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# THE EFFECT OF TIME PRESSURE ON TEST PERFORMANCE

## SPECIFIC AREAS: Time

Test Taking

Introduction

Time is precious. The varied and conflicting demands on our time, from professional commitments to
domestic responsibilities, push us to squeeze the most from every minute (Hochschild, 1997; Perlow,
1998, 1999). Yet time pressure imposes constraints that can limit exploration, constrain cognitive
capacity, and impair performance. Time pressure can reduce performance on everything from
simplemath problems (Bryan & Locke, 1967) to piloting airplanes (Raby & Wickens, 1994).

## HYPOTHESIS: The Effect of Time Pressure Affects Test Performance

Independent Variables: Time Presure, operationally defined as the existence of time pressure

Dependent Variables: Test Performance, operationally defined as scores on the Math Pre-Test.

## Design: Two matched Group Design

Estimated Time: 40 minutes for pre-test, grouping, and the 25 item Math Problem Test

Materials:

## Scoring Keys (Annex D)

Stopwatch
Procedure:

The experimenter gathered all the participants inside the classrome and gave the briefing by
giving them instruction as to what to what to do and preparing them for the experiment . before
the main experiment, the researchers used a range pre matching design to divide the group. At
this time all participant were given the Math Pre-Test for estimated time of 40 minutes.
Afterwards the experimenter computed the scores as to determined their group. Hence the
participants were matched according to their total scored from highest to lowest, the
expirementer didvided the group into two. The Group 1 will take take the test without time and
the other group or Group 2 will take the test with time limit.
The primary dependent measure was the memory recall of the individual. The independent
variables was manipulated thru time pressure. The results were again determined as to how
many correct math problem they were able to solve in given span of time.
Annex A ( Pre-Test)

## Name Student No. Score

1. 29 + 17 = 34 35 44 45 NA
2. 13-8 = 4 5 6 7 NA
3. 9 X 7 = 54 56 68 72 NA
4. 42 /7 = 5 6 7 8 NA
5. 35 +56 = 81 103 99 91 NA
6. 46 – 27 = 29 16 21 18 NA
7. 34 X 7 = 238 237 342 228 NA
8. 91/ 7 = 12 15 13 17 NA
9. 79 + 36 = 124 116 114 105 NA
10. 92- 38 = 53 63 54 65 NA
11. 12 X 13 = 169 144 136 156 NA
12. 87/3 = 39 37 29 27 NA
13. 55 + 79 = 134 133 124 122 NA
14. 84 -47 = 46 37 38 35 NA
15. 11 X 14 = 158 168 154 164 NA
16. 456/ 8 = 64 59 69 57 NA
17. 127 + 56 = 174 171 183 185 NA
18. 163 – 87 = 84 74 75 86 NA
19. 153 X 6 = 918 858 868 921 NA
20. 576 / 6 = 91 86 84 96 NA
21. 229 + 73= 27 293 302 291 NA
22. 193 + 84= 111 109 118 99 NA
23. 248 X 3= 714 641 744 752 NA
24. 516 / 12= 38 48 53 42 NA
25. 465 + 237= 603 702 792 693 NA
26. 237 – 89= 158 147 168 152 NA
27. 169 X 7= 1176 1092 1183 1173 NA
28. 364 / 13= 28 39 34 26 NA
Annex B (Math Problem)

## Math Problems Test

Name:____________________________________________________Score:______________

General direction:

## 1. How is 32nd written in words?

a. Thirty-two b. thirty-second c. three-second

## 2. How is nineteenth written in symbol?

a. 19th b. 90th c. 98th

3. Celina got third place in Math Quiz Bee. How is the word “third” written in symbol?
a. 3rd b. 3th c. 30rd

## 4. What letter should be affix to make this ordinal correct, 61 ?

a. Nd b. st c. th

## 5. How is MMMLXXIX written in Hindu-Arabic Numeral?

a. 379 b. 3 079 c. 3 709

## 6. What Roman Numerals can be repeated 3 times?

a. I,V,X,L b. I,X,C,M c. I,X,C,D

7. I got 2984 likes from picture I have posted. How is 2984 written in Roman Numerals?
a. IIIXVIIIV b. MMMCDLXXXIV c. MMCMLXXXIV

## 8. How is P O.O5 written in words?

a. Five cents b. five pesos c. zero and zero five pesos

9. Fred has nine hundred two pesos and eighty-five centavos. What will it be in figures?
a. P 902.85 b. P 920.85 c. P 922.85

## 10. What is the highest Philippine bill?

a. P 1 b. P 1 000 c. P 1 000 000

II. Identification. Identify what is being asked based on the given number.
In 457 026,

## 11. What is digit is in the thousands place?

12. What is the place value of 4?
13. What is the value of the digit 0?
14. Which digit has a value of 50 000?
15. What is the value of the digit 4?

III. Match the sum in Column B from the equation given in column A write the answer on the
blank.

+ 6 172

+ 3 210

+ 49 275

+ 21 401
957 888

+ 697 444

## 6. 567 801 9 176

100 000
+ 321 097

IV. Problem Solving. Read and Understand the problem to solve it.

7. Brent has MMMCMXLIII pesos in his savings account. How much is his savings in Hindu- Arabic
Numerals?

## 10. What is the sum of 5 671 and 290?

Annex C ( Data Sheet)

Math Pre-Test

1. N/A 15.154
2. 5 16. 57
3. N/A 17. 183
4. 6 18. N/A
5. 91 19. 918
6. N/A 20. 96
7. 238 21. 302
8. 13 22. N/A
9. N/A 23. 744
10. 54 24. N/A
11. 156 25. 702
12. 29 26. N/A
13. 134 27. 1183
14. N/A 28. 28

Math Problem

TEST I TEST II

1. B 1.9 176
2. B 2.99 501
3. A 3.91 100
4. B 4.985 630
5. B 5.N/A
6. C 6.988 898
7. B 7.3 943
8. A 8.664 001
9. A 9.1 434
10. B 10.5 961
11. 7
12. HUNDRED THOUSANDS
13. THOUSAND
14. 5
15. 4 00 000
RESULT TWO MATCHED GROUP

## Paired Samples Statistics

Std. Error
Mean N Std. Deviation Mean
Pair notimepress 20.57 7 2.637 .997
1 timepress ure 15.29 7 5.219 1.973

## Paired Samples Correlations

N Correlation Sig.
Pair notimepres s &
7 .119 .799
1 timepressure

## Paired Samples Test

Paired Differences
95% Confidence
Interval of the
Std. Error Difference
Mean Std. Deviation Mean Lower Upper t df Sig. (2-tailed)
Pair notimepress -
5.286 5.559 2.101 .144 10.427 2.516 6 .046
1 timepressure