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1.

CALCUL PANA CURENTA DE ACOPERIS

1.1 Calculul incarcarilor

SLS SLU
Valoare
Incarcare Tip Coef. Val. Coef.
[kN/m2]
1.G. P. invelitoare G 0.15 1.00 0.15 1.35
2.G. P. pane+contrav G 0.20 1.00 0.20 1.35
3.Spatiu tehnic G 0.30 1.00 0.30 1.35
4.Praf industrial G 0.50 1.00 0.50 1.35
5.Zapada Z 1.40 1.00 1.40 1.50
pSLS = 2.55 pSLU =
kN/m2

Evaluarea incarcarilor din zapada D= 30.00


t= 11.00
a= 2.50

S0.K = 1.50
gi = 0.15
Intensitatea normata a incarcarii data de zapada
sk = μi · ct · ce · S0.K
α= 5.00
ct = 1.00 tan α = 0.08
ce = 1.00 cos α = 1.00
sin α = 0.08
0° ≤ α ≤30°
μ1 = 0.80 sk1 = 1.20 kN / m2
μ2 = 0.8 + 0.8 ·α/30 μ2 = 0.93 sk2 = 1.40 kN / m2
Calculul eforturilor sectionale

qSLS = pSLS a =
qSLS = 7.92 kN/m
qSLSz = qSLS · cos α =
qSLSz = 7.91 kN / m

qSLU = pSLU a =
qSLU = 11.28 kN/m
q SLU
z
=q SLU
/ cos α =
qSLUz = 11.26 kN/m
MS1 Ed = β · qzSLU · t2 = β=
M S1
Ed
= 62.81 kN m
MS2 Ed = β · qzSLU · t2 = β=
M S2
Ed
= 107.50 kN m
MS3 Ed = β · qzSLU · t2 = β=
M S3
Ed
= 143.47 kN m

VS2 Ed = α · qzSLU · t = α=
V S2
Ed
= 61.93 kN
VS3,st Ed = α · qzSLU · t = α=
V S3,st
Ed
= 77.41 kN
VS3,dr
Ed
=α·q z
SLU
·t= α=
VS3,dr
Ed
= 65.15 kN

Dimensionarea inimii panei (constanta pe toata lungimea panei):

MS1Ed(2·0.7t + 5·0.8t) + MS2Ed(2·0.25t + 4·0.2t + 2·0.85t +2·1.5m) + M S3Ed(2·0.3t)


M* =
9·t + 1.5m · 2
8547.69
M* = = 83.80 kN m
102.00
M* = 83.80 kN m

DIMENSIONARE: fy = 235.00
γM0 = 1.00
ε=√fy /235 ε= 1.00
E= 210000.00

W*nec = M* γM0 / fy = 356599.61 mm3


W*nec = 356.60 · 103 mm3
Propunem tinima: tw = 4.00 mm
hoptim w = 1.15 √(W*nec / tw)
hoptim w = 343.37 mm
hw= 350.00 mm
Verificare supletii inimii:
70 ≤ hw / tw ≤ 100
hw / tw = 87.50
hw / tw ≤ 124 ε ok

Aria sectiunii inimii:


Aw = t w hw Aw = 1400.00 mm2

DIMENSIONAREA TALPII DIN SECŢIUNEA S1:

WS1nec = MS1Ed · γM0 / fy = 267274.07 mm3


WS1nec = 267.27 · 103 mm3

Propunem ttalpa:
tf =(1.2...2.2) tw tfS1 = 7.00 mm
Atalpa nec = WS1nec / hw - hw tw /6
Atalpa nec = 530.31 mm2
bf,nec = Atalpa nec / tfS1
bf,nec = 75.76 mm
b =
f
S1
80.00 mm constructiv

Verificare supletii talpii:


(bf - tw /2)/tf = 5.43
(bf - tw /2)/tf ≤ 14 ε ok

Moment de inertie in raport cu axa y-y:


Iy-y = Σ Iy-y,i +ΣAi zi IS1y-y = 49.98 · 106 mm4

DIMNENSIONAREA TĂLPII DIN SECŢIUNE S2:

WS2nec = MS2Ed · γM0 / fy = 457438.70 mm3


WS2nec = 457.44 · 103 mm3

Propunem ttalpa:
tf,2 = tf,1 tfS2 = 8.00 mm

Atalpa nec = WS2nec/hw - hw tw/6


Atalpa nec = 1073.63 mm2
bf,nec = Atalpa nec / tfS2
bf,nec = 134.20 mm
b =
f
S2
150.00 mm

Verificare supletii talpii:


(bf - tw /2)/tf = 9.13
(bf - tw /2)/tf ≤ 14 ε ok
Moment de inertie in raport cu axa y-y:
Iy-y = Σ Iy-y,i +ΣAi zi IS2y-y = 91.20 · 106 mm4

DIMENSIONAREA TALPII DIN SECŢIUNEA S3:

WS3nec = MS3Ed · γM0 / fy = 610498.03 mm3


WS3nec = 610.50 · 103 mm3

Propunem ttalpa:
tf =(1.2...2.2) tw tfS3 = 8.00 mm
Atalpa nec = WS3nec / hw - hw tw /6
Atalpa nec = 1510.95 mm2
bf,nec = Atalpa nec / tfS3
bf,nec = 188.87 mm
bfS3 = 200.00 mm

Verificare supletii talpii:


(bf - tw /2)/tf = 12.25
(bf - tw /2)/tf ≤ 14 ε ok

Moment de inertie in raport cu axa y-y:


Iy-y = Σ Iy-y,i +ΣAi zi IS3y-y = 116.84 · 106 mm4

VERIFICARI DE REZISTENTA
A. VERIFICAREA SECTIUNII S3
M = MS3Ed = 143.47 kN m
V = VS3Ed = 77.41 kN

A.1: Verificarea la moment maxim:


MS3 Ed /MS3c,Rd ≤ 1 fy = 235.00
M S3
c,Rd
=W S3
el,y,min
fy / γM0 γM0 = 1.00

zmax = hw / 2 + tfS3 = 183.00 mm


W S3
el,y,min
=I S3
y-y
/ zmax = 638469.58 mm3
WS3el,y,min = 638.47 · 103 mm3

MS3c,Rd = 150.04 kN m

MS3 Ed /MS3c,Rd = 0.96 ≤1 se verifica

A.2: Verificarea la forta taietoare (verificarea la tensiune tangentiala maxima):


τEd /[fy/ (√3 γM0)] ≤ 1
τEd = VS3Ed S /IS3y-y
τEd ≈ VEd/Aw = τEd = 55.29 N/mm2

τEd /[fy/ (√3 γM0)]= 0.41 ≤1 se verifica


A.3: Verificarea in punctul critic al sectiunii transversale (legatura dintre inima si talpa):

[σEd /(fy / γM0 )]2 + 3[τEd /(fy / γM0 )]2 ≤ 1 fy = 235.00


σEd = M S3
Ed
z* / I S3
y-y
= 214.88 N/mm 2 γM0 = 1.00
z* = hw /2 = 175.00 mm

τEd = (VS3Ed S) / (IS3y-y tw)


τEd = 47.44 N/mm2

S = (bfS3 tfS3) (hw/2 + tfS3/2)=


S= 286400.00 mm3
S= 286.40 · 103 mm3

S – este momentul static al sectiunii situate deasupra punctului considerat


[σEd /(fy / γM0 )]2 + 3[τEd /(fy / γM0 )]2 = 0.96 ≤1 se verifica

B. VERIFICAREA SECTIUNII S1
M =MS1Ed = 62.81 kN m fy = 235.00
V= 0.00 kN γM0 = 1.00

MS1 Ed /MS1c,Rd ≤ 1
MS1c,Rd = WS1el,y,min fy / γM0

zmax = hw / 2 + tfS1 = 182.00 mm


WS1el,y,min = IS1y-y / zmax = 274626.15 mm3
WS1el,y,min = 274.63 *103 mm3

MS1c,Rd = 64.54 kN m

MS1 Ed /MS1c,Rd = 0.97 ≤1 se verifica

C. VERIFICAREA SECTIUNII S2
M =MS2Ed = 107.50 kN m fy = 235.00
V=V S2
Ed
= 61.93 kN γM0 = 1.00

C.1: Verificarea la moment maxim:


MS2 Ed /MS2c,Rd ≤ 1
MS2c,Rd = WS2el,y,min fy / γM0
zmax = hw / 2 + tfS2 = 183.00 mm
WS2el,y,min = IS2y-y / zmax = 498376.32 mm3
WS2el,y,min = 498.38 *103 mm3

MS2c,Rd = 117.12 kN m

MS2 Ed /MS2c,Rd = 0.92 ≤1 se verifica


C.2: Verificarea la forta taietoare (verificarea la tensiune tangentiala maxima):

τEd /[fy/ (√3 γM0)] ≤ 1


τEd = VS2Ed S /IS2y-y
τEd ≈ VEd/Aw = τEd = 44.24 N/mm2

τEd /[fy/ (√3 γM0)]= 0.33 ≤1 se verifica

C.3: Verificarea in punctul critic al sectiunii transversale (legatura dintre inima si talpa):

[σEd /(fy / γM0 )]2 + 3[τEd /(fy / γM0 )]2 ≤ 1 fy = 235.00


σEd = M S2
Ed
z* / I S2
y-y
= 206.27 N/mm 2 γM0 = 1.00
z* = hw /2 = 175.00 mm

τEd = (VS2Ed S) / (IS2y-y tw)


τEd = 36.46 N/mm2

S = (bfS2 tfS2) (hw/2 + tfS2/2)=


S= 214800.00 mm3
S= 214.80 · 103 mm3

S – este momentul static al sectiunii situate deasupra punctului considerat


[σEd /(fy / γM0 )]2 + 3[τEd /(fy / γM0 )]2 = 0.84 ≤1 se verifica

VERIFICAREA DE DEFORMABILITATE

qSLSz = 7.91
E= 210000.00
t= 11.00

fmax < f adm


fadm = D / 200
fadm = 55.00
fI = f1-f2
fI = 38.94
fI < f adm se verifica

fIII = f3-f4
fIII = 34.85
fIII < f adm se verifica
Deformata maxima a grinzii se poate calcula prin metoda suprapunerii efectelor:
f1 = 5 /384 qSLSZ · t4 / (E IS2 y-y)
f1 = 78.73 mm

f2 = 1 /16 M10n · t2 / (E IS2 y-y)


f2 = 39.79 mm

M10nEd = 0.1053 · qSLSz · t2


M10nEd = 100.78 kN m

f3 = 5 /384 qSLSZ · t4 / (E IS1 y-y)


f3 = 143.67 mm

f4 = 1 /16 · 2 · M20n · t2 / (E IS1 y-y)


f4 = 108.82 mm

M20nEd = 0.0.789 · qSLSz · t2


M20nEd = 75.52 kN m

DIMENSIONAREA IMBINARILOR TRONSOANELOR DE PANA


fy = 235.00
Sectiunea : S3 γM0 = 1.00
Dimensionarea ecliselor :

bsup = bfS3 - 2 · 10 mm bsup = 180.00 mm


binf = bf + 2 · 10 mm
S3 binf = 220.00 mm

NEd = Med / hpana MS3 Ed = 143.47


N S3
Ed
= 391.99 kN hpana = 366.00
509.58
NRd = b · t · fy / γM0 tsup = NEdsup /( bsup · fy / γM0 )
tinf = NEdinf /( binf · fy / γM0 )

tsup ≥ 9.27 mm tsup = 10.00


aleg:
tinf ≥ 7.58 mm tinf = 8.00
Dimensionarea prinderii ecliselor de talpi:

a1sup ≤ 0.7 · tsup


a1sup ≤ 5.60 aleg: a1sup = 5.50
a 1
sup
≤ 0.7 · tf S3

a2inf ≤ 0.7 · tinf


a2inf ≤ 5.60 aleg: a2inf = 5.50
a2inf ≤ 0.7 · tfS3

NRd = b · t · fy / γM0 NRdsup = 423.00 kN


NRd =
inf
413.60 kN

Se calculeaza lungimea cordonului de sudura ls ( multiplu de 10mm) :


ns = numarul cordoanelor de sudura
lsc = lungimea unui cordon de sudura
FW,Rd = forta capabila a sudurii, pe unitatea de lungime;

NEd /(FW,Rd ns ls) ≤ 1 γM2 =


l ≥ Nimb / (Fw,Rd · ns)
c
s
βw =

Fw,Rd = a fy / (√3 βw γM2 )


Fsupw,Rd = 746.23 N/mm
F inf
w,Rd
= 746.23 N/mm

Nimb=min(1,3 NEd ; NRd) Nimbsup= 423.00 kN


Nimb =
inf
413.60 kN

Eclisa superioara: ns = 2.00

lcs ≥ 283.43 mm
ls ≥ l + 2 a
c
s

ls ≥ mm 294.43
Din conditii constructive ls ≥bf , unde bf este grosimea talpii panei → se alege:
S2 S2

lsups = 300.00
15 a ≤ ls ≤ 60 a 82.50 ≤ ls ≤ 330.00 ok
Eclisa inferioara: ns = 2.00

lcs ≥ 277.13 mm
ls ≥ l + 2 a
c
s

ls ≥ 288.13 mm
Din conditii constructive ls ≥bf , unde bf este grosimea talpii panei → se alege:
S1 S1

linfs = 290.00
15 a ≤ ls ≤ 60 a 82.50 ≤ ls ≤ 330.00 ok
Sectiunea : S2 fy = 235.00
Dimensionarea ecliselor : γM0 = 1.00

bsup = bfS2 - 2 · 10 mm bsup = 130.00 mm


binf = bfS2 + 2 · 10 mm binf = 170.00 mm

NEd = Med / hpana MS3 Ed = 107.50


N S2
Ed
= 293.71 kN hpana = 366.00
381.82
NRd = b · t · fy / γM0 tsup = NEd sup
/( bsup · fy / γM0 )
tinf = NEdinf /( binf · fy / γM0 )

tsup ≥ 9.61 mm tsup = 10.00


aleg:
tinf ≥ 7.35 mm tinf = 8.00

Dimensionarea prinderii ecliselor de talpi:

a1sup ≤ 0.7 · tsup


a1sup ≤ 5.60 aleg: a1sup = 5.50
a 1
sup
≤ 0.7 · tf S3

a2inf ≤ 0.7 · tinf


a2inf ≤ 5.60 aleg: a2inf = 5.50
a 2
inf
≤ 0.7 · tf S3

NRd = b · t · fy / γM0 NRdsup = 305.50 kN


NRdinf = 319.60 kN

Se calculeaza lungimea cordonului de sudura ls ( multiplu de 10mm) :


ns = numarul cordoanelor de sudura
lsc = lungimea unui cordon de sudura
FW,Rd = forta capabila a sudurii, pe unitatea de lungime;

NEd /(FW,Rd ns ls) ≤ 1 γM2 =


l ≥ Nimb / (Fw,Rd · ns)
c
s
βw =

Fw,Rd = a fy / (√3 βw γM2 )


Fsupw,Rd = 746.23 N/mm
F inf
w,Rd
= 746.23 N/mm
lcs ≥ Nimb / (Fw,Rd · ns)
Nimb=min(1,3 NEd ; NRd) Nimbsup= 305.50 kN
Nimb =
inf
319.60 kN
Eclisa superioara: ns = 2.00

lcs ≥ 204.70 mm
ls ≥ l + 2 a
c
s

ls ≥ 215.70 mm
Din conditii constructive ls ≥bf , unde bf este grosimea talpii panei → se alege:
S2 S2

lsups = 220.00
15 a ≤ ls ≤ 60 a 82.50 ≤ ls ≤ 330.00 ok
Eclisa inferioara: ns = 2.00

lcs ≥ 214.14 mm
ls ≥ l + 2 a
c
s

ls ≥ 225.14 mm
Din conditii constructive ls ≥bf , unde bf este grosimea talpii panei → se alege:
S1 S1

linfs = 230.00
15 a ≤ ls ≤ 60 a 82.50 ≤ ls ≤ 330.00 ok

0.0017
SLU

Val.

0.20
0.27
0.41
0.68
2.10
3.65
kN/m2

m
m
m

kN / m2
kN / m2

G.Z.
pana
0.0461

0.0789

0.1053

0.5000

0.6250

0.5260

) + M S3Ed(2·0.3t)
N/mm2

N/mm2
N/mm2
N/mm2

N/mm2

N/mm2
N/mm2

kN / m
N/mm2
m

mm
mm

mm
N/mm2

kN m
mm

mm
mm
mm

mm

1.25
0.80

mm
mm
N/mm2

kN m
mm

mm
mm

mm

mm

1.25
0.80
mm
mm
2.CALCUL FERMA CURENTA

2.1 Calculul incarcarilor

SLS SLU
Valoare
Incarcare Tip Coef. Val. Coef.
[kN/m2]
1.G. P. invelitoare G 0.47 1.00 0.47 1.35
2.G. P. pane+contrav G 0.15 1.00 0.15 1.35
3.G. P. G.Z G 0.20 1.00 0.20 1.35
4.Spatiu tehnic G 0.20 1.00 0.20 1.35
5.Praf industrial G 0.25 1.00 0.25 1.35
6.Zapada Z 2.00 1.00 2.00 1.50
pSLS = 3.27 pSLU =
GP 1.27 kN/m2

PSLS = (pSLS · a · t) · 1.15 = fy = 235.00


PSLS = 103.41 kN γM1 = 1.00
γM0 = 1.00
P SLU
= (p SLU
· a · t) · 1.15= E= 210000.00
P SLU
= 149.10 kN fu= 360.00
Dimensionari si verificari la SLU

Talpa superioara
NEd = 1025.00 kN

Nb.Rd = χ A2L fy / γ M1
NEd / Nb.Rd ≤ 1

Propun :
L 160x160x15
A 1L= 3500.00 mm2
A 2L= 7000.00 mm2

Multiplicatorul lungimii de flambaj: fy = 235.00


fL_y = 1.00 γM1 = 1.00
fL_z = 1.00 E= 210000.00

Lungimea de flambaj: Lbara= 2507.99 mm


lb,y = fL_y · Lbara= 1.0 · 2257 = 2507.99 mm
lb,z = fL_z · Lbara = 1.0 · 2257 = 2507.99 mm
b= 140.00
Raze de giratie: t= 13.00
iy = iy1 iy1 = iz1= 42.70
iy = 42.70 mm e= 39.20
tg = 14.00
iz = ·√i2z1 + (tg/2 + e)2
iz = 62.91 mm

Se calculeaza zveltetile relative:


λy = lb,y / iy λy = 58.74 mm
λz = lb,z / iz λz = 39.87 mm

λmax = max( λy , λz )
λmax = 58.74 mm

Verificarea de zveltete: λmax ≤ λadm


λadm = 150.00 mm
λmax = 58.74 mm ≤ 150.00 ok
Coeficientul de zveltete relativa:
λ = λmax / λ1
λ1 = π √ E / f y = 93.91 mm

λ= 0.63 mm

Se alege a − factor de imperfectiune, corespunzator curbelor de flambaj(curba C): α=

ø = 0,5| 1+α (λ − 0,2) +λ2| ø= 0.80

Factorul de reducere in functie de modul de flambaj considerat:


χ = 1 / (ø + √ø2 - λ2)
χ ≤ 1.0 χ= 0.77 ≤ 1.0
Se calculeaza rezistenta de calcul a unei bare comprimate la flambaj N b,Rd
Nb.Rd = χ A fy / γ M1
NEd / Nb.Rd ≤ 1

Nb.Rd = 1267.01 kN
NEd = 1025.00 kN
NEd / Nb.Rd = 0.81 ≤1 se verifica

Dimensionarea cordoanelor de sudura pe guseu


NEd = 918.70
Fw,Ed = min(1,3 NEd ; NRd sau Nb,Rd) NRd = A2L · fy / γM0
Nb.Rd = χ A2L fy / γ M1 Nb.Rd = 1267.01

Fw,Ed = 1194.31 kN

Fw,Ed (1)= Fw,Ed · (b-e)/b Fw,Ed (1)= 859.90 kN


Fw,Ed = Fw,Ed · e/b
(2)
Fw,Ed = (2)
334.41 kN

a1 ≤ 0.7 · tg
a1 ≤ 9.80 aleg: a1 = 8.00
a1 ≤ 0.85 · t

a2 ≤ 0.7 · tg
a2 ≤ 9.10 aleg: a2 = 5.00
a2 ≤ 0.7 · t

Fw,Rd = a fy / (√3 γM0 ) F(1)w,Rd = 1085.42 N


F (2)
w,Rd
= 678.39 N

lcs ≥ Nimb / (Fw,Rd · ns)


ls ≥ lcs + 2 a

Cordonul de sudura l(1)s :


lc (1)s ≥ 396.12 mm ns = 2.00
ls ≥ l + 2 a
(1) c
s

ls (1) ≥ 412.12 mm
Din conditii constructive ls ≥ 50mm; ls ≥ b, unde beste grosimea talpii panei → se alege:
l(1)s = 420.00
15 a ≤ ls ≤ 60 a 120.00 ≤ ls ≤ 480.00 ok

Cordonul de sudura l(2)s :


lc (2)s ≥ 246.47 mm ns = 2.00
ls ≥ l + 2 a
(2) c
s

ls (2) ≥ 256.47 mm
Din conditii constructive ls ≥ 50mm; ls ≥ b, unde beste grosimea talpii panei → se alege:
l(2)s = 260.00
15 a ≤ ls ≤ 60 a 75.00 ≤ ls ≤ 300.00 ok
Talpa inferioara
NEd = 1036.31 kN

NRd = A fy
NEd / NRd ≤ 1

Propun :
L 120x120x12
A 1L= 1550.00 mm2
A 2L= 3100.00 mm2

Talpa inferioara se verifica la vibrare astfel : fy = 235.00


Multiplicatorul lungimii de flambaj: γM1 = 1.00
fL_y = 1.00 E= 210000.00
fL_z = 0.50

Lungimea de flambaj: Lbara,Y= 2500.00 mm


Lbara,Y= 27000.00 mm

lb,y = fL_y · Lbara,y= 1.0 · 2250= 2500.00 mm


lb,z = fL_z · Lbara,z = 0.5· 27000= 13500.00 mm
b= 90.00
Raze de giratie: t= 9.00
iy = iy1 iy1 = iz1= 27.30
iy = 27.30 mm e= 25.40
tg = 14.00
iz = ·√i2z1 + (tg/2 + e)2
iz = 42.37 mm

Se calculeaza zveltetile relative:


λy = lb,y / iy λy = 91.58 mm
λz = lb,z / iz λz = 318.64 mm

λmax = max( λy , λz )
λmax = 318.64 mm

Verificarea de zveltete: λmax ≤ λadm


λadm = 400.00 mm
λmax = 318.64 mm ≤ 400.00 ok

Se calculeaza rezistenta de calcul a unei bare comprimate la flambaj N b,Rd


NRd = A2L · fy / γM0
NEd / NRd ≤ 1

NRd = 728.50 kN
NEd = 1036.31 kN
NEd / Nb.Rd = 1.42 ≤1 nasol
Dimensionarea cordoanelor de sudura pe guseu
NEd = 678.92
Fw,Ed = min(1,3 NEd ; NRd sau Nb,Rd) NRd = A · fy / γM0
2L
NRd = 728.50
Nb.Rd = χ A fy / γ M1 2L

Fw,Ed = 728.50 kN

Fw,Ed (1)= Fw,Ed · (b-e)/b Fw,Ed (1)= 522.90 kN


Fw,Ed = Fw,Ed · e/b
(2)
Fw,Ed = (2)
205.60 kN

a1 ≤ 0.7 · tg
a1 ≤ 7.65 aleg: a1 = 10.00
a1 ≤ 0.85 · t

a2 ≤ 0.7 · tg
a2 ≤ 6.30 aleg: a2 = 6.00
a2 ≤ 0.7 · t

Fw,Rd = a fy / (√3 γM0 ) F(1)w,Rd = 1356.77 N


F (2)
w,Rd
= 814.06 N
lcs ≥ Nimb / (Fw,Rd · ns)
ls ≥ lcs + 2 a

Cordonul de sudura l(1)s :


lc (1)s ≥ 192.70 mm ns = 2.00
ls ≥ l + 2 a
(1) c
s

ls (1) ≥ 212.70 mm
Din conditii constructive ls ≥ 50mm; ls ≥ b, unde beste grosimea talpii panei → se alege:
l(1)s = 410.00
15 a ≤ ls ≤ 60 a 150.00 ≤ ls ≤ 600.00 ok

Cordonul de sudura l(2)s :


lc (2)s ≥ 126.28 mm ns = 2.00
ls ≥ l + 2 a
(2) c
s

ls (2) ≥ 138.28 mm
Din conditii constructive ls ≥ 50mm; ls ≥ b, unde beste grosimea talpii panei → se alege:
l(2)s = 270.00
15 a ≤ ls ≤ 60 a 90.00 ≤ ls ≤ 360.00 ok

Montanti si diagonale comprimate: M: 1-2, 3-4, 5-6, 7-8, 9-10


D: 9 - 12 .
Montant: M: 1-2

NEd = 127.38 kN

Nb.Rd = χ A fy / γ M1
NEd / Nb.Rd ≤ 1
Propun :
L 100x100x10 A 1L= 1920.00 mm2
A 2L= 3840.00 mm2

Multiplicatorul lungimii de flambaj: fy = 235.00


fL_y = 0.80 γM1 = 1.00
fL_z = 1.00 E= 210000.00

Lungimea de flambaj: Lbara= 1820.00 mm


lb,y = fL_y · Lbara= 0.8 · 1800= 1456.00 mm
lb,z = fL_z · Lbara = 1.0 · 1800 = 1820.00 mm b= 60.00
t= 6.00
Raze de giratie: iy1 = iz1= 18.20
iy = iy1 e= 16.90
iy = 18.20 mm tg = 14.00

iz = ·√i2z1 + (tg/2 + e)2


iz = 30.04 mm

Se calculeaza zveltetile relative:


λy = lb,y / iy λy = 80.00 mm
λz = lb,z / iz λz = 60.58 mm

λmax = max( λy , λz )
λmax = 80.00 mm

Verificarea de zveltete: λmax ≤ λadm


λadm = 150.00 mm
λmax = 80.00 mm ≤ 150.00 ok

Coeficientul de zveltete relativa:


λ = λmax / λ1
λ1 = π √ E / f y = 93.91 mm
λ= 0.85 mm

Se alege a − factor de imperfectiune, corespunzator curbelor de flambaj(curba C): α=

ø = 0,5| 1+α (λ − 0,2) +λ2| ø= 1.02

Factorul de reducere in functie de modul de flambaj considerat:


χ = 1 / (ø √ø2 - λ2)
χ ≤ 1.0 χ= 0.63 ≤ 1.0
Se calculeaza rezistenta de calcul a unei bare comprimate la flambaj N b,Rd
Nb.Rd = χ A fy / γ M1
NEd / Nb.Rd ≤ 1

Nb.Rd = 568.21 kN
NEd = 127.38 kN
NEd / Nb.Rd = 0.22 ≤1 se verifica
Dimensionarea cordoanelor de sudura pe guseu
NEd = 127.38
Fw,Ed = min(1,3 NEd ; NRd sau Nb,Rd) NRd = A · fy / γM0
2L

Nb.Rd = χ A2L fy / γ M1 Nb.Rd = 568.21

Fw,Ed = 165.59 kN

Fw,Ed (1)= Fw,Ed · (b-e)/b Fw,Ed (1)= 118.95 kN


Fw,Ed (2)= Fw,Ed · e/b Fw,Ed (2)= 46.64 kN

a1 ≤ 0.7 · tg
a1 ≤ 5.10 aleg: a1 = 8.00
a1 ≤ 0.85 · t

a2 ≤ 0.7 · tg
a2 ≤ 4.20 aleg: a2 = 4.00
a2 ≤ 0.7 · t

Fw,Rd = a fy / (√3 γM0 ) F(1)w,Rd = 1085.42 N


F (2)
w,Rd
= 542.71 N
l ≥ Nimb / (Fw,Rd · ns)
c
s

ls ≥ lcs + 2 a

Cordonul de sudura l(1)s :


lc (1)s ≥ 54.80 mm ns = 2.00
ls (1) ≥ lcs + 2 a
ls (1) ≥ 70.80 mm
Din conditii constructive ls ≥ 50mm; ls ≥ b, unde beste grosimea talpii panei → se alege:
l(1)s = 270.00
15 a ≤ ls ≤ 60 a 120.00 ≤ ls ≤ 480.00 ok

Cordonul de sudura l(2)s :


lc (2)s ≥ 42.97 mm ns = 2.00
ls ≥ l + 2 a
(2) c
s

ls (2) ≥ 50.97 mm
Din conditii constructive ls ≥ 50mm; ls ≥ b, unde beste grosimea talpii panei → se alege:
l(2)s = 210.00
15 a ≤ ls ≤ 60 a 60.00 ≤ ls ≤ 240.00 ok
Montant: M: 9-10

NEd = 28.90 kN

Nb.Rd = χ A fy / γ M1
NEd / Nb.Rd ≤ 1

Propun :
L 60x60x6
A 1L= 691.00 mm2
A 2L= 1382.00 mm2

Multiplicatorul lungimii de flambaj: fy = 235.00


fL_y = 0.80 γM1 = 1.00
fL_z = 1.00 E= 210000.00

Lungimea de flambaj: Lbara= 2620.00 mm


lb,y = fL_y · Lbara= 0.8· 2520= 2096.00 mm
lb,z = fL_z · Lbara = 1.0 · 2520 = 2620.00 mm b= 60.00
t= 6.00
Raze de giratie: iy1 = iz1= 18.20
iy = iy1 e= 16.90
iy = 18.20 mm tg = 16.00

iz = ·√i2z1 + (tg/2 + e)2


iz = 30.84 mm

Se calculeaza zveltetile relative:


λy = lb,y / iy λy = 115.16 mm
λz = lb,z / iz λz = 84.95 mm

λmax = max( λy , λz )
λmax = 115.16 mm

Verificarea de zveltete: λmax ≤ λadm


λadm = 150.00 mm
λmax = 115.16 mm ≤ 150.00 ok

Coeficientul de zveltete relativa:


λ = λmax / λ1
λ1 = π √ E / f y = 93.91 mm
λ= 1.23 mm

Se alege a − factor de imperfectiune, corespunzator curbelor de flambaj(curba C): α=

ø = 0,5| 1+α (λ − 0,2) +λ2| ø= 1.50

Factorul de reducere in functie de modul de flambaj considerat:


χ = 1 / (ø √ø2 - λ2)
χ ≤ 1.0 χ= 0.42 ≤ 1.0
Se calculeaza rezistenta de calcul a unei bare comprimate la flambaj N b,Rd
Nb.Rd = χ A fy / γ M1
NEd / Nb.Rd ≤ 1

Nb.Rd = 136.86 kN
NEd = 28.90 kN
NEd / Nb.Rd = 0.21 ≤1 se verifica

Dimensionarea cordoanelor de sudura pe guseu


NEd = 28.90
Fw,Ed = min(1,3 NEd ; NRd sau Nb,Rd) NRd = A2L · fy / γM0
Nb.Rd = χ A2L fy / γ M1 Nb.Rd = 136.86

Fw,Ed = 37.57 kN

Fw,Ed (1)= Fw,Ed · (b-e)/b Fw,Ed (1)= 26.99 kN


Fw,Ed = Fw,Ed · e/b
(2)
Fw,Ed = (2)
10.58 kN

a1 ≤ 0.7 · tg
a1 ≤ 5.10 aleg: a1 = 5.00
a1 ≤ 0.85 · t

a2 ≤ 0.7 · tg
a2 ≤ 4.20 aleg: a2 = 3.00
a2 ≤ 0.7 · t

Fw,Rd = a fy / (√3 γM0 ) F(1)w,Rd = 678.39 N


F (2)
w,Rd
= 407.03 N

lcs ≥ Nimb / (Fw,Rd · ns)


ls ≥ lcs + 2 a

Cordonul de sudura l(1)s :


lc (1)s ≥ 19.89 mm ns = 2.00
ls ≥ l + 2 a
(1) c
s

ls (1) ≥ 29.89 mm
Din conditii constructive ls ≥ 50mm; ls ≥ b, unde beste grosimea talpii panei → se alege:
l(1)s = 75.00
15 a ≤ ls ≤ 60 a 75.00 ≤ ls ≤ 300.00 ok

Cordonul de sudura l(2)s :


lc (2)s ≥ 13.00 mm ns = 2.00
ls ≥ l + 2 a
(2) c
s

ls (2) ≥ 19.00 mm
Din conditii constructive ls ≥ 50mm; ls ≥ b, unde beste grosimea talpii panei → se alege:
l(2)s = 75.00
15 a ≤ ls ≤ 60 a 45.00 ≤ ls ≤ 180.00 ok
VERIFICAREA DE DEFORMABILITATE

fmax < f adm ok


fadm = D / 350 PSLS =
fadm = 85.71 mm PSLU =

fmax = = ∑ Ni · ni · li / (E · A2Li)
fmax = 18.44 mm

Bara li [mm] NSLUEd [kN] Sectiune A 2L [mm2] Ni [kN]

T.S. 0 -1 3003.75 377.50 L 180x180x16 7000.00 266.01


T.S. 1 -3 2507.99 377.50 L 180x180x16 7000.00 266.01
T.S. 3 -5 2507.99 722.20 L 180x180x16 7000.00 508.91
T.S. 5 -7 2507.99 722.20 L 180x180x16 7000.00 508.91
T.S. 7 -9 0.00 2087.90 L 180x180x16 7000.00 1471.27
T.S. 9 -11 0.00 2004.40 L 180x180x16 7000.00 1412.43
T.I. 0-2 3811.00 478.90 L 160x160x15 5500.00 337.46
T.I. 2-4 6000.00 609.70 L 160x160x15 5500.00 429.63
T.I. 4-6 3000.00 730.30 L 160x160x15 5500.00 514.62
T.I. 6-8 0.00 0.00 L 160x160x15 5500.00 0.00
T.I. 8-10 0.00 0.00 L 160x160x15 5500.00 0.00
T.I. 10-12 0.00 0.00 L 160x160x15 5500.00 0.00
M 1-2 2500.00 89.90 L 100x100x10 3840.00 63.35
M 4-5 2800.00 89.90 L 100x100x10 3840.00 63.35
M 6-7 2950.00 0.00 L 100x100x10 3840.00 0.00
M 7 -8 0.00 0.00 L 100x100x10 3840.00 0.00
M9 -10 0.00 0.00 L 60x60x6 1382.00 0.00
M11 -12 0.00 0.00 L 60x60x6 1382.00 0.00
D 2-3 4003.00 310.50 L 100x100x10 3840.00 218.80
D 3-4 4003.00 148.90 L 80x80x8 2460.00 104.92
D 4-7 4207.00 12.60 L 80x80x8 1382.00 8.88
D 7-10 0.00 0.00 L 60x60x6 1382.00 0.00
D 9-12 0.00 0.00 L 60x60x6 1382.00 0.00
1/2 · ∑ Ni · ni · li / (E · A2Li) =
CALCULUL FOANTEI DE MONTAJ

Dimensionarea imbinarii de montaj pe talpa inferioara : NEd = 1036.31


NRd = 1292.50
Nj,Ed = min(1,3 NEd ; NRd )
Nj,Ed = 1292.50 kN fy =
γM1 =
L 120x120x12 A L= 2750.00 mm2 γM0 =
tc= 12.00 mm E=
bc= 120.00 mm fu=
tg= 14.00 mm A =
P30 A L - 7 tc2
A =
P30
1742.00

A P02= A L - 1 tc2
A P02= 2606.00

Anec P31= 2 (A P02 - AP30)


Anec P31= 1728.00

beclisa ≥ 2(bc - tc)+ tg+ 2 · 15


beclisa ≥ 260.00
beclisa = 300.00

teclisa ≥ 5.76
teclisa = 10.00

A P31= 3000.00

σj = Nj / (A P31 +2 AP30) σ j /( fy / γM0 ) < 1.0


σj = 199.34 kN σ j /( fy / γM0 ) = 0.85

Fw,Ed (1)= Nj · 2 · A P30/ (A P31 + 2 · AP30) Fw,Ed (1)= 694.49 kN


Fw,Ed = Nj · A
(2) P31
/ (A P31
+2·A )
P30
Fw,Ed =
(2)
598.01 kN

a1 ≤ 0.7 · tcP02
a1 ≤ 8.40 aleg: a1 = 7.00
a1 ≤ 0.7 · tcP30

a2 ≤ 0.7 · tcP02
a2 ≤ 7.00 aleg: a2 = 5.00
a2 ≤ 0.7 · tcP31
Fw,Rd = a fy / (√3 γM0 ) F(1)w,Rd = 1454.92 N
F (2)
w,Rd
= 1039.23 N
lcs ≥ Nimb / (Fw,Rd · ns)
ls ≥ lcs + 2 a

Cordonul de sudura l(1)s :


lc (1)s ≥ 119.33 mm ns = 4.00
ls ≥ l + 2 a
(1) c
s

ls (1) ≥ 133.33 mm
Din conditii constructive ls ≥ 50mm:
l(1)s ≥ l(2)s + 50 mm, → se alege: l(1)s = 350.00
15 a ≤ ls ≤ 60 a 105.00 ≤ ls ≤ 420.00 ok

Cordonul de sudura l(2)s (de pe eclisa):


lc (2)s ≥ 287.72 mm ns = 2.00
ls ≥ l + 2 a
(2) c
s

ls (2) ≥ 297.72 mm
Din conditii constructive ls ≥ 50mm → se alege: l(2)s = 300.00
15 a ≤ ls ≤ 60 a 75.00 ≤ ls ≤ 300.00 ok
Dimensionarea imbinarii de montaj pe talpa superioara : NEd = 2004.40
NRd = 1267.01
Nj,Ed = min(1,3 NEd ; NRd )
Nj,Ed = 1267.01 kN fy =
γM1 =
L 180x180x16 A L= 3500.00 mm2 γM0 =
tc= 13.00 mm E=
bc= 140.00 mm fu=
tg= 14.00 mm A P32
= A L - 3 tc2
A P32
= 2993.00

A P01= A L - 1 tc2
A P01= 3331.00

Anec P33= 2 (A P01 - AP32)


Anec P33= 676.00

beclisa ≤ 2(bc - tc)+ tg - 2 · 15


beclisa ≤ 238.00
beclisa = 250.00

teclisa ≥ 2.70
teclisa = 10.00

A P33= 2500.00

σj = Nj / (A P33 +2 AP32) σ j /( fy / γM0 ) < 1.0


σj = 149.31 kN σ j /( fy / γM0 ) = 0.64

Fw,Ed (1)= Nj · 2 · A P30/ (A P31 + 2 · AP30) Fw,Ed (1)= 893.74 kN


Fw,Ed = Nj · A
(2) P31
/ (A P31
+2·A )
P30
Fw,Ed = (2)
373.26 kN

a1 ≤ 0.7 · tcP02
a1 ≤ 9.10 aleg: a1 = 6.00
a1 ≤ 0.7 · tcP30

a2 ≤ 0.7 · tcP02
a2 ≤ 7.00 aleg: a2 = 4.00
a2 ≤ 0.7 · tcP31

Fw,Rd = a fy / (√3 γM0 ) F(1)w,Rd = 1247.08 N


F (2)
w,Rd
= 831.38 N
l ≥ Nimb / (Fw,Rd · ns)
c
s

ls ≥ lcs + 2 a
Cordonul de sudura l(2)s :
lc (2)s ≥ 179.17 mm ns = 4.00
ls ≥ l + 2 a
(2) c
s

ls (2) ≥ 191.17 mm
Din conditii constructive ls ≥ 50mm → se alege: l(2)s = 260.00
15 a ≤ ls ≤ 60 a 90.00 ≤ ls ≤ 360.00 ok

Cordonul de sudura l(3)s (de pe eclisa):


lc (3)s ≥ 224.48 mm ns = 2.00
ls ≥ l + 2 a
(3) c
s

ls (3) ≥ 232.48 mm
Din conditii constructive ls ≥ 50mm → se alege: l(3)s = 210.00
15 a ≤ ls ≤ 60 a 60.00 ≤ ls ≤ 240.00 ok
SLU

Val.

0.63
0.20
0.27
0.27
0.34
3.00
4.71
kN/m2

N/mm2

N/mm2
N/mm2

N/mm2

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
0.49
kN

kN

mm

mm

mm
mm
N/mm2

N/mm2

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
kN
kN

mm

mm

mm

mm
N/mm2

N/mm2

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

0.49
kN

kN

mm

mm

mm

mm
N/mm2

N/mm2

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
0.49
kN

kN

mm

mm

mm
mm
89.76 kN
127.38 kN

Ni · ni · li
ni
E · A2Li
0.60 0.327
0.60 0.273
1.61 1.397
1.61 1.397
2.20 0.00
2.50 0.00
0.76 0.847
1.00 2.232
1.03 1.381
1.60 0.00
1.90 0.00
2.20 0.00
0.00 0.00
0.00 0.00
0.00 0.00
0.30 0.00
0.30 0.00
0.60 0.00
0.71 0.775
0.63 0.515
0.59 0.076
0.00 0.00
0.00 0.00
ni · li / (E · A2Li) = 9.22
mm
kN
kN

235.00 N/mm2
1.00
1.00
210000.00 N/mm2
360.00

mm2

mm2

mm2

tc)+ tg+ 2 · 15
mm
mm

mm
mm

mm2

< 1.0 ok

mm

mm
mm

mm
kN
kN

235.00 N/mm2
1.00
1.00
210000.00 N/mm2
360.00

mm2

mm2

mm2

tc)+ tg - 2 · 15
mm
mm

mm
mm

mm2

< 1.0 ok

mm

mm
mm

mm
3.CALCUL GRINDA DE RULARE
3.1 Evaluarea incarcarilor: gr.III
1.00 2.00 Pn t = 1 / (20 · nr ) · (Q + Gq)
POD: 40 tf 25 tf
Q[kN] 400.00 250.00 Pn l = 1 / 10 · Pn3
A [mm] 5800.00 5000.00
B [mm] 7100.00 6440.00
a [mm] 275.00 250.00 Gq = greutatea caruciorului
b [mm] 80.00 60.00 nr = numarul rotilor de pe un fir al caii de rulare
h [mm] 2500.00 2300.00 nr = 2.00
q (Gq) [kN] 63.00 47.00
Pn1 [kN] 262.00 167.00
P 2 [kN]
n
60.00 42.00
P 3 [kN]
n
304.00 201.00 t= 11000.00
Pn4 [kN] 73.00 59.00

SLS SLU

Incarcare Tip Valoare [kN/m] Coef. Val. Coef.

1.G. P. grinda de rulare perm 1.50 1.00 1.50 1.35


2.G. P. sina + prinderi perm 0.80 1.00 0.80 1.35
3.G. P. grinda de franare perm 0.40 1.00 0.40 1.35
4.G.P c.v. orizontala perm 0.30 1.00 0.30 1.35
5.G.P.balustrade perm 0.10 1.00 0.10 1.35
6.Spatiu tehnic perm 0.20 1.00 0.20 1.35
7.Circulatie pasarela utila 0.80 1.00 0.80 1.50
qSLS = 4.10 qSLU =

3.2 Determinarea incarcarilor de calcul:

Pci = ng · Pri · Ψ · γi γi = 1.20


ng = 0.90

PcT = ng · PrT · Ψ · γi γi = 1.30


ng = 0.90
PcL = ng · PrL · α · γi

gr.III
1.00 2.00
POD: 40 tf 10 tf
Ψ= 1.30 1.30
α= 1.40 1.40
P [kN]
c
1 367.85 234.47
P [kN]
c
2 84.24 58.97
Pc3 [kN] 426.82 282.20
P [kN]
c
4 102.49 82.84
Incarcari normate:
PnL [kN] 30.40 20.10
P T [kN]
n
11.58 7.43 A= 5.80
Incarcari de calcul: A'= 5.00
P [kN]
c
L 49.80 32.92 (B-A)/2+(B'-A')/2 = 1.37
P [kN]
c
T 17.61 11.29 t= 11.00
Ipoteza I : (pe deschiderea caii de rulare actioneaza toate cele 4 forte)

R·x= P1 · 0 + P3 · A + P1' ·(d- A') + P3' ·d d= 12.17


R = P1 + P3 + P1' + P3' t= 11.00
R = 1311.34 kN A= 5.80
A'= 5.00
R ·x = 8367.87 kN m (B-A)/2+(B'-A')/2 = 1.37
x= 6.38 m
x1 = -0.29
c= 0.01 m x3 = 5.51
c/2= 0.01 m x1' = 6.88
xR = 5.49 m x3' = 11.88

Vi = 656.33 kN MIdr = 1479.99


Vj = 655.00 kN M =
I
st -1479.99
∑V= 1311.34 kN

Ipoteza II : (pe deschiderea caii de rulare actioneaza 3 forte)

R·x= P1 · d + P3 · (d - A) + P1' · 0 d= 7.17


R = P1 + P3 + P1' t= 11.00
R = 1029.13 kN A= 5.80
A'= 5.00
R ·x = 3222.21 kN m (B-A)/2+(B'-A')/2 = 1.37
x= 3.13 m
x1 = 0.58
c= 1.76 m x3 = 6.38
c/2= 0.88 m x1' = 7.75
xR = 4.62 m x3' = 12.75

Vi = 596.94 kN MIIdr = 1675.28


Vj = 432.19 kN M =
II
st -1675.28
∑V= 1029.13 kN
Ipoteza III : (pe deschiderea caii de rulare actioneaza 3 forte)

R·x= P3 · d + P1' · A' + P3' · 0 d= 6.37


R = P3 + P1'+ P3' t= 11.00
R = 943.49 kN A= 5.80
A'= 5.00
R ·x = 3891.16 kN m (B-A)/2+(B'-A')/2 = 1.37
x= 4.12 m
x1 = -2.11
c= 0.88 m x3 = 3.69
c/2= 0.44 m x1' = 5.06
xR = 5.94 m x3' = 10.06

Vi = 434.19 kN MIIIdr = 1603.06


Vj = 509.30 kN M III
st
= -1603.06
∑V= 943.49 kN

Ipoteza IV : (pe deschiderea caii de rulare actioneaza 2 forte generate de poduri diferite)

R·x= P3 · d + P1' · 0 d= 1.37


R = P3 + P1' t= 11.00
R = 661.28 kN A= 5.80
A'= 5.00
R ·x = 584.74 kN m (B-A)/2+(B'-A')/2 = 1.37
x= 0.88 m
x1 = -0.54
c= 0.49 m x3 = 5.26
c/2= 0.24 m x1' = 6.63
xR = 5.26 m x3' = 11.63

Vi = 316.04 kN MIVdr = 1661.47


Vj = 345.24 kN M IV
st
= -1661.47
∑V= 661.28 kN
Ipoteza V : (pe deschiderea caii de rulare actioneaza 2 fortegenerate de acelasi pod)

ng = 1.00
Pc1 [kN] 408.72
P [kN]
c
3 474.24
R·x= P1 · d + P 3 · 0 d= 5.80
R = P1 + P 3 t= 11.00
R = 882.96 kN A= 5.80
A'= 5.00
R ·x = 2370.58 kN m (B-A)/2+(B'-A')/2 = 1.37
x= 2.68 m
x1 = 1.04
c= 2.68 m x3 = 6.84
c/2= 1.34 m
xR = 6.84 m

Vi = 549.23 kN MVdr = 1387.50


Vj = 333.73 kN M = V
st -1387.50
∑V= 882.96 kN

Mmaxy = max{ MI, MII, MIII, MIV, MV}


Mmaxy = 1425.24 kN m
My = Mmaxy + Mq= 1510.77 kN m
Calculul lui MZ :
RT · z = PT · d + PT · (d - A) + PT' ·0 d= 7.17
RT = PT + PT + PT' t= 11.00
RT = 46.50 kN A= 5.80
A'= 5.00
R ·x = 150.35 kN m (B-A)/2+(B'-A')/2 = 1.37
x= 3.23 m
x1 = 0.63
c= 1.86 m x3 = 6.43
c/2= 0.93 m x1' = 7.80
xR = 4.57 m

Vi = 27.19 kN Mdrz = 72.76


Vj = 19.31 kN M =
st
z -72.76
∑V= 46.50 kN

L= max{ PcL , Pc 'L }


L= 49.80 kN

3.3 Dimensionarea sectiunii transversale a drinzii de rulare:


MEd = 1493.72 kN m
Dimensionarea inimii: fy = 235.00
γM0 = 1.00
W*nec = M* γM0 / fy = 6356255.32 mm3 ε=√fy /235
W*nec = 6356.26 · 103 mm3 ε= 1.00
E= 210000.00
Propunem tinima: tw = 10.00 mm
hoptim w = 1.15 √(W*nec / tw)
hoptim w = 916.85 mm
hw= 1000.00 mm
Verificare supletii inimii:
hw / t w = 100.00
hw / tw ≤ 124 ε ok

Aria sectiunii inimii:


Aw = t w hw Aw = 10000.00 mm2

Dimensionarea talpilor:
Wnec = MEd · γM0 / fy = 6356255.32 mm3
Wnec = 6356.26 · 103 mm3

Propunem ttalpa:
tf =(1.2...2.2) tw tf= 15.00 mm
A talpa
nec
= Wnec / hw - hw tw /6
A talpa
nec
= 4689.59 mm2
bf,nec = Atalpa nec / tf
bf,nec = 312.64 mm
bf = 360.00 mm
bf ≥ 340 mm
Verificare supletii talpii:
(bf - tw /2)/tf = 11.67
(bf - tw /2)/tf ≤ 14 ε ok

Moment de inertie in raport cu axa y-y:


Iy-y = Σ Iy-y,i +ΣAi zi Iy-y = 3615.14 · 106 mm4

3.4 Verificarea sectiunii transversale a drinzii de rulare:

Verificarea in punctul 1 : z1 = 515.00


My = 1510.77 kN m
L= 49.80 kN
fy = 235.00
Verificarea fibrelor extreme la tensiuni σ : γM0 = 1.00
σ1My = My z1 / Iy-y = 215.22 N/mm2
σ1My / (fy / γM0) ≤ 1
σ1My / (fy / γM0) = 0.92 ≤1 ok
σL = L / Af,s = 9.22 N/mm2

σH = H / Ai = 6.74 N/mm2
H = Mz / d = 46.50 kN
Ai = tf · bf + tw · 15tw = 6900.00 mm2

σ1My + σL + σH ≤ 1.1 R ok
σ1
My
+σ +σ =
L H
231.18 N/mm2
1.1 R = 1.1 · fy / γM0 = 258.50 N/mm2

Verificarea in punctul 2 : z1 = 515.00


My = 1510.77 kN m
L= 49.80 kN

Verificarea fibrelor extreme la tensiuni σ :


σ2My = My z2 / Iy-y = 215.22 N/mm2
σ2My / (fy / γM0) ≤ 1
σ2My / (fy / γM0) = 0.92 ≤1 ok

Verificarea in punctul 3 : z3 = 500.00


My = 1510.77 kN m x= 340.00
L= 49.80 kN hsina = 130.00
VEd = 656.33 kN

Verificarea fibrelor extreme la tensiuni σ :

σ3My = My z3 / Iy-y = 208.95 N/mm2


σ3My / (fy / γM0) ≤ 1
σ3My / (fy / γM0) = 0.89 ≤1 se verifica
Verificarea la forta taietoare (verificarea la tensiune tangentiala maxima):
τ3 /[fy/ (√3 γM0)] ≤ 1
τ3 = VEd S /Iy-y
τEd ≈ VEd/Aw = τEd = 65.63 N/mm2

τEd /[fy/ (√3 γM0)]= 0.48 ≤1 se verifica

Verificarea in punctul critic al sectiunii transversale (legatura dintre inima si talpa):


[σEd /(fy / γM0 )]2 + 3[τEd /(fy / γM0 )]2 ≤ 1

[σEd /(fy / γM0 )]2 + 3[τEd /(fy / γM0 )]2 = 0.93 ≤1 se verifica

τEd = (VEd S) / (Iy-y tw)


τEd = 49.75 N/mm2

S = (bf · tf) (hw/2 + tf/2)=


S= 2740500.00 mm3
S= 2740.50 · 103 mm3
S – este momentul static al sectiunii

Verificarea la Pmax:
Pmax = P3 = 426.82
σc
Pmax
= Pmax / (x · tw )= 125.53 N/mm2
σcPmax /[fy/ (√3 γM0)] ≤ 1
σcPmax /[fy/ (√3 γM0)] = 0.93 ≤1 se verifica

Verificarea in punctul 4 : z4 = 500.00


My = 1510.77 kN m
L= 49.80 kN
VEd = 656.33 kN

Verificarea fibrelor extreme la tensiuni σ :

σ4My = My z4 / Iy-y = 208.95 N/mm2


σ4My / (fy / γM0) ≤ 1
σ4My / (fy / γM0) = 0.89 ≤1 se verifica

Verificarea in punctul critic al sectiunii transversale (legatura dintre inima si talpa):


[σEd /(fy / γM0 )]2 + 3[τEd /(fy / γM0 )]2 ≤ 1

[σEd /(fy / γM0 )]2 + 3[τEd /(fy / γM0 )]2 = 0.93 ≤1 se verifica

τEd = (VEd S) / (Iy-y tw)


τEd = 49.75 N/mm2
S = (bf · tf) (hw/2 + tf/2)=
S= 2740500.00 mm3
S= 2740.50 · 103 mm3
S – este momentul static al sectiunii

3.5 Verificarea la stabilitate locala a panoului de inima :


sina KP…
a= 1250.00
min{a, hw} = 1000.00 mm hw = 1000.00
[σ /σcr + τ/σL,cr ]2 + [τ /τcr ]2 ≤ 0.92

σ= Mmed e / Iy-y M1 = 1772.70


σ= 264.68 N/mm2 M2 = 1943.20
Mmed = 1857.95

τ= Tmed / ( tw hw ) T1 = 192.00
τ= 23.38 N/mm2 T2 = 275.50
Tmed = 233.75
σ3My = My z3 / Iy-y
τ3 = Ved /Aw

σ= 208.95 N/mm2
τ= 65.63 N/mm2
τcr = (1250 + 950 / α2)·(tw / d)2 ·103
τcr = 185.80 N/mm2

α= max{ a, hw} / min{a, hw}


α= 1.25

d= min{a, hw}
d= 1000.00

γ= c · bf / hw · (tf / tw)3 =
γ= 2.43

c= 2.00

σL / σ limita = 0.31 tabel 3.2.


a/ hw = 1.25 ≥ 0.8
a /hw
γ 1.20 1.25 1.40
2.00 0.28 0.31 0.41
2.43 0.31
4.00 0.28 0.33 0.48

k1 = 5860.61 tabel 3.4.


a /hw = 1.25
a /hw
γ 1.20 1.25 1.40
2.00 5390.00 5730.00 6750.00
2.43 5860.61
4.00 5910.00 6337.50 7620.00

k2 = 9900.00 tabel 3.3.


a / 2z1 = 1.21
a / 2z1 1.20 1.21 1.40
k2 9500.00 9900.00 11100.00

σL / σ = 0.47 > (σL / σ)lim = 0.31


σL = σcPmax
σL = 125.53 N/mm2
σ= Mmed e / Iy-y
σ= 264.68 N/mm2

σcr = k2 · [tw /(2 z1)] · 103


σcr = 933.17 N/mm2

σL,cr = k1 · [tw / a] · 103


σL,cr = 375.08 N/mm2

√ [σ /σ cr
+ σL/σL,cr ]2 + [τ /τcr ]2 = 0.63 ≤ 0.9 se verifica
3.6.VERIFICAREA DE DEFORMABILITATE

qSLS = 4.10
E= 210000.00
t= 11.00

fmax < f adm


fadm = t / 600
fadm = 18.33

fmax = fp+∑fi
fmax= 18.02
fmax < f adm se verifica

Deformata generata de incarcarea uniform distribuita:


fp = 5 /48 Mnp · t2 / (E · Iy-y)
fp = 1.03 mm

Mnp = 1/8 · qSLS · t2


Mn p = 62.01 kN m

Deformata generata de incarcarea uniform distribuita:


fi = 1 /48 Mni · t2 · ( 2a/t + 1 + 2t/b - a/b - 2a 2/bt ) / (E · Iy-y)

Mn i = P n i · a · b / t

f1 = 1.51 mm
M 1=
n
144.06 kN m

f3 = 10.70 mm
M 3=
n
814.57 kN m

f1' = 4.78 mm
M 1' =
n
382.36 kN m
fmax = fp+∑fi
fmax = fp+f1+f2+f3
fmax = 18.02 mm

Calculul rigidizarilor: brig = (hw /30) + 40mm


brig ≥ 73.33 mm
brig = 120.00 mm
trig = hrig / 15
trig ≥ 8.00 mm
trig = 8.00 mm

3.7.VERIFICAREA REZEMARII TRONSONULUI DE GRINDA: fyd = 235.00


γM0 = 1.00

Calculul rigidizarilor de capat: brig = 360.00 mm


trig = 20.00 mm
VERIFICAREA LA STRIVIRE:
Vmax /(trig · hrig) ≤ 1.5 R ok
Vmax /(trig · hrig) = 91.16 N/mm2
1.5 R = 1.5 · fy / γM0 = 352.50 N/mm2

Vmax = 656.33 kN

VERIFICAREA LA STABILITATE:

Vmax /(ϕy · A) ≤ R

Ix-x = brig3 · trig / 12


Ix-x = 77760000.00 mm4
Ix-x = 77.76 · 106 mm4

A= 8700.00 mm2

ix = √ Ix-x / A
ix = 94.54 mm

λx = hgr reazem / ix
hgr reazem = 1045.00 mm
λx = 11.05 curba C → ϕy = 0.99

Vmax /(ϕy · A) ≤ R ok
Vmax /(ϕy · A) = 76.20 N/mm2
R = 1.0 · fy / γM0 = 352.50 N/mm2
· nr ) · (Q + Gq)

n fir al caii de rulare

mm

SLU

Val.

2.03
1.08
0.54
0.41
0.14
0.27
1.20
5.66
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

m
m
m
m

kN m
kN m

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

m
m
m
m

kN m
kN m
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

m
m
m
m

kN m
kN m

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
m
m
m
m

kN m
kN m
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

m
m

kN m
kN m
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

m
m
m

kN m
kN m

N/mm2

N/mm2
mm

N/mm2
mm

mm
mm
mm
kN

mm
mm
mm
kN m
kN m
kN m

kN
kN
kN
kN / m
N/mm2
m

mm

mm
N/mm2
4.CALCUL STALPULI

Saferent = t·D/2
Saferent = 165.00 m2
D= 30.00 m
t= 11.00 m
a= 2.50 m
H= 16.00 m
e= 1000.00 mm
e1 = 200.00 mm
e2 = 800.00 mm
hGR = 1.00 m
hsina = 0.13 m
CSR = 10.00 m
li = 10.20 m
ls = 5.80 m

l1-2 = 4.80 m

l1-3 = 5.80 m
l1-4 = 16.00 m

h1-1 = 16.00 m
h2-2 = 10.87 m
h3-3 = 9.87 m
A. Incarcari permanente acoperis:
SLS SLU
Incarcare Tip Valoare [kN/m] Coef. Val. Coef. Val.
1.G. P. invelitoare perm 0.15 1.00 0.15 1.35 0.20
2.G. P. pane+contrav perm 0.20 1.00 0.20 1.35 0.27
3.G. P. ferme perm 0.20 1.00 0.20 1.35 0.27
4.Spatiu tehnic perm 0.20 1.00 0.20 1.35 0.27
5.Praf industrial perm 0.50 1.00 0.50 1.35 0.68
pSLS = 1.25 pSLU = 1.69

M = P · e1 M = 36.48 kN m
P = p · Saferent P = 182.40 kN

R= c1 · M
R= 2.50 kN

Sectiune N [kN] T [kN] M [kN m]


1-1 182.40 2.50 0.00
2-2 182.40 2.50 11.98
3-3 182.40 2.50 14.47
3' - 3' 182.40 2.50 -22.01
4-4 182.40 2.50 3.44

B. Incarcari permanente cale de rulare:


SLS SLU
Incarcare Tip Valoare [kN/m] Coef. Val. Coef. Val.
gp grinda de rulare perm 1.50 1.00 1.50 1.35 2.03
gp sina si prinderi perm 0.80 1.00 0.80 1.35 1.08
gp grinda de franare perm 0.40 1.00 0.40 1.35 0.54
gp contrav. orizontale perm 0.30 1.00 0.30 1.35 0.41
gp balustrada perm 0.10 1.00 0.10 1.35 0.14
gp grinda secundara perm 0.40 1.00 0.40 1.35 0.54
spatiu tehnic perm 0.20 1.00 0.20 1.35 0.27
pSLS = 3.70 pSLU = 5.00

M = P · e2 M = 32.56 kN m
P =p·t P = 40.70 kN

R= c1 · M
R= 2.23 kN

Sectiune N [kN] T [kN] M [kN m]


1-1 0.00 -2.23 0.00
2-2 0.00 -2.23 10.69
3-3 40.70 -2.23 12.92
3' - 3' 40.70 -2.23 -19.64
4-4 40.70 -2.23 3.07

C. Incarcarea data de zapada: S0.K = 1.50 kN / m2


sk = μi · ct · ce · S0.K ct = 1.00
ce = 1.00
α= 5.00 °
0° ≤ α ≤30°
μ1 = 0.80 sk1 = 1.20 kN / m2
μ2 = 0.8 + 0.8 ·α/30 μ2 = 0.93 sk2 = 1.40 kN / m2

M = P · e1 M = 46.20 kN m
P = sk · Saferent P = 231.00 kN

R= c1 · M
R= 3.16 kN

Sectiune N [kN] T [kN] M [kN m]


1-1 231.00 3.16 0.00
2-2 231.00 3.16 -15.17
3-3 231.00 3.16 -18.33
3' - 3' 231.00 3.16 27.87
4-4 231.00 3.16 -4.36
D. Incarcari verticale mari generate de poduri rulante :

Pi = ng · Pri · γi γi = 1.20
ng = 0.95

Pt = ng · P n t · γ i γi = 1.30
ng = 0.95
Pn t = 1 / (20 · nr ) · (Q + Gq) nr = 2.00

gr.III
1.00 2.00
POD: 40 tf 10 tf
P1 [kN] 298.68 190.38 A= 5.80 mm
P2 [kN] 68.40 47.88 A'= 5.00 mm
P3 [kN] 346.56 229.14
P4 [kN] 83.22 67.26 d= (B-A)/2+(B'-A')/2
P t [kN]
n
11.58 7.43 d= 1.37 mm
Pt [kN] 14.30 9.17 t= 11.00 mm

V= V1 + V2
V= 750.87 kN

V1 = [P1 · (t - A) + P3 · t ] / t
V1 = 487.75 kN

V2 = [P'1 · (t - d) + P'3 · (t-d-A') ] / t


V2 = 263.12 kN

v= v1 + v 2
v= 185.78 kN

v1 = [P2 · (t - A) + P4 · t ] / t
v1 = 115.55 kN

v2 = [P'2 · (t - d) + P'4 · (t-d-A') ] / t


v2 = 70.23 kN

H= H1 + H2
H= 32.94 kN

H1 = [Pt · (t - A) + Pt · t ] / t
H1 = 21.05 kN

H2 = [P't · (t - d) + P't · (t-d-A') ] / t


H2 = 11.89 kN

M = V · e2 M = 600.70 kN m
m = v · e2 m = 148.63 kN m
RA = c1 · M
RA = 41.09 kN

RB = c1 · m
RB = 10.17 kN

R= RA - (RA-RB)/2
R= (RA+RB)/2
R= 25.63 kN
Sectiune N [kN] T [kN] M [kN m]
1-1 0.00 -25.63 0.00
2-2 0.00 -25.63 -123.01
3-3 750.87 -25.63 -148.63
3' - 3' 750.87 -25.63 452.06
4-4 750.87 -25.63 190.68

E. Incarcari verticale mici generate de poduri rulante :


m = v · e2 m = 148.63 kN m
R= 25.63 kN

Sectiune N [kN] T [kN] M [kN m]


1-1 0.00 -25.63 0.00
2-2 0.00 -25.63 -123.01
3-3 185.78 -25.63 -148.63
3' - 3' 185.78 -25.63 -0.01
4-4 185.78 -25.63 -261.39

F. Incarcari orizontale (→)din franarea carucioarelor pe stalpul din axul A:

H= 32.94 kN

R= c2 · H
R= 15.95 kN

RA = R - R/2
RA = 7.98 kN

Sectiune N [kN] T [kN] M [kN m]


1-1 0.00 -7.98 0.00
2-2 0.00 -7.98 -38.29
3-3 0.00 24.96 -13.32
3' - 3' 0.00 24.96 -13.32
4-4 0.00 24.96 311.80
G. Incarcari orizontale (→)din franarea carucioarelor pe stalpul din axul B:

RB = R/2
RB = 7.98 kN
Sectiune N [kN] T [kN] M [kN m]
1-1 0.00 7.98 0.00
2-2 0.00 7.98 38.29
3-3 0.00 7.98 46.26
3' - 3' 0.00 7.98 46.26
4-4 0.00 7.98 127.62

H. Incarcari orizontale (←)din franarea carucioarelor pe stalpul din axul A:

RA = R - R/2
RA = 7.98 kN

Sectiune N [kN] T [kN] M [kN m]


1-1 0.00 7.98 0.00
2-2 0.00 7.98 38.29
3-3 0.00 -24.96 13.32
3' - 3' 0.00 -24.96 13.32
4-4 0.00 -24.96 -311.80

I. Incarcari orizontale (←)din franarea carucioarelor pe stalpul din axul B:

RB = R/2
RB = 7.98 kN

Sectiune N [kN] T [kN] M [kN m]


1-1 0.00 -7.98 0.00
2-2 0.00 -7.98 -38.29
3-3 0.00 -7.98 -46.26
3' - 3' 0.00 -7.98 -46.26
4-4 0.00 -7.98 -127.62

G. Incarcari orizontale (→)date de vant: qref= 0.50 kN/m2

h1 = li - 1.00 + 0.2 b= 2950.00 mm


h1 = 9.20 m a= 2350.00 mm
eT.S. = 39.20 mm
h2 = ls hpana = 366.00 mm
h2 = 5.80 m hscaun= 515.00 mm
hinvelit = 100.00 mm
h3 = hscaun + b - a + eT.S + hpana + hinv
h3 = 1.62 m

w(z) = qref · Ce(z) · Cp(z) Cp(z) = 0.80


w(z) = 0.82 kN/m2
pv1 = w(z) · t
pv1 = 9.03 kN/m
Ce(z) = Cg(z) · Cr(z) · Ct(z) Ct(z) = 1.00
Ce(z) = 2.05

Cr(z) = kr(z0)2 · ln( z/zo)2 kr = 0.22


Cr(z) = 0.78 zo = 0.30

z = zmax = h1+ h2 + h3
z = zmax = 16.48 m

Cg(z)= 1 + g · (2 · I(z)) g= 3.50


Cg(z)= 2.64

I(z) = √β / (2.5 · ln( z/z0 )) √β = 2.35


I(z) = 0.23

w(z1) = qref · Ce(z) · Cp(z) Cp(z) = 0.80


w(z1) = 0.68 kN/m2
pv2 = w(z1) · t
pv2 = 7.53 kN/m

Ce(z1) = Cg(z) · Cr(z) · Ct(z) Ct(z) = 1.00


Ce(z1) = 1.71

Cr(z1) = kr(z0)2 · ln( z/zo)2 kr = 0.22


Cr(z1) = 0.60 zo = 0.30

z1 = 10.00 m

Cg(z1)= 1 + g · (2 · I(z)) g= 3.50


Cg(z1)= 2.88

I(z1) = √β / (2.5 · ln( z/z0 )) √β = 2.35


I(z1) = 0.27

w(z2) = qref · Ce(z) · Cp(z) Cp(z) = 0.80


w(z2) = 0.74 kN/m2
pv3 = w(z2) · t
pv3 = 8.09 kN/m

Ce(z2) = Cg(z) · Cr(z) · Ct(z) Ct(z) = 1.00


Ce(z2) = 1.84

Cr(z2) = kr(z0)2 · ln( z/zo)2 kr = 0.22


Cr(z2) = 0.66 zo = 0.30
z2 = h1+ h2 /2
z2 = 12.10 m

Cg(z2)= 1 + g · (2 · I(z)) g= 3.50


Cg(z2)= 2.78

I(z2) = √β / (2.5 · ln( z/z0 )) √β = 2.35


I(z2) = 0.25

W1 = (pv1+pv2)/2 · (h3+h2/2)

pv1 = 9.03 kN/m


pv2 = 7.53 kN/m

W1 = 37.44 kN
W'1 = 28.08 kN

W2 = (pv2+pv3)/2 · x2 + pv3 · x1

pv2 = 7.53 kN/m


pv3 = 8.09 kN/m

x1 = ( h1+ h2 /2 ) -10.00m
x1 = 2.10 m

x2 = ( h1 /2 + h2 /2 ) -x1
x2 = 5.40 m

W2 = 59.18 kN
W'2 = 44.38 kN

RA = R1 + W 1
RA = 66.09 kN

R1 = c2 · W2
R1 = 28.66 kN
RB = R2 + W'1
RB = 49.57 kN

R2 = c2 · W'2
R2 = 21.49 kN

R= RA - (RB+RA)/2
R= (RA-RB)/2
R= 8.26 kN

Sectiune N [kN] T [kN] M [kN m]


1-1 0.00 29.17 0.00
2-2 0.00 29.17 140.03
3-3 0.00 88.35 169.21
3' - 3' 0.00 88.35 169.21
4-4 0.00 88.35 1070.39

H. Incarcari orizontale (←)date de vant:

R= 8.26 kN

Sectiune N [kN] T [kN] M [kN m]


1-1 0.00 -36.34 0.00
2-2 0.00 -36.34 -174.42
3-3 0.00 -80.72 -210.76
3' - 3' 0.00 -80.72 -210.76
4-4 0.00 -80.72 -1034.12

β = ls / H = 0.363
Ψ=a/H= 0.297
n = Ii / Is = 5.00

α2 = ((n-1)·β3 + 1)/n α2 = 0.305


α3 = ((n-1)·β + 1)/n
3 α3 = 0.238

R3-3 = 3/(2·α3)·(α2-β2)·M/H
R3-3 = 0.07 ·M c1 = 0.07

R2-2 = [1-Ψ/(2·α3)·(3·α2-Ψ2)·P
R2-2 = 0.48 ·P c2 = 0.48

R1-1 = 3·α2/(2·α3)·M/H
R =
1-1
0.12 ·M c3 = 0.12

FORTE AXIALA
N [kN] inregistrata in sectiunea
Caz de incarcare Tip
Caz de incarcare Tip
1-1 2-2 3-3 3'-3' 4-4
A.Permanente acoperis P -182.4 -182.4 -182.4 -182.4 -182.4
B.Permanente cale de rulare P 0 0 -37 -37 -37
C.Zapada V -158.4 -158.4 -158.4 -158.4 -158.4
D.Verticale mari poduri V 0 0 0 -719.5 -719.5
E.Verticale mici poduri V 0 0 0 -177.7 -177.7
F.Orizontale poduri --> st ax A V 0 0 0 0 0
G.Orizontale poduri --> st ax B V 0 0 0 0 0
H.Orizontale poduri <-- st ax A V 0 0 0 0 0
I.Orizontale poduri <-- st ax B V 0 0 0 0 0
J.Vant --> V 0 0 0 0 0
K.Vant <-- V 0 0 0 0 0

FORTE TAIETOARE
T [kN] inregistrata in sectiunea
Caz de incarcare Tip
1-1 2-2 3-3 3'-3' 4-4
A.Permanente acoperis P -2.4 -2.4 -2.4 -2.4 -2.4
B.Permanente cale de rulare P 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
C.Zapada V -2.1 -2.1 -2.1 -2.1 -2.1
D.Verticale mari poduri V 23.6 23.6 23.6 23.6 23.6
E.Verticale mici poduri V 23.6 23.6 23.6 23.6 23.6
F.Orizontale poduri --> st ax A V 7.4 7.4 -24.2 -24.2 -24.2
G.Orizontale poduri --> st ax B V -7.4 -7.4 -7.4 -7.4 -7.4
H.Orizontale poduri <-- st ax A V -7.4 -7.4 24.2 24.2 24.2
I.Orizontale poduri <-- st ax B V 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4
J.Vant --> V -26.1 -26.1 -80 -80 -80
K.Vant <-- V 31.3 31.3 71.7 71.7 71.7

MOMENTE
M [kN] inregistrata in sectiunea
Caz de incarcare Tip
1-1 2-2 3-3 3'-3' 4-4
A.Permanente acoperis P 0 11.4 13.9 -22.6 1.9
B.Permanente cale de rulare P 0 -9.2 -11.3 18.3 -1.5
C.Zapada V 0 9.9 12.1 -19.6 1.7
D.Verticale mari poduri V 0 -112.1 -136.9 438.7 198
E.Verticale mici poduri V 0 -112.1 -136.9 5.2 -235.5
F.Orizontale poduri --> st ax A V 0 -35.1 -9.7 -9.7 237.1
G.Orizontale poduri --> st ax B V 0 35.1 42.8 42.8 118.2
H.Orizontale poduri <-- st ax A V 0 35.1 9.7 9.7 -237.1
I.Orizontale poduri <-- st ax B V 0 -35.1 -42.8 -42.8 -118.2
J.Vant --> V 0 121.4 151.6 151.6 967.7
K.Vant <-- V 0 -148.8 -181.6 -181.6 -913.1

1.Evaluarea solicitorilor pentru calculul sectiunilor curente ale tronsoanelor stalpului:


1.35 · Σ Pi + 1.5 · V + 1.05 · ΣVi

Sectiunea 1-1
Nmax ,Maferent
N1-1 = 1.35 · ( NA + NB ) + 1.5 ·NC
N1-1 = -483.84 kN

M1-1 = 1.35 · ( MA + MB ) + 1.5 ·MC


M1-1 = 0.00 kNm

Sectiunea 2-2
Nmax ,Maferent
N2-2 = 1.35 · ( NA + NB ) + 1.5 ·NC
N2-2 = -483.84 kN

M2-2 = 1.35 · ( MA + MB ) + 1.5 ·MC


M2-2 = 17.82 kNm

V2-2 = 1.35 · ( VA + VB ) + 1.5 VC


V2-2 = -3.83 kNm

Mmax ,Naferent
N2-2 = 1.35 · ( NA + NB ) + 1.5 ·NK + 1.05 · ( NC + NF + ND )
N2-2 = -412.56 kN

M2-2 = 1.35 · ( MA + MB ) + 1.5 ·MK + 1.05 · ( MC + MF + MD )


M2-2 = -364.40 kN m

V2-2 = 1.35 · ( VA + VB ) + 1.5 ·VK + 1.05 · ( VC + VF + VD )


V2-2 = 76.62 kN

Sectiunea 3-3
Nmax ,Maferent
N3-3 = 1.35 · ( NA + NB ) + 1.5 ·ND + 1.05 · NC
N3-3 = -462.51 kN

M3-3 = 1.35 · ( MA + MB ) + 1.5 ·MD + 1.05 · MC


M3-3 = -189.14 kN m

Mmax ,Naferent
N3-3 = 1.35 · ( NA + NB ) + 1.5 ·ND + 1.05 · ( NC + NI + NK )
N3-3 = -462.51 kN

M3-3 = 1.35 · ( MA + MB ) + 1.5 ·MD + 1.05 · ( MC + MI + MK )


M3-3 = -424.76 kN m

Sectiunea 3'-3'
Nmax ,Maferent
N3-3 = 1.35 · ( NA + NB ) + 1.5 ·ND + 1.05 · NC
N3-3 = -1541.76 kN

M3-3 = 1.35 · ( MA + MB ) + 1.5 ·MD + 1.05 · MC


M3-3 = 631.67 kN m
Mmax ,Naferent
N3-3 = 1.35 · ( NA + NB ) + 1.5 ·ND + 1.05 · ( NC + NI + NK )
N3-3 = -1541.76 kN

M3-3 = 1.35 · ( MA + MB ) + 1.5 ·MD + 1.05 · ( MC + MI + MK )


M3-3 = 835.79 kN m

Sectiunea 4-4
Nmax ,Maferent
N3-3 = 1.35 · ( NA + NB ) + 1.5 ·ND + 1.05 · NC
N3-3 = -1541.76 kN

M3-3 = 1.35 · ( MA + MB ) + 1.5 ·MD + 1.05 · MC


M3-3 = 299.33 kN m

Mmax ,Naferent
N3-3 = 1.35 · ( NA + NB ) + 1.5 ·NK + 1.05 · ( NC + NE + NH )
N3-3 = -649.10 kN

M3-3 = 1.35 · ( MA + MB ) + 1.5 ·MK + 1.05 · ( MC + ME + MH )


M3-3 = -1863.56 kN m

Nmin ,Maferent
N3-3 = 0.9 · ( NA + NB )+ 1.5 · NJ
N3-3 = -197.46 kN

M3-3 = 0.9 · ( MA + MB )+ 1.5 · MJ


M3-3 = 1451.91 kN m
2. Dimensionarea sectiunii tornsonului superior

λz = lfz / iz ≤ λadm
λadm = 120.00

lfz = ls = 5.80 m

propunem : hw= 800.00 mm A=


tw= 8.00 mm
bf = 260.00 mm Iz=
tf = 12.00 mm Iz=

iz = √Iz/A = 52.76 mm
λz=lfz/iz= 109.93 < 120 se verifica

Verificarea supletii talpii:


b'f / t < 15
b'f = (bf -tw) / 2 b'= 126.00 mm
b'f / t = 10.50 < 15 se verifica

3. Dimensionarea sectiunii tornsonului inferior

fyd =
γM0 =

M4-4=
N4-4=
propunem :
hw= 1200.00 mm
tw= 8.00 mm

b = N / (hw · tw · fyd)= 0.47


coef de pondere
coef de pondere
d = 6.5 · My / (hw · N)= 9.83

r = 4-3·b - b·d= -1.98


coef de pondere
s = 1 - b - b·d= -4.05

β = (-r+√r2-12·s )/6= 1.54

propunem : t1= 12.00 mm


β1= 0.50

b1nec = β/(1+β1)·(tw·hw)/ 2 / t1 = 410.18 mm


b1= 500.00 mm > bf
b f= 260.00

propunem: t2= 12.00 mm

b2nec=(β·tw·hw - 2·t1·b1) / 4 / t2= 57.64 mm


b2= 180.00 mm

Rigidizari propunem: br= 120.00 mm


tr= 10.00 mm

Veirificarea supletii
br/tr ≤ 15 br/tr = 12.00 < 15 se verifica
2·br + tw < b1 248.00 < b1 se verifica
b1= 500.00 mm

4.Verificarea sectiunilor transversale propuse pentru cele doua tronsoane de stalp

4.1.Tronsonul superior
A= 12640.00
IY= 1369984853.33
IY= 1369.98
Iz= 35.19
iy= 329.22
iz= 52.76
W y= 3325205.95
Iw= 5.80
Ir= 436053.33
A.Ipoteza I
N= 533.79 kN fy = 235.00
My3-3= 37.49 kNm γM1 = 1.00
My =1-1
0.00 kNm γM0 = 1.00
C1= 1.88 E= 210000.00
Verificare de rezistenta G= 81000.00
N/A+My/Wy= 42.24 N/mm2 < fyd se verifica

Verificare de stabilitate generala

NEd/(χy·NRk/γM1) + kyy·MEd/(χLt·MRk/γM1)≤1
NEd/(χz·NRk/γM1) + kzy·MEd/(χLt·MRk/γM1)≤1
NRk=A·fy= 2970.40 kN
MRk=Wy·fy= 781.42 kNm

χy=1/(ϕy+√(ϕy2-λy2))
ϕy=0.5· (1+αy(λy-0.2 )+λy2)
αy= 0.34
iy=√Iy/A= 329.22 mm

lfy= 17400.00 mm
λ y= 52.85
λy= 0.56
λ1 = π·√E/fy= 93.91
ϕ y= 0.72
χ y= 0.86
χz=1/(ϕz+√(ϕz2-λz2))
ϕz=0.5· (1+αz(λz-0.2 )+λz2)
αz= 0.49
iz=√Iz/A= 52.76 mm

lfz= 5800.00 mm
λz= 109.93
λz= 1.17
λ1 = π·√E/fy= 93.91
ϕz= 1.42
χz= 0.45

χLT=1/(ϕLT+√(ϕLT2-λLT2))
ϕLT=0.5· (1+αLT(λLT-0.2 )+λLT2)
αLT= 0.76

λLT= 63.03
λLT= 0.67
λ1 = π·√E/fy= 93.91
ϕLT= 0.90
χLT= 0.66

kyy=Cmy·(1+0.6·NEd/(χy·NRk/γM1))= 0.52
Cmy= 0.60
kzy =0.8·kyy= 0.42

NEd/(χy·NRk/γM1) + kyy·MEd/(χLt·MRk/γM1) = 0.25 <1 se verifica


NEd/(χz·NRk/γM1) + kzy·MEd/(χLt·MRk/γM1) = 0.43 <1 se verifica

A= 12640.00
IY= 1369.98
Iz= 35.19
iy= 329.22
iz= 52.76
W y= 3325205.95
Iw= 5.80
Ir= 436053.33
B.Ipoteza II
N= 296.19 kN fy = 235.00
My =
3-3
457.19 kNm γM1 = 1.00
My =
1-1
0.00 kNm γM0 = 1.00
C1= 1.88 E= 210000.00
Verificare de rezistenta G= 81000.00
N/A+My/Wy= 23.57 N/mm2 < fyd se verifica

Verificare de stabilitate generala


NEd/(χy·NRk/γM1) + kyy·MEd/(χLt·MRk/γM1)≤1
NEd/(χz·NRk/γM1) + kzy·MEd/(χLt·MRk/γM1)≤1

NRk=A·fy= 2970.40 kN
MRk=Wy·fy= 781.42 kNm

χy=1/(ϕy+√(ϕy2-λy2))
ϕy=0.5· (1+αy(λy-0.2 )+λy2)
αy= 0.21
iy=√Iy/A= 329.22 mm

lfy= 17400.00 mm
λ y= 52.85
λy= 0.56
λ1 = π·√E/fy= 93.91
ϕ y= 0.70
χ y= 0.90

χz=1/(ϕz+√(ϕz2-λz2))
ϕz=0.5· (1+αz(λz-0.2 )+λz2)
αz= 0.34
iz=√Iz/A= 52.76 mm

lfz= 5800.00 mm
λz= 109.93
λz= 1.17
λ1 = π·√E/fy= 93.91
ϕz= 1.35
χz= 0.49

χLT=1/(ϕLT+√(ϕLT2-λLT2))
ϕLT=0.5· (1+αLT(λLT-0.2 )+λLT2)
αLT= 0.76

λLT= 63.03
λLT= 0.67
λ1 = π·√E/fy= 93.91
ϕLT= 0.90
χLT= 0.66
kyy=Cmy·(1+0.6·NEd/(χy·NRk/γM1))= 0.56
Cmy= 0.60
kzy =0.8·kyy= 0.45

NEd/(χy·NRk/γM1) + kyy·MEd/(χLt·MRk/γM1) = 0.61 <1 se verifica


NEd/(χz·NRk/γM1) + kzy·MEd/(χLt·MRk/γM1) = 0.60 <1 se verifica

4.2.Tronsonul inferior
hw= 1200.00
A= 32640.00 mm2 tw= 8.00
IY= 8732.02 · 10 mm
6 4

Iz= 342.40 · 106 mm4 t1= 12.00


iy= 517.23 mm b1= 500.00
iz= 102.42 mm
W y= 13111139.22 mm3 t2= 12.00
Iw= 127.27 m6 b2= 180.00
Ir= 1275520.00 mm 4

br= 120.00
tr= 10.00

A.Ipoteza I A= 32640.00
IY= 8732.02
Iz= 342.40
iy= 517.23
iz= 102.42
W y= 13111139.22
Iw= 127.27
Ir= 1275520.00

N= 1541.76 kN fy = 235.00
My =
4-4
1315.41 kNm γM1 = 1.00
My3'-3'= 790.85 kNm γM0 = 1.00
C1= 2.70 E= 210000.00
Verificare de rezistenta G= 81000.00
N/A+My/Wy= 47.34 N/mm2 < fyd se verifica

Verificare de stabilitate generala

NEd/(χy·NRk/γM1) + kyy·MEd/(χLt·MRk/γM1)≤1
NEd/(χz·NRk/γM1) + kzy·MEd/(χLt·MRk/γM1)≤1

NRk=A·fy= 7670.40 kN
MRk=Wy·fy= 3081.12 kNm
χy=1/(ϕy+√(ϕy2-λy2))
ϕy=0.5· (1+αy(λy-0.2 )+λy2)
αy= 0.34
iy=√Iy/A= 517.23 mm

lfy= 25500.00 mm
λ y= 49.30
λy= 0.52
λ1 = π·√E/fy= 93.91
ϕ y= 0.69
χ y= 0.87

χz=1/(ϕz+√(ϕz2-λz2))
ϕz=0.5· (1+αz(λz-0.2 )+λz2)
αz= 0.49
iz=√Iz/A= 102.42 mm

lfz= 10200.00 mm
λz= 99.59
λz= 1.06
λ1 = π·√E/fy= 93.91
ϕz= 1.27
χz= 0.51

χLT=1/(ϕLT+√(ϕLT2-λLT2))
ϕLT=0.5· (1+αLT(λLT-0.2 )+λLT2)
αLT= 0.76

λLT= 48.71
λLT= 0.52
λ1 = π·√E/fy= 93.91
ϕLT= 0.76
χLT= 0.77

kyy=Cmy·(1+0.6·NEd/(χy·NRk/γM1))= 0.92
Cmy= 0.84
kzy =0.8·kyy= 0.74

NEd/(χy·NRk/γM1) + kyy·MEd/(χLt·MRk/γM1) = 0.54 <1 se verifica


NEd/(χz·NRk/γM1) + kzy·MEd/(χLt·MRk/γM1) = 0.64 <1 se verifica

B.Ipoteza II A= 32640.00
IY= 8732.02
Iz= 342.40
iy= 517.23
iz= 102.42
W y= 13111139.22
Iw= 127.27
Ir= 1275520.00

N= 1051.76 kN fy = 235.00
My = 4-4
1908.95 kNm γM1 = 1.00
My 3'-3'
= 790.85 kNm γM0 = 1.00
C1= 2.57 E= 210000.00
Verificare de rezistenta G= 81000.00
N/A+My/Wy= 32.37 N/mm2 < fyd se verifica
Verificare de stabilitate generala

NEd/(χy·NRk/γM1) + kyy·MEd/(χLt·MRk/γM1)≤1
NEd/(χz·NRk/γM1) + kzy·MEd/(χLt·MRk/γM1)≤1

NRk=A·fy= 7670.40 kN
MRk=Wy·fy= 3081.12 kNm

χy=1/(ϕy+√(ϕy2-λy2))
ϕy=0.5· (1+αy(λy-0.2 )+λy2)
αy= 0.34
iy=√Iy/A= 517.23 mm

lfy= 30600.00 mm
λ y= 59.16
λy= 0.63
λ1 = π·√E/fy= 93.91
ϕ y= 0.77
χ y= 0.82

χz=1/(ϕz+√(ϕz2-λz2))
ϕz=0.5· (1+αz(λz-0.2 )+λz2)
αz= 0.49
iz=√Iz/A= 102.42 mm

lfz= 10200.00 mm
λz= 99.59
λz= 1.06
λ1 = π·√E/fy= 93.91
ϕz= 1.27
χz= 0.51

χLT=1/(ϕLT+√(ϕLT2-λLT2))
ϕLT=0.5· (1+αLT(λLT-0.2 )+λLT2)
αLT= 0.76

λLT= 49.96
λLT= 0.53
λ1 = π·√E/fy= 93.91
ϕLT= 0.77
χLT= 0.76

kyy=Cmy·(1+0.6·NEd/(χy·NRk/γM1))= 0.69
Cmy= 0.77
kzy =0.8·kyy= 0.55

NEd/(χy·NRk/γM1) + kyy·MEd/(χLt·MRk/γM1) = 0.73088 <1 se verifica


NEd/(χz·NRk/γM1) + kzy·MEd/(χLt·MRk/γM1) = 0.72 <1 se verifica

C.Ipoteza III A= 32640.00


IY= 8732.02
Iz= 342.40
iy= 517.23
iz= 102.42
W y= 13111139.22
Iw= 127.27
Ir= 1275520.00

N= 282.15 kN fy = 235.00
My = 4-4
2471.48 kNm γM1 = 1.00
My 3'-3'
= 763.88 kNm γM0 = 1.00
C1= 2.70 E= 210000.00
Verificare de rezistenta G= 81000.00
N/A+My/Wy= 8.83 N/mm2 < fyd se verifica

Verificare de stabilitate generala

NEd/(χy·NRk/γM1) + kyy·MEd/(χLt·MRk/γM1)≤1
NEd/(χz·NRk/γM1) + kzy·MEd/(χLt·MRk/γM1)≤1

NRk=A·fy= 7670.40 kN
MRk=Wy·fy= 3081.12 kNm

χy=1/(ϕy+√(ϕy2-λy2))
ϕy=0.5· (1+αy(λy-0.2 )+λy2)
αy= 0.21
iy=√Iy/A= 517.23 mm

lfy= 30600.00 mm
λ y= 59.16
λy= 0.63
λ1 = π·√E/fy= 93.91
ϕ y= 0.74
χ y= 0.88

χz=1/(ϕz+√(ϕz2-λz2))
ϕz=0.5· (1+αz(λz-0.2 )+λz2)
αz= 0.34
iz=√Iz/A= 102.42 mm

lfz= 10200.00 mm
λz= 99.59
λz= 1.06
λ1 = π·√E/fy= 93.91
ϕz= 1.21
χz= 0.56

χLT=1/(ϕLT+√(ϕLT2-λLT2))
ϕLT=0.5· (1+αLT(λLT-0.2 )+λLT2)
αLT= 0.76

λLT= 48.71
λLT= 0.52
λ1 = π·√E/fy= 93.91
ϕLT= 0.76
χLT= 0.77

kyy=Cmy·(1+0.6·NEd/(χy·NRk/γM1))= 0.71
Cmy= 0.72
kzy =0.8·kyy= `

NEd/(χy·NRk/γM1) + kyy·MEd/(χLt·MRk/γM1) = 0.78 <1 se verifica


NEd/(χz·NRk/γM1) + kzy·MEd/(χLt·MRk/γM1) = #VALUE! <1 #VALUE!

8.Verificarea de rezistenta in dreptul golului de trecere


hw= 800.00 mm
tw= 8.00 mm
bf = 260.00 mm
tf = 12.00 mm
hr= 200.00 mm
tr= 12.00 mm
hgol= 400.00 mm

Aramura= 7024.00 mm2


Iramuraz= · 106 mm4
Iramuray= 58.82 · 106 mm4
zmax= 118.25 mm
hl = 636.50 mm
A.Ipoteza 1 W1r= 0.50 · 106 mm3
N= 483.84 kN
M= 27.92 kNm fy = 235.00 N/mm2
V= 6.45 kN γM0 = 1.00
R= 220.00 N/mm2
σN=N/(2·Ar)= 34.44 N/mm2
σM=M/(hl ·Ar)= 6.25 N/mm2
σV=V ·hgol /(4 ·W1r)= 5.84 N/mm2

σN + σM + σV ≤ 1 46.52 <R se verifica

B.Ipoteza 2
N= 246.24 kN
M= 374.46 kNm
V= 78.83 kN

σN=N/(2·Ar)= 17.53 N/mm2


σM=M/(hl ·Ar)= 83.76 N/mm2
σV=V ·hgol /(4 ·W1r)= 71.31 N/mm2

σN + σM + σV ≤ 1 172.60 <R se verifica

5. Calculul bazei stalpului fy = 235.00 N/mm2


fu = 360.00 N/mm3
γM2 = 1.25
γM1 = 1.00
γM0 = 1.00
E= 210000.00 N/mm2
βw = 0.80

5.1 Dimensionarea buloanelor

A.Ipoteza 1 N= 1051.67 kN
M= 1908.95 kNm

h = hw+t1= 1212.00 mm
Nb = 1 / ni*(M /h+ N/2) n u= 2.00 buc
Nb = 524.60 kN

Nb,Rd = As·Rf
Rf = 280.00 N/mm2
dnec= 54.88 mm
d= 56.00 mm Se aleg 2 suruburi M46, gr. 4.6
Nb,Rd = 546.27 N/mm 2
B.Ipoteza 2 N= 649.10 kN
M= 1863.56 kNm

h = hw+t1= 1212.00 mm
Nb = 1 / ni*(M /h+ N/2) n u= 2.00 buc
Nb = 931.07 kN

Nb,Rd = As·Rf
Rf = 280.00 N/mm2
dnec= 73.11 mm
d= 95.00 mm Se aleg 2 suruburi M95, gr. 4.6
Nb,Rd = 1572.08 N/mm 2

C.Ipoteza 3 N= 282.15 kN
M= 2471.40 kNm

h = hw+t1= 1212.00 mm
Nb = 1 / ni*(M /h+ N/2) n u= 2.00 buc
Nb = 949.02 kN

Nb,Rd = As·Rf
Rf = 280.00 N/mm2
dnec= 73.81 mm
d= 76.00 mm Se aleg 2 suruburi M85, gr. 4.6
Nb,Rd = 1006.13 N/mm 2

5.2. Dimensionarea inaltimii traversei

A.Ipoteza 1

N= 1051.67 kN
M= 1908.95 kNm

Nr=M/h+N/2
Nr= 2100.88 kN
h r
=Nr/(4·as*Rf )+2·as
nec s

as= 7.00
Rf =
s
154.00 N/mm2
hrnec= 501.22 mm
hr= 460.00 mm
B.Ipoteza 2

N= 1227.73 kN
M= 2962.62 kNm

Nr=M/h+N/2
Nr= 1830.54 kN
hrnec=Nr/(4·as*Rfs)+2·as
as= 7.00
R f s= 154.00 N/mm2
hrnec= 438.52 mm
hr= 440.00 mm

C.Ipoteza 3

N= 282.15 kN
M= 2471.48 kNm

Nr=M/h+N/2
Nr= 2180.25 kN
h r
=Nr/(4·as*Rf )+2·as
nec s

as= 7.00
Rf =
s
154.00 N/mm2
hrnec= 519.62 mm
hr= 520.00 mm

5.3 Dimensionarea placii de baza a stalpului

σb = 1.1·Nr /(A·B) < Rb


Rb = fcd= 7.00 N/mm2 C 12/15
σb= 6.00 < Rb ok
(NN + NM)/(A·B) < fcd
(NN + NM)/(A·B) = 6.23 < fcd ok
A= 500.00
B= 700.00

M1 = α · σb · a2 · 1mm
a1 = 70.00 mm
b1 = 500.00 mm
M1= 3676.53 Nmm

M2 = 0.5 · σb · b12 · 1mm


a2 = 150.00 mm
b2 = 88.00 mm
M2= 23241.69 Nmm

M3=0.5 · σb · a2 · 1mm
a3 = 120.00 mm
b3 = 670.00 mm
M3= 43218.03 Nmm

220.00

M = max(M1,M2,M3)= 43218.03 kN m
Wnec = M/fyd = 196.45 mm3
t = √(6·Wnec /1mm)
tnec= 34.33 mm
t= 40.00 mm
5.CALCUL CONTRAVANTUIRILOR

1. Detrminarea actiunii vantului pe fronton:

A= (D + 1m) · zmax
A= 510.88 m2

H1 = A · w(zmax) · a /[2 · (D + 1m)]


H1 = 510.88 kN

12640.00 mm2 2. Detrminarea frecarii vantului pe acoperis:

35186133.33 mm4
35.19 · 106 mm4
w(zmax) = qref · Ce(zmax) · Cfr
w(zmax) = 0.04 kN/m2

H2 = [(D + 1m) · (9 · t + 2 · 1.5m) · w(zmax) · 1/3 · a ]/ (D + 1m)


H2 = 2.75 kN

3. Pierderea stabilitatii talpii superioare a grinzii cu zabrele:

H3 = 5.6 · a · q
H3 = 4.91 kN
235.00 N/mm2
1.00 q= (8 · A2L · fy · D/500)/D2
q= 0.88

P10 = ns · Kf · q
P10 = 4.81

1908.95 kNm H= H1+H2+H3


1051.67 kN H= 518.55 kN
mm

mm2
mm4
· 106 mm4
· 106 mm4 Dimensionarea diagonala C.O.T.:
mm NEd = 72.89 kN
mm
mm3 Multiplicatorul lungimii de flambaj:
m 4 fL_y = 0.50
mm4 fL_z = 0.50
Lungimea de flambaj:
N/mm 2 Lcr,y = fL_y · L = 1,0 · L = 3.91 m
Lcr,z = fL_z · L = 0,5 · L = 3.91 m

N/mm2
N/mm2 Din conditia :
NEd / Nb.Rd ≤ 1
Nb.Rd = χ A fy / γ M1

Aaprox = (γM1 Ned) /( χ propus fy) = 1052.77 mm2


χpropus = 0.3..0.5 → χpropus = 0.50

Aaprox = 620.34 mm2


Se alege o teava Ø 139.7 x 4.0 cu urmatoarele caracteristici geometrice:

D= 76.10 mm
t= 5.00 mm
d= 66.10 mm
A= 1116.84 mm2
Iy-y= Iz-z= 70.90 *104 mm4
iy-y=iz-z= 25.20 mm

Se calculeaza Ncr – efort axial critic de flambaj eleastic, corespunzator modului de flambaj consid
brute:
NEd = 72.89 kN
Ncr =π2 E I / L2

Ncr =π2 E Iy / Lcr,y2= 96.37 kN

Se calculeaza zveltetile relative:


λ = √ A fy / Ncr
λy = λ z = 1.65

Se calculeaza zveltetea maxima a contravantuirii:

λE = π √ E / f y = 93.91
` λmax = λy/z λE = 154.99 se verifica
λmax ≤ λadm
λadm = 250.00

Incadrarea pe curbele de flambaj: flambaj dupa axa y-y sau z-z: curba „a”.
Se alege a − factor de imperfectiune, corespunzator curbelor de flambaj:

Se calculeaza factorul de imperfectiune globala initiala corespunzatoare abaterii de la axa vertica


ø = 0,5| 1+α (λ − 0,2) +λ2|
ø= 2.01

mm2 Factorul de reducere in functie de modul de flambaj considerat:


· 10 mm
6 4
χ = 1 / (ø √ø2 - λ2) χ ≤ 1.0
· 106 mm4 χ = min(χy ,χz ,1)
mm χy = χ y = 0.32
mm Factorul de reducere :
mm3 χ = min(χy ,χz ,1)= 0.32
m 4

mm4 Se calculeaza rezistenta de calcul a unei bare comprimate la flambaj N b,Rd


Nb.Rd = χ A fy / γ M1
N/mm2 NEd / Nb.Rd ≤ 1

Nb.Rd = 82.83 kN
N/mm2 NEd = 72.89 kN
N/mm 2 NEd / Nb.Rd = 0.88 ≤1

Dimensionarea talpa proprie C.O.T.:


NEd = 193.54 kN

Multiplicatorul lungimii de flambaj:


fL_y = 1.00
fL_z = 1.00
Lungimea de flambaj:
Lcr,y = fL_y · L = 1,0 · L = 3.004 m
Lcr,z = fL_z · L = 1,0 · L = 3.004 m

Din conditia :
NEd / Nb.Rd ≤ 1
Nb.Rd = χ A fy / γ M1

Aaprox = (γM1 Ned) /( χ propus fy) = 1647.15 mm2


χpropus = 0.3..0.5 → χpropus = 0.50

Aaprox = 1647.15 mm2

Se alege o teava Ø 152.4 x 4.0 cu urmatoarele caracteristici geometrice:

D= 88.90 mm
t= 7.10 mm
d= 74.70 mm
A= 1824.57 mm2
Iy-y= Iz-z= 1.54 *106 mm4
iy-y=iz-z= 29.05 mm

Se calculeaza Ncr – efort axial critic de flambaj eleastic, corespunzator modului de flambaj consid
brute:
NEd = 193.54 kN
Ncr =π2 E I / L2

Ncr =π2 E Iy / Lcr,y2= 353.70 kN

Se calculeaza zveltetile relative:


λ = √ A fy / Ncr
λy = λ z = 1.10

Se calculeaza zveltetea maxima a contravantuirii:


λE = π √ E / f y = 93.91
λmax = λy/z λE = 103.40 se verifica
λmax ≤ λadm
λadm = 250.00

Incadrarea pe curbele de flambaj: flambaj dupa axa y-y sau z-z: curba „a”.
Se alege a − factor de imperfectiune, corespunzator curbelor de flambaj:

Se calculeaza factorul de imperfectiune globala initiala corespunzatoare abaterii de la axa vertica


ø = 0,5| 1+α (λ − 0,2) +λ2|
ø= 1.20
mm
mm Factorul de reducere in functie de modul de flambaj considerat:
χ = 1 / (ø √ø2 - λ2) χ ≤ 1.0
mm χ = min(χy ,χz ,1)
mm χy = χ y = 0.60
Factorul de reducere :
mm χ = min(χy ,χz ,1)= 0.60
mm
Se calculeaza rezistenta de calcul a unei bare comprimate la flambaj N b,Rd
mm Nb.Rd = χ A fy / γ M1
mm NEd / Nb.Rd ≤ 1

Nb.Rd = 255.25 kN
mm2 NEd = 193.54 kN
· 106 mm4 NEd / Nb.Rd = 0.76 ≤1
· 10 mm
6 4

mm
mm
mm3
m6
mm4

N/mm2

N/mm2
N/mm2
mm2
· 106 mm4
· 106 mm4
mm
mm
mm3
m6
mm4

N/mm2

N/mm2
N/mm2
mm2
· 106 mm4
· 106 mm4
mm
mm
mm3
m6
mm4

N/mm2

N/mm2
N/mm2
NN=N/2·=
NM=M/hl=
NV=V/4 ·hgol =

NN/(Ar·fy/γM0) + NM/(Ar·fy/γM0) + MV/(Ir/zmax·fy/γM0) ≤ 1


NN/(Ar·fy/γM0) + NM/(Ar·fy/γM0) + MV/(Ir/zmax·fy/γM0) =
CALCUL CONTRAVANTUIRILOR

D= 30.00 m
t= 10.00 m
a= 3.00 m
H= 16.48 m

qref= 0.50 kN/m2


zmax = 16.48 m
Ce(zmax) = 2.05
Cfr = 0.04

5m) · w(zmax) · 1/3 · a ]/ (D + 1m)

A2L = 7000.00 mm2

ns = 10.00
Kf = 0.55
E1 = 85.80 kN
E2 = 87.40 kN
T1 = 72.10 kN
T2 = 94.10 kN

E= 123.70 kN
T= 222.20 kN

L= √(3·a)2 + (t/2)2 / cosα


L= 7.81 m

fy = 235.00 N/mm2
γM1 = 1.00
E= 210000.00 N/mm2
istici geometrice:

corespunzator modului de flambaj considerat, calculat pe baza caracteristicilor sectiunii transversale


sau z-z: curba „a”.
belor de flambaj: α= 0.21

corespunzatoare abaterii de la axa verticala :

≤ 1.0

te la flambaj N b,Rd
se verifica
L= 3·a / cosα
L= 3.004 m

fy = 235.00 N/mm2
γM1 = 1.00
E= 210000.00 N/mm2

istici geometrice:

corespunzator modului de flambaj considerat, calculat pe baza caracteristicilor sectiunii transversale


sau z-z: curba „a”.
belor de flambaj: α= 0.21

corespunzatoare abaterii de la axa verticala :

≤ 1.0

te la flambaj N b,Rd

se verifica
34.44
6.25
5.84
46.52

y
/γM0) + MV/(Ir/zmax·fy/γM0) ≤ 1

y
/γM0) + MV/(Ir/zmax·fy/γM0) = 0.07
Bara
l [mm]
NEd [kN]
Sectiune
A 1L [mm2]

A 2L [mm2]

fL_y[mm]
fL_z[mm]
lb,y [mm]
lb,z [mm]
iy1 = iz1 [mm]
iy [mm]
iz [mm]

b [mm]
t [mm]
e [mm]
tg [mm]
λy [mm]
λz [mm]
λmax [mm]
λadm [mm]
λmax ≤ λadm

λ1 [mm]
λ [mm]
α
ø
χ
Nb.Rd [kN]
NRd [kN]
NEd [kN]
NEd / Nb.Rd
NEd / Nb.Rd < 1
Bara
NRd [kN]
NEd [kN]
Fw,Ed [kN]
Fw,Ed (1)[kN]
Fw,Ed (2)[kN]

a1 ≤
a1 [mm]

a2 ≤
a2 [mm]

F(1)w,Rd [ N ]
F(2)w,Rd [ N ]

ns =
l c (1)
s

ls (1) ≥
ls min [mm]
ls max [mm]
l(1)s [mm]

ns =
lc (2)s ≥
ls (2) ≥
ls min [mm]
ls max [mm]
l(2)s =

Distante intre placutele de


lp [mm]
T.S.
3003.75
1025.00
L 160x160x15
3500.00

7000.00

1.00
1.00
3003.75
3003.75
42.70
42.70
62.91

140.00
13.00
39.20
14.00
70.35
47.75
70.35
120.00
ok

93.91
0.75
0.49
0.92
0.69
1141.85
------
1025.00
0.90
ok

Calculul cordoanelor de sudura


T.S. 0-1
1141.85
918.70
1141.85
822.13
319.72

9.80
8.00

9.10
5.00

1085.42
678.39

2.00
378.72
394.72
120.00
480.00
420.00
ok
2.00
235.65
245.65
75.00
300.00
260.00
ok
te intre placutele de rigidizare:
3416.00
FORTE AXIALA
N [kN] inregistrata in sectiunea
Caz de incarcare Tip 1-Jan 2-Feb 3-Mar
A.Permanente
acoperis P 182.4 182.4 182.4
B.Permanente cale de
rulare P 0 0 37
C.Zapada V 157.73 157.73 157.73
D.Verticale mari
poduri V 0 0 719.48
E.Verticale mici
poduri V 0 0 177.68
F.Orizontale poduri
--> st ax A V 0 0 0
G.Orizontale poduri
--> st ax B V 0 0 0
H.Orizontale poduri
<-- st ax A V 0 0 0
I.Orizontale poduri <--
st ax B V 0 0 0
J.Vant --> V 0 0 0
K.Vant <-- V 0 0 0

FORTE
TAIETOAR
E
T [kN] inregistrata in sectiunea
Caz de incarcare Tip 1-Jan 2-Feb 3-Mar
A.Permanente
acoperis P 2.5 2.5 2.5
B.Permanente cale de
rulare P -2.02 -2.02 -2.02
C.Zapada V 2.16 2.16 2.16
D.Verticale mari
poduri V -24.55 -24.55 -24.55
E.Verticale mici
poduri V -24.55 -24.55 -24.55
F.Orizontale poduri
--> st ax A V -7.64 -7.64 23.9
G.Orizontale poduri
--> st ax B V 7.64 7.64 7.64
H.Orizontale poduri
<-- st ax A V 7.64 7.64 -23.9
I.Orizontale poduri <--
st ax B V -7.64 -7.64 -7.64
J.Vant --> V 26.59 26.59 80.39
K.Vant <-- V -33.1 -33.1 -73.45

MOMENTE
M [kN] inregistrata in sectiunea
Caz de incarcare Tip 1-Jan 2-Feb 3-Mar
A.Permanente
acoperis P 0 11.98 14.47
B.Permanente cale de
rulare P 0 9.72 11.74
C.Zapada V 0 -10.36 -12.51
D.Verticale mari
poduri V 0 -117.82 -142.37
E.Verticale mici
poduri V 0 -117.82 -142.37
F.Orizontale poduri
--> st ax A V 0 -36.66 -12.76
G.Orizontale poduri
--> st ax B V 0 36.66 44.3
H.Orizontale poduri
<-- st ax A V 0 36.66 12.76
I.Orizontale poduri <--
st ax B V 0 -36.66 -44.3
J.Vant --> V 0 127.62 154.21
K.Vant <-- V 0 -158.88 -191.99
egistrata in sectiunea
3'-3' 4-Apr

182.4 182.4

37 37
157.73 157.73

719.48 719.48

177.68 177.68

0 0

0 0

0 0

0 0
0 0
0 0

egistrata in sectiunea
3'-3' 4-Apr

2.5 2.5

-2.02 -2.02
2.16 2.16

-24.55 -24.55

-24.55 -24.55
23.9 23.9

7.64 7.64

-23.9 -23.9

-7.64 -7.64
80.39 80.39
-73.45 -73.45

registrata in sectiunea
3'-3' 4-Apr

-22.01 3.44

-17.86 2.79
19.03 -2.98

433.22 182.85

-0.22 -250.59

-12.76 298.56

44.3 122.2

12.76 -298.56

-44.3 -122.2
154.21 974.13
-191.99 -941.17
FORTE AXIALA
N [kN] inregistrata in sectiunea
Caz de incarcare Tip
1-1 2-2 3-3 3'-3' 4-4
A.Permanente acoperis P -182.4 -182.4 -182.4 -182.4 -182.4
B.Permanente cale de rulare P 0 0 -37 -37 -37
C.Zapada V -158.4 -158.4 -158.4 -158.4 -158.4
D.Verticale mari poduri V 0 0 0 -719.5 -719.5
E.Verticale mici poduri V 0 0 0 -177.7 -177.7
F.Orizontale poduri --> st ax A V 0 0 0 0 0
G.Orizontale poduri --> st ax B V 0 0 0 0 0
H.Orizontale poduri <-- st ax A V 0 0 0 0 0
I.Orizontale poduri <-- st ax B V 0 0 0 0 0
J.Vant --> V 0 0 0 0 0
K.Vant <-- V 0 0 0 0 0

FORTE
TAIETOAR
E
T [kN] inregistrata in sectiunea
Caz de incarcare Tip
1-1 2-2 3-3 3'-3' 4-4
A.Permanente acoperis P -2.4 -2.4 -2.4 -2.4 -2.4
B.Permanente cale de rulare P 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
C.Zapada V -2.1 -2.1 -2.1 -2.1 -2.1
D.Verticale mari poduri V 23.6 23.6 23.6 23.6 23.6
E.Verticale mici poduri V 23.6 23.6 23.6 23.6 23.6
F.Orizontale poduri --> st ax A V 7.4 7.4 -24.2 -24.2 -24.2
G.Orizontale poduri --> st ax B V -7.4 -7.4 -7.4 -7.4 -7.4
H.Orizontale poduri <-- st ax A V -7.4 -7.4 24.2 24.2 24.2
I.Orizontale poduri <-- st ax B V 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4 7.4
J.Vant --> V -26.1 -26.1 -80 -80 -80
K.Vant <-- V 31.3 31.3 71.7 71.7 71.7

MOMENTE
M [kN] inregistrata in sectiunea
Caz de incarcare Tip
1-1 2-2 3-3 3'-3' 4-4
A.Permanente acoperis P 0 11.4 13.9 -22.6 1.9
B.Permanente cale de rulare P 0 -9.2 -11.3 18.3 -1.5
C.Zapada V 0 9.9 12.1 -19.6 1.7
D.Verticale mari poduri V 0 -112.1 -136.9 438.7 198
E.Verticale mici poduri V 0 -112.1 -136.9 5.2 -235.5
F.Orizontale poduri --> st ax A V 0 -35.1 -9.7 -9.7 237.1
G.Orizontale poduri --> st ax B V 0 35.1 42.8 42.8 118.2
H.Orizontale poduri <-- st ax A V 0 35.1 9.7 9.7 -237.1
I.Orizontale poduri <-- st ax B V 0 -35.1 -42.8 -42.8 -118.2
J.Vant --> V 0 121.4 151.6 151.6 967.7
K.Vant <-- V 0 -148.8 -181.6 -181.6 -913.1
comb 1 1.35*(A+B)+1.5*D+1.05*(C+J)
sect 1-1 sect 2-2 sect 3-3 sect 3'-3' sect 4-4
N -412.56 -412.56 -462.51 -1541.76 -1541.76
V 5.115 5.115 -51.48 -51.48 -51.48
M 0 -27.315 -29.955 790.845 1315.41

comb 2 1.35*(A+B)+1.5*J+1.05*(D+F)
sect 1-1 sect 2-2 sect 3-3 sect 3'-3' sect 4-4
N -246.24 -246.24 -296.19 -1051.67 -1051.67
V -7.275 -7.275 -121.305 -121.305 -121.305
M 0 30.51 76.98 672.045 1908.945

comb 3 1.35*(A+B)+1.5*K+1.05*(D+I)
sect 1-1 sect 2-2 sect 3-3 sect 3'-3' sect 4-4
N -246.24 -246.24 -296.19 -1051.67 -1051.67
V 78.825 78.825 139.425 139.425 139.425
M 0 -374.46 -457.185 136.845 -1285.26

comb 4 1.35*(A+B)+1.5*J+1.05*(E+F)
sect 1-1 sect 2-2 sect 3-3 sect 3'-3' sect 4-4
N -246.24 -246.24 -296.19 -482.775 -482.775
V -7.275 -7.275 -121.305 -121.305 -121.305
M 0 30.84 77.37 216.225 1453.83

comb 5 1.35*(A+B)+1.5*C+1.05*(D+J)
sect 1-1 sect 2-2 sect 3-3 sect 3'-3' sect 4-4
N -483.84 -483.84 -533.79 -1289.27 -1289.27
V -6.45 -6.45 -63.045 -63.045 -63.045
M 0 27.915 37.485 583.965 1227.135