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DAFTAR ISI

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PRAKATA ..................................................................................... v
DAFTAR ISI ..................................................................................... vii

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DAFTAR SINGKATAN........................................................................ ix

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BAGIAN 1. MALNUTRISI
BAB I. MALNUTRISI RUMAH SAKIT......................................... 3
Pengertian ............................................................................... 3
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Prevalensi Malnutrisi Rumah Sakit ......................................... 4
Etiologi .................................................................................... 8
Dampak Malnutrisi terhadap Outcome Pasien......................... 13
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BAB II. INTERVENSI MALNUTRISI RUMAH SAKIT................ 16


Peranan Skrining Gizi............................................................... 16
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Peranan Asuhan Gizi................................................................ 18

BAGIAN 2. SKRINING GIZI


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BAB III. SKRINING GIZI DI RUMAH SAKIT................................ 23


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Pengertian ................................................................................ 23
BAB IV. PENGEMBANGAN METODE SKRINING GIZI DI RU-
MAH SAKIT.................................................................. ......... 26
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Kriteria Alat Skrining Gizi....................................................... 30


Studi Desain.............................................................................. 31
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Validitas.................................................................................... 34
Reliabilitas................................................................................ 36
Pengembangan Simple Nutrition Screening Tool (SNST)....... 37
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Perbandingan SNST Dengan Metode Skrining Gizi................ 53

BAGIAN 3. METODE SKRINING GIZI


BAB V. METODE SKRINING GIZI PADA ANAK ....................... 63
Nutrition Risk Score (NRS)...................................................... 66

Penerapan Skrining Gizi di Rumah Sakit vii


Simple Paediatric Nutritional Risk Score (SPNRS)............. 67
Paediatric Yorkhill Malnutrition Score (PYMS) ................... 68
Screening Tool for the Assessment of Malnutrition in Pae-
diatrics (STAMP)................................................................... 69
Screening Tool for Risk of Impaired Nutritional Status and
Growth (STRONGKIDS)........................................................... 71
Subjective Global Nutrition Assessment (SGNA).................. 72

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BAB VI. METODE SKRINING GIZI PADA DEWASA ................. 78

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Nutrition Risk Screening 2002 (NRS-2002) .......................... 79
Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST) .................. 82

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Malnutrition Screening Tool (MST) ...................................... 85
Nutrition Service Screening Assessment (NSSA) .................. 86

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Short Nutrition Assessment Questionnaire (SNAQ) ............. 89
Subjective Global Assessment (SGA) .................................... 90
Patient Generated-Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA) 95
Prognostic Nutritional Index (PNI) ....................................... 96
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Hospital Prognosis Index (HPI) ............................................ 96
BAB VII. METODE SKRINING GIZI PADA USIA LANJUT........ 102
Nutrition Risk Index (NRI) .................................................... 102
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Geriatric Nutrition Risk Index (GNRI).................................. 103


Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) ..................................... 104
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Nutrition Screening Initiative (NSI) ...................................... 107


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DAFTAR PUSTAKA ............................................................................ 110


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viii Penerapan Skrining Gizi di Rumah Sakit