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08/11/2006

STANDARDS & REGULATIONS


November 06

INTRODUCTION
The following list identifies the principal Standards, issued by BSI (the National Standards body for the
UK), relevant to the Aluminium in Building industry.

Other bodies, such as BRE Certification (LPS), National Building Specifications (NBS) and NHBC also
issue specifications that may be called for in tender documents. The CAB works with such organisations
to ensure that references to and requirements for aluminium products are fair, accurate, and reflect
current industry capabilities and practice.

Building Regulations are drafted and issued by the relevant Government departments for the respective
regions within the UK. Specific Acts of Parliament must also be complied with, but they will normally lead
to Approved Documents being introduced.

STANDARDS

General

BS 4873 Aluminium alloy windows.

BS 5516-1 Code of practice for design and installation of sloping and vertical patent glazing.

BS 5516-2 Patent Glazing and Sloping Glazing for Buildings

BS EN 13830 Curtain Walling. Product standard. (Alternatively, use CWCT specification.)

BS EN 14351-1 Windows and Doors Product Standard performance characteristics – for products without resistance to fire
and/or smoke leakage characteristics

Design & Safety

BS 6262-4 Glazing for buildings. Safety related to human impact.

BS 6375-2 Performance of windows. Specification for operation and strength characteristics.*

BS 6399-1 Loading for buildings. Code of practice for dead and imposed loads.

BS 6399-2 Loading for buildings. Code of practice for wind loads.

BS 8118-1 Structural use of aluminium. Code of practice for design.

BS 8213-1 Windows, doors and rooflights. Code of practice for safety in use and during cleaning of windows including
door height windows and roof windows.

BS 8213-4 Windows, doors and rooflights. Code of practice for the installation of replacement windows and door sets in
dwellings.

BS 8300 Design of buildings and their approaches to meet the needs of disabled people. Code of practice.

BS EN 12046-1 Operating forces. Test method. Windows.**

BS EN 12046-2 Operating forces. Test method. Doors

BS EN 12056-3 Gravity drainage systems inside buildings, roof drainage, layout and calculation

BS EN 14024 Metal profiles with Thermal Barriers – Mechanical Performance – requirements, proof, tests

CP 153-2 Windows and rooflights. Durability and maintenance.


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* Read in conjunction with BS EN 12046-1 Operating forces. Test method. Windows.
** Read in conjunction with BS 6375-2 Performance of windows. Specification for operation and strength characteristics.

Doors

BS 6180 Barriers in and about buildings. Code of practice.

BS 6399-1 Loading for buildings. Code of practice for dead and imposed loads.

BS 7036 Code of practice for safety at powered doors for pedestrian use.

BS 7818 Specification for pedestrian restraint systems in metal.

BS EN 179 Building hardware. Emergency exit devices operated by a lever handle or push pad. Requirements and test
methods.

BE EN 947 Hinged or Pivoted doors – determination of the resistance to vertical load

BS EN 948 Hinged or Pivoted doors – determination of the resistance to static torsion

BS EN 949 Windows and curtain walling., doors, blinds and shutters – determination of the resistance to soft and heavy
body impact for doors

BS EN 950 Door leaves – determination of the resistance to hard body impact

BS EN 951 Door leaves – method for measurement of height, width, thickness and squareness

BS EN 952 Door leaves – general and local flatness – measurement method

BS EN 1125 Building hardware. Panic exit devices operated by a horizontal bar. Requirements and test methods.

BS EN 1154 Building Hardware. Controlled door closing devices – requirements & test methods

BS EN 1155 Building Hardware – electrically powered hold-open devices for swing doors – requirements & test methods

BS EN 1158 Building Hardware – door co-ordinator devices – requirements & test methods

BS EN 1192 Doors. Classification of Strength requirements

BS EN 1303 Building Hardware. Cylinders for Locks

BS EN 1529 Door Leaves. Height, Width, Thickness, Squareness – Tolerances

BS EN 1530 Door Leaves. General and Local Flatness – Tolerances

BS EN 1906 Building Hardware. Lever Handles and Knob Furniture

BS EN 12209 Building hardware. Locks and latches. Mechanically operated locks, latches and locking
plates. Requirements and test methods

DD 171 Guide to specifying performance requirements for hinged or pivoted doors (including test methods).

PAS 23-1 General performance requirements for door assemblies. Single leaf, external door assemblies to dwellings.

Aluminium & Aluminium Alloys

BS EN 485-1 Sheet, strip and plate. Technical conditions for inspection and delivery.

BS EN 485-2 Sheet, strip and plate. Mechanical properties.

BS EN 485-3 Sheet, strip and plate. Tolerances on dimensions and form for hot-rolled products.

BS EN 485-4 Sheet, strip and plate. Tolerances on shape and dimensions for cold-rolled products.

BS EN 515 Wrought products. Temper designations.

BS EN 573-3 Chemical composition and form of wrought products. Chemical composition

BS EN 573-4 Chemical composition and form of wrought products. Form of Products

BS EN 755-1 Extruded rod/bar, tube and profiles. Technical conditions for inspection and delivery.

BS EN 755-2 Extruded rod/bar, tube and profiles. Mechanical properties.


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BS EN 755-3 Extruded rod/bar, tube and profiles. Round bars, tolerances on dimensions and form.

BS EN 755-4 Extruded rod/bar, tube and profiles. Square bars, tolerances on dimensions and form.

BS EN 755-5 Extruded rod/bar, tube and profiles. Rectangular bars, tolerances on dimensions and form.

BS EN 755-6 Extruded rod/bar, tube and profiles. Hexagonal bars, tolerances on dimensions and form.

BS EN 755-7 Extruded rod/bar, tube and profiles. Seamless tubes, tolerances on dimensions and form.

BS EN 755-8 Extruded rod/bar, tube and profiles. Porthole tubes, tolerances on dimensions and form.

BS EN 755-9: Extruded rod/bar, tube and profiles. Profiles, tolerances on dimensions and form.

BS EN 12020-1 Extruded precision profiles in alloys EN AW-6060 and EN AW-6063. Technical conditions for inspection and
delivery.

BS EN 12020-2 Extruded precision profiles in alloys EN AW-6060 and EN AW-6063. Tolerances on dimensions and form.

Finishes – Aluminium

BS 3987* Specification for anodic oxidation coatings on wrought aluminium for external architectural applications.

BS 4842 Specification for liquid organic coatings for application to aluminium alloy extrusions, sheet and preformed
sections for external architectural purposes, and for the finish on aluminium alloy extrusions, sheet and
preformed sections coated with liquid organic coatings.

BS 6496 Specification for powder organic coatings for application and stoving to aluminium alloy extrusions, sheet and
preformed sections for external architectural purposes, and for the finish on aluminium alloy extrusions, sheet
and preformed sections coated with powder organic coatings.

BS EN 12206-1 Paints and Varnishes. Powder Coating of Aluminium and Aly Alloys for Architectural purposes

BS EN 12373-1* Aluminium and aluminium alloys. Anodizing. Method for specifying decorative and protective anodic oxidation
coatings on aluminium.

BS EN 12373-2* Aluminium and aluminium alloys. Anodizing. Determination of mass per unit area (surface density) of anodic
oxidation coatings. Gravimetric method.

* Use either BS 3987 or BS EN 12373.

Other Metals and Materials

BS 644 Timber Windows. Specification for Factory assembled windows

BS 6510 Specification for Steel Windows, Sills, Window Boards and Doors

BS 7412 Plastic Windows – specification for windows made from PVC-U extruded profiles

BS EN 1774 Zinc and zinc alloys. Alloys for foundry purposes. Ingot and liquid.

BS EN 10268 Cold-rolled flat products made of high yield strength micro-alloyed steels for cold forming. General delivery
conditions.

BS EN 12608 PVC-U profiles for fabrication of Windows and Doors. Classification, Requirements, Test

BS EN 12844 Zinc and zinc alloys. Castings. Specifications.

BS EN ISO 3506-1 Mechanical properties of corrosion-resistant stainless-steel fasteners. Bolts, screws and studs.

Metal Finishing

BS 3382(various) Specification for electroplated coatings on threaded components.

BS 6338 Specification for chromate conversion coatings on electroplated zinc and cadmium coatings.
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BS 7479 Method for salt spray corrosion tests in artificial atmospheres.

BS EN 1670 Building hardware. Corrosion resistance. Requirements and test methods.

BS EN 12329 Corrosion protection of metals. Electrodeposited coatings of zinc with supplementary treatment on iron or
steel.

BS EN 12330 Corrosion protection of metals. Electrodeposited coatings of cadmium on iron or steel.

BS EN 12540 Corrosion protection of metals. Electrodeposited coatings of nickel, nickel plus chromium, copper plus nickel
and copper plus nickel plus chromium.

BS EN 22063 Metallic and other inorganic coatings. Thermal spraying. Zinc, aluminium and their alloys.

BS EN ISO 1461 Hot dip galvanized coatings on fabricated iron and steel articles. Specifications and test methods.

PD 6484 Commentary on corrosion at bimetallic contacts and its alleviation

Gaskets & Sealants

BS 2571 Specification for general-purpose flexible PVC compounds for moulding and extrusion.

BS 4254 Specification for two-part polysulphide-based sealants.

BS 4255-1 Rubber used in preformed gaskets for weather exclusion from buildings. Specification for non-cellular gaskets.

BS 5215 Specification for one-part gun gradepolysulphide-based sealants.

BS 5889 Specification for one-part gun grade silicone-based sealants.

BS EN 12365-1 Building hardware. Gasket and weatherstripping for doors, windows, shutters and curtain walling. Performance
requirements and classification.

BS EN 12365-2 Building hardware. Gasket and weatherstripping for doors, windows, shutters and curtain walling. Linear
compression force test methods

BS EN 12365-3 Building hardware. Gasket and weatherstripping for doors, windows, shutters and curtain walling. Deflection
recovery test method.

BS EN 12365-4 Building hardware. Gasket and weatherstripping for doors, windows, shutters and curtain walling. Recovery
after accelerated ageing test method.

BS EN ISO 11600 Building Construction – Jointing Products, classification and requirements for Sealants

Glass
I have a full list of CEN TC129 Glass standards

BS 952-2 Glass for glazing. Terminology for work on glass.***

BS 5713 Specification for hermetically sealed flat double glazing units.* (obselescent)

BS 6206 Specification for impact performance requirements for flat safety glass and safety plastics for use in buildings.

Note: BS 6206 replaced by BS EN 12600 for glass testing

BS 6262 Code of practice for glazing for buildings (partially replaced)

BS 6262-1 Glazing for Buildings. General methodology for the selection of glazing.

BS 6262-2 Glazing for Buildings. Code of practice for energy, light and sound.

BS 6262-3 Glazing for Buildings. Code of practice for fire, security and wind loadings.

BS 6262-4 Glazing for buildings. Code of practice for safety related to human impact.

BS 6262-6 Glazing for Buildings. Code of practice for special applications.

BS EN 356 Glass in building. Security glazing. Testing and classification of resistance against manual attack.
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BS EN 572-1 Glass in building. Basic soda lime silicate glass products. Definitions and general physical and mechanical
properties.**

BS EN 673 Glass in Building. Determination of Thermal Transmittance (U value). Calculation method

BS EN 1063 Glass in building. Security glazing. Testing and classification of resistance against bullet attack.

BS EN 12150-1 Glass in Building – thermally toughened soda lime silicate safety glass – definition & description

BS EN 12150-2 Glass in Building – thermally toughened soda lime silicate safety glass – evaluation of conformity/product
standard

BS EN 12600 Pendulum test – impact test method for flat glass and Classification

* See also BS EN 1279 Parts 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 Glass in building: Insulating Glass Units
** See also BS 952-1 Glass for glazing: Classification. BS952-2 Glass for glazing: Terminology for work on glass.
*** See also BS EN 572-1

Thermal Performance

BS EN ISO 10077-1Thermal performance of windows, doors and shutters – Calculation of thermal transmittance –
Part 1: Simplified method

BS EN ISO 10077-2 Thermal performance of windows, doors and shutters – Calculation of thermal transmittance –
Part 2: Numerical method for frames

BS EN ISO 12567-1 Thermal performance of windows and doors – determination of thermal transmittance hot box method –
Part 1: Complete windows and doors

ISO 15099 Thermal performance of windows, doors and shading devices – detailed calculations

Curtain Walling - Performance

BS EN 12152 Air permeability. Performance requirements and classification.*

BS EN 12153 Air permeability. Test method.*

BS EN 12154 Watertightness. Performance requirements and classification.*

BS EN 12155 Watertightness. Laboratory test under static pressure.*

BS EN 12179 Resistance to wind load. Test method.*

BS EN 13051 Watertightness. Site test.*

BS EN 13116 Resistance to wind load. Performance requirements.*

BS EN 13830 Product standard.*

BS EN 14019 Curtain Walling – Impact resistance – performance requirements

DD ENV 13050 Watertightness. Laboratory test under dynamic condition of air pressure and water spray.*

* The CWCT specification may be used in lieu but note it is being revised to come into line with the European standard BS EN
13830 mandated requirements. Products may be CE marked to this harmonized standard.

Weather Performance - Windows & Doors

BS 6375-1 Performance of windows. Classification for weathertightness and guidance on selection and specification.*

BS 6375-2 Performance of windows. Specification for operation and strength characteristics.

BS EN 1026 Air permeability. Test method.


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BS EN 1027 Windows and doors. Watertightness. Test method.

BS EN 12207 Air permeability. Classification.*

BS EN 12208 Watertightness. Classification.*

BS EN 12210 Resistance to wind load. Classification.*

BS EN 12211 Resistance to wind load. Test method*

*BS 6375-1 references these standards, not the now withdrawn BS 5368 standard.

Security

BS 5357 Code of practice for installation of security glazing.

BS 7950 Specification for enhanced security performance of casement and tilt/turn windows for domestic applications

BS 8220-1 Guide for security of buildings against crime. Dwellings.

BS 8220-2 Guide for security of buildings against crime. Offices and shops.

BS 8220-3 Guide for security of buildings against crime. Storage, industrial and distribution premises.

BS EN 1063 Glass in building. Security glazing. Testing and classification of resistance against bullet attack.

PAS 24-1 Enhanced security performance requirements for door assemblies. Single leaf, external door assemblies to
dwellings.*

* Linked with PAS 23-1 (See Doors)

Other Aspects

BS 1192-5 Construction drawing practice. Guide for structuring and exchange of CAD data.

BS 6100-1.3.5 Glossary of building and civil engineering terms. General and miscellaneous. Parts of construction works
Doors, windows and openings.

Fire
BS 476-4 Fire tests on building materials and structures. Non-combustibility test for materials

BS 476-6 Fire tests on building materials and structures. Method of test for fire propagation for
products

BS 476-7 Fire tests on building materials and structures. Method of test to determine the
classification of the surface spread of flame of products

BS 476-20 Fire tests on building materials and structures. Method for determination of the fire
resistance of elements of construction (general principles)

BS 476-22 Fire tests on building materials and structures. Methods for determination of the fire
resistance of non-loadbearing elements of construction

BS EN 14600 Doorsets and openable windows with fire resisting and/or smoke control characteristics.
Requirements and classification

Quality Control
BS 8000-5 Workmanship on building sites. Code of practice for carpentry, joinery and general fixings.

BS 8000-7 Workmanship on building sites. Code of practice for glazing.

BS 8000-16 Workmanship on building sites. Code of practice for sealing joints in buildings using sealants.

BS EN ISO 9001 Quality management systems - Requirements


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REGULATIONS

Building Regulations (England & Wales)

Building Act 1984


Stunnell Act 2004 Secure and Sustainable Buildings

Relevant Approved Documents


Approved Document B: Fire Safety

Approved Document E: Sound resistance in walls and floors.

Approved Document F: Ventilation.

Approved Document K: Stairs, ladders, ramps and guards etc - Protection from falling, collision and impact.

Approved Document L: Conservation of fuel and power.

Approved Document M: Access and facilities for disabled people.

Approved Document N: Glazing - materials and protection.

(All ADs can be downloaded from Planning Portal web site FOC –
www.planningportal.gov.uk )

Building Regulations (Scotland)


Building(Scotland) Act 2003

Old System (to 30 Apr 2005) Current System (from 1 May 2005)
Part E Escape from Fire Section 2
Part H Sound Section 5
Part J Conservation of Energy Section 6
Part K Ventilation Section 3
Part Q Access & Movement in Buildings Section 4

See www.sbsa.gov.uk
08/11/2006

Building Regulations (Northern Ireland)


Part F Conservation of fuel and power

Part R Access to and use of buildings

See www.dfpni.gov.uk

Disability Discrimination Act (DDA)


See also BS 8300 and AD’M’ above

Hospital Technical Memoranda (HTM)


Available from The Stationery Office www.tsoshop.co.uk 0870 6500 5522

HTM 55 Windows ISBN 011322009X


HTM 56 Partitions ISBN 0113220103
HTM 57 Internal Glazing ISBN 0113217609
HTM 58 Internal Doorsets ISBN 0113220111
HTM 59 Ironmongery ISBN 0113221142

Building Bulletins (BB)


Available for download from www.teachernet.gov.uk/buildingbulletins
or the Stationery Office

General Product Safety Regulations 2005


Available from The Stationery Office or on line at www.opsi.gov.uk
Guidance Notes available from www.dti.gov.uk/publications

Teal Sheets
I have a copy if you need them
International Alloy Designations & Chemical Composition Limits for
Wrought Aluminium and Aluminium Alloys

CEN Guidance Papers


Advice on how to interpret EN standards. I can supply electronic copies.
08/11/2006

National Building Specification (NBS)


Information from NBS at www.thenbs.com or 0845 456 9594
H10 Patent Glazing
H11 Curtain Walling
H72 Aluminium Strip/Sheet Coverings/Flashings
L10 Windows/Rooflights/Screens/Louvres
L20 Doors/Shutters/Hatches

NHBC Standards
Information from NHBC at www.nhbcbuilder.co.uk

BRE Certification (includes Loss Prevention Certification Board LPCB)


Full list from www.brecertification.co.uk/standards.jsp
LPS 1056-5 Requirements & Tests for Fire Doors etc
LPS 1175 Requirements & Tests for Burglary resistant building components
LPS 1181-1-1 Requirements & Tests for built up cladding & sandwich panel
systems used for External Envelopes of Buildings
LPS 1242-1 Requirements & Tests for LPCB approved Cylinders for Locks

Energy Savings Trust (EST)


Best Practice Publications

Best Practice
publications 0506.xls

Miscellaneous
HAZ(SC)04/02 Window Security in NHS Scotland Estates
This one I found as a result of a Member’s enquiry
08/11/2006

WINDOW INDUSTRY DIRECTORY


BSI British Standards Institute
389 Chiswick High Road
London
W4 4AL

Tel: 020 8996 9001


Fax: 020 8996 7001
E-mail: cservices@bsi-global.com
Website: www.bsi-global.com

CAB Council for Aluminium in Building


River View House
Bond’s Mill
Stonehouse
Gloucestershire
GL10 3RF

Tel: 01453 828851


Fax: 01453 828861
E-mail: enquiries@c-a-b.org.uk
Website: www.c-a-b.org.uk

CDM The Construction (Design and Management)


Regulations 1994

Copies of the Regulations can be obtained from


Thomas Telford, the commercial arm of the
Institute of Civil Engineers:

Thomas Telford Bookshop


Institution of Civil Engineers
One Great George Street
Westminster
London
SW1P 3AA

Tel: 020 7665 2019


Fax: 020 7665 2245
E-mail: orders@thomastelford.com
Website: www.thomastelford.com

Orders & Customer Services:


Tel: 01892 832299

CWCT Centre for Window and Cladding Technology


University of Bath
Claverton Down
Bath
BA2 7AY

Tel: 01225 386541


Fax: 01225 386556
E-mail: cwct@bath.ac.uk
Website: www.cwct.co.uk

CEN Centre for European Normalisation

CEN develops European standards and promotes


voluntary technical harmonization in Europe in
conjunction with worldwide bodies and its partners
in Europe. Contact BSI or CAB for up-to-date
information relating to CEN matters.
08/11/2006

GGF Glass and Glazing Federation


44 - 48 Borough High Street
London
SE1 1XB

Tel: 0207 403 7177


Fax: 0207 357 7458
E-mail: info@ggf.org.uk
Website: www.ggf.org.uk

TSO Norwich Office


St Crispins
Duke Street
Norwich
NR3 1PD

Tel: 01603 622211

London Office
51 Nine Elms Lane
London
SW8 5DR

Tel: 020 7873 8787

TSO Customer Services

Tel: 0870 600 5522


Fax: 0870 600 5533
Email: customer.services@tsoshop.co.uk
Website: www.tso.co.uk
08/11/2006

USEFUL WEB LINKS


Aluminium Federation ALFED www.alfed.org includes AEA & AFA

Aluminium in Architecture AinA www.aluminiuminarchitecture.com CAB ezine

British Adhesives & Sealants Association BASA www.basa.uk.com

British Fenestration Rating Council BFRC www.bfrc.org window energy rating


scheme info

Building Research Establishment BRE www.bre.co.uk

BRE Certification BRE Cert www.brecertification.co.uk BRE testing laboratory

Building Services Research & Information BSRIA www.bsria.co.uk Pressure testing etc

British Standards Institute BSI www.bsi-global.com

Centre for Window & Cladding Technology CWCT www.cwct.co.uk

Construction Products Association CPA www.constprod.org umbrella org for


construction sector

Dept. for Communities & Local Gov’t DCLG www.dclg.gov.uk England & Wales building
regulations

Dept. of Finance & Personnel (N Ireland) DFPNI www.dfpni.gov.uk N Ireland building regs

Fenestration Self Assessment FENSA www.fensa.co.uk Replacement window self


regulation

Glass & Glazing Federation GGF www.ggf.org.uk domestic fenestration & glazing

Glass Qualifications Authority GQA www.glassqualificationsauthority.com


NVQs - Fabrication &
Installation
Health & Safety Executive H&SE www.hse.gov.uk

National Building Standards NBS www.thenbs.com

National House Building Council NHBC www.nhbcbuilder.co.uk

Royal Institute of British Architects RIBA www.riba.org

Secured By Design SBD www.securedbydesign.com Police security initiative

Scottish Building Standards Agency SBSA www.sbsa.gov.uk Scotland building regs

The Stationery Office tso www.tsoshop.co.uk was HMSO for Govt


publications