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Academic vs Non-Academic Articles
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Academic vs. Non Academic: What's the Difference?
The majority of your research will require academic and scholarly articles. Many students
struggle with trying to determine what an academic source, or article, is.

Academic articles are written by professionals in a given field. They are edited by the
authors' peers and often take years to publish. Their language is formal and will contain
words and terms typical to the field. The authors name will be present, as will their
credentials. There will be a list of references that indicate where the author obtained the
information s/he is using in the article.

Academic articles can be found in periodicals similar to the Journal of Psychology,

Childhood Education or The American Journal of Public Health.

Click on the following link for an example of an academic article: Experimental educational
networking on open research issues; Studying PSS applicability and development in
emerging contexts.

This article is considered academic because the language is very formal and genre specific,
there are two authors and their credentials listed (these are found at the end of the article),
and most importantly there is a list of references.

Non-Academic articles are written for the mass public. They are published quickly and can
be written by anyone. Their language is informal, casual and may contain slang. The author
may not be provided and will not have any credentials listed. There will be no reference list.
Non-Academic articles can be found in periodicals similar to Time, Newsweek or Rolling

As a general rule religious texts and newspapers are not considered academic sources. Do
not use Wikipedia for an academic source. This website can be altered by anyone and so
any information found within its pages cannot be considered credible or academic.

Click on the following link for an example of a non-academic article: Marketing News's
Writers Rules
This article would be non-academic because the language is very casual and includes some
examples of slang, there is an author, but they chose to write anonymously and so there are
no credentials provided for him, and no references were included to show where the author
obtained his information.


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