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Mathematics 22

Exercise 10 - Surfaces

I. Do as indicated.

1. Consider the quadric surface S : x2 + y 2 + 4z − 4 = 0.

(a) Determine the traces of S on the coordinate planes and the planes z = 1 and z = 3.
(b) Determine the type of quadric given by S and sketch a portion of its graph in between
the planes z = −3 and z = 0.
(c) If viewed as a surface of revolution, determine the axis of revolution and give an
equation of a generating curve for S.

2. Consider the quadric surface S : 4x + 12 = 3y 2 + 3z 2 .

(a) Determine the traces of S on the coordinate planes and the planes x = −3.
(b) Determine the type of quadric given by S and sketch a portion of its graph in between
the planes x = −3 and x = 0.
(c) If viewed as a surface of revolution, give an equation of a generating curve for S
on the xy-plane when revolved about its axis of revolution. What is its axis of
revolution?
x2 y 2
3. Consider the quadric surface S : z 2 = + .
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(a) Determine the traces of S on the coordinate planes and the planes z = ±1.
(b) Determine the type of quadric given by S and sketch a portion of its graph in between
the planes z = −1 and z = 1.
y2 z2 x2
4. Consider the quadric surface S : + =1+ .
36 4 9
(a) Determine the traces of S on the coordinate planes and the planes x = ±3.
(b) Determine the type of quadric given by S and sketch a portion of its graph in between
the planes x = −3 and x = −3.
x2 z 2
5. Consider the hyperbola on the xz-plane given by the equation − = 1.
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(a) Given an equation of the surface of revolution when the hyperbola is revolved about
the x-axis.
(b) Sketch the graph of the surface of revolution obtained in (a).
(c) Let S be the cylinder with the same equation as the given hyperbola. Sketch the
portion of S in between the planes y = 0 and y = 4.
y2 z2
6. Consider the quadric surface S : x = −
4 4
(a) Determine the traces of S on the coordinate planes.
(b) Determine the type of quadric given by S and sketch a portion of its graph enclosed
by the planes x = ±1, y = ±2 and z = ±2.

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II. Do as indicated.

1. Sketch the graph of the following cylinders in the three-dimensional space.

(a) z = y 2 (y − 3)2 (c) x = sin z


(b) x2 + =1
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2. Find an equation describing the surface obtained from revolving a curve with equation
z + 2 = ln(y − 1) in the yz-plane about the z-axis.

3. Find a generating curve for the surface of revolution given by 4x2 + 4z 2 = e4y .

4. Find an equation of the surface of revolution generated when the curve y = ez + 1 is


revolved about the y-axis.

5. Find an equation for the surface of revolution with generating curve y 2 + ln x − 2 = 0 on


the xy-plane and the x-axis as its axis of revolution.

III. Identify and sketch the following quadric surfaces given the following equations.

(x − 3)2 y 2 z 2 2 y2 z2
1. + + =1 4. x − + =0
9 4 4 16 4
(x − 2)2 (y − 2)2
2. + − z2 = 1 5. z − 16 − x2 − y 2 = 0
4 4
(x − 3)2 (y − 3)2
3. z 2 − − =1 6. x2 − y 2 = z
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IV. Match the equations to their corresponding types. Take note of the form.

1. 9x2 + 5y 2 − 45z 2 = 0 (A) ellipsoid

2. 2x − 4y 2 − 5z 2 = 0 (B) elliptic paraboloid

3. 4x2 + 4y 2 − z 2 + 16 = 0 (C) hyperbolic paraboloid

4. x2 − 4y 2 − 4z 2 + 4 = 0 (D) hyperboloid of one sheet

5. 7x2 + y 2 = 49 (E) hyperboloid of two sheets

6. 36x2 + 9y 2 + 4z 2 − 36 = 0 (F) elliptic cone

7. 5x2 + 2y − 10z 2 = 0 (G) cylinder

Exercises from sample exams jpejoven