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Loader Backhoes

 
 

5 90 Super R and 695 Super R

 
 

Tier 3

 
 

Operator’s Manual

 

PPrriinntteded inin IItatallyy

Lep 87534526 EN

 
 
 

Loader Backhoes 590 Super R and 695 Super R

Tier 3

Operator’s Manual

Lep 87534526 EN

 
THIS SAFETY ALERT SYMBOL INDICATES IMPORTANT SAFETY MESSAGES IN THIS MANUAL. WHEN YOU SEE THIS

THIS SAFETY ALERT SYMBOL INDICATES IMPORTANT SAFETY MESSAGES IN THIS MANUAL. WHEN YOU SEE THIS SYMBOL, CAREFULLY READ THE MESSAGE THAT FOLLOWS AND BE ALERT TO THE POSSIBILITY OF PERSONAL INJURY OR DEATH.

The words Danger, Warning or Caution used on the safety decals have the following significance:

DANGER: Indicates an immediate hazardous situation that, if not avoided, could result in serious injury or even death. The colour associated with Danger is RED.

WARNING: Indicates a potentially hazardous situation that, if not avoided, could result in serious injury. The colour associated with Warning is ORANGE.

CAUTION: Indicates a potentially hazardous situation that, if not avoided, may result in minor injury. It may also be used to alert against unsafe practices. The colour associated with Caution is YELLOW.

Certain decals, in conformity with the ISO standard are in several parts. They must be interpreted as follows:

The upper panel indicates the nature of the danger.

The lower panel indicates appropriate avoidance of the danger.

Background colour is YELLOW.

Prohibition symbols such as

colour is YELLOW. • Prohibition symbols such as if used, are RED. WARNING IMPROPER OPERATION OF

if used, are RED.

YELLOW. • Prohibition symbols such as if used, are RED. WARNING IMPROPER OPERATION OF THIS MACHINE

WARNING

IMPROPER OPERATION OF THIS MACHINE CAN CAUSE INJURY OR DEATH. BEFORE USING THIS MACHINE, MAKE CERTAIN THAT EVERY OPERATOR:

Is instructed in safe and proper use of the machine.

Reads and understands the Manual(s) pertaining to the machine.

Reads and understands ALL Safety Decals on the machine.

Clears the area of other persons.

Learns and practises safe use of machine controls in a safe, clear area before operating this machine on a job site.

It is your responsibility to observe pertinent laws and regulations and follow CASE instructions on machine operation and maintenance.

CNH ITALIA S.p.A Technical Information Viale delle Nazioni, 55 41100 MODENA - Italy

Reproduction or translation, even partial, is prohibited without written authorization from CNH France S.A. Company Lep 87534526 EN

 

OPERATOR’S

MANUAL

590

Super R

695

Super R

Tier 3

  OPERATOR’S MANUAL 590 Super R 695 Super R Tier 3
 

This page is intentionally left blank

 

QUICK REFERENCE SECTION GUIDE

Shown are the Sections contained within this manual.

1 - To the owner

2 - Identification numbers/Machine components

3 - Safety/Decals/Hands signals

4 - Controls/Instruments/Accessories

5 - Operating Instructions

6 - Job site and road instructions

7 - Servicing intervals

8 - Lubrication/Filters/Fluids

9 - Maintenance/Adjustments

10 - Electrical system

11 - Storage

12 - Specifications

13 - Alphabetical index

 

This page is intentionally left blank

SECTION 1 TO THE OWNER

1-1

TABLE OF CONTENTS

590 Super R and 695 Super R LOADER BACKHOES

1-1

RIGHT, LEFT, FRONT AND REAR OF THE MACHINE

1-3

SECTION 2 IDENTIFICATION NUMBERS/MACHINE COMPONENTS

2-1

TYPE, SERIAL NUMBER AND YEAR OF MANUFACTURE OF THE MACHINE

2-1

IDENTIFICATION OF MAIN COMPONENTS

2-5

SECTION 3 SAFETY/DECALS/HANDS SIGNALS

3-1

DECALS

3-7

HAND SIGNALS

 

3-15

SECTION 4 CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS/ACCESSORIES

4-1

CAB DOORS

4-1

STEPS AND ACCESS HANDLES

 

4-1

FRONT INSTRUMENT PANEL (590 Super R)

4-3

FRONT INSTRUMENT PANEL (695 Super R)

4-5

SIDE MOUNTED INSTRUMENT PANEL

4-7

SIDE

INSTRUMENT

 

4-9

OPERATOR’S COMPARTMENT CONTROLS

4-11

OPERATOR’S

SEAT

4-35

LOADER ATTACHMENT CONTROLS

4-39

BACKHOE ATTACHMENT MECHANICAL CONTROLS VERSION

4-43

BACKHOE

ATTACHMENT

HYDRAULIC CONTROLS

4-54

HEATING (Optional) AND AIR CONDITIONING (Optional) CONTROLS

4-61

CAB AIR FILTER

 

4-64

BRAKE FLUID RESERVOIR

4-64

FIRE EXTINGUISHER (Optional)

4-64

OPERATOR’S COMPARTMENT WINDOWS

4-65

LOADER ATTACHMENT SAFETY STRUT

4-66

ENGINE GUARD

 

4-68

FUEL TANK

4-68

HYDRAULIC RESERVOIR

 

4-69

BATTERY AND TOOL BOX

4-69

MACHINE

TOOLING

4-69

REAR VIEW MIRRORS

4-70

HEATER CONTROL VALVE

4-70

REVERSIBLE STABILIZER PADS (Centre pivot version) (Optional)

4-70

LOADER BUCKET QUICK COUPLER (If fitted)

4-71

ROTATING BEACON (If fitted)

 

4-71

ATTACHMENT SAFETY VALVES (If fitted)

4-72

TABLE OF CONTENTS

SECTION 5 OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS

5-1

BEFORE OPERATING THE MACHINE

5-1

OPERATING THE MACHINE

5-2

RUNNING-IN

PERIOD

5-3

STARTING

THE

ENGINE

5-4

STARTING THE ENGINE IN COLD WEATHER WITH AN AIR INTAKE HEATER

(GRID HEATER)

(Optional)

5-6

STOPPING THE

ENGINE

5-8

CODED ANTI-THEFT SYSTEM (Optional)

5-9

OPERATING THE MACHINE IN COLD WEATHER

5-10

OPERATING THE MACHINE IN HOT WEATHER

5-10

SETTING THE BACKHOE ATTACHMENT IN WORKING POSITION

5-11

LOCKING OR UNLOCKING THE BACKHOE ATTACHMENT

5-13

BACKHOE ATTACHMENT SIDESHIFT (Sideshift version)

5-14

SETTING THE BACKHOE ATTACHMENT IN THE ROAD TRAVEL POSITION

5-15

ON ROAD TRAVEL REQUIREMENTS

5-16

REPLACING A BACKHOE BUCKET

5-18

REPLACING A LOADER BUCKET

5-19

DIFFERENTIAL LOCK

5-21

LOADER BUCKET WITH FORKS (Optional)

5-23

HYDRAULIC SPEED CONTROL

5-25

STEER PHASING (4WS)

5-25

BACKHOE ATTACHMENT AUXILIARY HYDRAULIC TOOLS (Optional)

5-28

HAND-HELD AUXILIARY HYDRAULIC TOOLS (Optional)

5-29

TWO OR FOUR WHEEL DRIVE

5-30

LIFTING AND CRANING LOADS WITH THE LOADER ATTACHMENT

5-31

LOADER ATTACHMENT MAXIMUM LIFTING LOADS TABLE

5-32

MAXIMUM LIFTING LOADS USING BUCKET MOUNTED FORKS (If fitted)

5-33

LIFTING LOADS WITH THE BACKHOE ATTACHMENT

5-34

MAXIMUM WORKING LOADS WITH BACKHOE ATTACHMENT

5-36

BACKHOE ATTACHMENT MAXIMUM LIFTING LOADS TABLE

5-37

TRANSPORTING THE MACHINE

5-38

LIFTING THE MACHINE

5-39

TOWING THE MACHINE

5-40

OPERATING THE MACHINE IN WATER

5-42

PARKING THE MACHINE

5-42

SECTION 6 JOB SITE AND ROAD INSTRUCTIONS

6-1

INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE

6-1

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Job site and road instructions (continued) JOB SITE TRAVEL

6-7

LOADER ATTACHMENT OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS

6-9

BACKHOE ATTACHMENT OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS

6-14

BALLASTING AND TYRES

6-20

SECTION 7 SERVICING INTERVALS

7-1

SERVICING INSTRUCTIONS

7-1

HOURMETER

7-2

INTERVALS

7-3

SECTION

8 LUBRICATION/FILTERS/FLUIDS

8-1

FLUIDS AND LUBRICANTS

8-1

FLUID AND LUBRICANT CAPACITIES AND SPECIFICATIONS

8-2

GREASE POINTS

8-3

LEVELS

8-9

ENGINE

8-12

COOLING SYSTEM

8-15

FUEL SYSTEM

8-17

RELEASING THE PRESSURE IN THE HYDRAULIC SYSTEM

8-22

HYDRAULIC SYSTEM

8-23

AIR FILTER

8-28

TRANSMISSION

(POWERSHUTTLE)

8-32

TRANSMISSION

(POWERSHIFT)

8-35

FRONT AXLE

8-38

REAR AXLE

8-41

SECTION 9 MAINTENANCE/ADJUSTMENTS

9-1

WHEELS AND TYRES

9-1

LOADER BUCKET MECHANICAL/HYDRAULIC SELF LEVELLING/RETURN TO DIG ADJUSTMENT

9-3

RADIATOR AND AIR CONDITIONING CONDENSER (If fitted)

9-4

ENGINE ALTERNATOR AND FAN BELT

9-5

TURBOCHARGER

9-6

ENGINE ROCKER ARM CLEARANCE ADJUSTMENT

9-7

MACHINE INSPECTION AND CLEANING

9-7

CYLINDER LEAK INSPECTION

9-8

AIR CONDITIONING (Optional)

9-8

DRAINING THE TELESCOPIC DIPPER (If fitted)

9-9

CAB FILTER

9-10

HEATER UNIT AND AIR CONDITIONING COOLER (Optional)

9-11

PARKING BRAKE ADJUSTMENT

9-11

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Maintenance/adjustments (continued) BRAKE FLUID

9-12

CHECKING AND ADJUSTING STABILIZER PLAY (Sideshift version)

9-13

BACKHOE BUCKET EXCAVATION ANGLE

9-13

TELESCOPIC DIPPER (Optional)

9-14

FRONT WHEEL ADJUSTMENTS (2WS)

9-15

WHEEL ADJUSTMENTS (4WS)

9-16

ROPS/FOPS CAB

9-17

TROUBLESHOOTING

9-19

SECTION 10 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM

10-1

FUSES AND RELAYS

10-1

BATTERY

10-6

CONNECTING A BOOSTER BATTERY

10-8

ALTERNATOR

10-9

STARTER MOTOR

10-9

BULBS

10-10

REPLACING A BULB

10-10

SECTION

11

STORAGE

11-1

SECTION

12 SPECIFICATIONS

12-1

ENGINE - 110 HP / 82 KW (590 Super R and 695 Super R Models)

12-1

COOLING SYSTEM

12-1

FUEL SYSTEM

12-1

TRANSMISSION (590 Super R Models)

12-1

TRANSMISSION (695 Super R Models)

12-1

ELECTRICAL SYSTEM

12-2

BRAKES

12-2

STEERING

12-2

REAR AXLE

12-2

HYDRAULIC SYSTEM

12-2

MAXIMUM SLOPE WHEN USING THE MACHINE

12-2

FRONT COUNTERWEIGHT

12-2

RADIATOR COOLANTS

12-3

NOISE LEVEL

12-3

VIBRATION LEVEL INSIDE THE CAB

12-3

TYRES

12-4

FOUR WHEEL DRIVE TYRE COMBINATIONS

12-4

TYRES PRESSURES

12-4

TRAVEL SPEED (590 Super R Models)

12-5

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Specifications (continued)

TRAVEL SPEED (695 Super R Models)

12-5

MODELS 590 Super R LOADER ATTACHMENT - DIMENSIONS AND PERFORMANCE

12-6

MODEL 695 Super R (Sideshift version) LOADER ATTACHMENT - DIMENSIONS AND PERFORMANCE

12-8

MODEL 695 Super R (Centre pivot version) LOADER ATTACHMENT - DIMENSIONS AND PERFORMANCE

12-10

MODELS 590 Super R BACKHOE ATTACHMENT - DIMENSIONS AND PERFORMANCE

12-12

MODEL 695 Super R (Sideshift version) BACKHOE ATTACHMENT - DIMENSIONS AND PERFORMANCE

12-14

MODEL 695 Super R (Centre pivot version) BACKHOE ATTACHMENT - DIMENSIONS AND PERFORMANCE

12-16

MODELS 590 Super R LIFTING CAPACITIES

12-18

MODEL 695 Super R (Sideshift version) LIFTING CAPACITIES

12-19

MODEL 695 Super R (Centre pivot version) LIFTING CAPACITIES

12-20

SECTION 13 ALPHABETICAL INDEX

13-1

TABLE OF CONTENTS

NOTES

SECTION 1

TO THE OWNER

590 Super R and 695 Super R LOADER BACKHOES

SECTION 1 TO THE OWNER 590 Super R and 695 Super R LOADER BACKHOES Type shown:

Type shown: 590 Super R

1

Dealer’s Stamp

SECTION 1 TO THE OWNER 590 Super R and 695 Super R LOADER BACKHOES Type shown:

SECTION 1 - TO THE OWNER

You are the owner of a machine that has been designed and built with quality constantly in mind. It conforms to current labour safety regulations and all national highway and road regulations. See “Official documents”. However, this does not exclude all risk of accidents; that is why it is essential to observe elementary safety rules and precautions.

Read this manual carefully before operating the machine. Instructions concerning safety, operation and maintenance have been developed to permit safe service and operation of this machine.

Use this manual as a guide. Your machine is a working tool which you will always be able to count on, as long as it is correctly maintained.

The standard attachments and equipment of this machine are intended for general earth moving pur- poses and re-handling. If the machine is to be used for lifting loads (tubing, concrete pipe sections, shor- ing material, etc.) then make sure the machine is suitably equipped for this type of work.

Do not use this machine for any applications or pur- poses other than those described in this manual. If you use this machine for duties involving the use of attachments, accessories, or special tools, consult your Dealer to make sure that the adaptations or modifications carried out are in conformity with the machine’s technical specifications and with current regulations on safety.

Any modifications or adaptations which are not approved by the manufacturer may invalidate the machine’s original conformity with safety require- ments.

For certain applications, the machine must undergo regular inspection. Consult your Dealer.

Before entrusting this machine to an operator, make sure that:

1. The operator has received necessary training on how to operate the machine correctly and safely in one of our Training Centres or from an approved organization.

2. The operator has read and fully understood the instructions given in this manual.

Always keep this manual in the storage compart- ment provided for it. Make sure that it is always complete and in good condition. Consult your Dealer to obtain extra manuals or manuals in other languages.

Your Dealer is at your disposal for any further infor- mation. He will also provide any after-sales service you may require and genuine spare parts, your guarantee of quality, match and conformity with offi- cial regulations.

OFFICIAL DOCUMENTS

A certificate defining the weight shown on the man-

ufacturer’s plate

- Indicates that the weight shown on the manufacturer’s plate is a value based on the heaviest configuration and does not always correspond to the configuration being carried.

Standard test certificate

- Noise level (2000/14/EC) (copy provided in separate form or on the back of the “EC” certificate of conformity)

A “EC” certificate of conformity

- For a new construction equipment machine, series produced to a type approved design, designed and manufactured in accordance with the requirements of European directive 98/37/EC, concerning machine safety and mainly:

1. The following directives:

- 2000/14/EC: Noise level

- 89/336/EC: Electromagnetic compatibility

2. The following European standards:

- EN 474-1: Safety - General requirements

- EN 474-4: Safety -

Loader Backhoes equipped for load lifting

IMPORTANT: An original of this “EC” certificate is supplied with each machine and must be kept carefully by the owner. (Only a photocopy can be supplied subsequently on request).

IMPORTANT: The official documents supplied with the machine must be kept by the owner so that he may show them to the control authorities if requested to do so.

SECTION 1 - TO THE OWNER

PRESENTATION

The loader backhoes are hydraulic digging machines. They consist of travel components, an engine, hydraulic assemblies and an operator’s compartment. When the operator operates the controls, the pump, driven by the engine, sends hydraulic fluid to the control valves. The control valves distribute the hydraulic fluid to the various components. A cooling system including an oil cooler maintains the hydraulic fluid at a normal operating temperature.

The 695 Super R loader backhoes exist in two different versions: sideshift backhoe version (sideshift backhoe attachment) or centre pivot backhoe version (fixed backhoe attachment).

RIGHT, LEFT, FRONT AND REAR OF THE MACHINE

The terms “right”, “left”, “front” and “rear”, when used in this manual, indicate the sides of the machine as seen from the operator’s seat.

OPERATOR

AND

SEAT

IN

LOADER

 

ATTACHMENT POSITION

 

1. FRONT

1. FRONT  
 

2. REAR

3. RIGHT-HAND SIDE

     

4. LEFT-HAND SIDE

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

2

OPERATOR

AND

SEAT

IN

BACKHOE

 

ATTACHMENT POSITION

 

1. FRONT

1. FRONT  
 

2. REAR

3. RIGHT-HAND SIDE

 

4. LEFT-HAND SIDE

     
 
 
 
 
  1. FRONT   2. REAR 3. RIGHT-HAND SIDE   4. LEFT-HAND SIDE      
  1. FRONT   2. REAR 3. RIGHT-HAND SIDE   4. LEFT-HAND SIDE      
  1. FRONT   2. REAR 3. RIGHT-HAND SIDE   4. LEFT-HAND SIDE      

3

SECTION 1 - TO THE OWNER

NOTES

SECTION 2

IDENTIFICATION NUMBERS/MACHINE COMPONENTS

TYPE, SERIAL NUMBER AND YEAR OF MANUFACTURE OF THE MACHINE

When ordering parts, requesting information or assistance, always give your Dealer the type and serial number of your machine.

Write the type, serial number and year of manufac- ture of your machine and the serial numbers on the various hydraulic and mechanical components in the spaces provided below.

MACHINE

(A) With CE mark

(1) Type

(2) Serial number

(3) Year of manufacture

Rue des Meuniers CNH FRANCE 60330 LE PLESSIS-BELLEVILLE FRANCE YEAR Type Homologation n. kW Serial
Rue des Meuniers CNH FRANCE 60330 LE PLESSIS-BELLEVILLE FRANCE YEAR Type Homologation n. kW Serial
Rue des Meuniers
CNH FRANCE
60330 LE PLESSIS-BELLEVILLE
FRANCE
YEAR
Type
Homologation n.
kW
Serial number
Total permissible mass
kg
Permissible front axle load
kg
Permissible rear axle load
kg
Permissible towable mass
kg
Rue des Meuniers
CNH FRANCE
60330 LE PLESSIS-BELLEVILLE
FRANCE
MODEL/TECHTYPE
UNIT SERIAL NUMBER
ENGINE
TRANSMISSION
4WD AXLE
REAR AXLE

1

(B)

Without CE mark

(1)

Type

(2) Serial number

SECTION 2 - IDENTIFICATION NUMBERS/MACHINE COMPONENTS

ENGINE Make and type Serial number

FRONT AXLE

Axle type

Serial number

Rotation

Ratio

TRANSMISSION - 4x4 POWERSHUTTLE Model number Serial number

FRONT AXLE Axle type Serial number Rotation Ratio TRANSMISSION - 4x4 POWERSHUTTLE Model number Serial number

2

FRONT AXLE Axle type Serial number Rotation Ratio TRANSMISSION - 4x4 POWERSHUTTLE Model number Serial number

3

FRONT AXLE Axle type Serial number Rotation Ratio TRANSMISSION - 4x4 POWERSHUTTLE Model number Serial number

4

SECTION 2 - IDENTIFICATION NUMBERS/MACHINE COMPONENTS

TRANSMISSION - 4x2 POWERSHIFT Model number Serial number

REAR AXLE

Axle type

Serial number

Ratio

REAR AXLE - (695 Super R) Axle type Serial number Ratio

Serial number REAR AXLE Axle type Serial number Ratio REAR AXLE - (695 Super R) Axle

5

Serial number REAR AXLE Axle type Serial number Ratio REAR AXLE - (695 Super R) Axle

6

Serial number REAR AXLE Axle type Serial number Ratio REAR AXLE - (695 Super R) Axle

7

SECTION 2 - IDENTIFICATION NUMBERS/MACHINE COMPONENTS

CAB

Model number

Date

Rue des Meuniers CNH FRANCE 60330 LE PLESSIS-BELLEVILLE FRANCE PROTECTIVE STRUCTURE FOR MODELS MASS. max
Rue des Meuniers CNH FRANCE 60330 LE PLESSIS-BELLEVILLE FRANCE PROTECTIVE STRUCTURE FOR MODELS MASS. max
Rue des Meuniers
CNH FRANCE
60330 LE PLESSIS-BELLEVILLE
FRANCE
PROTECTIVE STRUCTURE FOR MODELS
MASS. max
Kg.
L bs.
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD
PART. N
SERIAL N ˚
DATE

8

SECTION 2 - IDENTIFICATION NUMBERS/MACHINE COMPONENTS

IDENTIFICATION OF MAIN COMPONENTS

SIDESHIFT VERSION (590 Super R)

OF MAIN COMPONENTS SIDESHIFT VERSION (590 Super R) 9 10 1. Loader bucket 2. Loader arm
9 10
9
10

1. Loader bucket

2. Loader arm

3. Front axle

4.

5.

6. Operator’s compartment

7.

8. Backhoe boom

Fuel tank

Rear axle

Engine guard

9. Backhoe dipper or telescopic dipper

10. Backhoe bucket

11. Backhoe attachment sideshift carriage

12.

13.

14. Hydraulic reservoir

15. Swing cylinder

Stabilizers

Battery box

SECTION 2 - IDENTIFICATION NUMBERS/MACHINE COMPONENTS

CENTRE PIVOT VERSION (695 Super R)

COMPONENTS CENTRE PIVOT VERSION (695 Super R) 11 12 1. 2. Loader arm 3. Front axle
11 12
11
12

1.

2. Loader arm

3. Front axle

4.

5.

6. Operator’s compartment

7. Engine guard

Loader bucket

Fuel tank

Rear axle

8.

9. Backhoe dipper or telescopic dipper

10. Backhoe bucket

11.

12.

13. Hydraulic reservoir

14. Swing cylinders

Backhoe boom

Stabilizers

Battery box

SECTION 3

SAFETY/DECALS/HANDS SIGNALS

SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS

Your safety and that of people around you depends on you. It is essential that you understand this man- ual for the correct operation, inspection, lubrication and maintenance of this machine.

Read this manual carefully and check that:

- You understand fully the symbols on the controls and the safety signs used in this manual and on the machine.

- You understand fully the speed, stability, braking and steering characteristics of the machine. If you are in any doubt, consult your Dealer.

The safety messages in this section concern situa- tions which may arise during normal machine oper- ation and servicing. These safety messages also indicate the different ways of coping with these situ- ations. Other safety messages are used throughout the manual to indicate specific dangers.

Whatever type of work is concerned (earth moving, handling, etc.), the safety arrangements applicable to private or public job sites are those which corre- spond to the regulations in force in the country and in the trade concerned (example, mining, quarries, underground work).

The information given in this chapter is a summary of the basic rules to respect at all times and does not exempt you from observing traffic regulations or the requirements of insurance companies.

Always keep this manual in the storage compart- ment provided for it. Make sure that it is always complete and in good condition. Consult your Dealer to obtain extra manuals.

BEFORE USING THE MACHINE

ON ROAD AND JOB SITE

1. Read and assimilate the instructions and warn- ings shown in this manual before operating the machine.

2. The presence of grease, oil, mud or (in winter) ice on the steps and access handles can cause accidents. Make sure they are always clean.

3. Remove anything which might hinder visibility. Clean the windshield, windows and rear view mirrors.

4. Before travelling or working at night, check that the lighting and signalling systems are operating correctly.

5. Make sure the doors and the engine guard is correctly fastened before undertaking any travel.

6. Make sure that no loose object or tool is left on the machine or in the operator’s compartment.

7. The operator should be the only person on the machine. Make sure there is nobody on or near the machine.

8. When mounting or dismounting from the machine always face the machine and use the steps and access handles on the left-hand side of the machine. The right-hand door is to be used only in case of emergency.

9. Make sure you know the position and function of every control. Operating the controls wrongly can cause serious physical injury.

10. Before operating the machine, check the back- hoe attachment control pattern currently in use on the machine. Failure to comply with these instructions can cause unexpected machine movements, death or serious injury.

11. Be prepared for emergencies. Always keep a first aid kit and a fire extinguisher close at hand on the machine. Make sure that the fire extin- guisher is serviced in accordance with the man- ufacturer’s instructions.

12. Make sure you know the position and function of every control. An incorrect manipulation of the controls can cause serious physical injury.

SECTION 3 - SAFETY/DECALS/HANDS SIGNALS

13. Always fasten your seat belt before starting the engine. The machine is equipped with a roll over protection system (ROPS) which ensures your safety. The seat belt will protect you effi- ciently if you attach it correctly and if you always wear it. The seat belt should not be too loose. It must not be twisted or caught in the seat.

14. Make sure you know ways of getting out of the machine (emergency exit via the right hand door) in case the machine falls over or if access via the left-hand door is not possible. Make sure that the right-hand door is not locked.

15. Check the condition and pressure of the tyres regularly.

ROAD OPERATION

1. (695 Super R) Before undertaking any road travel, select the 2 wheel steer position and install the flip over cover to lock the switch in that position.

2. Check that both the cab doors are closed cor- rectly before undertaking any road travel.

3. Before undertaking any road travel, lock the working attachments and install the safety sys- tems required by regulations. Raise the stabiliz- ers completely and lock them mechanically.

4. Before travelling on the road, make sure that the load on each axle, depending on the machine configuration, conforms to the road traffic regu- lations of the country concerned.

ON THE JOB SITE

1. Operating the machine requires your full atten- tion. Caution on the part of the operator can pre- vent accidents. Make sure you know the capabilities and limits of the machine and the space needed for it to operate. There are areas of poor visibility in the machine’s working range. Have someone guide you for all jobs which have poor visibility.

2. Check all around the machine every day to ensure there are no oil leaks or hydraulic fluid leaks. Tighten unions as necessary and replace any parts as required.

3. Make sure you know the hand signals used on your job site so that you can be guided when making delicate manoeuvres or for work where direct visibility is not available.

4. Check that all the controls and all the safety devices operate correctly in a safe, clear area before beginning work.

5. Keep away from dangerous areas such as ditches, over-hangs, soft areas, etc. Walk around the work site before using the machine and look for hazards.

6. Inspect and note all possible risks before driving the machine into a new working area. Holes, obstacles, debris and other hazards in the work- ing area can cause serious physical injury.

PREVENTION OF RISKS ASSOCIATED WITH VIBRATIONS

Machine vibrations cause discomfort to the operator and in some cases his health and safety may be at risk. To reduce these risks to a minimum:

1. Make sure the machine, attachment and tool are suitable for doing the type of work to be car- ried out.

2. Make sure the machine is in good condition and that the service interval work has been carried out correctly.

3. Check the tyre pressure, the steering and brak- ing systems and the play in the attachment link- age.

4. Check that the operator’s seat and adjustment controls are in good condition and then adjust the seat to suit the operator’s size and weight. The seat is in conformance with ISO 7096, 2000 Class EM5.

On the job site:

1. Operate all controls progressively so the machine works smoothly.

2. Modify your driving to suit working conditions.

3. During travel, adjust your speed and slow down if necessary.

4. Use the glide ride system.

5. Make sure the machine is working on firm ground, with no holes or obstacles.

SECTION 3 - SAFETY/DECALS/HANDS SIGNALS

OPERATING THE MACHINE

ON ROAD AND JOB SITE

1. Do not allow anyone to climb onto the machine.

A passenger can fall or cause an accident.

2. Never operate any of the machine’s controls unless you are seated correctly in the operator’s seat.

3. Adapt your driving style to suit the conditions of work (sloping ground or rough ground), the state

of the road and weather conditions.

4. Use all the controls gradually so that the machine works smoothly.

5. Stop the engine and remove the starter switch key even for stops of short duration.

6. Never leave the operator’s compartment when the engine is running.

7. When entering or leaving the operator’s com- partment, it is essential that the loader attach- ment controls are locked. Never try to by-pass this basic safety requirement.

8. Dust, smoke or fog can reduce visibility and cause an accident. Stop the machine or slow down until visibility returns to normal.

9. Never jump down from the machine. When dis- mounting from the machine always face the machine and use the steps and access handles.

10. Whenever parking the machine on sloping ground, use the wheel chocks to immobilize the machine.

11. Never travel at full speed with the loader attach- ment completely raised.

12. Never travel at high speed if the loader bucket hinders visibility. You could drive into a hidden object.

ROAD OPERATION

1.

It

is mandatory to make sure that the brake ped-

als are locked together before any road travel or travel in third or fourth gear. If this instruction is not observed an accident may occur.

2.

(695 Super R) Before undertaking any road travel, select the 2 wheel steer position and install the flip over cover to lock the switch in that position.

ON THE JOB SITE

1. On job sites on the public highway, use regula- tion signals, taking into account the working range of the machine. National or local regula- tions define the number, type and location of reflector strips.

2. Avoid running the engine in an enclosed space. If it cannot be avoided, ensure good ventilation under all circumstances.

3. Do not work close to live overhead electric lines without first making sure that the minimum dis- tances are observed: 5 metres (16 ft 5 in).

4. Make sure you know the location of pipes and cables before starting work. Electrical cables, gas pipes, water pipes or other underground installations can cause serious physical injury.

5. Do not allow anyone to stand in the machine working area. If the operator uses the swing or attachment controls wrongly, this could cause an accident. Stop all movement until the person has moved away.

6. Before moving the stabilizers make sure that no person is within the working range of the stabi- lizers.

7. When moving the machine onto a trailer, place the gear change lever in first gear. Keep the loader bucket 20 cm (7.8 in) from the ground.

8. Load lifting must be carried out in accordance with the instructions shown in this manual and in accordance with current regulations.

9. Before using the backhoe attachment make sure that the machine is clear of the ground by means of the stabilizers and the loader attach- ment.

10. Any uncontrolled movement of the machine can cause an accident. Before turning the operator’s seat to the backhoe attachment working posi- tion, it is essential to place the direction of travel control lever and the gear change lever in the neutral position and immobilize the machine by means of the parking brake lever.

SECTION 3 - SAFETY/DECALS/HANDS SIGNALS

11. If you are using the backhoe attachment or if you are carrying out maintenance operations, use the engine accelerator lever. The use of the lever for any other operations can cause acci- dents.

12. In case of any operational problem or damage, lower the loader attachment and the backhoe attachment to the ground, stop the engine, remove the starter switch key and raise the parking brake lever. Find the cause of the defect or inform responsible personnel. Take measures to prevent the use of the machine.

13. When the machine is being lifted, nobody must be allowed to remain in the area surrounding the machine.

PARKING THE MACHINE

When you park the machine, proceed in the follow- ing manner:

1. Park the machine on a flat, level surface away from any soft ground, excavations or poorly shored cavity.

2. Lower the loader bucket until it is pressing on the ground.

3. Place the backhoe attachment in the road travel position.

4. Place the direction of travel and gear change levers in the neutral position.

5. Immobilize the machine by means of the parking brake.

6. Raise the stabilizers completely and lock them mechanically.

7. Stop

the

switch key.

engine and remove the starter

8. Release the hydraulic pressure by operating the control levers in both directions. On pilot controlled machines turn key “ON” and release pressure.

9. Make sure that the doors and the engine guard is correctly fastened and lock the oper- ator’s compartment doors.

10.Check that no part of the machine is protrud- ing onto the public highway. If this cannot be avoided, install signs in accordance with reg- ulations.

MAINTENANCE AND ADJUSTMENTS

1. Do not carry out any maintenance operations until you have read and understood the instruc- tions and warnings given in this manual.

2. Wear

suitable

machine.

clothing when servicing the

3. When servicing the machine, place one “Do not start up” label on the instrument panel.

4. Always wear eye protection when using a tool which might project metal particles. Use a ham- mer with a soft face, such as copper, for install- ing pins.

5. Incorrectly performed maintenance or adjust- ments can cause serious injury. If you do not understand a maintenance or adjustment proce- dure, consult your Dealer.

6. If the attachment is raised or the machine moves when there is no operator, serious injury can result. Before carrying out any maintenance on this machine, proceed in the following man- ner:

1. Park the machine on flat, level ground.

2. Lower the loader and backhoe attachments until they are resting on the ground.

3. Stop

starter

and

the

engine

remove

the

switch key.

4. Raise the parking brake lever.

5. Block the wheels to prevent any machine movement.

6. If a servicing operation requires the loader attachment to be raised (working on the engine), install the loader attachment support strut.

7. Unauthorized modifications of the machine can cause serious injuries. Do not carry out any modification on this machine without obtaining prior authorization from your Dealer. Any modifi- cation carried out must be in conformity with the machine’s technical specifications and must conform to current safety regulations.

SECTION 3 - SAFETY/DECALS/HANDS SIGNALS

8. Do not carry out any welding operation on the machine without prior authorization from your Dealer.

9. Some of the machine’s components are subject to type approvals. It is mandatory when replac- ing those components to ensure that they are in conformity with regulations.

10. Hydraulic fluid or grease under pressure which penetrates the skin can cause serious injury. Take the necessary safety precautions (protec- tive clothing and face and hand protection) to prevent all such risks. In addition, before han- dling these products, read the manufacturer’s specific instructions for their use. If hydraulic fluid penetrates the skin a doctor must be called immediately.

11. When carrying out a welding operation on the machine, as authorized by the manufacturer and in accordance with his specifications, dis- connect the alternator plug and connect the welding set earth lead to the component on which the welding is to be carried out. Never connect the earth lead to a hydraulic system component.

12. A burst tyre can cause serious injury. Regularly check the condition of tyres and always observe the inflation pressures defined in accordance with the type of tyre and ground concerned.

13. When checking tyre pressures or during an inflation operation, never stay facing the tyre but always facing the tread surface. Always use an inflation cage when the wheel is removed from the machine. Keep all other persons away from the area.

14. Never weld near a tyre. It is essential to remove the tyre before any welding operation.

15. Take the necessary safety measures to protect your face when using compressed air.

16. The machine’s structure is in conformity with the “FOPS” and “ROPS” protection standards. Any modification (drilling, welding, etc.) may cause that conformity to be invalidated.

PREVENTION OF FIRE OR EXPLOSIONS

1. Engine fuel can cause an explosion or a fire.

- Never re-fuel when the engine is running.

- Do not smoke during re-fuelling.

- Take all the necessary safety measures when welding, grinding or when working near a naked flame.

2. Use a non-inflammable product for cleaning parts.

3. A spark or flame can cause the hydrogen in a

battery to explode. To prevent any risk of explo- sion, observe the following instructions:

- When disconnecting the battery cables, always disconnect the negative (-) cable first.

- To reconnect the battery cables, always con- nect the negative (-) cable last.

- Never short-circuit the battery terminals with metal objects.

- Do not weld, grind or smoke near a battery.

4. Always store batteries in a safe place, out of the reach of children.

5. The electrical system or the engine exhaust may produce sparks. Before using the machine in an area which may contain inflammable vapours, ensure that there is good ventilation.

6. Always keep a fire extinguisher available on the machine. Make sure that it is properly main- tained in conformity with the manufacturer’s instructions.

7. Clean the machine regularly, remove all debris and material which may catch fire.

8. Check for leaks. Replace damaged hoses, pipes and unions. Clean the machine after any repair work before operating it.

SECTION 3 - SAFETY/DECALS/HANDS SIGNALS

PREVENTION OF BURNS

1. Battery electrolyte causes severe burns. The battery contains sulphuric acid. Avoid any con- tact with the skin, eyes or clothing. Antidote:

EXTERNAL: rinse well with water, removing any soiled clothing. INTERNAL: avoid vomiting. Drink water to rinse your mouth. Consult a doctor. EYES: rinse abundantly with water for 15 minutes and consult a doctor.

2. When the electrolyte of a battery is frozen, it can explode if you attempt to charge the battery or if you try to start the engine using a booster bat- tery. Always keep the battery charged to prevent the electrolyte freezing.

3. Batteries produce explosive gases. Keep all flames, sparks and cigarettes away. Provide good ventilation when changing a battery or using a battery in an enclosed space. Always protect your eyes when working near a battery.

4. Boiling coolant solution can spray out if the recovery bottle radiator cap is removed while the system is still hot. To remove the cap: allow the system to cool down, turn the cap to the first notch and wait until there is no more pressure. Then remove the cap.

5. Never touch the battery terminals with your hands. This can induce a state of electrolysis and impair the main organs of the body.

ROPS/FOPS CAB

1. Do not try to weld or straighten the ROPS/FOPS cab.

2. Do not modify the ROPS/FOPS cab in any man- ner. Unauthorized modification, such as weld- ing, drilling, cutting and adding attachments, as well as any damage resulting from collisions or the machine rolling over, could weaken the structure and reduce your protection. Replace the ROPS/FOPS cab if subjected to roll over or damage. Do not attempt to repair it.

3. If you operate this machine without a ROPS/ FOPS cab and the machine rolls over, you can be seriously injured or killed. Remove the ROPS/FOPS cab only for service or replace- ment. Do not operate the machine with the ROPS/FOPS cab removed.

4. Do not install accessories (fixed or otherwise) which can increase the weight of the machine. This could cause serious accidents. Do not exceed the maximum weight shown on the ROPS/FOPS cab identification plate.

5. Improper ROPS/FOPS cab inspection or main- tenance can cause serious injury. Carry out the recommended ROPS/FOPS cab inspection pro- cedure shown in this manual. If it is necessary to replace ROPS/FOPS parts or the ROPS/ FOPS cab, use only the replacement parts shown in the Parts Catalogue for your machine.

GLIDE RIDE SYSTEM (Optional)

1. Never operate the glide ride lever when the loader arms and the loader bucket are maintain- ing the machine in a raised position. The machine could fall to the ground and cause seri- ous or fatal injury.

2. If the glide ride lever is operated when the starter switch key is in the “ON” position, the loader arms may rise or lower slightly due to the effect of the hydraulic accumulator.

3. Never use the glide ride system during precise levelling operations or when using the backhoe attachment.

4. Never use the glide ride control system during handling and loading operations, since this could damage the accumulator.

SECTION 3 - SAFETY/DECALS/HANDS SIGNALS

DECALS

WARNINGSECTION 3 - SAFETY/DECALS/HANDS SIGNALS DECALS ! An illegible or missing decal can have far-reaching consequences.

!
!

An illegible or missing decal can have far-reaching consequences. Check them everyday.

WARNINGcan have far-reaching consequences. Check them everyday. ! Make sure that all decals are perfectly legible.

!
!

Make sure that all decals are perfectly legible. Clean them regularly, replace them with new decals if they are damaged, missing or painted over. If there is a decal on a part that is replaced, make sure you install a new decal on the new part.

NOTE: When you clean the decals, use only a cloth, water and soap. Do not use solvents, petrol, etc.

NOTE: This chapter only covers decals relating to safety and machine operation and servicing. For information on all decals on the machine, consult the spare parts catalogue.

EXTERNAL NOISE LEVEL This decal shows the value in decibels of the exter- nal noise level of the machine, as guaranteed by the manufacturer. As per European Directive 2000/14/ EC - Stage II.

1
1

SECTION 3 - SAFETY/DECALS/HANDS SIGNALS

POSITION OF DECALS

For the decal functions, see “Decal illustrations”.

When replacing decals, be sure to install them in the locations shown.

functions, see “Decal illustrations”. When replacing decals, be sure to install them in the locations shown.

2

SECTION 3 - SAFETY/DECALS/HANDS SIGNALS

SECTION 3 - SAFETY/DECALS/HANDS SIGNALS 3 3-9

3

SECTION 3 - SAFETY/DECALS/HANDS SIGNALS

DECAL ILLUSTRATIONS

Steering system

This decal indicates the necessary precautions for the use of the steering system.

Fire extinguisher

Ensure the extinguisher fitted, complies with local regulations and is fully serviceable.

Safety belt

This decal reminds to wear your safety belt at all times to avoid all risk of being ejected in the event of the machine turning over.

Safety hat

Wear a safety hat for your own protection.

Operator’s manual

This decal shows where the Operator’s Manual is kept. Read the manual carefully to ensure you oper- ate the machine correctly.

4 5 6 7 8
4
5
6
7
8

SECTION 3 - SAFETY/DECALS/HANDS SIGNALS

Overhead electric lines

Do not work near live overhead electric lines without first making sure that the minimum distances will be respected.

Warning

Ensure when the machine is left unattended it is safe and secure.

First aid kit

Make sure there is nothing missing in the First Aid kit and regularly check the expiry date of pharma- ceutical products.

Backhoe boom height - 590 Super R (Specific to certain countries)

Always remember to take the height of the backhoe boom into consideration when travelling with or transporting the machine. The maximum height must be 3.9 metres (12 ft 10 in) above ground level. When transporting the machine, be sure to know the distance between the ground and the highest point of the machine.

Backhoe boom height - 695 Super R (Specific to certain countries)

Always remember to take the height of the backhoe boom into consideration when travelling with or transporting the machine. The maximum height must be 4.1 metres (13 ft 5 in) above ground level. When transporting the machine, be sure to know the distance between the ground and the highest point of the machine.

  9   10   11   12
  9   10   11   12
 

9

  9   10   11   12
  9   10   11   12
 

10

  9   10   11   12
  9   10   11   12
 

11

  9   10   11   12
  9   10   11   12
 

12

  9   10   11   12
  9   10   11   12
  9   10   11   12
  9   10   11   12

13

SECTION 3 - SAFETY/DECALS/HANDS SIGNALS

Brake oil

This decal indicates the operator should check the brake oil level and that the operator should consult the Operator’s Manual for oil specification and fill volume.

Danger of being crushed

This decal warns you to keep a minimum safety dis- tance between your feet and the stabilizers when they moving.

Danger of being crushed

This decal warns you to keep a minimum safety dis- tance between your hands and all moving parts.

Danger of being burnt

This decal reminds you that engine parts are hot after it has been running. Allow the engine to cool down completely before undertaking any mainte- nance work.

Battery

This decal reminds you it is necessary to see “Bat- tery” in Section 10.

14 15 16 17 18
14
15
16
17
18

SECTION 3 - SAFETY/DECALS/HANDS SIGNALS

Engine

This decal warns that certain components in the engine compartment can trap your hand, cut or burn you. Before removing the engine guard, shut down the engine, remove the starter switch key and con- sult the manual.

Hydraulic reservoir

Make sure that you only fill a reservoir bearing this symbol with hydraulic fluid. See “Fluids and lubri- cants” in Section 8.

Loader attachment upper position

This decal warns that it is mandatory to install the safety strut when carrying out any operation requir- ing the loader attachment to be in raised position.

Fuel tank - 590 Super R

Make sure that you only fill a tank bearing this sym- bol with fuel. See “Fluids and lubricants” in Section

8.

19 20 21 22
19
20
21
22

SECTION 3 - SAFETY/DECALS/HANDS SIGNALS

Slinging points

This decal shows the slinging points to be used when lifting the machine. Never use any other sling- ing points than those shown on this decal.

Keep clear of the working area

This adhesive reminds the operator not to permit anyone to remain within the working range of the machine when the engine is running.

23 24
23
24

SECTION 3 - SAFETY/DECALS/HANDS SIGNALS

HAND SIGNALS

When operating the machine, never attempt to carry out tasks calling for fine control or to work in areas where visibility is poor or impaired without seeking the assistance of a signalman. Make perfectly sure that you and the signalman understand the signals to be used.

START THE ENGINE

MOVE AWAY FROM ME

the signals to be used. START THE ENGINE MOVE AWAY FROM ME STOP THE ENGINE 25

STOP THE ENGINE

25

used. START THE ENGINE MOVE AWAY FROM ME STOP THE ENGINE 25 26 COME TO ME

26

COME TO ME

Wave hands forward and backward (palms in).

25 26 COME TO ME Wave hands forward and backward (palms in). 27 Wave hands forward

27

Wave hands forward and backward (palms out).

and backward (palms in). 27 Wave hands forward and backward (palms out). GO THIS FAR 28

GO THIS FAR

28

and backward (palms in). 27 Wave hands forward and backward (palms out). GO THIS FAR 28

ALL STOP AND HOLD

29

and backward (palms in). 27 Wave hands forward and backward (palms out). GO THIS FAR 28

30

SECTION 3 - SAFETY/DECALS/HANDS SIGNALS

STOP Wave one hand back and forth.

SIGNALS STOP Wave one hand back and forth. 31 EMERGENCY STOP Wave both hands back and
31 EMERGENCY STOP Wave both hands back and forth. 32 RAISE LOAD OR BUCKET 33
31
EMERGENCY STOP
Wave both hands back and forth.
32
RAISE LOAD OR BUCKET
33

LOWER LOAD OR BUCKET

forth. 32 RAISE LOAD OR BUCKET 33 LOWER LOAD OR BUCKET 34 RAISE LOAD OR BUCKET

34

RAISE LOAD OR BUCKET SLOWLY

32 RAISE LOAD OR BUCKET 33 LOWER LOAD OR BUCKET 34 RAISE LOAD OR BUCKET SLOWLY

35

LOWER LOAD OR BUCKET SLOWLY

32 RAISE LOAD OR BUCKET 33 LOWER LOAD OR BUCKET 34 RAISE LOAD OR BUCKET SLOWLY

36

SECTION 3 - SAFETY/DECALS/HANDS SIGNALS

TURN MACHINE LEFT

DUMP LOADER BUCKET

To stop movement, stop moving hand and clench fist. 40 RAISE BACKHOE BOOM 37 TURN
To stop movement, stop moving hand and clench
fist.
40
RAISE BACKHOE BOOM
37
TURN MACHINE RIGHT
To stop movement, stop moving hand and clench
fist.
41
LOWER BACKHOE BOOM
38
ROLL BACK LOADER BUCKET
42
39

SECTION 3 - SAFETY/DECALS/HANDS SIGNALS

BACKHOE DIPPER IN

SECTION 3 - SAFETY/DECALS/HANDS SIGNALS BACKHOE DIPPER IN BACKHOE BUCKET DUMP   43 46 BACKHOE DIPPER

BACKHOE BUCKET DUMP

SIGNALS BACKHOE DIPPER IN BACKHOE BUCKET DUMP   43 46 BACKHOE DIPPER OUT RETRACT TELESCOPIC
 

43

46

BACKHOE DIPPER OUT

RETRACT TELESCOPIC DIPPER (If fitted)

BACKHOE DIPPER OUT RETRACT TELESCOPIC DIPPER (If fitted)   44 47 BACKHOE BUCKET DIG EXTEND TELESCOPIC
BACKHOE DIPPER OUT RETRACT TELESCOPIC DIPPER (If fitted)   44 47 BACKHOE BUCKET DIG EXTEND TELESCOPIC
 

44

47

BACKHOE BUCKET DIG

EXTEND TELESCOPIC DIPPER (If fitted)

TELESCOPIC DIPPER (If fitted)   44 47 BACKHOE BUCKET DIG EXTEND TELESCOPIC DIPPER (If fitted)  
TELESCOPIC DIPPER (If fitted)   44 47 BACKHOE BUCKET DIG EXTEND TELESCOPIC DIPPER (If fitted)  
 

45

48

SECTION 4

CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS/ACCESSORIES

CAB DOORS

To open the right-hand and left-hand doors from the outside, push the lock inwards and pull the handle

(1).

Lift the latch (2) to open the right-hand and left-hand doors from the inside.

IMPORTANT: Use the left-hand door for entering or leaving the operator’s compartment. The right-hand door is only for use in emergency.

!
!

WARNING

!
!

Make sure that the doors are correctly closed before any travel.

NOTE: To lock the doors, use the starter switch key.

STEPS AND ACCESS HANDLES

Use the steps and access handles when entering or leaving the operator’s compartment.

590 Super R

HANDLES Use the steps and access handles when entering or leaving the operator’s compartment. 590 Super

1

HANDLES Use the steps and access handles when entering or leaving the operator’s compartment. 590 Super

2

HANDLES Use the steps and access handles when entering or leaving the operator’s compartment. 590 Super

3

SECTION 4 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS/ACCESSORIES

695 Super R

WARNINGSECTION 4 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS/ACCESSORIES 695 Super R ! Clean the steps and access handles and remove

!
!

Clean the steps and access handles and remove all traces of grease, oil, mud and ice (winter).

WARNINGand remove all traces of grease, oil, mud and ice (winter). ! Never jump down from

!
!

Never jump down from the machine. When dis- mounting from the operator’s compartment always face the machine and use the steps and access handles.

When dis- mounting from the operator’s compartment always face the machine and use the steps and

4

SECTION 4 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS/ACCESSORIES

FRONT INSTRUMENT PANEL (590 Super R)

= =
= =

1. 2/4 WHEEL DRIVE SWITCH

This switch is used to engage or disengage four wheel drive. The switch has three positions:

- First position (by pushing button on the left ):

rear wheel drive with braking only on rear wheels (lamp off).

- Second position (by pushing button on the right ):

four wheels drive with braking on four wheels (lamp on).

- Third position (by pushing a second time but- ton on the right ):

position (by pushing a second time but- ton on the right ): rear wheels drive and
position (by pushing a second time but- ton on the right ): rear wheels drive and
position (by pushing a second time but- ton on the right ): rear wheels drive and

rear wheels drive and braking on four wheels.

See “2WD and 4WD” in Section 5.

NOTE: When the four wheel drive switch is in the “OFF” position and both brake pedals are operated together the four wheel drive, will automatically be engaged (above 3 Km/h (1.864 mph)) to give four wheel drive braking and disengage with brake ped- als released.

5

2. HAND-HELD AUXILIARY HYDRAULIC TOOL CONTROLS (Optional) For instructions on how to use these controls, see “Hand-held auxiliary hydraulic tools” in Sec- tion 5.

3. LOADER ATTACHMENT LOCKING SWITCH (Optional) When operated, this switch is for preventing any movement of the loader attachment during travel.

4. SWITCH FOR OPTIONAL EQUIPMENT

5. ROTATING BEACON SWITCH This switch is used to turn the rotating beacon on or off.

6. HYDRAULIC SPEED CONTROL SWITCH See “Hydraulic speed control” in Section 5 for use during operation.

SECTION 4 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS/ACCESSORIES

= =
= =

7. GLIDE RIDE SYSTEM CONTROL SWITCH (Optional) The glide ride system control improves the machine behaviour during travel, regardless of the type of terrain and with the loader bucket full or empty. It reduces forward and rearward pitch- ing when moving to the rear or forwards and when carrying loads, at the same time increas- ing productivity and operator comfort. It also minimises impact forces to which the machine may be subjected.

WARNINGimpact forces to which the machine may be subjected. ! Never operate the glide ride system

!
!

Never operate the glide ride system control when the loader arm and loader bucket are maintaining the front of the machine raised off the ground. The machine could fall and cause serious or fatal injury.

WARNINGThe machine could fall and cause serious or fatal injury. ! Never use the Glide ride

!
!

Never use the Glide ride system control during han- dling and loading operations, since this could dam- age the accumulator.

6

8. MANUAL MODE SELECTION SWITCH (Powershift transmission) In situations where a MANUAL gear change (up or downshift) is required the powershift auto change can be overridden by selection of this console mounted switch.

NOTE: Changing gears up or down must always be done using the Powershift transmission lever. See “Powershift transmission control lever”.

When manual mode is no longer required, place the control in “OFF” position to return to automatic gear shifting.

9. WARNING HORN BUTTON (Powershift) This hold-down switch operates the warning horn.

10. HAZARD LIGHT SWITCH Press the control down to locked position. The direction indicators and the control will flash simultaneously. Press down again for the direction indicators and control lamp to go out.

SECTION 4 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS/ACCESSORIES

FRONT INSTRUMENT PANEL (695 Super R)

FRONT INSTRUMENT PANEL (695 Super R) 1. 2/4 WHEEL DRIVE SWITCH This switch is used to

1. 2/4 WHEEL DRIVE SWITCH

This switch is used to engage or disengage four wheel drive. The switch has three positions:

- First position (by pushing button on the left ):

rear wheel drive with braking only on rear wheels (lamp off).

- Second position (by pushing button on the right ):

four wheels drive with braking on four wheels (lamp on).

- Third position (by pushing a second time but- ton on the right ):

position (by pushing a second time but- ton on the right ): rear wheels drive and
position (by pushing a second time but- ton on the right ): rear wheels drive and
position (by pushing a second time but- ton on the right ): rear wheels drive and

rear wheels drive and braking on four wheels.

See “2WD and 4WD” in Section 5.

NOTE: When the four wheel drive switch is in the “OFF” position and both brake pedals are operated together the four wheel drive, will automatically be engaged (above 3 Km/h (1.864 mph)) to give four wheel drive braking and disengage with brake ped- als released.

2. HAND-HELD AUXILIARY HYDRAULIC TOOL CONTROLS (Optional) For instructions on how to use these controls, see “Hand-held auxiliary hydraulic tools” in Sec- tion 5.

7

3. LOADER ATTACHMENT LOCKING SWITCH (Optional) When operated, this switch is for preventing any movement of the loader attachment during travel.

4. STEER MODE SWITCH This switch has a locking cover and is used to select “Road”, “4WS” or “Crab steer”. See “4 wheel steer phasing” in Section 5. This switch has 3 positions:

Position (a) = “Road” Position (b) = “4WS” Position (c) = “Crab steer”

IMPORTANT: Before undertaking any road travel, select “Road” mode and fold back the cover to lock the switch in this position.

5. ROTATING BEACON SWITCH This switch is used to turn the rotating beacon on or off.

SECTION 4 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS/ACCESSORIES

SECTION 4 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS/ACCESSORIES 6. HYDRAULIC SPEED CONTROL SWITCH See “Hydraulic speed control” in

6. HYDRAULIC SPEED CONTROL SWITCH See “Hydraulic speed control” in Section 5 for use during operation.

7. GLIDE RIDE SYSTEM CONTROL SWITCH (Optional) The glide ride system control improves the machine behaviour during travel, regardless of the type of terrain and with the loader bucket full or empty. It reduces forward and rearward pitch- ing when moving to the rear or forwards and when carrying loads, at the same time increas- ing productivity and operator comfort. It also minimises impact forces to which the machine may be subjected.

WARNINGimpact forces to which the machine may be subjected. ! Never operate the glide ride system

!
!

Never operate the glide ride system control when the loader arm and loader bucket are maintaining the front of the machine raised off the ground. The machine could fall and cause serious or fatal injury.

WARNINGThe machine could fall and cause serious or fatal injury. ! Never use the Glide ride

!
!

Never use the Glide ride system control during han- dling and loading operations, since this could dam- age the accumulator.

8

8. MANUAL MODE SELECTION SWITCH (Powershift transmission) In situations where a MANUAL gear change (up or downshift) is required the powershift auto change can be overridden by selection of this console mounted switch.

NOTE: Changing gears up or down must always be done using the Powershift transmission lever. See “Powershift transmission control lever”.

When manual mode is no longer required, place the control in “OFF” position to return to automatic gear shifting.

9. WARNING HORN BUTTON (Powershift) This hold-down switch operates the warning horn.

10. HAZARD LIGHT SWITCH Press the control down to locked position. The direction indicators and the control will flash simultaneously. Press down again for the direction indicators and control lamp to go out.

SECTION 4 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS/ACCESSORIES

SIDE MOUNTED INSTRUMENT PANEL

SIDE MOUNTED INSTRUMENT PANEL 1. FRONT WORK LIGHTS SWITCH This switch has 3 positions: -

1. FRONT WORK LIGHTS SWITCH This switch has 3 positions:

- 1st position = “OFF”.

- 2nd position = the two frontal outer working lights turn on.

- 3rd position = the two front inner working lights turn on. The lights switch turns on only in the second and third position.

2. LIGHT SWITCH The switch has three positions:

- the first position is “OFF”;

- the second position powers the gauge cluster, the parking lights, with heading indicator lamp and the rear red lateral lights;

- the third position powers the beam lights and the main beam indicator lamp.

3. PILOT LOADER SWITCH (Optional)

9

4. BACKHOE ATTACHMENT LOCKING SWITCH (695 Super R) The switch is used to lock or unlock the backhoe attachment locking plate in preparation for road travel. See “Locking or unlocking the backhoe attach- ment” in Section 5.

5. REAR WORK LIGHTS SWITCH This switch has 3 positions:

- 1st position = “OFF”.

- 2nd position = the two rear outer working lights turn on.

- 3rd position = the two rear inner working lights turn on. The lights switch turns on only in the second and third position.

NOTE: Never use the working lights during road travel.

SECTION 4 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS/ACCESSORIES

6. INSTRUMENT PANEL See “Instrument panel”.

7. WARNING HORN BUTTON (Powershift) This hold-down switch operates the warning horn.

8. UP/DOWN SWITCH By means of this control you can scroll the option of menu or data shown by the display of the diagnostics.

9. MENU ENTER SWITCH By means of this control you can visualize and confirm the options of menu show on the dis- play.

10. REAR WINDSHIELD WASHER SWITCH The windshield washer will operate when this switch is pressed and held down. When the switch is released, the windshield washer ceases to operate.

11. BACKHOE ATTACHMENT SIDESHIFT CAR- RIAGE LOCKING AND UNLOCKING SWITCH (Sideshift version) This switch has 2 positions:

The switch is used to lock or unlock the backhoe attachment sideshift carriage to allow lateral shifting. For sideshifting, see “Backhoe attachment side- shift” in Section 5.

SECTION 4 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS/ACCESSORIES

SIDE INSTRUMENT

SECTION 4 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS/ACCESSORIES SIDE INSTRUMENT 10 1. CAUTION MASTER LAMP This lamp signals a not
10
10

1. CAUTION MASTER LAMP This lamp signals a not critical caution. When this caution is “active”, it is necessary to change the operating mode, plan a down time to carry out maintenance or, if the fault continues, consult your dealer. This warning lamp lights up at the same time of lamps (5), (9), (11), (13), (14) and (16) that indi- cates a fault on the machine.

2. SIDE LIGHT AND DIPPED HEADLIGHT INDI- CATOR LAMP This indicator lamp lights up when the side lights or the dipped beams are on.

3. MAIN BEAM INDICATOR LAMP This indicator lamp comes on when the main beam headlights are turned on.

4. DIRECTION INDICATOR LAMP This lamp lights up when the direction indicators are working.

5. BRAKE LIQUID LEVEL WARNING LAMP This lamp comes on and the audible warning device sounds when the brake liquid is at mini- mum level. See “Brake liquid reservoir”.

6. “4WS” STEER INDICATOR LAMP (695 Super R) This lamp comes on when four wheel steer mode is selected and phased. See “Phasing procedure” in Section 5.

7.

(695 Super R) This lamp comes on when two wheel steer mode is selected and phased. See “Phasing procedure” in Section 5.

8. “CRAB” STEER INDICATOR LAMP (695 Super R) This lamp comes on when crab steer mode is selected and phased. See “Phasing procedure” in Section 5.

NOTE: If the three lamps come on at once this means there is a problem with the electrical circuit. Consult your Dealer.

ENGINE OIL PRESSURE WARNING LAMP This warning lamp comes on and the audible warning device sounds when the engine oil pressure is too low. If the lamp comes on when the machine is working, move the machine to a place of safety, stop the engine, remove the starter switch key and find the cause of the problem.

9.

STEER INDICATOR LAMP

“ROAD”

10. STOP MASTER LAMP The stop master lamp signals a critical caution. When this lamp lights up, stop the machine immediately and shut off the engine. If this is not the case, the machine can get dam- aged or accidents may occur.

SECTION 4 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS/ACCESSORIES

11. BATTERY CHARGE WARNING LAMP This warning lamp comes on when the alterna- tor/fan belt is broken or when the alternator is not charging the battery. If the lamp comes on when the machine is working, move the machine to a place of safety, stop the engine, remove the starter switch key and find the cause of the problem.

12. PARKING BRAKE INDICATOR LAMP This indicator lamp comes on when the parking brake lever is in the raised position (wheels braked). See “Parking brake lever”.

13. AIR FILTER RESTRICTION WARNING LAMP This warning lamp comes on when the air filter primary element is to be cleaned or replaced. See “Air filter” in Section 8.

14. TRANSMISSION OIL PRESSURE WARNING LAMP This lamp lights up and the audible alarm sounds when the transmission oil pressure is too low. If the lamp comes on when the machine is working, move the machine to a place of safety, stop the engine, remove the starter switch key and find the cause of the problem.

15. AIR CONDITIONER INDICATOR LAMP (Optional) This lamp comes on when the air conditioner is working.

16. COLD START INDICATOR LAMP (If fitted) This lamp lights up while the engine is being pre-heated.

17. LOW FUEL LEVEL WARNING LAMP This warning lamp comes on when the fuel level is low. You have approximately an hour to fill the fuel tank.

NOTE: when the starter switch key is in the “ON” all lamps light up and the instrument buzzer sounds for 5 seconds. Afterward the lamps light off and only lamp (9) remain alight. The gauges (18) and (19) set to position.

18. FUEL LEVEL GAUGE This gauge shows the quantity of fuel in the fuel tank.

19. BATTERY CHARGE GAUGE This indicator shows the state of charge of the battery. At normal charge the needle should be in the grey area. If the needle is in the left red area, this shows that the battery charge is insuf- ficient or that the alternator is not charging the battery. If the needle is in the right red area, this indicates excessive battery charge which may cause damage to the battery.

20. DIAGNOSTICS DISPLAY By means of this display it is possible to visual- ize the various data of diagnostics. The service hours performed are indicated steadily.

21. ENGINE REVOLUTIONS COUNTER The revolutions counter shows the engine speed in revolutions per minute. The figures indicated must be multiplied by 100. Each intermediate mark shows a value of 100 rpm. We recommend not to reach the red field.

22. TRANSMISSION OIL TEMPERATURE INDICA- TOR This indicator shows the transmission oil tem- perature. When the temperature is normal, the needle is in the grey area. If the needle is in the red area, change down to a lower gear. If the needle still remains in the red area, stop the machine travel, place the gear change lever and the direction of travel control lever in the neutral position and leave the engine running at 1000 rpm. If this operation does not enable the oil temperature to be reduced, check the gearbox oil level and make sure that the radiator and oil cooler are perfectly clean. See “Gearbox” in Section 8 and “Radiator and oil cooler” in Sec- tion 9.

23. ENGINE COOLANT SOLUTION TEMPERA- TURE INDICATOR This indicator shows the temperature of the engine coolant solution. When the temperature is normal, the needle is in the grey area. If the needle is in the red area the audible warning sounds. Move the machine to a place of safety, stop the engine, remove the starter switch key and check the coolant solution level. Make sure that the radiator and oil cooler are perfectly clean and that all the thermostats function cor- rectly. See “Cooling system” in Section 8 and “Radiator and oil cooler” in Section 9.

SECTION 4 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS/ACCESSORIES

OPERATOR’S COMPARTMENT CONTROLS

!
!

WARNING

!
!

Before starting the engine, make sure you are fully aware of the location and the function of each con- trol. Operating the controls wrongly can cause seri- ous physical injury.

STARTER SWITCH

Located on the right of the operator’s seat (with seat

in loader attachment position), this switch has four

positions.

Key position:

Position (1): Not used. Position (2): Off. Position (3): On. Position (4): Start.

NOTE: In On position (1) the audible alarm sounds.

NOTE: See “Starting the engine” in Section 5.

NOTE: This key is also used for locking the cab doors, the engine guard and the fuel tank cap.

STEERING CONTROL

A hydrostatic steering system is installed requiring

minimum effort to turn the steering wheel. Familiar- ise yourself with the effort required to turn the wheel before driving the machine for the first time.

WARNINGthe wheel before driving the machine for the first time. ! Because your machine is equipped

!
!

Because your machine is equipped with hydrostatic power steering, never hold the steering wheel against either of the steering stops. Failure to observe this precaution may result in damage to the steering system components.

!
!

WARNING

!
!

In the event of a burst steering hose the machine

will not be steerable, stop the machine immediately

and contact your Dealer.

In the event of loss of power steering due to engine

failure, the machine can still be driven to a place of safety. The force necessary to turn the steering

wheel and steer the machine will, however, be much higher.

of safety. The force necessary to turn the steering wheel and steer the machine will, however,

11

of safety. The force necessary to turn the steering wheel and steer the machine will, however,

12

SECTION 4 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS/ACCESSORIES

DIRECTION INDICATOR, HEADLIGHT MAIN BEAM AND FRONT WINDSHIELD WIPER AND WASHER REED SWITCH

Located on the right of the steering wheel, this lever has five positions:

Position (0): Neutral. Position (1): The left-hand direction indicators and the direction indicator lamp under the steering wheel flash at the same speed. Position (2): The right-hand direction indicators and the direction indicator lamp under the steering wheel flash at the same speed.

Position (3): (Lighting switch in low beam position). Push the reed switch downwards for the headlight main beams and corresponding indicator lamp to light up.

Position (4): Turn the reed switch handle counter- clockwise for the front windshield wiper to work. 0 = Stop I = Normal speed

Position (5): (momentary action control) Press and hold down the button on the tip of the handle to operate the windshield washer.

action control) Press and hold down the button on the tip of the handle to operate

13

action control) Press and hold down the button on the tip of the handle to operate

14

action control) Press and hold down the button on the tip of the handle to operate

15

SECTION 4 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS/ACCESSORIES

4X4 POWERSHUTTLE TRANSMISSION CONTROLS

4X4 POWERSHUTTLE TRANSMISSION CONTROLS 1. GEAR LEVER: Four gears are selectable for the required

1. GEAR LEVER: Four gears are selectable for the required ground speeds in both forward or reverse travel.

2. TRANSMISSION DISCONNECT BUTTON: (On gear level) Prior to changing gear depress and hold down this switch which disengages trans- mission drive, select the required gear with the gear lever and release the switch to re-engage drive.

3. LOADER ATTACHMENT CONTROL LEVER

4. TRANSMISSION DISCONNECT BUTTON: (On loader attachment control lever) This button is used to disengage the transmission in order to increase loader attachment power.

16

5. MECHANICAL DIFFERENTIAL LOCK PEDAL:

Depressing this pedal will lock both rear wheels together giving equal drive and will disengage when wheel torque equalises or foot brakes are applied.

6. TRANSMISSION POWERSHUTTLE DIREC- TION LEVER: Movement of this lever from the neutral position will engage forward or rearward travel and will cause the audible warning device to sound.

NOTE: In reverse gear an audible alarm device sounds.

7. WARNING HORN BUTTON

SECTION 4 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS/ACCESSORIES

Transmission

The transmission is fully synchronised providing four forward and four reverse speeds allowing gear ratio changes on the move. A torque converter is used to connect the engine to the transmission and the column mounted powershuttle lever (4) enables shifts between forward and reverse travel without disengaging gear ratios.

A “Transmission disconnect” feature is provided by

finger operated button (2) on the main gearshift lever (1) and loader control lever (3) of which disen- gages drive to the transmission to enable on the move gear changing.

!
!

WARNING

!
!

Always apply the parking brake whenever the machine is parked as the machine is free to roll even though the transmission gearshift lever and power reversing lever may be “In Gear” and the engine is turned “OFF”.

Gear Shift Lever

The single gearshift lever (1) is used to select any one of the four gear ratios. The transmission discon- nect button (2) is depressed and held as the lever is shifted from one gear to another and then released

to re-connect transmission drive.

and held as the lever is shifted from one gear to another and then released to

17

and held as the lever is shifted from one gear to another and then released to

18

SECTION 4 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS/ACCESSORIES

Forward/Reverse Powershuttle Lever

To select FORWARD travel, engage the required gear ratio with the gearshift lever, then with the engine idling lift the powershuttle lever from the neu- tral lock position (1) and move to the forward posi- tion (2). Use the foot accelerator to control the engine and ground speed.

To reverse the direction of travel, reduce engine speed and move the power reversing from neutral lock position (1) and rearwards (3) for reverse travel an audible alarm device sounds.

IMPORTANT: The powershuttle lever is equipped with a neutral lock to prevent inadvertent engage- ment of the transmission. With this design the power reversing lever moves through a “T” slot for the for- ward and reverse positions.

IMPORTANT: When operating in low ambient tem- peratures with cold transmission oil, allow the oil to warm up before attempting to shift the powershuttle lever. The transmission can be shifted normally after the oil warms up.

NOTE: The horn will sound if the powershuttle lever is operated (forward or reverse) with the handbrake engaged.

NOTE: The powershuttle lever can be shifted at any engine speed, however, for safe, smooth operation the engine speed should be reduced to approxi- mately 1200 rev/min. This action is easily controlled by using the foot accelerator to control engine and ground speed.

1200 rev/min. This action is easily controlled by using the foot accelerator to control engine and

19

SECTION 4 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS/ACCESSORIES

Transmission Disconnect

The 4x4 transmission provides for easy upward and downward gear ratio changes on the move. How- ever, as a clutch is not used between the engine and transmission, the power flow from the engine to the transmission must be interrupted to shift from one gear ratio to another. This is accomplished by using a transmission disconnect (dump) button.

The finger operated button (2) on the main gearshift lever knob (1) is easy to operate.

!
!

WARNING

!
!

To avoid personal injury do not use the disconnect switch control to coast down hill. Excessive speed may cause loss of control, personal injury to a bystander or failure of the transmission.

To make upward gear ratio changes simply depress and hold the button (2) on the gearshift lever (1), while moving the lever from one gear ratio to another. When the desired gear ratio has been selected release the button and allow the unit to gain engine speed and ground speed. If another higher ratio is required repeat the procedure.

IMPORTANT: To avoid possible damage to the transmission hydraulic clutches never use the dis- connect switch for inching the machine forward. Inching the machine forward with the button will cause the clutches to slip excessively and overheat.

To make downward gear ratio changes or reduce ground speed, simply lower the engine speed, depress and hold the gearshift lever button and downshift the transmission. When the desired gear ratio has been selected release the button and adjust the engine speed to suit ground speed required.

Operating the machine in too high a gear or under too heavy a load will cause the torque converter to slip excessively and overheat. If the machine is overloaded, the engine speed will not exceed a range of 1800-2200 rev/min at maximum accelera- tor and the torque converter will “stall” bringing the machine to a complete stop.

If “stall” does occur, there is still sufficient engine power to operate the loader however, to prevent the transmission from overheating, either reduce the load on the machine or select a lower gear ratio.

to prevent the transmission from overheating, either reduce the load on the machine or select a

20

SECTION 4 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS/ACCESSORIES

IMPORTANT: Operating at a “stall” for more than 20 seconds can cause the transmission to overheat and can possibly damage the transmission. If the transmission overheats, the indicator needle rises into the red zone. Shift both the power reversing and gearshift levers to neutral. Idle the engine at 1000 rev/min. until the transmission oil is cooled suffi- ciently for the indicator needle to drop into the green zone. Once done, operations may resume.

DIFFERENTIAL LOCK PEDAL

In conditions inducing wheel slip, hold down the dif- ferential lock pedal with your heel until the lock is felt to engage. The lock will automatically disengage when traction at the rear wheels equalises. If a rear wheel spins at speed, reduce the engine speed to idle before engaging the differential lock to minimise shock loads on the rear axle. See “Differential lock” in Section 5.

!
!

WARNING

!
!

Never use the differential lock at speeds above 8 km/h or when turning the machine. When engaged the lock will prevent the machine turning and per- sonal injury could result.

21
21
turning the machine. When engaged the lock will prevent the machine turning and per- sonal injury

22

SECTION 4 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS/ACCESSORIES

4X2 POWERSHIFT TRANSMISSION CONTROL LEVER

4X2 POWERSHIFT TRANSMISSION CONTROL LEVER 1. TRANSMISSION POWERSHIFT GEAR CHANGE AND DIRECTION LEVER:

1. TRANSMISSION POWERSHIFT GEAR CHANGE AND DIRECTION LEVER: Four gears are selectable for the required ground speed in forward and two gears for reverse travel.

IMPORTANT: The gear changes and direction of travel are governed by the micro processor to main- tain smooth and safe changes, irrespective of gear selected. Therefore Upshifting, downshifting or direction of travel through the gears will only occur when the monitored machine speed is safe to do so.

2. DIFFERENTIAL LOCK SELECTION SWITCH:

3.

Depressing the spring loaded switch will lock both rear wheels together giving equal drive and will disengage when wheel torque equalises or the foot brakes are applied.

LOADER ATTACHMENT CONTROL LEVER

23

4. TRANSMISSION DISCONNECT BUTTON

5. KICKDOWN SWITCH: If the machine is in 2nd gear and 1st is required for loader work engag- ing kickdown instantly drops the gear from 2nd to 1st. When reverse is selected the transmis- sion reverts to 2nd gear.

4X2 POWERSHIFT TRANSMISSION

The transmission fitted to this machine is designed to powershift gear changes supplying drive to the machine wheels depending upon the gear and direction selected. The transmission is controlled by a microprocessor in the Powershift lever unit (1).

The powershift lever (1) with electronic speed selec- tion actuates the powershift transmission with four forward speeds, two reverse speeds.

SECTION 4 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS/ACCESSORIES

4X2 POWERSHIFT TRANSMISSION DISPLAY (EGS) - FORWARD SELECTION

SECTION 4 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS/ACCESSORIES 4X2 POWERSHIFT TRANSMISSION DISPLAY (EGS) - FORWARD SELECTION 24 4-19

24

SECTION 4 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS/ACCESSORIES

4X2 POWERSHIFT TRANSMISSION DISPLAY (EGS) - REVERSE SELECTION

SECTION 4 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS/ACCESSORIES 4X2 POWERSHIFT TRANSMISSION DISP LAY (EGS) - REVE RSE SELECTION 25 4-20

25

SECTION 4 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS/ACCESSORIES

Powershift Lever Display - (LEDs) LEDs - Numbered 1 through 4:

Indicate the direction of travel by the colour of the LED Forward = Green Neutral = Red Reverse = Orange

of the LED Forward = Green Neutral = Red Reverse = Orange and also indicate the

and also indicate the selected shift lever gear.

3
3

STEADY ILLUMINATED LED: Indicates selected transmission gear.

FLASHING LED: Indicates the actual transmission gear engaged (if different from that selected).

LEDs - Numbered 1 through 8: Used during test modes

1 2 3 4
1
2
3
4
5 6 7 8
5
6
7
8

LED - Number 8: illuminates green when the machine is at a standstill (in normal mode).

1 2 3 4
1
2
3
4
5 6 7 8
5
6
7
8

LED - Letter T = Self-diagnostic Mode:

T
T

Used in self-diagnostic test mode and will illuminate during self test.

NOTE: In the event of a fault, (the light will flash), contact your Authorised Dealer for assistance.

LED - Letter N Indicates Neutral:

N
N

Illuminates when the transmission is shifted to neu- tral.

Powershift Lever and Microprocessor Functions

The microprocessor controls the transmission and self checks its own memory continuously to ensure that gear selection and range changes are always performed in a safe manner.

Should a fault occur in the transmission or the microprocessor, the microprocessor will default to the reset mode.

a fault occur in the transmission or the microprocessor, the microprocessor will default to the reset

26

a fault occur in the transmission or the microprocessor, the microprocessor will default to the reset

27

a fault occur in the transmission or the microprocessor, the microprocessor will default to the reset

28

SECTION 4 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS/ACCESSORIES

Reset Mode:

When the microprocessor defaults to reset mode both the T and N LED’s are displayed simultane- ously to indicate that a reset has taken place.

If no critical faults are active the microprocessor selects N2 and goes to the Neutral lock state. See “Driving with Powershift” chapter.

Limp home:

If a fault is detected at power up the limp home facil- ity is automatically selected.

IMPORTANT: If limp home is active, only 1st and 2nd gear will be selectable but without modulation. Limp home active can be identified by the illumina- tion of the following LEDs. - Consult your Dealer.

illumina- tion of the following LEDs. - Consult your Dealer. 29 T - LED N -

29

T - LED

N - LED

CONDITION

Flashing

ON

Last fault currently shown on display

Flashing

Flashes Slower

Input error detected

Flashing

Flashes in Phase

Non critical output error detected

Flashing

Flashes Faster

Safety critical output error detected

SECTION 4 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS/ACCESSORIES

Selecting Neutral

At power up, “Neutral and 2nd Gear” are automati- cally selected regardless of the powershift lever position (1). The LED-2 and the N-LED are illumi- nated RED, (neutral 2nd), the microprocessor is in a neutral lock state.

If after driving, neutral is selected and the shift lever

stays in neutral for more than 3 seconds the micro- processor automatically defaults to the neutral lock state for safety. In neutral an automatic shift routine takes effect to prevent damage to the transmission due to overspeeding.

Leaving Neutral

A feature of the powershift lever is the neutral lock

state, which does not allow forward or reverse direc- tion drive to be selected. This feature prevents the machine accidentally moving should the lever be knocked into forward or reverse. To leave the neu- tral lock state, you select drive direction followed by an upshift by rotating the shift lever.

Selecting Forward

To select forward travel push the lever away from you and the “F” LED will illuminate green.

NOTE: When forward is selected you will not be given any indication of gear selected, only the maxi- mum selected gear the transmission will shift too. The microprocessor is programmed to be an auto- matic speed based shift system. In addition whether forward actually engages at that time, depends on the status of the machine, for example if on the move, road speed and direction will be considered before any shift changes take place.

Selecting Reverse

To select reverse travel pull the lever towards you and the reverse “R” LED will illuminate orange.

NOTE: When reverse is selected you will not be given any indication of gear selected, only the maxi- mum selected gear the transmission will shift too. The microprocessor is programmed to be an auto- matic speed based shift system. In addition whether reverse actually engages at that time, depends on the status of the machine, that is if on the move road speed and direction will be con- sidered by the microprocessor.

of the machine, that is if on the move road speed and direction will be con-

30

of the machine, that is if on the move road speed and direction will be con-

31

of the machine, that is if on the move road speed and direction will be con-

32

SECTION 4 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS/ACCESSORIES

Up Shifting

Up shifting to a desired gear from neutral is achieved by twisting the handgrip counter clockwise (+) in single movements. If held in this position the processor will advance the shift selection from 2 through to 4 in 1.8 sec intervals.

NOTE: An upshift request after a downshift is delayed for 2 seconds. Should an error occur with the speed sensor the microprocessor will not allow up shifts above 2nd gear and will be indicated by the “T” LED flashing and the “N” LED flashing slower.

NOTE: If climbing up a steep incline select 2nd and proceed, if speed and power allow upshift into 3rd and 4th.

Down Shifting !
Down Shifting
!

WARNING

!
!

If descending down a steep incline select 2nd and proceed, upshifting only when safe to do so. You can not downshift to reduce speed if the machine speed is above 15 km/h (9.321 mph).

Downshifting to the desired gear is achieved by twisting the handgrip clockwise (-) in single move- ments. If held in this position the processor will decrease the shift from 4, if the shift lever was in this gear, through to 1 in 1.5 sec intervals.

NOTE: If the gear requested and the shift attainable are not the same because of torque convertor tur- bine RPM being too high, the gear position LED (e.g. LED 4) will flash and the shift lever position will illuminate, not flashing, (e.g. LED 2), until the requested gear is reached. When a gear position LED is flashing this indicates that the machine has to reduce speed to reach the requested gear.

gear position LED is flashing this indicates that the machine has to reduce speed to reach

33

gear position LED is flashing this indicates that the machine has to reduce speed to reach

34

SECTION 4 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS/ACCESSORIES

Direction Changes

Changing driving direction is achieved simply by shuttling the powershift lever between forward and reverse and vice versa which is allowed at any time.

The system response however depends on machine speed and currently engaged gear. When driving in 1st or 2nd gear direction changes are unrestricted and are granted immediately.

F1 - R1

F2 - R2

R1 - F1

R2 - F2

When

driving

forward

in

3rd

or

4th

gear

two

responses

are

possible

depending

on

machine

speed.

RESPONSE 1: If the machine speed in forward is above 15 km/h (9.321 mph) and reverse is selected downshift engages but momentum forward remains, until the speed drops sufficiently to allow downshift to take place when reverse is achieved in 2nd gear.

RESPONSE 2: If the machine speed in forward is less than 15 km/h (9.321 mph) reverse takes place immediately into 2nd gear.

Should a speed sensor fault be detected while in F3 or F4 a downshift sequence to 2nd gear will take place and is indicated by the LED “T” flashing fast and the LED “N” flashing slowly.

NOTE: If the transmission is in forward 1st gear due to kick down the direction change will result in selec- tion of reverse 2nd gear for efficient pull away. Refer to Kickdown for more information.

result in selec- tion of reverse 2nd gear for efficient pull away. Refer to Kickdown for

35

result in selec- tion of reverse 2nd gear for efficient pull away. Refer to Kickdown for

36

result in selec- tion of reverse 2nd gear for efficient pull away. Refer to Kickdown for

37

SECTION 4 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS/ACCESSORIES

Transmission Powershift

In the previous paragraphs shift changes have been shown as precise movements and twist actions of the powershift lever. However the transmission can change gear automatically in forward or reverse as described in the following paragraph:

Select forward and 4th gear on the powershift lever and with the handbrake released apply pressure to the foot accelerator. As the engine revs and machine speed increase the transmission will start from 2nd gear and change up through 3rd and 4th gears up to maximum road speed.

When you require to slow down or stop release the foot accelerator and apply the foot brake, the trans- mission will automatically downshift through 4th, 3rd and 2nd gear as the machine speed decreases. Once stopped apply the handbrake and neutral will be selected by the microprocessor.

To select drive again, simply twist the handgrip to select 4th and with the handbrake released apply pressure to the foot accelerator.

Kick Down

The kick down facility (2nd to 1st gear only) on this transmission increases torque instantly to the driv- ing wheels and hence pushing power. For example when the loader is pushing into a pile and more torque is required at the wheels.

This is achieved by the instant gear change from 2nd to 1st by the use of the button (1) without the need to use the twist grip on the powershift lever.

NOTE: The kick down facility is only available when the transmission is in 2nd gear and the kickdown button (1) is depressed. If kick down can not be achieved (machine speed too high) the LED 1 will be illuminated and LED 2 will be flashing.

kick down can not be achieved (machine speed too high) the LED 1 will be illuminated

38

SECTION 4 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS/ACCESSORIES

Transmission Disconnect

The disconnect feature is useful when loading, for example; when pushing the loader into a pile and you have sufficient dirt in the bucket press the dis- connect switch which disengages the transmission and allows the full power of the engine to be directed to the hydraulic oil pump.

Disconnect is available in 1st and 2nd gear.

NOTE: Transmission disconnect is selectable, when the machine speed is less than 5 km/h (3.107 mph) and by depressing the button on the loader lever and remains active until the pedals or switch are released.

Speed Ranges

The microprocessor controlling the powershift trans- mission is pre-programmed to control the speed at which the gear changes take place.

This effectively protects the transmission from excess forces, should gear changes be selected at higher speeds than is desirable.

(Except 695 Super R) shown in the chart opposite with an 18.4 X 26 R4 tyre fitted is the approximate (within 10%) maximum speed available and at which speed an automatic shift takes place in each gear.

(

)

= Automatic upshift speed

[

]

= Automatic downshift speed

As can be seen when down shifting from 4th gear at maximum speed 39.5 km/h (24.544 mph) the micro- processor will not allow the down shift to take place until the speed has dropped to approximately 19.9 km/h (12.365 mph). Refer to the chart for complete upshift and downshift speed change details.

NOTE: In some countries the road speed of 40 km/h (24.855 mph) is not allowed. In these circumstances the transmission is governed to a maximum of 30 km/h (18.641 mph) and the shift speed range reduces accordingly.

transmission is governed to a maximum of 30 km/h (18.641 mph) and the shift speed range

39

transmission is governed to a maximum of 30 km/h (18.641 mph) and the shift speed range

40

SECTION 4 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS/ACCESSORIES

Differential lock !
Differential lock
!

WARNING

!
!

Never use the differential lock at speeds above 8 km/h or when turning the machine. When engaged the lock will prevent the machine turning and per- sonal injury could result.

The differential lock fitted to this machine is oper- ated by oil pressure and controlled by an electrically operated solenoid. The solenoid is energised when the switch (1) mounted on the loader attachment control lever. The differential lock effectively places both rear wheels into a direct drive when selected, this action stops one rear wheel spinning.

In conditions inducing wheel slip (differential lock not yet engaged), press down the differential lock switch and the lock will engage giving direct drive to both rear wheels.

The lock will remain engaged until either of the foot brakes are applied and the machine stops or by dis- engaging the switch. The warning light on the instru- ment panel will go out when the differential lock has disengaged. See “Differential lock” in Section 5.

ENGINE GUARD LOCKING AND UNLOCKING LEVER

Located under the steering wheel, this lever has two positions:

Pull the lever to unlock the engine guard.

Push the lever to lock the engine guard.

See “Engine guard”.

IMPORTANT: For all service work on the engine, install the loader attachment support strut. See “Loader attachment support strut” and then place the “Do not start up” label on the instrument panel.

“Loader attachment support strut” and then place the “Do not start up” label on the instrument

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“Loader attachment support strut” and then place the “Do not start up” label on the instrument

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SECTION 4 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS/ACCESSORIES

ADJUSTABLE STEERING COLUMN (Optional)

The angle of the steering column can be varied through an approximate range of 10 - 20 degrees.

Adjustment is by release of the foot pedal at the base of the column. Apply a light pressure to this pedal and position the steering column to suit your needs.

With the column in the desired position release the foot pedal which will lock the column in position.

IMPORTANT: It is essential that the machine be brought to a complete halt before attempting to adjust the steering column tilt position. If this instruc- tion is not observed an accident may occur.

OPERATOR’S

COMPARTMENT

AND

MAP

READING LIGHT

This light is mounted on the roof. Push the switch forward to turn on the compartment light. Push rear- ward to turn on the map reading light.

SUN VISOR

Use the tab (1) to pull the sun visor down and place it in the position required. Push up the latch (2) to roll up the visor.

pull the sun visor down and place it in the position required. Push up the latch

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pull the sun visor down and place it in the position required. Push up the latch

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pull the sun visor down and place it in the position required. Push up the latch

45

SECTION 4 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS/ACCESSORIES

ENGINE ACCELERATOR PEDAL

Located under the steering wheel, this pedal ena- bles the engine speed to be increased or decreased.

Maximum speed: press the pedal fully down.

Idle speed: release the pedal.

This pedal is used for travel and for operating the loader attachment.

NOTE: This pedal is coupled with the engine accel- erator lever. Before using the pedal, make sure that the accelerator lever is in the minimum speed posi- tion. See “Engine accelerator lever”.

IMPORTANT: Never use this pedal when working with the backhoe attachment.

BRAKE PEDALS

Located under the steering wheel, these two pedals (1) are equipped with a system (2) which enables them to be locked together or unlocked. This ena- bles the machine either to be braked (pedals locked) by pressing either of the pedals or to be turned (pedals unlocked) to the right by pressing on the right-hand pedal or to the left by pressing on the left-hand pedal. Braking with one pedal only should only be carried out at low speed.

NOTE: When the pedals are locked and the brakes are applied the 2/4 wheel drive switch lights up on the front instrument panel.

!
!

WARNING

!
!

It is mandatory to make sure that the brake pedals are locked together before any road travel or travel in third or fourth gear. If this instruction is not observed an accident may occur.

To lock the two pedals together, tilt the latch so it engages on the left-hand pedal.

an accident may occur. To lock the two pedals together, tilt the latch so it engages

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an accident may occur. To lock the two pedals together, tilt the latch so it engages

47

SECTION 4 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS/ACCESSORIES

ENGINE ACCELERATOR HANDLE This handle enables the engine speed to be increased or decreased. Turn to U to increase the speed. Turn to T to decrease the speed.

IMPORTANT: Never use the handle during travel on public highways.

PARKING BRAKE LEVER

Located on the right of the operator’s seat (with the seat in the loader attachment position), this lever enables the machine to be immobilized.

Raise the lever to immobilize the machine (wheels braked). In this position, the indicator light lights up on the instrument panel. Press and hold down the push button on the tip of the lever and then lower the lever to release the brakes (wheels are free to rotate). In this position, the lamp on the instrument panel is out.

IMPORTANT: If the gear is being engaged when the parking brake is activated, will actuate the warning buzzer and the symbol “parking brake alarm” will appear on the display.

IMPORTANT: Never try to move the machine when the lever is in the raised position.

IMPORTANT: Before stopping the engine make sure the lever is in the raised position.

IMPORTANT: Before using the backhoe attachment controls, make sure that the lever is in the raised position.

!
!

WARNING

!
!

Any uncontrolled movement of the machine can cause an accident. Before turning the operator’s seat to the backhoe equipment working position, it is essential for the direction of travel lever and the gear change lever to be placed in the neutral posi- tion and the machine to be immobilized by means of the parking brake lever.

IMPORTANT: This lever can also be used as an emergency brake in the event of a main brake sys- tem failure.

IMPORTANT: This lever can also be used as an emergency brake in the event of a

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IMPORTANT: This lever can also be used as an emergency brake in the event of a

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SECTION 4 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS/ACCESSORIES

FRONT

RESERVOIR

This reservoir is located on the left-hand side of the cab and has two electric pumps controlled by a switch or the direction indicator, main beam head- light, front windshield washer and wiper switch. See “Operator’s compartment controls”.

WASHER

AND

REAR

WINDSHIELD

NOTE: In cold weather, use windshield washer with low temperature capability.

IMPORTANT: Never operate the windshield washer switch when the reservoir is empty, since this may damage the electric pump.

RADIO COMPARTMENT

Located on the left-hand side of the cab, this pre- equipped compartment is intended for installing a 12 volt radio.

AUXILIARY 12 VOLT SOCKET

An auxiliary 12 volt power socket is located on the cab left-hand upright.

radio. AUXILIARY 12 VOLT SOCKET An auxiliary 12 volt power socket is located on the cab

50

radio. AUXILIARY 12 VOLT SOCKET An auxiliary 12 volt power socket is located on the cab

51

radio. AUXILIARY 12 VOLT SOCKET An auxiliary 12 volt power socket is located on the cab

52

SECTION 4 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS/ACCESSORIES

STORAGE AREAS

Located at the front left and rear right, these areas can be used for cups, bottles etc.

BACKHOE ATTACHMENT BOOM UNLOCKING LEVER (590 Super R)

Located on the right-hand side of the cab (with the operator’s seat in backhoe attachment position), this lever is used to unlock the backhoe attachment lock plate after road travel.

See “Locking or unlocking the backhoe attachment” in Section 5.

BATTERY MASTER SWITCH

The battery master switch is located into battery compartment and is used to disconnect the electri- cal system completely from the battery.

When the master switch has un inclination of 45°, the circuit is disconnected.

When the master switch is in vertical position, the circuit is connected.

!
!

WARNING

!
!

The battery master switch must be switched off at the end of each working day, for machine service or for any operations on the electrical system. It acts as an anti-theft device when the cab doors and windows are locked.

on the electrical system. It acts as an anti-theft device when the cab doors and windows

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on the electrical system. It acts as an anti-theft device when the cab doors and windows

54

on the electrical system. It acts as an anti-theft device when the cab doors and windows

55

SECTION 4 - CONTROLS/INSTRUMENTS/ACCESSORIES

FUSES AND RELAYS CONTROL UNIT

This fuses and relays control unit is under side instrument panel and may be accessed via the right- hand cab door. See “Fuses and relays” in Section

10.

Diagnostics socket

On the left side of fuses and relays control unit is installed the diagnostics socket. By means of this socket it is possible, getting connected with a com- puter, to have access to the engine data and to detect possible faults.

CODED ANTI-THEFT SWITCH (Optional)

Located on the right-hand console, this switch has a red flashing lamp and makes it possible to disen- gage the engine anti-start device, using the special electronic key. See “Coded anti-theft system”.

If the electronic key is not inserted and you try to start the machine, the display will show an error message after 5 seconds.

NOTE: It is recommended to keep the electronic key with the starter switch key. If the 5 keys (deliv- ered with the machine) are lost they may not be replaced.

OPERATOR’S COMPARTMENT FAN (Optional)

Turn the middle of the fan to stop or start it.

COAT HANGER HOOK

This hook is on the left-hand cab upright.

the middle of the fan to stop or start it. COAT HANGER HOOK This hook is

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the middle of the fan to stop or start it. COAT HANGER HOOK This hook is

57

the middle of the fan to stop or start it. COAT HANGER HOOK This hook is

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the middle of the fan to stop or start it. COAT HANGER HOOK This hook is

59