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Our Land

The Philippines’ primary source of livelihood is its fertile land. Rich, wide plains suitable for farming are
found in the Cagayan Valley, Central Luzon, South western Bicol, Panay, Negros, Davao, Cotabato,
Agusan and Bukidnon. The country ‘s six major crops
are rice, corn, sugarcane, coconut, abaca and tobacco. Except for rice and corn, all these products are
exported, along with bananas and pineapples.

Our Forests
The Philippines also boasts of wide tracts of lush, green forests. In fact, almost half of the country’s total
land area is forested. Sixty percent of these forests are found in Mindanao.

Mineral resources
Except for petroleum and a number of metals, mineral resources abound in Philippine soil. The country’s
mineral deposits can be classified into metals and non-metals. Our metal deposits are estimated at 21.5
billion metric tons, while non-metal deposits are projected at 19.3 billion metric tons. Nickel ranks first in
terms of deposits and size, it is found in Surigao del Norte, Davao, Palawan, Romblon and Samar. Iron is
found in Ilocos Norte, Nueva Ecija, Camarines Norte and Cotabato. While copper in Zambales, Batangas,
Mindoro, Panay and Negros. Among non-metal deposits, the most abundant are cement, lime,
and marble. Other non-metals include asbestos, clay, guano, asphalt, feldspar, sulfur, talc, silicon,
phosphate, and marble.

Fishery Resources
With its territorial waters measuring as much as 1.67 million square kilometers and located in the worlds
fishing center, the Philippines is definitely rich in marine resources. Of the 2,400 fish species found in the
country. 65 have good commercial value. Other marine products include corals, pearls, crabs and
seaweeds. Some of the countries best salt water fishing area’s are found in Sintangki Island in Sulu
Estancia in Bohol, Malampaya in Palawan, Lingayen Gulf in Pangasinan, San Miguel lake in Camarines
Norte, Bantayan Channel in Cebu, and the seas of Quezon and Sorsogon.

On the other hand, among our biggest fisher water fishing areas are Laguna de Bay, Bombon Lake in
Batangas, Bato Lake in Canmarines Sur, Naujan Lake in Mindoro and Mainit lake in Agusan del
Norte. Continue to Early Filipinos

what are the famous bodies of water in


the Philippines
The Philippines have various bodies of water. These include rivers, bays, gulfs, waterfalls, lakes
and swamps. The Philippines are made up of islands; as a result, if all of the bodies of water were
lined up end to end, they would measure 17,500 kilometers in length.

The Manila Bay is a natural harbor located in the Philippines near the capital city Manila. The
harbor is a key port for trade between the Philippines and the rest of the world.

The three largest rivers in the country are the Cagayan River, Rio Grande de Mindanao and the
Agusan River. The Cagayan River is located on the Northern part of the Luzon island. The Rio
Grande de Mindanao and Agusan River are located on the Mindanao island. The underground river
on the Palawan island is popular among tourists.

The Maria Cristina Falls are the largest waterfalls in the Philippines. Located on the Agus River,
the Maria Cristina Falls are another popular tourist destination. The falls are referred to as the "twin
falls" because the river's flow is separated by a rock located shortly before the falls. The 320-foot-
high waterfall is the primary source of hydroelectric power for the industries located in Iligan City.

Manila Bay, bay of the South China Sea extending into


southwestern Luzon Island, Philippines. Almost completely landlocked, it is considered
one of the world’s great harbours and has an area of 770 sq mi (2,000 sq km) with a 120-
mi (190-km) circumference. Its widest diameter, from northwest to southeast, measures
36 mi. Corregidor Island, 30 mi west of Manila, divides the bay’s 11-mi-wide entrance into
two channels—the seldom used South Channel and the safer, 2-mi-wide North Channel
between Bataan Peninsula and Corregidor.
Laguna de Bay, lake, the largest inland body of water in the Philippines, on Luzon just
southeast of Manila. Probably a former arm or extension of Manila Bay cut off
by volcanism, Laguna de Bay (Spanish: “Lake Bay”) has a normal area of about 356
square miles (922 square km) and is about 32 miles (51 km) long. Its shallow, crescent-
shaped basin is poorly drained by many small streams, and the surrounding low-lying
plains are inundated during seasons of heavy rainfall. The Pasig River is the lake’s outlet
to Manila Bay, 10 miles (16 km) northwest. An important fishing area, with productive wet
margins (rice), Laguna de Bay is broken by two peninsulas in the north and dotted by
islands; densely settled Talim (9 miles [14 km] long) is the largest. Santa Cruz, Biñan, and
Calamba are towns on the lake’s southern shore.

Taal Lake, lake in southwestern Luzon, Philippines, occupying a volcanic crater with a
maximum width of 15 miles (24 km), at less than 10 feet (3 m) above sea level. It has an
area of 94 square miles (244 square km) and is the country’s third largest lake. Within the
lake rises Volcano Island (984 feet [300 m]), which itself contains another small crater
(Yellow Lake). Volcano Island, called Taal Volcano, has erupted 25 times since 1572,
most recently in 1970.
Pasig River, river draining Laguna de Bay, the largest lake in the Philippines, into Manila
Bay at Manila. It flows north-northwest through the market town of Pasig and bisects
Manila, then enters the bay between the North and South harbours. Its length is 14 mi (23
km). The wharves and quays at the river’s mouth served the early interisland trade during
the Spanish colonial period. At that time the Pasig was home for a large barge- and raft-
dwelling population. The shallow and sluggish stream is now spanned by nine bridges and
is navigable by small craft, but its port functions have decreased.

Cagayan River, also called Río Grande De Cagayan, longest stream


in Luzon, Philippines. It begins its 220-mile (350-kilometre) course in a twisting pattern in
the Sierra Madre in northeastern Luzon. It then flows north into a 50-mile- (80-kilometre-)
wide fertile valley that is important for the cultivation of rice and tobacco. Ilagan, Isabela,
Tuguegarao, and Cagayan are major riverine towns. At Aparri, the Cagayan enters the
ocean at Babuyan Channel of the Luzon Strait. The Chico, Magat, and Ilagan rivers are its
main tributaries.

Agusan River, longest river in Mindanao, Philippines. It rises in the southeast and flows
northward for 240 miles (390 km) to enter Butuan Bay of the Bohol Sea. The river forms a
fertile valley 40 to 50 miles (65–80 km) wide between the Central Mindanao Highlands
(west) and the Pacific Cordillera (east). Important population centres are clustered around
the bay and include Butuan, Cabadbaran, and Buenavista.
Despite early Spanish contacts and missionary activities in the 17th century, most of the
valley has remained sparsely settled by the Magahat, Mamanua, Manobo, Higahon,
Mandaya, and Bagobo peoples. With the advent of logging and immigrant labourers,
many of these groups have moved farther inland. Until the early 1960s, when a road was
completed linking Butuan with Davao City to the south, the Agusan, which is navigable for
160 miles (260 km) by small craft, was the only access route to the interior.
The productive forest industry is concentrated along the Agusan’s swampy middle course.
Lumberjacks, merchants, and traders live on huge log rafts anchored to giant trees. Vast
plantations of coconut, rice, bamboo, and various fruits lie along its lower course. Rice is
the leading food crop, and coconut is the main cash crop. Farming and subsistence fishing
are other economic activities.

ake Lanao, lake, west-central Mindanao, Philippines. It is situated just south of Marawi,
northwest of the Butig Mountains. Lake Lanao is the second largest lake in the Philippines
and has an area of 131 square miles (340 square km). Its outlet is the Agus River, which
flows north, over Maria Cristina Falls, where there is a hydroelectric power plant, to Iligan
Bay. There are numerous Muslim villages around the lake.
Maria Cristina Falls is a waterfall of the Agus River on the island of Mindanao in the
Philippines. It is sometimes called the "twin falls" as the flow is separated by a rock at
the brink of the waterfall.

Mindanao River, also called Río Grande De Mindanao, or Cotabato River, main river of
the Cotabato lowland, central Mindanao, Philippines. It rises in the central highlands of
northeastern Mindanao (island) as the Pulangi and then flows south to where it joins the
Kabacan to form the Mindanao. It meanders northwest through the Libungan Marsh and
Liguasan Swamp, which is the habitat of crocodiles. At Datu Piang the river turns to enter
Illana Bay of the Moro Gulf in two tributaries—the Cotabato and Tamentaka—after a 200-
mile (320-kilometre) course. With its many tributaries—Pulangi and Maridagao (north),
Alah (south), Malabul, Dalapuan, and Alip (east)—the river system forms a wide fertile
basin. It is a major inland-transportation artery, the banks of which are lined with trading
centres that include Cotabato City, Datu Piang, and Pagalungan.

San Juanico Strait is a narrow strait in the Eastern Visayan region in the Philippines. It
separates the islands of Samar and Leyte and connects the Carigara Bay with the San
Pedro Bay. It is about 38 kilometres long. At its narrowest point, the strait is only 2
kilometers

Subic Bay is a bay on the west coast of the island of Luzon in the Philippines, about
100 kilometres northwest of Manila Bay.

The Camotes Sea is a small sea within the Philippine archipelago, situated between
the Eastern Visayan and the Central Visayan regions. It is bordered by the islands of
Leyte to the north and east, Bohol to the south, and Cebu to the west.

Pampanga River, Spanish Río Grande De Pampanga, river on Luzon


Island, Philippines, rising in several headstreams in the Caraballo Mountains and flowing
south for about 120 miles (190 km) to empty into northern Manila Bay in a wide, swampy
delta. The Candaba Swamp, covering more than 200 square miles (500 square km) when
flooded, has been formed north of the delta where the Angat River joins the Pampanga.
Other major tributaries are the Chico Pampanga and the Lubao. There are extensive
fishponds and a large-scale irrigation project on the lower course of the Pampanga.
Marikina River is a river in eastern Metro Manila, Philippines. It is a tributary of Pasig
River with headwaters located in the Sierra Madre Mountains in Rodriguez, Rizal
province.

Davao Gulf is a gulf situated in the southeastern portion of Mindanao in the


Philippines. It has an area of 308,000 hectares. Davao Gulf cuts into the
island of Mindanao from Philippine Sea. It is surrounded by all five
provinces in the Davao Region. The largest island in the gulf is Samal Island

The Chico River, is a river system in the Philippines in the island of Luzon,
encompassing the regions of Cordillera and Cagayan Valley. It is the longest tributary
of Cagayan River. The most extensive river in the Cordillera region, it covers the
provinces of Mountain Province, Kalinga and Cagayan

The Loboc River is a river in the Bohol province of the Philippines.


It is one of the major tourist destinations of Bohol. The source of the
Loboc River is located in the town of Carmen, almost in the center
of Bohol.

Agus River is a river that flows for 36.5 kilometres from Lanao Lake to Iligan Bay,
Philippines. It cuts through the provinces of Lanao del Sur and Lanao del Norte.
Settlements along the banks of the river include the City of Marawi, the Municipality of
Linamon and the City of Iligan
Lingayen Gulf, large inlet of the South China Sea that indents the western coast of
central Luzon, Philippines, for 36 miles (56 km). It is 26 miles wide at its entrance
between Santiago Island (west) and San Fernando Point (east). Santiago, Cabarruyan,
and Hundred Islands (site of Manleluang Spring National Park) lie within
the gulf. Dagupan, a chartered city on its southern shore, is the principal commercial
centre, and the port of Lingayen, the provincial capital, lies at the Agno River Delta.
Lake Bulusan is a lake on Luzon Island in the Philippines. It lies at the heart
of Bulusan Volcano National Park which covers a land area of 3,672
hectares. It has an elevation of 360 metres and is located on the southeast
flank of Mount Bulusan, an active volcano.

Lake Sampaloc is an inactive volcanic maar on the island of Luzon, the Philippines. It
is the largest of the Seven Lakes of San Pablo, Laguna. Nearly half of the lake's depth
has a shallow depression at the bottom, indicating its volcanic origin.

The San Juan River is one of the main river systems in Metro Manila, Philippines, and
is a major tributary of the Pasig River. It begins near La Mesa Dam as the San
Francisco del Monte River, which officially takes the name San Juan River when it
meets with Mariblo Creek in Quezon City.

The Pansipit River is a short river located in the Batangas province of the
Philippines. The river is the sole drainage outlet of Taal Lake, which empties
to Balayan Bay. The river stretches about 9 kilometres passing along the
towns of Agoncillo, Lemery, San Nicolas and Taal serving as border
between the communities.

Paoay Lake, locally known as Dacquel a Danum, is a lake in the


municipality of Paoay in northwestern Luzon in the Philippines. It is the
largest lake in the province of Ilocos Norte and one of the largest natural
lakes in the are

NATURAL RESOURCES IN THE PHILIPPINES

Importance of natural resources


Natural resources were historically an important condition of successful development
of the countries. Already differentiate access tonatural resources,to a significant
extent, social economic distinction in the development of northern countries and
southern regions. In fact, the economic and technical development of the countries and
the development of their development was inspired by the availability of natural
resources, which had encouraged the development of technology, therefore, the
economic development of these communities and countries Benefited from natural
resources available and the backwardness of these countries and community which
lackednatural resources. Although today natural resources are available globally,
but the world's economy is still dependent on natural resources and countries that
have access tonatural resources, especially the gas and gas, such as bio-fuels, growth
in growth. Are kept from the one who has limited opportunity to use natural
resources is backless.

Natural Resources
The Philippines is rich in natural resources. It has fertile, arable lands,
diverse flora and fauna, extensive coastlines, and rich mineral deposits.
About 30% of the land area of the country was determined be geologically
prospective by the Philippine Mines and Geo-Sciences Bureau. But Only
1.5% of country's land area is covered with mining permits. Despite the rich
natural resources of the Philippines, the government is restricting its
exploitation. A logging ban is imposed on many areas of the country and
only in select areas are "sustainable logging" allowed. However illegal
logging and small-scale illegal mining continues is many areas. In July
2012, President Benigno Aquino III ordered a stop to all mining activities in
all (78 areas) protected and eco-tourism sites. A positive step in the right
direction to protect the natural resources of the Philippines.

The key natural resources of Philippines include copper, timber, nickel, petroleum,
silver, gold, cobalt and salt. In 2010, about 11% of the global production of nickel was
contributed by the Philippines. The country's mining and quarrying sector contributed
about 1.2% to the GDP of 11.5% in 2010.

Welcome to Philippines
The Philippines, with a total population of approximately 104.9 million as of July 2017, is a nation
made up of more than 7,100 islands located in Southeastern Asia, between the Philippine Sea and
the South China Sea, to the east of Vietnam. The country mostly has a tropical marine climate and
covers a total area of 300,000 km2.

The Philippines was under Japanese rule for a long time since the 16th century, and the country
gained independence on 4th July 1946.
In the first quarter of 2019, the GDP of the Philippines increased
by 5.6% from the previous year. A majority of this growth is
attributed to the success of the trade and repair of motor vehicles
and motorcycles, as well as the industries involved in the
production of personal and household goods. The national flag of the Philippines.
Image Credit: CIA Factbook.
Overview of Resources
It is estimated that the Philippines is home to more than 21.5 billion metric tons (MT) of metal
deposits and 19.3 billion MT of nonmetal mineral deposits. The natural resources of the Philippines
include copper, timber, nickel, petroleum, silver, gold, cobalt, and salt.
The map of Philippines. Image Credit: CIA Factbook

Metals
In 2018, the Philippines metallic mineral industry experienced significant growth of 10.42% compared
to 2017 production.

The Philippines is considered to be the world’s second-largest producer of nickel following Indonesia.
As of 2016, this country produced almost 350,000 MT of nickel. Since the election of President
Rodrigo Duterte in 2016, several mines across the country have been shut down as a result of
growing environmental concerns. In 2018, nickel direct shipping ore and mixed nickel-cobalt sulfide
comprised 42.25% of the total metallic minerals produced that year.

Since the president’s mining exploration permit bans have limited the number of new mining
operations to proceed, Nickel Asia remains the largest nickel producer in the Philippines. The primary
nickel mines in the Philippines that are controlled by Nickel Asia include Rio Tuba, Taganito,
Hinatuan, and Cagdianao.

In 2018, 16.96% of the 110/43 billion MT of metallic minerals produced in the Philippines was copper.
Toledo Copper Operations of Carmen Copper Corporation in Cebu was responsible for about 53% of
the total copper produced in the Philippines in 2018, which totaled to almost 150,000 dry MT.

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Out of all of the metallic minerals produced by the Philippines in 2018, gold production made up
36.74%. Unfortunately, precious metals like gold and silver experienced a reduction in their
production rates as compared to that which existed in the previous year. More specifically, gold
production reduced by 9% and 2% in volume and value, respectively, in 2018.

Fossil Fuels
By the end of 2018, the Philippines projected a target production of approximately 79 million barrels
of oil and gas. To achieve this goal, the government increased its service contracts by 40% during
their early planning period of 2018. There are currently 16 sedimentary basins dedicated to the
production of fossil fuels in the Philippines, most of which are located in Luzon, particularly within the
Palawan region.

An increase in indigenous coal production was predicted to reach 250% compared to previous years
as a result of a more significant amount of recent investors in this Philippines. To date, the nation
imports about 75% of its total coal requirements.

In 2008, the Philippine government passed the Renewable Energy Act of 2008. Since this piece of
legislation was passed, 206 service contracts were signed. By the end of 2018, the Philippines aimed
to reach a 3000 megawatt (MW) installation capacity of geothermal energy.
Investment
In May 2009, the Philippine Mineral Resources Act was filed by the Philippines’ Congress. This act is
also known as the Alternative Mining Bill—House Bill 6342 that replaced the Philippines Mining Act of
1995.

The Philippine Mineral Resources Act focused on the management and possession of the country’s
mineral ores such as quarry products, gemstones, gravel, and sand, that are located inland. This act
also emphasized recycling of the existing mineral products and proper management of resources.
This act also focused on the reasonable distribution of profits obtained from the country’s various
mining activities to the state, indigenous people and local communities and on the usage of new
mining policies for future mining explorations carried out in the country

In 2010, the mineral industry of the Philippines saw a steady increase in its production capacity. The
country aims to become a chief supplier and producer of mineral commodities due to the increasing
demand for nickel, copper, gold, and construction materials. The country also plans to expand its
mineral trade with neighboring countries.

Medusa mining, an Australian gold producer, focused exclusively on the Philippines, recently
reaffirmed the exploration target for the Co-O project in the Philippines. In an attempt to extend the
size of the mineralization area, this mining company made significant advances by exploring and
understanding the geology of the Co-O mine. Through this project, the company plans to increase its
production to 200,000 ounces in Phase 3 in comparison with its Phase 2 production of 100,000
annualized ounces.

The production of nickel in the Philippines will continue to dominate in the mineral sector, as several
projects in the country have already started to expand their facilities. Metal production will also likely
see a tremendous improvement due to the increasing number of exploration activities and discoveries
that also include proposed developments such as the Tampakan copper project, the Siana gold
project, and the Taganito HPALNickel Corp. processing plant.

With the help of these futuristic plans, the country hopes to improve its mineral and mining sectors
and thereby uplift its economic status.

Disclaimer: The Author of this article does not imply any investment recommendation and some
content is speculative in nature. The Author is not affiliated in any way with any companies mentioned
and all statistical information is publically available.
With over 7,000 islands located in the western Pacific Ocean, the Philippines are
endowed with rich natural resources: mineral, agricultural, and marine. The land is
fertile and the climate ranges from temperate to subtropical, providing an environment
for many plant and animal species. The country is also blessed with mineral resources
and an extensive coastline filled with marine life.

Mineral Deposits
According to Bloomberg Businessweek, the Philippines hope to attract USD 6 billion in foreign investment to help
develop its stores of gold, nickel, copper, silver, platinum, zinc, and cobalt. The Philippines website reports that its
power plants are harnessing the power of geothermal energy to provide 27 percent of the country's total electricity
needs. There are geothermal power plants on the islands of Leyte, Negros, Mindanao, and Luzon.

Sea Life
According to The Philippine History website, the nation boasts many different kinds of natural water forms including
rivers, lakes, bays, gulfs, straits, and swamps. These bodies of water measure 1.67 million square kilometers and
are rich in marine resources. There are 2,400 fish species found in the Philippines; those with good commercial
value include mackerel, tuna, squid, shrimp, crab, clam, and lobster. The fish are harvested for local consumption
and also exported abroad. Sea life also includes shells, coral, and pearls used in jewelry and handicrafts.

Agricultural Crops
According to the Philippines' Department of Environment and Natural Resources, major agricultural crops include
corn, rice, sugarcane, abaca (hemp), and tobacco. Native fruits include coconuts, watermelons, and mangoes. The
indigenous pili nut is used in the production of chocolate, candies, ice cream, and soap.
3. areas in provinces in the Philippines of the primary producer of
RICE

Rice[edit]
Further information: Rice production in the Philippines
The Philippines is the 8th largest rice producer in the world, accounting for 2.8% of global rice
production.[2] The Philippines was also the world's largest rice importer in 2010.[3] In 2010, nearly 15.7 million
metric tons of palay (pre-husked rice) were produced.[4] In 2010, palay accounted for 21.86% percent of gross
value added in agriculture and 2.37% of GNP.[5] Self-sufficiency in rice reached 88.93% in 2015.[6]
Rice production in the Philippines has grown significantly since the 1950s. Improved varieties of rice developed
during the Green Revolution, including at the International Rice Research Institute based in the Philippines have
improved crop yields. Crop yields have also improved due to increased use of fertilisers. Average productivity
increased from 1.23 metric tons per hectare in 1961 to 3.59 metric tons per hectare in 2009.[2]
Harvest Yields have increased significantly by using foliar fertilizer (Rc 62 -> 27% increase, Rc 80 -> 40%
increase, Rc 64 -> 86% increase) based on PhilRice National Averages.
The table below shows some of the agricultural products of the country per region.[7]

Region Rice Corn Coconut Sugarcane Pineapple Watermelon Banana

Ilocos Region 1,777,122 490,943 39,463 19,512 197 26,936 43,164

Cordillera (CAR) 400,911 237,823 1,165 51,787 814 141 26,576

Cagayan Valley 2,489,647 1,801,194 77,118 583,808 35,129 7,416 384,134

Central Luzon 3,304,310 271,319 167,737 678,439 1,657 7,103 58,439

NCR 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

CALABARZON 392,907 64,823 1,379,297 1,741,706 88,660 2,950 96,306

MIMAROPA 1,081,833 125,492 818,146 0 448 3,192 168,299

Bicol Region 1,264,448 243,908 1,105,743 239,010 130,595 5,598 76,452

Western Visayas 1,565,585 213,362 294,547 1,682,940 12,687 83,336 200,222


Region Rice Corn Coconut Sugarcane Pineapple Watermelon Banana

Negros Island Region 557,632 185,747 274,315 13,440,259 9,468 546 157,974

Central Visayas 269,801 101,333 274,069 241,573 998 1,161 126,220

Eastern Visayas 955,709 91,145 1,165,867 179,363 7,186 670 227,223

Zamboanga Peninsula 661,775 220,180 1,682,121 107 1,657 638 281,856

Northern Mindanao 725,120 1,216,301 1,851,702 3,065,463 1,468,386 2,024 1,832,173

Davao Region 441,868 224,100 2,246,188 208,743 26,880 1,070 3,455,014

SOCCSKSARGEN 1,291,644 1,239,275 1,159,818 680,383 794,334 2,132 1,159,091

CARAGA Region 653,431 118,774 804,722 0 2,682 3,010 259,738

531,048
ARMM 488,215 673,036 1,393,168 113,343 921 80

Sugar[edit]
Further information: Sugar industry of the Philippines
Raw sugar produced in a mill in the nation.

There are at least 19 provinces and 11 regions that produce sugarcane in the Philippines. A range from 360,000 to
390,000 hectares are devoted to sugarcane production. The largest sugarcane areas are found in the Negros Island
Region, which accounts for 51% of sugarcane areas planted. This is followed by Mindanao which accounts for
20%; Luzon by 17%; Panay by 07%; and Eastern Visayas by 04%.[8][8] It is estimated that as of 2012, the industry
provides direct employment to 700,000 sugarcane workers spread across 19 sugar producing provinces.[9]
Sugar growing in the Philippines pre-dates colonial Spanish contact.[10] Sugar became the most important
agricultural export of the Philippines between the late eighteenth century and the mid-1970s.[10] During the 1950s
and 60s, more than 20 percent income of Philippine exports came from the sugar industry.[10] Between 1913 and
1974, the Philippines sugar industry enjoyed favoured terms of trade with the US, with special access to the
protected and subsidized the American sugar market.[10]

Coconuts[edit]
Further information: Coconut production in the Philippines
Coconuts plays an important role in the national economy of the Philippines. According to figures published in
December 2015 by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, it is the world's largest producer of
coconuts, producing 19,500,000 tonnes in 2015.[11] Production in the Philippines is generally concentrated in
medium-sized farms.[12] There are 3.5 million hectares dedicated to coconut production in the Philippines, which
accounts for 25 per cent of total agricultural land in the country.[13] In 1989, it was estimated that between 25 percent
and 33 percent of the population was at least partly dependent on coconuts for their livelihood. Historically, the
Southern Tagalog and Bicol regions of Luzon and the Eastern Visayas were the centers of coconut production.[14] In
the 1980s, Western Mindanao and Southern Mindanao also became important coconut-growing regions.[14]

Abaca[edit]
According to the Philippine Fiber Industry Development Authority, the Philippines provided 87.4% of the world's
abaca in 2014, earning the Philippines US$111.33 million.[15] The demand is still greater than the supply.[15] The
remainder came from Ecuador (12.5%) and Costa Rica (0.1%).[15] The Bicol region in the Philippines produced
27,885 metric tons of abaca in 2014, the largest of any Philippine region.[15] The Philippine Rural Development
Program (PRDP) and the Department of Agriculture reported that in 2009-2013, Bicol Region had 39% share of
Philippine abaca production while overwhelming 92% comes from Catanduanes Island. Eastern Visayas, the
second largest producer had 24% and the Davao Region, the third largest producer had 11% of the total production.
Around 42 percent of the total abaca fiber shipments from the Philippines went to the United Kingdom in 2014,
making it the top importer.[15] Germany imported 37.1 percent abaca pulp from the Philippines, importing around
7,755 metric tons (MT).[15] Sales of abaca cordage surged 20 percent in 2014 to a total of 5,093 MT from 4,240 MT,
with the United States holding around 68 percent of the market.[15]
Fruits[edit]

Strawberries grown in the Philippines.

The Philippines is the world's third largest producer of pineapples, producing more than 2.4 million of tonnes in
2015.[16] The Philippines was in the top three banana producing countries in 2010, including India and
China.[17] Davao and Mindanao contribute heavily to the total national banana crop.[17] Mangoes are the third most
important fruit crop of the country based on export volume and value next to bananas and pineapples.[18]

Corn[edit]
Corn is the second most important crop in the Philippines. 600,000 farm households are employed in different
businesses in the corn value chain. As of 2012, around 2.594 Million ha of land is under corn cultivation and the total
production is 7.408 million metric ton(MMT).[19]

Rubber[edit]
There are an estimated 458,000 families dependent upon the cultivation of rubber trees. Rubber is mainly planted in
Mindanao, with some plantings in Luzon and the Visayas.[20] As of 2013, the total rubber production is 111,204 tons.
veryone is embedded with things that make them unique. As individuals we each bring
soemthing new, creative, and different to the table. This brings to to discuss personal
strengths and weaknessess within myself and my everyday living. Personal strengths are
areas where we tend to excel, and seem to express above average.
I believe in my family. I believe in the strength they give me and the love that I have for them. I do not know what I would
be without them and I believe that whole heartedly.

My mother is my rock, the center of my world. She is the most beautiful person I know and although I have not always been
a perfect daughter, I know that she loves me. All she’s ever wanted is for me to be happy. She has given up so much to give
me and my brother everything we needed and much of what we wanted. I can only hope to be as good of a person and
mother as she has been.

My older brother lived with our father for most of his life, but when he was 15 he moved in with my mother and I. I have
learned so much from him, whether he knows it or not. The way o walk, the way I speak, even my taste in music has
somehow been a product of watching my brother. His wife is my best friend and from her I have learned to be aware of my
world and of how to contribute to its preservation. I love and trust them more than I think they could ever know.

I was in the 3rd grade when my aunt started giving me hard books to read. Although it was difficult for me, she helped cheer
me on and supported me. Without this I do not believe I would be as intelligent as I am now. She began and has helped fuel
my love for good books and stories. I grew up always at her house, and she has also been one of my closest friends and has
played a big role in my upbringing.

About a month ago it felt as if my world was falling apart. Nothing was going right. My friendships were disintegrating and I
felt so alone. My mother noticed right away and consoled me. To separate myself from all the issues at school, I practically
lived at my brother’s house. They helped me out of the water when I felt like I was drowning. Their support helped to bring
me out of my depression.

Family is my foundation. They have always supported me, and have only wanted me to be happy. Their actions and words
have shaped me into the person that I am today. This I believe.

My Greatest Strength and Weakness

Everybody has their own strengths and weaknesses. To me, life is a learning experience, so identifying and knowing our strengths and
weaknesses can help us learn, improve and grow. It doesn’t matter if they are positive or negative abilities. Knowing our positive
abilities can help us in accomplishing our goals, and knowing our negative abilities can help us improve. It is important to know
yourself and your abilities, because it can help you express and use your strengths, and help you overcome your weakness. So what is
my greatest strength and weakness?

My greatest strength is that I am a quick and initiative learner. I learn quickly and like to take on new things. I believe that learning is
the key to improvement, so learning is a very important skill in life. I enjoy learning new things and challenging myself. Most of the
times, when I am trying something new, because of my determination to make it good on the first try, I learn quickly and make a good
work and on the things I try. For example, whenever I am playing a new game, I would make a good score on the first few tries, and
my friends would always yell out “lucky!” Or when I take on new classes or given new work in school; if not among the best I would do
a good job most of the times; or even when I take on new activities. For example, one time I went out ice skating with my friends for
the first time, and they told me I didn’t fall down as much as they did and that I was good for a beginner.

My greatest weakness is that I am a perfectionist, so I do many things slower than others. As I have said already, I am a person that
wants things to be done right the first time, so there are a lot of times when I spend more time than others on working on and
finishing things. For example, if you look into my classroom on a test day, and you see the last student writing the test paper, that
student is probably me. I am also an introspective person who likes to think a lot before doing anything most of the times, which is
also why I work slower on things. In class, when a teacher asks a question, I would think a lot about it and make sure I really got the
correct answer before raising my hand up. Another example would be when I am calculating a problem in Math, I would check my
answers over and over again most of the times. However, because I found my weakness, I have already been working on overcoming
my weakness a long time ago, and I can tell you that even though I haven’t completely got rid of it yet, I am making great
improvements and I am doing things a lot quicker now.

As I’ve said, everybody has their own strengths and weaknesses, and I have already found mines. My greatest strength is that I am a
quick and initiative learner, and my greatest weakness is that I do many things slower than others. I hope you can now see that
identifying our strengths and weaknesses is important, as it allows you to experience, learn and better yourself. So from now on, I
would like you to take some time and ask yourself: what is my greatest strength and weakness?