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Drone based medical Facility

Concerned organization: Mindtree


Category: Hardware
Technology Bucket: Robotics & Drones
Complexity: Complex

Team members
1. Charu Kaushik(CSE 3rd year)
2. Pratyaksh Singh(ME 3rrd year)
3. Kinjal Tiwari (ME 3rd year)
4. Dhruv Mukheja (ME 3rd year)
5. Mukund Mohan Tiwari(EC 3rd year)
6. Aprajita Patel (ME 3rd year)
Abstract
PROBLEM:
Nowadays there are a lot of places where basic medical facilities cannot
be reached. Due to this a lot of people are suffering and dying due to
shortage of medical or health facilities such as medicines, blood
supplies, etc.
SOLUTION:
To overcome this problem and to find an adequate solution to this, we
are presenting an idea for this. The solution consists of making an
autonomous drone system that can easily supply medical facilities to
remote areas and return back to the base without any damage or loss.
DETAILS:
Our project consists of three main sections for consideration:
1. Making of the drone
2. Designing and making the Launching system for the drone
3. Programming for the autonomous handling of the drone.

Making of the drone


The structure of the drone is a fixed wing type airplane
(not Quad copter).
The various components of the airplane drone are:
1. Motors(BLDC)
2. ESC(Electronic speed controllers)
3. Receiver and Transmitter
4. GPS module
5. Batteries(LI-PO)
6. Airspeed tube
7. Telemetry Radio
8. Laser or Pressure Altimeter
9. Carbon fiber spar
10.Pixhawk Autopilot

Designing and making the launching system for the drone


The various requirements of making and designing the launching
system for the drone
1. For making the Launchpad
 Adequate angle for the Launchpad for the flight of the drone .
 Initial Velocity of the launching pad to make the drone take
the adequate height.
 Mechanism to be used for the flight of the drone.

2. JUMP VTOL(Vertical Take Off and Loading) Method


 They don't need runways, they're self-contained, and they
don't need a reinforced airframe that catapult systems
demand.
 Due to this new design the weight and payload of the drone is
no issue.
 Flight time and distance of the flight is increased to several
folds.

Programming and technologies used in the drone for the


Autonomous Flight

Technologies required

1. Arduino
2. Raspberry pi
3. Pi cam
4. GPS module technology
5. Autopilot
6. RC technology
7. Aerodynamics

Programming methodologies
Using Python with machine learning and deep learning for the
autonomous and self-analyzing flight mechanism for the drone.
The drone will autonomously, without the help of any controller
can take the required supplies to the required region. The drone
will drop the supplies to the adequate regions and return back to
the base. The supplies will be dropped with the help of a small
parachute.
All this will be done with the help of python based image
processing techniques for overcoming obstructions lying in the
pathway. Alongside, proper height precision will be maintained on
every location through GPS connectivity, throughout the flight.
The timing of the parachute drop and the flight analysis according
to the weather forecast, airspeed and the height of the drone are all
analyzed and the flight is made more safe and accurate.
*Prevention from damage and loss due to bad Weather:
The drone will be made artificially intelligent to sense a bad
weather like storm or heavy rains in the upcoming locations on the
currently following path through weather forecast updates. In such
case, The drone will either switch its path to the safest one or will
stay on a particular location for some feasible time duration.