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DIAGNOSTIC TEST 1

Media and Information Literacy


1. Which of the following best describes “information literacy”?
A. The ability to find reliable information C. The ability to use a computer
B. The ability to read D. b and c only
2. When does someone get copyright protection?
A. When the author gets paid. C. When it is published with a © symbol.
B. As soon as the work is created. D. When it is registered for copyright.
3. How long in the U.S. does copyright last?
A. Forever, as long as someone holds the copyright C. A person's life plus 70 years after death
B. 70 years after it is created D. It depends on the type of registration that was bought
4. What happens to the work after the copyright time has passed?
A. It can be bought C. The work must be destroyed
B. There is no time-limit on copyright D. It goes into the public domain
5. Something must have the © sign to be copyrighted.
A. True, how else would you know if it was in the public domain or not?
B. False, a work belongs to the creator whether or not there is a © symbol
6. What is fair use?
A. Paying the creator a fair price for the work
B. Using paid-for commercial products once and not sharing them
C. Limited copying or distribution of published works without the author's permission
D. Freeware that you obtain from the Internet
7. What are the four factors that determine if the use of copyrighted material falls under fair use?
A. Purpose, Content, Amount, and Market Effect
B. Purpose, Amount, Environment, and Market Effect
C. Substantiality, Use, Nature, and Market Effect
D. Purpose, Nature, Amount, and Market Effect
8. Non-profit and educational uses will generally weigh in favor of fair use as opposed to:
A. News Reporting C. Commercial Use
B. Scientific Use D. Respective Uses
9. To locate a book with literary criticisms or biography of Edgar Allan Poe in the library, you perform which search?
A. Author: Poe B. Subject: Poe C. Title: Poe
10. To locate good journal articles on a topic, the best way to start is to use a
A. A library periodical database B. A library catalog C. The Web
11. Which of the following is NOT part of a citation?
A. Call number B. Date C. Title
12. A common citation style to be used by students for English classes is
A. APA B. MLA C. Turabian
13. An article abstract is
A. The full text of an article
B. Information about where the article can be found
C. A summary of an article
14. Which of the following would NOT be considered a primary source material?
A. A 1906 newspaper article of the San Francisco earthquake of that time period
B. The results of a study presented by the researchers of the effectiveness of a cancer drug
C. A chapter in a book that discusses various economic theories
15. With the Library of Congress (LC) classification system you can pinpoint locations of books or just browse on the shelves, using
call numbers to arrange books by
A. Author B. Subject C. Title
16. Plagiarism is
A. Including other people's ideas in your paper
B. Using someone's ideas in your paper, but not citing (crediting) the source
C. Directly quoting a source instead of using your own words
17. Which of the following is NOT true of the reference collection in a library
A. It includes encyclopedias and dictionaries
B. It includes resources for background information
C. It includes books that can be checked out

18. Which three things should you consider when evaluating a website?
A. Navigation, structure and format C. Layout, Graphics and Publisher
B. Authority, purpose and currency D. None of the above
19. When searching the Internet you should keep in mind...
A. That you can find any information online if you just search long enough
B. That banner ads and chat rooms will often lead you to the best quality information
C. That because of copyright laws, nothing worthwhile is ever published on the Internet
D. That not all online sources provide reliable or authoritative information
20. Information literacy is a term that best applies to:
A. College students learning to improve their research skills
B. Lifelong learners in any number of learning situations 2
C. Librarians designing interactive instruction tools
D. Both a and b
21. You must cite your source used in a research paper if:
A. the source was quoted word for word
B. Only the idea was used in the paper, the words were changed
C. The source was from a web page
D. All of the above
22. Which is the best strategy when you find too much information?
a. Broaden your question b. Narrow your question c. Change your topic d. Only use the first few results
23. Find the best answer: When media identify a certain group of people they wish to get their message across to, this group of people
is known as a(n):
A. Narrowcasting audience C. Audience poll
B. Demographic response D. Target audience
24. Find the best answer: A person that is media literate can:
A. Easily use all types of computer hardware and software and other forms of new technology
B. Use and find information of all types in a university library, including computer sources, microfilm and
indexes/abstracts
C. Read, analyze and critically evaluate information presented in a variety of formats (television, print, radio, computers,
etc.)
D. Critically evaluate television programs and see through persuasion techniques
25. Typing all in capitals in electronic communications means:
A. Nothing special, typing in capitals is normal
B. You are shouting
C. This message is very important
26. What are your habits when it comes to newspapers and current events:
A. You pay attention to news when there is a juicy story that grabs your interest
B. You avoid mainstream news media
C. You try to read news everyday relying on media you trust and respect
D. You should pay more attention to the news but don't have time
27. You are working on your personal homepage and would like to publish a nice graphic you found on the internet. What do you have
to think of before publishing?
A. The background of the graphic has to be transparent
B. The copyright – I have to ask the owner for permission
C. The graphic has to be published in its original size
D. Nothing particular, I can use it as it is
28. When you are communicating online to unknown people or filling out details on a website, what contact information should you
give out?
A. An alias B. The family name C. The address D. The phone number E. The first name
29. Which of the file formats below is that of a picture?
A. Mp3 B. Gif C. Doc D. Pdf
30. Which statement best describes the term ‘Browser’?
A. A program that searches for information on the internet
B. A program for exchanging files over the internet
C. A program to treat pictures
D. A program for viewing and accessing data on the internet
31. In case of cyberbullying, you should:
A. Respond to the bully and fight back if necessary
B. Block the cyberbully from your contacts list and talk to a trusted adult
C. Wait in silence until things get better
32. Where does the term “Spam” come from?
A. A popular brand of ham
B. The first person convicted for sending massive amounts of unwanted mail (Jonathan Spam)
C. An acronym of the English sentence "Send People Annoying Messages".
33. Someone is behaving inappropriately on one of the sites you're using. You should:
A. Report to the moderator of the site B. Shut down your PC C. Tell the person off
34. What does censorship mean?
A. When information is filtered, suppressed or deleted to hinder freedom of speech
B. When someone tries to influence the opinions or behaviors of others
C. When false and deceiving information is used to trick others
35. Elisabeth reads an article on common computer terminology. She does not understand the meaning of operating system. She
comes to you for help. How will you explain operating system to Elisabeth? Type question here
A. An electronic device connected to your computer
B. An electronic device connected to your computer
C. A program that controls and manages the computer
D. A circuit board that connects the input, output, and processing devices
36. Tom notices that when he runs several programs simultaneously on his computer, the performance of the programs slows down
considerably. What is the reason for this? 3
A. Nonfunctional keyboard C. Insufficient random access memory (RAM)
B. Nonfunctional mouse D. Low monitor speed
37. Arno’s uncle owns a small business with 20 office employees. The computers in his office are connected on a network. Arno often
helps his uncle to install new computers on the network, add and remove individuals from the list of authorized users, and archive
files on a computer. He likes to perform these activities and wants to make them the focus of his profession. Which of the following
job opportunities can Arno consider?
A. Graphics designer C. Network administrator
B. Software developer D. Database administrator
38. Your sister travels to another country for an on-site business project. You want to tell her about your new job by sending her an e-
mail message from your computer. Which of the following devices will you use to connect your computer to the Internet?
A. Printer B. Scanner C. Modem D. Sound card
39. Morten wants to play a game online. He hears modem tones every time his computer sends a request to the Internet service
provider (ISP) to establish the Internet connection. What type of Internet connection does Morten use?
A. Dial-up B. Broadband C. WiFi D. Dedicated
40. You want to know more about active volcanoes in the world. You connect your computer to the Internet to find information based
on the keyword "active volcanoes." Which of the following features of the World Wide Web (WWW) will you use?
A. Search engine C. Uniform Resource Locator (URL)
B. Plug-in D. World Wide Web (www)
41. Eric teaches his daughter Tina how to work with productivity programs. Tina notices a small blinking bar that stays in place until
Eric clicks the mouse in a new location in the document. Tina wants to know the name of this blinking bar. Which of the following
terms will Eric use to answer Tina's question?
A. Mouse pointer B. Insertion point C. Scroll bar D. Status bar
42. Markus creates a document by using Microsoft® Office Word 2010 and saves it with the name Office.docx. Which of the following
components of Word 2010 will display the document name?
A. Menu bar B. Toolbar C. Title bar D. Status bar
43. Which of the following is NOT a reason as to why there is a need for copyright law and patents?
a. To protect the creator’s intellectual property
b. To encourage innovation and creativity
c. To prevent the distribution of pirated copies for trade or other purposes to such an extent as to disadvantage the
copyright owner
d. To discourage sharing of intellectual properties.
44. Assisted suicide has been in the spotlight at various times in the Singapore press. In order to find as many news articles as
possible on the issue in a news database, which search statement should be used?
A. Assisted suicide OR euthanasia OR mercy killing AND advance medical directive OR living will
B. Assisted suicide AND euthanasia AND mercy killing
C. Assisted suicide OR euthanasia OR mercy killing
D. Assisted suicide OR euthanasia AND mercy killing
45. You need to write a report discussing the positive and negative effects of social networking. In order to get a feel of what’s being
written about this, you do a broad search in a database such as Business Source Premier. Which search statement will help you
find the most relevant results?
A. Facebook AND Twitter AND Friendster AND MySpace
B. (“social networking” OR “social media”) AND (positive OR negative)
C. “social networking” AND positive OR negative
D. “social networking” AND (positive OR negative)
46. When you search a database and obtain no results or very few results, what are some immediate steps to take?
I. Redefine your topic.
II. Think again whether the keywords you searched have synonyms.
III. Check the Help section to determine the correct operators and symbols to use in your search statement.
IV. Search another database.
V. Remove any limits placed on the search.
VI. Browse the library shelves in the relevant section.
A. I, II, III B. III, IV, V C. II, III, V D. I, IV, VI
47. You are searching the web for examples of stereotypes in the local media and discover this article in Wikipedia - “Singapore Girl”.
It provides you with some interesting background information but eventually you decide not to list the article as a reference in your
report because:
A. It lacks authority and comprehensiveness.
B. It provides references to other verifiable sources for some sections.
C. It appears objective in its coverage.
D. It appears up-to-date.
48. In order to assess whether the information you found is biased, which of the following should you consider?
I. Author’s age
II. Author’s organisation
III. Author’s academic/professional qualifications
IV. Purpose of the information
V. Tone of language
VI. Type of publication, e.g. scholarly journal, popular magazine, website
A. I, III, IV B. B. II, III, IV, VI C. C. II, IV, V D. D. III, IV, V, VI
49. Eduardo Saverin, the co-founder of Facebook, is heard to be living in Singapore and was seen at local nightspot, The Butter 4
Factory. You googled and found this website which mentions the news: Facebook Co-Founder, Eduardo Saverin, is in Singapore -
Video Within Teh, J., 31 Oct 2010. Facebook Co-Founder, Eduardo Saverin, is in Singapore – Video
Within. TechieLobang.com. Available from: http://techielobang.com/blog/2010/10/31/facebook-co-founder-eduardo-saverin-is-in-
singapore-video-within/ [Accessed 10 Mar 2011]. You think the news is probably true because:
A. Your friend said that he thought he saw Saverin at The Butter Factory last month.
B. You searched the local newspaper The Straits Times and found the article which reported this news.
C. The website says that it was reported in The Straits Times.
D. The website says that it was reported in The Straits Times.
50. Your lecturer asks you to read parts of a book for the next tutorial assignment. You have found a copy of the book in the Library.
As a student using it for personal study, you know you may:
A. Photocopy a maximum of 10 pages of the book
B. Photocopy a maximum of 10% of the total no. of pages of the book.
C. Photocopy a maximum of 20% of the total no. of pages of the book.
D. Photocopy a maximum of 2 chapters of the book.