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Statically Indeterminate Members

Statically Indeterminate
Members
Consider the bar shown in Figure which is
fixed supported at both of its ends. From the
Figure, equilibrium requires

FA + FB - P = 0

This type of problem is called statically indeterminate, since


the equilibrium equation(s) are not sufficient to determine the
two reactions on the bar.

Faculty of Civil Engineering - Spring 2017 1 | Mechanics of Solids-I


Statically Indeterminate Members
Statically Indeterminate
Members
In order to establish an additional equation needed for solution,
it is necessary to consider how points on the bar displace.
Specifically, an equation that specifies the conditions for
displacement is referred to as a compatibility.

For rod shown in previous Figure, since the end supports are
fixed. Hence, the compatibility condition becomes
δA/B = 0

Faculty of Civil Engineering - Spring 2017 2 | Mechanics of Solids-I


Statically Indeterminate Members

Problem 1
The steel rod shown in Figure has a diameter of 10 mm. It is
fixed to the wall at A, and before it is loaded, there is a gap of
0.2 mm between the wall at B' and the rod. Determine the
reactions at A and B' if the rod is subjected to an axial force as
shown in Figure. Neglect the size of the collar at C. Take 𝐸st =
200GPa.

Faculty of Civil Engineering - Spring 2017 3 | Mechanics of Solids-I


Statically Indeterminate Members

Problem 1 - Solution

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Statically Indeterminate Members

Problem 1 - Solution

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Statically Indeterminate Members

Problem 2
The aluminum post shown in Figure
is reinforced with a brass core. If
this assembly supports an axial
compressive load of P = 9 kips
applied to the rigid cap, determine
the average normal stress in the
aluminum and the brass. Take 𝐸al =
10000ksi and 𝐸𝑏𝑟 = 15000ksi.

Faculty of Civil Engineering - Spring 2017 6 | Mechanics of Solids-I


Statically Indeterminate Members

Problem 2 - Solution

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Statically Indeterminate Members

Problem 3
The three A-36 steel bars shown in
Figure are pin connected to a rigid
member. If the applied load on the
member is 15 kN, determine the
force developed in each bar. Bars AB
and EF each have a cross sectional
area of 50 mm2 and bar CD has a
cross-sectional area of 30 2
mm .

Faculty of Civil Engineering - Spring 2017 8 | Mechanics of Solids-I


Statically Indeterminate Members

Problem 3 - Solution

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Thermal Stresses
Thermal Stresses
For homogeneous and isotropic material, the deformation due
to temperature change is given by

δT = α Δ T L

α = linear coefficient of thermal expansion.


Δ T = change in temperature of the member
L= the original length of the member
δT = change in the length of the member

Faculty of Civil Engineering - Spring 2017 10 | Mechanics of Solids-I


Problem 4
Thermal Stress

The A-36 steel bar shown in Figure is


constrained to just fit between two fixed
supports when T1 = 𝑜
60 𝐹 . If the
temperature is raised to T2 = 𝑜
120 𝐹 ,
determine the average normal thermal
stress developed in the bar.

Faculty of Civil Engineering - Spring 2017 11 | Mechanics of Solids-I


Problem 4 - Solution
Thermal Stress

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Problem 5
Thermal Stress

The rigid beam shown in Figure is fixed to the top of the three
posts. The posts each have a length of 250 mm when no load is
applied to the beam, and the temperature is T1 = 𝑜
20 𝐶.

Determine the force supported by


each post if the bar is subjected to
a uniform distributed load of and
the temperature is raised to T2 =
80𝑜𝐶.

Faculty of Civil Engineering - Spring 2017 13 | Mechanics of Solids-I


Problem 5 - Solution
Thermal Stress

Faculty of Civil Engineering - Spring 2017 14 | Mechanics of Solids-I