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Book of Romans Lesson 1

I. REASON FOR WRITING


Paul was about to close his work in Asia 15:19 and visit Jerusalem with his love gift
from the churches of Asia 15:25-26. His heart’s burden had always been to preach at
Rome; and this long letter was his way of preparing the Christians for his coming. While
at Corinth Acts 20:1-3 he also wrote Galatians, seeking to answer the Judaizers who were
upsetting the churches of Galatia. Paul may have wanted to warn and teach the Christians
at Rome lest these Judaizers arrive there before him and upset his plans. Note that in
Romans 3:8 he mentions false accusations certain men had made about him. The reasons
then for the letter may be summarized as follows.

1. To ___________ the Christians for his planned visit, and to explain why he had not
visited them sooner ( 1:8-15, 15:23-29
2. To ___________ them in the basic doctrines of the Christian faith lest false teachers
upset them.
3. To ___________ the relationship between Israel and the Church, lest the Judaizers
lead them astray with their doctrines.
4. To ___________ the Christians their duties to one another and to the State.
5. To ___________ any slander they may have heard about Paul (3:8)

II. POSITION IN THE BIBLE

___________ is the first of three letters in the NT based on one verse of Scripture>
Hab. 2:4 “The_____ ____ _____ _____ _____ “
See also Romans 1:77 Theme is ___ ________
See also Gal. 3:11 Theme is ____ ____ _____ _________
See also Heb 10:38 Theme is ____ _________

II Timothy 3:16
_____________ - Romans ( the great doctrinal book of the NT )
_____________ - I & II Corinthians ( where Paul reproves sin)
_____________ - Galatians ( where Paul corrects false teaching )
_____________ __ __________ - Ephesians, Etc. where Paul teaches ______ living.

THEME: Paul’s basic theme is ___ ___________ ___ ______


The work “righteous” in one form or another is used over ______ times in these chapters
Chapters 1-3 he presents the need for _______________
Chapters 3-8 God’s provisions for _________________ in Christ.
Chapters 9-11 How Israel __________ God’s righteousness
Chapters 12-16 How this righteousness must be ____ __ _______ practice.
Paul shows how God can ___ righteous and still make sinners _______ at the same time.
A SUGGESTED OUTLINE OF ROMANS
THEME: The Righteousness of God

Introduction: 1;1-17
1. Salutation 1:1-7
2. Explanation 1:8-17

I. ________ 1:18 – 3:20 (Righteousness ___________)


1. The Gentiles under sin 1:18-33
2. The Jews under sin 2:1 - 3:8
3. The whole world under sin, 3:9-20

II. ___________ 3:31 – 5:21 (Righteousness ___________)


1. Justification explained 3:21-31
2. Justification expressed (example of Abraham) 4:1-25
3. Justification experienced 5:1-21

III. ___________ 6-8 (Righteousness ___________)


1. Our new position in Christ (6) (Know, Reckon, Yield)
2. Our new problem in the flesh (7)
3. Our new power in the Spirit (8)

IV. ___________ 9-11 (Righteousness ___________)


1. Israel’s past election (9)
2. Israel’s present rejection (10)
3. Israel’s future election (11)

V. ___________ 12:1 - 15:13 (Righteousness ___________)


1. Consecration to God (12)
2. Subjections to authority (13)
3. Consideration for the week (14:1 - 15:13)

Conclusion: 15:14 - 16:27


1. Paul’s faithfulness in the ministry 15:14-21
2. Paul’s future in the ministry 15:22-33
3. Paul’s friends in the ministry 16:1-23
4. Paul’s final benediction 16:24-27