has a resistance of 20  and an inductance of 0.25 H, is
connected to a 240 V, 50 Hz supply.
(a) Calculate the current drawn from the supply, and the power factor.
(b) Two power factor correction capacitors, each of 16 µF, are then connected in parallel across the
stator winding. Calculate the current now drawn from the supply, and the power factor.

A
R  20 ; L  0.25 H; V  240 V; f  50 Hz; C1  C2  16  106 F

R L

0.25 H
20 Ω

I1

240 V
50 Hz
Supplementary Worked Examples 161

X L  78.54 

## Z  R 2  X L2 ohm  202  78.54 2

Z  81..05 
V 240
I1  amp 
Z 81.05
thus, I1  2.96 A Ans
R 20
p.f.  cos f 1  
Z 81.05
so, p.f.  0.247 lagging Ans

## (b) total capacitance  C1  C2  32  106 F

I1 R L

0.25 H
2.96 A 20 Ω

I2 C

32 µF
I

240 V
50 Hz

1 1
XC  ohm 
2fC 2  50  32  106
X C  99.47 
V 240
I2  amp 
XC 99.47

so, I c  2.413 A
f1  cos1 0.247  75.71

I2

I1 cos φ1 H.C.
V
φ1 φ

V.C. I

I1 sin φ1 I1

## H.C.  I1 cos f 1 2.96  0.247

H.C.  0.731 A
V.C.  I1 sin f 1 I 2  (2.96  0.969 )  2.413
V.C.  0.455 A
I  V.C.2  H.C.2 amp  0.4552  0.7312
th us, I  0.861 A Ans
162 Supplementary Worked Examples

V.C. 0.455
f  tan1  tan1
H.C. 0.7304
so, f 32
and, p.f.  cos f  cos 32
thus, p.f.  0.849 lagging Ans

Note: By using the power factor correction capacitors, the current drawn from
the supply has been reduced by almost 71%.