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Isolated Footing Design(ACI 318-11)

Footing No. Group ID Foundation Geometry


- - Length Width Thickness
1 1 2.550m 2.550m 0.300m

Footing No. Footing Reinforcement Pedestal Reinforcement


- Bottom Reinforcement(Mz) Bottom Reinforcement(Mx) Top Reinforcement(Mz) Top Reinforcement(Mx) Main Steel Trans Steel
1 18 - ϕ10 18 - ϕ10 9 - ϕ6 9 - ϕ6 72 - #16 #6 @ 40 mm

Isolated Footing 1

Input Values

Footing Geomtery

Design Type : Calculate Dimension


Footing Thickness (Ft) : 300.000mm
Footing Length - X (Fl) : 2200.000mm
Footing Width - Z (Fw) : 2200.000mm
Eccentricity along X (Oxd) : 0.000mm
Eccentricity along Z (Ozd) : 0.000mm

Pedestal

Include Pedestal? Yes


Pedestal Shape : Rectangular
Pedestal Height (Ph) : 1200.000mm
Pedestal Length - X (Pl) : 1700.000mm
Pedestal Width - Z (Pw) : 1700.000mm

Design Parameters

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Concrete and Rebar Properties

Unit Weight of Concrete : 25.000kN/m3


Strength of Concrete : 28.000N/mm2
Yield Strength of Steel : 415.000N/mm2
Minimum Bar Size : #10
Maximum Bar Size : #22
Pedestal Minimum Bar Size : #12
Pedestal Maximum Bar Size : #22
Minimum Bar Spacing : 50.000mm
Maximum Bar Spacing : 300.000mm
Pedestal Clear Cover (P, CL) : 75.000mm
Bottom Footing Clear Cover (F, CL) : 75.000mm

Soil Properties

Soil Type : Cohesive Soil


Unit Weight : 24.000kN/m3
Soil Bearing Capacity : 1000.000kN/m2
Soil Bearing Capacity Type: Net Bearing Capacity
Soil Surcharge : 0.000ksi
Depth of Soil above Footing : 1500.000mm
Cohesion : 500.000kg/m2
Bearing Capacity Input Method: Fixed Bearing Capacity

Sliding and Overturning

Coefficient of Friction : 0.700


Factor of Safety Against Sliding : 1.500
Factor of Safety Against Overturning : 1.500

Global Settings

Top Reinforcement Option : Always calculate based on self weight


Concrete Design Option : Gross Pressure
Top Reinforcement Factor : 1.000

------------------------------------------------------

Design Calculations

Footing Size

Initial Length (Lo) = 2.200m


Initial Width (Wo) = 2.200m

Load Combinations

Load Combination/s- Service Stress Level


Load Load Soil Self
Combination Load Combination Title Combination Bearing Weight
Number Factor Factor Factor
101 1.000 x DL+1.000 x LL+1.000 x ELZ 1.00 1.00 1.00

Load Combination/s- Strength Level


Load Load Soil Self
Combination Load Combination Title Combination Bearing Weight
Number Factor Factor Factor
102 1.200 x DL+1.100 x LL+1.000 x ELZ 1.00 1.00 1.00

Applied Loads

Applied Loads - Service Stress Level


Axial Shear X Shear Z Moment X Moment Z
LC
(kN) (kN) (kN) (kNm) (kNm)

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Applied Loads - Service Stress Level


Axial Shear X Shear Z Moment X Moment Z
LC
(kN) (kN) (kN) (kNm) (kNm)
101 81.400 7.000 -7.200 17.000 251.600

Applied Loads - Strength Level


Axial Shear X Shear Z Moment X Moment Z
LC
(kN) (kN) (kN) (kNm) (kNm)
102 98.900 7.700 -5.540 22.400 263.020

Reduction of force due to buoyancy = 58.049kN


Effect due to adhesion = 0.000kN
Area from initial length and width, Ao =Lo X Wo = 4.840m2
Min. area required from bearing pressure, Amin =P / qmax = 0.736m2

Note: Amin is an initial estimation.


P = Critical Factored Axial Load(without self weight/buoyancy/soil).
qmax = Respective Factored Bearing Capacity.

Final Footing Size

Length (L2) = 2.550 m Governing Load Case : # 101


Width (W2) = 2.550 m Governing Load Case : # 101
Depth (D2) = 0.300 m Governing Load Case : # 102
Depth is governed by Ultimate Load Case
(Service check is performed with footing thickness requirements from concrete check)

Area (A2) = 6.502 m2


Final Pedestal Height = 1.200 m
Final Soil Height = 1.500 m
Footing Self Weight = 135.464 kN
Gross Soil Bearing Capacity = 1043.20 kN/m2
Soil Weight On Top Of Footing = 130.045 kN

Pressures at 4 Corners

Please note that pressures values displayed in tables below are calculated after dividing by soil bearing factor

Pressure at Pressure at Pressure at Pressure at


Area of footing
corner 1 corner 2 corner 3 corner 4
Load Case in uplift (Au)
(q1) (q2) (q3) (q4) 2
(kN/m2) (kN/m2) (kN/m2) (kN/m2) (m )

101 128.8752 -45.6131 -41.1259 133.3624 3.121

101 128.8752 -45.6131 -41.1259 133.3624 3.121

101 128.8752 -45.6131 -41.1259 133.3624 3.121

101 128.8752 -45.6131 -41.1259 133.3624 3.121

If Au is zero, there is no uplift and no pressure adjustment is necessary. Otherwise, to account for uplift, areas of negative pressure will be set to zero and the pressure
will be redistributed to remaining corners.

Summary of Adjusted Pressures at 4 corners Four Corners

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Pressure at Pressure at Pressure at Pressure at


corner 1 (q1) corner 2 (q2) corner 3 (q3) corner 4 (q4)
Load Case (kN/m2) (kN/m2) (kN/m2) (kN/m2)

101 166.7101 0.0000 0.0000 175.4073

101 166.7101 0.0000 0.0000 175.4073

101 166.7101 0.0000 0.0000 175.4073

101 166.7101 0.0000 0.0000 175.4073

Stability Check

Factor of safety against Factor of safety against


-
sliding overturning

Load
Along X- Along Z- Required About X- About Z- Required
Case Resultant
Direction Direction FOS Direction Direction FOS
No.

101 28.529 27.737 28.125 1.000 69.363 1.784 1.000

Critical Load Case And The Governing Factor Of Safety For Overturning And Sliding - X Direction

Critical Load Case for Sliding along X-Direction : 101


Governing Disturbing Force : 7.000kN
Governing Restoring Force : 199.706kN
Minimum Sliding Ratio for the Critical Load Case : 28.529
Critical Load Case for Overturning about X-Direction : 101
Governing Overturning Moment : 6.200kNm
Governing Resisting Moment : 430.066kNm
Minimum Overturning Ratio for the Critical Load Case : 69.363

Critical Load Case And The Governing Factor Of Safety For Overturning And Sliding - Z Direction

Critical Load Case for Sliding along Z-Direction : 101


Governing Disturbing Force : -7.200kN
Governing Restoring Force : 199.706kN
Minimum Sliding Ratio for the Critical Load Case : 27.737
Critical Load Case for Overturning about Z-Direction : 101
Governing Overturning Moment : 241.100kNm
Governing Resisting Moment : 430.066kNm
Minimum Overturning Ratio for the Critical Load Case : 1.784
Critical Load Case And The Governing Factor Of Safety For Sliding Along Resultant Direction
Critical Load Case for Sliding along Resultant Direction : 101
Governing Disturbing Force : 10.042kN
Governing Restoring Force : 282.427kN
Minimum Sliding Ratio for the Critical Load Case : 28.125

Compression Development Length Check


Development length skipped as column reinforcement is not specified in input (Column Dimnesion Task Pane)

Shear Calculation

Punching Shear Check

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Total Footing Depth, D = 0.300m


Calculated Effective Depth, deff = D - Ccover - 0.5 * db = 0.220m

For rectangular column, = Bcol / Dcol = 1.000

Effective depth, deff, increased until 0.75XVc Punching Shear Force

Punching Shear Force, Vu = 249.706kN, Load Case # 102

From ACI Cl.11.11.2, bo for column= 7.680m

Equation 11-31, Vc1 = 4454.242kN

Equation 11-32, Vc2 = 2335.384kN

Equation 11-33, Vc3 = 2969.494kN

Punching shear strength, Vc = 0.75 X minimum of (Vc1, Vc2, Vc3) = 1751.538kN


0.75 X Vc > Vu hence, OK

One-Way Shear Check

One-Way Shear Along X

(Shear Plane Parallel to Global X Axis)

From ACI Cl.11.2.1.1, Vc = 492.982kN

Distance along X to design for shear, Dx


0.205m
=

Check that 0.75 X Vc > Vux where Vux is the shear force for the critical load cases at a distance deff from the face of the column caused by bending about the X axis.

From above calculations, 0.75 X Vc = 369.737 kN

Critical load case for Vux is # 102 25.352 kN

0.75 X Vc > Vux hence, OK

One-Way Shear Along Z

(Shear Plane Parallel to Global Z Axis)

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From ACI Cl.11.2.1.1, Vc =

492.982 kN

Distance along X to design for shear, Dz = 0.205 m

Check that 0.75 X Vc > Vuz where Vuz is the shear force for the critical load cases at a distance deff from the face of the column caused by bending about the Z axis.

From above calculations, 0.75 X Vc = 369.737 kN

Critical load case for Vuz is # 102 68.087 kN

0.75 X Vc > Vuz hence, OK

Flexure About Z-Axis

Design For Bottom Reinforcement Parallel to X Axis

Calculate the flexural reinforcement along the X direction of the footing. Find the area of steel required, A, as per Section 3.8 of Reinforced Concrete Design (5th ed.) by
Salmon and Wang (Ref. 1)

Critical Load Case # 102

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff = 0.220 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.847

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02871

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02153

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00178

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 17.437

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about Z axis is


performed at the face of the column 0.425 m
at a distance, Dx =

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Ultimate moment, 29.349 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 32.610 kNm

(Based on effective depth) Required


0.00064
=

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00047

Since ρ= ρmin ρmin Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 1361.912 mm2

Selected bar Size = #10


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = = 50.000mm
Selected spacing (S) = 140.588mm
Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...
The reinforcement is accepted.
According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4 1st
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 192.293mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#10 @ 140mm o.c.

Required development length for bars = =0.378 m

Available development length for bars, DL


0.350 m
=
Try bar size # 10 Area of one bar = 78.542 mm2

Number of bars required, Nbar = 18

Because the number of bars is rounded up, make sure new reinforcement ratio < ρmax

Total reinforcement area, As_total = Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 1413.752 mm2
deff = D - Ccover - 0.5 X (dia. of one bar) = 0.220 m

Reinforcement ratio, = 0.00252

From ACI Cl.7.6.1, minimum req'd clear distance between bars


Cd = max (Diameter of one bar, 1.0" (25.4mm), Min. User Spacing) = 50.000mm
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.038

Check to see if width is sufficient to accomodate bars

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to X Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

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Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mz. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff = 0.222 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.847

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02871

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02153

From ACI Cl.7.12.2, = 0.00000

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 17.437

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about Z axis is


performed at the face of the 0.425 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 10.017 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 11.130 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.000214
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.000158

Since ρmin< ρ < ρmax OK

Area of Steel Required, As = 121.040 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 254.468 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 2.102

Selected bar Size = #6


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm
Selected spacing (S) = 300.000mm
Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...
The reinforcement is accepted.
According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4 2nd
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 192.293mm

Warning:Calculated spacing is more than maximum spacing cosidering cracking condition. Modify spacing manually if
cracking consideration is necessary.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#6 @ 300mm o.c.

Flexure About X-Axis

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Design For Bottom Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Calculate the flexural reinforcement along the Z direction of the footing. Find the area of steel required, A, as per Section 3.8 of Reinforced Concrete Design (5th ed.) by
Salmon and Wang (Ref. 1)

Critical Load Case # 102

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff = 0.210 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.847

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02871

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02153

From ACI Cl.7.12.2, = 0.00179

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 17.437

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the column 2.125 m
at a distance, Dz =

Ultimate moment, 46.245 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 51.383 kNm

(Based on effective depth) Required


0.00111
=

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00078

Since ρ= ρmin ρmin Governs

Area of Steel Required, As = 1370.773 mm2

Selected Bar Size = #10


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm
Selected spacing (S) = 140.588mm
Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...
The reinforcement is accepted.
According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4 3rd
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 192.293mm

Safe for Cracking Aspect.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#10 @ 140mm o.c.

Required development length for bars = =0.378 m

Available development length for bars, DL


0.350 m
=
Try bar size # 10 Area of one bar = 78.542 mm2

Number of bars required, Nbar = 18

Because the number of bars is rounded up, make sure new reinforcement ratio < ρmax

Total reinforcement area, As_total = Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 1413.752 mm2
deff = D - Ccover - 1.5 X (dia. of one bar) = 0.210 m

Reinforcement ratio, = 0.00264

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From ACI Cl.7.6.1, minimum req'd clear distance between bars


Cd = max (Diameter of one bar, 1.0" (25.4mm), Min. User Spacing) = 50.000mm
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 1.031

Check to see if width is sufficient to accomodate bars

Bending moment for uplift cases will be calculated based solely on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge loading.

As the footing size has already been determined based on all servicebility load cases, and design moment calculation is based on selfweight, soil depth and surcharge
only, top reinforcement value for all pure uplift load cases will be the same.

Design For Top Reinforcement Parallel to Z Axis

Top reinforcement is calculated based on self weight of footing and soil

Calculate the flexural reinforcement for Mx. Find the area of steel required

The strength values of steel and concrete used in the formulae are in ksi

Bars parallel to X Direction are placed at bottom


Effective Depth deff = 0.216 m

Factor from ACI Cl.10.2.7.3 = 0.847

From ACI Cl. 10.3.2, = 0.02871

From ACI Cl. 10.3.3, = 0.02153

From ACI Cl. 7.12.2, = 0.00000

From Ref. 1, Eq. 3.8.4a, constant m = 17.437

Calculate reinforcement ratio for critical load case

Design for flexure about X axis is


performed at the face of the 0.425 m
column at a distance, Dx =

Ultimate moment, 10.017 kNm

Nominal moment capacity, Mn = 11.130 kNm

(Based on effective depth)


0.00023
Required =

(Based on gross depth) x deff / Depth = 0.00016


Since ρmin < ρ < ρmax OK

Area of Steel Required, As = 124.415 mm2

Total reinforcement area, As_total


= Nbar X (Area of one bar) = 254.468 mm2
Provided Steel Area / Required Steel Area = 2.045

Selected bar Size = #6


Minimum spacing allowed (Smin) = 50.000mm

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Selected spacing (S) = 300.000mm


Smin<= S <= Smax and selected bar size < selected maximum bar size...
The reinforcement is accepted.
According to ACI 318 Clause No- 10.6.4 4th
Max spacing for Cracking Consideration = 192.293mm

Warning:Calculated spacing is more than maximum spacing cosidering cracking condition. Modify spacing manually if
cracking consideration is necessary.

Based on spacing reinforcement increment; provided reinforcement is

#6 @ 300mm o.c.

Pedestal Design

Pedestal Reinforcement Arrangement : 4 Faces

Calculation Of Shear Capacity

Design Passed in Shear

Critical Load Case For Shear Along X = 102


Critical Load Case For Shear Along Z = 102
Shear along X = 7.700kN
Shear along Z = -5.540kN
(ϕ = 0.75, ref ACI 318 Clause No 9.3.2.3)

Shear Capacities

ϕVcX = 1809.468kN

(ϕVcX ref eqn ACI 318-11 Eqn 11.4 and Clause no 11.2.1.2)

ϕVsX = 708.100kN

(ϕVsX ref eqn ACI 318-11 Eqn 11.15 and Clause No 11.4.7.2)

ϕVcZ = 1809.468kN

(ϕVcZ ref eqn ACI 318-11 Eqn 11.4 Clause no 11.2.1.2)

ϕVsZ = 708.100kN

(ϕVsZ ref eqn ACI 318-11 Eqn 11.15 and Clause No 11.4.7.2)

Tie bar for shear X = 6


Tie bar for shear Z = 0
Tie bar provided = 6
Legs for resisting FX = 2
Legs for resisting FZ = 2
(Spacing Calculation ref Clause no 11.4.5.1 and 11.4.6.3 and Eqn 11.13)
Tie spacing required to resist FX = 0.040m
Tie spacing required to resist FZ = 0.040m
Spacing provided = 0.040m

Note- Actual stirrup provided is dependent upon design requirement and bar binding and positioning. So Stirrup provided in detail drawing may vary from designed stirrup
requirements.

Critical Load Case Based on


102
Main Reinforcement Design :

Check for Pedestal Strength Against Axial Load

Factored Axial Load acting on Pedestal = -152.154kN

Gross Section Area = 2890000.189sq.mm


Required Area of steel to resist Axial Force = 0.000sq.mm
Provided Steel Area = 14476.615sq.mm
Hence Safe

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Strength and Moment Along Reinforcement in X direction

Factored Moment =
Factored Axial Load = -152.154
Bar size = 16 mm
Number of Bars = 72
Required Steel Area = 14450.0009sq.mm
Provided Steel Area = 14476.6153sq.mm

Balanced Neutral Axis Depth= = 0.9558m

Actual Neutral Axis Depth (Xb)= = 0.1181m

Strength and Moment from Concrete

Cc = 4047.146kN

Mc = 3237.600kNm

Calculate strength and moment from one bar.

Distance between extreme fiber and bar (db) = 0.089m

Strain in bar, = 0.0007

Maximum Strain, = 0.0021

as

147819.754kN/m2
=

0.0019

as

15.355kN/m2

Tension Resisted by Bars = 24.936kN

Moment Resisted by Bars = 18.976kNm

Total Bar Capacity,Cs= (Bar Stress-Concrete Stress)X Bar Area = -3894.992kN


Capacity of Column = Capacity of
152.154kN
effective concrete+ Capacity of steel = Cc + Cs=
Total Moment Capacity provided by (Individual Bar Capacity X Moment Arm) = 1603.280kNm
bars,Ms =
Total Moment, Mox = Mc + Ms = 4840.880kNm

Strength and Moment Along Reinforcement in Z direction

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Factored Moment =
Factored Axial Load = -152.154
Bar size = 16 mm
Number of Bars = 72
Required Steel Area = 14450.0009sq.mm
Provided Steel Area = 14476.6153sq.mm

Balanced Neutral Axis Depth= = 0.9558m

Actual Neutral Axis Depth (Xb)= = 0.1181m

Strength and Moment from Concrete

Cc = 4047.146kN

Mc = 3237.600kNm

Calculate strength and moment from one bar.

Distance between extreme fiber and bar, db = 0.089m

Strain in bar, = 0.0007

Maximum Strain, = = 0.0021

as

147819.754kN/m2
=

0.0019

as

15.355kN/m2
=

Tension Resisted by Bars, 24.936kN

Moment Resisted by Bars, 18.976kNm

Total Bar Capacity, Cs = (Bar Stress-Concrete Stress)X Bar -3894.992kN


Area =
Capacity of Column =
Capacity of effective
152.154kN
concrete+ capacity of steel
= Cc + Cs =
Total Moment capacity (Individual Bar Capacity X Moment 1603.280kNm
provided by Bars,Ms = Arm) =
Total Moment, Moz= Mc + Ms = 4840.880kNm

Check for bi-axial bending, 0.023

Design Moment Mnx = 24.234kNm


Design Moment Mnz = 390.431kNm
Total Moment Mox = 4840.880kNm

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Total Moment Moz = 4840.880kNm


if Mnx or Mnz = 0, then α = 1.0
otherwise, α = 1.5

Print Calculation Sheet

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