Sunteți pe pagina 1din 5



1st Semester, Academic Year 2019 – 2020


“Everybody gets so much information all day long that they lose their common sense.” – Gertrude Stein


 Information and Communication Technologies - it deals with the use of different communication technologies such as mobile phones,
telephone, Internet to locate, save, send and edit information.
 Internet - is the global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link billions of devices
 World Wide Web - is an information space where documents and other web resources are identified by URLs, interlinked by hypertext
links, and can be accessed via the Internet. Invented by Tim-Berners Lee.
 Web Pages - hypertext documents connected to the World Wide Web. It is a document that is suitable for the World Wide Web.
 Websites - a location connected to the Internet that maintains one or more pages on the World Wide Web. It is a related collection of
World Wide Web (WWW) files that includes a beginning file called a home page.
 Web browser - It displays a web page on a monitor or mobile device is a software application for retrieving, presenting, and traversing
information resources on the World Wide Web.
 Static Web pages - known as flat page or stationary page in the sense that the page is “as is” and cannot be manipulated by the user.
 Dynamic Web pages - web 2.0 is the evolution of Web 1.0 by adding dynamic web pages. The user is able to see website differently than
others e.g. social networking sites, wikis, video sharing sites.

Features of Web 2.0

1. Folksonomy- allows user to categorize and classify information using freely chosen keywords e.g. tagging by Facebook, twitter, use tags
that start with the pound sign #, referred to as hashtag
2. Rich User Experience- content is dynamic and is responsive to user’s input
3. User Participation- The owner of the website is not the only one who is able to put content. Others are able to place a content of their own
by means of comments, reviews, and evaluation e.g.,
4. Long Tail- services that are offered on demand rather than on a one-time purchase. This is synonymous to subscribing to a data plan that
charges you for the amount of time you spent in the Internet, or a data plan that charges you for the amount of bandwidth you used.
5. Software as a Service- users will be subscribe to a software only when needed rather than purchasing them e.g. Google docs used to
create and edit word processing and spread sheet.
6. Mass Participation- diverse information sharing through universal web access. Web 2.0’s content is based on people from various

Web 3.0 and Semantic Web - Semantic Web is a movement led by the World Web Consortium (W3C). The W3C standard encourages web
developers to include semantic content in their web pages.

Trends in ICT
1. Convergence - is the synergy of technological advancements to work on a similar goal or task
2. Social media - is a website, application, or online channel that enables web users to create, co-create, discuss, modify, and exchange user-
generated content.
Six Types of Social Media:
a. Social Networks- these are sites that allow you to connect with other people with the same interests or background.
b. Bookmarking Sites- these are sites that allow you to store and manage links to various websites and resources.
c. Social news- these are sites that allow users to post their own news items or links to other news sources. The users can also
comment on the post and comments may also be ranked.
d. Media Sharing- these are sites that allow you to upload and share media content like images, music, and video.
e. Microblogging- these are sites that focus on short updates from the user. Those subscribed to the user will be able to receive
these updates.
f. Blogs and Forums- these websites allow users to post their content. Other users are able to comment on the said topic.

3. Mobile Technologies - popularity of smartphones and tablets. Latest mobile devices use 4G Networking LTE, which is currently the fastest
mobile network. Mobile devices use different operating systems.
4. Assistive Media - is a non-profit service designed to help people who have visual and reading impartments. A database of audio recordings is used
to read to the user.

P a g e 1|5
Microsoft PowerPoint

Slide sizes:
4:3 – Standard size of slide in MS PowerPoint 2010 and earlier versions.
16:9 – Standard size of slide in MS PowerPoint 2013 and later versions.

 An address that refers to another location, such as a website, a different slide, or an external file (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2014)
Underlined text, usually blue in color (changes to purple when clicked)
 Can be a graphic, shape, picture, and other media objects.

Hyperlink Options:
• Existing File or Webpage – Opens another file or the web browser
• Place in this Document – goes to another slide in the same presentation
• Create new Document – creates a new presentation
• Email Address – creates a link to open Outlook to send an email
• Commands

File Security for any MS Office Application

Password to Open – A security type that does not allow both viewing and modification of file unless the correct password is provided by the user.
Password to Modify – A security type that allows viewing of file but does not allow modification of file unless the correct password is provided by
the user.

G, 3G, 4G, 4G LTE, 5G – WHAT ARE THEY?

Quite simply, the “G” stands for Generation, as in the next generation of wireless technologies. Each generation is supposedly faster, more secure and
more reliable. The reliability factor is the hardest obstacle to overcome. 1G was not used to identify wireless technology until 2G, or the second
generation, was released. That was a major jump in the technology when the wireless networks went from analog to digital. It’s all uphill from there.
3G came along and offered faster data transfer speeds, at least 200 kilobits per second, for multi-media use and was a long time standard for wireless
transmissions regardless of what you heard on all those commercials when they told you were getting a 4G connection.

It is still a challenge to get a true 4G connection, which promises upwards of a 1Gps, Gigabit per second, transfer rate if you are standing still and in
the perfect spot. 4G LTE comes very close to closing this gap. True 4G on a wide spread basis may not be available until the next generation arrives.

What are the Standards of the G’s?

 1G – A term never widely used until 2G was available. This was the first generation of cell phone technology. Simple phone calls were all it
was able to do.
 2G – The second generation of cell phone transmission. A few more features were added to the menu such as simple text messaging.
 3G – This generation set the standards for most of the wireless technology we have come to know and love. Web browsing, email, video
downloading, picture sharing and other Smartphone technology were introduced in the third generation. 3G should be capable of handling
around 2 Megabits per second.
 4G – The speed and standards of this technology of wireless needs to be at least 100 Megabits per second and up to 1 Gigabit per second to
pass as 4G. It also needs to share the network resources to support more simultaneous connections on the cell. As it develops, 4G could
surpass the speed of the average wireless broadband home Internet connection. Few devices were capable of the full throttle when the
technology was first released. Coverage of true 4G was limited to large metropolitan areas. Outside of the covered areas, 4G phones regressed
to the 3G standards. When 4G first became available, it was simply a little faster than 3G. 4G is not the same as 4G LTE which is very close
to meeting the criteria of the standards.
 4G LTE – Long Term Evolution – LTE sounds better. This buzzword is a version of 4G that is the latest advertised technology and is getting
very close to the speeds needed as the standards are set. When you start hearing about LTE Advanced, then we will be talking about true
fourth generation wireless technologies because they are the only two formats realized by the International Telecommunications Union as
True 4G at this time. But forget about that because 5G is coming soon to a phone near you. Then there is XLTE which is a bandwidth charger
with a minimum of double the bandwidth of 4G LTE and is available anywhere the AWS spectrum is initiated.
 Verizon, T-Mobile and Sprint have all advanced to the LTE technology with each carrier adding their own combination of wireless
technologies, including XLTE, to enhance the spectrum.
 5G - There are rumors of 5G being tested although the specifications of 5G have not been formally clarified. We can expect that new
technology to be rolled out around 2020 but in this fast-paced world it will probably be much sooner than that. Seems like a long ways away
but time flies and so will 5G at speeds of 1-10Gbps.


Microsoft Excel

P a g e 2|5
 Microsoft Excel is a spreadsheet developed by Microsoft for Windows. It features calculation, graphing tools, pivot tables, and a macro
programming language called Visual Basic for Applications (VBA). You can use Excel to organize your data into rows and columns.
 Excel is ideal for entering, calculating and analyzing company data such as sales figures, sales taxes or commissions.
 A formula is an expression which calculates the value of a cell. To insert a formula, select a cell and type an equal sign (=) followed by the
formula. The symbol equal sign (=) let Excel know that you are entering a formula.
 Functions are predefined formulas and are already available in Excel. To insert a function, select a cell and type an equal sign (=) followed
by the function name. Every function has the same structure. For example, SUM(A1:A4). The name of this function is SUM. The part
between the brackets (arguments) means we give Excel the range A1:A4 as input. This function adds the values in cells A1, A2, A3 and A4

 Worksheet functions are categorized by their functionality. Commonly used functions


 Number of rows in an Excel worksheet: 1 to 1,048,576

 Number of columns in an Excel worksheet: A to XFD

 Default name of a worksheet in a workbook: Sheet 1

 Date Format: mm (month); dd (day); yyyy (year)

 Time Format: h (hour); mm (minute); ss (second); AM/PM

 Order of Precedence: PEMDAS


 A short term for Information and GRAPHIC, infographic is an image containing graphics and text, including statistics about a certain
 Basic Principles of Graphics and Layout
o Font Style. No more than three (3) different fonts used in a document or design. Use of same one (1) or two (2) fonts, but will
change the size and style for different parts of the document.
o Proximity. The groupings of information together. When several items are in close proximity to each other, the objects become
one visual unit rather than several units.
o Repetition. Repetition of colors, shapes, textures, spatial relationships, line thickness, fonts, sizes, graphic concepts, etc.
o Contrast. Avoiding over-lapping of elements on the page that are merely similar. If the elements (type, color, size, line
thickness, shape, space, etc.) are not the same, then make them very different.
o Alignment. The arrangement of elements helps the reader to move his/her eyes from one element to the next.
 Things to Consider When Designing Images
o Balance. The visual weight of objects, texture, colors, and space is evenly distributed on the screen.
o Emphasis. An area in the design that may appear different in size, texture, shape or color to attract the viewer's attention
o Movement. Visual elements guide the viewer's eyes around the screen.
o Pattern, Repetition, and Rhythm. These are the repeating visual element on an image or layout to create unity in the layout or
image. Rhythm is achieved when visual elements create a sense of organized movement.
o Proportion. Visual elements create a sense of unity where they relate well with one another.
o Variety. This uses several design elements to draw viewer's attention.
 Basic Elements of Infographic
o Line. Can be thick or thin; vertical, horizontal or diagonal.
o Color. Can be a background or be applied to other elements, like line, shape, text.
o Texture. Surface quality, roughness or smoothness.
o Shape. Bounded or enclosed combination of lines; Geometric
o Form. 2D or 3D;
o Value. Degree of light and dark in a design; Contrast

P a g e 3|5

MS Excel


SUM: This function adds all of the values of the cells in the argument.
AVERAGE: This function determines the average of the values included in the argument. It calculates the sum of the cells and then divides that value
by the number of cells in the argument.
COUNT: This function counts the number of cells with numerical data in the argument. This function is useful for quickly counting items in a cell
MAX: This function determines the highest cell value included in the argument.
MIN: This function determines the lowest cell value included in the argument.
CONCATENATE: function in Excel is designed to join different pieces of text together or combine values from several cells into one cell.

This formula will merge the cells. Hence the output in cell C2 is Juan Dela Cruz


A date has 3 parameters

d – for the day

mm – for the month in number
mmmm – for the month in full text (November)
mmm – for the month in abbreviated format (Nov.)
y – for the year

November 25, 2019

mmmm/dd/yyyy = November/25/2019
mmm/dd/yy = Nov/25/19
mm-dd-yyyy = 11-25-2019
yyyy-mm-dd = 2019-11-25


MS Word – winword
MS Excel – excel
MS PowerPoint – powerpnt


1. JPEG (or JPG) - Joint Photographic Experts Group

2. PNG - Portable Network Graphics
3. GIF - Graphics Interchange Format
4. TIFF - Tagged Image File
5. PSD - Photoshop Document
6. PDF - Portable Document Format
7. EPS - Encapsulated Postscript
8. AI - Adobe Illustrator Document
9. INDD - Adobe Indesign Document
10. RAW - Raw Image Formats


Term Definition
mail merge useful for creating multiple documents that have the same basic content,
and personalizing them with unique information from a data source.

P a g e 4|5
merge field contains the text and graphics that are the same for each version of the
merged document.
data file a file that contains information to be merged in the main document. The
data source we will use will be from a Word document.
field names provide a description for the specific data, such as person's first name,
last name, address, city, state, and zip code, to be merged from the data
data base a collection of information that is organized so that you can retrieve
information quickly.
chevrons (<<>>) The field name is surrounded by chevrons and will not display
in the merged document.

P a g e 5|5