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Technical Series

Solar technology

Technical Series Solar technology Reducing heating costs with solar energy

Reducing heating costs with solar energy

Technical Series Solar technology Reducing heating costs with solar energy
Solar energy is environmentally responsible, free and effective. Particularly if you have a solar heating
Solar energy is environmentally responsible, free and effective. Particularly if you have a solar heating
Solar energy is environmentally responsible, free and effective. Particularly if you have a solar heating
Solar energy is environmentally responsible, free and effective. Particularly if you have a solar heating
Solar energy is environmentally responsible, free and effective. Particularly if you have a solar heating

Solar energy is environmentally responsible, free and effective. Particularly if you have a solar heating system with highly efficient collectors and perfectly matched components made by Viessmann.

Index 1. Solar framework Page 4 1.1 Available energy 1.2 Heat from the sun 1.3
Index 1. Solar framework Page 4 1.1 Available energy 1.2 Heat from the sun 1.3
Index 1. Solar framework Page 4 1.1 Available energy 1.2 Heat from the sun 1.3
Index 1. Solar framework Page 4 1.1 Available energy 1.2 Heat from the sun 1.3

Index

1.

Solar framework

Page 4

1.1

Available energy

1.2

Heat from the sun

1.3

Irradiated energy

1.4

Influence of alignment, inclination and shade on the energy yield

1.5

Overall system optimisation

2

Specification

Page 8

2.1

Collector efficiency

2.2

Solar coverage for DHW heating

2.3

Influence of various parameters on the solar coverage for DHW heating

3

Sizing

Page 10

3.1

DHW heating system

3.2

System for central heating backup

4

Design and function of Viessmann solar collectors

Page 12

5

Selection and installation options for different types of collector

Page 13

6

Viessmann system technology saves costs and installation time

Page 14

6.1

Solar collectors

6.2

DHW cylinders for solar heating systems

6.3

System components

7

Solar heating systems for DHW heating

Page 24

8

Integrating a solar heating system into a conventional heating system

Page 25

9

Solar technology in a new light:

Page 26

Collectors as design features

We have been using the sun's heat since time immemorial. In summer, it heats our buildings directly, while in winter we make use of solar energy indirectly stored in the form of wood, coal, oil and gas, to provide heat for our buildings and DHW.

To protect fuel reserves accumulated over millions of years, the heating industry has committed itself to finding more responsible ways of handling these precious resources.

One rational way of achieving this aim is to make direct use of solar energy by means of solar panels. Thanks to the use of highly sophisticated collectors and a perfectly matched overall system, the economic use of solar energy is not just a vision of the future, but a reality for today. Considering that fuel prices will continue to rise in the years ahead, investing in a solar heating system can be viewed as a genuine investment in the future.

1.1 Available energy

The useful energy which a collector can absorb depends on several factors. The correct estimation of the demand to be covered and the matching size of the system are crucial factors.

The total amount of available solar energy too is relevant: In Germany, the available annual irradiation level lies between 900 and 1300 kWh/(m 2 p.a.) (Fig. 1).

In Germany, on average 1000 kWh per m 2 p.a. are irradiated, which corresponds to roughly 100 litres fuel oil or 100 m 3 natural gas.

Collector type, as well as inclination and orientation, play a vital role too. If the solar installation is to be operated economically, careful dimensioning of the system components is also essential.

1. Solar framework

1300 1250 1200 1150 1100 1050 1000 950 900 Global radiation kWh/(m 2 p.a.)
1300
1250
1200
1150
1100
1050
1000
950
900
Global radiation
kWh/(m 2 p.a.)

Fig. 1: Annual global radiation

In detached houses and two-family homes, correctly designed solar collector systems with matching components can save between 50 and 60% of the annual energy requirement for DHW. Additional cost savings can be achieved if the solar heating system is also used for central heating backup.

In a low energy house, up to 35% of the total energy demand for DHW and central heating can be saved. In summer, additional energy may not be required at all. For the rest of the year and for central heating in winter, the solar heating system is supplemented by a second, independent heat source, generally an oil or gas fired low temperature boiler or, better still, by a condensing boiler.

1.2 Heat from the sun

Approx. 1 /3 of the total energy consumption in Germany is expended on heating buildings. Energy-conscious construction as well as economical heating systems can substantially reduce this consumption. This then contributes to the preservation of valuable energy resources and to the protection of the earth's atmosphere. One important savings potential is offered by DHW heating. In our latitudes, solar collectors combined with a central DHW cylinder, represent an interesting alternative to heating with a boiler, especially during the summer months. Even in the spring and autumn, your boiler may frequently be switched off when using solar energy to back up your central heating.

1.3 Irradiated energy

Solar radiation is an energy force radiated in all directions equally by the sun. Of that energy, an output of 1.36 kW/m 2 , the so-called "solar constant", permanently hits the outer earth's atmosphere. This solar radiation is reduced (Fig. 2) through reflection, dispersion and absorption by dust particles and gas molecules. The portion of the radiation that passes unimpeded through the atmosphere strikes the earth's surface directly; this is known as "direct radiation". That part of the solar radiation which is reflected and/or absorbed by dust particles and gas molecules and irradiated back strikes the earth's surface indirectly, and is known as "diffused radiation". The sum of all direct and diffused solar radiation (Fig. 3) is global radiation E g . The global radiation under optimum conditions (clear, cloudless sky at midday) amounts to a maximum of 1000 W/m 2 . With solar collectors, as much as 75% of this global radiation can be utilised, depending on the type of collector and the system size.

Solar framework

C D B VL K H A E G F RL H A Diffused radiation
C
D
B
VL
K
H
A
E
G
F
RL
H
A Diffused radiation
F
B Direct solar radiation
Heat radiated by the
absorber
C Wind, rain, snow,
convection
G
Heat radiated by the
glass cover
D Convection losses
H
Useful collector output
E Thermal conduction losses
K
Reflection
Fig. 2: Utilisation of solar radiation in the collector
6000 Global radiation Direct radiation 5000 Diffused radiation 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 Jan. Feb.
6000
Global radiation
Direct radiation
5000
Diffused radiation
4000
3000
2000
1000
0
Jan.
Feb.
Mar.
April
May
June
July
Aug.
Sept.
Oct.
Nov.
Dec.
Insolation [Wh/(m 2 /d)]

Fig. 3: Daily energy values irradiated onto the horizontal plane over a 12 month period

1.4 Influence of alignment, inclination and shade on the energy yield

In Germany, solar heating systems

provide the highest yield over an annual average when facing south with an inclination of approx. 30 to 45º to the horizontal plane. However, the installation of a solar heating system is still viable even when the installation deviates quite significantly from the above (south- westerly to south-easterly alignment, 25 to 70º inclination) (Fig. 4).

A lower inclination is more

favourable if the collector surface cannot be pointed south. A solar collector system with a 30º inclination and an alignment of 45º south-west still achieves almost 95% of its optimum yield. Even with an east or west alignment, you can still expect up to 85% with a roof slope between 25 and 40º.

A steeply raked collector surface

offers the advantage of a balanced energy provision all the year round. Collectors used for central heating backup are therefore installed at a steeper angle. This reduces excess heat in summer, whilst optimising the collector yield in winter when insolation hits the earth at a more shallow angle. On the other hand, an angle of inclination less than 20º should be avoided with flat-plate collectors, otherwise the self- cleaning effect will be reduced.

Solar framework

NoNorthrth Annual -60°-60° ++120°120° insolation -50-50°° -70°-70° ++130°130° ++110°110° in % 10°
NoNorthrth
Annual
-60°-60°
++120°120°
insolation
-50-50°°
-70°-70°
++130°130°
++110°110°
in %
10°
30
-40°-40°
+100°+100°
40
20°
+140°+140°
50
30°
60
70
40°
80
-30°-30°
+150°+150°
WestWest
10° 20° 30°40°50°60°70°80°90°
EastEast
50°
90
95
60°
100
70°
80°
-100°-100°
-20°-20°
++160°160°
+80+80°°
90°
Angle of
inclination
SouthSouth
: Example: 30°; 45° south-west; 95%
-11-110°0°
++11770°0°
-10°-10°
++70°70°
-1-120°20°
+6+60°0°
-130°-130°
+50°+50°
-140°-140°
+40°+40°
-150°-150°
++30°30°
--160160°°
++20°20°
--1170°70°
+1+10°0°

Fig. 4: Influence of alignment, inclination and shade on the irradiated energy

Angle of inclination α

The angle of inclination α is the angle between the horizontal and the solar collector (Fig. 5). For pitched roof installations, the angle of inclination is determined by the slope of the roof. The largest amount of energy can be captured by the collector's absorber when the collector pane is aligned at right angles to the solar irradiation.

Angle of azimuth

The angle of azimuth (Fig. 6) describes the deviation of the collector pane from the south; with the collector pane aligned south, the angle of azimuth = 0°. Because solar irradiation is at its most intensive at midday, the collector pane should be oriented as closely as possible to the south. However, deviations from south up to 45º south-east or south- west are also acceptable. Higher deviations can be compensated through slightly larger collector areas.

α α α
α
α
α
15°15° 30° 45° 60° 75° Fig. 5: Collector orientation with angle of inclination α N
15°15°
30°
45°
60°
75°
Fig. 5: Collector orientation with angle of
inclination α
N
W 90°
90° E
S
Angle of azimuth
Collector level
75°
60°
45°
30°
15°

Fig. 6: Example – angle of azimuth 15° east

1.5 Overall system optimisation

A high-quality solar collector alone

cannot guarantee the optimum operation of a solar installation. This depends more on the system

solution as a whole (Fig. 7).

Viessmann supplies all the components required for a solar heating system:

a control unit tailored to the individual solar heating system,

one DHW cylinder, heating water buffer cylinder and a combi cylinder incorporating an internal indirect solar coil arranged low down,

system technology aimed at achieving fast-responding control and therefore maximum yields from the solar heating system.

In

detached houses and two-family

homes, correctly designed solar heating systems with matching system components can save between 50 and 60% of the annual energy requirement for DHW.

With systems that utilise DHW heating and central heating backup, low energy houses can cover approx. 35% of their heating energy demand with solar energy.

Solar framework

heating energy demand with solar energy. Solar framework Fig. 7: Solar heating system comprising matching components
Fig. 7: Solar heating system comprising matching components Collector temperature sensor Flexible connection line
Fig. 7: Solar heating system comprising matching components
Collector
temperature
sensor
Flexible
connection line
Air vent valve
Solar
Solar
collector
control
unit
Air separator
Solar-
Divicon
Drip container
Expansion vessel
Cylinder temperature
sensor
Dual-mode
DHW cylinder
Fill valve
Manual solar fill pump

Fig. 8: Components of a solar heating system for DHW heating

2.1 Collector efficiency

Some of the insolation that hits the collectors is "lost" through reflection off the glass pane and through absorption (Fig. 2). The optical efficiency level η 0 takes these losses and those created during the transfer of energy into the process medium into consideration. The optical efficiency level is the peak of the curve, when the difference between the collector and the ambient temperature is zero and the collector loses no energy to the environment through thermal conduction.

When collectors heat up, they transfer energy to the ambience through thermal conduction, thermal radiation and convection (air movement). These losses are allowed for by the thermal loss coefficients k 1 and k 2 (Table 1). They are subject to the temperature differential Δϑ between the absorber and the ambience.

Heat loss correction factor and optical efficiency lead to the collector efficiency curve, which can be calculated in accordance with the following formula:

η = η 0 – k 1

· (Δϑ / E g )–k 2 · (Δϑ 2 / E g )

(Fig. 10).

Information regarding the collector surfaces

Three sets of collector area details are specified in the collector datasheets (Fig. 9).

For most subsidy programs, the gross surface area (length x width of external dimensions) is decisive when applying for subsidies.

The absorber area denotes the selectively coated area that is effective with regard to radiation, subject to installation location and collector design.

The aperture area is the biggest projecting surface through which solar rays can enter.

2. Specification

Collector type Optical Efficiency η 0 % Thermal loss coefficients Specific heat Max. idle k
Collector type
Optical
Efficiency
η 0 %
Thermal loss coefficients
Specific heat
Max. idle
k 1
k 2
W/(m 2 ·K)
W/(m 2 ·K 2 )
capacity
kJ/(m 2 ·K)
temperature
°C
Vitosol 200-F
– Type SV2/SH2
79.1 1)
3.94
0.0122
5.35
202
1)
– Type 5 DI
84
4.16
0.0073
6.4
185
Vitosol 300-F
1)
– type SV3/SH3
84
3.86
0.0139
6.4
221
Vitosol 200-T
– Type SD2
(1 and 2 m 2 )
1)
82
1.62
0.0068
9.3
282
1)
(3
m 2 )
83.2
1.87
0.0041
9.3
282
Vitosol 300-T
– Type SP3
1)
(2
(3
m 2 )
m 2 )
81.5
1.43
0.0076
7.8
176.6
1)
78.4
1.36
0.0045
7.8
186
1) Relative to the absorber area
Tab. 1: Comparative values (determined according to EN 12975)
Collector area Absorber area Aperture area (effective solar area)
Collector area
Absorber area
Aperture area
(effective solar area)

Photo 9: Collector area details

0.9 0.8 0.7 Vitosol 300-T 0.6 Vitosol 200-T 0.5 0.4 Vitosol 300-F 0.3 Vitosol 200-F
0.9
0.8
0.7
Vitosol 300-T
0.6
Vitosol 200-T
0.5
0.4
Vitosol 300-F
0.3
Vitosol 200-F
0.2
0.1
0
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
Temperature differential [K]
Solar heating system for DHW
Solar heating system for DHW and central heating backup
Solar heating system for generating process heat/solar air conditioning
Efficiency

Photo 10: Collector efficiency levels

Selection of a suitable collector type

Various factors must be considered at the planning stage for the selection of the right type of collector. These factors include availability of space, installation conditions, other framework conditions (e.g. long periods of stagnation in schools) and the temperature differential between the average collector temperature and the outside air. These are decisions which will influence the efficiency of the collector. The higher the collector operating temperature, the higher its output and therefore the yield of vacuum tube collectors compared to flat-plate collector systems (Fig. 10).

2.2 Solar coverage for DHW heating

The solar coverage indicates what percentage of the energy required annually can be covered by the solar heating system.

The higher the selected solar coverage, the more conventional energy is saved. However, this means excess heat in summer and an, on average, lower collector utilisation coefficient.

Fig. 11 indicates the realistic coverage that can be achieved with various types of collector, relative to:

– roofs facing south,

– a roof pitch of 45° and

– DHW temperature of 45 ºC in the standby section of the DHW cylinder.

This data represents approximate standard values.

2.3 Influence of various

parameters on the solar coverage for DHW heating

The bars in Fig. 12 indicate the coverage to be expected for deviations from the reference system. Regarding the effects of system orientation, see also Fig. 4.

Specification

VITOSOL 200-F 60% 50% 40% 30% DHW demand [l/d], 45°C VITOSOL 300-F 60% 50% 40%
VITOSOL 200-F
60%
50%
40%
30%
DHW demand [l/d], 45°C
VITOSOL 300-F
60%
50%
40%
30%
DHW demand [l/d], 45°C
VITOSOL 200-T and 300-T
60%
50%
40%
DHW demand [l/d], 45°C
Absorber area [m 2 ]
Absorber area [m 2 ]
Absorber area [m 2 ]

Fig. 11: Solar coverage from Vitosol collectors

Reference system 61 100 litres/day 74 300 litres/day 51 400 litres/day 43 Collector inclination 30°
Reference system
61
100
litres/day
74
300
litres/day
51
400
litres/day
43
Collector inclination 30°
Collector inclination 60°
Orientation west
South-westerly orientation
Vacuum tubes*
Hannover
Freiburg
60
59
50
59
71
53
68
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
Solar coverage for DHW [%]
* With comparable aperture areas

Fig. 12: Influence of various parameters on the solar coverage (calculated with ESOP software, version 2.0)

Reference system:

– 4-person household with a DHW consumption of 200 litres/day, 45 ºC

– 2 collectors Vitosol 200-F

– 45º roof pitch, roof oriented towards the south

– Dual-mode DHW cylinder, 300 litre capacity

– Location: Würzburg

3.1 DHW heating system – DHW cylinder and solar collectors

The basis for designing a heating system for DHW heating is the DHW demand. If this cannot be determined, it must be estimated using the details in table 2 (VDI 2067).

A further parameter is the solar coverage. For small systems it should lie between 50 and 60%.

To achieve a coverage of 60%, the total available cylinder volume (dual- mode DHW cylinder or preheating cylinder) must be 1.5 to 2 times larger than the daily DHW demand giving due consideration to the required DHW temperature.

For fluctuating DHW demand, choose value 2. For relatively constant demand, choose value 1.5.

3. Sizing

DHW demand V p [litres/(d · head)] DHW temperature 45 °C 60 °C In domestic
DHW demand V p [litres/(d · head)]
DHW temperature
45 °C
60 °C
In domestic homes
High requirements
Average requirements
Basic requirements
50
to 80
35
to 56
30
to 50
21
to 35
15
to 30
11
to 21
Tab. 2: DHW demand according to VDI 2067
100 89 86 86 86 83 80 75 62 59 60 41 40 29 24
100
89
86
86
86
83
80
75
62
59
60
41
40
29
24
24
20
0
Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May Jun. Jul. Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec.
Solar coverage [%]

Fig. 13: Solar coverage for DHW heating of a detached house

Tab. 3: DHW cylinder and collector selection

The details in the tables apply to

– SW, S or SE orientation

– roof slope from 25 to 55°. Users DHW demand per day in litres Cylinder
– roof slope from 25 to 55°.
Users
DHW demand
per day in litres
Cylinder capacity
Collector
in litres
45 °C
60 °C
No. of flat-plate collectors
Area vacuum
SV/SH/5DI
tube collectors
2
80
60
3 m 2
3
120
90
2/2/1
300
4
160
120
5
200
150
4 m 2
3/3/–
6
240
180
400
7
280
210
5 m 2
8
320
240
500
4/4/–
6 m 2
10
400
300

3.2 System for central heating backup – DHW cylinder and solar collectors

The period when the greatest amount

of solar energy is available does not

coincide with the time when most heat is required.

While the heat consumption for DHW heating is relatively constant

throughout the year, only very little solar energy is available at the times when the heat demand for central heating is at its highest (see Fig. 14).

A relatively large collector area is

required to provide central heating backup. In summer, this can result in stagnation in the solar circuit. Systems for heating backup can be created with very simple water connections by using a combi cylinder (e.g. Vitocell 340-M or Vitocell 360-M). In case of substantially higher demands for DHW heating, a Vitocell 140-E or 160-E, combined with a dual-mode DHW cylinder or a freshwater module, can be used as an alternative. This module generates hot water according to the instantaneous water heater principle.

The stratification system inside the Vitocell 360-M and 160-E optimises the heating of the buffer cylinder. The water inside the buffer cylinder that is heated by solar energy is channelled by a heating lance directly into the upper area of the buffer cylinder. Consequently, DHW

is made available more rapidly. The

basis for sizing a solar heating system for central heating backup is the central heating demand of the building during spring, autumn and

winter, as well as the heat demand in summer, i.e. the demand for DHW heating. Heat demand in summer rises, for example, when underfloor heating in bathrooms is required or

to prevent condensation in cellars.

Sizing

100 75 A 50 E B 25 D C 0 Energy demand [%] Jan. Feb.
100
75
A
50
E
B
25
D
C
0
Energy demand [%]
Jan.
Feb.
Mar.
Apr.
May
Jun.
Jul.
Aug.
Sep.
Oct.
Nov.
Dec.

Fig. 14: Phase offset between heating seasons and the period of the highest solar energy yield

A
A

Central heating demand for a house (built approx. from 1984 onwards)

B
B

Central heating demand for a low energy house

C
C

DHW demand for DHW heating

D
D

Solar energy yield from 5 m 2 absorber area (flat-plate collector)

E
E

Solar energy yield from 15 m 2 absorber area (flat-plate collector)

For an efficient operation of a solar central heating backup, the collector area should be 2 to 2.5 times larger than the heat demand in summer requires.

For buildings with a higher energy demand, the coverage is lower.

Use the Viessmann ESOP calculation program when making sizing calculations.

Concentrating exclusively on the central heating demand can lead to problematic oversizing of the system. For low energy houses (heat demand less than 50 kWh/(m 2 p.a.)), solar coverage up to 35%, relative to the total energy demand, incl. DHW heating, can be achieved.

Viessmann solar collectors – something for anyone

The Vitosol solar range (Fig. 15) offers a suitable solution for almost every need and application:

Vitosol 200-F flat-plate collectors excel with their attractive price/performance ratio. Vitosol 200-F is available in two sizes, 2.30 and 4.76 m 2 . The 2.30 m 2 panel can be installed in different ways, and is available as horizontal or vertical version. The Vitosol 200-F, type 5DI (4.76 m 2 ) (Fig. 16) is a special flat- plate collector for integration into pitched roofs.

Vitosol 300-F is a high performance flat-plate collector with extremely translucent anti-reflex glass and optimised thermal insulation.

Vitosol 200-T is a direct flow vacuum tube collector.

Vitosol 300-T is a vacuum tube collector that operates according to the heat pipe principle, offering dry connection and integral overheating protection.

Benefits of Viessmann solar collectors

In spite of their different designs, all five types of collector offer common benefits.

All are made from high-grade materials, such as aluminium, copper and stabilised special solar glass. This substantially improves the operational reliability and service life.

The high levels of effectiveness of these collectors is achieved by absorbers utilizing a Sol-titanium coating, integral pipes and highly effective thermal insulation.

The evacuated glass tubes of the Vitosol 200-T and 300-T additionally reduce thermal losses.

4. Design and function of Viessmann solar collectors

losses. 4. Design and function of Viessmann solar collectors Fig. 15: Viessmann Vitosol solar collector range

Fig. 15: Viessmann Vitosol solar collector range

A special plug-in system was

developed to facilitate the easy pipe

connection between individual Viessmann solar collectors.

This avoids the need for any additional pipework and extensive thermal insulation. So assembly times are significantly reduced. Solar flow and return are mounted on one side for easy installation; routing one pipe above and one below the roof cover is not required.

The use of recyclable materials and

a design which makes dismantling

easy, helps Viessmann solar collectors meet the requirements set for

the "Blue Angel" certificate of environmental excellence (RAL-UZ 73). All collectors are tested compliant with the solar keymark.

All collectors are tested compliant with the solar keymark. Fig. 16: Flat-plate collector Vitosol 200-F, type

Fig. 16: Flat-plate collector Vitosol 200-F, type 5DI

5. Selection and installation options for different types of collector

Vitosol 200-F, type SV2 and SH2 and Vitosol 300-F, type SV3 and SH3

Flat-plate collectors Vitosol 200-F, type SV2 and SH2 as well as the Vitosol 300-F, type SV3 and SH3 are offered as vertical or horizontal versions – both are suitable for installation on pitched roofs. The selection of method of installation, installation on top of roof coverings or roof integration, are influenced by the respective building conditions (Fig. 17). In new builds, for example, roof integration is preferable.

Vitosol 200-F, type 5DI

The large area flat-plate collectors Vitosol 200-F, type 5DI with 4.76 m 2 absorber area are offered for integration into pitched tiled roofs.

Vitosol 200-T, type SD2

Vitosol 200-T vacuum tube collectors can deliver a high solar yield due to their direct flow principle, independent of location. These collectors are especially suitable for installation on flat roofs and on the walls of buildings. They are also suitable for installation on pitched roofs and freestanding installation.

Vitosol 300-T, type SP3

Vitosol 300-T vacuum tube collectors are based on the heat pipe principle. For that reason, they must be installed with a slope of at least 25°. One of their characteristic features is their integral overheating protection.

B A F C G D E Installation site Collector type Pitched roofs A Vitosol
B
A
F
C
G
D
E
Installation site
Collector type
Pitched roofs
A
Vitosol 200-F, type SV2
Vitosol 200-F, type 5DI (only roof integration)
Vitosol 300-F, type SV3
Vitosol 200-T, type SD2
Vitosol 300-T, type SP3
B
Vitosol 200-F, type SH2
Vitosol 300-F, type SH3
Vitosol 200-T, type SD2
Flat roofs
C
Vitosol 200-T, type SD2
D
Vitosol 200-F, type SV2 and SH2
Vitosol 300-F, type SV3 and SH3
Vitosol 200-T, type SD2
Vitosol 300-T, type SP3
Freestanding installation
E
Vitosol 200-F, type SV2 and SH2 *1
Vitosol 300-F, type SV3 and SH3
Vitosol 200-T, type SD2
Vitosol 300-T, type SP3
Walls/balcony
F
rails/balustrades
(For this type of installation,
we recommend increasing
the absorber area/aperture
size by 20%.)
Vitosol 200-F, type SH2
Vitosol 300-F, type SH3
Vitosol 200-T, type SD2
G
Vitosol 200-F, type SH2
Vitosol 300-F, type SH3
*1) Not recommended for dusty ground

Fig. 17: Installation options for various types of collector

6

Viessmann system design saves costs and installation time

6.1 Solar collectors

Vitosol 200-F

Flat-plate collector

The Vitosol 200-F (Fig. 18 and 20) flat-plate collector impresses with its high efficiency and an attractive price/performance ratio. The Vitosol 200-F flat-plate collector has been successfully used for many years now and has been further improved; it is now even more easy to install thanks to its lower weight. High quality ensures permanent operational reliability, a long service life and high efficiency.

Vitosol 300-F

Flat-plate collector

The flat-plate collector Vitosol 300-F (Fig. 18 and 20) is a high performance collector for use in DHW heating and for central heating backup as well as for heating process water, it is especially suitable for the climatic conditions prevailing in central and northern Europe. The high efficiency is achieved through the use of specially translucent anti-reflex glass plus improved thermal insulation. The anti-reflex glazing (Fig. 19) reduces the reflection of insolation off the glass cover by approx. 8% to 3%. This improves the optical efficiency of the collector by approx. 5%. At the back of the Vitosol 300-F, a melamine resin foam insulation is inserted providing excellent insulation properties. The improved thermal insulation enabled heat losses to be substantially reduced, particularly in spring, autumn and winter.

reduced, particularly in spring, autumn and winter. Fig. 18: Flat-plate collectors Vitosol 200-F and Vitosol
Fig. 18: Flat-plate collectors Vitosol 200-F and Vitosol 300-F Transmission of standard solar glass Transmission
Fig. 18: Flat-plate collectors Vitosol 200-F and Vitosol 300-F
Transmission of standard solar glass
Transmission of anti-reflex glass
4% reflection
1.5% reflection
1% absorption
Standard solar glass
1% absorption
4% reflection
1.5% reflection
Anti-reflex glass
91% transmission
96% transmission

Fig. 19: Transmission of standard solar glass and anti-reflex glass

Viessmann system design saves costs and installation time

Vitosol 200-F and Vitosol 300-F Flat-plate collectors

The highly selective Sol-titanium coating efficiently utilises solar irradiation and achieves a high efficiency. The casing of the Vitosol flat-plate collectors comprises an all round folded aluminium frame without mitre cuts and sharp edges. The seamless weather and UV- resistant pane seal and the puncture- proof back panel made from aluminium/zinc-plated sheet ensure

a long service life and permanently high energy yields.

Why not integrate your solar collectors into the roof design? The Vitosol flat-plate collectors can be integrated into the roof cover. The edge trims (available as accessories) help to create a harmonious transition from collector surface to roof cover. Frames and edge trims are delivered in brown as standard (RAL 8019) – other RAL colours are available on demand, of course.

With absorber areas of 2.30 m 2 (Vitosol 200-F, type SV2 and SH2 plus Vitosol 300-F) or 4.76 m 2 (Vitosol 200-F, type 5DI, Fig. 21), the flat-plate collectors Vitosol 200-F can be matched perfectly to the respective energy demand.

The Vitosol flat-plate collectors are very easy to install. The collectors

only weigh approx. 52 kg making transport onto the roof and installation easier. Corrugated stainless steel pipe plug-in connectors safeguard

a secure and quick collector installation.

safeguard a secure and quick collector installation. Fig. 20: Flat-plate collectors Vitosol 200-F and Vitosol

Fig. 20: Flat-plate collectors Vitosol 200-F and Vitosol 300-F

20: Flat-plate collectors Vitosol 200-F and Vitosol 300-F Fig. 21: Vitosol 200-F, type 5DI Large area

Fig. 21: Vitosol 200-F, type 5DI Large area flat-plate collector, 4.76 m 2 absorber area

Vitosol 200-F, type 5DI Large area flat-plate collector, 4.76 m 2 absorber area Fig. 22: Viessmann

Fig. 22: Viessmann plug-in system

Viessmann system design saves costs and installation time

Vitosol 200-T Vacuum tube collector

The Vitosol 200-T (Fig. 23 and 24) is a direct flow vacuum tube collector that is ideal for installation in any location. The new design of the header casing enables the Vitosol 200-T to blend harmoniously into the overall appearance of the roof.

The Sol-titanium coated absorbers collect a vast amount of solar energy and thereby ensure high efficiency. The vacuum in the tubes guarantees very effective thermal insulation. There are therefore almost no losses between the glass tubes and the absorber, enabling the collector to convert even low levels of solar irradiation into useful energy.

Viessmann solar collectors are designed for an exceptionally long service life. This is guaranteed by the use of high-grade, corrosion- resistant materials, such as glass, copper and stainless steel. The absorber is an integral part of the vacuum tube. This protects it from weather influences and contamination, and ensures lasting energy utilisation.

The Vitosol 200-T collectors are delivered as pre-assembled units. An innovative plug-in system makes the quick and easy installation of individual tubes in any location possible, without requiring special tools. Plug the tubes into the manifold – click – finished (Fig. 25). Subsequently, the individual tubes can be rotated for optimum alignment with the sun.

The stainless steel corrugated plug-in connectors interconnect the individual collectors.

plug-in connectors interconnect the individual collectors. Fig. 23: Vitosol 200-T vacuum tube collector Fig. 24:

Fig. 23: Vitosol 200-T vacuum tube collector

collectors. Fig. 23: Vitosol 200-T vacuum tube collector Fig. 24: Vitosol 200-T, type SD2 (2 m

Fig. 24: Vitosol 200-T, type SD2 (2 m 2 and 3 m 2 )

vacuum tube collector Fig. 24: Vitosol 200-T, type SD2 (2 m 2 and 3 m 2

Fig. 25: Innovative plug-in system

Viessmann system design saves costs and installation time

Vitosol 300-T Heat pipe vacuum tube collector

The Vitosol 300-T high performance vacuum tube collector (Fig. 26 and 27) operates according to the proven heat pipe principle. Consequently it offers particularly high operational reliability. One of the specific applications of the Vitosol 300-T is in systems with long phases of high solar irradiation without heat transfer, so-called "stagnation phases". The dry connection of the heat pipe tubes inside the header and the integral temperature limiter ensure particularly high operational reliability.

In heat pipe systems, the solar medium does not flow directly through the collector tubes. Instead, a process medium, which circulates in a special absorber, evaporates when subjected to solar irradiation, and transfers the heat to the solar medium via a heat exchanger. The condensers are completely surrounded by the patented Duotec twin-pipe heat exchanger (Fig. 28). This absorbs the heat particularly well and passes it into the heat transfer medium flowing past it.

The collectors are rapidly interconnected through the reliable stainless steel corrugated pipe plug- in connectors. The individual tubes can be precisely aligned with the sun by axial rotation. The tubes are connected in a dry state, i.e. without contact between the liquid inside the heat pipe and the fluid in the general system, thus ensuring perfect tube connection. It is also possible, for example, to replace individual tubes when the system is already filled.

The Vitosol 300-T is impervious to long stagnation periods, as might occur in schools, for example. Integral temperature limiter effectively protects against overheating. High-grade, corrosion- resistant materials ensure safety, operational reliability and a long service life. Among others, glass, copper and stainless steel are used.

Among others, glass, copper and stainless steel are used. Fig. 26: Heat pipe vacuum tube collector

Fig. 26: Heat pipe vacuum tube collector Vitosol 300-T

Fig. 26: Heat pipe vacuum tube collector Vitosol 300-T Fig. 27: Vitosol 300-T Fig. 28: Highly

Fig. 27: Vitosol 300-T

vacuum tube collector Vitosol 300-T Fig. 27: Vitosol 300-T Fig. 28: Highly effective "Duotec" twin-pipe heat

Fig. 28: Highly effective "Duotec" twin-pipe heat exchanger

Viessmann system design saves costs and installation time

6.2 DHW cylinders for solar heating systems

Viessmann solar heating systems – matched to demand and complete

Viessmann offers a complete range of solar heating systems – along with optimally designed system technology where everything matches perfectly.

DHW cylinder for dual-mode DHW heating

Vitocell 100-U

The Vitocell 100-U with 300 litre capacity (Fig. 29) is the solution for affordable DHW heating in conjunction with solar collectors and a boiler. The pump assembly, pipework, filling valve, solar control unit, two cylinder thermometers and an air separator are assembled in a single casing that is fitted to the cylinder. All components are a perfect match for each other and are fully assembled. This enables an easy, cost-effective installation. An electric immersion heater is available as accessory (retrofitting is possible).

Vitocell 100-B

The heat absorbed by the solar collectors is transferred to the DHW inside the dual-mode Vitocell 100-B with 300, 400 or 500 litre capacity (Fig. 30 and 31) via the lower indirect coil. An indirect coil, arranged in the upper area and heated by a boiler, reheats the DHW upon demand. An electric immersion heater is available as accessory (retrofitting is possible). The DHW cylinder is protected against corrosion by Ceraprotect enamel coating and an additional cathode (magnesium or impressed current anode).

additional cathode (magnesium or impressed current anode). Fig. 29: Vitocell 100-U – dual-mode DHW cylinder with

Fig. 29: Vitocell 100-U – dual-mode DHW cylinder with Solar-Divicon, integral piping and a Vitosolic 100

with Solar-Divicon, integral piping and a Vitosolic 100 Fig. 30: Vitocell 100-B – dual-mode steel DHW

Fig. 30: Vitocell 100-B – dual-mode steel DHW cylinder with Ceraprotect enamel coating (300 litre capacity)

with Ceraprotect enamel coating (300 litre capacity) Fig. 31: Vitocell 100-B – dual-mode steel DHW cylinder

Fig. 31: Vitocell 100-B – dual-mode steel DHW cylinder with Ceraprotect enamel coating (400 and 500 litre capacity)

Viessmann system design saves costs and installation time

Vitocell 300-B

The powerful stainless steel dual- mode Vitocell 300-B DHW cylinder with 300 or 500 litre capacity (Fig. 32, 33 and 34) is designed for dual-mode DHW heating. The lower indirect coil transfers the heat from the solar collectors to the DHW, whereas the upper indirect coil enables DHW heating on demand, by the boiler. The Vitocell 300-B is made from high-alloy stainless steel. Its surface

is hygienic through its homogeneous

properties, that are retained through

a long service life. Dual-mode DHW

cylinders with 500 litre capacity are supplied with removable soft PUR foam insulation for easier handling.

with removable soft PUR foam insulation for easier handling. Fig. 32: Vitocell 300-B (300 litre capacity)

Fig. 32: Vitocell 300-B (300 litre capacity)

handling. Fig. 32: Vitocell 300-B (300 litre capacity) Fig. 33: Vitocell 300-B (500 litre capacity) Fig.

Fig. 33: Vitocell 300-B (500 litre capacity)

capacity) Fig. 33: Vitocell 300-B (500 litre capacity) Fig. 34: Vitocell 300-B – dual-mode DHW cylinder

Fig. 34: Vitocell 300-B – dual-mode DHW cylinder made from stainless steel

Viessmann system design saves costs and installation time

Heating water buffer cylinder Vitocell

100-E

For storing heating water in conjunction with solar heating systems, Viessmann offers the Vitocell 100-E (Fig. 35) heating water buffer cylinder with 200, 400, 750 and 1000 litre capacity. This helps to keep the DHW cylinder small (for hygiene considerations), particularly in larger systems.

Vitocell 140-E

The Vitocell 140-E (Fig. 36) is a heating water buffer cylinder with internal indirect coil for connection to solar collectors and is available with 750 and 1000 litre capacity. The cylinder connections have been selected so that several heat sources, including solid fuel boiler and heat pump, can be easily connected. The Vitocell 140-E is designed for central heating backup. In this case, DHW can be heated with a freshwater module. The high draw-off rate meets the demand for a high DHW convenience.

Vitocell 160-E

The Vitocell 160-E (Fig. 37) is a heating water buffer cylinder with internal indirect coil for connection to solar collectors and is available with 750 and 1000 litre capacity. The Vitocell 160-E is equipped with a stratification system for a quicker utilisation of solar energy. This further improves the solar yield by ensuring a specific increase in temperature in the upper cylinder area and a lowering of the temperatures in the lower cylinder area.

a lowering of the temperatures in the lower cylinder area. Fig. 35: Vitocell 100-E, 750 and

Fig. 35: Vitocell 100-E, 750 and 1000 litre capacity

area. Fig. 35: Vitocell 100-E, 750 and 1000 litre capacity Fig. 36: Vitocell 140-E Heating water

Fig. 36: Vitocell 140-E Heating water buffer cylinder with internal indirect solar coil

water buffer cylinder with internal indirect solar coil Fig. 37: Vitocell 160-E Heating water buffer cylinder

Fig. 37: Vitocell 160-E Heating water buffer cylinder with internal indirect solar coil and stratification system

Viessmann system design saves costs and installation time

Multi-mode heating water buffer cylinder

Vitocell 340-M

Total capacity:

750

1000

litre

Htg. water content:

705

953

litre

DHW capacity:

33

33

litre

Solar indirect

coil content:

12

14

litre

The Vitocell 340-M (Fig. 39) is a multi-mode combi cylinder, prepared for the simultaneous connection of several heat sources. As well as oil and gas fired boilers, it is also possible to link solid fuel boilers, solar heating systems and heat pumps to this cylinder.

Vitocell 360-M

Total capacity:

750

1000

litre

Htg. water content:

705

953

litre

DHW capacity:

33

33

litre

Solar indirect

coil content:

12

14

litre

The Vitocell 360-M (Fig. 40) is a multi-mode combi cylinder, prepared for the simultaneous connection of several heat sources. As well as oil and gas fired boilers, it is also possible to link solid fuel boilers, solar heating systems and heat pumps to this cylinder. The stratification primary system ensures the layering of solar energy-heated water at different temperatures, making DHW heated by solar energy available very quickly.

making DHW heated by solar energy available very quickly. Fig. 38: Vitocell 340-M or 360-M Fig.

Fig. 38: Vitocell 340-M or 360-M

available very quickly. Fig. 38: Vitocell 340-M or 360-M Fig. 39: Vitocell 340-M Multi-mode heating water

Fig. 39: Vitocell 340-M Multi-mode heating water buffer cylinder with integral DHW heating

heating water buffer cylinder with integral DHW heating Fig. 40: Vitocell 360-M Multi-mode heating water buffer

Fig. 40: Vitocell 360-M Multi-mode heating water buffer cylinder with stratification primary system and integral DHW heating

Viessmann system design saves costs and installation time

6.3 System components (Fig. 41)

Solar-Divicon pump station – for all hydraulic functions and thermal protection

All essential safety and function equipment, such as thermometer, ball valves with check valves, circulation pump, flow meter, pressure gauge, safety valve and thermal insulation are combined in one compact assembly (Fig. 42).

Control units

Solar energy is particularly efficiently utilised with the intelligent Vitosolic energy management system in combination with the solar collectors in the Vitosol product range.The Vitosolic 100 and 200 solar control units are suitable for single and multi-circuit solar heating systems and cover all conventional applications. Data is exchanged via the KM BUS with the weather- compensated Vitotronic boiler control unit.

The Vitosolic ensures that the energy "harvested" on the roof is utilised as effectively as possible for DHW heating or for central heating backup. Vitosolic 100/200 communicates with the boiler control unit and switches the boiler off, as soon as sufficient solar energy is available – and that reduces your heating costs.

Solar collector Solar control unit Solar- Divicon Wall-mounted gas fired condensing boiler Dual-mode DHW cylinder
Solar collector
Solar
control unit
Solar-
Divicon
Wall-mounted
gas fired condensing boiler
Dual-mode
DHW cylinder

Fig. 41: Viessmann solar heating system with condensing boiler and dual-mode DHW cylinder

Viessmann solar heating system with condensing boiler and dual-mode DHW cylinder Fig. 42: Solar-Divicon pump station

Fig. 42: Solar-Divicon pump station

Viessmann system design saves costs and installation time

Vitosolic 100 (Fig. 43 left)

Attractively priced solar control unit for single circuit systems:

Simple operation in accordance with the Vitotronic control philosophy.

Two-line display with information about current temperatures and pump operating conditions.

Small casing dimensions.

Vitosolic 200 (Fig. 43 r.h. side)

Solar control unit for multi-circuit systems with dedicated operator interface for up to four independent solar circuits:

Simple operation in accordance with the Vitotronic control philosophy.

High operating convenience through four-line plain text display with menu assistance.

For all conventional applications:

– multi-cylinder operation,

– swimming pool water heating,

– central heating backup.

Large wiring chamber for easy

installation.

Heating swimming pool water

Viessmann offers Vitotrans 200 heat exchangers (Fig. 44) with various output stages for heating swimming pool water. The heat exchanger surfaces and connections are made from high-grade, corrosion-resistant stainless steel.

made from high-grade, corrosion-resistant stainless steel. Fig. 43: Vitosolic 100 and 200 control units Fig. 44:

Fig. 43: Vitosolic 100 and 200 control units

stainless steel. Fig. 43: Vitosolic 100 and 200 control units Fig. 44: Vitotrans 200 heat exchanger

Fig. 44: Vitotrans 200 heat exchanger

Solar heating system with dual-mode DHW cylinder (Fig. 45)

Dual-circuit system, comprising

– solar collector system

– boiler

– dual-mode DHW cylinder.

DHW heating with solar energy

The solar circuit pump is switched ON and the DHW cylinder is heated up, when a temperature differential higher than the value set at Vitosolic control unit is measured between collector temperature sensor and cylinder temperature sensor . The temperature inside the DHW cylinder can be limited by the electronic limit thermostat incorporated in Vitosolic 100 .

DHW heating by boiler

The upper indirect coil of the DHW cylinder is heated by the boiler. The DHW control thermostat, to which a cylinder temperature sensor of the boiler control unit is connected, starts the cylinder primary pump .

Solar heating system with two DHW cylinders (Fig. 46)

Dual-circuit system, comprising

solar collector system

boiler

two DHW cylinders (application case: For example, an existing DHW cylinder should also be used).

7. Solar heating systems for DHW heating

2 1 T T 5 4 6 3 Fig. 45: DHW heating with solar collectors
2
1
T
T
5
4
6
3
Fig. 45: DHW heating with solar collectors and a dual-mode DHW cylinder
2 1 7 T T 4 5 B A 6
2
1
7
T
T
4
5
B
A
6

Fig. 46: DHW heating with solar collectors and two DHW cylinders

8. Integrating a solar heating system into a conventional heating system

DHW heating with solar energy

The DHW cylinder will be heated by the solar circuit, if a temperature differential which is greater than the

value set at the Vitosolic control unit is measured between collector temperature sensor and the

cylinder

temperature inside the DHW cylinder

can be limited by the electronic

limit thermostat incorporated in Vitosolic 200 . The DHW circulation pump will be started via the

second Vitosolic 200, as soon as the

temperature in DHW cylinder

. This then also utilises DHW cylinder to exploit the available solar energy.

A
A

temperature sensor. The

A
A
A is B
A
is
B

higher than that of DHW cylinder

B
B

DHW heating by boiler

The boiler heats up the DHW cylinder

– as shown in Fig. 46 – if the actual temperature at cylinder temperature sensor drops below the set DHW temperature.

B
B
2 1 T T 4 6 5 7 3 M Fig. 47: Dual-mode DHW heating
2
1
T
T
4
6 5
7
3
M
Fig. 47: Dual-mode DHW heating and supplementing the heating function

Solar heating system for DHW heating and central heating backup (Fig. 47)

Dual-circuit system, comprising

– solar collector system

– boiler

– multi-mode combi cylinder.

Heating the combination cylinder through the solar heating system

The solar circuit pump is switched ON and the combination cylinder is heated up, when a temperature differential higher than the value set at the Vitosolic control unit is measured between collector temperature sensor and the lower cylinder temperature sensor . The temperature inside the combination cylinder can be limited by the electronic limit thermostat incorporated in Vitosolic 200 . The location of the solar heat exchanger inside the combination cylinder ensures that even small amounts of heat generated during periods of little sunshine can be utilised.

Heating the combi cylinder by boiler

As shown in Fig. 45 and 46, the combination cylinder is heated by the boiler, if the heating water temperature at the upper cylinder temperature sensor drops below the selected temperature.

DHW heating according to the instantaneous water heating principle

The heated DHW inside corrugated stainless steel pipe is immediately available to be drawn off. Cold inrushing water is heated by the heating water as it flows through the corrugated stainless steel pipe. When a lot of DHW is drawn, the heating water inside the combination cylinder cools down severely. This triggers temperature sensor to start the boiler, thereby guaranteeing constant DHW convenience.

9. Solar technology in a new light:

Technology as part of architecture

Viessmann solar collectors herald a new dawn in the utilisation of solar energy. No matter where flat-plate or tubular solar collectors are installed, i.e. on top of a roof, on a wall or whether they are integral to the roof, they create new aesthetic opportunities for building design. Coupled with a high degree of functionality, these systems can be imaginatively incorporated into modern architecture (Fig. 48).

Intelligent alternatives to conventional construction concepts

Viessmann tube collectors enable many design ideas to be realised, either as single or multiple arrangements. In this case, solar collectors are not simply matched to the design of a building, instead they are used as structural construction elements. Apart from the option of using high performance collectors as part of innovative building design, their optical effect is quite striking too. The coloured absorber endows any building with a characteristic optical impact.

In the "City of tomorrow" in Malmö, Sweden, an ecological blueprint has already taken impressive shape (Fig. 49). Five hundred living units cover their entire energy demand exclusively from renewable resources. The Vitosol 200-T vacuum tube collectors represent an essential part of the heat provision. The quite avant-garde visual appearance of this estate demonstrates, with a collector area of approx. 300 m 2 , an innovative integration of technology into architecture. Another milestone of functional aesthetics: The wall mounted solar heating system from Viessmann at the Studentenwerk, Leipzig, was awarded the Environmental Prize of Saxony 2001 (Fig. 50).

Collectors as design features

of Saxony 2001 (Fig. 50). Collectors as design features Fig. 48: Nord LB Hannover Fig. 49:

Fig. 48: Nord LB Hannover

Collectors as design features Fig. 48: Nord LB Hannover Fig. 49: City of tomorr ow Malmö,

Fig. 49: City of tomorrow Malmö, Sweden

Nord LB Hannover Fig. 49: City of tomorr ow Malmö, Sweden Fig. 50: Studentenwerk Leipzig –

Fig. 50: Studentenwerk Leipzig – awarded the environmental prize of Saxony

A synthesis of functional and aesthetic design

Vacuum tube collectors utilise free solar energy and offer endless creative opportunities for design. Their installation location is not limited to walls or roofs either. Viessmann solar heating systems are also very effective as wide projections or as freestanding structures: Whilst the collectors absorb solar energy, their lamellar structure is also effective at providing shade (Fig. 51).

Viessmann's variety of collector versions is versatile enough for almost any form of installation. Amongst the pioneers are the Vitosol 200-F and Vitosol 300-F flat-plate collectors that are perfect for roof integration with their special assembly sets.

The Vitosol 200-T vacuum tube collector, on the other hand, can be installed in any position, e.g. on a wall or on a flat roof, even without supports. In addition, they can be mounted on a balcony railing as well as horizontally or vertically on pitched roofs.

Individual colour and attractive design

The Vitosol 200-F and Vitosol 300-F offer completely new perspectives for matching roof and solar collectors. The edge trims help to create a harmonious transition from collector surface to roof. Upon request, frame and edge trim can be supplied in all RAL colours, for a perfect match with the roof colour (Fig. 52).

This makes these highly effective solar collectors with Sol-Titanium coating an integral part of the roof design. Coupled with a high degree of functionality, Viessmann solar heating systems offer interesting opportunities for exciting exteriors.

Solar technology in a new light:

Collectors as design features

technology in a new light: Collectors as design features Fig. 51: Heliotrop, Freiburg with vacuum tube

Fig. 51: Heliotrop, Freiburg with vacuum tube collectors

Fig. 51: Heliotrop, Freiburg with vacuum tube collectors Fig. 52: Vitosol solar collectors – for attractive

Fig. 52: Vitosol solar collectors – for attractive designs on your roof

Subject to technical modifications

03/2008

9446 750 - 3 GB

Subject to technical modifications 03/2008 9446 75 0 - 3 GB Energy sources: Oil, gas, solar,
Subject to technical modifications 03/2008 9446 75 0 - 3 GB Energy sources: Oil, gas, solar,
Subject to technical modifications 03/2008 9446 75 0 - 3 GB Energy sources: Oil, gas, solar,
Subject to technical modifications 03/2008 9446 75 0 - 3 GB Energy sources: Oil, gas, solar,
Subject to technical modifications 03/2008 9446 75 0 - 3 GB Energy sources: Oil, gas, solar,
Subject to technical modifications 03/2008 9446 75 0 - 3 GB Energy sources: Oil, gas, solar,

Energy sources:

Oil, gas, solar, wood and natural heatmodifications 03/2008 9446 75 0 - 3 GB Energy sources: Output range: From 1.5 to 20

Output range: 3 GB Energy sources: Oil, gas, solar, wood and natural heat From 1.5 to 20 000

From 1.5 to 20 000 kW

Range categories:

300: Excellenceheat Output range: From 1.5 to 20 000 kW Range categories: 100: Plus 200: Comfort System

100: Plus

200: Comfort

System solutions: kW Range categories: 300: Excellence 100: Plus 200: Comfort Perfectly matching products The Viessmann Group Viessmann

Perfectly matching

products

The Viessmann Group

Viessmann Werke 35107 Allendorf (Eder) Telephone 06452 70-0 Fax 06452 70-2780
Viessmann Werke
35107 Allendorf (Eder)
Telephone 06452 70-0
Fax
06452 70-2780

www.viessmann.com

For three generations, the Viessmann family business has been committed to generating heat conveniently, economically, with environmental responsibility and in accordance with the prevailing demand. With a number of outstanding product developments and problem-solving solutions, Viessmann has created milestones which have frequently made them the pacemaker and trendsetter for their entire industry.

With the current comprehensive

range, Viessmann offers its customers

a series of multi-stage products with

output from 1.5 kW to 20 000 kW:

Freestanding and wall mounted boilers for oil and gas, either with conventional or condensing technology, plus systems using renewable energy, such as heat pumps, solar heating systems and boilers for sustainable fuel supplies. The product range further includes control technology and data communication, as well as the entire system periphery, down to radiators and underfloor heating systems.

Viessmann's orientation is decidedly international – it maintains 12 factories in Germany, Austria, France, Canada, Poland and China, sales organisations in Germany and 35 other countries, plus 120 sales offices around the world.

Responsibility for the environment and society at large, fairness in dealing with business partners and employees as well as striving for

perfection and the highest efficiency in all business processes are core values for Viessmann. This applies to every individual employee and therefore to the whole company.

It offers its customers, with the

multitude of its products and associated services, the particular benefit and added value of a strong brand.

with the multitude of its products and associated services, the particular benefit and added value of