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# Workshop 8B - Random & Fatigue

16.0 Release

ANSYS Mechanical
Linear and Nonlinear Dynamics
1 © 2015 ANSYS, Inc. March 1, 2016
Workshop 8B - Goals
Our goal is to use a PSD analysis in order to determine the fatigue behavior of a structure

## 2 © 2015 ANSYS, Inc. March 1, 2016

Workshop 8B - Project Schematic
• Set the Unit System to Kg, m, s, °C, A, N, V
• Restore and save the archive W08B_PSD_Fatigue.wbpz
• Open the Mechanical Model and set the Units to

## 3 © 2015 ANSYS, Inc. March 1, 2016

Workshop 8B - Modal Analysis (1)
• Analyze the Boundary Condition and verify the Analysis Settings

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Workshop 8B - Modal Results
1st Mode Shape

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Workshop 8B - PSD Analysis (1)
• Boundary Condition and Parameters

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Workshop 8B – RPSD Results (1)
• RPSD Result

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Workshop 8B – RPSD Results (2)
• Von Mises stress in MPa:

## 8 © 2015 ANSYS, Inc. March 1, 2016

Fatigue Analysis (1)
• Calculation of the equation behavior : Log sigma = A log N +B
– The Material Law is presented below

## We take the two extremum points

Sigma1 2.79E+08 N1 1000
Sigma2 8.66E+07 N2 1.00E+08

## With this two points we can calculate, on Microsoft

Excel for example, the coefficients A and B:

A -1.02E-01
B 8.75E+00

## Check the Psd_fatigue.xlsx file in the

Workshop input files folder
9 © 2015 ANSYS, Inc. March 1, 2016
Fatigue Analysis (2)
• With Psd Analysis we know that:
- 1Sigma arrives in 68.3% of the time
- 2Sigma arrives in 27.651% of the time
- 3Sigma arrives in 4.049% of the time
• So we can build this table with the result of the PSD (slide8):

## Note: Difference between Sigma RMS and Sigma Range

:Sigma RMS (given by a PSD analysis). Have to be use
with alternating Stress material properties. (0/Peak)

## :Sigma Range. Have to be use with Peak Peak stress

amplitude material properties.
10 © 2015 ANSYS, Inc. March 1, 2016
Fatigue Analysis (3)
• So with our material law we will directly use Sigma RMS:

## To calculate SAF in ANSYS,

Simply divide the velocity 1σ
Solution by the displacement
1 σ solution (in MAPDL) obtained
by inserting the APDL command:
‘psdres,velo,rel’

## 11 © 2015 ANSYS, Inc. March 1, 2016

Fatigue Analysis (4)
• V0+ calculation:

– Create a Named Selection with the node where the Maximum Equivalent Stress occurs

– Post process the Directional Deformation and Velocity in the Z direction on this Named Selection

– Divide the Directional Velocity by the Directional Deformation, in this case: 80.085 / 0.26717 = 299.7529

## 12 © 2015 ANSYS, Inc. March 1, 2016

Fatigue Analysis (5)
• Finally use Miner’s rule to retrieve the service life T of the structure:

• Here we know v0+ (statistical average frequency) Ni and we set D = 1 (fatigue failure) in order to
retrive T.
13 © 2015 ANSYS, Inc. March 1, 2016
Fatigue Analysis (6)
• We can now compute the total dammage of the structure with the occurrences of the
different sigmas:

• The total life time of the structures is 1140301 seconds = 13.2 days.

## 14 © 2015 ANSYS, Inc. March 1, 2016

Fatigue Analysis: Limitations with PSD
• The average sigma is equal to zero.

OK NOK
• All the cycles 1sigma, 2sigma and 3sigma arrive one after another. No cumulation at the same
time.

• Only one frequency has to be excitated with the spectrum in order to calculate the life duration.

• Limitations may be overcome by using a specific tool like ANSYS nCode DesignLife.