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Name : ANITA BASRAH

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CLASS : LTBI - B1

SEM :3

THE DEFINITION AND CONTEXT OF THE ESP

Direction : Here are a numbers of questions and or statements by context and draw,
describe your point of views, and or explain and give examples or detail if
necessary!

1) Up to the present time, still there is a ‘hot’ debate and contradiction among the linguists
about the term of English for Specific Purposes (ESP) and English for Special Purposes
(ESP) ( draw your point of view dealing withthe uses of the word specific vs special in
both terms are they alike if so why and if not why?)

2) If the ESP is the study of English for specific purpose and there will be study of English
for general purpose (ESP vs EGP) or in other word EGP is sometimes called English for
no obvious purpose (draw and explain your point of view dealing with ESP vs EGP and or
English for no obvious purpose).

3) The draw the distinctive features of English for specific purposes and English for general
purposes in terms of linguistics features and non-linguistic features.

4) Robinson tries to define the ESP with the key criteria-‘goal directed’ and that the ESP
should be developed from a needs analysis which aims to specify as closely medium of
English (draw your responses and or point of views of the above statement in which you
may agree or disagree?)

5) Why is ESP introduced in your country or teaching institution (Give your factual and
realistics reasons in your country or institution).

esbt/agust/2019/way

GOOD LUCK

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ANSWER

1. According to me that English for Specific Purposes (ESP) and English for Special
Purposes (ESP) was similar in some way but has differences in aim. ESP (specific)
refers to the teaching and learning of English as second of foreign language which the
aim of the the learner is to use English in particular domain. The definition of ESP,
therefore, in terms of absolute and variable characteristics given by Dudley-Evans:
Absolute Characteristics
1. ESP is defined to meet specific needs of the learners,
2. ESP makes use of underlying methodology and activities of the discipline it serves,
3. ESP is centered on the language appropriate to these activities in term of grammar,
lexis, register, study skills, discourse, and genre
The word (special) in ESP refer to purposes for which learner language not the nature
of language. Restricted repoirter words and expression selected from the whole
language.
2. ESP differs from GE in the sense that the words and sentences learned and the subject
matter discussed are all relevant to a particular field or discipline. The particular fields
such as English for law, medicine, mechanical engineering, economics, or maritime
and so on. For example chemistry students, then they must understand English for
chemistry, or if they are engineering students, they must know English for
engineering, or if they work in hospitality, then they must master hospitality English,
if they are maritime students, then they must mastering maritime English. The design
of syllabuses for ESP is directed towards serving the needs of learners seeking for or
developing themselves in a particular occupation or specializing in a specific
academic field. ESP courses make use of vocabulary tasks related to the field such as
negotiation skills and effective techniques for oral presentations. A balance is created
between educational theory and practical considerations. ESP also increases learners’
skills in using English.
English for General Purposes (GE) is essentially the English language education in
junior and senior high schools. Learners are introduced to the sounds and symbols of
English, as well as to the lexical/grammatical/rhetorical elements that compose
spoken and written discourse. There is no particular situation targeted in this kind of
language learning. Rather, it focuses on applications in general situations: appropriate
dialogue with restaurant staff, bank tellers, postal clerks, telephone operators, English
teachers, and party guests as well as lessons on how to read and write the English
typically found in textbooks, newspapers, magazines, etc. GE curriculums also
include cultural aspects of the second language

3. The distinctive features of English for specific purposes and English for general
purposes in terms of linguistics features focuses on the conceptual structures of
specialist domains. it has different aspect between English general and English for
specific purposes, which is in general we learn about the aspect and basic of English
such as listening, speaking, writing reading and so on. The other way English for

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specific purpose have different aspect for mastering English depend on the focus that
they have learnt, for example Scientific English, in scientific we learn different
vocabularies if in general English we learn simple noun and so on, in the scientific we
learn more specific and complicated and the language that they use are so different,
adapted with the area that they choose. As we know English for Specific Purposes-
ESP have different approach and different assumption and General English we could
give one example. The goal of ESP teaching are the student could master the English
languages that they have choose for the real example are chemical area, they have
learn and master English relates to chemical area. Or the other example for Technical
English they have to master and understand with that area. The ESP generally use to
teaching foreign language for specific knowledge and occupation for the specific goal
and area, ESP understandable as the role and the advantages of language the means
for communicate with each other, in spite of written or speaking

4. I agree with the statement Robinson because “goal directed” is that learners learn
English not for reasons of want to know that language as the language and culture
contained in it, but learners learn ESP because it has specific, and specific goals in
academic and professional fields with each other . ESP is designed and developed
based on the concept of needs analysis (need analysis). The concept of need analysis
aims to specialize and link and bring closer what students need in both the academic
and professional fields. From needs analysis, the other components of curriculum
design tend to fall into place. Once needs are identified, learning outcomes or
objectives can be stated to reflect what those needs are and what the learners will be
able to do by the end of instruction. In order to measure the degree to which those
outcomes are achieved, assessments can be designed, and from those, syllabuses,
materials, and teaching methods can be decided that facilitate and prepare students for
those assessments. Concurrently with each of these steps and throughout the
implementation of the course and beyond, evaluation takes place in the form of
gathering information about the effectiveness of the curriculum. Again, while needs
analysis is found at the beginning of this process, each of these pieces affect one
another and will always be, to some degree, a work in progress rather than a
completed project.

5. Because ESP helps to lead us to learn English language according our needs,
furthermore we are in Globalization Era where we demanded to learn English. It
means that ESP can use for many people based on their spaces (Economy, education,
politic, science and etc) which it also help them easy to use English language. The
focus of ESP is the needs of students, Material and Course Design. ESP is very easy
to apply because it emphasize learning English in Content rather than on teaching
grammar and structures. ESP always effort to match teaching English with our need.
The kind of ESP are taught now are EAP and EOP in Indonesia that is very Helpful
for many people in Globalization Era

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In fact, in General English teaching, all four-language skills; listening, reading, speaking, and writing,
are stressed equally. However, in ESP it is a needs analysis that determines which language skills are
most needed by the learners, and the syllabus is designed accordingly. For example, an ESP program
might emphasize the development of writing skills in students who are preparing for graduate work
in Business Administration. An ESP program might promote the development of spoken skills in
students who are studying English in order to become tourist guides.

ESP is designed to meet needs of the learners; ESP makes use of the underlying methodology and
activities of the disciplines it serves; ESP is centered on the language (grammar, lexis, register), skills,
discourse, and genre appropriate to these activities.