Year 5 + 6 // Maths
Aim of the Unit
At the end of this two week unit, students will:
Unit 1 // Shape
 Understand that 2D nets makeup 3D objects
 Know that 2D means twodimensional, and 3D means threedimensional
 Know that 2D shapes have sides and vertices, some have parallel and perpendicular lines
 Know that 3D objects have the same properties as 2D shapes, as well as having faces, and edges rather than sides
 Know the names of common 2D and 3D objects
 Be able to recognise and name different 2D and 3D objects
 Be able to connect 3D objects with their corresponding nets
 Be able to create 3D objects using premade nets
 Be able to design and construct a prism and pyramid
Achievement Standards
Year 5 // By the end of Year 5, students solve simple problems involving the four operations using a range of strategies. They check the reasonableness of answers using estimation and rounding. Students identify and describe factors and multiples. They identify and explain strategies for finding unknown quantities in number sentences involving the four operations. They explain plans for simple budgets.
Students 
connect threedimensional objects 
with 
their two 

dimensional representations. 
They describe transformations of two and identify line and
dimensional shapes
rotational symmetry. Students interpret different data sets. Year 6 // Students locate fractions and integers on a number line. They calculate a simple fraction of a quantity. They add, subtract and
multiply decimals and divide decimals where the result is rational. Students calculate common percentage discounts on sale items. They write correct number sentences using brackets and order of operations. Students locate an ordered pair in any one of the four
quadrants on the Cartesian plane.
They construct simple prisms and
using
simple
fractions,
pyramids.
Students
describe
probabilities
decimals and percentages.
Content Descriptors
Year 5
General Capabilities
Critical and creative thinking
 
ACMMG111: Connect threedimensional objects with their nets, 
 Identifying, Inquiring: 
exploring and organising information and 
and other twodimensional representations 
ideas 
 Identifying the shape and relative position of each face of a solid to determine the net of the solid  including that of prisms and pyramids
Year 6
 ACMMG140: Construct simple prisms and pyramids
 Constructing prisms and pyramids from nets
 Identify and clarify information and ideas
 Organise and process information
 Generating ideas, possibilities and actions
 Seek solutions and put ideas into action
 Consider alternatives
 Imagine possibilities and connect ideas
Numeracy
 Using spatial reasoning
 Visualise 2D shapes and 3D objects
Unit Overview
Lesson Focus 
Learning Outcomes 
Resources 
Assessing Learning 

Lesson 1 
Introduce 2D shapes 
Students will become familiarised with mathematical terms and vocabulary used to describe 2D shapes 
 Shape worksheet 
Observation: Students questions and discussions 
 Define 2D and terms used to describe 

properties of shapes (vertices, sides, parallel and perpendicular) 
Work sample: Worksheet responses 

Looking at 2D shape names 
Students will know that 2D means twodimensional, and that 2D shapes have length and width 

 Worksheet (individual activity) 

 Name shapes, circle vertices, identify 

quadrilaterals, parallel lines and perpendicular lines 
Students will know the names of common 2D shapes 

Lesson 2 
Introduce quadrilaterals 
Students will be able to identify quadrilateral, regular and irregular shapes 
 Powerpoint 
Observation: Student responses 
Whole class activity  Go through powerpoint reviewing previous lesson + identifying quadrilateral shapes  Introduce regular and irregular shapes 
Shapes handout (to cut and paste)  
to questions and discussions, and progress through regular / irregular shape activity 

 Copy table into Maths books 

 Cut out shapes and glue in the correct tables 

Colour in quadrilaterals and identify vertices + parallel lines  

Lesson 3 
Review of previous learning 
Students will recognise regular and irregular polygons 
 Powerpoint (from previous 
Work sample: Completed shape activity 
 What are quadrilaterals? 
lesson) 

 What are regular + irregular shapes? 
Shapes handout from previous lesson  

Complete activity from previous lesson 
Lesson 4 
Review of previous learning 
Students will understand that a polygon is a term we can use to describe shapes with straight sides 
 Polygons handout 
Observation: Student responses and questions throughout the lesson 
 What are quadrilaterals? 

 What are regular + irregular shapes? 

Introduce term polygon 

 Describes shapes with straight sides 
Students will be able to name common polygons 

Naming different polygons 

Go through handout, polygons from 3 to 10 sides  

 How can we help ourselves remember the 

names of polygons? Ask students for any connections they can make between shape names and the number of sides 

Review of vertices: They are the points / corners of a shape 

Circle all vertices on the polygons on handouts  

Lesson 5 
Go through workbooks and finish all activities from the week 
Students will have completed all activities given during the week 
 Polygons worksheet 
Work samples: Regular and irregular shape section of worksheet (formative assessment) 
New worksheet activity (formative assessment task) 
Students will be able to identify 2D shapes and their properties 

All students must colour regular and irregular polygons this lesson  

 Students continue through additional 

questions  Naming shapes, identifying vertices, parallel lines, quadrilateral and parallelogram shapes 

Lesson 6 
Review of previous week learning 
Students will understand the properties of 3D objects and be able to identify the properties of individual 3D objects 
 3D objects 
Observation: Student responses 
Quadrilateral shapes, regular + irregular polygons, parallel lines and vertices  
 3D objects handout 
and discussion topics, 3D object names shared 

Introduce 3D objects  Class discussion 
Work sample: Worksheet responses 

What do we know about 3D objects? What is different about them from 2D shapes?  
Students will be able to name common 3D objects 
 What different properties do 3D objects 

have? 

Identifying faces, edges, vertices, parallel edges and perpendicular lines  

Worksheet  Individually (in pairs if having trouble) 

Identifying number of edges, faces and vertices  

Lesson 7 
Review of previous lesson 
Students will recognise and be able to name simple 3D objects, and find examples around the classroom 
 3D object finding template 
Observation: Student’s ideas and 
 Worksheet responses 
 Straws 
discussion 

 Blu tack 

 Find and note down different 3D objects we 
Work sample: 3D object created 

can find in the classroom 

 Write the name of the object described, the 
Students will be able to use their knowledge of regular shapes (having sides the same length) to create a 3D object ‘skeleton’ 

3D object name, number of sides, vertices and edges 

Share what we have found with the class 

Making skeletons of 3D objects 

Choose 1 object and create it with straws + blu tack  

Lesson 8 
Introducing nets to make 3D objects 
Students will understand that 3D objects are made up of 2D shapes, and be able to connect the 2D nets with their respective 3D objects Students will be able to create prisms and pyramids using premade nets 
 Food boxes (3) 
Observation: Discussion 
 Broken food boxes as an example  How does this flat net turn into a rectangular prism? Recognising which nets make which 3D objects 
 Nets worksheet 

Work sample: 3D objects created 

 Prism and pyramid net printouts  Scissors  Glue 

 Matching activity on the projector (do as a class) 

Constructing prism / pyramid nets 

Using templates, cut out + construct 3D objects  
Lesson 9 
Designing a prism or pyramid net 
Students will be able to design + draw a net for a prism or pyramid, using given measurements 
 Paper 
Work sample: Planning and 

 
Need to make whichever they didn’t use a 
 Rulers 
design of prism and pyramid 

premade net for (each student needs one prism and one pyramid) 
 Scissors 
nets 

 Glue 

Guided instruction  making nets using given measurements  
 Coloured pencils 

Lesson 10 
Finishing 3D objects  Nets need to be coloured in, cut neatly and glued together before the end of the day. 
Students will be able to create a 3D object using the net they have created 
 Grid paper 
Work sample: Planning and 

 Rulers 
design of prism and pyramid nets 

 Scissors 

 Glue 

 Coloured pencils 
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