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DO NOT WRITE ON THIS!!! Science Interim #1 Practice Nearpod

Five friends were talking, and they began to wonder what causes objects to move or stay still. They remembered learning in class that forces cause objects to move. They then began to wonder, what exactly is a force? This is what they said:

Rae: “I think a push is a force and a pull is something else.” Scott: “I think a pull is a force and a push is something else.” Yolanda: “I think a force is either a push or a pull.” Miles: “I think forces are neither pushes nor pulls. I think they are something else.” Violet: “I think pushes and pulls are forces, but there is also another type of force that just holds things in place.”

1. According to the text and diagram, a force

a. acts alone

b. Can be measured in kg units

c. can be a push or a pull

d. can be negative

So, they decided to investigate what exactly are forces. Here is what they found out: A force is a push or pull upon an object resulting from the object's interaction with another object.

2. Which of the following graphs best matches a person pushing the cart at a constant speed?

c.

3. Four of the friends decided to see who could push the cart the fastest. According to the graph, which friend pushed the cart the fastest?

a.

b.

d.

a.

A

b. B

c. D

d.D

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4. For Trial 3, the calculated acceleration of the cart was to the nearest hundredth (x.xx m/s2).

a. 1.03 m/s2

b. 14/19 m/s2

c. 0.76 m/s2

d. 1.30 m/s2

5. After the experiment, the five friends began to debate who would accelerate the fastest down a hill if they were placed on the cart and the same amount of force was placed upon them with the initial push. Miles, who weighs 100 pounds, claims that he would accelerate faster than Scott, who weighs 120 pounds. Who would accelerate faster, Miles or Scott? (Hint, use the 2nd law and find acceleration)

a. Scott

b. Miles

6. When we draw pictures of forces, we usually draw an arrow in the direction the force is moving the object. According to Figure 1, which direction would the arrow point?

a. Up

b. Down

c. Right

d. Left

7. The action/reaction forces interacting in this model are

a. the foot pushing on the ball forward and the ball pushing back on the foot

b. the foot pulling the ball forward and the ball pulling back on the foot

c. there is no action/reaction in this example

8. More force is being exerted by the

a. Ball

b. Foot

causing the ball to move.

9.

10.

11.

12.

13.

14.

This is an example of

DO NOT WRITE ON THIS!!! forces interacting.

a. Balanced

b. Unbalanced

If Force = Mass x Acceleration, then the following is also true

a. Mass = Force * Acceleration

b. Mass = Acceleration/Force

c. Acceleration = Force/Mass

d. Acceleration = Mass/Force

Kyle played the first 30 minutes in the first half. During which 5 minute interval did he achieve his greatest average speed?

a. 0-5 minutes

b. 5-10 minutes

c. 10-15 minutes

d. 15-20 minutes

While Kyle was playing, he took a shot on the goal. He was unsuccessful and the ball was blocked by the goalie. The interaction between the ball and the goalie was a force.

a. Balanced

b. Unbalanced

During the game, the ball experiences a force of 0 newtons. Which statement explain what is most likely happening with the ball?

a. Is sitting still

b. It is bouncing off someone’s knee

c. It has been kicked across the field

d. It has been tossed straight up in the air

Solve for the acceleration rate of the ball that weighs 0.52 kg that has 6.25N applied to it when kicked.

a. 3.25 m/s2

b. 0.0832 m/s2

c. 12.019 m/s2

15. According to the 2nd Law, the heavier ball will travel a

a lighter ball.

a. Shorter

b. Farther

distance over time than

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16. According to the figure, what is the total net force on the ball?

a. 50 N to the left

b. 50 N to the right

c. 200 N to the left

d. 200 N to the right

17. At the end of overtime, the 2 teams are still tied. Each coach, must select 5 players to take penalty shots. The coach for the red team has 1 spot left and needs to select the player to take the shot. Based on the data, is Messi or Ronaldo a better choice to take the penalty shot to increase the team’s chances of winning the game?

a. Messi

b. Ronaldo

18. What are the units for force?

a. kg

b. m/s2

c. N

d. m/s

19. What are the units for mass?

a. kg

b. m/s2

c. N

d. m/s

20. What are the units for acceleration?

a. kg

b. m/s2

c. N

d. m/s