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OLAHRAGA

MASYARAKAT

KULIAH PENGANTAR FOME

PENDAHULUAN

Aktifitas olahraga masyarakat

Prestasi resiko

Kebugaran positif

Rekreasi positif atau negatif

Pemahaman masyarakat :

Pola hidup sehat

Resiko penyakit

Perkembngan sain dan teknologi

Angka harapan hidup meningkat

PENDAHULUAN

Angka harapan naik PTM :

Penyebab kematian terbanyak

Morbiditas dan Mortilitas meningkat

Beban bagi pelayanan kesehatan

Sulit disembuhkan dan timbul sekuele

Penting perhatiakan faktor resiko

Merokok

Diet

Aktifitas kurang

Gaya hidup

ISTILAH

Aktivitas fisik : segala kegiatan tubuh yang mengakibatkan peningkatan pengeluaran energi.

Latihan/Exercise : Aktifitas fisik dengan intensitas dan waktu tertentu dilakukan secara berirama dan sistematik dengan tujuan untuk meningkatkan derjat kesehatan

Olahraga (kecabangan) : rujuk aturan

Exercise

• A subcategory of physical activity

• Is planned, structured and repetitive

• Results in improvement or maintenance of on or more facets of physical fitness:

• Endurance

• Strength

• Flexibility

• Coordination

or maintenance of on or more facets of physical fitness: • Endurance • Strength • Flexibility

Benefits of Exercise

Research has also proven that exercise:

– Lowers risk of obesity.

– Improves mood and relieves symptoms of depression.

– Improves quality of life, general well being and everyday functioning.

– Improves function in persons with arthritis.

– Lowers risk of falls and injury

– Improves sleep

– Prevents bone loss

Consult with your doctor or rehabilitation professional

You Should Not Exercise If You Have:

• Chest pain

• Irregular heart rate

• Severe shortness of breath

• Unexplained weight loss

• Blood clot

• Foot or ankle sores that will not heal

• Swelling of the joints

• Persistent pain after a fall

• After surgical procedures

OLAHRAGA di Masyarakat

PRESTASI

KEBUGARAN

REKREASI

JENIS OLAHRAGA

TIPE I :

INTENSITAS & WAKTU TERKENDALI

TIPE II :

INTENSITAS TAK TERKENDALI

WAKTU TERKENDALI

TIPE III :

INTENSITAS & WAKTU TAK TERKENDALI

Types of Exercise

• Endurance

• Strength

• Flexibility

• Coordination

Endurance Exercise

• Exercise for your cardiopulmonary (heart and lungs) system

• They are activities that increase your heart rate and breathing for an extended period of time in a healthy way.

• They are activities that increase your heart rate and breathing for an extended period of

Examples of Endurance Exercises

• Walking

• Swimming

• Bicycling

• Dancing

• Climbing the stairs

Strength and Flexibility Exercise

• Exercise for you musculoskeletal (muscles and bones) system

• These exercises help increase or maintain your strength and keep you loose and flexible.

Examples of Strength and Flexibility Exercises

• Moving any part of your body against gravity in a sequenced pattern and with appropriate timing

• Using hand held weights or ankle weights when appropriate

• Doing activities of daily living repetitively or with resistance (increase loads)

• Stretching tight muscles

Balance and Coordination Exercises

• Exercise primarily for your neuromuscular system (nerves, brain and muscles)

• Help prevent frequent falls and loss of balance

• Allow your movements to be more fluid and smooth

Examples of Balance and Coordination Exercises and Activities

• Sports such as tennis, golf and softball

• Playing ball with the kids and grand kids

• Practicing standing on one foot (use support if you need it)

• Walking a straight line (one foot in front of the other)

PENGELOLAAN OLAHRAGA MASYARAKAT

• TUJUAN :

– PERTAHANKAN

– TINGKATKAN

STATUS KESEHATAN (KEBUGARAN)

• LATIHAN FISIK STRESS/BEBAN

• RESPON SISTEM TUBUH TERHADAP STRESS

Lanjutan

• PROSES SESUAI DENGAN KAIDAH OLAHRAGA

• MANAJEMEN PENGELOLAAN :

RANGKAIAN KEGIATAN YANG SISTEMATIS DENGAN TAHAPAN :

– PERENCANAAN

– PELAKSANAAN

– MONITORING/EVALUASI

PERENCANAAN

• LATAR BELAKANG

URGENSI

TUJUAN PELATIHAN

• SERING OVER ESTIMASI DENGAN KEBUTUHAN

• PESERTA PELATIHAN

TERLATIH

TIDAK TERLATIH

SKRINING (Anamnesa, Pemeriksaan fisik,

Laboratorium rutin, khusus : Stress test, EKG, laboratorium khusus) IDENTIFIKASI FAKTOR RESIKO

PERENCANAAN

• SUMBER DANA

• WAKTU DAN TEMPAT

• JADWAL PELATIHAN

• SUSUNAN PANITIA PELAKSANA

• TATA TERTIB

• NARA SUMBER, INSTRUKTUR

PERENCANAAN

MASAL atau INDIVIDUAL

WAKTU

TEMPAT

SARANA DAN PRASARANA

PELAKSANAAN

• KOMUNIKASI

• LOGISTIK

• FASILITATOR/INSTRUKTUR

– KOMPETENSI

• PESERTA

– RESIKO

• PRASARANA

– PERTOLONGAN PERTAMA – AKSES RUJUKAN

KAIDAH OLAHRAGA

• BAIK

• BENAR

• TERATUR

• TERUKUR

• PROGRESIVE

EVALUASI

KEKURANGAN

– PELEKSANAAN

– METODE

KELEBIHAN

MANFAAT PELATIHAN

– TUJUAN

KEBERLANGSUNGAN EFEK LATIHAN FISIK

– MANTENEN KONDISI FISIK