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Summative: Cultural Repatriation

Step 1. Choose a side.


Option A: A country that used to be a colony or was looted by an Imperial power
Option B: A museum in a country that obtained and currently own thee artifacts

Step 2: Choose an artifact or a group of artefacts that were taken during an event
Look through some of the following websites and choose one that interests you or you could
choose ones you heard of before:
Step 3: Research your artifact using the research planner/Action plan. You can use a template
from Mr. Dan or the one you used last time
Step 4: Create the report: The report should introduce the history of the artifact, how it arrived at
the museum (you don’t have to trace out the entire journey as sometimes it is impossible. Just
find the important points in the journey). Prepare two arguments about why it should be kept or
returned. Also, acknowledge one argument against your own position and then prepare a
counter-argument.
Step 5: Cite the sources that you used in APA format.
Step 6: Reflections
Checklist of the report
Background of the object:
-When was it created?
-Who/which group of civilizations created it?
-What was it used for or what did it represent?
-Is that civilization still the same as the one that exists in the same geographic location?
How did it arrive at the museum?
When was it removed from its original place?
Who removed it from its original place?
Under what conditions (war, thievery, selling, deals when the original place was under foreign
occupations) was the artifact removed? Be descriptive.
Arguments why it should stay/return:
-Argument one where the point sentence contains at least one of the concepts from the table
above.
-Argument two where the point sentence contains at least one of the concepts from the table
above.
Counterarguments and rebuttals:
-Explain what the counter-argument from the opposing side is and prepare a rebuttal

Citation:
Cite the sources in APA format

Reflections:
What was difficult about this assignment?
What skills do you think you need to work next time?
Rosetta Stone 
SOI: ​International ​relationships ​can ​cause changes ​in personal and local ​identities​. 

Research  Should the Rosetta Stone be returned? 


Question​:  

Criterion B Strand 2: follow an​ ​action plan​ ​to explore a research question 

Sub-questions  How was britain able obtain  Which country deserves the  Why is the rosetta stone 
the stone? DId they have  stone more? What is their  important to ancient egypt? 
permission or did they steal  argument?   
it? 

Criterion B Strand 3: use research methods to collect and record appropriate, varied and relevant information. 

Sub-Research  How was britain able obtain  Search terms / keywords →  how, obtain, permission 
Question 1 →  the stone? DId they have 
permission or did they steal 
it? 

Quotes,  “It was discovered by  “On Napoleon’s defeat, the  The man who discovered it was 
images,  accident by Napoleon's Army  stone became the property of  a French engineer named 
observations,  as they were digging in the  the British under the terms of  Pierre-Francois Bouchard, who 
etc. →  foundations of an addition to  the Treaty of Alexandria (1801)  was involved in the project of 
description of  a fort near the town of  along with other antiquities that  rebuilding the ancient walls to 
research under  Rashid (Rosetta) in the Nile  the French had found. The stone  form a fort. (sporcle, 2019) 
the line  Delta in July 1799.”  was shipped to England and 
  (dailyma​i​l, 2018)  arrived in Portsmouth in 
  February 1802.” (britishmuseum, 
Originally, it was found by  2017) 
napoleon’s army because   
they were digging hear the  They stone was then handed 
stones location and they  over to britain because 
happen to stumble by it.*  napoleon’s army lost to britain. 
The stone was then given to 
them because in the treaty 
signed. The treaty stated that 
“​Under Article 16 of the 
capitulation "the Arabian 
manuscripts, the statues, and 
the other collections which have 
been made for the French 
Republic, shall be considered as 
public property, and subject to 
the disposal of the generals of 
the combined army." This led to 
the transfer to British possession 
of the ​Rosetta Stone​ and other 
Egyptian antiquities collected by 
the French Commission des 
Sciences et des Arts and the 
scholars of the ​Institut 
d'Egypte​.” (wikipedia, 2019). 
Really, the british are like 
stealing from napoleon’s army 
which kind of stole the stone 
from egypt. In this case, the 
stone belonged to egypt 
however, it was dug up and then 
handed over to another country.* 

Sources:   https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-6359827/Britain-return-Rosetta-Stone-Egypt.html  
https://blog.britishmuseum.org/everything-you-ever-wanted-to-know-about-the-rosetta-stone/ 
https://www.sporcle.com/blog/2019/04/what-is-the-rosetta-stone-and-why-was-it-important/ 
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Capitulation_of_Alexandria_(1801) 
 

Sub-Research  Which country deserves the  Search terms / keywords →  which, country, deserves, more, 
Question 2 →  stone more? What is their  argument  
argument? 

Quotes,  “"If the British want to be  “Scholars were able to quickly (2  “The Rosetta Stone is a text 
images,  remembered, if they want to  decades) translate the 54 lines  written by a group of priests in 
observations,  restore their reputation, they  of Greek and 32 lines of demotic  Egypt to honour the Egyptian 
etc. →  should volunteer to return  inscribed on the stone. But fully  pharaoh. It lists all of the things 
description of  the Rosetta Stone because it  deciphering the 14 lines of  that the pharaoh has done that 
research under  is the icon of our Egyptian  hieroglyphics took years. Part of  are good for the priests and the 
the line  identity," said Dr Hawass.”  the problem was a prevailing  people of Egypt.” 
  (telegraph, 2003)  notion that hieroglyphics were a  (ancientegypt, 2005)
  symbolic writing system when in   
This quote really is saying  fact it was a largely phonetic 
that if british actually wants  one. British scholar Thomas  So, the written text on the 
to be nice and consider that  Young made a major  stone is about EGYPTIAN 
they have a whole bunch of  breakthrough when he  pharaohs. It’s written in egypt 
stolen artifacts from  discovered the significance of  about egypt pretty much. From 
countries, they should return  the cartouches, which were  the video 
it. The rosetta stone is the  circles drawn around proper  (​https://www.youtube.com/wat
icon of egyptian culture and  names. He published his  ch?v=5wpwYqwf4Qc​) where 
is the identity because  findings in 1814. Frenchman  they lady states that everyone 
whenever someone thinks of  Jean-Francois Champollion took  should have access to the 
egypt, they think of the  up the mantle and delivered a  stone so they are able to the 
stone. They don't think of the  full translation in 1822. From  stone makes sense why she 
stone when they say britain.*   there, further understanding of  would think like that however, 
Egyptian language and culture  even though it was handed 
flourished.” (metalfloss, 2016) over to britain in the treaty, it’s 
  not really theirs. Egypt never 
gave the stone to napoleon’s 
This then shows that even  army. From them to take it and 
though they were able to  say it’s theirs because they got 
translate it, if the stone was with  a treaty signed to hand it over 
egypt, I fully believe that they  doesn’t make logical sense. 
would be able to translate it  Everyone should have access to 
faster. They might not have the  it, however, it doesn’t mean 
technology but their ancestors  that by it going back to where it 
and people from egypt wrote it.  really was stolen from, from 
Even though there are three  where it was found, from where 
languages on it, ​demotic (which  it was written, from where it is 
was the common script of  written about means that no 
Egypt), hieroglyphic and greek  one will have access to it. The 
(which was the language of  british museum can say that the 
rulers of egypt at the time).  museum has less visitors, if 
These three languages were all  they returned EGYPTIAN 
used by people in egypt which  artifacts to them, the problem is 
would then be able to shorten  solved. People will want to go 
the time used to decipher and  to egypt to see the artifacts and 
translate the stone. Also, think  increase the visitors.* 
about hearing a british person 
teaching about egypt but really, 
 
if we saw a egypt person 
teaching others about their own 
country (whats on the stone) 
would make more sense.* 

 
 

Other →  “For decades, the Rosetta Stone sat uncovered in the museum. Although they were discouraged 
from doing so, visitors would walk up and touch the stone, often tracing the writing with their 
fingers—a scenario that would no doubt horrify most modern curators. Eventually, the museum 
realized this probably wasn’t good for the longevity of the artifact, and placed it beneath a glass 
case.”  

- This also shows that the stone ​was​ not well cared for. If the stone really meant something 
to them, they should have cared for it, protect it and actually pay attention to it since the 
beginning not care about it and pay attention to it when it became popular and more 
people came in to see it. 

* British ownership of the stone is the result of a colonial dispute, not a deal with the Egyptians 
(independent, 2009) 
* Egypt has invested £110m on improving its museums and heritage sites 

* 200 years of mismanagement and plundering has left Egypt denuded of its most important 
artefacts 

Sources:   https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/africaandindianocean/egypt/1436606/Egypt-deman
ds-return-of-the-Rosetta-Stone.html 
http://mentalfloss.com/article/82799/15-solid-facts-about-rosetta-stone 
http://www.ancientegypt.co.uk/writing/rosetta.html 
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5wpwYqwf4Qc 
https://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/this-britain/the-big-question-what-is-the-rosetta-stone-an
d-should-britain-return-it-to-egypt-1836610.html 

Sub-Research  Why is the rosetta stone  Search terms / keywords →  Rosetta stone, ​important​, 
Question 3 →  important to ancient egypt?  ancient egypt, stone,  
Why is it important in 
general? 

Quotes,  “The Rosetta Stone is one of  “The Stone is a broken part of a  “Carved in 196BC, the Rosetta 
images,  the most important objects in  bigger stone slab. It has a  Stone is the linguistic key to 
observations,  the British Museum as it  message carved into it, written  deciphering hieroglyphics and 
etc. →  holds the key to  in three types of writing (called  probably the single-most 
description of  understanding Egyptian  scripts). It was an important clue important conduit of 
research under  hieroglyphs—a script made  that helped experts learn to read  understanding between the 
the line  up of small pictures that was  Egyptian hieroglyphs​ (a writing  modern world and ancient 
used originally in ancient  system that used pictures as  Egypt. The 1.1m-high stele was 
Egypt for religious texts.  signs).” (washingtonpost, 2012) covered in carved text bearing 
Hieroglyphic writing died out   
three translations of the same 
in Egypt in the fourth century  written passage. Two of the 
C.E.. Over time the  This shows that the rosetta  languages were Egyptian 
knowledge of how to read  stone has helped people to learn  scripts, including one in 
hieroglyphs was lost, until  the egyptian language and  hieroglyphics, and the 
the discovery of the Rosetta  hieroglyphs. I feel that the  remaining text was classical 
Stone in 1799 and its  rosetta stone has helped many  Greek.” (elginism, 2009) 
subsequent decipherment.”  people to understand it but it   
(khanacademy, 2015) should be credited to the   
  country it came from; the origin  The stone is a huge 
of the stone. If the stone were to  representation of egyptian 
go back to Egypt and be placed  culture. It has the hieroglyphs 
Even though we are very  in a egyptian museum, I would  which has died a long time ago. 
grateful for it’s discovery but,  be really meaningful for people  The stone literally represent a 
to see Egyptians deciphering  to travel to egypt to be able to  part of their culture a long time 
and translating the text on  learn about the egypt culture  ago which has now died. They 
the stone and being able to  and these artifacts but also to  would most definitely want it 
teach the world about it  feel the egyptian-ness of the  back because it’s the part of 
makes sense. Sure, the  history they have left. Almost 
british can help but  surroundings.  all of their artifacts have been 
ultimately, belongs to the  taken from them and aren’t 
Egyptians. They are to ones    even in their own museum. The 
who in the past wrote the    Egyptians should be able to 
stone. As before, the british  have the stone so that they are 
took 2 centuries to  then able to teach the rest of 
understand the writing but  the world even more about the 
the Egyptians would take  stone.* 
less for sure because it’s 
their languages. Even though 
hierogliphes have died out, 
there are possibly still old 
treasures in egypt weather it 
is books, notes left behind, 
people who know them who 
will help decipher it. My main 
point here is that, it’s their 
language.* 

Sources:   https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/ancient-art-civilizations/egypt-art/ptolemaic/a/the-roset
ta-stone 
https://www.washingtonpost.com/entertainment/books/book-world-cracking-the-egyptian-code-by
-andrew-robinson-explores-hieroglyphs/2012/08/22/db83be96-e0f5-11e1-a19c-fcfa365396c8_stor
y.html 
http://www.elginism.com/similar-cases/the-rosetta-stone-should-the-uk-return-it-to-egypt/2009122
6/2613/ 

Criterion B Strand 4: reflect on the process and results of the investigation. 

Process  This was a very interesting  Results   I really enjoyed researching 


(think about  research topic. It was hard at  (Think about the information you  about this because it opened 
criterion B  times because I couldn’t find  discovered and any new  my eyes to how sometimes how 
strands 1-3)  answers for my research  questions you might have)  dumb and selfish people can 
questions but when I did, i  get over the artifacts even 
made sure to explain how  though it’s not really theirs and 
this will help prove and  it's stolen. I saw that even 
support my point. It was also  though there is all this evidence 
a topic where sometimes I  and examples to support giving 
got really mad at because I  the stone back, they still won’t 
just wanted them to get the  give it back. 
stone back because from all 
the research I did.