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Problem 3.55

[Difficulty: 1]

P r o b l e m 3 . 5 5 [Difficulty: 1] G i v

Given:

Geometry of cup

Find:

Force on each half of cup

Assumptions:

(1) Tea is static and incompressible (2) Atmospheric pressure on outside of cup

Solution:

Basic equation

or, use computing equation

F R =

p

F

R

= ⋅A

p

c

d

A

dp

dh

= ρ g

The force on the half-cup is the same as that on a rectangle of size

Hence

Alternatively

F R

F R

= ⎮ ⌡

=

h

0

p A

d

=

d

ρ gy A

d

ρ gyw y =

ρ

gw h 2

2

F R =

p

c

A

and

F R

=

h

p

c

Using given data

F R

=

1

2

× 999

kg

m 3

× 9.81

m

s

2

× 6.5cm

×

= 8cm

but

and

dA = wdy

w = 6.5cm

A ρ g y

=

c

A

=

ρ g

(8cm)

2

×

m

3

100cm

h

⋅ ⋅hw =

2

×

N s 2 kgm

ρ

gw h 2

2

F R = 2.04N

Hence a teacup is being forced apart by about 2 N: not much of a force, so a paper cup works!