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AREPENTIDO, JESSICA P. PROF.

ROLAND CO PO
20160139775 BSA-BKC

1. The average typing speed of a good typist is said to be 60 words per minute. In a certain
company, 45 applicants were given a typing test and the results showed a mean of 55 words
per minute with a standard deviation of 10 minutes. Based on these results, can we say that the
typing speed of the 45 applicants is below the average? Use ⍺=.01.

𝐱̄ − 𝛍
𝒛= 𝒔
√𝒏

Where:
x̄ = sample mean
μ = population mean
s = population standard deviation
n = number of the case, n> 30
x̄ = 55
µ = 60
s = 10
n = 45
Step 1: State the null and alternative hypotheses.
 H0 : µ = 60 words/min. or the mean typing speed is 60words/min.
 H1 : µ < 60 words/min. or the mean typing speed is less than 60 words/min.

Step 2: Determine the level of significance (α)


 α = 0.01
Step 3: Select and compute the appropriate test statistic when it is not stated in the problem.
Use the z-test because the sample standard deviation is given and n <30. Consider one-
tailed test because the H1 is directional alternative hypothesis.
𝐱̄ − 𝛍
𝒛= 𝒔
√𝒏
𝟓𝟓−𝟔𝟎
= 𝟏𝟎
√𝟒𝟓

−𝟓
=
𝟏.𝟒𝟗

= -3.355 or -3.36
z = - 3.36

Step 4: Compare the value of the test statistic and the critical value obtained from α.
 The critical value of z = -2.33 at α=0.05 and the computed value of z= - 3.36
 The computed value of z= -3.36 is lower than the critical value = -2.33; hence, it rejected
the null hypothesis. In other words, the computed value of z= -3.36 lies within the
rejection region.

z= -3.36
α= .01
REJECT H0

Step 5: Make a decision.


 Reject the null hypothesis.
Step 6: Interpret the result.
 Based on the given information, the mean typing speed is below the average of 60 words
per minute.

2. In a certain college, the average NCEE score of the first 50 engineering freshmen students is
82 with a variance of 64. The first 45 BA freshmen students have a mean NCEE score of 78
with a variance of 49. Based on these information, can we say that the difference is the value
of the mean of the two groups can be attributed to chance? Use 1% level of significance.

Where:
Z = is the z value
x̄1 = the mean of the first sample
x̄2 = the mean of the second sample
σ21= population variance of the first sample
σ22= population variance of the second sample
n1 = is the number of cases of the first sample
n2 = is the number of cases of the second sample
Step 1: State the null and alternative hypotheses.
 H0 : x̄1 = x̄2
H1 : x̄1 ≠ x̄2
Step 2: Decide the level of significance (α)
 α = 0.01
Step 3: Select and compute the appropriate test statistic when it is not stated in the problem.
Use z-test of two means and utilize two-tailed test since the alternative hypothesis is non-
direction.

82−78
= 64 49
√ +
50 45

4
=
√1.28+1.09
4
=
√2.37
4
= 1.54 = 2.597 or 2.60
Step 4: Compare the value of the test statistic and the critical value obtained from α.

 The critical value of z= 2.575 at α= 0.01 and the computed value of z= 2.60
 The computed value of z= 2.60 is greater than the critical value = 2.575; hence, it
rejected the null hypothesis. In other words, the computed value of z= 2.60 lies within the
rejection region.

REJECT H0

Z= -2.575
Z= 2.575

∞ =0.005
∞ =0.005
Step 5: Make a decision.

 Reject the null hypothesis.

Step 6: Interpret the result

 There is a significant difference between the two sample means. In principle, a


statistically significant result (usually a difference) is a result that’s not attributed to
chance.

3. A researcher is trying to determine whether a new teaching technique is superior to the old
teaching technique. two groups of students with 32 members each were taken for 3 months
and the result are shown below.

New method Old method

x̄=82.45 x̄ =80.67
σ2 =49.9 σ2 =56.78

 Where:
Z = is the z value
x̄1 = the mean of the first sample
x̄2 = the mean of the second sample
σ21= population variance of the first sample
σ22= population variance of the second sample
n1 = is the number of cases of the first sample
n2 = is the number of cases of the second sample
Step 1: State the null and alternative hypotheses.
 H0 : x̄1 = x̄2
H1 : x̄1 > x̄2
Step 2: Decide the level of significance (α)
 α = 0.01
Step 3: Select and compute the appropriate test statistic when it is not stated in the problem.
 Use z-test of two means because n>30. Consider one-tailed test because the H1 is
directional alternative hypothesis.

82.45−80.67
= 49.9 56.78
√ +
32 32
1.78
=
√1.56+1.77
1.78
=
√3.33
1.78
= 1.82 = 0.97
Step 4: Compare the value of the test statistic and the critical value obtained from α.

 The critical value of z= 2.33 at α= 0.01 and the computed value of z= 0.97
 The computed value of z= 0.97 is lesser than the critical value = 2.33; hence, it accepted
the null hypotheses. In other words, the computed value of z= 0.97 lies within the non-
rejection region.

ACCEPT H0

z= 0.97

Step 5: Make a decision.

 Accept the null hypothesis.

Step 6: Interpret the result.

 There is no significant difference between the two means. Therefore, we cannot say that
the new method is superior over the old method.
4. A car battery dealer is trying to determine which of the two brands of car battery he is selling has longer life
span. He conducted an investigation by interviewing his customer and was able to get the following result.

Brand X Brand Y
Mean life span 4.5 years 4.9 years
Standard deviation .56 years .45 years
Sample size 40 40

 Where:
Z = is the z value
x̄1 = the mean of the first sample
x̄2 = the mean of the second sample
σ21= population variance of the first sample
σ22= population variance of the second sample
n1 = is the number of cases of the first sample
n2 = is the number of cases of the second sample
Step 1: State the null and alternative hypotheses.
 H0 : x̄1 =x̄2
H1 : x̄1 < x̄2
Step 2: Decide the level of significance (α)
 α = 0.01
Step 3: Select and compute the appropriate test statistic when it is not stated in the problem.
 Use z-test of two means because n>30. Consider one-tailed test because the H1 is a
directional hypothesis.

4.5−4.9
= 0.3136 0.2025
√ +
40 40
−0.4
=
√.00784+.0050625
−0.4
=
√0.0129025
−0.4
= = -3.52
0.11
Step 4: Compare the value of the test statistic and the critical value obtained from α.

 The critical value of z= -2.33 (two tailed) at α= 0.01 and the computed value of z= -3.52
is lesser than the critical value = -2.33; hence, it rejected the null hypotheses. In other
words, the computed value of z= -3.52 lies within the rejection region.

z= -3.52
α= 0.01

REJECT H0

Z= -2.33

Step 5: Make a decision.

 Reject the null hypothesis.

Step 6: Interpret the result.

 Therefore, Brand Y has longer life span than Brand X.


5. The following data show the total cost of production of commodity z with the corresponding output over
a period of 10 years.

Period x(cost/10000) x (output/1000)


1 21.5 5
2 23.7 20
3 25.7 35
4 34 50
5 22.5 10
6 53.5 65
7 24.2 40
8 27.4 40
9 38.5 55
10 64.4 70

a. Draw a scatter diagram

The Relationship of Production Cost with


Output over 10 years
80000

70000

60000

50000

40000

30000

20000

10000

0
0 100000 200000 300000 400000 500000 600000 700000
Y

X
b. Estimate the regression equation: y= a + bx

X Y XY X2 Y2
215000 5000 1075000000 46225000000 25000000 n 10
237000 20000 4740000000 56169000000 400000000 335400
257000 35000 8995000000 66049000000 1225000000 39000
340000 50000 17000000000 1.156E+11 2500000000
225000 10000 2250000000 50625000000 100000000 b(slope) 0.129433368
535000 65000 34775000000 2.86225E+11 4225000000 a(intercept) -4411.951658
242000 40000 9680000000 58564000000 1600000000
274000 40000 10960000000 75076000000 1600000000 Y=a+bx equation of the regression line
385000 55000 21175000000 1.48225E+11 3025000000
644000 70000 45080000000 4.14736E+11 4900000000 y= -4412 + 0.13 x
3354000 390000 1.5573E+11 1.31749E+12 19600000000

If x
400,000 47361.39558
100,000 8531.385151

c. Test for the significance of the value of b at .05 level significance

Step 1: State the hypotheses

 H0: B1 =0
 Ha: B1 ≠0

Step 2: Formulate an analysis plan

 Significance level = .05 or 5%


 Test Method - Use a linear regression t-test (described in the next section) to determine
whether the slope of the regression line differs significantly from zero.

Step 3: Analyze sample data

PREDICTOR COEF SE COEF T P


CONSTANT -4412
X 0.13 12063 0.00001 1.0000

 P-value is P(t > 2.29) = 0.5000 and and P(t < -2.29) = 0.5000. Therefore, the P-value
is 0.5000 + 0.5000 or 1.
Step 4: Interpret the data.

 Since the P-value (1) is greater than the significance level (0.05), we accept the null
hypothesis.

6. The data below shows the income (x) and the expenditure (y) in (P1,000) of typical household
for a period of 10 months.

Period x(10,000) y(1000)


1 18.5 11.5
2 20 11
3 35.2 23.2
4 22.8 15.6
5 20.4 10.5
6 23.4 23.1
7 50.7 43.2
8 65.2 60
9 30.3 30.5
10 25 23

a. Generate the equation y=a +bx

Y= -5955 + 0.10x

Period X Y XY X2 Y2
1 185000 11500 2127500000 34225000000 132250000 n 10
2 200000 11000 2200000000 40000000000 121000000 311500
3 352000 23200 8166400000 1.23904E+11 538240000 25160
4 228000 15600 3556800000 51984000000 243360000
5 204000 10500 2142000000 41616000000 110250000 b(slope) 0.09988783
6 234000 23100 5405400000 54756000000 533610000 a(intercept) -5955.059177
7 507000 43200 21902400000 2.57049E+11 1866240000
8 652000 60000 39120000000 4.25104E+11 3600000000
9 303000 30500 9241500000 91809000000 930250000 Y=a+bx equation of the regression line
10 250000 23000 5750000000 62500000000 529000000
55 3115000 251600 99612000000 1.18295E+12 8604200000 y= -5955 + 0.10 x
b. Test for the significance of the value of b

 The critical value of t = 2.228 at α = 0.05 and the computed value of b = 1.00

The computed value of b = 1.00 is less than the critical value =2.228; hence the null
hypothesis is not rejected. In other words, the computed value of b = 1.00 is within the non-rejection
region. Therefore, there is no significant difference between the two means .

7. The following data show the total cost of production of commodity z with the corresponding
output over a period of 10 years.

X(cost/10000) y(output/1000)
21.5 5
23.7 20
25.7 35
34 50
22.5 10
53.5 60
24.2 40
27.4 40
38.5 55
64.4 70
a. Compute the value of r.

b. Conduct a test of significance for the value of r. assume that ⍺=0.05

The critical value of the Pearson Product-Moment Correlation Coefficient, r = 0.6319 at α = 0.05 for a
non-directional (two-tailed) test and the computed value of r = 0.85.

The computed value of r = 0.85 is greater than the critical value =0.6319; hence the null
hypothesis is rejected. In other words, the computed value of b = 0.85 lies with the rejection region.
There is a significant difference between the two means.
8. the following values show the intelligence quotient (IQ) and the corresponding NCEE scores of 10
incoming freshmen in a certain college.

X Y
120 96
85 65
110 65
80 66
95 70
90 86
95 87
112 93
93 81
86 90
Where x represents the IQ
Y represents the NCEE score
Solve the following

a. compute the value of r


b. using ⍺=.05, test the significance of the value of r.

The critical value of the Pearson Product-Moment Correlation Coefficient, r = 0.6319 at α =


0.05 for a non-directional (two-tailed) test and the computed value of r = 0.44.

The computed value of r = 0.44 is less than the critical value =0.6319; hence the null
hypothesis is not rejected. In other words, the computed value of b = 0.44 lies within the non-rejection
region. There is no significant difference between the two means.