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Effectiveness of Pineapple ( Ananas comosus )

Peel Extract as an Stain Remover

Lala National High School

Maranding, Lala, Lanao del Norte

Researchers

Madrona Shebbah S.

Ocampo Justin June

Guadiario, Ma. Cyn Celthia

Research Adviser
Mrs.Jane Jaictin

S.Y 2018 - 2019


Table of Contents

ABSTRACT

CHAPTER I
Background of the Study……………………………………………… Page 1

Statement of the Problem……………………………………………… Page 2

Null Hypothesis………………………………………………………….. Page 2

Significance of the Study………………………………………………. Page 2

Scope and Limitation…………………………………………………… Page 3

CHAPTER II

Review of Related Literature………………………………………….. Page 4-5

CHAPTER III

Methodolgy………………………………………………………………. Page 6-7

CHAPTER IV

Results and Discussion………………………………………………… Page 8

CHAPTER V

Conclusion and Recommendation……………………………………. Page 10

REFRENCES………………………………………………………………………………… Page 11

Abstract

Until now, stain is the number one and common problem of our clothes that made it

useless anymore for special gatherings. By parity, harmful chemicals that destroyed our eco-
system are also everybody’s concern. It is for this reason that the researcher endeavor to

conduct a study using organic substance. This study aimed to determined effectiveness

between Pineapple peel and Calamansi extract being used as an organic stain remover. A 5” x

6” cotton white cloth was used and smeared with 0.01 g stain in the center. The stain was

composed of ink, grease and soy sauce. The different stained fabric were set aside for 10

hours, after which were treated with 5 g of Pineapple peel extract and Calamansi extract for 10

to 20 minutes. This study was limited to the conduct of visual observation. The ranking test was

considered to determine the degree of preference of stain removed. The effect of the two

extract yielded almost similar result in terms of removing stains. However, the researcher

concluded that the Pineapple peel extract is better than Calamansi extract as the former is also

a means of recycling waste product and cost-free.

CHAPTER I

Introduction
Background of the Study

Almost every household would keep stain remover like Zonrox, Chlorine otherwise called

Chlorox and many other harmful chemicals. It is for this reason why the researchers decided to

focus this investigatory research on creating an eco- friendly cleaning solution.

STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

The purpose of this study is to find evidences on the effectiveness of Pineapple peel and

Calamansi extract being used as an eco-friendly cleaning agent. It attempts to compare and
analyze the effects of the two stain remover on stubborn stain on white cloth. More specifically

it seeks to find the answer to the following question:

1. How effective is the Pineapple peel and Calamansi extract as stain remover?

2. Is there a significant difference between the two eco-friendly stain remover?

Null Hypothesis

Ho1:

Ho2: There is no significant difference between Pineapple Peel Exract compared to Calamansi

Extract

Significance of the Study

The findings of this study will redound to the benefit of the society considering that it

utilizes an eco- friendly materials which are not harmful not only to the environment but to

humans as well. It is also a means of recycling waste as it uses pineapple waste extract being

converted into a useful cleaning agent. On the other hand, Calamansi extract is also use for

comparison as it has been commonly known to be an organic stain remover. This study will

benefit the community by decreasing the cost and expenditures particularly on stain removal

solutions by providing a much cheaper alternative. The researchers believe that the result of

this study would give an idea for the consumers to have an option on what kind of cleaning

agent to be used on their stained clothes.

Scope and Limitation


Chapter II

Review of Related Literature


Chapter III

Methodology

Material needed in the experimentation:


Procedure in making the Experimental Product

In paragraph form

Experimental Procedure

In paragraph also

Chapter IV

Result and Discussion


Both organic stain removers were effective when it comes to removing different kinds of

stain. However, the Pineapple Peel extract yielded more positive result as to the duration of

time with regard to the process of removing stain. The method of determining their efficacy is

through visual observation coupled with time frame. The data gathered were reduced into a

statistical table which shows the result of each three (3) samples. Afterwards, the results of the

two stain removers were analyze and compare using mathematical computation.

Statistical Tool

Chapter V

Conclusion and Recommendation

CONCLUSION
With the outcome of the study, the researchers found out that both Pineapple peel and

Calamansi extract were effective which yielded almost similar result in removing stain. Based

on the data gathered, the Pineapple Peel extract gives more positive result compared to the

Calamansi extract. Therefore, researchers concluded that the Pineapple peel extract is proven

to be the better effective organic stain remover, it being a recycle waste product and cost-free.

RECOMMENDATION

1. The formulation and procedure of this study should be disseminated to the general

public in order to provide them knowledge in terms of;

a.) Waste Recycling Management.

b.) Preserving the Environment

c.) Avoiding effects of harmful chemicals

d.) Good source for livelihood project

2. More trials to be conducted to other variety of stains and cloth not included in this

study to further validate compatibility.

3. We also would like to recommend that ang sunod mu study ani kay mag experiment

kung still effective pa ba ang pineapple and calamansi if mu lapas ug 1 day or inig dli

na siya fresh ug kung pwede ba gamiton ang preserved nga extract.

Bibliography ( APA Format dli ni mao)

Websites
https://www.google.com

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calamondin

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pińa

http://www.chemicalsubstanceschimiques.gc.ca/fact-fait/chem-chim_environ-eng.php

https://www.stain-removal-101.com/pineapple-juice-stain.html

https://uscpharmacytimes.wordpress.com/2016/04/02/21/

https://www.quora.com/What-is-the-PH-level-of-calamansi-juice

https://www. homeguides.sfgate.com/ph-level-very-high-citrus-trees-88015.html

https://www.livestrong.com/article/482962-is-pineapple-juice-acid-or-alkaline

https://businessdiary.com.ph/4473/pineapple-production-guide/

https://businessdiary.com.ph/4343/calamansi-production-guide/