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EXPERIMENT NO.

4
STANDARD PROCTOR COMPACTION TEST

PURPOSE:

For construction of highways, airports, and other structures, it is often necessary to


compact soil to improve its strength. Proctor (1933) developed a laboratory compaction test
procedure to determine the maximum dry unit weight of compaction of soils, which can be used
for specification of field compaction. This test is referred to as the Standard Proctor Compaction
Test. It is based on compaction of soil fraction passing No. 4 U.S. sieve.

STANDARD REFERENCE:

ASTM D 1140 & ASTM D 1557

EQUIPMENT:

1. Compaction mold
2. No. 4 U.S. sieve
3. Standard Proctor hammer (5.5 lb)
4. Balance sensitive up to 0.01g
5. Balance sensitive up to 0.1g
6. Large flat pan
7. Jack
8. Steel straight edge
9. Moisture cans
10. Drying oven
11. Plastic squeeze bottle with water

DATE TESTED: October 22, 2018

TESTED BY: Group 4

 Shainee Delle Palmera


 Nhor Jhaica Guisang
 Randy Mandabon
 Jeffrey Masinadiong
 Crestito Emil Cuarteros
 Ronald Cadaa
 Jess Atugan

TEST PROCEDURE:

1. Obtain about 4kg of air dry soil and break the soil lumps.
2. Sieve the soil on a No. 4 U.S. sieve. Collect the entire soil sample passing through sieve no. 4 in a
large pan.
3. Add a specific amount of moisture to the soil sample and mix thoroughly.
4. Determine the weight of the Proctor Mold + base plate (without the extension), W1 (kg).
5. Attach the extension to the top of the mold.
6. Pour the moist soil in three equal layers. Compact each layer uniformly with the Standard Proctor
hammer 25 times before each additional layer of loose soil is poured. At the end of the three-layer
compaction, the soil should extend slightly above the top of the rim of the compaction mold.
7. Remove the extension carefully.
8. Trim excess soil with a straight edge.
9. Determine the weight of the Proctor Mold + base plate + compacted moist soil, W2 (kg).
10. Remove the base plate from the mold. Extrude the compacted moist soil cylinder using a jack.
11. Take a moisture can and determine its mass, W3 (g).
12. From the moist soil extruded in step 10, collect a moist sample in a moisture can (step 11) and
determine the mass of moist soil + can, W4 (g).
13. Place the moisture can with soil in the oven to dry to a constant weight.
14. Break the rest of the soil cylinder by hand and mix with leftover moist soil. Add more water and mix
to raise moisture content.
15. Repeat steps 6-12. In this process, the weight of the mold + base plate + moist soil (W2) will first
increase with the increase in moisture content and then decrease. Continue the test until at least
two successive decreased readings are obtained.
16. Determine the mass of the moisture cans + soil samples, W5 (g) (from step 13).

TRANSLATED DATA:

Volume of mold = 9.44 X 10-4 m3


Weight of hammer = 5.5 lb
No. of blows/layer = 25
No. of layers = 3

Trial 1 2 3 4 5
W1 (kg) 5.029 5.029 5.029 5.029 5.029
W2 (kg) 6.558 6.712 6.878 6.995 6.758
W1-W2 (kg) 1.529 1.683 1.849 1.966 1.729
γ (KN/m3) 15.89 17.49 19.21 20.43 17.97
Moisture can name A1 A2 B1 B2 C1 C2 D1 D2 E1 E2
W3 (g) 9 8.7 8.9 8.7 9 9.1 8.7 8.7 8.8 9
W4 (g) 35.9 29.7 28 26.8 32.5 34.1 31.2 29.9 36.4 36.6
W5 (g) 34 28.4 26.2 25.2 29.3 30.3 27.2 26.3 30.3 30.6
w (%) 7.6 6.6 10.40 9.70 15.76 17.92 21.62 20.45 28.37 27.78
Average w (%) 7.1 10.05 16.84 21.04 28.08
3
γd (KN/m ) 14.84 15.89 16.44 16.88 14.03

Zero Air Voids


Dry Unit Weight
(kN/m3)
Dry Unit Weight 𝐺𝑠
(kN/m3) Water γd = ( 𝑤𝐺𝑠
) γw,
Bulk Unit Weight γ Content 1+
𝑆
Water Content (kN/m3) γd = (%) S=1
1+𝑤
7.1 15.89 14.84 7 22.3
10.05 17.49 15.89 10 20.9
16.84 19.21 16.44 17 18.5
21.04 20.43 16.88 21 16.9
28.08 17.97 14.03 28 15.1

CALCULATION/DATA ANALYSIS:

1. Determine weight of the mold W1 (step 4).


2. Determine weight of the mold + compacted moist soil, W2 (step 9).
3. Determine weight of the compacted moist soil = W2-W1.
4. Moist unit weight γ = weight of the compacted moist soil / volume of mold = [(W2 - W1) (9.81)]/
(9.44 X 10-4 m3).
5. Determine mass of moisture can, W3 (step 11).
6. Determine mass of moisture can + moist soil, W4 (step 12).
7. Determine mass of moisture can + dry soil, W5 (step 16).
8. Compaction moisture content, w (%) = (W4 - W5) x 100 / (W5 - W3).
9. Determine average moisture content for every trial, Average w (%).
10. Dry unit weight γd = γ / (1 +Average w (%) / 100).

Since, γd maz (KN/m3) = 16.88 KN/m3


Optimum w (%) = 21.04 %

Then, , γd – field = (0.95)(16.88) =16.04 KN/m3

RESULT:

γd maz (KN/m3) = 16.88 KN/m3


Optimum w (%) = 21.04 %

γd – field = (0.95)(16.88) =16.04 KN/m3


25
7, 22.3
10, 20.9
17, 18.5
20
DRY UNIT WEIGHT (KN/m

21, 16.9
28, 15.1
15 16.84, 16.44 21.04, 16.88
10.05, 15.89
7.1, 14.84
28.08, 14.03
10

0
0 5 10 15 20 25 30
MOISTURE CONTENT (%)
EXPERIMENT NO. 2 LAB REPORT

GROUP 4

SHAINEE DELLE PALMERA

NHOR JHAICA GUISANG

RANDY MANDABON

JEFFREY MASINADIONG

CRESTITO EMIL CUARTEROS

RONALD CADAA

JESS ATUGAN