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Year 5 + 6 // Maths

Aim of the Unit

At the end of this two week unit, students will:

Unit 1 // Shape

- Understand that 2D nets make-up 3D objects

- Know that 2D means two-dimensional, and 3D means three-dimensional

- Know that 2D shapes have sides and vertices, some have parallel and perpendicular lines

- Know that 3D objects have the same properties as 2D shapes, as well as having faces, and edges rather than sides

- Know the names of common 2D and 3D objects

- Be able to recognise and name different 2D and 3D objects

- Be able to connect 3D objects with their corresponding nets

- Be able to create 3D objects using pre-made nets

- Be able to design and construct a prism and pyramid

Achievement Standards

Year 5 // By the end of Year 5, students solve simple problems involving the four operations using a range of strategies. They check the reasonableness of answers using estimation and rounding. Students identify and describe factors and multiples. They identify and explain strategies for finding unknown quantities in number sentences involving the four operations. They explain plans for simple budgets.

Students

connect three-dimensional objects

with

their two

dimensional representations.

 

They describe transformations of two and identify line and

dimensional shapes

rotational symmetry. Students interpret different data sets. Year 6 // Students locate fractions and integers on a number line. They calculate a simple fraction of a quantity. They add, subtract and

multiply decimals and divide decimals where the result is rational. Students calculate common percentage discounts on sale items. They write correct number sentences using brackets and order of operations. Students locate an ordered pair in any one of the four

quadrants on the Cartesian plane.

They construct simple prisms and

using

simple

fractions,

pyramids.

Students

describe

probabilities

decimals and percentages.

Content Descriptors

Year 5

General Capabilities

Critical and creative thinking

-

ACMMG111: Connect three-dimensional objects with their nets,

- Identifying,

Inquiring:

exploring and organising information and

and other two-dimensional representations

ideas

- Identifying the shape and relative position of each face of a solid to determine the net of the solid - including that of prisms and pyramids

Year 6

- ACMMG140: Construct simple prisms and pyramids

- Constructing prisms and pyramids from nets

- Identify and clarify information and ideas

- Organise and process information

- Generating ideas, possibilities and actions

- Seek solutions and put ideas into action

- Consider alternatives

- Imagine possibilities and connect ideas

Numeracy

- Using spatial reasoning

- Visualise 2D shapes and 3D objects

Unit Overview

 

Lesson Focus

Learning Outcomes

Resources

Assessing Learning

Lesson 1

Introduce 2D shapes

Students will become familiarised with mathematical terms and vocabulary used to describe 2D shapes

- Shape worksheet

Observation: Students questions and discussions

-

Define 2D and terms used to describe

properties of shapes (vertices, sides, parallel and perpendicular)

Work sample: Worksheet responses

Looking at 2D shape names

Students will know that 2D means two-dimensional, and that 2D shapes have length and width

 

- Worksheet (individual activity)

- Name shapes, circle vertices, identify

quadrilaterals, parallel lines and perpendicular lines

Students will know the names of common 2D shapes

Lesson 2

Introduce quadrilaterals

Students will be able to identify quadrilateral, regular and irregular shapes

- Powerpoint

Observation: Student responses

Whole class activity - Go through powerpoint reviewing previous lesson + identifying quadrilateral shapes

-

Introduce regular and irregular shapes

Shapes handout (to cut and paste)

-

to questions and discussions, and progress through regular / irregular shape activity

- Copy table into Maths books

- Cut out shapes and glue in the correct tables

Colour in quadrilaterals and identify vertices + parallel lines

-

Lesson 3

Review of previous learning

Students will recognise regular and irregular polygons

-

Powerpoint (from previous

Work sample: Completed shape activity

- What are quadrilaterals?

lesson)

- What are regular + irregular shapes?

Shapes handout from previous lesson

-

Complete activity from previous lesson

Lesson 4

Review of previous learning

Students will understand that a polygon is a term we can use to describe shapes with straight sides

- Polygons handout

Observation: Student responses and questions throughout the lesson

- What are quadrilaterals?

- What are regular + irregular shapes?

Introduce term polygon

 

-

Describes shapes with straight sides

Students will be able to name common polygons

Naming different polygons

Go through handout, polygons from 3 to 10 sides

-

-

How can we help ourselves remember the

names of polygons? Ask students for any connections they can make between shape names and the number of sides

Review of vertices: They are the points / corners of a shape

Circle all vertices on the polygons on handouts

-

Lesson 5

Go through workbooks and finish all activities from the week

Students will have completed all activities given during the week

- Polygons worksheet

Work samples: Regular and irregular shape section of worksheet (formative assessment)

New worksheet activity (formative assessment task)

Students will be able to identify 2D shapes and their properties

All students must colour regular and irregular polygons this lesson

-

-

Students continue through additional

questions - Naming shapes, identifying vertices, parallel lines, quadrilateral and parallelogram shapes

Lesson 6

Review of previous week learning

Students will understand the properties of 3D objects and be able to identify the properties of individual 3D objects

- 3D objects

Observation: Student responses

Quadrilateral shapes, regular + irregular polygons, parallel lines and vertices

-

- 3D objects handout

and discussion topics, 3D object names shared

Introduce 3D objects - Class discussion

Work sample: Worksheet responses

What do we know about 3D objects? What is different about them from 2D shapes?

-

Students will be able to name common 3D objects

 

-

What different properties do 3D objects

have?

Identifying faces, edges, vertices, parallel edges and perpendicular lines

-

Worksheet - Individually (in pairs if having trouble)

Identifying number of edges, faces and vertices

-

Lesson 7

Review of previous lesson

Students will recognise and be able to name simple 3D objects, and find examples around the classroom

- 3D object finding template

Observation: Student’s ideas and

- Worksheet responses

- Straws

discussion

- Blu tack

- Find and note down different 3D objects we

 

Work sample: 3D object created

can find in the classroom

-

Write the name of the object described, the

Students will be able to use their knowledge of regular shapes (having sides the same length) to create a 3D object ‘skeleton’

 

3D object name, number of sides, vertices and edges

Share what we have found with the class

Making skeletons of 3D objects

Choose 1 object and create it with straws + blu tack

-

Lesson 8

Introducing nets to make 3D objects

Students will understand that 3D objects are made up of 2D shapes, and be able to connect the 2D nets with their respective 3D objects

Students will be able to create prisms and pyramids using pre-made nets

- Food boxes (3)

Observation: Discussion

-

Broken food boxes as an example - How does this flat net turn into a rectangular prism?

Recognising which nets make which 3D objects

- Nets worksheet

 

Work sample: 3D objects created

- Prism and pyramid net printouts

- Scissors

- Glue

-

Matching activity on the projector (do as a class)

Constructing prism / pyramid nets

Using templates, cut out + construct 3D objects

-

Lesson 9

Designing a prism or pyramid net

Students will be able to design + draw a net for a prism or pyramid, using given measurements

- Paper

Work sample: Planning and

-

Need to make whichever they didn’t use a

- Rulers

design of prism and pyramid

pre-made net for (each student needs one prism and one pyramid)

- Scissors

nets

- Glue

Guided instruction - making nets using given measurements

-

 

- Coloured pencils

Lesson 10

Finishing 3D objects - Nets need to be coloured in, cut neatly and glued together before the end of the day.

Students will be able to create a 3D object using the net they have created

- Grid paper

Work sample: Planning and

- Rulers

design of prism and pyramid nets

- Scissors

 

- Glue

- Coloured pencils