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Group Members :

1. Sarfian Hidayat (E1D017104)

2. Wara Alfian (E1D017114)

3. Yuan Adria Rahmah (E1D017117)

A. Elaboration of Grammatical tests

The testing of grammar is one of the mainstays of language testing, since it can be argued that a

basic knowledge of grammar underlies the ability to use language to express meaning. The most

common way of testing grammatical knowledge is the multiple-choice test, and the most

common multiple-choice item is one in which the student selects a word to complete the

sentence correctly. Students can also be asked to select the correct response to an utterance or to

choose the most equivalent statement. Error correction items are also useful in testing grammar.

A traditional way to test knowledge of word order is to present alternative word orders and ask

the student to select the best. Understanding of appropriate sentence order can be tested in the

same way. Still another type of grammar test item uses transformations in which the test taker

constructs new sentences that have the same meaning as the original sentence. Sentence

combining exercises also play a part in grammar testing. While the testing of grammar is limited

in that it does not guarantee that the test taker can use the grammatical knowledge in real

communication, it is sometimes necessary and useful.

1. Multiple Choice Tests

Probably the most common way of testing grammatical knowledge is the multiple choice test.

These tests have the advantage of being easy to grade and being able to cover a lot of

grammatical points quickly.

The most common type of multiple choice grammatical item is one in which the test maker

gives the testee a sentence with a blank and four or five choices of a word or phrase which

completes the sentence correctly.

2. Alternatives

are part of multiple choice questions, comprising the options from which an examinee must

choose the correct answer.

Each multiple choice question should have, ideally, 5 alternatives, one of which is the correct

answer (the "key"). In some instances, 5 options are not appropriate, and 4 - 6 options are


3. Sentence interpretation (multiple-choice).

A third type of structure item presents a stimulus and than asks for an interpretation. This

becomes a kind of reading comprehension task in which the crucial clues are structural.

4. Scrambled sentence (multiple-choice).

For testing of word order, test writers sometimes use the device of the scrambled sentence in

which examinees rearranges a jumbled series of element so as to form an acceptable sentence.

5. Conversion (supply type).

Another popular type of short-answer structure test requires the examinees to convert or

transform a series of sentences in a specified manner by changing them from present to past

tense, from active to passive voice, from singular to plural, and so forth. The components

given above for item type 5 may be applied to the conversion as well.

B. How do we put into consideration of good test