Sunteți pe pagina 1din 24

A PRESENTATION ON VOCATIONAL

TRAINING AT – NTPC UNCHAHAR

PRESENTED BY- AAYUSH TARAGI


SURABHI PAL
PRABJOT SINGH
PUNEET KUMAR
EN 4TH YEAR
ABOUT NTPC
• NTPC is the largest power generating company in india, was set up
in 1975 to accelerate power development in the country.

• NTPC has installed capacity of (43803MW).

• NTPC has 16 coal based power stations (31182MW).

• NTPC has 7 gas based power stations (4017MW).

• NTPC has 7 power stations in joint ventures (8,604MW).

 NTPC has 9 Solar based Power stations(360MW).

• In 1997 , Government of india granted NTPC status of ‘Navratna’.


ABOUT NTPC, UNCHAHAR
• It has energy generating capacity by –
-coal based thermal plant is 1050 MW .

• It has 3 stages consisting 5 units of coal based


thermal plant .
-stage 1 –unit 1 and unit 2(2 x 210MW)
-stage 2-unit 3 and unit 4(2 x 210MW).
-stage 3 –unit 5 (210MW).
• It’s 6th unit is under construction (500MW).
SOURCES
 COAL SOURCE
- Central Coal Field limited(CCL)
- Bharat Cocking Coal Limited(BCCL)

 WATER SOURCE
- Sharda Sahayak canal(main source)
- Dalmau pump canal(auxilliary source)
OPERATION OF
THERMALPOWER PLANT
OPERATION MECHANISM

• The coal is brought and crushed to powder. This is feed to boiler for producing
heat .
• In Boiler the water is converted to steam.
•In super heater the moisture content is removed from the steam and that steam is
called super heated steam.
•The superheated steam rotates the shaft of the High pressure turbine.
•The exhausted steam is sent to preheater and the steam then rotates the
intermediate pressure (IP) turbine.
• The steam from the IP Turbine is then feed to low pressure turbine.
•The turbine shaft is connected to the Generator, which produces electric Power.
•The power generated is then transmitted .
MAIN DEPARTMENTS OF PLANT
•Coal handling plant
•Boiler
•Superheater
•Turbine
•Generator
•Condenser
•Cooling Tower
•Switchyard
•Ash handling plant
•Electrostatic precipitator
COAL HANDLING PLANT

• The function of coal handling plant


is automatic feeding of coal to the
boiler furnace.
• A thermal power plant burns
enormous amounts of coal.
• A 200MW plant may require
around 2000 tons of coal daily
• following are the process of plant-:
1. Bunkering process
2. Unloading process
3. Feeding process
4. Screening process
5. Crushing process
BOILER
•A boiler or steam generator is
a closed vessel to which water
under pressure, is converted
into steam.

•It is one of the major


components of a thermal power
plant.

•Always designed to absorb


maximum amount of heat
released in the process of
combustion.
SUPER HEATER

•A device which moves last traces


of moisture.

•It helps in reduction in


requirement of steam quantity.

•Steam being dry reduces the


mechanical resistance of turbine.

•No corrosion at the Turbine


blades.
TURBINE
•A steam turbine converts heat energy
of steam into mechanical energy and
drives the generator.
• It uses the principle that steam when
issuing from a small opening attains a
high velocity.

•This velocity attained during


expansion depends on the initial and
final heat content of the steam.

•This difference b/w initial and final


heat content represents the heat energy
converted into kinetic energy.

•These are of two types :-


1. Impulse turbine
2. Reaction turbine
GENERATOR

•The Synchronus Generator is used to generate power by connecting the


shaft of the Turbine to the shaft of the generator which create the magnetic
flux producing Emf.

•The generated voltage will generally 33 KV to 11 KV max.


• the generated Voltage is stepped up by connecting Step up transformer
and is also used for auxilliary purpose.
CONDENSER
• Which condenses the steam at
the exhaust of turbine.

• It creates a very low


pressure at the exhaust of
turbine, this helps in
converting heat energy of
steam into mechanical
energy in the prime mover.

• The condensed steam can


be used as feed water to the
boiler.
COOLING TOWER
• Remove heat from the water
discharged from the condenser
so that the water can be
discharged to the river or re
circulated and reused.

• Air can be circulated in the


cooling towers through natural
draft and mechanical draft.
SWITCHYARD

•A switchyard is a part of an
electrical generation,
transmission system.

•Switchyard transform voltage


from high to low’ or the reverse,
or perform any of several other
important functions
SINGLE LINE DIAGRAM
EQUIPMENTS IN SWITCHYARD
•OUTDOOR EQUIPMENTS
1. BUS BAR
2. LIGHTENING ARRESTER
3. BREAKER
4. CAPACITIVE VOLTAGE TRANSFORMER
5. EARTHING ROD
6. CURRENT TRANSFORMER
7. POTENTIAL TRANSFORMER

•INDOOR EQUIPMENTS
1. RELAYS
2. CONTROL PANNEL
3. CIRCUIT BREAKERS
ASH HANDLING PLANT
•The percentage of ash in coal varies
from 5% in good quality coal to about
40% in poor quality coal Power plants
generally use poor quality of coal .

•thus amount of ash produced by


it is pretty large .

•A modern 2000MW plant produces


about 5000 tons of ash daily.

• The stations use some conveyor


arrangement to carry ash to dump
sites directly or for carrying and
loading it to trucks and wagons
which transport it to the site of
disposal
UTILISATION OF SECONDARY
RAW MATERIAL (ASH)
• Construction of embankments and fills

• Construction of road in sub-base

• Manufacture of cement

• Manufacture of bricks/blocks

• Filling as flowable fill material

• Agriculture as soil amendment/source of essential plant


nutrients
ELECTROSTATIC PRECIPITATOR
 PRINCIPLE-
- Dust laden gases passed into chambers where the
individual particles of dust are given an electric charge
by absorption of free ions from a high voltage dc
ionising field.
 PROCESS-
-There are 4 steps that are involved:-
1-Ionisation of gases and charging of particls.
2-Migration of particles to respective electrodes.
3-Deposition of particles on the electrodes.
4-dislodging of particles from the electrodes.
FUNDAMENTAL PARTS OF ESP
•Basing
•Hoppers
•Collecting System
•Emitting System
•Rapping Mechanism
•Insulators
•Transformer Rectifier
ADVANTAGES

•The fuel used is quite cheap.


•Less initial cost as compared to other generating plants.
•It can be installed at any place irrespective of the existence
of coal.

•The coal can be easily transported to the site


•It require less space as compared to Hydro power plants.
•Cost of generation is less than that of diesel power plants.
DISADVANTAGES

•It pollutes the atmosphere due to production of large amount of


smoke and fumes.

•It is costlier in running cost as compared to Hydro electric


plants.

•Maintenance cost is more.


THANK YOU