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MS Excel

– is a powerful
spreadsheet application
software that integrates
graphic and data
MS Excel
– it is intended to be used to
calculate and a formula/analyze
numerical information such as
household budgets, company
finances, inventories, etc.
What is a SIMPLE
Simple Formulas have one
mathematical operation.
Complex Formulas involved
more than one
mathematical operation.
What are the Elements of
1. The = sign, which indicates
that what follows is a
2. The operator;
3. Cell Reference.
Four Types of Operators
a. Arithmetic Operators
b. Text Operator
c. Comparative Operator
d. Reference Operator
Operation Sample
Operator Result
Performed Formulas
^ Exponentiation =A2^3
+ Addition =A2+A3
- Subtraction =A2-A1
* Multiplication =A2*A3
/ Division =A2/A3
Combination =(A1+A2+A3)/3
Activity 1
1. Create a spreadsheet that will
compute for the Body Mass
2. Needed data are weight in
kilograms and height in
3. If the given weight is not in
kilograms, write a formula to
convert it in kilograms.
4. If the given height is not in
meters, write a formula to
convert it in meters.
Measurement Units Formula and Calculation

Formula: weight (kg) / [height (m)]2

The formula for BMI is weight in kilograms
Kilograms and meters (or centimeters) divided by height in meters squared. If height
has been measured in centimeters, divide by
100 to convert this to meters.

Formula: 703 x weight (lbs) / [height (in)]2

When using English measurements, pounds
Pounds and inches should be divided by inches squared. This
should then be multiplied by 703 to convert
from lbs/inches2 to kg/m2.
Two Types of Cell Reference
1. Relative Cell Reference – change
when a formula is copied to
another cell.
2. Absolute Cell Reference – remains
constant, no matter where they
are copied.
2. Absolute Cell Reference –
$A$2 – the column and the row do
not change when copied.
A$2 – The row does not change when
$A2 – The column does not change
when copied.