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# 1.

## What is true about the

α of a BJT?
A. lesser than 1
B. greater than 1
C. unity
D. infinity
2. What is true about the β of a
BJT?
A. lesser than 1 C. greater than 1
B. unity D. infinity
3. Robotics is a multi-disciplinary
subject embracing elements of
A. mechanical engineering
B. electronics and control theory
C. computer science
D. all of the above
4. In a robot, the axes that allow
rotation are often referred to as
what joints?
A. Revolute joints C. Movable joints
B. Permanent joints D. Stationary joints
5. A power supply develops 90 V
dc with a 5 V ac, what is the
percent ripple?
A. 5.56 % C. 12 %
B. 7.2 % D. 0 %
6. Simplify F = a + b + a’c’
A. a + b + c C. a + b
B. a + b + c’ D. a + c
7. Simplify F = xy + x’z + yz
A. x+y+z C. xy + x’z
B. x’ + y + z D. x + yz
8. Which semiconductor
manufacturer was the first to develop
an OP – AMP IC ?
A. National semiconductor C. Fairchild
B. Motorola D. Signetics
9. Which of the following chemical
elements is first used in the
commercial production of solid
state rectifier diode?

A. selenium C. germanium
B. silicon D. copper
10. What is the operating temperature
of selenium?
A. 0°C to 85°C C. 50° to 200°C
B. 0° C to 100°C D. 0° to 300°C
11. Calculate f max for an OP
Amp that has a slew rate of 5V/
µ s and a peak output voltage of
10 V.
A. 90 kHz C. 59.6 kHz
B. 90π kHz D. 79.6 kHz
Slew Rate
Maximum rate at which amplifier output
can change in volts per microsecond
SR = ΔVo / Δt
SR = 2π fmax Vpk
where
fmax = highest undistorted frequency
Vpk = peak value of output sine wave
11. Calculate f max for an OP
Amp that has a slew rate of 5V/
µ s and a peak output voltage of
10 V.
A. 90 kHz C. 59.6 kHz
B. 90π kHz D. 79.6 kHz
12. What value of Rx in parallel
with 40 ohms provide a resistance
equivalent of 40 ohms ?

A. 100 Ω C. 40 Ω
B. 0 Ω D. infinity
13. What is the operating
temperature of germanium?
A. -10°C to 85°C C. -55° to 100°C
B. -20° C to 100°C D. -45° to 300°C
14. Approximates real diode with a
battery, a resistance and an ideal
diode
A.  simplified model
B.  non ideal device
C.  ideal device
D.  piecewise – linear model
DIODE EQUIVALENT
CIRCUIT
Ideal diode

Simplified model

## Piecewise linear model

14. Approximates real diode with a
battery, a resistance and an ideal
diode
A.  simplified model
B.  non ideal device
C.  ideal device
D.  piecewise – linear model
15. The average value of half-
wave, pulsating dc is _______ of
the rms value.

A. 45 % C. 48 %
B. 90 % D. none of the above
Half wave rectification

Vm Vm

## VDC = Vm/ π = 0.318 Vm

15. The average value of half-
wave, pulsating dc is _______ of
the rms value.

A. 45 % C. 48 %
B. 90 % D. none of the above
16. Which of the following is not a
BCD code?
A.  0000 C. 0110
B.  01010100 D. 1100
17. Which hybrid parameter that is
usually neglected in most circuit
analysis ?
l  hi and ho C. hr and ho
l  hr and hf D. hi and hr
Hybrid

Iin
hi
hrVo
+
- hfIin ho
Vo
Simplified Hybrid

## SHORT CIRCUIT OPEN CIRCUIT

Iin
hi
hrVo
+
- hfIin ho
Vo

hr = 0 hO = 0
Simplified Hybrid

Iin
hi
hfIin Vo
17. Which hybrid parameter that is
usually neglected in most circuit
analysis ?
l  hi and ho C. hr and ho
l  hr and hf D. hi and hr
18. What is the velocity of sound in
a vacuum?
A.  341 m/s C. infinity
B.  3 x 108 m/s D. zero
A. 4415 C. 50025
B. 3335 D. 10025

A. 10010 C.10011
B. 11010 D.1202
21. If the slew rate for a unity – gain
inverting 741 OP – AMP is 0.5 V / µ
s , how long will it take for the
output to change by 5 V ?

A. 10 µ s C. 2.5 µ s
B. 100µ s D. 25µs
22. A bonding of atoms,
strengthened by the sharing of
electrons, is called

## A. metallic bond C. ionic bond

B. covalent bond D. atomic bond
Atomic structure for Si
22. A bonding of atoms,
strengthened by the sharing of
electrons, is called

## A. metallic bond C. ionic bond

B. covalent bond D. atomic bond
23. There are approximately how
many free carriers in a cubic cm of
intrinsic silicon material at 25°?
A. 2.5 X 1013 C. 1.5 X 1013
B. 2.5 X 1010 D. 1.5 X 1010
24. What type of light wave has the
most energy?
A. infrared C. visible
B. ultraviolet D. both a and
Electromagnetic Spectrum
24. What type of light wave has the
most energy?
A. infrared C. visible
B. ultraviolet D. both a and
25. Silicon is capable of operating
A. from 0°C to 350°C
B. from -273°C to 350°C
C. from -176°C to 350°C
D. from 176°C to 350°C
26. What is the atomic number of
silicon?
A. 14 C. 10
B. 16 D. 32
27. Discrete semiconductors are
categorized as power devices
because it is capable of dissipating
A.  3 nwatts or more
B.  3mw or more
C.  6 watts or more
D.  3 watts or more
28. Devices capable of dissipating
less than 3 w at 25° C
A. large signal C. average signal
B. small signal D. power
information on a single line and
transmits this information on one of
2n possible output lines
A. Multiplexer C. Decoder
B. Encoder D. Demultiplexer
30. A combinational circuit that
selects binary information from one
of many input lines and directs it to
a single output line
A. digital multiplexer C. decoder
B. digital demultiplexer D. encoder
31. An AND gate with an inverter
A. Equivalence C. NAND
B. NOR D. OR
32. Why is the common – emitter
amplifier the most widely used
transistor amplification
configuration?
A. it provides voltage gain
B. it provides current gain
C. it provides high power gain
D. all of the above
33. How many PN junctions are
there in an SCR ?
A. one C. three
B. two D. four
34. Which of the ff. devices was
specifically developed to control ac
power by varying the circuit
conduction angle ?
A. SCR C. diac
B. Triac D. none of the above
TRIAC Application
( Phase control )

IL

RL
R
34. Which of the ff. devices was
specifically developed to control ac
power by varying the circuit
conduction angle ?
A. SCR C. diac
B. Triac D. none of the above
35. Considered as a reverse –
blocking thyristor
A. SCR C. triac
B. Diac D. transistor
36. The name thyristor comes from
an older device called
A. thyratron C. thyritube
B. thyratrous D. thytube
37. When a pair of SCR’s are
gated halfway through their
respective half – cycles of the ac
power waveform , the circuit is said
to be firing at
A. 45 degrees C. 0 degree
B. 90 degrees D. 180 degrees
38. In order to apply full ac power
to a load , a triac should be fired
at the _____ point on each half
cycle.
A. 0 degree C. 30 degrees
B. 45 degrees D. 90 degrees
39. Which semiconductor device
behaves like two SCRs?
A. UJT C. JFET
B. Triac D. diac
40. After firing an SCR, the gating
pulse is removed. The current in
the SCR will
A. remain the same
B. immediately fall to zero
C. rise up
D. rise a little and then fall to zero
41. What happens to the value of
forward break over voltage required
to turn on an SCR as more gate
current is applied?
A. it is not changed C. it decreases
B. it increases D. none of the above
42. How many break over points
does the characteristic curve of a
diac show?
A. one C. three
B. two D. four
43. Which rectifier uses four
diodes?
A. Half-wave C. Bridge
B. Center-tapped D. All of the above
Half wave rectification

Vm Vm
Bridge type full wave
rectifier
Full wave rectifier with center –
tapped transformer
D1
Secondary +
Vm
-
+
Vm
-

D2
44. What rating is used to measure
the action of a filter?
A.  Percent rectification
B.  Percent ripple
C.  Percent regulation
D.  Percent filteration
AC

## POWER SUPPLY BLOCK DIAGRAM

44. What rating is used to measure
the action of a filter?
A.  Percent rectification
B.  Percent ripple
C.  Percent regulation
D.  Percent filteration
45. An PNP transistor is normally
biased so that its base is ____.
A. positive C. zero
B. negative D. infinite
Conditions
l  Linear region operation
l  Base – emitter ----- Forward biased
l  Base – collector ----- Reverse biased
l
l  Cut – off region operation
l  Base emitter ------- reverse biased
l
l  Saturation region operation
l  Base – emitter ----- Forward biased
l  Base – collector ----- Forward biased
ILLUSTRATIONS
REGARDLESS
OF
POLARITY
ACTIVE REGION
C
N
B SATURATION REGION
P

N
E CUT – OFF REGION
Basic uses of BJT
1.Switching
2.Amplifying
3.Impedance matching
45. An PNP transistor is normally
biased so that its base is ____.
A. positive C. zero
B. negative D. infinite
46. What is the lower frequency
limit of an OP – AMP ?
A. 20 Hz C. DC
B. 6 Hz D. 7.34 Hz
47. Another term for varactor diode
A. Robocap C. contractor diode
B. Tunnel diode D. varicap
Varactor diode or varicap
diode
Also called variable capacitance ,
voltage – variable capacitor or
tuning diode
Operates at reverse-biased region
SYMBOL
48. An ohmmeter is connected
across a diode. A low resistance is
shown. The leads are reversed. A
low resistance is still shown. The
diode is ______
A. shorted C. a tunnel diode
B. open D. capacitive diode
49. Why is there no power
dissipation in a perfect switch ?
A. When the switch is closed, its resistance
is zero.
B. When the switch is open, the current is
zero.
C. Both of the above
D. None of the above
50. Involves the use of heat to
liberate electrons from an element
called a cathode.
A.  Thermionic emission
B.  field emission
C.  Secondary emission
D.  heat emission
51. Three 500 – W light bulbs are
connected in parallel across the
220 –V power line. If one bulb
opens , how many bulbs can light ?
A. One C. none
B. Two D. all
52. A depletion MOSFET has Idss
= 12 mA and Vp = - 4.5 v. Calculate
the drain current at gate – source
voltage of 0 V
A. 3.8 mA C. –12 mA
B. –3.8 mA D. 12 mA
53. For an n channel enhancement
MOSFET with threshold voltage of
2.5 V, determine the current at gate
source voltage of 6 V.

## A.  0.675 mA C. 1.675 mA

B.  3.675 mA D. 2.675 mA
54. Determine the value of
transconductance for an n channel
enhancement MOSFET having
threshold voltage V = 3 V at the
operating point of 8 V.
A.  3 mS C. 1.8 mS
B.  4 mS D. 2.8 mS
55. When Q = 0 and Q ‘ = 1, the
flip – flop is
A. Set C. reset
B. active D. passive
56. What is the majority carrier in
an n type material?
A. holes C. neutrons
B. electrons D. protons
57. Maximum number of inputs for
a logic gate without impairing its
operation.
A. fan – out C. either a or b
58. A processing in which the data
is processed virtually as soon as it
A.  on line processing
B.  demand processing
C.  batch processing
D.  either A or B
59. A process by which materials
release electrons when the surface
is bombarded by incident electrons.
A. field emission
B. secondary emission
C. thermionic emission
D. none of the above
60. Demagnetizing by applying AC
field and gradually reducing it to
zero.
A. Differentiating C. degaussing
B. dicing D. neutralizing
61. 1 mil is equal to
A. 0.1 inch C. 0.0001 inch
B. 0.01 inch D. 0.001 inch
62. Memory which does not retain
stored data when power is cut off.
A. ROM C. hard disk
B. EPROM D. volatile
63. The stored information is non-
volatile and fixed during
manufacture.
A. RAM C. EPROM
B. ROM D. PROM
64. Another term for Esaki diode.
A. LED C. varactor
B. Tunnel diode D. zener diode
65. Maximum power transfer
occurs at
A. 100 % efficiency C. 75 % efficiency
B. 50 % efficiency D. 0 % efficiency
66. A filter that rejects only one
frequency .
A. uni – filter C. LPF
B . notch filter D. HDF
67. The conventional current
direction is the direction of the
A. electron C. proton
B. hole D. carrier
68. A 50 µA meter movement has
an internal resistance of 1000 Ω.
What shunt resistance is needed to
extend the range to 500 µA ?
A. 130 Ω C. 500 Ω
B. 5.2 Ω D. 111Ω
Circuit

IT Ifs

ISH RSH A Rm
68. A 50 µA meter movement has
an internal resistance of 1000 Ω.
What shunt resistance is needed to
extend the range to 500 µA ?
A. 130 Ω C. 500 Ω
B. 5.2 Ω D. 111Ω
69. A copper wire has a diameter
of 0.005 inch . Find its area in
circular mil.
A. 25 cmil C. ¼ cmil
B. 50 cmil D. 0.025 cmil
70. If the efficiency of power
transfer from source to load is 60
percent , should the load resistance
be ___________ to enable
maximum power transfer?
A. Increased C. remained the same
B. Decreased D. none of the above
71. Clipping circuits are sometimes
referred to as
A.  Slicers
B.  Limiter
C.  Amplitude selectors
D.  all of the above
72. A type of multivibrator that has
no stable state.
A. astable multivibrator C. bistable
B. stable multivibrator D. monostable
73. For a halfwave rectified signal ,
calculate the % ripple.
A. 123 % C. 48 %
B. 121 % D. 50 %
Half wave rectification

Vm Vm
Bridge type full wave
rectifier
73. For a halfwave rectified signal ,
calculate the % ripple.
A. 123 % C. 48 %
B. 121 % D. 50 %
74. If the voltage at the source
terminals of a circuit is 100 volts
without load and 90 volts when 10
amperes are drawn from the
source . What value is the load
resistance to afford maximum
power transfer?
A. 10 Ω C. 100 Ω
B. 1 Ω D. 1 k Ω
75. Which of the four circuit blocks
of a dc power supply converts an
ac input into a pulsating dc output?
A. transformer C. filter
B. regulator D. rectifier
AC

## POWER SUPPLY BLOCK DIAGRAM

75. Which of the four circuit blocks
of a dc power supply converts an
ac input into a pulsating dc output?
A. transformer C. filter
B. regulator D. rectifier
76. How are SCR s normally turned
on?
A. by applying reverse break over voltage
B. by applying forward break over voltage
C. by a separate commutation circuit
D. by applying Gate current
77. For a full wave rectified signal,
calculate the % ripple.
A. 48 % C. 148 %
B. 121 % D. 21 %
78. A 10 ohms R1 and a 20 ohms
R2 are in series with a 30 V
source. If R1 opens , the voltage
drop across it ( R1 ) will be
A. Zero C. 30 V
B. Infinity D. 20 V
79. In a series circuit with unequal
resistances
A. the lowest R has the highest V
B. the highest R has the highest V
C. the lowest R has the most I
D. The highest R has the most I
80. The resonant frequency of an
LC circuit is 1000 khz. If L is
doubled but C is reduced to one –
eighth of its original value , the
resonant frequency then is
A. 250 khz C. 1000 khz
B. 500 khz D. 2000 khz
81. What is the most common
application of diac?
A.  amplifier
B.  triggering devices for triac
C.  regulator
D.  controller
82. Example of an atom having
five valence electrons.
A. Antimony C. Indium
B. Si D. Boron
83. A modern industrial robot is
A. multi-functional C. servo-controlled
B. Programmable D. all of the above
84. Who designed the
microprocessor in 1969?
A. William Shockley C. Ted Hoff
B. Kilby and Noyce D. Jon von
Neumann
85. What is the combined dB gain
whose individual voltage gains are
10 and 100?
A. 40 C. 60
B. 800 D. 1000
amplifier impedance in order that
A. minimum power is transferred to the load
B. maximum power is transferred to the load
C. efficiency may be held at a high level
D. signal-to-noise ratio is maximized
87. What does a gold third band
represent?
A.  0.01 multiplier C. a 0.1 multiplier
B.  5% tolerance D. a 10% tolerance
88. Introduction of industrial robots
A. labor savings
B. improved product quality
C. reduced material cost
D. all of the above
89. The resistance of a certain load
is constant. The current through the
load is doubled. By what factor will
the power dissipated in the load
increases?
A. 1.25 times C. 4.00 times
B. 2.00 times D. 5.25 times
90. Which of the following robot is
primarily used for machining
processes?
A. Jolly-80 C. DEA PRAGMA
B. Cincinnati T3 D. Adept one
91. If a wire conductor of 0.1
resistance is doubled in length, its
resistance becomes
A. 0.01 ohms C. 0.05 ohms
B. 0.02 ohms D. 0.2 ohms
92. In A class-A amplifier,
conduction extends over 360
degrees because Q-point is
B. located near saturation point
D. located at or near cut-off- point
93. What is the output of a class-B
amplifier?
A. It Is distortion-free
B. It consists of positive half-cycle only
C. Is like the output of a full-wave rectifier
D. It comprises short-duration current pulses
94. The main use of a class-C
amplifier is
A. as an RF amplifier
B. as stereo amplifier
C. in communication sound equipment
D. as distortion generator
95. An amplifier is said to suffer
from distortion when its output is
A. low
B. noisy
C. different from its input
D. larger than its input
96. What is the most desirable
feature of transformer coupling ?
A. higher voltage gain
B. wide frequency range
C. ability to provide impedance matching
between stages
D. ability to eliminate hum from the output
97. In an ideal Op Amp, the input
impedance is
A. zero C. 50Ω
B. infinite D. undefined
98. Which of the following is a
current controlled device?
A. FET C. thyristor
B. BJT D. vacuum tube
99. Who coined the term robot?
A. Isaac Asimov C. Josef Capek
B. Karel Capek D. Ojom Robot
100. The binary equivalent of the