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Picture research: Frances Evan~

Wi1h 1hanks to Gerald Pa1ejunas


© Arcrurus I foldings Limiced

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ISBN 978-J-13)1-5068-3

Manufactured in China

INTRODUCTION ............................. . 6 M . .....

WAR IS COMING ........... .............. . . . . 13

1939 .............. ............. ........ ......... . . . . ........ 41
1941 ........................................... .... . . ...... . . 61
1941 ................ .............................. . . .......... . 91
1942 . ............................. . ....... ................. 113
1943 ........... ............ . . ... ........................... 137
1944 ............... ... ......................... ............ 159
1945 AND ON . . . . . .......................... 177
PICTURE CREDITS ..... .. . ............ . 192
try to imagine howit must l1ave felt to be

I acartoonist during World War II: walking to the

office through the bombed streets of your city,
diving for cover as the air raid sirens sounded all
around you, worrying about friends and loved ones as
you listened to daily news from the front.
Life must have been very up and down, with
stories of the gains, stories ol ll1e losses, and, all
the time, lists of the dead, t11e dying and the missing.
You would have found yourself sitting in on the
editor's conference, the latest headlines in place and
only the matter of your cartoon to be resolved. You'd
go to your desk to be laced with the usual blank
page. What a responsibility. And what pressure there
must have been. Your job was to portray the mood
of a nation, to put down in drawn lines a nation's
anger, fear and hope. At the back of your mind, you
would know that the cartoon was what people would
remember, not the headline, not the thousands of
printed words, but the image.
Images definea war. They capture a moment in
lime and lodge it in the nation's memory. Your cartoon
would have to resonate with the soldier, the sailor
and the candlestick-maker as well as the airman at
the front, the factory girl, the farmer and the retired
banker on air raid duty.
What is so wonderful about the cartoons
In this collection Is how many cartoonists rose
so brilliantly to the challenge. Their pens and
minds were sharpened to a fine point by the
responsibility put upon them by the gravity of
the situation. They producecl masterpieces on a
daily basis. From every corner of the world, from
every side of the conflict, cartoonists of every
nation fired their savage, subtle barbs into the
heart of the enemy. How Hitler and his henchmen
must have raged at the images of them drawn

Left.: 'The Baubles
of a Prime Minister
Spielereien elnes Ministerprasidenten
- \\'hen the war is
over we can smrc the
rebuilding process'
b)' Erich Schilling,
Josef Goebbels'
favourite carroonist,

Adolf Hider lw
Kukrynib1•, the
collective name
for cl1ree Russi:111
caric:m1rists, .Por~rij
Krylov, Mikh:1il
Kuprili:1nov and
Nikobi Sokolov
(sec page 106), 1942

,.Und wenn der Kneg •OrObcr ist. werden wir mit dem Wiederaufbau beginnen!-

in foreign newspapers. Similarly, Churchill, What better way to gain revenge on the
chomping on his cigar and drinking his nightly perpetrators of crimes than with your pen? I know this
whisky, would have sighed at the pompous, from personal experience; I was once beaten up by a
drunken fool they made out of him. gang of skinheads and have spent the last 30 years
II must have been real~ exciting to be a getting my revenge on them by drawing them as louts
cartoonist then. You were given absolute freedom to and buffoons in magazines and newspapers. To be
vent your rage, to provide a piece of your mind. There able to magnify that 100 times during wartime must
were practically no liml ts. You could characterize your have been very saUsfying indeed
enemy as graphically as you wanted. You could distort All nations, all sides are represented in this
and defameanyoneon theother side. Indeed it was book. It is amazing and fascinating to see how each
your duty to do so. side's artists handle the war: the Britishsubtle, laid·

Roosevelt as seen by
English cartoonist
£.H. Shepard in
1940 when France
had fallen and the
l.iS president had
appealed to Congress
for Allied supplies

\ .'

.C. I/. Jl~--


"Now, S:uu, srcp on it I "

back... tea and crumpets with the vicar. discussing I wonder too who was the crazy Japanese
progress on all fronts. The Russians, savage, cartoonist who took time before the bombing of Pearl
satirical. .. Hitler the demon, as demon he surely Harbor io draw up a leaflet to drop on the Americans.
was. There was no holding the Russians back from Crudely duplicated in thousands, U1e cartoon survived
a full frontal assault, the pen scratching venom for posterity, a treacherous act by an unknown artist,
deeper and deeper into the paper. Cartoonists from but did Americans laugh at the words on the picture
the USA showed the ups and downs of GI Joe in a as we do today?
foreign country missing home comforts, while the I amawed at the quality and variety of work
Germans spat vitriol at anyone who opposed their here. From mighty historical and beautiful~ crafted
plan for world domination and made scapegoats of pieces of art to the Iew lines scribbled quickly on an
tl1ose they had cl1osen tovictimize. A4 sheet of paper, they all tell the tale of a moment

Stalin drawn by
E.H. Shepard
with more than a
whiff of sulphur:
the \Verth
Questionnaire was
a series of questions
submitted to
Sralin in 1946 by
Alexander Werth of
the Sunday Times.
Stalin used his
responses to paint
a rosy picture of
the Soviet Union
as a beJJcvolent
giaot with the
friendliest of
intentions towards
F· its neighbours


"Please keep your•s no danger."

inhistory. You can see during the build-up to thewar guarded b11 proprietors who dreaded losing them to
that cartoonists were warning of the grim nature of rivals. Sadly it isn't the same these days, apart from a
events to come, the stupidity of failingto learn from cherished few. Cartoonists used to be very infiuential
history and the shock felt in the altermaih. Simply and much feared. As acartoonist I envy them that.
and surely within these pages, the views fromall They used that power to great purpose and left us
sides unfold and you can see how very similar they with towering, unforgettable images. If I had a hat.
often were, just told in a different way. In those far-off I'd take ii off to them. Enjoy the work within these
days, cartoonists had great power. They were the pages. It is very special.
stars of their newspapers and had salaries to match
their status. They were much sought alter and closely Tony Husband

I \

'Goering's Banquet': the Reicl1.r111rm·chrdl raises

his glass to Laval, Petain and Darl:111, members
of the Vichy government, as a clownbc:1t
Mussolini plays the part of waiter, 1943.
Artist Arrur Szyk shows Goering fe;1s1ing on
US relief rations while blood drips from a list
of the names of host-ages shot in Franee

A cartoon, probably by' J'homas T heodor I leine, from
i\fonich satirical magazine Simplicissi11111s (1927) whicb
shows a wounded man being cirried into a police station:
'Berlin on Sunday. \V:is he run over by a c1r?' 'No,
he ran into the Natio11al-Soci;1lists.'


Erqebn islo se Htrnssuchung bei Hitler (Tlr. 111. Heine}

• • .Ncrk1viirdig1 mil ivic gcringc11 Nilf<:/11 siclr vie/ l/11/r cil flll;iclrfcn l li.Pf!•

'.lnconclusive Search at Hitler's Place

- remarkable how much disaster hns
grown from so tiny a seed' - hy T h. T h.
Heine, as he signed himself, 1930. The
artist fled Germany for Prague in 1933

Colo11d Blimp, rlniwn by Da,~d Low for L-0ndon's Evening
St11111/mr/ ncws1:rJper, was a stereotypical Brirish figure of
the 1930s, lampooned forhisdim,jingoiscic,~cws. Tn 1943,
Churchill tried co srop the making of a film abour Blimp
b)' Powell and Pressburger because rhe script had made the
main Gen nan chanicccr too sympachccic

'How Mr Hitler s:1ys
"legnl"'(l 932): in 1930
Hitler promised the
Narional Court in
Leipzig that the Naiis
wonld keep within
the law. When he
became Chancellor,
he systematically
subverted Gennanys
legal ~ystem, so he
could do as he liked

'Hitler - Our Last Hope' by i\ilji.ilnir (Hans Schweitzer), 1932. Witl1 6 milljon
unemployed and weaknesses in the constirution that crippled the government,
Hiclcr wa~ h:ipp)' to prescm hi mself as Gennanys saviow· for the upcoming elections

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lUiibll- lles &a,iiatiemus

llnliouolsoJialiftm £iftt
'M:irxism is the guardian angel of c-apiralism. Vore Nni', 1932:
a t)11icallr anti-semitic i'\azi poster shows an effete 1\ l:irxist-
Social Dcmocr:it angel hand in hand with a Jewish businessman
in a wurl<l where swastikas have replaced the stars


i\ prescient image by Georges that appeared in The Nation, "ew York
on 5 April 19.13, ~uggcsting the realicy chat lay behind Hitler~ mask

Signal 1933

'Changing Directions', 193 3, by H. Wolfe, shows Germany being

sidetracked from peace by the and embarking on a route rhat
leads to war, murder, rears, suffering and destruccion


'The Partitioning of the World' by
Russii111 arrjsr Boris Ycfimov - Gem1any
gers Europe and Japan takes Asia, 1934

'The Rise offfaler' by French

artist R>1lph Soupault from t:h.e
puhlication Chnrivttri, 1933


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.. -

'Not the Mosr

Scat' from the
Cbicflgo D11ily ...
News, i\11 arch
193 3. I-litler h;1d
been elected
Chancellor of
Germany on
6 J\farch: and
many outside
believed he
would nor
be up ro rhe
job of dealin<r
with Germ:u~
economic woes
<llld the forces of
milita rism



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Dif Judfn sind · onsfr IJneliick!

The front page of :\azi r:ig Der Stiin11er, from March t 9H, with a c:moon by
rcgul:ir c:moonist Fips (Philjpp Rupprecht}, complete ,,;th one of his trademark
anti-semitic, :mti-freemasonic cartoons - two scapegoats for the price of one!

z,1 WAR 1s coM1Nc
'The Gennan people know: the grc:ucr the need, the srrongcr che Fuhrer
"iU be': this morale-boosting image by .-\nhur Johnson was produced afrer
che Xight of the L-0ng Kni\'CS. when h:11~11g suppressed his enemies, Hider
had arrested O\'er 800 of his ;\iazi critics, nbout 90 of whom were killed


llR. F.n~:<. .. THIS llAY BE A :n:w 'BALAXCJ·: o~· POWER,' BUT IT CERT.lil\'LY ISN"r ' !'O Ll.~:CTJ VF. SF.CUlil'rY."'

British Foreign Sccrc1:1ry

:\mhony Eden srands hcmuscd
at the main pbyers in rhc
Spanish Ci,il \ \'ar :md how
ther mighr be lining up for
connicrs to come, P1111rh 1936


,£nfil blr ~<11lfd)tn 11ur ~min - fofo119• wfr rin• fold)c 61u~r ftf&ft nn unfrrn \lrnutn ~nbrn, tol[tn wlr In <!nglnnb
tl!d)ll! oon tintr b'1!1jd)rn 0tfn~r! •

This Ccnn:111 propag:ind:i cartoon

mocks Churchill for bclic1·ing he
could rely on 11omcn to protect him
from lhc Germans (date unknown)


N• 111 - j!i• AlffiEll 1 Ir. so ZB Ao!it 1934


'Hitler wich Halo': chis W<lS J cover drawn by Scnncp Oc3n Pcnnes) for French
saririt-al mag:w.ine Le Rire, 1934. Scnnep fought for the forcnch Cavalry in
\Vorld War rand larer worked for Le Fignrowhere he became one of chc
greatest anti-Hitler canoonisrs

'The Accused' by ultr.1-nationalist French artist Paul lribe, l 9H: Mari:mne, symbol of f r.incc, is being
judged hy the grc:tt powers, represented by Ramsay M.1cOonal<l, 1-faler, Mussolini and Roosevelt.
[ribc blamed sneering and bull~~ng foreigners for the political rurmoil in France, along with
homegrown polil.ici:rns of course. lribe was the lo\'er of Coco Chanel, here the model for ,\fari:mnc



This image was produced in 1934 by Bernard Partridge

:rnd is evidence of how anxious the British were
becoming at the rum of e\·cncs in Gennany

193 5 and the ~hadow of Germany's past and present looms hlrge over
delegates at the League of Nations - Hitler withdrew Germ;lll)' from
tlm organiz.;1tion in 1933. This image by Paul Iribe appe;ired in the
polemical journal Le Ti111oin (The Witness), which he founded with the
financial backing of Coco Chanel

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This drawing, by E.H. Shepard, is a commenr on the rernilirarizacion of

the Rhineland amid Gem1an demands for further expansion. The goose is
stepping all over •1 torn Treaty of Loc:irno. This documenr was drawn up ro
preserve national borders

.. l WON O.El1 II~~, im1•:t> T111s A'l'l'.l'l'U UI•: UP WITH.OUT
r.Wl"J, fNO 'l'III,> TJUN(,

cl I936 Berlin
Bernard refusal to re1,cal
Olympics ro lug ig. . d for Europe
exacclY' Vhat IIC I13d 111 mm



~b forces arrackcdd China

Japan...,.. .
as a new power arose
p rtndoc,
193 7. The nsmg
in che Easr <l- bv. Bern:1r 1.. the main .image o n the
. ·""
sun with rn iao "' .. Jr:ws ' • cse <lrmy at thi s OI
· ne
official war "uag of the apan

" What sharp teeth you have, Grandmamma ! "
"All the better for peacefully revising treaties, my clear."

As the Su<leten Crisis of 1938 unfolded, L-artoonist Bernard

Pnmidgc mocked Hitler's claim to W<lllt to redraw Genn<llly's
border ll'id1 Czechoslovakia by peaceful means and
highlighted the foti lity of the Czech offer of concessions

ln 1938, Stalin was still seen as the arch-
enemy hy Na1.i artist Erich Schilling
in Si111pliciJ)'im11,f - here, the Russian
dicr:nor is complaining :1bout gra\·t:-
diggcl"i joining die general soikc in
Paris. I le wouldn't e\·er allow such a
thing him~clf: gr.l\'c-digging was fur coo
import:lnt for the funire of Bolshe\ism


'T:ikc Mc. ro czcchoslov:ikia, Driv '
'r led.this cartoon by \l:mgh SI er: Hermann Gocrinu
o anu- •az1· propabrancla' - from the ~l .r •a Iiorriblc example
n • mennke "
umgo Times, 1938


Pont (Graham
Laidler) caprurcd
the mood of the
.. h
time as the Bnns
found it increasingly
hard to ignore wlm
was happening in
Europe; opposite
page: he also
imagined what
might be going on
in the minds
of the Germans

Ti:sDJ:S'OY TO Jtlmt' OUT OF


( ht Gtr111an1') The Engliib

(111 Gm11111!J) TheGm11a111


' ''-
, t .. f'

. .. - '
........ '
I" The whole ~,... C'..cnu•I r"'"'i">" •rc:a. of u·hich lht Do!icmi:tn nllcy :ond bruh ... onl1· • segment, "ill h< t<Mrncd
through th< politlol • ill of 1t.< Fuch=."-Cr"""" P«ptr.J

Bernard P:mriclgc re-imagined the

topogrnph it~t l
m:ip of Ccntnil Europe


\Vatd1ed by the shade of Germany's past, Hicler peer.;

into his crysrnl ball and does not flinch at \\'har he sees
- by Bernard Paroidge

19391 ,,3
'Appeasement': a
Neville Chamberlain,
then Prime ,\ linister,
comple1c with trademark
umbrella, is abour ro
come a cropper as British
prcscigc l>egins ro unravel
- by New Zc.'3land artist
Don Angus

Pen and ink representation of the Nazis' invasion of Poland hy
Jerzy h1cz}11ski, who escaped to England in l 939 to f-ight for
the Polish free forces. Jn the llible, the Fourth Horseman of the
Apocaly11se was Death ridiJ1g on a pale horse

"I don't know 3bout helping you, Adolf, but I 1/o undct1und your [IOint of '~~"· ! "

\ \lho~ the bigger snake? Bernard

ParLridgc sccs through l'he marriage
of cmwcnicncc between the J\azis
and the Sovicc Union

46 11939

David Low also decides rhcrc isn'r much co choose between Stalin and Hitler. As early as 1936,
British diplomats bchran co recei,·e complaints from Gem1:iny :ibout New Zealand-born earroonist
David Lows drawings of Hitler. They were really getting under the Fiihrcr's skin. During review
sessions of the foreign press. Hitler would nvlode with rnge when he saw 1.he artist's la rest work.
Low w:15 said to be high on the >:azi death List co be implemented once Brirain was conquered

19391 l"
Lcgcnda1y US cartoonist Clifford
Bcrrynw n 3ddcd his voice to the
widcsprc:id mockery of the Russo-
German non-aggression pact

48 11939

LES SE'.\!Et.:llS
2 ftnnca 26

Qu~ sl·r:l la n·l'11il1· !.

Hider and .\ lussolini :arc sowing the fields of Europe with guns :incl tanks, but 'what
,,;n rheir harYest be? - by Paul Ordner in French satirical weekly Lt Rirr

1939 1ti~)
..._.._ ____
..... -..,. . ...

............... ..............................
Nac h dor orsten Runde

01• •11• • 1111110.ll• '-'•tfl•d•

••alfa....... . .. - ......... 111-1111?-~~- ..
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. 30 .._

SiMPLiCiSSiMUS 1t•Ut• • l• •• •1 • •• •l • • •••lflfltUtf• •''• "'''ll •

Churchill - Fnllst af f

Si111plicisri111us was
Germany's cop 5atirical
magazine, which rurned
right-wing under the
N:1zis. I lere are three
covers from l939 with
(from the top) the view
from the old feUows on
:1 pnrk bench, pointing

out 'England's o·aclitional

Im bit of blaming the
Germans for everything';
Churchill, then First Lord
of the Admfralty, raking
a pummelling in the first
round of Lhe na\'al war;
a drunken Churchill
as Falstaff

'The Enemy is on d1c Prowl for Yow· Secrets': Paul Colin was one of France's grca[csr
poster artists. He helped launch the career of his lover Josephine Baker with his poster
for Revue Negn· in 1925 and produced just shy of2,000 postet-s during his lifetime
Abo,·e: 'The Stoker' - Hitler sho,·ds more corpsi.:s
into tl1e furn:icc as the Gem1ans burn their way :icross
Europe - by Philip Zee in B1itain's Dni~l' ii lirror; left:
lvfarshall Pera in brings j\ forianne of Fm nee to Vichy for
a healtl1 cure, courtesy of Der Stiin11e1~ opposite: 'The
Campaign of Lies - the Democmcies have called on
their mosr lo)".11 troops ro encircle Gemmny.' Duch :ire
a Gem1a11111et:1phor for lies, a Zeit1111gm11e hcing :1 false
story in a newspaper, and here they are )ecn emerging
fromje\\ish lips. \'ile anci-semicism was the default
setting in :'\ni ncwsp;1pcrs imd magm:ines

52 11939
h=b~n ihfe'itteueste~·:'.-f;J;~~:!• mobili si~~rt::u~ Deutschland eihz~·~r~f~enl I
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A 1'1111rb cartoon in which a queue ofJohn Bulls

and Brimnnias is transformed into a column or patriotic
volunteers for the :mxiLiary services - by l!!Slic lllingword1

54, 1939

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AlrJ1ough tl1e USA did nor officially join lhc war until Pearl Harbor in 1941, it provided
aid and military assiscance as soon as lhc arms embargo had been lifted - by E.1 1. Shepard

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":=:,: .::.=-


Life in the B.E.F.

Pont always sought to downplay

the gra1<icy of any situ:1tion, gcnrly
sending up the charJcter of Lhc
British at the same rime. .rhe
c:1rroon (above) is a reference to
a popular song of 1939, "We're
Going to Hang Our the Washing
on the Siegfried Line', written
by CaptainJames Kennedy,
then serving in the British
.. Gosh! .-J. re11't )'Oii sick a11d tired of all these £xpcdicionary Force in the sector
sill:)·jokes abo11t the blark-011/ ?" opposite the Ccm1an defensil'c
works known as che Siegfried Linc

5(; 11939
"I ret11i11dyou of wbo ?" I said. And then 1knocked the bli;/.Jter down."

"lV!ust]Oll .fa)' ' IVell, me're still here' eve1j l!l(}nling?"

1939 157
"It came to me in a nightmare, Hermann-my secret wc:ipon 2g•inst the Allies for ne.i rcu's•ign."

I Litler explains his brilliam new plan to

Hermann Goering. This drawing by Bernard
P:irtridge appeared in P1111dJ

5al 1939
.· '


"If that doesn't rnnkc him more popular, his next escape musr be narrower still."

This t-artoon by E.H. Shepard commcmur:ues johann Georg Elser's anempr 10

:1ssassinate Adolf Hider in a .\lunich beer cellar- Hider left 13 minutes before the
bomb went off. Elser was also planning to kill Hider's jealous comrades Goering
and Goebbels

1939 1 5~)
Der Tanz auf d en Vulkanen beginntl

Der Hilferuf an das Freimaurertum

Above: 'The Floor gees hot: the

dance on the volc:tnocs begins!':
anti-British (~moon by Bogner
in Dfls Sclfu:11r:.e KJJ1ps, the
mag.1zinc of the SS; left: 'The
C1y fo r help to Freemasonry':
John Bull: •Help. I lclp.'
Frccrm1son: 'Mm1, the water is
right up rn my... trowel', ;1Jso
by Bogner in Dfls Schwr1rzc
K111pl·; right: 'pcaccm:1ker'
Neville Chambcrlai11 :111d
'warmonger' Churchill larnent
the uisasrcr :1r Dunkirk in this
piece of Gcrm:m propaganda.
Across che w:ucr, Bri1ish
propagandists put tl1cir minds

l ,,Hllfe I Hllfe //"

,,Monult, uns geht dos W asser selber schon bis an die - Kelle/"
co chc rnsk of nirning defeat :1t
Dunkirk into victory of a kind
for domestic consumption

62 1940
1940 ()3
· . ro US
•. 3 wammg · isob1ionisrs that· ,
'Peaceful Peneiraaon . . g inrcrcsrs in Amcnci s
bl f rhreatenm .
the were capa e o. . " Jr.:. ('Ding') Darlmg:
backyard - I»' pulitzcr Prize "~nna .1 '

64 1940
Hitler nnd Stalin w:1sh tl1eir dirt)' linen
in public but, Lry :1s they might, the)'
can't remove the bloodstains from
Austria, Czechoslo1•akia, Poland and
Finland. Drawing br Paul Ordner first
pubLished in i\t/11ri111111e magazine

1940 ()5
Asingle Spitfire
stands becween the
British iind disaster
as it takes on the
German juggernaut
in this memorable
drawing by
Leslie Illingworth
for P1mch

1940 167
..EJ hi/II nJc/tr•, Eu10 No1u1a1 ma"en cs nod> cinzral In den Mund nchm<nl"

Above: "I'he "li.:rrible

problems of the Upper
Classes Somewhere in
E11gh111J - Your M:1jcst:y,
there is no other choice,
you just ha ve to sw:1llow
it lsocialis111I' rrom D11s
Rricb. Josef Goebbels
wrote the editorials for
rl1i~ 'upmarket' weekly;
lcfr: French artist Senncp
has Mussolini ancmpring
u:: aa:ao:;c w sell his mother's se~11al
- u.. ,._ ~. ~·· p-. C.l.. Mill • • ••
fovonrs ro 1licler

()8 11940

'Man Against the Machine' by Pulit' Prize winner

Danid Ficzpatrick in the St. Louis Po;1-0i;pntcb

194{) (j9

·The Fifth l Iorscman of the ApoC'.ilypse' by Daniel Fitzpatrick, whose powerful body of work
played :111 important pan in making die US retl1ink its isolationist st:mce towards Europe; right: in
De Robot by L.J. Jordaan, me German automato11111archc.'S unstoppably across Ilolland. This w;1s
first puhlishccl in :111 underground newspaper L<tlled De Gmme A111rterdmm11er

70 11940
1940 I'
..<:111~!" .. 3mci!"

'The Bloodbath' shows the 13rilish betraying their French aUies as a cwic:il Tonuny takes his
French counccrpart co the brink, then laughingly cakes a step backwards as monsieur di\"CS into
Lhc bloodbarh alone. This is a German propaganda strip by Oskar C'\'ens, who produced a very
similar work about the Russian bcrr.iyal of the Gem1ans, also called 'The Bloodbath'

"Once ~gain these inhuman British our bdplcss munition factories have bombed, inste-Jd of
concentrating on women childreo, as is the way of the glorious Reich I "

E.I-J. Shepard's drawing of a cowardly Goebbels and

Goering serves two purpose.-;, reminding us of the crnelty
and viciousness of the Nazis as well as portra)~ng British
bombing as being increasingly effective

Seeing spies

Pont (Graham Laidler)

One of the great chroniclers of the British way of Pont was a 111:1stcr of undersr:1tement. ln 'Seeing
life, Gm ham Laidler was born in 1908 in Jesmond, spies', above, he seems to suggest that, when you
Nr;wcasde upon 'lyne. His fam ily moved ro the south comt co think :1bo11t it, :111yonc conld be a spy. Or,
ofEngbnd after the premature death of his foclier opposite ahove.:, he shows,, fami ly gathering on top
:md L:iidler bcg:m training ar Lhe London School of their Ander~on shelter in order to get a better
of Archirccmrc, but was never able to mke up cliis 1iew of a bombing mid. Perhaps cl1c most famous
profession after he was diagnosed 11ith tuberculosis Pont drawing is the puh, opposite below, where
in 1931. He was, howe1·er. able to put his life carries on rcg:mllcss, despite rhe imminent
draughtsmanship co good use. possibility of in\'asion by the l'azis.
Under the pseudonym of Pont (short for Pontifex Pont died of poliomyelitis at the age of 32 in 19-1-0
Mfl.rimus, d1c high priest in Ancient Rome), he when Britain was undergoing nightly bombardment
bcc:1mc :1C<1rcoonist for Punch 111agazi11e whtre his at the h:mds of the Lui'cwaffc and the Nazi High
keen eye was pm to use in observing the foibles of his Command were training their sights ;1cross the
fo llow c.:ountrrmcn. His best work was :is gentle as it Channel. Pont is co111111crnor:11:cd by the Pone Award
was suhtlc. for cartoonist.~ who rcncct 'Lhc British Character'.
" ... Mtnn11 hilt, in Brilai11, lbt t11lire pop!ilation faced b.J lht thrtat of i111>a1ion, has bun fl1111g into o
stair of <otnpltlt p.mir ... etc., tic.. tic."

1940 175
l11rlr l·rfdtrir11t l.J2 P·"'· !tut T11ud11.J- tf!J11
dnrript1Q11i111rir1/y in 11crord1111rt u•J//; tbt f11rl1.

"1\!fy dear.fellow, we had a land ll!ine slajJ

through the roof. 11
"11 11 rrlllarkobb• quiet-! a·onder if rm)'fhi11g'111•r01'!,."

" ... am/ no/ M/y decoratin, tkfre /q,lf/rtl."

1940 177
'Teutonic \ \'arrior Knighr'
perfccuy c:iprurcs the genius of
jost:f Goebbels in the dark arts
of propag:mcla - as well as similar
attributes in artist D:wicl Low

7U 11940
'Diru1er for 1\rn': Mussolini begs for scraps
:u Hitler's table and is given the 11 ishbone
:1s consolation - br Fcnnan .\ lartin of
the Ho11Sto11 Clmmidc. \Vhen France
surrendered to Germany and fo1ly in June
1940, Hitler took two end re provinces from
f rance for Germany, but g:ivc Italy only ;1
fow pockets of land in the Alps

1940 '9
{Field-Marshal Goering has conr1scatcd all property in Poland " in order 10 safeguard it.''j

E.H. Shepard pictured Goering

as a barrage. balloon, bloated wich
what he had consumed, hove ring
menacingly above the war-rorn
landscape of Poland

---- --~~~~-:-:--- -·=---
--:-- ~-


... .... _ ,)~-


Lirde Finland prepares to prou:ct iL~clf as rhe

spectre of the Soviet Union, :1rmcd wirh hanuner
~nrl sickle, looms over its border

1940 IUI
'Old Bill :tnd Co': at the height of
a Ccrm:tn air-raid, the British ARP warden
is shouting down the chimney, 'T said,
I reckon it's time you went to the shelter.'
British :irtist Bruce Bairnsf.icher was
hospitalized with shell shock after the
Battle of Ypres in World War I and senred
as official cartoonist to the US Army in
Europe during World War II

"Dorlt Jtt1111I Jbm kJ1ocki1ig, Rober11, co STl\A!Clff IN."

Jn 19.W, 13ricain was taking

a battering from the Luftwaffe;
this cartoon hy Hewitt shows
a forgetful British fire warden
observing the usual proprieties in a
situation where they are no longer
remotely useful

1940 I a:J
"I hove COllGUcrcd all Gaul. ,How long will i< r• kc to conquer •II Brit.tin ?"
"\Vaic ~ mo1ncnt1 Lc.1Jcr, while I look :u the omens of the air....

E.H. Shepard case Hitler as :i

Roman emperor co Goebbels'
fawning seer as the B:itue
of Britain raged 01·crhe:id,
complete with a schoolboy
joke in bad Latin

"le 's from Beoico. He w•ms co know whether you've polished off chose contcmpcible British-
bccause if so he's ready co defy the full strength of Greece."

Divide and rule: Bemard Partridge sought ro tickle up

discord u~thin the ranks of the Axis powers by pointing
out the feeble contribution of the Italian armed forces

1940 85
JO~N Bllll 1 CO

Hitler was supposed to have worked a> a house p;1inter in Munich

and this idea provided inspinition for a number of wartime
cartoonists, including Neil Lonsdale in the New Ze11/{111d Observer

86 11940
I firs! be.rt/ oltl Mrs. Totltl 1/JeJ1 Mr. Brct•'is told 111e .Mi11 c ,wr rmJJt: Ml 111ith a11d I thorrght liflle Miu
al the po.<! oj/itt 1tlli11g hirmelf; lbt Ja1m J/Of)'- Hop1teorl watgnir:g totaktt1
101nrboefy- fit ••/Jen 1/Jt told mt.

Doctor Grtgory h!ld n rom· 011d o.r.for A dlllirnl Col. Cbarg1111 mu/ bi1jriC11d Yom:g U'lh.11tshi11111nte Jl'flf

plelrb• differer// t'ffJiOll of Stoktr .. . wdd fall: of 11ol/Ji11g dJe- /111/ofit-

!be w11t !bing-

10 "'"' the peoplt i11 lbt Tb, Virnr •·a1 boo11Ji11g 011J Mrt. Trwt bad, as I/em Pmtu,ood st1id her
bank. oho111 ii all 011er the place- •tllal, got thr •'hole 1hi11/!, father b.•d 1.,ont to hrd ha·
mixrd up. nudialeb•#obtn ht !Hardit-


1 ff)"''

i: IJldJ,
fd"r. I mver
8111 olrl Clog•'bctb 10id ht Fronk r.-1 rig/JI arr•1s !he and fl'rn !ht proplt al tbt rrptat
bod exptrltd #'Orst. fMd lo /11/ 111(- 117ilmu' n•antrd to J:.r.ou• Tl'1110JlfJ.

•·bM I tl10Ngb1.

Tbt Snt11rd11J IHl!Tlli11.g mn1011r.

Rumours spread like wildfi re during wartime. Pont liked

the idea of showing how a rwnour spread, but preferred ro
tease the reader as to wlrnt that rnmour might have been

1940 87
A Gennan rnmpirc
feam on the blood
of the Dutch in
this sttuming
image by Lccndert
Jurriaau Jor<laan

UH 1940
British poster warning
people to watch what
they said 'on the
blower' as the telephone
was then known


'vVith the Greatest of Ease?' by

V.1ughn Shoemaker in the Cbicngo
Dnily News- taking the words from a
popular song of the time, Shoemaker
noted Hider's unhindered progress
dU'ough northern Europe, impl}'ing
that the Balkans were next and that the
world had better do something abom it

1940 89
Sig1111/ was a glossy propag:mda m;1gazine produced b}•the
\\·chm1ach1 for distribution rhroughour occupied Europe.
At irs height, the circulation w:is a heady 2.5 million in
around 30 lanf,ruages. This image is entitled 'Democr:icy~'

92 1941
'Instead of Soprano': Josef Goebbels was rumoured to ha,·e had an
affair with soprano Elisabeth Schwan..kopf and there's no doubt he
was inrcnr on ruming culrure into a propag-a.nda cool of the :\azi
State. :\one of this escaped the ,;gilance of the Kukiv1iksy grnup of
carcooniscs in Russia

/:, /-I - --

/ /
, ,·

,/ :
.· ./

Down Lover's Lane. Hitler wooed Stalin ... but with large forces
stationed right Ml Russia's doorstep . (June 17, 1941)

On 22 June 1941 , under the codename

'Operation Barbarossa', Gcnn:my invaded
Russia - Hitler had always regarded the pacr
bccween Gennany and Russia as shore rcnn
and just abom everyone could see tl1c break-up
coming from :1 mile off, including Philip Zee in
the Dnily Minllr
'Hitler's Biirbershop': the fiihrcr only cuts
hair one way - by legendary US cartoonist
Clifford Berryman

1941 195


'Let\; Destroy the Enemy Mercilessly!': Kukryniksy liked to

go sm1jght fort.he jugular in the i4 posters they pro<luccd for
i\foscow~ TASS sllldio during the 'Gre:ir Paofotic War'. T his
was perhaps one of their more restrained efforts

The Face of l litlerism' by\ ~iktor Deni. Deni worked
for Prtn:d11, the Conununisc Parry daily, buc rerumed
co making posters during \Vorld \Var ll a rask he had
pm-iously performed during che Bolshe\ik m·olution

1941 197
ThD11/j1 rnd<1l&• prt}11diced- l 11•011/d like to h;o;v lmv J'Ofl mmd 1he Red Sen?

A subtle effort from Czechoslovak cartoonist

Stephen (Stephen Roth) as Britain faced invasion,
p<irt of a book called ]men in Eame~t published in
wartime Britain witl1 :1 preface by David low. T his
is a dig :it Hider's inability to cross d1e English
Channel to i1wadc Britain

9H 1941
Germa11 Jo/dim! l:.iifbJ )Ol!f !tave and nlwn lo /ht front in good htallh and high 1piril1.

This was Stephen'.~ rake on the realities facing

Germany despite the encouraging words co
the troops from Josef Goebbels. T he image
contains some rewarding details

1941 Im>

A Na3i StoryBook ·
by Doktor Schrecklichkert .

'Struwwclhitlcr': Lhc fronr corer of a book wrirren in parody

of Smr.:-,rdpttt·r. :1 colk-ction of cautionary stories for children
compiled \1ith :1 cruel Gcnnanic edge. Here, che inside pages
fc:icurcd .\ lussolini, Goebbels and od1er fu\·ourices

.H J ~T l ll FEt i\OOSEV E LT S

Kladderdatsch was a satirical mag<l7:inc founded in l848. VVhen ic was taken over by
industriaList Hugo Sannes in 1923 it shifted increasingly rn the right. This cover b)' Arthur
Johnson shows Churchill Licking Roosevelt's boots just after the USA had entered rhe war -
the artist's futher was A.meric.rn but he was brought up in Gennany by his mother

This was a leaflet dropped
by Japanese pilots over
Pearl llarbor. Crudely
phrased, it was reproduced
on cluplicating machines
usi11g rough foolscap. T he
Japanese lcncring says,
'Listen to che voice of
<loom. Open your eyes,
blind fools'
Poster inviting 'r:1lc11rccl you ng men' to join the Chinese air force - part of <1
propaganda campaign hy rhc occupying Japanese

1941 1103
. .. and the Wolf chewed up the children and spit out their bones . ..

'AdolC the\ VoIP: Dr Seuss (fheodor Seuss Geisel) was a prolific

political carroonist during World V\~1r TI; he was highly cricical of
Amcrit':ln isolationism

IOti 1941
@JllGl4T CASf. of INDlqf:.JTrON
~- loo MUCl4 l'EPF'eR 1° P€R...

AL'€T fOUP --+-


foR.~rf BRE:A'<.f'A.ST IABl.E-
JuNE:- I~· 1941 - Roct<FolW 11-.L.

'Pepper Soup': Hitler finds his alphabet soup, with the nmnes of~ni
sympathizers spclr out in it, has been spoiled after the speech of Florida
senator Pepper in support of joining the Allied e1usc - by Lynn Brudon

1941 , 105
Kuk1yniksy w:1s the nillne adopted by three such <lS Krokodil :ind Pmvr/11. Maxim Gork1'
Russian caricalllrists, iVUkhail Kuprilianov, stepped forw:ml to encourage them and
Porfirii Krylov and Nokolai Sokolov, who their acidic porm1it~ ofHitler, 1Vfossolini,
met :u the ncwlr established VKHUTEMAS Franco and other fascists beL-ame increasingly Above: 'Cannibal
art school, ,\ luscow, in the 1920s. Inspired hr merciless... \'egetarian': anot.hcr
the atmosphere of rc\·olurionary fcn·our, they During World \ \"ar U, they produced O\·er 'icious skit on I litlcr,
adopted their collcctfre name in 1924 and 10 posters for the TASS studio in .\loscow com:rasting his
ditched the parochialism chat had pm1ously :rn<l, after the war, rhcy were sent to documem rreatmcnt of animals
chamctcri1,cd their work. There was a job to the Nuremberg rrials by Prni·d11. Kulo)rrtiksy ru1d human hcinb"Si
be done fo r the USSR. produced \~t:a l propaganda used to spur on opposite: the imagi:
Kukryniksy learned how rn apply their keen the Soviet war effort and won the Srnlin Prize top left is by Boris
sense of the grotesque to political subjects and five times, along with the Lenin Prize (1965) Ycfimov, the others
the}' bccm11c rising stars of Soviet publications and the Smte Prize of the USSR (1975). art: all by Kukr)'lliksy
- ·-
.~ ,.'<fi~i~

I , k:C~-~
,'-"':'~ I
. ~
r ~~i
~,.., .
r,. ·r- Jt




Selected breed of delegates for Nazi Congress German Command's Report of Military Operations
Cartoon by Yefimov, 1941 Cartoon by Kukryniksy, 1941



Cartoon by Kukryniksy, 1941 Cartoon by Kukryniksy, 1941

19411 107
"Thorcfore, be resolved to venture and hold his ground."

Leslie Illingworth quoted John Bunyan\; The Pilgrims Progress and

nc.itly captured the mood in Britain. where resoh-e was pr-Jctic11Jy
all that was a\·ailablc to \';rnquish a monstrous foe
T. he work of·,1rt1st
. Rowhn I F.
elepham !!ets t.h·cdBncish < ·.men
. . still fo l <lt, even in the direst
had time
_. m e up w'cli
i gentle
a com·o\' of c:anks . <>1>ags,• as :1 cirCLIS
. m the Engl'is Il co11n1rysirlc

1941 1109
; .
,• ~
.........!:. .._:; ,•

"Act11al(y this is 1101J1 very 11111ch as TIVren INTE..NDED !(S to see St. Pa11/ s."

This cartoon by W.A. Sillincc

in P1111ch cnpmred die spirit of
the Blitz: forget the da magc
caused by Genm111 bombing,
St Paul's now symbolilCd
that the British would survive
whatever was thrown at them

llO 1941

Also in Punch, Leslie lllinbl'\vorth pictured an older man

quietly but determinedly digging for 1~ctory as British
warships steam past

1941 I II
'New Order': the l\'azis wished to impose a 'new order' on Europe and
this cartoon by Boris Yefuno\' highlights the trail of death in counoies
tha t had been incorporated into the Third Reich: Denmark, >Jorway,
Frnncc, Italy, Czechoslovakia, Greece, Yugosb,~a. Romania and Poland

11 411942
Russian poster specialist Viktor Deni derided Hider as an ignorant pig
sruffecl into a jackboot: 'University, School, Com-ses... What use has a
pig for culmre and science? Its horizon is extremely narrow. Mri11 Kmnpf
is its highest achievement... '

"B) lbe /110)', I 111a11aged to get so111e comed beef for dinner."

Above: Mer11~1 Wi lson ~

comment on wa rti me
shorrnges from Punch;
opposite ;1bove, 'Fl:1gday
for the Eastern Fronr' by
Stephen, a satirical view of
how the \l':l r was going on
1hc home front in Germany;
below: 'We're fighting for
culrure,Jimmy', a r.icist
l\':1zi leaAet mocking black
US troops. (ll1e response
- ·But what is culrurc?' - is
mis~ing 011 this \'Crsion of
die cartoon, as is the title.
Flagday for the Eastern Front.

19421 11 7
Churchills Morgengymnastik

, Wer ~.31'.e gcd.lch~ da!I icll oirunal die;e ~Elcn R1m1plbeugcn

machen mUSte, um mt:no F'igur ru behalten~

GiMQJli(o mcthrl inG di Ch1;1uMll: -01 mol cvrc~llc put~ di¢~ C'I fiOrllQ.
ptt lll~'lh:noere b ftllG. ~ilrt., artl doY1llO f11rc qno.:e ptcloa...~ f.('..;l~I di!..

l!ne-11. •t1h fll l:C~• A111111. f(h lun• 111!,'Jor ~•l".t 1,11 .,,19!111101 ICl11:11+"1. 11'1 ~.rlll etnl!JO N'::i Per HJfld l.inHll• !11111dlo l!tl+omt 1141 111111 110,,
t.lichl fM.111 t10ltlll1!1111, •ch , 11th1111lr St.1 'JO• o!• tl'llbli110111 n1111y Clny !Tlh 101 ijn(I O~ld"-t0non Km ,,,..,1'u\y t111 omb Kilt~tbtll \l"ld bo
• 1n111MtJ1t• •• ~U•ll.1111•nla1111t<t1~to<lllt1!ll ~ln9~11 lt!llll\. tt.Hhd~f'll ff"I W1t!l!Ul·f ikll, O•lln elno Wollnijn1Jln«1lntcl1t1f1•ttO• .Utf'd t11
1.10 Ad\ Ooll " ' 0;1111! .,, 0!:11 11! 0411U ... wlo • • In dt1 Gonlllchof1 dtl OIKl"'I re9!me IU.:11..' l M1llCM!•~ \O'ff\11 tt 1ltll IOIMI ft td•
Vt 111ll>tn Slo, lch. \~Ill\ 1111111\ r4hb •~blot~n. jjtbtlllf(NIC!1 ~··tlM W~J, t~1tp11d'la.'1:! t:;t• r.:;o QoQe/I di• OtuMtlfl •1!1111•••0, Cld( ll! t ,• •,
V1-llt1(1\t ti,,. "C"I IStn l'91rt11\ atl/lc' t.11111- i11J'1bl f'lt!I .. f\Allf!'I t i~· 1 10 111• t rho~ dd ln41KllU Stft•I !m ~lt!1111\ Wit Wtl !)llh ll
1111. lc}I ••1111'••• MIU!. 4t& •t tlrlt Gll!f S:itle Jkh. Ot11n dtJ Hlil'd ""lll'dit wllolt U"ljofd11lif~. n1111l~c" • •tdift\°"""'''· ••1111 f,t1M11lc:ll h •
, ..."'(1\11 , ... u -n· U\Milt •tiNd.-. dlo ,6.r,,j•lf•90 ~tl'l•~.Cl f"l,t~\IMl"ll\llttll(#l lo"4
, .. t•l"~t t llf N Of! (~$f lo"4 t.>•::.t.:• ~· N l:tfllil'ktft. lt n.UCO d .u H!!l1. l.f~~I J "'lf'11ttwr\


'Churchill's ,\loming Exercises - \.\'ho'd ha,·c

thoughr thnt I'd have ro keep beading O\'Cr
Like this ro keep rn~· figure!' - drdwn by Erich
Schilling for Si111plirissi111us

I HI 11942
'4-td'c'" !.n!°lltt W.lf.. ?
.1;.: k;o.1~-:·: ...... •' 1' 30 Pf<nniz


Chu rchill am Neujahrsmorgcn

'Chw-chill on l'\t:w Year\; Day - Are you c:he British lion ... or the big
Americin co111-c:1t?' (Kruer also means a hangover in Gt:nn:m.) Schilling
loved his New Yc.1r's messages to Churchill, but by winning the war
Churchill had the !:1st word. The artisc killed himself in 1945

1942 119
0 't Mb

Crosses irl the wakt-·6f. Alli~d Blockade

Prnpaganda image from the Japanese

English-language newspaper Jnpn11
Times & Atlvertir~r. which shows Uncle
Sam and Winston ChurchiU busy
erecting gmvesconcs to ships which the
J:1p:mcsc claimed, often erroneous!)',
their forces had sunk

120 1942
· Boomerana'·
'Th<! · 11·1tI
, ,er d·1scovcrs his.
qu11c worked our"' the · .lllack on K I
Joho Collim "Y 1"'""''P'red - b.} Canadian ""'' can
h'rno< .

1942112 1
Star of ff ope. Loclied i11 a death-grapple rou11d Khark<W and the Crimea, the Red Army was still the !tope of
the free wo1·{d, 11ow arming itself with all speed. (May 19, 1942)

lr mighr be hard to
imagine now, bur rhe
Red Anny briefly
became a beacon of
hope for the \\"est, as
shown in Philip Zec's
Oai~y !\ liffor offering

122 11942
:·;.i }.


t I ·

Despite the sacrifice of

hundreds of thousands
of troops, Hitler still
couldn't find the key to
i:nking Srnlingrad. T his is
how Zee saw the nirning
point in the war

'Churchill'.~ New Year's Day Hangover' (IV11::.e11jn111111er means 'the wailing of c.~ns' :md 'hangover' in
Gcnn:rn): rnncid drunken alleycats cr.1wl :111 over Winston Churchill who is in :1 terrible state after
consuming his home-made punch macle from lies and illusions {passing reforcnl-c is also made on cats'
collars co the recent loss of H.J\lS Rep11b·1· and the Piince of H41/es, sunk by Jap:mc~ :1ircrnft in the Far East)

124 1942
J\l)(wc: group portTait of the leaders of
the Axis powers drawn by the r.tlcnrcd
\Nahcr ·n·icr, a German-speaking Jew
from Prague who produced leaflets
ror the Ministry of lnfo rm;1tion after
Rccing Ccrmany in 1936. Later, he
emigrated ro Canada; right 'Hitler
at Srnlingr:id' - Kukryniksy imagine
l litler's focc in the mirror after defeat
in the 'cirr of steel'

1942, 125
W. TRIER. Adolf met a bear . •.

\\'alter Trier neatly

cnc:ipsulaccd chc story of
wh:1t happened when Adolf

126 1942

Suddenly, it seemed, everybody 11'.\S lining up co take

a swing ar Hitler. This British poster for part-rime war
workers drew on tl1e new mood of optimism

1942 1127
Desert Song. It mu the End of the 8egi1111i11g. British (11td A111eri.:a11 troopr landed ill Algeria, and. with Mal!lgomery's
Ei!hth Am~v, h<?all 111 S'!ute::e Iii< Axis our of 1he J\lediterra11ta11. (November 9, 1942)

Meer the Torch bnclinb'S in

November 1942 which saw
Amcric:in lToops disembarking
on the Vichy Frcnd1 shores of
North Africa, Axis hopes in the
region were clearly doomed. Here
Philip Zee portrays the clcsp;1ir
orGem1an Ficl<l 1\ h1rshal Erwin
Rommel, and French politicians
Philippe Pernin (with moustache)
and Picrrre L~val (in cl:1rk suit)
'This is the Enemy': a classic US poster thac
was translated into many languages, including
Italian (as seen here)- it was painted b}' K1rl
Koehler and Victor Ancona

800IA ES LA LIDIA!>, Pa!O...
u....u. ....-. ..... .......,..i.-.-.... •t. .......
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Cl'6UC~At Ll COUO"


A, A If ( f. t A

- 40r,IJ.---4o . ............
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A .A "MIO CllClliO" lo "-• <..,. .. .J

_...... .. . . ., ___,.. . 4-J.<lo;,, ~ i..

--""'·""~161\l.ul1~.... - 41.
rl•'-•"' r... lod~. ..
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1'. ,. ,0bLJ.,lo Ifft•

At••- l•to1• ~1., .,. ,1 ..,o1o"'of1.., PHILCO
Above: an anti-fascist broadside from
the Mexican magazine, El l!.je. .Le,
with a cover which cocks a snook at
Hjtler, then shows Franco in bed with
Hider and, below that:, the couple arc
canoodling over a copy of.) lein Knmpf

Right: US poster hy Sherman Cooke

130 11942
1942 131
(On Decombtr l1tl1. 1930, Che Gnit ~utingeot oI the Canndia.n Anuy. now in. Britain, landed on our 1horto•~1

E.H. Shepard's celebration of Canada~ contribution

to the Allied war cfTort - withour friends like chis,
evcnrs might have gone quire differently for Britain
and chc rcsc of the free world



AREA. I ( '

Johnny (;muck was a lumberjack when he first nm1ed up as chc embodiment

of C:mada in 1869. He was rein\·emed as an action hero br c:1rroonisr Leo
Bachle for BeU~ ''Dime" C1J111ics in February 194 1, and went on co win the war
virnrnlly single-handed after a brief encounter wtih Adolf Hitler

1942 11:13
"They 11•011'1 Jet 011 ivho the ca111p ;s for."

Frank I Ioar was a

British architect who
designed the original
t~rminal for Gatwick
airport. I le :ilso worked
onrlcr the 11a1rn.:
'Acanthus' for such
1m1gazincs ns P1111ch and
The New lort.w·

l 3t1I1942
" Sball 1JJe join the ladies ? "

Acanthus produced many <::moons about die 'Home Front'

during the war and dus one is a classic of ics type

19421 1:15
__.... ""'-

I - -

~ -


E.I I. Shepard illuscrarcd Winnie the Pooh and The Wind in the Willlrl!•s, and also
drew the Big Cuts {full-page political cartoons) for P1111d1 magnine. In I9-i5 he
succeeded Bernard Partridge as Punch's senior carroonist, hut he fclc he wasn't
parricubry well ~uiccd ro chc role since he had no particular intercsc in policies. He
also used to :1gonize O\'Cr whechcr he had achie\·e<l a good likeness of the char:icrcrs
he was drawing. ShcpJrd sen·ed in \ \ orld \ \ ·ar Tand won chc ,\ lilirary Cros.s ;lt
Ypres i11 1917. The Faces Decide· is one of his masterpieces

"1 i

, ~~,, .;f: .~ . a:a.:rt:~

v --
' : ~
· ,,,, --
Ft!"'"--• \,,
\ I''

. " '
H:'". cJJ~
; ,,,. :
, 11,

. "'~



_ Eh 1 bion, que ditcs-vous de mon serment m.Ulcion?

Joseph Darnand, leader

of the Vichy French
collaborators, is saying,
'\\'hat do you chink
of the mi/ire ·s oath of
loyalty?' f111ilia means
militia] - by Sennep

1s4a 11:m
4Ero .rfAT.AEP X04E

I. X04ET- X~E6 Y KPECTbSlH OTH~Tb 2.X04H-3ABOl\bl 5YPJl\Y>1M OTL\AT1

6. X04tT-CS060AHblX CAEAATb PA6AM~

M 4TO ot-t· r10J\Y4"1T


ECilU no:«APOB 3A KA)KJblN noup nomMT-'Alll113MA 6ECCJlBHMi mH

140 1943
llOIOTUICOlmc111' . . ..

Left: 'What Hitler wanes and

whar he'll ger' by Mikhail
Ch.c~c111 11ykh, co-founder of
satmcal Krokodil
- th is poster is from 194 J
but by 1943 its prcdicrion'
had proved uncannily
accurate; above: 'l srarted
up like this bur ended up
this way' - Kukryniksr
:illowcd themseh·es a Little
schadcnfrcude followino-
1Iidcr's defeat in Russia:>

19431 I<H
l t12 I1943
Left: 'Jerry in \!\linter':
l litler and Goebbels sadly
survey cheir banered army in
retreat - by Boris Ycli 11101';
abol'e: 'Transformation of
die Krauts' by Kukryniksy
tells its own story about
die high cost of invading
Mother Russia

1943 I I4:J

Above: Churchill heads a phalanx of British men who mean

business - by D:wid Low; left: mounted on a skclct:1l horse,
Hider takes Lhc Jandy road home Like Napoleon before
R \~
llf( ftO \ O
him - by Daniel Firzp:mick; righr: 'I l fo\·e Lost chc Rjng':
a bedraggled, moonr Hitler laments the loss of his ring at
Stalingrad (and Lhe n divisions wid1in ir) - h}' Kukryniksy
1943 , 145
" We have taken up
new positions on the
Eastern Wall."
Nazi Radio.

1/1,./rJ l<d /""" Sloli11pad,

G.-nN.Jn '"""" mild cnly
,,,.;, us 1br Ra! h"lY prr-
fl'lrrJ /"' iu fo:JI :lrrrt.

O••u•ry 17. 1943)

'E ain't art getting
a ticking-off !"
Tht foll or.d Gzkth Anniu
1111>.tJ •P '" T•nitia /<IT tl:t
fir..Ji dmt ir. AfnUJ.

(ll>r<h l , 1941)

I ;!() 11943
Above left: Philip Zee drew a Russian
bear that looked uncannily like Sl-alin
''~th Hitler's he,1d moumed on the wall
behind; left: the ride had turned and
Zee now \~ewed defoating the Germans
in North Africa as a mopping-up
operal'ion; above: Roosevelt puts the
New Deal out to pasture, while he gets
on witl1 winning the war - by P11litzer
Prize winning arrist Clifford Berryman

Now iL the swastika that looked vulnerable, as illusm1tcd b)' Bernard
Partridge in Punch magazine. Pn111"b hnd its paper rndon incre3scd becnuse
the British government viewed it as a 1'ital contriliuro r co the war effort

1'18 11943
,, ...
. . . '.~ ... :'.
! • •• , . ...

··. . •

h· I ,\lomgomcry, flkfl
Fidel.\ lars a h of the hour
,\lont}•, became• the ero . all before .it
. heh Anny S\1 cpl •
as the E1g . h . D11ily J\linvr
- by Philip Zee m t c .

1943 1 1<1~)
" We can't make
friends, but we can
influence people I"
A1 w A.111 Nia.. to aat.k,
tu Gutapo ll~JP iu
drir:t to lttt> ou/llMi EuTope
in cJ.ains.

(Huth 16, 19-0)

Above: Goebbels' words ra11g

hollow as more and more German
atrocities came to Light - by Philip
Zee in the Dni()' ,V/in·01; lcf1:
'DIGGER Home on Leave: "Now
don't forget you're only a mascot."'
An Australbn soldier provides
some last-minute instructions to
his lady friend as he waits for his
,,~fe to answer the door - by Joan
Morrison; opposite: a warning to
Germans to obsen·c the black-out -
'The Encm~· Can See Your Light'!

1943 151
Marry in haste . . .
repent at leisure.
lrtir/z 1h< Allies,;, Sicily, ur1d
his country weary of a lost
war, the Duce, fm· wa11/ of 11
better home, resig11ed a11d fled
to Iha wua.ry bosom of his

(July 23, 1943)

C'OOU U .~!"'lit).

AbO\·e: the SS
:mempted to rescue
Nlussolini when he
was imprisoned by Lhc
Italian govemmelll,
as seen at the time
by Philip Zee; right:
:1 Russian soldic:r's

drawing of 'Fritz in
the Cold'

152 1943
The insect crawls out
of the stone.
The Begi11ni11g ·of the End
came, 1111d Himmler, uneasy
about German morale, 11ow
/umcd his whip 011 his ow11

August 24, 1943)

Abon:: in the Dail)' Mi11111· Philip Zee

satirised Himmler's arremprs ro lif1
German morale. Strength Through JO)'
w:is the;: official Genmn rourisr ;tgcncy
th:tt had encouraged German workers cu
bc1:ome fit by promoting ;1ctivc holid:ty
:tctivities such as skiing and hiking


"l've btt11 dnrfttd lo to111bi11rd opm1tio111, Sir-t1111 I tit tlN right pl11a?"

Suddenly everyone was pooling resources tO send the

Germans b3ck where they came frorn - this amusing
image was by Amon. ('Anrnn' was the brother and sister
combin:1cion of Harold and Beryl Yeoman)

154 1943
The man who
re-planned Berlin.
Tlta Architttl of War saw his
pla11s go 11p i11 /la11111 as tile
Allied Air Forcrs callfe to

(Hovtmbtr 26. 1943)

T his cartoon by Philip Zee was inspired by chc

fomous Hitler quote of t939: 'lam at hcarc a simple
architect' In 1908 I litler bad hoped to srudy
architecture ar the Vienna Academy, but his family
was too poor to afford tl1e tuition fees so he never
achieved his ccenagc :1111bition

1943 155

HfV, vou 1 i'tll

O\.O ""' " ,.. w15ur'
fV~lOU6H OVTTA >ur

Abm•e: G.l. Joe was the

creation of sen•ing soldier
Sgt. Da\·e Breger and bis
sn·ip led to the widespread
11s:1ge of the rcnn in wartime;
opposice above: The Snd S11d"
a term which might translate
:is 'loser' ro<lay, was invented
by Sgt. George .Baker and
sirr1clicarcd after 1945: left and
right: these incfoidual CJrtoons
were dra\111 by US sen·iccmen
u HE USED TO BE A PURSUIT PILOT.'' <luring the w11r

I 5(j 11943


. - Leo Salkin, PhoMJc, USN Son Die o Cal.

19431 157
160 11944
L2bour org•rusation in 1hc ;kod2 2mumen1 f.ictories.

Left: this SS poster by Leese Storm shows

the USA as a monstt:r destroying Ew-opean
cul nm: underfoot and mm paging through the
Netherlands in the guise ofliberntor; above:
a c:moon by Stephen shows tl1c siruation in the
am1arncnrs fuctories in Czechoslovakia, se,·eral
of which produced top secret weapons for the
occupying Germans; right: 'Fascist Crow, we
don't have any lambs here [i11 R11.1JinJ' by Sovier
artist \liktor Deni

19441 161
Philip Zc c cartoon with \i\f' .
performing his '0 imton Churchill
' II . n your marks' . .
ic " m e Cliff ioutme bv·
ti \ 5 of Dover

162 1944
- --- -

EXTRA War Bonds on


US poster c.~ horcing 1.hc public to buy more war bonds 0 11 the
pret~'t of helpingj:1p:111cse Emperor Hirohito to fund his own
suicide k'ir

1944, 163
Bill Mauldin
Bill M:rnldin was born in New Mexico in 1921 and consrnnrly cast dou bt~ over the leadership 11ualities
enlisted in the US army in 1940 :1ftcr servi ng in the of their officers and whose laconic uttcn111ccs left
Arizona Guard. the reader in no doubt time war was a very ha rd slog
As a sergcanr wiL11 the45th Division, J\ilauldin indeed - so terrible you had co laugh.
landed in Sicily and worked as a cartoonist for Stars i\llauldin's :Htin1de earned him a lengthy lccrnre
& Sh·ipes as well as the company 111ag:1iine. He was from General George Parron who 'thrc:ncnccl
given his own personal jeep to drive around in and ro throw his ass in j:1il for spreading dissent', but
µrouucecl around six cartoons a week, prm~ding a Dwight Eisenhower defended the cartoonist on the
warts-and-all version of what lifo was like for regular grounds chat his work provided a safety valve for the
US soldiers, known as 'dogfaces', on tl1e front line fruscrations of Gls.
in Europe and elsewhere. His work was distribuced ,\lauldin was wounded by a mortar shell near
throughout tl1e US army at home :md abroad and it i\lome Cassino in l 9·H. I le decided to ha1·e \ \ iUie
wa~ phenomenally popular among serving men. and Joe killed off on the very last clay of t11111bal, but
Mauldin's most f:unous creations were Willie the smff at Stars & Stri~s dissuaded him from doing
and Joe, two dirty, unshaven Gls (opposite) who the deed. He won the Pulir-Ler Prize in 1945.

IM 11944
"I got a hangover. Dou it show?"
F.D. Roosevelt won the 19++ US election, rouci ng
opponents such as Yellow Press baron Willi:un
lbndolph T-JeHst, 'lOm Dewey and J. Edg:w l foover
- by radical US cartoonist Ben Yomen, this image was
syncliC11tcd worldwide

166 11944
"r.P-ell, if they do11 1t CO/lie in three 111i11Ntes, they 'II ;i1st 'ave to stor/11 the defences."

Rowland Emett was a builder

of whimsic1l kinetic sculpmrcs
whose carcoons were regularly
published ·in Puncb magazine
Ex-advenising illustrator\ \lilliam G.imet 'Bing'
Coughlin served with Canada's 4th Princess Louise
Drngoun Guards (akn. 'The Plugs' or 'Piddly-Gees')
during WWIJ and fought in the Italian cmnpaign.
Like Bill Mauldin, his work spoke up for the
enlisted man against the officer class which led co its
immense popularity during the war years. Herbie
(above) w:is Coughlin's answer to Nlauldin's \Villie
and Joe. Regular soldiers in 1..he Canadian anny
became known as 'Herbies' :iftcr this singularly
ht:roic chinless fighting man

IGU 1944
'vVhat's Cookin'?': Austrnlian artisc Noel Counihan pictured a frustrncc<l Hider astride a
bomb which is abouc to go off. The situation seems co imply char Hider lie the fuse himsdf

1944 , 16!)
" They sq; ca11 we do
, IJJJO hu11dred a11d eighty-seven Da1i1ty Aftemoon Teas ?"

Rowland Emcu liked ro produce

cheerful cartoons of :1 fami liar
everyday England even though
the country was :IC war

"R ere s a1101 her COJ11plailil abo11I low-fl.;·illg fro111 the
I . local A rt/JCI)
.1 Cl11b."

.Similarl",, "t:ln
' dlUS kept the
Jokes commg · as wartime
England began at last
to see rhc light al the end

of the runnel

19441 171
There is no weak
The md appr()(ldztd. Hitler
law1d1ed his jlyi11g·bonzb; i11
wan11.< 011 haltered Soutlt·
eas/cm Euglmrd. But Lor:·
do11 could srill rake it.

(July 4, 1944)

Above: Hitler's last throw

of the dice against Britain
after the D- D~1y landings
was to launch the V-1,
nkn the Buzz. Bomb or
Doodlebug, at the south of
England from the French
and Dutch coasts; opposite
above: V-Js as viewed by
the N:14is in /)fls Reich;
opposite below: at this
point in the war, Allied
bombing of German cities
was taking :in increasing
roll, as noted b)' Philip Zee
... .. and stop·
whistling 'Night
and Day '!"
All tht sltr.>MD1Wkns thal
Gtr71W1Y tXJUld tr'..IJUT CC'.dd
. not mp the rrr.n:d-tlu-<l~k
boml:i"ll oflensiw rrlrich
so/1<11td-up lier rrar factories.

( Hmh 13, 1944)

The Hour of Reckoning. (June 7, 1944)

Allied forces were on Germany's doorstep and they were nor in the mood co
knock before entering- by Philip Zee in the Dnil;•Mimw

17'& 1944
?Oj!O(~ WAAlt,t.CMVW IHG
wnR ~f $C llllt l' CC:ICH Of~lt

An anti-collaborator cartoon
from Holland in mock-Russian
Constructivist style shows two
scenes side by side: Allied soldiers
landing at Arnhem by parachucc
during their disascrous raid
(Operation Market Garden);
and a woman dancing on a piano
to emert;1in Nazis. Behind her
is the inscription: '\Ne are the
conscience of the nation'

1944 175
A Gcrm:m lc:iflcc cmuungly designed co demoralize British troops who might not
wish to risk their lives ''ith the end of rile war in sight. Accomp-an}-ing rcxt said:
'Why walk the cightropc berwccn life and death in 19-15. become :1 prisoner of war'

l 711 1945 AND ON

'Reap ;1s You I-lave Sown!': Viktor Deni\
poster wns not averse to kicking a man when
he was down, not if that man was Adolf Hitler

1945 AND ON I IW

Leslie lllingworths brilliant drawing of Hitler as Hinunler'.5 puppet

was designed to reinforce 1.hc gro11ing perception rhar Himmler h;1d
mkcn over che reins in Gcnnany, wirh Hitler a spent force

mo l1945 ANO ON
~: , .. ~
" I

mos 1s commg
~ Adolf_,

triumphalism led
ro a new breed of
grccrings card being
churm:d out for
use of those un
d1t: front line

1945 AND ON 181

" This trick
will have to be
ruddy marvellous."
As defeat loomed, and up till
the hut roecks, Hitler still
1ltreate11cd more and more
frightful secret tveapons.
They came loo late . . . b111

(11arch I, 1945)

Goebbels and
Himmler look on
ratlike and aghast as
demented conjuror
Adolf Hitler rnns
Out 0 f tricks - by
Philip Zee in the

182 1945 AND ON


The cover of J1111k nrngn inc, cbigncd :ind produced b)' serving srildi~rs Si:,>t. Fnu1k
Burke and Private First Class 10111 Fl:11111ery, shows the t\lli<:s as they foce up to the
necessity of making decisions on the fumre of Europe

1945 AND ON 1183

B88E LE t

"As far as I'm concerned I don't care if I never

see another uniform."

ln Britain, returning soldiers stepped out of army uni.fonns into the familiar garb of
Ciw>•Srrcec. Every man was issued \\ith a 'demob suit' that was \'irtually identical
to the suic given to everyone else. The suics were made en masse b)•the tailoring
company Burt0n and were renowned for being hard-wearing but ill-fitting...

IM 1945 AND ON
"Have )'Olf ever stopped to think that if it 1J1asn't for
Hitler 111e 111ight J1ever have beeJI !aJ1ce-corporals ?"

Old hand Frank Reynolds produced carcoons for P1111ch in

Vlorld War I and continued to do so througbom WWTJ

1945 ANO ON 185

A series of vigncrtt'S of life in the New Zealand Expedition:1ry Forces in Egypt and Italy during
World \•Var 11 - b)' Ne,ille Coh-in. Colvin was a cartoonist with the Welli11gto11 Evening Post.
He 1110,·cd ro London after the war and drew the Modesty 8/nise saip from 1980 to 1986

I UH 11945 AND ON
"Thank you ·tor light in the darkest hours. " Britain sh<rwed by 011 O'lierwhel111i11g Labour vote that it had had
enough of Tory rule. 8111 Churchill's pemmal war leadership tcill 11ever beforgoiren. (August 16, 1945)

Philip Zee~ tribure w

Winsron Churchill in the
Dflily Mirror after Bri tain's
brreat wartime leader lost
the 19-H general election
to Clement Attlee and th1:
Labour Party

1945 AND oN I rn7

",.;.And m~..,; let'$ lf;ilrn to live together! "

The end of the war marked the begicuting of a period of

idealism with people united in their detem1i nation to forge
a better furure - by Philip Zee in the Dai~)' Mirror

l nn 1945 AND ON
'. ..., .
·. ... ,.
. · ·' ......\··.
:· ·

"Here you are! Don't lose it again!"

Philip Zee repeacs his mess:igc of hope

1945 AND ON IU~)
'End of the Roau': in [he US
D;miel Fitzpatrick offered cold
comfort for those who were up
before the judges at Nuremberg

I HO 1945 AND ON
'The Last Figure': a courtoom sketch hy
Kukryniksy from the Nuremberg Trials: the
most import:mc criminal hearings c1·cr held,
they esrnblished the principle that criminals
will always be held responsible for their actions
under inremacional law. This brought closure
to World War IT, allowing the reconstruction
process co begin

1945 AND ON HH
LA DE NT DE F OL XE . . ..
(Dessin de J. SENNEP)

Toothache'; Adolf
Hider discovers
the source of the
pain - by Sennep,

We han: made every effort to conrncr rhc copyright holders of the Library and Archives Canada: 133, 168t, 168b
im11ges used in this book. ln :1 few C:l Sl.'S, we have been un:1ble 1.0 110 Mary Evans Picture Library: 49, 82 (Tllustrated London News
so, but we will be ve111lrnpp)' 10 credit them in future editions.
Ltd), 100, 175 (Onslow Auctions Ltd)
Alamy: 14 (Photos 12), 18 (Vv'o rl<I llisro1y Archive), 19 (Mary McCord Museum, Canada: 121 (.M965.199.3456)
fa•ans Picrure Library), 21 (Photos 12), 22h (Photos 12), 24 Mirrorpix: 52t, 94, 122, 123, 128, 146t, 146b, 149, 15Dr, 152r,
(INTERFOTO), 27 (Photos 12), 28 (lvlary E1r:111s Picnirc Lilm1111), 1n, 155, m, 173b, m, 1s2, 1s7, 188, 1s9
29 (Photos 12), 45, 48 (Pictorial Press Ltd), 52b (JNTERFOTO), Ohio State University Library Speci:il Collection: 37
62t and 62b (lNTERfOTO), 65 (Photos 12), 68b (Photos 12), Reproduced with permission of Punch Limited (www.
78 (World Ifatory 1\rchivc), 79 (Phoros 12), 92 ( !'he An G:illcry 8, 9, 26, 30, 32, 33, 34, 35, 38t, 42, 43, 46, 54,
Collection), IOL(Ma111Evans Picrurc Libr:iry, I 17h (M ary Evans 55, 58, 59, 66-67, 73, 80, 81, 83, 84, 85, IOS, 109, 110, 111 , 116,
Picnire Librn ry), 120 (moss), 125b (M:i rwy !£va ns Picture Li b1~lr)'), 132, 134, 135, 138, 148, 154, 167, 170, 171, 180, 184, 185
127 (Pictorial Pr~ss Ltd), 130 (Worl1l l lisrory Archive), 139 RIA NOVOSTl: 6, 22t, 93, 96, 97, 114, 140, 141, 142, 143,
(Photos 12), 145, I52b, 165 t 161b, 179, 191
Alcx:cmdcr Turnbull, Wcllini:,rton, 'cw Zealand: +l-, Sc:ite Historical Society of Missouri: 69, 70, 190
86, 186 TopFoto: 16, 20 (The Granger Coll ection), 23 (u llsteinhild),
Atlas Van Stalk, Rotterd:un: 71, 88 25, 31 (Artmcdia/HIP), .\7, 64 (The ;-farional Archives/
Australian War Memorial: I50b, 169 Herit:ige-lmages), 89r ( rhe Granger Collection), 103 (Topham
The Bridgeman An Libr.111~ i1 (Archi1·cs Chmnct), 131, 18.l Pictu repoint). I0-t (The Granger Collccrion), I05 (\forld
Corbis: I0-11 {Bettmann), 95 History Archive). 106. 107. 125t (Topham Picrurepoim), !+lb
ED Archives: !Sit. ISlb (rhc Granger Collection), 162
Getty Images: 63 (Poppcrfoto), 102. 115, I-Ht, 1-17, 160, 163, US Library of Congress: 192
166, 178
Mockery is one of the key weapons of war. Each country uses cartoons
to hit d1e enemy whe re it h u rts and to bolster morale on the hom e front.
This book is a fascinati ng selection of cartoons from around the world,
which not o nly tell the story of the greatest conflict in human history but
arc also guaranteed to make you laugh.

Editor Tonr I Iusband was brought up on stories of \Vo rid \ Var II told to
him b) his father '' ho fought in the Roral Corps of Signals at Dunkirk and
was also a pan - Lime cartoonist on the front line. In 1965, Tony picked up his
first cop) of P1111c/J and became fascinated by the history of cartoons. He is
nO\\ an award-'' inning cartoonist whose work has appeared in many leading
public:ilions on both sides of the Atlantic.

BG- History
ISBN 978-1-4351-5068-3

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