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Cheer dance and Cheerleading

History of Cheerleading

●Cheerleading ranges from yelling to intense physical activity for sports team motivation, audience entertainment
or competition based upon organized routines.

●The routines usually range anywhere from one to three minutes,includes:

tumbling  dance

 jumps  cheers and stunting

●The yellers, dancers and athletes involved in cheerleading are called cheerleaders.

●originated in the United States.

●Remains predominantly American, with an estimated 1.5 million participants in all-star cheerleading.

●1997-cheerleading as a sport to a global audience by ESPN International and the worldwide release of the 2000
film Bring It On.

●100,000 participants scattered around the rest of the world in countries including Australia, Canada, China,
Colombia, Finland, France, Germany, Japan, the Netherlands, New Zealand and the United Kingdom.


●Organized cheerleading started as an all-male activity.

●1877- Princeton University had a "Princeton Cheer", documented in the

● February 22, 1877- documented

● March 12, 1880 and November 4, 1881- issues of the Daily Princetonian

●"Hurrah! Hurrah! Hurrah! Tiger! S-s-s-t! Boom! A-h-h-h!" the cheers of the athletes referred as “LOCOMOTIVE”

● Princeton class of 1882 graduate Thomas Peebles moved to Minnesota in 1884

● 1897- The term "Cheer Leader" had been used with Princeton's football officials having named three students as
Cheer Leaders:

 Thomas- graduated in 1898

 Easton - graduated in 1898

 Guerin - graduated in 1899

●October 26, 1897- these students would cheer for the team also at football practices.

● 1898- that University of Minnesota student Johnny Campbell directed a crowd in cheering "Rah, Rah, Rah! Ski-u-
mah, Hoo-Rah! Hoo-Rah! Varsity! Varsity! Varsity, Minn-e-So-Tah!", making Campbell the very first cheerleader.

● November 2, 1898 -the official birth date of organized cheerleading.

● The University of Minnesota organized a "yell leader" squad of six male students.

● 1903- the first cheerleading fraternity, Gamma Sigma, was founded.

● 1907- Women joined cheerleading and began to dominate it during World War II
● Gymnastics, tumbling and megaphones were incorporated into popular cheers, and are still used.

● Statistics show that around 97% of all modern cheerleading participants overall are female level and about 50%
of participants being male.

● 1948-Lawrence "Herkie" Herkimer, of Dallas, Texas, a former cheerleader at Southern Methodist University,
formed the National Cheerleaders Association (NCA) in order to hold clinics for cheerleading.

●1949-The National Cheerleaders Association held its first clinic in Huntsville, Texas, with 52 girls in attendance.

●1960s-college cheerleaders began hosting workshops across the nation, teaching fundamental cheer skills to high-
school-age girls.

●1965- Fred Gastoff invented the vinyl pom-pon, which was introduced into competitions by the International
Cheerleading Foundation (now the World Cheerleading Association or WCA).

●1967-Organized cheerleading competitions began to pop up with the first ranking of the "Top Ten College
Cheerleading Squads" and "Cheerleader All America" awards given out by the International Cheerleading

●1978-America was introduced to competitive cheerleading by the first broadcast of Collegiate Cheerleading
Championships on CBS.

●1960s- National Football League (NFL) teams began to organize their own professional cheerleading teams.

●The 1980s saw the beginning of modern cheerleading with more difficult stunt sequences and gymnastics
incorporated into routines.

● All-star teams started to pop up, and with them the creation of the United States All-Star Federation (USASF).

●1983-ESPN first broadcast the National High School Cheerleading Competition nationwide .

●1987-Cheerleading organizations such as the American Association of Cheerleading Coaches and Advisors (AACCA)

●In 2003, the National Council for Spirit Safety and Education (NCSSE) was formed to offer safety training for youth,
school, all star and college coaches.

● The NCAA requires college cheer coaches to successfully complete a nationally recognized safety-training
program. The NCSSE or AACCA certification programs are both recognized by the NCAA.

Cheerleading History

Cheerleading-is an organized sports activity involving short routines that combine dance, gymnastics, and stunt
elements to cheer on teams, most commonly football.

●Performers of these one to three-minute routines are called "cheerleaders".

● Originated in Britain and spread to the United States where it remains most common, but has also become
popular in other parts of the world, such as Europe, Central America, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, and Asia.

●Cheer teams enter competitions every year, vying for large prizes and trophies.

●Cheer teams can be found in middle and high schools, colleges, youth leagues, and athletic associations.

●There is professional and All-Star cheerleading.

● there are an estimated 3.5 million cheerleaders in the US alone, not including dance team members, gymnasts,
and other affiliated participants which would raise that number to above 5 million.
● Cheerleaders outside the US total about 100,000.


●Cheerleading dates to the 1860s, in Great Britain, and entered the US in the 1880s.

●cheerleading was begun by men

●Princeton University, in 1884, got the idea that crowd chanting at football games would boost school spirit so they
came up with a catchy cheer.

Ray, Ray, Ray! Tiger, Tiger, Tiger! Sis, Sis, Sis! Boom, Boom, Boom Aaaaah! Princeton, Princeton, Princeton!

● November 2, 1898- U-Minnesota student Johnny Campbell led an organized cheer at a football game between
Minnesota and Princeton University, so you might say he was the first actual "cheer leader".

●1903- the University of Minnesota organized the first cheer fraternity called Gamma Sigma.

●1920s- women became involved in cheerleading

●1930s- cheers were aided by the use of paper pompoms (the first vinyl pom-poms weren't manufactured until

●1940s-women were mainly leading the cheers, and routines took on a voice their own.

●1948 -Lawrence Herkimer founded the National Cheerleaders Association (NCA) which began to hold cheer
workshops, with more than 50 attendees and 350 by the following year.

●1960s -just about every high school and college in the country had cheerleaders.

●Organized cheer competitions such as, "The Top Ten College Cheerleading Squads", and "Cheerleader All
America" became something intercollegiate squads aspired to.

●1978-CBS broadcasted the first cheerleading competition of this caliber.

●The Title IX rule was passed in 1972 allowing females to complete in sports, and competitive cheerleading took
off. The rule states:

"No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits
of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial

●1974-The Universal Cheerleaders Association was created to provide educational training for college and high
school cheer squads.

●The first stunt taught was the spectacular "liberty" mount.

●1980s-Modern cheerleading as we know it today with flashy dance routines and gymnastics stunts.

●1997 cheerleading was recognized as an independent sport, attracting national attention.

● 2003- a national council was formed to offer safety workshops to cheerleading squads and their coaches, and
today the National Collegiate Athletic Association mandates that college cheer coaches complete official safety
Lawrence Herkimer, "Grandfather of Cheerleading"
●Lawrence "Herkie" Herkimer is a legend and innovator in the field of cheerleading.

● He founded the National Cheerleaders Association at Southern Methodist University, holding cheerleading camps
since 1948.

● His first camp drew 52 girls and one boy

● 1953-He founded the Cheerleading Supply Company patenting the first pompoms, or pom-pons.

● 1971- His pom-pon with the hidden handle was patented

●Herkimer founded a national cheerleading magazine called Megaphone while at SMU.

●1869-The first intercollegiate game was played between Princeton University and Rutgers University in New

●1880s-Princeton had formed an all-male pep club

●Thomas Peebles- took the Princeton cheers to the University of Minnesota, where football and fight songs were
becoming very popular.

●1898- U of M was on a losing streak, and a medical student named Johnny Campbell assembled a group to
energize the team and the crowd.

●Johnny picked up a megaphone and rallied the team to victory with the first organized cheer: “Rah, Rah, Rah! Ski-
U-Mah! Hoo-Rah! Hoo-Rah! Varsity! Varsity! Minn-eso-tah!

●It wasn’t until 1923 that women were allowed to cheer for the first time, at the University of Minnesota.

●cheerleaders added tumbling and acrobatics to their routines, and a University of Oregon cheerleader used
flashcards for the first time.

●1948-Southern Methodist University cheerleader Lawrence “Herkie” Herkimer held the first summer cheerleading
clinic at Sam Houston State Teacher’s College (now State University), and went on to develop his signature “Herkie”
jump, the spirit stick and the pom pon, all cheerleading staples to this day

●1961- he incorporated the National Cheerleaders Association (NCA).

●1960s-cheerleading could be found in virtually every high school and grade school across the country, and pee
wee and youth leagues had developed as well.

●1974- Jeff Webb (who had been general manager of NCA) founded Universal Cheerleaders Association (UCA),
which taught higher level skills.

●1987- the first association devoted to teaching safety to coaches and advisors.

●UCA has grown into Varsity Spirit Corp., today, encompassing 17 cheerleading event, apparel and service

●All Star cheerleading started in the late ‘80s, and grew rapidly through the ‘90s.
The original purpose of cheerleading is still relevant in today’s world, even with the increasing
popularity of competition.
●Cheerleaders are the promoters of their schools and communities.

● They are a key marketing tool to the athletics programs that they support, and they create the community
patriotism we call “school spirit.”

●they are tomorrow’s leaders who through the development of athletic skills, leadership, and teamwork will be
vital members of the community in the future.

●Be a cheerleader and become a leader.

●During a competition routine, a squad performs carefully choreographed stunting, tumbling, jumping and dancing
to their own custom music.

●Teams create their routines to an eight-count system and apply that to the music so that the team members
execute the elements with precise timing and synchronization.

●Judges at the competition watch closely for illegal moves from the group or any individual member.

● An illegal move is something that is not allowed in that division due to difficulty and/or safety restrictions.

●They look out for deductions, or things that go wrong, such as a dropped stunt.

●They also look for touch downs in tumbling for deductions.

●More generally, judges look at the difficulty and execution of jumps, stunts and tumbling, synchronization,
creativity, the sharpness of the motions, showmanship, and overall routine execution.

●Professional cheerleaders and dancers cheer for sports such as football, basketball, baseball, wrestling, or hockey.

●There are only a small handful of professional cheerleading leagues around the world; some professional leagues
include the NBA Cheerleading League, the NFL Cheerleading League, the CFL Cheerleading League, the MLS
Cheerleading League, the MLB Cheerleading League, and the NHL Ice Dancers

●In addition to cheering at games and competing, professional cheerleaders also, as teams, can often do a lot of
philanthropy and charity work, modeling, motivational speaking, television performances, and advertising

●Cheerleading can be a dangerous sport.

●There is much contact in this sport as there is lifting and tumbling.

Dangers of Cheerleading
● Kristi Yamaoka- a cheerleader for Southern Illinois University, suffered a fractured vertebra when she hit her
head after falling from a human pyramid.

●She also suffered from a concussion, and a bruised lung.

●The fall occurred when Yamaoka lost her balance during a basketball game between Southern Illinois University
and Bradley University at the Savvis Center in St. Louis on March 5, 2006.
●The accident caused the Missouri Valley Conference to ban its member schools from allowing cheerleaders to be
"launched or tossed and from taking part in formations higher than two levels" for one week during a women's
basketball conference tournament, and also resulted in a recommendation by the NCAA that conferences and
tournaments do not allow pyramids two and one half levels high or higher, and a stunt known as basket tosses,
during the rest of the men's and women's basketball season.

●On July 11, 2006, the bans were made permanent by the AACCA rules committee:

The committee unanimously voted for sweeping revisions to cheerleading safety rules, the most major of which
restricts specific upper-level skills during basketball games. Basket tosses, 2 high pyramids, one-arm stunts, stunts
that involve twisting or flipping, and twisting tumbling skills may only be performed during halftime and post-game
on a matted surface and are prohibited during game play or time-outs.

●] The NCAA does not recognize cheerleading as a collegiate sport; there are no solid numbers on college
cheerleading, yet when it comes to injuries, 67% of female athlete injuries at the college level are due to
cheerleading mishaps.

●1982 and 2007- there were 103 fatal, disabling or serious injuries recorded among female high school athletes,
with the vast majority occurring in cheerleading.

●2000s- cheerleading was considered one of the most dangerous school activities.

●The main source of injuries comes from stunting, also known as pyramids

●The most common cheerleading related injuries are: sprained ankles, sprained wrists, back injuries, head injuries
(sometimes concussions), broken arms, elbow injuries, knee injuries, broken noses, and broken collarbones.
Sometimes, however, injuries can be as serious as whiplash, broken necks, broken vertebrae, and death.

●The journal Pediatrics has reportedly said that the number of cheerleaders suffering from broken bones,
concussions, and sprains has increased by over 100 percent between the years of 1990 and 2002, and that in 2001
there were 25,000 hospital visits reported for cheerleading injuries dealing with the shoulder, ankle, head, and

●October 2009-the American Association of Cheerleading Coaches and Advisors (AACCA), a subsidiary of Varsity
Brands, released a study that analyzed the data from Emergency Room visits of all high school athletes

Types of Cheerleading

 A school-sponsored cheerleading team is directly affiliated with a school, either public or private, and all of the
members on the team must attend that school.


College level cheerleading is technically school-sponsored, but it is very different from cheering at the junior high
and high school levels


 At the youth level, cheerleaders learn the basics of the sport, as well as sportsmanship and team skills.

 All-Star cheerleading is the sport’s fastest growing group because it incorporates males, females, and athletes of
all ages and skill levels.

 This type of cheerleading is for those who want to bypass sideline cheering and focus strictly on competition.


Professional cheerleaders cheer for a professional sports team (perhaps the Dallas Cowboys Cheerleaders rings a

 Professional cheerleading is very competitive and making one of these teams is no easy task.

●Street Cheer

 Street cheer is the newest addition to the cheerleading family and it combines hip hop and contemporary dance
moves with chants and cheers.

Health Benefits of Cheerleading

●It Builds Strong Bones

●Happiness Is Basically a Requirement

● Cheerleaders Might Get a Better Workout than the Whole Team Cheerleaders Are Leaders and Team Players

● It Beats Singing Alone in the Shower than the Whole Team

● Cheerleaders Are Leaders and Team Players

●Using Your Voice Is Encouraged

Cheer dancing in the Philippines

●1993-Cheerleading in the Philippines officially emerged when the Cheerleading Philippines Federation (CPF) was
officially founded.

●CPF is the “is the national confederation of Cheerleading organizations,national governing body of Cheerleading
and Cheer Dance in the country

●The CPF is mandated to sponsor and sanction cheerleading & cheer dance competitions and a variety of national
and international cheerleading competitions, including the Cheerleading World Championships, the Asia Cup, the
IFC World Cup.”

●cheerleading in the Philippines may have started way before 1993.

●Cheerleading in the Philippines has three major competitions

University Athletic Association of the Philippines (UAAP) Cheer dance Competition,

National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Cheerleading Competition

National Cheerleading Championships (NCC).

●1994-The UAAP Cheerdance Competition founded . It is an annual one-day event of the University Athletic
Association of the Philippines for cheerleading, usually held at the Araneta Coliseum.
●The participating schools of this competition are:

 Adamson University (AdU)

Ateneo de Manila University (ADMU)

De La Salle University (DLSU)

Far Eastern University (FEU)

National University (NU),

University of the East (UE)

University of the Philippines (UP).

● 2004-The NCAA Cheerleading Competition, previously known as NCAA Cheer dance Competition- is an annual
one-day event of the National Collegiate Athletic Association for cheerleading, which was recently founded in 2004.

●The participating schools of this competition are:

Arellano University (AU), Colegio de San Juan de Letran (CSJL), De La Salle - College of Saint Benilde (DLS-CSB),
Emilio Aguinaldo College (EAC), Jose Rizal University (JRU), Mapua Institute of Technology (MIT), San Beda College
(SBC), San Sebastian College - Recoletos (SSC-R) and University of Perpetual Help System Dalta (UPHSD).

 Colegio de San Juan de Letran (CSJL)

 De La Salle - College of Saint Benilde (DLS-CSB)

 Emilio Aguinaldo College (EAC)

 Jose Rizal University (JRU)

 Mapua Institute of Technology (MIT)

 San Beda College (SBC)

 San Sebastian College - Recoletos (SSC-R)

 University of Perpetual Help System Dalta (UPHSD).

● 2006- The National Cheerleading Chamionship (NCC) was recently founded

● The competition first started small, with 10 teams and divisions: high school and college.

● 2008- 29 teams participated in the NCC, which featured squads from around the country; thus making NCC the
first and only true National Cheerleading Organization in the Philippines.

●Just like the NCAA, the NCC uses the official scoring criteria used in international cheerleading.