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NEO CLASSICAL ARCHITECTURE

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IT WAS AN ARCHITECTURAL STYLE PRODUCED BY NEO CLASSIC MOVEMENT.

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IT BEGANS IN MIDDLE 18 TH CENTURY.

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ITS PUREST FORM DERIVED FROM THE classical

antiquity, the Vitruvian principles and the architecture of the Italian architect Andréa Palladio.

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In form, neoclassical architecture emphasizes the wall rather than chiaroscuro and maintains separate identities to each of its parts.

WISBAEDAN

WISBAEDAN

WISBAEDAN
Late Baroque neoclassicism in architecture is evocative and picturesque, are creation of a distant, it

Late Baroque neoclassicism in architecture is

evocative and picturesque, are creation of a

distant, it is framed within the Romantic sensibility Intellectually Neoclassicism was symptomatic of a desire to return to the perceived "purity" of the arts of Rome, Greek ,and

renaissance classicism NEO CLASSICAL ARCHITECTURE .

to the perceived "purity" of the arts of Rome, Greek ,and renaissance classicism NEO CLASSICAL ARCHITECTURE
to the perceived "purity" of the arts of Rome, Greek ,and renaissance classicism NEO CLASSICAL ARCHITECTURE
• In form, Neoclassical architecture emphasizes the wall rather than chiaroscuro and maintains separate identities

In form, Neoclassical architecture emphasizes the wall rather than chiaroscuro and maintains separate identities to each of its parts.

The style is manifested both in its details as a reaction against the Rococo style of

naturalistic ornament, and in its

architectural formulae as an outgrowth of some classicising features of Late Baroque. Neoclassical architecture is still designed

today, but may be labelled New Classical

Architecture for contemporary buildings.

MICHIGAN CENTRAL STATION

MICHIGAN CENTRAL STATION VILINIUS CATHEDERAL FACADE
MICHIGAN CENTRAL STATION VILINIUS CATHEDERAL FACADE

VILINIUS CATHEDERAL FACADE

R O C O C O S T Y L E BAROQUE STYLE

ROCOCO STYLE

R O C O C O S T Y L E BAROQUE STYLE

BAROQUE STYLE

• Types of neoclassical architecture: • Temple style • Palladian style • Classical Block style

Types of neoclassical architecture:

Temple style

Palladian style

Classical Block style

• Types of neoclassical architecture: • Temple style • Palladian style • Classical Block style
ANCIENT TEMPLE PALLAZ0 PERSIAN STYLE

ANCIENT TEMPLE

ANCIENT TEMPLE PALLAZ0 PERSIAN STYLE

PALLAZ0

ANCIENT TEMPLE PALLAZ0 PERSIAN STYLE

PERSIAN STYLE

• Andrea Palladio by Vitruvius, is widely considered to be the most influential individual in

Andrea Palladio by Vitruvius, is widely considered to be the most influential individual in the history of architecture. All of his buildings are located in what was the Venetian Republic, but his teachings, summarized in the architectural treatise.

The Four Books of Architecture, gained him wide

recognition. The city of Vicenza and the Palladian

Villas of the Veneto are UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

Born 30 November 1508 Padova, Republic of Venice Died 19 August 1580 (aged 71) Maser, near Treviso Nationality Italian.

• Palladian building were based on Andrea Palladio's style of villa construction. Some of the

Palladian building were based on Andrea Palladio's style of villa construction. Some of the buildings

feature a balustrade which is a railing with vertical

supports along the edge of the roof.

There are vertical supports within a balustrade known as “baluster” or “spindle”. it is also a classical method of crowning a building that has a flat or low lying roof.

“baluster” or “spindle”. it is also a classical method of crowning a building that has a
BANGLORE TOWN HALL, INDIA o Bangalore Town Hall is a neoclassical municipal building in Bangalore

BANGLORE TOWN HALL, INDIA

o Bangalore Town Hall is a neoclassical municipal building in Bangalore, India. The town hall is named after the philanthropist and former president of Bangalore city municipality, Sir K.P

hall is named after the philanthropist and former president of Bangalore city municipality, Sir K.P Puttanna
hall is named after the philanthropist and former president of Bangalore city municipality, Sir K.P Puttanna
• An architectural style movement by British architects in the late 19th century British India
• An architectural style movement by British architects in the late 19th century British India
• An architectural style movement by British architects in the late 19th century British India
• An architectural style movement by British architects in the late 19th century British India

An architectural style movement by British architects in the late 19th century British India which drew elements from native Indo-Islamic and Indian architecture, and combined it with the Gothic revival

and Neo-Classical styles favoured in

Victorian Britain.

development of the style • before 1857- European classical style (incorporating Greek and Roman Features such as columns,

triangular pediments) employed for

the public buildings: image as the holders of power and status and to distance themselves from the natives. • revolt of 1857- India

began to be ruled under the British crown: essential to legitimatize

their rule and connect to the natives of the colonised land.

be ruled under the British crown: essential to legitimatize their rule and connect to the natives
• “in the public buildings put up by the Raj it was essential always to
• “in the public buildings put up by the Raj it was essential always to

“in the public buildings put up by the Raj it was essential always to make visible britain’s imperial

position as ruler, for these

structures were charged with the explicit purpose of

representing empire itself. Since they wanted to legitimatize their rule, they decided to justify their presence by

relating themselves to the

previous rulers, the Mughals. The British deliberately kept Mughal princes in power so as to not to provoke Indian contempt and to further establish their connection to the Mughals. These princes were a vision of the

future, but the British also

needed them to be a representation of the past. And it worked.” -Sir Thomas Metcalf

the future, but the British also needed them to be a representation of the past. And
ST. GEORGE’S CATHEDERAL CHEPAUK PALACE , CHENNAI
ST. GEORGE’S CATHEDERAL CHEPAUK PALACE , CHENNAI

ST. GEORGE’S CATHEDERAL

CHEPAUK PALACE , CHENNAI

• Onion (Bulbous) Domes • Overhanging Eaves • Pointed Arches • Cusped Arches • Scalloped

Onion (Bulbous) Domes

Overhanging Eaves

Pointed Arches

Cusped Arches

Scalloped Arches

Vaulted Roofs

Domed Kiosks

Many Miniature Domes

Domed Chhatris Towers

Minarets Harem Windows

Open Pavilions Pierced

Open Arcading

Many Miniature Domes • Domed Chhatris Towers • Minarets Harem Windows • Open Pavilions Pierced •
Many Miniature Domes • Domed Chhatris Towers • Minarets Harem Windows • Open Pavilions Pierced •
o Architect of British India Tarbett, Ireland. in England. Born on 21st January 1841, in

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Architect of British India Tarbett, Ireland. in England. Born on 21st January 1841, in 1864-

Architect of British India

Tarbett, Ireland. in England.

Born on 21st January 1841, in

Tarbett, Ireland. in England. Born on 21st January 1841, in 1864- Joined the public works department

1864- Joined the public works department

January 1841, in 1864- Joined the public works department 1866- was moved to Ceylon. 1868- moved
January 1841, in 1864- Joined the public works department 1866- was moved to Ceylon. 1868- moved

1866- was moved to Ceylon.

the public works department 1866- was moved to Ceylon. 1868- moved to India in PWD, Shimla.

1868- moved to

India in PWD, Shimla.

1872- Became the executive engineer,

Nagpur and central provinces.

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“Architecture should speak of its time and place, but yearn for

timelessness.” Henry Irwin

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Henry Irwin was a renowned architect active in India during the last quarter of the nineteenth century. He is best known for his work in the indo-saracenic style. His most significant work was the Maharaja's Palace in Mysore, Ambas Vilas. There is also much of his work still extant in Madras in this style.

o o o The palace is a three-storey stone structure made with fine granite, grey

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The palace is a three-storey stone structure made

with fine granite, grey in colour, having deep pink

marble stones atop and a five-storey tower

measuring 145 ft. The size of the palace measures 245 ft.

Designs of the domes illustrate Indo- Saracenic architecture which was applied by the British architects in British India during the late 19th

century. It incorporates elements from Indian, Indo-

Islamic, Neo-Classical and Gothic revival styles.

Three gates of the compound lead to the palace - the front gate (more specifically the East Gate) opens for the VVIPs and otherwise during the Dasara ; the South Gate is designated for general public; and the

West Gate normally remains open in Dasara.

o Apart from these the cellar of the palace has many secret tunnels that lead

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Apart from these the cellar of the palace has many secret tunnels that lead to several confidential areas

and other places like the town of Sriranga Patna.

Several fancy arches adorn the façade of the building

with two smaller arches on either side of the central one that is supported with long pillars.

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A sculpture of the goddess of good luck, prosperity and wealth, Gajalakshmi, with her elephants is seated atop the central arch. The palace facing Chamundi Hills is a manifestation of the devotion of the Maharajas of Mysore towards Goddess Chamundi. The emblem and coat of arms of the Mysore Kingdom adorns the entrance gate and arch. A large, beautiful and well-maintained

garden surrounding the palace makes the site even more

spectacular.

- ASHI CHANDAK - VISHAKHA NACHAN - SPARSH TIWARI

- ASHI CHANDAK

- VISHAKHA NACHAN

- SPARSH TIWARI